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ROBOT STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS PROFESSIONAL 2011

DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ELEMENTS


ACCORDING TO EN 1992-1-1:2004

The structure below has been modeled in order to present the


design possibilities in Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2011 for
reinforced concrete elements.
The structure was the following dimensions: 10.8mx28.2m and
15.5m height. There are 4 stories, 3m height each and the ground floor
3.5m height.
As loads acting on the structure we have modeled:
1. Self weight of elements: it is calculated automatically by the
program.
2. Finishes: 1.5kN/m2
3. Non structural internal walls: 3.0kN/m2
4. Live loads: 2.0kN/m2 for each floor and 1.0kN/m2 for roof.
5. Snow: 1.6kN/m2
6. Seismic loads generated using the EC8 norm.
The loads were combined using the automatic combination options
according to EC1 norm.

The program offers the possibility to choose the design code from a
large list. This can be done by accessing the Job Preferences option from
the menu Tools. In the Job Preferences window presented below the user
can choose the code for designing steel, aluminum, reinforced concrete,
timber structures or geotechnical design.

When choosing the code for design, sometimes, in the right side of
the drop box there is a button that allows access to additional options. This
is the case for eurocodes. The additional options available are presented in
the window below and allows the user to personalize the safety coefficients
according to the national annex of the user's country.

If by default the required code is not present in the current code list,
the user can search a particular code by checking the available list of
codes. This can be done by pressing the More codes... button in the Jog
Preferences window. Below you can see the window that appears by
accessing the More codes.... button.

Options for required reinforcement of Beams/Columns


In order to correctly calculate the required reinforcement the user
has to provide some options for the program regarding the elements that
has to be calculated. This will be done by accessing the Required
Reinforcement of Beams/Columns - options/Code parameters... command
from the Design menu. The following window will appear.

In this window we will find two default set of elements defined: RC


column and RC beam. These sets of options can't be modified. In order to
personalize these elements press the new button in the upper part of the
window. We have created two more types of elements named RC Beam 1
and RC Column 1. These elements were defined using the options
presented below.
The options that has to be selected refers to the supports of the
elements and the way that these elements connects to other elements.

Another set of options that has to be reviewed and personalize


before calculation are the Calculation parameters... Here also there is a
default set of options that can't be changed. We had to create a new set of
options named standard1 in order to provide the correct options for
calculating the required reinforcement.

The calculation parameters refers to the material characteristics of


the elements. The user has to provide information regarding the concrete
and steel used for longitudinal and transversal reinforcement.
By pressing the new button the user has access to the window
presented below, named Calculation Parameter Definition. This window
has three tabs named:
General - options for concrete
Longitudinal reinforcement
Transversal reinforcement

Required reinforcement for beams and columns

After providing the calculation parameters for the elements of the


structure now we can proceed to calculate the required reinforcement for
beams and columns.
For this select the Required reinforcement for Beams/Columns...
command from the Design menu. By selecting this command the screen
will change like in the picture below. We can see the following windows:
View
Calculations
Required Reinforcement
Bars

In order to see the required reinforcement results the user has to


introduce in the Calculation window the following information:
- members that will be calculated

- load cases that will be used to calculate the reinforcement


- how many calculation points along the bar length will be used.
After providing this information press the Calculate button.

After the calculation is finished the program will display the window
presented below, where it will provide information regarding the calculation
process and the results obtained. Here we can see if there were any errors
or warnings during calculation. As we can see in our case all results were
correct.

The results are presented in a table, in the lower part of the display.
Here are the results for the provided reinforcement of the selected beam
and column.

Options for required reinforcement of slabs/walls

Same as for the beams and columns, before calculating the required
reinforcement for slabs the user has to provide the calculation parameters
for these type of elements. This can be done by accessing the Calculation
parameters command form the Design menu/Required reinforcement for
slabs/walls - option.
As default parameters sets we can find RC Floor and RC Wall.
These sets can't be changed so we will have to create two new sets that
can be personalized to our needs. We will call them RC Floor1 and RC
Wall1.

The windows that allows the definition of the calculation parameters


contain the following tabs:
- General
- Materials
- SLS Parameters
- Reinforcements
First we have defined the RC Floor1 options sets using the following
parameters:

For the RC Wall1 options set we have defined the following


parameters:

Required reinforcement for slab

After the definition of the calculation parameters we can proceed to


calculate the required reinforcement for the slab. For this select the
Required reinforcement for slab/wall command from the Design menu. By
selecting this command the display will change and we can see the
following windows:
- View
- Plate and shell reinforcement
- Reinforcement

In order to see the required reinforcement results the user has to


introduce in the Plate and shell reinforcemet window the following
information:
- panels that will be calculated
- load cases that will be used to calculate the reinforcement
After providing this information press the Calculate button.

When the calculations are done we can use the Reinforcements


window and select what results to be displayed in the view window. The
following results are available:
- Reinforcement area
- Reinforcement spacing
- Number of bars
- Minimum reinforcement
- Displacement (SLS)
- Cracking (SLS)
Important: In order to read results that are displayed in the SLS tab it
is mandatory to have defined SLS Load Combination cases.

Here are the results for provided reinforcement on all directions (X


and Y) and layers (up and down).

RC Beam design - Provided reinforcement

Beside the required reinforcement the program is capable to


calculate provided reinforcement for all the elements. We will start by
presenting the provided reinforcement for beams.
In order to calculate the provided reinforcement the user has to
select the element that will be calculated and access the RC Beam Design
command from the Design menu/Provided reinforcement for RC elements.
The first window that will appear will allow us to select the load
cases that will be used for calculating the reinforcement.

The display has changed and on screen we have some new


windows where we can see the geometry of the element.

Before calculating the provided reinforcement we have to adjust two


sets of calculation parameters.
- Analysis menu/Calculation options...
- Analysis menu/Reinforcement pattern...
First we will start with Calculation options. This command will open a
window with five tabs:
- General
- Concrete
- Longitudinal reinforcement
- Transversal reinforcement
- Additional reinforcement

In these tabs we will provide information about material quality


(concrete and steel), cover, cracking and deflection options. Also we can
provide information necessary to perform a fire resistance check.
In the windows below we can see the parameters for our example:

After the personalization of the calculation options we can save


these sets in order to reuse them in other projects. We can do this by
pressing the Save As... button.

The second set of options to be adjusted is the Reinforcement


pattern. Because the program will propose a real solution for reinforcement,
we will have to provide some rules that the program will follow when it will
draw the reinforcement.
Here are the parameters for reinforcement patterns used for
calculating the provided reinforcement.

Same as before, the user can save the reinforcement pattern


options for later use with other projects by pressing the Save as button.

Next step is to indicate the options sets to be used for calculation.


For this select the Options set... from the Analysis menu.

For calculation the reinforcement select the Calculation command


from the Analysis menu and press the Calculate button in the window that
just opened.

When the calculation is done the program will display a window with
information regarding events during calculation.

When the calculation is finished we can switch to the BeamDiagrams tab and see the graphic results. Also below the diagrams there
are displayed in a table the results in the characteristic points of the
element.

In the next tab, Beam-Reinforcement, we can see the reinforcement


bars provided by the program. We can even change the reinforcement and
recalculate the element.

