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BI617250

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Technical Manual

BI617250

Document # 20001-9500
Revision D

MT6300 IGBT
TRACTION INVERTER
AND
BLOWER DRIVE
MANUAL

Presented by:
Address:
Phone:

General Atomics
10880 Thornmint Road
San Diego, CA 92127, USA
00-1-858-762-7008

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:

REVISION HISTORY
Revision

Date

29 June 2007

31 October 2008

20 October 2010

22 February 2011

Description of Change
Initial Release
Chapter 7.0: updated and added schematics.
Chapter 9.0: updated and added procedures.
Blower drive chapter 4: updated schematics
Chapter 5.0: Cumulative updates
Chapter 6.0: Added new fault messages and description
Chapter 7.0: Updated schematics
Chapter 8.0: Updated PM
Chapter 9.0: Added procedures
Updated Document Format
Traction Inverter:
Chapter 3, pages 9-10: updated schematic and A4 description
Chapter 6, pages 1-4: corrected motor over temperature fault
Chapter 7: updated Sch 20001-9372 to Rev G
Chapter 8: updated 6,000 and 12,000 hour PMs
Blower Drive:
Chapter 5, pages 1-2: updated 2,000 and 12,000 hour PMs

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
REVISION HISTORY ..................................................................................................................ii
1

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................1

AC INVERTER FUNDAMENTALS ..................................................................................1


2.1
GENERAL............................................................................................................1
2.2
AC INVERTER BASICS .......................................................................................2
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION ..........................................................................................1
3.1
COMPONENT LAYOUT ......................................................................................1
3.2
COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS ..........................................................................2
3.2.1 CIRCUIT BREAKERS CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4, AND CB5 ...........................2
3.2.2 POWER SUPPLY (PS1)...........................................................................3
3.2.3 ALTERNATOR FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER (A6) ....................................4
3.2.4 LOW VOLTAGE GROUND FAULT DETECTION AND PROTECTION
(A7) ..........................................................................................................5
3.2.5 CONTACTOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT....................................................6
3.2.6 SYSTEM CONTROLLER (A1) ..................................................................7
3.2.7 ANALOG I/O MODULE (A3) .....................................................................8
3.2.8 DIGITAL I/O MODULE (A4) ......................................................................9
3.2.9 DIGITAL I/O MODULE (A5) ....................................................................10
3.2.10 RELAYS ...............................................................................................11
3.2.11 DIODES D5, D6, D7, D8 ......................................................................13
3.2.12 TERMINAL BARS TB1, TB3, TB4, TB7L, TB7R................................... 14
3.2.13 LEFT AND RIGHT INVERTERS (REFER TO CHAPTER 7 SCHEMATIC
20001-9106) ......................................................................................................17
3.2.14 INPUT FILTER CAPACITORS AND BLEEDER RESISTORS
ASSEMBLY .......................................................................................................18
3.2.15 EMI FILTER CAPACITOR AND RESISTOR ASSEMBLY..................... 19
3.2.16 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE SENSOR ..................................................20
3.2.17 TRUCK CONTROLLER (TC)................................................................20
3.2.18 RETARD CONTACTORS B1, B2, B3 ...................................................21
3.2.19 CONTACTOR ECONOMY RESISTORS RB1, RB2, RB3 .................... 22
3.2.20 TRANSIENT VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR (TRANZORB) D11, D12, D1323
3.2.21 LEM VOLTAGE TRANSDUCER VDC ..................................................23
3.2.22 LEM CURRENT TRANSDUCERS IB, IC ..............................................24
3.2.23 SNUBBER RESISTORS R9, R10, R11 ................................................25
3.2.24 IGBT PHASE MODULE ........................................................................26
3.2.25 IGBT GATE DRIVER ............................................................................27
3.2.26 TRANSIENT CHOPPER.......................................................................28
3.2.27 CAB DISPLAY ......................................................................................29
3.2.28 WIRE IDENTIFICATION ......................................................................29
SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION ...........................................................................................1
4.1
BOOT MONITOR.................................................................................................1
4.2
SYSTEM CONTROLLER SOFTWARE................................................................3
4.2.1 START UP SEQUENCE ...........................................................................3
4.2.2 TRUCK STATE ........................................................................................4
4.2.3 TORQUE COMMAND ..............................................................................4
4.2.4 ACCEL .....................................................................................................4

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4.2.5 RETARD (BRAKING) ...............................................................................5


4.2.6 RETARD SPEED CONTROL ...................................................................5
4.2.7 ENGINE SPEED ......................................................................................6
4.2.8 TRACTION ALTERNATOR FIELD EXCITATION .....................................6
4.2.9 SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE ......................................................................6
4.2.10 FAULT MONITORING ............................................................................7
4.3
INVERTER SOFTWARE .....................................................................................7
4.3.1 TORQUE AND SPEED CONTROL ..........................................................7
4.3.2 ACTUAL CURRENT .................................................................................8
4.3.3 INTERLOCKS AND SAFEGUARDS .........................................................8
4.3.4 SPIN/SLIDE CONTROL ...........................................................................8
4.3.5 FAULT MONITORING ..............................................................................9
4.4
LIMP HOME SOFTWARE ...................................................................................9
PTU-TRUCK SOFTWARE ..............................................................................................1
5.1
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................1
5.2
INITIAL INSTALLATION ......................................................................................1
5.3
CREATING A PTU-TRUCK SHORTCUT ON THE DESKTOP ............................3
5.4
PTU-TRUCK SOFTWARE UPDATES INSTALLATION .......................................4
5.5
START THE PTU-TRUCK APPLICATION ...........................................................4
5.5.1 NORMAL MODE PROCEDURE ...............................................................4
5.6
SYSTEM SOFTWARE .........................................................................................7
5.6.1 SYSTEM SOFTWARE LOADING PROCEDURE .....................................7
5.7
INVERTER SOFTWARE ...................................................................................11
5.7.1 INVERTER SOFTWARE LOADING PROCEDURE ............................... 12
5.8
REAL TIME MONITORING OPERATION ..........................................................13
5.8.1 SYSTEM REAL TIME DISPLAY SCREEN ............................................. 13
5.8.2 DIGITAL I/O SCREEN ............................................................................15
5.8.3 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE DISPLAY SCREEN..................................... 16
5.8.4 INVERTER REAL TIME DISPLAY..........................................................16
5.8.5 E- FAULT SCREEN................................................................................19
5.8.6 F-LOAD BOX .........................................................................................22
5.8.7 LOAD BOX TEST PROCEDURE ...........................................................22
5.8.8 SAVING DATA .......................................................................................24
5.8.9 RECALLING SAVED DATA....................................................................29
5.8.10 SETTING VARIABLES .........................................................................38
5.9
MISCELLANEOUS ............................................................................................44
5.10 VARIABLE AND SHORT CUT LIST...................................................................45
FAULT MESSAGES........................................................................................................1
6.1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................1
6.2
TWO DIGIT DISPLAY..........................................................................................4
6.3
FAULT SCREEN, FAULT LOG ............................................................................7
6.4
SYSTEM CONTROLLER <ST> SYSTEM STATUS ..........................................9
6.5
TRUCK CONTROLLER <ST> SYSTEM STATUS........................................... 10
6.5.1 TROUBLESHOOTING HINTS ................................................................12
6.6
CAB DISPLAY ...................................................................................................13
6.7
FAULT TROUBLESHOOTING...........................................................................13
6.7.1 TRUCK DRIVE SYSTEM FAULT - TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE13
6.7.2 SYSTEM CONTROLLER FAULT ...........................................................14
6.8
INVERTER FAULT ............................................................................................29

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8

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6.8.1 PHASE A OVERCURRENT, PHASE B OVERCURRENT, PHASE C


OVERCURRENT ...............................................................................................29
6.8.2 DC LINK UNDERVOLTAGE ...................................................................29
6.8.3 DC LINK OVERVOLTAGE, HARDWARE OVERVOLTAGE ................... 30
6.8.4 PHASE A, B, OR C UPPER GATE FAULT; OR PHASE A, B, OR C
LOWER GATE FAULT ......................................................................................31
6.8.5 HARDWARE OVERCURRENT ..............................................................31
6.8.6 MOTOR OVERSPEED ...........................................................................32
6.8.7 PHASE A, B, OR C REPETITIVE OVERLOAD ...................................... 32
6.8.8 IGBT GATE STATUS FAIL.....................................................................32
6.8.9 HARDWARE FAULT (FROM ALTERA)..................................................33
6.8.10 +/-15V POWER SUPPLY FAILED ........................................................33
6.8.11 +/-24V POWER SUPPLY FAILED ........................................................33
6.8.12 PWM FAILURE ....................................................................................33
6.8.13 COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE ............................................................34
6.8.14 AMBIENT OVER TEMPERATURE (75CELSIUS) ............................... 34
6.8.15 PHASE MODULE OVER TEMPERATURE (85CELSIUS) ................... 35
6.8.16 IB LEM FAIL, IC LEM FAIL ...................................................................35
AC INVERTER SCHEMATICS ........................................................................................1
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE...................................................................1
8.1
1000 HOUR / 2 MONTH PM ................................................................................1
8.2
3000 HOUR / 6 MONTH PM ................................................................................2
8.3
6000 HOUR / 1 YEAR PM ...................................................................................4
8.4
12,000 HOUR / 2 YEAR PM ................................................................................6
MISCELLANEOUS PROCEDURES................................................................................1

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 2-1. Two IGBTS in Parallel Allow for a Greater Power Capability (schematic) ................ 2
Figure 2-2. Simplified Configuration of Figure 2-1 (schematic) ..................................................3
Figure 2-3. Simplified Configuration of Typical Three-Phase Inverter Driving an AC Motor
(schematic) .................................................................................................................................3
Figure 2-4. Detailed Sketch of Inverter Shown in Figure 2-3 (schematic)...................................4
Figure 2-5. From Phase A with Return to Phase B (schematic) .................................................4
Figure 2-6. From Phase B with Return to Phase C (schematic) .................................................4
Figure 2-7. From Phase C with Return to Phase A (schematic) .................................................5
Figure 2-8. Retard Mode (schematic).........................................................................................5
Figure 3-1. Circuit Breakers CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4, and CB5 (photo) .........................................2
Figure 3-2. Power Supply PS1 (photo and schematic) ...............................................................3
Figure 3-3. Field Exciter Chopper (photo and schematic) ..........................................................4
Figure 3-4. Low Voltage Ground Fault Detection and Protection (A7) (photo and schematic) .... 5
Figure 3-5a. PC Board Performs Several Functions (photo and schematic) ..............................6

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Figure 3-5b. 24V Unswitched Voltage Divider (schematic) .........................................................6


Figure 3-6. System Controller, Encompasses Numerous Functions described throughout this
Manual (photo and schematic) ....................................................................................................7
Figure 3-7. Analog I/O Module (A3) with View Showing the Eight Analog Inputs (photo and
schematic) ..................................................................................................................................8
Figure 3-8. Digital I/O Module (A4) has 16 Channels (photo and schematic) .............................9
Figure 3-9. Digital I/O Module (A5) PC Board has 16 Channels (photo and schematic) ........... 10
Figures 3-10. Relays K1 and K2 (picture and schematic).........................................................11
Figure 3-11a. Relays (K3, K4) are Controlled by the Digital I/O Module A5 Channels 6 and 7
(photo and schematic) ..............................................................................................................11
Figure 3-11b. Relays (K3, K4) (schematic) ..............................................................................12
Figure 3-12. Relays K11, K12, K13 (photo and schematic) ......................................................12
Figure 3-13. Diodes D5, D6, D7, D8 (photo and schematic) ....................................................13
Figure 3-14. TB1-1 (photo) ......................................................................................................14
Figure 3-15. Terminal Bars TB3 and TB4 Provide a Wiring Connection Interface for the Left
and Right EWGU Tacho Sensors (photo) .................................................................................15
Figure 3-16. TB7L and TB7R (photo) .......................................................................................15
Figure 3-17. TB7L (schematic).................................................................................................16
Figure 3-18. TB7R (photo) .......................................................................................................16
Figure 3-19. Terminal Bar TB7L Located in the Left Inverter Frame, and the Terminal Bar
TB7R Located in the Right Inverter Frame (schematic) ............................................................17
Figure 3-20. Input Filter Capacitors C1 and C2 Reduce the DC Link Ripple and Absorb Voltage
Spikes (photo and schematic) ...................................................................................................18
Figure 3-21. EMI Filter Capacitor and Resistor Assembly (photo and schematic) .................... 19
Figure 3-22. Ambient Temperature Sensor (photo) ..................................................................20
Figure 3-23. Truck Controller (photo) .......................................................................................20
Figure 3-24. Retard Contactors B1, B2, B3 (photo and schematic) .......................................... 21
Figure 3-25. Contactor Economy Resistors RB1, RB2, RB3 (photo and schematic) ................ 22
Figure 3-26. Transient Voltage Suppressor (Tranzorb) D11, D12, D13 (photo and schematic) 23
Figure 3-27. LEM Voltage Transducer VDC (photo and schematic) ......................................... 23
Figure 3-28. LEM Current Transducers lb, lc (photo and schematic) ....................................... 24
Figure 3-29. Snubber Resistors R9, R10, R11 (photo and schematic) ..................................... 25
Figure 3-30. IGBT Phase Module (photo and schematic) ........................................................26
Figure 3-31. IGBT Gate Driver (photo) .....................................................................................27
Figure 3-32. Transient Chopper (photo and schematic) ...........................................................28
Figure 3-33. Cab Display (photo) .............................................................................................29

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Figure 4-1. Truck PTU Boot Monitor Screen ..............................................................................1


Figure 4-2. Software Block Diagram ..........................................................................................2
Figure 5-1. PTU-Truck Installation Screen .................................................................................1
Figure 5-2. To Begin Installation of the PTU-Truck Software, Click on the Icon Button .............. 2
Figure 5-3. The Choose Program Group Screen .......................................................................2
Figure 5-4. This Prompt Appears after PT-Truck Software is Loaded ........................................3
Figure 5-5. The PTU-Truck Desktop Icon ..................................................................................3
Figure 5-6. Updated Software Shortcut Icon ..............................................................................4
Figure 5-7. The Open Comm. Port Dialog Box...........................................................................5
Figure 5-8. The PTU-Truck Main Screen ...................................................................................5
Figure 5-9. The Main PTU-Truck screen with Boot Monitor Running .........................................6
Figure 5-10. After Exiting the Boot Monitor Function, a Prompt Appears ...................................7
Figure 5-11. The Opening PTU-Truck Main Screen ....................................................................8
Figure 5-12. Keying in RST and Pressing Enter Opens this Screen...........................................8
Figure 5-13. The Main Screen After Typing D for D)ownload ..................................................9
Figure 5-14. The Open Intel Hex File which Lists All Stored Software Items ..............................9
Figure 5-15. After Downloading the New Updated Software, this Screen Appears .................. 10
Figure 5-16. Resetting the Fault Log ........................................................................................11
Figure 5-17. Truck Controller ...................................................................................................12
Figure 5-18. Real Time Pull Down Menu ..................................................................................14
Figure 5-19. System Real Time Display ...................................................................................14
Figure 5-20. System Digital I/O Screen ....................................................................................15
Figure 5-21. System Performance Display Screen...................................................................16
Figure 5-22. Truck Controller with Serial Port J9 ......................................................................17
Figure 5-23. Inverter Real Time Display ...................................................................................17
Figure 5-24. Inverter Power Data Display ................................................................................18
Figure 5-25. Inverter Vector Display.........................................................................................18
Figure 5-26. Fault Screen ........................................................................................................19
Figure 5-27. The Download Faults Pull Down Menu ................................................................20
Figure 5-28a. Fault Display ......................................................................................................20
Figure 5-28b. Fault Display ......................................................................................................21
Figure 5-28c. Fault Display ......................................................................................................21
Figure 5-29. Engine HP Set dialog Box ....................................................................................22
Figure 5-30. System Real Time Display ...................................................................................23

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Figure 5-31. System Real Time Display ...................................................................................25


Figure 5-32. Save System Real Time File ................................................................................26
Figure 5-33. Fault Screen with Download Faults Pull Down Menu ........................................... 27
Figure 5-34. Save Fault Log File ..............................................................................................27
Figure 5-35. Save Debug File Screen ......................................................................................28
Figure 5-36. Save Performance File Screen ............................................................................29
Figure 5-37. Real Time Drop Down Menu ................................................................................30
Figure 5-38. The Open Screen Allows Review of Files ............................................................30
Figure 5-39. System Real Time Display for Reviewing Files ....................................................31
Figure 5-40. The Blank Fault Screen .......................................................................................32
Figure 5-41. The Open Fault Log File Screen ..........................................................................32
Figure 5-42. A Specific Fault File May Be Accessed ................................................................33
Figure 5-43a. Debug File .........................................................................................................34
Figure 5-43b. Debug File .........................................................................................................34
Figure 5-43c. Saved Files ........................................................................................................35
Figure 5-43d. Debug Files that Need Plotting ..........................................................................35
Figure 5-43e. Graph 1..............................................................................................................36
Figure 5-43f. Debug File ..........................................................................................................37
Figure 5-43g. Debug File .........................................................................................................38
Figure 5-44. PTU-Truck Main Screen with the First Pedal Short Cut ....................................... 41
Figure 5-45. The Pull Down Menu Under File with Set Clock Highlighted ................................ 43
Figure 5-46. The Open Comm Port Selection Box ...................................................................44
Figure 5-47. PTU Main Screen ................................................................................................45
Figure 6-1. The System Controller 2-Digit Display .....................................................................5
Figure 6-2a. The Fault Screen ...................................................................................................7
Figure 6-2b. The Fault Screen ...................................................................................................8
Figure 6-3. The Main Screen Showing the Current System Status ............................................9
Figure 6-4. The Main Screen Showing System Status .............................................................11
Figure 6-5. The Main Screen Showing System Status When a Gate Fault Occurs .................. 12
Figure 6-6. The Cab Display Showing a Fault Text Message ...................................................13
Figure 8-1a. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls .................................................................................2
Figure 8-1b. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls .................................................................................3
Figure 8-1c. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls .................................................................................5

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LIST OF TABLES
Table 5-1. Variables .................................................................................................................39
Table 5-2. Variables and Short Cuts List ..................................................................................45
Table 6-1. System Fatal Faults ..................................................................................................2
Table 6-2. Advisory Faults .........................................................................................................3
Table 6-3. Inverter Faults ...........................................................................................................3
Table 6-4. Two Digit Fault Message...........................................................................................6

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INTRODUCTION

General Atomics, based in San Diego, California, designs and manufactures AC Drive
Propulsion System components for mine hauling trucks.
The AC Drive Propulsion System consists of six major components.

The traction alternator assembly, comprising of the main alternator, traction


system blowers, and the main rectifiers.

The traction inverter group assembly which includes three retard contactors; two
separate inverters, each driving a motorized wheel; and the system controller
enclosure that interfaces with ac drive equipment and truck subsystems.

The retard grid assembly with cooling fan.

Two electric motorized wheel gear units (EWGU).

The Blower Drive that controls the traction blower assembly.

This manual describes the Traction Inverter Group and provides information which
includes the following.

AC inverter control fundamentals

Hardware description

Software description

PTU-Truck software instructions

Troubleshooting guide

Schematics

Preventive maintenance schedule

Maintenance procedures

Also included in this manual is information on the Blower Drive Assembly with the
following topics:

General description

Schematics

Preventive maintenance schedule

Chapter 1

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2.1

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AC INVERTER FUNDAMENTALS
GENERAL

A diesel/electric propulsion system contains an engine which drives a traction


alternator. The traction alternator output is in the form of three-phase ac power. The ac
is directed to a three-phase rectifier bridge which converts ac to dc power. The dc
power is sent to the two ac inverter inputs, referred to as the dc link.
The dc link consists of positive and negative buses providing dc power to six-phase
modules (three-phase modules in each inverter). The dc link has four input filter
capacitors (two capacitors in each inverter) to reduce ripple and filter spikes (refer to
Chapter 7 Schematic # 20001-9499 Power circuit, AC Drive, IGBT for further
information).
There are a number of schemes for inverting dc to ac power. Power Inverters uses
pulse width modulation (PWM) with a fixed frequency for low motor rpm and variable
frequency for the higher rpm range. The ac motor rotative speed is a function of the ac
power frequency. At low rpm, a fixed frequency is set and, in combination with PWM,
maximum torque is applied to the motor, resulting in maximum acceleration. As the
speed requirement increases, the frequency increases, resulting in higher motor
rotative speed.
The inverter maximum frequency is 133Hz, corresponding to a motor rotational speed
of 5000 rpm.
In retard (dynamic braking), the truck kinetic energy is transformed into electrical energy
by each of the motorized wheel units operating as generators.
The generated ac power output is rectified by each of the three-phase modules which
are acting as a three-phase rectifier bridge feeding the dc power back to the dc link.
In turn, retard contactors close, connecting the retard grid elements to the dc link. The
electrical energy will then be transformed into thermal energy (heat). An electrical
blower forces air through the retard grids to dissipate the heat.
As the retard grid elements become the dc link electrical load, the truck slows down.
At about 1 mph, a transition from torque control to speed control takes place.
At zero speed, the speed control allows a truck to remain stopped without applying any
friction brake.

Chapter 2

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AC INVERTER BASICS

As previously mentioned, three-phase modules are inverting dc power to ac power. An


appropriate sequence of pulses turns solid state power switching devices on and off.
The power device used in each inverter phase module is an insulated gate bipolar
transistor (IGBT).
IGBTs are equivalent to electrical switches that can be turned on and off many times
per second.
Currently, there are four IGBTs per phase module which are connected in a
series/parallel configuration (refer to Chapter 7 Schematic #20001-8553, Phase Module
for further information) as follows:

Figure 2-1. Two IGBTS in Parallel Allow for a Greater Power Capability
(schematic)
The above configuration may be simplified as follows:

Chapter 2

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+ DC LINK

AC OUTPUT

- DC LINK

Figure 2-2. Simplified Configuration of Figure 2-1 (schematic)


A typical three-phase inverter driving an AC motor may be simplified as follows:

+ DC LINK

- DC LINK

Figure 2-3. Simplified Configuration of Typical Three-Phase Inverter Driving an


AC Motor (schematic)
The next illustration combines the above inverter sketches in more detail.

Chapter 2

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Figure 2-4. Detailed Sketch of Inverter Shown in Figure 2-3 (schematic)


The following three illustrations show the current path for each of the three phases:

Figure 2-5. From Phase A with Return to Phase B (schematic)

Figure 2-6. From Phase B with Return to Phase C (schematic)

Chapter 2

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Figure 2-7. From Phase C with Return to Phase A (schematic)


The following illustration applies to retard mode. Inverters and corresponding electrical
wheel gear units (EWGU) as well as the retard contactors and the retard grids are
illustrated. The current path is shown from the dc link to the retard grids with only B1
contactor energized.

Figure 2-8. Retard Mode (schematic)

Chapter 2

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HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
COMPONENT LAYOUT

Refer to the assembly drawings for component locations (drawings are on the following
pages).
Inverter Cabinet
20001-0210 Assembly, IGBT, Inverter Drive, 4000HP
20001-1285 Top Cover and Filtration Housing Assembly
System Controller Enclosure
20001-1292 Inverter System Control Box Assembly, 24V-600
20001-9583 Multi-component Mounting Plate, Assembly-600
Right (Rear) Inverter
20001-1182 Inverter Assembly, Rear, IGBT, 4000HP (3 Sheets)
Left (Front) Inverter
20001-1183 Inverter Assembly, Front, IGBT, 4000H (3 Sheets)
Phase Module
20001-8550 Phase Module Assembly, IGBT (3 Sheets)

Chapter 3

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COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS

Descriptions of system components for the System Control Enclosure follow below. For
further information refer to Chapter 7, schematic 20001-9372.
3.2.1 CIRCUIT BREAKERS CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4, AND CB5

Figure 3-1. Circuit Breakers CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4, and CB5 (photo)

Circuit breakers CB1 and CB2 are rated 15 amp each.


o CB1 protects the 24V control voltage to the left Inverter.
o CB2 protects the 24V control voltage to the right Inverter.

Circuit breaker CB3 is rated 50 amp.


o CB3 protects the 24V circuit to the alternator field exciter chopper.

Circuit breakers CB4 and CB5 are rated 10 amp each:


o CB4 protects the 24V unswitched control voltage to the System Controller
and its power supply.
o CB5 protects the 24V switched control voltage to the System Controller.

NOTE: Turning off CB5 results in shutting the inverter cabinet down in a manner
equivalent to turning the truck master switch OFF.

Chapter 3

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3.2.2 POWER SUPPLY (PS1)


The power supply PS1 provides the 0V, -5V, +5V, -15V, and +15V analog and digital
supply voltages to the System Controller.

Figure 3-2. Power Supply PS1 (photo and schematic)

Chapter 3

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3.2.3 ALTERNATOR FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER (A6)


The Field Exciter Chopper input (terminals FC1 and FC2) is fed with 24V. Its output
(terminals FC4 and FC5) provides the excitation current to the traction alternator exciter
windings. The three alternator phase current transducers are connected to terminals
FC6, FC7, FC8, and FC9. The field exciter chopper is connected (terminal J9) to the
System Controller.

Figure 3-3. Field Exciter Chopper (photo and schematic)

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3.2.4 LOW VOLTAGE GROUND FAULT DETECTION AND PROTECTION (A7)


This PC board detects system controller analog and logic wiring leakage against the
truck ground. The information is sent to the System Controller terminals E37 and E38.
A tranzorb is mounted on the PC board and is connected between the 24V unswitched
and its return. The tranzorbs purpose is to bypass any voltage surge above 30V.

Figure 3-4. Low Voltage Ground Fault Detection and Protection (A7) (photo and
schematic)

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3.2.5 CONTACTOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Figure 3-5a. PC Board Performs Several Functions (photo and schematic)


Three voltage dividers read the status of the three retard contactor auxiliary contacts.
The three voltage dividers (shown in Figure 3-5a above) allow recognizing the contactor
status (On/Off).

Figure 3-5b. 24V Unswitched Voltage Divider (schematic)


The schematic (Figure 3-5b above) shows the one voltage divider which reads the truck
24V unswitched.
Four thermistors are used to pre-charge C5L and C5R capacitors during the Inverter
cabinet start up sequence.
Three blocking diodes are used in the 24V control.
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3.2.6 SYSTEM CONTROLLER (A1)

Figure 3-6. System Controller, Encompasses Numerous Functions described


throughout this Manual (photo and schematic)

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3.2.7 ANALOG I/O MODULE (A3)


This PC board has eight analog inputs (listed below). The eight input data are
multiplexed and sent to the System Controller via a 26-conductor ribbon connection.

