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Chapter 03

Engagement Planning
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which of the following auditor concerns most likely could be so serious that the
auditor would conclude that a financial statement audit cannot be conducted?
A. The entity has no formal written code of conduct.
B. The integrity of entity's management is suspect.
C. Procedures requiring separation of duties are subject to management override.
D. Management fails to modify prescribed controls for changes in conditions.
2. Before accepting an engagement to audit a new client, an auditor is required to
A. make inquiries of the predecessor auditor after obtaining the consent of the
prospective client.
B. obtain the prospective client's signature to the engagement letter.
C. prepare a memorandum setting forth the staffing requirements and documenting
the preliminary audit plan.
D. discuss the management representation letter with the prospective client's audit
committee.
3. Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding sufficient and
appropriate documentation?
A. Accounting estimates are not considered sufficient and appropriate
documentation.
B. Sufficient and appropriate documentation should include evidence that the audit
working papers have been reviewed.
C. If additional evidence is required to document significant findings or issues, the
original evidence is not considered sufficient and appropriate and therefore should
be deleted from the working papers.
D. Audit documentation is the property of the client, and sufficient and appropriate
copies should be retained by the auditor for at least five years.

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4. When applying analytical procedures during an audit, which of the following is the
best approach for developing expectations?
A. Considering unaudited account balances and ratios to calculate what adjusted
balances should be
B. Identifying reasonable explanations for unexpected differences before talking to
client management
C. Considering the pattern of several unusual changes without trying to explain what
caused them
D. Comparing client data with client-determined expected results to reduce detailed
tests of account balances
5. Which of the following explanations best describes why an auditor may decide to
reduce tests of details for a particular audit objective?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The audit is being performed soon after the balance sheet date.
Audit staff are experienced in performing the planned procedures.
Analytical procedures have revealed no unusual or unexpected results.
There were many transactions posted to the account during the period.

6. Which of the following steps should an auditor perform first to determine the
existence of related parties?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Examine invoices, contracts, and purchasing orders.


Request a list of related parties from management.
Review the company's business structure.
Review proxy and other materials filed with the SEC.

7. Which of the following is a correct statement regarding the nature and timing of
communications between an accounting firm performing an initial audit of an issuer
and the issuer's audit committee?
A. Prior to accepting the engagement, the firm must orally affirm its independence to
the audit committee with all members present.
B. The firm must address all independence impairment issues on the date of the audit
opinion.
C. Communications related to independence may occur in any form prior to issuance
of the financial statements.
D. Prior to accepting the engagement, the firm should describe in writing all
relationships that, as of the date of the communication, may reasonably be
thought to bear on independence.
8. Before accepting an engagement to audit a new client, a CPA is required to obtain
A.
B.
C.
D.

an assessment of fraud risk factors likely to cause material misstatements.


an understanding of the prospective client's industry and business.
the prospective client's signature to a written engagement letter.
the prospective client's consent to make inquiries of the predecessor, if any.

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9. During a financial statement audit an internal auditor may provide direct assistance
to the independent CPA in performing.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D

10. When assessing internal auditors' objectivity, an independent auditor should


A. consider the policies that prohibit the internal auditors from auditing areas where
they were recently assigned.
B. review the internal auditors' reports to determine that their conclusions are
consistent with the work performed.
C. verify that the internal auditors' assessment of control risk is comparable to the
independent auditor's assessment.
D. evaluate the quality of the internal auditors' working paper documentation and
their recent audit recommendations.
11. Which of the following procedures would a CPA most likely perform in the planning
phase of a financial statement audit?
A. Make inquiries of the client's lawyer concerning pending litigation.
B. Perform cutoff tests of cash receipts and disbursements.
C. Compare financial information with nonfinancial operating data.
D. Recalculate the prior year's accruals and deferrals.
12. Which of the following matters does an auditor usually include in the engagement
letter?
A.
Arrangements regarding fees and billing
B. Analytical procedures that the auditor plans to perform
C. Indications of negative cash flows from operating activities
D.
Identification of working capital deficiencies

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13. Which of the following factors should an external auditor obtain updated information
about then assessing an internal auditor's competence?
A. The reporting status of the internal auditor within the organization.
B. The educational level and professional experiences of the internal auditor.
C. Whether policies prohibit the internal auditor from auditing areas where relatives
are employed.
D. Whether the board of directors, audit committee, or owner-manager oversees
employment decisions related to the internal auditor.
14. Which of the following would a successor auditor ask the predecessor auditor to
provide after accepting an audit engagement?
A. Disagreements between the predecessor auditor and management as to significant
accounting policies and principles
B. The predecessor auditor's understanding of the reasons for the change of auditors
C. Facts known to the predecessor auditor that might bear on the integrity of
management
D. Matters that may facilitate the evaluation of financial reporting consistency
between the current and prior years
15. Which of the following factors most likely would cause an auditor not to accept a new
audit engagement?
A.
B.
C.
D.

An inadequate understanding of the entity's internal controls


The close proximity to the end of the entity's fiscal year
Concluding that the entity's management probably lacks integrity
The inability to perform preliminary analytical procedures before assessing control
risk

16. The auditor is not required to ask the predecessor auditor about
A. facts that might bear on the integrity of management.
B. disagreements the predecessor may have had with management about accounting
principles and audit procedures.
C.
the fees charged for the previous audit.
D. the predecessor's understanding about the reasons for the change of auditors.
17. Audit documentation does not normally include the
A.
B.
C.
D.

specific assertions under audit.


industry accounting guides.
record of the procedures performed.
decisions made in the course of the audit.

