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and Umra
Its Spirit and Method







ISBN: 978-969-8511-50-0

Printed by: Printo Graphic, Islamabad. Ph: 2821647 - 2821248


Its Spirit and
Dedicated to our Parents and Children


Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah)

Taqwa (Allaah

Correct Aqeedah (Belief

according to Quraan &


Correct Rituals (Sunnah)

Pure Niyyah (Intention only

for Allaah)


Akhlaaq (Best Manners)



Sabr (Patience, Fortitude,


Kindness, Generosity,

Tawbah / Repentance
Control of temper, tongue,
actions & thoughts

Translated and adapted by

Dr. R. Sayeed
E-mail: dr.rsayeed@gmail.com

Table of Contents





3 Kinds of Hajj


Hajj at a Glance


The Pilgrim's Route


Methodology of 'Umrah


Sunnah acts related to Ihraam


Allowances in Ihraam



Restrictions in the State of Ihraam



Tawaaf the Sunnah Way



Tawaaf Commands



Types of Tawaaf



Tips for Tawaaf



Sunnah of Sa'ee



Commands of Sa'ee



Commands of Qurbaani / Sacrifice



Commands of Fasting



5 Day Hajj Schedule



Day 2 : 9th Dhul Hijjah



Pillars (Arkaan) of Hajj : Fard



Day 3 : 10th Dhul Hijjah



Mina to Makkah (Day 3 contd.)



Day 4 and 5 : 11th and 12th Dhul Hijjah



Day 6 : 13th Dhul Hijjah



General Tips


Table of Contents

Al Madinah Al Munawwarah



The Qubaa Masjid



Prophet Muhammad(s)'s Last Sermon






Glossary of Hajj



Places of Hajj






Janaaza Salah



'Umrah - Quick Review



Hajj - Quick Review





Travel Du'aa:

Sub-Haana-l-ladhi sakh-khara lana haadha wa maa kun-na

lahu muqrineen. Wa in-naa ilaa Rabbi-naa la-mun-qaliboon
"Glorified be He Who has subdued these to us,
and we were not capable (for subduing them),
and surely to our Lord is our return." 43:13,14

Allaah Swt says in the

".....Therefore, remember
me. I will remember you."
(2 : 152)
".......And remember Allaah
abundantly, that you may be
(62 : 10)

Hadeeth: Zam Zam water

Prophet (S) said,
"Zam Zam water is for
whatever (purpose) it is
drunk for."
(Ibn Majah : 3062)

This Hajj booklet is essentially the English translation and adaptation
from the Hajj handout of Mr. Khalil-ur-Rahman Chishti of Al Fawz
Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan. I found the Handout very useful, to the
point and self explanatory, like most of his work. However it was in Urdu
which I have ventured to put in English. My sincerest gratitude to Chishti
Sahib and Minhas Sahib (Muhammad Khan Minhas) for their guidance
and support. I have included some pictures and pages with adaptation of
the book "Tell me about Hajj" by Saniyasnain Khan of Goodword for kids.
Their Hajj at a Glance and the glossary of Hajj are specially helpful. I
would like to thank them for giving me permission to use their work.
Several attempts were made to contact the publishers of Hajj & Umrah
made easy by Taqi Hashmi and Adnan Malik published by Al Hidaayah
publishing and 'Hajj & 'Umrah from A to Z' by Mamdouh N Mohamed Dar
Eshbella publishing. We regret that we did not receive any responses
from either. All reproductions / adaptations from the above booklets have
been made in good faith with the intention of dawah.
I have tried to catch the spirit of Hajj from the book 'How to perform Hajj'
by Amira Ehsan. My thanks to her also for allowing me to do so. Anyone
going for Hajj must read her book. It awakens the soul!
I would also like to thank all the people involved in the making of this
booklet. Special thanks to my husband for his constant support in all my
work. Jazaa-hum-ul-laahu khaira!
I have been asked to include a question and answer section in this book. I
regret that I have not been able to do so as it is beyond the scope of this
booklet. However, I would advise my readers to read "Getting the Best
Out of Al-Hajj" by Abu Muneer Ismail Davids. He has dealt with multiple
questions in his book. I strongly recommend that those who intend to go
for 'Umrah and Hajj must read the relevant chapters from Saheeh Al
Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim. The person should also read the detailed
description of Prophet Muhammad (S)'s Hajjatul Wadaa from Saheeh
Muslim. There will always be questions, inspite of all the reading and
preparation. That is where learn to apply the golden rule (Abu Muneer
Ismail David). "What did the Prophet (S) say, do or did not do".
In addition to the above, ask the religious scholars around you. Seek help
from Allaah and your questions will be answered, Insha-Allaah!
This is a humble effort from a servant of Allaah. May He accept it and
make it a means of my salvation. I beg His forgiveness for my short
comings and for any mistakes that I might have made. My prayers are for
all the above people, my teachers, parents, children, family and the
Muslim Ummah. May Allaah SWT forgive our sins and Bless us with
Jannatul Firdaws and His meeting. Aameen!
Dr. R. Sayeed

Pilgrimage comes in two forms, the greater pilgrimage or Hajj and the
lesser pilgrimage or 'Umrah. Hajj is an enjoined duty, a once in a lifetime
obligation upon those sane adult Muslims who can physically and
financially afford it. It is one of the Pillars of Islam.
Soorah 3 Aal-i-'Imraan, V-97, Allaah Swt says Hajj to the House
(Ka'bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, for those who can afford
the journey, and whoever disbelieves (i.e. denies Hajj) then (know that)
Allaah does not stand in need of any of His creatures!
Hajj has been called the sum total of all worship. The benefit that is
obtained from each worship individually are all combined together in
Hajj. The successful Hajj is one that connects an individual to his
Creator and teaches him to appreciate and acquire the spirit behind
the rituals of salah (prayer), zakah (obligatory alms), Sawm (fast) and
The journey of Hajj is the most important trip of ones life and it must be
treated as such. Yet, we are so engrossed in our worldly affairs that we
barely make any preparations for it. Even when we do, our planning is
usually limited to the physical aspect of Hajj (which is important, no
doubt), totally ignoring its "essence" and spiritual aspect.
Allaah Swt says in Soorah 2, Al Baqarah, V-197: "Take necessary
provisions with you (for the journey), but indeed, the best provision is
Taqwaa." It is this taqwaa or piety that is the ultimate provision needed
at every step of this trip. This Taqwaa of ours needs to be guarded
closely at all times, for our all time enemy shaitaan is waiting in
ambush, to steal away our most precious possession. Beware! Do not
let your defences down, do not let shaitaan creep in and deprive you of
even the T of Taqwaa. Hold on to your 'patience' for dear life. Make
Allaah Swt the focal point of every action, asking for His help constantly.
Inshaa Allaah, He will help!
Prophet Muhammad (S) performed only one Hajj, after his migration to
Madinah, and that was Hajjatul wadaa or the farewell Hajj. He died a
couple of months later. He taught the Muslim Ummah the Hajj rituals by
his sayings and deeds and said, Take (learn) from me your rituals- - - - - - (Muslim 3197). Thus we must follow the Prophet (S)'s example if we
wish to perform Hajj properly. Allaah Swt said in Soorah 59 Al Hashr, V7, - - - - - - -whatever the Messenger (Muhammad (S)) gives you, take it,
and whatever he forbids you, abstain (from it) - - - - - - - - "
And He says in Soorah 4. An-Nisa, V-80
"He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad (S)) has indeed obeyed


And in Soorah 33, Al-Ahzaab, V-21
"Indeed, in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad (S)) you have the
'Best Model' to follow for him who hopes in (the meeting with) Allaah and
the Last Day, and remembers Allaah abundantly."
Muslims try their best to re-enact the final pilgrimage of Prophet
Muhammad (S) who in turn followed the foot-steps of his ancestors
Ibraaheem A.S and Ismail A.S, commemorating their struggle. The
advent of Hajj unfolds some 4000 years back. The story begins with
Prophet Ibraaheem who was born in B.C 1861 in Ur, Iraq to an idol
worshipper named Azar. Ibraaheem A.S was 'gracious and tender
hearted and not a mushrik,' turning away from idol worship. His quest
for the truth and the One True God is beautifully expressed in Soorah 6
Al An'aam, V: 75-79.
"And when Ibraaheem said to his father Azar, 'are you taking idols for
gods? Surely I see you and your people in manifest error.'
We showed Ibraaheem the kingdom of the heavens and earth, so he
became one of the firm beleivers. When the night drew its shadow over
him, he saw a star and said 'this is my Rabb' but, when it set he said 'I do
not love (to worship) that which fades away."
After the same experience with the moon and sun, Ibraaheem A.S
announced, 'I will turn my face, being upright, to Him Who has created
the heavens and earth, and I am no idolator!'
The Quraan also speaks in S. 21, Al Anbiya V: 58-71 about the incident
when Ibraaheem A.S took an axe and broke all the idols in the public
temple, except the biggest one. "The people asked him, who has done
this?' He calmly replied, ask the biggest idol. Lowering their heads,
they replied you know fully well that they do not speak! "(Ibraaheem)
said, do you then worship besides Allaah things that can neither benefit
nor harm you? Shame on you and on those deities you worship besides
Allaah! Have you no sense at all? They said, burn him and avenge your
gods! (When they threw him in the fire), We commanded O fire! Be cool
and (a means of) safety for Ibraaheem. They sought to harm him, but
We made them the big losers, and delivered him and (his nephew) Lut,
and directed them to the land which We have blessed for all the people
of the world."
Thus started the travels of Ibraaheem A.S. He left his home, parents,
country and travelled to Syria, Palestine and Egypt to serve his One
True God.
Ismail A.S. was born to an aging Ibraaheem A.S (86 years old) and
Hajirah R.A. (His wife Sarah bore him his second son Ishaaaq A.S much
later) Prophet Ibraaheem A.S. was tested once again. He travelled far to
the barren valley of Makkah. Here near 2 small hills, Safaa and

Marwah, Ibraaheem A.S. was commanded to leave his wife Hajirah R.A.
and child Ismail A.S. So he left them alone, obeying his Lord. Later, as
the child cried with thirst, mother Hajirah ran frantically between the two
hills looking for water. This act of motherly concern was so liked by
Allaah Swt that it was made an integral part of Hajj, called Sa'ee. The
miraculous well of Zam Zam water gushed forth from where the heels of
little Ismail had rubbed / hit the sand. Soon the barren valley became an
oasis and was inhabited. Allaah does not let his obedient servants
The trials of Ibraaheem A.S continue. Soorah 37 As Saaffaat, V:99-109
speaks of the greatest trial of all when he (Ismail A.S.) reached the age
to work with him, (Ibraaheem A.S.) said, O my son! I have seen a vision
that I should offer you as a sacrifice. Now tell me what is your view.' He
replied, O my father! Do as you are commanded, you will find me, if
Allaah so wills, of the patient!' And when they both submitted to Allaah
and (Ibraaheem) laid down his son prostrate upon his forehead for
sacrifice, We called out to him, 'O Ibraaheem, stop! You have fulfilled
your vision! Thus do We reward the righteous. That was indeed a
manifest test. We ransomed his son for a great sacrifice and We left his
good name among the later generation. Salutations to Ibraaheem!"
It is this act of sacrifice of father and son that is remembered as one of
the rites of Hajj. Allaah Swt does not require the flesh and blood of
animals (S-22, V-37) much less of human being; but He does want us
to give of our entire being to Allaah, especially that which is dear and
near to us, if and when the need arises. That spirit of sacrifice is what we
need to re-live and re-awaken in our soul and bring back from Hajj!
The stoning (ramee) of the three pillars in Mina is to remember the act of
Ibraaheem A.S casting stones at shaitaan. When Ibraaheem A.S was
taking his son Ismail A.S to the place of sacrifice, shaitaan tempted him
at three different places, trying to talk him out of carrying out the
Command. Here again, we must learn the lesson and not simply throw
stones at the cement pillars, but also at the shaitaans within us that try
to stop us from the obedience of Allaah Swt.
Allaah Swt says in S-2, Al-Baqarah V:127-129 And remember
Ibraaheem and Ismail as they raised the foundation of the House
praying, 'Our Rabb, accept (this service) from us, indeed You are the All
Hearing, All Knowing. O our Rabb, make us both Muslims (submissive
to you) and make our descendants a nation that will be Muslim
(submissive to You). Show us our rites of worship and accept our
repentance, surely You are The Acceptor of Repentance, The All
Merciful. O our Rabb, appoint from among them a Rasul who shall
recite to them your Revelations and teach them the Book and the
Wisdom and purify them. Surely, You are The All Mighty, The All Wise!
In verse 125 of the same Soorah, Allaah says, "Take the station of

Ibraaheem as a place of prayer". Thus Allaah rewarded Ibraaheem A.S.
by making his station, his footprints as a place of prayer for all times.
The verse continues, "We entrusted Ibraaheem and Ismail to cleanse
Our House for those who walk around it, who meditate in it and who
kneel and prostrate in prayers."
In S-22 Al Hajj, V:27 Allaah commands Ibraaheem A.S to proclaim the
Hajj. O Ibraaheem make a proclamation of Hajj to mankind; they will
come to you on foot and on lean camels from every distant quarter, so
that they may witness the benefits which are made available here for
them..." Thus, the invitation to His House was sent out to all of mankind
by Allaah via His friend Ibraaheem A.S. To this day, mankind is
responding to that call with 'Labbaik Allaahumma Labbaik..........'
Here I am, O Allaah here I am!
It is believed that the millions of pilgrims who make Hajj each year, fulfil
the supplication and the call of Prophet Ibraaheem A.S. In reality, Hajj
celebrates this Prophet who is called the 'father of faith' (22:78) and the
'friend of Allaah' (4:125). Prophet Ibraaheem A.S and his son Ismail A.S.
were the first ones to perform the Hajj rites. However some generations
down the line, the descendants of Ismail A.S. went off track and turned
away from the practice of belief and worship of The One True God.
They began worshipping idols and turned the Ka'bah into a place of idol
worship. Prophet Muhammad (S) was commanded by Allaah to reclaim His House for His worship Alone and to cleanse it of all the idols.
Thus, the original rites of Ibraaheem A.S was restored and are in the
practice of Hajj to this day, taught to us by Prophet Muhammad (S).
I hope that this peek into the flash-back or back-ground of Hajj will help
the pilgrims understand the spirit behind the rituals of Hajj. Our
Pilgrimage can be a means of our salvation. Remember, you are the
"Guests of Rahman!" Be deserving of that honor and act like a good
guest. Make a commitment not to complain, come what may! Put on the
cloak of "patience" and when things are not going right, think of the
difficulties of the pilgrims of only a hundred years ago and say,
My prayers are for all the Pilgrims. May Allaah Swt accept all our efforts
and bless us with Jannatul Firdaws. Ameen!
I end with a Hadeeth (Al Bukhari:6114)
"The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength,
but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger!"

Dr. R. Sayeed
September - 2009, Ramadan 1430
Islamabad, Pakistan



Sum total (essence) of all worship;

re-trace Ibraaheem A.S life of dedication and devotion to
seek Allaah's Pleasure.


In response to the invitation by Allaah Swt to His House,

the Ka'bah. This was some 4000 years ago via
proclamation made by Prophet Ibraaheem A.S. (22 : 27)
The Master called His servant,
The servant responds with Labbaik Here I am ! Here I am !


Those who are sane, adult and can afford it.

Performance of Hajj (pilgrimage) to this House is a duty
to Allaah for all who can afford the journey to it;
And the one who denies (this commandment should
know) that Allaah is Self-Sufficient, beyond the need of
any from the worlds. (S. Aal-i-'Imraan, V-97)


(Al Bukhari &

A woman should not travel except with a mahram

(male relative who cannot marry her ever).

Hadeeth of
Prophet (S)

A person who can afford a ride and provision for the

journey to the House of Allaah and still does not reach
there, then Allaah does not care whether he dies as a
Christian or a Jew. (Tirmidhi 812)
(Sunan Saeed Bin Mansur)

Also sayings of
Ali & Umar bin
Khattab R.A


"Take the necessary provision with you (for the journey)

however, the best provision is Taqwaa Allaah Consciousness" (S-2, Al-Baqarah, V-197)


Lit. to ward off. Scholars: to protect oneself from the

displeasure of Allaah, by obedience to Him.
Thus, Taqwaa is Allaah consciousness with the desire
and the act of avoiding prohibitions and fulfilling
injunctions to please Allaah, and to avoid His wrath.


- A fard duty of Islam. "And Hajj to the house is a duty

mankind owes to Allaah". (S-3, V-97)
(6:162) - To return with "indeed my prayers, my sacrifices, my
living and my dying are for the Rabb of all creations."
- To be rewarded with Al-Hajj-ul-Mabrur, piety filled hajj!
"This can only be achieved by sacrificing ones 'nafs' or
self in the path of Allaah Swt. The countless idols in our
hearts, of greed, desire, hatred etc. must be broken and

we must pledge to revolve our lives around the total
obedience and servitude to our Creator. This is
obtained by re-tracing the foot-steps of Allaahs khalil
Ibraaheem A.S. whose submission, obedience and
sacrifices are without parallel," Amira Ehsan, 2005.

- Submission, Obedience and Servitude to Allaah Swt.

is above all else.
- "Appreciate the beautiful balance of Islam; neither
complete detachment from the world, nor complete
attachment to it. To have set aside all love for the world
by making us put on the Ihraam, while saving us from
renouncing duniya altogether by performing the Sa'ee,
honoring motherhood, and recognizing the quest to
provide for ones children as an act of worship," How to
Perform Hajj by Amira Ehsan, Nov. 2005.


Dhuyoof-ur-Rahman - Guests of the Merciful!

Haaji on the completion of Hajj.


Al-Hajj-ul-Mabrur guarantees forgiveness of all sins.