Alternator stator RTD (temperature)

Alternator bearing RTD (temperature)

Left wheel motor RTD (temperature)

Right wheel motor RTD (temperature)

Accel pedal

Retard pedal

Retard speed

24V unswitched monitoring

Figure 3-7. Analog I/O Module (A3) with View Showing the Eight Analog Inputs
(photo and schematic)
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D

3.2.8 DIGITAL I/O MODULE (A4)

Figure 3-8. Digital I/O Module (A4) has 16 Channels (photo and schematic)
As shown in Figure 3-8, this PC board has 16 channels with which data are
multiplexed and sent to the System Controller via a 50-conductor ribbon
connection.

Channels 0 to 8 are input channels. Refer to the above illustration for each
channels functional description.

Channels 9 to 15 are output channels. Refer to the above illustration for


each channels functional description.

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D

3.2.9 DIGITAL I/O MODULE (A5)

Figure 3-9. Digital I/O Module (A5) PC Board has 16 Channels (photo and
schematic)
Channels 0 to 3 and 9, 11, 13, 14, 15 are input channels. Refer to the above
illustration for each channels functional description.
Channels 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 12 are output channels. Refer to the above
illustration for each channels functional description.

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3.2.10 RELAYS
Seven relays are used for the Inverter cabinet control.

Figures 3-10. Relays K1 and K2 (picture and schematic)


The two relays (K1, K2) are controlled by the digital I/O module A5 channels 4 and 5.
Their contacts K1-NO1, K1-NO2, K2-NO2, and K2-NO3 are used for the Inverter
cabinet turn-on and shutdown sequences.
The contact K2-NO1 is used for the 24V alternator field exciter chopper input.

Figure 3-11a. Relays (K3, K4) are Controlled by the Digital I/O Module A5
Channels 6 and 7 (photo and schematic)

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The K3s normally open (NO) contact 30/87 function is holding the 24V unswitched
supply to the System Controller power supply (PS1) during the shutdown sequence.
The K4s normally open (NO) contact 30/87 function is to power the truck dynamic
retard light when the truck is in dynamic retard mode.

Figure 3-11b. Relays (K3, K4) (schematic)

Figure 3-12. Relays K11, K12, K13 (photo and schematic)

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The three solid-state relays (K11, K12, and K13) are controlled by the digital I/O module
A5 channels 8, 10, and 12.

K11 controls the retard contactor B1.

K12 controls the retard contactor B2.

K13 controls the retard contactor B3.

When energized, their normally open (NO) contact closes and energizes the retard
contactor coil.
3.2.11 DIODES D5, D6, D7, D8

Figure 3-13. Diodes D5, D6, D7, D8 (photo and schematic)


The four diodes act as blocking diodes and prevent power feedback in each of their
circuits.

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3.2.12 TERMINAL BARS TB1, TB3, TB4, TB7L, TB7R


The terminal bar TB1 provides a wiring connection interface for the following:

TB1-1

+24V unswitched

TB1-2

+24V unswitched

TB1-3

24V common

TB1-4

24V common

TB1-5

24V common

TB1-6

Ground

TB1-7

+24V switched

TB1-8

Dynamic retard lights

TB1-9

Spare

TB1-10 Spare

Figure 3-14. TB1-1 (photo)

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Figure 3-15. Terminal Bars TB3 and TB4 Provide a Wiring Connection Interface
for the Left and Right EWGU Tacho Sensors (photo)

Figure 3-16. TB7L and TB7R (photo)

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Figure 3-17. TB7L (schematic)

Figure 3-18. TB7R (photo)

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Figure 3-19. Terminal Bar TB7L Located in the Left Inverter Frame, and the
Terminal Bar TB7R Located in the Right Inverter Frame (schematic)
Both TB7L and TB7R terminal bars provide wiring connection interface between the
System Controllers enclosure equipment and the left and right Inverter control wiring
(refer to Chapter 7 schematic 20001-9361).
3.2.13 LEFT AND RIGHT INVERTERS (REFER TO CHAPTER 7 SCHEMATIC 200019106)
The hardware in the left inverter frame is the same as in the right inverter frame. The
only exceptions are as follows:

The retard contactor B1 is located in the right inverter frame.

The retard contactors B2 and B3 are located in the left inverter frame.

The transient chopper (TC) is located in the right inverter frame.

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3.2.14 INPUT FILTER CAPACITORS AND BLEEDER RESISTORS ASSEMBLY

Figure 3-20. Input Filter Capacitors C1 and C2 Reduce the DC Link Ripple and
Absorb Voltage Spikes (photo and schematic)
Bleeder resistors R1 and R2 are connected to the dc link, in parallel with C1 and C2,
and provide a method to discharge the input filter capacitors.

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3.2.15 EMI FILTER CAPACITOR AND RESISTOR ASSEMBLY

Figure 3-21. EMI Filter Capacitor and Resistor Assembly (photo and schematic)
The Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) filter consists of one capacitor (C4) and two
resistors (R5 and R6) connected in parallel between the dc link negative bus and the
ground.
The EMI filter grounds radiating electrical noise created by the IGBTs switching.

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3.2.16 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE SENSOR

Figure 3-22. Ambient Temperature Sensor (photo)


The Inverter ambient temperature sensor is located beside the Truck Controller (TC). It
measures the ambient temperature to detect an abnormal temperature level (above 85
Celsius).
3.2.17 TRUCK CONTROLLER (TC)

Figure 3-23. Truck Controller (photo)


The Truck Controller receives the torque request from the System Controller, the
EWGU motor rotative speed, the dc link voltage, and the output phase current. Based
on this information, the TC generates the turn-on and turn-off pulses which control the
IGBT switching.

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3.2.18 RETARD CONTACTORS B1, B2, B3

B3

B2

B1

Figure 3-24. Retard Contactors B1, B2, B3 (photo and schematic)


The retard contactor, B1, is located at the bottom of the right Inverter frame.
The retard contactors, B2 and B3, are located at the bottom of the left inverter frame.
When energized in dynamic retard, each retard contactor connects one segment of the
retard grid to the dc link.

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3.2.19 CONTACTOR ECONOMY RESISTORS RB1, RB2, RB3

Figure 3-25. Contactor Economy Resistors RB1, RB2, RB3 (photo and schematic)
To minimize the mode change dead time between accel and retard, the retard
contactors closing time is shortened by applying the 24V control voltage to a 12V
contactor actuating coil.
The economy resistor is connected in parallel with an auxiliary normally closed contact
(NC). Once the contactor is closed, its NC contact opens; the economy resistor is then
in series with the coil, providing a 12V nominal holding voltage to the contactor coil.

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3.2.20 TRANSIENT VOLTAGE SUPPRESSOR (TRANZORB) D11, D12, D13

Figure 3-26. Transient Voltage Suppressor (Tranzorb) D11, D12, D13 (photo and
schematic)
The transient suppressor limits the level of voltage spikes induced by the contactor coil.
3.2.21 LEM VOLTAGE TRANSDUCER VDC

Figure 3-27. LEM Voltage Transducer VDC (photo and schematic)


The LEM voltage transducer sends the dc link voltage information to the Truck
Controller.
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3.2.22 LEM CURRENT TRANSDUCERS IB, IC

Figure 3-28. LEM Current Transducers lb, lc (photo and schematic)


The LEM current transducers Ib and Ic send Phase B and Phase C current information
to the Inverter Control.

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3.2.23 SNUBBER RESISTORS R9, R10, R11

Figure 3-29. Snubber Resistors R9, R10, R11 (photo and schematic)
There is one snubber resistor for each phase module; all three resistors are mounted
together, below the input filter capacitor assembly.
The snubber resistor in series with the clamp capacitor (CC) provides a means to
bypass transients induced by the IGBT switching.

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3.2.24 IGBT PHASE MODULE

Figure 3-30. IGBT Phase Module (photo and schematic)


There are three phase modules per inverter. Each phase module holds four IGBTs
mounted to a copper heat sink, two clamp diodes (D1 and D2) and the clamp
capacitors. Interconnections are provided with a multilayer buss assembly.
The phase modules provide the power switching abilities required for the control and
the generation of a three-phase variable frequency.

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3.2.25 IGBT GATE DRIVER

Figure 3-31. IGBT Gate Driver (photo)


There is one gate driver PC board per phase module. The gate driver receives the
IGBT command signal via an optic fiber and sends the corresponding turn-on pulse to
the IGBT gate.

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3.2.26 TRANSIENT CHOPPER

Figure 3-32. Transient Chopper (photo and schematic)


The transient chopper (TC) is turned on when the dc link voltage exceeds 1950V. It
remains on until the voltage levels off to 1850V. The transient chopper eliminates
voltage transients/spikes.
The transient chopper has 4 LEDs for status and fault indication. Refer to the outline
drawing for LED locations. The LEDs are labeled Power, Fault, Temp, and Current. The
LED operation is as follows.

POWER This is a green LED that lights whenever logic power is available to
the unit. If this LED is out, the transient chopper will not operate.

FAULT This is a red LED which lights only when a fault condition exists.

TEMP This is a red LED that lights when an over temperature condition exists.
The fault LED is also lit if this condition occurs.

CURRENT This is a red LED which lights if an overcurrent is detected in the


grid resistor. The fault LED is also lit if this condition occurs.

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3.2.27 CAB DISPLAY

Figure 3-33. Cab Display (photo)


Located in between the two cab seats, the cab display provides real time information
(refer to Chapter 6).
3.2.28 WIRE IDENTIFICATION
An identification label is attached to each wire and cable extremity. The labels are
made of shrink tube and show the following information:

Wire number

Wire origin and destination

Wires and cables are identified as follows:


#100

24V common, also referred to as the truck battery negative

#101 to #199

High Voltage

#200 to #450

Low Voltage

GRND

Truck chassis ground

Label Format:

Wire #
Origin/DestinationDestination/Origin

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SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION

The AC Drive Control consists of three different CPUs. One is located in the System
Controller PC board and one in each of the Truck Controllers. Specific software is
associated with each CPU.
There are three different sets of software, which are detailed below:

Boot monitor

System Controller software

Inverter software also referred to Truck Controller software

Limp Home software

4.1

BOOT MONITOR

The application programs (system and inverter controls) do not initialize automatically.
A boot monitor is firmware associated with each of the system and inverter programs
and cannot be accessed by a field technician.
The boot monitor performs the following functions:

Initializes and starts up each processor.

Performs a self test (checks memory).

Checks for applications (system or inverter software)

Provides the user menu and allows performing each menu function shown
below:

Figure 4-1. Truck PTU Boot Monitor Screen


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The following block diagram shows the relationship between the different software:

Figure 4-2. Software Block Diagram

VDC is dc link voltage (volt)

Ib is the current in Phase B (amp)

Ic is the current in Phase C (amp)

n is the motor rotative speed (rpm)

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SYSTEM CONTROLLER SOFTWARE

The System Controller software has several functions:

Controls the start-up sequence

Controls the truck state

Builds the torque command sent to the Truck Controllers

Controls the engine speed

Controls the traction alternator field

Controls the braking (retard) contactors, relays, warning lights, etc.

Controls retard speed control

Controls overspeed

Controls the shutdown sequence

Fault monitoring

Each function is described in the following Sections.


4.2.1 START UP SEQUENCE
Refer to Chapter 7, drawing 20001-9372 for further information.

Once the truck is keyed up (master switch ON), the 24V is switched ON (TB1-7)
and applied to the System Controller power supply (PS1) terminal P3-29, the
System Controller terminal E42, and the channel 11 of the I/O assembly A4.

The System Controller energizes the relay K1 (control supply relay). The two NO
contacts close, providing the 24VDC to the Truck Controllers, the transient
chopper (TC), and the gate drivers through RT 1, 2, 3, and 4, which are limiting
the charging current of a number of capacitors.

The relay K3 (24V hold supply relay) energizes. Its NO contact closes, applying
the unswitched 24V to the power supply PS1.

Upon release of the park brake:

The System Controller energizes the relay K2 (excitation relay). The NO contacts
(NO2 and NO3) bypass the charging resistor RT1, 2, 3, and 4. The NO contact
(NO1) provides the 24VDC to the alternator field exciter chopper (A6).

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The alternator regulation process initializes. The System Controller monitors the
alternator output voltage (dc link).

4.2.2 TRUCK STATE


The Truck State defines the operating modes based on a number of inputs.
The inputs are the operator commands and consist of the accel and retard pedals, and
the shift selector for forward, neutral, and reverse.
The status of these inputs commands the truck operating modes: accel forward, accel
reverse, retard forward, retard reverse, retard stop, neutral, and roll back. Each of these
states commands a specific engine RPM.
The truck state also controls the operating mode changes so as to eliminate any
potential damage to the equipment. For example, a truck may move forward at a speed
of 15 mph, and the operator may choose to shift to reverse without slowing the vehicle!
It is evident that allowing such drastic change would result in severe damage to the
gearbox. If such a drastic change would be attempted, the software latches the current
operating mode and allows changing to reverse only when the speed is under a preset
level.
4.2.3 TORQUE COMMAND
The initial torque command is developed in the System Controller and is sent to the two
Truck Controllers. The System Controller imposes a number of corrections and
limitations (jerk rate) to the torque command.
4.2.4 ACCEL
The signal from the accel pedal defines the fundamental level of the torque command.
The software translates the accel pedal signal into the accel command. The signal
ramp is limited by a jerk limiter. The jerk limitation reduces the initial acceleration,
thereby causing a lesser instantaneous torque to be applied to the drive equipment
(particularly the gearbox).
The accel command is limited by the following criteria:

The EWGU motor characteristics where the actual speed average of the two
motorized wheels defines that:
o At low speed (below 250 rpm), the torque command signal is pegged to the
maximum torque limit (25,000 lb-ft).

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o At speeds above 250 rpm, the torque is limited by the characteristics of the
motorized wheel (horsepower limit function of speed).

The engine torque limitation that caps the torque request to the maximum limit of
the engine capability.

The alternator torque limitation that caps the torque request to the traction
alternator output maximum limit.

Within these limitations, the torque command is sent to the two Truck Controllers.
In accel, the torque command is a positive value.
4.2.5 RETARD (BRAKING)
The signal from the retard pedal defines the fundamental torque level command.
The actual average speed of the two EWGUs is the input criteria which defines certain
limitations for the retard command:

At a higher speed, the torque is limited by the characteristics of the motorized


wheel (Hp limit function of speed).

At a lower speed, the torque command signal will be the maximum retarding
torque limit (16500 lb-ft) down to a speed of one mph. At that level, the torque
control is replaced by a speed control. The change in the retard regulation
control allows for full use of dynamic braking down to zero speed. An anticipation
loop allows for smooth transition between the torque control and the speed
control.

In retard, there is no engine or alternator limitation. The torque command is limited only
by the retard grid element characteristics and the dc link voltage.
Within these limitations, the torque command is sent to the two Truck Controllers.
In retard, the torque command is a negative value.
The System Controller software controls the three retard contactors. Depending on the
torque request and the inverter output, one, two, or three retard contactors are
energized.
4.2.6 RETARD SPEED CONTROL
The Retard Speed Control (RSC) allows controlling and maintaining a constant speed
while in retard. The function is activated by turning ON the Retard Speed Control

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toggle switch and setting the retard speed potentiometer to the required speed
(Refer to the Customer Manual for location). The RSC is operational only in forward
mode. The function is disabled as soon as the accel pedal is depressed or at speed
below 5mph.
4.2.7 ENGINE SPEED
The System Controller software regulates the engine speed.
In neutral or with load brake on, the engine speed is set at 650 rpm (low idle).
In forward, the engine speed rises to high idle at 1300 rpm. The high idle engine speed
allows a faster response time when going to accel.
In accel, the engine speed increases to a maximum of 1800 rpm.
In retard, the engine speed is set to 1300 rpm.
4.2.8 TRACTION ALTERNATOR FIELD EXCITATION
The System Controller software directs the traction alternator output.
The dc link voltage and the alternator three-phase output current are constantly
monitored. At low idle, the DC link voltage is set to 700V. In accel, the DC link voltage is
set to 1600V. As the accel torque demand rises, the current demand increases. To
maintain a constant voltage, the System Controller compares the alternator actual
voltage and current output with the alternator voltage and current command. The
comparator output then sets the alternator field current which controls the alternator
field excitation.
4.2.9 SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE
Refer to Chapter 7, drawing 20001-9372.
As soon as the park brake is applied:

The System software interrupts the traction alternator controls.

The relay K2 is de-energized, interrupting the 24V supply to the phase modules
gate drivers and the alternator field exciter chopper.

When the master switch is OFF:

The shut-down sequence is initiated, the 24V (TB1-7) is switched OFF, and the
voltage to the System Controller terminal E42 drops to zero. This triggers the
shut-down sequence.

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As the relay K3 is still energized, the NO contact is closed and the 24V remains
applied to the System Controller power supply (PS1) terminal P3-29 and the
System Controller terminal E39.

The Inverter software initiates the Inverter shut down by interrupting all command
signals to the phase modules.

The retard contactor B1 is temporarily energized, allowing the Inverter input filter
capacitors to discharge into the retard grid elements.

The relay K1 is then de-energized, interrupting the 24V supply to both Truck
Controllers.

Finally, the relay K3 is de-energized, interrupting the 24V supply to the System
Controller power supply (PS1) terminal P3-29.

4.2.10 FAULT MONITORING


To protect the hardware, the System Controller monitors vital systems functions,
variables, and parameters. In the event a functional abnormality occurs, the drive
system may temporarily shut down automatically and a fault message is recorded into
the fault log.
For information about fault monitoring, refer to Chapter 6.
4.3

INVERTER SOFTWARE

The Inverter software has several functions:

Control the torque and speed of the motorized wheels

Calculate the actual current

Initiate interlocks and safeguards

Spin/slide control

Fault monitoring

Each function is described below.


4.3.1 TORQUE AND SPEED CONTROL
The main function of the Inverter software is to drive the phase modules. This means
translating the torque command into ON/OFF pulses to the gate drivers input. The gate
driver output commands the IGBTs to be turned on or off.

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The processor receives five fundamental parameters: the torque command from the
System Controller, the actual rotative speed of the EWGU motor, the DC link voltage,
Phase B current, and Phase C current.
The desired torque and speed are achieved by adjusting the frequency, relative to the
actual speed of the motors.
The variable frequency is developed out of a pulse width modulation (PWM) control
with fixed amplitude. A modified sine wave is generated out of the pulse modulation to
generate a maximum driving frequency of 133Hz.
4.3.2 ACTUAL CURRENT
There are two LEM sensors, each measuring the actual current of Phase B and Phase
C. The Inverter software calculates the resulting current of Phase A based on the
formula:
Ia + Ib + Ic = 0

resulting in: Ia = - (Ib+ Ic)

4.3.3 INTERLOCKS AND SAFEGUARDS


As previously described, each phase module includes four IGBTs and two diodes. The
Inverter software is constantly monitoring the dc link voltage and the phase current. In
the event of an overvoltage or overcurrent, the IGBT firing pulse will be disabled.
The Inverter software also insures the two upper IGBTs in series with the two lower
ones are not turned on at the same time. If this were to occur, there would be a direct
short circuit between the positive and negative dc link busses; such condition is called
shoot through.
Although the communication between gate drivers and the Truck Controller is achieved
with fiber optics that provide reliable and fast signal transfer, it is imperative to insure a
sent turn-off signal to the upper IGBTs is correctly received prior to sending a turn-on
signal to the lower ones. This is achieved by monitoring the command signal and the
corresponding status signal (acknowledgment).
In the event the status signal does not match the command signal, a fatal fault is
triggered, resulting in immediate shutdown of the inverters.
4.3.4 SPIN/SLIDE CONTROL
Due to loss of adhesion between the ground and the tire(s), one or two wheels may be
spinning in accel or sliding in retard. Spin/slide is detected during an instantaneous

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variation of acceleration of left or right EWGU, or when the left and right EWGU rotative
speed exceeds 350 rpm and 33% of actual truck speed. The Inverter software initiates
a temporary torque reduction. This correction is applied to one wheel or, in the event of
synchronous spin/slide, to both wheels. Once adhesion is re-gained, the torque
command is brought back to its nominal value.
4.3.5 FAULT MONITORING
To protect hardware, the Truck Controller monitors vital functions, variables, and
parameters. In the event a functional abnormality occurs, the Inverter software initiates
a fault. All Inverter faults are fatal and result in a drive system shutdown. The
corresponding fault message is sent to the System Controller where it is recorded in the
Fault Log.
For further information about fault monitoring, refer to Chapter 6.
4.4

LIMP HOME SOFTWARE

Under normal circumstance, both left and right inverters are respectively controlling the
left and right EWGUs.
In the event of failure of the left or the right inverter, rather than towing the dead truck to
the maintenance facility, a Limp-Home mode may be selected. That feature allows
operating the truck with one inverter controlling its corresponding EWGU only.
Selection of the operating inverter is done by accessing the PTU main screen and
typing:
LIMPL

Limp-home command, ignore Left inverter. The Right inverter is operational.

LIMPR

Limp-home command, ignore Right inverter. The Left inverter is operational.

NOTE: The DC Link is common to both inverters; therefore in the event of short
circuit between the positive and negative dc link, both inverters become
disabled and the Limp Home software may not be used.

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PTU-TRUCK SOFTWARE

5.1

INTRODUCTION

The Portable Test Unit (PTU) software is a Microsoft Windows-based program loaded
into a laptop or onto a desktop. The PTU software allows for communication with the
System Controller software and the Inverter control software.
When installed, the PTU-Truck provides the ability to perform a number of operations:

Loading software to the System Controller and Truck Controller

Monitoring in real time command signals, parameters, feedback information, and


equipment status

Saving acquired data (i.e., fault logs, system real time display file, Inverter real
time display)

Opening and analyzing saved data files either on site or at a remote location.
This allows for further investigation and study of specific runs or performance
evaluation

5.2

INITIAL INSTALLATION

The PTU-Truck software must be loaded on a Microsoft Windows-based laptop or


desktop. The PTU-Truck software is available on CD.

Insert the CD into the computer CD drive. If the computer is set to Auto Launch
CD, the set up program will launch automatically. If it does not, browse to the CD
drive and click on the icon setup. The following screen appears.

Figure 5-1. PTU-Truck Installation Screen

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Click OK

Figure 5-2. To Begin Installation of the PTU-Truck Software, Click on the Icon
Button

The PTU-Truck software automatically creates a PTU-Truck folder in the


Program Files directory. This is the default setting, and it is recommended you
accept that file path. Click the setup icon button.

Figure 5-3. The Choose Program Group Screen

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Select PTU-Truck, and click Continue.

The downloading process is now initiated. As part of the installation progress,


screens showing Installing data access components.. and downloading
files will briefly appear.

At the conclusion of the installation, this notification appears.

Figure 5-4. This Prompt Appears after PT-Truck Software is Loaded

5.3

Click OK.
CREATING A PTU-TRUCK SHORTCUT ON THE DESKTOP

During the setup process, an icon was loaded in the PTU-Truck folder. To open the
PTU-Truck application, it is recommended you create a shortcut on the desktop.

On your desktop, click My Computer.

Select Drive C.

Select and open the Program Files folder.

Select and open the PTU-Truck folder.

Right click and drag the PTU-Truck icon onto the desktop to the desired
location and release the right button.

Figure 5-5. The PTU-Truck Desktop Icon

A box will appear asking Create Shortcut. Click that choice.

NOTE: The above procedure is for initial loading of the PTU-Truck software.
Version 050209J is used for example only. Other PTU versions may be
loaded by following the same procedure.
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PTU-TRUCK SOFTWARE UPDATES INSTALLATION

Updated versions may be available on CD or sent via e-mail. In either case, update files
are zipped.

Unzip the update by clicking on it, and save it to the PTU-Truck folder

Delete the old icon from the desktop by right clicking on the icon and selecting
Delete.

Select and open the PTU-Truck folder

Right click on the PTU-Truck new icon, showing the software update version.
Drag it on the desktop to the desired location and release the right button.

Figure 5-6. Updated Software Shortcut Icon

5.5

A box will appear asking Create Shortcut. Click that choice.


START THE PTU-TRUCK APPLICATION

The PTU-Truck operates in two modes:

Online: when a laptop is connected to the truck ac drive controls.

Offline: when a laptop is NOT connected to the truck controls.

5.5.1 NORMAL MODE PROCEDURE

Connect a serial cable (with DB-9 male connector on one end and DB-9 female
connector on the other end) between a laptop RS-232 serial port and the truck
serial port located in the drivers cab.

From the Start/Programs menu, select the PTU-Truck, or from the desktop,
double click on the PTU-Truck icon.

The Open Comm Port dialog box appears.

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Figure 5-7. The Open Comm. Port Dialog Box

The settings shown are the default communication settings. Click OK.

NOTE: If the laptop has two or more serial ports, under some circumstance (e.g.,
for troubleshooting purposes), two or three PTU-Truck windows may be
opened simultaneously.
To open a second and/or third window, connect a serial cable between
each port and the Truck Controller left and/or Truck Controller right.
Then, use the drop down menu to select a second and/or third
communication port (i.e., COM2, COM3).

Click OK and the following screen appears.

Figure 5-8. The PTU-Truck Main Screen


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The above screen is defined as the PTU-Truck main screen. This is the starting point
for a number of activities.

Press the space bar or Enter to get a prompt >. If the prompt > does not
appear, the boot monitor program may be running, as shown in the following
screen:

Figure 5-9. The Main PTU-Truck screen with Boot Monitor Running
The System Controller is in Boot Monitor for the following reasons:

When a new System Controller PC board is installed.

When the last time the truck was shut down, the System Controller was in Boot
Monitor mode

When the System Controller battery is failing.

Type G to exit Boot Monitor. The following screen appears.

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Figure 5-10. After Exiting the Boot Monitor Function, a Prompt Appears
The prompt > indicates the application is running. Only under this condition can the
PTU-Truck be used.
5.6

SYSTEM SOFTWARE

The System software is a single text file, which is loaded into the System Controller
memory with the PTU-Truck software.
The following procedure applies to either loading new software or a software update.
Updated versions may be available on CD or sent via e-mail. In either case, update files
are zipped and prior to loading them, they must be unzipped and saved to the PTUTruck folder. The file will be saved in the following format:
Sysxxxxxx.H86

where xxxxxx is the software version.

NOTE: Do not load software from a CD or e-mail attachment. Always save


software in the PTU-Truck folder.
5.6.1 SYSTEM SOFTWARE LOADING PROCEDURE

Open the main PTU-Truck screen:

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Figure 5-11. The Opening PTU-Truck Main Screen

Type RST, and then press Enter. The following screen appears.

Figure 5-12. Keying in RST and Pressing Enter Opens this Screen

Type D for D)ownload, and the following screen appears:

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Figure 5-13. The Main Screen After Typing D for D)ownload

On the task bar, click on the Download button, The PTU-Truck folder opens,
listing the all stored software. The following screen appears:

Figure 5-14. The Open Intel Hex File which Lists All Stored Software Items

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Double click the selected software version. The downloading begins, and the
following screen appears.

