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Boyles Law

1)

If I have 5.6 liters of gas in a piston at a pressure of 1.5 atm and compress the gas until its volume is 4.8 L,

what will the new pressure inside the piston be?

2)

I have added 15 L of air to a balloon at sea level (1.0 atm). If I take the balloon with me to Denver, where the

air pressure is 0.85 atm, what will the new volume of the balloon be?

3)

Ive got a car with an internal volume of 12,000 L. If I drive my car into the river and it implodes, what will

be the volume of the gas when the pressure goes from 1.0 atm to 1.4 atm?

Charless Law

1)

If I have 45 liters of helium in a balloon at 250 C and increase the temperature of the balloon to 55 0 C, what

will the new volume of the balloon be?

2)

Calcium carbonate decomposes at 12000 C to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide. If 25 liters of carbon

dioxide are collected at 12000 C, what will the volume of this gas be after it cools to 250 C?

3)

I have 130 liters of gas in a piston at a temperature of 250 0 C. If I cool the gas until the volume decreases to

85 liters, what will temperature of the gas be?

Combined Gas Law

1)

If I initially have 4.0 L of a gas at a pressure of 1.1 atm, what will the volume be if I increase the pressure to

3.4 atm?

2)

A toy balloon has an internal pressure of 1.05 atm and a volume of 5.0 L. If the temperature where the

balloon is released is 200 C, what will happen to the volume when the balloon rises to an altitude where the

pressure is 0.65 atm and the temperature is 150 C?

3)

A small research submarine with a volume of 1.2 x 105 L has an internal pressure of 1.0 atm and an internal

temperature of 150 C. If the submarine descends to a depth where the pressure is 150 atm and the temperature

is 30 C, what will the volume of the gas inside be if the hull of the submarine breaks?

4)

People who are angry sometimes say that they feel as if theyll explode. If a calm person with a lung capacity

of 3.5 liters and a body temperature of 360 C gets angry, what will the volume of the persons lungs be if their

temperature rises to 390 C. Based on this, do you think its likely they will explode?

Ideal Gas Law

1)

How many moles of gas does it take to occupy 120 liters at a pressure of 2.3 atmospheres and a

temperature of 340 K?

2)

If I have a 50 liter container that holds 45 moles of gas at a temperature of 2000 C, what is the

pressure inside the container?

3)

It is not safe to put aerosol canisters in a campfire, because the pressure inside the canisters gets

very high and they can explode. If I have a 1.0 liter canister that holds 2 moles of gas, and the

campfire temperature is 14000 C, what is the pressure inside the canister?

4)

How many moles of gas are in a 30 liter scuba canister if the temperature of the canister is 300 K

and the pressure is 200 atmospheres?

5)

I have a balloon that can hold 100 liters of air. If I blow up this balloon with 3 moles of oxygen gas

at a pressure of 1 atmosphere, what is the temperature of the balloon?

Daltons Law of Partial Pressures Worksheet

1)

If I place 3 moles of N2 and 4 moles of O2 in a 35 L container at a temperature of 250 C, what will the pressure

of the resulting mixture of gases be?

2)

Two flasks are connected with a stopcock. The first flask has a volume of 5 liters and contains nitrogen gas at

a pressure of 0.75 atm. The second flask has a volume of 8 L and contains oxygen gas at a pressure of 1.25

atm. When the stopcock between the flasks is opened and the gases are free to mix, what will the pressure be

in the resulting mixture?

3)

Whats the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in a container that holds 5 moles of carbon dioxide, 3 moles of

nitrogen, and 1 mole of hydrogen and has a total pressure of 1.05 atm?

Gas Stoichiometry Practice

For all of these problems, assume that the reactions are being performed at a pressure of 1.0 atm and a temperature

of 298 K.

1)

Calcium carbonate decomposes at high temperatures to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide:

CaCO3(s) CO2(g) + CaO(s)

How many grams of calcium carbonate will I need to form 3.45 liters of carbon dioxide?

2)

C2H4(g) + 3 O2(g) 2 CO2(g) + 2 H2O(g)

How many liters of water can be formed if 1.25 liters of ethylene are consumed in this reaction?

3)

2 Cl2(g) + C2H2(g) C2H2Cl4(l)

How many liters of chlorine will be needed to make 75.0 grams of C 2H2Cl4?

Boyles Law - Solutions

1)

If I have 5.6 liters of gas in a piston at a pressure of 1.5 atm and compress the gas until its volume is 4.8 L,

what will the new pressure inside the piston be?

P1V1 = P2V2

(1.5 atm)(5.6 L) = (x)(4.8 L)

x = 1.8 atm

2)

I have added 15 L of air to a balloon at sea level (1.0 atm). If I take the balloon with me to Denver, where the

air pressure is 0.85 atm, what will the new volume of the balloon be?

P1V1 = P2V2

(1.0 atm)(15 L) = (0.85 atm)(x)

x = 18 L

3)

Ive got a car with an internal volume of 12,000 L. If I drive my car into the river and it implodes, what will

be the volume of the gas when the pressure goes from 1.0 atm to 1.4 atm?

