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STORAGE STORAGE

Issue2 Volume2 Apr-Jun 2015

India Energy Storage Alliance

3 r Spe

IESA
Emerging Technology
News

CONTENTS

TECH INSIGHTS

GUEST ARTICLE

THE INDIAN BATTERY MARKET WILL

INDIAS TWO WHEELER ELECTRIC

WITNESS A CHANGE

VEHICLE SEGMENT

MARKET INSIGHTS
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND SMART
ENERGY SOLUTIONS ARE THE KEY
FACTORS TO REALISE THE VISION
OF SMART CITIES IN INDIA

PG

18

PG

08

PG

20

Emerging
Te c h n o l o g y N e w s

00

E D IT ORS D ESK

PG

03

Vo l u m e 2 I s s u e 2 ;
April-June 2015

01

I E SA NEW S

PG

06

03

I N D IA P OL IC Y U P D AT E

PG

12

04

I N T ERNAT IONA L M ARKET S

PG

16

07

I N D U ST RY NEW S

PG

27

08

I N T ERNAT IONA L NEW S

PG

32

E d i t o r i a l Te a m
D r R a h u l Wa l a w a l k a r
Debi Prasad Dash
N e t r a Wa l a w a l k a r
Design : Insonics

A501 GO SQUARE , AUND HINJEWADI LINK RD ,


WAKAD PUNE MH INDIA - 411057
contact@indiaesa.info
indiaesa.info

FACT SHEET

3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION


ON ENERGY STORAGE & MICROGRIDS IN INDIA

December 08 - 09, 2015

PRE-CONFERENCE WORKSHOP
December 07, 2015

India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, India

Event Frequency

Annual

PREVIOUS EDITION
Venue

Edition

Third

Delegates

532

Pre-Conference Workshop

December 07, 2015

Exhibitors & Partners

45

Conference & Exhibition

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Participating Countries

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YEAR 2014
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Media Partners:

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EXHIBITOR PROFILE:
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Mechanical Storage
Chemical Storage
Electrical Storage
Thermal Storage

Manufacturing Technologies
Components & Materials
Services
Research & Teaching
Business / Management Schools
Media Partners
Global Energy Storage
Associations
Trade Organizations

International

$10,000

WHO WILL YOU MEET:


Electricity Regulators and Policy Makers
Power Generation Companies
Independent Power Producers
Renewable Developers / Manufacturers
(Wind & Solar)
Energy Trading Companies
Electric Distribution Companies
Program Managers of Key Government /
Industry Initiatives
Private Distribution Franchises / Licensees

R
International

$5,000

SIL
VE

PL

$15,000

`3,00,000

M
NU
AT
I

International

India

`6,00,000

GO
L

India

`9,00,000

Transmission Companies
Grid System Operators
Domestic Manufacturers
Special Economic Zone Developers
City planners / Township Developers
System Integrators
Research Institutions & Universities
Corporate R&D Teams
Consulting & Services
Trade Media
Relevant Industry Associations

For more information, please contact:


Messe Dsseldorf India Pvt. Ltd.

Customized Energy Solutions

Mr. Sachin Patil


Senior Project Manager
Tel.
+91 (0)11 4855 0055
Mobile +91 9717179615
Email PatilS@md-india.com

Dr. Rahul Walawalkar


Founder and Executive Director, IESA
VP, Emerging Tech. & Markets, CES
Mobile +91 9503031765
Email rahul@ces-ltd.com

Ms. Shradha Malik


Assistant Project Manager
Tel.
+91 (0)11 4855 0059
Mobile +91 9871192345
Email MalikS@md-india.com

Mr. Debi Dash


Internal Communication &
Media Relations, IESA
Mobile +91 9699719818
Email ddash@ces-ltd.com

A D S PA C E

saw the economic reforms that opened up the

EIDITORS
DESK

Indian economy and led to the telecom and

00

Energy Storage: Enabling a


decade of sustainable energy
transformation in India

IT revolutions that have made India a leader


in the knowledge economy in the 2000s. This
is a decade where India needs a clean energy
revolution for transforming the electricity
infrastructure to provide energy access to
over 400 million of households that still lack
basic access to electricity.
Today, India is one of the fastest growing
economies in the world, with current electricity
peak load of ~150 GW to meet the needs of
over 1.25 Billion population. Indias per capita

With the recent announcement from Ministry annual consumption of energy at ~800 kWh
of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) about is one of the lowest in the world, even when
Expression of Interest for Energy Storage compared to developing countries like Brazil
projects to support renewable integration, and China. At the same time India currently
there is tremendous excitement about Indias boasts a middle class population exceeding
proposed Energy Storage Mission. India has 300 Million (almost the size of USA) that is
witnessed number of transformations in past looking for the same level of energy access
50 years starting with the Green Revolution and power quality that is taken for granted
of 1960s that transformed the agricultural in developed countries through movement
practices in India. In 1970s and 80s, the White towards Smart Cities. Also the lack of reliable
Revolution - Operation Flood included the and quality power supply is a major obstacle
worlds biggest dairy development program for accelerating development of manufacturing
ZKLFKWUDQVIRUPHG,QGLDIURPDPLONGHFLHQW sector in India under Indian Governments
nation to the largest milk producer in the Make in India initiative. Consumers bear
world within a span of 30 years. The 1990s a large burden due to poor quality and

EDITORS DESK
unreliable power supply. Industries maintain Grid Corporation of India Ltd. has successfully
diesel powered generators and households conducted RFPs for selecting 3 different
have inverters with batteries as backup for storage technologies of 500 KW for ancillary
unscheduled power cuts, low voltages or service demonstration project. Adoption of
energy storage technologies is also being

variable frequency.

Energy Storage systems can play a key role helped by reduction in capital costs and
in every part of the modern grid in India simultaneous improvements in performance.
as envisioned by the central government of Simultaneously the cycle life improvements
in most of the energy storage technologies
India:
,QGLD LV ORRNLQJ IRU UDSLG DGRSWLRQ RI will play a key role in reducing the levalized
clean energy technologies with anticipated cost of energy storage and making these


addition of over 60 GW of new wind capacity technologies a commercially viable solution in


next 2-3 years.
and 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022.
,QGLDKDVYDULRXVLQLWLDWLYHVIRUSURYLGLQJ We also believe that India has potential of not
energy access through microgrids for the 400 only becoming the one of the largest markets


million people without access to reliable grid for advanced storage technologies, but also a
key player in the global supply chain through
electricity.
DW localization and innovation in energy storage
transforming 100 smart cities in coming HOG,QGLDDOUHDG\ERDVWVDYHU\YLEUDQW/HDG
decade where energy storage technologies Acid manufacturing industry with global leaders


,QGLD

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LV

ORRNLQJ

can serve as a backbone for better power such as Exide and Amara Raja supplying lead
acid batteries to over 35 countries around the
quality and reliability desired by consumers.
,QGLDQ UHJXODWRUV DUH ORRNLQJ WR globe. Various research universities are setting
introduce ancillary services as well as up Center of Excellences in energy storage and


scheduling of renewable resources that would there are efforts to start incubation centers
help in increasing renewable penetration in to accelerate development of next generation
the grid.

technologies in India. Ministry of New and

,QGLD LV ORRNLQJ DW DPELWLRXV (OHFWULF Renewable Energy is currently working on a
transportation program with a goal of over 15 policy framework on storage and has created


Million EV/ HEVs by 2020 to reduce oil import a standing committee on energy storage and
hybrid system. Ministry of heavy Industries
bills.
is working on the National Electric Mobility
India Energy Storage Alliance (www.indiaesa. Mission and Ministry of Power is set to launch
info) was created in 2012 with a conviction National Smart Grid Mission. With this right
that energy storage technologies can help policy support, Indian Industry and Research
India leapfrog the modern grid development. community has the potential to deliver
India has recently grabbed global attention solutions that will not only address challenges
through early adaptors such as Reliance Jio, faced by consumers in India, but also become
who has purchased Li-Ion batteries worth a global hub for advanced energy storage
$300 M for the new 4G telecom towers and solutions by 2020.
Sun Edison that has just recently announced
SODQVWRGHSOR\RYHURZEDWWHULHVIURP
Imergy Power for microgrids in India. Power

IESA is a new initiative, still in infancy,


but with the support of all our members and
strategic partners from around the world, we
DUHFRQGHQWWKDWZHFDQSOD\DSLYRWDOUROH
in this energy revolution for India in coming
decade. India has a robust manufacturing
sector and many innovative entrepreneurs
who are looking forward to forge partnerships
with leading global technology companies.
Such partnership has true potential to not
only help solve the energy issues in India,
but could make India a manufacturing base
that can support needs of the global energy
storage industry.
:HKRSHWKDW\RXZLOOQGSDUWLFLSDWLQJ
in IESA activities rewarding and will be
able to build relationships that can help
commercialization and adoption of emerging
energy storage & Microgrid technologies in
India. We are happy to help in this exploration
and hope to continue working with you in
years ahead.
With best regards,
Rahul Walawalkar
PhD, CEM, CDSM

PRESIDENT & MD, CUSTOMIZED ENERGY SOLUTIONS INDIA PVT. LTD.