Figure 5-15. After Downloading the New Updated Software, this Screen Appears
NOTE:

Once downloading is completed, Downloaded successfully. Flash burn


completed appears. This indicates the program download was
successful, and the flash memory was automatically burnt successfully.
If anything other than Downloaded successfully appears, try
downloading one more time.
If anything other than Flash burn completed appears, type F for
manual Flash burn.

Type G for G)o flash. The Boot Monitor version, the System software version,
and the prompt > will be displayed.

Type CLR and press Enter to reset the fault recording system (Fault Log).

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Figure 5-16. Resetting the Fault Log


The download process is complete, and the system is ready to run.
The System Controller two-digit display should indicate 00 (no fault and
communication between the System Controller and the two Truck Controllers are
enabled).
5.7

INVERTER SOFTWARE

As with the System software, the Inverter software is a single text file, which is loaded
into the Truck Controller memory with the PTU-Truck software.

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Updated software versions may be available on CD or sent via e-mail. In either case,
update files are zipped and prior to loading them, they must be unzipped and saved to
the PTU-Truck folder. The file will be saved in the following format:
MT6300_xxxxxxx.txt

where xxxxxx is the software version.

NOTE: Do not load software from a CD or E-mail attachment. Always save


software in the PTU-Truck folder.
5.7.1 INVERTER SOFTWARE LOADING PROCEDURE
Inverter software must be loaded in the Truck Controller one file at a time.
5.7.1.1

FRONT (LEFT) INVERTER

Connect a serial cable (with DB-9 male connector on one end and DB-9 female
connector on the other end) between a laptop RS-232 serial port and the left Truck
Controller serial port (J9).
5.7.1.2

REAR (RIGHT) INVERTER

Connect a serial cable (with DB-9 male connector on one end and DB-9 female
connector on the other end) between a laptop RS-232 serial port and the right Truck
Controller serial port (J9).

Figure 5-17. Truck Controller

Open the main PTU-Truck screen

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As Inverter software loading is identical to system software loading, refer to


the system software loading procedure.

Once the download is completed:


o Type F for F)lash burn
o Type G for G)o application

NOTE: Insure the SAME software version is loaded into each inverter.
5.8

REAL TIME MONITORING OPERATION

There are two real time monitoring modes:

The System Real time allows real time monitoring of the whole ac drive system.

The Inverter Real Time allows real time monitoring of each Inverter.

When the PTU is connected to the System Controller, the following displays are
available:

System Real Time gives access to the Digital I/O screen with a .3 second
refreshing rate.

System Performance Real Time with a .3 second refreshing rate.

When the PTU is connected to either Inverter, the following displays are available.

Inverter Real Time Display with access to the power screen

Vector screen and a .3 second refreshing rate

5.8.1 SYSTEM REAL TIME DISPLAY SCREEN


To access the System Real Time screen, complete the following.

Connect the serial cable from the laptop to the J3 serial port, located on the
lower left corner beside the two digit display on the System Controller board, or
to the communication port located in the truck cab.

Start the PTU-Truck program.

From the menu bar, select Real Time Display.

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Figure 5-18. Real Time Pull Down Menu


After selecting Real time Display, the following screen appears:

Figure 5-19. System Real Time Display


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The System Real Time display is divided into a number of quadrants.


On the left side are the commands values from the operator (pedals), the engine
commands, the alternator command and the general basic control commands initiated
by the System Controller.
The center part has information on fault occurrence and actual values corresponding to
the commands for the engine and alternator.
In the lower right corner is information from the left and right inverters.
Additionally, the retard grids status is provided and a number of temperature levels are
displayed.
5.8.2 DIGITAL I/O SCREEN
From the Real Time Display menu bar, select Digital I/O, and the following screen
appears:

Figure 5-20. System Digital I/O Screen

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The System Digital I/O screen displays the status of a number of digital inputs and
outputs. It is synchronized with the Real Time Display screen.
5.8.3 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE DISPLAY SCREEN
The System Performance Display is accessed from the PTU-Truck main screen.
Select Performance from the menu bar. The following screen appears.

Figure 5-21. System Performance Display Screen


The System Performance Display screen is a simplified version of the System Real
Time Display.
5.8.4 INVERTER REAL TIME DISPLAY
To access the Inverter Real Time Display screen:

Connect a serial cable (with DB-9 male connector on one end and DB-9 female
connector on the other end) between a laptop RS-232 serial port and the left or
right Truck Controller serial port (J9).

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Figure 5-22. Truck Controller with Serial Port J9

Start the PTU-Truck program

From the menu bar, select Real Time Display. The following screen appears.

Figure 5-23. Inverter Real Time Display

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From the Inverter Real Time display menu bar, select Power. The following
screen appears.

Figure 5-24. Inverter Power Data Display

From the Inverter Real Time Display menu bar, select Vector, and the following
screen appears.

Figure 5-25. Inverter Vector Display


NOTE:

The Inverter Performance Display and the Real Time Vector Display are
of little value for troubleshooting. They are more relevant for the purpose
of advanced engineering.

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5.8.5 E- FAULT SCREEN


When a truck is in service, faults may occur. Faults are logged and saved in the System
Controller temporary memory. The following describes how to access the stored fault.
The fault summary is the Fault Log.
To access Fault Log

From the PTU-Truck main screen menu bar, click on Faults.

Figure 5-26. Fault Screen

On the Fault screen menu bar, click on the Download Faults pull down menu
and select Screen Only.

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Figure 5-27. The Download Faults Pull Down Menu

The Fault screen has the same format than the Real time screen and it displays
the most recent fault occurrence.

Figure 5-28a. Fault Display


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Figure 5-28b. Fault Display

Figure 5-28c. Fault Display

Selecting the Fault Record field and scrolling allows viewing of each recorded
fault. For each fault occurrence, the following relevant information is recorded:

NOTE:

The Fault screen is highly valuable in providing information for


troubleshooting purposes. For troubleshooting, refer to Chapter 6.

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5.8.6 F-LOAD BOX


The load box test is designed to test the engines power output capability. The engine
load is provided by the traction alternator. The load on the alternator is provided with
two of the retard resistors. Full engine load at approximately normal voltage and current
are achieved by using two retard resistors. The inverters are off for this test.
The test is performed in a closed loop mode where the system controller automatically
controls the alternator excitation to optimize the engine load. The optimum load is
defined as the following: when the engine speed is about 15 rpm below the engine
speed command. At full load, the engine speed should be 11795 to 1800 rpm. The
automatic mode of operation is designed to test the maximum engine power output and
should normally be used for a peak power test.
The Load Box test is useful for evaluating the traction alternator performances, the
characteristics of at least 2 out of 3 retard grids, and the functionality of the retard grid
blower.
5.8.7 LOAD BOX TEST PROCEDURE
DANGER: The load box test is performed up to full power. Although the park
brake is applied and the inverters are turned off during the process, it
is recommended the test is run with the truck parked on a level
surface. Insure all mine safety procedures are followed prior to
running the test.

Start the diesel engine and allow the engine to warm up in accordance with the
engine manufacturers recommendation.

On the PTU-Truck Main Screen menu bar, click the Load Box button. The
following screen appears.

Figure 5-29. Engine HP Set dialog Box

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The 1200 HP value is the recommended default value. Set this at the test
beginning.

Click Set, and the following screen appears.

Figure 5-30. System Real Time Display


The load box screen is essentially identical to the System Real-Time screen. At the
screen bottom, a number of commands are available to perform the test. The RD
button is used to begin and stop the test. Once the test begins, the engine HP demand
can be adjusted in 100 HP increments and 1 HP.

Click the RD: Toggle Run Closed Loop (RD) button to initiate the test. Increase
the engine horse power demand to the desired value.

Let the engine run to speed and observe (on the Real Time Display) the actual
engine power output.

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Only a limited number of variables on the real time screen are significant for the load
box test: the engine speed command and the actual engine speed.
The System Controller sets both the engine speed required for a given hp and the
alternator excitation required to load the engine to the desired hp. The engine speed
command and the actual engine speed are located at the upper left in the engine area
of the real time screen.
The only values of significance in the engine area of the Real Time screen are Engine
Speed (Command), Engine Speed (Actual), Engine Power Actual (estimated using
normal parasitic losses).
NOTE:

Failure of the engine to meet the full power demand may indicate a
defective engine or mechanical malfunction.
A 10% loading does not necessarily mean 10% engine power output as
engine power curve is not linear across the entire RPM range.

In the Alternator section of the Real Time screen, the dc link voltage (actual) is the
average of the left and right Inverter dc link voltages measured with voltage sensors
(LEM). The dc link current (Idc) is a calculated value; the exciter field current is a
measured value. The alternator output power is calculated from dc link voltage and
current and is accurate to 1%. The engine output power is estimated from the alternator
output power using the expected alternator efficiency and the expected engine parasitic
loads.
The alternator bearing and stator temperatures, and the low voltage control, are
monitored during the load box test.
To stop the test and return to the PTU-Truck Main Screen, click the RD button.
5.8.8 SAVING DATA
Data may be saved for further study or to be read in a remote location.

When connected to the System Controller the following data may be saved to
file:
o System Real Time
o Fault Log
o Debug File
o System Performance

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When connected to the Inverter, only the Inverter Real Time and the Debug File
may be saved.

NOTE: All saved data have a distinctive file name and by default will be stored in
the PTU-Truck folder. After saving information several times, files under
the same folder may be cumbersome to manage. It may be useful to
create, within the PTU-Truck folder, a number of folders (e.g., Fault,
Software, Real-Time, etc.) and store each saved data in the appropriate
folder.
5.8.8.1

TO SAVE A SYSTEM REAL TIME DATA FILE

Open the System Real Time Display; click the File button, located in the menu
bar.

Figure 5-31. System Real Time Display

Click Store in File, and the following window appears:

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Figure 5-32. Save System Real Time File

The PTU-Truck application will automatically create a file name. The default file
name may be changed. The file may be saved in the PTU-Truck folder or in any
other PTU-Truck sub-folder.

Click Save. The Save System Real-Time File window disappears, and the file is
saved.

NOTE:

As the Load Box test is monitored using the System Real-Time Display,
the procedure for saving the test data is identical to saving System RealTime Display data files.

5.8.8.2

TO SAVE THE FAULT LOG

Open the Fault screen. In the bar menu, click the Download Faults button.

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Figure 5-33. Fault Screen with Download Faults Pull Down Menu

Select Save in File, and the following window appears.

Figure 5-34. Save Fault Log File

The PTU-Truck application will automatically create a file name which includes
the truck identification number. The default file name may be changed. The file
may be saved in the PTU-Truck folder or in any other PTU-Truck sub-folder.

Click Save. The Save Fault log File window disappears, and the file is saved.

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TO SAVE A DEBUG FILE

Debug is a tool allowing the recording of a number of selected analog and/or digital
electrical signals. A trigger is set so when a specific event occurs, all information is
recorded in a snapshot manner.

On the PTU-Truck Main Screen, click on Save Debug. The following screen
appears.

Figure 5-35. Save Debug File Screen

The PTU-Truck application will automatically create a file name. The default file
name may be changed. The file may be saved in the PTU-Truck folder or in any
other PTU-Truck sub-folder.

Click Save. The Save Debug File window disappears, and the file is saved.

5.8.8.4

TO SAVE PERFORMANCE FILES

Click on Performance in the PTU-Truck Main Screen, and the following screen
appears.

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Figure 5-36. Save Performance File Screen

The PTU-Truck application will automatically create a file name. The default file
name may be changed. The file may be saved in the PTU-Truck folder or in any
other PTU-Truck sub-folder.

Click Save. The Save Performance File window disappears, and the file is
saved.

5.8.9 RECALLING SAVED DATA


Under some circumstances, it may be necessary to recall saved data for the purposes
of troubleshooting, viewing, and analyzing. Recalling saved data may be done in either
of the following methods:

Online Mode while connected to the inverter group (System Controller and/or
Truck Controllers).

Off-line mode when not connected to the inverter group at a remote location.

The recall procedure is identical regardless of which mode is used. The most commonly
recalled data are the System Real-Time Display, including Load Box Test and the Fault
Log.

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TO RECALL SYSTEM REAL-TIME DISPLAY, INCLUDING LOAD BOX


TESTS

From the PTU-Truck Main Screen, select the Real Time button on the menu
bar. From the drop down menu, click on Open Real-Time File:

Figure 5-37. Real Time Drop Down Menu

The following window appears.

Figure 5-38. The Open Screen Allows Review of Files

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Select the file name to review and click Open. The System Real Time Display
screen appears.

Figure 5-39. System Real Time Display for Reviewing Files

The off-line display is nearly identical to the online display with two
exceptions:
o In the off-line mode, the file name and file path are shown in the bar located
at the screen bottom. It also displays the number of records. Each record is a
screen snapshot taken at a one second intervals,. In the above example,
there were a total of 341 records and the screen displays record 1 of 341.
o In the screen upper left corner, a box and two arrow buttons are shown.
Clicking the bottom arrow will allow for scrolling through the records; the box
will display the record number (clicking on the laptop keyboard Up and Down
keys will also allow for scrolling the records).

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TO RECALL A FAULT LOG

From the PTU-Truck main screen, click on the Faults button. A blank fault
screen appears.

Figure 5-40. The Blank Fault Screen

On the menu bar, click on Open Fault File.

Figure 5-41. The Open Fault Log File Screen


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Select the file name (shown on the screen or click on a sub-folder if the file is
stored in one of them and then select the file name), and click open.

Figure 5-42. A Specific Fault File May Be Accessed


The Fault screen displays a snapshot for each recorded fault.
The Off-line display is nearly identical to the online display with two exceptions:

In Off-line mode, the file name and file path are shown in the bar located at the
screen bottom. It also displays the number of records and the System Controller
software version currently loaded.

In the screen upper right corner, a box and two arrow buttons are shown.
Clicking the bottom arrow allows scrolling through the records. The box displays

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the record number (clicking on the laptop keyboard Up and Down keys also
allows scrolling the records).
The most recent fault is the default display. Scrolling to the oldest fault and working
toward the most recent allows the display to be examined in chronological order.
5.8.9.3

TO RECALL A DEBUG FILE

Debug file may be viewed using a customized application named Plot that allows for
presenting in chart format a preselected set of signals.

From the PTU main screen, select Plot from the menu bar:

Figure 5-43a. Debug File

Select file from the menu bar and Open from the drop down menu:

Figure 5-43b. Debug File


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The main PTU folder appears showing all saved files:

Figure 5-43c. Saved Files

Select the debug file that need plotting:

Figure 5-43d. Debug Files that Need Plotting


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Select Graph 1 and graph from the drop down menu:

Figure 5-43e. Graph 1

Double click any curve label, the following screen allows for:
o Removing the curve from the plot by removing the check mark beside plot.
o Increasing the curve thickness by entering 2 or 3 in line width

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Figure 5-43f. Debug File

Double click the plot window for changes to take effect.

In the event a curve has been removed, in the plot task bar, select Auto scale
to reset all curves.

Selecting Main in the plot task bar, bring the following screen, that allow for:
o Eliminating curves by removing the check mark beside Plot
o Selecting XX axes time by changing Min and Max

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Figure 5-43g. Debug File

Double click the plot window for changes to take effect.

5.8.10 SETTING VARIABLES


A number of variables require the setting to be configured.
The following variables require settings to match hardware characteristics:

Accel pedal minimum

Accel pedal maximum

Retard pedal minimum

Retard pedal maximum

The following variables require setting values provided by the customer mine operation
and the truck manufacturer:

Empty truck speed limit (overspeed)

Loaded truck speed limit (overspeed)

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Overspeed delta (penalty)

Dump body up maximum speed

Low blower pressure maximum speed

Speed event 1

Speed event 2

Truck ID number

Blower drive frequency (manual mode only BMAN command)

Speed limit (overspeed) preemption

Overspeed logging

The last setting is

Date and time

NOTE: If the System Controller PC board (P/N 20001-9507) is removed and


replaced, every setting value must be re-entered.
In the event an accel pedal or a retard pedal is removed and replaced,
only the corresponding setting must be re-entered.
The following table shows the variables name, short cut, and default value:
Table 5-1. Variables
Variable Name

Chapter 5

Short Cut

Default Value

Accel pedal minimum

C1

2000

Accel pedal maximum

C2

22000

Retard pedal minimum

C3

2000

Retard pedal maximum

C4

14000

Empty overspeed limit

C5

36

Loaded overspeed limit

C6

25

Overspeed delta

C7

Dump body up maximum speed

C8

Low blower pressure max speed

C9

10

Speed event 1

C10

n/a

Speed event 2

C11

n/a

Truck number

C12

n/a

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Short Cut

Default Value

N/A

C13

n/a

N/A

C14

n/a

Blower drive frequency in manual


mode

C15

Overspeed preemption

C16

Overspeed logging

C17

Overload speed limit

C18

5.8.10.1 TO SET ALL VARIABLES TO THEIR DEFAULT VALUES

Connect the serial cable from the laptop to the J3 serial port located on the
lower left corner beside the two digit display on the System Controller board or to
the communication port located in the truck cab.

Open the PTU-Truck main screen, and press the space bar or Enter to get a
prompt >.

At the prompt >, type IP (Initialize Parameters default values), and then
press Enter.

5.8.10.2 TO SET EACH VARIABLE


The standard format for setting each value is as follows:
Short cut

Variable name

Current value

New value

5.8.10.3 TO VERIFY AND SET THE ACCEL AND RETARD PEDALS


With time, some mechanical components (accel and retard pedals) may deteriorate. It
is good practice to verify, at regular intervals, the validity of some of the values and
reset them, as needed.
The setting process is accomplished in two steps.

The first step is to enter the desired minimum and maximum torque values in
lb-ft for each pedal. The following first example (accel pedal minimum) illustrates
the process:
o At the prompt >, type the short cut (for this example, C1), and press
Enter.

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Figure 5-44. PTU-Truck Main Screen with the First Pedal Short Cut

Type in the new value, and press Enter.

Repeat this process for C2, C3, and C4.

The second step is to verify each pedal value (minimum and maximum) when it
is released and completely depressed (to the floor). To check the values:
o Access the System Real Time Display.
o With the pedals released, read the accel and retard values located in the
upper left corner of the display. Exercise each pedal several times and read
the values again. It should read 0 lb-ft.
o Depress the pedals, read the accel and retard values. Exercise each pedal
several times and read the values. These values will be the new actual
maximum values which correspond to accel 25000 lb-ft and retard 16500 lbft.

5.8.10.4 OVERSPEEDS C5 AND C6


Based on the mine profile and the mine standard operating procedures, speed limits
may be set for unloaded (empty) and loaded trucks. For this second example, to set the
Empty Overspeed Limit with C5 shortcut, complete the following:

At the prompt >, type the shortcut (for this example, C5) and press Enter.

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Type the new value, and press Enter.

5.8.10.5 OVERSPEED DELTA (PENALTY) C7


Once a truck reaches the overspeed threshold, either loaded or empty, the overspeed
delta variable is a penalty that forces the trucks speed to be reduced to a specific level
prior releasing the controls back to the driver.
5.8.10.6 DUMP BODY UP MAX SPEED C8
This setting will limit the maximum speed at which the truck can move with the dump
body up. The truck will operate in forward only, reverse is disabled.
5.8.10.7 LOW BLOWER PRESSURE SPEED LIMIT C9
This setting will limit the truck maximum speed in the event the traction blower pressure
is too low. Low pressure is detected by the axle box pressure switch.
5.8.10.8 SPEED EVENTS 1 AND 2, C10 AND C11
Speed events 1 and 2 are the threshold set function of speed. These two functions are
used by the truck manufacturer. Refer to the truck manufacturers manual for details.
5.8.10.9 TRUCK NUMBER C12
This variable will set the truck number (usually the mine number). This number is used
in the file name when saving data (e.g., fault log, real time display, etc.).
5.8.10.10 BLOWER DRIVE FREQUENCY IN MANUAL MODE C15
This setting will set the frequency controlling the traction blower in manual mode only.
Requires command BMAN to switch blower manual mode ON/OFF.
5.8.10.11 SPEED LIMIT (OVERSPEED) PREEMPTION C16
This setting will dictate the speed at which the accel torque command decreases prior
reaching the speed limit set point.
5.8.10.12 SPEED LIMIT (OVERSPEED) LOGGING C17
This setting will add a delta value to the speed limit (overspeed) to set the speed at
which the overspeed event will be recorded in the fault log.

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5.8.10.13 OVERLOAD SPEED LIMIT C18


This setting will limit the maximum speed at which the truck can move when the
payload exceeds limit set in the weigh system. The speed limit applies while truck is in
forward or reverse.
5.8.10.14 DATE/TIME
Local date and time will be set into the System Controller. This information is used in
stamping date/time in data (e.g., Fault Log, Real Time Display, etc.).
Procedure to set Date/Time

On the PTU-Truck main screen, click the File button located in the menu bar.
Then, select Set Clock.

Figure 5-45. The Pull Down Menu Under File with Set Clock Highlighted

Access the System Real Time Display screen to insure the date and time are
correct.

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5.9

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MISCELLANEOUS

On the PTU-Truck Main Screen menu bar, under the File button, four additional
functions are available:

Open Comm: selecting that function allows for opening a new and separate
PTU-Truck session beginning with the Open Comm Port screen.

Figure 5-46. The Open Comm Port Selection Box

Font: selecting this function allows the PTU user to choose a different font style.

Exit: selecting this function or clicking the X located in the PTU screen upper
right corner closes the PTU session.

Manual. On the PTU-Truck Main Screen menu bar, click the Help button and
from the pull down menu, click Manual.
o The current version of this manual appears in pdf electronic format.
o Access the Table of Contents by clicking the Bookmarks tab, located to the
left of the screen.
o Select the desired section, click to go directly to the selected section. A
section name in Bookmarks which has a + before it, which indicates there
are several subsections included within that subject. Click on the + to see
the subsections listed.
o To view a subsection located within a major heading in Bookmarks, click on
the section, and the program moves you to the specific section.

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VARIABLE AND SHORT CUT LIST

Typing H at the PTU main screen prompt will display the following variable and short
cut list:

Figure 5-47. PTU Main Screen


Table 5-2. Variables and Short Cuts List
Short Cut

Chapter 5

Description

C1

Accel pedal minimum calibration

C2

Accel pedal maximum calibration

C3

Retard pedal minimum calibration

C4

Retard pedal maximum calibration

C5

Unloaded truck speed limit

C6

Loaded truck speed limit

C7

Over speed delta (penalty)

C8

Dump body up max speed

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Short Cut

Low blower pressure max speed

C10

Speed event1

C11

Speed event2

C12

Truck number

C13

N/A

C14

N/A

C15

Blower manual mode frequency, works with <BMAN>

C16

Speed limit (overspeed) preemption

C17

Speed limit (overspeed) logging

C18

Overload speed limit

BIGN

Ignore blower fault

BMAN

Blower manual mode ON/OFF


Clear faults, debug

CON

Display contactor usage

DEB

Start recording debug data

DEC

Stop recording debug data

DED

Display debug data


Clear fault log

Help

IP

Initialize Parameters (default values)

LIMPL

Limp-home command, ignore left inverter

LIMPR

Limp-home command, ignore right inverter

RST

Return to Boot Monitor

SW

Set word

SEE

See all parameters setting

SD

Set decimal word

ST

Display drive status

TS

Digital I/O test mode

TSON
VER

Chapter 5

Check Blower drive status, ON/OFF

CLR

ERASE

Description

C9

CB

Revision:

All I/Os ON during test mode


System software version and truck

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MT6300 Cheat Sheet


Short cut list:
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
C9
C10
C11
C12
C13
C14
C15
C16
C17
C18
BIGN
BMAN
CB
CLR
CON
DEB
DEC
DED
ERASE
H
IP
LIMPL
LIMPR
RST
SW
SD
ST
TS
TSON
VER

Accel pedal minimum calibration


Accel pedal maximum calibration
Retard pedal minimum calibration
Retard pedal maximum calibration
Unloaded truck speed limit
Loaded truck speed limit
Over speed delta (penalty)
Dump body up max speed
Low blower pressure max speed
Speed event1
Speed event2
Truck number
N/A
N/A
Blower manual mode frequency, works with <BMAN>
Speed limit (overspeed) preemption
Speed limit (overspeed) logging
Overload
Ignore blower fault
Blower manual mode ON/OFF
Check Blower drive status, ON/OFF
Clear faults, debug
Display contactor usage
Start taking debug data
Stop taking debug data
Display debug data
Clear fault log
Help
Initialize Parameters (default values)
Limp-home command, ignore left inverter
Limp-home command, ignore right inverter
Return to Boot Monitor
Set word
Set decimal word
Display drive status
Digital I/O test mode
All I/Os ON during test mode
System software version and truck number

System software download:

Inverter Software download:

D)
Download in task bar
G) Go flash

D)
Download in task bar
F) Flash burn
G) Go application

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D

FAULT MESSAGES

6.1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

When a fault occurs, the following takes place.

The light entitled System Fault, located in the cab, is turned on. The A4
I/O module channel # 10 energizes the light (refer to Chapter 7, drawing
20001- 9372).

A number/letter shows on the two-digit display.

An entry is made in the Fault Log.

There are three types of faults.

Fatal fault with automatic reset


This results in:
o The light entitled System Fault, located in the cab, is turned ON and
the cab fault alarm is activated.
o The traction alternator is shut down. Accel is disabled. Dynamic retard
is disabled.
o A fault message is recorded in the Fault Log.
o The drive self resets within six seconds. If the fault condition has
cleared up, the drive system continues to operate normally. If the fatal
fault condition persists, the drive system shuts down again. In this
case, event diagnostics and repair are required.

Fatal fault requiring manual reset


This results in:
o The light entitled System Fault, located in the cab, is turned ON and
the cab fault alarm is activated.
o The traction alternator is shut down. Accel is disabled. Dynamic retard
is disabled.
o A fault message is recorded in the Fault Log.

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o The drive does not initiate the self reset cycle and remains shut down.
Reset can be initiated by a technician only after the fault root cause
has been investigated and the repair has been completed

Advisory fault/event
This type of fault/event will inhibit accel, trigger a speed limit, or simply
result in no action. With this fault/event condition, the following occurs:
o The drive system does not shut down and dynamic retard mode
remains operational.
o A message is recorded in the Fault Log.

System Fatal faults are listed in Table 6-1 below, and detailed later in this
section.
Table 6-1. System Fatal Faults
Fault #

Chapter 6

Event (System)

Left drive fault

Right drive fault

+/-15vdc or 5V fault

24v under voltage

Comm Failure Left Inverter

10

Comm Failure Right Inverter

13

Alternator over current

14

Alt/DC link Ground Fault

15

24v over voltage

18

Alternator stator winding temp (180C)

22

Grid fan motor failure

23

Contactor failed to open

24

Axle box low pressure

27

Stop Engine

28

Engine underspeed

29

DC link voltage LEM fault

34

Traction Motor Ground fault

35

Incorrect B1 grid bank aux

36

Incorrect B2 grid bank aux

37

Incorrect B3 grid bank aux


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Fault #

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D

Event (System)

41

Blower Drive output ground fault

42

Service brake applied >3mph

NOTE: Faults number 14, 34, and 41 do not self reset.