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18. C. Hill, CPA, has been retained to audit the financial statements of Monday Co.
Monday's predecessor auditor was K. Post, CPA, whom Monday has notified by that its
services have been terminated. Under these circumstances, which party should
initiate the communications between Hill and Post?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Hill, the auditor


Post, the predecessor auditor
Monday's controller or CFO
The chair of Monday's board of directors

19. Which of the following provides the best method of obtaining an understanding of a
continuing client's business for planning an audit?
A. Performing tests of details of transactions and balances
B. Reviewing prior year audit documentation and the permanent file for the client
C.
Reading specialized industry journals
D. Reevaluating the client's internal control environment
20. The pre-engagement activities of an audit engagement for a public accounting firm
do not include
A. evaluating the public accounting firm's independence with regard to the audit
engagement.
B.
obtaining predecessor audit documentation.
C.
obtaining an engagement letter.
D. ensuring that there are sufficient firm resources to complete the engagement on a
timely basis.
21. Which of the following procedures would an auditor most likely perform in planning a
financial statement audit?
A. Inquiring of the client's legal counsel concerning pending litigation
B. Comparing the financial statements to anticipated results
C. Examining computer-generated exception reports to verify the effectiveness of
internal controls
D. Searching for unauthorized transactions that may aid in detecting unrecorded
liabilities
22. This year, Blakeney Enterprises engaged a new auditor who must
A. attempt to communicate with the predecessor auditor before accepting the
engagement.
B. review the predecessor's audit documentation if the audit is to be in accordance
with GAAS.
C. seek the SEC's permission to accept the engagement if Blakeney is publicly
owned.
D. reject the engagement if the change in auditors resulted from a dispute with the
predecessor.
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23. An engagement letter is used primarily to


A. ensure a clear contractual understanding of the services to be provided by the
CPA.
B. express an opinion on the financial statements.
C. provide management representations to be included in the audit evidence.
D.
disclaim liability.
24. The firm of Banta, Brown, and Burgess, CPAs, requires that audit documentation
contain the initials of the preparer and the reviewer in the top right-hand corner. This
procedure provides evidence of professional concern regarding which generally
accepted auditing standard?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Independence
Adequate technical competence and capabilities
Adequate planning and supervision
Gathering sufficient competent evidence

25. During the initial planning phase of an audit, a CPA most likely would
A. test specific internal control activities that are likely to prevent fraud.
B. evaluate the reasonableness of the client's accounting estimates of inventory
obsolescence.
C. discuss the timing of the audit procedures with the client's management.
D. inquire of the client's attorney as to whether any unrecorded claims are probable
of assertion.
26. Prior to beginning the fieldwork on a new audit engagement in which the audit team
does not possess expertise in the industry in which the client operates, the audit
team should
A.
B.
C.
D.

reduce audit risk by lowering the preliminary levels of materiality.


design special substantive tests to compensate for the lack of industry expertise.
engage financial experts familiar with the nature of the industry.
obtain knowledge of matters that relate to the nature of the entity's business.

27. Which of the following types of transactions would be routine and computerized?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Capital stock sales and repurchases


Credit sales and billings
Income tax expense and liability
Bank loan transactions

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28. Errors in data processed in a batch computer system may not be detected
immediately because
A.
B.
C.
D.

transaction trails in a batch system are available for only a limited period of time.
there are time delays in processing transactions in a batch system.
errors in some transactions cause rejection of other transactions in the batch.
random errors are more likely in a batch system than in an online system.

29. Management's responsibility in a computer system would not include


A. ensuring that the documentation of the system is complete and up to date.
B. maintaining a system of transaction processing that includes an audit trail.
C.
assessing the control risk.
D. making computer resources and knowledgeable personnel available for questions.
30. The characteristics that distinguish computer processing from manual processing
would not include
A.
B.
C.
D.

a decrease of management supervision of operations.


automatic initiation and execution of transactions.
the possible concentration of control activities.
a high potential for unauthorized access to data.

31. Which of the following is not a category of audit documentation?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Temporary files
Permanent files
Audit administrative files
Current documentation files

32. The essential advantages of a computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) package


would not include the fact that
A. the same software can be used on different types of clients' computer
environments.
B. a large number of CAATs packages are currently available.
C.
software packages are always inexpensive.
D. the ability to control and modify the program to meet an auditors' need.
33. Computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) could not be used for which of the
following audit tasks?
A. Testing calculations and making computations
B.
Evaluating control risk assessment
C. Summarizing, resequencing, and reformatting data
D. Comparing audit evidence from manual audit procedures to company needs

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34. Comparing data on separate files can be accomplished by using computer-assisted


audit techniques (CAATs) to determine whether comparable information is in
agreement. Examples of such comparisons would not include
A.
payroll details with personnel records.
B. current and prior inventory to details of purchases and sales.
C.
paid vouchers to disbursements.
D.
observation of inventory accounts.
35. The basic auditing application of the personal computer as an audit tool would not
include
A.
spreadsheet analysis.
B.
sample planning, selection, and evaluation.
C. continuous monitoring of a client's internal control system.
D.
analytical review.
36. An auditor would most likely be use word processing software for what purpose?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Performing analytical procedures


Preparing a trial balance
Preparing an audit plan
Obtaining a sample selection

37. Which of the following use of computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) would most
likely be considered a search for fraudulent activities?
A. Selecting customers' accounts receivable for confirmation
B.
Recalculating inventory extensions
C. Scanning accounts receivable balances for amounts over the credit limit
D. Comparing a list of vendor addresses to employee address files
38. An auditor would least likely use computer software to
A.
access client data files.
B.
prepare spreadsheets.
C.
assess information systems control risk.
D. construct parallel simulations to test the client's computing system.

