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YEE 6301 SMK MERADONG

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NAME:

CLASS: PRA U S
DIAGNOSTIC TEST [AUGUST 2015]

PAPER
CODE
COHORT
DURATION
SUBJECT TEACHER

CHEMISTRY 1
962/1
STPM 2016
1 hour 30 minutes
MS UNG HIE HUONG

INSTRUCTION TO CANDIDATES:
This paper consists of Section A, Section B and Section C. Answer ALL questions.
Arrange and stapler your answers in numerical order.
SECTION A (15 marks)
Answer ALL the questions in Section A.
Blacken the corresponding answer on the objective answer sheet provided.
1. The compound PCl3 is formed from 31P, 35Cl and 37Cl isotopes. The relative abundance of
to 37Cl is 3:1. Which statement about the mass spectrum of PCl3 is true?
A
The base peak corresponds to P+ ion.

m
e

The

C
D

The number of peaks for PCl3+ ion is 5.


The relative abundance of P35Cl3+ ion to P37Cl3+ ion is 3:1.

The mass spectrum shows two peaks only.

Isotope

The tetrachlorides,
28
14

Cl

value for the last peak is 142.

2. Which statement is true of the nuclides of silicon,

35

28
14

Si

is more reactive than isotope


28
14

Si Cl4

and

30
14

Si Cl4

28
14

Si
30
14

and

30
14

Si ?

Si .

have different shape.

Si O 2 dissolves in hot concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide,

3. The radioisotope tritium,

3
1

T , slowly turns into a helium isotope,

3
2

30
14

Si O 2 does not.

He .

Which statement is true of the two isotopes?


3
3
A
1T
and 2 He have the same nuclear charge.
B

3
1

3
1

T +
and

3
2

He+
have the same number of charged sub-atomic particles.

3
1

T +
and

3
2

He+
are deflected to the same point in a magnetic field whose strength is

and

3
2

He have the same number of neutral sub-atomic particles.

not varied.
1

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Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan

4. 100 cm3 of liquid A and 100 cm3 of liquid B are allowed to evaporate. It is found that A
evaporates first before B does. Which statement explains this observation?
A
B is more volatile than A.
B
The density of A is higher than that of B.
C
The vapour pressure of A is lower than that of B.
D
The intermolecular forces of A is weaker than that of B.

5. Which hydride has the highest boiling point?


A
HCl
B
HF

H2O

NH3

6. Gallium is a soft, silvery metal. The element gallium exists naturally as isotopes xGa and yGa
which have 38 and 40 neutrons respectively. What is the percentage abundance of xGa?
A
35.0
B
45.5
C
54.5
D
65.0
7. A phase diagram of water is shown in the margin.

Pressure/ Pa

What can be deduced from the phase diagram?


A
B
C
D

Ice sublimes at a pressure higher than


611 Pa.
An increase in pressure will decrease the
boiling point of water.
An increase in pressure will decrease the
freezing point of water.
Water exists as liquid at a pressure of 611
Pa and a temperature of 298K.

611

O
A
273.16

Temperature/ K

8. Electronic transition between energy levels in an atom will cause an absorption or emission of
light. Which energy level diagram shows the transition of electrons that emits light with the
shortest wavelength?
Energy
Energy
A
B
n=5
n=5
n=4
n=4
n=3
n=3
n=2

n=2

n=1

n=1

Energy

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Energy
D
n=5
n=5
n=4
n=4
n=3
n=3
n=2

n=2

n=1

n=1

9. Coordinate bond does not exist in


A
BeCl2
B
CO

PH4+

[Fe(CN)6]3

10. Polyatomic molecules and ions have varied geometries. Which species and geometry
correspond correctly?
Species
Geometry

A
Linear
NH2
+
B
H3O
Trigonal planar
C
SiCl4
Square planar
D
T-shaped
ICl3
11. Based on the band theory, the conductivity of metal is due to delocalized electrons in the
conduction band. How many electrons are found in the conduction band of a 10.0 g
magnesium strip?
[Avogadros constant is 6.02
A

2.48

1023

1023 mol1 ]
4.95

1023

2.48

1024

3.01

1024

12. An atom of element Z has nucleon number 55 and 30 fundamental uncharged particles in its
nucleus. What is the electronic configuration of a Z2+ ion?
A

