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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 INSTRUCTION MANUAL TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION RELAY GKAD1

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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION RELAY

GKAD1

9 2 INSTRUCTION MANUAL TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION RELAY GKAD1 © TOSHIBA Corporation 2004 All Rights Reserved.

© TOSHIBA Corporation 2004 All Rights Reserved.

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Safety Precautions Before using this product, please

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Safety Precautions Before using this product, please read

Safety Precautions

Before using this product, please read this chapter carefully.

This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the GKAD1. Before installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Explanation of symbols used

Signal words such as DANGER, WARNING, and two kinds of CAUTION, will be followed by important safety information that must be carefully reviewed.

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which will result in death or serious injury if you do not follow the instructions.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which could result in death or serious injury if you do not follow the instructions.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which if not avoided, may result in minor injury or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which if not avoided, may result in property damage.

CAUTION

DANGERIndicates a potentially hazardous situatio n which if not avoided, may result in property damage. CAUTION

WARNINGIndicates a potentially hazardous situatio n which if not avoided, may result in property damage. CAUTION

a potentially hazardous situatio n which if not avoided, may result in property damage. CAUTION DANGER

CAUTION

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 WARNING • Exposed terminals Do not touch

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 WARNING • Exposed terminals Do not touch the
WARNING
WARNING

Exposed terminals

Do not touch the terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high voltage generated is dangerous.

Residual voltage

Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power supply. It takes approximately 30 seconds for the voltage to discharge.

CAUTION

Operating environment

The equipment must only used within the range of ambient temperature, humidity and dust detailed in the specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.

Ratings

Before applying DC voltage to the equipment, check that they conform to the equipment ratings.

Connection cable

Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.

Unit

Do not disassemble the unit, as this may cause the unit to be damaged.

Modification

Do not modify this equipment, as this may cause the equipment to malfunction.

Disposal

When disposing of this equipment, do so in a safe manner according to local regulations.

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Contents

Safety Precautions

1

1. Introduction

4

2. Application and Function

5

2.1 Application

5

2.2 Function

5

2.3 Connections

7

3. Hardware Structure

9

4. Installation

10

 

4.1 Receipt of Relays

10

4.2 Mounting

10

4.3 Electrostatic Discharge

10

4.4 Handling Precautions

10

5.

Commissioning and Maintenance

11

General

11

5.2 Precautions

11

5.3 Preparation

11

5.4 Storage

11

Appendix A

13

Outline Diagram

14

Appendix B

15

Technical Data

16

Appendix C

19

Ordering

20

The data given in this manual are subject to change without notice. (Ver.1.6)

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 1. Introduction The GKAD1 is a trip

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 1. Introduction The GKAD1 is a trip circuit

1. Introduction

The GKAD1 is a trip circuit supervision relay, and is provided the following features:

- Trip circuit supervision in both closed and open positions of circuit breaker

- Detection and alarm of trip circuit supply failure and of circuit breaker tripping mechanism failure

- Single-phase or three-phase types available

- Compact size design

- Flush mounting

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 2. Application and Function 2.1 Application The

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 2. Application and Function 2.1 Application The GKAD1

2. Application and Function

2.1 Application

The GKAD1 is used for monitoring of the circuit breaker tripping circuit. The GKAD1 issues an alarm if the GKAD1 detects trip circuit supply failure or circuit breaker tripping mechanism failure.

The GKAD1 has two models as shown in Table 2.1.

Table 2.1

GKAD1 Models

Model

Configuration

GKAD1-12

Single-phase type

GKAD1-22

Three-phase type

2.2 Function

The GKAD1 monitors the circuit breaker tripping control, and Figure 2.1 shows a typical scheme. When the trip circuit is complete, a small current flows in photo-couplers PC1 and/or PC2, the circuit breaker auxiliary contacts and the trip coil. This current flows for both the breaker open and closed conditions.

