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Brhat Jyotish Tattva: Volume 1: Lagna Bhava

(Excerpts from the Book: Not Proofread yet)

Author: Sarajit Poddar (aka Varahamihira)

Chapter nnn: Judgement of a Bhava

Occupation Rule:
A Bhava prospers when the Bhava is occupied by (1) Shubha grahas provided they are not in Neecha, Asta or
Shatru Rasi, (2) the Bhava lord, (3) Uccha graha or those occupying Mitra Rasi, (4) Lords of Shubha Bhavas, (5)
Devoid of conjunction or aspects by papa-grahas.
Papagrahas occupying a Bhava is not an issue provided they occupy their sva-uccha-mitra Rasi. In such cases,
even their nature if fierce or evil, they are favourable towards the bhava lord, hence end up producing favourable
results, through means which are fierce or cruel.
In a horoscope the Bad Bhavas are Shatru (6th), Randhra (8th) or Vyaya (12th). Hence these are known as
Dusthanas. The remaining are the Good Bhavas or the Susthanas. When the lords of the Dusthanas occupies a
Bhava, there could be some negative results. If the Dusthana lord is a Shubha Graha, then although it has a
natural propensity to do good, it fails to do much good as it is assigned the role of a trouble maker in the
horoscope. It acquires dual nature, one that is governed by its naisargika nature and the other that is governed by
its functional nature. According to Jataka Desha Marga, when a Graha has the propensity to bestow both
auspicious and inauspicious results, it predominantly bestows auspicious results when it is strong and influenced
by other Shubha graha through conjunction or aspects. On the other hand, when it is weak and under other
adverse yoga such as papa-kartari, conjunction or aspect by papa-grahas, it gives predominantly inauspicious
Similarly, when a Papagraha owns a Susthana i.e., Kendra and Kona or Labha sthana, it can give auspicious
results based on functional nature, however, it can come after some hardship. In addition, like the previous case, it
acquires the ability to bestow both positive and negative results. Even here, when the Graha is strong and under
positive influences, it predominantly bestows auspicious results. On the other hand when it is under adverse yogas,
it bestows inauspicious results.
In my view, while the functional nature of a Graha indicate the kind of outcome, positive or negative, the
naisargika nature of the graha indicate the path through which the outcome is attained. For instance, when a
Papagraha owns the Trikona Bhava, they can give rise and success in life, however, the path to attain that could be
full of thrones. The conjunction or aspects of Shubha grahas can help in removing the thrones from the pathway to
success. The aspects of Shubha graha should be considered more powerful here, as its own energies are not
modified by conjunction with another graha. Among all grahas aspect of Guru is considered the best, following by
Shukra and Budha. Gurus aspect can remove 100% (4 pada) poison from a combination, Shukra can remove 50%
(3 pada) and Budha can remove only 25% (1 pada) of the poison.
Phaladeepika 15.11: In completely warding off evil and in promoting prosperity, Jupiter is the most powerful of
all the planets. Mercury and Venus have a and respectively of that power. The Moons strength serves as a basis as it
were for the strength of all the planets.
Phaladeepika 15.1: All Bhavas produces their best results when they are occupied or aspected by shubha-grahas
or their own lords, or planets owning benefic Bhavas and are free from occupation or aspect by papa-grahas. The same is
the result in the case of papa-grahas if they happen to be the owners of the Bhavas concerned. This good effect is ensured

in the case of all the planets when they are not occupying depression signs, when they are not eclipsed and when they are
not posited in inimical signs.

Kendra, Trikona, Dhana rule

A Bhava become strong and auspicious when the Kendra, Trikona and Dhana of the Bhava are occupied by
either Shubha Grahas or the Bhava lord.
This is perhaps one of the most important rule after the occupation rule, but often ignored. One just looks that
occupation and aspects of other grahas on a Bhava and arrives at a conclusion. While that is true to a certain
aspect, but this rule cant be ignored.
Every graha influences every Bhava directly or indirectly. That is why one does not stops eating or living a in
house in dasas or antardasas when they dont occupy or aspect the 2nd or 4th house respectively. In addition to
looking at the primary influences (occupation or aspect), we need to look at the secondary influences as well. For
instance, when a papagraha is placed in the Kendra from the Lagna, it can spoil health during its dasas and
antardasa, unless that graha happens to be the Lagna lord. If the papagraha is debilitated, the results are even
adverse. The results are even more adverse if the papagraha is conjoined or aspected by another papa-graha and
devoid of any shubha-drsti.
This is a very important rule in Dasa analysis. During the dasa of a papagraha, identify the Bhavas falling in
the Kendra, Trikona or 12th from the dasa-lord. These houses will be adversely affected, provided none of these
Bhavas are owned by the Dasa-lord. When this rule is applied to the Antardasa lord, the Bhava that is worst
affected can be zeroed in.
This principle can be applied also to the Transits. The illustrious son of Varahamihira, Prthuyasha clarified in
his magnum opus Horasara that the results of graha placements in the natal chart are also applicable during
transit. Thus, when papagrahas occupy the Kendra, Trikona or Dhana Bhava from a Bhava, then it can spoil the
Bhava. On the other hand, Shubha Graha or the Bhava lord in the these places bestow auspicious results
pertaining to the Bhava.
Phaladeepika 15.2: Astrologers pronounce the a Bhava is strong and its results are auspicious when the Trikona,
2nd, 4th, 7th and 10th places therefrom are occupied by Shubha-grahas or the Bhava lord and are unoccupied and
unaspected by Krura-Grahas. A Bhava suffers decay when the positions referred to above are differently occupied and
aspected. The effect of a Bhava will be mixed when positions mentioned above are occupied or aspected by both the Shubha
and Krura Grahas.

Destruction caused by Randhra, Asta, Neecha or Shatru

When a Bhava lord occupies the 8th house from its Bhava or occupies its Neecha or Shatru, and at the same
time, there is no Subha Drsti or Yuti, the bhava suffers destruction. Many consider the placement of 8th is from
the Lagna instead of the Bhava. However, in my view that is not correct as otherwise, there is no need for
mentioning it again in verse 15.4. When a Bhavesha is placed in the Randhra Bhava from the Bhava itself, the
Bhava suffers destruction. But, destruction to what significations? For instance, when 2nd lord is placed in the 8th
house from Dhana i.e., the 9th house, this should give rise to a powerful Dhana yoga. What kind of negative
results can be expected then? In the matters of family, will it cause destruction to the family? In my view the
destruction of family can happen only when the 2nd lord is afflicted or Combust in the 9th, and devoid of Shubha
Instead of the Bhava lord, if a Graha occupies a Bhava either Asta, Neecha or Shatru kshetra, the Bhava
suffers destruction as well. If the Graha is Shubha graha, there cant any auspicious results, that is ordinarily
expected from the Shubha graha occupation. However, if a papa-graha is similarly placed in a Bhava i.e., in Asta,
Neecha or Shatru kshetra, there will be utter destruction, without doubt.
Phaladeepika 15.3: Of the Lagna and other Bhavas examined in succession, whichever Bhava has its lord
occupying the 8th place, combust, in depression, or in an inimical house, and devoid of Shubha conjunction or aspect, the
result is the total destruction of that Bhava. The Bhava will be incapable of producing any good results even if a Shubhagraha other than its lord occupies the Bhava in similar state; if a malefic should be in that position, the Bhava suffers
verily suffers utter destruction.