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39. A primary advantage of using computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) packages


to audit the financial statements of a client that uses computerized information
systems is that the auditor may
A. access information stored on computer files even with a limited understanding of
the client's hardware and software features.
B. consider increasing the use of substantive tests of transactions in place of
analytical procedures.
C. substantiate the accuracy of data by using self-checking digits and hash totals.
D. reduce the level of required tests of controls to a relatively small amount.
40. For which of the following judgments may an independent auditor share responsibility
with an entity's internal auditor who is assessed to be both competent and
objective?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Assessment of inherent risk, yes; assessment of control risk, yes


Assessment of inherent risk, yes; assessment of control risk, no
Assessment of inherent risk, no; assessment of control risk, yes
Assessment of inherent risk, no; assessment of control risk, no

41. Which of the following is not considered an accounting estimate?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Allowance for loan losses


Credit sales
Net realizable value of inventory
Percentage-of-completion revenue to be recorded

42. Which of the following would be a step in an internal control program?


A. Obtain an aged trial balance of the accounts receivable.
B. Prepare and send confirmations on a sample of customers' accounts receivable.
C. Assess the control risk for sales and collections.
D. Read sales contracts for evidence of customers' rights of return or price allowance
terms.
43. The idea of the cycle approach is to group accounts together by
A.
specific function.
B.
financial statement assertion.
C.
audit objective.
D. transactions that affect all accounts in that particular group.

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44. Which of the following is not one of the four major cycles?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Revenue and cash collection


Acquisition and expenditure
Cash receipts and disbursements
Financing and investing

45. Looking at vendors' invoices for particular information is an example of


A.
B.
C.
D.

physical observation.
confirmation.
inspection of documents.
scanning.

46. An auditor who uses 7 percent of income before taxes as a basis for overall
materiality would be basing judgment on
A.
B.
C.
D.

absolute size.
relative size.
nature of the item.
cumulative effects.

47. Which of the following is not a way in which auditors use the concept of overall
materiality?
A.
B.
C.
D.

As a guide to planning the audit plan


As a guide to the evaluation of evidence
As a guide for making decisions about the audit report
As a guide for assessing control risk

48. The auditor looked at a bank statement received and held by the client. What kind of
audit procedure would this be considered?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Recalculation
Physical observation
Confirmation
Examination of documents

49. In testing the existence assertion for an asset, an auditor ordinarily works from the
A. financial statements to the potentially unrecorded items.
B. potentially unrecorded items to the financial statement.
C. accounting records to the supporting evidence.
D. supporting evidence to the accounting records.

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50. In determining whether transactions have been recorded, the direction of the audit
testing should start from the
A.
B.
C.
D.

general ledger balances.


adjusted trial balance.
original source documents.
general journal entries.

51. Auditors should design the written audit plan so that


A. all material transactions will be selected for substantive testing.
B. substantive tests prior to the balance sheet date will be minimized.
C. the audit procedures selected will achieve specific audit objectives.
D. each account balance will be tested under either tests of controls or tests of
transactions.
52. In designing written audit plans, an auditor should establish specific audit objectives
that relate primarily to the
A.
B.
C.
D.

timing of audit procedures.


cost-benefit of gathering techniques.
selected audit techniques.
financial statement assertions.

53. In considering overall materiality for planning purposes, an auditor believes that
misstatements aggregating $10,000 would have a material effect on an entity's
income statement but that misstatements would have to aggregate $20,000 to
materially affect the balance sheet. Ordinarily, it would be appropriate to design audit
procedures that would be expected to detect misstatements aggregating
A.
B.
C.
D.

$10,000.
$15,000.
$20,000.
$30,000.

54. The independent auditors' audit design prepared prior to the start of fieldwork is
appropriately considered documentation of
A.
B.
C.
D.

planning.
supervision.
information evaluation.
quality assurance.

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55. In the preparation of an audit plan, which of the following items is not essential?
A.
A review of material from prior audits
B. The preparation of a budget identifying the costs of resources needed
C. An understanding of controls established by management
D.
Assessment of inherent risk
56. To satisfy the valuation assertion when auditing an investment in another company
that is publicly and actively traded, an auditor most likely would seek to
A.
B.
C.
D.

inspect the stock certificates evidencing the investment.


examine the audited financial statements of the investee company.
review the broker's advice or canceled check for the investment's acquisition.
obtain market quotations from The Wall Street Journal or another independent
source.

57. Cutoff tests designed to detect credit sales made before the end of the year that
have been recorded in the subsequent year provide assurance about management's
assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

presentation and disclosure.


completeness.
rights and obligations.
existence.

58. Which of the following audit procedures probably would provide the most reliable
evidence concerning the entity's assertion of rights and obligations related to
inventories?
A. Trace test counts noted during the physical count of inventory to the
summarization of quantities.
B. Inspect agreements for evidence of inventory held on consignment.
C. Select the last few shipping advices used before the physical count and determine
whether the shipments were recorded as sales.
D. Inspect the open purchase order file for significant commitments to consider for
disclosure.
59. During an audit of an entity's stockholders' equity accounts, the auditor determines
whether there are restrictions on retained earnings resulting from loans, agreements,
or state law. This audit procedure most likely is intended to verify management's
assertion
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
completeness.
valuation or allocation.
presentation and disclosure.

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60. Which of the following most likely would give the most assurance concerning the
valuation assertion of accounts receivable?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tracing amounts in the subsidiary ledger to details on shipping documents


Comparing receivable turnover rates to industry statistics for reasonableness
Inquiring about receivables pledged under loan agreements
Assessing the allowance for uncollectible accounts for reasonableness

61. An auditor most likely would inspect additions to the audit client's Property, Plant,
and Equipment account to obtain evidence concerning management's assertions
about
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
rights and obligations.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation or allocation.

62. Which of the following is a substantive test that an auditor most likely would perform
to verify the existence and valuation of recorded accounts payable?
A. Investigating the open purchase order file to ascertain that prenumbered purchase
orders are used and accounted for
B. Receiving the client's unopened mail for a reasonable period of time after year-end
to search for unrecorded vendor's invoices
C. Vouching selected entries in the accounts payable subsidiary ledger to purchase
orders and receiving reports
D. Confirming accounts payable balances with known vendors and suppliers who
have zero balances at year-end
63. An auditor most likely would review an entity's periodic accounting for the numerical
sequence of shipping documents and invoices to support management's financial
statement assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


completeness.
presentation and disclosure.
existence or occurrence.