"O My servants who have transgressed against
themselves, do not despair from the Mercy of Allaah;
indeed, Allaah forgives all sins." (S. Az-zumar:39, V-53)


There is no other day on which more people are

liberated from the fire than the day of Arafah.
(Saheeh Muslim 3354 : Kitaabul Hajj)


"........ He returns from Hajj as pure and free from sins as

on the day on which his mother gave birth to him."
(Al Bukhari : 1521; Muslim 1350)

Hadeeth: (Bukhari 1773, Muslim 1349): (The performance of)

'Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the
previous 'Umrah; and the reward for a Hajj Mabroor (accepted
into Allaah's Grace) is nothing less than Paradise.
The reward for offering Salah / Prayer in my masjid is 1000
times more than any other Masjid except masjid Haraam where it is
100 times more than my masjid (100,000). (Musnad Ahmad)
Muslim 1270 : Ibn Umar R.A. reported that
Umar R.A. kissed the (Black) Stone and said,
'I am kissing you, whereas I know you are a stone, but I saw
Allaah's Messanger (S) kissing you (that is why I kiss you)".

The Creator's Call, "And proclaim to mankind Al Hajj. They will come
on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and
distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj) S. Al Hajj 22:27

"Talbiyah" - The Pilgrims response to the Creators call


I respond to your call, I respond to your call, O Allaah!
I respond to your call, I respond to your call! You have no partner,
I respond to your call, I respond to your call! Surely, Yours is all
Praise, all Goodness and all Sovereignty; You have no partner!
(Bukhari, Book of Hajj : 785)
Pilgrims return with the commitment



Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are

for Allaah Alone, the Lord of all creation." (6:162)
"And let them go
around the
ancient House
(The Ka'bah)"
Quraan 22:29
'And Complete
the Hajj & 'Umrah
for Allaah'. 2:196

('Umrah or Hajj
asghar may be
performed any
time. Bukhari,



Ifraad (Alone)

Qiraan (COMBINE)


Isolated Pilgrimage

Accompanied Pilgrimage

Interrupted Pilgrimage

Recommended for
outsider arriving
shortly before Hajj

Recommended for
outsiders who arrive
much before Hajj
(benefit given)

Hajj Ifraad is only for

the locals of Makkah
and its surrounding


- Only Hajj, No 'Umrah - Combine Hajj and

One Niyyah & One
- One Niyyah and One
Ihraam for both Hajj &


- Once

- Once

- Niyyah + Ihraam for - Ihraam donned with

one niyyah for Hajj
Hajj Alone
(No 'Umrah)
and 'Umrah

- Separate Hajj and

- 2 Separate Niyyatain
& 2 Separate Ihraam

- Twice
- Ihraam donned with
Niyyah of 'Umrah first,
- After 'Umrah, Ihraam
- Ihraam re-worn 2nd
time on 8th Dhul-H

Qurbaani / Sacrifice
Not needed

Qurbaani / Sacrifice is
Waajib (Mandatory)

Qurbaani / Sacrifice of
animal is Waajib


- Not needed, as
sacrifice is not needed

Sunnah to take animal


Sunnah not to take

animal along


2 Tawaaf Required
i) Ziyaarah / Hajj Tawaaf
ii) T.Wadaa / Farewell



3 Tawaaf required
1) T. 'Umrah (Arrival)
Ii) T. Ziyaarah - Fard
Iii) T. Wadaa - Waajib

Only one Sa'ee Waajib 1 Sa'ee Waajib;

enough for both 'Umrah
after Tawaaf Ziyaarah
& Hajj. (Muslim 2123,
Bukhari 1693, Tirmidhi

3 Tawaaf Required
i) Tawaaf 'Umrah /
ii) T. Ziyaarah / Hajj Fard
iii) T. Wadaa / Farewell :
2 Sa'ee Waajib
i) First after T. 'Umrah
ii) Second after T. Hajj
iii) No Sa'ee after T.

Prophet (S)

Performed Hajj Qiraan

Preferred Hajj Tamattu

(Hadeeth: Bukhari 1568,

Differences Making Hajj only in

the prescribed months
of Hajj with single

Making 'Umrah & Hajj at

the same time in the
same journey in the Hajj
months with same

Making 'Umrah then

Hajj in the same year in
the prescribed months of
Hajj with 2 separate
niyyah and Ihraam

A Few days before Hajj:
Put on the pilgrim's dress (Ihraam) before or at one of the appointed places
called meeqaat; make niyyah (after salah) for 'Umrah (If traveling by air, one
may wear Ihraam before boarding the plane, or in the plane).
Perform 'Umrah. (Saheeh Muslim : 3009)
Enter the sacred Masjid of Makkah and perform seven rounds (Tawaaf
qudum), circling around the Ka'bah
After Tawaaf, 2 rakah salah should be offered at Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem
After salah, make Duaa and drink Zam Zam water.
Perform Sa'ee by walking seven times between Mt. Safaa and Marwah.
Trim / shave hair of head
Remove Ihraam
First Day: 8th Dhul Hijjah: Put on Ihraam again, and declare ones intention of
performing Hajj. Perform Tawaaf of the Ka'bah and Sa'ee, if not performed
earlier. Leave for Mina early in the morning, reciting talbiyah. Stay overnight in
Mina. Prayers are shortened (Qasr) in Mina. This day is known as Yawm AlTarwiyah, or the Day of Reflection.
Second Day: 9th Dhul Hijjah: Go to Arafah and say the Zuhr and Asr prayers
together, combined and shortened (Jama' wa Qasr)
Stand here with devotion, noon to sunset, praying and asking Allaah's
forgiveness. This act is known as Wuqoof, or standing. This day is known,
therefore, as Yawm Al-Wuqoof, or the Day of Standing. In the evening move
towards Muzdalifah and say the Magrib and Ishaa prayers together combined
and shortened. Rest there at night, and collect small pebbles for the stoning in
Mina. Make Du'aa at Masharul Haraam, if possible.
Third Day: 10th Dhul Hijjah: Go to Mina and throw small stones there at
Jamratul Aqabah, the largest pillar. Sacrifice an animal. Have the hair of the
head shaved or trimmed and then remove Ihraam.
Go to Makkah and perform Tawaaf al-Hajj. Go back and forth between Safaa
and Marwah (sa'ee), then return to Mina. This day is called Yawm An-Nahr, or
the Day of Sacrifice. (Eid Day).
Fourth Day: 11th Dhul Hijjah: Stay in Mina and throw pebbles at all three
Jamaraat. This day and the next two days are called Ayyam-ut-Tashreeq, which
literally means, "the days of drying meat." Read Quraan, do dhikr, Recite
Fifth Day: 12th Dhul Hijjah: Stay in Mina and throw pebbles at all three of the
Jamaraat. Spend time in Dhikr, Takbeer etc. Leave Mina before sunset.
Note: Those unable to leave Mina for Makkah on 12th Dhul Hijjah should stay at
Mina for one more night. The next day, on 13th Dhul Hijjah, after pelting the
three stoning pillars with stones, they should leave for Makkah in the afternoon.
(S-2, Al Baqarah, V-203)



12 DH










10 D

(Courtesy: Goodword Books)

Hadeeth: Types of Hajj

Whoever intends Hajj and Umrah together it is alright, and
whoever intends to make Hajj it is alright, and whoever intends to
make Umrah it is alright. (Bukhari & Muslim)
Hajj may be performed on behalf of someone else who is unable
to do it. However, the condition is that the person doing it should
have already done his / her own fard Hajj (Al-Bukhari)

1) Ihraam:

Put on the Ihraam after Ghusl / bathing (preferable),

(Tirmidhi), or Wudu

2) Niyyah:

After wearing the Ihraam, before meeqaat, make the

'niyyah'-intention for 'Umrah aloud (Ibn Majah).
Restrictions of Ihraam start with niyyah, not before it.
Niyyah made preferably after fard prayer. Allaahumma
Labbaika Umrah.

3) Talbiyah:

Recitation of the Talbiyah (saying labbaik) should start

immediately after making niyyah.
Labbaik Allaahumma Labbaik, Labbaik Laa Shareeka
Laka Labbaik, Innal Hamda Wan-Ni'mata Laka WalMulk, Laa Shareeka Lak (Al-Bukhari)

4) Masjid

Prophet (S) advised those who entered any masjid to say

this duaa. - (Sahih Muslim 1685)
Allaahummaf-tah lee abwaaba Rahmatik
(O Allaah, open the doors of your Mercy for me).

5) Tawaaf:

On entering the Masjid-ul-Haram, Tawaaf of Ka'bah

should be started from the point of Hajr Aswad (black
stone) by kissing (Tirmidhi) or pointing to it (Ibn Abbas
R.A) and saying 'Allaahu Akbar' (Bukhari). 7 anticlockwise circum-ambulation is made around the Ka'bah.
Tahiyyatul Masjid-ul-Haram (greeting) is Tawaaf instead
of 2 Nafl prayer. (If Tawaaf is not being performed, one
must do the 2 rakah salah of Tahayyatul masjid before
sitting-- "The Ultimate Guide to 'Umrah" by Abu Muneer
Ismail Davids.

6) Salah:

After Tawaaf go towards Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem reciting:

Wattakhidhu min maqaam Ibraaheema muSalla
'And make the Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem as a place of
prayer.' Pray 2 rakah salah anywhere behind the
Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem. (1st rakah: S.Kaafiroon, 2nd: S.
Ikhlaas) Muslim.

7) Zam Zam:

After the 2 rakah prayer, thirst should be quenched with

Zam Zam water, reciting Du'aa before drinking.
Du'aa: (of Ibn Abbas R.A, From Bukhari) Allaahumma inni
asaluka 'ilman naafi'an wa rizqan waasi'an wa shifaa-an
min kulli daa-in (Sunan Daar Qutni. K. Hajj 237)

8) Du'aa:

Near Multazam (area between Al Hajr-ul-aswad & door of

Ka'bah) men should try to cling on to the wall and make
du'aa there. (Too crowded for women).

9) Sa'ee:

7 times running between Mount of Safaa & Marwah,

starting from Mt. Safaa & ending on Mt. Marwah.
(remembering the frantic running of mother Hajirah R.A,
searching for water for baby Ismail A.S) (2:158) (Muslim).

10) Shaving or

Done after Sa'ee.

Shaving of head is preferable for men. (Prophet (S)
prayed thrice for those who shave their heads. Muslim
1301). Women are to cut a finger tip length ( - 1 inch) of
their hair. (Al Mughni, Ibn Quddamah Hambali)

11) Ihraam

Restrictions lifted after hair cutting.

Ihraam can now be removed.

12) Masjid

(Allaahumma innee asaluka min fadlik)

O Allaah, I ask You for Your Bounty.

Making 'Umrah in Ramadhan is equivalent to making Hajj

(or he said making Hajj with me). (Al Bukhari and Muslim)


1) Fard

To wear Ihraam for both 'Umrah & Hajj.

2) Slippers

Easier or shoes that bare the ankles.

(Musnad Ahmad)

3) Clothing

Should be white and unstitched 2 pieces for men,

approx. 2 yd x 1 yd (one for upper body and the
other for the lower part). Women should wear
regular clothing that is decent and fulfils the
shariah conditions. (no uniform for women).
No perfume should be used on Ihraam. (Nisai)

4) Ghusl

Or bathing is mustahabb (recommended) before

wearing Ihraam (Tirmidhi)
(thus, bathing is not fard / obligatory, wudu or

5) Perfume

ablution may suffice. No perfumed soap-M. Ahmad).

Sprinkled on the body before Niyyah / Intention

after ghusl. (Bukhari 1539; Muslim 789)
This act is sunnah not fard or Waajib.
Perfume after Ihraam is prohibited - Nasai 2856

6) Meeqaat

Coming to Makkah should put on the Ihraam

before crossing the Meeqaat (Lit: appointed
place) or the boundary beyond which the
approaching pilgrims (for Hajj & 'Umrah) cannot
proceed without wearing Ihraam. (Bukhari 1526,
Muslim 1181). Otherwise compensation is needed.
One should slaughter a sheep.

7) Locals

Must put on the Ihraam before entering the

'Hudud' or boundary of Al Masjid ul Haraam.


8) Menstruating

women, after their menstruation, should bathe

(ghusl) and wear the Ihraam from outside the
Hudud of Al Masjid Al Haram (like Ayesha R.A) i.e.
Al Masjid Al Ayesha. (Tan'eem)
(Hadith : Muslim - Kitaabul Hajj)

9) Niyyah

Hajj Ifraad : Allaahumma

Labbaika Hajja - O Allaah, here
I am for Hajj
Hajj At-tamattu : Allaahumma
Labbaika 'Umrah - here I am for
'Umrah and later, Allaahumma
Labbaka Hajja - O Allaah, here I
am for Hajj.
Hajj Al Qiraan : Allaahumma
Labbaika 'Umratan wa Hajja. O
Allaah, here I am for 'Umrah
and Hajj. (Muslim)

to make
after a
fard prayer).

10) Talbiyah

- Recitation should start immediately after niyyah

and recited as often as possible till the morning of
10th Dhul Hajj till the Ramee/Stoning of Jamratul
Aqabah. (Bukhari). Men should recite the Talbiyah
aloud whereas women should recite it softly.
(Ibn Majah)
- Talbiyah should be stopped on starting 'Tawaaf'
(circum-ambulation) on entering Masjid ul
Haraam (Tirmidhi)
- Pilgrim's Call: Labbaik Allaahumma Labbaik,
Labbaik Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaik, Innal
Hamda Wan-ni'mata Laka Wal-mulk, Laa
Shareeka Lak. (Bukhari: 1549, Muslim: 1184)

Here I Am, O Allaah ! Here I Am ! Here I Am !. You
Have No Partner, here I am, here I am. Surely,
Yours Is All Praise, All Goodness and All
Sovereignty and You have no partner. (Muslim
11) Du'aa

May be made after Talbiyah to ask for Paradise

and for protection from Hell. (Musnad Shaafi'ee

12) Sunnah

To perform fresh Wudu prior to entering Al Masjid

ul Haraam for the purpose of Tawaaf. (Bukhari).
Wudu is mandatory for Tawaaf, however fresh
Wudu is Masnun not Fard.

13) Tawaaf

Should be started as soon as entering the Al

Masjid-ul-Haraam. (after the du'aa made upon
the first glance of Ka'bah). Tawaaf is the
tahayyatul masjid of Al Masjid al Haraam.
(Tahiyyatul Masjid = 2 nafl rakah of prayer as
greeting for masjid).

14) Satr

Covering is mandatory during Tawaaf. (Bukhari)

(Satr for men is from waist / navel down to below
knees. Women among non-mahram, the satr is
the entire body except the face and hands upto

15) Hajj or 'Umrah

If cannot be performed due to any reason, the

Ihraam can be removed after the sacrifice of an
animal (Rasul - Allaah (S) on the occasion of Sulh
Hudaibiyah). Bukhari.

16) Kaffarah
S-2, V-196

Compensation for shaving head or violation of any

ihraam restrictions is:
- Sacrifice of an animal, if cannot, then
- Sawm or fast 3 days or
- Feed 6 masakeen / needy (1.5 kg grain for

(Bukhari :

17) Dum

Literally: blood (of animal sacrifice). Making

amends for ones shortcomings. (One of the
means of Kaffarah).

Tahiyyatul Masjid.
"When any of you enters the Masjid, you should pray two rakat
before sitting down. (Hadeeth : Bukhari : 444, Muslim : 714)


Head may be washed with care (not to break hair). One may
even bathe with care, with only water or un-perfumed soap.


All forms of treatment are allowed, including blood test, wound

dressing etc (Muslim).


Surma may be used for eyes (Muslim)


Soap or oil that has no fragrance may be used.

(Musnad Ahmad)


Can scratch self as needed (Bukhari)


Can use shade over head (Muslim)


If needed, Ihraam may be washed or changed


Women may wear colored clothes and use some jewellery

(Bukhari - Ayesha R.A)


Dangerous animals may be killed (Bukhari: 3314)


May carry weapon if needed as done by Prophet Muhammad

(S) during the 'Umrah trip in which Sulh Hudaibiyyah was
made. (Bukhari).

* Ihraam is symbolic of ones renouncing the vanities of the world and

presenting one self in the House of Allaah as a humble servant, all

* Menstruating Women : The Prophet (S) said, "Do everything that

a pilgrim does, but do not make tawaaf of the Kab'ah until (your
period has stopped and) you have made ghusl (bath)". (Muslim)
(Women can therefore, wear ihraam, make niyyah, can go to Mina,
Arafah, Muzdalifah. Cannot go to the Masjid, no Salah, 'Umrah,
Tawaaf and Sa'ee (since it is inside the masjid now0) till clean and
made ghusl.
Now that many scholars have allowed the use of the 'pill', the
problem of menstruation is somewhat controlled. Majority of the
women use it. However, these are hormone pills and not without
side effects. Women must consult their doctor before using them,
and use it carefully, and as prescribed.)


1) Forbidden to cut or trim hair from any part of the body
2) Not cut / clip nails. (Even for Non-Hajis it is preferable / mustahabb
not to clip nails in the first 9 days of Dhul Hijjah)
3) Men are not to wear stitched clothing. No under garments for men.
4) Not wear gloves, socks or anything that cover the ankles. (Bukhari).
5) Not cover head (men). Women should cover their heads but not
wear veil or burqa covering their faces (Tirmidhi), (they may put
head cover over faces when people are around).
6) Not use perfume; un-scented soap may be used (Musnad Ahmad).
7) Not hunt land animals (sea-food hunting is allowed) - S.5: 95,96
8) Not indulge in any acts of indecency or sin (fusooq)
9) No quarreling or fighting allowed. (Jidaal)

No losing temper or rude behavior.

No telling lies or slandering and back biting
10) No romances, marriage proposals or marriage
11) No sex or any
act that causes
arousal of
sexual desire

Meeqat for
Egypt Jordon


9 km


Bir Ali (Zul-Hulaifah)


Hadeeth: Ahmad
5446, 2/75

180 km







Zaat Arq


Hudud Haram

Meeqat for Yaman

There are no days

in which the good
deeds are greater
or more beloved
by Allaah than
these 10 days (the
first 10 days of D.
Hijjah) so, do
'tahleel' (laa ilaaha illa-lah),
'takbeer' (Allaahu
Akbar) and
' t a H m e e d '
(Alhamdu - Lillaah)
abundantly in
these days.

Red Sea

80 km

50 km



Qarnul Manaazil
(Sailul Kabeer)



Hudood Haram



One must be in a state of Wudu for Tawaaf (if Wudu breaks during
Tawaaf, then one must stop and make a fresh Wudu. (Menstruating
women cannot do Tawaaf.)