In the last tab called Beam-note we can see a full calculation note
for the current calculated element. This calculation note can also be
generated by selecting the Calculation note command from the Results
menu. This calculation note can be save as a *.rtf file and can be attached
to the project documentation.
Here it is the calculation note provided for our beam:
1

Level:

Name
Reference level
Maximum cracking
Exposure

Concrete creep coefficient


cement class
Concrete age (loading moment)
Concrete age
Structure class
Fire resistance class

Beam: Beam36...37
2.1

Material properties:

:
: --: 0,30 (mm)
: X0
: = 2,75
:N
: 28 (days)
: 50 (years)
: S1
: no requirements

Number: 1

Concrete

C25/30
fck = 25,00 (MPa)
Bi-linear stress distribution [3.1.7(2)]
2501,36 (kG/m3)
20,0 (mm)
B500C fyk = 500,00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the stress-strain

Density
:
Aggregate size
:
Longitudinal reinforcement: :
diagram
Transversal reinforcement:

2.2

Ductility class : C
B500A fyk = 500,00 (MPa)

Geometry:
2.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
5,00

L
(m)
0,40

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
5,65

L
(m)
0,30

R.supp.
(m)

P1
Span 0,40
Span length: Lo = 5,40 (m)
Section from 0,00 to 5,00 (m)
30,0 x 60,0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
2.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0,40
Span length: Lo = 6,00 (m)
Section from 0,00 to 5,65 (m)
30,0 x 60,0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab

2.3

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

Cover deviations

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: No requirements
: no
: bottom
c = 2,5 (cm)
: side
c1= 2,5 (cm)
: top
c2= 2,5 (cm)
: Cdev = 1,0(cm), Cdur = 0,0(cm)

Coefficient 2 =0.50
Method of shear calculations

: long-term or cyclic load


: strut inclination

2.4

Calculation results:
The deflection L/500 (7.4.1(5)) is not verified
No. Type
1. M [kN*m]
2. M [kN*m]
3. Areq [cm2]

State
ULS
ALS
SLS

Span
2
2
2

x(m) Value
11.45 -50.76
11.45 -58.39
11.45 0.22

Capacity
-39.55
-45.64
0.16

n*
0.78
0.78
0.74

n* - Safety factor

2.4.1

Internal forces in ULS

Span

Mt max.
(kN*m)
48,55
53,61

P1
P2

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-2,26
-0,00

Ml
(kN*m)
-33,72
-62,67

Mr
(kN*m)
-61,10
-50,76

Ql
(kN)
60,99
68,86

Qr
(kN)
-66,77
-46,33

-8 0
[k N * m ]
-6 0
-4 0
-2 0
0
20
40
60
[m ]
80

0
B e n d in g M o m e n t U L S :

Mr

Mt

10

10

Mc

200
[k N ]
150
100
50
0
-5 0
-1 0 0
-1 5 0
[m ]
-2 0 0

0
S h e a r F o rc e U L S :

2
V

Vr

2.4.2
Span
P1
P2

V c (s tir r u p s )

4
V c ( to ta l )

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
31,29
34,64

Mt min.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00

Ml
(kN*m)
-21,86
-40,62

Mr
(kN*m)
-39,58
-32,85

Ql
(kN)
44,43
50,18

Qr
(kN)
-48,65
-33,80

-8 0
[k N * m ]
-6 0
-4 0
-2 0
0
20
40
60
[m ]
80

0
B e n d in g M o m e n t S L S :

2
M _r

M r_ r

M c_r

4
M c_qp

10

10

10

10

M _qp

M r_ q p

60
50

[k N ]

40
30
20
10
0
-1 0
-2 0
-3 0
-4 0
-5 0

[m ]
0
S h e a r F o rc e S L S :

2
V_r

V r_ r

V_qp

V r_ q p

0 .2
[0 .1 % ]
0 .1 5
0 .1
0 .0 5
0
- 0 .0 5
- 0 .1
- 0 .1 5
- 0 .2
- 0 .2 5

[m ]
0
S tr a in s :

2
At

Ac

40
[M P a ]
30
20
10
0
-1 0
-2 0
-3 0
[m ]
-4 0

0
S tr e s s e s :

2
A ts

A cs

2.4.3
Span
P1
P2

Bs

Required reinforcement area


Span (cm2)
bottom top
2,08
0,00
2,31
0,00

Left support (cm2)


bottom top
0,51
1,84
0,08
2,70

Right support (cm2)


bottom top
0,00
2,64
0,10
2,17

4
[c m 2 ]
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
[m ]
4

0
R e i n fo r c e m e n t A r e a fo r B e n d i n g :

2
Abt

Abr

10

10

A b m in

10
[c m 2 /m ]
8
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
8
10

[m ]
0
R e i n fo r c e m e n t A r e a fo r S h e a r :

2
A st

A s t_ s tr u t

A sr

AsH ang

2.4.4 Deflection and cracking


fs_r
fs_qp
fl_qp
f
f_adm
wk
Span
P1
P2

2.5

- short-term due to rare load combination


- short-term deflection due to quasi-permanent load combination
- long-term due to quasi-permanent load combination
- total deflection
- allowable deflection

- width of perpendicular cracks


fs_r
(cm)
0,0
0,1

fs_qp
(cm)
0,1
0,2

fl_qp
(cm)
0,1
0,2

f
(cm)
0,1
0,2

Theoretical results - detailed results:


2.5.1

P1 : Span from 0,40 to 5,40 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0,40
0,74
1,28
1,82
2,36
2,90
3,44
3,98
4,52
5,06
5,40

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
7,24
25,20
41,28
47,88
48,55
43,78
29,90
9,78
0,00
0,00

M min.
(kN*m)
-33,72
-27,60
-5,52
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-2,26
-19,96
-54,57
-61,10

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00
10,34
23,42
30,52
31,29
25,70
14,00
0,00
0,00
0,00

Abscissa

ULS
V max.

SLS
V max.

afp

M min.
(kN*m)
-21,86
-7,93
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
-3,19
-24,66
-39,58

A bottom
(cm2)
0,51
0,78
1,12
1,76
2,06
2,08
1,88
1,27
0,40
0,05
0,00

A top
(cm2)
1,84
1,62
0,67
0,14
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,15
0,83
2,35
2,64

f_adm
(cm)
2,2
2,4

wk
(mm)
0,00
0,00

2.6

(m)
0,40
0,74
1,28
1,82
2,36
2,90
3,44
3,98
4,52
5,06
5,40

(kN)
60,99
55,04
41,96
26,58
9,98
-7,09
-23,83
-39,61
-53,46
-63,81
-66,77

(kN)
44,43
40,08
30,55
19,34
7,27
-5,15
-17,34
-28,82
-38,92
-46,47
-48,65

(mm)
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0

2.5.2

P2 : Span from 5,80 to 11,45 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
5,80
6,20
6,80
7,40
8,00
8,60
9,20
9,80
10,40
11,00
11,45

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,79
13,35
37,22
50,09
53,61
49,42
35,90
12,60
0,68
0,00

M min.
(kN*m)
-62,67
-51,84
-14,20
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-12,34
-41,42
-50,76

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00
1,20
19,44
30,80
34,64
30,13
18,61
1,22
0,00
0,00

Abscissa
(m)
5,80
6,20
6,80
7,40
8,00
8,60
9,20
9,80
10,40
11,00
11,45

ULS
V max.
(kN)
68,86
65,22
54,10
39,57
23,26
-7,47
-23,88
-38,59
-50,01
-54,74
-46,33

SLS
V max.
(kN)
50,18
47,50
39,38
28,79
16,91
-5,41
-17,35
-28,06
-36,40
-39,87
-33,80

afp
(mm)
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0

M min.
(kN*m)
-40,62
-22,63
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
-19,53
-32,85

A bottom
(cm2)
0,08
0,33
0,75
1,58
2,15
2,31
2,12
1,51
0,93
0,43
0,10

Reinforcement:
2.6.1
P1 : Span from 0,40 to 5,40 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500A)
stirrups

40 8
l = 1,41
e = 1*0,13 + 19*0,25 (m)

pins

40 8
l = 1,41
e = 1*0,13 + 19*0,25 (m)

2.6.2
P2 : Span from 5,80 to 11,45 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500C)
3

12

l = 11,89

support (B500C)

from 0,04

to

11,71

A top
(cm2)
2,70
2,31
0,98
0,22
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,28
0,99
1,88
2,17

12

l = 12,01

from 0,04

to

11,71

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500A)

stirrups

46 8
l = 1,41
e = 1*0,07 + 22*0,25 (m)

pins

46 8
l = 1,41
e = 1*0,07 + 22*0,25 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
= 2,11 (m3)
Formwork = 17,65 (m2)
Steel B500C
Total weight
= 63,68 (kG)
Density
= 30,11 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 12,0 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter
(mm)
12
12

Length
(m)
11,89
12,01

Weight
(kG)
10,56
10,67

NumberTotal weight
(No.) (kG)
3
31,67
3
32,01

Steel B500A
Total weight
= 48,02 (kG)
Density
= 22,70 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 8,0 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter Length
(mm)
(m)
8
1,41

Weight
(kG)
0,56

NumberTotal weight
(No.) (kG)
86
48,02

The user can erase the reinforcement provided by the program in


the Beam-reinforcement tab, in order to define by himself a solution and
see the capacity of the beam with that reinforcement.
After deleting the reinforcement the program will display the window
below where we can see that the capacity of the element is zero.