VICE PRESIDENT, EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, CES LTD.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, INDIAN ENERGY STORAGE ALLIANCE

IESA
NEWS

Prime Minister Narendra Modis recent visit


WR&DQDGDLQ$SULOWKHUVWRIFLDOYLVLW

01

India Energy Storage Alliance


(IESA), India signed an MOU
with ESO, Canada

by an Indian PM in over 40 years, is a sure


sign that relations between our two countries
are reaching new heights. The visit, which
resulted in several new bilateral agreements
and commercial deals worth over $1.6 billion.
Through this partnership IESA and ESO
will establish forums for timely and open
exchange of information on current and
planned activities relevant to the vision to
achieve reliable and quality power for all,
involving a broad array of stakeholders.

I N D I A C A N B E A K E Y M A N U FA C T U R I N G
H U B A N D AT T R A C T I V E M A R K E T F O R
C A N A D I A N ES S I N D U S T R Y

This platform will share information on


key

topics

affecting

development

and

implementation of the vision. It could


establish non-exclusive vehicles for engaging
the broad array of stakeholders including
the utility industry, regulatory organizations,

India
Energ y
storage
alliance
(IESA) signed a n M O U w i t h E n e r g y
Stor age Onta r i o ( E S O ) t o w o r k i n a
collaborative m a n n e r o n t h e re l e v a n t
issues regardi n g e n e r g y s t o r a g e a n d
its developme n t a n d i n t e g r a t i o n .

energy, telecommunications, controls, and


information technology vendors, technology
companies, consumer groups, government
and non-governmental organizations.
The year 2015 will be the most active year in the
energy storage market in India. Governments
ambitious target of 175 GW of renewable
energy by 2022 and Make in India campaign
has largely encouraged all stakeholders to
shift their focus to Indian Energy Storage

Recently the India Energy Storage Alliance


(IESA) signed an MOU with Energy Storage
Ontario (ESO) to work in a collaborative manner
on the relevant issues regarding energy
storage and its development and integration.
The parties enter into this memorandum of
understanding (MOU), agreeing to, whenever
possible, share information and work in a
collaborative manner on the relevant issues
regarding energy storage and its development
and integration. We hope that this collaboration
will bring new technologies and expertise to
India to boost energy storage market.

Market. Energy storage technologies could


play a key role in achieving this goal of greater
renewable integration. India is poised for rapid
adoption of energy storage technologies in
the coming decade. Power Grid Corporation of
,QGLD 3*&,/ DOVRRDWHGJULGVFDOHHQHUJ\
storage projects during the year 2014. Many
MNCs started their India operation and few
other Indian companies stepped into energy
storage verticals to leverage this opportunity
in Indian market. This year IESA expect few
more energy storage pilot projects will come
in Indian market from both government
and private sectors.

IESA NEWS
in India through frequent interaction with all
(QHUJ\ 6WRUDJH 2QWDULR LV WKH UVW DQG RQO\ key stakeholders. As estimated by IESA, the
energy storage alliance in Canada. It is a Indian energy storage market will be in the
QRQSURW PHPEHUVKLSEDVHG RUJDQL]DWLRQ range of 15 to 20 GW in the period of 2015 to
that was founded in 2012 as a subgroup of 2020. IESA will highlight the diversity of the
the Corporate Partners Committee under VROXWLRQV DYDLODEOH LQ HOG RI HQHUJ\ VWRUDJH
the Smart Grid Forum. Like many other and microgrids. For details visit http://
jurisdictions, Ontario is a market where indiaesa.info
energy storage can serve many roles and
solve many problems. Ontario has phased
RXWDOOFRDOUHGHOHFWULFDOJHQHUDWLRQDQGKDV
been bringing online more variable generators
powered by renewable fuel sources. With the
growing fraction of variable generation and
QXFOHDU EDVH ORDG WKH H[LELOLW\ RIIHUHG E\
HQHUJ\VWRUDJHWHFKQRORJ\LVDSHUIHFWW,Q
2013, the Ontario Ministry of Energy released
its Long-Term Energy Plan which mandated
the procurement of 50 MW of energy storage.
The Energy Storage Ontario (ESO) is a trade
association that promotes the development
and

commercialization

and

reliable

energy

of

competitive

storage

delivery

systems through federal education, policy


leadership, and advocacy in the province of
Ontario for more details visit http://www.
energystorageontario.com ;
The India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA)
was launched in 2012 by Customized Energy
Solutions to promote energy storage and
micro grid technologies and their applications
in India. IESAs mission is to make power
sector in India more competitive and
HIFLHQW E\ FUHDWLQJ DZDUHQHVV DPRQJ
various stakeholders in the industry and by
promoting information exchange with the
end users. IESA also provides insights to
technology developers, original equipment
manufacturers and system integrators on the
policy landscape and business opportunities

The Center for Study of Science, Technology and


Policy (CSTEP) has analysed the market, policy

GUEST
ARTICLE

02

instruments and technical challenges related to


the 2W EV segment which is also known as the
electric bike segment. CSTEPs analysis shows
that both technical and policy related challenges
are a deterrent to the adoption of electric bikes in
India. A demand of 3.55 million 2W EV sales has
been projected by NEMMP. Although this segment

Indias 2-Wheeler Electric Vehicle


Segment

has the highest demand potential among all EV


segments, technological challenges such as low
range and the requirement of long charging time are
major impediments hampering sales. India is also

India received a major boost for its Electric


Vehicle(EV) industry in April 2015, when the Union
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises,
launched the new subsidy scheme titled Faster
adoption and manufacturing of hybrid and electric
vehicles in India, also known as Fame India.
According to the minister, It is a dire necessity to
UK HS[LYUH[L ZV\YJLZ VM LULYN` ^OPJO HYL LJV
friendly yet cost-effective for transport reported
by Press Information Bureau. After the successful
launch of subsidy schemes for EVs by the Ministry of
New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) in 2010, which
saw a big increase in the adoption of 2 Wheeler (2W)
EVs, the Government released an ambitious mission
plan for the EV segment called the National Electric
Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) in January 2013.
India. Fame India is a demand incentive plan for
NEMMP and it based on the National Mission on
Electric Mobility (NMEM), which the Government of
India set up in 2011.
The budget allocations for the demand incentives

IH[[SPUN ^P[O PZZ\LZ VM PUMYLX\LU[ HUK PUZ\MJPLU[


power supply. The government needs to set up
additional power generation infrastructure in order
to make EVs more attractive
,=Z JHU IL JSHZZPLK PU[V [OL MVSSV^PUN [^V
segments Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) and
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV); the latter consist
of an internal combustion engine along with the
battery. Hence, HEVs are generally more expensive
than BEVs. Currently, in the 2W EV segment the
major BEV manufacturers are Hero electric and YO
bykes. Only TVS has come up with a 2W HEV called
TVS Qube. The price of TVS Qube is expected to
be INR 65,000, while BEV models are priced at
INR 30,00050,000. Although the subsidy amount
declared on the 2W EVs ranges from INR 1,800
29,000 under Fame India, consumers can avail
discounts of INR 7,50010,000 on available models
in the market. The comparable conventional, petrolbased 2Ws include Honda Activa, TVS Jupiter, and
Hero Maestro which cost INR 50,00065,000.

under Fame India are INR 155 crore for 201516


and INR 340 crore for the year 201617 for all EV
segments. These demand incentives are given as

Technological Challenges

discounts on vehicles. Vehicle dealers are supposed


to start receiving the reimbursement for these
discounts in 23 months, starting from August 2015.
For charging infrastructure, a budget of INR 10 crore
and 20 crore is allocated for the years 201516 and
201617, resp.

CSTEPs analysis of the various technological


challenges faced by the 2W EV segment falls under
two categories battery technology and charging
infrastructure.
Currently, the EV technology is not mature

GUEST ARTICLE
of INR 1000 crore is expected till 2020. To address

Battery Technology

the technological bottlenecks in EVs, collaboration


of local academic institutes with industry is of
foremost importance.

enough to allow

Charging related issues are another reason for low EV

BEVs to compete with fossil fuel based vehicles.