Sunnah for men to bare the right shoulder and have the Ihraam over
the left shoulder in the first three rounds, in Tawaaf-i-Qudum (arrival)
or Tawaaf of 'Umrah only. This act is called Idtabaa (for men only). Abu
Dawood 1645. Not applicable to T. Hajj or T. Ziyaarah and T. Wada


Talbiyah should be stopped before starting Tawaaf (Muslim)


Both shoulders must be covered for prayers / salah (Bukhari)


Tawaaf starts at Al Hajr-ul-Aswad, by kissing or touching it (Tirmidhi).

Tawaaf also finishes at Al Hajr-ul-Aswad. A green light on the wall of
the masjid courtyard shows the position of the Black Stone. If
crowded, pointing to it is enough (Ibn Abbas R.A.).
(We should never seek to perform a Sunnah at the cost of trampling a
Fard by pushing, pulling and crossing the boundaries of modesty).
Patience is needed!


Kissing of hand after touching the Hajr-ul-Aswad is Masnun (Bukhari).

Or face the Black Stone, gesture towards it with the right hand. (Ibn
Abbas R.A.). It is not masnun to kiss hand if the Black Stone is not


Sunnah to start Tawaaf by saying, Bismillahi Wal-laahu-Akbar'

(Ahmad) or only 'Allaahu Akbar' (Al Bukhari)
Direction of the circum-ambulation, circling around Ka'bah is anticlockwise with the Al Hajr-i- Aswad on the left.
(Celestial bodies in the cosmos revolve anti clockwise too)


The first three rounds of Tawaaf Qudum (arrival) is done with fast
strides (Ramal), the remaining four are completed in normal strides
(Bukhari 1602) Prophet (S) did not do Ramal in any of the rounds of
Tawaaf-i-Ziyaarah / Hajj.


Sunnah to touch Rukn-i-Yamaani with right hand. (Bukhari 2194)

However, one should not kiss it or point to it, or push others to touch it.
(Touch, if possible. No kiss, no point to it).


Seven circles are mandatory around the Ka'bah. Walk around the
Hateem, not through it. If forget count, better to do more rather than
less. (Use counting beads)


Sunnah to recite, "Rabbana aatina fid-duniya Hasanah, wa filaakhirati Hasanah wa qina 'adhaab-an-naar," (2:201) between
Rukn-i-Yamaani and Al Hajr-i- Aswad (Saheeh Abu Dawood 1666).


'O our Rabb! Give us goodness in this life and in the Here-after, and
save us from the punishment of the Fire'. (Abu Dawood, Ahmad).

No fixed Du'aas for each round proven by Sunnah. Thus, one can do
any du'aa, Istaghfaar, Tahleel, or Quraan recitations during the
rounds. (Du'aaa in own language is also O.K).


Abstain from un-necessary talking during Tawaaf. Focus on the

Ka'bah and the Rabb of Ka'bah (Tawaaf is the training to make us
revolve our lives around our Creator).
Remember, no pushing! Patience!
2 acts of Ibaadah done only by looking.
Looking at the Ka'bah with love and adoration and
ii) Looking at ones aging parents with love


All seven rounds of Tawaaf should be completed in one go,

continuously, unless there is any emergency.


Tawaaf should be halted during 'Fard' prayers which should be offered

in congregation (Nisai). Immediately after the prayer, the Tawaaf
should be resumed and completed from where it was stopped. At the
end of Tawaaf, one should not point to H. Aswad or say Allaahu Akbar.


After completion of Tawaaf, go towards the Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem /

Station of Prophet Ibraaheem A.S. reciting, "Wattakhizu mim
maqaami Ibraaheema MuSalla" (S2, V-125). (Muslim)

Perform two rakah of nafl prayer there. In case of rush, the prayer may
be performed behind it, anywhere in the Masjid. (Be patient, keep
cool. Allaah is Watching!)
Sunnah to recite Soorah Al-Kaafirun in the first rakah after S. Al
Fatihah and Soorah Al-Ikhlaas in the second rakah (Tirmidhi).

Tawaaf can be performed at anytime during the day or night (Nisai).


Sunnah to drink Zam Zam water and sprinkle some on the head after 2
rakah nafl prayer at Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem (Musnad Ahmad).


Du'aa Qubul (accepted) before drinking Zam Zam. water Abdullah Ibn
Abbas R.A. used to pray "Allaahumma inni asaluka "ilman naafi-'an,
rizqan waasi-'an wa shifa-an min kulli da-in" (Munziri).


Sunnah to drink Zam Zam standing up. (Bukhari). (It is sunnah to drink
water sitting down, and in three sips; may drink standing up also).


After drinking Zam Zam, It is sunnah to cling on to Multazam (area

between Hajr-i-Aswad and the door of Ka'bah) and make sincere
du'aa (not to be tried by women because of the rush).


2 nafl rakah prayer may be offered in the Hateem or Hijr Ismail, the
walled off open area of Ka'bah. This was once part of Ka'bah
(Bukhari), so praying here is like praying inside Ka'bah.





To kiss the Hajr-i-Aswad on every 1)

round or to do Istalam (touch or point
to it).

Obligatory to be in a state of Wudu /

Ablution and Tahaarah (menstruating
women cannot do Tawaaf)


For men to keep the right shoulder 2)

bare (IDtibaa) during first 3 rounds of
Tawaaf 'Umrah and T. Qudoom

Obligatory to cover the Satr (men:

navel to knee; women: all body except
the face and hand upto the wrist)


Ramal or brisk walking only in the 3)

first 3 round of T. 'Umrah & Qudoom

Start and end the Tawaaf at Hajr-iAswad.


Touching of the Rukn Yamaani in 4)

every round if possible

Not kiss or point to Rukn Yamani

during Tawaaf.


To recite any Du'aa, Dhikr Istighfaar 5)

or Soorah of the Quraan during all
the rounds

Walk around Ka'bah anti-clockwise

(with the Ka'bah on ones left side)


Sunnah to recite between Rukn 6)

Yamaani and Hajr-i- Aswad
Rabbana atina Fid-duniya Hasanah
wa fil aakhirati Hasanah waqina
'adhaab-an-naar." S - 2, V - 201

Tawaaf should be around the Ka'bah

and the outside wall of Hatim (the
walled off area that was once part of


Talbiyah stops when Tawaaf begins


Mandatory to circum-ambulate 7 time

around Ka'bah.


Tawaaf should be completed without

interruption except for fard prayer or
any emergency

Hadeeth: Ayesha R.A.

"-------The Messenger of Allaah
(S) said, the best Jihaad for
you women is Hajj Mabroor
(i.e. one accepted by Allaah)



'Umrah Tawaaf


Welcome Tawaaf / T. Al-Qudoom

- Ihraam
- Ramal
- IDtibaa

iii) Hajj Tawaaf (also called T. Al Ifaadah or Az-Ziyaarah)

iv) Farewell Tawaaf (T. Al Wadaa)
v) Nafl Tawaaf. Best act after fard prayer in Masjid Haraam. May be
performed anytime and as many times as possible. (Nisai)


Al Hajr-ul-Aswad is marked by a green light on the wall of the Masjid
Haraam, facing the courtyard. Tawaaf area can be very crowded,
especially during the Hajj season. It can be performed on the roof level.
It is easier there, though longer than the lower levels. It may also be
performed on the middle level. However, there are many pillars and
also people sitting there which makes it difficult.
If Tawaaf is performed at the ground level, start at the outer circle and if
possible, try to move inwards towards the Ka'bah. Women should try to
avoid crowds. They should perform their Tawaaf accompanied by their
mahram (shielding them from behind) or in small groups.
After the 6th round try to move slowly outwards. At the end of the 7th
round, do not stop there but walk towards Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem or
behind it. Avoid walking against the flow of the people.
Tawaaf starts and ends at Al Hajr-ul-Aswad. People tend to stand there,
gesturing towards it and making Du'aa. Only one gesture, and a quick
Bismillahi wallaahu Akbar is enough, and then one should move on
to prevent crowding. Move away from the crowd. Try to weave in and
out into the empty areas between people.
Tawaaf can be tiring, so rest before starting it,
as was the Sunnah of Prophet (S).
Take care of tired feet. When resting, wash feet.
apply vaseline and wear socks. Only during the
state of ihraam socks are forbidden.
Remember, never to push anyone during
Tawaaf. Control your temper and tongue.
Patience is virtue!


Sa'ee is one of the Hajj rites of going to and fro between the
Mounts Safaa and Marwah seven times, (Safaa to Marwah=1
and back from Marwah to Safaa =2) (Muslim)


It is preferable to be in a state of wudu or ablution. Wudu,

however, is not mandatory for Sa'ee.


Menstruating women should not enter the masjid. Previously,

they were allowed to do Sa'ee but not Tawaaf. However, now
since the Sa'ee area has been enclosed within the masjid, they
cannot do Sa'ee either.


Sa'ee is a mandatory part of Hajj and 'Umrah. It is Allaahs

tribute to motherhood, in remembrance of mother Hajirah R.As
desperate search for water for her baby Ismail A.S.


When approaching Mount Safaa for Sa'ee it is sunnah

(Muslim) to recite the Quraanic ayah "Innas-Safaa WalMarwata min sha'a-iril-lah." (2:158) Prophet (S) would recite
"Verily, As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the rites of Allaah."

Then He (S) would say:

"Abda-u bima bada-Allaahu bihi."
(Meaning: I begin with what Allaah began with i.e. As-Safaa, as
mentioned in the Verse.)
The above two Du'aas are to be recited at the beginning of Sa'ee and
not in every lap. Once one has ascended mount As-Safaa, he should
face the Ka'bah and say the following three times with hands raised as
in making du'aa:

"Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, La ilaha illAllaahu

waHdahu la shareeka lahu. Lahul-mulku wa lahul-Hamdu, wa Huwa
'ala kulli shay-in Qadeer. Laa ilaaha illAllaahu waHdahu. Anjaza
wa'dahu, wa naSara 'abdahu, wa hazamal-aHzaaba wahdahu." (Ibn
Maajah, Kitaabul Manasib 84:3074-Saheeh)
(You can make your own du'aa in between).
(Meaning: None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and Allaah is
Most Great. None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, He is Alone
and has no partner. To Him belongs the Sovereignty and to Him belongs

all the Praise, and He has Power over all things. None has the right to be
worshipped but Allaah Alone. He fulfilled His promise, and aided His
servant, and defeated the clans (of disbelievers) by Himself.
Thereafter, the person should make any supplications that he wishes
while still raising his hands and standing facing the Ka'bah. Upon
completing his supplications, he should descend from Mount As-Safaa
and begin walking towards Al-Marwah. At Al-Marwah the person should
ascend the hill, face the Ka'bah and repeat thrice the Takbeer and the
du'aa mentioned previously as he did while on Mount As-Safaa. He
should continue going back and forth between the two hills a total of
seven times. Going from one hill to the other is counted as one trip.

Sa'ee should be started from Mount Safaa (Muslim). No

specific du'aa is proven from sunnah for each walk of Sa'ee.
Any Quraanic or Masnun dhikr, or du'aa in own language may
be done.


Between the Mounts there is an area marked off with green

lights called Mailain Akhdarain.' Men should jog in that area
(Muslim) and women walk fast. (this is the lowland area where
mother Hajirah R.A ran as she could not see her baby Ismail


Du'aa and Dhikr, much remembrance of Allaah Swt should be

done during Sa'ee.


Sa'ee should be completed without interruption just like

Tawaaf. It should also be interrupted for Fard prayers and for
any emergency. Restart from where it was stopped. Sa'ee area
is approximately 1/2 km each lap.


If number of walks is forgotten, it is better to do more rather than

less. (Use counting beads to keep track)


After completion of Sa'ee, head shaving is preferable for men

(Muslim 1301), (not allowed for women) or hair trimming
(especially for women) (Abu Dawood 1984) of few strands of
hair, fingertip length. (Al Mughni Ibn Quddaamah Hanbali)
Step out of the masjid for hair-cut.


Sa'ee is completed. Ihraam can be removed.

Recite masjid leaving Du'aa


Can do Sa'ee (and Tawaaf) on wheel-chair, if needed.

(Muslim 1276)
(Make a mental check-list of your 'Umrah for accuracy before
proceeding on for Hajj).

1) Sa'ee starts from Mt. Safaa

1) Sa'ee done after Tawaaf,
'Umrah, T.Qudoom and
T. ifaadah. (Muslim)

2) Wudu or ablution is Sunnah 2) Start from Mt. Safaa and finish

on Mt. Marwah. (Muslim)
not Fard for Sa'ee.
3) Sa'ee must be completed 3) Mandatory to go seven times
between the two Mounts.
without interruption except for
the congregational Fard
prayers or any emergency.
Restart from where it was
4) Sunnah to climb on Mounts 4) There is no independent nafl
Safaa and Marwah.
5) Du'aa and Dhikr-Ilahi or 5) No Sa'ee after Nafl Tawaaf or
remembrance of Allaah on
after T. Wadaa
Mounts Safaa and Marwah
and between the two Mounts.
6) Sunnah to run between 6) Ihraam needed for Sa'ee after
Mailain Akhdarain- the green
T. 'Umrah and T. Qudoom
light area. (Muslim). Women
may walk fast.
Good News to Quraan Reciters
AIshaa R.A said that the Messenger of Allaah said,
"A person who recites the Quraan , and reads it fluently, will be in the
company of the obedient and noble angels, and those who read the
Quraan haltingly and with difficulty, will have a double recompense."
(Hadeeth - Bukhari : 4937 and Muslim : 798)


1) Waajib to do Qurbaani (not for the locals, Mufrid who do Hajj
2) One who is unable to do Qurbaani has to fast 10 days; 3 during Hajj
and 7 later on, after returning home. For Mutamatti and Qaarin only.
(S. Al-Baqarah 2, V-196)
3) Qurbaani can be performed anywhere in Makkah and Mina, within
the area of Haram. (Abu Dawood 2324) (Sheep, lamb or goat
each = 1 share; cow and camel = 7 shares each. Muslim 1318
Division : 1/3rd for charity, 1/3rd for gift and 1/3rd for self.)
Animals must be healthy.
4) Preferable to do Qurbaani on the 10th Dhul Hijjah. However, it may
be performed anytime between the morning of the 10th Dhul Hijjah
to before sunset of 13th Dhul Hijjah. (Al-Baihaqi)
5) The rich may sacrifice more than one animal
(Prophet (S) had sacrificed 100 Camels) (Muslim)
6) Person may use part of the sacrificed animal for personal use
7) Qurbaani can also be done on behalf of others
(Prophet (S) did it for the Ummah) (Ibn Majah)
8) Pilgrims are exempted from Eid prayer (because of their
involvement in the rituals of Hajj).
9) Sunnah to do Ramee first, then Qurbaani, then shaving head or
trimming hair and finally bathing and changing clothes (Muslim).
However, it is acceptable if Qurbaani and Ramee order is changed
(Bukhari 1306, Muslim).
No compensation is needed if order is changed.

1) Not allowed to fast in the Ayyam-i-Tashreeq, 10th -13th Dhul Hijjah
(Abu Dawood)
2) Not allowed to fast on the two Eids i.e. 10th Dhul Hijjah and 1st
Shawwaal (Bukhari)
3) Makruh (disliked) to fast on the day of Arafah i.e. 9th Dhul Hijjah.
Prophet (S) did not fast on day of Arafah when he went for Hajj.
(Abu Dawood)
4) Sunnah for those who are not performing the Hajj, to fast the day of
Arafah (Muslim 197: "The reward for fasting the day of Arafat would
cancel the sins committed in the year before and the year after that

DAY 1: 8th Dhul Hijjah: Yawm At-Tarwiyah - Day of Reflection
1) Wear Ihraam (Fard) after ghusl (Tirmidhi) or bathing (preferable) or
(if not wearing Ihraam already).
2) Niyyah (aloud) for Hajj after 2 rakah prayers (Prophet (S) made His
niyyah after fard prayer). Ihraam restriction begin after niyyah. Start
chanting the Talbiyah - Labbaik, Allaahuma-----
3) Leave for Mina (Mustahabb to walk). Sunnah to pray the Zuhr
prayer in Mina. (Travel light).
4) Distance between Makkah and Mina is approx 5 km.
Know your camp number and location.
5) 5 prayers are to be performed in Mina i.e. Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Ishaa
and (spend the night of 8-9th Dhul Hijjah in Mina) Fajr the next
morning. (Muslim 3009)
6) All prayers in Mina are 'Qasr' - shortened (Bukhari 1032).
7) Men should chant the Talbiyah aloud (Saheeh Ibn Majah) and
women softly as much as possible.
8) Spend time in remembrance of Allaah Swt, Dhikr, Quraan reading.
"And remember Allaah in the appointed days" (2 : 203).
Do Not Waste Time, especially in gossip and sleep.

Wear identification tags at all time. Know the nearest medical

facilities. Try to benefit from scholars who might be around you or in
near-by camps.
(Ahmad & Ibn Majah 8273 : 3123)
"The one who has the means and
does not perform the Udhiyah
To Madinah
(Sacrifice), should not approach
the place of Eid Salah."


85 k


5 km



13 km




1) After sunrise and Fajr prayer leave Mina for the plain of Arafah.
Arafah (Climax of Pilgrimage): "The Hajj is Arafat" (Tirmidhi)
2) Try to reach Masjid Nimrah by noon. Imaam gives the Hajj Khutbah
there. If it is crowded, stay anywhere in Arafah. Be sure that you are
within the boundaries of Arafah. Part of Masjid Nimrah is not within
the boundaries of Arafat.
3) Zuhr and Asr prayers with one Adhan and two Iqaamah are
combined and shortened (Jama' & Qasr; Rakah 2+2, Muslim
1218). This can be performed in the group tent in congregation if not
possible to go to Masjid Nimrah. It is preferable to follow the
Sunnah. (Do what the group does, to avoid fitnah. Do not fight).
Imaam Abu Hanifa disagrees on combining the Zuhr + Asr prayers.
4) Wuqoof Arafah is Fard (Standing at Arafah) this is also known as
Yawm-i-Arafah and Rukn-i-Azam or the Greatest Pillar of Hajj.
Du'aa of the day (which Prop. Muhammad (S) and other prophets
before him said) is "Laa ilaaha illal - Laahu wahdahu la shareeka
lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul Hamdu wa huwa 'ala kulli shai-in
Qadeer." (Muslim).
None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah Alone, with out
partner. To Him belongs all praise and sovereignty and He is over all
things Omnipotent (Bukhari & Muslim).
Praise Allaah, ask for forgiveness and guidance, make repentance
and du'aa for all, family, friends, Ummah and mankind.
5) Wuqoof may be done on the Jabal-i-Rahmat (where Prophet (S)
gave his last sermon) or near it, or anywhere in the plain of Arafah.
Hadeeth (Muslim 1218):
"I stand here, but the whole of Arafat is a standing place."
Hadeeth (Muslim, Kitaabul Hajj): There is no other day on which
more people are liberated from the fire, than the day of Arafah.
Time of Wuqoof: Noon to sunset.
This is the day of forgiveness and the Pilgrims should humbly
repent in front of their Rabb. Let sincere tears wash your sins.
Do not return empty handed!
It is the most important day of ones life. Do not waste even a
second. ShaiTaan tempts with sleep & tiredness - beware!