Trip circuit

( + ) GKAD1 Target Indicator (Hand reset type) Protection PC1 relay 1 Resistor 3
( + )
GKAD1
Target Indicator
(Hand reset type)
Protection
PC1
relay
1
Resistor
3
13
D
PC2
t
0
0
t
≥1
1
2
14
4
0.4s
0.4s
15
52a
52b
16
17
CB coil
18
( − )
LCP & GIS

Figure 2.1

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme (1)

If the trip circuit supply is lost or if a connection becomes open circuit then the GKAD1 issues a trip circuit fail alarm and operates the target indicator. As for the sensitivity, the detection voltage and detection current are 40V or less and 1.5mA or less.

Figure 2.2 shows the special application of GKAD1 relay. This scheme ensures that all trip circuit wiring (tripping route) from the trip contact to the trip coil is supervised in either the breaker closed or open condition. At CB closed condition, the monitoring current flows in photo-coupler PC1. On the other hand, at CB open condition, the monitoring current flows in photo-couplers PC1 and PC2 via tripping cable and CB auxiliary contact 52b. Under both CB conditions, if tripping route/trip coil is disconnected, the monitoring current is interrupted and both PC1 and PC2 are off and the GKAD1 issues alarm.

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Trip circuit ( + ) GKAD1 Target
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Trip circuit
( + )
GKAD1
Target Indicator
(Hand reset type)
Protection
PC1
relay
1
Resistor
3
13
D
PC2
0
0
t
≥1
1 t
2
14
4
0.4s
0.4s
15
52a
52b
16
17
CB coil
18
( − )
LCP & GIS

Figure 2.2

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme (2)

Output Contacts

The GKAD1 provides a normally close and two normally open contacts for the trip circuit fail alarm and a normally close contact for power supply fail alarm. (See Figures 2.3 and 2.4.)

The detection sensitivity for power supply fail is less than 60V.

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 2.3 Connections The GKAD1 auxiliary supply input

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 2.3 Connections The GKAD1 auxiliary supply input has

2.3

Connections

The GKAD1 auxiliary supply input has a nominal 110/125Vdc rating or 220/250Vdc rating.

The typical application and connection diagrams are shown in Figures 2.3 and 2.4. Figure 2.3 shows a single-phase application for GKAD1-12 and Figure 2.4 shows a three-phase application for GKAD1-22.

The two resistors on the PC1, PC3 and PC5 photo coupler circuits are added as shown in Figure 2.3 and 2.4 below in consideration of the fail-safe of relay failure. The resistors can function to prevent unwanted tripping due to relay internal circuit failure under CB closed condition.

CAUTION

Do not connect anything to 5 th -12 th terminals in Figure 2.3. These are
Do
not
connect
anything
to
5 th -12 th terminals
in
Figure
2.3.
These are
reserved
in
GKAD1-12.
Trip circuit
( + )
GKAD1-12
Protection
PC1
Resistor
Target Indicator
(Hand reset type)
relay
1
3
13
D
PC2
t
0
0
t
≥1
1
2
14
4
0.4s
0.4s
15
52a
52b
5
6
16
7
17
8
No connection
CB coil
9
(reserved)
10
18
11
( − )
LCP & GIS
12
(Note)
The dotted line shows the scheme
(2) mentioned in Figure 2.2.
19
POWER SUPPLY FAIL
21
(+)
Voltage
DC
1
22
Regulator
SUPPLY
(-)
20

Figure 2.3

GKAD1-12 Typical Application Diagram

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Trip circuit (A phase) ( + )
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Trip circuit (A phase)
( + )
GKAD1-22
Monitor input circuit
Target Indicator
Protection
PC1
(Hand reset type)
relay
Resistor
1
A-phase
3
13
D
PC2
t
0
0
t
≥1
1
2
≥1
14
4
0.4s
0.4s
15
52a
52b
16
17
CB coil
( − )
18
LCP & GIS
(Note)
The dotted line shows the scheme
(2) mentioned in Figure 2.2.
Monitor input circuit
PC3
5
B-phase
7
D
PC4
t
0
0
t
Trip circuit (B phase)
≥1
1
6
8
0.4s
0.4s
Monitor input circuit
PC5
9
C-phase
11
D
t
0
0
t
Trip circuit (C phase)
PC6
≥1
1
10
0.4s
0.4s
12
19
POWER SUPPLY FAIL
21
(+)
Voltage
DC
1
22
Regulator
SUPPLY
(-)
20