A major component in BEVs is the battery which
has the highest cost among all other components;
major technological challenges in BEVs are also

Charging Infrastructure

associated with the battery. The energy storage


capacity (kWh/kg) of batteries is about 100 times

less than that of petrol or diesel. Hence, BEVs provide penetration in vehicles market. All 2W BEV models
low range per charge. The 2W BEV models in the in India use lead acid batteries. Lead acid batteries
Indian market promise only 5080 km range. The take 68 hours to charge, which makes these
solution for this limited range issue is the installation models unattractive to consumers as compared to
of a larger battery pack. However, this increases petrol driven 2Ws. A low range clubbed with poor
[OL^LPNO[HUKJVZ[VM[OL]LOPJSLZPNUPJHU[S`(Z availability of charging stations lead to a range

a solution, a business model of leasing batteries anxiety among consumers. A solution for quick
JV\SKSV^LY[OLWYPJLZHUKLUHISLLMJPLU[YLJ`JSPUN recharging is battery swap, which is the equivalent
of batteries.

of refuelling a vehicle, in terms of time. A strategic

charging infrastructure network and battery swap

Another technical problem of BEVs is that their stations can eliminate this problem and will make
speed and acceleration is lower than conventional the use of BEVs in long distance drives possible.

fuel-based vehicles because of the low power Smart grids can manage electricity loads during
capacity (kW/kg) of batteries. The top speeds of peak demand hours for utility and BEV charging.

these models range from 2555 kmph. Higher They can provide information on grid network,
speeds can be achieved by either increasing empty slots for charging, usage, and cost statistics.
the cost or compromising the range. The use of NEMMP has mentioned plans of spending around
supercapacitors in BEVs is a potential solution INR 1200 crore on charging infrastructures by 2020.
that the industry should explore. Supercapacitors
are a type of electrochemical capacitors that use
a physical process to store energy, unlike batteries
which use chemical reactions. These have very
high power capacity; hence they can charge and
discharge very quickly unlike batteries. Thus, the
use of supercapacitors is indispensable for faster
BEVs. However, it is an expensive technology. In the
future, supercapacitors can be made up of graphite
which can be manufactured from organic wastes
like coconut shell, hemp, etc., to reduce the cost.
NEMMP aims to support R&D efforts related to next
generation battery technologies and an expenditure

GUEST ARTICLE
VEHICLE TYPE

HERO ELECTRIC BIKES

YO BIKES

HONDA ACTIVA

TVS JUPITER

RANGE (KM)

50-80

60-70

240-320

250-310

FUEL

ELECTRICITY

ELECTRICITY

PETROL

PETROL

6-7 HRS

6-8 HRS

< 5 MINS

< 5 MINS

TOP SPEED (KM/HR)

25-45

25-55

82

90

BATTERY LIFE (KM)

15,000

18,000

BATTERY LIFE (YEARS)

1.25

1.5

PRICE INR

35,000-50,000

SUBSIDY INR

7,500-10,000

7,500-9,400

COST OF FUEL

0.1 - 0.2

0.1 - 0.27

1.1 - 1.6

1.1 - 1.6

CHARGING

/ REFUELLING TIME

40,000-55,000 55,000-65,000 50,000-60,000

The overall EV technology is improving and costs


are coming down. Incentives such as discounts, low
JVZ[UHUJL[H_JYLKP[ZL[JJHUTHRL),=Z]PHISL
As their market penetration increases, costs will
reduce automatically due to economies of scale and
advances in technology. However, the industry will
require appropriate support from the government in
terms of policies and R&D funding if it is to become
a key instrument in Indias goal of achieving lowcarbon transportation.

AUTHOR:
GANESHPRASAD RAVINDRA PAVASKAR
RESEARCH ENGINEER
CENTER FOR STUDY OF SCIENCE,
TECHNOLOGY AND POLICY (CSTEP),
BANGALORE
E-MAIL: GANESHPRASAD@CSTEP.IN

10

INDIA

POLICY

UPDATE

03

India Govt approves National


Smart Grid Mission

Government has approved the National Smart Grid


Mission (NSGM) -an institutional mechanism for
Government has launched the scheme
namely Faster Adoption and Manufacturing
of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME India)
under National electric Mobility Mission Plan
(NEMMP 2020)

planning, monitoring and implementation of policies


and programs related to Smart Grid activities. This
was stated by Sh. Piyush Goyal, Minister of state for
Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy (IC) in a
written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

Government of India launched the National Electric The total outlay for NSGM activities for 12th Plan is
Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 in 2013. It Rs 980 crore with a budgetary support of Rs 338
aims to achieve national fuel security by promoting crore.
hybrid and electric vehicles in the country. There
is an ambitious target to achieve 67 million sales NSGM has three tier structure:
of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from
 VU^HYKZ .V]LYUTLU[ HPTZ [V WYV]PKL ZJHS 
([ [OL HWL_ SL]LS 5:.4 OHZ H .V]LYUPUN
and monetary incentives to kick start this nascent Council headed by the Minister of Power. Members
technology. With the support from the Government, VM[OL.V]LYUPUN*V\UJPSHYL:LJYL[HY`SL]LSVMJLYZ
the cumulative sale is expected to reach 1516 Million of concerned Ministries and departments. Role of
by 2020. It is expected to save 9500 Million Liters Governing Council is to approve all policies and
of crude oil equivalent to Rs. 62000 Cr. savings. programme for smart grid implementation.
Government has launched the scheme namely
Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) 
([ [OL ZLJVUK SL]LS [OL 5:.4 OHZ HU
Electric Vehicles (FAME India) under NEMMP 2020 Empowered Committee headed by Secretary
in the Union Budget for 201516 with an initial outlay (Power). Members of the Empowered Committee
of Rs. 75 Cr.

HYL 1VPU[ :LJYL[HY` SL]LS VMJLYZ VM JVUJLYULK

Ministries and departments. Role of Empowered


The scheme will provide a major push for early Committee is to provide policy input to Governing
adoption and market creation of both hybrid and *V\UJPSHUKHWWYV]LTVUP[VYYL]PL^ZWLJPJZTHY[
electric technologies vehicles in the country. The grid projects, guidelines / procedures etc.
thrust for the Government through this scheme will
be to allow hybrid and electric vehicles to become 
0UHZ\WWVY[P]LYVSL5:.4OHZH;LJOUPJHS
[OL YZ[ JOVPJL MVY [OL W\YJOHZLYZ ZV [OH[ [OLZL Committee headed by Chairperson (CEA). Members
vehicles can replace the conventional vehicles and of the Technical Committee are Director level
thus reduce liquid fuel consumption in the country VMJLYZ VM JVUJLYULK 4PUPZ[YPLZ  KLWHY[TLU[Z
from the automobile sector. It is envisaged that early representatives from industries and academia.
market creation through demand incentive, in-house Role of Technical Committee is to support the
technology development and domestic production Empowered Committee on technical aspect,
^PSSOLSWPUK\Z[Y`YLHJOHZLSMZ\MJPLU[LJVUVTPLZ standards development,
of scale in the long run by around the year 2020.
guidelines etc.

technology

selection

11

INDIA POLICY UPDATE




-VY KH`[VKH` VWLYH[PVUZ 5:.4 OHZ H

NSGM Project Management Unit (NPMU) headed


by the Director NPMU. Director NPMU is a
Member of the Governing Council and Empowered

Proposed Framework for Forecasting,


Scheduling & Imbalance Handling for
Renewable Energy (RE) Generating
Stations based on wind and solar at InterState Level

Committee, and Member Secretary of Technical


Committee. NPMU is the implementing agency
for operationalizing the Smart Grid activities in the Framework for Forecasting, Scheduling & Imbalance
country under the guidance of Governing Council Handling for Renewable Energy (RE) Generating
and Empowered Committee.

Stations based on wind and solar at Inter-State

Level. RE generation by nature is considered


.YHU[ \W[V   VM [OL WYVQLJ[ JVZ[ intermittent, uncertain and variable. Taking into
is available from NSGM budget. For selected consideration these aspects and to facilitate


components such as training & capacity building, integration of RE generation in the grid, CERC has
JVUZ\TLYLUNHNLTLU[L[J NYHU[PZH]HPSHISL proposed this framework for forecasting, scheduling
HUKOHUKSPUNKL]PH[PVUZMYVTZJOLK\SLMVY[OLPUYT


*VYYLZWVUKPUN [V [OL 5:.4 :[H[L 3L]LS RE generation (like wind and solar) which also
Mission chaired by the Power Secretary of the State factors in the variable and intermittent nature of such
has also been proposed. Support for training & generation. This could lead to renewed interest in
capacity building to State Level Project Monitoring use of energy storage for smoothing the renewable
Units (SLPMUs) for smart grid activities is provided output and helping renewable project developers
by NSGM.

to schedule the intermittent wind / solar power as


stipulated in the proposed framework.

The Minister further stated that The major activities


envisaged under NSGM are development of The proposed framework for the wind and solar
smart grid, development of micro grids, consumer energy generators provides motivation to the Wind/
engagements and training & capacity building etc. Solar energy generator to remain within the desirable
NSGM entails implementation of a smart electrical IHUKVM KL]PH[PVU)\[[OLYLPZOPNOWVZZPIPSP[`
NYPKIHZLKVUZ[H[LVM[OLHY[[LJOUVSVN`PU[OLLSKZ of higher deviations than the proposed band
of automation, communication and IT systems that especially in lean season for wind generation and
JHUTVUP[VYHUKJVU[YVSWV^LYV^ZMYVTWVPU[ZVM in rainy season for solar generation. The framework
generation to points of consumption, the Minister suggests the generator to take into consideration
added.
the costs associated with the forecasting tools and
techniques. But what also need to be considered
CERC has issued revised draft Regulatory

HYL [OL JVZ[Z HZZVJPH[LK ^P[O YTPUN VM [OL


variable power. The stakeholders will show interest
in certain business options only if they get attractive
returns with certain degree of assurance. It has
been observed that the deviations especially in case
VM ^PUK NLULYH[PVU HYL H[ [PTLZ TVYL [OHU  
So, the stakeholders would be more apprehensive
to venture into the interstate sale business.

