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AREA CLASSIFICATION

Group II Electrical Apparatus


for gas atmospheres
Flammable atmosphere
present intermittently
>10<1000hrs/annum

Flammable atmosphere
present abnormally
<10hrs/annum

Code

Standard

IEC/CENELEC/EUROPE
Gas

Zone 0

Zone 1

Zone 2

IEC 60079-10

Dust

Zone 20

Zone 21

Zone 22

IEC 61241-3

NORTH AMERICA
NEC 505 Gas

Zone 1

Zone 0

NEC 500 Gas & Dust

Division 1

GAS GROUPING
Typical gas hazard

Zone 2

Listed in NEC 505-5

Division 2

Listed in NEC 500-3(c)

North America
NEC Article 500
(Class I)*

Minimum
ignition energy
(microjoules)

IIA T1 AMMONIA 630

IIC

20

IIC T1 HYDROGEN 560


IIA T1 METHANE 537

600O

IIC

HYDROGEN

20

500

IIA T1 PROPANE 470

T1

IIB
IIA

PROPANE

C
D

60
180

IIC T2 ACETYLENE 305

450

IIA T3 KEROSENE 210

300

T2

300

200

T3

200

T4

135

IIB T4 DIETHYL ETHER 160

*North America hazard categories: Class I (Gasses & Vapours); Class II (Dusts); Class III (Fibres)

IIC T6 CARBON DISULPHIDE 95

US ENCLOSURE RATINGS
NEMA, UL
& CSA type
rating

1
2

IP31

Indoor, limited, from dirt & water


Outdoor, from rain, sleet windblown
dust & ice damage

3R

IP32

Outdoor, from rain, sleet & ice damage

IP66

Indoor & outdorr, from windblown


dust, rain, splaching & hose directed
water & ice damage

12

13

IP66

IP67

IP55

IP65

Indoor & outdorr, from corrosion,


windblown dust, rain, splashing &
hose directed water & ice damage
Indoor & outdoor, from hose directed
water, water entry during sub-mersion
& ice damage
Indoor, from dust, falling dirt &
dripping non-corrosive liquids
Indoor, from dust, spraying water, oil
& non-corrosive liquids

The MTL Instruments Group plc


Power Court, Luton, Bedfordshire,
England LU1 3LU
T. +44 (0) 1582 723633
F. +44 (0) 1582 422283

Permits combined methods of protection


Basic electrical requirements

-0

Pressurised

Protection by gas exclusion - analysers

Powder filled

Protection by gas exclusion - weighing machines

Flame proof

Prevention of propagation of internal explosion - dc motors

SUB DIVISIONS OF TYPE n

Energy limited apparatus

Simplified pressurised
enclosure

Otherwise protected
sparking apparatus

Non-sparking apparatus

Fieldbus in hazardous areas

Prevention by design - induction motors

The Fieldbus Intrinsically safe Concept (FISCO)

Intrinsic safety

ia

Low energy. Safe with two faults - Level measurement

IEC60079-27 Technical Specification will move

Intrinsic safety

ib

Low energy. Safe with one fault - displays

to Standard status in the near future. The

Intrinsically safe systems

Considers combinations of intrinsically safe apparatus

benefits from FISCO will be extended to include

Fieldbus Intrinsically safe


concept FISCO

similar levels of flexibility in Zone 2 and Division

-27

Technical specification. Will move to Standard status.


Zone 2 nL addition will be proposed (see below FNICO)

2. Further details are contained in MTL

Encapsulated

50028

-18

Protection by gas exclusion

Application Notes AN9026 FISCO and AN9027

Type of protection n

50021

-15

Prevention by design

FNICO (Fieldbus Non-Incendive Concept)

- Selection, installation, inspection, maintenance

Mechanical Impacts (IK) Code EN50102

T6

85

T5

100

IEC
60079

REMARKS

Classification of hazardous areas

-10

-10

New IEC version published 2002

Electrical Installations

-14

-14

New IEC version published 2002

Inspection and maintenance

-17

-17

New IEC version published 2002

Repair and overhaul

-19

-19

Data for flammable gases

IK code

CENELEC
EN 60079

Impact energy (Joules)

0.14 0.2 0.35 0.5

[E

REMARKS

>20mm2

Power dissipation <1.3 W*

Electrical apparatus for dusts

50281-1-1 -1-1 : 1999

Enclosure protected - construction and testing

at 40OC ambient

Electrical apparatus for dusts

50281-1-2 -1-2 : 1999

Enclosure protected - selection, installation and maintenance

Electrical apparatus for dusts

50281-2-1 -2-1 : 1994

Method for determining minimum ignition temperatures for dust

Code

*Reduced to 1,2 W with 60 C ambient or 1,0 W with 80 C ambient

INGRESS PROTECTION
(IP) CODES (IEC/EN 60529)
SECOND NUMERICAL
Protection against liquid

NO PROTECTION

NO PROTECTION

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 5Omm

VERTICALLY DRIPPING WATER

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 12mm

ANGLED DRIPPING WATER -75O TO 90O

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 2.5mm

SPRAYED WATER

SPLASHED WATER

WATER JETS

DUST TIGHT

HEAVY SEAS

EFFECTS OF IMMERSION

INDEFINITE IMMERSION

E x

i a

IIC

22
2

T 4

Apparatus group
(gas group)