Figure 2.4

GKAD1-22 Typical Application Diagram

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 3. Hardware Structure The Figure 3.1 shows

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 3. Hardware Structure The Figure 3.1 shows a

3. Hardware Structure

The Figure 3.1 shows a hardware structure of GKAD1. The GKAD1-12 is a single phase type and has one target indicator.

TARGET INDICATOR

TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION RELAY POWER TRIP CIRCUIT FAIL A-PHASE B-PHASE C-PHASE
TRIP CIRCUIT
SUPERVISION RELAY
POWER
TRIP CIRCUIT FAIL
A-PHASE
B-PHASE
C-PHASE

TARGET RESET LEVER (Push it left to reset Target)

Figure 3.1

Front View of GKAD1-22

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 4. Installation 4.1 Receipt of Relays On

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 4. Installation 4.1 Receipt of Relays On receiving

4. Installation

4.1 Receipt of Relays

On receiving the GKAD1 relays, carry out the acceptance inspection immediately. In particular, check for damage during transportation, and if any is found, contact the vendor.

Always store the unit in a clean, dry environment.

4.2 Mounting

Refer to Appendix A for details of mechanical fixings.

4.3 Electrostatic Discharge

details of mechanical fixings. 4.3 Electrostatic Discharge CAUTION The printed circuit board (PCB) within the GKAD1

CAUTION

The printed circuit board (PCB) within the GKAD1 relay is not intended to be a removable module. Do not remove the PCB from the unit case, since electronic components on the PCB are very sensitive to electrostatic discharge. If it is absolutely essential to take the PCB out of the case, do not touch the electronic components and terminals with your bare hands. Additionally, always put the PCB in a conductive anti-static bag when storing it.

4.4 Handling Precautions

A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potential of several thousand

volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits

can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced.

The electronic circuits are completely safe from electrostatic discharge when housed in the case. Do not expose them to risk of damage by removing the PCB unnecessarily.

The unit incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However,

if it becomes necessary to remove the PCB, precautions should be taken to preserve the high

reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured.

for which the equipm ent has been designed and manufactured. CAUTION • Before removing the PCB,

CAUTION

Before removing the PCB, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case.

Handle only the edges of the PCB. Avoid touching the electronic components, PCB surface or connectors.

Do not pass the PCB to another person without first ensuring you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential.

Place the PCB on an anti-static surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself.

Do not place the PCB in a polystyrene tray.

It is strongly recommended that detailed investigations on electronic circuitry should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in the IEC 60747.

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 5. Commissioning and Maintenance General Test personnel

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 5. Commissioning and Maintenance General Test personnel must

5. Commissioning and Maintenance

General

Test personnel must be familiar with general relay testing practices and safety precautions to avoid personal injuries or equipment damage.

5.2 Precautions

avoid personal injuries or equipment damage. 5.2 Precautions CAUTION • Ensure that the auxiliary supply connecti

CAUTION

Ensure that the auxiliary supply connections are properly fixed to their terminals.

Before turning on the power, check that the polarity and voltage of the power supply are correct.

Turn off the auxiliary supply before checking the interior of the relay.

While the power is on, do not mount/dismount the PCB.

Failure to observe any of the precautions above may cause damage or malfunction of the relay. Refer to section 4.4 for information on handling precautions.

5.3 Preparation

Test equipment

The following test equipment is required for the commissioning tests.

DC power supply.

Calibrated voltmeter.

