Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 22
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid

Lecturer :

Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid

Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid
Lecturer : Dr. Mohd Fadzil Faisae b. Ab. Rashid
 Synopsis - This course introduces hydraulic system, hydraulic components, hydraulic system design, pneumatics

Synopsis

- This course introduces hydraulic system, hydraulic components, hydraulic system design, pneumatics system, pneumatic components, pneumatic system design, electro fluid power system and its design, as well as programmable logic controller (PLC) and its design.

system design, electro fluid power system and its design, as well as programmable logic controller (PLC)
system design, electro fluid power system and its design, as well as programmable logic controller (PLC)
system design, electro fluid power system and its design, as well as programmable logic controller (PLC)
system design, electro fluid power system and its design, as well as programmable logic controller (PLC)
By the end of semester, students should be able to:  CO1: Explain and apply

By the end of semester, students should be able to:

CO1: Explain and apply basic hydraulic system

knowledge

CO2: Explain and apply basic pneumatic system knowledge

CO3: Design and analyze electro fluid power

system with electro components

CO4: Design and analyze hydraulic and pneumatic system using Programmable Logic Controller

CO5: Apply related software and equipment to

simulate and setting up hydraulic and pneumatic

system

Logic Controller  CO5: Apply related software and equipment to simulate and setting up hydraulic and
Logic Controller  CO5: Apply related software and equipment to simulate and setting up hydraulic and
Logic Controller  CO5: Apply related software and equipment to simulate and setting up hydraulic and
Logic Controller  CO5: Apply related software and equipment to simulate and setting up hydraulic and
 Mid-Exam 30%  Laboratory 10%  Assignment 10%  Quiz 10%  Final Exam

Mid-Exam

30%

Laboratory

10%

Assignment

10%

Quiz

10%

Final Exam

40%

Total

30%  Laboratory 10%  Assignment 10%  Quiz 10%  Final Exam 40% Total 100%
30%  Laboratory 10%  Assignment 10%  Quiz 10%  Final Exam 40% Total 100%
30%  Laboratory 10%  Assignment 10%  Quiz 10%  Final Exam 40% Total 100%
30%  Laboratory 10%  Assignment 10%  Quiz 10%  Final Exam 40% Total 100%

100%

 1. Esposito A, 2008, Fluid Power with Applications, 7th Ed., Prentice Hall  2.

1.

Esposito A, 2008, Fluid Power with Applications, 7th Ed.,

Prentice Hall

2.

Ilango S. and Soundararajan V., 2007, Introduction to

Hydraulics and Pneumatics, Prentice Hall of India

3.

Parr, A. (2002). Hydraulics and Pneumatic: A Technician’s

and Engineer Guide. 2ed. Butterworth Heinemann.

4.

Norvelle, F.D. (2002). Fluid Power technology. West

Publishing Company

5.

Pinshes, M.J. and Ashby, J.G. (2002). Power Hydraulics,

Pearson Prentice-Hall, Inc.

6.

Croser, P and Ebel, F (2000). Pneumatic: Basic Level Text

Book. Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

Prentice-Hall, Inc.  6. Croser, P and Ebel, F (2000). Pneumatic: Basic Level Text Book. Festo
Prentice-Hall, Inc.  6. Croser, P and Ebel, F (2000). Pneumatic: Basic Level Text Book. Festo
Prentice-Hall, Inc.  6. Croser, P and Ebel, F (2000). Pneumatic: Basic Level Text Book. Festo
Prentice-Hall, Inc.  6. Croser, P and Ebel, F (2000). Pneumatic: Basic Level Text Book. Festo
 The first and most wonderful hydraulic system. It includes a double pump delivering a

The first and most wonderful hydraulic system. It includes a double pump delivering a fluid flow rate of about 10 L/min at 0.16

bar maximum pressure. This pump feeds a

piping network stretching more than 100,000 km. That’s nearly two and a half times around the Earth. It operates continuously for a very

long time, mostly maintenance free.

nearly two and a half times around the Earth. It operates continuously for a very long
nearly two and a half times around the Earth. It operates continuously for a very long
nearly two and a half times around the Earth. It operates continuously for a very long
nearly two and a half times around the Earth. It operates continuously for a very long
 It is the human blood circulatory system. By the age of 50 years, the

It is the human blood circulatory system. By the age of 50 years,

the hearts of 10 men

should have pumped a volume of blood equaling that of the

great Egyptian

pyramid (2,600,000

m3).

 What is hydraulic?  What is pneumatic?  What is fluid power?

What is hydraulic?

What is pneumatic?

What is fluid power?

 What is hydraulic?  What is pneumatic?  What is fluid power?
 What is hydraulic?  What is pneumatic?  What is fluid power?
 What is hydraulic?  What is pneumatic?  What is fluid power?
 What is hydraulic?  What is pneumatic?  What is fluid power?
FLUID POWER Hydraulics Pneumatics Liquid-based Gas-based systems systems Water, oil (more commonly used)
FLUID POWER
Hydraulics
Pneumatics
Liquid-based
Gas-based systems
systems
Water, oil (more
commonly used)
Compressed air,
nitrogen
(occasionally
used)
Gas-based systems systems Water, oil (more commonly used) Compressed air, nitrogen (occasionally used)
Gas-based systems systems Water, oil (more commonly used) Compressed air, nitrogen (occasionally used)
 Technology that deals with generation, control and transmission of power, using pressurized fluids 

Technology that deals with generation, control and transmission of power, using pressurized fluids Hydraulics when the fluid is liquid Pneumatics when the fluid is gas

using pressurized fluids  Hydraulics – when the fluid is liquid  Pneumatics – when the
using pressurized fluids  Hydraulics – when the fluid is liquid  Pneumatics – when the
using pressurized fluids  Hydraulics – when the fluid is liquid  Pneumatics – when the
using pressurized fluids  Hydraulics – when the fluid is liquid  Pneumatics – when the
 Science of forces movement transmitted by means of liquids  Hydro-mechanics – hydrostatics -

Science of forces movement transmitted by means of liquids

Hydro-mechanics

hydrostatics

- hydrodynamics

Hydrostatics - the power is transmitted by increasing the pressure energy of liquid. E.g.

car lifter, forklift etc.

