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Unit 6 Exam

V B. Energy Consumption
1. Which of the following represents the correct
sequence of energy resource use as the United
States progressed from the late 1800s to the
1950s?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

wood, coal, oil, natural gas, hydroelectric


coal, hydroelectric, natural gas, oil, wood
wood, oil, natural gas, hydroelectric, coal
wood, coal, oil, natural gas, hydroelectric
coal, wood, hydroelectric, natural gas, oil

2. Preindustrial revolution economics


were driven by:
A. Industry
B. Agriculture
C. Technology
D. Stock market
E. International trade
3. Since the Industrial revolution began
in 18th century England atmospheric
carbon dioxide has increased
A. 10%
B. 20%
C. 40%
D. 80%
E. 90%
4. Industrial revolution technologies like
the train and factory were made
possible by the invention of the
A. Computer
B. Steam engine
C. Light bulb
D. Automobile
E. Airplane
5. The 1973 energys crisis was caused
by
A. An export embargo
B. A Petroleum shortage
C. Poor fuel economy of U.S. cars
D. The Gulf war
E. The Deep Water Horizon oil spill
6. The industrial revolution resulted in an
increased use of
A. Coal and natural gas
B. Petroleum and uranium
C. Petroleum and natural gas
D. Natural gad and uranium

E. Coal and petroleum


Name:
_________________________________________Per:
______
V C. Fossil Fuel Resources and Use
7. When supplies of a particular energy type are
finite, it is known as a
A. renewable resource
B. potentially renewable resource
C. nonrenewable resource
D. nondepletable resource
E. perpetual resource

8. Conventional fossil fuel energy resources


include all of the following except
A. coal
B. oil
C. natural gas
D. uranium
E. All of the above are conventional fossil
fuel energy resources.

9. As countries become more developed, the


demand for
A. commercial energy sources increases
B. subsistence energy sources increases
C. nuclear energy sources decreases
D. commercial energy sources decreases
E. subsistence energy sources equals that
for commercial energy sources
10. The energy source that can provide the greatest
amount of electricity generation in the United
States due to its abundance is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

oil
coal
nuclear
hydroelectric
natural gas

11. Which of the following is not a nonrenewable


energy resource?
A. Oil
B. Coal

C. Natural gas
D. Wind
E. Nuclear fuels
12. Fossil Fuels are formed by
A. Dead plants and animals
B. Convergent fault lines
C. Divergent fault lines
D. Transform fault lines
E. Mineral deposits
13. The most abundant fossil fuel is
A. Coal
B. Petroleum
C. Natural gas
D. Uranium
E. Hydroelectric
14. This type of fossil fuel requires refinement
before it can be burned
A. Coal
B. Petroleum
C. Natural gas
D. Uranium
E. Hydroelectric
15. Burning _____ produces less carbon dioxide per
unit of energy than either of the other fossil
fuels.
A. Coal
B. Petroleum
C. Natural gas
D. Uranium
E. Hydroelectric

B. General Mining Act.


C. Surface Mining Control and
Reclamation Act of 1977.
D. Surface Mining Act of 1987.
E. General Surface Mining Act of 1998.
18. Which type of mining is usually most directly
harmful to miners?
A. Mountain-top removal
B. Open pit mining
C. Placer mining
D. Strip mining
E. Subsurfacemining

For questions 19 to 22, select from the following


choices:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Seismic activity center


Divergent plate boundary
Convergent plate boundary
Transform fault boundary
Epicenter

19. At which type of boundary do tectonic plates


move sideways past each another?
20. At which type of boundary does subduction
occur?
21. At which type of boundary does seafloor
spreading occur?
22. Which term refers to the point on Earths surface
directly above an earthquake?

IV I. Mining
16. Environmental problems associated with mining
involve
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

use of mercury.
damage to streams.
soil erosion.
habitat fragmentation and destruction.
all of these answers are correct.

17. The legislation that mandates that land should be


minimally disturbed during the mining process
and reclaimed after mining is completed is
called the
A. Mining Law of 1872.

23.All of the following are environmental


impacts of Fracking except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Earthquakes
Excessive use of water
Methane leaks
Domestic energy
Mining equipment emits CO2

24.The heating of ores to remove metals


produces air pollution: particulate
matter, and sulfur dioxide, which is a

precursor to acid rain. The name is


this process is;
A. Acid Mine Drainage
B. Smelting
C. Cyanide Solution Mining
D. Placer Mining
E. Strip Mining
25.Natural Gas emits less of which of the
following chemicals than coal
I.
II.
III.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

NOx
Sox
CO2
I
II
III
I and II
I, II and III

V D. Nuclear Energy
26. The disadvantages of using nuclear energy
include all of the following except
A. radioactive waste disposal
B. reactor accidents
C. the possibility of using radioactive fuels
in weapons
D. the amount of CO2 released by the
reactors
E. the mining of uranium
27. A public health issue related to the use of
nuclear energy is
A. thyroid cancer
B. asthma
C. cataracts
D. black lung
E. mercury poisoning
28. Currently, most high-level radioactive waste
from nuclear reactors in the United States is
A. Stored in deep ocean trenches.
B. Buried in Yucca Mountain.
C. Reprocessed into new fuel pellets.
D. Chemically modified into safe materials.
E. Storedatthepowerplantthatproduced
it.
29.Which of the following statements are
correct about Fission ?