64. In auditing accrued liabilities, an auditor's procedures most likely would focus
primarily on management's assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
completeness.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation or allocation.

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65. An auditor selected items for test counts from a client's inventory listing before
observing the client's physical inventory at the warehouse. The auditor then found
the items selected at the warehouse and counted them. This procedure most likely
obtained evidence concerning management's assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


completeness.
existence or occurrence.
valuation.

66. An auditor tests an entity's control that matches shipping documents to sales
invoices before they are recorded in the financial statements as revenue in support of
management's financial statement assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

valuation or allocation.
presentation and disclosure.
existence or occurrence.
rights and obligations.

67. Which of the following audit procedures would an auditor most likely perform to test
controls relating to management's valuation assertion for accounts receivable?
A. Verify that extensions and footings on the entity's sales invoices and monthly
customer statements have been recomputed.
B. Inspect the entity's reports of prenumbered shipping documents that have not
been recorded in the sales journal.
C. Compare the invoiced prices on prenumbered sales invoices to the entity's
authorized price list.
D. Inquire about the entity's credit-granting policies and test whether credit checks
have been consistently applied to new customers.
68. The confirmation of a cash balance provides primary evidence regarding which
management assertion?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Existence
Valuation
Allocation
Completeness

69. The confirmation of an accounts receivable balance provides primary evidence


regarding which management assertion?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Completeness
Valuation
Allocation
Existence

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70. In testing the completeness assertion for a liability account, an auditor ordinarily
works from the
A. financial statements to the potentially unrecorded items.
B. potentially unrecorded items to the financial statements.
C. accounting records to the supporting evidence.
D.
trial balance to the subsidiary ledger.
71. An auditor's purpose in auditing the information contained in the pension footnote
most likely is to obtain evidence concerning management's assertion about
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


existence.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation.

Short Answer Questions

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72. For each of the descriptions 1-6, match the correct word or phrase from A-H.

Essay Questions
73. Explain the bottom-up approach and the top-down approach to quantifying overall
materiality.

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74. Do the following regarding auditors' concepts of overall "materiality" considered at


the planning stage (i.e., "planning materiality").
a. Define or describe independent auditors' concept of "planning materiality."
b. Name (but do not describe or explain) three common relationships or
considerations used by auditors when assessing the dollar amount considered to be
material.

75. What are the characteristics that distinguish computer processing from manual
processing?

76. What are the advantages and limitations derived from using computer-assisted audit
techniques (CAATs) packages?

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77. D. Jackson, CPA, audited Washington Company's financial statements for the year
ended December 31, 2007. On November 1, 2008, Washington notified Jackson that it
was changing auditors and that Jackson's services were being terminated. On
November 5, 2008, Washington invited Lincoln, CPA, to make a proposal for an
engagement to audit its financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2008.
Required:
What procedures concerning Jackson should Lincoln perform before accepting the
engagement?

78. Identify the two types of audit plans and indicate the purpose of each.

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Chapter 03 Engagement Planning Answer Key


Multiple Choice Questions
1.

Which of the following auditor concerns most likely could be so serious that the
auditor would conclude that a financial statement audit cannot be conducted?
A.
The entity has no formal written code of conduct.
B.
The integrity of entity's management is suspect.
C. Procedures requiring separation of duties are subject to management override.
D. Management fails to modify prescribed controls for changes in conditions.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Critical Thinking
AICPA: FN Risk Analysis
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

2.

Before accepting an engagement to audit a new client, an auditor is required to


A. make inquiries of the predecessor auditor after obtaining the consent of the
prospective client.
B. obtain the prospective client's signature to the engagement letter.
C. prepare a memorandum setting forth the staffing requirements and
documenting the preliminary audit plan.
D. discuss the management representation letter with the prospective client's
audit committee.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

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3.

Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding sufficient and


appropriate documentation?
A. Accounting estimates are not considered sufficient and appropriate
documentation.
B. Sufficient and appropriate documentation should include evidence that the
audit working papers have been reviewed.
C. If additional evidence is required to document significant findings or issues, the
original evidence is not considered sufficient and appropriate and therefore
should be deleted from the working papers.
D. Audit documentation is the property of the client, and sufficient and appropriate
copies should be retained by the auditor for at least five years.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

4.

When applying analytical procedures during an audit, which of the following is the
best approach for developing expectations?
A. Considering unaudited account balances and ratios to calculate what adjusted
balances should be
B. Identifying reasonable explanations for unexpected differences before talking to
client management
C. Considering the pattern of several unusual changes without trying to explain
what caused them
D. Comparing client data with client-determined expected results to reduce
detailed tests of account balances
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

5.

Which of the following explanations best describes why an auditor may decide to
reduce tests of details for a particular audit objective?
A. The audit is being performed soon after the balance sheet date.
B. Audit staff are experienced in performing the planned procedures.
C. Analytical procedures have revealed no unusual or unexpected results.
D. There were many transactions posted to the account during the period.
AACSB: Analytic
3-20
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

6.

Which of the following steps should an auditor perform first to determine the
existence of related parties?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Examine invoices, contracts, and purchasing orders.


Request a list of related parties from management.
Review the company's business structure.
Review proxy and other materials filed with the SEC.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

7.

Which of the following is a correct statement regarding the nature and timing of
communications between an accounting firm performing an initial audit of an
issuer and the issuer's audit committee?
A. Prior to accepting the engagement, the firm must orally affirm its independence
to the audit committee with all members present.
B. The firm must address all independence impairment issues on the date of the
audit opinion.
C. Communications related to independence may occur in any form prior to
issuance of the financial statements.
D. Prior to accepting the engagement, the firm should describe in writing all
relationships that, as of the date of the communication, may reasonably be
thought to bear on independence.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

3-21
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

8.