1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s2 3 p 6 3 d 5

1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s2 3 p 6 3 d 3 4 s 2

1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s2 3 p 6 3 d 4 4 s1

1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s2 3 p 6 3 d 5 4 s 2

13. The boiling points of CH3OH and CH3SH are 64.5C and 5.8C respectively. What is the cause
of the difference in the boiling points?
A
The OH bond is stronger than the SH bond.
B
CH3SH molecule is bigger than CH3OH molecule.
C
Hydrogen bonds exist between CH3OH molecules.
D
The electronegativity of oxygen is higher than that of Sulphur.
14. The unit cell of an oxide of X is shown below.

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=X
=O

The formula of the oxide of X is


A

X 2 O4

XO 3

X 3 O4

X 2 O5

15. Compounds have either ionic or covalent bonds or both. Which statement is not true of ionic
bonds?
A
They involve the transfer of one or more electrons from s, p or d orbitals.
B
The strength of ionic bonds is proportional to the size of the ions.
C
They involve ions with stable electronic configurations.
D
They result in the formation of solid compounds.
SECTION B (15 marks)
Answer ALL the questions in Section B.
Write your answers in the spaces provided.
16. (a) Hydrogen cyanide, HCN is a colourless and poisonous gas.
(i) Draw the Lewis diagram for the hydrogen cyanide molecule and predict its shape.
Lewis diagram:
[2 marks

Shape:
(ii) State the type of hybridization the carbon atom undergo in the molecule.

[1 mark

(iii) Draw a labelled diagram to show the overlapping of the bonding orbitals in hydrogen
cyanide.
[2 marks

YEE 6301 SMK MERADONG

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(b) A sample of carbon with relative atomic mass 12.01112 consists of two isotopes 12C and
13
C. Calculate the percentage abundance of 12C and 13C isotopes to two decimal places.
[3 marks]

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Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan

17. A real gas X behaves almost like an ideal gas. For n mol of gas X at pressure P, the graph of
volume V versus temperature T is shown below.
Volume V/ cm3
60 50 40 30 20 10 0-300

-200

-100

100

200

(a) What is the most probable identity of gas X? Explain your answer.

Temperature T/ C

[3 marks]

Gas X:
Explanation:

(b) On the graph above, sketch and label a graph of variation in volume with temperature at a
lower pressure P while other conditions remain constant.
[1 mark]
(c) At pressure P and temperature 0C, a gas Y shows a negative deviation from an ideal
gas. Mark the expected volume of gas Y on the above graph.
Explain your answer.
[3 marks]
Explanation:

YEE 6301 SMK MERADONG


SECTION C (30 marks)

Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan

Answer ALL the questions in Section C.


Write your answers in the additional answer sheets on page 7-9.
18. (a)
The table below lists the temperature and pressure for the critical point and the
triple point of carbon dioxide.
Temperature/ C
Pressure/ atm
Critical point

31

73

Triple point

57

Carbon dioxide sublimes at 78C under atmosphere pressure. The freezing point of
carbon dioxide increases by 2C for every increase of 10 atm in pressure.
(i)

Based on the information given above, sketch the phase diagram of carbon dioxide.
[5 marks]

(ii) Calculate the freezing point of CO2, in C, under a pressure of 75 atm.


(iii) Explain why the freezing point of CO2 increases with pressure.

[2 marks]
[1 mark]

(iv) Solid carbon dioxide is known as dry ice. How can liquid CO 2 be obtained from dry
ice?
[1 mark]
(v) Dry ice has the advantage of being relatively cheap and non-toxic. It is commonly
used in concerts to form fog. Explain the formation of the fog.
[3 marks]
(b) The boiling point of hydrogen halides are given in the following table:
Hydrogen halide

HF

HCl

HBr

HI

Boiling point/ K

293

188

206

238

Explain the variation in boiling points of the hydrogen halides.

[3 marks]

19. (a)
(i)
Ammonium nitrate is an explosive compound and it decomposes at a
high temperature according to the following equation:
2NH4NO3(s) 4H2O(g) + 2N2(g) + O2(g)
Calculate the total volume of gases collected from the decomposition of 100 g of
ammonium nitrate at 1.01 105 Pa and 25 C.
[Gas constant, R = 8.31 J g1 C1]
[3 marks]
(ii) Sketch a graph of

PV
RT

against p for 1.0 mol of ammonia gas at 0C.