O My servant who have transgressed against themselves, do not
despair from the Mercy of Allaah. Indeed Allaah forgives all sins. He
is the Most Forgiving, The All Merciful (S. Az-Zumar 39, V-53)
6) After maghrib, without doing the prayer, leave Arafah for
Muzdalifah where Maghrib will be performed (Muslim). (Rules have
been changed. Worship is to obey Allaah SWT and not following the
habit of a ritual. Essence of submission is obedience, not logic! )
7) Enroute to Muzdalifah is the valley of Muhassar or Naar (where the
army of elephant was destroyed. S.105, Al-Feel); cross it hastily.
8) Talbiyah should be chanted on the way as much as possible.
9) On reaching Muzdalifah, the Maghrib & Ishaa prayers are
performed together (Jama & Qasr = 3+2+Witr) even if one reaches
late at night. The night is spent in Muzdalifah, in worship and sleep.
Prophet (S) slept there till Fajr prayer. Do dhikr and du'aa. Stones
for stoning the Jamarah may be picked from here or Mina.
Hadeeth (Muslim 1218): "I am standing here, but the whole of
Muzdalifah is a place of standing."
The pillars of Hajj are the rites that are compulsory for the validity and
completion of the Hajj. If missed, re-do Hajj.

Ihraam (with Niyyah).

Standing at Arafat.
Tawaaf-Al-Ifadaah / Hajj
Sa'ee for Hajj.



The obligatory rites of Hajj are the rites that if
omitted, requires the pilgrim to offer an expiation or

Ihraam at the Meeqaat.

Being at Arafah until sunset.
To spend the night (or part of it) in Muzdalifah.
To Ramee (cast pebbles) at the Jamaraat.
To shave the head or cut the hair.
To spend the nights of Tashreek in Mina.
To perform Tawaaf-ul-Wadaa (menstruating
women may omit this without expiation).



5 km

5 6



Masnun Acts / Sunnah

All other acts other than the above are sunnah. Missing them neither
cancels the Hajj nor is a penalty needed. However, these acts are
desirable and one is rewarded for them.

(Islamic day begins after maghrib, not midnight)
1) Wuqoof of Muzdalifah is Waajib.
2) Time of Wuqoof : Till just before the sun comes out.
3) After Fajr prayer, come to Mashar Al Haram - The sacred monument in
Muzdalifah where Prophet (S) stopped during his Hajj. (S.2 Al Baqarah
V-198). If not possible to go there, any place in Muzdalifah will do. Face
the Qiblah and make Talbiyah (saying Labaik...), Tahleel (Saying: Laa
ilaha illal laahu...), Takbeer (saying Allaahu Akbar), Istighfaar and
4) The Fajr prayer should be performed in its early time in Muzdalifah.
5) Before leaving Muzdalifah, gather small stones (Pea or Date stone
size) 7 for the 1st day, (+21+21+21 for the next 2-3 days) for each
person. Stones can be picked from Mina too. NEVER pick up the
pebbles from the location of the Jamaraat. (Keep extra pebbles)
6) Leave Muzdalifah for Mina chanting the Talbiyah on the way (try to do
this trip on foot, with a group so that you do not get lost).
(Drinking water or ORS - oral rehydration solution will keep your
energy up. Patients with salt restriction, use it with care).
7) Enroute to Mina recite Talbiyah as often as possible. Praise Allaah and
do Dhikr. A pedestrian path leads from the masjid in Muzdalifah to the
Jamrah in Mina.
8) Talbiyah should stop on the 10th Dhul Hijjah on starting Ramee
9) On entering Mina it is Waajib to do Ramee - Stoning of only one Jamrah
i.e. Aqabah (the largest pillar) with 7 Pebbles (one by one), reciting
'Allaahu Akbar' with each one (Bukhari). Pebbles must fall inside the
Jamrah fence, otherwise throw again.
10) Sunnah to do Ramee before noon. It can be done till sunset, if need be.
Care must be taken not to hurt others in ones zeal of throwing stones at
shaitaan. This act commemorates the stone throwing of Ibraaheem
A.S when shaitaan tried to tempt him against sacrificing his son.
11) Ramee (the symbol of stoning shaitaan) may be done by women, the
sick and the old after sunset too, or before the prescribed time.
(Bukhari). In case of difficulty someone else can do it for them or
Ramee by proxy. Jabir-Ibn Majah. (Note: One must do own Ramee first
and then for others).
12) Qurbaani / Sacrifice is Waajib (not for one doing Hajj Ifraad), (S. 22 AlHajj V:28,36). Sunnah to do Qurbaani on the 10th after Ramee. It may
be done personally or via an authorised agency. ( 'It is not their meat
nor their blood that reaches Allaah, it is your piety that reaches Him'24

22:37). It may be done on the 11th or 12th if not done earlier.
13) Hair cutting, trimming or shaving is Waajib 'And shave not your heads
until the gifts (Qurbaani) have reached their destination' (2:196).
Shaving is preferable for men (Prophet made Du'aa for them three
times. Muslim). (Shaving head symbolizes a return to a pure , baby like
state devoid of any sin, a new beginning).
Women are not to shave their heads (Abu Dawood) they are to clip
finger tip length of strands of hair (Al Mughni Ibn Quddaamah Hanbali).
14) The Ihraam can be taken off after the above. The Ihraam restrictions
are over and one can clip nails, and wear regular (decent) stitched
clothes. However, sex restrictions remain till Tawaaf Ziyaarah is
15) Tawaaf Ziyaarah (visit) (also called T. Hajj or Ifaadah) is fard and
preferable to do it on the 10th Dhul Hijjah, but may be done till the 12th
Dhul Hijjah, prior to sunset.
This is also an important pillar of Hajj like that of Arafah
16) If for any reason, the Qurbaani or Tawaaf Ziyaarah was not possible
on the 10th, then do it on the 11th or 12th preferably before Zuhr prayer.
17) Sa'ee between the Mt Safaa and Marwah is Waajib with Tawaaf
Ziyaarah. (If Sa'ee was done with T.Qudoom of H.Qiraan, then it is not
needed now). After its completion, one should return to Mina from
Makkah, before sunset.
18) The pilgrims are to spend the nights in Mina. They should not waste
time and continue their connection with their Rabb by doing Dhikr,
Takbeer, Du'aa, Istighfaar and reciting the Quraan (S - 2, V - 203)
19) Day 3 Hajj ceremonies are
TAKBEER : Days of Tashreeq

Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa

ilaaha illal-laahu, Allaahu Akbar,
Allaahu Akbar, Walillaahi-l-Hamd.
(Fath ul Baari)
Takbeer is to be recited as often as possible, especially after the fard
prayers, from the time the pilgrims stop the Talbiyah (after Ramee on 10th
D. Hijjah) till after Asr prayer on the 13th of D. Hijjah.


Sunnah to spend the nights of 11th and 12th in Mina. According to

some scholars, it is Waajib. The days are called Ayyam-ut-tashreeq or
the Days of drying meat ! Spend time in remembrance of Allaah.


Ramee or stoning is Waajib on the 11th and 12th.

Time: after the noon (zawal) to sunset. Makruh (disliked) after sunset.
However, women, the sick and the old may do it after sunset or before
time (Bukhari), or someone else can do it for them (Jabir, Ibn Majah).
Remember that an act is an 'ibadah only if done according to Quraan &

Ramee, on the 11th, 12th (and the 13th), all three Jamaraat are to be
stoned. It is very crowded here. Be extra careful. Follow arrows. Leave from
the marked exits. Do not go against the traffic.
"That the Prophet (S) flung pebbles at the Jamrah on the day of Nahr after
sunrise, and after that (i.e. on the 11, 12 and 13th of Dhul Hijjah) when the
sun had declined;" (Muslim 1299)

Ramee is done first on Jamratul Oola or the smallest, then on J. Thani

or second and finally the J. Aqabah. Seven stone are thrown at each,
one at a time. (Bukhari). (7+7+7=21). Be sure the pebbles go inside the
fence of the Jamrah. If it falls outside the fence, throw again.


During the stoning of the first two places it is sunnah to say, 'AllaahuAkbar'
. After stoning, turn towards Qiblah, raise hand and do
Du'aa. (Face Qiblah from the right of the small pillar and left of the
medium pillar). (Bukhari).


During the stoning of the 3rd Jamratul Aqabah one should also say
"Allaahu Akbar". However, it is not sunnah to do du'aa after it.


Remaining time in Mina should be spent on Takbeer, Dhikr, Du'aa,

Quraan recitation etc. (S2 V-203). Remember not to waste time. This
might be your last and only Hajj!


Leaving Mina (for Makkah, Madinah, Jeddah or home) on the 12th

should be done after Asr and before sunset.


Hajj is now completed.


Tawaaf Wadaa is Waajib and must be done before leaving Makkah.

"The people were ordered to perform the Tawaaf of the Ka'bah
(T. Wadaa) as the last thing before leaving (Makkah), except the
menstruating women who were excused." (Bukhari 1755; Muslim).

". . . The worst of things are innovations (in religious rites)
and every Bid'ah misguides. . . " (Abu Dawood & Tirmidhi)

1) Stay at Mina on the 13th is Mustahibb - desirable (extra credit)
it is not obligatory, (S - 2, Al Baqarah V - 203)
2) Ramee (stone casting, vowing to eliminate the influence of
shaitaan from ones life) must be done at all 3 Jamaraat.
3) Rest of the time must be spent in Takbeer - Allaahu Akbar, TahleelLaa ilaaha illal-Laah, Tagdis - SubHaan Allaah; Tamhid-AlHamdu
Lillaah, and other Dhikr and Quraan recitation, and Du'aa and
4) One must leave Mina before sunset.
5) Tawaaf Wadaa should be performed before leaving Makkah unless
unable due to some problem. No sa'ee after Tawaaf Wada or
farewell Tawaaf.
6) The Quraan says about the transformation that should take place
in the nature of the Pilgrim on completing the Pilgrimage. So when
you have accomplished your rites, celebrate the praises of Allaah
as you used to celebrate the praises of your fathers (lineage), yet,
with far more heart and soul ....' (S - 2, V - 200).
The Quraan also teaches us to make Du'aa to ask for both dunya this world, and the Akhirah - the Here - after.
S - 2, V - 201- Rabba-naa aatina fid-dunya Hasanah wa fil aakhirati
Hasanah wa qina adaab - an - naar
"O our Rabb, grant us hasanah in this world and in the Akhirah and
save us from the torment of Hell fire!" Aameen!
Reward of Hajj
The Prophet (S) said
"One who performs Hajj for
Allaah's Sake and avoids all
lewdness and sins, will return
from Hajj free from all sins,
as he was the day his mother
gave birth to him."
(Bukhari : 1521 &
Muslim: 1350)


"Expedite the performance
of the duty of Hajj for
nobody knows what
may obstruct one."
(Ibn Majah : 2883
and Ahmad 1 / 214)

Thank Allaah Swt who helped you to perform Hajj.

Ask Him to accept your rituals and efforts.
Promise Him to abide by His commands and revolve your lives
around Him.


Sabr is the first and foremost quality needed. Hajj is not just a set of
rituals. It is about giving rights of fellow pilgrims and sacrificing ones
own 'nafs'. It is a training process to make us into better
indiviDu'aals, learning to live with other people peacefully. If we do
not learn this lesson then our Hajj will remain incomplete.

This is a great opportunity to clean the slate of own's life. Make the
best of it. Change every act of yours into ibadaah - worship, by
doing it the Sunnah way. Your eating, drinking, sleeping can all
became acts of worship if it is done in the way of our beloved
Prophet (S).

Start from home with a clean state, with no bad feelings towards
anyone, specially relatives. It will help in attaining taqwaa.

Make a will. Try and pay off all debts.

Get vaccinated well ahead of time. Keep the vaccination card with
your passport, travellers cheques, money etc. Make sure your
passport is valid. Obtain all required visas, keep some extra

Keep some basic medicine. You need a doctors prescription.

Keep luggage to a minimum. Women should wear long dress at

Mina as toilets are usually the squatting kind. Clothes can be
washed while in Makkah or laundry can be used which are readily
available. The nights can be cold at Mina and Muzdalifah. Men
should keep towel cloth Ihraam.

Rest well before doing 'Umrah, both Tawaaf and Sa'ee can be
tiring. Take care of yourself so your 'ibadah can be better.

Sleeping bags may be helpful for Mina or you can buy mats locally
at Makkah. Some tents now provide mattresses / beds.

Drink plenty of water, laban (yogurt drink) and juice. Keep a balance
between drinking enough and not having to go to the bathroom too
much. Do not eat too much.

Try and be in a state of wudu as much as possible. Do dhikr all the


Keep plastic bags for slippers and shoes.

"Charity is obligatory daily on every joint of humans. If one helps a
person in his riding animal by helping him to ride on it, or lift his
luggage on it, this will be regarded as charity. A good word, and
every step one takes to go for prayer are regarded as charity. And,
guiding somebody on the road is charity." (Bukhari 2891)


Keep identification on you at all times. Hang I.D card around your
neck and wear I.D band on wrist. Keep copy of passport.

Know when the bathrooms are cleaned and use them accordingly.
Work out some system while in Mina. Use the bathrooms before
leaving Arafah as the ones in Muzdalifah are quite bad. The entire
crowd gathers there at one time and the toilets end up over-flowing.
Try and clean up after yourself as much as possible.

It is easier to walk from Muzdalifah to Mina as long as you know

where your camp is located. Acquaint yourself with your area
wherever you are. Walking may be slow and hard for the ill and old.

Local phone cards can be bought for your mobile phones, get it as
soon as you get there.

Control your temper at all times. You are the guest of Rahmaan, so
act like one . Know that all that can so wrong will probably go wrong,
but you need to keep your cool.

Patience, Patience, Patience! No Patience, No Hajj!

"Indeed, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was
at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for
Al-'Aalameen - all creations. In it are manifest 'signs', the maqaam
of Ibraaheem; whoever enters it, he attains security. . . . . ."
(S. Aal-i-'Imraan 3, V-96-97)

(Hijr Ismail)




Visiting the city of Madinah is not a devotional rite of 'Umrah or Hajj.
However, it is the city of our beloved Prophet (S) who lies buried there. It
is highly commendable and a great honor to visit the Prophet (S)'s city
and Masjid (and re-live the history of Islam). The importance of
Madinah can be appreciated from the Hadeeth of Prophet (S) where he
said, "Indeed Ibraaheem declared Makkah sacred and supplicated (for
blessings) upon its inhabitants, and I declare Madinah to be sacred as
Ibraaheem declared Makkah to be sacred. I have supplicated (Allaah
for His blessings) in its sa' and its mudd (two standards of
measurement) twice as did Ibraaheem for the inhabitants of Makkah."
(Muslim : 1360)
Allaah's Messenger also said, (reported by Abu Hurairah R.A.) "A
prayer in my masjid is a thousand time more excellent than a prayer in
any other masjid, except Masjid al Haram. (Makkah, where it is
100,000). (Muslim : 1394)
Etiquette of the Prophet (S)'s Masjid:
- As with other masjids, enter with your right foot and recite the du'aa
for entering majids.
Allaahum-maftah lee abwaaba rahmatik"
(O Allaah! open for me the doors of Your Mercy). Muslim 1685.
- Perform two rakat Tahiyyatul Masjid.
"When any of you enters the Masjid, you should pray two rakat
before sitting down. (Hadeeth : Bukhari : 444, Muslim : 714)
- Do not push or walk over fellow muslims. Patience!
- Proceed to the front of the Masjid to visit the graves of Allaah's
Messenger and his two companions, Abu Bakr and Umar R.A.; if
and when possible.
- Walking backwards away from the tomb to leave the Masjid is an



Send salutations (Salaams) on the Messenger (S) as often as

"Whoever asks Allaah to bless me once, Allaah will bless him for
that ten times." (Hadeeth : Muslim 408)
One should not touch or kiss the latthice wall outside the grave. Nor
should one supplicate to the Prophet (S).
Facing the grave (if possible) greetings can be offered "Assalaamu
'alaka yaa ayyuhan-nabeeyu wa rahmat-ullahi wa barakaatu hu.
"Salaam on you O Prophet, and the Mercy and Blessings of Allaah
(be upon you).
Move slightly to right and say
'Assalaamu alaika yaa Abaa Bakr'.
Move slightly to right and say
'Assalaamu alaika yaa Umar'.
(Sending salaam on behalf of someone else has no evidence in the
Sunnah. However one can send salaam upon the Prophet (S) from
wherever one is in the world).