Before accepting an engagement to audit a new client, a CPA is required to obtain


A.
B.
C.
D.

an assessment of fraud risk factors likely to cause material misstatements.


an understanding of the prospective client's industry and business.
the prospective client's signature to a written engagement letter.
the prospective client's consent to make inquiries of the predecessor, if any.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

9.

During a financial statement audit an internal auditor may provide direct


assistance to the independent CPA in performing.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

3-22
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

10.

When assessing internal auditors' objectivity, an independent auditor should


A. consider the policies that prohibit the internal auditors from auditing areas
where they were recently assigned.
B. review the internal auditors' reports to determine that their conclusions are
consistent with the work performed.
C. verify that the internal auditors' assessment of control risk is comparable to the
independent auditor's assessment.
D. evaluate the quality of the internal auditors' working paper documentation and
their recent audit recommendations.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

11.

Which of the following procedures would a CPA most likely perform in the planning
phase of a financial statement audit?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Make inquiries of the client's lawyer concerning pending litigation.


Perform cutoff tests of cash receipts and disbursements.
Compare financial information with nonfinancial operating data.
Recalculate the prior year's accruals and deferrals.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

12.

Which of the following matters does an auditor usually include in the engagement
letter?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Arrangements regarding fees and billing


Analytical procedures that the auditor plans to perform
Indications of negative cash flows from operating activities
Identification of working capital deficiencies

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
3-23
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

13.

Which of the following factors should an external auditor obtain updated


information about then assessing an internal auditor's competence?
A. The reporting status of the internal auditor within the organization.
B. The educational level and professional experiences of the internal auditor.
C. Whether policies prohibit the internal auditor from auditing areas where
relatives are employed.
D. Whether the board of directors, audit committee, or owner-manager oversees
employment decisions related to the internal auditor.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

14.

Which of the following would a successor auditor ask the predecessor auditor to
provide after accepting an audit engagement?
A. Disagreements between the predecessor auditor and management as to
significant accounting policies and principles
B. The predecessor auditor's understanding of the reasons for the change of
auditors
C. Facts known to the predecessor auditor that might bear on the integrity of
management
D. Matters that may facilitate the evaluation of financial reporting consistency
between the current and prior years
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

3-24
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

15.

Which of the following factors most likely would cause an auditor not to accept a
new audit engagement?
A. An inadequate understanding of the entity's internal controls
B. The close proximity to the end of the entity's fiscal year
C. Concluding that the entity's management probably lacks integrity
D. The inability to perform preliminary analytical procedures before assessing
control risk
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

16.

The auditor is not required to ask the predecessor auditor about


A.
facts that might bear on the integrity of management.
B. disagreements the predecessor may have had with management about
accounting principles and audit procedures.
C.
the fees charged for the previous audit.
D. the predecessor's understanding about the reasons for the change of auditors.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Critical Thinking
AICPA: FN Risk Analysis
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: Original
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

17.

Audit documentation does not normally include the


A.
B.
C.
D.

specific assertions under audit.


industry accounting guides.
record of the procedures performed.
decisions made in the course of the audit.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-06 Define what is meant by the proper form and content of audit documentation.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Documentation

3-25
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

18.

C. Hill, CPA, has been retained to audit the financial statements of Monday Co.
Monday's predecessor auditor was K. Post, CPA, whom Monday has notified by that
its services have been terminated. Under these circumstances, which party should
initiate the communications between Hill and Post?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Hill, the auditor


Post, the predecessor auditor
Monday's controller or CFO
The chair of Monday's board of directors

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

19.

Which of the following provides the best method of obtaining an understanding of


a continuing client's business for planning an audit?
A. Performing tests of details of transactions and balances
B. Reviewing prior year audit documentation and the permanent file for the client
C.
Reading specialized industry journals
D. Reevaluating the client's internal control environment

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

20.

The pre-engagement activities of an audit engagement for a public accounting


firm do not include
A. evaluating the public accounting firm's independence with regard to the audit
engagement.
B.
obtaining predecessor audit documentation.
C.
obtaining an engagement letter.
D. ensuring that there are sufficient firm resources to complete the engagement
on a timely basis.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake

3-26
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

before beginning an audit engagement.


Source: Original
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

21.

Which of the following procedures would an auditor most likely perform in planning
a financial statement audit?
A. Inquiring of the client's legal counsel concerning pending litigation
B. Comparing the financial statements to anticipated results
C. Examining computer-generated exception reports to verify the effectiveness of
internal controls
D. Searching for unauthorized transactions that may aid in detecting unrecorded
liabilities

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

22.

This year, Blakeney Enterprises engaged a new auditor who must


A. attempt to communicate with the predecessor auditor before accepting the
engagement.
B. review the predecessor's audit documentation if the audit is to be in
accordance with GAAS.
C. seek the SEC's permission to accept the engagement if Blakeney is publicly
owned.
D. reject the engagement if the change in auditors resulted from a dispute with
the predecessor.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

23.

An engagement letter is used primarily to


A. ensure a clear contractual understanding of the services to be provided by the
CPA.
B.
express an opinion on the financial statements.
C. provide management representations to be included in the audit evidence.
D.
disclaim liability.
AACSB: Analytic

3-27
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-01 List and describe the required preengagement activities that auditors undertake
before beginning an audit engagement.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Pre-Engagement Activities

24.

The firm of Banta, Brown, and Burgess, CPAs, requires that audit documentation
contain the initials of the preparer and the reviewer in the top right-hand corner.
This procedure provides evidence of professional concern regarding which
generally accepted auditing standard?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Independence
Adequate technical competence and capabilities
Adequate planning and supervision
Gathering sufficient competent evidence

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-06 Define what is meant by the proper form and content of audit documentation.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Documentation

25.

