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Tesis de articulo/efectos brain drain

Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1.
Brain Waste on Brain Drain, resulting from low international transferability
skills.
Types of brain waste:
1) Reduces education incentives
2) Weakens the chances for a positive self-selection
Pg. 1
3) Decreases the possibility of a brain gain

Mechanisms that can make possible for a developing country to achieve a


brain gain: return migration, remittances, and uncertain migration decision.

Pg. 12

Brain Drain/ Tesis a trabajar


Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1, PP. 1.
Brain Waste on Brain Drain, resulting from low international transferability
skills.
Types of brain waste:
1) Decreases the possibility of a brain gain, In addition, the effectiveness
of education policies subsidize is reduced under the presence of brain
waste

Brain Drain/Definicin
Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1, PP. 1.

Qu es el Brain Drain?
The traditional view on Brain Drain is that international migration leads
developing countries to lose skilled workers to developed countries, due to
higher wages in the latter (Bhagwati and Hamada, 1974). Emigration of the
skilled from poor countries to rich countries can be detrimental to economic
growth in the former through a set of negative externalities, for example,

reduced productivity of those left behind, higher costs of public gods and loss
of the investment made in human capital formation.
Brain Waste/Definicin
Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1, PP. 2.
Qu es el Brain Waste?
Brain waste describes a situation with skill downgrading, where an individual
is working in a job that requires a skill level lower than the one he/she has
required (Reitz, 2001) In other words, brain waste arises when a skilled
individual incurs in the costs of taking education but he/she does not reap the
benefits of human capital acquisition, i,e.; a skilled migrant ends up working
as unskilled.
With brain waste, then, skilled migrants run the risk of not
accessing the rewards to human capital in the destination country. If migrants

internalize this brain waste risk, the education incentives that arises with
international migration can therefore be reduced, decreasing also the chances
for a brain gain
Brain gain/ Definicin
Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1, PP.2 .

Qu es el Brain Gain?
Is the increase in the number of people that acquire education due to
migration prospects more than compensates for the skilled people that
migrate.

Garcia Pires, Armando J.(2015), Brain drain brain waste, Journal of economic
development, Volume 40, No.1, PP.8-9 .
2 economas:
Variable endgena

Economa de
Origen

Variable exgena

Economa de
destino

Periodo 1

Periodo 2

Todos trabajan como


no especializados con
opcin a
especializarse

Discusin de articulo de pires y adhesin de nueva variable


.

Politicas
migratoria
s
M.Especial
izada

Brain
waste

Migracin
Especializada
Brain Waste
Polticas
migratorias