Rawdatul Jannah : try to perform 2 rakats nafl salah in the area if

possible, as Prophet (S) said, "Between my house and my pulpit is a
garden from the gardens of Paradise." (Muslim : 1390). It is marked by a
different colored carpet. There are special timings for ladies to visit this
area. Remember Sabr!
Hadeeth: Bukhari 1867; Muslim 1366
"Al Madinah is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be
cut, and no heresy should be innovated, nor any sin should be
committed in it, and whoever innovates in it heresy or commits sins (bad
deeds), them he will incur the curse of Allaah, the angels and the

The Quba Masjid

It lies on the outskirts of Madinah. It was the first masjid built by the
Prophet (S), even before the Prophet's Masjid in Madinah. The Quraan
refers to it as the masjid founded on Taqwa (piety). (S. 9, At-Tawbah, V108).
Hadeeth of Prophet (S)
"A person who makes wudu (ablution) in his house and then comes to
Qubaa masjid and prays in it (Two rakat of prayers), his reward will be
same as doing an 'Umrah". (Nisai, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi).
Note: If you are making Hajj or 'Umrah after visiting Madinah, you must
start the state of ihraam from Madinah or the masjid at Dhul Hulaifah, on
the out skirts of Madinah

In the tenth year of the Hijrah, he went to Makkah as a pilgrim for the last
time - his pilgrimage of farewell, it is called - When from Mount 'Arafat
he addressed to an enormous throng of pilgrims. He reminded them of
all the duties Islam enjoined upon them and that they would one day
have to meet their Lord, Who would judge each one of them according
to his work. An extract of the address is as follows:
I declare this truth that there is no god except Allaah
and I declare this truth that Muhammad is His servant
and His messenger.
O servants of Allaah, I advise you to worship Him and I
persuade you to do so.
O people! Listen to me carefully as I speak clearly, for I
do not think I will have the opportunity to meet you here
after this year.
O people! Your blood and your property have been
sanctified to one another, just as this month, this
year, this day in this city are sanctified.
Beware that I have conveyed the word to you. O
Allaah! Be my Witness!
So whosoever has anything in trust should return it to
its owner.
Amounts of usury of the days of ignorance are remitted
and first of all I remit the claims of usury of my uncle
'Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib.
Beware that I have conveyed the word. O Allaah! Be
my Witness!
O People! Your women have been given some right in
respect of you and you have been given some rights in
respect of them. It is incumbent on them to let no one
enter into their sleeping chambers except you and do
not let any one enter into your house whose entry is not
liked by you. And they should not commit any
After me, do not go back to the ways of idolatry and do

not slay each other.
I am leaving with you two things, as long as you follow
them, you will never go astray, and those are the Book
of Allaah (the Quraan) and my Sunnah (what I said and
what I did).
Beware that I have conveyed the word. O Allaah! Be
my Witness!
O People! Your God is One, and your ancestor is also
one. You are all the progeny of Adam who was created
from dust. The most respected before Allaah amongst
you is one who is most Godfearing. No Arab has
preference over a non-Arab or a non-Arab over an
Arab. Preference if any is on the basis of 'who fear
Allaah the most '
Those who are present here should convey these
words to those who are absent. Possibly those who
are absent may remember and observe these things
more carefully than those present.
O People! Allaah has assigned a specific share of
inheritance to each heir. To will more than one-third of
ones property is not permitted.
The child belongs to one on whose bed (marriage) it is
born, and the adulterer shall be stoned.
At the end of the discourse, he asked: Have I not conveyed the
message? And from that great multitude of men, who a few months or
years before had all been conscienceless idolaters, the shout went up:
O' Allaah! Yes! The Prophet said: O' Allaah! You are my witness! O
Allaah! You are my witness! O Allaah! You are my witness!
It was during that last pilgrimage when the following verse of the Qur'an
was revealed, declaring Al-Islam to be Allaah's chosen religion:
This day I have perfected your religion for you,
completed My Favors upon you and approved AlIslam as a Deen (The way of Life) for you.
(Soorah 5, Ayah 3)
(English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quraan by Muhammad
Farooq-i-Azam Malik)


(The Farewell Pilgrimage).
The Messenger (S) of Allh announced his intention for the Hajj. Enormous
crowds of people came to Madinah, all of whom sought the guidance and
leadership of the Messengers (S) of Allh in the pilgrimage (Al-Hajj). [1] On a
Saturday of the last four days of Dhul-Qadah, the Prophet (S) started the
departure preparations.[2] He combed his hair, applied some perfume, wore
his garment, saddled his camel and set off in the afternoon. He arrived at
Dhul-Hulaifah before the afternoon prayer. He performed two rakah and
spent the night there. When it was morning he said to his Companions:
"A comer, sent by my Lord, has called on me tonight and said: Pray in this
blessed valley and say: I intend 'Umrah combined with pilgrimage. [3]
Before performing the noon prayer, he bathed for Ihraam (sacred state of
pilgrimage), and 'Aishah R.A. perfumed him on both his body and head with
her hand with a Dharira (a plant) and with a perfume containing musk. The
thick sticky layer of perfume could be seen among his parts of hair and
beard. He left it unwashed, wore his Ihraam. He performed the noon prayer
shortened to two rakah. He proclaimed pilgrimage procedure associated
with 'Umrah at his prayer place and proclaimed: "Labbaik Allaahumma
labbaik" 'Here I am at Your service O Allaah, here I am.' He, then mounted
his she-camel 'Al-Qaswa', When he moved into the desert, he said the
talbiyah - Labbaik.... again.
He proceeded with his journey till he approached Makkah. He spent the
night at Dhi Tuwa and entered Makkah after performing the dawn prayer
and bath. It was Sunday morning, 4th Dhul-Hijjah 10. He spent eight days
on the way, which was an average period. As soon as he entered Al-Haram
Masjid he circumambulated Al-Kabah and walked to and fro (Sa'ee)
between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah. He did not finish the Ihraam (ritual
consecration) because he was Qaarin (i.e. intending Umrah and Al-Hajj
associated). He had with him Al-Hady (i.e. the sacrificial animals) in order to
slaughter them. He camped on a high place of Makkah Al-Hajun. As for
circumambulation, after that he performed only that of Al-Hajj (pilgrimage
Those of his Companions who had no Hady with them to sacrifice, were
ordered to change Ihraam (i.e. the state of ritual consecration) into Umrah
(i.e. lesser pilgrimage), and circumambulate Al-Kabah and stride ritually to
and fro between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah. After that they could relieve
themselves from Ihraam. They, however, showed reluctance to do what
they had been told. Thereupon, the Messenger (S) of Allh said: "Had I
known beforehand what I knew afterward, I would not have brought the
Hady with me, and if I did not have Hadi, I would have releived from it. On
hearing these words, his Companions obeyed the orders.
On the 8th Dhul-Hijjah 10 that is the Day of Tarwiyah, he left for Mina and

stayed there till the morning of the 9th D. Hijjah He performed the noon, the
afternoon, the sunset, the evening and the dawn prayers. i.e. five
prayers in Mina. Then he stayed for a while till the sun rose up, then he
moved along till he reached Arafah, where there was a tent built for him at
Namirah. He sat inside till the sun went down. He ordered that Al-Qaswa,
his she-camel, should be prepared for him. They saddled it and had it ready,
so he went down the valley where a hundred thousand and twenty-four or
forty-four thousand people gathered round him. There he stood and
delivered the following speech:
"O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at
this place after this year.[4] Your blood, your property and your honor are as
sacred as this day, this month and this city (i.e. Makkah and the surrounding
"Behold! all practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet.
The blood-revenge of the Days of Ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are
remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabia bin Harith
who was nursed in the tribe of Sad and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is
forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which
Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is remitted entirely."
"O people! Fear Allaah concerning women. Verily you have taken them on
the security of Allaah and have made their persons lawful unto you by
Words of Allaah! It is incumbent upon them to honor their conjugal rights
and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority
to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and
are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably."
"Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allaah, if you hold fast to it, you
shall never go astray." [5]
"O people, I am not succeeded by a Prophet and you are not succeeded by
any nation. So I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five
prayers, to fast Ramadan and to offer the Zakat (poor-due) of your
provision willingly. I recommend you to do the pilgrimage to the Sacred
House of your Lord and to obey those who are in charge of you then you will
be awarded to enter the Paradise of your Lord." [6]
"And if you will be asked about me, what are you going to say?"
They replied:
"We bear witness that you have conveyed the Message and fulfilled your
He then raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards the
people while saying:


"O Allaah, Bear witness."
He said that phrase thrice. [7]
The one who repeated the Prophets (S) statements loudly at Arafat was
Rabia bin Omaiyah bin Khalaf. [8]
As soon as the Prophet (S) had accomplished delivering the speech, the
following Qurnic verse was revealed to him:
"This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour
upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." [9]
Upon hearing this verse Umar (R.A.) cried. "What makes you cry?" He was
asked. His answer was: "Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection." [10]
Bilal (R.A.) called for prayer after the speech, and then made the second
call. The Prophet (S) performed both of the noon and the afternoon prayers
separately, with two Iqamah and with no prayers in between. He then
mounted his she-camel Al-Qaswa, approached the location of the vigil,
directed his face towards Al-Qiblah, kept on standing till sunset when the
sky yellow colour vanished a bit and the disc of the sun disappeared.
Osamah added that the Prophet (S) moved onward to Muzdalifah. where
he observed the sunset and the night prayers with one First call and two
second calls. He did not perform any prayer between the two prayers.
Then he lay down till it was dawn prayer time. He performed it with one first
call and one second call at almost daybreak. Mounting on his Al-Qaswa, he
moved towards Al-Mashar Al-Haram. He faced Al-Qiblah and started
supplicating: "Allaah is the Greatest. There is no god but Allaah." He
remained there till it was clear morning and before the sun rose high, he
made his way to Mina. He moved a little faster in the bottom of the Muhassir
valley and then threaded the mid-road leading to the big Jamrah where he
stopped and pelted seven pebbles at it saying "Allaah is the Greatest" each
time. They were like small pebbles hurled from the bottom of the valley.
Then he set off to the sacrificial place, where he sacrificed sixty-three
camels with his hands, and asked Ali to slaughter the other, thirty-seven,
one hundred altogether. He made Ali share him in Al-Hady. A piece of meat
from each slaughtered animal was ordered to be cooked in a pot and from
which both men ate, and drank the broth.
Then the Messenger (S) of Allaah mounted his she-camel and returned to
the House where he performed tawaaf-i-Ifaadah and observed the noon
prayer at Makkah. There he came upon the children of Abdul Muttalib who
were supplying drinking water to people at Zamzam Well. "Draw up water,
children of Abdul Muttalib, I would draw up with you if I were not afraid that
people would appropriate this honour after me." They handed him a
container of water and he drank to his fill. [11]
At the daytime of the 10th Dhul-Hijjah 10 on the Slaughtering Day (Yaum

An-Nahr) The Prophet (S) delivered another speech. That was late in the
morning, while he was mounting a grey mule. Ali conveyed his statements
to the people, who were standing or sitting. [12] He repeated some of the
statements that he had previously said the day before. The two Sheikh
(Bukhri and Muslim) reported a version narrated by Abi Bakrah who said:
The Prophet (S) made a speech on Yaum An-Nahr (day of slaughtering)
and said:
"Time has grown similar in form and state to the time when Allaah created
the heavens and the earth. A year is twelve months. Four of which are
Sacred Months (Hurum). Three of the four months are successive. They
are Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Al-Muharram. The fourth Month is Rajab
Mudar, which comes between Jumada and Shaban."
"What month is this month?" He asked. We said: "Allaah and His
Messenger know best of all." He kept silent for a while till we thought he
would attach to it a different appellation. "Is it not Dhul-Hijjah?" He
wondered. "Yes. It is." We said. Then he asked, "What is this town called?"
We said: "Allh and His Messenger know best of all." He was silent for a
while till we thought he would give it a different name. "Is it not Al-Baldah?
(i.e. the town)" asked he. "Yes. It is." We replied. Then he asked again,
"What day is it today?" We replied: "Allh and His Messenger know best of
all." Then he kept silent for a while and said wondering: "Is it not An-Nahr
(i.e. slaughtering) Day?" "Yes. It is." said we. Then he said:
"Your blood, your property and your honor are as sacred as this day, this
month, and this town."
"You will go back to be resurrected (after death) to your Lord. There you will
be accounted for your deeds. So do not turn into people who go astray and
kill one another."
"Have I not delivered the Message (of my Lord)?" "Yes you have." said they.
"O Allaah! Bear witness! Let him that is present convey it to him who is
absent. For haply, many people to whom the Message is conveyed may
have more understanding of it than the audience,." said he. [13]
In another version it is said that the Prophet (S) had said in that very
"Any wrongdoer does not wrong another except himself. so let none of you
be blamed for the acts of his father or his son. Verily Satan has utterly
despaired a being worshipped in this city of yours; but he will be obeyed by
you in things you will be considering of no value. Satan will be content with
even such things." [14]
The Messenger (S) of Allaah spent At-Tashreeq Days (11th, 12th and 13th
of Dhul-Hijjah) in Mina, teachings about Islam, remembering Allaah

(praying), following the ways of guidance of Ibraaheem (A.S.), wiping out all
traces and features or polytheism. On one of the days of At-Tashreeq he
delivered a speeches as well. In a version reported by Abu Dawood with
good chain narration, Sira, the daughter of Nabhan; she said: "The
Messenger (S) of Allh made us a speech at the Ruus (Heads) Day in
which he said: "Is it not this the middle day of At-Tashreeq." [15]
His speech that day was similar to that of An-Nahr Days. It was made after
the revelation of Surat An-Nasr.
On the second day of An-Nafr (i.e. Departure) on the 13th Dhul-Hijjah 10,
the Prophet (S) proceeded to Mina and stayed at a high place of a mountain
side at Bani Kinanah from Al-Abtah Valley. He spent the rest of that day and
night there where he performed the noon, the afternoon, the sunset and
the night prayers.
Then he slept for a short while and mounted leaving for the Kabah. He
performed the Farewell Circumambulation (Tawaf Al-Wadaa), after
ordering his Companions to do the same thing.
Upon the accomplishment of his religious rituals, he quickened his move to
the purified Madinah.
He went there not to seek rest but to resume the strife and struggle in the
way of Allaah. [16]
Source: The sealed Nectar, (Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum) Biography of the
Noble Prophet (S), Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarkpuri, Darussalam


Sahih Muslim 1/394

Fath Al-Bari 8/104
Sahih Al-Bukhari 1/207
Ibn Hisham 2/603
Sahih Muslim 1/397
Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 1/263
Sahih Muslim 1/397
Ibn Hisham 2/605
Al-Qur'an 5:3
Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 1/265
Sahih Muslim 1/397-400
Abu Da'ud 1/270
Sahih Al-Bukhari 1/234
At-Tirmidhi 2/38, 135; Mishkat Al-Masabih 1/234
Abu Da'ud 1/269
Sahih Al-Bukhari 1/631, 2/631; Ibn Hisham 2/601-605; Za'd Al-Ma'ad
1/196, 218-220

Glossary of Hajj

Afaaqi. Pilgrim who comes form outside the appointed meeqaats.

Asr. The afternoon prayer.
Ayyam al-Tashreeq. Lit. The days of drying meat. The 11th, 12th and
13th Dhul Hijjah during which pilgrims stay in Mina and perform the rites
of stoning; and remembrance of Allaah Swt.
Dum. Blood (of animal sacrifice); making amends for ones
shortcomings. (One of the means of Kaffarah). See KAFFARAH.
Dhul Hijjah. The twelfth month of the Islamic Calendar during which
Hajj is performed.
Fajr. The early morning prayer.
Fard. Duty for every Muslim.
Hady. Animal for sacrifice.
Hajj. Lit. To set out for a place. Pilgrimage to Makkah, which is one of
the five Pillars of Islam. It is compulsory for every sane adult Muslim,
male and female if he or she possesses enough wealth to undertake the
journey and has good health. Women cannot travel without mahram.
Hajj Ifraad. Lit. Isolated pilgrimage. Hajj without 'Umrah. A pilgrim who
performs it is known as mufrid. It is for the people of Makkah & around.
Hajj Qiraan. Lit. accompanied pilgrimage. To perform 'Umrah and
Hajj, one after another, with the same Ihraam. One who does so is
called a qaarin.
Hajj Tamattu. Lit. Interrupted pilgrimage Pilgrimage in which a pilgrim
performs 'Umrah some time before Hajj and removes Ihraam. When
Hajj days approach, the pilgrim puts on Ihraam again for Hajj. One who
does so is called a mutamatti.
Halq. Shaving head. See TAHLIQ.
'Eid Al-Adha. The feast of the sacrifice. The third day of the Hajj-10th
Dhul Hijjah, which is celebrated throughout the Muslim world as a great
festival remembering the willingness of Ibraaheem A.S to sacrifice his
son for Allaah.


Ifaadah. Lit. Overflowing. The pilgrims movement from Arafat to
Muzdalifah is called ifaadah or nafrah meaning rush. (Tawaaf ul
Ifaadah or Tawaaf ul Hajj is mandatory)
Ihraam. Lit. Prohibiting. Pilgrims robe consisting of two seamless
white sheets or towels. One of the pieces is wrapped around the midriff
to cover the body from just above the navel down to the ankles. The
other is draped around the shoulders to cover the upper body. The
sheets are 2 yd x 11/4 yd approximately.
(Women wear scarves covering their heads, along with their usual
clothes.) Wearing this is a sign of readiness to enter the sacred land of
Makkah in the chastened state of mind appropriate to Hajj.
Ishaa. The night prayer.
Istilaam. Kissing, touching the Black Stone or simply facing towards it
at the beginning of each round of taawaf and pointing to it.
Kaffaarah. Lit. To hide. Atonement. To offer an animal sacrifice, or
feeding six poor or fasting 3 days for failing to perform certain rites of
Hajj. This is also called Fidyah.
Khutbah. Sermon given by the imam before certain prayers.
(Especially on 9th Dhul Hijjah befor combined salah of Zuhr & Asr).
Maghrib. The evening prayer.
Mahram. Lit. Unlawful. A close relative whom a woman cannot marry,
such as her father, brother, son etc, A woman going to Hajj should be
accompanied by her husband or a mahram.
Meeqaat. Lit. A stated place or time. Various external boundaries in all
directions with variable distances outside Makkah, where the pilgrim
puts on Ihraam before entering Makkah for Hajj or 'Umrah.
Muallim or Mutawwif. A guide who assists pilgrims in performing Hajj
Mufrid. see Hajj Ifraad.
Mutamatti. see Hajj Tamattu.
Nafrah. see Hajj Ifaadah.
Nahr. Animal sacrifice which is made in Mina after the casting of
pebbles (ramee).
Qaarin. see Hajj Qiraan

Qiblah. The direction of prayer towards the Ka'bah.
Rafath. Indulging in indecent and absurd talk or sex which is forbidden
during Hajj.
Ramal. Proceeding round the Ka'bah at a jogging pace in the first three
rounds of Tawaaf 'Umrah and T. Qudoom. (Ladies are not required to
practice this).
Ramee. One of the Hajj rites of casting small pebbles at the stone pillars
called the Jamaraat (representing shaitaan), in Mina.
Rida. The upper cloth of ihraam.
Saee. Lit. Running. One of the Hajj rites of going to and fro between
the Mounts Safaa and Marwah seven times.
Salah. (pl. salaat). Five obligatory prayers performed daily.
Shaut. One circle around the Kahab, (seven ashwaat make one
tawaaf) or one journey from Safaa to Marwah.
Niyyah. Intention. Like all other acts of worship, Hajj and 'Umrah
require a formal declaration of intention before they are undertaken.
Tahleel. Recitation of shahadah: Laa ilaaha ilal Laah, Muhammadurrasul Allaah. There is no deity save Allaah, Muhammad is the
messenger of Allaah.
Tahiq or Halq. is shaving the head after the sacrifice of an animal.
Talbiyah. Lit. To pronounce labbayk. The invocation the pilgrim often
repeats after wearing ihraam. The invocation is as follows:
Labbayk Allaahuma Labbayk. Labbayk laa shareeka laka labbayk.
In-nal-Hamda wan ni' mata laka wal mulk, laa shareeka lak.
Here I am, Here I am, O Allaah! Here I am! Here I am, responding to
Your call. You have no Partner, here I am, here I am. Surely Yours is all
Praise, all Goodness and all Sovereignty and You have no partner.
Taqseer .Trimming of the hair after the sacrifice, specially for women.
Tawaaf. A rite of Hajj which is performed by going around the Ka'bah
seven times in an anti-closkwise direction, having the Ka'bah on the left
hand side. (Symbolic of the Ka'bah and the Rabb of Ka'bah being the
central point of ones life).