During the initial planning phase of an audit, a CPA most likely would
A. test specific internal control activities that are likely to prevent fraud.
B. evaluate the reasonableness of the client's accounting estimates of inventory
obsolescence.
C. discuss the timing of the audit procedures with the client's management.
D. inquire of the client's attorney as to whether any unrecorded claims are
probable of assertion.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

3-28
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

26.

Prior to beginning the fieldwork on a new audit engagement in which the audit
team does not possess expertise in the industry in which the client operates, the
audit team should
A. reduce audit risk by lowering the preliminary levels of materiality.
B. design special substantive tests to compensate for the lack of industry
expertise.
C. engage financial experts familiar with the nature of the industry.
D. obtain knowledge of matters that relate to the nature of the entity's business.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

27.

Which of the following types of transactions would be routine and computerized?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Capital stock sales and repurchases


Credit sales and billings
Income tax expense and liability
Bank loan transactions

AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

28.

Errors in data processed in a batch computer system may not be detected


immediately because
A. transaction trails in a batch system are available for only a limited period of
time.
B. there are time delays in processing transactions in a batch system.
C. errors in some transactions cause rejection of other transactions in the batch.
D. random errors are more likely in a batch system than in an online system.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit

3-29
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

process.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

29.

Management's responsibility in a computer system would not include


A. ensuring that the documentation of the system is complete and up to date.
B. maintaining a system of transaction processing that includes an audit trail.
C.
assessing the control risk.
D. making computer resources and knowledgeable personnel available for
questions.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

30.

The characteristics that distinguish computer processing from manual processing


would not include
A.
B.
C.
D.

a decrease of management supervision of operations.


automatic initiation and execution of transactions.
the possible concentration of control activities.
a high potential for unauthorized access to data.

AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

31.

Which of the following is not a category of audit documentation?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Temporary files
Permanent files
Audit administrative files
Current documentation files

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-06 Define what is meant by the proper form and content of audit documentation.
3-30
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Source: Original
Topic: Audit Documentation

32.

The essential advantages of a computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs)


package would not include the fact that
A. the same software can be used on different types of clients' computer
environments.
B. a large number of CAATs packages are currently available.
C.
software packages are always inexpensive.
D. the ability to control and modify the program to meet an auditors' need.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

33.

Computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) could not be used for which of the
following audit tasks?
A.
Testing calculations and making computations
B.
Evaluating control risk assessment
C.
Summarizing, resequencing, and reformatting data
D. Comparing audit evidence from manual audit procedures to company needs
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

34.

Comparing data on separate files can be accomplished by using computer-assisted


audit techniques (CAATs) to determine whether comparable information is in
agreement. Examples of such comparisons would not include
A.
B.
C.
D.

payroll details with personnel records.


current and prior inventory to details of purchases and sales.
paid vouchers to disbursements.
observation of inventory accounts.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

3-31
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

35.

The basic auditing application of the personal computer as an audit tool would not
include
A.
B.
C.
D.

spreadsheet analysis.
sample planning, selection, and evaluation.
continuous monitoring of a client's internal control system.
analytical review.

AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

36.

An auditor would most likely be use word processing software for what purpose?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Performing analytical procedures


Preparing a trial balance
Preparing an audit plan
Obtaining a sample selection

AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

37.

Which of the following use of computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) would


most likely be considered a search for fraudulent activities?
A. Selecting customers' accounts receivable for confirmation
B.
Recalculating inventory extensions
C. Scanning accounts receivable balances for amounts over the credit limit
D. Comparing a list of vendor addresses to employee address files
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology

3-32
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation


Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

38.

An auditor would least likely use computer software to


A.
access client data files.
B.
prepare spreadsheets.
C.
assess information systems control risk.
D. construct parallel simulations to test the client's computing system.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

39.

A primary advantage of using computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs)


packages to audit the financial statements of a client that uses computerized
information systems is that the auditor may
A. access information stored on computer files even with a limited understanding
of the client's hardware and software features.
B. consider increasing the use of substantive tests of transactions in place of
analytical procedures.
C. substantiate the accuracy of data by using self-checking digits and hash totals.
D. reduce the level of required tests of controls to a relatively small amount.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

3-33
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

40.

For which of the following judgments may an independent auditor share


responsibility with an entity's internal auditor who is assessed to be both
competent and objective?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Assessment of inherent risk, yes; assessment of control risk, yes


Assessment of inherent risk, yes; assessment of control risk, no
Assessment of inherent risk, no; assessment of control risk, yes
Assessment of inherent risk, no; assessment of control risk, no

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Risk Analysis
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

41.

Which of the following is not considered an accounting estimate?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Allowance for loan losses


Credit sales
Net realizable value of inventory
Percentage-of-completion revenue to be recorded

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Plan

42.

Which of the following would be a step in an internal control program?


A. Obtain an aged trial balance of the accounts receivable.
B. Prepare and send confirmations on a sample of customers' accounts receivable.
C.
Assess the control risk for sales and collections.
D. Read sales contracts for evidence of customers' rights of return or price
allowance terms.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-34
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

43.

The idea of the cycle approach is to group accounts together by


A.
B.
C.
D.

specific function.
financial statement assertion.
audit objective.
transactions that affect all accounts in that particular group.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

44.

Which of the following is not one of the four major cycles?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Revenue and cash collection


Acquisition and expenditure
Cash receipts and disbursements
Financing and investing

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

45.

Looking at vendors' invoices for particular information is an example of


A.
B.
C.
D.

physical observation.
confirmation.
inspection of documents.
scanning.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-35
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

46.

An auditor who uses 7 percent of income before taxes as a basis for overall
materiality would be basing judgment on
A.
B.
C.
D.

absolute size.
relative size.
nature of the item.
cumulative effects.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Measurement
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-03 Define materiality and explain its importance in the audit planning process.
Source: Original
Topic: Materiality

47.

Which of the following is not a way in which auditors use the concept of overall
materiality?
A.
B.
C.
D.