Destruction caused by Papa in Trikasthana

When the Trikasthana from a Bhava are occupied by Papagrahas, they give rise troubles pertaining to enmity,
conflicts (6H), sudden calamities (8H) or losses (12H). The Shubha-grahas occupying these positions are able to
stall the inauspicious results of the Trikasthana, but cant bestow auspicious results as the root impulse of the
Trikasthanas are negative.
The troubles arising out the 3 Trikasthanas are (1) 6th house: enmity, conflicts, discords, vices, attacks,
injuries, legal battles, debts, theft, arson, (2) 8th house: physical weaknesses, congenital defects, mental
weaknesses, addictions, anger, sudden losses, calamities, danger to life, assets or properties, natural calamities etc.
(3) 12th house: Loss of health, wealth, homeland, exile, loss of own people and kinsmen etc.
When Shubha grahas occupies Dusthana, they can help in removing the poison from these Bhava, but their
(graha's) own significations can suffer; which means that the native may face issues and challenges pertaining to
the significations of the graha. Thus while the negative results of the Dusthanas are removed, the negative results
pertaining to the natural and functional significations of the Graha may manifest. For instance, when Guru
occupies the 6th house, the native is free from enemies, but then the Children may become inimical or not
supportive to the native.
Among the shubha grahas occupying the dusthanas, the best positions are Guru in Shatru Bhava, Budha in
Randhra Bhava and Shukra in Vyaya Bhava. In these positions, the grahas are able to give auspicious results
pertaining to the Bhava which they occupied. Budha in Randhra and Shukra in Vyaya are known to bestow upon
the native huge wealth.
Phaladeepika 15.4: Malefics posited in the 6th, 8th and 12th places counted from the Lagna or other Bhava
under consideration cause the destruction of the said Bhava. Benefics in such a position are not capable of producing good
effects for the Bhava. So say the astrologers with respect to the several Bhavas.

Destruction caused by Trikabhava or Trikasthanadhipati

The Trikasthanas are troublesome positions for any Bhava lord to be in. Similarly the lords of the Trikasthana
are equally troublesome. When a Bhava lord is placed in a Trikasthana, that Bhava is sure to suffer due to
significations of the specific Trika Bhava. on the other hand when the lord of the Trikasthanas occupy any Bhava,
that Bhava suffers.
Sometimes, the Bhava lord is placed in Sva-Uccha-Mitra kshetra in the Trikasthana. For instance for Lagnas
owned by Kuja or Shukra, the Lagneshas placement in the 6th or 8th house turn out to be their own sign. In that
case, the evil of the Dusthana will not affect the native so much due to their auspicious sign placement. If however,
the graha is afflicted by another papagraha, especially Shani, who is the karaka of the Dusthanas, by conjunction
or aspect, then the results due to it negative occupation of a dusthana manifests.
On the other hand, if the graha occupying the Dusthanas occupy a good rasi i.e., Sva-Uccha-Mitra Rasi, for
instance Uccha Shukra in 6th house for Tula Lagna or Uccha Guru in the 8th house for Dhanu Lagna, the Bhava
owned by the graha suffers only minor problems, but that is overcome with less effort. If Shubha grahas conjoin or
aspect the Graha under consideration, instead of giving negative results, the native gains from the significations
pertaining to the Dusthana i.e., receiving spoils of war, compensation from a legal battle, insurance money, gain
from foreign land, healing etc.
Phaladeepika 15.5: When a Bhava lord occupies the 6th, 8th or 12th, or the Bhava is occupied by the lords of the
Trikasthana, it suffers annihilation, say those proficient in astrology. If such a Bhava be aspected by a benefic planet,
the Bhava still flourishes.

Destruction caused by weakness of Bhava, Bhavesha and Karaka

A Bhava stands on three pillars viz., the Bhava, Bhavesha and Karaka. When one of these pillars are weak, it
weakens the Bhava, but the Bhava does not crumble until all the 3 pillars are broken. A Bhava gives 100%
auspicious results when all the 3 pillars are strong, 67% auspicious results when 2 are strong, 33% auspicious
results when only 1 is strong and almost no auspicious results when all the three factors are weak.
There are few possibilities that we should be aware of. When the 3 factors associate with each other they
strengthen each other. Lets see the possible yogas between them.

Bhava - Bhavesha Sambandha:

When a Bhava is occupied or aspected by its lord, the Bhava attains very high strength. When the Bhavesha
is placed in strength while aspecting its Bhava, it makes the Bhava even more stronger. All planets except Shani,
Guru and Mangal aspect their 7th house with full drsti, however, the 7th house from any Bhava is always inimical
towards the Bhava lord. Hence, the strength of its aspect is always curtailed by 1 pada at least. Here, the outer
grahas Shani, Guru and Mangal have special abilities to make their Bhavas stronger. Gurus Trikona drsti on its
Bhava is extremely powerful as the aspects comes from Guru sitting in a Mitra Kshetra. For instance, Dhanu is
aspected by Gurus trikona Drsti from Mesha and Simha; while Meena is aspected from Guru occupying Karka
and Vrschika.
On the other hand, Shani aspects its house using its Upachaya Drsti (3-10), but it is not always strong as
Gurus drsti. Shani aspects Makara from Kuja Kshetra Mesha and Vrschika, none of these signs are where Shani is
well placed. Shani is Neecha in Mesha and has a irritable and hostile disposition in Vrschika. Kumbha is aspected
by Shani from the Rasis of the Gurus i.e., Dhanu (3rd aspect) and Vrsha (10th aspect). Shani is comfortable
occupying these Rasis, hence its aspect on Kumbha is undoubtedly strong. According to Narada Muni, Shani in
Guru Kshetra blesses one with wife and Children, while in Shukra Kshetra it makes one akin to a King.

Bhava - Karaka Sambandha:

Many classics declare that occupation of Karaka in its Bhava is not conducive to the Bhava and Shani in the
Randhra Bhava being the only exception. Lets see the Bhava results of the Karaka in its Bhava. (1) Surya in
Lagna: Ill health due to high pitta, eye diseases (2) Guru in Dhana Bhava: Excellent, (3) Mangal in Sahaja Bhava:
Causes destruction of younger siblings, (4) Budha, Chandra in Sukha Bhava: Excellent, (5) Guru in Putra Bhava:
Difficulties in begetting children, (6) Shani in Shatru Bhava: Destruction of enemies, (7) Shukra in Saptama
Bhava: Strong libido and discord in marital life, (8) Shani in Randhra Bhava: Excellent, long life, (9) Guru in
Dharma Bhava: Excellent, protection from all miseries, (10) Guru, Surya, Shani, Budha in Karma Bhava:
Excellent, (11) Guru in Labha Bhava: Excellent, (12) Shani in Vyaya Bhava: Exile, excessive expenditure.
We see here that not all the Karakas occupying their Bhava causes destruction of their Bhavas, hence this
principle has limited validity i.e., only in Lagna, Sahaja, Putra, Saptama and Vyaya Bhava. In other Bhavas, these
condition does not apply as much. Also, this condition affects only limited aspects of the Bhava i.e., only the living
relationships. For instance, Kuja in Sahaja Bhava causes destruction of younger siblings, but it gives courage.
Similarly Guru in Putra gives very high Gnana (knowledge) and Shukra in Saptama Bhava makes one adept in
trade and commerce. Hence, one should not blindly apply the dictum Karako Bhava Nashaya blindly for all
grahas and significations of the Bhava.
On the other hand, when the Karaka aspects its Bhava, it verily gives success and prosperity to that Bhava,
there is no doubt about that. Hence, one need to look for aspects coming from the karaka is always welcome.
In the matters of aspects, one should not only judge the 4 pada drsti but also the 3 pada and 2 pada drsti as
well. The partial drstis of specifically Guru and Shani are very powerful and cant be ignored.

