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September 2015


In this issue:

crop tour
Neutralising mycotoxins
Millet - protein rich,
versatile and gluten free
Feed enzymes support the
challenge of growing food
The story of Flour World

Volume 126

Issue 9

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44 The story of Flour World

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Tel: +234 805 7781077

It was pure chance that washed the

eccentric idea up at his feet. While taking
a walk on the beach in Dubai in 1998,
Volkmar Wywiol stumbled over a piece of
plastic sheeting with writing in Arabic. The
find turned out to be a flour sack from one
of his customers.

Editorial Team
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Grain & Feed Milling

Technology magazine
was rebranded to Milling
and Grain in 2015









36 TURKEY - country

44 The story of Flour World

46 Millet - protein rich,
versatile and gluten free


98 People news from the

global milling industry

48 Fortification and the

Faces of Anemia

50 Feed enzymes support the

challenge of growing food


84 Event listings, reviews

and previews

54 Neutralising mycotoxins
58 Duckweed

62 Reliable grain inventory



33 AFIA/Eurofins partner
for Courses


8 Mildred Cookson
10 Johan den Hartog
16 Tom Blacker
18 Christophe Pelletier
22 Chris Jackson

Gnhan Ulusoy

Karen Braun

Sarena Lin



Turkish Flour Industrialists Federation

During the General
Assembly Meeting
of the Turkish
Flour Industrialists
Federation (TFIF), I
was elected Chairman
of the Executive
Board. In line with the
development of the
Turkish flour market,
TFIF has started to play
a key role.

TFIF was founded in 2004 to perform studies

for providing quality nutrition to the Turkish
public and to preserve the rights of flour industry
and sector shareholders. The organisation
represents the Turkish flour industry in national
and international platforms. We are comprised of
eight associations and 410 members, as well as all
stakeholders in the sector throughout Turkey.
TFIF formulates its policies based on the
understanding that wheat, the most important
raw material, is a strategic product and that its
importance is constantly increasing because flour
industrialists are in favor of policies that will
promote wheat cultivation in Turkey.
Founded to protect and improve the interests of
flour industrialists based on the country interests:

We coordinate policies and react promptly to

the policy implementations of the public sector

We support the challenges of our industrialists

and traders in coordination with our eight
associations, which form the infrastructure of
our Federation. We embrace our whole industry
without distinction of industrialists, exporters,
and domestic traders. We will produce current
domestic and overseas economic evaluation
reports, bulletins and statistics about our sector
and arrange bilateral meetings for our members
We will continue to collaborate the activities
with International Millers Association,
European Union Flour Industrialists
Meet the Milling and Grain team
The team are travelling across
the globe to industry events.

Association, International Grain

Council, USA Wheat Association,
Russian Grain Union, APK INFORM, Ukraine
Consultancy Limited, RUSMET, and engaged
in promotional activities

We will provide visits of Ministers,

Undersecretaries, Deputy Undersecretaries
and General Directors in the Ministry of
Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ministry of
Economy, Ministry of Customs and Trade and
Soil Products Office General Directorship, and
provide participation in meetings held with
these organisations, and prepare information
notes and inform our members.

During my time as Chairman, I plan to arrange

regularly monthly Executive Board meetings in
each region of Turkey and two regional meetings
during the harvest season. We are arranging these
regional meetings as a vital commitment to our
Federation for the sector and our members for the
collection of public and private sector institutions
and organisations under a single roof, for the
solution of problems and improvement of our
sectors contribution to our economy.
Flour Industrialists leading the world trade in
flour aim to continue flour exports to more than
100 countries, to find new markets, and to ensure
the continuity of efforts based on education
and science and cooperation in the interest of
sharing international experience and cultures
which will contribute to Turkish agriculture with
organisations concerned. We plan to continue
our congress and exhibition each year within
the country by following up agendas in matters
relevant to our sector. I would like to announce
that our next congress and exhibition will be held
on March 31-April 3, in Belek, Antalya. The
details will be available soon in our web site,

I hope you enjoy this edition of Milling and Grain.

Gnhan Ulusoy, Chairman of Executive Board,
Turkish Flour Industrialists Federation

6th Annual Southeast

Asia District
Conference & Expo

Annual Subscription Rates

Inside UK: UK100
Outside: US$150/133

ISSN No: 2058-5101

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Strategic Cooperation between Imas and

Imas Machinery and well-known Southeast Asian machine
manufacturer Maxtex have recently started a strategic
cooperation. Imas will be the sole agent of Maxtex in Turkey
whereas Maxtex will be the sole agent of Imas for South East
See the full story on page 6



Milling and Grain is becoming a

must-read magazine for the Turkish
milling industry. The market in
Turkey is expanding and developing,
as proved by the rapid expansion of
Turkeys premier flour milling event,
IDMA that has truly emerged as an
international exhibition of milling and
baking technology. The event attracts
the highest level of international
participation with both regional and
national organisations bringing millers
and suppliers together every second
Turkeys exports of wheat are in a
world-leading category in both volume
and quantity. In the Central Anatolian
region, Turkey is a strong player in
todays industry.
See the full story on page 36




17 500 000 - the total amount of

wheat consumed in 2014 (tons)
15 500 000 - the total amount of
wheat produced in 2014 (tons)
5 800 000 - the total amount of wheat
imported in 2014 (tons)
3 400 000 - the total amount of
wheat exported in 2014 (tons)
1 469 000 - the total amount of
durum wheat produced in 2014
(Source: IGC, USDA and FAS 2015)
4 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Mysilo complte project:

LT Foods opens in India
Mysilo officially opened LT foods, which
is one of the major projects of India on
March 20, 2015.
See the full story on page 68

Turkish Flour
Gnhan Ulusoy, Chairman of
Executive Board, Turkish Flour
Industrialists Federation writes our
Guest Editors page this month.
See the full story on page 2


SEP 15


A blog dedicated
to milling industry
professionals globally

Ukrainian Agrarian
Ardent Mills finalises
deal to acquire
Mondelez Canadas
flour mill in Mississauga,
Nestle India welcomes
Mumbai High Court

Strategic cooperation between

Imas and Maxtex

mas Machinery and well-known Southeast Asian machine manufacturer

Maxtex have recently started a strategic cooperation. Imas will be the sole
agent of Maxtex in Turkey whereas Maxtex will be the sole agent of Imas for
South East Asia.
Ittifak Holdings machine manufacturer company Imas (Integrated Machinery
Systems), has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with the well-known
Southeast Asian machine manufacturer Maxtex Engineering Corporation.
According to this agreement, IMAS will be the sole agent of Maxtexs Maxsort
optical color sorters, whereas Maxtex will be the sole agent of Imass Milleral
flour milling machines and turn-key milling projects, which includes but are not
limited to projecting, diagram, silos and steel construction buildings. Maxtex
is very experienced in the grain color-sorting sector and by adding its Maxsort
products in its product portfolio; Imas will be offering more options to its
Mustafa Ozdemir, Imas General Manager, said that they want to be the solution
partner in the grain cleaning and milling sector by extending their cooperation
with the companies in the sector. He added: I hope the agreement we made with
Thai machine manufacturer Maxtex will be beneficiary for our company and
our group. I think that the cooperation of two companies that activate in similar
sectors and that are powerful in service after sales will give positive results in a
very short time. We have a trade network that reaches to nearly all parts of the
world and we have a detailed database. We have carried our technologies to 70
countries in five continents. Last year we delivered 4,600-ton per day grinding
capacity with the 14 turnkey projects and individual machinery and equipment
sales. Maxtex Company also has a considerable market share in its sector. We
will make combined marketing activities and increase our growth rate by using
the synergy that will form out of the two sales networks. He finally added that
their studies on increasing their international network, especially on the sales and
service after sales oriented cooperation opportunities are continuing.

6 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Biomin receives EU
approval extension for
PoultryStar, its multispecies probiotic for
Surveying the
mycotoxin threat in
Chinese corn in 2014
AFIA: FDA crosses
line with proposal for
monitoring antibiotics in
GLOBALG.A.P. Launches
sustainability module for
feed mills



Milling around the

world at the Mills Archive No 2:
A Flour Mill in China
Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive
by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK
One of the collections we have
in which the sieve was moved backwards: a man stands
at the Mills Archive in Reading
on a board that is balanced on a roller. From the centre of
is an almost complete run of
the board a stick goes up to the end of the sieve. A piece
the American Journal The
of bamboo is hung from the ceiling, on which the miller
Weekly Northwestern Miller.
balances himself. When he comes down on his right foot
More than 1500 issues of this
the sieve is thrown in and bangs against the back of the
magazine from Minneapolis
chest. Throwing his weight on the other foot the miller
were kindly donated by the
brings the sieve forward with a bang, and so it goes on.
Satake Centre for Grain Process The miller had created his own private gym!
Engineering to add to our earlier, incomplete run in poor
Kingsland Smith estimated the sieve inside the boltingcondition, which we rescued from a caravan used by
chest to be 2 x 4 ft and the cloth looked like No 0. Across
visiting mill enthusiasts in the English county of Suffolk.
the centre of the sieve was a rake, to keep the meal from
A report in the edition for November 4, 1903 describes
bunching. The miller said he could sift a quantity equal to
a mill visited by Kingsland Smith near the port city of
Tsingtau (Qindao) in the Shandong province of China. It
The millstones were very small (30 x 8inches). The
was around 40 minutes by rickshaw in the village of
wheat was fed through two small holes an inch wide. A
Tai-tung-tschen, a small hamlet built by the Germans for
small pile of wheat was placed on top of the runner stone,
the Chinese. He describes it as a typical Chinese flour mill. the mule was hitched to the bar attached to the runner, and
The mill looked like any other building in the village,
after being blindfolded, was started up to go round and
and after introductions the proprietor
showed him round and brought out the
Interior of mill with bolting
Miller working the bolting machine
mule, which he hitched to the stone so
machine at the rear
that he could take a photograph. However,
the air being so very hot and flies very
troublesome, the donkey kept shaking its
head and moving; and as the photo had to
be taken on a long exposure it was decided
to take it without the donkey.
He commented that inside it differed
from any mill I have ever seen before.
At the end were grain bins of matting.
Then some small stones mounted on a low
frame. In the far corner on the right was
a bolting-chest. A long sieve was used,
covered with a cloth resembling coarse
bolting cloth. He described the manner
8 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Milling News
round, grinding out meal in a manner that reminded him
of Bill Nyes Pompeian mill (see reference below) which
ground out a sack of flour every little once in a while.
The meal fell out on the frame around the bedstone and the
mill ground ten catties of flour and three catties of bran an
hour (the catty being a pound and a third). The mill had
two sets of stone for wheat, although it was not clear how
they could both be operated at once. The stones, made
from granite cost only $10 a set. The miller obtained his
silk from a local source a days journey away. The stones,
which needed dressing every five days, were coarsely
furrowed but the lands were not cracked.
Edge runners in a primitive
Chinese oil mill

In addition to the wheat mill, the establishment also has

an oil mill, which like the flour mill was of very primitive
construction. A big stone set on edge served to crush the
beans or nuts or seed. The seed was then heated in an
adjacent room. An oil press was the gem in the collection
of milling curiosities; two tree trunks forming the frame
with two heavy sledge hammers hanging next to it. The
seed was placed in the frame with wooden blocks over it
and a series of wedge shaped blocks put on top. When the
seed had settled a little, a wedge was driven in from one
side. After a time another wedge was driven in from the

other side, continuing until no more oil could be extracted

all the oil cake was sold in the neighbourhood to be used
largely for fertiliser.
Such mills were common all over north China. Often the
village had a common mill where anyone could go and
grind his or her grist, this duty usually falling to the lot
of the woman. Sometimes the mills were of a size to be
driven by animals and sometimes they were merely hand
mills. An itinerant lady missionary told Kingsland Smith
that in many places the mill was cleaned up and given to
her as a venue for her meetings. By 1903 the flour trade
in Tsingtau was not very active, one firm telling the writer
Typical oil press in a Chinese mill

that he used to handled 100,000 sacks before trade fell

These articles only give a brief glimpse of the several
million records held by the Mills Archive Trust. If you
would like to know more please email me at mills@
Reference to Bill Nyes visit the museum in Pompeii
Bill Nyes Red Book published by Thompson and
Thomas, 1891 or see

The Masthead for The Northwestern Miller

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 9

Well-balanced multi-stakeholders participation

by Johan den Hartog, GMP+ International
Well-balanced multistakeholders participation
is a key principle for GMP+
Internationals operations in
the market. It is an important
strategy to involve and commit
the stakeholders in the whole feed
chain as well as following links in
animal production, like livestock
and aqua farming, dairy, meat and egg processing industry.
GMP+ Internationals partners are allowed to nominate
candidates for its expert committees in charge of defining the
content of the GMP+ Feed Certification scheme.
When you search on Google with the phrase wellbalanced multi-stakeholders participation, it results in a
limited number of hits, all related to GMP+ International.
The principle of multi-stakeholders participation as such,
results in more hits and is a more well-known principle
applied in the public sector. It is a conceptual model for
participatory decision-making. It is based on the view
that stakeholders, experts, and citizens could contribute
to developing a wished outcome based on their particular
expertise and experience as well as interests. The concept
of this participation model is oriented toward a multi-actor,
multi-value, and multi-interest situation. These groups
represent three forms of knowledge:
a. Knowledge based on common sense and personal
b. Knowledge based on technical expertise; and
c. Knowledge derived from social interest and advocacy.
The principle of multi-stakeholders participation fits
very well to GMP+ Internationals core business related
to feed safety and responsibility assurance, which are
common interests of the feed and food producing industry.
Obviously, there is also a public interest about it. It is based
on two of GMP+ Internationals core values: integrity and
objectivity. These values are taken into account in case of
the participatory decision-making process in combination
with transparency about the process and final result. GMP+
International integrated the principle of multi-stakeholders
participation in two ways: (i) partnership and (ii) public
Partnership of stakeholder groups aims involvement
of the stakeholders in the feed and food chain in the
decision-making regarding the content of the GMP+ Feed
Certification scheme and the related integrity policy.
It is realised by participation of experts in the expert
committees. It should result in support of and commitment
to the final result. Moreover, partnership enables GMP+
International to develop market oriented products and
10 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

GMP+ International distinguish two types of partners:

(i) trade associations in the feed and animal production
chain and (ii) food companies (dairy, eggs, meat, and aqua
producers). Currently, GMP+ International has 35 partners
(August 2015) representing the whole production chain of
animal products. The 35 partners of GMP+ International
are two international and 30 national trade-associations (in
seven different countries), as well as three international
operating food companies, all together covering the whole
feed and food chain. The goal is to increase partners
participation in the relevant countries as much as possible.
As mentioned before, we strive to a well-balanced
participation of the different stakeholders in the whole
chain. The aim it that not any link in the chain will
dominate the decision-making and the division of the seats
of the expert committees aims to realise well-balanced
participation of all links.
However, the principle and common target is to focus
on the needs of the ultimate goal: to provide animal
products to the consumers which are safe for their
health and produced in a responsible way. Partnership
means that the partner endorses this principle and it is
a touchstone for the decision-making process. Besides
that, we seek to reach consensus in decision-making
as much as possible. Therefore multi-stakeholders
dialogues contribute to reducing conflicts between
interest groups.
Indeed, partnerships limit participation to the
stakeholders groups, which applied for partnership. Their
representative experts are initially and finally involved
in the decision making process. However, we apply also
public consultation in order to enable everyone who is
not involved via partnership, to give comments, to share
expertise and to promote its interests. The results of the
public consultation are considered seriously and taken
into account in the final decision-making. We also publish,
when and why we do not take over comments, with an
objective motivation.
In multi-stakeholders dialogues, we realise that there
are different interests: own interest, common interest (of
industry) and public interest (of society). Our aim is to
promote the common interest, which fits very well with the
public interest of safe and response food of animal origin.
Leading arguments are objective motivation, and an appeal
on accountability and social responsibility of the feed
business. Above the different interests, the dialogue is also
influenced by the differences of cultural dimensions of the
participants. That makes such dialogues not always easy,
interesting and sometimes it cost time. The added value is
worthwhile: it is reducing conflicts and contribute to better

Food safety
experts take
advantage of
wet summer

he UKs wet summer has

adversely affected crop growing
in farms up and down the
country, but a new project is taking
advantage of the inclement weather
to reinforce methods of ensuring food
The project, funded by the Agriculture
and Horticulture Development
Board (AHDB) and being led by the
Agriculture Development Advisory
Service (ADAS), is focusing on fungal
toxins in cereal crops, particularly
wheat, and aims to arm the food
industry with new tools to more
efficiently test crops and confirm they
are safe to eat.
The toxins, known as mycotoxins, are
produced by moulds, which develop
on cereals in the field, especially when
it is wet and moderately warm during
flowering. They can have a devastating
impact on the human body, including

Milling News

kidney damage, reproductive disorders

and cancer.
The AHDB, which is funded by
farmers, growers and others in the
supply chain, already has a stringent
testing regime in place, including the
Mycotoxin Risk Assessment, which
has to be completed by farmers after
the harvest and accompanies the grain
consignments when they leave the farm.
This data, which includes information
about how the crop was cultivated and
when it was harvested, will now be
matched for the first time with rainfall
data supplied by the Met Office as part
of a real time monitoring project. This
will help in significantly increasing the
accuracy of the Risk Assessment.
The project aims to give the UK
farming industry and parties within the
wheat supply chain an early indication
of infection risk. A pilot was run last
year and is set to run for three years,
from May for a six-week period.
Providing timely information on
national and regional risks enables grain
cooperatives, merchants and primary
processors to carry out grain sampling
and testing protocols appropriate to the
risk levels saving time and costs without
compromising quality.

sought on CBOT
corn contract

he US CME Group, the worlds

leading and most diverse
derivatives marketplace handling
three billion contracts worth US$1
quadrillion annually, has finalised a
questionnaire seeking feedback on
potential changes to the Chicago Board
of Trade (CBOT) corn contract.
Several changes are under
consideration, including one that
could increase the number of delivery
facilities by over 65 percent.
The National Grain and Feed Trade
Association (NGFA), led by its Risk
Management Committee, has been in
contact over the past several months
with the CME Group regarding its
review of the contract.
Following input from NGFA a
four-question survey covering several
themes emerged covering locational
differentials, storage rates, quality
differentials and delivery territories.
NGFA-member companies are being
offered access to the it.

There is strength in numbers.

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Wenger14.Wx3-210x147.indd 1

12/18/14 6:11 PM
Milling and Grain - September 2015
| 11

Milling News

Alltech recruits recent graduates for its corporate career

development program, accepting applications now

he world could be at the

fingertips of students from
around the world through
the fourth annual Alltech Corporate
Career Development Program. Now
accepting online applications from
August 17 to September 30, Alltech
invites recent graduates of bachelors
or masters degree programmes to
apply for the programme, which will
begin in February for the 2016 group.
Exciting opportunities are
available for 10 high-calibre
university graduates hoping to
work with experts in the fields of
science, aquaculture, agriculture,
marketing, sales, veterinary science,
information technology, business
and biotechnology. Alltech aims
to develop future leaders in the
agricultural industry and values
long-term talent development
through the Alltech Corporate Career
Development Program, which started
in 2012. The animal health and
nutrition company has a presence in
128 countries globally and is set to
grow into a $4 billion business within
the next several years.
This is a life-changing opportunity
for recent graduates to interact with

12 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

colleagues from other countries,

develop both their technical and
interpersonal skills, and share their
fresh ideas, said Dr Aoife Lyons,
director of educational initiatives for
Previous Career Development
Program members have worked
in a variety of areas, including
internal auditing for Latin America,
coordinating Alltechs educational
initiatives and developing the crop
science market in Germany. We
strive to match successful applicants
interests with Alltechs global needs.
The 12-month, salaried mentorship
program will begin with an intensive
training period at Alltechs global
headquarters in Lexington, Kentucky,
USA, where graduates will study
topics including sustainable energy,
communications, marketing and
international business. Following
this, they will continue training and
development while simultaneously
working on various key company
projects in one of the Alltechs global
offices, guided and mentored by
senior management.
Cody Hutchins of the United States
was accepted into the programme

last year and is now working in

Beijing, China on multiple projects.
One of these is a new partnership
with five leading companies to create
a sustainable pork farm. He is also
assisting with a business strategy for
the aquaculture and algae markets in
My experience in Alltech has
been amazing, and I am continually
impressed with the passionate culture
that makes the company thrive, Mr
Hutchins said.
Alltech does a great job of
empowering individuals to act
quickly on opportunities, and the
result is a fast-paced, fun and exciting
environment. If you want to join in
solving some of the worlds most
challenging issues, while travelling
and learning by experience, definitely
apply for this programme.
Interested graduates are invited to
apply during the application window
of August 17 to September 30 via
the Alltech Career Development
Program website. Applicants should
be strong team players, with excellent
communication skills and fluent in
English, with another language as an
added advantage.

Milling News

Nutriad present additives to reduce impact of

heat stress in dairy cows

ultinational Nutriad Group,

producer and distributor
of feed additives recently
strengthened its ruminant team and
during the warm European summer
presented a solution to help producers
reduce the economic consequences of
heat stress.
Nutriad CEO Erik Visser says; Heat
stress is a natural phenomenon that
affects dairy cows and other domestic
animals in tropical, sub-tropical and
often in temperate regions of the
world during the summer months.
At Nutriad we offer solutions to
reduce the negative impact on animal
Heat and humidity combined create
an uncomfortable environment for
dairy cows. The thermo-neutral
zone of dairy cows ranges from
just above zero to 22C, above this
critical temperature (combined with
humidity) cows begin to alter their
basal metabolism and metabolic
14 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Economic consequences

Heat stress negatively impacts a

variety of dairy parameters including
milk yield and reproduction and
therefore is a significant financial
burden. The economic losses to the
dairy industry in the USA alone due to
heat stress were estimated to be in the
range of US$900 million to US$1500
million a year. This figure represents
a loss in the range of $110 to $190 per
cow per year. Hence implementing
measures to alleviate heat stress and
restore cows health and production
efficiency will generate an interesting
return on investment.

Feed additives strategy

The use of smart feed additives

is one of the nutritional strategies
to reduce the impact of heat stress
on production and reproduction
Dr Hassan Taweel, Nutriad
Ruminant Manager commented:
Because heat stress affects rumen,

endocrine and metabolic function,

additives that act at both levels
(rumen and metabolism) can be
employed to alleviate heat stress.
Nutri-Ferm Prime, a direct fed
microbial product based on two
different strains of fungal extracts
and two strains of yeast cultures, has
shown to be effective in stabilising
rumen function and improving
microbial growth and fermentation
Nutri-Ferm Prime has been
rigorously tested in vitro and in vivo
and found to be very effective in
improving the growth rate of major
bacterial and fungal species in the
rumen (on average 20 percent increase
in growth rate and 17 percent decline
in doubling time). Addition of NutriFerm Prime to the ration improves
rumen microbial fermentation and
increases microbial protein synthesis
and fibre digestion, leading to four to
eight percent improvement in milk

Milling News

Fidel Castros daughter to offer unique

perspective at Oilseed and Grain Trade Summit

fter half a century, discussions

are progressing to restore full
diplomatic relations with Cuba,
including lifting the trade embargo.
How will this development affect the
estimated US$1.2 billion worth of trade
opportunities with the US, particularly
in the agricultural sector?
Alina Fernandez, daughter of Fidel
Castro, Cubas leader for nearly 50 years,
will begin to answer this question during
her keynote address at the 10th annual
Oilseed and Grain Trade Summit, which
will be held next month in Minneapolis,
Minn. In her presentation Unique
Perspective on Cuba by Fidel Castros
Daughter on September 30 at 5:30
p.m., Fernandez will share insight on
her very unique relationship with Cuba,
the changes the nation has undergone in
the past few decades, and the economic
opportunities that lie ahead.
A strong advocate of her uncle
Ral Castros regime, Fernandez
will highlight the positive economic,
political and agricultural changes in
Cuba since his reign of power began
in 2008. This includes presenting
the details of the current agricultural
relationship between the US and Cuba,
and what post-embargo Cuba might
look like for US agriculture.
During subsequent sessions on
October 1, a group of agricultural

Photo used with the permission of 2008. All rights reserved

experts on Cuba will elaborate on the

potential impacts of a lifting of the
trade embargo, outlining the specific
opportunities and challenges that
improved relations will present for the
oilseed and grains sectors.
This panel discussion, Capturing
the Market Opportunity in Cuba and
the Caribbean Basin will bring to the
forefront the plausible implications of
this historic shift in diplomatic relations
by experts in the field, including:
Ron Gray, past chairman (2015), US
Grains Council
Bill Messina, agricultural economist,

University of Florida
Thomas Marten, manager, Stark
County Farm Bureau of Illinois
The Oilseed and Grain Trade Summit
is the premier annual event providing
actionable content and networking
opportunities for key decision makers
in the global oilseed (soybeans, canola/
rapeseed, sunflower seed and oil palm)
and feed grain (corn, wheat, sorghum
and barley) value chains.
Hosted by HighQuest Group, the
2015 Summit will be held at the Hyatt
Regency Minneapolis, September 30 October 2, 2015.