12

INDIA POLICY UPDATE


The RE stakeholders do not venture into interstate
sale not only because they require to schedule the
generation, but, they need to pay transmission
and wheeling charges and bear Transmission and
wheeling losses for the involved network. As the CUF
VM9,NLULYH[PUN\UP[ZPZHYV\UK [V HUK
the charges based on rated capacity (MW basis) do
not provide a commercially attractive business case
for RE stakeholders. At present, CERC has waived
off interstate charges for Solar Generators. But,
based on prevailing regulatory work and proposed
MVYLJHZ[PUN MYHTL^VYR P[ ^V\SK IL ]LY` KPMJ\S[
to attract stakeholders to adopt this interstate
transaction route unless some market designs are
created for RE generation integrated with the energy
storage.
Till date, the Unscheduled Interchange was being
commercially settled as per the Deviation Settlement
4LJOHUPZTYLN\SH[VY`MYHTL^VYRUV[PLKI`*,9*
for interstate transactions. The national grid faced
major failures in July, 2012. Since then, there has
been a demand for bringing in the framework which
can take care of power quality and grid security &
stability.
Over the years, CERC has tightened the frequency
band. CERC had also issued a staff paper on
Ancillary Services in December 2013. After having
discussions with the appropriate authorities and
stakeholders consultation meets, CERC has issued
draft regulatory framework for introduction of
Ancillary Services at Interstate level.

determined or adopted by the Commission and


are operating on part load and have not received
full requisition shall be eligible to participate in the
Reserves Regulation Ancillary Services Market.
Although these rules are a step in right direction,
relying on stranded capacity for ancillary services
such as frequency regulation may not be most
economical. As it has been seen in US, energy
Z[VYHNL [LJOUVSVNPLZ HYL TVYL LMJPLU[ HUK JVZ[
effective for procuring fast frequency regulation
service to the grid and thus help optimize the grid
resources better than use of conventional fossil
generators. IESA has released a comprehensive
report titled Energy Storage Technologies for
Ancillary Services in India
The Government is very serious on increasing RE
mix. The proposed amendment in National Tariff
Policy for higher RPO obligations, the commitment
from investors for 266 GW in REINVEST 2015
Z\NNLZ[ [OH[ PU JVTPUN  [V  `LHYZ ^L TH` UK
high RE based capacity installations in some RE
prominent states.
The RE generation is being effectively utilized to
provide ancillary services in some of the Countries.
CERC may think seriously to bring in the required
ancillary services framework by introducing market
designs for RE (integrated with storage) as well. This
will help the RE generators in having more business
options and earn revenue from multiple streams and
HSZVHKKYLZZ[OLPZZ\LVMYTPUNVM9,WV^LY

At present, around 5000MW interstate generating


capacity is not getting requisitioned. CERC intends
to tap this capacity for initiating Ancillary services.
Objective of proposed Reserves Regulation Ancillary
Services (RRAS) is to restore the frequency level at
desired level and to relieve the congestion in the
transmission network.
All Inter-State Generating Stations whose tariff is

13

INDIA POLICY UPDATE


CERC - Draft Regulations for
Ancillary Services Operations

resources better than use of conventional fossil


generators. IESA has released a comprehensive
report titled Energy Storage Technologies for
Ancillary Services in India

The Government is very serious on increasing RE


Till date, the Unscheduled Interchange was being mix. The proposed amendment in National Tariff
commercially settled as per the Deviation Settlement Policy for higher RPO obligations, the commitment
4LJOHUPZTYLN\SH[VY`MYHTL^VYRUV[PLKI`*,9* from investors for 266 GW in REINVEST 2015
for interstate transactions. The national grid faced Z\NNLZ[ [OH[ PU JVTPUN  [V  `LHYZ ^L TH` UK
major failures in July, 2012. Since then, there has high RE based capacity installations in some RE
been a demand for bringing in the framework which prominent states.
can take care of power quality and grid security &
stability.

The RE generation is being effectively utilized to


provide ancillary services in some of the Countries.

Over the years, CERC has tightened the frequency CERC may think seriously to bring in the required
band. CERC had also issued a staff paper on ancillary services framework by introducing market
Ancillary Services in December 2013. After having designs for RE (integrated with storage) as well. This
discussions with the appropriate authorities and will help the RE generators in having more business
stakeholders consultation meets, CERC has issued options and earn revenue from multiple streams and
draft regulatory framework for introduction of HSZVHKKYLZZ[OLPZZ\LVMYTPUNVM9,WV^LY
Ancillary Services at Interstate level.
At present, around 5000MW interstate generating
capacity is not getting requisitioned. CERC intends
to tap this capacity for initiating Ancillary services.
Objective of proposed Reserves Regulation Ancillary
Services (RRAS) is to restore the frequency level at
desired level and to relieve the congestion in the
transmission network.
All Inter-State Generating Stations whose tariff is
determined or adopted by the Commission and
are operating on part load and have not received
full requisition shall be eligible to participate in the
Reserves Regulation Ancillary Services Market.
Although these rules are a step in right direction,
relying on stranded capacity for ancillary services
such as frequency regulation may not be most
economical. As it has been seen in US, energy
Z[VYHNL [LJOUVSVNPLZ HYL TVYL LMJPLU[ HUK JVZ[
effective for procuring fast frequency regulation
service to the grid and thus help optimize the grid

14

UKZ[OLZOHYLVMYLUL^HISLZPU[OLLSLJ[YPJP[`ZLJ[VY

INTERNATIONAL
MARKETS

must double to 45 per cent by 2030. To do so, an

04

estimated 150 GW of battery storage and 325 GW


of pumped-storage hydroelectricity will be needed,
making storage a vital element in the expansion of
renewable energy.
Now is the time to think about integrating large-

IRENA Roadmap Breaks New


Ground on Renewable Energy
Storage

scale battery storage into the global energy system,


said IRENA Director-General Adnan-Z Amin. This
roadmap is a starting point for all policy makers
seeking to integrate greater storage capabilities,
which is necessary to ensure the world is ready

A new ground-breaking report from the International for the next phase of growth for renewable power
Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) provides clear systems. Dr. Rahul Walawalkar, Executive Director
direction on how to advance storage systems as part - IESA, VP, Emerging Technologies & Markets,
of the infrastructure for a sustainable energy future. Customized Energy Solutions was present at the
Renewables and Electricity Storage, released today ninth IRENA Council meeting, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E as
on the side lines of IRENAs ninth Council meeting, a speaker.
WYPVYP[PaLZHJ[PVUP[LTZHJYVZZ]LWYPVYP[`HYLHZ
where governments and industry can work together ;OL ]L WYPVYP[` HYLHZ PKLU[PLK PUJS\KL LSLJ[YPJP[`
to facilitate the development of policies on electricity storage to support renewables in islands and
storage for renewables. The report is part of IRENAs remote areas, consumer-located storage for selfREmap 2030 program.
consumption in countries with high shares of
rooftop solar PV systems, generator and gridTo avoid the worst effects of climate change and located storage for countries with grid infrastructure
accelerate sustainable energy transformation and constraints and system analysis tools for countries
economic growth, IRENAs REmap 2030 report preparing to transition their power sector towards

GRAPHIC FROM THE RENEWABLES AND


ELECTRICITY STORAGE REPORT. SYSTEMS,
GENERATION- AND GRID-LOCATED FOR
COUNTRIES WITH GRID INFRASTRUCTURE
CONSTRAINTS, AND SYSTEM ANALYSIS TOOLS
FOR COUNTRIES PREPARING TO TRANSITION
THEIR POWER SECTOR TOWARDS RENEWABLES.

15

INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
renewables.
The roadmap is the product of four stakeholder
workshops involving more than 200 electricity
storage experts from 50 countries. One of the
successful Workshop was organised during Energy
Storage India Conference 2014 at New Delhi, India.
The value of this roadmap is that it brought
together policy makers from across the globe with
the leading industry experts and academics, said
Chairperson of the Global Energy Storage Alliance
Janice Lin. At every workshop, we were asked to
WYPVYP[PaLHUKYLULV\YHZZLZZTLU[Z;OLYVHKTHW
is truly a product of international cooperation.

16

Li-ion batteries were costing more than $ 1000/kWh.


Now some of the global Li-ion battery manufacturers

T ECHNOLOGY
INSIGHT

05

have reported even price points below $400/kWh


for the same technology.
On the other hand, the energy storage market in
India is expecting the announcement of Energy
Storage Mission by the MNRE (Ministry of New
and Renewable Energy, Government of India) at RE

Times of Change in the Indian


Battery Energy Storage Market

Invest in February 2015; which will bring a change in


the scenario of storage applications at grid storage,
like renewable energy integration and grid ancillary
services.