Bhavesha-Karaka Sambandha:
This is perhaps one of the most important consideration among the three, as both these factors are
independent from the Bhava. When a Bhava is occupied by papa or affected by adverse yogas such as Papakartari, the strength or the Bhavesha and the Bhava karaka can come to rescue. Their ability to rescue the Bhava
becomes even stronger when they get into a Sambandha.
The Karaka represents the gods blessings while the Bhavesha represents the owner of the Bhava who is given
the duty of protecting the Bhava. The one point agenda of the Bhavesha is to protect and prosper the bhava it
owns, hence it always tries to find avenue to do so. When it gains the support of gods blessings, there is nothing
which can stop it from protecting its Bhava. In this regard, the Bhavesha should be well placed with regards to the
Karaka, for it to receive the blessings. Thus the Bhavesha should be placed in Bhavas other than the Dusthanas
(6-8-12) from the Karka. The relationship is best when the Bhavesha occupies Kendra, Trikona and Dhana from
the Karaka. In other places, the relationships are moderate.
Thus when Lagnesha conjoin or get into Shubha Sambandha of Surya, the native is blessed by Deity of
Surya, Lord Sri Rama in the matters of health, name, fame etc. Similarly Dhanesha conjoining with or having
shubha sambandha with Guru bestows lord Shivas blessings.
In this regard, Shubha Sambandha of the Dusthana lords with the Karaka Shani is not conducive for the
native as the Dusthana lords gets power out of this sambandha to fulfil its duties of troubling the native. However,

this may not be true for the Randhra Bhava, as Randhresha having Shubha sambandha with Shani can protect the
life from danger.
Phaladeepika 15.6a: A Bhava suffer annihilation when the Bhava, the Bhava lord and the Bhava Karaka are
devoid of strength and in Papa-Madhya, or conjoined with or aspected by Papa or Shatru grahas and devoid of Shubha

Destruction caused by papa affliction to Dharma and Moksha trikona

Earlier we have seen that the Kendra, Kona and Dhana from a Bhava should not be occupied by Papagrahas.
Similarly, we have also seen that the Dusthanas should also not be occupied by Papagrahas. Among what is
mentioned before papa-grahas in some of them cause extreme stress and troubles. When Papa-grahas occupy the
Moksha Trikona (4-8-12) from a Bhava, it affects the health, energy, drive and enthusiasm of the Bhava. It makes
the native pessimistic about the success of the Bhava, which causes the Bhava to be withered away. On the other
hand when papa-grahas occupy the Dharma Trikona (5-9) from a Bhava, it hurts and upsets the steady flow of
wealth, resources and the blessings of Lakshmi, causing the Bhava to suffer due to financial difficulties.
Summarising the Bhavas which should not be occupied by Papa-grahas are Kendra (1-4-7-10), Kona (5-9),
Dhana (2) and Dusthana (6-8-12). Thus 10 houses out of 12 houses from any Bhava should not be occupied by
papa-grahas. The riders here are (1) If the papagraha owns the Bhava under consideration, there is no problem if
it occupies Kendra, Kona or Dhana from the Bhava (2) If the papagraha occupies its Sva-Uccha-Mitra kshetra,
the troubles are greatly minimised (3) If the papa-graha is aspected by a Shubha graha, then its poison to sting the
Bhava is greatly diluted.
The condition that Papa-grahas should not occupy the 10 houses is almost an impossible proposition. The
occupation of papa-grahas in some of the mentioned houses are almost certain in any real-life horoscope. To
counter that, one needs to count the blessings i.e., Shubha grahas occupying or aspecting the mentioned Bhava. By
strengthening the Shubha grahas, the native has the way to come out of the challenges posed by the papa-grahas.
here, we have seen that 10 out of the 12 Bhavas from any Bhava should not be occupied by Papa-grahas; this
leaves out 2 houses, the Sahaja (3H) and the Labha (11H). Papa-grahas are welcome in these two Bhavas. We will
see more about them in another principle later.
Phaladeepika 15.6b: A Bhava suffer annihilation when the 4th, 8th and 12th houses or the 5th and 9th house
from them be occupied by malefics. This is even clearer when any two or are three of the conditions specified above

Destruction heaved by Chidra Graha reckoned from a Bhava:

The destruction of a Bhava is usually brought upon by one of the following grahas. They are called Chidra
Graha, which means one which can make a hole (Chidra) on the foundation where the Bhava stands, thus rocking
the Bhava. The dasa of these grahas are called Chidra Graha dasa and are extremely detrimental to the Bhava in
their periods. When the Dasa and Antardasa are both of Chidra Graha reckoned from a specific Bhava, the
destruction of that Bhava is certain in that period.
(1) Randhresha from the Bhava
(2) The Kharesha (22nd Drekkana lord) from the Bhava
(3) The Shastesha (6L) from the Bhava
(4) The Randhresha (8L) from the Bhava
(5) The Saptamesha (7L) from the Bhava
There are however some riders to it.
1. The Chidra Graha should be weak i.e., placed in Neecha-Shatru kshetra, combust by Surya, Papamadhyagata, or defeated in graha yuddha. If the Chidra graha is placed in Sva-Uccha-Mitra kshetra,
Subha-madhyagata, victorious in graha yuddha, it loses its venom to harm the Bhava.
2. The Chidra graha should not be conjoined or aspected by strong Shubha-graha. The Shubha graha drsti
has the ability to remove venom from the Chidra graha, thus making them impotent to do any harm.

KHARESHA from a Bhava

The Kharesha is perhaps most discussed topic in the matters of death and destruction. It is the lord of 22nd
Drekkana. What is 22nd Drekkana? It is the drekkana where the Bhavamsa (the cusp of a Bhava) of the Randhra
(8H) falls in the Drekkana. To identify the Kharesha one needs to identify the Lagna Drekkana. When the Lagna
rises in 1st Drekkana, then the 8th lord from the Bhava becomes the Kharesha; when Lagna rises in 2nd
Drekkana, the 12th lord from the Bhava becomes the Kharesha (counting 5H from Randhra Bhava); and when
Lagna rises in 3rd Drekkana, the 4th lord from the Bhava becomes the Kharesha (counting 9H from the Randhra
Added to the lists are the lords of Shasta-Ashtama who are considered as the Dusthanadhipati and also added
is the 7th lord, the Marakesha. These lords are to be reckoned from the Bhava under consideration. They become
destroyer of a Bhava when they are weak and afflicted.
In Jataka Parijata, there is definition of 7 Chidra grahas known as Sapta-Chidra grahas viz. (1) Randhresha,
(2) Randhrayukta: Grahas occupying Randhra Bhava, (3) Randhradrsta: Grahas aspecting the Randhra Bhava,
(4) Kharadipa: lord of 22nd Drekkana, (5) Randhradhipayuta: Graha conjoined with the Randhresha, (6) Lord of
64th Navamsa, (7) Randhresvaratishatru: The adhi-shatru of Randhresha.

64th Navamsa
Like the lord of 22nd Drekkana, the lord 64th Navamsa is also considered very evil. 64th Navamsa is the
Navamsa where the Bhavamsa of Randhra Bhava falls. To determine the lords of 64th Navamsa, one should
determine the Navamsa Lagna. In the Navamsa chart, the 64th Navamsa lord is invariably the 4th lord from the
Navamsa Lagna.
As mentioned above the Chidra grahas become deadly only when they are weak and afflicted. Lets see here
the ability to bestow inauspicious results of grahas. According to Bhava Manjari by Mukunda Daivagna, a grahas
ability gives inauspicious results depends on its Rasi placement, (1) a Graha is incapable of bestowing inauspicious
results when occupying its Uccha Kshetra, (2) 1/4 inauspicious while placed in Mulatrikona, (3) 2/4 inauspicious
in svakshetra, (4) 3/4 inauspicious in Mitra kshetra, (5) 3.5/4 inauspicious in Sama-kshetra and (6) 4/4
inauspicious in Neecha-Shatru Kshetra and Asta avastha.
Phaladeepika 15.7a: In the case of any Bhava, the following planets cause the destruction of the Bhava during
their Dasa periods: (1) the lord of the 8th house reckoned from the Bhava, (2) the lord of the 22nd Drekkana counted
from the Bhava, (3) the lord of 6th house, (4) the lord of 8th house, and (5) the lord of 7th house, provided they are
Note: (3), (4), (5) are mentioned as planets placed in these Bhavas instead of their lords, however, I concur
with Pt. Gopesh Ojha, in whose translation, he mentioned them to the lords of these Bhavas instead of the grahas
occupying them.

Destruction caused by the Chidra grahas reckoned from the Lagna

Phaladeepika 15.8: Destruction of a Bhava is caused during the Dasa-period of, (1) The Sahajadhipati from
Lagna, (2) The Sahajadhipati from Chandra Lagna, (2) Grahas occupying or aspecting the Randhra Bhava, (3)
Saturn, (4) the lord of the 22nd Drekkana (Kharesha), (5) the Mandi Kshetradhipati, (6) the Rasi and Navamsa
dispositors of the mentioned grahas, (7) weak Rahu occupying Randhra or Vyaya and conjoined or aspected by papagrahas.