Anti-wheat fad diets undermine

global food security efforts

recent review paper released

by Britains University
of Warwick (Lillywhite
and Sarrouy 2014) addresses two
fundamental questions regarding
wheat: Are whole grain products
good for health? and What is behind
the rise in popularity of gluten and
wheat-free diets?
The paper was commissioned by
cereal-maker Weetabix to address
reports in the news media that wheat
products are the cause of health
problems, resulting in an increasing
number of consumers switching
to low-carbohydrate grain- and
wheat- free diets. For many health
professionals this is a worrying trend
because wheat not only supplies 20
percent of the worlds food calories

and protein, but has important benefits

beyond nutrition, the authors state.
The Warwick paper provides a
scientific assessment of the benefits of
whole grain consumption, information
that the authors note seems to have
been lost in media headlines and the
reporting of pseudo-science.
The paper concludes that whole
grain products are good for human
health, apart from the one percent
of the population who suffer from
celiac disease and another one percent
who suffer from sensitivity to wheat
(Lillywhite and Sarrouy 2014). Eating
wholegrain wheat products is positive,
improves health and can help maintain
a healthy body weight, the authors
Scientific evidence regarding wheat-

and carbohydrate-free diets is thin and

selectively used, they state, and a low
cereal and carbohydrate diet may cost
more but deliver less.
Additionally, an economically viable
industry has developed around socalled free-from diets and may be
persuading consumers to switch from
staple foods to specialist foods created
especially for those who need to avoid
gluten, a protein found in wheat and
other grains, they add.
This Wheat Discussion Paper
serves as a foundation upon which
the authors hope further discussion
will develop. It aims to highlight
unsubstantiated nutritional claims
about wheat and shine a spotlight
on the important role of wheat and
fiber in human diets. It also seeks to
encourage conversation about how
non-scientific claims about wheat
could affect poor consumers and
global food security.

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 15

Milling News
A Flour World
Museum story
No. 2

For a good time,

visit the mill
Since 1889 the world-famous Moulin
Rouge Red Mill has enticed
visitors to Paris. This legendary
variety theatre features can-can
dancers and exotic revues, and unlike
mediaeval mills it is located in the
middle of the entertainment district
Pigalle. Because nowadays, erotic
entertainment is found downtown.
But in the old days, you went out
to the seclusion of the mill. Nestled
discreetly in a forest or on a stream
far from town, the mill was long
considered a place of permissiveness and forbidden lust. Mill brothels are known from antiquity, and
if the mill itself wasnt the house of
ill repute, then they could be found
along the well-travelled mill road.
Indeed, milling and sensuality are so
intimately interwoven that grind
came to signify the sex act in more
than one language.
The Mhlenchemie FlourWorld Museum
in Wittenburg is an expression of our
company culture and the responsibility
we feel towards the miller and his flour,
as one of the most important staple
foods. The museum is a journey through
the millennia, illuminating the development and importance of flour. It is
the only one of its kind in the world.
16 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Final chance for inclusion in the International

Milling Directory print edition!
Tom Blacker, International Milling Directory
We are very excited for the new print version of
the International Milling Directory. Momentum is
building and the sense of anticipation as we begin
to compile our list of partaking companies is great
fun here at our headquarters. We hope you are also
looking forward to the new print directory.
The International Milling Directory is now going into
its twenty-fourth year. That means twenty-four years
of delivery of great quality technical information
about, and for the milling industries. As milling processes continue to evolve, as
ever, so do we.
It could not be more of a privilege to be coordinating the directory once again.
The final deadline is September 25, 2015 and we are encouraging all current
advertisers and members to renew their membership and marketing by this date.
So far, we are incredibly pleased to see a good rise in activity. The International
Milling Directory has been growing steadily and once again its been generating
lots of busy activity with clients via emails, telephone calls and the website!
It is very pleasing to see companies such as Tapco Inc, Chief Agri, Altinbilek,
Bilek Tech and Noro Gesellschaft fr Rohrsysteme mbH updating their company
descriptions, logos and more.
A selection of new registrations this month from around the world include:
Millers Ukraine Association (Ukraine), NER Group Co, Ltd. (China), Viet Delta
Industrial Co. Ltd (Vietnam), Anhui Vision Optoelectronic Technology Co., Ltd
(China), Total Bird Control (UK), Inverter Go (USA), Jinan Sunpring Machinery
& Equipment Co., Ltd (China), Henan Zhongzhou Heavy Industry Technology
Co., Ltd (China), ZZ Henan Fote Heavy Machinery Co., Ltd (China).
All organisations providing services, products, projects, plant and machinery,
ingredients and more to the food and feed milling sectors are welcome to partake
and take the chance to improve and upgrade membership pages!
Internationally, we are involved in the growth regions as the recent registering
members such as Millers Ukraine and NER Group from China show. Please also
contact myself for print packages and see the impressive online packages to boost
your membership at
My email is, phone is +44 1242 267700 and Skype is
tom.perendale. I look forward to hearing from you before the end of September.

Tom Blacker
Directory Coordinator

Wheat scientists urge funding boost

after UK-US food security report

ood shortages will escalate

due to climate change-related
production shocks and the
international community must prepare
to respond to price increases and
social unrest, particularly in less
developed countries, cautioned a joint
British-US taskforce in a new report.
Instead of occurring once every
hundred years, severe food production
shocks are likely to occur once
every 30 years by 2040, a problem
compounded by global warming
and increasing population, said the
Taskforce on Extreme Weather and
Global Food System Resilience.
We agree with the premise of
the report and the interventions
recommended to improve the
resilience of the global food system
to the impact of climate shocks, said
Matthew Reynolds, a distinguished
scientist at the International Maize
and Wheat Improvement Centre
However, the report fails to
address the urgent need for political
will to make it happen, Reynolds
said. It presents a paradox, given
the relatively modest economic
investments required to bolster longterm food security, compared to the
costs not only of crisis management
resulting from food shortages, but the
incalculable cost of predicted food
price-hikes to billions of people who

already spend most of their income on

We are slightly baffled, Reynolds
said. The global food security system
has been in a constant funding crisis
since the end of the Cold War in 1991.
Scientists are often overwhelmed by
time-consuming, unrealistic demands
to acquire funding, which limits time
spent in the field conducting research.
Were hoping the report signals a
renewed zeal for allocating funds
destined specifically for agricultural
Scientific efforts at CGIAR have
included producing heat and drought
adapted cultivars of rice, wheat and
maize, and disease and pest resistant
crop cultivars for farmers who cannot
afford protective, but costly, chemical
Under the umbrella of the Borlaug
Global Rust Initiative, scientists are
working on a major project to avoid
a global epidemic of swift-moving
Ug99 stem rust wheat disease, which,
if left uncontrolled, could devastate
productivity worldwide.
Under the CGIAR Research
Program on Wheat, CIMMYT
provided the groundwork for the
recently launched $50 million
International Wheat Improvement
Partnership (IWYP) initiative, which
taps into the expertise of leading
applied plant scientists worldwide

Milling News
to take wheat productivity to its
maximum biological capacity within
25 years.
Similarly, more than 100 scientists
representing 40 crop research
institutes gathered at a recent meeting
in Frankfurt, Germany, to develop
a platform to translate decades of
research in plant stress physiology
and biotechnology into a new
generation of wheat cultivars that will
be productive under levels of heat and
drought stress predicted by climate
The initiative, called the Heat
and Drought Wheat Improvement
Consortium (HeDWIC), involves
applied plant scientists from all
HeDWIC scientists are eager to get
started, they just need a green light
from funding agencies, Reynolds said.
The report, which was sponsored
by Britains Global Food
Security program and was jointly
commissioned by the UK Science
and Innovation Network and Foreign
and Commonwealth Office, notes that
agriculture faces a triple challenge.
Increases in productivity,
sustainability and resilience to climate
change are required, the report states,
acknowledging that the effort will
require significant investment from
the public and private sectors, as well
as new cross-sector collaborations
between scientists, agriculture,
water and environmental specialists,
technology providers, policymakers
and civil engineers among others.

Tragic news from Bhler Ltd

It is with the deepest regret that we have to announce the
passing of our colleague and friend Robert Egli, Managing
Director of Buhler London and SAS North Europe following
an accident on a walking holiday in the Swiss Alps at the
weekend. a Buhler spokesperson said on August 27, 2015.
Robert joined Buhler in 1969. After his successful
apprenticeship in mill construction, he continued working
for Buhler as a Flour Milling Engineer and Chief Installation
Engineer in Europe, Africa and the Middle East.
He was delegated to Buhler London as a Flour Milling
Specialist in January 1981 and was entrusted with the
management of the after sales of Bhler London five years
later. During this time, he managed to double sales, by actively
promoting service products and recognising customers needs.
In 1992, he took on the responsibility for Bhler Leamington
Spa England, where he lead the site management of the UK
Service Centre with four managers and a total of 28 staff. Due
to his outstanding performance, he was assigned the role of

International Business Manager at

Redler Ltd Stroud in 1998, where
he supported the Business Unit
Managing Director with all aspects
of managing the Bulk Material
Handling Business Unit.
He left the company in 2000 to take on a new challenge in
the machinery industry. Robert returned to Bhler in 2003
when he was offered the position of Managing Director of the
Bhler branch in London and SAS North Europe. During his
time as Managing Director, he was responsible for the SAS
teams in UK, Benelux and Scandinavia.
We are sure that you will share our shock at this deeply
sad news and that your thoughts will, like ours, be with his
wife and family at this very difficult time. It goes without
saying that the company will do everything it can to provide
support to them in the coming days and weeks, continued the
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 17

Milling News

The Pelletier Column

How nature may reshape value chains part one

by Christophe Pelletier
The recent climatic events, in
particular droughts, have attracted
more attention towards future
challenges for food production,
and rightly so. Unfortunately, the
mainstream media cannot help
presenting this all as gloom and
doom. Certainly, there are very
serious reasons for concerns, but
solutions can be found. I wish the media would present
more examples of positive actions to face and overcome
the challenges.
It is not easy to deal with a changing environment,
especially when it is impossible to predict accurately what
the change will be. Predictions about temperature increases
are useful but they are quite insufficient. An increase of
two degrees on average will be different if the standard
deviation is one degree or if it is 20 degrees.
Other factors such as hours of sunlight and precipitations,
(including their nature, frequency and intensity)
will impact agriculture at least as much as average
temperatures. Changing climatic conditions will not only
affect plant growth and development, but also they will
change the ecology of weeds and pests as well and that
needs to be factored in future forecasts and models
A special attention on water is necessary. Without water,
there is no life. Unfortunately, over the past few decades,
wasting natural resources has been a bit of a way of life.
The issue of food waste has finally received the attention
it deserves, but the waste is not just about food. It is about
all the inputs such as water, energy, money, time, and
Water is still wasted in large quantities. Just compare how
many litres a human being needs to drink compared by the
amount of water that is flushed in bathrooms every day.
Before the housing crash of 2008, a study in the US had
estimated that lawn watering used three times as much
water for the entire national corn production.
But the issue of water is not just about waste. It is also
about preserving water reserves. The late example of the
drought in California illustrate what water scarcity may
mean for food value chains. California is not only a major
agriculture powerhouse, but it exports a large part of the
production outside of the states borders. The issue of
water scarcity and the dwindling level of the Colorado
River are not new for Californian agriculture. It has been
known for a couple of decades that problems were coming.
California produces a lot of water-rich fresh produce by
means of irrigation. It actually has been exporting its water
in the form of lettuce, spinach, melons, strawberries and
citrus far away to places from where the water will never
return to California. The water loop has been broken wide
18 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

open and that is why, among other reasons, the system is

not sustainable.
Unfortunately, California is not the only region with a
water problem. Saudi Arabia changed its food security
policy a couple of years ago as the country leaders realised
that trying to produce all its food would lead to a severe
depletion of its available drinking water reserves. Instead
of pursuing food self-sufficiency at all costs, the country
chose to find other supply sources through international
trade and through the purchase of farmland in foreign
The examples of California and Saudi Arabia demonstrate
how natural-and demographic-conditions shape food
value chains. The issue of water is not just about produce.
Animal productions require usually more water than
vegetal. In the future, water availability will surely affect
where which kind of animal products are produced. New
regions will arise and old traditional ones may review
their strategies from volume-driven to higher margin
specialty animal products market opportunities because of
environmental constraints.
Climate change and water scarcity show how international
trade can actually contribute to food security when done
responsibly and with long-term vision. The prevailing
model of producing where it is cheapest to produce
without taking into account negative environmental
externalities is facing its own contradiction and demise.
The next model will be to produce, not only where it is the
cheapest to produce, but also where it is sustainable to do
so. When water runs out, it is no longer possible to ignore
the externalities of a production. When water becomes
scarce, it gets more expensive.
The law of supply and demand commands; when inputs
get more expensive, several things happen. The economic
model shifts. Priorities and externalities change, too. At
first, producers try to find ways to increase efficiency and
eliminate waste. The benefits outweigh the additional
costs. Uncertainty stimulates innovation. New systems,
or sometimes, old ones that found a second youth, replace
the current ones. If that does not work well enough, then
producers start considering producing something else
to ensure the continuity of their operation and find new
More on how a changing environment shapes food value
chains next month.

Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist

and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He
has published two books on feeding the worlds growing
population. His blog is called The Food Futurist.

yellow dwarf

he Australian Grains Research

and Development Corporation
(GRDC) is calling on growers to
help identify the strains of barley yellow
dwarf virus (BYDV) present in key
cropping areas of New South Wales and
A GRDC-funded project being
conducted by the University of New
England, University of Tasmania and
CSIRO, aims to develop wheat varieties
that are resistant to BYDV. Part of the
project involves the identification of
strains of BYDV which are present in
cropping areas.
BYDV is an occasional disease in
most northern NSW and Queensland
regions but can be common in higher
rainfall and mixed cropping areas.
It can affect barley, oats, wheat and
triticale but is most obvious in oats, with
symptoms of poor growth, stunting and
red to yellow discolouration of leaves
occurring in patches or on single plants.

Milling News

Change of
leadership at
the IGP Institute

he Kansas State University IGP

Institute is experiencing a change
in leadership with the announced
departure of Mark Fowler, associate
director and milling specialist. Fowler
began his new role as president and CEO
of Farmer Direct Foods on a part-time
basis in August and will transition full
time in December 2015.
During this transition period, Fowler
will continue to lead the IGP Institute
team in conjunction with Gordon
Smith, IGP Institute director and grain
science and industry department head.
We are grateful for Marks leadership
these past 12 years and wish him well
as he returns to industry, Smith says.
Under Fowlers leadership the IGP
Institute has grown its course offerings
substantially. In 2014, 1687 participants
representing 45 countries joined in
62 on-site and online trainings. These
courses cover the areas of grain

processing and flour milling, grain

marketing and risk management, and
feed manufacturing and grain quality
The IGP Institute enabled me to work
with great people to build a world-class
program demonstrating that a dedicated
team can accomplish anything.
He adds that one of his proudest
accomplishments during his tenure
was his ability to build on existing
relationships and make new
The success of the IGP Institute
is built on the cooperation with our
partners, and collaboration with our
competitors when all parties have an
opportunity to benefit, Fowler says. He
adds, I enjoyed being involved with
those strategic planning sessions that
maximise the stakeholders investment
in our company.
Looking ahead Fowler will apply
his knowledge and experience as he
continues to develop and grow the
business and product line for Farmer
Direct Foods. He plans to continue to
serve as an industry-milling expert in
upcoming course offerings at the IGP
Institute as he is needed.

Die and roll re-working machines
Phone: +45 75 14 22 55
Fax: +45 82 28 91 41

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Milling News


The fragility of farming and our reliance upon the weather

by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG
Last month I
was travelling
in Asia, now I
am back in the
UK where I am
reminded of
the fragility of
farming and our
reliance upon the
weather. Our harvest is under way but
with constant interruptions for rain, this
creates more expense for the farmers for
efficient crop drying.
I am also reminded that in this now
increasingly difficult world that we
live in that food and water are crucial
for life, with our land being taken for
housing industry and infrastructure, the
farming industry needs to use every
technological advance to increase
production from diminishing resources.
Fortunately, farmers have been excellent
innovators since the earliest of times
with innovation being forced on them by
Whilst the UK Government always seems
to be complacent about food supply,
as since 1947 there has never been a
shortage of food either home produced or
imported, fortunately, to date, economies
with money have been able to rely on
exporters to supply shortages.
Supply of food to the markets is a
world challenge that is being met by
new technologies to ensure delivery
of perishable goods in wholesome
conditions. Being able to transport meat
and vegetables globally is great news for
consumers but does come with the risk
of moving diseases both of plant and
animals. This is another challenge that
our scientists continue to rise to.
In ASEAN countries they are striving to
reduce the reliance on imported products
by increasing the capacity of their own
industries along with support of the Food
and Agricultural Organisation (FAO).
As their member countries have increasing
22 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

numbers of people with more disposable

incomes, the demand for meat, milk,
eggs and poultry will increase. With this
in mind ASEAN counties are trying to
work together to develop especially their
livestock sectors, simple mechanisation
and intensification by the western ideal is
not the answer alone, as very many people
in rural communities rely on farming for
their livelihoods.
But with effective co-operation and
the use of improved genetics, feed and
management, the farmers lives will be
made easier and better whilst allowing
them to continue in their roles.
Diseases such as Avian Flu and Foot
and Mouth African Swine Fever PED,
PRRS to name but a few with their
ability to evolve are all extra challenges
that our livestock farmers and veterinary
colleagues face continually.
As I constantly see worldwide, there is
a need to keep young people farming, so
the career has to be attractive and well
rewarded and, farmers looked up to.
Coupled with this, there are alarmist
reports that climate change will produce
challenges that are unpredictable, with
worst-case forecasts being the loss of up
to 40 percent of available agricultural
land in the ASEAN region by 2030.
However, I truly believe that our very
clever and dedicated farmers and
scientists given support, will meet all of
the challenges that they face and continue
to feed the ever-increasing number of
people who leave rural life for the cities
We will continue to strive to bring
companies who have developed the
newest technologies to the global market
for the benefit of all.
Our next exhibition will be in Xiamen
China, followed by World Dairy Expo in
Madison, USA.
To keep up to date you can follow us on
twitter @AgrictecExports.

Multinational feed additives

producer Nutriad officially
opened its new facility in Hampshire
(IL) USA. The 50,000+ square
foot facility includes offices,
laboratory, warehouse and 3,000
Mt production capacity. The new
plant is fitted with the latest vapour
and dust mitigation equipment
to provide employee safety and
comfort. It will also allow for full
traceability and compliance with
bio-security measures, FSMA safety
plans and numerous new federal
regulations. It will enable Nutriad
to more effectively coordinate its
production activities and supply
chain across six Nutriad warehouses
that are strategically located across
the USA, Canada and Mexico.

Teams in over 65 ports are

committed to the pursuit of
business excellence and with
a robust quality framework in
place IMGS able to guarantee its
clients great customer service at
global standards. Now that IMGS
Operations have been certified to the
internationally recognised standard
for quality management, ISO 9001,
IMGS is able to give customers the
assurance bulk cargo management
services and delivery standards are
best in class. The certification also
demonstrates a focus on adaptability
and continual improvement.

The Institute for Feed Education

and Research, the American Feed
Industry Associations 501(c)
(3), announces its selection of a
recipient for its first research grant
chosen through a competitive
process to help further education
and research within the animal
food industry. IFEEDER sought
requests for proposals (RFPs)
earlier this year from those
dedicated to education and research
within the animal food industry,
primarily land grant universities.
Hanigans research project was
chosen because of the potential
improvements it will have on the
American feed industry.