The following advisory faults listed below are detailed later in this Section.
Table 6-2. Advisory Faults
Fault #

Event (System)

Transient chopper overload

24vdc unswitched power loss

11

Alternator Failed to Start

19

Alternator bearing temp (110C)

20

Left wheel motor, stator temp (210C)

21

Right wheel motor, stator temp (210C)

25

Truck over speed

26

Blower lost communication

30

Blower failure (undervoltage)

31

K1 Relay Opened

32

Overload

39

Inter-Inverter Comm Fail

40

ICM Overtemperature (85 C)

42

Service brake applied >3mph

In addition to the fatal faults and the advisory faults, the System Controller
records faults transmitted from each inverter. All inverter faults are fatal.
The following inverter faults are discussed within this Section:
Table 6-3. Inverter Faults
Event (inverter)
Phase A Lower Gate Fault
Phase B Lower Gate Fault
Phase C Lower Gate Fault
Phase A over current

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Event (inverter)
Phase B over current
Phase C over current
DC link Over voltage (2000 volts)
Phase A Upper Gate Fault
Phase B Upper Gate Fault
Phase C Upper Gate Fault
Phase A repetitive overload
Phase B repetitive overload
Phase C repetitive overload
Hardware Over voltage (2100 volts)
Hardware over current
Motor overspeed (4000rpm)
IGBT start gate status fail
Hardware Fault (from Altera)
+/-15v power supply failed
+/-24v power supply failed
DC Link under voltage
PWM Failure

Five types of Fault information are available:


1) The System Controller Two Digit Display
2) The Fault log accessed through the Truck-PTU Faults screen
3) The System Controller <ST> System Status gives current/actual information
4) The Inverter Control <ST> System Status gives the current/actual information
including IGBT status
5) The Cab Display
6.2

TWO DIGIT DISPLAY

A two-digit display, located on the System Controller and displayed in


hexadecimal format, presents two values from 0 to E, as shown in Figure 6-1.

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Figure 6-1. The System Controller 2-Digit Display


When no fault has occurred, the display shows 00. When a fault is detected, the display
shows any combination of two digits. To match the two digits to the corresponding fault
message, refer to Table 6-4:

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Table 6-4. Two Digit Fault Message


0 No fatal fault
1 Alternator stator winding temp
2 Alternator bearing temp
3 Left wheel motor, stator temp
4 Right wheel motor, stator temp
5 Grid fan motor failure

2nd Digit

6 Contactor failed to open


7 Axle box low pressure
8 Truck over speed
9 Blower lost communication
A Stop engine
B Engine underspeed
C DC link voltage LEM fault
D Blower failure
E K1 Relay Opened

0A

0 No advisory fault
1 Left drive fault
2 Right drive fault
3 Transient chopper overload
4 24vdc unswitched power loss
5 N/A
6 15V or 5V fault
7 24vdc under voltage

1st Digit

8 Communications Failure Left Inverter


9 Communications Failure Right Inverter
A Alternator Failed to Start
B N/A
C Alternator over current
D Ground Fault
E 24v over voltage

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In Table 6-4 above, the display shows 0A.

6.3

The first digit, A, indicates Alternator Failed to Start.

The second digit, 0, indicates No Advisory Fault.

Under a fault condition, it is possible a number of different faults are detected. As


the two-digit display shows only the top fault in the hierarchy of seriousness. The
information is, therefore, of limited value with regards to diagnostic and
troubleshooting and must be followed up with PTU interaction.
FAULT SCREEN, FAULT LOG

Refer to Chapter 5 for accessing the Fault screen and viewing the Fault Log for further
information.
The Fault screen provides the truck operating conditions (neutral, forward, reverse,
braking) and the value of several parameters at the time the fault occurred:

Figure 6-2a. The Fault Screen

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Figure 6-2b. The Fault Screen


Contrary to the two-digit fault display which shows the most important fault, the fault
screen lists all the different faults that occurred. It provides a fault summary for the
entire ac drive (i.e., alternator, system controller, inverters, 24V, etc.).
As faults are recorded with a time stamp (date and time), scrolling through the list of
recorded faults reveals if a fault occurred only once or is repetitive. As mentioned
before, more than one fault message may be recorded at the time a fault is detected. It
is advisable to focus, for troubleshooting purposes, on the top fault as the other faults
may be of a consequential nature.

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Later is this chapter, troubleshooting guidelines are provided for each fault message.
6.4

SYSTEM CONTROLLER <ST> SYSTEM STATUS

The <ST> System Status displays current information from the instant the screen is
accessed. It shows the ac drive health status.
To access the <ST> System Status:

Connect the PTU to the System Controller.

Open the PTU-TRUCK main screen.

At the prompt (>), type ST and press Enter.

The following screen appears:

Figure 6-3. The Main Screen Showing the Current System Status
As mentioned above, the screen displays the current system status (Snapshot).
Therefore, faults will be listed as they occur.
Whether faults are present or not, the following information is always shown in the first
five lines:

Date and time

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Communication status with the left and right inverter

Current operating conditions

Speed, mode and command conditions.

Revision:

In the above example, several faults have occurred simultaneously. This example
indicates that a loss of communication is the origin of the problem and guides
maintenance personnel to begin troubleshooting.
In the example, loss of communication between the System Controller and the Left
Truck Controller is shown:
9
And,

Communications failure Left Inverter

Comm Left: 0F73

Comm Right: 0000

Under normal circumstances each of the above status codes should show 0000.
NOTE:

In the above example, only system faults are shown. Had inverter faults
existed, they would have been displayed also.

6.5

TRUCK CONTROLLER <ST> SYSTEM STATUS

The Truck Controller <ST> System Status displays current information from the instant
the screen is accessed. It is identical to the system Controller <ST> System Status with
the following exceptions:

It can only be accessed from the Truck Controller.

It only provides information from the inverter to which the PTU is connected.

It displays the IGBT status.

To access the <ST> System Status

Connect the PTU to the J9 serial port located on the Truck Controller.

Open the PTU Truck main screen.

At the prompt >, type ST and press Enter.

The following screen appears:

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Figure 6-4. The Main Screen Showing System Status


The IGBT gate driver status consists of three groups of five bits. A normal status with
the inverter OFF and dc link voltage ON would be:
00000 00000 00000
The first group of bits indicates the status for Phase C.
The second group of bits indicates the status for Phase B.
The third group of bits indicates the status for Phase A.
For each phase, the gate driver status bits (numbered right to left) are as follows:
bit 0 -> Phase lower IGBT fault (0 = no fault)
bit 1 -> Phase upper IGBT fault (0 = no fault)
bit 2 -> Phase commanded state (1 = upper on, 0 = lower on)
bit 3 -> Phase lower IGBT status (0 = off)
bit 4 -> Phase upper IGBT status (0 = off)
The status displayed is different if a gate fault occurred. In the case of a gate fault, a
fault message will be displayed, followed by the same three groups of five bits.
For example:
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Figure 6-5. The Main Screen Showing System Status When a Gate Fault Occurs
Phase B Lower Gate Fault
00000

01000

00000

In this case:
Bit 3 indicates that phase B has a fault on the lower IGBT, a 1 indicates an
IGBT ON status.
6.5.1 TROUBLESHOOTING HINTS
A fault condition exists when either bit 0 or bit 1 shows 1. The fault may be caused by
any of the following:

Failure of an IGBT to turn on when commanded

A bad command fiber optic

A defective gate driver

A defective IGBT

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A fault condition exists when either bit 3 or bit 4 shows 1. The fault may be caused by
any of the following:

The corresponding IGBT is shorted

The fiber optic link has failed (either command or status)

The gate driver board has lost power (24 Volts) or

The IGBT is ON.

NOTE:

The Truck Controller checks the gate status prior to turning on any
inverter IGBT. If the status is not all 0s, the inverter CANNOT operate.

6.6

CAB DISPLAY

The cab display shows the fault text message at the time the fault occurs. The fault
message matches the System Controller two-digit display. For example, when the twodigit display shows 08, it signifies Communication Failure Left Inverter, which is also
shown on the cab display, as illustrated in Figure 6-6.

Figure 6-6. The Cab Display Showing a Fault Text Message


6.7

FAULT TROUBLESHOOTING

6.7.1 TRUCK DRIVE SYSTEM FAULT - TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE

Access the Fault Log, save it, and review the faults recorded as well as the
corresponding parameter values.

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Access the System Controller System Status screen to check if the fault
currently exists.

Access the Inverter Control System Status screen to check saved inverter
faults and the IGBT status.

Analyze the available information and refer to the following list describing the
corresponding defect information for each fault, the possible reason for the
failure, and problem solving suggestion.

6.7.2 SYSTEM CONTROLLER FAULT


6.7.2.1

2. LEFT DRIVE FAULT

Description
This fault message indicates failure of the left inverter and/or the left motorized wheel
unit. By itself, it is of little value for troubleshooting. It will, however, be followed in the
Fault Log by additional fault message(s), providing supplementary information, which
will help in the troubleshooting process.
Action
Go to the Fault Log for extra information.
6.7.2.2

3. RIGHT DRIVE FAULT

Description
This fault message indicates failure of the right inverter and/or the right Motorized
Wheel Unit. By itself, it is of little value for troubleshooting. It is also followed in the fault
log by additional fault message(s), providing supplementary information, which will help
in the troubleshooting process.
Action
Go to the fault log for extra information.
6.7.2.3

4. TRANSIENT CHOPPER OVERLOAD

Description
This fault is triggered when the transient chopper is either defective or unable to
eliminate dc link overvoltage spikes.

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Action

Check the TC LEDs:


o A TEMP fault indicates excessive temperature of the transient chopped heat
sink. Remedies are to check for proper airflow over the heat sink, proper
temperature of the cooling air, and a less than maximum duty cycle.
Excessive duty cycles may be caused by the failure of a contactor for the
main grid resistors.
o A CURRENT fault indicates excessive current in the grid resistor. Remedies
are to check for proper resistance of the resistor element and to verify the
element is not shorted to ground.
o A FAULT LED, without either the current or the temp LED, indicates an
internal fault condition. Remedies are to check for proper logic supply
voltage.

Remove and replace the transient chopper assembly (# 20001-1401).

6.7.2.4

5. 24VDC UNSWITCHED POWER LOSS

Description
This fault is triggered when the unswitched 24VDC is interrupted.
Action

Refer to Chapter 7, Schematic # 20001-9372.

Check the voltage between TB1-1 and TB1-3. If the reading is below 24 volts,
refer to the truck manufacturers troubleshooting guide.

Check the status of the breaker CB4.

Measure the System Controller terminal E41 for presence of 24VDC.

Check the diode D5 in the System Controller assembly.

6.7.2.5

6. NOT USED

6.7.2.6

7. +/- 15V OR 5V FAULT

Description
This fault is triggered when the plus or minus 15 volts or 5 volts supply is interrupted or
out of range.
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Action

Refer to Chapter 7, Schematic # 20001-9372.

Check the status of breakers CB4 and CB5.

Check diodes D5, D7, and D8.

Ensure the relay K3 (24V supply relay) is energized.

Ensure the K3 NO contact is closed.

Check the System Controller Power Supply PS1 output voltages and input
voltage (24 Volts). Remove and replace the power supply PS1, as needed.

6.7.2.7

8. 24V UNDERVOLTAGE

Description
This fault is triggered when the 24V supply is less than 22V. With this fault, the relay K1
opens, which results in turning off the 24V supply to the Truck Controllers.
Action

Refer to Chapter 7, Schematic # 20001-9372.

Check the voltage between TB1-1 and TB1-3. If the reading is below 22 volts,
the fault may be with the truck battery charging system. Refer to the truck
manufacturers troubleshooting guide.

If the reading is higher than 24 volts, check the voltage on the A3 I/O module
between TB8-2 and TB8-3. The reading should be .05 x battery voltage.

Check the status of breaker CB4.

Measure the System Controller terminal E41 for presence of 24 VDC.

Check the diode D5 in the System Controller assembly.

6.7.2.8

9. COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE LEFT INVERTER

Description
This fault is triggered when the System Controller does not receive data from the Left
Truck Controller for more than 300 msec (15 packets@20 msec).

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Action

Access the System Controller <ST> System Status. Look at the status of comm
left and comm right. Under normal circumstances with good communication, it
shows 0000. When anything other than 0000 appears, it indicates which side
has bad communication. In the event the left side has poor communication,
perform the following:

Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Port J14 (Tx) is properly
connected to A Rx, located on the Left Truck UIC board (20001-9400).

Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Port J15 (Rx) is properly
connected to A Tx, located on the Left Truck UIC board (20001-9400).

Blow contamination off the ports using clean dry pressurized air.

Clean the fiber optic ferrule end with 99% Isopropyl alcohol and lint-free cleaning
paper.

Measure the fiber attenuation (must be <21dB).

If fault persists, replace system controller PC board, or Truck controller, or fiber


optic.

6.7.2.9

10. COMMUNICATION FAILURE RIGHT INVERTER

Description
This fault is triggered when the System Controller does not receive data from the Right
Truck Controller for more than 300 msec (15 packets@20 msec).
Action

Access the System Controller <ST> System Status. Look at the status of comm
left and comm right. Under normal circumstances with good communication, it
shows 0000. When anything other than 0000 appears, it indicates which side
has bad communication. In the event the right side has poor communication,
perform the following:

Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Port J16 (Tx) is properly
connected to A Rx, located on the Right Truck Controller UIC board (200019400).

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Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Port J17 (Rx) is properly
connected to A Tx, located on the Right Truck UIC board (20001-9400).

Blow contamination off the ports using clean dry pressurized air.

Clean the fiber optic ferrule end with 99% Isopropyl alcohol and lint-free cleaning
paper.

Measure the fiber attenuation (must be <21dB).

If fault persists, replace system controller PC board, or Truck controller, or fiber


optic.

6.7.2.10 11. ALTERNATOR FAILED TO START


Description
This fault indicates failure of the traction alternator main rectifier output (dc link) to
reach 400V within 5 seconds.
Action

Check for proper engine operation (refer to the truck manufacturers manual).

Perform a load box test (refer to chapter 5).

Access the System Real Time screen to read engine RPM, DC link voltage,
alternator field current command, alternator field current actual.

If the field excitation current is OK, inspect the alternator main rectifier and the
AC filter for signs of arcing, broken connections, opened or shorted diodes.

6.7.2.11 13. ALTERNATOR OVER CURRENT


Description
This fault is triggered when the alternator output current exceeds 2700 Amps.
Action

Check for any sign of the DC link short circuit.

Check the Inverter System Status (ST) screen for indication of shorted IGBTs.

Check for possible retard (braking) contactors stuck in closed position.

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6.7.2.12 14. ALT/DC LINK GROUND FAULT


Description
This fault is triggered when a leakage of more than 0.5 amps occurs between the
ground and the alternator winding including alternator blower motor or between the
ground and the DC link.
Action

Check for any evidence of arcing in the alternator, alternator blower motor, AC
filter, main rectifier, retard grid including grid fan motor, inspect drive cabinet
inside middle part (DC link caps, etc)

Check the neutral ground resistor ohm value (500 ohms).

Inspect the ground LEM wiring.

Disconnect the DC link cables from the inverter cabinet and perform galvanic
insulation test (Megger) or Hipot on the alternator side.

Disconnect the retard grid assembly and Megger or Hipot the retard grid.

If the ground is in the inverter cabinet, refer to Chapter 9, IGBT Inverter Group
Hipot Test Procedure, for performing a Hipot test on the inverter cabinet.

6.7.2.13 15. 24V OVERVOLTAGE


Description
This fault is triggered when the 24V supply is larger than 32V. With this fault, the relay
K1 opens, which results in turning off the 24V supply to the Truck Controllers.
Action

Refer to Chapter 7, Schematic # 20001-9372.

Check the voltage between TB1-1 and TB1-3. If the reading is above 32 volts,
the fault may be with the truck battery charging system. Refer to the truck
manufacturers troubleshooting guide for help in this area.

If the reading is below 32 volts, check the voltage on the A3 I/O module between
TB8-2 and TB8-3. The reading should be .05 x battery voltage.

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6.7.2.14 18. ALTERNATOR STATOR WINDING TEMPERATURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the alternator stator winding temperature reaches 180C.
Action

Check for proper operation of the alternator cooling system. Refer to the truck
manufacturers troubleshooting guidelines.

Ensure there are no obstructions and/or leaks in the air intake duct.

Ensure the blower motor is rotating in the correct direction.

This fault may be caused by overload or extreme duty cycle. Verify the truck
operating conditions.

6.7.2.15 19. ALTERNATOR BEARING TEMPERATURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the alternator bearing temperature reaches 110C.
Action

Check for proper operation of the alternator cooling system. Refer to the truck
manufacturers troubleshooting guidelines.

Ensure there are no obstructions and/or leaks in the air intake duct.

Ensure the blower motor is rotating in the correct direction.

Check the bearing lubrication. Refer to the alternator manufacturers manual.

6.7.2.16 20. LEFT WHEEL MOTOR STATOR TEMPERATURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the left EWGU motor stator temperature reaches 210C.
Action

Ensure there is no obstruction and/or leak in the air duct.

Ensure the blower motor is rotating in the correct direction.

Check for proper operation of the traction blower drive.

Verify truck duty cycle and ensure the truck is not overloaded.

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6.7.2.17 21. RIGHT WHEEL MOTOR STATOR TEMPERATURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the right EWGU motor stator temperature reaches 210C.
Action

Ensure there is no obstruction and/or leak in the air duct.

Ensure the blower motor is rotating in the correct direction.

Check for proper operation of the traction blower drive.

Verify truck duty cycle and ensure the truck is not overloaded.

6.7.2.18 22. GRID FAN MOTOR FAILURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the retard grid blower motor current exceeds 300 Amp or is
less than 20 Amp for more than 5 seconds.
The system checks if the blower motor has a short or has mechanically seized (high
current) or if it starts at all (where under normal circumstances the current is higher than
20 Amp).
The goal is to insure proper cooling of the retard grid.
Action

Check if the blower rotates freely.

Insure motor brushes move freely within the brush holders

Check for evidence of cable arcing, motor flash over, motor commutator
problems.

Check wiring and connections from the Grid Fan LEM sensor to the System
Controller Terminals E5 to E8.

Check for proper operation of the retard (braking) contactor B1.

Check the Real Time Screen.

6.7.2.19 23. CONTACTOR FAILED TO OPEN


Description
This fault is triggered when any of the three retard (braking) contactors fail to open.
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Action

Check the contactor main contact for evidence of welded contact.

Check that the contactor plunger moves freely.

Open the Real Time screen and verify proper function of the auxiliary contacts.

6.7.2.20 24. AXLE BOX PRESSURE SWITCH


Description
This fault is triggered when the EWGUs cooling airflow pressure in the axle box is too
low.
Action

Check for obstruction or leak in the air duct.

Insure axle box door is closed.

Insure traction blower is rotating in the correct direction.

Verify axle pressure switch settings. Refer to the truck manufacturers


troubleshooting guidelines.

6.7.2.21 25. TRUCK OVERSPEED


Description
This event is triggered when the truck speed exceeds the maximum operating speed
set by the mine. Generally, the maximum speed allowed is the empty overspeed limit,
established when the variables are set (refer to chapter 5, setting variables).
Action

Drive the truck within the permitted speed limits.

Access the Real Time Display and check that the left and right EWGU motors
speed (rpm) are close to each other. Note: the truck speed is calculated by
taking the average rotative speed of the two EWGUs.

6.7.2.22 26. BLOWER LOST COMMUNICATION


Description
This fault is triggered when the communication link between the blower inverter and the
system controller is interrupted for more than 45 seconds.

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Action

Insure the ribbon cable between the blower inverter control PC board and the
keypad is not damage, inspect for possible insulation damage. Replace ribbon
cable as needed.

Remove and replace the blower inverter control PC board.

Check the serial cable between the blower inverter RS232 and the system
controller.

Replace the blower inverter.

6.7.2.23 27. STOP ENGINE


Description
This fault message is a repeat of the STOP ENGINE light, located in the cab. It is
triggered by the engine control box.
Action
Refer to the truck manufacturers troubleshooting guidelines.
6.7.2.24 28. ENGINE UNDERSPEED
Description
This fault message is triggered when the actual engine rpm is lower than the idle rpm
less 50 rpm (i.e. 600 rpm for MT6300)
Action

Run a load box test, check engine rpm command varies with power demand. If
not remove and replace system controller PC board.

Have engine checked.

6.7.2.25 29. DC LINK VOLTAGE LEM FAULT


Description
This fault is triggered when a difference of 200 volts exists between the left and right
LEM voltage transducers and for more than 100 msec.

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Action
Check on the PTU real-time the Alternator voltage command and compare with the
left and right DC volt readings. Replace the LEM voltage sensor that is displaying the
most erroneous reading when compared to the alternator voltage command.
6.7.2.26 30. BLOWER FAILURE
Description
This fault is triggered when the blower inverter detects any internal faults. Blower
inverter faults may be input undervoltage, output phase overcurrent, over 10 Hz delta
between output frequency command and actual, etc.
In essence, that message is a header for several possible fault conditions. Additional
information and fault would be available on the keypad screen. Unfortunately, upon
faulting the blower inverter will immediately self reset hence fault message will be
deleted.
The blower inverter control self resets 10 times from the initial powering on. Next fault
will result in the blower inverter shutting down.
Action

Reset the blower inverter by shutting the AC drive down for 1 minute and turning
back on.

Field experience has revealed that Input undervoltage has been an issue.
However scrutinizing the Blower VDC input and the DC link voltage will reveal
that under some circumstances the AC drive DC link voltage being too low
results in a blower fault.

Although inconvenient, this is a normal case and focus should go to find out the
DC link undervoltage root cause.

Field experience has revealed the blower drive chopper may be causing inverter
input undervoltage. This would be caused by chopper control resetting.

Prior to replacing hardware, please send fault log to GA.

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6.7.2.27 31. K1 RELAY OPENED


Description
This event is recorded when the command signal to energize K1 is sent to I/O module
A4-4 and the relay does not close.
Action

This information allows for defining if a software control or hardware issue


resulted in loss of 24volts power to the ICMs and transient chopper.

It is to be treated as information only in conjunction with other information


provided by additional fault message.

6.7.2.28 32. OVERLOAD


Description
This event is recorded when the payload exceeds the overload limit set in the truck
weigh system
Action
Driver is to dump the payload. No trouble shooting required.
6.7.2.29 33. NOT USED
6.7.2.30 34. TRACTION MOTOR GROUND FAULT
Description
This fault is triggered when a ground condition is detected on the Inverter AC drive
output. It includes any three phase output of left and right inverter, associated cabling
from inverter to traction motor connections in the axle box, and the traction motors
themselves.
Action

Disconnect each motor cables in the axle box and Hipot each motor. If Hipot
reveals leakage, remove and replaced the defective wheel motor.

Disconnect three phase motor cables at the inverter output (under the bench)
and Hipot each cable. If Hipot reveal leakage replace the defective cable.

Visually inspect inside the inverter drive for evidence of arcing particularly at
each phase module AC output. Repair as needed.

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6.7.2.31 35. INCORRECT B1 GRID BANK AUX


Description
This fault is triggered when, within 360 msec, the contactor B1 feedback status does
not match the contactor B1 command.
Action

Open the PTU I/O screen to verify the contactor command and feedback status.

Visually check that the contactor is opened when no command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

Visually check that the contactor is closed when the command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

Refer to chapter 7, schematic # 20001-9361, to check that the auxiliary contact


assembly is properly wired.

If the wiring is correct, remove and replace the contactor auxiliary contact
assembly (refer to Chapter 9).

6.7.2.32 36. INCORRECT B2 GRID BANK AUX


Description
This fault is triggered when, within 360 msec, the contactor B2 feedback status does
not match the contactor B2 command. Note that the contactors B2 and B3 cannot be
energized unless the contactor B1 is energized and closed.
Action

Open the PTU I/O screen to verify the contactor command and feedback status.

Visually check that the contactor is opened when no command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

Visually check that the contactor is closed when the command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

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Refer to chapter 7, schematic # 20001-9361, to check that the auxiliary contact


assembly is properly wired.

If the wiring is correct, remove and replace the contactor auxiliary contact
assembly (refer to Chapter 9).

6.7.2.33 37. INCORRECT B3 GRID BANK AUX


Description
This fault is triggered when, within 360 msec, the contactor B3 feedback status does
not match the contactor B3 command. Note: contactors B2 and B3 cannot be energized
unless the contactor B1 is energized and closed.
Action

Open the PTU I/O screen to verify the contactor command and feedback status.

Visually check that the contactor is opened when no command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

Visually check that the contactor is closed when the command signal is present.
Verify on the I/O screen that command and feedback status match the visually
observed contactor status.

Refer to chapter 7, schematic # 20001-9361, to check that the auxiliary contact


assembly is properly wired.

If the wiring is correct, remove and replace the contactor auxiliary contact
assembly (refer to Chapter 9).

6.7.2.34 38. NOT USED


6.7.2.35 39. INTER-INVERTER COMMUNICATION FAIL
Description
This fault is triggered when truck controller inter-communication is interrupted for more
than 250 msec.
Action

Ensure the fiber optic between the left truck controller (C Tx) is properly
connected to right truck controller (C Rx), and left (C Rx) is connected to right (C
Tx).

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Blow contamination off the ports using clean dry pressurized air.

Clean the fiber optic ferrule end with 99% Isopropyl alcohol and lint-free cleaning
paper.

Measure the fiber attenuation (must be <21dB).

If fault persists, replace Truck controller, or fiber optic.

6.7.2.36 40. ICM OVERTEMPERATURE (85C)


Description
This fault is triggered when the temperature within the truck controller exceeds 85C.
Action

Ensure there is no obstruction and/or leak in the air duct.

Ensure the blower motor is rotating in the correct direction.

Ensure the drive cabinet doors are closed and sealed.

If fault persists, replace the truck controller.

6.7.2.37 41. BLOWER DRIVE OUTPUT GROUND FAULT


Description
This fault is triggered when excessive leakage is detected between the blower drive
three phase output (includes cable to the motor and motor) and the ground.
Action

At the blower inverter output terminal bar, disconnect the three phase cable
going to the traction blower motor.

Megger and Hipot cable and motor against ground.

As needed repair cable or replace motor.

6.7.2.38 42. SERVICE BRAKE APPLIED >3MPH


Description
This event is triggered when service brake is applied at speed above 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
Action
No action required.