The user can define the reinforcement by selecting the Typical


reinforcement command from the Reinforcement menu.
This way the user will have to go through six windows and provide
information regarding stirrup diameter and distribution as well as main
reinforcement parameters.
In the next windows we have indicated a possible reinforcement for
the beam.

In the Beam-reinforcement window we can see the reinforcement


defined in the previous windows.

When we switch to the Beam-diagrams tab the program will


automatically perform the calculation in order to provide results according
to the new reinforcement. Every time we changed the reinforcement
provided by the program, it will ask as before calculation if we wish to
calculate the element with the modified reinforcement or the program will
delete all the reinforcement and will propose again a solution. In our case
we want to see the capacity of the beam with the reinforcement proposed
by us, so we will choose YES.

When the calculation is finished we will see again the window with
calculation status.

Below we can see the calculation note for the beam with the
reinforcement proposed by us.
1

Level:

Name
Reference level
Maximum cracking
Exposure

Concrete creep coefficient


cement class

:
: --: 0,30 (mm)
: X0
: = 2,75
:N

Concrete age (loading moment)


Concrete age
Structure class
Fire resistance class

: 28 (days)
: 50 (years)
: S1
: no requirements

Beam: Beam36...37
2.1

Number: 1

Material properties:

Concrete

C25/30
fck = 25,00 (MPa)
Bi-linear stress distribution [3.1.7(2)]
2501,36 (kG/m3)
20,0 (mm)
B500C fyk = 500,00 (MPa)
Horizontal branch of the stress-strain

Density
:
Aggregate size
:
Longitudinal reinforcement: :
diagram
Transversal reinforcement:

2.2

Ductility class : C
B500A fyk = 500,00 (MPa)

Geometry:
2.2.1

Span

Position

L.supp.
(m)
5,00

L
(m)
0,40

R.supp.
(m)

L.supp.
(m)
5,65

L
(m)
0,30

R.supp.
(m)

P1
Span 0,40
Span length: Lo = 5,40 (m)
Section from 0,00 to 5,00 (m)
30,0 x 60,0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab
2.2.2

Span

Position

P2
Span 0,40
Span length: Lo = 6,00 (m)
Section from 0,00 to 5,65 (m)
30,0 x 60,0 (cm)
without left slab
without right slab

2.3

Calculation options:

Regulation of combinations
Calculations according to
Seismic dispositions
Precast beam
Cover

Cover deviations

: EN 1990:2002
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: No requirements
: no
: bottom
c = 2,5 (cm)
: side
c1= 2,5 (cm)
: top
c2= 2,5 (cm)
: Cdev = 1,0(cm), Cdur = 0,0(cm)

Coefficient 2 =0.50
Method of shear calculations

2.4

: long-term or cyclic load


: strut inclination

Calculation results:
The deflection L/500 (7.4.1(5)) is not verified
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of reinforcing
bars has not been modified.
2.4.1 Internal forces in ULS
Span

Mt max.
(kN*m)
48,55
53,61

P1
P2

Mt min.
(kN*m)
-2,26
-0,00

Ml
(kN*m)
-33,72
-62,67

Mr
(kN*m)
-61,10
-50,76

Ql
(kN)
60,99
68,86

Qr
(kN)
-66,77
-46,33

-1 5 0
[k N * m ]
-1 0 0

-5 0

50

100
[m ]
150

0
B e n d in g M o m e n t U L S :

Mr

Mt

10

10

Mc

400
[k N ]
300
200
100
0
-1 0 0
-2 0 0
-3 0 0
[m ]
-4 0 0

0
S h e a r F o rc e U L S :

2
V

Vr

2.4.2
Span
P1
P2

V c (s tir r u p s )

4
V c ( to ta l )

Internal forces in SLS


Mt max.
(kN*m)
31,29
34,64

Mt min.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00

Ml
(kN*m)
-21,86
-40,62

Mr
(kN*m)
-39,58
-32,85

Ql
(kN)
44,43
50,18

Qr
(kN)
-48,65
-33,80

-1 5 0
[k N * m ]
-1 0 0

-5 0

50

100
[m ]
150

0
B e n d in g M o m e n t S L S :

2
M _r

M r_ r

M c_r

4
M c_qp

10

10

10

10

M _qp

M r_ q p

60
50

[k N ]

40
30
20
10
0
-1 0
-2 0
-3 0
-4 0
-5 0

[m ]
0
S h e a r F o rc e S L S :

2
V_r

V r_ r

V_qp

V r_ q p

0 .2
[0 .1 % ]
0 .1 5
0 .1
0 .0 5
0
- 0 .0 5
- 0 .1
- 0 .1 5
- 0 .2
- 0 .2 5

[m ]
0
S tr a in s :

2
At

Ac

40
[M P a ]
30
20
10
0
-1 0
-2 0
-3 0
[m ]
-4 0

0
S tr e s s e s :

2
A ts

A cs

2.4.3
Span
P1
P2

Bs

Required reinforcement area


Span (cm2)
bottom top
2,08
0,00
2,31
0,00

Left support (cm2)


bottom top
0,51
1,84
0,08
2,70

Right support (cm2)


bottom top
0,00
2,64
0,10
2,17

8
[c m 2 ]
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
[m ]
8

0
R e i n fo r c e m e n t A r e a fo r B e n d i n g :

2
Abt

Abr

10

10

A b m in

20
[c m 2 /m ]
15
10
5
0
5
10
15
[m ]
20

0
R e i n fo r c e m e n t A r e a fo r S h e a r :

2
A st

A sr

A sH ang

2.4.4 Deflection and cracking


fs_r
fs_qp
fl_qp
f
f_adm
wk
Span
P1
P2

2.5

- short-term due to rare load combination


- short-term deflection due to quasi-permanent load combination
- long-term due to quasi-permanent load combination
- total deflection
- allowable deflection

- width of perpendicular cracks


fs_r
(cm)
0,0
0,1

fs_qp
(cm)
0,1
0,1

fl_qp
(cm)
0,1
0,1

f
(cm)
0,1
0,1

Theoretical results - detailed results:


2.5.1

P1 : Span from 0,40 to 5,40 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
0,40
0,74
1,28
1,82
2,36
2,90
3,44
3,98
4,52
5,06
5,40

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
7,24
25,20
41,28
47,88
48,55
43,78
29,90
9,78
0,00
0,00

M min.
(kN*m)
-33,72
-27,60
-5,52
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-2,26
-19,96
-54,57
-61,10

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00
10,34
23,42
30,52
31,29
25,70
14,00
0,00
0,00
0,00

Abscissa

ULS
V max.

SLS
V max.

afp

M min.
(kN*m)
-21,86
-7,93
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
-3,19
-24,66
-39,58

A bottom
(cm2)
0,51
0,78
1,12
1,76
2,06
2,08
1,88
1,27
0,40
0,05
0,00

A top
(cm2)
1,84
1,62
0,67
0,14
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,15
0,83
2,35
2,64

f_adm
(cm)
2,2
2,4

wk
(mm)
0,00
0,00

2.6

(m)
0,40
0,74
1,28
1,82
2,36
2,90
3,44
3,98
4,52
5,06
5,40

(kN)
60,99
55,04
41,96
26,58
9,98
-7,09
-23,83
-39,61
-53,46
-63,81
-66,77

(kN)
44,43
40,08
30,55
19,34
7,27
-5,15
-17,34
-28,82
-38,92
-46,47
-48,65

(mm)
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0

2.5.2

P2 : Span from 5,80 to 11,45 (m)

Abscissa
(m)
5,80
6,20
6,80
7,40
8,00
8,60
9,20
9,80
10,40
11,00
11,45

ULS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,79
13,35
37,22
50,09
53,61
49,42
35,90
12,60
0,68
0,00

M min.
(kN*m)
-62,67
-51,84
-14,20
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-0,00
-12,34
-41,42
-50,76

SLS
M max.
(kN*m)
0,00
0,00
1,20
19,44
30,80
34,64
30,13
18,61
1,22
0,00
0,00

Abscissa
(m)
5,80
6,20
6,80
7,40
8,00
8,60
9,20
9,80
10,40
11,00
11,45

ULS
V max.
(kN)
68,86
65,22
54,10
39,57
23,26
-7,47
-23,88
-38,59
-50,01
-54,74
-46,33

SLS
V max.
(kN)
50,18
47,50
39,38
28,79
16,91
-5,41
-17,35
-28,06
-36,40
-39,87
-33,80

afp
(mm)
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0

M min.
(kN*m)
-40,62
-22,63
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
-19,53
-32,85