Visual inspection

After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the case. If there is any damage, the internal module might also have been affected. Contact the vendor.

Unit ratings

Check that the items described on the nameplate on the front of the unit conform to the user’s specification. The items are: relay type and model, and auxiliary DC supply voltage rating.

5.4 Storage

The spare relay should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC Standard 60255-0 the storage temperature should be 25°C to +70°C, but the temperature of 0°C to +40°C is recommended for long-term storage.

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Appendix A Outline Diagram ⎯ 13 ⎯

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Appendix A Outline Diagram

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Outline Diagram 192 Cover TB: M3.5 Ring

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Outline Diagram 192 Cover TB: M3.5 Ring terminal

Outline Diagram

192

Cover

TB: M3.5 Ring terminal 185 89 13.5 21 149
TB: M3.5 Ring terminal
185
89
13.5
21
149

Terminal Block(TB) Arrangement (Rear View)

83 +1.0/−0 186 +0/−0.5
83 +1.0/−0
186 +0/−0.5

Panel cut-out

GKAD1 Outline and Panel Cutout Diagram

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Appendix B Technical Data ⎯ 15 ⎯

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Appendix B Technical Data

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Technical Data Ratings   DC auxiliary supply:

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Technical Data Ratings   DC auxiliary supply: 110/125Vdc

Technical Data

Ratings

 

DC

auxiliary supply:

110/125Vdc (Operative range: 88 - 150Vdc), 220/250Vdc (Operative range: 176 - 300Vdc)

Superimposed AC ripple on DC supply:

12%

DC

supply interruption:

50ms at 110V

Function

 

Trip circuit supervision

Detection voltage: 40V or less for 110V/125Vdc 70V or less for 220V/250Vdc Detection current: 1.5mA or less for 110V/125Vdc 1.5mA or less for 220V/250Vdc Detection voltage: less than 60V

Power supply fail

Burden

 

DC

auxiliary supply:

2.5W

Binary input circuit

0.5W per input at 110/125Vdc

(Current: 4mA at 110/125Vdc)

Output Contacts

 

Number

3: trip circuit fail alarm (2NO, 1NC) 1: power supply fail alarm Make and carry: 4A continuously Make and carry: 10A, 220Vdc for 0.5s (L/R=5ms) Break: 0.1A, 220Vdc (L/R=40ms) Make and carry: 10000 operations Break: 100000 operations

Ratings:

Durability:

Mechanical Design

 
 

Weight

1.5kg

Case colour

Munsell No. N1.5 Flush mounting

Installation

Environmental Performance

Test

Standards

Details

Atmospheric Environment

 

Temperature

IEC60068-2-1/2

Operating range: -10°C to +55°C.

Storage / Transit: -25°C to +70°C.

Humidity

IEC60068-2-3

56 days at 40°C and 93% relative humidity.

Enclosure

IEC60529

IP50

Protection

Mechanical Environment

 

Vibration

IEC60255-21-1

Response - Class 1 Endurance - Class 1

Shock and Bump

IEC60255-21-2

Shock Response Class 1 Shock Withstand Class 1 Bump Class 1

Seismic

IEC60255-21-3

Class 1

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 High Voltage Environment   Dielectric IEC60255-5 2kVrms

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 High Voltage Environment   Dielectric IEC60255-5 2kVrms for

High Voltage Environment

 

Dielectric

IEC60255-5

2kVrms for 1 minute between all terminals and earth. 2kVrms for 1 minute between independent circuits. 1kVrms for 1 minute across normally open contacts.

Withstand

High Voltage Environment

 

High Voltage

IEC60255-5

Three positive and three negative impulses of 5kV(peak), 1.2/50μs, 0.5J between all terminals and between all terminals and earth.

Impulse

Electromagnetic Environment

 

High Frequency Disturbance / Damped Oscillatory Wave

IEC60255-22-1 Class 3,

1MHz 2.5kV applied to all ports in common mode. 1MHz 1.0kV applied to all ports in differential mode.

