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DEPTH-OF-FIELD AND DIFFRACTION

DEPTH OF FIELD CALCULATOR DATA FOR DEPTH OF FIELD CHART Camera Camera Approx. Sensor Size
F-Number Hyperfocal Near Limit Focus Dist. Far Limit Code Type ( Width X Height )
Input Information 1.2 353.183 14.395 15 15.658 1 DSLR w/ "Full Frame" Sensor 36.0mm X 24.0mm
(Enter Data Here) 1.4 297.017 14.286 15 15.789 2 DSLR w/ "1.3X Crop Factor" Sensor 28.7mm X 19.1mm

◄── Values Within This Range Are At Steps of Exactly 1/3 EV ──►
Camera Code (From Table at Far Right) 4 1.6 264.630 14.203 15 15.891 3 DRF w/ "1.33X Crop Factor" Sensor 26.8mm X 17.9mm
Lens Focal Length (Actual, not "35mm Equivalent") 50 Millimeters 1.8 235.776 14.111 15 16.008 4 DSLR w/ "1.5X Crop Factor" Sensor 23.5mm X 15.6mm
Aperture Setting ("F-Number") 16 2.0 210.071 14.010 15 16.141 5 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor 22.7mm X 15.1mm
Distance Units (ft, in, m, cm) ft 2.2 187.170 13.897 15 16.293 6 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor 22.5mm X 15.0mm
Focus Distance (From Entrance Pupil of Lens) 15 Feet 2.5 166.767 13.773 15 16.466 7 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor 22.3mm X 14.9mm
"Acceptable Focus" Resolution Threshold 800 LW/PH 2.8 148.590 13.637 15 16.666 8 DSLR w/ "1.6X Crop Factor" Sensor 22.2mm X 14.8mm
3.2 132.397 13.487 15 16.896 9 DSLR w/ "1.7X Crop Factor" Sensor 20.7mm X 13.8mm
Output Information 3.6 117.970 13.322 15 17.161 10 DSLR w/ "Four Thirds" Sensor 17.3mm X 13.0mm
Camera Type DSLR w/ "1.5X Crop Factor" Sensor 4.0 105.117 13.142 15 17.469 11 Digital Compact w/ 2/3" Sensor 8.80mm X 6.60mm
Approximate Sensor Size 23.5 X 15.63 Millimeters 4.5 93.667 12.946 15 17.829 12 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.6" Sensor 7.78mm X 5.83mm
5.0 83.466 12.732 15 18.250 13 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.7" Sensor 7.60mm X 5.70mm
Circle of Confusion Size 0.020 Millimeters 5.7 74.377 12.501 15 18.748 14 Digital Compact w/ 1/1.8" Sensor 7.18mm X 5.32mm
6.3 66.280 12.251 15 19.340 15 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.3" Sensor 6.16mm X 4.62mm
Hyperfocal Distance 26.402 Feet 7.1 59.067 11.982 15 20.050 16 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.33" Sensor 6.13mm X 4.60mm
8.0 52.641 11.694 15 20.912 17 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.5" Sensor 5.75mm X 4.31mm
Near Limit of Acceptable Sharpness 9.582 Feet 9.0 46.915 11.387 15 21.973 18 Digital Compact w/ 1/2.7" Sensor 5.27mm X 3.96mm
Far Limit of Acceptable Sharpness 34.517 Feet 10.1 41.815 11.060 15 23.299 19 Digital Compact w/ 1/3.2" Sensor 4.53mm X 3.40mm
11.3 37.271 10.716 15 24.993 20 35mm Film 36.0mm X 24.0mm
Total Depth of Field 24.935 Feet 12.7 33.222 10.354 15 27.213 21 6 X 4.5 cm Film 60.0mm X 45.0mm
14.3 29.616 9.975 15 30.226 22 6 X 6 cm Film 60.0mm X 60.0mm
Depth of Field in Front of Subject 5.418 Feet (21.73% of Total) 16.0 26.402 9.582 15 34.517 23 6 X 9 cm Film 90.0mm X 60.0mm
Depth of Field Behind Subject 19.517 Feet (78.27% of Total) 18.0 23.540 9.176 15 41.059 24 4" X 5" Film 127.0mm X 101.6mm
20.2 20.989 8.760 15 52.155 25 5" X 7" Film 179.9mm X 127.0mm
Image Magnification 0.011 22.6 18.717 8.335 15 74.865 26 8" X 10" Film 254.0mm X 203.2mm

DEPTH OF FIELD
24 And Just for Fun …
DIFFRACTION-LIMITED RESOLUTION CALCULATOR

Utilizes Camera Code and F-Number data from DOF Calculator above,
20
& uses the Rayleigh Criterion to determine Diffraction-Limited Resolution
(two objects are no longer resolvable from each other when they are sep-
arated by less than the radius -- half the diameter -- of their Airy Discs).
Aperture Setting (F-Number)

16 Note: The Airy Disc size increases with the Wavelength and F-Number,
and Resolution decreases as the Airy Disc size increases.

Input Information
12 (Enter Data Here)
Light Wavelength for Desired Color 550 Nanometers
Column F 16
Column F Output Information
8 Column F Airy Disc Diameter 21.472 Microns
Column F
16 Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Horiz. Resolution 2,188 Lines
16 Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Vert. Resolution 1,455 Lines
4 16
Diffraction-Limited "Effective" Sensor Resolution 3.184 Megapixels

Approximate Wavelengths (in Nanometers) for Some Various Colors:


0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400

Distance From Camera 400 | 420 | 450 | 470 | 490 | 500 | 510 | 530 | 550 | 580 | 600 | 610 | 630 | 650

30759968.xls Author: Greg Copeland Revision Date: 03/24/2009