By Harsh Thacker,
Senior Analyst, at Customized Energy
Solutions
Will the Indian battery market scenario witness a
major change? As the power supply in the country
continues to be unreliable, the role of batteries has to
change from being an emergency back-up solution
to a long time power/energy storage solution. With
the advent of the summer, as in each previous year,
the power supply scenario will only worsen, and the
sales of batteries, inverters and solar panels will be
at their peak.
The consumers are expecting their inverters to work
for long hours and to carry the entire load in their
OV\ZLOVSKZMHJ[VYPLZHUKZOVWZ;OLVVKLKSLHK
acid batteries have so far played the role of energy
storage devices in the country, but they are yet to
deliver the customers expectation of providing
high power storage for long hours with 3-5 year
life. Additionally, many residential, commercial and
industrial complexes have started installing rooftop
solar PV modules along with inverters and battery
storage. With such applications, high demand
supply mismatch and high ownership costs of
diesel gensets, consumers will feel the need for high
power, deep discharge batteries more than they
wanted in the past. Along with these changes, the
price range of lithium-ion batteries have come down
considerably over the last 12 months to change the
dynamics of the market. It was not long back when

At the Energy Storage India conference in New Delhi


^OPJO JVUJS\KLK PU [OL YZ[ ^LLR VM +LJLTILY
2014) Mr. Sushil Kumar Soonee, CEO, POSOCO, said
that both the regulatory and the planning team have
to consider the price of load shedding and power
disruptions, which the end consumers have to pay.
The tool of load shedding will be always a cheaper
option than the tool of the ancillary service market.
But if we consider the cost which the end consumer
pays for the load shedding, energy storage solutions
^PSS KLUP[LS` THRL H IL[[LY I\ZPULZZ JHZL ;OL
regulatory panel in the conference also commented
that the Indian grid operators are everyday handling
ramp rates of over 40 MW per minute, which is
an incredible effort. Energy storage can help the
operators in smoothing this steep rate and can
make the grid more secure. Most of the exhibitors
and visitors at Energy Storage India showcased and
discussed advanced battery technologies like the
Lithium Ion, UltraBattery, Flow Batteries, Sodium
Batteries and other new technologies.
On the other hand, the local battery exhibitions
in India, such as PowerOn (January 2015) and
Maharashtra Battery Expo (which concluded in
December 2014), were dominated by Lead Acid
industry. It was very refreshing to witness greater
participation of VRLA battery exhibitors, instead of
Q\Z[ [\I\SHY VVKLK IH[[LY` JVTWHUPLZ MVY ZVSHY
application of up to 400 Ah.
Among hundreds of exhibitors of lead-acid

17

TECHNOLOGY INSIGHT
batteries, in a corner there was also a Lithium
Phosphate battery company from China, all ready to
sell its storage solution for solar and EV application
PU 0UKPH 0[ PZ [OL YZ[ PUZ[HUJL VM H SP[OP\T IH[[LY`
manufacturer eyeing to sell its products to the rooftop Solar PV market in India. At a price point of
R>O[OL`TH`UKHML^ZVSHY7=J\Z[VTLYZ
PU [OL JV\U[Y` 7HUHZVUPJ ^PSS IL VUL VM [OL YZ[Z
in the country to start the manufacturing of Li-ion
batteries in India by October 2015. The market will
closely monitor the installation and performance of
80,000 sets of Li-ion batteries ordered by Reliance
Jio (a telecom company), one of the early movers
to install Li-ion batteries to supply power to its
telecom towers. This order was distributed among
the companies, namely Saft, Coslight, Narada and
Panasonic.
There were a few companies equipped with hybrid
inverters for residential and commercial markets.
They claimed that the inverters can be connected to
a DG (Diesel Generator set) power supply, solar PV
and main supply and it can automatically select the
best option, prioritizing the renewable energy supply.
As the roof top solar market evolves as part of the

drastic reduction of Li-ion batteries prices, and the


price of $300 per kWh can be that point of disruption
for various industrial and commercial energy
storage applications. Apart from cost reductions,
improvements in cycle life, charge discharge
rates (c-rate) and deeper cycling capability is also
resulting in lower Levelized cost of energy delivered
from advanced storage technologies. Data collected
by IESA indicates trends which can bring down the
Levelized cost of energy delivered from advanced
Z[VYHNL ZVS\[PVUZ MYVT R>O J\YYLU[S` [V
ILSV^ 2>O ^P[O PU UL_[  `LHYZ HZ [OL THYRL[
L]VS]LZ HUK KPMMLYLU[ [LJOUVSVNPLZ ILUL[ MYVT
economies of scale.
Any unsafe occurrences with the installations of
new battery technologies can hamper their market
penetration.

Hence,

both

manufacturers

and

installers are willing to educate the market about


the additional battery management systems and
maintenance which are mandatory for the new
technologies. This shift in the market dynamics
will also open up huge opportunities for battery
management systems, hybrid inverter and smart
charging appliances companies.

100 GW solar by 2022 vision of the Power Minister,


Mr Piyush Goyal, India will witness introduction of
advanced hybrid inverters and PCS solutions by
global leaders such as Siemens, Eaton, S&C, ABB
and SMA. With Indian Governments Make in India
initiative, most of these companies are considering
[HRPUN ILUL[Z VM SVJHSPaH[PVU WV[LU[PHS PU 0UKPH [V
bring down costs of these solutions.
With further reduction in the prices of solar PV
and advanced storage technologies, the storage
market might witness a big change. Other battery
technologies like UltraBattery (a combination of
VRLA and ultra-capacitor) and Flow batteries are
investing time, money and efforts to gain a share in
the big pie of over $1.3 billion annual battery storage
market in India. The market is poised to unsettle with

18

a clean and sustainable environment. It will be

M ARKET
INSIGHT

implemented through area based/ location based

06

approach and citizens participation consisting of


YL[YV[[PUN YLKL]LSVWTLU[ WHUJP[` PUP[PH[P]LZ HUK
development of new cities. Pan-city components
JV\SK IL PU[LY]LU[PVUZ SPRL 0U[LSSPNLU[ HUK LMJPLU[
;YHUZWVY[ :VS\[PVUZ [OH[ ILUL[Z HSS YLZPKLU[Z I`
reducing commuting time and carbon footprints.
Under smart cities initiative, focus will be on

Sustainable energy and smart energy core infrastructure services like: Adequate and
solutions are the key factors to realise
clean Water supply, Sanitation and Solid Waste
the vision of smart Cities in India

Management, Affordable housing for the poor,

By Debi Prasad Dash,


Manager, India Energy Storage Alliance
Analyst, at Customized Energy Solutions

,MJPLU[ <YIHU 4VIPSP[` HUK 7\ISPJ ;YHUZWVY[H[PVU


24X7

power

supply,

robust

IT

connectivity,

e-governance and citizen participation, safety


and security of citizens, health & education and
sustainable urban environment. This Action Plans

The Smart Cities Mission was launched by Prime will be implemented by creating Special Purpose
Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on 25th June 2015 with Vehicles (SPV) for each city and state governments
extraordinary fanfare to transform and develop 100 will ensure steady stream of resources for SPVs with
cities to become the growth engines of urban India. the support of central government.
In total Central Government approved the spending To implement this program, central government
of about INR 1 lakh core (USD $16 billion) on urban issued the guidelines for the proposal. Lets discuss
development under two new urban missions over the how sustainable energy is the key parameters
next 5 years. The Cabinet has approved the Smart to make this Smart Cities Mission programme
Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation successful.
and Urban Transformation of 500 cities (AMRUT) 
(ZZ\YLKLSLJ[YPJP[`Z\WWS`!H[SLHZ[ VM
with outlays of INR 48,000 crore (USD $7.7 billion) the energy requirement coming from solar power
and INR 50,000 crore (USD $8 billion) respectively. in the City. It will help to achieve governments 100
Under the Smart Cities Mission, each selected GW solar target by 2022.
city would get central assistance of INR 100 crore 
,ULYN`,MJPLU[.YLLU)\PSKPUN0UMYHZ[Y\J[\YL!
<:+ TPSSPVUWLY`LHYMVY]L`LHYZ:THY[*P[` 0U.YLLULSKHYLHZPU[OLJP[` I\PSKPUNZ^V\SK
aspirants will be selected through a City Challenge ILLULYN`LMJPLU[NYLLUI\PSKPUN
*VTWL[P[PVU WYVWVZLK [V SPUR UHUJPUN ^P[O [OL 
,MJPLU[\YIHUTVIPSP[`HUKW\ISPJ[YHUZWVY[!
ability of the cities to perform to achieve the mission This element will encourage the adaptation of electric
VIQLJ[P]LZ,HJOZ[H[L^PSSZOVY[SPZ[HKLUP[LU\TILY vehicle (EVs and HEVs) in SEZs and townships in the
of smart city aspirants as per the norms to be smart cities. Electric bus can also be implemented
indicated and they will prepare smart city proposals in public transit system.
(SCP) for further evaluation for extending Central 
,SLJ[YPJ =LOPJSLZ *OHYNPUN :[H[PVUZ 
UHUJPHSZ\WWVY[
Management Platforms: During the presentations,
This Mission of building 100 smart cities intends R. Chandrashekhar, President, NASSCOM focused
to promote adoption of smart solutions for on the development of electric vehicle charging
LMJPLU[ \ZL VM H]HPSHISL HZZL[Z SPTP[LK YLZV\YJLZ systems to boost the adoption of electric vehicles in
and growing infrastructure with the objective of these cities.
enhancing the quality of urban life and providing

19

MARKET INSIGHT
,ULYN`LMJPLU[Z[YLL[SPNO[PUN!<UKLY:THY[
5(::*64 7YVWVZHS VU :THY[ ,ULYN` 
City proposal (SCP), central government guidelines
Solutions:


HZRLK MVY \ZL VM LULYN` LMJPLU[ Z[YLL[ SPNO[PUN


system, which will boost solar streetlight usage in
India.