Krura Grahas in Tri-Shad-Aaya bring success to a Bhava

While a Bhava is protected when Shubha grahas occupy the Kendra, Trikona and Dhana from a Bhava, papagrahas placed in the Tri (3H), Shad (6H) and Aaya (11H) promote the matters pertaining to a Bhava. Trishadaaya
is a subset of the Upachaya, of which Karma Bhava is removed as that is included in the Kendra Bhava group,
where it is ideal to have Shubha grahas.
We are caught in a tricky situation regarding the papa-grahas in the 6th house, as in a previous verse
(Phaladeepika 15.4), Mantresvara mentions that, papa-grahas occupying the Dusthana (3-6-11) from a Bhava
destroys the Bhava. So if papa-grahas destroys a Bhava when occupying 3-6-11 from a Bhava, then how can they

prosper as per the verse 15.7b. The answer to this question lies in the strength of the Graha that is occupying the
6th house, and for that matter the 3rd and 11th house as well. When the graha occupying the 6th from a Bhava is
weak, then the the 6H behaves like a Dusthana and it damages the Bhava under consideration. On the other hand
when the papa-graha is placed in strength i.e., Sva, Uccha, Mulatrikona or Mitra in the 6th from a Bhava, the 6H
behaves like an Upachaya and causes growth.
Among the four Upachayas i.e., 3-6-10-11, 3rd and 11th are pure upachayas, while regarding the other 2
Bhavas, 6th is also a Dusthana and 10th is also a Kendra. In both these Bhavas i.e., 6th and 10th, the grahas placed
should be in great strength for them to behave as Upachayas and promise good growth to the Bhava under
Phaladeepika 15.7b: Krura Grahas occupying the 3rd, 6th and 11th reckoned from a Bhava bring success to
that Bhava provided they are strong. Similarly Shubha Grahas and those friendly to the Bhava lord occupying the
Kendra or Trikona from a Bhava bring success to the Bhava provided they are strong.

Lagnesha assuring auspicious results of a Bhava

Lagna is the only Bhava in a horoscope which is classified as a Kendra and a Trikona. The Kendras carry the
blessings of lord Vishnu, thus indicating success in one of the four major paths viz., Dharma, Artha, Kama and
Moksha. On the other hand, the Trikonas carry the blessings of mother Lakshmi, who ensures that the native is
given wealth, prosperity, happiness and comforts in this life through the Trikonas. Lagna being both Kendra and
Trikona in a horoscope, it is highly beneficial to the Bhava it occupies or aspects. Similarly the Bhava lords
occupying the Lagna also prospers the Bhava they own.
While evil and auspiciousness are shown by the Trikasthana, Lagna represents their complete opposite. All
the good things in life originate from the Lagna. Thus, while occupation of a Bhava lord in Dusthana,cause the
Bhava to come under heavy stress and challenge, placement of the Bhava lord in the Lagna, makes the Bhava
In these cases, especially the internal significations of the Bhava become strong and successful. Now what are
internal significations? Internal significations are those matters of different Bhavas which defines the personality,
talent, mental or physical quality of the native. These are either something that defines what the native is, or they
define what the native possesses.
For instance, the internal significations of the 2nd house is speech and wealth. Here the speech is a component
of native's state of being, while wealth is something that the native posses. On the contrary, the external
significations are those that the native associate with but they are not a component part of the native. For instance,
the family in the 2nd house, the siblings in the 3rd house, the mother in the 4th house etc.
The internal significations of various bhavas are: 1) Lagna: self, identity, 2) Dhana: Speech, Dhana, Learning
3) Sahaja: Valour, Enterprise, Talent, 4) Sukha: Happiness, comfort, emotions etc. 5) Mantra: Psychology,
intellect, memory, knowledge etc. (6) Ari: Weaknesses, celibacy, diseases, (7) Jaya: relationship, interaction with
the world, partnership, (8) Randhra: Immune system, longevity, protection against disease etc. (9) Dharma:
Religiosity, faith, spirituality, wisdom, higher education etc. (10) Karma: Action, success, leadership qualities,
steadiness of mind, (11) Labha: Ability to generate income and gains, (12) Vyaya: Ability to renunciate and
become free, inclination to spend.
Whenever, a Bhava lord occupies the Lagna, the Lagna lord occupies a Bhava or a Bhava lord occupies its
own Bhava, the internal significations of the Bhava is greatly strengthened. The same can be said when the Lagna
lord aspect that Bhava, the Bhava lord aspects the Lagna, or the Bhava lord aspects its own Bhava. For instance
when thE 3rd lord is placed in the Lagna, or the Lagna lord placed in the 3rd house, or the 3rd lord placed in the
3rd house, or there is drsti sambandhas between the mentioned entities, the native is very courageous and
Phaladeepika 15.9a: Whichever Bhava is occupied by the lord of the Lagna, the prosperity and well-being of
Bhava is assured. Also, whichever Bhava lord the Lagnesha conjoins with, the prosperity of that Bhava is also assured.

Bhava is damaged when its lord occupies a Dusthana in weakness

We have seen before that whichever Bhava the Lagnesha occupies, there should be success arising from that
Bhava in the native's life. Then logically when the Lagnesha is placed in a Dusthana, the success should arise out
of these Dusthana. Isn't it? For instance 6th house deals with conflicts, battles and wars, so when Lagnesha

occupies the 6th house, the native should attain success in conflicts and battles. Right? But since Dusthana are the
places which causes weakness to the Bhava lords that are placed there, won't lagnesha become weak and indicate
failures? In reality both are possible, but depending on other conditions one will fructify and the other won't. What
are the other conditions which will determine which option will actually happen?
Whether the native is defeated by the Dusthana or the native wins over the dusthana depends on how weak
or strong Lagnesha is. When Lagnesha is strong by being placed in own or friendly sign and / or aspected by other
Shubha grahas, then Lagnesha becomes strong and win over the negAtive indications of the Dusthana, promising
success through the matters pertaining to the Dusthana. On the other hand when Lagnesha is weak by occupying
Shatru Rasi and also afflicted by papa-grahas, the native is defeated by matters pertaining to the Dusthana where
the Lagnesha is placed.
The same principle applies to all the Bhavas. Thus when a Bhava lord is placed in a Dusthana, the matters
pertaining that Bhava is defeated only when the Bhava lord is weak and under affliction. However, when the
Bhava lord is strong and also aspected by Shubha grahas, the Bhava can gain from the Dusthana significations.
Phaladeepika 15.9b: When a Bhava lord occupies a Dusthana (6H-8H-12H) the effect will be reverse i.e., the
results are predominantly inauspicious. If the graha placed in Dusthana is also weak, the results are immensely
harmful. On the other hand if the Bhava lord is strong, the results are only mildly inauspicious.