Tawaaf al-Ifaadah or Tawaaf al-Ziyaarah. This tawaaf is performed
preferable on 10th Dhul Hijjah. It is also called Tawaaf al Hajj.
Tawaaf al-Nafl. A tawaaf which may be performed at any time.
Tawaaf al-Qudoom. The rite of going around the Ka'bah on arrival.
Tawaaf al-'Umrah. A tawaaf performed for 'Umrah.
Tawaaf al-Wadaa. The tawaaf of farewell, i.e, upon leaving Makkah.
(This is Waajib for Hajj).
'Umrah. The lesser pilgrimage, which consists only of the tawaaf of the
Ka'bah and the Saee of Safaa and Marwah. It can be performed at any
time during the day or night, all year round.
Wudu. The washing of hands, face and feet in a prescribed manner
before prayers.
Waquf. Lit. standing. Staying in the Arafat valley and especially
praying there in the standing position on the second day of Hajj, 9th
Dhul Hijjah (waquf Muzdalifah - standing / stay at Muzdalifah).
Yawm Arafaat. The Day of Arafaat. The second day of Hajj, 9th Dhul
Hijjah, is also known by this name. Arafaat is the climax of Hajj.
Yawm al-Nahr. The day of sacrifice. The third day of Hajj, 10th Dhul
Hijjah, when pilgrims offer a sacrifice at Mina.
Yawm al-Waquf. The day of standing. The second day of Hajj, 9th Dhul
Hijjah, when pilgrims stand in Arafaat for prayers. It is a Pillar of Hajj and
is called "Rukn-i-Azam" or Greatest Pillar.
Zuhr. The midday prayer.

"The angels worship Allaah

in Al Bayt Al Ma'moor and
perform Tawaaf around it
just as the people of the
earth perform Tawaaf
around Ka'bah. It is the
Ka'bah of those who reside
in the seventh heaven"
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
Vol 9, S. At-Tur)

Hadeeth about Al-Israa:

after ascending to the 7th
Heaven, Prophet (S) said,
"Then I was taken to Al Bayt
Al Ma'moor. It is visited
every day by 70,000 angels
who will not come back to
visit it again".
(Fath Al Baari 6:349 and
Muslim 1:150)


Places of Hajj
Arafat. Plain about 12 miles/19 kilometers east of Makkah. It is a major
focal point for Hajj. On 9th Dhul Hijjah all pilgrims must present
themselves here for the main rite called Wuqoof or "the standing", after
the combined Zuhr & Asr prayers until sunset. Prophet Muhammad (S)
delivered his last sermon here.
Hajr-i-Aswad. The Black Stone. The stone fixed on the eastern corner
of the Ka'bah. This is the only original relic of the time of the Prophet
Ibraaheem (A.S). "...descended from Paradise..." Tirmidhi.
Haram. Sacred precincts of the city of Makkah and Madinah.
Hatim. Lit. "the broken part." Semi-circular wall near the Ka'bah. At one
point of time this was part of the Ka'bah. Also called Hijr Ismail.
Jabal Rahmah. The Mountain of Mercy. The mountain in Arafat on
which the Prophet Muhammad (S) preached his famous sermon,
knows as the Farewell Sermon.
Jamaraat (sing. Jamrah). The three stone pillars in Mina where the
pilgrims throw small pebbles, this being a rite of Hajj.
Ka'bah. The Ka'bah whose name is derived from the Arabic word which
means a cube, is the shrine originally built by Prophet Ibraaheem A.S. in
Makkah, towards which Muslims face while praying.
Kiswa. The covering of the Ka'bah, the black cloth.
Maqaam Ibraaheem. The Standing place of the Prophet Ibraaheem
marked by a small golden kiosk in the vicinity of the Ka'bah.
Two rakat prayers are offered here by pilgrims, following the Quraan ,
S.2 : 125. "And take the Maqaam Ibraaheem as a place of prayer."

Masa. The walkway between Safaa and Marwah. See Safaa, Marwah.
Al-Mashar al-Haram. The Sacred Monument. A place in Muzdalifah
where the Prophet stopped during his Hajj. It is mentioned in the
Quraan, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:198. A masjid now stands on the site.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi. Mosque of the Prophet. One of the three most
sacred mosques (the other two are the Sacred Masjid in Makkah and
the Al-Aqsa Masjid in Jerusalem).
Ma-Taaf. Open area around the Ka'bah where pilgrims perform tawaaf.
see Tawaaf.

Maylayn Akhdarayn. The area marked with green pillars and lights
where pilgrims move at a jogging pace while performing Sa'ee.
Makkah. Makkah al-Mukarramah or Makkah the Blessed, is the city
which was first inhabited by the family of the Prophet Ibraaheem (A.S),
who built the Ka'bah. The Prophet Muhammad (S) was born here and
today it is the centre of Hajj and the focal point for Muslims all around the
world, who turn towards the Ka'bah in Makkah five times a day in prayer.
Madinah. Formerly known as Yathrib, this city was re-named Madinat
ul-Nabi (the City of the Prophet) or al-Madinah al-Munawwarah (The
Radiant City) or simply Madinah, after the migration of the Prophet
Muhammad (S) here.
Mina. A small town about 3 miles / 5 kilometers away from Makkah
where, during Hajj, the pilgrims stay in small tents. The rites of throwing
pebbles at stone pillars called Jamaraat and the sacrifice of animals are
carried out here.
Meeqaat (pl. mawaqit). Lit. "appointed place." Certain points where
approaching pilgrims for Hajj and 'Umrah assume ihraam. One may
imagine these points joined up by a line beyond which pilgrims may not
go on to Makkah without wearing ihraam. (Diagram on pg. 11)
Mizab al-Rahmah. The Spout of Mercy. A golden water-spout jutting
out from the north-west of the Ka'bah through which rain water falls.
Mountain of Light. Jabal al-Nur. The mountain in Makkah on top of
which the Cave of Thawr is situated.
Al-Multazam. Lit. "the place to hold on." The wall of the Ka'bah
between its door and the Black Stone. The area is especially sacred, as
pilgrims gather here for du'aa - personal prayer.
Muzdalifah. A place 3.5 miles / 8 kilometers away form Makkah.
Pilgrims on the way from Arafat to Mina stay here overnight and collect
small pebbles to throw at the Jamaraat in Mina.
Namirah Mosque. The mosque at Arafat where same of the pilgrims
recite the combined prayers of Zuhr and Asr on 9th Dhul Hijjah.
Rukn Aswad. The Black Stone corner. The eastern corner of the
Ka'bah on which the Black Stone is fixed.
Rukn Iraqi. The Iraqi Corner. The northern corner of the Ka'bah which
faces towards Iraq.
Rukn Shaami. The Syrian Corner. The western corner of the Ka'bah

which faces towards Syria.
Rukn Yamaani. The Yemen corner. The southern corner of the Ka'bah
which faces towards Yemen.
The Sacred Masjid. of al-Masjid al-Haraam. The gigantic masjid in
Makkah, in the centre of which the Ka'bah stands. The masjid also
encloses Safaa and Marwah and the Zam Zam area.
Safaa and Marwah. Two small hills in Makkah near the Ka'bah (now
enclosed within the Sacred Masjid) between which pilgrims go back
and forth seven times to re-enact Hajirah R.A's search for water for her
baby, Ismail A.S.
Wadi Muhssar. Also known as Wadi Naar. A place near Mina where, in
the year when the Prophet Muhammad (S) was born, the Army of the
Elephant was punished by Divine intervention. Soorah 105 Al-Feel of
the Quraan describes the event.
Zam Zam. A well near the Ka'bah inside the Sacred Masjid, from which
pilgrims ritually drink. The Zam Zam spring appeared when Hajirah R.A
and her baby, Ismail A.S., were extremely thirsty in the desert.
(Adapted from 'Tell me about Hajj' by Saniyasnain Khan, Goodword
Books 2001).
Things to Do :
Prophet (S) said, "Whoever performs salat ul Fajr in congregation
and remains in the place (Masjid) busy with Dhikr of Allaah and
then performs 2 rakah prayer after sun rise, he will get the reward
equal to that of performing Hajj and 'Umrah". (Hadeeth: Tirmidhi
Hadeeth :

Hadeeth :
Abu Hurairah R.A. Reported
that the Prophet (S) said. "If a
man sets out with fillthy
earnings, places his foot in the
strirrup (of his riding animal)
and calls out 'Labbaik
Allaahumma labaaik', a caller
will call from the heavens, you
do not hear the call and you
will not be pleased. Your
provisions are haraam, and
your earnings are haraam and
your Hajj is not blessed nor
accepted." (Rizq Halaal)

Qasr Salah / Shortened

It is a gift from Allaah which
He Bestowed upon you; so
you should accept it.
(Muslim 1573)
"It is no sin for you that you
seek the bounty of your
Lord (by trading)"


Quraanic Duaa


Alhamdu lil-laahi Rabbi-l-'aalameen ar-Rahmaan-ir-Raheem, Maaliki

yawmi-d-deen. Iy-yaaka na'budu wa iy-yaaka nasta-'een. Ihdinaa-SSiraata-l-mustaqeem. Siraata-l-ladheena an'amta 'alaihim, ghairi-lmagh-Doobi 'alaihim wa la-D-Daaaleen. (Aameen)
In the Name of Allaah, the Compassionate, the All Merciful. All praise is
for Allaah, the Rabb of the worlds; the Compassionate, the All Merciful.
Master of the day of Judgement. You Alone we worship and You alone
we ask for help. Guide us to the Right Way; the way of those whom You
have favored; not of those who have earned Your wrath, or of those who
have lost the way. (S. Al Fatihah 1, V: 1-7).

Rabbi-sh-raH lee Sadree wa yassir-lee amree wahlul uq-da-ta(n)-mmil-li-saanee, yaf-qa-hoo qaw-lee.

O my Rabb! Open for me my chest / center. And ease my task for me.
And loosen the knot from my tongue, that they may understand my
speech. (S. Taa Haa 20:26,27).

Rabbanaa Zalamnaa anfusanaa wa illam taghfirlanaa

wa tarHamnaa lanakunanna minal khaasireen

Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You do not forgive us and
have mercy on us we will certainly be among the losers.
(S-Al-A'raaf 7:23)



Rabbanaa aatinaa fiddunyaa Hasanah wa fil aakhirati

Hasanah wa qinaa 'adhaaban-naar

Our Lord! Give us the good in this world and the good in the Hereafter
and save us from the punishment of the Fire.
(Soorah Al-Baqarah 2:201)

Rabba-naa hab-la-naa min az-waa-ji-naa wa dhur-ree -yaa-ti-naa

qurra-ta a 'yuni-w-wa-j-'al-naa lil-mut-ta-qeena imaa-maa.
O our Rabb! Grant us such spouses and offsprings that will be a source
of delight for us, and make us leaders of the mutta-qeen - the Allaah
conscious people. (S. Al Furqaan 25:74).

Rabbi awzi'-nee an ashkura ni'-matak al-la-tee an-'amta 'alai-ya wa 'ala

waalidai-ya wa an a'-mala SaaliHan tar-Daa-hoo wa aS-liH lee fee
dhur-ri-ya-tee innee tub-tu ilai-ka wa inni min-al-muslimeen.
O my Rabb! Grant me the ability that I may be grateful for Your favors
which you have bestowed upon me and my parents, that I may do
righteous good deeds which may please You, and make my offsprings
good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance and truly, I am among
those submitting to Your Will. (S. Al Ahqaaf 46, V-15).

"Is not Allaah Sufficient for His servants?" (S. 39 : 36)



Rabba-naa laa tu-zig quloo-banaa ba'-da idh hadai-tanaa wa hab lanaa

mi(n)-l-la-dun-ka rahmah, innaka anta-l-Wahhab.
O our Rabb! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have
guided us, and grant us mercy from Yourself; truly You are the Best
Bestower. (S. Aal-i-'Imraan 3:8).

Rabbi-r-Ham-hu-maa ka-maa rabbi-yaa-nee Sa-ghee-ra.

O my Rabb! Bestow on them (my parents) Your mercy as they raised
me when I was small ( young). (S. Al Israa' 17, V-24).

Wa qul Rabbi-gh-fir wa-r-ham wa anta khairu-r- Raahimeen.

And say, my Rabb! Forgive (me) and have mercy (on me) for You are
the Best Bestower of Mercy. Aameen! (S. Al Mu'minoon 23, V-118)

Wa idhaa mariD-tu fa-huwa yashfeen.

And when I fall sick, it is He who heals me. (S. Shuaraa 26:80).

Amma(n)-y-yujeebu-l-muD-Tarra idhaa da aahu wa yakshifu-s-soo.

Aameen! (S.An-Naml 27: 62).
Is it not He Who responds to the distressed one when he cries to Him,
and removes the evil / affliction.

Huwa Mawlaakum, fa-ni-'ma-l-Mawlaa wa ni 'ma -n-NaSeer. Aameen!

(S. Aal-i-'Imraan 3, V-173)
He is your Mawlaa - Protecting Friend. How excellent is the Mawlaa and
how excellent is the Helper!



Hasbuna - Allaahi wa ni'-ma -l- Wakeel.

Allaah is All Sufficient for us ! How excellent is He as Disposer of affairs!
Aameen! (S. Aal-i- Imraan 3,V-173)

Rabbana - S-rif 'annaa 'a-dhaa-ba jahannam; inna 'a-dhaa-bahaa

kaana gharamaa, innahaa saaa-at mustaqarra-w-wa muqaama.
O our Rabb! Avert the torment of Hell from us. Indeed, its torment is ever
(an inseparable) a permanent punishment. Evil, indeed it (Hell) is as an
abode and a place to rest in. (S.Al Furqaan 25:65,66).

Rabbanaa af-righ alaina Sab-ra(n)w-wa thab-bit aq-daa-ma-naa wanSur-naa ala-l-qaw-mi-l-kaafireen.

O our Rabb! Pour upon us Sabr and set firm our feet and make us
victorious over the disbelieving people. (S-2, V-250).

Rabbanaa aatinaa milladunka rahmah wa hai-yee' lana min amrinaa

rashada. (S.Al Kahf 18, V-10).
O our Rabb! pour mercy on us from Yourself and make easy for us our
affairs, in the right way. Aameen!

Rabbana-gh-fir la-naa dhunoo-bana wa is-raa-fanaa feee am-rinaa wa

thab-bit aq-daa-ma-naa wa-n-Sur-naa 'ala-l-qawm-il-kaafireen.
O our Rabb! Forgive us our sins and our transgressions (in our duties),
and establish our feet firmly, and give us victory over the disbelieving
people. (S. 3 Aal-i-'Imraan, V-147).



Rabbi ad-khil-nee mud-khala Sidqi-w-wa akh-rij-nee mukh-ri-ja Sidqiw-wa-j-'al lee mi-(n)l-la-dunka sul-Taa-na-n- na-Seera.
O my Rabb! Let my entry be good, and my exit be good. And grant me
from Yourself an authority to help me. (S. 17, Bani Israil V-80)

Rabbi a-'oo-dhu-bika min hamazaa-ti-sh-sha-yaa-teen wa aoo-dhubika Rabbi ai(n) -y- yah-Duroon.

O my Rabb! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions)
of the devils. And I seek refuge with You, my Rabb, lest they should
come near me. (S.23: 97,98).

Rabbanaa at-mim la-naa noo-ranaa wa-gh-fir la-naa, in-na-kaalaa kulli

shai-in qadeer. (S. At-taHreem 66:8)
O our Rabb! Complete our Light for us and grant us forgiveness.
Indeed, You are Able to do all things.

Faa-tira-s-samaawaati wa -l-arD anta walee-yee fi-d-dunya wa-lakhirah, tawaf-fa-nee musliman wa-al-Hiq-nee bi-S-Saliheen.
Aameen! (S. 12 Yoosuf, V-101).
Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wali (Protector,
Friend, Supporter) in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die as
one submitting to Your Will, and join me with the righteous.

Annee magh-loo-bun fan-ta-Sir. (S. Qamar 54: 10).

(O my Rabb!) Indeed I am over -come, so help me.




Fa-tabaaraka-l-laahu aH-sanu-l-Khaaliqeen.
So, Blessed be Allaah, the Best of Creators. (S. Muminoon 23:14)

Qul Rabbi imma turi-yan-nee maa yoo- 'a-doon Rabbi fa-laa taj-'alnee
Say,' O my Rabb! If you show me (in my lifetime, the punishment) that
with which they are threatened, then O my Rabb, do not include me
among the unjust people.' (S.23:93,94).

Fa-qul Hasbi-Allaahu laa ilaaha illa hu, 'alaihi tawak-kal-tu wa huwa

Rabbu-l-'arsh-il-'a-Zeem.( 9:129)
Say, 'Allaah is All Sufficient for me. There is no God but He. In Him I have
put my trust He is the Rabb of the mighty throne!'