NASSCOM also proposed various competitive


market

mechanisms

adopted

in

developed

countries for the electricity sector in smart cities


:THY[ LULYN` :VS\[PVUZ! (WWSPJH[PVU VM
Such as: Feeder and substation automation using 
SCADA, Demand-Response Program, Adoption Smart Solutions will enable cities to use technology,
of analytics and energy simulation to optimise information and data to improve infrastructure
energy consumption, focus on power quality and and services. For smart solutions, smart energy
integration of energy storage at grid level to solve management is a focused vertical for the government
grid overloading, grid management and ancillary to implement smart cities in India.
services introduction.
From these features of Smart Cities Mission, it is
evident that the government is keen to implement
smart

solutions

in

energy

infrastructure

and

distributed generation. To balance higher renewable


generation and grid stability in these cities, energy
storage market will encourage through competitive
market development and induction of ancillary
services. IESA expects that Large scale private
townships, SEZs, Industrial regions will be the
YZ[ TV]LY [V HKVW[ YLUL^HISL LULYN` LSLJ[YPJ
transportation, smart energy solutions and energy
On the generation side, NASSCOM also proposed storage in near future.
integration of energy storage for decentralised
energy generation and on the consumer side, The India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA) was
it proposed introduction of innovative business launched in 2012 by Customized Energy Solutions
solutions like energy service management, electric (http://ces-ltd.com ) to promote Energy Storage and
infrastructure management and use of smart meters. Micro grid technologies, along with their applications,
in India. IESA does this by creating awareness
among various stakeholders to make the

20

MARKET INSIGHT
Indian industry and power sector more competitive
HUKLMJPLU[HUK[VWYVTV[LPUMVYTH[PVUL_JOHUNL
with the end users-as to assist with more informed
decision making.

IESA also provides insights to

technology developers and system integrators on


the policy landscape and business opportunities
in India through frequent interaction with key
stakeholders.

With

responses

received

from

storage industries across the globe, the IESA is


quickly gaining a strong foothold across various
stakeholders and technology providers. For more
details visit http://indaesa.info

21

22

INDUSTRY
NEWS

WKH IXQGV1RZ ZLWK WKH UVW 5V  FURUH


IXQGV DOORWWHG E\ WKH QDQFH PLQLVWU\ IRU

07

the pilot projects, that limitation is no more


there, he said.
Experts feel the much needed push from the
government would encourage people to start
using electric bikes and cars by making them

The New Motion to invest INR


1000 crore for smart chargers in
India for electric vehicles

more cost effective. Charging infrastructure


will be critical for the development of the
electric vehicle ecosystem in the country. It
is yet to be seen if the initial Rs 1,000 crore
LVVXIFLHQWWREXLOGWKLVSXEOLFLQIUDVWUXFWXUH

B Y B U I L D I N G A M A N U FA C T U R I N G
FA C I L I T Y I N

INDIA,

WE ARE TRYING

TO BRING DOWN THE COST OF CHARGING,

-RITSAART

MONTFRANS.

The electric vehicle industry is kicking off


WKH QHZ QDQFLDO \HDU ZLWK D IUHVK VWDUW DV
investments, both from the industry as well as
the government, start to pour in. New Motion,
one of the worlds largest smart charging
companies, is investing about Rs 1,000 crore)
in setting up a manufacturing facility in India
and make India its global manufacturing hub.
In Europe therell be 3 million electric vehicles

and which cities will be able to get advantage


from this, said Satish RM, principal research
analyst at Gartner.
The government should also mandate the
use of electric vehicles for at least the public
transportation to kick start the ecosystem.The
focus for incentives should be on two-wheelers
as thats where the bulk of the consumption
lies in India.
According to NEMMP, it is estimated that the
government will need to provide support to
the tune of Rs 13,000- 14,000 crore over the
QH[WYHVL[\HDUV

in the coming 5 years. We expect the numbers Source: Economic Times, April 07, 2015
in India to be much larger than that, said
Ritsaart Montfrans, founder and CEO at New
Motion. By building a manufacturing facility
iIndia, we are trying to bring down the cost of
charging -it needs to be affordable for India.

Amara Raja to expand portfolio


in solar, defence applications.

While charging a car using a regular power


socket takes about 6-7 hours currently, New Amara Raja Batteries is looking at expanding
Motions smart chargers can charge 80% product portfolio, including applications in
of the vehicle in 15-30 minutes. Montfrans solar and Defence, to reach the top slot
said, based on the outcomes and the overall in battery industry in both industrial and
cost of manufacturing in India, the company automotive sectors, companys vice chairman
would be look at selling its chargers to other Jayadev Galla said today.
countries from India. He also said that while
the government has been very supportive so He hinted that the group may also look for
far in building the electric vehicle ecosystem inorganic growth to become a dominant
in the country, what was lacking, so far, were player in the sector. We are also looking

23

INDUSTRY NEWS
at emerging applications like solar, electric

Imergy Flow Battery installed at


GAT College in India

vehicles and Defence to expand our battery


range. Our vision is to be top global player in
the industrial batteries and to be a dominant
regional player in the automotive batteries
within the next decade.
We explore both organic and inorganic
opportunities to make this happen, Galla
said at the inaugural function of Amara Raja
Growth Corridor (ARGC), a 500-acre industrial
SDUN QHDU KHUH +H VDLG WKH JURXSV DJVKLS
company Amara Raja Batteries is currently
enjoying 50 per cent market share in telecom
battery segment, 30 per cent market share
each in UPS and automotive battery segments.

The Global Academy of Technology (GAT)


College, an engineering education institution
in Bangalore, India, has installed California-
based Imergy Power Systems ESP30 30 kW,
N:KYDQDGLXPRZEDWWHU\DWWKHVFKRROV
solar research and testing center.
The battery will store energy generated by
a SunEdison 50 kW photovoltaic solar power
system. The energy storage system, which
provides four hours of electricity at nominal
power, will reduce the need for GAT College to
run diesel-fueled generators when there are
power outages at night.

Today Amara Raja is among the top ten SunEdison collaborated with the college to
battery makers in the world. We are the largest create a research and development facility at
battery manufacturers in the Indian ocean belt the Bangalore campus. The facility is used to
and also second largest automotive battery study solar water pumps, storage solutions,

makers in the belt, he added. According to hybrid systems, solar power plant monitoring
him, Amara Raja Batteries has 27 sales and and mounting structures.
service centres and 1,500 channel partners

across the country. It currently exports its GAT College faculty and students will use the
products to 40 countries.
QHZ EDWWHULHV WR VWXG\ KRZ YDQDGLXP RZ
batteries operate and work in conjunction
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu with PV solar power systems. Faculty and
Naidu today inaugurated the ARGC built by students will study how rural microgrids can

the Amara Raja Group in the states Chittoor use energy storage to optimize PV solar power
District, about 80 kms from here. The corridor system production and how a PV solar power
is expected to attract investments of over Rs V\VWHP DQG YDQDGLXP RZ EDWWHU\ SHUIRUP
4,500 crore in next three years, a company under grid outage conditions.
release said. Andhra Pradesh government

will extend its cooperation to entrepreneurs Source: solar Industry Magazine, June 15,
those willing to invest in the state. The Chief 2015
Minister also laid foundation stone for a plastic
moulding industry belonging to Amara Raja
Group.
Source: Business Standard, May 07, 2015

24

INDUSTRY NEWS
Global Energy Trends and
Implications for India: Solar Will
Be the Most Competitive Energy
Choice

Source: IEA

The Global Context


According to the IEA, in a 2 degrees scenario,
solar becomes the dominant electricity

The global energy system is in a period of rapid

technology by 2040, and provides 26% of

transformation: electricity plays an ever more

global power generation by 2050. The IEA

important role, as do renewables, distributed

says that already today, the impressive

generation and electric vehicles. Energy

deployment of renewable technologies is

HIFLHQF\LVLPSURYLQJ(PLVVLRQVDUHDODUJH

beginning to shape a substantially different

and growing concern. New technologies and

future in supply. As the graph shows, if

business models are disrupting and challenging

a reasonable price of carbon ($ 100 per

a traditionally risk-averse and slow-moving

ton of CO2, commensurate with the world

industry. The International Energy Agency

achieving the 2 degrees goal) is added, the

(IEA) has just published its new Energy

cost of solar is already very competitive

Technology Perspectives outlining the global

and it will become more competitive over

trends until 2050 . Here are some of the key

time, overtaking combined cycle gas turbines

QGLQJVDQGWKHLPSOLFDWLRQVWKH\PLJKWKDYH

(CCGT) to become the cheapest source of

for India.

energy around 2040.