Lagnesha is predominantly a Shubha graha, even if owns a Dusthana

An important question arises is what happens when Lagnesha is a papa-graha and occupies a Bhava. It is
earlier mentioned that papa-grahas harm the Bhava the occupy unless that graha occupies its Sva, Uccha,
Mulatrikona or Mitra sthana. So what happens when the Papa-graha so placed in a Bhava, is also the Lagnesha,
will it give auspicious results that is promised by the Lagnesha or inauspicious results that is promised by the papagrahas.
This has been clarified here. According to Mantresvara, a Graha who assumes the role of Lagnesha is
predominantly beneficial as no graha would harm the Bhava it owns. Lagna is self and thus Lagnesha should never
harm the self. Right? Yes, in most cases. When Lagnesha is a papa-graha or also owns a Dusthana, it is imbibed
with both positive and negative propensities. Now which side of the Lagnesha manifests depends on the other
influences on the Lagnesha. If the Lagnesha is aspected by a Shubha-graha, the negative propensities of it being a
papa-graha or a dusthanadhipati is removed and auspicious results flow from its placement. However, if Lagnesha
is weak and afflicted, then its negative propensities take over and cause tremendous suffering to the native. Hence
when Lagnesha is a papa-graha or owner of a dusthana, it should be placed in strength and aspected by Shubhagrahas.
In summary, the Dusthana ownership is certainly removed when Lagnesha is aspected by a Shubha-graha.
Without that the dusthana lordship of Lagnesha can cause some delays in fructification of the results of a Bhava.
Weaknesses and affliction to the Lagnesha can cause extreme sorrow and suffering in life.
Another important to highlight here is that, whichever Bhava lord occupies the Lagnesha and Lagnesha
occupies whichever Bhava, the events pertaining to that Bhava rises early in native life, without much delay or
obstacles. This is even strongly assured when Lagnesha or the Bhavesha is aspected by Shubha-grahas. For
instance, the events like Child-birth, marriage, etc. happen when the time is appropriate for it to rise. Lagna
represents rising or manifestation of an event. So when a Bhava associates with the Lagna, the matters pertaining
to that Bhava rises at appropriate stage in the native's life.
Phaladeepika 15.10: Irrespective of the Lagnesha being a papa-graha, it prospers the Bhava it occupies. If it also
a Dusthana (6-8-12) lord, the effect of its Lagna ownership predominates and not that of the other one. For instance,
when Kuja being the Lagnesha occupies the Putra Bhava in Simha or Meena, and is aspected by a Shubha Graha,
astrologers declare that the person concerned gets sons without delay.

Mulatrikona Bhava results predominate

It is often asked when a Bhava owns say a good bhava, say Shani owning Mantra and Ari Bhava for Kanya
Lagna, then should it be treated as Shubha graha or Ashubha graha; will it give auspicious results to where it
occupies or inauspicious results will be felt.
This depends on the Mulatrikona Bhava of the Graha. Mulatrikona Bhava of a Graha is the Bhava where the
Mulatrikona Rasi of the Graha falls. In this example, Shani's mulatrikona is Kumbha, which falls in the Ari Bhava.

Hence, Shani will behave more like a Dusthana lord here than a Kona lord. The results of Shani will be 70%
Dusthana and 30% Kona lord.
Phaladeepika 15.11a: When a Graha owns two Bhavas, the result of the Bhava which falls in the Mulatrikona
Kshetra of the Graha is felt in full while the results of the other Bhava is felt in half.

The Bhava whose results is felt first

Regarding the question of, in the dasa of a Graha owning two Bhavas, the results of which Bhava is felt first
and which one is felt next, Mantresvara mentions two possibilities for reckoning the sequence. The 1st possibility
is that sequence of the Bhava, i.e., the Bhava which falls first in the sequence will be felt first. Thus, for a Kanya
Lagna native, in the Shani Dasa, the results of its 5th lordship will be felt before its 6th lordship. on the other hand,
the 2nd possibility depends on whether the Bhava lord occupies a odd or even sign. If it occupies an odd sign, then
the results of the Bhava falling in the odd sign will be felt first followed by the other Bhava, and vice-versa.

Opinion 1
Phaladeepika 15.11b: The effects of both the Bhavas owned by a graha come to pass in the Dasa of the graha;
the first half of the Dasa period being predominated by the results of the Bhava that comes first in order. This is the
opinion of some.

Opinion 2
Phaladeepika 15.11c: There are others who hold that when the Dasa Graha occupies an odd Rasi, the results of
the Bhava falling in an odd sign will be felt first, followed by the results of the Bhava falling in an even sign. On the
contrary if the Dasa Graha occupies an Even sign, then the results of the Bhava falling in the even sign will be felt first
and that of the other Bhava felt next.

A Graha in its dasa period destroys the Bhava owned by its Ati-Shatru.
The naisargika and tatkalika sambandha of Grahas are perhaps the most critical aspect of judgement of a
horoscope. The placement of grahas in the sign of other grahas who are classified as (1) ati-mitra, (2) mitra, (3)
Sama, (4) Shatru, and (5) ati-shatru, plays a very critical part in a horoscope analysis.
Hence, first and foremost, one needs to draw the panchadha-maitri chakra for every graha, classifying all
other grahas into one of the 5 different relationship category. Then use this knowledge for both natal delineation
and the dasa-analysis. During the Dasa analysis of a Graha, determine the Ahi-Shatru of the Dasa-lord. The
matters pertaining to that Bhava will be destroyed by the Dasa lord. This is especially true when the Dasa lord is a
papa-graha, is weak and / or afflicted, and devoid of Shubha-drsti. If the Dasa graha is a papa-graha but strong
and aspected by Shubha graha, it greatly loses its potencies to do harm.
Phaladeepika 15.12a: The destruction of each of the Bhavas from the Lagna onwards should be predicted by the
astrologer to a querist, (1) during the Dasa-periods of planets which are Adhi-Shatru to the planet owning the
particular Bhava.

Graha ruins the Bhava with Zero auspicious Bindus in its own Ashtakavarga
Different Grahas support the Bhavas to different extents. A Bhava is more supported by a certain graha while
destroyed by another graha. This can be seen in various ways in a horoscope i.e., occupation, aspects, placements
in various places reckoned from the Bhava etc. Yet, another way is to check the state of the Bhavas in the BhinnaAshtakavarga (BAV) of all the Grahas. The Bhinna-Ashtakavarga of the grahas which has higher auspicious dots
in the sign containing the Bhava, those grahas support the Bhava. The grahas in whose Bhinna-Ashtakavarga a
Bhava has less auspicious dots, those Grahas in their Dasa and Antardasas cause destruction to that Bhava.

To judge the prosperity or destruction of the Lagna Bhava, check the sign containing the Lagna Bhava in the
Bhinna-Ashtakavarga of all the grahas. The grahas having Zero or Low auspicious dots in sign containing the
Lagna Bhava, will cause destruction of the Lagna. The Grahas having high auspicious dots in the containing the
Lagna Bhava, the Lagna Bhava prospers in their Dasa-Antardasa.
Phaladeepika 15.12b: Destruction of a Bhava is predicted during the Dasa of a Graha, (2) when in the
Ashtakavarga of that Graha, the Bhava has no auspicious dots.
Check the the Auspicious dots of the Dasa / Antardasa lord in the Bhinna-Ashtakavarga (BAV) of all the
grahas. If the Dasa / Antardasa lord occupies a Bhava with zero or low auspicious dots in one of the Graha's BAV,
then determine the Bhava owned by that Graha. Say the dasa running is Shukra Dasa who is placed in 8H, in
Cancer. We observe that Shukra has 0 auspicious dots in BAV of Chandra. This means that the Bhava owned by
Chandra will be destroys in Shukra's dasa. Chandra owns 8H, indicating that the health will be destroyed.
In the Ashtakavarga of the Lagnesha and identify the sign having no or low auspicious dots. If a Graha
occupies that sign, then during that Dasa-Antardasa of that graha, the destruction of Lagna occurs, i.e., loss of
health, name and fame, deprivation from homeland, separation from kinsmen etc.
Phaladeepika 15.12b: Another interpretation: Check the Ashtakavarga of a Bhava lord and identify the signs
have no or low Auspicious dots. If a Graha occupies that sign, then during its Dasa-Antardasa, the destruction of the
mentioned Bhava occurs.