A bottom
(cm2)
0,08
0,33
0,75
1,58
2,15
2,31
2,12
1,51
0,93
0,43
0,10

A top
(cm2)
2,70
2,31
0,98
0,22
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,28
0,99
1,88
2,17

Reinforcement:
2.6.1
P1 : Span from 0,40 to 5,40 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500A)
stirrups

41 10
l = 1,70
e = 1*0,00 + 10*0,10 + 20*0,15 + 10*0,10 (m)

pins

41 10
l = 1,70
e = 1*0,00 + 10*0,10 + 20*0,15 + 10*0,10 (m)

2.6.2
P2 : Span from 5,80 to 11,45 (m)
Longitudinal reinforcement:
bottom (B500C)
3

16

l = 12,03

support (B500C)

from 11,70

to

0,03

16

l = 12,06

from 0,03

to

11,73

Transversal reinforcement:
main (B500A)

stirrups

46 10
l = 1,70
e = 1*0,00 + 10*0,10 + 25*0,15 + 10*0,10 (m)

pins

46 10
l = 1,70
e = 1*0,00 + 10*0,10 + 25*0,15 + 10*0,10 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
= 2,11 (m3)
Formwork = 17,65 (m2)
Steel B500C
Total weight
= 114,08 (kG)
Density
= 53,94 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 16,0 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter
(mm)
16
16

Length
(m)
12,03
12,06

Weight
(kG)
18,99
19,04

NumberTotal weight
(No.) (kG)
3
56,97
3
57,12

Steel B500A
Total weight
= 91,36 (kG)
Density
= 43,20 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 10,0 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter Length
(mm)
(m)
10
1,70

Weight
(kG)
1,05

NumberTotal weight
(No.) (kG)
87
91,36

RC Column Design - Provided reinforcement


In order to calculate the provided reinforcement the user has to
select the element that will be calculated and access the RC Column
Design command from the Design menu/Provided reinforcement for RC
elements.
The first window that will appear will allow us to select the load
cases that will be used for calculating the reinforcement.

The display has changed and on screen we have some new


windows where we can see the geometry of the element.

Before calculating the provided reinforcement we have to adjust two


sets of calculation parameters.
- Analysis menu/Calculation options...
- Analysis menu/Reinforcement pattern...
First we will start with Calculation options. This command will open a
window with four tabs:
- General
- Concrete
- Longitudinal reinforcement
- Transversal reinforcement
In these tabs we will provide information about material quality
(concrete and steel), cover and deflection options. Also we can provide
information necessary to perform a fire resistance check.

In the windows below we can see the parameters for our example:

After the personalization of the calculation options we can save


these sets in order to reuse them in other projects. We can do this by
pressing the Save As... button.

The second set of options to be adjusted is the Reinforcement


pattern. Because the program will propose a real solution for reinforcement,
we will have to provide some rules that the program will follow when it will
draw the reinforcement.
Here are the parameters for reinforcement patterns used for
calculating the provided reinforcement.

Same as before, the user can save the reinforcement pattern


options for later use with other projects by pressing the Save as button.

Next step is to indicate the options sets to be used for calculation.


For this select the Options set... from the Analysis menu.

For calculation the reinforcement select the Calculation command


from the Analysis menu and press the Calculate button in the window that
just opened.

When the calculation is done the program will display a window with
information regarding events during calculation.

In the next tab, Column-Reinforcement, we can see the


reinforcement bars provided by the program. We can even change the
reinforcement and recalculate the element.

When the calculation is finished we can switch to the ColumnInteraction N-M tab and see the graphic results.

In the last tab called Column-note we can see a full calculation note
for the current calculated element. This calculation note can also be
generated by selecting the Calculation note command from the Results
menu. This calculation note can be save as a *.rtf file and can be attached
to the project documentation.
Here it is the calculation note provided for our column:
1

Level:

Name
Reference level
Concrete creep coefficient
cement class
Environment class
Structure class

:
: 0,00 (m)
: p = 2,77
:N
: X0
: S1

Column: Column2
2.1

Number: 1

Material properties:

Concrete
Unit weight
Aggregate size

: C25/30
: 2501,36 (kG/m3)
: 20,0 (mm)

fck = 25,00 (MPa)

Longitudinal reinforcement:
Ductility class
Transversal reinforcement:

2.2

fyk = 500,00 (MPa)


fyk = 500,00 (MPa)

Geometry:
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5

2.3

: B500B
:B
: B500A

Rectangular
Height: L
Slab thickness
Beam height
Cover

40,0 x 40,0 (cm)


= 3,80 (m)
= 0,15 (m)
= 0,60 (m)
= 3,5 (cm)

Calculation options:

Calculations according to
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
Seismic dispositions
: No requirements
Precast column
: no
Pre-design
: no
Slenderness taken into account
: yes
Compression
: with bending
Ties
: to slab
More than 50 % loads applied: after 90 day
Fire resistance class
: No requirements

2.4

Loads:

Case

Nature

DL1
dead load
DL2
dead load
DL3
dead load
LL1
live load
SN1
snow
SEI_X7
seismic
SEI_Y8
seismic
SEI_Z8
seismic
SPE_NEW10
SPE_NEW11
SPE_NEW12
SPE_NEW13
SPE_NEW14
SPE_NEW15
SPE_NEW16
SPE_NEW17
SPE_NEW18
SPE_NEW19
SPE_NEW20
SPE_NEW21

f - load factor
2.5

Group

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,50
1,50
1,00
1,00
1,00
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

N
(kN)
505,05
110,64
177,63
132,97
23,28
-24,76
40,26
-83,67
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00

My(s)
(kN*m)
0,38
0,07
0,14
0,09
-0,00
-10,24
1,73
-0,89
-37,78
-61,94
-11,74
12,42
7,73
-72,79
-22,59
57,94
-79,02
-103,18
64,16
88,32

Calculation results:
Seismic dispositions: No requirements!
Safety factors Rd/Ed = 1,57 > 1.0

My(i)
(kN*m)
-0,32
-0,07
-0,11
-0,08
-0,01
-11,63
1,29
-0,45
-9,98
-10,80
-10,44
-9,63
-1,88
-4,61
-4,25
-1,52
-3,25
-4,07
-2,88
-2,06

Mz(s)
(kN*m)
-14,52
-4,99
-9,81
-6,60
-0,09
-0,67
-3,06
3,53
-11,35
-12,07
-11,89
-11,17
-2,38
-4,77
-4,59
-2,20
-3,43
-4,14
-3,55
-2,83

Mz(i)
(kN*m)
7,05
2,44
4,83
3,23
0,02
1,55
6,14
-1,82
-0,53
1,31
-0,81
-2,64
-2,20
3,92
1,80
-4,32
2,41
4,25
-2,81
-4,65

2,85
-0,84
0,25
3,94
6,06
-6,22
-5,13
7,15
0,49
-3,20
0,44
4,13

2.5.1

ULS Analysis

Design combination: 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1 (A)


Internal forces:
Nsd = 1287,90 (kN) Msdy = 0,92 (kN*m)
Msdz = -49,53 (kN*m)
Design forces:
Upper node
N = 1287,90 (kN)
N*etotz = 25,76 (kN*m) N*etoty= -60,80 (kN*m)
Eccentricity:
static
Not intended
Initial
Minimal
total

ez (My/N)
eEd: 0,1 (cm)
ea: 0,0 (cm)
e0: 0,1 (cm)
emin: 2,0 (cm)
etot: 2,0 (cm)

ey (Mz/N)
-3,8 (cm)
0,9 (cm)
3,8 (cm)
2,0 (cm)
-4,7 (cm)

2.5.1.1. Detailed analysis-Direction Y:


2.5.1.1.1 Slenderness analysis
Non-sway structure
L (m)
3,50

Lo (m)
3,50

30,31

lim
57,97

Short column

2.5.1.1.2 Buckling analysis


M2 = 0,92 (kN*m)
M1 = -0,80 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = 0,92 (kN*m)
ea = 0,0 (cm)
Ma = N*ea = 0,00 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 25,76 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = 25,76 (kN*m)