Milling News

IBM presents
insights at
Women in

hanks to the coupling of realtime data collection with accurate

position information, farmers can
now manage intricate production details,
such as where each seed is placed, to
optimise their yields. How will Big
Data innovations such as this usher in a
new era in American agriculture? IBM
Research Scientist Dr Robin Lougee
paints a picture of the possibilities that
advanced technology may have in
reshaping the ag supply chain at this
years Women in Agribusiness Summit,
September 28-30 at the Hyatt Regency
in Minneapolis.
Lougee, who is the global research
lead for Consumer Goods and

Agriculture at IBM, will outline the

possibilities across the agriculture
value chain based on IBMs cuttingedge research. Her presentation on
building stronger, tighter supply
chains will address:
Sequencing the Food Supply
Chain: using pioneering scientific
and analytic techniques to profile
communities of microorganisms
anywhere along the farm-to-table
process to improve food safety
Transparent Supply Chain:
leveraging predictive and cognitive
technologies to manage integrated
global operations by exception
Data-driven Innovations: advancing
the art-of-the-possible in precision
irrigation, hyper-local weather
forecasts, material sciences, drones
and geospatial-temporal analytics for
Joining Lougee as presenters during
the Track 2 Industry Strategy
discussions on the second day of the
two-and-a-half day Summit, are:
- Beth Robertson-Martin senior
manager of natural and organic
sourcing for General Mills on
Organic and Non-GMO Markets:
Growing Demand, Growing

- Janine M. Bruder senior
human resources consultant
for Nationwide on Human
Resources: Overcoming
Unconscious Bias
- Elizabeth Miller risk management
consultant at INTL FCStone on
Risk Management: Navigating a
More Volatile Landscape.
In addition to plenary sessions, this
fourth annual event also includes
skill development workshops, and an
executive track that addresses the best
way to utilise executive coaching and
networking, how and why to create a
personal board of directors, and how
to shape an organisational culture of
innovation and success.
More than 450 attendees are
expected at this years Women in
Agribusiness Summit, hosted by
HighQuest Group, an industry event
tailored to professional women
in the ag sector with the mission
of developing leaders, increasing
industry knowledge and inspiring
action. Visit
for details, and join the conversation
@Womeninagri, on Facebook and


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expand any new or existing grain facilities
We also offer a large variety of new and
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Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 23

10/02/2015 17:30

Milling News

Market conditions will

remain challenging

eed manufacturer ForFarmers, which operates

throughout The Netherlands, Germany and the United
Kingdom, predicts market conditions for the second
half of 2015 in the sectors in which it operates will remain
The returns in the ruminant and swine sector are not
expected to improve in the short term, which means
volumes will remain under pressure. The number of farmers
- particular smaller farms - who discontinue operations is
expected to increase. Stringent credit control management
continues to be important.
As ForFarmers was already the largest supplier of the UKs
Countrywide business before its takeover, the acquisition has
result in only a modest additional growth in volume for the
company. ForFarmers will continue working on an optimal
return for customers by offering the Total Feed concept and
the continuous adjustment of feed solutions to trends and
market conditions, says Yoram Knoop, CEO of Forfanners.
The market conditions in the agricultural sector remain
challenging and the income of farmers is under pressure. In
these challenging times for our customers, our focus on Total
Feed has become even more important. We use our nutritional
knowledge and solutions to help customers achieve better
technical and financial results on their farms.
He says the companys product mix is consequently changing
and it will sell more specialties. Partly because of this we were
able to realise a solid result in the first half of this year. The
gross profit increased by 10.2 percent due to a combination
of like-for-like growth, acquisition and currency effects. Due
to the acquisition of Countrywide, our strategic position in
the United Kingdom was strengthened further, he adds.
Since June 2015 all Business Units in all countries have been
operating under the name ForFarmers. The one ForFarmers
approach results in better branding in the market; it also
stands for a uniform way of working, better use of available
knowledge and consequently a more efficient organisation.
The introduction of measurable objectives (KPIs) for
several departments has meanwhile resulted in savings. With
the Horizon 2020 strategy and the further professionalised
organisation making it well positioned.
On this basis we expect, barring unforeseen circumstances,
a higher net profit over the whole year 2015 compared to
2014, says Mr Knoop.
The first six months 2015
Volume increased slightly by three percent to 4.5 million
tonnes. Excluding acquisitions, volume remained flat
Despite acquisitions and positive currency effects,
declining raw material prices resulted in a decrease in
revenue of 1.2 percent
Gross profit increased by 10.2 precent compared to the
first half of 2014; all clusters contributed to this increase
Operating result (excluding incidental items) increased by
8.7 percent to 32.6 million compared to 30.0 million in
the first half of 2014
Progress with implementatlon of strategy Hor1zon 2020
and standardisation to One ForFarmers Is on schedule.
Rebranding to the ForFarmers brand completed
Further expansion in the United Kingdom with the
acquisition of the feed business, Countrywide (May 2015)
24 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Cargills purchase of
Ewos announced

argill have announced that they are set to utilise

EWOSs leading aqua feed research and technology
into salmonid feed for all species, with the core aim
of being part of the solution to feed nine billion people by
On the first day of the Global AquaNor exhibition
in Trondheim, Cargill and EWOS chose this premier
international event to announce their commitment to
join forces and become probably the biggest story in
aquaculture for a decade.
Commenting upon the purchase of EWOS by Cargill
for 1.35 billion, Mr Joe Stone, Cargills Corporate Vice
President said, We are very proud to be merging with
EWOS company.
We have been on this journey for the last few months
with Einar Wathre, CEO of EWOS and his leadership
team. Every time we went to a plant or a factory, every
time we visited with a customer we became more excited
about what this merger could mean for Cargill as well as
for EWOS.
from left - Joe
Stone Cargill
Vice President,
Lin Cargill
President Feed
and Nutrition,
Ellen Stewart
Cargill Head
of HR Feed
and Nutrition,
Darren Parris
Aqua Feed

Cargill is a company which is family owned, 150 years

old this year, EWOS is 80 years old so, between the two of
us we have 230 years experience.
You dont see that very often anymore in todays world.
Hanne Dankertsen, communications manager for EWOS
opened the press conference and handed over to Mr Einar
Wathre the CEO of EWOS.
Its fantastic having this audience at our booth, fantastic
being able to communicate to you the great news that
EWOS has found a new haven, says Mr Wathre.
I will start using the same words that I used to the
employees yesterday, congratulations, its not only
congratulations to EWOS, it is congratulations to all of us
in this industry.
I think we need industrial players in this industry.
I would like to say with that background, welcome
Cargill, we really appreciate your presence into this
farming value chain that we care so much about. Its also

Milling News
fantastic being able to announce this here at AquaNor and
also to introduce the people behind Cargill, EWOSs new
It is really an opportunity for EWOS to work faster
towards our new slogan, To become the global innovator
in aquaFeed.
Mr Wathre went on to say, Cargill comes with more; as a
global leader in nutrition and being the most respected feed
nutrition company in the world. And they also come with
a strong foot hold in the raw material and supply markets
and can help us understand that its better to provide the
best cost-effective raw materials to make fishfeed.
The process of culture
What is also important when talking about new partners
is the whole process of culture, and its very interesting
having met Cargill now over the last months we have been
surprised to see how much we have in common culturally,
says Mr Wathre.
Cargill is a people-orientated organisation with strong
values; they care about their employees and give them the
opportunity to develop and gain experiences in new areas.
They are extremely committed to the main purpose of what
we are doing, which is to produce healthy protein to our
population and they are science based.
He went on to say these are all values shared at EWOS
maybe using difference words, but we can align around
them. And I am sure they will tell you today what they
have seen in EWOS, but what they have told me they like
is the commitment in our people; the people they met in all
of EWOS are committed to customers, and to the quality
of the product and to the production of salmon, which is
our main target now. And that we show passion for what
we do.
He told the press gathering that EWOS has a strong
customer focus, which Cargill likes to see.
We have an innovation culture, where we invest in
research and development and we innovate our feed

start a global presence for Cargill in aquaculture which

will harness technology and skills to accelerate growth in
all species and in other markets.
So our first step is, lets get this deal done, welcome our
EWOS friends into the Cargill family and then continue to
explore opportunities.
A final question at the press conference came from
Darren Parris, Group President, Perendale Publishers,
publishers of Milling and Grain and International Aqua
Feed Magazine.
He asked, With your global reach, coupled with the
technology and research that has taken place in Salmon feeds,
how do you see that technology and research being used in
the future? Do you feel that can be expanded to other, larger
produced species like Tilapia, Carp or Pangasius?
Ms Lin responded, Absolutely, in fact I would say that
is exactly the value we see in this partnership. It is that
transferability from what EWOS has developed in salmon
into these other species to where we see tremendous
growth, especially in Asia.
From a research point-of-view we are absolutely
impressed by Dirdal, EWOSs research and development
centre, and by what EWOS has done in Dirdal. We believe
that has to be maintained as a hub for us to deepen our
knowledge in aqua.
But the job, once we integrate, is how do we take that
knowhow and expertise to all these other parts of the
world. Remember that there are 37 countries where we
already have a strong footprint and where we can go in and
use this leverage. This is absolutely in our plan.

The future role of seafood

Mr Joe Stone, Cargills Corporate Vice-President,
continued the briefing by stating that Cargill were deeply
committed to the business of aquafeeds.
And we are deeply committed to the customers of
EWOS and for that we are very excited.
Cargill today has about 150,000 employees in about 64
countries around the world, so as of today it is 151,000
employees including our new EWOS colleagues and
We are in 64 countries as I mentioned and we are
deeply committed to our promise to be the global leader
in nourishing people. And when you think about the role
seafood is going to play in feeding the nine billion people
that will inhabit this world by 2050, we feel seafood plays
an increasing role and we want to be a part of it.
Aqua nutrition fastest growing
Cargill recognises that aqua nutrition is one of the
fastest growing nutritional sectors in the world and its
involvement in the past has been mostly around warm
water species such as Tilapia and shrimp.
Ms Sarena Lin Cargill President Feed and Nutrition says
the coming together of these two groups will help jump
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 25

Milling News

Grain Elevator and Processing

Society (GEAPS) president
appoints third vice president,
board director

he Grain Elevator and

Processing Society (GEAPS)
announced two appointments
to the International Board of
Directors today. David McKerchar,
CGOM, Parrish and Heimbecker
Ltd., Canadian Prairies Chapter,
was appointed to the office of third
vice president, responsible for
representing Canadian members
interests on the Board. Jeff Jones,
MKC, Great Plains, was appointed as
a Board director. Both appointments
were made by International President
Matt Kerrigan, Bunge North
America, Gateway.
For the first time in GEAPS history,
the office of third vice president
will transition from father to son.
McKerchar takes over the position

from his father, Jim McKerchar, who

held the office from 2011-2015.
David McKerchar did some great
work with the GEAPS/K-State
Distance Education Program, and
thats one of the main reasons why
we are appointing him, explained
Kerrigan. He is a younger member in
the organisation. We are really excited
for the perspective he will bring to the
Board, coming from something of an
outsiders point of view. He should
provide some new insight for an
experienced industry.
Jones was appointed to fill a director
position that was vacated after the
2015 elections. He has been a GEAPS
member since 2013, and currently
serves as his chapters treasurer.
Jones was highly recommended by

Board director Barb Grove, Kerrigan

said. Grove noticed his enthusiastic
involvement in their chapter and learned
that he wanted to get more involved
with GEAPS. Jones is relatively new to
the industry, and his position at MKC
adds to the Boards broad range of
experience, with members from many
different-sized companies.
For Jones, the position is an
opportunity to build relationships with
others across the industry. He looks
forward to educating members and
promoting GEAPS relevance within
the industry.
Industry safety is number one
in my thought process, Jones
said. Its followed by promoting
industry relevance and education. I
look forward to promoting GEAPS
position as The Knowledge Resource
in the local community, and helping
shape education and training options
that help our members work more
safely and efficiently.
McKerchar and Jones will both hold
the positions until GEAPS annual
meeting in July 2016.

ForFarmers to
invest UK10m in
Exeter feedmill

the ForFarmers Horizon 2020 strategy

in providing a full range of best in
class nutritional solutions to our
farming customers.
Iain Gardner COO for ForFarmers
in the UK said, Our customers
will benefit from a state of the art
production facility second to none in
the UK which will produce products
with superior product quality and with
a new level of efficiency within the
UK industry.
We intend to combine the current
Exeter blend plant and compound mill
to create a high-capacity multi-species
production facility with the capability
to manufacture up to 300,000 tonnes
per annum (current capacity 150,000
Having introduced tanker delivery

vehicles to the UK allowing safer,

quieter and more product friendly
delivery this investment will allow
their increased use and so we will also
be expanding this fleet of vehicles,
he says.
This project will also result in a step
change in feed safety and staff welfare
and provide sustainability benefits due
to improved energy efficiency.
This is a major investment in the
South West of the UK and re-affirms
the support to our customer base in
this area. Furthermore it represents
another significant investment in
the UK industry by ForFarmers
and so once again demonstrates our
long term commitment to our UK
business and UK agriculture, says
Mr Gardner.

orFarmers has announced

its intention to build a new
manufacturing facility on its
Exeter site to replace the current
facility, and so create one of the
largest, most efficient feedmills in the
The new facility represents an
investment in excess of UK10m and
will take up to 18 months to complete
and is subject to planning permission.
This development is consistent with

Want more industry news?

Get daily news updates on
the Global Miller blog

28 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Milling News

Veratox HS for

eogen has added to its

comprehensive range of
mycotoxin testing solutions
with the development of a new,
highly sensitive, quantitative test
for Ochratoxin. Veratox HS (high
sensitivity) for Ochratoxin has
been developed specifically for the
European market to allow users to test
quickly and accurately for low levels
of the mycotoxin in line with the
permitted regulatory levels.
The European Union (EU) limits
Ochratoxin levels in cereal grains
such as wheat and corn to three parts
per billion (ppb) with other countries
looking to possibly introduce similar
maximum tolerance levels. This new
test delivers precise detection of 2
10 ppb of Ochratoxin after only 30
minutes, allowing users throughout

the supply chain to make informed

decisions with more confidence when
nearing the legislative limit.
From grain elevators to food
business operators, the responsibility
to ensure that food products are
compliant with regulations, and
therefore safe for consumers, lies with
those involved at each stage of the
supply chain. Regular testing can help
to ensure food products do not contain
mycotoxins above the maximum
This test also serves those looking
to import cereal goods to the EU
meeting the legal requirements. Food
commodities imported from non-EU
countries are required to comply with
EU mycotoxin legislation regarding
maximum levels. In 2014, twenty
percent of all refused EU food and
feed border imports were declined due
to overly high levels of mycotoxins.
The development of this new test
for Ochratoxin was in direct response
to customer feedback to modify our
existing test to accommodate the
changing marketplace needs, said
Steve Chambers, Sales and Marketing

Director at Neogen Europe. Since

we first developed rapid mycotoxin
tests more than 30 years ago, our tests
have constantly evolved to improve
their speed, accuracy and ease of use.
Veratox HS for Ochratoxin is yet
another example of that evolution.
Veratox HS for Ochratoxin is
intended for the quantitative analysis
of Ochratoxin in corn and wheat. The
test is a competitive direct enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (CDELISA) that allows the user to obtain
exact concentrations in ppb.
Ochratoxin is commonly produced
by the moulds Aspergillus ochraceus
and Penicillium viridicatum, and
may be present in conjunction with
Aflatoxin, one of the most potent
naturally-occurring carcinogens.
Ochratoxin affects kidneys in animals
exposed to naturally-occurring levels
of this mycotoxin. Poultry exhibit
lower productivity levels during field
outbreaks of ochratoxicosis with
symptoms including slowed growth
and decreased feed conversion. It
has also been known to affect egg
production in laying hens.


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magazine ofine on your
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Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 29

Milling News

CHS acquires Northstar Agri

Industries canola processing plant

orth Americas leading farmerowned cooperative and a

global energy, grains and
foods company, announced today it
has acquired Northstar Agri Industries
canola processing and refining plant near
Hallock, Minn., from PICO Northstar
Hallock LLC, a majority-owned
subsidiary of PICO Holdings, Inc.
The Hallock canola plant processes
more than 400,000 tons of canola seed
annually into canola oil and canola

Acquisition of Northstar Agri

Industries adds value to CHS
owners across the enterprise from
inputs to value-added processing
ingredients to the marketplace, said
Tom Malecha, CHS vice president,
Processing and Food Ingredients.
Specifically, the acquisition
expands our oilseed processing
platform to include canola in
addition to soybeans, adds to CHS
presence in Canada, expands CHS
oil product offerings to global

Back to La Nia in 2016?

ow that massive El Nio

is all but locked in for late
2015 into early 2016, what
comes next? The current prediction
range of international climate models
only extends to mid 2016, butfancy
technology is not required to identify
compelling patterns.
In isolating the strongest four El
Nio events on record since 1950,
these years were followed by the
first, seventh, and eighth strongest

in the United States, southern

Brazil, and Argentina, where almost
all of the worlds soybean exports
To add even more interest to the
mix, if La Nia occurs in 2016/17,
winter 2017/18 is likely to follow
suit. Two-thirds of past La Nia
events were followed by another
year of La Nia or La Nia-like
conditions. Further, strong La Nia
events are four times as likely to

La Nia events on record. The fourth

year was classified as borderline/
weak La Nia. If history repeats
itself, the Northern Hemispheric
winter of 2016/17 is likely to feature
at least weak La Nia conditions.
From an agricultureperspective,
one of the biggest shake-ups that
could result from a return to La
Nia in 2016 is in the soybean
market. La Nia is more likely to
present drought-like conditions
during the summer growing seasons

occur in consecutive years than

strong El Nio events.
So if La Nia were to truly persist
from late 2016 through at least mid
2018, the recently bearish times
for soybeans may come to an end
as world soybean supply could
take a massive hit. Of course this
is assuming that the La Nia sticks
around for a couple years. And that it
produces the expected effects on the
Americas. And that it even shows up
in the first place.

food companies, and links growers

purchasing canola seed from CHSowned retail outlets to an integrated
supply chain.
Neil Juhnke, president, Northstar
Agri Industries, said CHS was a good
fit because it is a financially strong,
farmer-owned cooperative with
Minnesota roots that is committed to
growth and profitability. The new
ownership structure adds security and
many value-added opportunities for
canola growers in our region, said
The Hallock facility will be
rebranded as CHS and the 57
employees at the Hallock plant will
become CHS employees.

gluten and
starch are
natural and

ne of the worlds largest millers

producing gluten and starch
products from wheat, and
supplied by over 6000 growers, has
come to the defence of processed foods.
Peter Simpson, the general manager
of Australias massive gluten and
starch plant, the Manildra Group, at
Nowra, New South Wales told ABCs
New South Wales Country Hour
programme that its products were used
in just about everything you look at.
While gluten intolerance is a concern
for celiacs, it is however a very good
amino acid that is a building block for
humans and animals.
He told Country Hour that while
consumers are expressing concern
about food processing generally and
fear the nutritional value of food is
being destroyed by processing, they
should not be.
The production of gluten and
starch, the building blocks for
many processed foods, is a natural
process and consumers should not be
concerned that processers, such as
the Manildra Group, were damaging
or providing harmful ingredients in
processed foodstuffs, he added.

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 31

Pneumatic or Mechanical
Ship Loaders & Unloaders
Port Equipment - Turnkey Projects

es of gra



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between customer expertise and VigAn know-how
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Tl.: +32 67 89 50 41 Fax : +32 67 89 50 60



The American Feed Industry Association and Eurofins have

announced plans to jointly host two back-to-back animal feed
programs this fall. The Hazard Analysis Critical Control
Points Training for the Animal Food Industry will take
place in Des Moines, Iowa, November 10-11, 2015 and the
FAMI-QS Awareness in Feed Safety Program: Solutions for
the Specialty Feed and Mixture Industry will follow in Des
Moines, November 12-13, 2015.

AFIA/Eurofins partner for

HACCP and feed safety
The interactive HACCP course will focus on developing
and implementing an animal food safety plan based on the
principles of HACCP. The Eurofins training is based on the
Codex Alimentarius HACCP guidelines, which formed the
foundation for future Global Food Safety Initiative approved
safety schemes.
The early-bird rate for the HACCP course, which runs
through October 9, 2015 is US$550 for AFIA members and
US$650 for non-members.
The two-day FAMI-QS workshop is ideal for individuals

affected by the new regulatory requirements and seeking

FAMI-QS certification. Henry Turlington, AFIA director
of quality and manufacturing regulatory affairs, and Alan
Baumfalk of Eurofins Food Safety Systems, will discuss the
history of FAMI-QS; the importance of FAMI-QS globally;
how to implement the FAMI-QS code; European Union
regulations and compliance; crisis management; and steps for
planning an audit.
Both courses will be hosted at the DoubleTree by Hilton
in Des Moines. Mention AFIA/Eurofins to receive the
discounted hotel room rate of US$105 per night (plus tax).

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 33

Flexible conveying system

Spiroflow will unveil new flexible conveying system - Awardwinning Spiroflow will be at the PPMA Show demonstrating its
latest conveying and weighing technology.

In every edition of Milling and Grain,
we take a look at the products that will
be saving you time and money in the
milling process.

Spiroflow is a world-leading manufacturer of conveying,

weighing, filling and discharge systems. It has a wide range of
cost-effective solutions for handling bulk materials where the most
rigid standards in hygiene and containment need to be met and
Taking centre stage will be a multiple flexible screw conveyor
demonstration set-up, complete with sack tip station, product
agitators and loss-in-weight feeders, demonstrating their
versatility in terms of feed rate, throughput range, consistency
and accuracy of output, angle of elevation and quick release

DIMAX 200 bag emptier

Dinnissen Process Technologys new DIMAX 200 bag emptier
remains effective under extremely difficult conditions
Dinnissen Process Technology has developed a new Extra
Robust bag emptier that continues to function effectively
even under the most extreme and difficult conditions. The
bag emptier is a new version of Dinnissens classic Dima 200
and was specially developed to handle bags of up to 75 kg
of varying size and material.
It also has an increased throughput capacity and is
more versatile. Contamination-free design and optimum
accessibility for maintenance.
Depending upon the
specific situation, the
new DIMAX 200 can
handle between 1
and 200 bags per hour
and is suitable for use
within the feed, food,
chemicals, and pharma

On display at
PPMA Show 2015 - 29th
September - 1 October at
the NEC, Birmingham, UK

Neogen Veratox HS for

Neogen has added to its comprehensive range of mycotoxin
testing solutions with the development of a new, highly sensitive,
quantitative test for Ochratoxin.
Veratox HS (high sensitivity) for Ochratoxin has been
developed specifically for the European market to allow users to
test quickly and accurately for low levels of the mycotoxin in line
with the permitted regulatory levels.
The European Union (EU) limits Ochratoxin levels in cereal grains
such as wheat and corn to three parts per billion (ppb) with
other countries looking to possibly introduce similar maximum
tolerance levels. This new test delivers precise detection of 2 10
ppb of Ochratoxin after only
30 minutes, allowing users
throughout the supply chain
to make informed decisions
with more confidence when
nearing the legislative limit.

34 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

POLYcontrol system
The POLYcontrol system allows for fully automatic control of
the extruder. It is used in application areas where extruders
are typically employed: in the production of breakfast cereals,
petfood, aquafeed and food ingredients.
The fully automatic control of the extruder provided by
POLYcontrol ensures a consistently high product quality
regardless of the operator.
The POLYcontrol system stores all relevant process
parameters such as accumulated feeder throughputs. In
this way, production statistics
can be compiled that make
key information on increasing
the profitability of production
The control system is available
as either a single location
version or as a server/client/
viewer system which makes
online support through Bhler
specialists possible.


Revolutionary Hutchinson Sweep End-Wheel Makes Short Work
of Silo Unloading Process
Hutchinson - a division of Global Industries and a world leader
in the design and manufacture of durable, high quality grain
handling equipment - is proud to introduce the new Hutchinson
Sweep End-Wheel.
Currently available exclusively through Hutchinson and their
worldwide dealer network, the innovative Sweep End- Wheels
8.5:1 reduction is located inside the wheel itself. As a result, the
sweep wheel is located much closer to the silo wall than other
sweep wheel designs, and significantly reduces the amount of
grain left along silo edges during the grain unload process.
Thanks to its fluted tread pattern design and narrow tread
footprint, the Sweep End-Wheel not only forces grain away
from silo walls, but redirects it directly into the sweep auger.
The effectiveness in which the Sweep End-Wheel accomplishes
this task greatly reduces the need for manual assistance and

Hutchinson Sweep End-Wheel

substantially increases overall bin unloading safety.
Additionally, the heavy-duty polyurethane treads maintain an
aggressive and consistent driving force into grain piles. The
Hutchinson Sweep End-Wheel wont sit and spin on top of the
grain. Its specifically engineered to dig down to the bin floor and
pull through, making short work of unloading even the toughest
grains to handle, including rice, barley and similar grains.
The one and a half inch and two inch shaft diameters and
universal mounting pattern makes attaching the Sweep EndWheel to your existing sweep augers fast and easy. Retrofit
kits are available for both 8-inch and 10-inch diameters, and
the Sweep End-Wheel has been engineered to fit most existing
sweeps except torque arm sweeps. Installation can be done in as
little as 15 minutes.
A video of this amazing new product in action is available for
viewing on the Global Industries, Inc. website or can be seen on
Hutchinson/Mayraths YouTube Channel or Facebook page.

Thanks to its fluted

tread pattern
design and narrow
tread footprint, the
Sweep End-Wheel
not only forces
grain away from silo
walls, but redirects
it directly into the
sweep auger

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 35

In this months Milling and Grain, we team up with our sister

publication (and website) the International Milling Directory
(IMD) to take a look at the milling industry in Turkey.
The IMD is ideally placed for this task, due to the new
search functions that have been added to the website,
allowing for suppliers to be located using a world wide
map! To see the way IMD makes it easy to find local as well
as global suppliers visit:

Milling and Grain is becoming a must-read magazine

for the Turkish milling industry. The market in Turkey is
expanding and developing, as proved by the rapid expansion
of Turkeys premier flour milling event, IDMA that has
truly emerged as an international exhibition of milling and
baking technology. The event attracts the highest level of
international participation with both regional and national
organisations bringing millers and suppliers together every
second year.
Turkeys exports of wheat are in a world-leading category
in both volume and quantity. In the Central Anatolian
region, Turkey is a strong player in todays industry. Milling
and Grain works closely with our International Editor,
Professor Dr Hikmet Boyacioglu of Okan University in
Istanbul. Professor Boyacioglu is a most respected and
widely known expert in the flour milling and bakery sectors.
Earning a BSc and MSc degrees in Food Engineering
and Cereal Processing Engineering respectively from Ege
University, Izmir and then a PhD in Cereal Science and
Food and Nutrition from North Dakota University in the
USA, he heads up our Turkish edition of Milling and Grain
and works with our Milling and Grain team internationally
as well as in Turkey. Working with Professor Boyacioglu
acumen provides our new readers with a sure and solid link
to the international world of milling.
Here we highlight a selection of major players in the
Turkish milling sector who have kindly responded to our
request for information on their key products and their
companys background.