3
Explosion protected

Certified to the CENELEC standard

Electrical apparatus for dusts

50281-3

-3 : 1997

Classification of areas where combustible dusts present

Electrical apparatus for dusts

pD

-4 : 2001

Type of protection pD - pressurised

Note:

Protection against solid bodies

20

Associated apparatus*
*Located in non-hazardous area and may be connected to hazardous area
** Hazardous-area apparatus

Simple Apparatus

IEC are currently working on a programme to introduce a parallel series of standards for combustible dusts reflecting the IEC 60079 - gas atmosphere standards.

Passive components

JB

They have agreed to re-number the parts as shown below. It is anticipated that a number of these will be published by the end of 2000, these include:-

FIRST NUMERICAL

DUST PROTECTED

21

10

Protection concept (IS)

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 1.0mm

20

Temperature
classification**

Surface temperature <200OC

OLD IEC
61241

Certification Code

Permitted Zone
ATEX category

>20mm2<10mm2

CENELEC
EN

Application notes Technical papers Textbooks


Training & education on hazardous area instrumentation

Surface temperature <275OC

Old Standard Numbers

0.7

Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against mechanical impacts

-20

Group II Electrical Apparatus


for combustible dusts D

IK00 IK01 IK02 IK03 IK04 IK05 IK06 IK07 IK08 IK09 IK010

<20mm2

Equipment is dust-tight and


protected against water jets.

Restricted breathing
enclosures

T4 CLASSIFICATION

EXAMPLE

2
2

SURFACE AREA

Indoor, from contact with contents

IP64

enquiry@mtl-inst.com

IP30

Abbreviated
protection
description

4X

www.mtl-inst.com

Approximate
IEC/IP
classification

100O

SMALL COMPONENT RELAXATION

NEMA 7 TO 10 HAZARDOUS AREA ENCLOSURES

1
1

Protection by gas exclusion - transformers

IIA T3 CYCLOHEXANE 259

Oil immersion

400O

IIA T2 BUTANE 372

IIB T2 ETHYLENE 425


O

ETHYLENE

50014

Codes of Practice
for gas atmospheres

50284

General requirements

IEC
MARKING

ACETYLENE

700O

Category 1G

IEC
60079

Increased safety

APPARATUS TEMPERATURE
CLASSIFICATION (T CLASS)

IEC 60079-0
CENELEC
EN50014

CENELEC
EN

CENELEC
MARKING

REMARKS

IEC NEW
STANDARD
NUMBER
61241-0

TITLE

PROPOSED
CODE

General requirements for electrical apparatus


for use in presence of combustible dusts

61241-1

Protection by enclosure

tD

61241-2

Type of protection pD - pressuriastion

pD

61241-10

Area classification

61241-11

Intrinsically safe apparatus

61241-14

Selection and installation for electrical


apparatus for dusts

61241-17

Inspection and maintenance requirements

61241-18

Apparatus protected by encapsulation

61241-20-1

Test methods for dust other parts will also


be generated

Australia

China

India

Middle East

UK

T. +61 (0)89 455 2994

T. +86 21 5064 3319

T. +91 (0)44 450 1660

T. +971 2 63 22 399

T. +44 (0) 1582 407298

Belguim

France

Italy

Netherlands

USA

T. +32 (0)3 236 5347

T. +33 (0)4 78 64 98 32

T. +39 02 61802011

T. +31 (0) 48 1450250

T. +1 800 835 7075

Canada

Germany

Japan

Singapore

T. +1 905 840 7850

T. +49 (0)2131 718930

T. +81 (0)3 5420 1281

T. +65 487 7887

iD

STATUS

Well defined sources of stored


energy considered in safety analysis

IEC OLD
STANDARD
NUMBER

}
WORK IN PROGRESS

Flammable atmosphere
present continously
>1000hrs/annum

Guideline figures

Permitted Zone
ATEX category

Sources of generated energy not


more than *1,5V, 100mA & 25mW

NOT

61241-1-1

Enclosure protected, temperature limitation - construction


and testing

piezoelectric crystal
protected components
voltage or current enhancement

5V in

20V out

*Note: North America still uses 1,2V and 20 microjoules

61241-4

Type of protection pD

61241-3

Area classification

TITLE

61241-1-2

mD

61241-2-1

Explosion Protection - Europe

CEN

Selection, installation and maintenance of apparatus meeting


IEC61241-1-1 above
Methods for determining minimum ignition temperatures
of dust

For technical advice


or further information call:

+44 (0) 1582 723633

REMARKS

Explosion
prevention
& protection

EN 1127-1 Part 1 -

Basic concepts &


methodology
for all industries
except mining

Explosion
prevention
& protection

EN 1127-2 Part 2 -

Basic concepts
& methodology
for mining

European (CENELEC) standards


www.cenelec.org
International (IEC) standards
www.iec.ch
European (ATEX) directive
www.europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/atex/index.htm