Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Abstract:

In the past we have seen many encountered tragedies like


Bhopal gas tragedy where thousands of life got destroyed due
to improper management of the factory environments. There
were very inefficient pre warning system in the factories at that
time. Today we are in 21 st century but still there is situation
where the factories are working under non-technical means of
detecting failure which resulting in creates threat for the
employees and their families who are working in the factory.
The ignorance is due to the fact that the present systems are
costly and tough to implement. Also there are huge companies
who keep a big fat profit for implementing the system due to
which it becomes difficult for small scale factory owners to
setup this system. Which ultimately leads to a massive threat
to the people working in the environment. The crucial factors
which are important and which should be monitored
continuously are oxygen level, carbon dioxide level,
temperature level and many other factors on which the human
life is dependent on. The project gives emphasis on
implementing the inexpensive system for overcoming these
problems.

Introduction:
The proposed system is divided into two parts. One is computer
or monitoring part and other is the system which will take the
censor data and send to the main computer from where it can
be monitored and controlled. Also there are some anti-threat
detections and prevention systems which will get activated
when any kind of threat is detected in the system. The
computer part mainly includes a data converter which is
basically a bridge between the computer and the wireless
module attached with the computer. This wireless device is of
2.4 GHz frequency and can have a range of more than 10km
radius but for the demonstration we are using lower version.
The Monitor part is actually a laptop on which a program will be
running which will constantly take the data from the wireless
sensor. These sensor data will be processed and will be
visualized on the GUI in laptop or computer in graphical format.
Whenever the data obtained is something which is not normal,
the GUI will show a warning sign and measures will be taken to
reduce the threat. The Sensor system will have a one single
microcontroller which will be attached to a wireless module
through which it can send the data to the computer. The
system will also contain some of the basic sensors which will be
collecting the data and sending the data to the microcontroller
and the microcontroller will send the data to the PC which will
then display it.

Software and Hardware Used:


Software Used:
1. Matlab / JAVA / Industrial Labview / VB
This is basically platforms on which the program on the
monitor side will be developed. It is currently not fixed as
it needs some experimentation on which language will be
best suitable for the project. Currently LABVIEW is being
opted as it provides facilities of implementing indusrial
sensor projects.
2. Arduino Sketch:
It is a cross compiler and code burinning tool for Arduino
Boards and microcontroller. It provides, Programming,
Compiling and debugging in the same platform.
3. Eagle PCB Designer:
This software will be used to create a PCB for the project.
Hardware Used:
1. Arduino Mini Pro:
This is a small microcontroller suitable for complex and
simple projects in embedded system. It is being used in
many industrial products and are very powerfull.
2. DHT11:
This is basically a humidity as well as temperature sensor.
3. LDR:
This is a light dependent resistor which detects the
intensity of the light.
4. MQ2:
This is smoke sensor which will monitor the amount of
smoke in the environment.
5. Miscellaneous:
This include using power regulator 7805, 1000 uf, 100uf
and 10 uf capacitors, relays and other small components.

6. 2.4 Ghz Transreceiver:


This will be used to transmit and receive the sensor data
from pc to the system.
7. USB to UART:
The USB to UART will convert the data into PC
understandable format.
Block Diagram
Sensor 2
Computer

Senso
r1

Sensor 3

Sensor 4

USB To
UART

2.4 Ghz
transreceiver

Arduino Mini Pro


Power
Supply
Unit

2.4 Ghz
Transreceiver

Advantages:
1. There will be cheap but effiecient system which can be
easily implemented in less cost.
2. Situation and the environment will be created where there
will be lesser threats for the workers working in the
factory.
3. It will help to collect the global data around the places
where these systems will be implemented.
4. It will also be used to create a cloud data on which every
module or every system data will be uploaded through
which the government will be able to view and detect the
threat in the area and take pro active measure to reduce
the threat.
5. It will help the organizations to identify the threat causes
in the areas and will also help them to improvise the
same.
6. It will also play an important role in Digital India.

Conclusion:
From the recent news and activities of the government we can
easily see that they are quite interested in technology and are
inspiring and promoting small scale projects which will be
beneficial for making India digital. For the effective digitization
it is important that the digitization should start from area where
there is actual need of digitizing it. Socially digitizing will first
improve the current condition and then help to improvise the
current role and status in the society. Through this project we
are targeting the areas where it is desperately needed and who
actually deserve this kind of technological enhancement in the
society.

References:
1. Anuj Kumar, Abhishek Singh, I. P. Singh, and S. K. Sud,
(2010).Prototype Greenhouse Environment Monitoring
System, Vol. 2. Blasco,X.,M. Marti'nez, J.M. Herrero, C.
Ramos and J. Sanchis, (2007).
2. Model-based predictive control of greenhouse climate for
reducing energy and water. Comp. Elect. Agric., 55:4970. David A. Mellis, Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles and
Tom Igoe, (2007).
3. Arduino: An Open Electronics Prototyping Platform,
conference on human factors in computing systems San
Jose, California, USA. Fourati, F. and M. Chtourou, (2007).
4. A greenhouse control with feed-forward and recurrent
neural networks. Simulation Modelling Practice and
Theory,15:1016- 1028. GUERBAOUI, M. Y. EL AFOU, A. EDDAHHAK, A. LACHHAB and B. BOUCHIKHI, (2013).
5. PC-BASED AUTOMATED DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM, Vol. 5,
No. 1. Herrero, J.M., Blasco,M. Marti'nez, C.Ramos and J.
Sanchis, (2007).
6. Non-linear robust identification of a greenhouse model
using multi-objective evolutionary algorithms . Biosys.
Eng. ,98:335-346. KiranSahu and Mrs. SusmitaGhosh,
( 2012).
7. Digitally Greenhouse Monitoring and Controlling of
System based on Embedded System,Vol. 3, Issue 1
MAHMOUD OMID , (2004).
8. A Computer-Based Monitoring System to Maintain
Optimum Air Temperature and Relative Humidity in
Greenhouses, Vol. 6, No. 6. Melrolho, J.C., C.M.J.A. Serodio
and C.A.C.M. Couto, (1999).
9. CAN based actuation system for greenhouse control.
Industrial Elect.,pp:945-950.

Оценить