Graha in Bhavasandhi is ineffective in producing any results

The true impact of a graha on a Bhava can be judged, only by noting how close the graha is placed with
regards to the Bhavamadhya (middle of the Bhava) or Bhavamsa (the longitude of the Bhava).
In the equal Bhava system, the Bhavamsa is always equal to the Lagna's degree in a sign. To determine how
close a Graha is placed with regards to the Bhavamsa, the following method of transforming a graha's Rasi
longitude into Bhava longitude can be adopted.
Graha's Bhava longitude = Graha's Rasi longitude - Lagna's Degree + 15
If the results is less than Zero, then add 30 to it and move it to the previous Bhava in the Bhava Kundali. On
the other hand, if the result is more than 30 degree, then deduct 30 and move the graha into the next Bhava in the
Bhava kundali. From the Graha's Bhava longitude one can easily determine the nearness of the graha to the
For instance in a horoscope, Lagna is 10 degree and Sun is 8 Degree in the 9th Bhava. What is the Grahas's
Bhava longitude? It is 8 - 10 + 15 = 13 degree in the 9th Bhava. 13 degree is very close to 15 degree indicating that
the results of Surya on the 9th house will be very strong.
The far a Graha is placed from the Bhava Madhya, the more feeble the results becomes. The graha near a
Bhava Sandhi (junction of two Bhavas or near Zero degree in the Bhava Kundali) is completely ineffective in
giving its results.
Phaladeepika 15.13: A graha may be in his exaltation or may occupy a friendly house and may be endowed with
the 6 kinds of strengths (Shadbala). Notwithstanding all this, if it happens to be in a Bhava-sandhi, he becomes
ineffective. This should first be noted before predicting the effects of the Dasas and Bhuktis of the grahas.

Graha in Bhavamadhya produces full results that is due to its occupation of the
On the other hand, when a Graha is placed closer to the Bhavamadhya, the intensity of its results is very
strong and perceptible. When a Graha is placed anywhere between the Bhava Madhya and Bhava-Sandhi, the
strength of he results can be determined by the rule of third, i.e., proportional interpolation of the results based on
the distance of the graha from the Bhava Madhya.
Phaladeepika 15.14: In the several Bhavas, the Grahas that occupy the exact degrees signified by any
particular Bhava, produce the full effect of that Bhava. When a planet is in a Bhava-sandhi, it produces no effect.
In the case of planets occupying intermediate positions, the effect must be ascertained by a rule of three process.


Divining results from the Karakas

The karakas of the Bhavas are as important as the Bhavas and their lords. The three factors on which a Bhava
stands are (1) the Bhava, (2) the Bhava lord and (3) the Karaka. This has been explained before. Here we see
what the important significations for the various grahas. They are as follows:
1. Surya: Self, soul (atma), father (pitr), influence (prabhava), health (niruja), vigour (shakti) and prosperity
2. Chandra: Nature of ones consciousness (chetana), intellect (buddhi), royal favour (nrpaprasada), mother
(janani) and affluence (sampad)
3. Kuja: Courage (satva), disease (roga), virtues (guna), younger brothers (anuja), lands (avani), foes (ripu)
and relatives (gnati).
4. Budha: Learning (vidya), kinsmen (bandhu), discrimination (viveka), maternal uncle (macula), well
wishers (suhrd), speech (vac) and ability to act (karmakrt)
5. Guru: Intellect (pragna), treasury (vitta), good health (sharira pushti), children (tanaya) and wisdom
6. Shukra: Wife (patni), vehicles (vahana), ornaments (bhushana), love matters (madana), trade and
commerce (vyapara) and material enjoyment (saukhya).
7. Shani: Longevity (aayu), livelihood (jivana), the cause of death (mrtyu-karana), dangers (vipad) and his
servants (bhrtya).
8. Rahu: Paternal grand-father.
9. Ketu: Maternal grand-father.
Phaladeepika 15.15: One should divine about self (atma), father (pitr), influence (prabhava), health (niruja),
vigour (shakti) and prosperity (Sri) from the Sun. It is the Moon that determines the nature of ones consciousness
(chetana), intellect (buddhi), royal favour (nrpaprasada), mother (janani) and affluence (sampad). It is through
Mars that one can ascertain ones courage (satva), disease (roga), virtues (guna), younger brothers (anuja), lands
(avani), foes (ripu) and relatives (gnati). From Budha one can divine about ones learning (vidya), kinsmen
(bandhu), discrimination (viveka), maternal uncle (macula), well wishers (suhrd), speech (vac) and ability to act
Phaladeepika 15.16: From Guru, one should judge ones intellect (pragna), treasury (vitta), good health
(sharira pushti), children (tanaya) and wisdom (gnana). From Shukra, one should judge ones wife (patni), vehicles
(vahana), ornaments (bhushana), love matters (madana), trade and commerce (vyapara) and material enjoyment
(saukhya). From Shani, one should judge ones longevity (aayu), livelihood (jivana), the cause of death (mrtyukarana), dangers (vipad) and his servants (bhrtya). From Rahu, one should judge ones paternal grand-father and
from Ketu maternal grand-father should be judged.

The importance of Bhava Karakas

There are many karakas for a Bhava controlling various significations of that Bhava. For instance, in Lagna,
Surya governs the energy level and vitality, Chandra governs the Health and physical features etc. However, there
are selected Bhava Karakas who hold the key to success of a Bhava. For a Bhava to give 100% successful results,
all the three factors viz., (1) The Bhava, (2) The Bhava lord and (3) The Bhava karaka should be strong and under
the influences of Shubha Graha.
The primary step in the Bhava analysis is to determine how successful the Bhava is going to be by judging the
three important controllers, as that sets the baseline. Once it is confirmed that the Bhava will give very good, good,
moderate, bad or very bad results, the detailed of those results and their quality can be determined from the other
Karakas governing the Bhava matters. Say, if the Lagna, Lagnesha and Surya are weak and afflicted, indicating
that the results to be very bad, it can cause (1) birth in a poor family, (2) bad health, (3) failures in life etc. How to
determine which among them be worst affected and which one not? For that we have to analyse the individual
karakas. For instance, if Chandra is afflicted, then health will be damaged, if Guru is afflicted, then it can cause
many failures and their will be poverty etc, if Budha is afflicted, the native will be abandoned by his kinsmen etc.

Phaladeepika 15.17: The Karakas of the Bhavas beginning with the Lagna or the rising sign are (1) the Sun,
(2) Jupiter, (3) Mars, (4) the Moon and Mercury, (5) Jupiter, (6) Saturn and Mars, (7) Venus, (8) Saturn, (9) the
Sun and Jupiter, (10) Jupiter, the Sun, Mercury and Saturn, (11) Jupiter, and (12) Saturn.

The Rasi placement of the Graha impacting the Bhava results

The Rasi where a Graha is placed is the starting point for any Bhava analysis as it impacts the graha avastha.
A planet placed in Neecha or Shatru Rasi can't bestow auspicious results evn when it is placed in an auspicious
Bhava such as Kendra or Trikona. On the other hand, it will destroy the Bhava where it Neecha or Mitra Kshetra.
The situation is even worse if the graha under consideration is a papa-grahas such as Shani, Mangal or Surya, as
they can give extreme pain and suffering.
On the other hand, when a Graha occupies a good sign i.e., Sva, Uccha, Mulatrikona or Mitra, it has a higher
propensity to give auspicious results. If the Graha occupies an auspicious Bhava such as Kendra or Trikona, it will
be very good results. On the other hand, if it occupies a Dusthana, it will only give mildly inauspicious results only.
The intensity of auspicious results given by the grahas in various Rasis are as follows:
(1) 4/4 Auspicious results in Exaltation (2) 3/4 auspicious while placed in Mulatrikona, (3) 2/4 auspicious in
svakshetra, (4) 1/4 auspicious in Mitra kshetra, (5) 0.5/4 auspicious in Sama-kshetra and (6) 0 auspicious in
Neecha-Shatru Kshetra and Asta avastha.
Phaladeepika 15.18a: The fullness or otherwise of the effects of planets occupying the 12 houses, viz, Lagna, 2nd,
3rd, etc. must be judged by a consideration of the exact nature of the sign occupied by the planet, i.e., whether it is a
friendly, inimical, or a neutral sign, or whether the Graha under consideration is occupying his own or exaltation Rasi.