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Revision:

INVERTER FAULT

All Inverter faults are FATAL. On the fault screen, inverter faults can be differentiated
from system faults since the inverter faults are not numbered.
Most faults are software faults and fault detection is built into the application code.
A number of faults are defined as hardware faults and the fault detection is built into the
PC boards. This allows for fault detection redundancy in the event software or hardware
fails.
NOTE: An inverter fault message is ALWAYS preceded by Left Drive Fault or
Right Drive Fault message, indicating which of the two inverters is
faulting.
6.8.1 PHASE A OVERCURRENT, PHASE B OVERCURRENT, PHASE C
OVERCURRENT
Description
This fault is triggered when the current in one of the three phases exceeds 2500 Amps
peak. This fault may occur infrequently and does not require attention. In the event the
fault occurs repeatedly or does not self reset, follow the troubleshooting guidelines.
Action

Check the fault log for additional information:


o A phase current LEM sensor and/or associated wiring may be defective,
which would be indicated by the corresponding Ib or Ic LEM fail fault
message (later in this chapter, action for such fault is described).
o A gate driver may be defective, which would be indicated by the
corresponding Phase A, B, or C Upper or Lower Gate Fault message (later
in this chapter, action for such fault is described).
o Download and transmit debug to GA.

6.8.2 DC LINK UNDERVOLTAGE


Description
This fault is triggered when the dc link voltage is below 200 Volts.
Action

Access the System Real Time screen.

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Test the two voltage LEM sensors by applying 700 Volts to the dc link (engine
should be running with drive system in neutral and park brake released), verify
the dc link voltage reading is same on each inverter. Remove and replace any
defective voltage LEM sensor.

Perform a load Box up to maximum power demand.

Check the traction alternator for proper operation and voltage output.

Ensure engine is operating properly.

6.8.3 DC LINK OVERVOLTAGE, HARDWARE OVERVOLTAGE


Description
The dc link overvoltage fault is triggered when the DC link voltage is above 2000V.
The hardware overvoltage fault is triggered when the DC link voltage is above 2100V.
The DC link overvoltage is a software fault; hardware overvoltage is a fault triggered by
the hardware (PC board) and provides for additional protection.
Action

Insure the transient chopper is operating properly. Refer to system fault number
4, transient chopper overload, for troubleshooting.

Access the System Real Time screen.

Test the two voltage LEM sensors by applying 700 Volts to the dc link (engine
should be running with drive system in neutral and park brake released). Verify
the dc link voltage reading is same on each inverter. Remove and replace any
defective voltage LEM sensor.

Perform a load Box up to maximum power demand.

Visually inspect for signs of arcing or loose connection in the traction alternator
main rectifier AC filter.

Check the traction alternator for proper operation and voltage output.

Download and transmit debug to GA.

Download and transmit debug to GA.

Download and transmit debug to GA.

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6.8.4 PHASE A, B, OR C UPPER GATE FAULT; OR PHASE A, B, OR C LOWER


GATE FAULT
Description
This fault is triggered when either the turn-on or the turn-off pulse status does not
match the corresponding command signal.
Action

Check the fiber optic link between the Truck Controller and the corresponding
gate driver.

Blow contamination off the ports using clean dry pressurized air.

Clean the fiber optic ferrule end with 99% Isopropyl alcohol and lint-free cleaning
paper.

Measure the fiber attenuation (must be <21dB).

Check for possible 24V power loss to the gate driver.

If the fault persists, remove and replace the faulty phase module gate driver.

6.8.5 HARDWARE OVERCURRENT


Description
This fault is triggered when the current in one of the three phases exceeds 2500 Amps
peak. This fault may occur infrequently and does not require attention. In the event the
fault occurs repeatedly or does not self reset, follow the troubleshooting guidelines.
This fault message is redundant to the Phase A, B, or C overcurrent fault message.
Action
Check the Fault Log for additional information:

A phase current LEM sensor and/or associated wiring may be defective, which
would be indicated by the corresponding Ib or Ic LEM fail fault message (later
in this chapter, action for such a fault is described).

A gate driver may be defective, which would be indicated by the corresponding


Phase A, B, or C Upper or Lower Gate Fault message (later in this chapter,
action for such a fault is described).

Download and transmit debug to GA.

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6.8.6 MOTOR OVERSPEED


Description
This fault is triggered when any of the two EWGU motor rotative speeds exceed 4000
rpm corresponding to a 40 mph truck speed.
Action

No troubleshooting required.

Inform the mine of the overspeed situation.

Request operating the truck within the permitted speed limits.

6.8.7 PHASE A, B, OR C REPETITIVE OVERLOAD


Description
This fault is triggered when an instantaneous current over 2200 Amps is detected in a
phase. This fault will cause an immediate shutdown of the faulty phase. This fault may
occur infrequently and does not require attention. In the event the fault occurs
repeatedly or does not self reset, follow the troubleshooting guidelines.
Action

Remove and replace the gate driver, if the fault persists, remove and replace the
phase module.

6.8.8 IGBT GATE STATUS FAIL


Description
This fault is triggered when the IGBTs are not completely turned off when gate
command is off.
Action

Check that the gate driver 24VDC power and power OK LEDs are ON.

Check that, with the dc link voltage applied and the inverter off, the Q1/Q2 Sat,
and Q3/Q4 Sat. LEDs are ON.

Remove and replace the gate driver.

If the fault persists, replace the phase module.

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6.8.9 HARDWARE FAULT (FROM ALTERA)


Description
This fault message is a header and is triggered when any hardware fault is detected.
The processor will immediately turn off the faulty inverter.
Action

Check the fault log, the System Controller Status screen and then the Inverter
Status screen for additional fault message.

Download and transmit debug to GA.

6.8.10 +/-15V POWER SUPPLY FAILED


Description
This fault is triggered when the +/-15 Volts Truck Controller power supply output is out
of range.
Action

Check if the 24 Volt input is present on connector J5 terminals 1 and 2, located


on the side of the Truck Controller.

Remove and replace the entire Truck Controller.

6.8.11 +/-24V POWER SUPPLY FAILED


Description
This fault is triggered when the +/-24 Volts Truck Controller power supply output is out
of range.
Action

Check if the 24 Volts input is present on connector J5 terminals 1 and 2, located


on the side of the truck controller.

Remove and replace the entire Truck Controller.

6.8.12 PWM FAILURE


Description
This fault is a header and will turn off the defective inverter. It is triggered when the
PWM check routine detects a defect.

Chapter 6

Page 33 of 35

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:

Action

Access the Fault Log, the System Controller status screen, and then the inverter
status screen for additional fault message.

Download and transmit debug to GA.

6.8.13 COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE


Description
This fault is triggered when the Truck controller does not receive data from the System
controller for more than 250 msec (50 packets@ 5 msec).
Action

Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Ports J14 and J16 (Tx) is
properly connected to A Rx, located on the Left and Right Truck Controller UIC
board (20001-9400).

Ensure the fiber optic between the System Controller Port J15 and J17 (Rx) is
properly connected to A Tx, located on the Left and Right Truck Controller UIC
board (20001-9400).

Blow contamination off the ports using clean dry pressurized air.

Clean the fiber optic ferrule end with 99% Isopropyl alcohol and lint-free cleaning
paper.

Measure the fiber attenuation (must be <21dB).

If fault persists, replace system controller PC board, or Truck controller, or fiber


optic.

6.8.14 AMBIENT OVER TEMPERATURE (75CELSIUS)


Description
This fault is triggered when the temperature inside the Inverter cabinet exceeds
75Celsius.
Action

Open the System Real Time screen and check the inverter ambient temperature.

Replace the ambient temperature sensor, as needed.

Check for any obstruction in the cooling air stream.

Chapter 6

Page 34 of 35

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:

6.8.15 PHASE MODULE OVER TEMPERATURE (85CELSIUS)


Description
This fault is triggered when any IGBT phase module heatsink temperature exceeds
85Celsius.
Action

Open the Inverter Real Time screen and check each phase module heat sink
temperature.

Check for any obstruction in the cooling air stream.

Ensure the traction blower is rotating in the correct direction.

Ensure the blower drive is operating correctly.

Remove the overheating phase module and inspect the heatsink fins for
obstruction or excessive dirt accumulation. Clean as needed.

Reinstall the phase module. If condition persists replace the phase module.

6.8.16 IB LEM FAIL, IC LEM FAIL


Description
A current LEM self test is done every time the inverter is turned on. The fault is
triggered when the read current value (LEM output) does not match the current pulse
value sent through the LEM current sensor.
Action

Check, for signs of damage, the wire harness between the LEM current sensor,
and the Truck Controller.

Remove and replace the LEM current sensor.

Chapter 6

Page 35 of 35

BI617250

10/18/2010

MT6300 Truck Fault cause and effect


Fault #

Event (System)

Fatal fault

Manual Advisory/Technician
Reset
Information

Inhibit
propulsion

No Action

Speed
Limited

Technician
action

Event (Inverter)

Fatal fault

Technician
action

Left drive fault

n/a

Phase A Lower Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

Right drive fault

n/a

Phase B Lower Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

Transient chopper overload

Troubleshoot

Phase C Lower Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

24vdc unswitched power loss

Troubleshoot

Phase A over current

Get debug

+/-15vdc or 5V fault

Troubleshoot

Phase B over current

Get debug

24v under voltage

Troubleshoot

Phase C over current

Get debug

Comm Failure Left Inverter

Troubleshoot

DC link Over voltage (2000 volts)

Get debug

10

Comm Failure Right Inverter

Troubleshoot

Phase A Upper Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

Start Up

Troubleshoot

Phase B Upper Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

Phase C Upper Gate Fault

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

Phase A repetitive overload

Dump the load

Troubleshoot

Phase B repetitive overload

Dump the load

Troubleshoot

Phase C repetitive overload

Dump the load

Troubleshoot

Hardware Over voltage (2100 volts)

Get debug

11

Alternator Failed to Start

13

Alternator over current

14

Alt/DC link Ground Fault

15

24v over voltage

18

Alternator stator winding temp (180C)

19

Alternator bearing temp (110C)

Y
Y

20

Left wheel motor, stator temp (210C)

Troubleshoot

Hardware over current

Get debug

21

Right wheel motor, stator temp (210C)

Troubleshoot

Motor overspeed (4000rpm)

Driver issue

22

Grid fan motor failure

Troubleshoot

IGBT start gate status fail

Troubleshoot

23

Contactor failed to open

Troubleshoot

Hardware Fault (from Altera)

Get debug

24

Axle box low pressure

25

Truck over speed

26

Blower lost communication

27

Stop Engine

C9

Troubleshoot

+/-15v power supply failed

Troubleshoot

Go To Retard

C5

Driver issue

+/-24v power supply failed

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

DC Link under voltage

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

PWM Failure

Get debug

Y
Y

28

Engine underspeed

29

DC link voltage LEM fault

30

Blower failure (undervoltage)

31

K1 Relay Opened

32

Overload

34

Traction Motor Ground fault

35

Incorrect B1 grid bank aux

Y
Y
y

Y
Y
y

C18

Troubleshoot

System communication fail

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

Ambient overtemperature (75 C)

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

Phase module Overtemperature (85 C)

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot

ib LEM fail

Troubleshoot

Dump payload

ic LEM fail

Troubleshoot

Troubleshoot
Troubleshoot

36

Incorrect B2 grid bank aux

Troubleshoot

37

Incorrect B3 grid bank aux

Troubleshoot

39

Inter-Inverter Comm Fail

Troubleshoot

40

ICM Overtemperature (85 C)

Troubleshoot

41

Blower Drive output ground fault

42

Service brake applied >3mph

Troubleshoot
n/a

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:

AC INVERTER SCHEMATICS

Drawing Number

Description

20001-9498

General Block Diagram, AC Drive, IGBT, 4000HP

20001-9499

Schematic, Power Circuit, AC Drive, IGBT, 4000HP

20001-8553

Schematic, Phase Module, IGBT

20001-9372

Schematic, Low Voltage Control, AC Drive, IGBT, 24V Field Exciter

20001-9361

Wiring, Retard Contactors, TB7L, TB7R, IGBT

20001-9435

Schematic, Cab Display

20001-9104

Wiring, Tacho sensor to System controller

Chapter 7

Page 1 of 1

A1A1-M
A1+

A6

GRIDFAN I

RIGHT MOTORIZED
WHEEL

E1

BI617250

9372 SHT 2 ZONE D-5

RETARD GRID RESISTOR

ALTERNATOR
BLOWER

R
W
B

E2
3

E1B+

A1
TRACTION
ALTERNATOR
2000KW

E2B-

646MCM

646MCM

1/0

RDC-

TB1-M

TB1-K

TB1-L
RED

TB1-H

TB1-J

WHT

BRN

TB1-F

TB1-G
BLK

TB1-D

TB1-A
TB1-B
TB1-C

R_CPHS

- E3B
E7

646MCM

E1A+

LDC+

+ E1

646MCM

LDC-

A2

- E3A

646MCM

646MCM

ALT CT

646MCM

- E3B

BPHS E5
CPHS E6

L_BPHS
L_CPHS
646MCM

20001-9372 SHT 1 ZONE B-5

+ E2A

+ E2B

9104 ZONE C-2


9372 SHT 1
ZONE D-2

646MCM

646MCM

#8 AWG

APHS E4

LEFT
TRACTION
INVERTER

R TACHO OUT
R TEMP

L_APHS
646MCM

R
W
B

646MCM

#8 AWG
ALT FLDALT FLD+

CPHS E6

R_BPHS

E2A-

R
W
B

RDC+

+ E2

BPHS E5

WHT

646MCM

RIGHT
TRACTION
INVERTER

TACHO

W
B
W

9372 SHT 2
ZONE D1

R_APHS

TEMP
646MCM

A3
- E3A

APHS E4

646MCM

646MCM

R5-2

R6-1

R3-2

R4-1

R1-2

R2-1

+ E1
ALT WDG TMP
ALT BRG TMP

A5

E3

WHT

FUSE
BOX

LEFT MOTORIZED
WHEEL

E1

- E3C

20001-9372 SHT 1 ZONE A-5


E2
GRD MON

A7

20001-9372 SHT 2 ZONE D-5


B

A4

E3

SYSTEM CONTROLLER
FOR DETAILS SEE 20001-9372

TRACTION
BLOWER

BLOWER DRIVE

TB1-M

T12-K

TB1-J

TB1-H

TB1-G

TB1-F

TB1-L
RED

WHT

BRN

WHT

BLK

TB1-D

BLOWER DRIVE GROUND FAULT


20001-9372 SHT 2 -- ZONE D6

20001-8565
20001-8562

R
W
B

FOR DETAILS REFER TO

+15V
-15V
M+
M-

W
B
W

+
DC LINK

TACHO

WHT

TB1-A
TB1-B
TB1-C

TEMP

L TACHO OUT
L TEMP
BLOWER DRIVE CONTROL
20001-9372 SHT 2 ZONE B-5

NOTES:
1

LEFT MOTOR ROTATES COUNTER CLOCKWISE AS VIEWED INSIDE AXLE BOX WHEN VEHICLE GOES FORWARD.
RIGHT MOTOR ROTATES CLOCKWISE.
1

REV

DESCRIPTION

DRAWN

DATE

INITIAL RELEASE

REMOVE GND MON OPTION FROM BLOWER DR

N FARR

10-15-08

PER ECO 10-73

N FARR

10-26-10

Title

GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM, AC DRIVE, IGBT, 4000 HP


Size

Number

B
Date
File

9104 ZONE B-2


9372 SHT 1
ZONE D-1

Oct 26, 2010


20001-9498-C.ddb

Rev

20001-9498

Sheet 1 of 1
NOLAN FARR
Drawn By

BI617250

102
PHASE "B"

PHASE "A"
D1

D2

D1

R9

D2

D1

R10

D2

E1

E3

R11

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

Q2

A4

Q1

LEFT
EWGU

PHASE "C"

3
4
5

20001-9372
SHT 3 - D1
R1
10K
750W

R2
10K
750W

C1
5800uF
2200V

110

C2
5800uF
2200V

120

130
136

IC

VDC
L

E2

20001-9372
SHT 3 - C1

CC

CC
Q3

CC

Q4

Q3

Q4

Q3

Q4

20001-9372
SHT 3 - D1
101
C4

20001-9372
SHT 3 - D6
TRACTION MOTOR
GROUND DETECTION
20001-9542

126

20uF
1350V

IB

100

R6

R5

1M
2W

1M
2W

116

102
PHASE "A"
D1

PHASE "B"

D2

D1

R9

PHASE "C"

D2

D1

R10

R11

Q2

Q1

Q2

Q1

E1

Q2

E3

Q1

RIGHT
EWGU

D2

3
4
5

A5
R1
10K
750W

R2
10K
750W

C1
5800uF
2200V

140

C2
5800uF
2200V

150

20001-9372
SHT 3 - D1

160

VDC
R

20001-9372
SHT 3 - C1

166
CC

CC
Q3

Q4

E2

IC

CC
Q3

Q4

Q3

Q4

20001-9372
SHT 3 - D1
101
C4

102

156

20uF
1350V
B3

TRANSIENT
CHOPPER

107

B2

108

2
R1

R6

R5

1M
2W

1M
2W

146
OUTSIDE INVERTER
CABINET

2
R3

R5

9372
SHEET 2
D-5

OUTSIDE INVERTER
CABINET

A
R2

100

B1

109

R4

R6A
3

IGF

170

REV
NC
A
B

DESCRIPTION
PRELIMINARY
UPDATES AND CORRECTIONS
PER ECO 10-73

20001-9499-B-S2

R6B
1

DRAWN

DATE

N FARR

6-15-07

N FARR

10-26-10

A
Title

SCHEMATIC, POWER CIRCUIT, AC DRIVE, IGBT, 4000 HP


Size

M1

101
1

IB

Date:
File:
2

Number

Revision

20001-9499

10-26-2010
20001-9499-B.ddb

Sheet 1 of 2
Drawn By: Nolan Farr
6

BI617250

CC DETAIL

LEFT INVERTER (A2) RIGHT INVERTER (A3)

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

SPECIFICATION

R1, R2

DISCHARGE RESISTOR

10K, 750W

R5, R6

EMI FILTER RESISTOR

1M OHM, 2W

R9, R10, R11

PHASE MODULE SNUBBER RESISTOR

0.2 OHM, 5KW

C1, C2

DC LINK FILTER CAPACITOR

5800uF, 2200V

C4

EMI FILTER CAPACITOR

20uF, 1350V

CC

PHASE MODULE CLAMP CAPACITOR

200uF, 2200V

D1, D2

CLAMP DIODE

Q1 - Q4

IGBT / DIODE MODULE

VDC

LEM DC LINK VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT

IB, IC

LEM PHASE CURRENT MEASUREMENT

50uF
2200V (4X)

A
Title

SCHEMATIC, POWER CIRCUIT, AC DRIVE, IGBT, 4000 HP


Size
Date:
File:
1

Number
10-26-2010
20001-9499-B.ddb

20001-9499

Revision

Sheet 2 of 2
Drawn By: Nolan Farr
6

BI617250

E2

E4A

E3

U5

E4B

CMD

UPPER

STA

Q2

U6

Q1
C

E1

D1
GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

J1

E4

E5

E11

E12

SH

DD400S33K2C

FZ1200R33KF2C

E3A

E1A

FZ1200R33KF2C

E1B

E3B

FZ1200R33KF2C

Q4

FZ1200R33KF2C

Q3

E6

QUAD IGBT
GATE DRIVER
20001-9290

DD400S33K2C

E
E

C
R

D2

GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

C1

GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

50uF
2200VDC

GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

E9

E10

C2

C3

50uF
2200VDC

C4

50uF
2200VDC

50uF
2200VDC

G
E
E

U12
CMD

LOWER

E2A

STA
U13

E2B

E7
E8

R
B
SH

HEAT SINK
TEMP
SENSOR
20001-9063

REV

ENG.

APPROVED

Title

NC

PRELIMINARY
ADD P/N TO HEAT SINK TEMP SENSOR

CHANGE TITLE, ADD FIBER OPTICS

Size

Revision

Number

B
Date:
File:

SCHEMATIC, PHASE MODULE, IGBT


20001-8553
June 15, 2007
20001-8553.ddb

B
Sheet 1 of 1
Drawn
NOLAN FARR

BI617250
1

3
200

201
1

SHEET 2
D2

202

C1

201

CB1
15A

203

SHEET 3
A4

TB7L-6

SHEET 3
A4

TB7R-6

1
CB4
10A

DYNAMIC
RETARD
LT

D6

212

C3

A1

CB5
10A

RT1
8W
25 C

NO3

RT2
8W
25 C

RT3
8W
25 C

K2

NO2

TO GATE
DRIVERS

RT4
8W
25 C

SHEET 3
C6

TB7L-8

204

2
302

E41

218

TO GATE
DRIVERS
SHEET 3
C6

TB7R-8

233

CB3
50A

+ C5 R
180,000uF
63V

C5 L
180,000uF
63V

311

309

E42

310

E39

100

E40

302

87
K4

ENA
30

-15V COM
219

100

100
2

RB3
4.2 OHMS

C
D

B3

B3
F

B2
F

B3

K3
RB1
4.2 OHM

303

312
+
K13
_

206

2
1

D12

30

87

+5V

GND

-5V COM

499

11

E44

400

14

E45

401

17

E46

499

20

E48

402

23

E47

403

314
+
K11
_

B1

100

219

3
K13

3
K12

4
17

3
K11

4
21

230

312A

313A
9

A5

11

13

+5V
-5V COM

50 COND.

ENGINE
STOP

OVER
LOAD

J2

PRES.
SW.
AXLE BOX

D10

31

K1

Z
D11

K2

86
K3

E38

86
212

K4

200

4
29

J6

85

85

305

306

307

308

11

13

E37

24V
UNSW

15

406

A7

R10
47K
2W

R11
10
2W

4
16 COND.

314A
10

0V

SHEET 3
B6

DUMP
BODY
UP

SPARE
INPUT #1

25

+15V

304

100

216

-15V

212

V1-

E43

TC OVER LOAD
100

+15V COM

P3

209

26

+15V

V1+

D11

32

310
SHEET 2
A2

D9

B1

313
+
K12
_

29

310

240

B2

PS1

241

D13

-15V

D8

E
B2

D7

B1

213
E
2
RB2
4.2 OHMS
1

242

SYSTEM
CONTROLLER

C2

K2

TO INVERTER
CONTROL AND TC

TB1-7

301

TB1-8

200

K1

NO2

TO INVERTER
CONTROL

+24V
SW

A7-5

211

200

201

C2

NO1

TB1-1
TB1-2

+24V
UNSW

D5

CB2
15A

K1

C1
12

14

15

7 J1

407

K2
NO1

B
18

19

20

22

23

24

27

28

26

32

30

10

12

14

C5
0.1uF

220

16

100
219
207

210
R8

R9

R10

620
3.25W

620
3.25W

620
3.25W

R4
200
12W

R5
200
12W

R6
200
12W

100
TO INVERTER CONTROL
GATE DRIVERS AND
TRANSIENT CHOPPER

24V
COM

TB1-3
TB1-4
TB1-5

FC4

ALT. FLD -

FC5
FC6

206
R12
700
8W

ENCLOSURE
GROUND

R13
700
8W

20001-9372-G-S4.sch
20001-9372-G-S3.Sch
20001-9372-G-S2.sch

DESCRIPTION
PRELIMINARY
RELEASE
CORRECTIONS AND UPDATES
UPDATES
CORRECTIONS AND UPDATES
CORRECTIONS AND UPDATES
PER ECO 10-73
PER ECO 11-02

REV
NC
A
B
C
D
E
F
G

DRAWN

J1

FC7
FC8
FC9

24V
ALTERNATOR
FIELD
EXCITER
CHOPPER

A6

P
D
A
FLOATING CIRCUIT DIGITAL CIRCUIT ANALOG CIRCUIT
COMMON
COMMON
COMMON

A
100

R
W
B

ALT.
CTS

TB1-6

209

FC3

FC2

ALT. FLD +
ALT.
FIELD

GND

216

R11
700
8W

FC1

217

DATE
Title

SCHEMATIC, LOW VOLTAGE CTRL, AC DRIVE, IGBT,


24V FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER
Size
N FARR
N FARR
N FARR

10-15-08
10-26-10
02-15-11

Date:
File:

Number

Rev

20001-9372
2/15/2011
20001-9372-G.ddb

Sheet 1 of 4
Drawn
NOLAN FARR

BI617250
1

RTD REPLACEMENT

100

SH

E7

E8

J1
J3

BLOWER DRIVE
CONTROL
(OPTIONAL)

10

11

12

13

14

A4
2

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

23

26

28

30

E23
E22
E21

E24

E25

E28
E27
E26

E31
E30
E29

E34
E33
E32

15

32

OPTIC FIBER RIGHT INVERTER


SHEET 3 - B3

Tx

J14

Rx

J15

Tx

J16

Rx

J17

20001-9498 SHEETT 1 - A1

BLOWER DRIVE CONTROL

OPTIC FIBER LEFT INVERTER


SHEET 3 - B3

ENGINE SPEED CMD

J1

ENGINE SPEED MON.

31

TACHO OUT

29

B
SPEEDO OUT

27

CUSTOMER CONFIGURATION
DB9 FEMALE

J7

WEIGH SYSTEM
PULSE OUT

25

BLOWER CHOPPER RESET

24

SPARE OUTPUT # 1

SPEED EVENT 1

21

SERVICE BRAKE ALARM


(SPEED EVENT 2)

19

PROPULSION

17

50 COND.
SYSTEM FATAL FAULT LT.

15

LOW BLOWER PRESSURE LT.