As a guide to planning the audit plan


As a guide to the evaluation of evidence
As a guide for making decisions about the audit report
As a guide for assessing control risk

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Risk Analysis
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-03 Define materiality and explain its importance in the audit planning process.
Source: Original
Topic: Materiality

48.

The auditor looked at a bank statement received and held by the client. What kind
of audit procedure would this be considered?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Recalculation
Physical observation
Confirmation
Examination of documents

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-36
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

49.

In testing the existence assertion for an asset, an auditor ordinarily works from
the
A.
B.
C.
D.

financial statements to the potentially unrecorded items.


potentially unrecorded items to the financial statement.
accounting records to the supporting evidence.
supporting evidence to the accounting records.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

50.

In determining whether transactions have been recorded, the direction of the audit
testing should start from the
A.
B.
C.
D.

general ledger balances.


adjusted trial balance.
original source documents.
general journal entries.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

51.

Auditors should design the written audit plan so that


A. all material transactions will be selected for substantive testing.
B. substantive tests prior to the balance sheet date will be minimized.
C. the audit procedures selected will achieve specific audit objectives.
D. each account balance will be tested under either tests of controls or tests of
transactions.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

3-37
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

52.

In designing written audit plans, an auditor should establish specific audit


objectives that relate primarily to the
A.
B.
C.
D.

timing of audit procedures.


cost-benefit of gathering techniques.
selected audit techniques.
financial statement assertions.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

53.

In considering overall materiality for planning purposes, an auditor believes that


misstatements aggregating $10,000 would have a material effect on an entity's
income statement but that misstatements would have to aggregate $20,000 to
materially affect the balance sheet. Ordinarily, it would be appropriate to design
audit procedures that would be expected to detect misstatements aggregating
A.
B.
C.
D.

$10,000.
$15,000.
$20,000.
$30,000.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Risk Analysis
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-03 Define materiality and explain its importance in the audit planning process.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Materiality

54.

The independent auditors' audit design prepared prior to the start of fieldwork is
appropriately considered documentation of
A.
B.
C.
D.

planning.
supervision.
information evaluation.
quality assurance.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
3-38
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Topic: Audit Plan

55.

In the preparation of an audit plan, which of the following items is not essential?
A.
A review of material from prior audits
B. The preparation of a budget identifying the costs of resources needed
C. An understanding of controls established by management
D.
Assessment of inherent risk

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: AICPA
Topic: Audit Plan

56.

To satisfy the valuation assertion when auditing an investment in another company


that is publicly and actively traded, an auditor most likely would seek to
A. inspect the stock certificates evidencing the investment.
B. examine the audited financial statements of the investee company.
C. review the broker's advice or canceled check for the investment's acquisition.
D. obtain market quotations from The Wall Street Journal or another independent
source.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

57.

Cutoff tests designed to detect credit sales made before the end of the year that
have been recorded in the subsequent year provide assurance about
management's assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

presentation and disclosure.


completeness.
rights and obligations.
existence.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence
3-39
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

58.

Which of the following audit procedures probably would provide the most reliable
evidence concerning the entity's assertion of rights and obligations related to
inventories?
A. Trace test counts noted during the physical count of inventory to the
summarization of quantities.
B. Inspect agreements for evidence of inventory held on consignment.
C. Select the last few shipping advices used before the physical count and
determine whether the shipments were recorded as sales.
D. Inspect the open purchase order file for significant commitments to consider for
disclosure.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

59.

During an audit of an entity's stockholders' equity accounts, the auditor


determines whether there are restrictions on retained earnings resulting from
loans, agreements, or state law. This audit procedure most likely is intended to
verify management's assertion
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
completeness.
valuation or allocation.
presentation and disclosure.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

60.

Which of the following most likely would give the most assurance concerning the
valuation assertion of accounts receivable?
A. Tracing amounts in the subsidiary ledger to details on shipping documents
B. Comparing receivable turnover rates to industry statistics for reasonableness
C. Inquiring about receivables pledged under loan agreements
D. Assessing the allowance for uncollectible accounts for reasonableness
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember

3-40
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

61.

An auditor most likely would inspect additions to the audit client's Property, Plant,
and Equipment account to obtain evidence concerning management's assertions
about
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
rights and obligations.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation or allocation.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

62.

Which of the following is a substantive test that an auditor most likely would
perform to verify the existence and valuation of recorded accounts payable?
A. Investigating the open purchase order file to ascertain that prenumbered
purchase orders are used and accounted for
B. Receiving the client's unopened mail for a reasonable period of time after yearend to search for unrecorded vendor's invoices
C. Vouching selected entries in the accounts payable subsidiary ledger to
purchase orders and receiving reports
D. Confirming accounts payable balances with known vendors and suppliers who
have zero balances at year-end

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

63.

An auditor most likely would review an entity's periodic accounting for the
numerical sequence of shipping documents and invoices to support management's
financial statement assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


completeness.
presentation and disclosure.
existence or occurrence.
AACSB: Analytic

3-41
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

64.

In auditing accrued liabilities, an auditor's procedures most likely would focus


primarily on management's assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

existence or occurrence.
completeness.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation or allocation.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

65.

An auditor selected items for test counts from a client's inventory listing before
observing the client's physical inventory at the warehouse. The auditor then found
the items selected at the warehouse and counted them. This procedure most likely
obtained evidence concerning management's assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


completeness.
existence or occurrence.
valuation.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

66.

An auditor tests an entity's control that matches shipping documents to sales


invoices before they are recorded in the financial statements as revenue in support
of management's financial statement assertion of
A.
B.
C.
D.

valuation or allocation.
presentation and disclosure.
existence or occurrence.
rights and obligations.
AACSB: Analytic

3-42
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

67.