Rabbi-b-nee leeindaka baitan fee-l-jannah.

O my Rabb! Build for me a home near You in Paradise
(S. At-taHreem 66:11)

Rabbi-j-'alnee muqeema-S-Salaati wa min dhur-ree-ya-tee, Rabbanaa

wa taqabbal du'aa-Rabbana-gh-fir-lee wa li- waaliday-ya wa lil mumineena yawma yaqoomu -l-Hisaab.
O my Rabb! Make me one who establishes salah and (also) from my
descendants. O our Rabb! And accept my du'aa - invocation. O our
Rabb! Forgive me and my parents and (all) the believers on the Day
when the accountability will be established (S. Ibraaheem 14: 40-41).



Rabbi laa tadhar-nee fardaw-wa anta khairu-l-waaritheen.

O my Rabb! Leave me not single (childless), and You are the Best of the
Inheritors. (S. Al Anbiyaa 21, V-89).

Rabbi zid-nee 'il-maa. (S. Taa Haa 20, V-114).

O my Rabb! Increase me in knowledge.

Rabbanaa 'alai-ka tawak-kal-naa wa ilai-ka anab-naa wa ilai-ka-l-maSeer.

O our Rabb! In You (Alone) we put our trust and to You (Alone) we turn in
repentance and to You (Alone) is (our) final return. (S. Al Mumtahanah
60, V-4).

(Rabbi) annee mas-saniya-D-Durru wa anta ar-Hamu-r-raa-Himeen.

(O my Rabb! ) Indeed, I am badly afflicted with illness, and You are the
Most Merciful of all those who show mercy. (S. Al Anbiyaa 21 :83)

Rabbi-n-Sur -nee 'ala-l-qawmi-l-mufsideen.

O my Rabb! Help me against the people who are Mufsidun- who cause
mischief and corruption. (S. Al Ankaboot 29: 30).

Qul a'oodhu bi-Rabbil-falaq min sharri maa khalaq wa min sharri ghaasiqin
idhaa waqab wa min sharri-n-naffaath-thaati fil-'uqad wa min sharri
Haasidin idhaa Hasad. (Falaq 113:1-5).
Say: I seek refuge with the Rabb of the dawn from the mischief of all that He
has created; and from the mischief of darkness when it overspreads; from
the mischief of those who blow on knots (black magic); and from the
mischief of the envier when he envies. (113: 1,5)



Rabbanaa laa tu-aakhidh-naa innaseenaa aw akhTa-naa Rabbanaa wa

laa taHmil 'laynaa iSran kamaa Hamaltahu 'alalladheena min

qablinaa Rabbanaa wa laa tu Hammilnaa maa laa Taaqata lanaa bih

wa'fu'annaa waghfirlanaa warHamnaa anta Mawlaanaa

fanSurnaa 'Alal-qaw-mil kaafireen

Our Lord! Do not punish us if we forget or make mistakes. Our Lord do
not put a burden on us like You did on those before us. Our Lord do not
put a burden on us greater then we can bear. Excuse us, forgive us and
have mercy on us. You are our Patron, so give us victory over the
unbelievers. (Quraan Soorah Al-Baqarah 2:286)

Qul a'oodhu bi-Rabbi-n-naas Malikin-naas Ilaahin-nass min sharri-lwas-waasi-l-khannaas. Al-ladhee yoowas-wisu fi Sudoorin-nass minaljinnati wan-nass.
Say: I seek refuge in the Rabb of mankind, the king of mankind, the real
God of mankind, from the mischief of the slinking whisperers (Shaitn
and his workers) who whispers into the hearts of people, whether he be
from among the jinns or from mankind.



My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good that You bestow on me.

(Quraan, S : 28, A : 24)

Huwa-l-laahu-l-ladhee laa ilaaha illa hu, Aalimu-l-ghaibi washshahaadah, huwa-r-Rahmaanur-RaHeem; huwal-laahu-l-ladhee laa
ilaaha illa hu Al-Malikul-Quddoosus-Salaamu-l-Muminul-Muhaiminul
Azeezul-Jabbaarul-Mutakabbir. Sub-Haanal-laahi amma yushrikoon;
huwal-laahul-Khaaliqul-Baariyul-Mu-Sawwiru lahul-asmaaa-ulHusnaa, YusabbiHu lahu maa fis-samawaati wal-arD, wa huwalAzeezul-Hakeem.
Allaah is He, besides Whom there is no god, the Knower of the unseen
and the seen. He is the Compassionate, the Merciful. Allaah is He
besides Whom there is no god, the King, the Holy, the Giver of peace,
the Granter of security, the Guardian, the Almighty, the Irresistible, the
Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! He is far above the shirk they commit (by
associating other gods with Him). He is Allaah, the Creator, the
Evolver, the Modeler. His are the most beautiful names. All that is in the
heavens and the earth declares His glory, and He is the All-Mighty, the

Rabbighfirlee wa liwaalidayyah waliman dakhala bay-teeya mu'mina wa

lilmu'mineena walmu'minaati wa laa tazidi-Z-Zaalimeena 'illa tabaara

My Lord! Forgive my parents and me and whoever enters my home as a
believer and the believing men and women, and increase not the
wrong-doers except in ruin. (Soorah Nooh 71:28)



Allaahu laa ilaaha illa huwal-Hayyul-Qayyoom, laa ta'khudhuhoo

sinatu(n)w-wa laa nawm, lahoo maaa fissamaawaati wa maa fil-arD,
man dhal-ladhee yashfa-'u 'indahoo illa bi-idhnih, ya'lamu maa baina
aideehim wa maa khalfahum, walaa yu-Hee-Toona bishai-in min 'ilmih
illa bimaa shaa-a wasi'a kursee-yu-hus-samaawaati wal-arD, wa laa
ya-ooduhoo Hif-Zuhmaa, wa huwal -'alee-yul-'aZeem.
Allaah! There is no god but Him, the Living, the Eternal. He neither
slumbers nor sleeps. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the
earth. Who can intercede with Him without His permission? He knows
what is before them and what is behind them. They cannot gain access
to anything of His Knowledge except what He Pleases. His throne is
more vast than the heavens and the earth, and guarding of these two
does not fatigue Him. He is the Exalted, the Supreme. (2:255)

Rabbanaa taqabbal minnaa innakaa antassamee 'ul-'Aleem

Wa tub 'alai-naa innaka anta-t-tawwabu-r-Raheem

Our Lord! Accept from us, You are the All-Hearing the All-Knowing, and
accept our repentance. Truly, you are the One who accepts repentance
the Most Merciful. (Soorah Al-Baqarah 2:127)
Times of acceptance of Du'aa

At the end of obligatory

(Fard) prayer

Between the Adhaan and

the Iqaamah

Time of Tahajjud and predown (sehri) time

In prostration (Sajdah)

When it is raining - when


When travelling on a journey

A special time on Friday


Masnoon Duaa

Allaahumma Salli 'alaa Muhammad, wa 'alaa aali Muhammad, kamaa

Sallaita 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali Ibraaheem, innaka Hameedun
majeed. Allaahumma baarik 'alaa Muhammad, wa 'alaa aali
Muhammad, kamaa baarikta 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali
Ibraaheema, innaka Hameedun majeed.
O Allaah, Grant blessing upon Muhammad (S) and upon the family of
Muhammad (S) as You granted blessing upon Ibraaheem (A.S) and
upon the family of Ibraaheem (A.S). Indeed, You are Praiseworthy and
Honorable. O Allaah, and continue to bless Muhammad (S) and the
family of Muhammad (S) as You have blessed Ibraaheem (A.S.)and the
family of Ibraaheem (A.S.). Indeed You are Praiseworthy and
Honorable. (Bukhari and Muslim: 6357:406).

Allaahumma Salli wa sallim alaa nabee-yi-naa Muhammad.

O Allaah, send blessing and peace upon our prophet, Muhammad (S)

Allaahumma Salli alaa Muhammad.

O Allaah, grant blessing upon Muhammad (S)

Hadeeth Muslim 408

"Whoever asks Allaah to bless me once, Allaah will
bless him for that ten times."


Sayyadul Astaghfaar:

Allaahumma anta Rabbi, laa ilaaha illaa anta khalaqtanee, wa anaa

'abduka wa anaa 'alaa ahdika wa wa 'dika ma-sta-Ta 'tu a 'oodhu bika
min sharri maa Sana 'tu aboo-o laka bi-ni'matika 'alay-ya wa aboo-o-bidhambee fagh-firlee, fa- innahu laa yaghfiru-dh-dhunooba illaa anta.
(Bukhari : 6323).
O Allaah! You are my Rabb, there is no God but You; You created me,
and I am Your slave, and I am, to the best of my ability upon my oath to
You. I seek refuge in You from the evil (consequence ) of what I have
done. I acknowledge all Your favors upon me, and I acknowledge all my
sins. Forgive me, for indeed none can forgive sins except You.

Allaahumma arina -l Haqqa Haqqan wa-r- zuqna -t-tibaa -'a-hu wa arina

-l-baaTila baaTilan wa-r-zuqna-j-tinaa-bahu, wa laa taj- 'al-hu multabisan 'alai-naa fa-naDil-la, wa-j- 'alnaa lil-muttaqeena imaama.
O Allaah! Show us the truth, as truth and grant us the ability to follow it.
Show us the evil, as evil and make us stay away from it; and do not
confuse us regarding the reality of evil, so that we are not led astray by
it; and make us leaders for the believers. (Takhrij Al-Ihya 3:1418)

Sub-Haan - Allaahi wa bi-Ham-di-hee 'adada khal-qi-hee wa ri-Daa

nafsihee, wazinata arshihee wa midaada kalimaatihee.
(Muslim 6913).
Glory be to Allaah, and I praise Him by the number of His creation and
as much as His Pleasure, and by the weight of His throne and the ink of
His words.


Allaahumma faqqihnee fid-deen. (Bukhari).

O Allaah! Grant me the ability to understand (the depth ) in the Deen.

A'oodhu bi-kalimaati-l-laahi-t-taam-maati min sharri maa khalaq.

I seek refuge in all the words of Allaah from the evil of all that He has
created.(Sahih Muslim 6880).

Bismillaahi-l-ladhee laa yadurru ma-'a-s-mihee shai-un fi-l-ar-Di wa laa

fi-sa-maaa-i wa huwa-s-samee-'u-l-'aleem.
In the name of Allaah, with Whose Name nothing can harm in the earth
nor in the sky, and He is the All Hearer, the All Knower! (Abu Dawood:

Allaahumma innee asaluka-l-'aafiyata fid-dunya wa-l-aakhirath

Allaahumma innee asaluka-l-'af-wa wa-l-'aa-fi-ya-ta fee dee-nee wa
dun-ya-ya wa ah-lee wa maa-lee, Allaahumma-stur awraatee wa
aamin raw'aatee, Allaahumma-H-fiZnee min baini yadayya wa min
khalfee wa 'a(n)-y-ya mee-nee wa 'an shimaalee wa min fawqee wa
aoo-dhu bi -'az-maTika an aghtaala min taH-tee.
O Allaah! I ask of You well-being in the world and the here-after. O
Allaah! I ask of You forgiveness and well-being in my Deen, my worldly
life, my family and my wealth. O Allaah! cover up my faults and free me
from my fears. O Allaah, Guard and protect me from front of me and
behind me, from my right and my left and from above me; and I seek
refuge in Your Glory and Greatness that I be destroyed from beneath.
(Abu Dawood: 5074)



Allaahumma 'aa-fi-nee fee bada-nee Allaahumma 'aafinee fee sam-'ee

Allaahumma 'aafinee fee baSaree laa ilaaha illaa anta.
O Allaah! Grant me well being in my body. O Allaah! Grant me well being
in my hearing. O Allaah! Grant me well being in my sight. There is no
God but You! (Abu Dawood 5090).

Allaahum-ma aa-ti naf-see taq-waa-haa wa zak-ki-haa anta khairu man

zak-kaahaaa, anta Waliy-yuhaa wa Maw-laahaa.
O Allaah! Grant my nafs- self its taqwaa - Allaah consciousness and
purify it. You are the Best of the Purifiers. You are its Wali - Protecting
Friend and its Mawla - Master!. (Muslim).

Allaahum-ma Haasib-nee Hisaaba (n) -y-yaseera.

O Allaah! Reckon me with an easy reckoning. (Mustadrik Haakim)

Ya muSarrifa-l-quloobi Sar-rif qal-bee 'a-laa taa-'a-Tik.

O Turner of the hearts! Turn my heart upon Your obedience. (Muslim).

Allaahum-ma inna-ka 'a-foo-wun karee-mun tu-Hib-bu-l- 'af-wa fa '-fu

O Allaah! Indeed you are the Generous Pardoner. You like pardoning.
So, (please) pardon me. (Ahmad and Tirmidhi: 25384: 3513).
Du'aa is the essence of worship (At-tirmidhi)



Allaahum-ma in-nee as-alu-ka-l-hu-daa wa-t-tu-qaa wa-l- 'a-faa-fa wal-ghi-naa.

O Allaah! Indeed, I ask you for guidance and piety. And, (I ask you) for
well being and independence from want. (Muslim)

Allaahum-ma in-nee as-alu-ka 'il-man naa-fian-w-wa riz-qan Tay-yiban wa amala(n)-m-mutaqab-balan. (Mishkaat) .

O Allaah! Indeed I ask You for beneficial knowledge, good and clean
provision and deeds that are acceptable (to You).

Allaahum-ma-j- 'al awsa'a riz-qika 'alay-ya 'inda ki-bari sin-nee wan-qiTaa-'i umuree (Al Haakim).
O Allaah! Make my provision abundant upon me in my old age and till
the end of my life.

Allaahumma innee asaluka Hubbaka wa Hubba ma(n)-y-yu-Hib-bu-ka

wa-l-'amala al-ladhee yuballighunee Hubbak. (Tirmidhi).
O Allaah! Indeed I ask you for Your love and love of those who love You
and deeds which reaches / earns Your love.

Allaahumma innee asaluka-S-SiH-Hata wa-l-'if-fata wa-l-amaanata wa

Husna-l-khulu-qi wa-r-riDaa bil-qadr. (Mishkaat).
O Allaah! Indeed I ask you for good health, and chastity, trustworthiness
and good character (and behavior) and contentment on whatever is



Allaahumma innee a-'oodhubika mina-l-faqri wa -l-qillati-wa-dh-dhillati

wa a'oo-dhubika min an aZ-lima aw uZ-lim.
O Allaah! Indeed I seek refuge in You from poverty, and from scarcity
and from humiliation. And, I seek refuge in You that I wrong anyone or
that I am wronged.

Allaahumma innee a'oo-dhubika min za-waa-li ni'-matik wa ta-Ha-wwu-li 'aa-fiyatik wa fujaa-ati niq-matik wa ja-mee -'i sakhaTik.
O Allaah! I seek refuge with You from the decline of Your favors, from the
removal of our state of well-being, the sudden onset of Your punishment
and from all that angers You. (Muslim :2739)

Allaahumma innee a-'oo-dhubika min 'ilmin laa yanfa-'u wa min qalbin

laa yakh-sha-'u wa min nafsin laa yastajaabu lahaa. (Muslim :2722)
O Allaah! I seek refuge with You from knowledge that is not beneficial,
heart that does not fear (You), and from nafs -self that is not satiated
and from prayer that is not answered.

Sub-Haan-Allaahi wa bi-Hamdi-hi Sub-Haan Allaahi-l-'aZeem.

Glory be to Allaah with His Praise; Free of all defects is Allaah, the
Great! (Bukhari and Muslim)



Allaahum-ma in-nee a-'oo-dhu bika mina-l-hammi wa-l-Huzni wa-l-ajzi wa-l-kasali wa-l-jub-ni wa-l-bukh-li wa Dala-i-d-daini wa ghalabati-rri-jaal.
O Allaah! I seek refuge in You from anxiety and grief, from inability and
laziness and cowardice and stinginess, and I seek refuge in You from
the burden of debt and the coercion of people (Bukhari 6369).

Allaahumma Tah-hir qalbee min-an- nifaaqi wa 'amalee min-ar-riyaa-i

wa lisaanee min-al-kizb wa 'ai-nee min-al-khiyaanati fa-innaka ta-lamu
khaaa-i-nata-l-a-'yuni wa maa tukhfee-S-Sudoor. (Al Baihiqi).
O Allaah! Purify (cleanse) my heart from hypocrisy, and my deeds from
showing off and my tongue from lying and my eyes from treachery;
indeed you know the betrayal (dishonesty) of the eyes and that which is
hidden in the chests.

Ya Hay-yu, ya Qay-yoom bi-rahmati-ka as-ta-gheez.

O the Ever Living, O the Self Subsisting and Supporter of all, we plead
for Your Mercy. (Tirmidhi)

Astagh firullaahal-ladhee laa ilaaha illa huwal-Hayyul-Qayyoom wa

atubu ilaih (Abu Dawood)
I seek forgiveness from Allaah, there is no deity worthy of worship but
He, the Ever living, the Self Subsisting Sustainer of all, I turn in
repentance to Him.

Allaahum-ma ajir-nee min-an-naar (Bukhari 5079, 5080).

O Allaah, Save me from the Hell-Fire.



Allaahumma innee asaluka-l-Jannnata wa astajeeru bika minan-naar.

O Allaah! I ask You for Paradise and I seek protection with You from the
Fire. (Tirimdhi).

Allaahum-ma innee aoodhubika min jahdi-l-balaa-i wa dar-ki-shshaqaa-i wa soo-i-l-qaDaa-i wa shamaatati-l-adaa-i.

O Allaah! Indeed I seek refuge in You from severe trials and hardships,
to be overtaken by misfortune, a bad fate and the rejoicing of enemies.

Allaahumma-gh-fir lee wa-r-Ham-nee wa-h-dinee waaafinee wa-rzuqnee.

O Allaah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, give me health and
provide me with sustenance. (Abu Dawood, Tirimidhi).

Allaahumma innee aoodhubika min munkaraati-l-akhlaaqi wa -lamaal wa-l-ad-waa-i.

O Allaah! I seek refuge in You from undesirable conduct and from
disliked deeds and desires. (Tirmidhi: 3591)

Allaahu Allaahu Rabbee, laa ushriku bihi shai-an.