2.5.1.2. Detailed analysis-Direction Z:


2.5.1.2.1 Slenderness analysis
Non-sway structure
L (m)
3,50

Lo (m)
3,50

30,31

lim
49,36

Short column

2.5.1.2.2 Buckling analysis


M2 = 24,18 (kN*m)
M1 = -49,53 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = -49,53 (kN*m)
ea = *lo/2 = 0,9 (cm)
= h * m = 0,01
= 0,01
h = 1,00
m = (0,5(1+1/m))^0.5 = 1,00
m = 1,00
Ma = N*ea = 11,27 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 25,76 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = -60,80 (kN*m)

2.5.2

Reinforcement:

Real (provided) area


Ratio:

2.6

Asr = 4,71 (cm2)


= 0,29 %

Reinforcement:
Main bars (B500B):
6 10
l = 3,77 (m)
Transversal reinforcement: (B500A):
stirrups:
28 8
l = 1,42 (m)
28 8
l = 0,50 (m)
pins

28 8
28 8

l = 1,42 (m)
l = 0,50 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
Formwork = 5,12 (m2)

= 0,51 (m3)

Steel B500B
Total weight
= 13,93 (kG)
Density
= 27,21 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 10,0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter
10

Length
(m)
3,77

Weight
(kG)
2,32

Number
(No.)
6

Total weight
(kG)
13,93

Number
(No.)
28
28

Total weight
(kG)
5,58
15,66

Steel B500A
Total weight
= 21,23 (kG)
Density
= 41,47 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 8,0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter
8
8

Length
(m)
0,50
1,42

Weight
(kG)
0,20
0,56

The user can erase the reinforcement provided by the program in


the Column-reinforcement tab, in order to define by himself a solution and
see the capacity of the column with that reinforcement.
After deleting the reinforcement the program will display the window
below where we can see that the capacity of the element is zero.

The user can define the reinforcement by selecting the Typical


reinforcement command from the Reinforcement menu.
This way the user will have to go through three windows and provide
information regarding stirrup diameter and distribution as well as main
reinforcement parameters.
In the next windows we have indicated a possible reinforcement for
the column.

When we switch to the Column-Interaction N-M tab the program will


automatically perform the calculation in order to provide results according
to the new reinforcement. Every time we changed the reinforcement
provided by the program, it will ask as before calculation if we wish to
calculate the element with the modified reinforcement or the program will
delete all the reinforcement and will propose again a solution. In our case
we want to see the capacity of the beam with the reinforcement proposed
by us, so we will choose YES.

Below we can see the calculation note for the beam with the
reinforcement proposed by us.
1

Level:

Name
Reference level
Concrete creep coefficient
cement class
Environment class
Structure class

:
: 0,00 (m)
: p = 2,77
:N
: X0
: S1

Column: Column2
2.1

Number: 1

Material properties:

Concrete
Unit weight
Aggregate size
Longitudinal reinforcement:
Ductility class
Transversal reinforcement:

2.2

fck = 25,00 (MPa)


fyk = 500,00 (MPa)
fyk = 500,00 (MPa)

Geometry:
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5

2.3

: C25/30
: 2501,36 (kG/m3)
: 20,0 (mm)
: B500B
:B
: B500A

Rectangular
Height: L
Slab thickness
Beam height
Cover

40,0 x 40,0 (cm)


= 3,80 (m)
= 0,15 (m)
= 0,60 (m)
= 3,5 (cm)

Calculation options:

Calculations according to
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
Seismic dispositions
: No requirements
Precast column
: no
Pre-design
: no
Slenderness taken into account
: yes
Compression
: with bending
Ties
: to slab
More than 50 % loads applied: after 90 day
Fire resistance class
: No requirements

2.4

Loads:

Case

Nature

Group

DL1
DL2
DL3

dead load
dead load
dead load

2
2
2

N
(kN)
1,35 505,05
1,35 110,64
1,35 177,63

My(s)
(kN*m)
0,38
0,07
0,14

My(i)
(kN*m)
-0,32
-0,07
-0,11

Mz(s)
(kN*m)
-14,52
-4,99
-9,81

Mz(i)
(kN*m)
7,05
2,44
4,83

LL1
live load
SN1
snow
SEI_X7
seismic
SEI_Y8
seismic
SEI_Z8
seismic
SPE_NEW10
SPE_NEW11
SPE_NEW12
SPE_NEW13
SPE_NEW14
SPE_NEW15
SPE_NEW16
SPE_NEW17
SPE_NEW18
SPE_NEW19
SPE_NEW20
SPE_NEW21

2
2
2
2
2
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic

1,50
1,50
1,00
1,00
1,00
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

132,97
23,28
-24,76
40,26
-83,67
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00

0,09
-0,00
-10,24
1,73
-0,89
-37,78
-61,94
-11,74
12,42
7,73
-72,79
-22,59
57,94
-79,02
-103,18
64,16
88,32

-0,08
-0,01
-11,63
1,29
-0,45
-9,98
-10,80
-10,44
-9,63
-1,88
-4,61
-4,25
-1,52
-3,25
-4,07
-2,88
-2,06

-6,60
-0,09
-0,67
-3,06
3,53
-11,35
-12,07
-11,89
-11,17
-2,38
-4,77
-4,59
-2,20
-3,43
-4,14
-3,55
-2,83

3,23
0,02
1,55
6,14
-1,82
-0,53
1,31
-0,81
-2,64
-2,20
3,92
1,80
-4,32
2,41
4,25
-2,81
-4,65

2,85
-0,84
0,25
3,94
6,06
-6,22
-5,13
7,15
0,49
-3,20
0,44
4,13

f - load factor
2.5

Calculation results:
The "Freeze Reinforcement" option is switched on. The distribution of reinforcing bars
has not been modified.
Seismic dispositions: No requirements!
The system of bars does not satisfy the cover requirements.
Safety factors Rd/Ed = 1,84 > 1.0
2.5.1

ULS Analysis

Design combination: 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1 (A)


Internal forces:
Nsd = 1287,90 (kN) Msdy = 0,92 (kN*m)
Msdz = -49,53 (kN*m)
Design forces:
Upper node
N = 1287,90 (kN)
N*etotz = 25,76 (kN*m) N*etoty= -60,80 (kN*m)
Eccentricity:
static
Not intended
Initial
Minimal
total

ez (My/N)
eEd: 0,1 (cm)
ea: 0,0 (cm)
e0: 0,1 (cm)
emin: 2,0 (cm)
etot: 2,0 (cm)

ey (Mz/N)
-3,8 (cm)
0,9 (cm)
3,8 (cm)
2,0 (cm)
-4,7 (cm)

2.5.1.1. Detailed analysis-Direction Y:


2.5.1.1.1 Slenderness analysis
Non-sway structure
L (m)
3,50

Lo (m)
3,50

30,31

lim
66,64

Short column

2.5.1.1.2 Buckling analysis


M2 = 0,92 (kN*m)
M1 = -0,80 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = 0,92 (kN*m)
ea = 0,0 (cm)
Ma = N*ea = 0,00 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 25,76 (kN*m)

M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = 25,76 (kN*m)

2.5.1.2. Detailed analysis-Direction Z:


2.5.1.2.1 Slenderness analysis
Non-sway structure
L (m)
3,50

Lo (m)
3,50

30,31

lim
56,74

Short column

2.5.1.2.2 Buckling analysis


M2 = 24,18 (kN*m)
M1 = -49,53 (kN*m)
Case: Cross-section at the column end (Upper node), Slenderness not taken into account
M0 = -49,53 (kN*m)
ea = *lo/2 = 0,9 (cm)
= h * m = 0,01
= 0,01
h = 1,00
m = (0,5(1+1/m))^0.5 = 1,00
m = 1,00
Ma = N*ea = 11,27 (kN*m)
MEdmin = 25,76 (kN*m)
M0Ed = max(MEdmin,M0 + Ma) = -60,80 (kN*m)

2.5.2

Reinforcement:

Real (provided) area


Ratio:

2.6

Asr = 16,08 (cm2)


= 1,01 %

Reinforcement:
Main bars (B500B):
8 16
l = 4,44 (m)
Transversal reinforcement: (B500A):
stirrups:
30 10
l = 1,50 (m)
pins

30 10

l = 1,50 (m)

Material survey:
Concrete volume
Formwork = 5,12 (m2)

= 0,51 (m3)

Steel B500B
Total weight
= 56,08 (kG)
Density
= 109,53 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 16,0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter

Length

Weight

Number

Total weight

16

(m)
4,44

(kG)
7,01

(No.)
8

(kG)
56,08

Number
(No.)
30

Total weight
(kG)
27,80

Steel B500A
Total weight
= 27,80 (kG)
Density
= 54,31 (kG/m3)
Average diameter = 10,0 (mm)
Reinforcement survey:
Diameter
10

Length
(m)
1,50

Weight
(kG)
0,93

RC Slab Design - Provided reinforcement


In order to calculate the provided reinforcement the user has to
select the element that will be calculated and access the RC Slab Design
command from the Design menu/Provided reinforcement for RC elements.
The display has changed and on screen we have some new
windows where we can see a map of the element with results that can be
selected from the window on the right.