Shubha graha in the Dusthana remove its poison to do harm, while papagrahas
placed here makes these Bhavas highly venomous
This has been mentioned before that Papa-grahas in dusthana from a Bhava damage the well being of a
Bhava. Here it is mentioned what is the impact of shubha-grahas occupying dusthana. According to Satyacharya,
Shubha-grahas occupying the Dusthana remove their evil, while papagrahas increase them. However, occupation
of SHubha grahas in Dusthana is not a win-win situation, as although it removes the evil from the Bhava, forcing
them to give auspicious results, but the natural and functional significations of the shubha-grahas so placed can be
adversely affected. Their weakness due to placement in Dusthana can be removed if they are aspected by strong
Shubha grahas. Similarly, when they occupy Sva-Uccha-Mitra kshetra, their significations are protected.
One should note here that, for odd signs, 6th is inimical while 8th is friendly. For even signs, 6th is friendly
while 8th is inimical. Again, for odd signs, 12th is friendly while for even signs, 12th is inimical.
However, there are few yogas one should always keep in mind. Guru removes enmity in 6th house, Budha
gives wealth in the 8th house and Shukra also gives wealth in 12th house. On the flip side, Budha should not
occupy 6th, Chandra should never occupy the 8th. All Shubha-grahas are welcome in the 12th house, as it saves
one from heavy expenditure and also makes one spend on righteous activities.
Phaladeepika 15.18b: According to Satyacharya, Shubha grahas occupying any house generally promote the
advancement or prosperity of that house while papa-grahas in any Bhava causes decay and destruction. This is reversed
in the case of the 6th, 8th and the 12th houses.
Phaladeepika 15.19: Papa-grahas posited in the 6th, the 8th and the 12th houses promote the evil results of the
Bhavas, while Shubha-grahas in these houses cause the destruction of evil results of the these Bhavas.

Considering a Bhava as Lagna and reading the results therefrom

This is a very important principle which allows extension of various results that are seen for a native from
Lagna, to all the relations in the native's life. For instance, for judging the results of the native's father one can
apply the known principles of Graha placements etc, to the 9th house, to determine the health, wealth, co-borns in
the father's life.
For that matter, the 9th house should be treated as the Lagna, and the graha placements can be noted from
that Bhava to divine on the native's father's life.

Phaladeepika 15.20: Whenever the effects of any Bhava are to be determined in the case of a nativity, that Bhava
should be considered as the Lagna and the effects of the 12 houses reckoned there from such as 1st (form), 2nd (wealth),
etc., should be examined and declared.

Considering the Karaka as Lagna and reading the results therefrom

In addition to determining the results of various relatives from the Bhavas, the same need to be reckoned from
the Karaka of the relatives. Teh karakas governing the relatives are:
1. Surya - Father
2. Candra - Mother
3. Kuja - Brothers
4. Budha - Maternal uncle
5. Guru - Children
6. Shukra - Husband
7. Shani - Servant
Like a native's life is judged from two important points, the Lagna and the Chandra Lagna, the life of all the
relations need to be judge from 2 important points, (1) the Bhava, (2) the Karaka for the relation, The events
indicated by both of them will certainly fructify, those indicated by one of them will fructify once in a while
depending on other supporting factors, while those not indicated by both the factors will be missing from their life.
Phaladeepika 15.21: In the same way should the effects of the father, the mother the brother, the maternal uncle,
the son, the husband and the servant be determined by treating the signs occupied by their respective Karakas, viz., the
Sun, the Moon, and other planets, in the nativity as the Lagna.

Judging all about the father from the Bhavas reckoned from Surya
The various things that should be judged in the life of all the relations are given below. The knowledge of the
various graha placements in the Bhava, the placements of bhava lords in various bhavas, the shubha and papa
conjunctions and drstis etc. can be used.
When divining the life of various relations by considering the Karaka as the Lagna, the Karaka is called as the
Karaka Lagna and treated just like the Janma Lagna.
Lagna: Appearance
2nd House: Prosperity, fame
3rd House: Co-borns, virtues and talent
4th House: Fathers mother, happiness and comfort
5th House: Intellect, mental disposition
6th House: Sufferings, weaknesses, enemies, diseases
7th House: Fathers love life
8th House: Sorrows, death, longevity
9th House: Fathers father, righteous work, charity etc.
10th House: Occupation, trade and commerce
11th House: Income, gains
12th House: Expenditure, losses

Phaladeepika 15.22: From the Bhava occupied by Surya one should judge the appearance (svarupa) of the
father of the native. The fathers prosperity (vrddhi) and renown (prakasha) should be divined from the 2nd house
counted from Surya. His brothers (bhrata), virtues or talent (guna), etc., must be ascertained from the 3rd house from
Surya. All about his fathers mother (mata), fathers happiness (sukha), etc.; should be sought for from the 4th house
from Surya.
Phaladeepika 15.23: The fathers intelligence (buddhi) and tranquility of mind (prasada) should be deduced
from the 5th house from Surya; his sufferings (peeda), weaknesses (dosa), enemies (ari) and disease (roga) should be
guessed from the 6th house; his love (kama) and passion (madana) from the 7th house, his sorrows (dukha), death
(mrti), and his longevity (aayu) should be determined from the 8th house from Surya.
Phaladeepika 15.24: All about the fathers religious merit (punya), auspicious deeds (shubham) and his father
(tat-pitara) should be sought for from the 9th house from Surya; his occupation (vyapara) from the 10th house; his
gains and income (labha) from the 11th and his expenditure and loss (kshaya) from the 12th house from Surya. In the
same manner, all about the mother can be known from Chandra, about the brother can be known from Kuja and about
the relatives can be known from Budha etc.

Treating Bhava and the Karaka as Lagna, the life of various relatives can be
What is mentioned in the previous principle regarding the fathers life to be divined from Surya, the same
principle can be applied for all the relations, based on the Karaka Lagna. The ones mentioned by Mantresvara are
1. Surya - Father
2. Candra - Mother
3. Kuja - Brothers
4. Budha - Maternal uncle
5. Guru - Children
6. Shukra - Husband
7. Shani - Servant
However, this principle extended to other derived relationship, for instance brothers wife, childrens wife,
wifes brother, mothers father, fathers mother etc. The Bhavas can be derived very easily. For instance, brothers
wife is 7th from the 3rd house, wifes brother is 3rd from the 7th house etc.
Phaladeepika 15.25: All details about the mother, brother, father, son etc., of a Bhava should thus be divined by a
reference to the particular Bhava, the Bhava lord and its Karaka. When any Bhava, its lord and it Karaka are an
strong, one ought to predict good effects (happiness) for that Bhava.

Karako Bhava Nashaya

Karakas are as much responsible for the well being of a Bhava as the Bhava lords, however, certain placement
of Karakas are not conducive to the matters governed by the Bhava. They are as follows:
1. Surya in 9th house can cause deprivation of father
2. Chandra in the 4th house can cause deprivation of mother
3. Kuja in 3rd house can cause deprivation from younger brother
4. Guru in 5th house can cause deprivation of children
5. Shukra in 7th house can cause excessive sexual drive and mar the marital felicity.
6. Shani in 8th house can cause many diseases, although it can give long life.


Phaladeepika 15.26: But others say that the Sun in the 9th, the Moon in the 4th, Mars in the 3rd, Jupiter in the
5th, Venus in the 7th and Saturn in the 8th, will cause distress to the Bhavas concerned.

Lagnesha bestowing the results of other Bhavas

Lagna is the pivot around which the entire life of the native revolves. Whatever body it associates, it brings
the focus of the natives life around that Bhava. The following sambandha of Lagna, or Lagnesha will cause the life
to revolve around the the matters governed by the bhavas.
1. Bhava whose lord is conjoined with the Lagnesha (or establishes Drsti Sambandha)
2. Bhava that is occupied by the Lagnesha
3. Bhava that is aspected by the Lagnesha
4. Bhava whose lord occupies the Lagna
5. Bhava whose lord aspects the Lagna.
Having high focus on certain areas of life does not mean that the native will experience auspicious results
pertaining to that Bhava. The auspicious or inauspicious results depends on the overall strength and influences of
the Bhava. If Shubha graha conjoin or aspect the Bhava, and / or Bhava lord well placed in good bhava and rasi,
Bhava hemmed by Shubha graha, and the critical houses from the Bhava are appropriately occupied as per the
rules mentioned above, the Bhava results will be auspicious. If the influences are otherwise, teh results will be
Phaladeepika 15.27: The lord of the Lagna produces the effects pertaining to the Bhava with whose lord he is
conjoined, or the one occupied by him. If the Bhava or its lord be strong, good will result from that bhava; if weak, one has
to expect only untoward things.