Tom Blacker with Professor Dr Hikmet Boyacioglu

36 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain


Aybakar is a family
company, which
manufactures products
such as the square
plansifter, roller mill, spout
Address: Esenboga yolu
magnet, grain separator, Ankara-Turkey
pneumatic fan and bucket
Country: Turkey
Tel: 903123980247
elevator. It was established
in 1932; therefore it
is no stranger to the
world of agriculture. Consequently, it confidently produces a
wide range of useful products, continually striving to make
improvements. This approach has led to it becoming one of the
major machinery and equipment manufacturing companies in
the field of the grain processing industry. The company deals
with turnkey mill projects and the modernisation of wheat flour,
semolina and maize mills. It ensures that all of their products
satisfy market requirements in order to maintain its fantastic
reputation. It exports milling machinery and equipment to
more than 45 different countries, rendering
continuous after sale services. Aybakar
takes pride in its development
of modern, high capacity,
efficient mills, which it sells
at reasonable prices. It does
all of this to achieve their
ultimate goal: customer


Bastak was founded in

1999 by director High
Food Engineer Mr
Zeki Demirtasoglu and
have prioritised client
Address: Ivedik Organize
satisfaction ever since.
Sanayi Blgesi, 21.Cad. 511.
The company serves flour
Sok. No:19 Ivedik, Ankara
Country: Turkey
additives, flour and feed
Tel: +90 312 395 67 87
quality control devices,
laboratory chemicals,
glass and consumable
materials. It began to export products in 2003 when the
Foreign Trade Department was established, and thus began
the companys international career. It seeks to maintain its
high standard of products in order to satisfy its consumers.
Examples of Bastak products include the sampling probe
10500, additives suggestion, Moisture metre 7000, crushing
mill 1600 and the laboratory hammer mill 1900.


Mysilo is a dom inating

organisation, which
produces for more
than 60 countries in
five continents. It was
Address: Organize Sanayi
established in 2000
Blgesi 1.cad No52/B Aksaray
Country: Turkey
as a producer of grain
Tel: +90 382 266 2245
storage and conveyor
equipment under SF
Group. The company
has departments of field specialists and engineers, along
with professional practices all of which are continuously
improving quality of use at every stage of production
to ensure that the consumer is completely satisfied. The
latest technology is used to make a quick and faultless
production. Overall, Mysilo has completed more than 2000
projects for over 1500 customers. The SF Group consists of
four companies; Siloport Grain Storage Systems Inc. Co.
manufacturer, Silopark Construction and Machine Industry
Inc. Co. Contracting and sales operations in Turkey, Mysilo
Grain Storage Systems Inc. Co. overseas operations and
Myport Grain Storage Co. manage operations in the Middle
East. Mysilos main target is to add value to the product so
that the customers feel that they have been provided with the
best possible service.


IMAS has been producing

turnkey grain milling
systems for over 25 years
since its establishment in
1989. Its experienced staff
Address: O.S.B Lalehan
set up wheat, semolina
Caddesi No:61 , 42300, Konya
Country: Turkey
and corn flour mills
Tel: +90 332 2390141
across the world. The
company manufactures
high quality technology
whilst maintaining minimal production costs. Alongside its
construction of effective systems that meet the immediate
requirements of the consumers, IMAS is continuously
investigating energy and system cost savings.
It takes pride in its role as provider for lots of companies
in a wide range of geographical locations. The company
completed its institutionalisation in 2003, making a strong
entry to the sector with Milleral, its milling machine
brand, and Cuteral, its band sawing machine brand.
Milleral and Cuteral branded products aimed to compete
with the international giant companies in their respective
sectors and went on to become globally sought-after brands.

Unormak Degrimen

Urnormak Degirmen
Makinalari is a reliable
supplier of modern
technology, which is used
Address: 3 Organize Sanayi
to support the production of
Blgesi, 7 Sokak No 3 Seluklu,
grain and related products,
Country: Turkey
considered essential for
Tel: +90 332 2391016
nutritional food sources, and
are the foundation of the
agriculture industry. Since
it was founded in 1987, the company has expanded and now
provides for satisfied customers across the world. Consequently,
it has an exceedingly good international reputation. The company
offers a wide range of products essential for turnkey projects in
flour and semolina mills. In addition, its experienced technicians
also produce equipment and machines required for maize,
vegetables and seed processing.
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 37

Ugur Makina

Ugur Makina has attracted customers from all over the

world due to its high quality and efficient production of
machinery and equipment to be utilised in the agriculture
industry. The company
produces turnkey projects
for its Worth Sector
Representatives; flourmills,
semolina mills, feed mills,
maize flour and semolina
Address: Ankara Yolu 6.Km
mills, its grain grinding
P.O. Box:57/19100 orum
plans and pasta production
Country: Turkey
lines. The company prides
T: +90(364) 235 00 26
itself in its use of the latest
technology, for example;
CNC machines and Laser
cutting lines are both used
to create a better service. Furthermore, Ugur Makina has
enlarged its total production area in 2008 from 13600m2 to

Selis Makina

Founded in 1965, Selis

Makina Endustri is a
dynamic and innovative
company that produces
Address: Organize Sanayi
and exports machines
Bolgesi, Sehitler Bulvari,
and equipment for the
Country: Turkey
flour and semolina
T: +90 222 236 12 33
industry. It preserves
the high quality of the
equipment it produces
by manufacturing it under the assurance of ISO 9001-2000
technology, experienced management and skilled technical
staff. The company has been awarded various awards in the
technology development and applications field due to its
quality control and careful consideration of detail. What is
notable about this company is its dedication to satisfying
its customers. A way in which it does this is by offering
excellent quality after sales service.

Polen Gida

Polen Gida was founded

in 1997 and since then
has become one of the
leading companies in the
flour treatments, bakery
Address: Akaburgaz Mah. 167
and pastry industries. As
Sokak No:15, Esenyurt - 34522
/ Istanbul
it becomes progressively
Country: Turkey
more successful, Polen
T: +90 212 886 2330
Gida is becoming
increasingly experienced,
making it a more reliable
company. Alongside its continuous addition of new products
to its portfolio, the company also exports flour, bakery and
patisserie ingredients to more than 50 countries across the
world, from Canada to Australia. It provides a wide range of
products to patisseries, hotels and restaurants. Furthermore,
Polen Gida provides tailor made solutions to flour millers
with its expert technical staff. Today, it operates in Esenyurt,
Istanbul. The company organises seminars, training courses
and application studies on a regular basis in order to share its
experience with its partners.
38 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain


Oryem is an experienced
company that specialises
in the production of
feed machinery and
equipment. It works with
more than 40 countries,
Address: Bykkayack, 42050
and has am outstanding
Seluklu/Konya, Trkiye
Country: Turkey
international reputation.
It serves its customers
in planning, producing,
designing and building all feed machinery systems as
turnkey systems.
In addition to this, Oryem is also involved in the sale
of individual machines and equipment. The company has
plenty of experience, and uses this to its advantage for
the benefit of the consumer. This is to achieve its ultimate
goal, which is to satisfy the customer by creating high
quality products and offering fast, intelligent and reasonable
solutions in the feed processing systems.

Genc Degirmen

Genc Degirmen is the

creator of a variety of
speedy and effective
production systems
and the provider of
turnkey solutions for
Address: Asagi Pinarbasi Mah.
customers on flour and
Ankara Cad. No:245, 42250,
Seluklu, Konya
semolina production
Country: Turkey
plants. The company
Tel: +90 332 444 0894
was established in
E: i.sahbaz
Konya in 1990 and
since then has received
the Machine Operating
Permission Certificate from Russian GOST Certification
Body and many more awards. It is continuously expanding
and currently exports its products to 34 countries, having
completed more than 200 individual projects without
any faults and within the set time limit. Amongst the
companys many achievements its error share of zero due
to its application of 100 per cent control to the machine and
systems which are manufactured at advanced production
standards. It completes its production on 30000 m2 total
and has a franchising network in many countries. It uses
developed machine tools with CNC lathes, which are CADCAM aided.


Alapala has become

one of the two
dominating companies
in its sector since
Mehmet Alapala
founded the company
Address: Organize Sanayi
in 1954. It operates
Blgesi 12. Cadde No: 15, PK:
for customers in more
54 19040, orum
Country: Turkey
than 85 countries
T: +90 212 465 60 40
across four continents,
providing them with
flour, semolina, maize
and feed turnkey projects. After making its first export in
1981, it has become one of the top 500 Turkish exporters,
exporting 95 per cent of its production. Therefore, it has
a strong overseas representation. The company has a
team of highly specialised staff who use their superior
technology infrastructure to manufacture high quality
machinery, which should perform faultlessly for the
benefit of the consumer.
All machinery is manufactured in an advanced
production facility with the finest CNC machinery in
order to achieve this. Furthermore, Alapala provide presales and after-sales services to ensure that it meets its
objective of complete customer satisfaction. Alapalas
lines of business include wheat flour mills, semolina
mills, corn flour mills, rice processing plants, feed mills
and cereal storage systems. Alapala is also the winner of
the Grapas innovation award. The philosophy that has
carried Alapala through its career is to have a passion and
dedication to the grain milling industry.



This years GRAPAS Award for Milling Innovation

is jointly shared by Alapala of Turkey and
Bhler Group of Switzerland. Milling and Grain
magazine, published by Perendale Publishers
Limited, sponsors the GRAPAS Awards for
Innovation in the cereal milling industries at the
FIAAP-VICTAM-GRAPAS International Exhibition
and GRAPAS Conference 2015 which was held
in Cologne, Germany from June 9-11, 2015.

40 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Similago II

Alapalas Similago II Rollermill

- The new Similago II is a very fine piece of rollermilling equipment
engineered to a high level of aesthetics and ergonomic
operation. It is offered in all of the sizes favoured by the industry.
The engineering of the machine is considered by the
market to be excellent with very good durability, access,
maintainability, hygiene and ergonomics.
The exceptional aesthetic design is ideally suited
to the requirements of the food industry.

Altinbilek Makina

Altinbilek Makina
represents part of the
Eskisehir Organised
Industrial Zone and
has led the Turkish
Address: Organize Sanayi
market for a number
Blgesi 9. Cadde No:5 Eskisehir
Country: Turkey
of years. It now leads
T: + 90 222 236 13 98
international markets and
has influence across the
world. It exports products
and technologies to many companies, including developed
European companies. The company manufactures high capacity
chain conveyors, belt conveyors, bucket elevators, screw
conveyors and more, all of which to an extremely high standard
that it has maintained since it was established. It is known for
its turnkey facilities, machineries and equipment. The company
takes pride in its consideration of human and environmental
factors throughout production. In order to achieve their aim
of complete customer satisfaction, Altinbilek offers liable
products, which can be adapted according to the changing and
growing demands of the consumer.

Obial was founded

in 1981 and began its
journey in Aksaray,
producing chicken
cages. However, it soon
Address: E-90 Karayolu Adana
expanded its production
Istk. 18KM, PK 59, Aksaray
Country: Turkey
to axial fans and
T: +90 382 2662120
then became the first
organisation producing
fans in Turkey under
the Alfan trademark. Now, it is one of the leading global
companies on grain storage technologies. The company
has not stopped growing, and has made exports to over 70
countries since 1994, spreading its influence throughout
the world. It is known for its assortment of high quality
products, all of which are offered at reasonable prices. The
Altuntas branch added silo steel production under Obial and
has become increasingly popular as a result.
What makes Obial unique is the fact that it sets its targets
whilst being mindful of the responsibilities that come
with being the leader in the sector. However, its effective
customer relations department, range of high quality
products and expanding influence all combine to ensure
that Obial will remain a high profile, reliable company who
seek to benefit their customers above all else. Obial products
include flat bottom silos, conical bottom silos, ventilation
systems, chain conveyors, grain cleaners and grain driers.

Freze, Tahl iin global dergisi

Depolama ve tama


yl basna


In this issue:

Bu sayda:

Silo safety

Entering a large
Tahl commer
cial milling

The roller flour

Depolama Nemrevolutio
The im
portance of flour
fortification in A
Bir pirin ileme tesisi



Show preview

GEAPS rn vitrini
IPPE inceleme
Kuzey Avrupada freze Tarihi

Hacim 126

Sorun 1

Volume 126
Trk dili srm
Issue 1

January 2015

Suscrbase hoy y reciba:

Ocak-ubat 2015


Obial - Altuntas A.S


yllk kopyas
Milling Directory

The First Sack, prepared as an exhibit by the artist Prof. Armin Sandig.

What chance can do:

The story of Flour World

t was pure chance that washed the eccentric idea

up at his feet. While taking a walk on the beach
in Dubai in 1998, Volkmar Wywiol stumbled over
a piece of plastic sheeting with writing in Arabic.
The find turned out to be a flour sack from one
of his customers. I saw that as a good omen in
keeping with our company motto, Mhlenchemie
makes good flours even better. The stranded flour
sack became the foundation stone of a collection.
Transformed into a work of art, the plastic bag now hangs in
the entrance hall of Wywiols Flour Museum. It certainly is a
crazy idea, he admits. The businessman, who is still a managing
partner of the Stern-Wywiol Gruppe at the age of 80, developed
his collection into a Gallery of Flour Sacks with motifs and
symbols from every corner of the earth that testify to the strength
inherent in wheat.

44 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

by Anne Mller

Flour sacks? his curator asked doubtfully, wondering what

she was expected to do with such trivial objects. But the cultural
scientist Angela Jannelli allowed herself to be persuaded and
conjured up a concept that now comprises 3,000 flour sacks
from every continent, spiced with myths and information on
agriculture and grain as part of the cultural history of man.
Demeter, the goddess of grain and fertility, presides over the
Sackotheque, the museums archive. The artist Kathinka Willinek
from Berlin, with nylon thread and 10,483 knots, created her
as a wall decoration. A flour sack flown into the city during the
Berlin Airlift tells the story of this remarkable relief effort. The
darkened Myth Room is steeped in mysterious, deep blue. Ten
little flaps set into the walls open to cast light on stories from
the realm of milling from the ancient statuette of an Egyptian
servant girl grinding corn, through the Mexican altar for the dead
with the Pan de Muertos to the story of the Old Wives Mill.

Volkmar Wywiol demonstrates that

old flour sacks can be transformed
into haute couture. The sackcloth
dresses were worn by models at the
opening of the museum in 2008.

All photos courtesy of Mller/Nikschat

The motifs and symbols on

the sacks reveal the global
significance of wheat.

Flour myths brought to light: a showcase shows

the link between flour and the Moulin Rouge
in Paris.

One box contains a film sequence with Charlie Chaplins Dance

of the Rolls. A view of the Moulin Rouge in the entertainment
district of Paris is a reminder that mills were often associated
with brothels.
The museum also illustrates the leading role played in the
international milling industry by Mhlenchemie, a member of
the Stern-Wywiol Gruppe, as a manufacturer of flour improvers
such as vitamins and enzymes. The eleven specialist firms under
the umbrella of the Stern-Wywiol holding company produce
a wide range of functional systems for food. The producing
company SternMaid was established in Wittenburg in 1996 and
now employs 200 staff. It was in Wittenburg, too, that Volkmar
Wywiol found the ideal place for his Flour World Museum:
a former District Court building that was altered inside and
restored according to the regulations for listed buildings. Wywiol
already has new plans in mind for this, too. The first floor is to be
reconstructed for an enlargement of the exhibition.
Every mill should be represented at our museum through a

flour sack with an interesting motif, says Volkmar Wywiol, and

invites mill owners the world over to contribute to the unique
Gallery of Flour Sacks.
The museum in the former court
building in Wittenburg

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 45


protein rich, versatile and gluten free

by Andrew Wilkinson, Milling and Grain magazine

illets are a group of

versatile, small seeded,
resilient, cereal crops that
are used widely around the
globe for both food and
animal feed. One of the
key factors in the spread
of millet is the fact that the
crop has proven throughout
history to be particularly drought resistant. Millet also boasts an
impressive wealth of health benefits, as well as being gluten free.
Despite its apparently obvious potential, millet is still to be
fully exploited by industry on a commercial scale. At present,
industrial methods of processing millet are not as well developed
as the methods used for say, processing wheat and rice; which in
most places are considered to be much more useful than millet.
One issue with millet is that is does have a short growing season
compared to rival crops.
Among cereals, millet ranks sixth in the world area production
behind wheat, maize, rice, barley and sorghum according to FAO
statistics. The worlds top millet producers are India then Nigeria
with Niger and Mali producing the third and fourth highest yields
respectively. Annual world production of millet grains is 762
712 tonnes - with India the top producer at 334 500 tonnes. In
sub-Saharan Africa millet is the third most widely grown crop.
Presently, the African continent produces 56 percent of the
worlds output; of which 99.9 percent is produced in sub-Saharan
Attempts have been made to develop improved industrial
techniques for milling millet. One such attempt was made by
Ngoddy in a study carried out in 1989. It was found that custom
milling has had a significant impact in several African countries
where it had recently been introduced.
In Nigeria alone, the study found that where about 80 percent
of millet was custom milled into whole flour, just over 2.5
million tonnes of millet had been processed in this way. What is
it that is currently holding back millet from becoming more of a
widespread commodity?

Urban markets

One of the key issues facing global the spread of millet grains is

46 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

that they are still mainly limited to populations in rural areas and
are often milled manually within a household. This, according to
the Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
is due to the lack of innovative millet processing technology
which would enable easy-to-handle, ready-to-cook, ready-to-eat
and safe products and meals at a commercial scale that can be
used to feed large populations in urban areas.
For millet to be used more globally, developments would have
to be made in industrial milling techniques to ensure that the
grain is more widely available and at lower cost. A cost effective
milling process would need to be employed to ensure that the
versatile grain was reaching those who needed it most; those in
poorer, urban areas. Does milling millet have any effect on its

Effects of milling on millet

The effects of milling on nutritional contents of millet grains

and their milling fractions have been studied by a number of
researchers. One such study, carried out by Haryana Agricultural
University in India, found that the milling of pearl millet changed
its gross chemical composition. However, baking it did not cause
a significant change in nutrient content of raw pearl millet flour.
It was also found that milling and heat treatment during chapati
making lowered polyphenols and phytic acid but increased both
the protein and starch amino acids.
In a second study that was conducted by Indias University of
Mysore, two pearl millet varieties were milled into whole flour,
semi-refined flour, and a bran-rich fraction and were evaluated for
nutrients, anti-nutrients, and mineral bio-accessibility. The results
of the study indicated that nutrient content of the semi-refined
flour was comparable to whole flour, with the exception of its fat
content, which was at 1.3 percent. Why would people choose to
consume millet flour over its more widely consumed counterparts
such as wheat or rice?

Potential health benefits

Millet boasts a wealth of health benefits, as well as being

gluten-free. Millet is an alkali; so it is easy to digest and is widely
considered to be one of the least allergenic and most digestible
grains available. Millet protein is high in fibre, the B vitamins and
magnesium. According to a study carried out by researchers from

Chinas Agricultural University in Beijing and Assiut University
in Egypt, the potential health benefits of eating millet includes
preventing cancer and cardiovascular diseases; reducing tumor
incidence; lowering, risk of heart disease, cholesterol and rate
of fat absorption. Many of these health benefits owe much to
millets high antioxidant levels. The study also found that millet
grains have the potential to be useful in preventing diabetes and
for treatment of diabetics due to its high poly-unsaturated fat
Millet does come with a slight health warning though. The
grain is said to contain small amounts of goiter genic substances
that can limit uptake of iodine to the thyroid. These so-called
thyroid function inhibitors can cause goiter when consumed in
large quantities; this may explain the correlation between millet
consumption and goiter incidence in developing countries where
millet constitutes a significant part of the diet. Is millet only
prepared as food, or does it have other uses?

Alcoholic beverages made from millet.

Millet is not only used in food, the grain is also a key ingredient
in some drinks too. The grain is actually used in some countries
as a key ingredient in alcoholic beverages. Tongba is a milletbased alcoholic brew that can be found in the far eastern
mountainous region of Nepal and in the Sikkim region of, India.
Beer is another incarnation that millet can be found in. Millets
are also used in brewing beer in some cultures. In East Africa,
they brew a drink from millet known as Ajono; which is a
traditional brew of the Teso people. The millet is first fermented
and is then prepared in a large pot with hot water. The drink is
then enjoyed in a large group who sip it through long straws.

In the Nepalese distilled liquor Rakshi and the indigenous

alcoholic drink of the Sherpa, Tamang, Rai and Limbu people
called Tongba. In some countries in the Balkan region and
Turkey, millet is used to prepare a fermented drink called

Whats next for millet?

Millet is an incredibly versatile

grain and is enjoyed
throughout the world
in a variety of foods
and other potions.
With food trends
becoming much
more healthy
these days, for
a high protein,
gluten free,
drought resistant,
high in antioxidant and low in
poly-unsaturated fat
grain like millet; the
future is seemingly very
The only obstacle that appears
to be slowing millets global appeal
is its relatively poor availability.
That said, with gluten intolerance seemingly on the
rise, this could all be about to change.

Look for the NIR solution that best

matches your needs
NIR Analyser on whole grain and powdery
Measure chemical composition as soon
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pub infraneo ang 190x132.indd 1

02/07/2015 18:00:37

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 47


Fortification and the

from the

Faces of Anemia


by Sarah Zimmerman, Communications Coordinator, Food Fortification Initiative (FFI)

Wheat flour, maize flour, and rice are most commonly

fortified with iron and folic acid to reduce the risk of
debilitating anemia from nutritional deficiencies and
devastating birth defects from insufficient folic acid.

Evidence published within the past five years supports

the effectiveness of fortification to address these
health issues.

nemia is when a persons

hemoglobin levels are low.
Hemoglobin carries oxygen to
tissues and muscles, consequently
low hemoglobin causing anemia
results in extreme fatigue. The
Food Fortification Initiative (FFI)
is currently collecting stories of
peoples experiences with anemia
through a Faces of Anemia campaign. Scott McNiven, a
Regional Food For Peace Officer based in Africa, said having
anemia was like being a zombie. With anemia, he did not
have the energy to play with his children or be productive at
work. Sarah Zimmerman, FFI Communications Coordinator
who made the presentation at the GRAPAS meeting, said having
anemia was like having jet lag. No matter how much she slept
at night, she had trouble focusing and staying awake during the
Iron deficiency is the leading cause of anemia. The World
Health Organization (WHO) says iron deficiency in pregnancy

48 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

contributes to about 20 percent of the cases of maternal deaths

globally, and iron deficiency in children limits their intellectual
WHO also reports that iron deficiency is significantly present
in industrialised countries as well as developing nations. Peter
Bhni, Manager Director, EPFL Innovation Satellite and Head
Corporate Technology Value Nutrition for Bhler AG, said
he was astonished to find out how many of his friends and
neighbors in Switzerland had experienced anemia. In making
the presentation, Zimmerman challenged participants to follow
Bhnis example and begin asking people to describe what it is
like to have anemia.
Worldwide an estimated 801 million women and children have
anemia, according to a study published in the Lancet Global
Health in July 2013. The total includes:
496 million non-pregnant women
32 million pregnant women
273 million children
Fortifying wheat flour, maize flour, and rice with iron and
other key nutrients can address anemia caused by nutritional
deficiencies. The study in the Lancet Global Health said half the
anemia among women and 42 percent of the anemia in children
in 2011 was attributed to iron deficiency.
The following four studies indicate that fortifying is
beneficial for reducing the risk of anemia caused by nutritional
In Costa Rica, fortifying wheat flour and milk with a
bioavailable form of iron reduced anemia in women and
children and improved the iron status of children.
In Fiji, fortifying wheat flour reduced the prevalence of iron,
folate, and zinc deficiency in women of child bearing age;
also the percentage of women with anemia dropped from 40.3


percent to 27.6 percent.
In the United States, fortifying with folic acid has nearly
eliminated the prevalence of folate-deficiency anemia.
An FFI review found that each year of fortification is
associated with a 2.5 percent decrease in anemia prevalence
among women of reproductive age, compared to similar
countries that do not fortify.
Though fortifying with folic acid will reduce the risk of anemia
caused by folate deficiency, folic acid is mainly added to grains to

Fortifying wheat flour,

maize flour, and rice
with iron and other key
nutrients can address
anemia caused by
nutritional deficiencies
reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects. This category includes
the following three types of birth defects:
Encephalocele which is a protrusion of the brain and its
membranes through an opening in the skull. This birth defect is
Anencephaly which is when the brain is malformed. It is
always fatal.
Spina bifida which is malformation of the spine. The severity
of spina bifida depends on several factors, such as where along

the spine the defect occurs.