13

PAYLOAD STATUS (24V = EMPTY)

11

(PG01) SERVICE BRAKE APPLIED

PARK BRAKE RELEASE

HAND/LOAD BRAKE APPLIED

REVERSE

SYSTEM FAULT RESET


( INACTIVE )

FORWARD

STOP DEBUG/DATA STORE


( INACTIVE )

RETARD SPEED CONTROL ON


1

ACCESSORY
PORT 1
(CAB DISPLAY)

RS232

J6

RS232

J4
2
3

RS232

PTU
PORT

J5

DISPATCH
INTERFACE
PORT

RS232

A3

J6
J5

SH

P1

GND

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

J4

SH

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

J2

26 COND.

CONNECT TB-9 +5
TERMINAL TO P123, 24. DO NOT
CONNECT GND BOLT

J1

A1
SYSTEM CONTROLLER

JUMPER CONFIGURATION
P2-1

-15V

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

TB8
ACH4.7

M-

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

TB7
ACH4.6

M+

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

TB6
ACH4.5

+15V

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

TB5
ACH4.4

SH

-EXC
-IN
+IN
+EXC

TB4
ACH4.3

E36B

-15V

4 3 2 1

4 3 2 1

+15V

4 3 2 1

SH

4 3 2 1

-15V

4 3 2 1

4 3 2 1

+5V REF

TRACTION
MOTOR GROUND
DETECTION

E36A
+15V

4 3 2 1

TB3
ACH4.2

E6

E35

4 3 2 1

TB2
ACH4.1

BLOWER DRIVE
OUTPUT GROUND
DETECTION
(MT6300 ONLY)

100

B W R NC SH B W R NC SH B W R NC SH B W R NC SH

TB1
ACH4.0

E5

221

RETARD
SPEED

SH

RETARD
PEDAL

ACCELERATOR
PEDAL

E4

RIGHT WHEEL
MOTOR RTD

LEFT WHEEL
MOTOR RTD

E3

ALTERNATOR
BEARING RTD

GRID FAN
CURRENT MON.
(GRIDFAN_I)

100
100nF
50V

SHEET 1
D2
ALTERNATOR
STATOR RTD

GND MONITOR

C1

201

E20

120 OHMS
D

COM

E17

2K
1/4W

E16

19.1K
1/4W

E14

19.1K
1/4W

E13

R3

E12

R2

E10

R1

E9

E2

E1

100
100

310

Title

SHEET 1
C4

CONNECTOR TO J6, SHOULD NOT BE GROUNDED

SHIELDS TO BE CONNECTED TO TB1-6

SCHEMATIC, LOW VOLTAGE CTRL, AC DRIVE, IGBT,


24V FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER
Size

B
Date:
File:

Number

Rev

20001-9372
2/15/2011
20001-9372-G.ddb

Sheet 2 of 4
Drawn
NOLAN FARR

BI617250
1

P33

J4

LEM
D

R
W
B

+
M
-

IB

C
B
E

4000:1

+
M
-

+15
M
-15

R
W
B

H
N
R

4000:1
+HT
102

-HT
101

VDC

IC

K
M
S
P

LEM 2000V

VDC

J
P34

SHEET 3 - C6

W
B

A
B

J3
A PHS
TEMP

W
B

C
D

W
B

E
F

CMD

Tx

U6

Rx

UPPER STA

STA

Rx

U12

Tx

LOWER CMD

CMD

Tx

U13

Rx

LOWER STA

STA

Rx

(P/N: 20001-9370)

B LOWER

CMD

CPHS
TEMP

IGBT
PHASE
MODULE

Tx

J1

(SCH: 20001-8553)

B UPPER
STA

H/S
TEMP

STA

Rx

CMD

Tx

STA

Rx

CMD

Tx

STA

Rx

+R

SHIELD

C UPPER

C LOWER

P40

AMBIENT
AIR TEMP
SENSOR

A TxD

J2

A RxD

TRANSIENT
CHOPPER

Tx

B
L

+8V
COM

W
BRN

C
A

TACHA
TACHA*

C Tx

W
RED

N
M

TACHB
TACHB*

C Rx

SHLD

B
D
C

(SCH: 20001-1401)

Rx

212

SHEET 1 - D3

100

SHEET 1 - B3

230

SHEET 1 - C3
JUMPER FOR
VOLTAGE SETTING

MT5500: JUMPER
MT6300: NO JUMPER

W
BLK

SHEET 3 - C1

SHEET 2 - B4
P35

SHEET 1 - B3

A
K

(RIGHT INVERTER)
SHEET 1 - D2

-B

233

(P/N: 20001-9388)

(P/N: 20001-9076)

(LEFT INVERTER)
SHEET 1 - D1

100

Tx

204
P15

24V

Rx

CMD

MT6300:
TRUCK
CONTROLLER

B PHS
TEMP

P
SHEET 3 - C6

MT5500:
INVERTER
CONTROL
MODULE

A LOWER

OR

N
SHEET 3 - C6

UPPER CMD

A UPPER

LEM

IC

Tx

IB

G
R
W
B

U5

Tx
TO / FROM
LEFT OR RIGHT ICM
Rx

( MT6300 )

IGBT SOFTWARE
JUMPER

MT6300:
MT5500:

J1
J5

24VDC CONTROL POWER

212 (RIGHT INVERTER)

SHEET 1 - D3

P36
1
2

203 (LEFT INVERTER)

SHEET 1 - D2
SHEET 1 - B3

100

Title

SCHEMATIC, LOW VOLTAGE CTRL, AC DRIVE, IGBT,


24V FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER
Size

B
Date:
File:

Number

Rev

20001-9372
2/15/2011
20001-9372-G.ddb

Sheet 3 of 4
Drawn
NOLAN FARR

BI617250
1

SYSTEM CONTROLLER

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

SPECIFICATION

A1

SYSTEM CONTROL BOARD

A3

I/O ANALOG INPUT

A4, A5

I/O LOGIC INPUT/OUTPUT

A6

ALTERNATOR EXC. FIELD CHOPPER

A7

GROUNDING BOARD

PS1

LOGIC POWER SUPPLY

B1, B2, B3

RETARD CONTACTOR

K1

CONTROL SUPPLY RELAY

K2

EXCITATION RELAY

K3

24V HOLD SUPPLY RELAY

K4

DYNAMIC RETARD LIGHT RELAY

K11, K12, K13

SLAVE RELAY FOR B1, B2, B3

CB1, CB2

24V SUPPLY CIRCUIT BREAKER

15A

CB3

24V EXCITATION CIRCUIT BREAKER

50A

CB4

24V UNSWITCH CIRCUIT BREAKER

10A

CB5

24V SWITCH CIRCUIT BREAKER

10A

R1, R2

RESISTOR

19.1 KOHM, 1%, 1/4W

R3

RESISTOR

2.0 KOHM, 1%, 1/4W

R4, R5, R6

RESISTOR

200 OHM, 12W

R7

RESISTOR

OMIT

R8, R9, R10

RESISTOR

620 OHM, 3.25W

R11, R12, R13

RESISTOR

700 OHM, 8W

R10 (A7)

RESISTOR

47 KOHM, 2W

R11 (A7)

RESISTOR

10 OHM, 2W

C5 (A7)

CAPACITOR

0.1uF, 4000V

C1

CAPACITOR

100nF, 50V

C5 L, C5 R

CAPACITOR

180,000uF, 63V

RT1, RT2, RT3, RT4

THERMISTOR

8 OHM @ 25*C

D1, D2, D9

DIODE

1N4007

D3, D4

ZENER DIODE, 17V

OMIT

D5, D6, D7, D8

DIODE

DSI 2X55

RB1, BB2, RB3

RESISTOR

4.2 OHM, 100W

D10, D11, D12, D13

TRANZORB

30V, 5000W, 5KP30CA

Title

SCHEMATIC, LOW VOLTAGE CTRL, AC DRIVE, IGBT,


24V FIELD EXCITER CHOPPER
Size

B
Date:
File:

Number

Rev

20001-9372
2/15/2011
20001-9372-G.ddb

Sheet 4 of 4
Drawn
NOLAN FARR

BI617250
1

TRANSIENT CHOPPER
PHASE A

TCP40 A TCP40 B

PHASE B

PHASE C

213
TB7L-13
13

233

100

P41-M
230
12

100

233

100

233

P41-P

233

233

P41-S
100

212

P41-J

GND P41-A

GND

P41-L

11

10

230

100

+
C5L

233

100

212

INV. MOD. L

312

13

12

100

204

100
-

11

10

100
206

TB7R
2

216

314

213
TB7R-13

204

100

204

100

P41-K

100

204

P41-D
204

P41-U
100

P41-C
203

P41-B
GND

204

TB7L
C

PHASE A

GRND ICM R.

PHASE C

GRND ICM L.
GND

P41-G

P41-H
209

312

313

P41-T
SP4

P41-F

P41-V
SP3

SPARES

206

P41-R
SP2

P41-E

P41-N

SP1

PHASE B

+
C5R

INV. MOD. R

TC P40 D

216
209
314

313
-

B3
B

4.2 ohm
C

D
4.2 ohm
C

4.2 ohm
C

RB2
2

A
213

203

1
RB1
2

212

203

209
H

B1

1
RB3
2

206
F

240

B2
D

+
241

242
B

203

203
A

A
Title
REV

NOTE: ALL WIRES AWG 14 600V


1

INITIAL RELEASE

NC

ENGINEERING RELEASE

WIRING LABEL CORRECTIONS

ENG.

WIRING, RETARD CONTACTORS, TB7L, TB7R FOR IGBT INVERTER

APPROVED

Size

Number

B
Date:
File:
5

Revision

20001-9361
29-Mar-2006
20001-9268.ddb

B
Sheet 1 of 1
Drawn By: Nolan Farr
6

BI617250
1

24V INPUT
(9 - 36V)

C1

+
F1

5V OUTPUT

PN: 20001-9110

P1

CN7

DISPLAY PANEL
PN: ID-0001

J1
5

GND

RXD

TXD

RS-232

RELEASE
RXD WAS TO P1-1, IS TO P1-4
TXD WAS TO P1-4, IS TO P1-1

REV
A
B

ENG.

APPROVED

Title

Size
Date:
File:

SCHEMATIC, CAB DISPLAY


A

Number

A
Revision

20001-9435

October 15, 2006


20001-9110.ddb

Sheet
Drawn

1 of 1
Nolan Farr
4

BI617250

SYSTEM CONTROLLER WIRING

TEREX TRUCKWIRING

GA WHEEL UNIT WIRING

TB4

TB1R
F

1
WHT

WHT

WHT
G

2
BLK

BLK

TO RIGHT INVERTER

BLK

WHT

WHT

WHT

BRN

BRN

BRN

WHT

WHT

RED

RED

RED

WHT

WHT

BRN

BRN

WHT

WHT

RED

RED

WHT
L

BLK

BRN
K

5
WHT

BLK
WHT

CONTROL MODULE

WHT

BLK
H

WHT
WHT

RED

+8V

TACHGND

CHA

!CHA

CHB

!CHB

+8V

RIGHT EWGU
C

M
SHOULD NOT BE
CONNECTED

TB3

TB1L
F

1
WHT

WHT

2
BLK

BLK

TO LEFT INVERTER
CONTROL MODULE

H
WHT

WHT
BRN

J
RED

BRN

WHT

WHT

BRN

RED

WHT

BRN

BRN

WHT

WHT

RED

RED

RED

RED

WHT

WHT
L

BLK

BRN
K

5
WHT

BLK
WHT

WHT

WHT

BLK

BLK

WHT
WHT

WHT

TACHGND

CHA

!CHA

CHB

!CHB

LEFT EWGU

B
SHOULD NOT BE
CONNECTED

REV

DESCRIPTION

ENG.

NC

INITIAL RELEASE

UPDATES

UPDATES, CORRECTIONS

DATE
Title

Size

Revision

B
Date
File

TACH. SENSOR TO SYSTEM CONTROLLER WIRING

Revision

20001-9104

NOV 11, 2005


20001-9104.ddb

B
Sheet 1 of 1
Drawn By NOLAN FARR

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

The following Preventive Maintenance (PM) schedule is based on 6,000 Hours


truck operation per year.
WARNING: Hazardous voltages are present in this equipment. Prior to
opening cabinet doors or removing front or back cabinet
covers, insure that the Park Brake is applied and engine is
turned off. Wait for 3 minutes to allow the main filter
capacitors to discharge.

WARNING: Use a VOM to verify no voltage is present before touching any


terminal. Failure to comply with this precaution may result in
death or serious injury.
1000 HOUR / 2 MONTH PM

Inspect the inverter cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or cracks. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the system controller enclosure, phase modules, transient


chopper, retard contactors, and Truck Controller.

NOTE:

Do not use compressed air. Blown dirt particles may be forced in


the fiber optic connections resulting in equipment malfunction.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, and terminals for evidence of looseness,
cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing. Repair as needed.

Remove the retard contactor arc chute, actuate the operating lever and
insure the movable parts are operating freely without binding. Do not
lubricate. Repair as needed.

Inspected the interior of arc chute side walls for evidence of excessive
wear. Replace arc chute (GA P/N EC-0028) as soon as a hole is observed
(see Figure 8-1).

Chapter 8

Page 1 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

Figure 8-1a. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls

Inspect the contactor operating lever rod for fracture, particularly close to
the spring bottom cup. Replace as needed (GA P/N EC-0033)

Visually inspect the transient suppressor, located on the contactor coil


terminals for evidence of damage. Replace the transient suppressor, as
needed.

Inspect the eight bolts, securing the inverter cabinet to the truck deck, for
tightness. Re-torque as needed.

Test all ground fault detections for proper operation:


o Alt/DC link ground fault detection
o Traction Motor ground fault detection
o Blower drive output ground fault detection
o Refer to Section 9 of this manual for all Ground Fault Detection Test
Procedures.

3000 HOUR / 6 MONTH PM

Inspect the inverter cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or cracks. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the system controller enclosure, phase modules, transient


chopper, retard contactors, and Truck Controller.

Chapter 8

Page 2 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

NOTE: Do not use compressed air. Blown dirt particles may be forced in
the fiber optic connections resulting in equipment malfunction.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, and terminals for evidence of looseness,
cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for signs of chafing. Repair as needed.

Remove the retard contactor arc chute, actuate the operating lever and
insure the movable parts are operating freely without binding. Do not
lubricate. Repair as needed.

Inspected the interior of arc chute side walls for evidence of excessive
wear. Replace arc chute (GA P/N EC-0028) as soon as a hole is observed
(see Figure 8-1b).

Figure 8-1b. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls

Inspect the contactor operating lever rod for fracture, particularly close to
the spring bottom cup. Replace as needed (GA P/N EC-0033)

Visually inspect the retard contactors main contact assembly. Replace the
Main Contact as needed using Kit (GA part # EC-0027). Refer to Section
9, Main Contact Replacement Procedure, in this manual for further
information. In the event the main contact needs replacing, it may be more
convenient removing the contactor from the cabinet and replacing it with a
previously over hauled contactor.

Chapter 8

Page 3 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

Visually inspect the transient suppressor located on the contactor coil


terminals for evidence of damage. Replace the transient suppressor, as
needed.

Inspect the eight bolts, securing the inverter cabinet to the truck deck, for
tightness. Re-torque as needed.

Test all ground fault detections for proper operation:


o Alt/DC link ground fault detection
o Traction Motor ground fault detection
o Blower drive output ground fault detection
o Refer to Section 9 of this manual for all Ground Fault Detection Test
Procedures.

6000 HOUR / 1 YEAR PM

Inspect the inverter cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or cracks. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the system controller enclosure, phase modules, transient


chopper, retard contactors, cabinet bottom, and Truck Controller.

Remove the front left half skin and the rear upper half skin. Vacuum
components located in the cabinet center, the snubber resistors, and the
cabinet bottom.

Remove the four mesh filters (GA Part # AA-0001) located in the top cover
filtration housing (refer to section 3, Drawing 20001-1285 item 8). Clean
and remove any dirt accumulation. Re-install the filters.

NOTE: Do not use compressed air. Blown dirt particles may be forced in
the fiber optic connections resulting in equipment malfunction.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, terminals for evidence of looseness,


cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing, particularly the snubber resistors
connections. Repair as needed.

Inspect the input filter capacitors for evidence of oil leakage, particularly
around the terminals insulation. In case of leakage, replace the capacitor.

Chapter 8

Page 4 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

Visually inspect the retard contactors main contact assembly. Replace the
Main Contact as needed using Kit (GA part # EC-0027). Refer to Section
9, Main Contact Replacement Procedure, of this manual for further
information. In the event the main contact needs replacing, it may be more
convenient removing the contactor from the cabinet and replacing it with a
previously over hauled contactor.

Actuate the contactors operating lever and insure the movable parts are
operating freely without binding. Do not lubricate. Repair as needed.

Inspected the interior of arc chute side walls for evidence of excessive
wear. Replace arc chute (GA P/N EC-0028) as soon as a hole is observed
(see Figure 8-1c).

Figure 8-1c. Interior Arc Chute Side Walls

Inspect the contactor operating lever rod for fracture, particularly close to
the spring bottom cup. Replace as needed (GA P/N EC-0033)

Visually inspect the transient suppressor, located on the contactor coil


terminals, for evidence of damage. Replace the transient suppressor, as
needed.

Inspect the eight bolts, securing the inverter cabinet to the truck deck, for
tightness. Re-torque as needed.

Test all ground fault detections for proper operation:


o Alt/DC link ground fault detection

Chapter 8

Page 5 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

o Traction Motor ground fault detection


o Blower drive output ground fault detection
o Refer to Section 9 of this manual for all Ground Fault Detection Test
Procedures.
12,000 HOUR / 2 YEAR PM

Inspect the inverter cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or cracks. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the system controller enclosure, phase modules, transient


chopper, retard contactors, cabinet bottom, and Truck Controller.

Remove the front left half skin and the rear upper half skin. Vacuum
components located in the cabinet center, the snubber resistors, and the
cabinet bottom.

Remove the four mesh filters (PI Part # AA-0001) located in the top cover
filtration housing (refer to section 3, Drawing 20001-1285 item 8). Clean
and remove any dirt accumulation. Reinstall the filters.

NOTE: Do not use compressed air. Blown dirt particles may be forced in
the fiber optic connections resulting in equipment malfunction.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, and terminals for evidence of looseness,
cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing, particularly the snubber resistor connections.
Repair as needed.

Inspect the input filter capacitors for evidence of oil leakage, particularly
around the terminals insulation. In case of leakage, replace the capacitor.

Visually inspect the retard contactors main contact assembly. Replace the
Main Contact as needed using Kit (GA part # EC-0027). Refer to Section
9, Main Contact Replacement Procedure, of this manual for further
information. In the event the main contact needs replacing, it may be more
convenient removing the contactor from the cabinet and replacing it with a
previously over hauled contactor.

Chapter 8

Page 6 of 7

BI617250

Title:

Number:

MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter and Blower Drive Manual

20001-9500

Revision:
D

Inspect the electrolytic capacitors (180 mF, 63V) located beside the retard
contactors (GA part # CU-0036) for evidence of leakage. In case of
leakage, replace the capacitor.

Inspect the eight bolts, securing the inverter cabinet to the truck deck, for
tightness. Re-torque as needed.

Test all ground fault detections for proper operation:


o Alt/DC link ground fault detection
o Traction Motor ground fault detection
o Blower drive output ground fault detection
o Refer to Section 9 of this manual for all Ground Fault Detection Test
Procedures.

Chapter 8

Page 7 of 7

BI617250

Test Procedure
IGBT INVERTER GROUP FINAL TEST

Document No: 20001-9214

Revision: D

Original Issue Date: November 20th, 2006

Rev

Description

Eng. Date

Appv.

Date

NC

Initial Release

MS

6/23/06

DO

7/14/06

updated

MS

11/20/07

DO

11/20/07

updated

CH

9/05/08

DO

9/05/08

Digital IO test updated

DZ

11/17/08

Updated (ECO # 10-44)

CH

8/26/10

8/30/10

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of General
Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used by the recipient only
for the purpose for which it was submitted.

BI617250

Test Procedure
Inverter Group Final Test 20001-9214 Rev D

August 26th, 2010

1 Introduction
1.1 Introduction
This procedure defines a checkout test which is to be performed on the Inverter Group
prior to shipment. This test performs all needed low-power checkout and applies power
from an adjustable high power switching DC power supply to operate medium to high
power operation.

2 Reference
2.1 Documents
2.1.1 PI Drawing No. 20001-9101:

Schematic Diagram, Phase Module

2.1.2 PI Drawing No. 20001-9031:

Schematic Diagram, System Interface PWA

2.1.3 PI Drawing No. 20001-9058:

Schematic Diagram, System Control PWA

2.1.4 PI Drawing No. 20001-9372

Schematic Diagram, Low voltage Control Wiring

2.1.5 Test Sheet No. 20001-9438

Results of this test procedure to be recorded


on this document

2.1.6 Test Procedure No. 20001-9310F System control board Test Procedure

3 Equipment Required
3.1 Equipment:
3.1.1 1500VDC adjustable switching P/S or truck mounted traction alternator.
3.1.2 100V, 50A power supply, Elgar Model No. DHP-100-50 or equivalent.
3.1.3 >24V, >4A power supply, Tektronix Model No. PS-280 or equivalent
3.1.4 Skoda traction motors coupled on test stand or truck elevated on stands for
individual low speed unloaded motor test.

3.2 Test Instruments:


3.2.1 Fluke Model 87 multimeter.

Document No: 20001-9214 RevD

Page 2 of 11

BI617250

Test Procedure
Inverter Group Final Test 20001-9214 Rev D

August 26th, 2010

3.2.2 Northstar Tachometer with cable per PI Drawing No. 20001-9219-002


3.2.3 Various clip leads.
3.2.4 2 MHz Signal Generator or equivilent.

3.3

PTU Test Files and Software Components:

3.3.1 PC or Notebook computer with PTU-Truck Software Installed (PTU081103a.exe


or newer)..
3.3.2 System Control Test Software. Sys081103.H86
3.3.3 System Control software, Current Working Version
3.3.4 Inverter Test Software, MT6300_080829c.H86 or Current Working Version
3.3.5 Inverter Control Software, Current Working Version.

4 Testing Procedure
4.1 Setup
Connect the inverter group to test loads and power supplies as shown in the diagram of
PI drawing No. 20001-9219-001. Connect the main power input supply and motor loads
to both inverters. Connect a PTU serial cable to J3 (System Control board Serial Port
J3). Start the PTU-truck application.
4.2 Visual Inspection
4.2.1 Check the jumper configuration on A3 (Analog I/O module) against the illustration
on drawing No. 20001-9005 (for test stand configuration- normal full installation for on
truck operation).
4.3 Critical continuity checks - check the following wiring for errors:
4.3.1 Check for continuity between K1-NO1 and K2-C3.
4.3.2 Check for continuity between K1-NO2 and K2-C2.
4.3.3 Check for continuity between K2-NO3 and TB5-7. (204)
4.3.4 Check for continuity between K2-NO2 and TB5-8. (233)
4.3.5 Check for continuity between A4-23 and D8-Cathode (bottom right screw). (310)

Document No: 20001-9214 RevD

Page 3 of 11

BI617250

Test Procedure
Inverter Group Final Test 20001-9214 Rev D

August 26th, 2010

4.3.6 Check between K2-NO3(204) and TB7L-6(203) (Left Inverter) for a resistance
between 1.7 and 2.5 Ohms. Record the reading on the test sheet.
4.3.7 Check between K2-NO2(233) and TB7R-6(212) (Right Inverter) for a resistance
between 1.7 and 2.5 Ohms. Record the reading on the test sheet.
4.3.8 Check between E1A positive (Left A-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
4.3.9 Check between E1A positive (Left B-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
4.3.10 Check between E1A positive (Left C-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
4.3.11 Check between E1A positive (Right A-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
4.3.12 Check between E1A positive (Right B-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
4.3.13 Check between E1A positive (Right C-phase Module) and E4B negative for a
resistance of approximately 0.2 Ohms.
Be sure to compensate for meter lead resistance (actual reading may be about .4
ohms). A 4 wire milliohm meter may also be used for a more accurate reading.
4.4 Control Power Application Check
4.4.1 Turn on the 24V/ 72V power supply and verify that 24V/ 72V power is present
between TB1-1 and TB1-3. Close CB1 through CB5. Verify that the alpha-numeric
display on the System Controller lights up. Also verify that a boot prompt appears on
the PTU Main screen.
4.4.2 On the PTU, start the Real-Time display (press Alt-R). Verify that the left and
right inverter sub screens show no fault message of Communications Failure and that
the Comm. Check boxes are checked.
4.4.3 Verify that the voltage reading on the PTU display is within 1.5 V of the incoming
voltage. Close the Real-Time Display window.
4.4.4 Verify communications in all controllers. Move the PTU serial cable from system
control connector J3 to left ICM-J1 (Left Inverter Control Module Serial Port). Press the
space bar and verify that a response in the form of an "unknown command" message
occurs. Move the serial cable to right ICM-J1 (Right Inverter Control Module Serial
Port). Move the serial cable back to the system controller J3 connector.
4.4.5 Connect 2MHz signal generator (+) to system control board E24 and (-) to E22.
Apply 4KHz square wave to simulate engine signal.
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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

4.5 Digital I/O Tests


4.5.1 Press "alt-R" on the PTU to start the Real-Time display.
Press "alt-D" to open the Digital I/O map.
Verify that the 24V Unswitched and 24V Switched check boxes are checked.
Open CB4. Verify that the 24V Unswitched check box is not checked.
Close CB4 and open CB5. Verify that the 24V Switched check box is not
checked. Close CB5.
4.5.2 Braking Contactor Test Turn off engine signal generator. System cannot get into
test mode when engine is running.
At the PTU Main Screen, type TS to set the software into the digital input/output test
mode. Using shortcut commands test the contactors and making observations in the
following sequence:
1. <TS> command:
All contactors off. Start the Real-Time display
and open the digital I/O Window. Verify that the
corresponding B1, B2 and B3 check boxes are unchecked.
Close the Digital I/O Map and Real-Time windows for the
next test.
2. <X11>:

First stage contactor (B1) on. On the Digital I/O map, verify
that the B2 and B3 check boxes are unchecked, that the B1
box is checked. Visually verify that B2 and B3 are open and
B1 is closed.

3. <X21>:

First & 2nd stages (B1 and B2) on. On the Digital I/O map,
verify that the B3 check box is unchecked; B1 and B2 boxes
are checked. Visually verify that B3 is open and that B1 and
B2 are closed.

4. <X31>:

First, 2nd and 3rd stages on. On the Digital I/O map, verify
that B1, B2 and B3 boxes are checked. Visually verify that
all 3 contactors are closed.

5. <X30> <X20> <X10>: Deactivate contactors. Type "TS" and press enter
to take the system out of the Digital I/O test mode.
4.5.3 24V Input Tests --Start the Real-Time display and select the Digital I/O map. With
a jumper wire, apply 24VDC to the digital I/O modules as indicated in Table 1 and verify
that the corresponding check box on the digital I/O map changes state.

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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

Table 1. Digital I/O Test Points. Jump 24VDC to the associated I/O Rack terminal and
observe the digital I/O map.
Ref
Designator

Function

A4-1 (Ch 0)

Retard Speed Control On

A4-3 (Ch 1)

Stop Debug

A4-5 (Ch 2)

System Fault Reset

A4-7 (Ch 3)

Forward

A4-9 (Ch 4)

Reverse

A4-11 (Ch 5)

Hand/Load Brake Applied

A4-13 (Ch 6)

Park Brake Released

A4-15 (Ch 7)

Service Brake Applied

A4-17 (Ch 8)

Truck Full ( Deselects )

A5-1 (Ch 0)

Dump Body Up ( Deselects )

A5-3 (Ch 1)

Engine Stop ( Deselects )

A5-5 (Ch 2)

Spare Input #2

A5-7 (Ch 3)

Axle Box Pressure Switch

A5-19 (Ch 9)

Contactor Status Feedback B3

A5-23 (Ch 11)

Contactor Status Feedback B2

A5-27 (Ch 13)

Contactor Status Feedback B1

A5-29 (Ch 14)

Spare Input #1

A5-31 (Ch 15)

Transient Chopper Overload (72V for


conversion units)

4.5.4 24V Outputs - At the PTU Main Screen, type "TS" set the system into the Digital
I/O Test Mode. Initialize outputs as shown below:
>TS- Digital I/O Test ON Using the shortcut commands, test the outputs by set/reset each port as indicated in
Table 2 and observing the LEDs on the corresponding digital I/O modules. The LED will
light when the command is issued and will go dark when the hex word is reset to the
values shown above.