In a high solar scenario, storage will play

$FFRUGLQJWR,($VRODUFDQEHFRPHWKH

cheapest source of energy by 2040

a role. The IEA thinks of storage mostly as

7KH ,($ FRQVLGHUV VWRUDJH WR EH RI

being part of a larger, systemically smart,

secondary importance in the future energy

H[LEOH QHZ SRZHU JULG ZKHUHLQ LW ZLOO

system

compete with other options for managing a

,Q ,QGLD DFFRUGLQJ WR %5,'*( 72

renewables-heavy power supply. The other

INDIA, solar and storage will become the

options are: stronger grids, international grid

drivers of Indias energy future.

interconnections,

demand-side

measures

25

INDUSTRY NEWS
DQG H[LEOH RQGHPDQG SRZHU JHQHUDWLRQ

The chronicles of Ather: Building


a smart electric bike for India

Overall, the IEA sees storage as the option of


last resort, once all other options have been
exploited. Currently 99% of electricity storage
is pumped in hydro storage plants. In future,
other forms of storage (battery, mechanical
storage, etc.) will become attractive solutions.
Implications for India
In India, solar and storage will likely play a
different and a much larger role than in the
IEAs global analysis. Due to the weakness
of the grid and the limited alternative energy
sources, distributed solar plus storage will
be an attractive solution for end-users. As
compared to the IEAs global scenario, the
Indian power market will be more consumer-,
less infrastructure-driven; more decentralized,
less centralized; and see more private sector
than government sector initiatives. It will be
a default (local solutions to electricity supply
shortages) rather than a design market.
Source: The Energy Collective, May 05, 2015

It was September of 2014, and Ather Energy


cofounders Tarun Mehta and Swapnil Jain
were running out of money. Raising venture
capital was turning out to be impossible as
investors werent willing to risk their funds
on an idea as audacious as theirs: a smart
electric vehicle for the Indian market.
Some

investors

asked

the

IIT-Madras

graduates to build an app instead, another


suggested a hardware device, and a few
advised doing something in the food space.
Tired of rejections, the founders drew up a
list of people who had succeeded in building
unconventional companies out of India,
KRSLQJIRUDGYLFH6DFKLQ%DQVDOUHSOLHGUVW
They showed the Flipkart cofounder and group
CEO the same presentation that had been
rejected several times. This pitch is clearly
not working. What aspect of it do you think
we should change? asked Mehta, 25.
Nothing, said Bansal without missing a beat.
If anything is going to get you the money, this
will. Changing it will not help. He promised to

26

INDUSTRY NEWS
introduce them to VCs, but without a product
or customers in place, investors were still
hesitant. The duo were running out of options
and approached Flipkart cofounders Sachin
Bansal and Binny Bansal again, this time to
ask if they could invest a small sum in Ather.
Mehta and Jain would then piggyback on the
reputations of Sachin and Binny to raise the
$1 million (about Rs 6 crore) they needed to
sustain their one-year-old startup. To their
surprise, the Flipkart founders offered to put
in the entire money.

DFLRQDGRV W\SLFDOO\ IUHVK FROOHJH JUDGXDWHV


experienced in building race cars from
scratch. Product design head Arun Vinayak,
24, was picked up from IIT-Madras FSAE
team that participated in an international
competition where students develop small
Formula One-style race cars. These are the
guys who will achieve the goal of Make-in-
India, said R Krishna Kumar, professor in IIT-
Madras Department of Engineering Design
and an adviser to Ather, referring to the
Union governments drive to boost domestic
manufacturing.

There has been no looking back since. Ather Also, Ather is pitching its product as a premium
raised $12 million (about Rs 75 crore) from vehicle: A high-performance two-wheeler
New York-based hedge fund Tiger Global in delivering mileage of one kilometer for every
May, which it plans to use to establish design 4 paisa, and priced similar to the expensive
and testing centres and an assembly line Vespa. They are looking to challenge the
in Bengaluru. They are young and open impression that evehicles are cheap and low
to experiments. I personally really liked RQ SRZHU 7KLV LV GHQLWHO\ D WHFK FKDOOHQJH
Swapnil and Tarun and connected with them but the right strategy to help them grow,
immediately. I think they have the DNA to said Sachin Bansal. Globally, interest in
succeed, said Sachin Bansal.
electric twowheelers is picking up. Gogoro,
D 7DLZDQHVH UP DQQRXQFHG ODVW ZHHN WKDW
Athers electric scooter has a low center of its Smartscooter will be available for preorder
gravity that can facilitate sharp turns and an shortly and priced at about $4,100.
aluminum chassis that makes it very light. It
can also learn the riding patterns of riders and Meanwhile, industry experts are beginning
alert their kin in the case of an accident.
to take notice of Ather. I am happy that
there are entrepreneurs like them innovating
The companys team of 40, working out of a in cleantech, said Chetan Maini, founder of
VXSHUFKDUJHGWZRVWRULHGRIFHLQ%HQJDOXUX Reva.
constantly experiments and builds prototypes
aiming to put out a road-worthy vehicle by
early 2016. That was the prototype that got
us funding from Sachin, Mehta said, pointing
to a discarded vehicle in the backyard of the
RIFH 2XU SHUIRUPDQFH LV DOUHDG\ EHWWHU
than the existing vehicles today. So how has
Ather been able to come this far?
For one, it focuses on building an exceptional
team,

scouting

for

young

automotive

27

the sun does not shine at night, Tesla CEO

INTERNATIONAL
NEWS

Elon Musk said at the unveiling of the new

08

batteries at the companys design studio in


Hawthorne, California, yesterday. We need to
store the energy that is generated during the
day so you can use it at night.
A number of solar companies now offer
batteries to accompany their solar panels

Why Tesla wants to sell a battery


for your home

(see Solar Power, and Somewhere to Store


It). Although just a tenth of a percent of
U.S. homes now get power from rooftop solar
panels combined with energy storage, such
systems could account for 3 percent of homes
by 2018, according to Greentech Media
Research.

Seeking to expand its business beyond electric


vehicles, Tesla Motors will sell stationary Teslas residential battery, called Powerwall,
batteries for residential, commercial, and will be available in several months and will
utility use under a new brand, Tesla Energy.

come in two sizes, a seven-kilowatt-hour


battery system that costs $3,000 and a

Tesla is launching the home battery business slightly larger 10-kilowatt-hour system for
partly because its already making vehicle $3,500. The larger battery would keep an
EDWWHULHVDQGDVDUHVXOWLWFDQEHQHWIURP average-sized home running for a day. It is
the economies of scale that come from making unclear what the cost of installation would be.
both. Another reason is that the market for
storage is expected to grow in concert with the Tesla expects that many sales will come from
use of solar power. Tesla needs both electric commercial customers who pay a variable rate
vehicles and solar power to boom if it hopes of electricity over the course of a day based
WRIXOOOWKHSURMHFWHGRXWSXWIURPDYDVW on demand. Such customers already see
billion battery gigafactory its building in VLJQLFDQW UHGXFWLRQV LQ WKHLU HQHUJ\ ELOOV E\
Nevada.
drawing on stored electricity during periods of
peak energy demand.
The obvious problem with solar power is that In the near term, the market for home energy

T E S L A L A U N C H E S A S TAT I O N A R Y B AT T E R Y
A I M E D AT C O M P A N I E S W I T H V A R I A B L E
E L E C T R I C I T Y R AT E S A N D H O M E S W I T H
S O L A R PA N E L S .

28

INTERNATIONAL NEWS
storage will depend on how states regulate
homeowners ability to buy and sell electricity.
Net metering, currently available in 43 states,
allows residential customers to sell excess
generation back to their utility company at
retail rates. The policies are being challenged
by utility companies that say it undermines
their ability to recoup grid infrastructure
costs. But as long as net metering continues,
consumers will have little need to buy an
energy storage system because they can sell
the excess solar power they generate rather
than store it, says Jay Stein, an analyst with

globally in 2013.
Such a large investment in what is still a niche
market is risky, but Tesla claims that the new
factory will cut battery costs by 30 percent
when it begins operations, as early as 2016.
7HVODV ELJJHVW FKDOOHQJH ZLOO OLNHO\ EH OOLQJ
enough orders for the output. By 2020, the
plant will be able to produce enough batteries
for half a million electric vehicles per year.
Last year, Tesla sold around20,000 cars.
Source: solar MIT Technology Review, May
04, 2015

energy consulting company E Source. I


GRQWVHHDQ\QDQFLDOSD\RIIIRUWKHPWREX\
batteries, he says.
Most utilities that offer net metering, however,
also allow residential customers to buy and sell
electricity at rates that vary throughout the
day based on demand. Battery storage would
allow such people to maximize the value of the
electricity they sell back to the utility. There
are some arbitrage values emerging, says
Karl Rbago, executive director of the Pace
Energy and Climate Center in White Plains,
New York. If I could export selectively, using
a storage device, I might beget higher value
for my generation.
Home energy storage will make more
sense in the years to come. Residential and
commercial solar-plus-storage systems will
offer a clear cost advantage over electricity
from the grid throughout the United States
by 2030, according to a recent report by the
Rocky Mountain Institute, an energy research
and consulting group.
Teslas Nevada gigafactory, which its building
with Panasonic, will have an annual production
capacity of 35 gigawatt-hours by 2020, more
than all the lithium-ion batteries produced

29

INTERNATIONAL NEWS
Facing issues such as those characterized by

Integrated Energy Storage: An


Answer to Addressing the Duck
Curve?

the duck curve, agile, forward-thinking utilities


are coming to understand that one key to future
prosperity lies in adopting new technologies such
as integrated energy storage which can help them

AS UTILITIES AROUND THE WORLD GRAPPLE

balance customers increasing desires to install

WITH DECLINING UTILISATION FROM

distributed generation with the need for better

WIDESPREAD ADOPTION OF DISTRIBUTED

leveraging of existing utility assets.