Before calculating the provided reinforcement we have to adjust two


sets of calculation parameters.
- Analysis menu/Calculation options...
- Analysis menu/Reinforcement pattern...
First we will start with Calculation options. This command will open a
window with five tabs:
- General
- Concrete
- Reinforcing bars

- Wire fabrics
- Reinf. for punching
In these tabs we will provide information about material quality
(concrete and steel.
In the windows below we can see the parameters for our example:

After the personalization of the calculation options we can save


these sets in order to reuse them in other projects. We can do this by
pressing the Save As... button.

The second set of options to be adjusted is the Reinforcement


pattern. Because the program will propose a real solution for reinforcement,
we will have to provide some rules that the program will follow when it will
draw the reinforcement.
Here are the parameters for reinforcement patterns used for
calculating the provided reinforcement.

Same as before, the user can save the reinforcement pattern


options for later use with other projects by pressing the Save as button.

Next step is to indicate the options sets to be used for calculation.


For this select the Options set... from the Analysis menu.

For calculation the reinforcement select the Calculation command


from the Analysis menu and press the Calculate button in the window that
just opened.

When the calculation is done we can switch to the window that will
display the reinforcement proposed by the program. Below it is presented
the path to that window.

In the windows below are presented the upper and lower


reinforcement for the slab that the program is providing.

Same as for the other elements the user can generate a calculation
note by selecting the Calculation note command from the Results menu:
Here it is the calculation note provided for our slab:
1.

Slab: Plate51 - Panel no. 51


1.1. Reinforcement:
Type
Main reinforcement direction
Main reinforcement grade

Ductility class
Bar diameters

Cover

Cover deviations

: RC Floor1
: 0
: B500A; Characteristic strength = 500,00 MPa
Horizontal branch of the stress-strain diagram
:A
bottom d1 = 1,0 (cm) d2 = 1,0 (cm)
top
d1 = 1,0 (cm) d2 = 1,0 (cm)
bottom c1 = 1,5 (cm)
top
c2 = 1,5 (cm)
Cdev = 1,0(cm), Cdur = 0,0(cm)

1.2. Concrete
Class

Density
Concrete creep coefficient
cement class

: C25/30; Characteristic strength = 25,00 MPa


Rectangular stress distribution [3.1.7(3)]
: 2501,36 (kG/m3)
: 1,81
:N

1.3. Hypothesis

Calculations according to
Method of reinforcement area calculations
Allowable cracking width
- upper layer
- lower layer
Allowable deflection
Verification of punching
Exposure
- upper layer
- lower layer
Calculation type
Structure class

: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: analytical
: 0,40 (mm)
: 0,40 (mm)
: 3,0 (cm)
: yes
: X0
: X0
: simple bending
: S4

1.4. Slab geometry


Thickness 0,15 (m)
Contour:
edge
1
2
3

beginning
x1
y1
-0,00 -5,40
5,40
-5,40
5,40
-0,00

end
x2
5,40
5,40
0,00

y2
-5,40
-0,00
0,00

length
(m)
5,40
5,40
5,40

0,00

Support:
n

Name

10
10
10
10
12
12
12
14
16
16

point
linear
linear
point
point
linear
point
linear
point
point

0,00

-0,00
dimensions
(m)
0,40 / 0,40
5,40 / 0,30
0,30 / 5,40
0,40 / 0,40
0,40 / 0,40
0,30 / 5,40
0,40 / 0,40
5,40 / 0,30
0,40 / 0,40
0,40 / 0,40

-5,40

5,40

coordinates
x
y
-0,00 -5,40
-0,00 -2,70
2,70
-5,40
-0,00 -5,40
0,00
0,00
2,70
-0,00
0,00
0,00
5,40
-2,70
5,40
-5,40
5,40
-5,40

edge

* - head present

1.5. Calculation results:


1.5.1. Maximum moments + reinforcement for bending
Ax(+)

Ax(-)

Ay(+)

Ay(-)

0,00

0,00

0,00

0,00

3,14

0,00

0,00

0,00

0,00

10,80;-28,20

10,80;-28,20

10,80;-

Ax(-)

Ay(+)

Ay(-)

3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00
3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00

3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00
3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00

3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00
3,14/0,00
0,00/0,00

Provided reinforcement (cm2/m):


0,00
Modified required reinforcement (cm2/m):
3,14
Original required reinforcement (cm2/m):
0,00
Coordinates (m):
10,80;-28,20
28,20

1.5.2. Maximum moments + reinforcement for bending


Ax(+)
Symbol: required area/provided area
Ax(+) (cm2/m)
3,14/0,00
Ax(-) (cm2/m)
0,00/0,00
Ay(+) (cm2/m)
3,14/0,00
Ay(-) (cm2/m)
0,00/0,00

SLS
Mxx (kN*m/m)
Myy (kN*m/m)
Mxy (kN*m/m)

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

Nxx (kN/m)
Nyy (kN/m)
Nxy (kN/m)

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

ULS
Mxx (kN*m/m)
Myy (kN*m/m)
Mxy (kN*m/m)

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00
0,00

Nxx (kN/m)

0,00

0,00

0,00

0,00

Nyy (kN/m)
Nxy (kN/m)

0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00

0,00
0,00

Coordinates (m)
28,20
Coordinates* (m)

10,80;-28,20

10,80;-28,20

10,80;-28,20

10,80;-

0,00;0,00;0,00
0,00;0,00;0,00
0,00;0,00;0,00
0,00;0,00;0,00
* - Coordinates in the structure global coordinate system

1.5.4. Deflection
|f(+)| = 0,0 (cm) <= fdop(+) = 3,0 (cm)
|f(-)| = 2,1 (cm) <= fdop(-) = 3,0 (cm)
1.5.5. Cracking
upper layer
ax = 0,24 (mm) <= adop = 0,40 (mm)
ay = 0,26 (mm) <= adop = 0,40 (mm)
lower layer
ax = 0,00 (mm) <= adop = 0,40 (mm)
ay = 0,00 (mm) <= adop = 0,40 (mm)

2.

Loads:
Case
Type
List
Value
1
self-weight
19to26 28 30to56 75to81 104to112 131to137
160to168 187to193 216to224 243to249 272to281
PZ Negative
2
(FE) uniform
48to56 104to112 160to168 216to224
PZ=1,50(kN/m2)
2
(FE) uniform
272to281
PZ=-1,50(kN/m2)
3
(FE) uniform
48to56 104to112 160to168 216to224
PZ=3,00(kN/m2)
4
(FE) uniform
48to56 104to112 160to168 216to224
PZ=2,00(kN/m2)
4
(FE) uniform
272to281
PZ=-1,00(kN/m2)
5
(FE) uniform
272to281
PZ=-1,60(kN/m2)
Combination/Component
ULS/10
ULS/11
ULS/12
ULS/13
ULS/14
ULS/15
ULS/16
ULS/17
ULS/18
ULS/19
ULS/20
ULS/21

Definition
7*1.00+(8+9)*0.30
7*1.00+8*-0.30+9*0.30
7*1.00+(8+9)*-0.30
7*1.00+8*0.30+9*-0.30
(7+9)*0.30+8*1.00
(7+9)*0.30+8*-1.00
7*0.30+8*-1.00+9*-0.30
7*0.30+8*1.00+9*-0.30
(7+8)*0.30+9*1.00
7*0.30+8*-0.30+9*1.00
7*0.30+8*-0.30+9*-1.00
(7+8)*0.30+9*-1.00

3. Results - detailing
List of solutions:
Reinforcement: bars
Solution no.

Reinforcement range

Total weight

Diameter / Weight
-

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

(kG)
301,03
305,33
315,33
317,42
327,41
331,71
360,65
380,64
466,16

Results for the solution no. 1


Reinforcement zones
Bottom reinforcement
Name

1/1- Ax Main

coordinates
Ar
x1
y1
(cm2/m)
-0,00

Provided reinforcement At
x2

y2

(mm) / (cm)