Which of the following audit procedures would an auditor most likely perform to
test controls relating to management's valuation assertion for accounts
receivable?
A. Verify that extensions and footings on the entity's sales invoices and monthly
customer statements have been recomputed.
B. Inspect the entity's reports of prenumbered shipping documents that have not
been recorded in the sales journal.
C. Compare the invoiced prices on prenumbered sales invoices to the entity's
authorized price list.
D. Inquire about the entity's credit-granting policies and test whether credit
checks have been consistently applied to new customers.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

68.

The confirmation of a cash balance provides primary evidence regarding which


management assertion?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Existence
Valuation
Allocation
Completeness

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-43
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

69.

The confirmation of an accounts receivable balance provides primary evidence


regarding which management assertion?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Completeness
Valuation
Allocation
Existence

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

70.

In testing the completeness assertion for a liability account, an auditor ordinarily


works from the
A.
B.
C.
D.

financial statements to the potentially unrecorded items.


potentially unrecorded items to the financial statements.
accounting records to the supporting evidence.
trial balance to the subsidiary ledger.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

71.

An auditor's purpose in auditing the information contained in the pension footnote


most likely is to obtain evidence concerning management's assertion about
A.
B.
C.
D.

rights and obligations.


existence.
presentation and disclosure.
valuation.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-44
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

Short Answer Questions


72.

For each of the descriptions 1-6, match the correct word or phrase from A-H.

1. F; 2. C; 3. H; 4. A; 5. B; 6. G
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Critical Thinking
AICPA: FN Decision Making
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

Essay Questions

3-45
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

73.

Explain the bottom-up approach and the top-down approach to quantifying overall
materiality.

In the bottom-up approach to judging materiality, amounts in each account are


judged separately and then combined to determine the overall effect. In the topdown approach to judging materiality, an overall material amount is determined
for the financial statements and then allocated to each particular account.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-03 Define materiality and explain its importance in the audit planning process.
Source: Original
Topic: Materiality

74.

Do the following regarding auditors' concepts of overall "materiality" considered at


the planning stage (i.e., "planning materiality").
a. Define or describe independent auditors' concept of "planning materiality."
b. Name (but do not describe or explain) three common relationships or
considerations used by auditors when assessing the dollar amount considered to
be material.

a. Planning materiality is the largest amount of uncorrected dollar misstatement


the auditors believe could exist in published financial statements without causing
them to be considered materially misleading.
b. Absolute size, relative size, nature of the item or issue, circumstances,
uncertainty, cumulative effects.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Legal
AICPA: FN Research
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-03 Define materiality and explain its importance in the audit planning process.
Source: Original
Topic: Materiality

3-46
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

75.

What are the characteristics that distinguish computer processing from manual
processing?

Characteristics that distinguish computer processing from manual processing


include:
a. Computer system transaction trails may exist for only a short time.
b. Computers process similar transactions uniformly.
c. Functions are more concentrated in a computer system.
d. Increased potential for errors and irregularities exist in computer systems.
e. Certain transactions can be initiated or executed automatically in a computer
system.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

76.

What are the advantages and limitations derived from using computer-assisted
audit techniques (CAATs) packages?

The advantages of computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) packages:


a. Original programming is not required.
b. The required programming is easy.
c. Training time to use the programming is short.
The limitations of computer-assisted audit techniques (CAATs) packages:
a. The computer cannot observe and count physical things.
b. The computer cannot examine external and internal documentation.
c. The computer cannot conduct inquiry procedures.
AACSB: Technology
AICPA: BB Leveraging Technology
AICPA: FN Leveraging Technology
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-05 List and discuss matters of planning that auditors should consider related to the
client's computer environment and describe how CAATs can be used to improve the efficiency of the audit
process.
Source: Original
Topic: Planning in a Computerized Environment

3-47
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

77.

D. Jackson, CPA, audited Washington Company's financial statements for the year
ended December 31, 2007. On November 1, 2008, Washington notified Jackson
that it was changing auditors and that Jackson's services were being terminated.
On November 5, 2008, Washington invited Lincoln, CPA, to make a proposal for an
engagement to audit its financial statements for the year ended December 31,
2008.
Required:
What procedures concerning Jackson should Lincoln perform before accepting the
engagement?

a. Lincoln should explain to Washington the need to make an inquiry of Jackson


and should request permission to do so.
b. Lincoln should ask Washington to authorize Jackson to respond fully to Lincoln's
inquiries.
c. If Washington refuses to permit Jackson to respond or limits Jackson's response,
Lincoln should inquire as to the reasons and consider the implications in deciding
whether to accept the engagement.
d. Lincoln should make specific and reasonable inquiries of Jackson regarding
matters Lincoln believes will assist in determining whether to accept the
engagement, including specific questions regarding.
(1) Facts that might bear on the integrity of management.
(2) Disagreements with management as to accounting principles, audit
procedures, or other similarly significant matters.
(3) Communications Jackson made to management about fraud, illegal acts, or
internal control recommendations.
(4) Jackson's understanding as to the reasons for the change of auditors.
e. If Lincoln receives a limited response, Lincoln should consider its implications in
deciding whether to accept the engagement.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Critical Thinking
AICPA: FN Decision Making
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 03-04 List and describe the eight general types of audit procedures for gathering evidence.
Source: AICPA adapted
Topic: Audit Procedures for Obtaining Audit Evidence

3-48
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.

78.

Identify the two types of audit plans and indicate the purpose of each.

The two types of audit plans are (1) the internal control program and (2) the
substantive audit plan. The internal control program contains the specification of
procedures for obtaining an understanding of the entity's business and
environment, including its internal control, and for assessing the inherent risk and
the control risk related to the financial account balances. The substantive audit
plan contains the specification of substantive tests for gathering direct evidence
on the assertions about dollar amounts in the account balances.
AACSB: Analytic
AICPA: BB Industry
AICPA: FN Decision Making
Blooms: Analyze
Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 03-02 Understand the importance of planning the audit engagement so that it is conducted
in accordance with professional standards.
Source: Original
Topic: Audit Plan

3-49
Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.