IEC61000-4-12

Electrostatic

IEC60255-22-2 Class 3,

6kV contact discharge. 8kV air discharge.

Discharge

IEC61000-4-2

Radiated RF

IEC60255-22-3 Class 3,

Field strength 10V/m for frequency sweeps of 80MHz to 1GHz and 1.7GHz to 2.2GHz. Additional spot tests at 80, 160, 450, 900 and 1890MHz.

Electromagnetic

IEC61000-4-3

Disturbance

Fast Transient

IEC60255-22-4,

4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns applied to all inputs.

Disturbance

IEC61000-4-4

Conducted RF

IEC60255-22-6,

10Vrms applied over frequency range 150kHz to 100MHz. Additional spot tests at 27 and 68MHz.

Electromagnetic

IEC61000-4-6

Disturbance

 

Conducted Disturbance over freq. Range 15Hz to

150kHz

IEC61000-4-16Class 3

Varying voltages applied in common mode as follows:

15Hz to 150Hz: 10V 1Vrms (20dB/decade) 150Hz to 1.5kHz: 1Vrms

 

1.5kHz to 15kHz: 1

10Vrms (20dB/decade)

15kHz to 150kHz: 10Vrms

Power Frequency

IEC60255-22-7

300V 50Hz for 10s applied to ports in common mode. 100V 50Hz for 10s applied to ports in differential mode.

Disturbance

Surge Immunity

IEC61000-4-5

1.2/50μs surge in common/differential modes:

PSU and I/O ports: 2kV/1kV (peak)

Conducted and

IEC60255-25

Conducted emissions:

Radiated Emissions

EN55022 Class A

0.15

to 0.50MHz: <79dB (peak) or <66dB (mean)

0.50

to 30MHz: <73dB (peak) or <60dB (mean)

Radiated emissions:

30 to 230MHz: <30dB 230 to 1000MHz: <37dB

Power Frequency

IEC61000-4-8Class 4

Field applied at 50Hz with strengths of:

Magnetic Field

30A/m continuously, 300A/m for 1 second.

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Appendix C Ordering ⎯ 19 ⎯

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Appendix C Ordering

6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Ordering Trip Circuit Supervision Relay GKAD1 Type:
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Ordering
Trip Circuit Supervision Relay
GKAD1
Type:
Trip Circuit Supervision Relay
GKAD1
Model:
Single-phase type
12
Three-phase type
22
Monitored DC circuit voltage and DC auxiliary
supply rating:
110V/125V
11
220V/250V
22
6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Version-up Records Version Date Revised Section Contents

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6 F 2 S 0 7 9 2 Version-up Records Version Date Revised Section Contents No.

Version-up Records

Version

Date

Revised Section

Contents

No.

0.0

Feb. 20, 2004

--

First issue.

0.1

May 19, 2004

2.2

Modified the description. (Added the detection sensitivity of GKAD1.) Added the CAUTION. Added the detection sensitivity of GKAD1.

2.3

Appendix B

1.1

Feb. 17, 2005

2.2

Modified the description (sensitivity) and Figures 2.1 and 2.2. Modified Figures 2.3 and 2.4. Modified the description.

2.3

Appendix B

1.2

Dec. 06, 2005

2.3 Connections

Modified the description and Figures 2.3 and 2.4(resistor). Added ‘Mechanical Design’.

Appendix B

1.3

Jun. 05, 2006

2.2

Modified Figures 2.1 and 2.2.

2.3

Modified the description and Figures 2.3 and 2.4.

1.4

Dec. 21, 2007

2.2

Modified the description. Modified Appendix B and added ‘Appendix C Ordering’.

Appendices

1.5

Nov. 11, 2008

2.2

Modified the description. (detection sensitivity of power supply fail) ditto

Appendix B.

1.6

Jun. 08, 2009

2.2

Modified Figures 2.1 and 2.2.

2.3

Modified Figures 2.3 and 2.4.