Based on the graph, explain the negative deviation of ammonia gas compared to an
ideal gas.
[5 marks]
(b) (i)

With the aid of a diagram, describe the structures of diamond and graphite. [5 marks]

(ii) What is the relationship between diamond and graphite in term of structure? Explain
your answer.
[2 marks]

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Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan

YEE 6301 SMK MERADONG


ANSWER SHEET
SECTION C
Question
18

SECTION C
Question

Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan

Answers

Examiners
use only

Answers

Examiners
use only

YEE 6301 SMK MERADONG

SECTION C
Question

Answers

10

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Examiners
use only

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11

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Periodic Table (Jadual Berkala)


1
(I)
1.0
H

2
(II)

6.9
Li

9.0
Be

Group (Kumpulan)
9
10

11

12

13
(III)

14
(IV)

15
(V)

16
(VI)

17
(VII)

27.0
Al
13
69.7
Ga
31
115
In
49
204
Tl
81

28.1
Si
14
72.6
Ge
32
119
Sn
50
207
Pb
82

31.0
P
15
74.9
As
33
122
Sb
51
209
Bi
83

32.1
S
16
79.0
Se
34
128
Te
52
[209]
Po
84

35.5
Cl
17
79.9
Br
35
127
I
53
[210]
At
85

18
(VIII)
4.0
He
2
20.2
Ne
10
40.0
Ar
18
83.8
Kr
36
131
Xe
54
[222]
Rn
86

10.8
B

12.0
C

14.0
N

16.0
O

19.0
F

163
Dy
66
[251]
Cf
98

165
Ho
67
[252]
Es
99

167
Er
68
[257]
Fm
100

169
Tm
69
[258]
Md
101

173
Yb
70
[259]
No
102

175
Lu
71
[262]
Lr
103

23.0
Na
11
39.1
K
19
85.5
Rb
37
133
Cs
55
[223]
Fr
87

24.3
Mg
12
40.1
Ca
20
87.6
Sr
38
137
Ba
56
[226]
Ra
88

a
X
b

45.0
Sc
21
88.9
Y
39
139
La
57
227
Ac
89

47.9
Ti
22
91.2
Zr
40
178
Hf
72
[261]
Rf
104

a = relative atomic mass (jisim atom relatif)


X = atomic symbol (symbol atom)
b = atomic number (nombor atom)

50.9
V
23
92.9
Nb
41
181
Ta
73
[262]
Db
105

52.0
Cr
24
95.9
Mo
42
184
W
74
[266]
Sg
106

54.9
Mn
25
[98]
Tc
43
186
Re
75
[264]
Bh
107

55.8
Fe
26
101
Ru
44
190
Os
76
[269]
Hs
108

58.9
Co
27
103
Rh
45
192
Ir
77
[268]
Mt
109

58.7
Ni
28
106
Pd
46
195
Pt
78
[281]
Ds
110

63.5
Cu
29
108
Ag
47
197
Au
79
[272]
Rg
111

65.4
Zn
30
112
Cd
48
201
Hg
80
[285]
Cn
112

140
Ce
58
232
Th
90

141
Pr
59
231
Pa
91

144
Nd
60
238
U
92

[145]
Pm
61
237
Np
93

150
Sm
62
[244]
Pu
94

152
Eu
63
[243]
Am
95

157
Gd
64
[247]
Cm
96

159
Tb
65
[247]
Bk
97

The proton numbers and approximate relative atomic masses shown in the table are for use in the examination unless stated otherwise in an individual question.

12

(Nombor proton dan anggaran jisim atom relatif yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual adalah untuk digunakan dalam peperiksaan kecuali yang sebaliknya dinyatakan dalam soalan
yang tertentu.)