Neural tube defects may result in miscarriages, but others are
found during ultrasounds usually halfway through the pregnancy.
Affected pregnancies are often terminated in countries where
terminations are legal. Children who are born with spina
bifida face a lifetime of surgeries and therapy, and often need
wheelchairs or crutches. They very often also have incontinence
of the bladder and bowels.
The US-based March of Dimes estimates that 320,000 neural
tube defects occur every year, but most of these could be
prevented if women had at least 400 micrograms of folic acid
daily before conception and in the early days of the pregnancy.
Many women do not plan their pregnancies, however, and they
are not following this advice.
Fortification successfully prevents neural tube defects, partly
because it does not rely on consumers to change their behavior.
One meta-analysis of eight studies from Argentina, Canada,
Chile, South Africa, and the United States found an overall 46
percent reduction in neural tube defects due to fortification.
Another study estimated that 38,417 neural tube defects were
prevented in 2012 due to fortification an average of 105 a day
where flour was fortified with folic acid. Yet that is only 9 percent
of the neural tube defects that could be prevented with folic acid.
In countries where flour and rice are already fortified, quality
control measures need to be routinely practiced to ensure that
fortification has the desired health effect. Also, the countrys
standards need to be reviewed to be sure the type of iron and
the amount of iron and folic acid are adequate to meet the
populations health needs. Countries that are not fortifying are
encouraged to create a multi-sector fortification committee to
work toward appropriate fortification policies.

T u r n k ey
Feed Mill
Gear Driven Pellet Mill
w w w. y e m t a r. c o m

600 Evler Mah. Balikesir Asfalt Sol Taraf Cad.

P(+90)266 733 85 50 | F(+90)266 733 85 54
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 49



Feed enzymes
support the challenge of
growing food demand

by Dr Howard Simmins, InSci Associates Ltd, and Dr Ajay Bhoyar Senior Manager, Global Poultry Marketing, Novus International, Inc.

he growing human population will

create an increasing demand for food,
including meat and other animal protein
products. It is expected that poultry
demand will grow fastest, followed
by pigs. Aquaculture will increase as
well, but from a small base. Ruminant
growth will be less strong than
monogastrics, but dairy expansion is
predicted in China. In order to support the rising demand for feed,
animals may consume different diets in the future compared with
those offered today. A trend is developing in which coproducts
and byproducts are incorporated into monogastric feeds at levels
not considered prior to the year 2000.
Although the inclusion of these alternative products will depend
on the price of grains and soy, the move towards more consistent
use of poorer feed ingredients is likely to grow over the long
term. Feed ingredients also bring with them anti-nutrient factors
(ANFs) which reduce the efficiency of absorption of the nutrients
and therefore, raise the cost of producing the protein. Both
efficient animal production and environmental management face
significant challenges unless these poorer ingredients are made
more nutritious, thus achieving a consistently efficient protein
production, improved health and lower environmental footprint.
The use of enzymes will be integral to meeting this challenge by
providing a means of reducing the effects of the ANFs, breaking
down feed components that the animal cannot and releasing more
Enzymatic activity is substrate specific. Therefore, the benefit of
an individual enzyme may be calculated independently, whether
or not it is used in combination with other enzymes and additives.
Combinations may exhibit additional improvements beyond
the measured release of energy, amino acids and minerals, such
as better-balanced gut microbiota. Consequently, the major
enzymes today, phytase and xylanase, individually or in addition
to the increasingly important protease, will complement each
other due to their actions on different substrates in the animals
gastrointestinal tract. While protease is a more recent addition to
the feed enzyme portfolio as a mono-component product, phytase
and xylanase have widespread use, particularly in poultry and
swine feeds. Even when alternative feed ingredients are not used,

50 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

these enzymes are necessary to act upon specific substrates, as

ANFs are present in all raw materials.

Why phytase

Phytate serves as a phosphorus (P) reservoir during seed

germination and acts as a protectant against oxidative stress
during the life of the seed. It is present as a mineral-phytate
complex and the majority of P in feedstuffs of plant origin is
present as phytate-P. The level of total phytate-bound P may be
as high as 80 percent, as seen in rice bran. Exact levels in typical
feed vary considerably within and between feed ingredients. One
issue arising from the presence of phytate-P is that the undigested
P will be excreted and creates an environmental hazard.
Alternative sources of P include minerals (such as dicalcium
phosphate) and meat and bone meal, in which the P is highly
digestible and thus may balance the diet for the animal, but do
little for the environment. Releasing the P from phytate reduces
the environmental load and also reduces the cost of the feed, as
other sources of P are required at lower levels.
Additionally, phytate chelates other minerals, such as Zn, Cu,
Ca and Fe, reducing the availability of these minerals. Also,
phytate has the capacity to bind protein, which in turn may
depress amino acid digestibility. In poultry, particularly, phytate
depresses energy utilisation as well.
The assumption for microbial phytase is that optimum activity
occurs at a low pH and, therefore, phytase is active in the gizzard
and proventriculus of broilers, with the latter, particularly, having
a pH of around two. In pigs, the main site of activity is the
stomach. The newest generation of phytases most probably will
complete their activity in the acid environment of the stomach.
The advent of bacterial phytases raised the level of bioefficacy
in animal feed. The latest generation phytases offer further
improvement as indicated by their higher matrix values, which
are highly dependent on the ingredients and test conditions.
At the same time, further benefits may be ascribed to phytase,
as more is understood of its mode of action. Ongoing research
continues to reveal further value of phytase to the producer.

Why xylanase

Non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) belong to a group of

carbohydrates referred to as dietary fibre. NSPs are poorly

any Made in




in G e r m a n

in G

ermany M


Vegetable protein meals introduce another form of ANF. The

main source of protein in animal feed on a global scale is soybean
meal, which represents 55 percent of the global production of
oil seeds. However, other sources are used also, such as canola
meal, DDGS, soybean hulls and peas. Soybean meal is a popular
source of protein for livestock and aquaculture because it has a

M ade i n G e

ad e

Why protease


Cereal grains such as wheat and barley, due to the nature of

their soluble NSP levels, raise the viscosity in the intestine, which
slows down feed intake, has an unwanted effect on bacterial
proliferation and entraps nutrients. The main target for xylanase
in corn is the destruction of the endosperm wall, thereby releasing
trapped proteins and starch. Higher levels of insoluble fibre,
found in wheat byproducts and coproducts from the bioethanol
industry (corn-or wheat-based Dried Distillers Grain Solubles;
DDGS), would speed the passage of nutrients through the gut,
reducing the potential for absorption. Xylanase militates against
this effect and should permit the greater use of raw materials
with lower nutritional value, thereby increasing the flexibility of
feed formulation and reducing feed cost. There should also be a
reduction of faecal mass.
Xylanases tend to have an optimum pH activity that is close
to neutral. Evidence suggests that in broilers the crop, normally
alkaline, mostly is bypassed in ad libitum feeding regimens and
the gizzard and the proventriculus have an acid environment. The
small intestine pH varies from mildly acid to mildly alkaline,
which generally results in pH levels too high for some xylanases.
The moisture content of the digesta in the anterior gut is low too,
which is not conducive to enzymatic activity, which requires a
reasonable level of moisture. Given this information, the nonstarch polysaccharide (NSP) enzyme activity in the anterior
gut may be low. In poultry, the activity of xylanase may occur
mainly in the small intestine, although some activity in the crop
is possible depending on the feeding regimen. For pigs, the
stomach has the potential as an important site of activity, with
a pH of between three and five. Therefore, some or all of the
activity of xylanase and phytase could be in the same segment in



digested in the small intestine, but are completely or partially

digested by microbes leading to short chain fatty acids (SCFAs)
that may be absorbed from the small or large intestine as a result
of fermentation. NSPs are divided into cell wall components and
non-cell wall components and include cellulose, hemicellulose,
pectins and hydrocolloids. Xylan is the major component of
hemicellulose and is the second most abundant polysaccharide
in nature after cellulose. Hemicelluloses are storage polymers in
seeds and structural components of woody plants.

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Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 51



high concentration of protein (up to 49 percent), which is highly

digestible and well balanced for non-ruminants. However, quality
varies from region to region. Soybeans contain ANFs, which are
known to depress growth performance in swine. These include
trypsin inhibitors, phytate, oligosaccharides, antigenic factors
(eg glycinin) and lectins; the latter interfere with absorption of
nutrients. Other vegetable protein sources also have a combination
of both valuable available amino acids and undesirable ANFs.
Overall, protease has the potential to show multiple benefits. It
reduces the effects of the ANFs described above. Consequently, it
lowers the risk associated with poorly balanced feed formulation
and variation in the nutritional quality of feed ingredients.
Protease also allows for the use of poorer quality raw materials at
higher inclusion rates. Finally, it allows for a lower protein level
of the diet and feed cost.
However, one enzyme may have multiple nutrient benefits
beyond its primary action. Protease, for example, breaks down
the kafirin protein complex protecting the starch granule in
sorghum, which has the additional benefit of releasing energy

broken down by xylanase. A co-product from the bioethanol

industry (corn- or wheat- based DDGS) has high levels of NSP
that show-enhanced value from the presence of xylanase. Soy
nutritional value benefits from phytase (phytate breakdown),
fibre degradation from xylanase and the reduction of ANFs from
protease supplementation.
Consequently, the mode of action of each enzyme may be
additive. Supplementing with multiple, existing enzymes brings
more nutrient release and greater reduction of the ANF effects
of the diet than might be achieved with a single enzyme. Nortey
et al. (2007), showed phosphorus digestibility was improved by
adding either phytase or xylanase, but was greatest when the two
enzymes were combined in a wheat-based diet (Figure 1). This
work also showed phytase and xylanase improved ileal energy
and lysine digestibility. This illustrates how multiple enzymes
may show levels of improvements on single nutrients beyond
their primary action.
The modes of action of phytase, xylanase and protease are
complementary and should provide more consistent results across

indirectly for use by the host animal. Therefore, although

there will be important improved amino acid digestibility (and
associated energy) values for protease with sorghum, the full
energy value will prove to be significantly higher due to the
indirect effects.
It may be expected for protease to be more active in the small
intestine, given the typical pH profile of commercial products.
There is potential for overlap in its activity with phytase and
xylanase in the proximal duodenum, but the protease activity
could continue even after the phytase and xylanase have become
inactive. Protease and amylase activity could overlap as well,
which may be advantageous for certain feed ingredients.

species. Additionally, the responses will be stronger where the

quality of the raw materials is poor or variable.
Given both the ever-increasing demand for food allied to a
long-term increasing scarcity in resources, better utilisation of
all available feed ingredients will be critical in order for animal
protein production to satisfy the growing global demand. Use of
feed enzymes has emerged as offering an important contribution
towards a potential solution for sustainable animal production.
Enzymes help not only to increase the availability of costly
nutrients, but also improve animal performance by way of
reducing the damaging effects of ANFs and, therefore, contribute
to lower animal production costs. Finally, enzymes reduce the
potential excretion of minerals, nitrogen and carbon, which may
be higher in ingredients of poor quality. Generally, the effects of
enzymes are more profound when used in combination.
New and improved enzymes will be developed. Today and in
the future, animal production in all its forms will benefit from the
use of ever-evolving enzyme technology and application.

Why supplement with multiple enzymes

All raw materials contain a mixture of ANFs coming from fibre,

phytate and factors sensitive to protease action. Much of the P
in corn is bound to phytate, but can be released with the addition
of phytase. Corn also has levels of insoluble NSP that may be
52 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain


Neutralising mycotoxins
by Dr Jan Frericks,
Leiber GmbH, Germany


using synthetic buffer solution and porcine gastrointestinal juice.
nvironmental toxins not only affect the


54 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

In the 2nd phase of the trial, the University of Vienna has

tested the adsorption capacity of various toxin binders and

Under these
between the
and their effi
ning approx.
good adsorp
and also the
ZEA was pro
(Fig. 3).

Fig.3: Binding




Initially, 10 milligrams (mg) of a toxin binder or BiolexMB40

health and performance of livestock
Environmental toxins
not onlydegree,
affect they
the health
and performance
a substantial
and 0.2 mgofZEA
were to
to a standard
citrate buffer (5 ml)
to amay
also pose
but they also pose aarisk
risk to
Mycotoxins in particular
chain1 through
aniwith a pH
shows that
the binding capacity
mal feed and foodstuffs
and have
high the
these fungal
are ever-present
period toxins
of 24 hours
in synthetic in
is, on
in particular
chain All overafter
products depending on the respective crop type, weather conditions, producer region and the storage conditions.isThe
any furthermore
a hightoxins
risk potential.
It was
negative impacts of
and Ochratoxin
a rather
ZEA adsorption
well researched and documented. However, it remains largely unknown
to what
It was
that an-organic
mycotoxins and theever-present
numerous in
a proven
risk to animal
health. Under
stances, one would expect to see increased susceptibility to infections,
increThis type of testing therefore seems unsuitable to evaluate
ased risk of autoimmune diseases even at very low concentrations.the
animals are
at risk Furthermore,
in the long term.
of mycotoxin
it can
This type of testing therefore seems unsuitable to evaluate
The negative impacts of the primary toxins Deoxynivalenol
be assumed that simple adsorbents also bind other essen(DON), Zearalenone (ZEA), Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin
tial nutrients without promoting the detoxification process
(OTA) are well researched and documented. However, it remains
capacity of toxin binders and Biolex MB40
in theAdsorption
largely unknown to what extent the interactions between these
in synthetic buffer solution for ZEA (%)
isnt enough
mycotoxins and the numerous less well-researched environmental
Activating the gut and strengthening
nor preserving
processing statoxinsNeither
pose a risk
to animal
health. Under
these the
intestinal barrier
ges can
one would
to seethe
MB40 is a cell wall product made from brewers
Once immune
the available
an increased
risk of and
cerevisiae with a high content of
harvesting leading up to the production of compound animannans
For one, these two specific subsanimals
mal feed have been exhausted, there is a prevailing opinitances
capacity; on the other hand,
on that mycotoxin binders can protect the animal from da0
is not
Bentonite To
by bindingsimply
the toxins.
proof of efficacy
nor preservingusing
stages test,
is usually
vitro adsorption
mannan oligosaccharides (MOS)toxin
also promote
the stacan render
meaning, in a test tube rather than in the animal itself. In
bilization of the gut by supporting an intact microflora.
and harvesting
so, it isinasserted
fixation with
a toxin binder aloleading up to the production of compound animal feed have been
ne is sufficient to render the respective mycotoxin harmInitially, 10 mg of a toxin binder or Biolex
MB40 and
Fig.2: Adsorption of ZEA to toxin binders and Biolex MB40 in
exhausted, there is a prevailing opinion that mycotoxin binders
less. However, the detoxification process is much more
0.2 mggastrointestinal
ZEA were added
a standard
(5 ml)
juice of
on the
can protect the animal from damaging effects by binding the
and value
(%) 1 shows that the binding capacomplex, and it doesnt happen in the feed but in the gut
with a pH
3. Figure
of the animal.
city80after an incubation period of 24 hours in synthetic
The proof of efficacy is usually documented using an in vitro
is, on one hand, relatively low, and that, on the other
in a test tube
than in the
In antest,
at rather
the University
Vienna in
50 there is hardly any difference between the various
itself. Austria
In doing(Fruhauf
so, it is asserted
that fixation
with a toxintobinder
et al., 2012),
it was examined
what ex40 binders and yeast products.
alone tent
is sufficient
various commercial toxin binders and yeast cell wall
products can absorb Zearalenone (ZEA). The experiments
it doesnt
in the using
feed but
in the gut
of thesolution
animal. and porci10
In anne
gastrointestinal the University of Vienna in
Bentonite Toxin
Austria (Fruhauf et al., 2012), it was examined to what extent
binder 1 binder 2 binder 3 (molasses) MB40
various commercial toxin binders and yeast cell wall products
toxin binding
can absorb Zearalenone (ZEA). The experiments were conducted



However, the
be sufficient
therefore rath
damaging at
proving the b
in Biolex M
on the intest
tight junction
epithelial cel
fluids from th
ned. Due to
much more

the performance of mycotoxin binders. Furthermore, it can be
assumed that simple adsorbents also bind other essential nutrients
without promoting the detoxification process in the gut.

Activating the gut and strengthening the intestinal


Biolex MB40 is a cell wall product made from brewers yeast

Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a high content of mannans and
-glucans. For one, these two specific substances have a high
adsorption capacity; on the other hand, many studies have proven
the immunomodulating proper- ties of 1.3-1.6--glucans.
Prebiotic characteristics of these mannan oligosaccharides
(MOS) can also promote the stabilisation of the gut by supporting
an intact microflora.
Under these more realistic conditions, a clear correlation
between the mannan and glucan content of the products and
their efficacy was confirmed. Biolex MB40 - containing
approximately 50 percent mannans and glucans - has shown very
good adsorption capacity compared to the toxin binders and also
the MOS - product made from molasses (Fig. 2). Furthermore,
the low efficacy of Bentonite/Zeolite against ZEA was proven
again even under these test conditions (Fig. 3).
However, the sole fixation of the toxins in the gut will not be
sufficient to eliminate their harmful health effects. It is therefore
rather necessary to protect the animal from their damaging attack.
In the gut, this can be achieved by improving the barrier function
of the intestine. Yeast cell walls in Biolex MB40 create, on one
hand, a protective biofilm on the intestinal mucosa.
On the other hand the so-called tight junctions which
function as door openers between epithelial cells and regulate
the transfer of nutrients and fluids from the bowel into the

bloodstream, are strengthened. Due to this barrier created by

Biolex MB40, it is much more difficult for the mycotoxins to
get into the bloodstream.
In the second phase of the trial, the University of Vienna has
tested the adsorption capacity of various toxin binders and
Biolex MB40 under conditions very similar to those present in
the gastrointestinal tract of swine. To do so, Biolex MB40 was
compared to mycotoxin binders established on the market in the
gastrointestinal juice of swine.

The key function inside the gut-neutralising mycotoxins

The detoxification of mycotoxins is a complex multifactorial

process. The important factor is not the adsorption, but the
neutralisation of the detrimental effect of the mycotoxins in the
gut. The -glucans of the yeast cell play an important role in
this process. Together with the mannans, their prebiotic action
initially activates a specialised microflora, which is then enabled
to hydrolyse the mycotoxins, thereby converting or breaking
them down into other harmless products.
It was furthermore shown, that characteristic receptors of the
-glucan molecule not only trigger an immune response, but
that they are also able to recognise corresponding mycotoxin
structures and to fixate them. One immediate result, for example,
is that dangerous Deoxynivalenol (DON) is prevented from
entering the bloodstream, and yet another is that the immune
system can attack and break it down more efficiently just like a
This multibiotic neutralisation process has also been confirmed
in a study conducted by the Institute of Animal Nutrition of
the Federal Agricultural Research Centre in Braunschweig
(in 2007): weaner piglets weighing 8 - 21 kilograms were fed

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in a few minutes. The RIDAQUICK
rapid tests are available for aflatoxin,
DON, zearalenone and fumonisin.

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Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 55

ning approx. 50 % mannans and glucans has shown very

le to evaluate
F it can good adsorption capacity compared to the toxin binders
and also the MOS-product made from molasses (Fig. 2).
d other essenFurthermore, the low efficacy of Bentonite/Zeolite against
cation process standard rearing feed with DON-contaminated triticale (35 mg
ZEA was proven again even under these test conditions
DON/kg), resulting in a DON concentration of 5.25 mg per kg
(Fig. 3).


x MB40 in
n the mannan

tion, but the
ycotoxins in
n important
ns, their preoflora, which
lasses) MB40
recepan immune
eofcorresponVienna has
immedian binders
r to those pream,
e. To

uice of swine.

en confirmed
trition of the
eig (in 2007):
dard rearing
ON/kg), resuld in the final
of the intact,
less harmful
mined. Figure
N in the feed
by almost 50
tive capacity
MB40. Of
wever, is the
um of piglets.
id not only
tinal epithelind detoxifica-

ytes and mopreted as an

by an immu-





bentonite bentonite bentonite bentonite bentonite Biolex

Biolex MB40
can 2efficiently3 contribute
to minimizing
toxin binding
x ash
cellular toxicity for the health and strength
of our livestock.

However, the sole fixation of the toxins in the gut will not

Fig. 4: Effect of -glucan from yeast cell walls on DON and

be sufficient
to eliminate
It is
in theharmful
blood serum
of piglets
rather necessary to protect the animal from their

attack. In the gut, this can be achieved by im25
the barrier function of the intestine. Yeast cell walls
in15Biolex MB40 create, on one hand, a protective biofilm
the intestinal mucosa. On the other hand, the so-called
tight junctions, which function as door openers between
epithelial cells and regulate the transfer of nutrients and
fluids from the DON
bowel into the bloodstream,
are strengtheepo-DON
to this
barrier created by Biolex
it is
* signifi
p < 0.05
control MB40,
much more difficult for the mycotoxins to get into the


from brewers
gh content of
specific subshe other hand,
ulating properistics of these
omote the stamicroflora.

Fig.3: Binding capacity of Biolex MB40 for ZEA compared to

anorganic toxin binders (%)

feed in the final feed ration.

Subsequently, the blood serum levels of the intact, aggressive
DON and the concentration of the less harmful breakdown
product DE-epoxy-DON were determined.
Figure 4 impressively illustrates that the carry-over of DON
in the feed into the bloodstream via the intestine is reduced
by almost 50 percent. This can certainly be explained with the
adsorptive capacity and epithelium-protective properties of
Biolex MB40. Of much greater importance to the evaluation,
however, is the prevention of epoxy-DON entering the blood
serum of piglets. -glucan from cell walls of brewers yeast did
not only strengthening the mycotoxin barrier of the intestinal
epithelium in this experiment, but also the breakdown and
detoxification of DON and epoxy-DON by up to 100 percent.
The marked increase in the growth of lymphocytes and
monocytes in the same experiment could be interpreted
as an indication of the mycotoxin being eliminated by an
immunological process.

Conclusion Biolex MB40:

Biolex MB40 binds mycotoxins


Biolex MB40 prevents damage to

the intestinal barrier by mycotoxins.

Prebiotic components of Biolex MB40 sup16.04.15

port the microbial break-down of
mycotoxins in the gut.


-glucans of the yeast cell wall in

Biolex MB40 stimulate the
deactivation of mycotoxins in the gut.

