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Process Journal

1. Size (25cm x 14cm)
The dimensions of the pencil case is 25cm x 14cm, fulfilling the requirements.
However, it would be better to make a larger pencil case in the future, as it can
contain more materials than a small pencil case.
2. Function
The pencil case functions as a working pencil case that can be used by the client.
Because its stiches are mended together well and the zipper is firmly attached, the
pencil case will not fall apart and defeat its purpose. Clients are able to open the
pencil case through the zipper, insert or eject objects, then refasten the zipper so that
the objects left inside dont fall out. Because of its size, the pencil case is also able to
withhold the length of different objects, making it more functional than small pencil
cases that can only fit specific things. The medium size also supports a larger volume,
which means more things can be included in the pencil case. The client is therefore
content with the product, because it functions as a pencil case that supports objects of
varying lengths with a decent capacity through its dimensions, and because of the firm
stitching, there is not threat of the pencil case ripping open in the act of carrying
reasonable weight. The fabric of the pencil case is also thick, so it will not rip easily.
3. Decoration
The pencil case bares very minimalistic decoration, which gives a sense of youth and
playfulness. Because of this, the pencil case is aesthetically pleasing through its
simplicity. The navy blue of the zipper correlate with the baby pink of the stitches that
enables the pencil case to be used by a large range of ages, as it gives of both a sense
of maturity and childlike manner. The illustration of the decoration is a shooting star,
which is not vulgar or suggestive, making the pencil case appropriate for all ages. It is
also universally acceptable, making the pencil case globally fulfilling of cultural
standards. The line below the shooting star serves as a balancer that adds balance to
the star that is placed rather heightened on the pencil case, and also emphasizes the
star the way an underline emphasizes words. Shooting stars are also extremely
enchanting, as they are a symbol for wish making, and can therefore inspire clients
towards determination and persistence to reach their dreams. For those reasons, the
decoration is successful in fulfilling requirements for being globally accepted. In the
future, I could maintain simplicity or use more colors for a more attractive design. I
can also experiment on different designs, shapes, or use more stitching styles.
4. Quality of Stitches
The stiches are of good quality. Although there was an initial mistake in the stitching
of the decoration, it was overcome by opening the stitches with an un-picker and
replacing the wrong stiches with new ones that followed the pattern. The stitching of
the zipper onto the pencil case body was also done correctly, with the stiches binding
the zipper to the fabric firmly and in a relatively straight line. The stiches also align
the zipper between the fabrics, which means its successful in making a symmetrical
pencil case. From the outside, you can see a line of the stiches, which was intended
also for aesthetical purposes to balance out the line below the shooting star. The
stiches that bind both sides of the fabric together were done in one go, meaning that
the pencil case will not rip and the angles or edges. The stiches bind the fabric
together securely, in straight lines that cover the circumference of the pencil case. The
corners of the stitches are done in 90-degree angles, making the stitching successful.
In the future, however, I should focus on doubling the stitches, so that the pencil
cases stitching will ultimately be stronger.