Lagneshas Ashtakavarga impacting Bhava results

When a Bhava lord is conjoined with Lagnesha, we need to see how well that Graha is placed in Lagneshas
ashtakavarga. Since Lagnesha is intimately intertwined with this graha, Lagneshas Ashtakavarga gains
prominence for this graha to bestow auspicious results. If the sign containing the Bhava lord has high auspicious
dots in the Lagneshas Bhinna Ashtakavarga, the Bhava is successful. On the other hand, if the sign containing the
Bhava lord has zero or low dots, the results are going to be predominantly inauspicious.
Phaladeepika 15.28a: Whichever Bhava contains higher number of auspicious dots in the Lagneshas
Ashtakavarga, the results of this Bhava is predominantly auspicious, provided that the Bhava lord is strong and
conjoined with the Lagna lord.
Phaladeepika 15.28b: Whichever Bhava contains less number of auspicious dots in the Lagneshas
Ashtakavarga, the results of that Bhava is predominantly adverse, provided that the Bhava lord is weak and conjoined
with the Lagnesha. In the same manner all the Bhavas should be judged.

Graha owning two Bhavas predominantly give results of the Bhava where it is
Earlier we have seen that when a Graha owns two Bhavas, the one falling in the Mulatrikona of the Graha is
more powerful in bestowing the results. Here, we have another rule which states that if the Graha occupies one of
the two Bhavas, the Bhava that is occupied by the Graha becomes predominant in giving results.
If we take the example mentioned above, for Kanya Lagna, Shani owns the Mantra and Ari Bhava. Since, Ari
Bhava falls in Shanis mulatrikona, we should expect Shani to give predominantly Ari Bhava results. This rule
applies when Shani occupies sign of other than its own. However, when Shani occupies its own Bhava, say, the
Mantra Bhava, then the results of Mantra Bhava becomes more prevalent and that of the Shatru Bhava is
subdued. Thus in the period of Shani occupying Makara for Kanya Lagna, there will be birth of sons and not
conflict and enmity indicated by its lordship of Ari Bhava.

Phaladeepika 15.29: When the lord of a Dusthana occupies its other Bhava which is not a Dusthana, it produces
(in his Dasa) the results predominantly of the Bhava occupied by him and not the results of it being the Dusthana lord.
For instance, when Shani occupies Makara identical with the 5th Bhava (Kanya Lagna), there will birth of sons in its
period, and the adverse results due to its ownership of Shatru Bhava does not manifest.

Graha Sambandha (planetary relationships)

The Sambandha between two Grahas are in fact another fundamental concept that is used in almost
everywhere in jyotish. Hence, it is necessary to develop a good understanding of this aspect of Jyotish.
Like the relationship between two people, the nature of the sambandha between the grahas can be varied. It
depends on (1) who are forming the sambandha, meaning their naisargika nature i.e., Guru, Surya, Shani etc., (2)
the avastha they are in i.e., happy state, sad state, fearful state etc., (3) the intensity of relationship i.e., exchange,
mutual aspect etc. and (4) the degree of closeness or separation.
The nature of a relationship depends on its intensity and purpose. For instance, when a boy and girl become
friend in a collage, their intention may be to help each other in their studies. Thereafter they fall in love and come
closer to each other, encroaching into their personal space; this time their intention to live with each others
company. Then, the love develops into intimate love and they decide to marry and then get into sexual relationship,
when both the body and soul merge into one entity for a few moment. Here, the intention transforms into raising a
family with children etc.
Similarly, the graha sambandha have uncountable variations which are drawn out of their nature, avastha and
the kind of sambandha. For instance, when two grahas join on the same degree , it is taking to having either (1)
sexual relationship, as between Surya and Chandra in Amavashya Tithi, or (2) Wrestling (Graha Yuddha) as
between Mangal and Shani or (3) Intimate friendship as between Chandra and Guru, (4) Overpowering and
subduing, as between Surya and Shani in Combustion.
Again, when two grahas are facing each other in opposition, it could be (1) a friendly conversation, as
between Guru and Mangal, (2) a dialogue with the King, as between Surya and other grahas (excluding Budha
and Shukra), or (3) a sword fight, as between Mangal and Shani.
If is said that, say, when Graha B occupies the 7H from Graha A, Graha B is said to be inimical towards
Graha A, as per the tatkalika sambandha rule. It is as if Graha B is challenging the Authority of Graha A.
However if Graha A and B are natural friend, the enmity is not real and turns into a dialogue; this is known as
Sama-Saptaka (i.e., 7H relationship that is neutral). However, when Graha A and B are enemies, this turns into
extremely bitter enmity; this is known as AtiShatru-Saptaka.
The 4 important relationship mentioned by Mantresvara are:
1. Exchange: When two grahas protect each others significations as they occupy each others bhava. Here,
they cant afford to damage each others bhava as their own Bhava will get impacted.
2. Mutual aspect: When two grahas mutually aspect each other, they are within each others influence. In
addition to mutual aspect between grahas occupying 7th from each other, When Mangal occupies 10th
from Shani, they get into Kendra drsti sambandha. Similarly Rahu and Guru in Trines from each other get
into Trikona drsti sambandha.
3. Kendra sambandha: This sambandha is akin to Kuja-Shani sambandha. When two grahas involve in
Kendra sambandha they become mutual co-worker i.e., they try to support each other in fulfilling their
objectives. This is because Kendra indicate the blessings of lord Vishnu.
Grahas placed in the 4th-10th from each other have friendship sambandha as per tatkalika sambandha. If
they are natural friends, they become Ati-Mitra. If they are natural enemies, they become Sama. And, if
they are natural sama, they become Mitra. In all cases, they become either active or passive co-worker, but
they are not inimical towards each other in the panchadha maitri chakra.
In a Kendra sambandha, say Graha B occupies 4th from Graha A. In this case, Graha A aspects Graha B
with 3 pada drsti, while Graha B aspects graha A with 1 pada drsti.
4. Trikona Sambandha: This sambandha is akin to Guru-Rahu Sambandha. When two graha involve in
Trikona Sambandha, they impact each others nature as they are placed in the sign ruled by the same
Tattva. They influence each others prosperity, positively or negatively depending on the tatkalika
sambandha of the grahas.


When Two grahas occupy Trikona from each other, they are in inimical tatkalika sambandha. Thus, if they are
natural friends, they become neutral (sama). If they are natural enemies, they become extreme enemies (atishatru). If the are natural neutral, they become enemies (shatru).
From the panchadha-matri we understand that the grahas need to be natural friends for them to influence
each other positively, to increase each others grace and prosperity. However, if they are inimical, they try to
destroy each others prosperity. Given that they aspect each other with 2 pada drsti, the Trikona relationship cant
be ignored. But this is less powerful than the 1-7 or saptaka relationship.
The other relationship worth noting is:
Rasi-Drsti Sambandha: When a Graha A occupies a Rasi B and Graha B, instead of occupying Rasi A,
placed elsewhere and aspects Graha A. Here Graha A is influencing Graha B by being placed in its Sign. While
Graha B influences Graha A by aspecting it. For instance Mangal occupying Kumbha, and Shani occupying
Dhanu aspecting Mangal.
BPHS 26.2-5: 3-10, 5-9, 4-8 and lastly 7th are the four kinds of drstis. On these places the Drshtis increase
gradually in slabs of quarters, i.e , , and 1. All Grahas give Drsti to the 7th fully. Shani, Guru and Kuja have
special Drstis on 3-10, 5-9 and 4-8 respectively.
Phaladeepika 15.30: The following are the five recognised sambandhas between two grahas, (1) When they
occupy each others sign, (2) When they are conjoined, (3) When they mutually aspect each other, (4) When they
occupy Kendra from each other, (5) When they occupy Trikona from each other.