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I-Genius 1

Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

Present Simple Tense


Function

1. ใช้กบ
ั เหตุการณ์ท่ีเกิดเป็ น
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
เช่น Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
2. ใช้กบ
ั เหตุการณ์ท่ีเกิดเป็ น…………………………………………
หรือ………………………………………………………
เช่น Anne always gets up at 5 a.m. in the morning.
Peter usually goes to gym on Friday evening.
3. ใช้
บอก……………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………..
เช่น My train leaves at 7 p.m.
The concert starts at 10 p.m.

Form

1. ประโยคบอกเล่า (Affirmative Sentence)


I/You/We/They + V.1
เช่น………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………
He/She/It+V.1
เช่น………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………….
2. ประโยคปฏิเสธ (Negative Sentence)
I/You/We/They + ………………………..+V.1
เช่น………………………………………………………………………………………

He/She/It+………………………………….+V.1
เช่น………………………………………………………………………………………
….
3. ประโยคคำาถาม (Interrogative Sentence)
……………….. I/You/We/They+V.1
เช่น………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
………………...He/She/It+ V.1 เช่น
…………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………
Test 1:Present Simple
I-Genius 2
Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

Direction : Put (a) in the space if the sentence is the truth or fact. Put (b) if the sentence is
about thing that happens as habit or daily routine. Put (c) if the sentence is future fact or
schedule.

1. They drive to office every day. …………………..


2. She doesn’t come here very often. …………………..
3. Do you usually have ham and bacon for breakfast? …………………..
4. Christmas falls on Monday this year. …………………..
5. Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F. …………………..
6. The Thames flows through London. …………………..
7. Ramadan doesn't start for another 3 weeks. …………………..
8. The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning. …………………..
9. I really hate mobile phones. …………………..
10.I hardly ever chat online. …………………..
11.It gets very hot in April. ……………………

Test 2: Present Simple


Direction: Choose the best answer.
1. The sun …………………..in the west.
a. Set b.rise c.rises d.sets
1. Jane……………………………her close friend, Sue.
a. Often calls b.often call c.calls often d.call often
1. Do you go swimming?
a. I always do b.I do usually c.Often Ido. d.Do I never.
1. The first train ……………………..at three o’clock. (A schedule)
a.arrive b.arrives c.will arrive d.has arrived
2. Which is correct?
a.Hilmar knows not French. b.Patrizia don’t love England.
c.Wolfgand have no children. d.Simone doesn’t like carrots.
3. Dr.Micahel…………………..clearly.
a.speak b.doesn’t speak c.speaks not d.doesn’t speaks
4. Do you smoke, Hugo?
a.No, always. B.No, I doesn’t. c.No, never. D.No, I not.

Test 3: Present Simple

Direction: Use the prompts given to make complete sentences in present simple.

1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..(my dad,often)
2. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..(Pancake,sometimes)
3. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..(I,hardly ever)
I-Genius 3
Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

4. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………(he,never)
5. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……...
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………(Thai people,always)

Present Continuous Tense


Form

Present Continuous =
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………

Function

1. ใช้กบ
ั เหตุการณ์ท่ีกำาลังเกิดขึ้นในขณะที่
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………
– The kids are watching TV.
– I am sitting down, because I am tired.
– Who are you writing to?
– I am not learning Chinese, because this is an English class.

1. ใช้กบ
ั เหตุการณ์ท่ีกำาลังทำาในช่วงเวลา
ที่……………………………………………………………………………………
…………………..
– Sally is studying really hard for her exams this week.
– I am reading a really interesting book now.
– How are you brushing up on your English for the trip?
– We aren't working hard these days

1. ใช้กบ
ั เหตุการณ์ในอนาคต
ที่……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………….
– I am seeing my dentist on Wednesday.
– Polly is coming for dinner tomorrow.
– Are you doing anything tonight?
– We aren't going on holiday next week.

***Note ห้ามใช้กบ
ั กริยาทั้ง 4 กลุ่มนี้ ได้แก่
I-Genius 4
Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

1. กริยาที่แสดงถึงจิตใจหรือความคิด เช่น believe, wish, love, like, hate, want,


…………………………………………..
2. กริยาที่แสดงถึงความร้้สึกทางประสาทสัมผัส (sense) เช่น smell, sense, see, feel,
think, taste เป็ นต้น
3. กริยา have เมื่อแปลว่า
………………………………….หรือ……………………………………………….
เช่น I have a beautiful girlfriend.
I’m having a beautiful girlfriend.
Or
Josh has a cold.
Josh is having a cold.
4. กริยาที่คงสภาพ (stative verbs) และ แสดงความเป็ นเจ้าของ
appear be fit prefer

contain consist possess

need owe suit

realize seem belong

suppose want mean

5. แต่กริยาต้องห้ามบางตัวที่สามารถเติม –ing ได้เมื่อความหมายเปลี่ยน เช่น


a. Think=………………………………………………………………….
 I…………………………………..about buying a new house.