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Test Procedure
Inverter Group Final Test 20001-9214 Rev D

August 26th, 2010

Table 2. 24V Output Tests. Set the word (in hexadecimal) as indicated and observe the
associated I/O module LED.
Channel

Function

Shortcut
RESET

Shortcut
SET

A5 Ch 12

B1 Command(Note 1)

X10

X11

A5 Ch 10

B2 Command

X20

X21

A5 Ch 8

B3 Command

X30

X31

A5 Ch 7

Dynamic Retard Lamp (K4) (Note X40


2)

X41

A5 Ch 6

24V Power Hold (K3)

X50

X51

A5 Ch 5

Exciter Field On (K2)

X60

X61

A5 Ch 4

24V Inverter Power On (K1)

X70

X71

A4 Ch 15

Spare Output #2 (MT 5500)

X80

X81

Blower Chopper Reset (MT 6300)


A4 Ch 14

Spare Output #1

X90

X91

A4 Ch 13

Speed Event 2

XA0

XA1

A4 Ch 12

Speed Event 1

XB0

XB1

A4 Ch 11

Propulsion to Weigh-System

XC0

XC1

A4 Ch 10

System Fault Lt.

XD0

XD1

A4 Ch 9

Low Blower Pressure Lt.

XE0

XE1

Note 1: B1 must be set in order for B2 or B3 to turn on. In addition, 24v power is routed
through the interlock on B1 to the other 2 contactors and is a hardware failsafe to
ensure that the dc cooling motor on the retard grid is always activated when dynamic
retard contactors are closed. The power for the fan motor is tapped off of the B1
resistor segment. B2 and/or B3 turning on before B1 may also be prohibited by a
software/firmware lockout as well on some versions. See section 4.5.2 for hex address
values for operation of multiple contactor combinations.
Note 2: For the dynamic retard lamp, check that 24VDC is present at A7TB1-8(+) and 3(-) [ -7(-) for conversion units] when the Ch7 LED is lit and that 0V is present when it
is dark.
4.5.5 Exit I/O test mod (Type TS)

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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

4.6 Analog Signal Check


4.6.1 On the PTU Main Screen, set the accel pedal calibration using the C1 through C4
commands as follows:
C1
C2
C3
C4

MT-5500
2000
18000
2000
8000

MT-6300
3000
23000
2000
14000

*Type IP<cr> to set to default values*

Start the Real-Time display, Verify that the Accel and Retard commands reads 0 lb-ft
with no pedal input. The settings above insure that there is a free space at the
beginning and end of the pedals travel to avoid erroneous inputs due to vibration and to
insure that maximum torque command is achieved before the pedal is depressed to 100
percent. The full range is 0-22500 for Accel and 0-10700 for Dynamic Retard torque.
Temporarily remove truck wiring from A3 inputs tested below before inserting
test jumper.
4.6.2 Turn on Park Brake release.
4.6.3 Jump SysCtrl -E35 to A3TB5-3 (+5V to accel pedal input) Verify that the PTU
reads an Accel command between 21,500 and 22,500 ft-lb (MT-6300=25000 ft-lb)
4.6.4 Jump SysCtrl -E35 to A3TB6-3 (+5V to retard pedal input) Verify that the PTU
reads an Accel command between -10,700 and -10,000 ft-lb (MT-6300=-16500 ft-lb)
4.6.5 Turn off Park Brake release. Reconnect E35.
4.6.6 Connect a 140 Ohm resistor from A3TB1-3 to -2 (Alternator Stator RTD), a jumper
from -4 to -3 of same TB. Verify that the Alternator stator temperature reading on the
Real-Time Display is between 102 and 106 C. Record the reading.
4.6.7 Repeat the above step, making the same connections at A3TB3 (Left Wheel
Motor Temp).
4.6.8 Repeat the above step, making the same connections at A3TB4 (Right Wheel
Motor Temp).
4.6.9 Repeat the above step, making the same connections at A3TB2 (Alternator
Bearing Temp).
4.6.10 Reconnect A3 truck wiring.

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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

4.7 Left inverter Checkout


4.7.1 With control power on, connect the PTU serial cable to the Left Inverter Control
module (J1) serial port. Press "H" (help screen) and check the version of the installed
software. Otherwise, press "RST" to return to the boot monitor, press "D" to initiate
download. When prompted, press "alt-D" (or click the Download menu item) to open
the download file dialog box. Select the most current ICM truck software (Tr file) file
that is in use and press "OK". When downloading is complete, press F" (Flash-burn).
Continue by initiating control application by tying G (Go-Ram).

Caution: The following steps will result in hazardous power levels in and
around the equipment. They should only be conducted by personnel
trained in the operation of High Voltage/ High Power equipment.
4.7.2 The IGBT inverter group will need a voltage greater than 450V dc input to get
saturation detection on the driver circuitry. There is no low voltage switching test into a
simple load possible. Precautions are made by utilizing several steps to insure safe
operation during the first power up of a new inverter group. Type ST to verify status
bits at zero dc link voltage: 11000 11000 11000.
4.7.3 Bring up the Real-Time display. Verify that the three IGBT temperature readings
"IGBT Temp A", IGBT Temp B" and IGBT Temp C" and the ambient temperature
readings all agree to within 2 degrees C. Record the readings.
4.7.4 Turn off 24V control power. Connect the tacho and harness assembly per 200019219-002 to TB3. Restore 24V control power. With the PTU still connected to the left
inverter, bring up the Real-Time Display. Spin the tachometer (or wheel motor rotor on
in-house test stand) by hand in the direction indicated by the arrow for a few seconds.
Verify that the "omega rotor" readout on the display gives a positive reading. Spin the
tachometer in the opposite direction for a few seconds. Verify that the "omega rotor"
readout gives a negative reading. A functioning tachometer is critical for proper inverter
operation.
4.7.5 At the boot prompt, type "SY" and hit the space bar (Ignore System Controller).
This setting allows for autonomous direct operation of the individual inverter and wheel
motor by direct command to the ICM via the laptop PTU. Connect the PTU serial cable
to J1 of the left Inverter Control Module (ICM). The ICM is now ready to accept a speed
command. A slow setting is recommended. 10-20 Hz rotation (300-600 rotor rpm will
be more than fast enough). The speed input command is CS. Input a number as
directed at the prompt (10 Hz is entered as 1000<enter>. With voltage present from a
power source on the DC link, the command RD can be typed in the ICM PTU screen
to initiate rotation at the specified speed. Type RD again to stop the test at anytime. It
would be a good idea to start and stop at zero speed (CS = 0). Note that the Left
Inverter gate drivers will make an audible sound. This test can be performed on an
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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

assembled mining haul truck with the rear wheels safely elevated using the diesel and
traction alternator to provide power on the DC link. Extreme caution should be used to
minimize excessive wheel speed and care should be taken to clear personnel away
from the truck during such a test. The same procedure above applies for setting a
speed and then commanding the drive to run using the RD command. Truck mechanical
brakes will need to be functional should the inverter fault during operation. A more likely
method for in-field testing would be to simply drive the empty truck after assembly
checks have been completed. The software will provide over-current protection and a
pre-check to phase current sensors before full power is applied should there be any
catastrophic component failure or mis-wiring.
Operational checks of overspeeds and limit settings:
Command IP (Initialize Parameters) entered into the PTU screen will initialize settings
to their default values.
Note

Shortcut
Address

Accel pedal minimal

C1

Accel pedal maximal

C2

Retard pedal minimal

C3

Retard pedal maximal

C4

Dump body up max speed

C8

Empty load overspeed limit

C5

Loaded overspeed limit

C6

Overspeed delta (penalty)

C7

Low blower pressure max


speed

C9

Speed event #1

C10

Speed event #2

C11

Truck serial number

C12

Use the SD command to enter the address from the above list and then hit enter for
the prompt to enter a new value in decimal. The SW command can be utilized, but the
displayed value will be in hexadecimal and the entered value will need to be in hex as
well.

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Test Procedure
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August 26th, 2010

The shortcut commands can simply be typed in at the PTU screen and will prompt you
for a decimal value. A functional test of all limits and functions must be conducted
before a truck is entered into service to ensure all inputs and seed settings function
correctly.
4.8 Right Inverter Checkout
4.8.1 Connect the power supply and test load to the right inverter (A3) power terminals.
Turn on the 24V and 85V control power supplies. Connect the PTU serial cable to the
Right Inverter Control Module (J1) serial port. Repeat the software checks of part 4.7.1.
4.8.2 Repeat step 4.7.2 for the Right Inverter.
4.8.3 Repeat step 4.7.3 for the Right Inverter.
4.8.4 Repeat step 4.7.4 for the Right Inverter.
4.8.5 Repeat step 4.7.5 for the Right Inverter.
4.9

Quad Communication and CI Check (GTO only)

4.9.1 See Test Procedure Document No. 20001-9267.


4.10 Grid Fan Current Checks.
4.10.1 Open real time screen. Run Inverter up manually to max. speed. Verify check
marks appear in retard grid squares one, two, and three, in box labeled Retard Grid.
4.11 Exciter Chopper Current Checks.
4.11.1 Connect cable roll ends to terminals FC4 and FC5 of Exciter chopper board
20001-9285. Turn on the Park Release switch. Take current reading of cable roll. Verify
that it matches current reading on real time screen.

4.12 Cab Display Checks.


4.13 Blower comm. and function

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Procedure
IGBT Inverter Group Hipot Test
Document No:

20001-9432

Revision: B

Original Issue Date: June 26th, 2006


Rev
NC
A
B

Description
ORIGINAL ISSUE
Text error changes (ECO 10-44)
ECO 10-60

Eng.
M.S.
C.H.
C.H.

Date
6/26/06
8/26/10
9/27/10

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of
General Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used
by the recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

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General Atomics-CAPE
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September 27, 2010

1 General
1.1

Introduction - This test defines a production High Potential Test Procedure


(Hipot) which is to be performed on the MT-5500 IGBT Inverter Group Assembly
as a production test. This test is conducted to verify the integrity of all insulation
on the inverter group power and control wire harnesses. Electronic circuit boards
and related subassemblies are not tested by this procedure.

1.2

Applicability - This test is to be performed on the inverter group only. In any


circumstance, whether the inverter group installed in the test lab or installed
aboard a truck, all control and power circuit interfaces external to the inverter
group shall be removed prior to performing this test.

1.3

Test Sequence- the test is divided into three parts: Left Inverter and Related
Control wiring; Right Inverter and Related Control wiring; and System Control
Wiring. The Control Wiring for the each inverter is done in four parts; signal wiring
to ground, signal wiring to shield, temperature sensor wiring to shield and 24V
circuits to ground.

Caution:

Insulation testing, if not followed correctly, can damage sensitive electronic


circuitry, especially CMOS logic chips. All procedures for isolating, shorting and
disconnecting control circuits and components must be followed exactly. If not,
component damage is very likely to occur in the event of an insulation breakdown. In
many cases, the damage may cause intermittent failure or a delayed failure.
1.4

Test harnesses - tests harnesses used below shall be used to minimize the
possibility of damage due to setup error. When setting up, every clip shall be
connected to the correct point; a dangling clip indicates that a connection is
missed. When taking the setup apart, a missing lead or harness indicates that
something is left behind. After every test, a check shall be made to ensure that all
ten components of the harness are found. A lead left in the equipment could
cause a catastrophic failure when power is applied.

2 Equipment Required
2.1

Hipot tester

2.2

Megohmmeter

Associated Research Model 5560DT.or equivalent


"Megger" Capable of 1000VDC and >1000MOhm full-scale
reading.

2.3

Phase Module (IGBT) Jumper Harness (3)

PI drawing No. 20001-9224-001

2.4

Inverter Jumper Harness (1)

PI drawing No. 20001-9224-002

2.5

Control Wiring Test Board

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

PI Drawing No. 20001-9224-003

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General Atomics-CAPE
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September 27, 2010

2.6

Contactor control grounding harness

PI drawing No. 20001-9224-004

2.7

3" Crocodile Clip Lead (2)

PI drawing No. 20001-9224-005

2.8

Contactor Power Harness

PI Drawing No. 20001-9224-006

2.9

Miscellaneous Harness

PI Drawing No. 20001-9224-007

2.10 #18 to #22 Bare Tinned copper bus wire (approx 15 ft.)
2.11

Test Sheet:

All data from this test shall be recorded on


the test data sheet: PI Document No. 200019225.

2.12

Schematic Documents:

Power Circuit AC drive


- 20001-9106
AC drive-low voltage (24v) - 20001-9372

3 Testing
3.1

Left Inverter (Major Assy. A2) Setup

3.1.1 Remove all phase module covers and disconnect all IGBT gate driver board
control leads (E1-E10) at the IGBT gate drive boards. Do the same for all phase
module gate driver boards in A, B, and C phases for both sides. Short each set of 10
IGBT gate harness leads (E1-E10) with bus wire and/or alligator clip jumper leads.
Bend the leads so that the terminals are at least 1 inch away from the IGBT gate drive
terminals on the board.
3.1.2 On phase modules (A, B ,and C phases), install the three Phase Module Jumper
Harnesses per section 2.3, above, connecting the terminals at the respective terminal
points illustrated in Figure 1 and 1a, below.
3.1.3 At the inverter controller, A5, disconnect J2, J3, J4 and J5 and connect to the
respective points on the Inverter Controller Test Board. Connect the SIG, TEMP and
SHLD leads to ground.
3.1.4 Disconnect transient chopper power cabling and control power plug. Chopper
module may be removed from cabinet to facilitate insulation of power cabling from
frame.
3.1.5 Disconnect the ground return lead on C4 and apply a short across the same with
the clip lead described above in section 2.7. See Figure 2.
3.1.6 Install the Inverter Jumper Harness per section 2.4, above to E1, E2A, E2B, E3A,
and E3C (left Inverter) and E1, (E3A or E3B), and E2 (right inverter). AC output leads
E4, E5, and E6 (left and right drives) should also be connected together with the other
connections if the phase module output plates are not connected or if modules are
removed. See Figure 3.

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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September 27, 2010

3.1.7 Short both leads, HV+ and HV- at the voltage monitor, A1 with clip lead described
above in section 2.7. See Figure 4.
3.1.8 Connect the contactor control grounding harness per section 2.6, above to the
respective points at TB7-1 through -4 and TB7-6 through -12 on each side of the
inverter group. ENSURE phase module IGBT gate driver control card power connectors
(E11, E12) are disconnected for the control circuits test.
3.1.9 If the System Control is installed, disconnect all wiring from the system Control at
P41 disconnect plug in system panel.

Figure 1: Connect the test harness (or bus wire) to the respective points on each of
three phase modules.

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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Figure 1a: Close up of IGBT gate driver board wire harness bus wire shorting
connections.

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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September 27, 2010

Figure 2: Disconnect grounding lead from frame (or at cap) and short EMI capacitor C4.

Figure 3: Main power cabling Hi-Pot / Megger jumper connections. Both inverter sides
(left and right drive) shown connected simultaneously.

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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September 27, 2010

Figure 4: jumper lead across voltage monitor LEM HV+ and HV- (both cabinets).
3.2

Left Inverter Power Circuits Test

Caution: The tests described below involve the application of high voltage to the
equipment. They should be carried out only by personnel trained in working with test
voltages of 5000VAC or DC.
3.2.1 Set the Megohmmeter to produce 1000VDC Output. Connect the GND lead to
the inverter frame and the HV lead to E1. Measure the resistance and verify that it is no
less than 5 Mohms at 1000VDC. If the reading is unstable at any level, it should be
noted and brought to the attention of the cognizant test engineer. Use the megger to
discharge the inverter under test and connect a ground clip from E1 to the inverter
frame.
3.2.2 Connect the Hipot tester GND lead to the inverter frame. Connect the HV lead to
the E1 lug and leave the other end disconnected. Set the Hipot tester for 5000VDC, 1
minute ramp and 1 minute dwell time. Connect the other end of the HV lead to the
Hipotter. Press the "Test" button and note the leakage current as the voltage ramps up.
Record the leakage current at the beginning of the dwell period and at the end. If a
breakdown occurs, note the voltage at which it occurred. Connect a ground clip from E1
to the inverter frame to ensure that all circuits remain discharged for the next test.
3.3

Left Inverter Control Circuits Test

3.3.1 Megger Test of Signal Circuits to Ground - Set the Megohmmeter to produce
500VDC Output. Connect the GND lead to the inverter frame. On the inverter
controller test board, disconnect the SHLD, TEMP and SIG leads from ground and
connect all three to the HV lead of the Megohmmeter. Measure and record the
resistance at 500VDC. Use the megger to discharge the circuit under test and connect
a ground clip from the common lead to the inverter frame to ensure that all circuits
remain discharged.
Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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3.3.2 Hipot Test of Signal Circuits to Ground - As in the previous step, connect the
Hipot tester leads between the frame ground and the SHLD, TEMP and SIG leads. Set
the Hipot tester for 750VAC, 1 minute ramp and 1 minute dwell time. With the HV lead
still disconnected at the hipot, press the "Test" button and note that Voltage, ramp and
dwell settings are correct. Connect the HV lead to the Hipot. Press the "Test" button
and note the AC leakage current as the voltage ramps up. Record the leakage current
at the beginning of the dwell period and at the end. If a breakdown occurs, note the
voltage at which it occurred. Connect a ground clip from the SHLD, TEMP and SIG
leads to the inverter frame to ensure that all circuits are discharged and grounded for
the following tests.
3.3.3 Megger Test of Signal Circuits to Shields - Set the Megohmmeter to produce
500VDC Output. Connect the GND lead to the inverter frame. Disconnect the SIG lead
from ground and connect to the HV lead of the Megohmmeter. Leave the TEMP and
SHLD leads grounded. Measure and record the resistance at 500VDC. Use the
megger to discharge the circuit under test and ground the leads to ensure that all
circuits remain discharged.
3.3.4 Hipot Test of Signal Circuits to Shields - As in the previous step, connect the
Hipot tester leads between the frame ground and the SIG lead. Set the Hipot tester for
1050VAC, 1 minute ramp and 1 minute dwell time. With the HV lead still disconnected
at the hipot, press the "Test" button and note that Voltage, ramp and dwell settings are
correct. Connect the HV lead to the Hipot. Press the "Test" button and note the AC
leakage current as the voltage ramps up. Record the leakage current at the beginning
of the dwell period and at the end. If a breakdown occurs, note the voltage at which it
occurred. Connect a ground clip from the SHLD, TEMP and SIG leads to the inverter
frame to ensure that all circuits are discharged and grounded for the following tests.
3.3.5 Megger Test of Temperature Sensors - With the SHLD and SIG leads
grounded, connect the megger between frame ground and the TEMP lead. Measure
and record the insulation resistance at a test voltage of 150VDC. Reconnect the TEMP
lead to ground.
3.3.6 Megger Test of 24V Control Circuits - CAUTION: Ensure that the 24v

power leads are disconnected from the IGBT gate driver card for the next
two steps (E11, E12 on card)
3.3.7 Set the Megohmmeter to produce 500VDC Output. Connect the GND lead to the
inverter frame. Disconnect the COM lead of the contactor grounding harness and
connect to the HV lead of the megohmmeter. Leave all other leads grounded. Measure
and record the resistance at 500VDC. Use the megger to discharge the circuit under
test and ground the leads to ensure that all circuits remain discharged.
3.3.8 Hipot Test of 24V Control Circuits - As in the previous step, connect the Hipot
tester leads between the frame ground and the COM lead of the contactor grounding
harness. Set the Hipot tester for 1180VAC, 1 minute ramp and 1 minute dwell time.
With the HV lead still disconnected at the hipot, press the "Test" button and note that
Voltage, ramp and dwell settings are correct. Connect the HV lead to the Hipot. Press
the "Test" button and note the AC leakage current as the voltage ramps up. Record the
Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

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September 27, 2010

leakage current at the beginning of the dwell period and at the end. If a breakdown
occurs, note the voltage at which it occurred. Connect a ground clip from the SHLD,
TEMP and SIG leads to the inverter frame to ensure that all circuits are discharged and
grounded for the following tests.
3.3.9 Remove all wiring harnesses in preparation for the next step.
3.4

Right Inverter (Major Assy. A3) Setup

3.4.1 Repeat step 3.1.1 for the right inverter.


3.4.2 Repeat step 3.1.2 for the right inverter.
3.4.3 Repeat step 3.1.3 for the right inverter.
3.4.4 Repeat step 3.1.4 for the right inverter.
3.4.5 Repeat step 3.1.5 for the right inverter.
3.4.6 Repeat step 3.1.6 for the right inverter. Note that there is no E2B connection.
3.4.7 Repeat step 3.1.7 for the right inverter.
3.4.8 Repeat step 3.1.8 for the right inverter.
3.4.9 Repeat step 3.1.9 for the right inverter.
3.5

Right Inverter Power Circuits Test

3.5.1 Repeat step 3.2.1 for the Right Inverter


3.5.2 Repeat step 3.2.2 for the Right Inverter
3.6

Right Inverter Control Circuits Test

3.6.1 Repeat step 3.3.1 for the Right Inverter


3.6.2 Repeat step 3.3.2 for the Right Inverter
3.6.3 Repeat step 3.3.3 for the Right Inverter
3.6.4 Repeat step 3.3.4 for the Right Inverter
3.6.5 Repeat step 3.3.5 for the Right Inverter
3.6.6 Repeat step 3.3.6 for the Right Inverter
3.6.7 Repeat step 3.3.7 for the Right Inverter
3.6.8 Repeat step 3.3.8 for the Right Inverter

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

Page 9 of 11

BI617250

General Atomics-CAPE
Inverter Group Dielectric Test

September 27, 2010

4 Continuity Checks
4.1

Right Inverter ICM (P33).

4.1.1 Check continuity of the following wires: See Figure 6


Phase B current LEM

Phase C current LEM

Voltage LEM

P33-B < > current LEM- M

P33-N < > current LEM- M

P33-S < > voltage LEM- M

P33-C < > current LEM- (+)

P33-H < > current LEM- (+)

P33-M < > voltage LEM- (+)

P33-E < > current LEM- (-)

P33-R < > current LEM- (-)

P33-P < > voltage LEM- (-)

*The orientation of the terminals for the Phase B current LEM are leads facing down,
Phase C current LEM leads are facing up.*
4.2

Left Inverter ICM (P33).

4.2.1 Repeat step 4.1.1 for Left Inverter

Figure 5

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

Page 10 of 11

BI617250

General Atomics-CAPE
Inverter Group Dielectric Test

September 27, 2010

5 Post-Inspection
This step shall be performed by a qualified Quality Assurance delegate.
5.1.1 On all phase modules, check all IGBT gate leads and power connections to
ensure that the polarity is correct and that the connections are adequately tightened.
Inspect the interior of the phase module to ensure that no tools, debris, clips or clip
leads are left inside and that all wire harnesses are intact. Install all phase module
covers.
5.1.2 On both inverters, check that both shorting clip leads have been removed and that
all leads have been replaced on C4.
5.1.3 Check that all Inverter Control Module (ICM) connections have been re-secured.
5.1.4 On the system control panel, make sure plug P41 is reconnected and fully locked
5.1.5 Ensure jumper wires have been removed from voltage monitor LEMs at bottom
frame.

Document No: 20001-9432 Rev B

Page 11 of 11

BI617250

Maintenance Procedure
Retard Contactor (PI Part # EC-0026)
Main Contact and Auxiliary Interlock Replacement

Document No: 20001-9436

Revision: A

Original Issue Date: June 19th, 2006


Rev

Description

Eng.

Date

Appv.

Date

NC

Initial Release

DO

6/19/06

DO

6/23/06

Added PI part number to Kits

DO

6/11/07

DO

6/13/07

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of
General Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used
by the recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

Page 1 of 7

BI617250

1- Description
The retard contactor is a DC contactor rated 1500 Volts, 1600 ADC with a 12 VDC
operating coil.
Although not part of the contactor, a transient suppressor is connected in parallel with
the operating coil.

Fig. 1- Retard Contactor (EC-0026)

Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 2 of 7

BI617250

Fig. 2 A - Retard Contactor Exploded View

Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 3 of 7

BI617250

NOTE: Item 297 is PI P/N EC-0027. Item 299 is PI P/N EC-0019


Fig. 2 B - Retard Contactor Parts Description

Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 4 of 7

BI617250

NOTE: In the following procedures, the number in parentheses refers to item number
shown in Figure 2.

2- Main Contact Replacement Procedure


1. Remove the arc chute by depressing the latch (237) and pull the arc chute
assembly (285).
2. Remove the stationary contacts (227) by first removing the blow out coil
assembly (273). This is done by removing the screws (281) and (283). Remove
the top terminal by removing the screws (233). Lift terminal up and remove the
old stationary contacts and discard them. As The Main Contact replacement Kit
contains new hardware, discard the springs (224), (225), and the spring caps
(226).
3. Remove movable contact (245) by removing first the screws (247). Remove old
movable contact and discard it. As The Main Contact replacement Kit contains
new hardware, discard the screws (247) and lock washers (246).
4. Carefully, place new stationary contacts (227) on the springs (224), (225), and
the spring caps (226). Install terminal (230) making sure that the stationary
contacts pivot freely. Secure the terminal (230) to the contactor using the screws
(233) and the lock washers (232).
5. With reference to Figure 3, the gap A between stationary contacts (227) and the
terminal (230) should be 0.025 to 0.050 inch when measured 0.120 inch down
from the top of the contact.

Fig. 3 Main Contact Alignment

Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 5 of 7

BI617250

The contacts (227) may be bent open or close to achieve the desired gap.

6. Re-install the blow out coil assembly (273).


7. Place the new movable contact (245) on the movable contact support (243) and
secure it with the new screws (245) and lock washers (232).
8. Re-install the arc chute assembly (285) by depressing the arc chute latch (237);
insert the arc chute assembly until the arc chute latch (237) springs up.
9. Check for freedom of movement by manually lifting up the operating lever (271).

3- Auxiliary Interlock Replacement Procedure

Auxiliary Contact Assembly (256) Removal:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Disconnect from the auxiliary contact assembly all control wires.


Remove hardware (264), (265), (266), and interlock operator (263).
Remove the screws (267).
Remove the interlock support (260) with the auxiliary contact assembly attached.
Remove the screws (262) and the lock washers (261) from the interlock support,
separate and discard the old auxiliary contact assembly.

Auxiliary Contact Assembly (256) Installation:


1. Install the new auxiliary contact assembly onto the interlock support (260) with
the screws (262) and the lock washers (261).
2. Install the interlock support (260) with the auxiliary contact assembly to the
contactor with the screws (267).
3. Re-install interlock operator (263) hardware (264), (265), (266).
4. Re-connect all control wires to the auxiliary contact assembly.