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The search for a sustainable

protein supplement for the future

Duckweed is the smallest flowering plant in the world, an aquatic plant which can be found in fresh water or wetlands
in most corners of the world that do not freeze too frequently. Floating on or just below the surface of still or slow-moving
bodies of water, many around the world perceive it as a pest, claiming it clogs up lakes or ponds.
However, duckweed is anything but a pest. It is in fact somewhat more of a super plant. With properties suggesting it
is under-utilised potentially as bio-fuel; as an effective bio-remediator of waste water; it is a potent fertiliser; and most
importantly for the purposes of this article, it is a rich and sustainable source of protein with the potential for widespread use
in animal feed, aqua feed, and as a food source for humans.

by Peter Parker, Milling and Grain magazine

Question and Answer
with Tamra Fakhoorian,
International Lemna Assocation
Duckweed expert, Ms
Fakhoorian is a biologist,
chemist, and co-founder of
the International Lemna
Association, of which she is
the current executive director.
Three years ago Ms Fakhoorian
founded GreenSun Products,
LLC; a company that has
developed duckweed production systems, and product lines
for both pet and human nutrition.
Q. From my very limited understanding of duckweed, it
seems as though it would have great potential as aqua and
terrestrial animal feed in general?
A. Yes, while initial commercial marketing focus is on higher
value products, duckweed has been used to feed fish
and land animals for decades in integrated Asian farmer
settings. Researchers have been working with duckweed
for nearly fifty years. We know its potential to remediate
wastewater and return a large volume of high protein
biomass and exceptionally clean water. This pathway
is seen as completing the nutrient cycle, a real boon to
sustainable production of plant protein for a wide variety of
uses including aqua and terrestrial animal feeds. I love this
quote by Peter Marshall: Waste itself is a human concept.
Everything in nature is eventually used. Duckweed can
help farmers mimic nature in this regard, and reap feed cost
savings whilst reusing fresh water over and over.
Q. What is the state of the duckweed industry?
A. Current applications include:
1. Using the decades-old model of Asian small farm settings to
recapture animal waste nutrient streams and use the resulting
duckweed biomass as a fresh feed for ducks, fish, and swine
for feed cost savings.
Companies are developing integrated systems including
CAFO waste streams for biomethane generation and
subsequent duckweed production to be used as fresh feed
supplements for cattle, swine, and chickens. (Each species
has maximum feed inclusion rates due to each animals
ability to process the high percentage of water in fresh
duckweed.) Dried duckweed meal can be substituted for soya
58 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

as a protein replacement in 10-30 percent inclusion rates,

depending on the animal.
2. As a processed fishmeal replacement- lemna protein
concentrate (LPC) for swine, production initially. LPC has
gone toe-to-toe with 68 percent soy protein concentrate and
found to produce comparable results. This is powerful given
duckweeds ability to produce at least four times the amount
of protein per hectare versus that of soya, be GMO-free, and
remediate animal waste streams at the same time.
3. Along with GreenSun Products, several companies are
working with various strains of duckweed for human nutrition
Protein levels of as high at 50 percent and above are being
reported on a dry weight basis, with vitamin and mineral
content heralded as well above average for green leafy crops.
Additional benefits include being non-GMO, gluten-free, and
organically produced. Be watching for both fresh and dried
products to hit store shelves within the next couple of years.
Q. What is the nutritional make up of duckweed?
A. While an older table, this one is fairly reliable as far as
Organic composition in the Lemnaceae, % of dry weight

6.8 45.0


1.8 9.2

crude fiber

5.7 16.2


14.1 43.6


12.0 27.6

Ms Fakhoorian suggested that the feed industry investigate

the potential for duckweeds nearly complete amino acid
profile as being as close to animal protein as the plant
kingdom can provide. In addition she provided this quote
from Dr John Cross, author of the richly-detailed website,
The Charms of Duckweed. The protein content of duckweeds
is one of the highest in the plant kingdom, but it is dependent
on growth conditions. Typically duckweeds are rich in
leucine, threonine, valine, isoleucine and phenylalanine.
They tend to be low in cysteine, methionine, and tyrosine.

Q. What is the state of its current usage in the livestock feed

industry? How do you believe this could be expanded?
A. Studies have shown that duckweed can be included in poultry,
swine, and cattle feedstocks at beneficial inclusion rates;
however, the practice is not yet done on a commercial scale
due to drying costs. (duckweed is 92-94 percent water on
average) Solar drying or hybrid drying has been successful on
a limited tonnage basis and this technology looks promising
for the future.

Duckweed as a nutritional supplement in poultry and duck

production report better coloration of meat and yolks. Ducks,
tilapia, and carp are well able to process the moisture in fresh
duckweed and are the exception to the fresh feed limitations.
New developments in fermentation allows for preservation of
fresh feedstock with a higher percentage of digestible protein
than soya.
Protein extraction processes are rendering lemna-based
feedstocks that are becoming competitive with fishmeal
pricing. I predict lemna protein concentrates (LPC) will the
quickest route to market for aqua and terrestrial animal feeds
for the industry.
For decades, small farmers in Asia have implemented
duckweed production in integrated systems to save on feed
costs for ducks, swine, and aquaculture. Using their models,
modern CAFO can benefit by using duckweed to remediate
effluent from biomethanol digestion systems. The resulting
feedstock can be incorporated into animal or aquaculture feed
rations for cost savings.

Q. What benefits would using duckweed have over soy in

regards to protein supplementation in animal feeds?
A. Duckweed has many benefits when compared to soya:
Studies have found that lemna protein concentrate is
comparable to soy protein concentrate for swine
Duckweed produces four to five times the protein per
hectare over soya
Does not require the use of arable land for production
Soy production relies primarily on artificial fertilisers,
whereas duckweed can remediate waste nutrients from
concentrated animal feedlots, thereby saving costs, cleaning
wastewater and producing a valuable feed at the same time
Duckfeed is virtually free fresh meal when compared to

Q. What limitations does duckweed have in regards to use

as an animal feed? Legal regulations? Limited research?
Expensive to produce?
A. Legal regulations: So far, while duckweed is considered a
nuisance plant in some states in the US as well as Australia,
purposeful cropping has not been an issue.
Limited research: Need more animal feed research and

Precise and accurate analysis

of incoming raw materials
ensures high feed quality.
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amino acid predictions save time
and money
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60 | September 2015 - Milling

and Grain

06.07.15 08:07

production research in that protein content varies with

nutrient loads and seasonal variances.
Expense: Currently, drying costs are the biggest holdup
in commercialising production. Solar and hybrid driers
can bring the costs down considerably but are early-stage
for full-scale production. Processed LPC is foreseen to be
competitive with fishmeal prices in the near future.

Q. I understand that you are the owner of GreenSun

Products, and that you have developed both pet and
human nutritional products from duckweed. Do you have
intentions of expanding into the industry of livestock
A. My team developed production, harvesting, drying and
processing systems for duckweed meal and LPC. GreenSun
initially started out in the pet food arena and has a patent
pending on formulations with limited sales in certain US
A year and a half ago, GreenSun turned its attention to
research and development for human nutrition and has
recently secured funding for that sector. GreenSun has
received many inquiries as to supplying bulk tonnage of
duckweed meal for livestock, but cannot compete with
soy at this time. Long-term goals include mass production
of LPC as a fishmeal replacement. GreenSun is currently
expanding productions to include the US, Philippines, and
Q. What research is currently being done on the use of
duckweed as a livestock feed?
A. I just returned from the ICDRA in Japan-International
Conference on Duckweed Research and Applications.
Researchers there are primarily focused on genome
mapping and bacterial synergies for optimising production.

One study involving tilapia showed a 25 percent inclusion

rate of dried duckweed in tilapia rations but this has
been done before. There are not very many animal feed
studies at this time and this is something I am strongly
encouraging feed scientists to look into. Some of the
most recent studies have been done with regards to swine,
shrimp, and cattle.
Q. Can you please tell me more about the International
Lemna Association?
A. The International Lemna Association (ILA) works to
develop commercial production of duckweed for renewable,
sustainable products for a hungry and increasingly fresh water
limited world.
ILA was formed in June of 2012 to assist in the development
of commercially viable production and processes of
duckweed and other aquatic species for renewable,
sustainable products. Our membership consists of producers
and researchers from around the world.
We are the first trade association in the world dedicated to
large-scale production of the aquatic plant commonly known
as duckweed. TheILA seeks to bring duckweed and other
aquatic species to the limelight of sustainable crops that
out-produce terrestrial crops for protein and starches, while
utilising waste nutrients and water sources such as municipal
and industrial wastewater streams.
You can learn more at
Q. Can you tell me any more interesting duckweed success
stories you would like me to include?
A. One company in Argentina, MamaGrande, is remediating
municipal wastewater lagoons with duckweed, using a
fermentation process to produce polylactic acid and using the
residue for high protein animal feedstock.

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Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 61

Reliable grain inventory


by Jenny Christensen, BinMaster, USA

able-based sensors help simplify

grain storage - with harvest upon
the northern hemisphere, the annual
concern for optimising storage space
plagues the grain industry. Sensors for
monitoring the level of grain in bins
help reduce labour and simplify the
Consoles, computer programs
and cloud-based systems automate the process of monitoring
and managing inventory. Furthermore, sensors eliminate the
need for climbing bins, making grain operations safer and more
efficient. Perhaps the most reliable, proven inventory management
technology is one that automates the job of a tape measure.
The principle of operation is simple. The device works as an
automated tape measure that repeatedly takes measurements from
the top of the bin at a consistent location. This eliminates the need
to climb bins to take manual measurements. When a measurement
is taken, the sensor releases a cable with a weighted sensor probe
that stops and retracts when the probe comes into contact with
The brains of the sensor convert the distance data to a
measurement that can be displayed as either the height of the
material or the distance to the material, referred to as headroom.
The sensor takes redundant measurements, when the sensor
probe is both descending and retracting, to confirm that every

62 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

measurement is precise. It makes only momentary and minimal

contact with the grain surface, making it unobtrusive and able to
perform consistently in high levels of dust. Proven for decades, a
weight and cable-based sensor is a very economical and accurate
continuous level measurement solution.
Cable-based sensors are designed for single point level
measurements taken periodically throughout the day. Level
measurements can be programmed to take place at predetermined
time intervals or initiated as needed from a console at ground level
or from a PC, depending upon the type of communication devices
used. High-temperature and explosion-proof options make cablebased sensors suitable for most challenging applications.
Their versatility makes them well suited for the grain and
milling industries where on-going inventory management and
remote reporting is required for multiple small and large vessels
containing a wide array of materials.

Suitable for grain and ingredient storage

Unlike some types of non-contact sensors that become unreliable

in high dust or some types of grains, weight and cable-based
sensors are an ideal level measurement solution for the grain and
milling industries as they work in virtually any material regardless
of particle size or bulk density. Immune to most material
characteristics, they perform equally well whether the bin contains
light materials or additives, pellets of all sizes, fine to coarse
granules; or heavy, dense lump materials.

Cable-based sensors are a proven
technology that have been in existence
for decades. These trouble-free, longlasting devices require no calibration,
even if the material in the bin changes.
These sensors will perform reliably
and are not affected by dust, humidity,
temperature, dielectric constant or fumes
that may be present in the vessel. The
stainless steel probe at the end of the
cable makes minimal contact with the
material in the bin, so theres very little
risk of contamination.

Versatility for all sizes of bins and

a variety of applications

A network of multiple weight and

cable sensors can meet the challenge of
just about any bin measurement need in
the facility. They are versatile and can
be used in many types of materials in
vessels constructed of steel or cement,
of about any height or diameter. For
example, if multiple bins containing
different types of grains, ingredients, or waste materials need
to be monitored, the sensor can be adapted to the needs of each
particular bin. A cable-based sensor can be used in large bins up to
180-ft tall, but also are often used in smaller, active process bins
under 40-ft tall.
While a stainless steel weight is commonly used with the
sensor, a round stainless steel sphere float is an alternative for

Bolt'n'Go Advet (Half Page)_Layout 1 30/06/2015 12:16 Page 1

bins containing light powders, slurries

or liquids. A hollow, inverted stainless
steel cone can be used in liquids or light
powders or solids with a bulk density
of at least 3 lb./ft.3. An economical
choice thats often used in light or
dense powders or liquids is a digestible
bottle filled with paraffin wax or other
compatible material that fits through a
rotary valve or screw conveyor.

Mounting location is the key to


For the best accuracy, the sensor

should be mounted on the roof of the
bin about one sixth of the way in from
the outer perimeter. When used in freeflowing material such as grains, this ideal
sensor placement location accounts for
the angle of repose on a centre-filled
vessel. When a vessel is being filled,
the material forms a cone up in which
material is higher at the centre and lower
near the sides of the vessel. If you draw
a horizontal line at the point the sensor probe comes into contact
with the material surface one sixth, theres a peak at the centre of
the vessel and voids at the sides. If you take the material in the
peak and fill in the voids, it will flatten out the angle of repose.
The same is true when the vessel is being emptied and material is
lower in the centre and higher on the sides forming a cone down.
Mounting the sensor one-sixth from the outer perimeter is proven




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64 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Proven Performance

academically to
calculate the
most accurate
level reading for
a vessel. Properly
mounted on a
centre-fill, centredischarge bin, cablebased sensors will consistently
provide five percent to seven percent accuracy.

Data accessible from a console,

computer or the cloud

Cable-based sensor networks can be integrated

utilising a wide variety of communication options
dependent upon how you want to access and use
the data. The most cost-effective and popular
option is to mount a control console at ground
level. A single console can be mounted at each bin,
or more advanced consoles can report data from more than 100
bins at a single console. Consoles are easily programmed with
bin size information and each bin is assigned a vessel number.
Browsing through a pushbutton menu, the user can access
information such as distance to product (headroom), height of
product and percentage full. A console is a great tool for drivers
to utilise to take measurements from a bin before they unload, to
ensure the entire load will fit without overfilling the bin.
If the preference is to have level-measurement data sent to a
personal computer, there is Windows-based software to report
detailed data for multiple vessels simultaneously and generate a
visual that shows bin levels as a percentage full. Bins can
be named by location and labelled by their contents.
Alarms or alerts can be generated when a bin
reaches a predetermined high or low level.
Other communication options include the
ability to send an automated email when
bins reach an alert level. The measurement
data can be stored on the computer and
used to generate historical reports. LAN
configurations are also possible to share
a common measurement database with
multiple users on a local area network.
Its quite common for an operation
to have both a console outside
near the bins and software on a
computer in the office.
Many grain and milling
operations today prefer to
access their inventory data
from the Internet. This
makes it easier to get bin
level data anywhere and
anytime, regardless of the
location of the person that
needs access to the data.
Cloud-based programs
are often compatible with
many cable-based sensors
as well as other sensor
technologies to remotely
monitor bins, storage
tanks or silos. These
systems allow monitoring
of all of an enterprises
66 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

storage of liquids or solids at one location or corporate wide. As

grain managers are always on the move, alerts are sent via email
or a text message. The web site can be viewed from any mobile
device, tablet, or computer.
Once securely logged in, users are presented with an easy-touse and read graphical interface that offers at-a-glance overview
of all bins. With one click there is a full report of bin details.
Users are provided current reading reports for any or all bins on
site with the information presented in either distance to product,
percentage full or bushels. There is the ability to set automated
high and low level alerts and sort data by material, location, or
alert status. Historical reports can be generated for any tank over
a specified time frame or reports may be exported for analysis or
For facilities that prefer an analogue output to a PLC for
monitoring bin level measurement data, some models of cablebased sensors offer an integrated 420-mA output. In this type
of configuration, the sensor is installed on top of the bin and the
measurement data is sent directly to a PLC, eliminating the need
for either a console or software.

Accounting for compaction and irregular vessel shape

Due to the size of the bin and the nature of grains or

ingredients, the material will have a greater bulk density at the
bottom of the bin than near the top, due to the weight of material
compressing downward as the bin is filled. By entering the
weight of the material at different heights in the bin, a strapping
table can account for the compaction of material in the bin.
By adding valuable weight-to-distance data into a table, the
estimate of material in the bin can be tailored to exactly how
material behaves in a particular vessel. Strapping tables are also a
useful tool when measuring the contents of cone-bottomed
bins, because they can take into account the amount of
material in a tapered cone. Strapping table data also
allows for more accuracy in measuring irregular
tanks, such as a cylindrical tank installed on its side.
Many new, innovative level measurement
technologies are available for monitoring grains
or ingredients, but if you are looking for a
proven, long-lasting, reliable, and hasslefree solution, a cable-based sensor ensures
simplicity and repeatability. This robust
inventory management system can be
networked using wired or wireless
communications for up to a
hundred vessels using just one
license of software or one
integrated console, making it an
economical and uncomplicated
Advances in software and
Internet-based solutions
allow users to initiate a
measurement from a remote
location and provide realtime inventory data from
anywhere theres an Internet
connection. Cable-based
sensor networks cost less
and present few headaches
compared to other technologies,
while providing a wealth of
data for effective inventory

Storage project
Mysilo complte project: LT Foods opens in India
Mysilo officially opened LT foods, which is one of the major projects of India on March 20, 2015. The facility has impressed
everyone with its significant storage capacity and all kinds of facilities required for storage and handling equipment. The facility
has four 3520 Models, 32 meters in diametre, with huge silos containing a plant with a capacity of 63 408 m3.
Mysilo General Manager Mr Sefa Saatiolu, East Asia and Africa Sales Coordinator Seyfullah Aksamaz personally attended
the opening. Indias agriculture ministry authorised officers also attended the opening ceremony. After the opening ceremony, Mr
Sefa Saatiolu with Indias agriculture authorised officers made observations in the facility. LT Foods thanked to Mysilo for their
interest and relevance from the installation date to the date of delivery.
In the facility, Maxporter Grain storage systems, bucket elevators, chain conveyors, grain flowing accessories and truss kits,
and sweep augers were built carefully. Maxporter is rapidly becoming the preferred brand in India. The facility has made a strong

68 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Milling and Grain 3.2015.pdf


11:36:14 Uhr


by monitoring the temperature
access point

Digital with
One-wire sensors

Wireless spearprobe

bus system





Display unit

Agromatic Data Transfer

- possibility of combining
all systems
- existing systems can
easily be integrated
swiss made


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24.08.2015 12:15:12

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 69

Storage News

Grain Engineering - specialising in the

challenges of soybean silos

mong the 12 kinds of animal and

plant oil meal feed products, such as
cottonseed meal, peanut meal and
rapeseed meal, soybean meal has the
largest yield and most wide usage.
The storage of soybean meal
has been a major topic of concern
to the feed and food industry for
some time, as deterioration can
occur during handling and storage. Since the early 1990s, Grain
Engineering started to research and construct soybean meal silos.
In accordance with the specific
requirements for soybean meal,
Grain Engineering design and
construct soybean meal silos from
the screw silo to the current bolted
Why do so many well-known
enterprises choose Grain Engineering
as a trusted partner?
Based on a good understanding
and master of process design: The
soybean meal silo is constructed with
a working tower. With hot galvanised
processed sheet surfaces, column
arrangement, and an overhead silo bottom structure; it is easy to
arrange the delivery of equipment.
Due to the internal soybean meal moisture and temperature
gradient changes, soybean meal is not easy to handle: Grain
Engineering have created a system whereby air bubbles in the
silos vibrate periodically, according to the on-line monitoring of
70 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

moisture and material height. Grains are also transferred from one
silo to another to reduce the contact area between soybean meal
every six to eight hours with three auger or quad dragon.
Good understanding and master of security assurance for
the storage of soybean meal raw materials: preventing dust
explosion is the most important part of safety production. We
adopt explosion-proof electrical components, and set multiple
waterproof vents skillfully on the silo roof.
With more than 20 years of experience in the soybean silos
construction industry, Grain Engineerings supporting mechanical
equipment and electrical equipment and automatic control system

can be used to put the entire soybean meal silo project into
operation. So far, Grain engineering have provided services to
hundreds of global well-known enterprises, including the Chia Tai
Group (80 percent soybean meal Silo Project), New Hope, East
Hope, Haimen Tyson and ACTIS group.

Industry profile

KSE - Knowledge, service and expertise

nowledge, service and expertise these are the three

pillars on which KSE Process Technology of The
Netherlands, has built up its business for the past 40
By continuously monitoring these core values, KSE has become
what we are today: the supplier of dosing and weighing systems,
automation solutions and services for producers of powders,
granulates and liquids in the animal feed industry and related
Using and sharing process knowledge and process technology,
KSEs customers in the powder and granulates processing
industry can produce high quality products on a safe, efficient and
responsible manner for the environment of humans and animals.
By technological innovations, the performance of the production
of the customer is continuously being improved

Feed Design

KSE becomes community partner of the Feed Design Lab: the

research & education center for innovation and sustainability of
the feed industry.
The world population is growing fast and thus the demand for
food. In addition, the rising prosperity makes the demand for
pet food grow, since people are able and willing to spend more
money on their pets.
A sustainable animal feed industry is necessary in order to
meet all these demands, said Rene Smulders, Commercial
Director at KSE.
Becoming a partner of the Feed Design Lab is a step forward
72 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

for us in creating a sustainable feed industry and thats exactly

where the Feed Design Lab stands for.
KSE has become the 60th partner of the Feed Design Lab.
At the Feed Design Lab, feed and technology companies
internationally cooperate in an open innovation network to reach
a sustainable animal production chain.
In order to reach this goal, a production facility has been
established in which research to new raw materials takes place,
where new healthy feed can be developed, where new production
techniques can be tested and where education and training
activities can take place.

Passion for the industry

KSE currently has 130 employees and activity worldwide,

however, they are still a family business at their core. Over
the past 40 years of operation much has changed, but personal
contact, excellent service and passion for the powder and
processing industry are still key.
The focus is on the animal feed industry.
KSE is a true specialist in this market. No other company can
offer customers in this sector the same support in terms of dosing
and weighing systems and automation software.
Good collaboration is their top priority. With customers, but
also with partners worldwide. Because only through close
partnership with all stakeholders, are they truly able to optimise
production at the customer.
To support customers in a long-term strategic partnership they
are able to focus on core business activities.

automation in action

lient orders have to be delivered in time.

Usually this is no problem, but at times
it is difficult to predict at what time the
order is ready and can be sent out for

At Coppens Diervoeding in Helmond, The
Netherlands, they have found a solution for that.
When a clients order comes in, they can predict, to
the minute, when it will be ready. And that benefits
When a client orders animal feed at Coppens
Diervoeding, his order is entered into the transport schedule.
Until recently, the exact delivery time of the product was hard to
predict, while the buyer wanted to know at what time he could
expect to see the bulk truck arrive at his farm.
Due to Coppens growth, the need for an insight into the
schedule increased. They are one of the first companies where
KSE implemented the new production Insight modules of

Linking logistics and production

Production Insight makes it possible to predict exactly at what

time a client order is finished.
Until recently, there was no link between the logistics and
production schedules, says manager Bob Pritchard about the old
There was a lot of calling going on between the two
departments. If there was an urgent job, we had little insight into
how it would affect the rest of our schedule.
The schedule was inside the heads of the schedulers, but not
in a system. With this new module, we can see right away how a
rush job will affect the rest of the production process. They create
a lot less unrest now.
Also, we have a better insight into what is scheduled on the
production lines and where there are gaps. Those gaps can be
filled with stock production, which makes the production process
a lot more efficient. The difference in efficiency between a good
and a bad schedule can be as much as 20 percent.
Production Insight reduces that difference considerably.

Production has risen

The module helps Coppens Dierenvoeding to realise growth. As

Coppens receives more and more orders and runs more batches
per hour, the need for an insight into the schedule increased.
The company grew by 15 percent last year. Some of the
production had to be outsourced.
By installing a fourth pressing line, by upgrading the grinding/
mixing line with a new hammer mill and an additional roller mill,
among other things and thanks to the Production Insight module,
production has to rise from 35 to 50 tonnes per hour, making it
possible to produce more on-site.
Coppens Diervoeding aims to realise a production of 350,000
tonnes per year.

Experienced scheduler

Scheduler Sjef Lemmens is happy with the module.

When asked if he had noticed a difference he says, The
production and logistics department are not constantly on the
phone anymore, I have to use a lot less screens now, I have a
better idea of what goes on and I work less overtime.

In the schedule, I simply drag client orders from the grinding/

mixing line. The programs interface gives you a graphic
overview of the production progress of a certain order, which part
is already in stock and which part still has to be produced, what
time the order will be completed and if the transport schedule
corresponds with the production schedule.
And, as importantly - the number of mouse clicks has also
reduced considerably. Before, you needed 21 mouse clicks to get
from a client order to a complete production order, now you only
need three.

Continued development

Reducing the number of mouse clicks was a requirement of

Coppens that has been incorporated in the module.
We developed the module together with clients, says Erik
Tenblt of KSE. During the development stages, we and our
clients looked at how we can change and improve things. Clients
were able to provide feedback about the beta version.
We want to continue working like this. By working together,
our products are more in line with the clients wishes and are
supported more by the clients.
The program is set to undergo a number of other developments.
At KSE for instance, the module will soon have to provide an
insight into finished goods bins where the finished product ends
up. This is vital, as Coppens uses two outloading lines.
Insight into the final cells enables the scheduler to load one
order in one loading line, while the bulk operator knows when the
contra set can be loaded.
The module shows which products belong together, so they
can be scheduled on a single outloading line.
In addition, the interface will be optimised, giving a better idea
of stocks. Also, KSE wants to be able to schedule maintenance
stops, so that they can also be taken into account in the schedule,
says Mr Tenblt.
As such, KSE and Coppens continue to make steps forward.
At the end of this year, Coppens hopes to be able to make the
next step, when the fourth pressing line should be ready and
production levels can rise.
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 73



Gourmet Baker invest in

Kason Technology
Gourmet Baker is one of Canadas
leading producers of baked
desserts, and in 2011 received
a BRC principal certificate for
food safety from the British Retail

ess than 10 percent of Gourmet Bakers

output is sold under its name. The
balance is purchased frozen and unbaked
by wholesalers, supermarkets and
restaurants throughout North America.
Of Gourmet Bakers three plants,
its Laurel plant in Burnaby, British
Columbia, produces many flavors of
strudel, Danish pastries, puff pastries,
croissants and cinnamon rolls using about 36 290 kilograms
per week of flour. A critical step is sifting of the flour to remove
unwanted material, accomplished using a recently purchased sifter
for strudel production, and an older one for multiple products.
The older screener was originally designed to sift sugar and
did not work well for flour, says Chris Helgason, maintenance
manager for Gourmet Baker, adding, When we replaced the old
screen basket with a 30 mesh (600 micron) screen, the machine
couldnt handle it and kept breaking down. The company
replaced the screener with a Kason Centri-Sifter Pneumati-Sifter
centrifugal screener, the same machine dedicated to its strudel line.