Hydrodynamics - power systems is transmitted by increasing the kinetic energy of liquid. These systems include a rotodynamic pump,

a turbine, and additional control elements.

  Electrical Hydraulic Pneumatic Energy source Usually from outside supplier Electric motor or diesel
 

Electrical

Hydraulic

Pneumatic

Energy source

Usually from outside supplier

Electric motor or diesel driven

Electric motor or diesel driven

Energy storage

Limited (batteries)

Limited

Good (reservoir)

(accumulator)

Distribution system

Excellent, with minimal loss

Limited, basically a local facility

Good

Energy cost

Lowest

Medium

Highest

Rotary actuators

AC & DC motors.

Low speed. Good

Wide speed range,

Good control on DC

control. Can be

Accurate speed

motors, AC motors cheap.

stalled.

control difficult

Good control on DC control. Can be Accurate speed motors, AC motors cheap. stalled. control difficult
Good control on DC control. Can be Accurate speed motors, AC motors cheap. stalled. control difficult
Good control on DC control. Can be Accurate speed motors, AC motors cheap. stalled. control difficult
Good control on DC control. Can be Accurate speed motors, AC motors cheap. stalled. control difficult
  Electrical Hydraulic Pneumatic Linear actuators Short motion via Cylinders. Very high Cylinders.
 

Electrical

Hydraulic

Pneumatic

Linear actuators

Short motion via

Cylinders. Very high

Cylinders. Medium

solenoid. Otherwise, via mechanical conversion.

force.

force.

Controllable force

Possible with solenoid & DC motors.

Controllable high force.

Controllable medium force.

Complicated by

need for cooling.

Points to note

Danger from

Leakage dangerous

Noise

electric shock

and unsightly. Fire

hazard.

Points to note Danger from Leakage dangerous Noise electric shock and unsightly. Fire hazard.
Points to note Danger from Leakage dangerous Noise electric shock and unsightly. Fire hazard.
Points to note Danger from Leakage dangerous Noise electric shock and unsightly. Fire hazard.
Points to note Danger from Leakage dangerous Noise electric shock and unsightly. Fire hazard.
1. Very high force despite small components (if pneumatics, bigger components are needed for high

1.

Very high force despite small components (if pneumatics, bigger components are needed for high force, thus, incur high

cost as well as wastage of compressed air)

2.

Very slow and linear movements (if pneumatics, too slow will create jerking on the cylinder)

3.

Very exact positioning (stops exactly on a point). Compared

to pneumatics, there’s a tolerance and if a load is given, it will move a little.

4.

Start-up under heavy loads (Possible to start the motor & process a job with a load attached to it. This is because there is oil in the actuator though the pump is idling).

& process a job with a load attached to it. This is because there is oil
& process a job with a load attached to it. This is because there is oil
6. When overload, stall without damage 7. Better power/weight ratio 8. Fluid is non compressible

6.

When overload, stall without damage

7.

Better power/weight ratio

8.

Fluid is non compressible

6. When overload, stall without damage 7. Better power/weight ratio 8. Fluid is non compressible
6. When overload, stall without damage 7. Better power/weight ratio 8. Fluid is non compressible
6. When overload, stall without damage 7. Better power/weight ratio 8. Fluid is non compressible
6. When overload, stall without damage 7. Better power/weight ratio 8. Fluid is non compressible
1. Slow movement of actuators (Pneumatics are faster) 2. Messy (Leakage may occur and if

1. Slow movement of actuators (Pneumatics

are faster)

2. Messy (Leakage may occur and if not bothered, the surrounding area could be messy. However, constant cleaning could avoid messy.)

may occur and if not bothered, the surrounding area could be messy. However, constant cleaning could
may occur and if not bothered, the surrounding area could be messy. However, constant cleaning could
may occur and if not bothered, the surrounding area could be messy. However, constant cleaning could
may occur and if not bothered, the surrounding area could be messy. However, constant cleaning could
3. Dangerous! i. It produces extreme pressure and if there’s a leakage, oil will be

3. Dangerous!

i. It produces extreme pressure and if there’s a

leakage, oil will be forced out. Stopping the flow with bare hand would result in a punctuated wound.

ii. While in process, oil became hot and flammable (though not easily happened). Therefore, it is advisable to control the temperature by limiting it (turning off the machine if the limit is exceeded).

Machines – hydraulic presses, drilling, milling, bending, cutting, CNC Aerospace – plane landing wheel Defense

Machines hydraulic presses, drilling, milling, bending,

cutting, CNC

Aerospace plane landing wheel Defense tanks, gun moving mechanism Marine opening and closing storage, safety doors

Dam lifting and lowering gates

Construction crane, excavator, concrete mixer, etc

Mobile Hydraulics

Using manual hydraulics to control Crane Excavator

Back-hoe

Stationary Hydraulics

Using electro-hydraulics to control Press machine Molding machine

Lathe machine