(cm2/m)

-5,40

5,40

-0,00

8,0 / 15,0

3,14 <

-5,40

5,40

-0,00

8,0 / 15,0

3,14 <

3,35
1/2- Ay Perpendicular

-0,00

3,35
Top reinforcement
Name

1/1+(1/4+) Ax Main

coordinates
Ar
x1
y1
(cm2/m)
3,78

Provided reinforcement At
x2

y2

(mm) / (cm)

(cm2/m)

-4,59

5,40

-0,00

8,0 / 12,0

4,07 <

-5,40

1,08

-0,00

8,0 / 12,0

3,14 <

-5,40

5,40

-3,78

8,0 / 12,0

3,14 <

-1,62

5,40

-0,00

8,0 / 12,0

3,14 <

-5,40

5,40

-3,78

8,0 / 13,0

-1,62

5,40

-0,00

8,0 / 13,0

-5,40

1,08

-0,00

8,0 / 13,0

5,40

-1,62

8,0 / 13,0

3,14 <

4,19
1/2+(1/4+) Ax Main

-0,00

4,19
1/3+(1/4+) Ax Main

1,08

4,19
1/4+ Ax Main

1,08

4,19
1/5+(1/8+) Ay Perpendicular
1,08
3,75 < 3,87
1/6+(1/8+) Ay Perpendicular
1,08
3,14 < 3,87
1/7+(1/8+) Ay Perpendicular
-0,00
3,33 < 3,87
1/8+ Ay Perpendicular 3,78
-3,78
3,87

4.

Material survey

Concrete volume
Formwork
Slab circumference
Area of openings

= 4,37 (m3)
= 29,16 (m2)
= 21,60 (m)
= 0,00 (m2)

Steel B500A
Total weight
Density
Average diameter
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter
8
8
8

Length
(m)
1,53
2,07
5,37

= 314,59 (kG)
= 71,92 (kG/m3)
= 8,0 (mm)
Number:
18
58
121

RC Foundation Design - Provided reinforcement


In order to calculate the provided reinforcement the user has to
select the element that will be calculated and access the RC Foundation
Design command from the Design menu/Provided reinforcement for RC
elements.
In the case of the foundations the program will provide additional
calculation regarding ground under foundation: tensions, settlement, etc.
The first window that will appear will allow us to select the load
cases that will be used for calculating the reinforcement.

The display has changed and on screen we have some new


windows where we can see the geometry of the element.
In this window the user will provide the starting point of the
dimensioning process by indicating the dimensions of the foundation. Some
of these dimensions can be fixed so that the program will not change them
during calculation.

Before calculating the provided reinforcement we have to adjust four


sets of calculation parameters:

- RC Element/Soil
- Analysis menu/Geotechnical options...
- Analysis menu/Calculation options...
- Analysis menu/Reinforcement pattern...
In the first set mentioned, Soil, the user will provide information
regarding the soil under the foundation: layers, levels of the foundation
relative to zero level, admissible stress for ground and water level.

The second set named Geotechnical options allows the user to


choose what kind of verification to perform: settlement, rotation, sliding,
allowable eccentricity.

The calculation option set contain four tabs:


- General
- Concrete
- Longitudinal reinforcement
- Transversal reinforcement
In the windows below we can see the parameters for our example:

After the personalization of the calculation options we can save


these sets in order to reuse them in other projects. We can do this by
pressing the Save As... button.

The final set of options to be adjusted is the Reinforcement pattern.


Because the program will propose a real solution for reinforcement, we will
have to provide some rules that the program will follow when it will draw the
reinforcement.
Here are the parameters for reinforcement patterns used for
calculating the provided reinforcement.

Same as before, the user can save the reinforcement pattern


options for later use with other projects by pressing the Save as button.

Next step is to indicate the options sets to be used for calculation.


For this select the Options set... from the Analysis menu.

For calculation the reinforcement select the Calculation command


from the Analysis menu and press the Calculate button in the window that
just opened.

When the calculation is finished we can switch to the FoundationResults tab and see the graphic results.

In the next tab, Foundation-Reinforcement, we can see the


reinforcement bars provided by the program. We can even change the
reinforcement and recalculate the element.

In the last tab called Foundation-note we can see a full calculation


note for the current calculated element. This calculation note can also be
generated by selecting the Calculation note command from the Results
menu. This calculation note can be save as a *.rtf file and can be attached
to the project documentation.
Here it is the calculation note provided for our foundation:
1

Spread footing: Foundation3

1.1

Number: 1

Basic data

1.1.1

Assumptions

1.1.2

Geotechnic calculations according to


Concrete calculations according to
Shape selection

Geometry:

: EN 1997-1:2008
: EN 1992-1-1:2004 AC:2008
: without limits

A
B
h1
h2
h4

= 1,90 (m)
= 1,90 (m)
= 0,40 (m)
= 0,60 (m)
= 0,05 (m)

a
b
ex
ey

= 0,60 (m)
= 0,60 (m)
= 0,00 (m)
= 0,00 (m)

a'
= 40,0 (cm)
b'
= 40,0 (cm)
cnom1 = 6,0 (cm)
cnom2 = 6,0 (cm)
Cover deviations: Cdev = 1,0(cm), Cdur = 0,0(cm)
1.1.3

Materials

Concrete

Longitudinal reinforcement
= 500,00 MPa

1.1.4

: C20/25; Characteristic strength = 20,00 MPa


Unit weight = 2501,36 (kG/m3)
Bi-linear stress distribution [3.1.7(2)]
: type
B500C
Characteristic strength
Ductility class: C
Horizontal branch of the stress-strain diagram
: type
B500C
Characteristic strength

Transversal reinforcement
= 500,00 MPa

Loads:
Foundation loads:
Case

Nature

DL1
dead load
DL2
dead load
DL3
dead load
LL1
live load
SN1
snow
SEI_X7
seismic
SEI_Y8
seismic
SEI_Z8
seismic
SPE_NEW10
SPE_NEW11
SPE_NEW12
SPE_NEW13
SPE_NEW14
SPE_NEW15
SPE_NEW16
SPE_NEW17

Group
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic

N
(kN)
505,05
110,64
177,63
132,97
23,28
-24,76
40,26
-83,67
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Fx
(kN)
-0,20
-0,04
-0,07
-0,05
-0,00
6,26
-0,73
0,26
-37,78
-61,94
-11,74
12,42
7,73
-72,79
-22,59
57,94

Fy
(kN)
6,16
2,12
4,18
2,81
0,03
0,62
2,61
-1,53
6,12
6,55
6,40
5,96
1,22
2,68
2,53
1,07

Mx
(kN*m)
-7,05
-2,44
-4,83
-3,23
-0,02
-1,55
-6,14
1,82
0,95
-0,62
0,30
1,86
2,34
-2,88
-1,96
3,25

My
(kN*m)
-0,32
-0,07
-0,11
-0,08
-0,01
11,62
-1,19
0,30
-2,85
0,84
-0,25
-3,94
-6,06
6,22
5,13
-7,15

11,35
12,07
11,89
11,17
2,38
4,77
4,59
2,20

SPE_NEW18
SPE_NEW19
SPE_NEW20
SPE_NEW21

seismic
seismic
seismic
seismic

3
3
3
3

-79,02
-103,18
64,16
88,32

1,91
2,35
1,84
1,40

-0,56
-2,12
0,93
2,50

Backfill loads:
Case

1.1.5

Nature

Q1
(kN/m2)

Combination list
1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/
15/
16/
17/
18/
19/
20/*
21/*
22/*
23/*
24/*
25/*
26/*
27/*
28/*
29/*
30/*
31/*
32/*
33/*
34/*
35/*
36/*
37/*
38/*
39/*
40/*
41/*
42/*
43/*
44/*
45/*
46/*
47/*
48/*
49/*
50/*
51/*
52/*
53/*
54/*
55/*
56/*
57/*
58/*