Think=…………………………………………………………………

 I………………………….I will probably talk to her in this afternoon.


a. See=…………………………………………………………………..
 He…………………………a doctor this Friday.
See=……………………………………………………………...
 He……………………his kids playing in the playground.
a. Hear=……………………………………………………………………
 I………………………….the music play in the garden.

Hear=………………………………………………………………….

 He………………………...someone calling his name.


a. Smell=………………………………………………………………..
 My sister…………………………………….a flower.

Smell=………………………………………………………………..

 The stew ……………………………..delicious.


a. Taste=…………………………………………………………
 My brother………………………………..his soup.

Taste=……………………………………………………….

 This yoghurt ………………………………of strawberry.


a. Feel=……………………………………………………….
I-Genius 5
Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

 I…………………………………..his warm breath on my neck.

Feel=……………………………………………………….

 I………………………………hungry now.
1. Present continuous or present simple?
• It rains a lot in Scotland. (habitual situation)
• Put on your raincoat. It’s raining. (now)
• Scientist do experiments to test their theories. (always true)
• Scientists are doing experiments to see if there is life on Mars. (currently)
• She speaks French and German. (She can speak these languages.)
• Wait a minute, she’s speaking to someone on her mobile. (now)

Test 1: Write the –ing form of the verb.

a.enjoy………………………….. e.play……………………………… i.stop……………………………..


.

b.hit………………………………. f.heat……………………………… j.shot…………………………….

c.shoot………………………….. g.organize………………………. k.buy……………………………..

d.smoke……………………….. h.use……………………………… l.tidy……………………………….

Test 2 : Present Continuous.

Direction: Write the correct form of present continuous.

• He …………………….. (read) a book at the moment.


• We …………………….. (visit) our friends this evening.
• They …………………… on the Brown account this month.
• I ……………………(not/watch)TV, I ……………………… (work)!
• What …………………….. (you do) this evening?
• Where …………………….. (she/stay)?
• A lot of people ……………………..(speak) Spanish in the USA.
• Wake up! The teacher………………………….(ask) you a question.
• That’s the book I ………………………..(read) at the moment.
• I’m happy today. Everything ……………………..well.

Test 3: Present Continuous

Direction: Read the conversation and indentify each conversation with the correct form of
present continuous.

What are you cooking?


Tom is studying for his exams at the moment.
It isn't raining now. We can go outside
I-Genius 6
Basic English Grammar by Aj.Oh

What are you doing this weekend?


I'm meeting Peter tomorrow morning.
We're driving to Albany this weekend.

We're currently working on the Smith account.


What classes are you taking this semester?
We're studying Greek history this month.

Test4: Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1. Every Monday, Sally (drive)……………………………………..her kids to football practice.


2. Usually, I (work)……………………………as a secretary at ABAT, but this summer I (study)
…………………………… French at a language school in Paris. This is why I am in Paris.
3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep)………………………………………..
4. Don’t forget to take your umbrella. It (rain)………………………………………..
5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always)………………………………………
6. I’m sorry I can’t hear what you (say)………………………………because everybody (talk)
………………………………so loudly.
7. Justin (write, currently)…………………………………a book about his adventures in Tibet. I
hop he can find a good publisher when he is finished.
8. Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight?
Denise: Oh, I’m sorry, I can’t. I (go) ………………………………to a movie tonight with
some friends.
9. The business cards (be, normally)…………………………………..printed by a company in
New York. Their prices (be)…………………………….inexpensive, yet the quality of their
work is quite good.
10.This delicious chocolate (be)………………………….made by a small chocolatier in Zurich.
11.Children (often, use)……………………..a computer for school work.
12.Put on anorak. It (rain, now)…………………………………………
13.Excuse me, what …………………this (mean)…………………………?
14.She (not understand)…………………………………….the formula.
15.You (know)………………………my friend Cindy.
16.I (like)…………………………………the new sports hall. Do you?