Do differently or better
1. First time rolling the bobbin
Initially in rolling the bobbin, we didnt know how to hook the string onto the bobbin
to roll it. It turned out that the string had to be long enough so that we could thread it
through the bobbin and hold it in place from afar while it was rolling. We also had to
repeat the process several times because we rolled too little string around the bobbin
each time, so the string ran out quickly. In the future, we should be more generous
with the amount of string rolled around the bobbin, so that the process doesnt
become repetitive. When we first rolled the bobbin, we also didnt read the instruction
manual close enough, so we didnt know that we had to adjust a valve to switch the
mechanism of the pedal to rolling the bobbin. In the future, I should be more careful
in reading the instruction manual carefully to avoid complications.
2. Insert the bobbin into the bottom of the machine
This process was troublesome because in one of the phases, we accidentally loosened
the grip of the place the bobbin was supposed to be inserted, which resulted in two
pieces of the container falling out of its place. At first, it was difficult to return those
pieces to their places, but after comparing the parts to the body of the container, we
managed to figure out how each piece fits where and how to refasten the retainers.
Afterwards, however, we encountered trouble with luring the string out of the bottom
of the machine, and instead tangled it terribly within the lower mechanism. After
reviewing our mistakes and rereading the manual, as well as asking for help from
supervisors, we discovered our mistakes. In the future, we should be more careful of
reading instructions and following them, to avoid time-consuming problems that are
difficult to solve on first try. The problem was that the string that became the tongue
of the bobbin was too short to be raised out; in the future I should be more careful in
reading the instruction manual so that I dont make fundamental mistakes like this.
3. Un-picking
Because I was did the decoration spontaneously, I didnt have a fixed plan. The
decoration was also the first thing that I did, so I wasnt yet used to the speed and way
the machine worked. Because of that, I made a mistake the initial stitching of the
pattern, which resulted in myself having to un-pick the thread and redo the process.
This was because I was too indulgent in the process and wasnt as careful as I should
have been on first try. In the future, I should be more careful in the direction I sew and
in the speed I sew as I situate myself with the machine, so that I wont make any
mistakes that require extra work to improve. In this way, the sewing machine would
be faster and more accurate, and the final product would have less faults.
1. Preparing machine
The first thing to do in preparing the machine is rolling the thread around the bobbin,
which was difficult because it was the first time I used the machine so I was still
unfamiliar with it. My partner and I read through the instruction manual, however,
and managed to figure it out. We also discovered how to thread the string through the
different parts of the machine, so that it would function properly. In the machine we
used, there is also a tool that would pull the thread through the eye of the sewing
needle that we figured out how to function the second time we used the machine,
which minimized the time taken to thread the needle considerably. The difficulty
faced was inserting the bobbin into its place under the machine for the under-thread,
which we couldnt figure out without the help of supervisors and peers. However, we
eventually learned how to function the bottom of the sewing machine and thread the

bottom thread with the upper thread. We also learned how to lift and drop the
horseshoe, how to work the side dial, and how to change thread types. After further
investigation, we also discovered the blade at the side of the machine that helped cut
thread. We learned how to set the distance and size of stiches using the set of dials at
the top of the sewing machine. Afterwards, we figured out how to apply different
pressures to the pedal to produce stiches with different speeds, and then how to pack
the sewing machine so that it would not be damaged.
2. Making pencil case
Because I have made a pencil case before, I was familiar with the pattern of pencil
cases. However, in this process, I discovered the difficulty of sewing a zipper with a
sewing machine, because the zipper creates an indent that needs its position to be
adjusted within different phases to avoid damaging the machine. This can be done by
piercing the zipper where the needle last punctured, lifting the shoe, moving the
zipper head to a place that wont disturb the sewing, before placing the shoe back
down and sewing again. I also learned how to sew in organic lines, as opposed to the
straight or slightly curved lines Im used to sewing. Although the process takes more
time and is more meticulous, the final result was satisfactory enough that I overlooked
the time consumption and care it took. Through that learning, I was able to create my
design accordingly, which contributes to the success of the pencil case. I also learned
how to make proper 90-degree angles, so that the lines remain straight and neat. I also
learned how much more effective it is to use a sewing machine rather than manual
sewing, even for small things like a pencil case, because the product of a sewing
machine is almost always more consistent in terms of size and strength than manual
sewing. I also learned how to use different styles of stitches to my advantage of
making the design more attractive, and to create unity with those stitches through
consistently using only a few specific styles of stiches.
3. Vocabularies
a. Raising the bobbin raising the bobbin means fishing the string from below the
machine using the string threaded through the needle.
b. Threading the needle automatically this is using the automatic threaded
provided by the machine to thread the machine through the eye of the needle
c. Closing the stitches this means reversing the direction of the stitches to close
the stitching so that it doesnt open in the future
d. 90-degree angles this is for making corners. In the future, I could also do
corners of different angles to create different shapes in my stitching, for both the
shape of the sewed object and the decoration.
e. Adjusting the styles of stitches this is to create varying styles in stitching,
mainly for decoration.