13

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Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan
MARKING SCHEME
DIAGNOSTIC TEST [AUGUST 2015]
Q

RUBRIC

SECTION A [15 marks]


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1
a(i)
6

a(ii)
a(iii)

B
A
D
D
C
D
C
B
A
D
B
A
C
A
B

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

HC N
X

X
X
X

Linear
sp

1
1
1

Orbitals
Labels (Orbitals and bonds)

bond

H
1s

py

sp
pz

py

pz

bond

sp

sp
py

bond
bond

14

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M

NOTE:
Let the % abundance of 12C = x% ; % abundance of 13C = (100 x)%

12 x+ 13 (100x )
100

12.01112

1
1
1

x=98.89
y=1.11
1
7

b
c

Hydrogen gas// H2 // Helium// He

Non-polar, small H2 molecule/ He atom/ gas particle has


negligible volume/ size of particle relative to volume of container.
Weak, negligible intermolecular van der Waals forces.

1
1

Volume V/ cm3

P'

60 -

(b)

50 -

B1

40 30 -

(c)

20 -

C1

10 0-300

1
8

a(i)

-200

-100
0
Temperature T/ C

100

200

Negative deviation at lower pressure is due to:


Stronger intermolecular forces between gas particles.
Gas particles are drawn closer to each other, volume occupied by gas is smaller
than expected/ smaller than ideal gas.

Drawn and labelled axes + boiling curve + sublimation curve


Correct melting line (straight line with positive gradient)
Mark and state coordinates for Triple point = (-57C, 5 atm)
Critical point = (31C, 73 atm)
Normal sublimation point = (-78C, 1 atm)

15

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

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M

Pressure/ atm
73

Liquid

Solid

Gas

1
-78

1
8

a(ii)

-57

31

Temperature/ C

NOTE:
1. If axes are not labelled 0 mark
2. Curves must have positive gradient (upwards from left to right)
3. The three phase transition lines/ curves must meet at triple point
Under a pressure of 75 atm,
Freezing point

57 +

(755)
10

57 +14

43
a(iii)

As external pressure increases, the melting point/ freezing point of CO2 increases.
REASON (Either one):
The density of solid CO2 (dry ice) is higher than the density of liquid CO2.
When solid CO2 (dry ice) melts, its volume expands.

a(iv
)
a(v)

(b)

NOTE: Accept reverse argument


By increasing the temperature of dry ice to above 57C and increasing the pressure
to above 5 atm.
Dry ice sublimes to form CO2 gas.
The sublimation process absorbs heat from surrounding/ is endothermic, thereby
lowering surrounding temperature.
Moisture/ water vapour in air condense into fine water droplets or fog.

1
9

Boiling point of HF is exceptionally high due to strong hydrogen bonding exist


between HF molecules
Weak intermolecular van der Waals forces exist in HCl, HBr and HI.
Molecular size/ mass increases from HCl to HI, therefore the strength of
intermolecular van der Waals forces increases from HCl to HI.

a(i)
Number of moles of gases formed =

3
2

= 1.875 mole
16

100
80.0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

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RUBRIC

pV =nRT

Kecergasan Untuk Kemajuan


M

nRT
p

V =

Volume of gases formed, V

( 1.875 )( 8.31 ) (273+25)


1.01 105

1
m

= 0.046 m3
a(ii)
1

Ideal gas has no particle/ molecular volume and no intermolecular (attractive or


repulsive) forces.
Ammonia is a non-ideal gas @ real gas because it is a polar molecule. It has a
large molecular size/ volume and strong intermolecular attractive forces (hydrogen
bonds) between the molecules.
The attractive force causes molecules to be nearer to each other, causing the
measured volume to be smaller than expected.
The attractive forces also lowers the speed of the molecules colliding with the
walls of the vessel. Therefore, the measured pressure is lower than expected.

Both factors cause

1
9

b(i)

pV
RT

< 1, giving negative deviation.

1
1

1
1

Structures:

1
1

Both diamond and graphite have giant 3-dimensional covalent structures.


1

In diamond,
each cabon atom undergoes sp3 hybridisation and is covalently bonded to four
other carbon atoms in a tetrahedral manner.
In graphite,
each cabon atom undergoes sp2 hybridisation and is covalently bonded to three
17

b(ii)

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RUBRIC
M
other carbon atoms in a trigonal planar shape.
This forms hexagonal rings in a layered structure. The layers are held together by
1
weak van der Waals forces.

NOTE: Maximum 5 marks


Both are allotropes of carbon.
The physical properties are different due to different arrangement of carbon atoms.

18

1
1