Moving flour from silo to mixer

Flour is stored in two 31 752 kilogram silos equipped with rotary

airlocks feeding a pneumatic conveying system that delivers
material to the sifter.
The flour enters a vertical inlet at the feed end of the centrifugal
74 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

sifter, a horizontal, cylindrical machine that houses a 30 mesh (516

micron) stainless steel cylindrical screen mounted on a central
shaft that is fitted with helical paddles. A 2.2-kilowatt motor rotates
the paddles, which accelerate the speed at which on-size flour
passes through apertures in the screen and drops into the pneumatic
line below. Oversize debris is ejected through the back end of
the cylinder into a sealed quick-release receptacle. Each sifter
processes about 34 kg/min of flour.
A pneumatically actuated diverter valve sends sifted flour to a
hopper that feeds a triple-action dough mixer (for the puff pastry
line) or, in the case of the original sifter, to one of three roll-bar
horizontal mixers.
Each mixers hopper is set on load cells, allowing a PLC to stop
the flow of material to the hopper once the target weight is reached.
The desired amount of water is then metered into the mixer, while
yeast and other ingredients are added by hand.

Transforming dough into frozen goods

A typical batch weighs 200400 kilograms, says Mr Helgason.

Once thoroughly mixed, it is dropped onto a wheeled table and
moved to the appropriate production line. There, the dough is
manually cut into chunks and fed by a conveyor to an extruder,
which produces a continuous sheet of dough. Measured amounts
of filler (e.g., apple or cherry for strudel) are added, and then the
dough is cut and shaped to obtain the final product. Finally, the
product is frozen and bulk-packed in boxes for shipping.


Hydronix Moisture Sensors

Accurate and Reliable
Hydronix digital, microwave moisture sensors provide
accurate and cost effective moisture measurement and
control in feed meals and pellets, grain, cereal and pulses.

Control moisture in the grain drying process to save

energy and ensure quality
Control moisture content during the pelletising process

Hydro-Probe XT

The Hydro-Probe XT measures moisture as the material

flows over the sensor head. Install in or under a hopper /
silo or in the material on a conveyor


The Hydro-Mix measures moisture in a mixer or an auger

or before / after grain dryers.


We have had no contamination of the flour and no problems at

all, he says. All we have to do is perform preventive maintenance
once a month and inspect the internal screen once a week.
Mr Helgason adds that the sifter is easy to clean and service. It
is a Quick-Clean model with two ports on top and a hinged access
port and cantilevered shaft at the discharge end, from which we
can remove the screen in less than 10 minutes for cleaning and

The Hydro-View displays a simple way to calibrate,

configure and display readings from up to 16
Hydronix moisture sensors
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 75

Milling and Grain 06-2015 half page vertical 90 x 270 plus 3mm bleed not left.indd 1

27/04/2015 12:48:33

Photo: Kazbek Basaev

location: Volgograd Oblast, Russia


by Karen Braun, Senior

Analyst, agriculture
and weather, Thomson
Reuters. Karen focuses
primarily on European
and Black Sea grain and
oilseed production for
the Lanworth team at
Thomson Reuters. She is a
meteorologist by training
and also leads Lanworths
climate research efforts.

Back in late 2014, I was tasked with designing a European crop tour for Thomson Reuters. We
wanted to get into the fields and talk with industry participants in key grain regions, and then
translate that information into actionable insight for the market.
Problems had been reported in Russia since winter grains had been sown into dry soil last fall,
and the market was quite concerned that the crop would not recover. Many groups, including US
Department of Agriculture (USDA), had not planned to travel to Russia this year, so the demand
was particularly high.
France was also a target as the leading grain-producing nation in the European Union.
Prolonged dryness began to set in a few weeks before our trip and by the time we departed for
France, the market became glued to the tour.
I spent four days in both Russia and France traveling with a Reuters agriculture correspondent,
conducting interviews and field surveys along the way.
This tour was intended to be far more than data collection. We wanted to equip a wide audience
with a wealth of knowledge about these regions that could only be obtained on the ground. Not
only did we get a handle on current crop conditions, we have shed some light on the current
status and future of Russian and French grain production.
Russia, May 25 May 28, 2015
We spent four days traveling through Krasnodar, Rostov, and southern Volgograd in Russias
Southern grain belt. Everyone always has an eye on this area since one-third of Russian wheat
production and the majority of Russias wheat exports originate here.

76 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Report verification
One key takeaway from the Russian trip was that early reports
do not warrant panic, just a watchful eye.
Shortly after sowing, Russias Agriculture Ministry reported
20-30 percent of southern winter crops to be in weak or thinned
condition since they had been planted into dry soils. These
reports had me a bit alarmed but also skeptical, wondering what
to make of it. Above all, I wondered if there was any chance for
recovery. After the trip, I was able to answer that question with a
resounding yes.
The wheat crop was held up by a mild winter and come spring

emergence, it would all depend on rain. In Krasnodar, spring rains

were very timely. Volgograd and much of Rostov were not as
lucky, as it remained too dry come March and beyond.
There was much disparity between wheat we saw on day one
versus day four. Plants in Volgograd were sparse, short, and
parched. The fields looked to be in a very sad state, and even
sadder, the rains that farmers told us they needed never came.
As of 25 August, harvest reports indicate that wheat yield in
Volgograd fell at least four percent on the year.
Farmers in Krasnodar and parts of southern Rostov were lucky.
It rained the week after we left, just as they needed it to. Stefane

Photo: Kazbek Basaev

location: Rostov Oblast, Russia

Photo: Kazbek Basaev

location: Rostov Oblast, Russia

Photo: Kazbek Basaev

location: Rostov Oblast, Russia

Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 77

Photo: Kazbek Basaev

location: Krasnodar Oblast, Russia

Identifying longterm trends in yield

data is important
in forecasting crop
production. Every
single person
that I raised this
question to had
the same answer:
Russian crop
yields are certainly

MacFarlane, CEO of RZ Agro, confirmed in early August that

wheat yields in southwest Rostov, where his main operation
is located, ended up a bit better than last year. Final yield in
Krasnodar is reported to be up 2 percent on the year.
Yield on an upward trend
Identifying long-term trends in yield data is important in
forecasting crop production. An upward trend in the Russian wheat
data seemed somewhat obvious to me, though I couldnt be sure.
Every single person that I raised this question to had the same
answer: Russian crop yields are certainly climbing. This is due
to improvements in technology, equipment, and maintenance,
especially in the last decade. A quick look at wheat yields since
1990 in the Southern District show, on average, and improvement
of one percent year-on-year over the past 15 years.
I believe this means that the face of Russian grain farming may
be changing. With better seed technology and optimised fertiliser
use, amongst other factors, Russia may be shifting away from
its swing country status in terms of the global balance sheet.
Increased technology should lead to more stability.
France, June 8 June 11, 2015
We covered quite the distance in four days, traveling to Picardie,
Bourgogne, Centre, and Poitou-Charentes. Everywhere we went
agronomists were talking about how dry it had been. Luckily for
wheat, much of the plant growth occurred before the soils dried
out, but losses were still present. Corn and other spring crops have
been the biggest victims of the summer drought.
Slight slip for wheat yields
French wheat looked in great shape coming out of the winter
according to the data. By May, I noticed that it hadnt rained in
almost a month, and forecasts remained dry. But weekly condition
ratings were sky-high, so I began to question my hesitance.

78 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

In hindsight, my concerns were justified. Spring rainfall was

15% below normal, the same amount as the year before, which
saw a very average crop. Every French agronomist that we spoke
with commented on how record wheat yield had been a real
possibility this year prior to the dryness onset.
It is clear that record yield is not possible if the rains shut off
come spring, even if prior conditions were perfect. Harvest is now
complete and the crop is teetering on the brink of record volume,
supported by large sown area. If yields had lived up to initial
hopes, this years wheat crop would have crushed the record.
Corn fears
At the start of summer, everyone seemed to still have the record
corn crop hangover from 2014, perhaps forgetting that weather
also played out perfectly last year.
This years crop was sailing along smoothly according to the
experts at the time of our trip. But they warned that everything
would change if the summer stayed dry, and it did just that.
Summer drought has sent this years French corn crop on a
disaster course. Germain Bour of Cerepy in Burgundy recently
told me that their corn harvest is expected to be 20 percent to 30
percent smaller than last year. France may harvest their smallest
corn crop since 2003.
I was previously unaware how big the role of irrigation is
to corn farming. Fifty percent of French corn is irrigated, but
restrictions have tightened in recent years, causing farmers to rely
on the rain more than ever.
In other words, summer rains will make or break French corn.
Last year, France did not have to limit irrigation activities. Heavy
limitations were already in place by late July and as the dryness
gets worse, so does the availability of water.
Water worries have also caused French farmers to turn away
from corn in recent years towards crops that are more resilient in
dry weather.

reflected our sentiment.

We found that although
there are problems in the
Eastern Corn Belt (Ohio,
Indiana), the huge crop in
the west (Minnesota, Iowa)
should offset much of
those losses.

Photo: Karen Braun

location: corn ears in northern Iowa
(left) and southern Minnesota (right),
early August

Where have we been since?

In early August, I led a segment of Thomson Reuters United
States crop tour through Minnesota and Iowa. We sampled several
cornfields along the way and chatted with a couple farmers.
The US corn crop has become a hot topic since USDAs highly
optimistic August yield report, which sent many analysts and
traders on the defence of their bullish positions.
Our teams traveled across the Midwest, from Nebraska
to Ohio, and collected 173 corn samples in the process. We
ultimately concluded that there is a likely upside to what the
market was expecting, and one week later, USDAs estimate

80 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Final thoughts
I have previously done
several field tours in the
United States and a couple
in Ukraine, and each trip
always confirmed that sight
unseen forecasts can be
tricky. No matter how rich
the data you acquire sitting in a cubicle, nothing can quite replace
boots on the ground.
As such, crop tours will continue to play a critical role in our
operations. In September, a Thomson Reuters analyst will head
to China to survey the corn crop. I hope to return to Europe in the
fall to interview producers in southeastern Europe, and we will
return to South America for the sixth year in a row in early 2016.
My final thought will also be one of gratitude. Everyone I met
with both internationally and at home was welcoming, friendly,
and eager to engage in open dialogue. Their hospitality helped to
make these trips complete, so for that I say thank you.

Commodity news

Golden Victory for GAFTA sellers

Damages for premature cancelation of a contract of sale reduced from

US$3 million to US$5 by the UK Supreme Court

by Vassiliki Payiataki, (Partner) and Diane Galloway, (Partner), Reed Smith

n Bunge SA v Nidera BV, the UK Supreme Court

held that buyers could only recover nominal
damages (only US$5) for premature cancelation of
a contract of sale on GAFTA form 49. This article
looks at the reasons why the damages were reduced
and the impact on GAFTA cases going forward.
The case was unusual not many parties agree
arbitration in their contract and then find themselves
in the English Supreme Court five years later! The
issue was one of importance in the trade, however, and so it
was permitted to proceed through the High Court, the Court of
Appeal and the Supreme Court following the arbitration outcome
in GAFTA. The outcome has an impact on damages assessments
under many sale contracts that have a damages or default clause
(not only GAFTA and FOSFA): the clause will not now usually
be the only calculation of damages to be made in assessing loss.

82 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Background Facts
The dispute related to the sale of Russian milling wheat on
FOB terms by Bunge SA (sellers) to Nidera BV (buyers). The
contractual delivery period was 23 to 30 August 2010. The
contract incorporated GAFTA form 49, which included the
standard GAFTA default clause (clause 20), which provides
a contractual scheme for establishing damages payable in the
event of default by either party (based on a contract price versus
market price comparison). On August 5, 2010, the Russian
Government introduced an embargo on agricultural exports to
run from August 15, to December 31, 2010. On August 9, 2010
the sellers purported to cancel the contract in accordance with a
prohibition clause in the GAFTA contract. The buyers rejected
this (correctly, as it turned out) and alleged that the sellers had
cancelled the contract prematurely, since the export ban had
not yet come into effect. Accordingly, the buyers treated the

Commodities special feature

sellers action as a repudiation of the contract, and terminated
the contract for that repudiation on August 11, 2010. The buyers
commenced arbitration proceedings at GAFTA against the sellers
seeking damages under the GAFTA default clause in the sum of
US$3 million.
GAFTA Arbitration and Early Court Decisions
The first tier arbitration tribunal at GAFTA dismissed the
buyers claim on the basis that, although the sellers had
prematurely cancelled the contract, the contract would have been
cancelled in any event due to the export embargo and therefore
the contract was of no value. Accordingly it was found that the
buyers had suffered no loss and were not entitled to any damages.
The buyers appealed that decision to the GAFTA Appeal Board
and succeeded in their claim. The finding was that the Sellers
were in breach for wrongful early cancellation and the Buyers
were entitled to substantial damages under the GAFTA default
clause. The sellers challenged the GAFTA Appeal Award in the
English Courts. Both the High Court and the Court of Appeal
agreed with the GAFTA appeal award and held that the buyers
were entitled to approximately US$3 million in damages.
Supreme Court Decision
The sellers were granted permission to appeal in the Supreme
Court. As mentioned earlier, a rarefied few arbitration cases
make it this far, but the issues were important. There were two
issues before the Supreme Court:
1. Does the GAFTA default clause exclude the usual common law
principles for the assessment of damages?
2. If not, is the overriding compensatory principle established
by The Golden Victory (an earlier Supreme Court decision
on a case of wrongful repudiation of a time charter by the
charterers) applicable to one-off sale contracts, such as in this
case, as opposed to instalment contracts? We deal below with
what this case was all about.
The Court allowed the sellers appeal. The buyers could only
recover nominal damages of US$5 on the basis that they had
suffered no loss, because it was clear that the sellers would have
been entitled to cancel the contract without liability shortly after
the breach.
The GAFTA Default Clause: a complete code for damages?
The Court stated that damages clauses, such as the GAFTA
default clause, are not to be regarded as complete codes for the
purpose of assessing damages to be awarded to the innocent
party. The GAFTA default clause provides a detailed code for
determining the market price or value of goods that either were
actually purchased by way of mitigation or might have been
purchased under a notional substitute contract. It does not,
however, address the effect of subsequent events that would have
resulted in the original contract not being performed in any event,
nor does it exclude every other consideration that may be relevant
to determine the actual loss suffered by the innocent party. In
these circumstances, usual English common law principles on
recoverable damages continue to apply.
The Golden Victory
The Golden Victory was an earlier case, which caused much
legal academic disagreement. The basic idea is that you can look
at damages and loss suffered from a view point after the breach to
see if there is any loss rather than assess damages at the moment
of the breach. The first approach may give a fairer and more
realistic result, the second approach gives certainty - the parties
know where they are at the moment of the breach.
The different approaches can lead to very different results. In
Bunge v Nidera, the difference was US$3 million!

Bunge versus Nidera

The Court in Bunge versus Nidera supported the decision in
The Golden Victory, that when assessing damages it is right to
take into account supervening events known at the date of the
assessment of damages, such as the Russian export ban in this
case. It was fundamental to any assessment of damages designed
to compensate the innocent party, to consider at the date of
assessment what would have happened after the breach, if the
breach had not occurred. Commercial certainty is important, but
it is even more important not to award substantial damages to
a party who has suffered no loss. A construction of the default
clause that would place the innocent party in a better financial
position than if the breach had not occurred is unlikely (said the
Court) to have been intended by the draftsman of the clause.
The Court further expressed a view on the application of the

The Court decided that the innocent

party will not be allowed to take
advantage of the difference
between the contract price and
the market price at the time and
make a profit under a contract
which would have been cancelled
in any event
common law principle of mitigation of loss. The Court rejected
the argument that the GAFTA default clause precludes the
operation of the mitigation principle. Although the GAFTA
default clause deals with the innocent partys duty to mitigate its
loss by going into the market to buy or sell against the defaulting
party, it does not deal with any other aspect of mitigation.
Damages therefore may be affected by an act of mitigation
committed by the innocent party or by an offer made by the
defaulting party, which would have been reasonable for the
innocent party to accept.
Why is this an important decision?
The purpose of damages for breach of contract is to put the
innocent party back in the position it would have been, had the
contract been performed. The Court decided that the innocent
party will not be allowed to take advantage of the difference
between the contract price and the market price at the time and
make a profit under a contract which would have been cancelled
in any event, even where a simple read up of the Default Clause
would have led to a profit.
The significance of this decision is not limited to those
parties contracting on GAFTA or FOSFA terms. It is relevant
to the interpretation of express damages clauses in any sale or
commercial contract.
When assessing damages the arbitral tribunal or court should
take into account supervening events known at the date of
assessment which would have caused the loss suffered to be
reduced or extinguished. This makes the assessment more
complicated than previously thought, and the enquiries, which
can be made by the arbitrators more wide ranging.
The common law principles including the compensatory
principle established in The Golden Victory and the principles of
mitigation will not be excluded by a damages or default clause,
unless very clear and express words are used to achieve this.
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 83

Industry events

n 09-11 September

Arusha, Tanzania

n 12 - 17 September

IBA 2015 International Trade Fair: World Market for

Munich, Germany

n 15- 18 September
Rennes, France

n 21-23 September

Livestock Asia 2015

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

n 08-10 October

ILDEX Indonesia 2015

Jakarta, Indonesia

n 27-29 October

Animal Farming Ukraine - Kiev

Kiev, Ukraime

n 31 October - 03 November

26th Annual IAOM MEA Conference and Expo 2015

Dubai, UAE

n 04-05 November
66th JTIC 2015
Paris, France

n 17-19 November

Pneumatic Conveying of Bulk Solids - UK

Kent, United Kingdom

n 19-20 November

Farm 2 Fork
New Delhi, India

n 24-26 November

Agra Innovate Nigeria

Lagos, Nigeria

n 01-03 December

Food Ingredients Europe (Fi) & Natural Ingredients (Ni)

Paris, France

n 01-03 December

IFF Conference Hygienisation in the Food Chain

Paris, France

n 04-08 April 2016

21st IAOM International Association of Operative Millers

Annual Conference & Expo
Renaissance Hotel and Cox Convention Center,
Oklahoma City, OK, USA

84 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

2016 Tech XChange

xhibitors at the 2016 International Production

and Processing Expo are invited to submit
session descriptions for Tech XChange.
Presentations will take place in a classroom on the
exhibit floor from January 26-27, 2016.
Tech XChange uses a rolling admission process,
reviewing applications between mid-July to
September 30 and program will become full before
the September deadline, so apply early!
These programs have been extremely successful at
past shows, and we anticipate a good response again.

ILDEX Indonesia

LDEX Indonesia 2015 has been tailored to be

a significant destination for the livestock and
poultry market.
Milling and Grain magazine is partnering with
ILDEX to host a one-day conference on feed milling
and genetics for farmers, to complement other
activities at the event. The conference will include an
optional tour of a feed facility and a research station
outside Jakarta (Register at:
This years event is expanding to take a keener
interest in feed-related topics and as a result
companies such as AGCO Corporation, Awila,
Biomin, Biochem, Ceva, Petersime, Zucami and
more have joined the exhibition, which takes place
from October 8-10, 2015 in Jakarta.
Mr Chinakit Viphavakit, ILDEX Project Manager,
says, Indonesias economy is huge and has a bright
economic growth outlook. The consumption demand
for livestock products has been increasing. At ILDEX
Indonesia 2015, the exhibition zone has doubled in
size to serve 104 companies from 21 countries and 40
leading Indonesian companies.
In addition, more than 40 topics, to be covered
by 50 professional speakers, will be offered during
conference sessions.
A Hosted Buyer Program has been specially
designated to provide buyers with quality meetings
during the show. Through this program, a business
matching priority line is being set up to easily enable
visitors to discuss business contacts with exhibitors.
ILDEX Indonesia is committed to contributing
actively to the increase of poultry-based animal
protein consumption. This distinguishes ILDEX from
other events, revealed Dr Desianto Budi Utomo,
Vice President for Government and Liaison at
Charoen Pokphand.
Dr Budiarto, Head of Sales & Marketing at JAPFA
Comfeed says, The atmosphere of the exhibition and
the enthusiasm of both the participants and visitors
are very important. ILDEX is a great trade show
and plays an important role in promoting Indonesian
animal protein consumption.

Dont miss IAOM MEA Conference & Expo 2015!

Join us from Oct 31st to Nov 3rd in Dubai

Registration and full program on:
Keynote Speakers

Mark L Palmquist (BBUS)

Keith Chambers

MD & CEO, GrainCorp

Dorie Clark

Marketing Expert to the Fortune 100

Founder, The Chambers Group

Global Grain Trade Trends - The

Importance of the Supply Chain

Dr. William W. Wilson

Marketing Strategy Consultant & Speaker for Google,

Microsoft, Yale University & The World Bank,
CEO, Clark Strategic Communications

The Keys to Creating Brand Remarkability

University Professor, North Dakota State University

Managing Strategies and Price Risks for
Flour Milling Firms

Building Your Brand as a Leader

Feed Milling Technology and Trends

Buis Ebbinge

Dr. Roel Mulder

CEO & Managing Director, Daavision

Mid Chain Fatty Acids (MCFA)
Application and its benefits in

Prof. John T. Brake, Ph.d., Pas

Secretary General, Worlds Poultry

Science Association

Director of Graduate & Certificate Programs,

North Carolina State University

Important Issues and Challenges in

Poultry Industry

Reduced Feed Cost & Improved

Performance with Altered Feed Particle Size

Dr. Ajay W Deoghare

Business Director, Bios AgriCorp Ltd.

Binder Technologies for Food and Feed

Dr. Michael Richard Bedford

Director of Research,
AB Vista Feed Ingredients

Phytases - Their Use and Differences

Between Sources

Check on the latest Flour Milling Technology and Trends

Dr. Lutz Popper

Head R & D, Muelenchemie

Vasilis Sotiroudas

General Manager, EcO2 and

Reduction and Replacement of
Azodicarbonamide in Baking
Intelligent Fumigation in
Mills & Silos

Edouard Navarre

Pietro Barbalarga

Stephane Cochet

New Flour Evaluation

Test for Soft Products

Leonardo Rollermill

Anylab - New Method for Quick

Determination of Hagberg Value

Export Director MEA,


Commercial Director
Grain Milling, Omas

Export Director,
Chopin Technologies

Cristian Torri

Area Manager, Ocrim

Dr. Anna Zhenchuk

Technical Marketing
Manager, BioAnalyt GmbH

MGA - Online Multifunction

A Tool to confidently Market
Grain Analyzer
Vitamin Enriched Flour

Whats happening in the markets?

Vince Peterson

Vice President of Overseas

Operations, US Wheat
Associates, Inc.
US Market Outlook

Hans Stoldt

Director, Ameropa SA
Black Sea Market Outlook

Jean-Benoit Gauthier

Indrek Aigro

Director, Trading & Sales,


Broker for Grains,

Copenhagen Merchants

Canadian Market Outlook

Baltic Sea Market Outlook

Dr. Ali Ghanbari

Deputy Minister, Chairman & CEO,

Government Trading Corporation
of Iran

Andrew Vroland

Jean-Pierre Langlois-

Australian Market Update

President of France Export


Director Marketing, Glencore

Grain B.V.

