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APPLIED LINGUISTICS

LITTI 1 2015

LANGUAGE AND THE BRAIN


REVIEW QUIZ
PART 1: Mark or highlight the correct answer

1. What is the name of the bumps of the brain?


a) Gyri
b) Fissures
c) Lobes
2. What are the main sections of the brain?
a) Neurons
b) Lobes
c) Brocas and Wernickers area
3. Which hemisphere is most commonly associated with language?
a) Right
b) Left
4. The two hemispheres are communicated by:
a) Olfactory bulb
b) Corpus callosum
c) Sylvian Fissure
5. Analyse the next statements. Are they true or false?
Lateralization refers to:
The fact that the two halves of the human brain are not exactly alike. Each
hemisphere has functional specializations: some function whose neural mechanisms
are localized primarily in one half of the brain.
Contralateralization is that the left side of your brain controls the right side of your
body.
6. Study this example:
A patient is told to look at a central point while a word flashes up right or left. The
patient reports only the words flashed to the right visual field and denies seeing the
left stimuli. Even so when instructed to pick up the object corresponding to the
flashed word, the left hand correctly retrieves objectives for which the subject denies
having any knowledge.

Luca Migues & Martina Viera


Tutor: Laura Musto

APPLIED LINGUISTICS

LITTI 1 2015

What is happening?
a) The patient has problem with the arcuate fasciculus
b) The patient has an aphasia
c) The patient has his brain split

7. Finegan recently had a severe stroke, and his doctors are trying to explain treatment
options to him. Although Finegan hears what they are saying, he cannot understand
what the doctors are trying to tell him. This suggest that there are no problems with
Finegans .., but that there may be damage to .
a)
b)
c)
d)

Visual cortex; Brocas area


Auditory cortex; Wernickes area
Association areas; the visual cortex
Brocas area; auditoy cortex

PART 2: True or false (justify the F)


8. Brocas area:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Located in the parietal lobe.


Specialized in the grammatical morphemes.
Aphasias in this area affects comprehension of language.
Aphasias in this area produce difficulties speaking with fluency.

9. Wernickers area:

Luca Migues & Martina Viera


Tutor: Laura Musto

APPLIED LINGUISTICS

a)
b)
c)
d)

LITTI 1 2015

Located between the parietal and temporal lobe.


Aphasias in this area affect language language fluency.
Specialized in lexical morphemes.
Speech coherence in patients with aphasias in this area is intact.

PART 3: You are going to read some fragments of a speech produced by two patients
who had aphasias. One of them has Brocas aphasia the other has Wernickles
aphasia.
10. Identify whether these patients have Brocas or Wernickers aphasia

Patient 1:
Well, I had trouble with oh, almost everything that happened from the eh, eh ...
Golly, the word I can remember you know is ah ... When I had the ... ah biggest ... ah
... that I had trouble with, you know ... that I had the trouble with, and I still have a ...
the ah different ... The things I want to say ... ah ...

Patient 2:
Yes ah ... Monday ah... Dad and Peter Hogan, and Dan ah hospital ... and, ah ...
Wednesday ... Wednesday, nine o'clock and ah Thursday ... ten o'clock ah doctors ...
two ... two ... and doctors and ah teeth

Luca Migues & Martina Viera


Tutor: Laura Musto