Auxiliary Contact Assembly (256) Alignment:


1. Check for freedom of movement between the interlock operator (263) and the
operating lever (271).
2. With reference to figure 4, with contactor operating coil de-energized, verify that
the top of the interlock plunger is within 0.030 inch of the top of the auxiliary
contact assembly housing.
Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 6 of 7

BI617250

3. With reference to figure 4, with the contactor operating coil energized, verify that
the bottom of the interlock plunger is within 0.030 inch of the bottom of the
auxiliary contact assembly housing.

Fig. 4 Auxiliary Contact Assembly Alignment


NOTE: Travel of the interlock plunger may be adjusted by bending both sides of
the operating lever in front of the spring cups.

Document No: 20001-9436 Rev A

Page 7 of 7

BI617250

Field Procedure
Alt/DC Link Ground Fault Detection Test

Document No: 20001-9437

Revision: A

Original Issue Date: August 16th, 2006


Rev

Description

Eng.

Date

NC

Initial release

DO

8/16/06

ECO 10-64

DO

10/19/10

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of General
Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used by the
recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

Page 1 of 3

BI617250

1- Description
The purpose of the test is for insuring that the alternator AC circuit and the DC link
ground fault detection is operational.
This is achieved by connecting a ground simulation device from the alternator AC to
ground, and from the DC Link to ground (Truck chassis).
The ground simulation device (GA P/N 20001-9561) consists of a jumper protected by a
fuse 6Amp, 1500 VDC (GA P/N EF-0013). In the event the ground fault detection does
not detect the simulated ground, the fuse will blow.
2- Procedure:
-

Insure the engine is shut off and the 24 V switched is OFF. This is to allow the
B1 contactor to pick up and discharging the DC link input filter capacitors.
Wait 2 minutes to allow residual voltage to collapse thru the bleeder resistors.
With a Voltmeter, measure between the DC link and the ground to insure the
filter capacitors are discharged.
Check that the fuse is not opened, replace the fuse if necessary. Connect the
Grounding Jumper between the contactor B1 bottom bus and the ground per
the following illustration:

NOTE: Although the procedure recommends using the bus to the B1 contactor, It
acceptable to connect the jumper between the ground and either B2 or B3.

Document No: 20001-9437 Rev A

Page 2 of 3

BI617250

Shut the inverter cabinet door.


Start the engine and turn on the 24V switched. Let all alarms clear.
Turn off the park brake. Verify the system record an Alt/ DC Link Ground
Fault.
As fault is fatal and requires manual reset, verify that with selector in forward
and accel pedal depressed, the truck does not move.
Shut the truck down and insure DC link is totally discharged.
Remove the grounding jumper from B1.
Connect from any alternator phase output to ground (best practical location
may be blower motor fuse box):

Turn the truck on, turn off the park brake. Verify the system record an Alt/ DC
Link Ground Fault.
Shut the truck down and insure the DC link is totally discharged, remove the
grounding jumper.
In the event the ground fault detection fails, there will be no fault message
and the fuse will blow; shut the engine off, discharge the DC link and proceed
with trouble shooting the ground fault detection circuit.
Repeat the test after trouble shooting and the repair are done.

Document No: 20001-9437 Rev A

Page 3 of 3

BI617250

Field Procedure
Traction Motor Ground Fault Detection Test

Document No: 20001-9592

Revision: A

Original Issue Date: October 26th, 2010


Rev

Description

Eng.

Date

Initial release

DO

10/26/10

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of General
Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used by the
recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

Page 1 of 2

BI617250

1- Description
The purpose of the test is for insuring that the traction motor ground fault detection is
operational.
This is achieved by connecting a ground simulation device from any of the traction
motor three phases to ground (Truck Chassis).
2- Procedure
LEFT MOTOR:
1. Insure the engine is shut off and the 24 V switched is OFF. This is to allow the
B1 contactor to pick up and discharge the DC link input filter capacitors.
2. Wait 2 minutes to allow residual voltage to collapse thru the bleeder resistors.
3. With a Voltmeter, measure between the DC link and the ground to insure the
filter capacitors are discharged.
4. In the axle box, measure the voltage between each traction motor phase and
ground to insure there is no remaining voltage. Measure for both left and right
motors.
5. Connect one lead of the Traction motor ground simulation device (GA P/N
20001-9586) to any left motor phase and the other lead to ground.
6. Shut the axle box door.
7. Start the engine and turn on the 24V switched. Let all alarms clear.
8. Move reverser to Forward
9. Release the park brake.
10. Gently, depress the accel pedal for few seconds. Release the pedal as soon
as fault alarm is triggered.
11. Verify the system record a Traction Motor Ground Fault and that message is
displayed on the Cab display.
12. As fault is fatal and requires manual reset, verify that with selector in forward
and accel pedal depressed, the truck does not move.
13. Shut the truck down.
Right Motor:
Repeat above steps 1 to 13 for right motor.
14. Shut the truck down and insure the DC link is totally discharged.
15. Remove the ground simulation device.
NOTE:
In the event the ground fault detection fails (no fault triggered within few
seconds), shut the engine off, discharge the DC link and proceed with trouble
shooting the ground fault detection circuit.
Repeat the test after repair.

Document No: 20001-9592 Rev A

Page 2 of 2

BI617250

Field Procedure
Blower drive Output Ground Fault Detection Test

Document No: 20001-9593

Revision: A

Original Issue Date: October 26th, 2010


Rev

Description

Eng.

Date

Initial release

DO

10/26/10

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of General
Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used by the
recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

Page 1 of 2

BI617250

1- Description
The purpose of the test is for insuring that the Blower Drive output ground fault detection
is operational.
This is achieved by connecting a ground simulation device from any of the traction
blower motor three phases to ground (Truck Chassis).
2- Procedure
1. Insure the engine is shut off and the 24 V switched is OFF. This will allow the
B1 contactor to pick up and discharge the DC link input filter capacitors.
2. Wait 2 minutes to allow residual voltage to collapse thru the bleeder resistors.
3. With a Voltmeter, measure between the DC link and the ground to insure the
filter capacitors are discharged.
4. Connect one lead of the Blower drive ground simulation device (GA P/N
20001-9587) to any traction blower motor phase and the other lead to ground.
NOTE: Do not connect to the terminal bar located at the bottom of blower
inverter. Preferred location is at the motor junction box or fuse box.
5. Start the engine and turn on the 24V switched. Let all alarms clear.
6. Move reverser to Forward
7. Turn off the park brake.
8. Wait few seconds allowing the DC link to reach voltage allowing the blower
drive to start and the blower motor to speed up.
9. Verify the system record a Blower drive output Ground Fault and that
message is displayed on the Cab display.
10. As fault is fatal and requires manual reset, verify that with selector in forward
and accel pedal depressed, the truck does not move.
11. Shut the truck down and insure the DC link is totally discharged.
12. Remove the ground simulation device.
NOTE:
In the event the ground fault detection fails (no fault triggered within few
seconds), shut the engine off, discharge the DC link and proceed with trouble
shooting the ground fault detection circuit.
Repeat the test after repair.

Document No: 20001-9593 Rev A

Page 2 of 2

BI617250

IGBT Phase Module


Field Test Procedure

Document No: 20001-8618

Revision: B

Original Issue Date: August 30, 2007


Rev

Description

Eng.

Date

Appv.

Date

Initial Release

DO

8/30/07

DO

9/07/07

Updated, pictures added

DO

2/21/08

DO

2/22/08

Proprietary Notice: The information contained in this document is the sole property of
General Atomics and it may not be disclosed or communicated to outside parties. It may be used
by the recipient only for the purpose for which it was submitted.

20001-8618 Rev B.doc

Page 1 of 4

BI617250

1- Description
The purpose of this field test procedure is for allowing field personnel to test the phase
module power components (IGBTs Q1 to Q4, Diodes D1 and D2, capacitors C1 to C4).
Please refer to attached schematic 20001-8553 and check list.
Note:
Phase module power components are electrically connected by a buss assembly; do
not attempt disconnecting any power components. If a test between two terminals does
not match the value indicated in the check list, return the whole phase module.

2- Procedure:
-

Disconnect the fast-on terminals E1 to E10 from the gate driver.

Disconnect the DC link terminals E1A, E1B, E2A, E2B, E4A, and E4B.

Disconnect the AC output terminals E3A and E3B.

With a multi-meter set to diode test, check from terminal to terminal per the
attached check list.

If a reading varies drastically from the expected value, remove and replace
the whole phase module.

Note:
The multi-meter type, brand, and the battery level may affect the readings. As such, the
readings shown in the test list are general indications; some difference in the readings is
possible and this does not mean that tested components are defective.

20001-8618 Rev B.doc

Page 2 of 4

BI617250

Check list
FROM

TO

Reading

Component tested

Positive on E4

Negative on E5

.OL

Q2 Gate-Emitter

Negative on E4

Positive on E5

.OL

Q2 Gate-Emitter

Positive on E1

Negative on E5

.OL

Q2 Emitter-Collector

negative on E1

Positive on E5

0.267

Q2 Emitter-Collector

Positive on E2

Negative on E3

.OL

Q1 Gate-Emitter

Negative on E2

Positive on E3

.OL

Q1 Gate-Emitter

Positive on E1

Negative on E3

.OL

Q1 Emitter-Collector

Negative on E1

Positive on E3

0.267

Q1 Emitter-Collector

Positive on E7

Negative on E8

.OL

Q3 Gate Emitter

Negative on E7

Positive on E8

.OL

Q3 Gate Emitter

Positive on E6

Negative on E8

1.1 increasing
slowly to .OL

Q3 Emitter-Collector

Negative on E6

Positive on E8

0.267

Q3 Emitter-Collector

Positive on E9

Negative on E10

.OL

Q4 Gate Emitter

Negative on E9

Positive on E10

.OL

Q4 Gate Emitter

Positive on E6

Negative on E10

1.1 increasing
slowly to .OL

Q4 Emitter-Collector

Negative on E6

Positive on E10

0.267

Q4 Emitter-Collector

Positive on E4A/E4B

Negative on E1A/E1B

0.267

D1 and D2

Negative on
E4A/E4B

Positive on E1A/E1B

.OL

D1 and D2

Positive on E1A/E1B

Negative on E2A/E2B

.OL

C1, C2, C3, and C4

Negative on E1A/E1B

Positive on E2A/E2B

0.796

C1, C2, C3, and C4

20001-8618 Rev B.doc

Page 3 of 4

BI617250

20001-8618 Rev B.doc

Page 4 of 4

BI617250

10880 THORNMINT ROAD SAN DIEGO, CA 92127, USA 00-1-858-762-7008

BI617250

Document # 20001-9500
Revision D

BLOWER DRIVE MANUAL


FOR THE
MT6300 IGBT TRACTION INVERTER

Presented by:
Address:
Phone:

General Atomics
10880 Thornmint Road
San Diego, CA 92127, USA
00-1-858-762-7008

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................1

OPERATION ...................................................................................................................1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................1


3.1
COMPONENT LAYOUT ......................................................................................1
3.2
CHOPPER MODULE ...........................................................................................2
3.3
CHOPPER CONTROL BOARD ...........................................................................3
3.4
SMOOTHING REACTOR (L1) .............................................................................3
3.5
AC INVERTER MODULE.....................................................................................4
3.6
TERMINAL BAR TB1 ...........................................................................................5
3.7
COMMUNICATION LINK .....................................................................................5
3.8
COOLING FANS (FAN1, FAN2) ..........................................................................6
3.9
KEYPAD ..............................................................................................................6
BLOWER DRIVE SCHEMATICS ....................................................................................1

4
5

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE...................................................................1


5.1
2,000 HOUR / 6 MONTH PM ...............................................................................1
5.2
12,000 HOUR / 2 YEAR PM ................................................................................1
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1-1. Blower Drive Block Diagram ....................................................................................1


Figure 2-1. Chopper Module (photo and schematic) ..................................................................2
Figure 2-2. The Chopper Control Board (photo and schematic) .................................................3
Figure 2-3. The Smoothing Reactor (photo and schematic) .......................................................3
Figure 2-4. The AC Inverter Module (photo and schematic) .......................................................4
Figure 2-5. The 24 V Switched Control Voltage is Connected to TB1-1 and TB1-2. (photo and
schematic) ..................................................................................................................................5
Figure 2-6. The RS232 Communication Link is Connected to J3 (photo and schematic) ........... 5
Figure 2-7. Two Cooling Fans Circulate Air inside the Blower Drive (photo and schematic)....... 6
Figure 2-6. Chopper Manual Reset and Keypad ........................................................................6

Page ii

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

Revision:

20001-9500

INTRODUCTION

The MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter is air cooled.


A constant air flow is required allowing the AC Drive inverter to develop the maximum
power output of 4000 HP in accel and up to 6000 HP in retard.
A Traction blower drive consisting of a Chopper assembly, a smoothing reactor, and an
AC inverter module provides a three phase, 460 volts feed to the traction blower motor.
NOTE:

The Alternator blower motor is not controlled / powered by the blower


drive. It is powered directly from the alternator three phase output.

The traction blower inverter output is set to a constant 83 Hz allowing the motor to run
at its maximum rpm but still within the nameplate allowable phase current.

Chapter 1

Page 1 of 1

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:

OPERATION

The Blower drive power input is connected to the AC drive DC link.


The low voltage control is connected to the truck 24 VDC switched. The AC Inverter is
controlled via a RS232 communication link connected to the traction inverter system
controller.
As previously described in the AC drive inverter manual, the DC link voltage fluctuates
from a minimum 700 VDC in low idle to 1600 VDC in Accel and up to 1950 VDC in
Retard.
The Chopper module function is for regulating its output, regardless of the DC link
voltage, to a constant 650 VDC that is connected to the AC inverter thru a smoothing
reactor.
A commercial inverter is controlling output voltage and frequency to the blower motor.
The AC Inverter has its own software (proprietary to Rich-Electric). A number of
parameters are set and programmed via a key pad.

Figure 1-1. Blower Drive Block Diagram

Chapter 2

Page 1 of 1

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3
3.1

20001-9500

Revision:

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
COMPONENT LAYOUT

Refer to the assembly drawings for component locations (drawings are on the following
pages).
Drawing #

Title

20001-8564

Assembly, Blower Drive

20001-8566

Blower Chopper Assembly

20001-8560

Smoothing Reactor, Blower Drive

Chapter 3

Page 1 of 6

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BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3.2

20001-9500

Revision:

CHOPPER MODULE

Figure 2-1. Chopper Module (photo and schematic)


The Chopper Modules sole function is to provide constant voltage to the AC Inverter
input (see Figure 2-1).
The Chopper regulates its output to a constant 650 VDC regardless of the AC Inverter
current draw and from a 700 to 1950 VDC DC link voltage level.

Chapter 3

Page 2 of 6

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3.3

Revision:

20001-9500

CHOPPER CONTROL BOARD

Figure 2-2. The Chopper Control Board (photo and schematic)


The Chopper Control Board sends the IGBTs the appropriate turn-on and turn-off
pulses to regulate the chopper output to a constant 650 VDC, as illustrated in Figure 22.
3.4

SMOOTHING REACTOR (L1)

Figure 2-3. The Smoothing Reactor (photo and schematic)


The Smoothing Reactors function is to reduce the amplitude of voltage spikes between
the Chopper Module output and the AC Inverter input.

Chapter 3

Page 3 of 6

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3.5

20001-9500

Revision:

AC INVERTER MODULE

Figure 2-4. The AC Inverter Module (photo and schematic)


The AC Inverter function is to control the blower motor rotating speed. Its three-phase
output is frequency controlled with a nominal voltage of 460 VAC and a maximum
current output of 165 Amps, which allows driving a blower motor of up to 125 HP. See
Figure 2-4
The AC Inverter Module is a commercial product manufactured by Rich-Electric and is
customized for this application.

Chapter 3

Page 4 of 6

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3.6

20001-9500

Revision:

TERMINAL BAR TB1

Figure 2-5. The 24 V Switched Control Voltage is Connected to TB1-1 and TB1-2.
(photo and schematic)
3.7

COMMUNICATION LINK

Figure 2-6. The RS232 Communication Link is Connected to J3 (photo and


schematic)

Chapter 3

Page 5 of 6

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

3.8

20001-9500

Revision:

COOLING FANS (FAN1, FAN2)

Figure 2-7. Two Cooling Fans Circulate Air inside the Blower Drive (photo and
schematic)
3.9

KEYPAD

Figure 2-6. Chopper Manual Reset and Keypad

Chapter 3

Page 6 of 6

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:

BLOWER DRIVE SCHEMATICS

Schematic #

Description

20001-8562

Power Schematic, Blower Drive

20001-8565

Control Schematic, Blower Drive

Chapter 4

Page 1 of 1

BI617250

CHOPPER MODULE
DC +
LINK

+E1

102

F1

D1
182

150A
1500V

184

-8565 ZONE C2

ND261N24K

C1
-8565 ZONE C4

C1

U2A
FD600R17KE3_B2
E1
E1

186

L1
5.5 mH

TB4-8

R3

E5

R5

103

C9

0.033uF
1600V

E2

E6

180

J2-A

P2-B

180

E7

FD600R17KE3_B2

4x3300uF

105

R6

200A = In Pri
1:2000 RATIO

C1
-8565 ZONE B4

M
+

75K
130W

CS1

185

C1

-8565 ZONE B4

SMOOTHING
REACTOR

-E2

101

150A
1500V

ZONE B6
-8565
-8565
ZONE B6

-8565
ZONE B6

ZONE B6
-8565

6
7

ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

E12

-8565 ZONE C2

ND261N24K

7
2

CS3
ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

+15
-15
OUT
COM
4V/300A

192

E1

-8565
ZONE B6

187

G1

183

ZONE B6
-8565

PWA FUSE

D2
181

-8565
ZONE B6

CS2

E1

DC LINK

-8565
ZONE C6

TB4-9

-8565 ZONE B2

F2

ZONE B6
-8565

251
252
253

FD600R17KE3_B2
-8565 ZONE B4

RW B

U4A
B

E4

ZONE C6
-8565

400V

75K
130W

500
130W
NON-IND

E2

U7

C13-C16

R4
4x100uF
1200V

-8565
ZONE C6

0.033uF
1600V

U4B

C5-C8

ZONE C6
-8565

TB4-7

C10

C2

R2

400V

75K
130W

BSM 300 GB 120 DL

FD600R17KE3_B2

4x3300uF

U6

BSM 300 GB 120 DL

U2B

U5

BSM 300 GB 120 DL

C9-C12

500
130W
NON-IND

+15
-15
OUT
COM
4V/300A

189

TB4-1

CS4
ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

TB4-2

E11

4V/300A

190

TB4-3

+15
-15
OUT
COM

-8565 ZONE B5

C2

188

-8565 ZONE B5

4x100uF
1200V

75K
130W

E3

-8565 ZONE C5

C1-C4

R1

-8565 ZONE C2

-8565 ZONE C4

AC INVERTER MODULE

-8565 ZONE B2

-8565 ZONE C4

G1

TB4-4

191

TB4-5

TB4-6

OUTPUT TO BLOWER MOTOR(S)

GND

REV
NC
A
B

BLOWER DRIVE ENCLOSURE

DESCRIPTION
NEW RELEASE
DELETE SHEET 2
PER ECO 10-72

DRAWN DATE
N FARR
N FARR 10-22-08
N FARR 10-26-10

A
Title

POWER SCHEMATIC, BLOWER DRIVE

Size

Number

B
Date: 10-22-08
File: 20001-8562-B.ddb
1

Rev

20001-8562

Sheet 1 of 1
Drawn: NOLAN FARR
6

BI617250
1

PCB2

J3

FAN1

TB1-3

1
6
2 Tx
7
3 Rx
8
4
9
5

TO BE
CONNECTED
TO J4
-9372 SHT 2 OF 3

TB2-1

250

P3

+
TB2-2
-

FAN2
TB3-1
TB3-2
D3

1
6
2
7
3
8
4
9
5

DB9
FEMALE

R11
10
2W

TW SH TW SH

J4
1
6
2
7
3
8
4
9
5

DB9
FEMALE

W
B

262
TW SH

263

Tx
Rx

6CN-1
6CN-2
6CN-4

TW SH

RICH ELECTRIC

264

INVERTER
CONTROL

DB9
MALE

1.5KE26

PCB1

TB1-1
TB1-2

+24V
SW.

200

24V
COM

100

P1-A

J1-A

U1

E10
E16
P1-B

256

CONTROL BD RICH

C1

C1
Z1

440V

Z2

440V

Z3

440V

Z4

15V

-8562 ZONE D2

J1-B
E11

TO U2A
GND

24V SWITCHED FROM


TRUCK SYSTEM

E9

E17
E18

ZONE D3
-8562

INPUT VOLTAGE
SENSING

ZONE A3
-8562

184

257

G1

258

E1

VOLTAGE
FEEDBACK

J2-A

-8562 ZONE B4

E1

-8562 ZONE D2
C
-8562 ZONE D2

PCB3

GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

E15

-8565 SHT 1
ZONE A3

U3
183

E12

E19

259

C1

C1
Z1

P2-A

G1

188

E13 (+)

-8562 ZONE B2

440V

Z2

440V

Z3

440V

Z4

15V

-8562 ZONE B5
TO U4A

P2-C

J3-C

-8562 ZONE B4

187

E14 (-)

E20
E21

260

G1

261

E1

G1
E1

R
W
B

-8562 ZONE B3

251
252
253
1K 1W

HEAT TEMP SENSOR


+

TS1

E1
E2
E3

W
B

W
B

-8562 ZONE B2

#16

E4
E5

SHLD

E6

265

E7

SHLD

-8562 ZONE B5

-8562 ZONE B6

ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

13CN-1
13CN-2
13CN-3
13CN-4

ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

14CN-1
14CN-2
14CN-4
14CN-4

15CN-1
15CN-2
15CN-5
15CN-4

TS2

16CN-G2

U5-4

WHITE

U5-5
-8562 ZONE C5

ORN

U5-6

16CN-E2

WHITE

U5-7

17CN-G1

BRN

U6-4

17CN-E1

WHITE

U6-5
-8562 ZONE C5

17CN-G2

YEL

U6-6

17CN-E2

WHITE

U6-7

18CN-G1

RED

U7-4
B

18CN-E1

WHITE

U7-5

18CN-G2

GRN

U7-6

18CN-E2

WHITE

U7-7

TEMP-2

CONTROL BD 9344

1CN-3
1CN-6

HEAT SINK TEMP


U5,U6,U7 -8562

1uF
50V
E8

CHOPPER MODULE

SCHEMATIC: 20001-9346

J1-C

16CN-E1

BLK

-8562 ZONE C6
TEMP-1

U2A, U2B, U4A, U4B HEAT SINK


1N5352B

HV-P
HV-N

ORN
RED
BRN
BLK

PWA
CHOPPER CONTROL

254
255

16CN-G1

RED
WHITE

-8562 ZONE B2

GATE CLAMP
20001-9348

189
187

AC INVERTER MODULE

RICH ELECTRIC
GATE BOARD

P1-C

RESET MANUAL
PB

TB1-4
A

265

RESET

TO BE
CONNECTED
TO A4-31
-9372 SHT 2 OF 3

KEYPAD
20001-8565-B-S2
20001-8565-B-S2.sch

REV
NC
A
B

DESCRIPTION
NEW RELEASE
ADD RESET CKT. AND WIRE LABEL CORRECTIONS
PER ECO 10-72

DRAWN
N FARR
N FARR
N FARR

DATE
04-28-08
10-26-10

Title
Size

CONTROL SCHEMATIC, BLOWER DRIVE

Number

20001-8565

Sheet 1 of 2
Drawn: NOLAN FARR

Date: 10-26-2010
File: 20001-8565-B.ddb
1

Revision

BI617250
1

CT

20001-9507
SYSTEM
CONTROLLER
+15V

TB1

E1

E5
+M

E2

-M

E3

-15V

E4

E6

7
8

20001-9576

E9

+15V

E10

+M

E12

-M

E13

-15V

E14

SHIELD

BLOWER DRIVE

Size

Number

20001-8565

Date: 10-26-2010
File: 20001-8565-B.ddb
1

Revision
Sheet 2 of 2
Drawn: NOLAN FARR

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:
D

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

The following Preventive Maintenance (PM) schedule is based on 6,000 hours of


truck operation per year.
WARNING: Hazardous voltages are present in this equipment. Prior to
opening cabinet door, insure the parking brake is applied, and
the engine is turned off. Wait for three minutes to allow the
main filter capacitors to discharge.

WARNING: Use a VOM to verify no voltage is present before touching any


terminal. Failure to comply with this precaution may result in
death or serious injury.
2,000 HOUR / 6 MONTH PM

Inspect the blower cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or crack. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the chopper module, the control board, the AC Inverter, all PC
boards, the smoothing reactor, and fans.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, terminals for evidence of looseness,


cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing. Repair as needed.

Inspect all electrolytic capacitors for discoloration or odor. Replace the AC


Inverter when capacitors are discolored or are emitting an odor.

Inspect cooling fans, if abnormal noise (bearings) is detected, remove and


replace defective fan.

12,000 HOUR / 2 YEAR PM

Inspect the blower cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or crack. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the chopper module, the control board, the AC Inverter, all PC
boards, the smoothing reactor, and fans.

Chapter 5

Page 1 of 2

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:
D

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

The following Preventive Maintenance (PM) schedule is based on 6,000 hours of


truck operation per year.
WARNING: Hazardous voltages are present in this equipment. Prior to
opening cabinet door, insure the parking brake is applied, and
the engine is turned off. Wait for three minutes to allow the
main filter capacitors to discharge.

WARNING: Use a VOM to verify no voltage is present before touching any


terminal. Failure to comply with this precaution may result in
death or serious injury.
2,000 HOUR / 6 MONTH PM

Inspect the blower cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or crack. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the chopper module, the control board, the AC Inverter, all PC
boards, the smoothing reactor, and fans.

Visually inspect all cables, wires, terminals for evidence of looseness,


cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing. Repair as needed.

Inspect all electrolytic capacitors for discoloration or odor. Replace the AC


Inverter when capacitors are discolored or are emitting an odor.

Inspect cooling fans, if abnormal noise (bearings) is detected, remove and


replace defective fan.

12,000 HOUR / 2 YEAR PM

Inspect the blower cabinet and its components for proper installation and
evidence of wear, damage, or crack. Repair as needed.

Vacuum the chopper module, the control board, the AC Inverter, all PC
boards, the smoothing reactor, and fans.

Chapter 5

Page 1 of 2

BI617250

Title:

Number:

Blower Drive Manual for the MT6300 IGBT Traction Inverter

20001-9500

Revision:
D

Visually inspect all cables, wires, terminals for evidence of looseness,


cracking, and discoloration due to overheating. Inspect cable and wire
insulation for sign of chafing. Repair as needed.

Inspect all electrolytic capacitors for discoloration or odor. Replace the AC


Inverter when capacitors are discolored or are emitting an odor.

Chapter 5

Page 2 of 2

BI617250

10880 THORNMINT ROAD SAN DIEGO, CA 92127, USA 00-1-858-762-7008