Allaah, Allaah is my Rabb. I do not associate anything with Him. (Ibn

"I have not created jinn and men except that they may worship
(obey & serve) me." (Az-Zaariyaat 51 : 56)



O'eedhuka bi-kalimaati-l-laahi-t- taammati min kulli shaiTaani-w-wa

hammati-w-wa min kulli aini laammah.( Bukhari)
I seek protection for you in Allaahs perfect words from every shaitaan,
poisonous reptile and evil eye.

Allaahumma-j'alnee mina-t-taw-waa-beena wa- jalnee mina-l-mutaTahhireen.

O Allaah, make me among those who repent and make me among
those who are clean and pure. (Tirmidhi)

Allaahumma a'inee 'alaa dhikrika wa shukrika wa Husni 'ibaadatik.

O Allaah, help me upon Your remembrances and gratitude and beauty
in Your worship (Abu Dawood).


Allaahumma-k-finee bi-Halaalika 'an Haraamika wa aghninee bifaDlika

amman siwaak. (Tirmidhi)
O Allaah, make sufficient for me what is lawful and help me keep away
from what is unlawful, and enrich me with Your Favors so that I am
dependant on none but You.

Allaahumma-alhimnee rushdee wa a'idhnee min sharri nafsee.

O Allaah, inspire my heart to guidance, and protect me from the evil of
my nafs self. (Tirmidhi).




Allaahumma a'innee 'alaa ghamaraati-l-mawti wa sakaraati-l-mawt.

O Allaah, Help me during the severity and the stupor (agony) of death.

Du'aa Haajat

Laa illaha illalaahul-Haleemul-Kareemu Subhaan -Allaahi Rabbil'arshil-'aZeem, wal-Hamdu lilaahi Rabbil 'aalameen. Asaluka
moojibaati rahmatika wa 'azaa-ima maghfiratika wal-ghaneemata min
kulli birri(w) -wassalamata min kulli ithmin, laa tada' lee dhanban illa
ghafatahoo wa laa hamman illa farrajtahoo, wa laa haajatan hiya laka
riDan illa qaDaitahaa yaa ArHamar-RaaHimeen.
There is no deity but Allaah, Most Forebearing, Supreme in Honor.
Glory be to Allaah, Lord of the great throne. Praise be to Allaah, Lord of
the Universe. (O Allaah!) I seek of You the means of (deserving) Your
mercy, the means of (ascertaining) Your forgiveness, the benefit from
all virtues and the freedom from all sins. (O Allaah!) Leave no mistake of
mine without Your forgiveness, nor stress without Your relief, nor any
need of which You approve without being fulfilled by You, O Most
Merciful of the merciful. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Nasai)

Allaahumma innee aoodhubika min adhaabil-qabri wa min adhaabi

jahannama wa min fitnatil-maHya wal-mamati wa min sharri fitnatilmaseeHid-dajjall.
O Allaah! Indeed I seek refuge in You from the punishment of the grave
and from the punishment of Hell and from the trials of life and death and
from the evil of the trial of maseeh Dajjaal. (Bukhari)



Allaahumma-aghfir lanaa wa lilmu'munoona wal-mu'minaati walmuslimeena wal-muslimaa wa allif baina quloobihim wa asliH dhaata
bainahum wan-Surhum 'alaa 'adoow-wika wa 'adoow-wihim.
Allaahummal-'anil-kafaratal-ladheena ya Suddoona 'an sabeelika wa
yukadh-dhiboona rusulaka wa yuqaatiloona awliyaa-aka Allaahumma
khaalif baina kalimatihim wa zalzil aqdaamahum wa anzil bihim
ba'sakal-ladhee laa tarudduhoo 'anil-qawmil-mujrimeen. (Al Baihaqi)
O Allaah! Forgive us and all believing men and women and all Muslim
men and women and put affection between their hearts and reconcile
between them and help them against Your enemies and their enemies.
O Allaah! Curse the disbelievers, those who stop (self and others) from
Your way and belie Your Messengers and fight Your friends. O Allaah!
Put differences between them and make them falter in their footsteps
and send upon them Your punishment, one that You would not turn
away from a transgressing and criminal people.


Ra-Dee-tu bi-l-laahi Rab-ba(n)-w-wa bil-Islaami deena(n)-wwa bi-Muhammadin nabee-yaa (Tirimidhi).
I am pleased with Allaah as Rabb, with Islam as Deen (my way of life)
and with Muhammad as the Prophet.


JANAAZA SALAH (Funeral Prayer)
1- Follow the imaam as with all prayers.
2- The entire prayer is standing up.
3- There are four takbeers (Allaahu Akbar with hands raised)
4- After the 1st takbeer, fold hands on chest and recite S. Al Fatihah
followed by any small Quraanic soorah.
5- After the 2nd takbeer recite 'Darood Ibraaheem' - Allaahumma Salli
'ala Muhammad wa 'ala aali Muhammad......
6- After the 3rd takbeer do du'aa for the deceased person.
7- After the 4th takbeer, do salaam. (Sunan Nisai).
Hadeeth : Muslim 945
He who offered prayer over the dead, but did not follow the bier, for
him is the reward of one qirat, and he who followed it, for him is the
reward of two qirats. It was asked what the qirats were, he said, the
smaller among the two is equivalent to Uhud.


If you are late for salah, do not run and create havoc but join in calmly.
Join the congregation in whatever position they are in, after saying your
Takbeer - Allaahu Akbar (i.e. stand in your row, say Allaahu Akbar and
join the rest, be they in ruku, sujood or any other position).
You will need to complete each 'rakah' that you have missed. A rakah is
considered missed if you did not perform the 'ruku, (and recite at least
one subHaana Rabbil 'azeem) for that 'rakah.'
*Note: Even if you are a traveller, you must perform as many 'rakah' as
the Imaam. Do not stop at your Qasr two 'rakah'.
Hadeeth: Muslim 602
If the prayer is started do not run for it. Walk calmly, join the prayer
at the point you entered the masjid, and make up what you have
missed afterwards.


'UMRAH - Quick Review
(for details, refer to Methodology of 'Umrah)
'Umrah : 5 Steps

Adopt Ihraam, do Niyyah (before Meeqaat), start 'talbiyah'.


Perform 'Tawaaf' (7 circuits) around Kabah.


Perform 2 rakah salah after tawaaf at Maqaam-i-Ibraaheem.


Perform Sa'ee (7 laps between Mt. Safaaa & Marwah).


Shave or trim hair.



Niyyah after fard prayer

Intention for 'Umrah

"Allaahumma Labbaika 'Umrah."


"Oh Allaah
here I am performing 'Umrah ."

Ihraam restrictions starts with


Talbiyah starts with niyyah

Allaahummaf-tah lee abwaaba Rahmatik
(O Allaah, open the doors of your Mercy
for me).

I respond to your call, I respond to

your call, O Allaah! I respond to
your call, I respond to your call! You
have no partner, I respond to your
call, I respond to your call! Surely,
Yours is all Praise, all Goodness and
all Sovereignty; You have no
partner! (Bukhari, Book of Hajj : 785)

Talbiyah stops with Tawaaf

Begin Tawaaf at Al Hajr-i- Aswad saying either of the following:

"Bismillahi Wal-laahu-Akbar"
"In the name of Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest"

"Allaah is the Greatest"

Tawaaf starts at Hajr-i-Aswad with istalam (touch & kiss hand or point to it with right
hand). Finish at Hajr-i-Aswad

Make 7 anti clockwise circuits around Ka'bah with fast stride in first 3 (Ramal) and
the rest 4 circuits with normal stride. Right shoulder bare for men - ID Tibaa

Do any du'aa, dhikr or recite Quraan in all 7 rounds, except the following du'aa:
In Tawaaf between Rukn-i-Yamaani and Al Hajr-i- Aswad

"Rabbana aatina fid-duniya Hasanah, wa fil-aakhirati Hasanah wa qina

"O our Rabb! Give us goodness in this life and in the Here-after, and save
us from the punishment of the Fire."


'In his du'aa, our Prophet (S)

used to raise his hands
upto his chest and beseech
Allaah Swt. like a needy beggar

After tawaaf and proceeding

to Maqaam Ibraaheem recite:

"Wattakhizu mim maqaami

Ibraaheema MuSalla"
"And take the station of Ibraaheem
as a place of prayer."

Salah - 02 Rakah

Cover both shoulders (Men)

Perform 2 rakah salah

Perform 2 rakah salah

anywhere near or behind
Maqaam Ibraaheem 1st rakah
S. Kaafiroun, 2nd rakah S.

Go to Zam Zam make du'aa

and drink to your fill and pour
some on your head.

Zam Zam Du'aa

"Allaahumma inni asaluka "ilman

naafi-'an, rizqan waasi-'an wa shifaan min kulli da-in" (Munziri).
"Oh Allaah, I ask of You beneficial
knowledge, abundant provision, and
a cure from all disease."
Proceeding to Safaaa: Du'aa

Sa'ee start at Mt. Safaaa and

walk towards Marwah

Men walk fast between the

green lights

Make du'aa, dhikr, read

Quraan etc.

Complete 7 round (Safaaa to

Marwah = 1 round)

Finish at Marwah

"InnasSafaaa walmarwata
min sha'aa irillaahi."
"Indeed Safaaa and Marwah are
among the signs of Allaah."

"Abda'u bima bada'a Allaahu bihi."

"I begin with that which Allaah has

Ascending Safaaa and

facing the Qiblah

"Laa ilaha illallaahu wahdahu laa

shareeka lahu, lahulmuiku
walaahulhamdu, wahua 'ala
kullishay'in qadeer. La ilaaha illal
laahu wahdahu, anjaza wa'dahu,
wanasara a'bdahu, wahazamal
aHzaaba wahdahu."
There is none worthy of worship but
Allaah alone, no partners are unto
Him, His is the dominion (kingdom)
and His is the praise. He gives life
and He gives death and He is
capable of everything.


Hair shave or trim:

When leaving the Masjid

"Allaahumma innee asaluka min


Step out of masjid for head

shave (not for women) or hair

"O Allaah, I ask You for Your


Women trim - 1 inch of same

hair strand

Ihraam restrictions are over

Allahu Akbar.
Allah is Greatest.
While throwing each stone at the Jamaraat


Small Middle
from after sunrise
from after Zawaal* Yes
from after Zawall* Yes
from after zawall* Yes


21 (3 x 7)
21 (3 x 7)
21 (3 x 7)

*Zawaal = Midday, when the sun is at its zenith.

Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are
doubtful (unclear) things, and most people have no knowledge about
them. So whoever saves himself from those doubtful (unclear) things,
he saves him religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these
doubtful (unclear) things, is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals)
near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else, and at any moment
he is liable to get in it.
O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah
(Azawajal) on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There
is a piece of flesh in the body, if it becomes good (reformed), the whole
body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and
that is the heart. (Hadeeth)


Night Day

Night Day

Night Day

to March







April to







Average Temperatures (Degrees Celsius)

Mina and Arafat are hottter than Makkah.

HAJJ - Quick Review
(for details, refer to 5 days Hajj Schedule)
Intention for Hajj




"Allaahumma Labbaika Hajjan."

"Oh Allaah
here I am performing Hajj ."

Day 1: 8th D. Hijjah


Adopt ihraam

Make niyyah for Hajj

Recite talbiyah as often as possible

Leave for Mina on 8th D. Hijjah

Day called Yawm at tarwiyah / reflection

Perform 5 prayers in Mina, Qasr (Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Ishaa and Fajr next day.)

Prepare for Arafaat

Recite talbiyah, du'aa, dhikr, read Quraan

Leave for Arafaat after Fajr on 9th D. Hijjah

Day 2: 9th D. Hijjah


Hadeeth: Hajj is Arafah

Listen to Khutbah from Masjid Nimrah

Do Zuhr & Asr prayers Jama & Qasr

After prayers do wuqoof till sunset, making

du'aa, dhikr, repenting, weeping etc.

Leave at sunset without praying Maghrib.

At sunset go to Muzdalifah and pray

Maghrib & Ishaa joined and shortened

Collect small stones for Ramee 7+(21+21)

= 49 + few extra

Rest till Fajr

Leave for Mina after Fajr prayer

(Du'aa of Day of Arafah)

"Laa ilaaha illal - Laahu wahdahu la

shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa
lahul Hamdu wa huwa 'ala kulli
shai-in Qadeer." (Muslim).
None has the right to be
worshipped except Allaah Alone,
with out partner. To Him belongs all
praise and sovereignty and He is
over all things Omnipotent
(Bukhari & Muslim).


Day 3: 10th D. Hijjah Yawm un Nahr Sacrifice

Return to Mina

Do Ramee of only big Jamrah Aqabah

with 7 pebbles one at a time saying
Allaahu Akbar. Pebbles must fall inside
the fence

Talbiyah stops with Ramee

Ramee: Throw each pebble saying

"Allaahu Akbar"
"Allaah is the Greatest"

Perform Sacrifice

Shave / Trim head hair

Go to Makkah for T. Ifaadah and Sa'ee for Hajj

Return to Mina

Takbeer: 11, 12, 13th D. Hijjah

Allaahu Akbaru Kabeera wal-Hamdu
lillaahi katheera wa sub-hanallaahi
bukrathaw-wa a-seela.
Allaah is the Greatest, Most Great, all
abundant Praises are for Allaah and
Glory of Allaah day & night.

Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha

illal-laahu, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar,
Walillaahi-l-Hamd. (Fath ul Baari)
Allaah is Greatest, Allaah is Greatest,
there is no one to be worshipped expect
Allaah, and Allaah is Greatest, Allaah is
Greatest, and all Praises are for Allaah.

Takbeer is to be recited as often as possible, especially after the fard prayers, from the
time the pilgrims stop the Talbiyah (after Ramee on 10th D. Hijjah) till after Asr prayer on
the 13th of D. Hijjah.

Day 4, 5 & 6 :
11, 12, 13th D. Hijjah (Yawm at Tashreeq)

Recite takbeer as much as possible especially after fard prayers

Do Ramee of all 3 Jamaraat on all 3 day (7 stones for each pillar as above. Make
du'aa after stoning small & middle pillar but not after the big pillar)

Leave for Makkah on 12th before sunset or 13th D. Hijjah

Last rite of Hajj is T.Wadaa (farewell tawaaf) before leaving Makkah

Hajj is complete. May Allaah accept it.



'An easy guide to Hajj 'Umrah Ziyaarah' in accordance with the Qu'raan
& Sunnah compiled by: Research Division Darussalam, 2002.


English Translation of the Meaning of Al-Quraan, the guidance for

mankind by Muhammad Farooq-e-Azam Malik, 1997, The Institute of
Islamic Knowledge, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.


'Hajj handout' by Mr. Khalilur Rahman Chisti, Al Fawz Academy,

Islamabad, Pakistan. 2004


'Islamic studies Book 2', by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips,

International Islamic Publishing House.


Hajj & 'Umrah made easy by Dr. Taqi Hashmi and Adnan Malik,
Published by Al-Hidaayah Publishing & Distribution, 2003.


Hajj & 'Umrah from A to Z, Mamdouh N. Mohamed, Dar Eshbella for

Publishing & Distribution, 1999.


Hajj and 'Umrah according to the Quraan and Sunnah, Abu Ameenah
Bilal Philips, 1990.


'How to perform Hajj'? Amira Ehsan. Nov 2005.


'Tell me about Hajj' by Saniyasnain Khan, Goodword for Kids,

Goodword Books 2001.

10- 'The Koran for Dummies', by Sohaib Sultan, 2004.

11- 'The Ultimate Guide to 'Umrah' by Abu Muneer Ismail Davids,
Darussalam, Maktaba Dar-us-Salam, 2005.
12- 'Getting the Best out of Al-Haj (Pilgrimage) by Abu Muneer Ismail
Davids Darussalam, Maktaba Dar-us-Salaam, 2006 (Second edition)
13- 'Understanding the Quraan', Ahmad H. Sakr, Ph.D, 2000
14- 'Quranic & Masnoon Duas' by Dr. Farhat Hashmi
15- 'Iyyaaka Nasta'een' by Dr. Farhat Hashmi
16- 'The translation of the meanings of Sahih Al Bukhari by Dr. Muhammad
Muhsin Khan
17- 'Fiqhul Hadith' - Hafiz Imraan Ayyub Lahori, Allaama Nasiruddin Albani
18- 'Riyad-us-Saliheen' Compiled by Al Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya bin
Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi
19- 'The Sealed Nectar' (Ar-Raheequl-Makhtum) Biography of the Noble
Prophet (S), Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarkpuri, Darussalam

Quick Reference


s Going for Hajj

s Going for Hajj

s Ihraam for (Umrah)

s Ihraam for (Umrah & Hajj)

s Tawaaf

s Tawaaf

s Saee

s Saee **

s Ending Umrah

s Stay in Ihraam

s Ihraam for Hajj

s Already in Ihraam

s Going for Hajj Directly

s No 'Umrah

s Ihraam for Hajj

Staying in Mina
s Attending Arafah

s Attending Arafah

s Attending Arafah

s Staying in Muzdalifah

s Staying in Muzdalifah

s Staying in Muzdalifah

s Jamrah Al Aqabah Only

s Jamrah Al Aqabah Only

s Jamrah Al Aqabah Only

s Slaughtering Sacrifice

s Slaughtering Sacrifice

s No Sacrifice

s Cutting Hair

s Cutting Hair

s Cutting Hair

s Ihraam Off

s Ihraam Off

s Ihraam Off

s Tawaaf Ifaadah & Saee

s Tawaaf Ifaadah

s Tawaaf Ifaadah & Sa'ee

Staying in Mina
s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

Staying in Mina
s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

s Throwing Pebbles
(All 03 Jamarrat)

s Farewell Tawaaf

s Farewell Tawaaf

s Farewell Tawaaf

** In case of Qiraan, if a pilgrim makes Saee with the first Tawaaf, he/she does not need
to make another Saee with Tawaaf Ifaadah

Allaah Swt Says in the Quraan,

When My servants question you about
Me, tell them that I am very close (to
them). I answer the call of the caller when
he calls Me, therefore, they should
respond to Me (to My call), and put their
trust in Me, So that they may be rightly
(Surah 2, Al Baqarah, V-186)