ULS A1 : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
ULS A1 : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
ULS A1 : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3
ULS A1 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
ULS A1 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50LL1
ULS A1 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
ULS A1 : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.05LL1+1.50SN1
ULS A1 : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50SN1
ULS A1 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.05LL1+1.50SN1
ULS A1 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50SN1
ULS A2 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.30LL1+0.91SN1
ULS A2 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.30LL1
ULS A2 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
ULS A2 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.91LL1+1.30SN1
ULS A2 : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.30SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1+1.00SN1
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3
ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50LL1
ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.05LL1+1.50SN1
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50SN1
ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.05LL1+1.50SN1
ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.50SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1+0.50SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.70LL1+1.00SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.50LL1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+0.20SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.20SN1
SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SEI_X7
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SEI_X7
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SEI_Y8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SEI_Y8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SEI_Z8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SEI_Z8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW10
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW11
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW12
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW13
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW14
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW15
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW16
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW17
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW18
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW19
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW20
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1+1.00SPE_NEW21
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW10

-0,49
3,20
-0,44
-4,13

3,43
4,14
3,55
2,83

59/*
60/*
61/*
62/*
63/*
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100/*

1.2
1.2.1

ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW11
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW12
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW13
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW14
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW15
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW16
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW17
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW18
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW19
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW20
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00SPE_NEW21
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SEI_X7
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SEI_X7
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SEI_Y8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SEI_Y8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SEI_Z8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SEI_Z8
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW10
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW11
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW12
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW13
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW14
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW15
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW16
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW17
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW18
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW19
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW20
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1-1.00SPE_NEW21
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW10
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW11
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW12
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW13
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW14
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW15
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW16
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW17
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW18
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW19
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW20
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3-1.00SPE_NEW21
ALS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+0.30LL1

Geotechnical design
Assumptions

Cohesion reduction coefficient:


0,00
Smooth precast foundation 6.5.3(10)
Sliding with soil pressure considered: for X and Y directions
Design approach:
1
A1 + M1 + R1
' = 1,00

c'
cu
qu

R,v
R,h

= 1,00
= 1,00
= 1,00
= 1,00
= 1,00

= 1,00
A2 + M2 + R1

'
c'
cu
qu

R,v
R,h
1.2.2

= 1,25
= 1,25
= 1,40
= 1,40
= 1,00
= 1,00
= 1,00

Soil:
Soil level:
Column pier level:
Minimum reference level:

N1
Na
Nf

= 0,00 (m)
= 0,00 (m)
= -0,50 (m)

Clay
Soil level: 0.00 (m)
Unit weight:2243.38 (kG/m3)
Unit weight of solid: 2753.23 (kG/m3)
Internal friction angle:
25.0 (Deg)
Cohesion: 0.06 (MPa)
1.2.3

Limit states

Stress calculations
Soil type under foundation: not layered
Design combination
ULS A1 :
1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
Load factors:
1.35 * Foundation weight
1.35 * Soil weight
Calculation results: On the foundation level
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 112,89 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 1400,79 (kN)
Mx = -45,25 (kN*m)
My = -1,30 (kN*m)
Load eccentricity:
eB = -0,00 (m)
eL = 0,03 (m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions:
B' = B - 2|eB| = 1,90 (m)
L' = L - 2|eL| = 1,90 (m)
Foundation depth:
Dmin = 1,00 (m)
Allowable stress calculation method: Semi-empirical - stress limit
qu = 0.50 (MPa)
ple* = 0,48 (MPa)
De = Dmin - d = 1,00 (m)
kp = 0,91
q'0 = 0,02 (MPa)

qu = kp * (ple*) + q'0 = 0,45 (MPa)


Stress in soil:
qref = 0.43 (MPa)
Safety factor: qlim / qref = 1.061 > 1
Uplift
Uplift in ULS
Design combination
1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
Load factors:
Contact area:

ULS A1 :
1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
s
= 0,02
slim = 0,33

Sliding
Design combination
1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
Load factors:

ULS A1 :

1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it:
Gr = 83,62 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 1354,06 (kN) Mx = -45,21 (kN*m)
My = -1,29 (kN*m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions: A_ = 1,90 (m)B_ = 1,90 (m)
Sliding area:
3,61 (m2)
Foundation/soil friction coefficient: tan(d = 0,30
Cohesion:
cu = 0.06 (MPa)
Soil pressure considered:
Hx = -0,49 (kN)
Hy = 21,04 (kN)
Ppx = 16,48 (kN)
Ppy = -16,48 (kN)
Pax = -2,71 (kN)
Pay = 2,71 (kN)
Sliding force value
Hd = 7,27 (kN)
Value of force preventing foundation sliding:
- On the foundation level:
Rd = 405,38 (kN)
Stabilility for sliding:
55.73 > 1

Average settlement
Soil type under foundation: not layered
Design combination
SLS :
1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1+1.00SN1
Load factors:
1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 83,62 (kN)
Average stress caused by design load: q = 0,29 (MPa)
Thickness of the actively settling soil: z = 4,75 (m)
Stress on the level z:
- Additional:
zd = 0,02 (MPa)
- Caused by soil weight:
z = 0,13 (MPa)
Settlement:
- Original
s' = 0,5 (cm)
- Secondary
s'' = 0,0 (cm)
- TOTAL
S = 0,5 (cm) < Sadm = 5,0 (cm)

Safety factor:

10.25 > 1

Settlement difference
Design combination
1.00DL1+1.00DL2+1.00DL3+1.00LL1+1.00SN1
Load factors:

SLS :

Settlement difference:
Safety factor: 1626 > 1

1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
S = 0,0 (cm) < Sadm = 5,0 (cm)

Rotation
About OX axis
Design combination
1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
Load factors:

ULS A1 :

1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it:
Gr = 83,62 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 1354,06 (kN) Mx = -45,21 (kN*m)
My = -1,29 (kN*m)
Stability moment:
Mstab = 1286,36 (kN*m)
Rotation moment:
Mrenv = 45,21 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation:
28.46 > 1

About OY axis
Design combination:
1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1
Load factors:

ULS A1 :

1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it:
Gr = 83,62 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 1354,06 (kN) Mx = -45,21 (kN*m)
My = -1,29 (kN*m)
Stability moment:
Mstab = 1286,36 (kN*m)
Rotation moment:
Mrenv = 1,29 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation:
997.8 > 1

1.3
1.3.1

RC design
Assumptions

1.3.2

Exposure
Structure class

: X0
: S1

Analysis of punching and shear


Punching
Design combination
Load factors:
Design load:

ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
1.35 * Foundation weight
1.35 * Soil weight

Nr = 1400,79 (kN)
Mx = -45,25 (kN*m)
My = -1,30 (kN*m)
Length of critical circumference:
4,47 (m)
Punching force:
756,25 (kN)
Section effective height
heff = 0,33 (m)
Reinforcement ratio:
= 0.22 %
Shear stress:
0,67 (MPa)
Admissible shear stress:
0,74 (MPa)
Safety factor:
1.104 > 1
1.3.3

Required reinforcement
Spread footing:
bottom:
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
My = 186,21 (kN*m)
Asx = 7,09 (cm2/m)
ULS : 1.35DL1+1.35DL2+1.35DL3+1.50LL1+0.75SN1
Mx = 201,02 (kN*m)
Asy = 7,68 (cm2/m)
As min

= 5,12 (cm2/m)

top:
A'sx = 0,00 (cm2/m)
A'sy = 0,00 (cm2/m)
As min

= 0,00 (cm2/m)

Column pier:
Longitudinal reinforcement
A
Asx

1.3.4

A
= 7,20 (cm2)
= 2 * (Asx + Asy)
= 1,35 (cm2)
Asy

Provided reinforcement
Spread footing:
Bottom:
Along X axis:
18 B500C 10

l = 2,00 (m)

e = 1*-0,89

l = 2,13 (m)

e = 0,14

Along Y axis:
13 B500C 12

Pier
Longitudinal reinforcement
Along X axis:
2 B500C 16

l = 2,70 (m)

e = 1*-0,18 + 1*0,35

l = 2,76 (m)

e = 1*-0,22

Along Y axis:
2 B500C 16

Transversal reinforcement
5 B500C 16

l = 2,07 (m)

e = 1*0,24

A min.

= 7,20 (cm2)

= 2,25 (cm2)

Material survey:

Concrete volume
Formwork

Steel B500C
Total weight
= 80,34 (kG)
Density
= 48,40 (kG/m3)
Average diameter
= 12,2 (mm)
Survey according to diameters:
Diameter
10
12
16
16
16

= 1,66 (m3)
= 4,48 (m2)

Length
(m)
2,00
2,13
2,07
2,70
2,76

Number:
18
13
5
2
2