I.

It is the process of putting an atom


together
II.
It is the process of splitting an atom
apart
III.
It is currently done in nuclear plants
A. I
B. II
C. III
D. I and III
E. II and III
30.The following was the location of a
meltdown in 1986 that exposed
millions of people across Europe to
dangerous levels of radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Yucca Mountain
Three Mile Island
Chernobyl
Hiroshima
San Onofre

31.Around what percent of use electricity


is generated by nuclear power?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2%
15%
50%
75%
100%

V G. Renewable Energy
V E. Hydroelectric Power
32. Which of the following would NOT be classified
as biomass?
A. Straw
B. Animal dung
C. Charcoal
D. Uranium
E. Wood
33. Which of the following are Sun-driven energy
types?
I.
Wind power
II.
Biodiesel
III.
Geothermal
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I, II, and III

34. All of the following are benefits of Green


roofs EXCEPT
A. a green roof serves as insulation for the structure
B. a green roof has a cooling effect on the structure
and its surroundings
C. a green roof improves the overall air quality of
the surroundings
D. all of the above are beneficial
E. none of the above are benefits of "green roofs"

sources. Which of the following is the largest


component of that 7%?
A. Wind energy
B. Biomass
C. Hydroelectric
D. Solar energy
E. Nuclear

39. Which of the following is not an example of a


potentially renewable or nondepletable energy
source?
A. Hydroelectricity
B. Solar energy
C. Nuclearenergy
D. Wind energy
E. Geothermal energy

35. Use Figure 13-1. By looking at the chart above,


what percent of the US energy needs are served
by nonrenewable energy sources?
A. 7%
B. 60%
C. 84%
D. 93%
E. 99%

36. South-facing windows are an example of


A. passive solar design
B. active solar energy
C. geothermal design
D. thermal inertia
E. wind power

37. Tidal power can only be generated


A. during the day
B. in locations with high radioactivity
C. in locations with a large difference
between high and low tides
D. if there is a technological breakthrough
E. when the Moon is directly overhead

38. In the United States, only approximately 7% of


the energy use is from renewable energy

40. Renewable energy sources are best described as


A. those that are the most cost-effective and support
the largest job market.
B. thosethatare,orcanbe,perpetuallyavailable.
C. those that are dependent on increasing public
demand and decreasing supply.
D. those that are being depleted at a faster rate than
they are being replenished.
E. those that are reusable, and therefore eliminate
waste energy released into the environment.

41. Which of the following sources of energy is not


(ultimately) solar-based?
A. Wind
B. Biomass
C. Tides
D. Coal
E. Hydroelectricity

42. Which of the following demonstrate(s) the use


of passive solar energy?
I. A south-facing room with stone walls and floors

II. Photovoltaic solar cells for the generation of


electricity
III. A solar oven
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. IandIII
E. II and III
43. The primary sources of renewable energy in the
United States are
A. solar and wind energy.
B. hydroelectricity and tidal energy.
C. biomassandhydroelectricity.
D. geothermal and tidal energy.
E. wind and geothermal energy.

44. All of the following are potential negative


environmental effects of hydroelectric power
except:
A. Community displacement
B. Habitat Fragmentation
C. Drought
D. Flooding
E. Sedimentation

45. Biofuels can be made of all of the following


except
A. Algae
B. Vegetable Oil
C. Sugar Cane
D. Corn
E. Synfuels

E. I, II, and III

47.
Corporate Average Fuel
Economy (CAFE) Standards were
enacted by the US Congress in
1975 and require automobile
manufacturers to produce cars that
meet a minimum fuel efficiency
standard. This means that by 2020
cars must
A. Have at least 15 mpg
B. Have at least 20 mpg
C. Have at least 35 mpg
D. Be a hybrid
E. Be a plug in electric

48.
Electric vehicles and plug-in
hybrid vehicles still indirectly cause
the burning of _______ in power
plants generating electricity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Petroleum
Natural gas
Ethanol
Coal
Biofuel

49.
All of the following decrease
energy for
Transportation except:
V F. Energy Conservation
46. Governments can encourage energy
conservation by
I.
Raising taxes on fossil fuel use
II.
Offering tax credits for replacing old appliances
with new ones
III.
Investing in smart grid technology
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only

A. Install photovoltaic solar


panels
B. Using mass transit
C. Buy locally grown food
D. Replace car electric vehicle.
E. Join a carpooL

50.
All of the following decrease
energy for heating except:
A. Install an active solar energy
system
B. Replace incandescent light
bulbs
C. Increase the amount of
insulation
D. Take cooler, shorter showers
E. Decrease the thermostat
setting