Iran Agri Trade Prospective


French Market Outlook


Simon Arnold

Managing Director, Quadra

Commodities SA
What This Means for the Miller

Industry events

Institute of Food Technologists 2015

Chicago draws more than 23 000 registrants
by Professor Dr M. Hikmet Boyaciolu

here is a saying in the US that everything is bigger

in Texas. However, the biggest food science and
technology meeting was in Chicago, IL this year.
Food professionals from all over the globe gathered in
Chicago for Institute of Food Technologists 2015 (IFT15) this
July, making this years event a huge success. Attracting more
than 23 000 registrants, IFT15 featured 1 225 exhibitors in 2
600 booths on the food expo floor. More than 100 educational
sessions and more than 1 000 poster sessions provided
information on the latest developments and trends in food
Founded in 1939, the Institute of Food Technologists is
committed to advancing the science of food. Our non-profit
scientific society, more than 17,000 members from more than
95 countries, brings together food scientists, technologists
and related professionals from academia, government and
IFT15: Where Science Feeds Innovation hosted by the
Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) held at McCormick
Place South in Chicago highlighted the hottest food trends, the
latest food products, and the most important developments in
the science of food. More than 23 000 people registered for
the event held July 11-14 to attend scientific sessions, network
with colleagues, and visit the sold-out expo floor.
In fact, IFTs yearly celebration of scientific insight and
technological innovation turned 75 this year. The first
meeting, dubbed the Food Technology Conference, was
held June 16 -19, 1940, in Chicago. Forty-five papers were
presented and 25 companies exhibited. Seventy-five years
later, the numbers have climbed exponentially.

Awards celebration - Welcome reception

IFT15 commenced on July 11 with its traditional Awards

Celebration and Welcome Reception at Chicagos historic
Field Museum where 2015 achievement award recipients
were recognised. The IFT Achievement Awards recognise
team members or an individual for remarkable contributions
in research, applications, and service in the food science and
technology industry.
At a special presentation on Sunday morning at IFT15:
Where Science Feeds Innovation, IFT President-Elect Colin
86 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Dennis announced and presented four companies with the

2015 IFT Food Expo Innovation Award. The winners were
Aseptia Technologies, Corbion, Ecolab, and Parabel. A panel
of nine jurors from industry, academia, and government
with broad expertise in research and product development,
processing and packaging technology, and food safety selected
the four companies and their innovations from 47 qualified
entries. Judging criteria included degree of innovation,
technical advancement, benefits to food manufacturers and
consumers, and scientific merit.

General session: Women in food science business


Women with three powerful food industry careers shared

stories about how they got where they are and what they
have learned along the way in the Women in Food Science
Business Panel on July 12. Topics in the candid, broadbased discussion ranged from management styles, leadership
roles and responsibilities, work/life balance, and more. The
Women in Food Science Business Panel was moderated
by Michele Perchonok, PhD, CFS, of NASA and featured
three top executives: Catherine Woteki, PhD, of the USDA;
Sara Mortimore of Land OLakes; and Liz Myslik of Fresca

Featured lecture

Mark Post, MD, PhD: Chair of Physiology; Vice Dean of

Biomedical Technology, Maastricht University shared his
experience in developing the worlds first lab grown beef
(made from stem cells) to address the global need for more
sustainable meat production during Featured Lecture session
on Sunday.

General session: Futurist Mike Walsh

The most successful food producers and manufacturers

in the next decade will be the ones who harness the rapid
advancements in science and technology to meet the demands
of the first fully digital generation as they become adults,
according to a July 13 keynote address by futurist Mike
Walsh said the challenge for the entire food industry is to be

prepared to meet the demands of these tech-savvy, on-demand

consumers while still producing enough food for a population
expected to grow to about 9 billion by 2050. He said that
would elevate the discussion already taking place about
whether to genetically modify plants and livestock to meet the
populations food needs. The audience received a copy of his
book; The Dictionary of Dangerous Ideas.

Featured lecture

Mark L. Heiman, PhD: Vice President and Chief Science

Officer for MicroBiome Therapeutics: Dr Heiman discussed
his research into the way food and food ingredients modulate
the gastrointestinal microbiome during Featured Lecture
session held on Monday.

General session: CEO panel - Is big food, bad food?

The CEO panel talked about Consumer Food Trends on

July 14. The CEO Panel was moderated by Ron Insana of
CNBC and featured three top executives: James Borel of
DuPont Pioneer; David Cotton of Flying Food Group, and
Eric Larson of Linden Capital Partners. Panelists discussed
and debated major questions impacting the global food
system. The role of diet and nutrition in health will be a
major driver of the food industry, the three senior-level
executives agreed. Their insights came at the conclusion of
a wide-ranging discussion on industry issues when session
moderator, journalist Ron Insana, asked the panelists what
topic they would expect to find front and centre if they
assembled again a year from now.

General session: Future food 2050 - The art of

producing a science-based documentary

Oscar nominated director Scott Hamilton Kennedy

wrapped up IFT15s general sessions by talking about the
making of IFTs new documentary film, Food Evolution.
The documentary film, which has a working title of Food
Evolution, is expected to be release in early 2016.

Scientific and applied sessions - Poster sessions

Besides these sessions, 113 educational sessions and

1215 poster sessions where 429 speakers talked were held
during IFT15. The research presented at the scientific
sessions includes; Expanding the Universe of Sustainable
Ingredients: Alternative Proteins and Why We Need to
Rethink These Key Nutrients, Applications of 3D Printing
in the Improvement of Food Quality, Insect Based Foods:
Views from Different Perspectives, New Chinese Food
Regulation Systems and Laws to Ensure Import and Export
Product Safety, Bioactive Compounds and Functional
Foods in Chronic Disease and Healthy Aging, Fermented
Functional Foods: Opportunities and Benefits and Global
Disasters and Food: An Inextricable Collision. Additional
sessions presented from the following areas: Food Safety
and Defence, Food Processing and Packaging, Product
Development and Ingredient Innovations, Public Policy,
Food Laws and Regulations, Professional Development,
Sensory Science, Food, Health and Nutrition, Sustainability,
Food Chemistry, Food Microbiology, Food Engineering and
Teaching and Learning.

Food expo

One of the most enjoyable and educational parts of the

IFT meetings has always been Food Expo where you can

see and taste new products, find answers of your questions

and enhance your network. This year the 250,000 sq. ft. of
floor space made up the food expo where there were 1225
exhibitors in 2600 contracted booths including ingredient,
equipment, processing, and packaging suppliers from around
according to IFT.
In IFT15 food expo four key trends identified as having
a major impact on the food industry. They are: sweeteners,
healthy grains, prebiotics and probiotics, and trans-fat-free
alternatives to partially hydrogenated oils, PHOs. The show
floor was open from noon to 5pm on Sunday, July 12; 10 a.m.
to 5pm on Monday, July 13; and 10am to 4pm on Tuesday,
July 14.

Student product development competitions

From whimsical product names to well-conceived

formulations, student food scientists were once again showing
theyve got what it takes to compete in the real world of
food and beverage product development. Student product
development competitions were a highlight of IFT15 with
four different contests: Product Development Competition,
sponsored by Mars; Developing Solutions for Developing
Countries Competition; DisneyIFTSA Nutritious Foods for
Kids; and, new this year, the IFT Global Student Innovation
Challenge, sponsored by Tate and Lyle.

Career centre

The IFT15 Career Centre Live Networking Event that took

place Sunday, July 12, had a record-breaking 30 companies
in attendance, all looking to hire talented food industry
professionals for a variety of roles. In addition, many of these
companies were new the career fair, giving students and job
seekers a broader range of companies to explore.
IFT16 will be held again in Chicago, July 16-19, 2016.
Milling and Grain - September 2015 | 87

Industry events
Grain Market Outlook

n October 14, 2015 the Agriculture and

Horticulture Development Board (AHBD) Cereals
and Oilseeds will hold the annual Grain Market
Outlook Conference in London, UK. This year there will
be discussions on possible effects of the Transatlantic
Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations on
farming and food producers.
Negotiations between the European Union and the USA
on the regulations affecting big business trade across the
Atlantic are in full swing. These bilateral trade agreements
known as TTIP would impact food safety laws,
environmental legislation and banking regulations.
Jack Watts, AHDB Lead Analyst says, Longer-term,
trade policy is back in the spotlight with the EU and US
embarking on one of the most ambitious trade agreements
known to man the Transatlantic Trade and Investment
Partnership. What will be the implications for the food and
grain industries?
As the tenth round of TTIP negotiations recently took
place in Brussels, the second stage of the trade deal is
well under way. The parties involved hope to come to a
decision at some time in 2015.
According to Mr Watts, Were now in a shrinking world
with growing markets, seeing the influence of politics and
trade. The issues in Greece and China bring the global
economy back into focus, as well as converting volatile
exchange rates into volatile grain prices.

This question will be investigated during AHDB Cereals

and Oilseeds Grain Market Outlook Conference. At the
conference there will be an analysis of the oilseeds and
grains market; a look at global macroeconomics and its
implications for agricultural commodities, followed by the
TTIP effects discussion. There will also be opportunities
for networking at the closing lunch.
My Watts says, the recent movement of the Pound
against the Euro has had the biggest impact on oilseed
rape prices. Is the future all gloom and doom? Come along
to the Grain Market Outlook Conference to hear expert
analyses for the new season.

Organic and Non-GMO forum debuts at Oilseed

and Grain Trade Summit

new Organic and Non-GMO Forum has been added

to the agenda at the 10th annual Oilseed and Grain
Trade Summit, which will take place this year
in Minneapolis, September 30 - October 2, at the Hyatt
Regency. This new forum will address growing concerns by
major food manufacturers and retailers over lack of sufficient
suppliers of ingredients to meet increasing consumer demand
for organic and non-GMO foods.
The forum, a unique one-day event, is the first industry
event to convene stakeholders from across the organic and
non-GMO supply chain in order to address the growth,
opportunities and significant supply chain challenges that this
sector of the food value chain presents. Critical trade flow
data, along with innovative strategies, and new management
tools and systems designed specifically to meet these supply
and logistic challenges, will be highlighted and covered indepth by leading industry experts.
Key topics to be addressed at the new Organic and NonGMO Forum include:
GMO Testing Protocols: Whats the Current Science?
Defining and Comparing Costs, Yields and Benefits for
Conventional, Non-GMO and Organic Farm Practices
What Does Labeling Mean? Mandatory Biotech Labeling
88 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

versus Voluntary Non-GMO Labeling

Panel: Managing Co-Existence and Chain of Custody
Panel: Can Industry Work Together to Support Farmers
Right to Choose?
What is truly unique about this event, and what has us so
excited about adding it as a complement to the Oilseed and
Grain Trade Summit, is that bringing together a wide range of
key stakeholders and experts across the industry will ensure
that diverse perspectives will be leveraged to develop pragmatic
solutions to a variety of supply chain challenges, said Philippe
de Laprouse, chair of the Organic and Non-GMO Forum.
The Oilseed and Grain Trade Summit, presented by
HighQuest Group, promises cutting-edge content that
addresses key trends and developments in the global oilseed,
animal protein and grain sectors. Last years Summit convened
over 400 buyers and sellers of oilseed products, feed grains
and food ingredients from 38 US states and nearly 20
This years attendees will benefit from expanded
networking opportunities due to a more fluid room layout;
an agenda that addresses more animal protein topics; and a
grand Oktoberfest-themed celebration in honor of the events
10th anniversary.

International Milling and Cereal industries meeting

+ 110 international professionals

+ 2 000 attendees on 2 days
Posters - Job Session

4 & 5 NOVEMBER 2015

PA R I S E V E N T C E N T E R - F R A N C E


Air cont r ol and t reat m ent
Milling and Bior ef ining
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Industry events
Assocom India and Milling
and Grain magazine
hold Global Grain Milling
Conference at Hyderabad,

he third Global Milling Conference, Maximising

Quality Production through Milling Technology
was held at the Hotel Taj Deccan, Hyderabad
with the agenda of assuring the food and feed security of
nearly nine billion people by the year 2050.
The Global conference focussed on both national and
worldwide grain production trends and market dynamics;
the use of grains as food, feed and fuel; logistics
(storage, handling, transportation) issues; food safety and
standards; and sustainability of grain production and food
Raj Kapoor, Managing Director, Assocom said, India
is one of the worlds largest producers of grains including
rice, wheat, coarse cereals and pulses. Driven by rising
purchasing power and population pressure, demand
for grains is expanding. However, land constraints,
water shortage and global warming are emerging as
challenges for the grains sector. Milling technology is
evolving constantly and opportunities to employ the latest
developments exist.



Safe Feed - Safe Food
Check out our website for events happening near you!

90 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

The keynote lecture was given by Mr DVR Rajiv

Mohan, Vice President, Agri Businesses, ITC Ltd,
who addressed the trends of the flour milling industry,
development of feed milling, inventions of production
processes for quality production of milled products for
India and a critical review of all milling policies.
The conference highlighted the challenge of feeding a
one-billion-plus Indian population with milled products.
The delegates tried to find out ways to transform India
into a leading country with respect to total milled grains
in the decades ahead with the help of technological
advancement. A special session was devoted to the
challenge of Feeding nine Billion by 2050 and included
the global outlook and various challenges associated with
feeding the masses and securing nutritional security.
The conference also addressed the issues of
procurement and storage, the quality and sustainability
of upgrading mills and modern flour milling techniques.
A separate session was devoted to addressing the food
safety and regulatory regime and the requirements of
international standards so that market and quality issues
could be addressed. After this, the conference concluded.
Mr Sood, seminar moderator and trade lead, said that
Indian milling will benefit from increased awareness
of modern milling practices and processes highlighted
at the conference. The conference also addressed grain
production and distribution, food quality and production
while protecting the environment.
Grain milling industries, manufacturers of processed
foods using milled grains, extrusion processors, branded
players in the flour market, equipment manufacturers,
food technologists, feed millers, ingredient suppliers,
service providers and related others participated. Wellknown speakers from India and abroad each shared their
particular expertise on a host of current topics including
food and nutrition security.
The event was co-hosted by Milling and Grain
magazine, UK and Assocom India. The primary
objective of the conference was to review the Indian
milling industry - flour, rice, feed and grains - from
a milling and processing point of view. Milling and
Grain and Assocom-India invited the eminent experts
from India and abroad to give lectures and share their
experience with the personnel of the Indian milling

SOLIDS Dortmund 2015

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92 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

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2015 - 2018
VIV MEA 2016








94 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain





The worlds premier Directory for the feed, our, rice milling and grain handling industry is about to publish its 24th print edition


Join over 1,200 companies globally that already benet from the visibility that the International Milling Directory provides


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The International Milling Directory 2014/15


M lling




Edition 23

Get the
IMD on
your smart



1.FC_23.indd 1

M lling




Edition 23

T: +44 1242 267703 / F: +44 1242 267701 /

The International Milling Directory 2014/15


03/12/2014 12:28

Get the
IMD on
your smart

1.FC_23.indd 1

03/12/2014 12:28

the interview

Sarena Lin

One of the biggest and most surprising buyouts so far this decade, has been the recent acquisition by
Cargill of EWOS. This took place in mid-August just prior to one of aquacultures largest and most significant
events AquaNor 2015. Negotiations continued into Saturday night, the day before the companies
involved headed to Trondheim, Norway, for the bi-annual gathering of the worlds salmon farming
industry representatives at the AquaNor 2015 conference and exhibition the following week. Without prior
arrangements in place, the companies were able to present their joint agreement, and their commitment
to work together for not only the betterment of salmon customers but for the future of all major fish species
being farmed for food, to the industry and customers alike.
Ms Sarena Lin, President, Cargill Feed and Nutrition, made the announcement personally at an almost
impromptu press conference. International Aquafeed magazine, representing Milling and Grain, was in
attendance and has taken the opportunity to report here on most of the questions posed to Ms Lin by
journalists representing national, regional and world aqua press.
Let me introduce myself. I am the president of Cargill Feed
and Nutrition, its absolutely a privilege to be here and to
attend this event and to see the interest you all have in this
merger. This is a transformative deal. The reason for that is
very simple, if you look at Cargills feed industry, something
you might not realise is that we have been in the feed
business for about 100 years of the 150 years of history of
And if you think about the knowledge we have developed
over the 100 years that started with us being in 37 countries
and 17,000 employees with tremendous expertise and
knowledge in feed, but most of it in livestock. What we
have done though over the last 15-20 years is to enter into
the aqua business. Aqua nutrition as we know is one of
the fastest growing nutrition sectors in the world. And our
involvement in the past has mostly been in warm-water fish
such as Tilapia and shrimp.
The reason why EWOS is such a critical partner for us is that
we believe this is absolutely the transformative transition
we need to have to allow us to really jump start a global
presence and harness the technology and skill set that
evolved over the years to help us really accelerate the
growth in all these other species and all these other markets.
Thats the first step and we need to get that done first.

There are other aquaculture feed companies out there

why choose EWOS?

You all know very well that when we talk about aquaculture
its not all the same. In aquaculture when you look at species,
based on our understanding, salmon is one of the most
important species out there; in terms of the requirements
from a nutritional perspective, in terms of processing and in
terms of transportation.
So our belief is, if we want to enter the aqua platform in
a transformative way why not go for the best? We want
to go for the best that we can leverage and transfer that
technology. So salmon for us is one of the top choices in
terms of being able to build that foundation. To us, this is a no
The cultural fit we had with the EWOS business, their passion
and commitment to their customers, the trust they have
built and the innovation system they have. We did not see
anything like it in all the other companies we looked at.

Now you are moving into the salmon industry, is this

a first step for Cargill to move into salmon production,
now that seafood is becoming more and more

We really need to understand what salmon is about as we

know this is a complicated industry. So out first step is, lets
get this deal done, welcome our EWOS friends into the Cargill
family and then continue to explore opportunities.

96 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

Is vertical integration something you might look at

down the road?

Again from our perspective, our first and foremost job is

to learn the aquafeed industry and with EWOSs help to
understand what it truly means to be successful in the
aquafeed industry. I think that is the first thing we have to
learn. Now, obviously, as Cargill Inc. we will always be looking
for opportunities for growth, so never say never. However, the
practicality is very clear for us in terms of what we need to
focus on in the short-term.

In the salmon industry, the feed producers

relationships with their users is very close. Do you have
that same type of relationship with the users of other
livestock feeds you sell? Or is your relationships more
at arms length and this is something else you will have
to learn?

I think the good news is that in the livestock industry we have

very deep relationships with our animal producers. So, no
matter what the species, be it dairy, beef or swine especially
for the large industrialised producers many of them are our
customers we not only deliver feed we also deliver additional
service to improve farm management to get better feed
But having said that, this is something we are very careful
about, we know aqua is a different platform from others;
livestock has its own characteristics. Aquaculture is an area
we absolutely want to rely on our EWOS colleagues to help
us and teach us so we understand the nuances of how to
serve customers well and serve them better.

When we talk about feeding nine billion people by

2050, its not often thought this will come from the
salmon industry, which is seen as a cash crop. With
your global reach and the technology and research
that has taken place into salmon feed development,
how do you see that technology and research being
used in the future? Do you feel that can be expanded
to other, larger producing species such as Tilapia or
Pengasius? Is this on your horizon?

Absolutely, in fact I would say that is exactly the value we

see in this partnership. It is that transferability from what
EWOS has developed in salmon into these other species to
where we see tremendous growth, especially in Asia. From
a research point-of-view we are absolutely impressed by
Dirdal, EWOSs research and development centre, and by
what EWOS has done in Dirdal. We believe that has to be
maintained as a hub for us to deepen our knowledge in
aqua. But the job, once we integrate, is how do we take that
knowhow and expertise to all these other parts of the world.
Remember that there are 37 countries where we already
have a strong footprint and where we can go in and use this
leverage. This is absolutely in our plan.


New GSI Director of Commercial Sales

erek Hemphill has recently been named GSIs Director of Commercial Sales, North
America, with responsibility for driving efforts to provide the commercial grain industry
with leading storage, conditioning, material handling and structure solutions.

Hemphill has more than 10 years of commercial grain industry experience and has been
with GSI since 2013 as Global Product Manager for material handling. With this promotion, Hemphill
Derek Hemphill will manage the commercial sales organisation dedicated to bringing industry-leading solutions to
commercial dealers, contractors and end users. I am excited for the opportunity to lead a great team
representing the grain industrys most complete line of products from GSI, including our InterSystems
and Zimmerman divisions, Hemphill said. Our team is focused on listening to customers wants and needs, and helping
them solve their problems.
Roger Price, GSIs Director of Grain Sales and Service, North America, added: Derek has built his entire career in the grain
industry. His combination of vast technical knowledge and a genuine passion for the industry makes him the logical choice
to enhance our market leading presence. His commitment to our customers runs deep and this will enable GSI to back our
industry-leading products with unmatched service and support.

Mingan Choct receives AFIAs Poultry Nutrition Research Award

he American Feed Industry Association, in partnership with the Poultry Science Association
(PSA), recognised Mingan Choct, PhD, professor at the University of New England for his
contributions to poultry nutrition.

Bob Hill of H.J. Baker & Bro Inc, presented the Poultry Nutrition Research Award to Dr
Choct during the annual PSA meeting in Louisville, Ky on July 30, 2015. In addition to his position
Mingan Choct with the University of New England, Mingan is the CEO of the Poultry Cooperative Research Center,
which focuses on helping Australia achieve sustainable poultry production, said Richard Sellers,
AFIA senior vice president of legislative and regulatory affairs.

Dr Choct has established both the Australian Poultry Cooperative Research Center and the Poultry Cooperative Research
Center. Since 1995, Choct has been awarded more than US$7 million in research and student support grants. More than 270
of his papers are published in journals and proceedings, and he has supervised more than 40 postgraduate students. Dr Choct
earned his Bachelor of Science degree at Inner Mongolia University in China, Master of Science degree at the University of
New South Wales in Australia and Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Sydney in Australia. He also received a diploma
from the Australian Institute of Company Directors for completing a company directorship course. The Poultry Nutrition
Research Award is sponsored by AFIA as part of its continuing awards program that dates back to 1948.

Anitox strengthens marketing effort in Asia

nitox, the global leader in pathogen control and feed milling efficiency, has appointed
Rachel Liem as Marketing Manager Asia Pacific. Based in Malaysia, she will report to
Richard Chong, Commercial Director Asia Pacific, and work closely with Ruth Jewkes,
Head of Marketing Strategy and the companys marketing managers in EMEA and the
Americas to enhance marketing support and further business growth in Asia Pacific.

Rachel has a food science and technology degree and has been involved in the animal feed industry
for the past 15 years, initially in quality control and feed formulation, and then as marketing manager
for Asia. She has created, promoted and executed marketing campaigns at a local level and improved
brand awareness, especially in the poultry sector. She will be a competent support for our sales forces promoting the Anitox
brand in Asia and developing marketing collateral and communications to further enhance our Maxi-Mill, Termin-8 and Finio
product value propositions, said Richard Chong.
Rachel Liem

IAOM welcomes new director of professional development

he International Association of Operative Millers (IAOM) is pleased to announce the

appointment of Tom Sargent as its director of professional development. He will be responsible
for implementing services and programs providing talent development, industry content,
educational programs, and professional standards that address the information and educational
needs of IAOM members.

Prior to joining IAOM, Mr Sargent had served as the director of education online and senior
instructional designer/LMS support at the Pinnacle Career Institute in Kansas City, Missouri. He has
extensive experience in instructional design, adult training, e-learning and training delivery via various
formats. Mr Sargent has an interdisciplinary bachelors degree in public relations and journalism from Johnson State College,
in Johnson, Vermont. Toms experience in the classroom, instructional design and adult learning makes him a great fit for
the position, stated Melinda Farris, executive vice president. Tom will be able to lead our volunteer subject matter experts
as IAOM develops a vocational training program targeted to attract new talent to the industry. As the IAOM professional
development program continues to grow and develop, Tom will be able to identify critical industry needs and develop the
corresponding support pieces.
Tom Sargent

98 | September 2015 - Milling and Grain

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Innovations for a better world.