SOLAR , INTEGRATED STORAGE SOLUTIONS


BEHIND - THE - METER MAY FLATTEN THE LOAD

So, exactly what role can integrated storage play

CURVE AND CREATE VALUE FOR CUSTOMERS

PU [OL H[[LUPUN [OL J\Y]L HUK LUZ\YPUN IL[[LY

AND UTILITIES ALIKE .

A
quick search of the internet reveals numerous articles
outlining the challenges posed by accelerated
uptake of distributed renewables, in particular
changing utility load curves and the much-maligned
duck curve. Yet, for all the technical and economic
challenges posed by solar widening the wedge
between typical day-time energy consumption
and evening peak consumption, distributed energy
storage when paired with an intelligent integration
WSH[MVYTVMMLYZ[YLTLUKV\ZJHWHJP[`[VH[[LU[OL
duck curve and increase the overall value delivered
to participants across the system.

\[PSPaH[PVUVM\[PSP[`HZZL[Z^P[OMVSSV^VUILUL[Z[V
consumers?
Lets take the example of a typical 3-MW distribution
MLLKLYTVKLSSLKHM[LY[OLK\JRJ\Y]LSVHKWYVSLHZ
ZOV^UPU[OLH[[HJOLKN\YL
Impact of Integrated Energy Storage on Duck Curve;
3MW Feeder
Curves for successive years assume continued solar
uptake consistent with historical growth in solar
deployments. Unabated, we can see a widening of
the gap due to reduced daytime demand, uptake
of solar PV and evening demand peaks.

These

30

INTERNATIONAL NEWS
factors combine and result in a worsening of asset
utilization and load factor; from the years 2012 to
2020 load factors decline by 19 percent on a relative
basis.

indicative feeder deployed solar integrated storage


(SIS), optimized for the timing and consumption
of their stored capacity, the peaks and troughs
HYLZVM[LULKHZZOV^U;OLYLZ\S[ZHYLZPNUPJHU[
load factor increases by 17 percent and the ramp
rate for evening peak is reduced by 59 percent,
demonstrating how deployment if integrated storage
can enable far superior utilization of the assets and
TVYLLMJPLU[V\[JVTLZMVY[OLZ\WWS`JOHPU
Hidden in the above numbers, though, is another
potentially important consideration for utilities
deferral

of

transmission

and

distribution

infrastructure costs.

applying intelligent integrated energy storage aids


in smoothing the curve and reducing demand peaks

phenomenon increasing network costs and


declining demand is troubling and an unenviable
strategic position for any business.

But what if

customer-sited energy storage could be aggregated


and orchestrated in concert through an integrated
\[PSP[`IHZLK WSH[MVYT [OH[ TH_PTPaLZ LMJPLUJPLZ
minimizes,

or

avoids,

unnecessary

grid

expenditures?

through an orchestrated energy storage platform


WYV]PKLZHOVZ[VMILUL[Z[OYV\NO[OLLU[PYLZ\WWS`
chain including avoided network and generation
augmentation, reduced losses and improvements in
voltage and power quality.
Demand peak reduction is not the only issue
Excess residential solar

generation causes voltage instability and power


quality problems which utilities also have to invest
resources in order to deal with. These investments
include

additional

P[ PZ IL[[LY \[PSPaLK ,_[LUKPUN [OL ILUL[Z [V [OL


energy consumer, customers could be rewarded
ZWLJPJHSS` MVY [OLPY YLK\J[PVUZ PU LULYN` HUK
demand through a lower utility cost base and thus
lower tariffs.
Customer-sited, Utility-controlled Solutions
;V HJOPL]L [OL HIV]L ILUL[Z HUK LMMLJ[P]LS`
address the duck curve with storage technology,
Sunverge subscribes to the belief that intelligent
energy storage assets located on the customer-side
of the meter, but utility-controlled, offers a most
LMJPLU[ HWWYVHJO MVY ZJHSPUN Z[VYHNL JHWHJP[` [V

To be effective, such systems must allow storage


assets to be dynamically aggregated, tailoring
JHWHJP[`[VZ\P[[OLZWLJPJULLKZVM[OLNYPKHUK
their control orchestrated in concert as if they were
a single Virtual Power Plant. Expanded further, such
aggregations of behind-the-meter energy storage
might serve different purposes for the utility at any
given time; some may be orchestrated to provide
voltage support at the end of a long feeder while

Moving excess solar generation to peak times

of concern, though.

corrective costs and focus their investment where

address high penetrations of renewables.

The outlook for utilities faced with the duck chart

and

transmission line upgrades. As illustrated above,

to prior year levels. This enables utilities to defer

/V^L]LYPMVUS`VULM[OVM[OLJ\Z[VTLYZVU[OPZ

equipment, transformers, static compensators and

control

and

measurement

others can be controlled to provide frequency


regulation or other ancillary services.
To

accommodate

integration

with

utility

IT

infrastructure, data analytics platforms, smartgrid


and microgrid system architectures, and smart home
energy management systems, energy storage control
systems must be intelligent and, ideally, cloudbased so as to allow for seamless communication
across multiple technology platforms and real-time
control of grid assets according to utility rule sets.
Already a proven approach to improving
the safety, reliability and performance of

31

INTERNATIONAL NEWS
the grid, customer-sited integrated energy storage
platforms offer huge promise for cost-effectively
addressing the issues represented by the duck
curve as well as a host of other challenges faced by
\[PSP[PLZ HUK KLSP]LYPUN ILUL[Z [V HSS Z[HRLOVSKLYZ
along the energy supply chain.

TVUP[VYPUN9LKV^UV[LZ;OLWO`ZPJHSZLWHYH[PVU
of cell stack and energy storage tank avoids any
[OLYTHS Y\UH^H` 0U HKKP[PVU UV [OLYTHS HPYV^
NHWZ HYL YLX\PYLK :`Z[LT PU[LNYH[VYZ WYV[ MYVT
easy implementation without any battery safety
HI\ZL[LZ[PUNHPYV^[LZ[PUNVYZHML[`LUJHZPUN
Multi-hour usage capacity and robust technology
RLKV^Z LULYN` Z[VYHNL KL]PJLZ HYL Z\P[LK MVY
multi-hour use such as time of day energy shifting

Redflow enters the European


energy storage market with flow
battery

for use during peak time periods. Thus, they resolve


the intermittency inherent to renewable energy.
(JJVYKPUN [V 9LKV^ [OL OPNO [LTWLYH[\YL
tolerance allows up to 50 degrees Celsius. With no

REDFLOW EUROPE GMBH ( MUNICH , GERMANY ),

HJ[P]LJVVSPUNYLX\PYLK[OLV^IH[[LYPLZHYLZ\P[LK

PROVIDER OF ENERGY STORAGE FLOW

[V [V\NO JVUKP[PVUZ 9LKV^Z V^ IH[[LY` OHZ

BATTERIES , HAS ANNOUNCED ITS ENTRY INTO


THE EUROPEAN MARKET. REDFLOW IS THE FIRST
ENERGY STORAGE COMPANY TO ENTER LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL MANUFACTURING THROUGH
GLOBAL GIANT, FLEXTRONICS , THE COMPANY

100 percent depth of discharge, which is ideal for


unstable grids and renewable energy sources.
This

characteristic

prevents

battery

damage

from power outages, unlike traditional battery


[LJOUVSVNPLZ ;OL V^ IH[[LY` OHZ HU PUKLUP[L

EMPHASIZES .

shelf life fully discharged with no maintenance


required. In addition, no trickle charge is necessary

Source: Renewable Energy World, April 09, 2015

^OLUKLWSV`LKVYZ[VYLK9LKV^HSZVN\HYHU[LLZ

As we expand worldwide, we know our battery the energy throughput of its products, reads the
technology is ideal for applications required by the press release.
European market, such as on and off grid remote
rural power, telecommunications BTS sites, utility Source: Solar Server, June 25, 2015
energy, commercial applications, and renewable
PU[LNYH[PVUZHPK:[\HY[:TP[O9LKV^*,66\Y
cost-effective and innovative technology provides
U\TLYV\ZILUL[ZJVTWHYLK^P[OL_PZ[PUNZ[VYHNL
battery technologies, such as high energy density
with a small footprint, 100 percent depth of discharge
usage capacity, no active cooling required, and
inherently safe design.
Inherently safe and smart design
Zinc-bromide

electrolyte

is

water-based

and

[OLYLMVYL ZLY]LZ HZ H UH[\YHS YL YL[HYKHU[ 0U


addition, the intelligent battery technology selfmanages, self-protects, and informs via remote

32

ENERGY STORAGE INDIA


2014

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Join IESA to gain insights and access to one of the fastest


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Be part of the largest networking event for energy storage
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IESA

India Energy Storage Alliance

Strategic Partners

IESA Members

Contact:

Dr. Rahul Walawalkar

Executive Director, India Energy Storage Alliance

www.indiaesa.info

Email: contact@indiaesa.info
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