P1V1 = P2V2

(1.0 atm)(12,000 L) = (1.4 atm)(x)

x = 8600 L

Charless Law Solutions

1)

If I have 45 liters of helium in a balloon at 250 C and increase the temperature of the balloon to 55 0 C, what

will the new volume of the balloon be?

45 L

x

298 K

328K

x 50 L

2)

Calcium carbonate decomposes at 12000 C to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide. If 25 liters of carbon

dioxide are collected at 12000 C, what will the volume of this gas be after it cools to 250 C?

25 L

x

1473K

298 K

x 5.1L

3)

I have 130 liters of gas in a piston at a temperature of 250 0 C. If I cool the gas until the volume decreases to

85 liters, what will temperature of the gas be?

130 L

85 L

523K

x

x 340 K

x 69 0 C

Combined Gas Law Worksheet - Solutions

1)

If I initially have 4.0 L of a gas at a pressure of 1.1 atm, what will the volume be if I increase the pressure to

3.4 atm?

(1.1 atm)(4.0 L) = (3.4 atm)(x L)

x = 1.29 L

2)

A toy balloon has an internal pressure of 1.05 atm and a volume of 5.0 L. If the temperature where the

balloon is released is 200 C, what will happen to the volume when the balloon rises to an altitude where the

pressure is 0.65 atm and the temperature is 150 C?

(1.05 atm)(5.0 L)/(293 K) = (0.65 atm)(x L)/(258 K)

x = 7.11 L

3)

A small research submarine with a volume of 1.2 x 105 L has an internal pressure of 1.0 atm and an internal

temperature of 150 C. If the submarine descends to a depth where the pressure is 150 atm and the temperature

is 30 C, what will the volume of the gas inside be if the hull of the submarine breaks?

(1.0 atm)(1.2 x 105 L)/(288 K) = (150 atm)(x L)/(276 K)

x = 767 L

4)

People who are angry sometimes say that they feel as if theyll explode. If a calm person with a lung capacity

of 3.5 liters and a body temperature of 360 C gets angry, what will the volume of the persons lungs be if their

temperature rises to 390 C. Based on this, do you think its likely they will explode?

(3.5 L)/(309 K) = (x L)/(312 K)

x = 3.53 L

It seems unlikely that this very small increase in lung volume would cause somebody to

explode, though you never know.

Solutions to the Ideal gas law practice worksheet:

The ideal gas law states that PV=nRT, where P is the pressure of a gas, V is the volume of the gas, n is the

number of moles of gas present, R is the ideal gas constant, and T is the temperature of the gas in Kelvins.

Common mistakes:

Students express T in degrees celsius, rather than Kelvins. This can cause huge problems, especially

when the temperature is below freezing.

Students use the wrong value of R. You need to make sure that you have the right value of R for the

units youre using. In this worksheet, R = 0.08206 L.atm/mol.K some teachers prefer using units of

KPa rather than atmospheres, resulting in huge errors if the wrong R is used.

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

9.89 moles

34.9 atm

274.5 atm

243.7 moles

406.2 K (133.20 C a very hot day to blow up balloons!)

Daltons Law of Partial Pressures Answers

1)

If I place 3 moles of N2 and 4 moles of O2 in a 35 L container at a temperature of 250 C, what will the pressure

of the resulting mixture of gases be?

Using the ideal gas law, you can determine that the partial pressure of nitrogen in this mixture will be

2.09 atm (211.8 kPa) and the partial pressure of oxygen will be 2.79 atm (282.7 kPa). When you add

these together, the total pressure in the container is 4.88 atm (494.5 kPa).

2)

Two flasks are connected with a stopcock. The first flask has a volume of 5 liters and contains nitrogen gas at

a pressure of 0.75 atm. The second flask has a volume of 8 L and contains oxygen gas at a pressure of 1.25

atm. When the stopcock between the flasks is opened and the gases are free to mix, what will the pressure be

in the resulting mixture?

The idea with this problem is basically the same as problem 1: Youve got two gases and you need to

add their partial pressures together. The only difference is that in this case, you use Boyles law instead

of the ideal gas law. As a result, the total pressure in the container will be equal to the sums of the

partial pressures of both components.

Using Boyles law, the partial pressure of nitrogen is 0.288 atm and the partial pressure of oxygen is

0.769 atm. When you add them together, the total pressure in the apparatus is 1.057 atm.

3)

Whats the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in a container that holds 5 moles of carbon dioxide, 3 moles of

nitrogen, and 1 mole of hydrogen and has a total pressure of 1.05 atm? 0.583 atm

Gas Stoichiometry Practice - Solutions

For all of these problems, assume that the reactions are being performed at a pressure of 1.0 atm and a temperature

of 298 K.

1)

Calcium carbonate decomposes at high temperatures to form carbon dioxide and calcium oxide:

CaCO3(s) CO2(g) + CaO(s)

How many grams of calcium carbonate will I need to form 3.45 liters of carbon dioxide? 14.1 grams

2)

C2H4(g) + 3 O2(g) 2 CO2(g) + 2 H2O(g)

How many liters of water can be formed if 1.25 liters of ethylene are consumed in this reaction? 2.50 liters

3)

2 Cl2(g) + C2H2(g) C2H2Cl4(l)

How many liters of chlorine will be needed to make 75.0 grams of C 2H2Cl4?

21.8 L

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