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Introduction

Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport


Presented by Akshay Khobragade
&
Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Department of Electrical Enginnering
Smt. Indira Gandhi College of Engineering, Koparkhairane
Maharashtra, INDIA-400709

October 9, 2014

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Outline
1

Introduction

Grid System

Departments in the BEST.

Finances

Summary

References

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Introduction.

BEST Undertaking is the transportation and electricity.


TPC and MSEB have their generating stations.
From TPS power is made available to BEST at 110 / 33 /
22kV, 3 Phase, 50Hertz.
Electric Power from this system is transmitted at 220/110kV
through overhead conductors and underground cables to
reduces the losses.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Introduction.

BEST Undertaking is the transportation and electricity.


TPC and MSEB have their generating stations.
From TPS power is made available to BEST at 110 / 33 /
22kV, 3 Phase, 50Hertz.
Electric Power from this system is transmitted at 220/110kV
through overhead conductors and underground cables to
reduces the losses.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Introduction.

BEST Undertaking is the transportation and electricity.


TPC and MSEB have their generating stations.
From TPS power is made available to BEST at 110 / 33 /
22kV, 3 Phase, 50Hertz.
Electric Power from this system is transmitted at 220/110kV
through overhead conductors and underground cables to
reduces the losses.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Introduction.

BEST Undertaking is the transportation and electricity.


TPC and MSEB have their generating stations.
From TPS power is made available to BEST at 110 / 33 /
22kV, 3 Phase, 50Hertz.
Electric Power from this system is transmitted at 220/110kV
through overhead conductors and underground cables to
reduces the losses.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

History
Since 1926, the BEST has been sourcing its power from Tata
Power.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments and over 33,000 street lights within the city
limits.
The electricity department has 6,000 employees.
BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among
the lowest in India.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

History
Since 1926, the BEST has been sourcing its power from Tata
Power.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments and over 33,000 street lights within the city
limits.
The electricity department has 6,000 employees.
BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among
the lowest in India.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

History
Since 1926, the BEST has been sourcing its power from Tata
Power.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments and over 33,000 street lights within the city
limits.
The electricity department has 6,000 employees.
BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among
the lowest in India.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

History
Since 1926, the BEST has been sourcing its power from Tata
Power.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments and over 33,000 street lights within the city
limits.
The electricity department has 6,000 employees.
BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among
the lowest in India.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

Grid System

The TPC and the MSEB have their generating stations.


If there is fault in system the load which has been getting
shutting down is diverted on the other substation till the fault
was cleared hence it is called as Grid system.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

Grid System

The TPC and the MSEB have their generating stations.


If there is fault in system the load which has been getting
shutting down is diverted on the other substation till the fault
was cleared hence it is called as Grid system.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

110 / 33 / 22 kV Distribution System


Bulk power at 110 / 33 / 22 kV is transmitted from Tatas five
sub-stations through underground cables to BESTs receiving
sub-stations.
BEST Undertaking has installed 110 / 11 kV, 110 / 33 kV, 33
/ 11 kV or 22 / 11 kV power transformers.

Figure: 110 / 33 / 22 kV Distribution Line


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

110 / 33 / 22 kV Distribution System


Bulk power at 110 / 33 / 22 kV is transmitted from Tatas five
sub-stations through underground cables to BESTs receiving
sub-stations.
BEST Undertaking has installed 110 / 11 kV, 110 / 33 kV, 33
/ 11 kV or 22 / 11 kV power transformers.

Figure: 110 / 33 / 22 kV Distribution Line


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

11/6.6 kV distribution system


Each distribution substation comprises one or more incoming
and outgoing feeders and one or more transformers of
1600/1000/630 kVA.
The outgoing feeders and primary of the transformers are
controlled and protected by 11 KV oil circuit breakers.

Figure: 11/6.6 kV distribution system


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

11/6.6 kV distribution system


Each distribution substation comprises one or more incoming
and outgoing feeders and one or more transformers of
1600/1000/630 kVA.
The outgoing feeders and primary of the transformers are
controlled and protected by 11 KV oil circuit breakers.

Figure: 11/6.6 kV distribution system


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

Distribution Substation

The distribution substations in the city are of the following


three types
Indoor Type
Outdoor Type
Indoor/Outdoor Type

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

Indoor Type.
Where the switchgear and the transformers are located inside a
building.

Figure: Indoor Transformers

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

Outdoor Type
Where the switchgear and the transformers are located in open
land and directly subjected to outside atmosphere.

Figure: Outdoor Transformers

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

415 / 240 Volts distribution system:


The 415 / 240 V secondary distribution system comprises of a
vast network of underground four core cables.
To supply power to medium and low voltage consumers.

Figure: 415 / 240 Volts distribution system

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Indoor Type
Outdoor Type

415 / 240 Volts distribution system:


The 415 / 240 V secondary distribution system comprises of a
vast network of underground four core cables.
To supply power to medium and low voltage consumers.

Figure: 415 / 240 Volts distribution system

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

O & M Department
This department performs maintenance of all components
which are used for protection in receiving
station,sub-station,till the consumers meter.
SCADA system Is used to monitoring the whole grid of electric
supply all over Mumbai.

Figure: Operation & Maintenance Department


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

O & M Department
This department performs maintenance of all components
which are used for protection in receiving
station,sub-station,till the consumers meter.
SCADA system Is used to monitoring the whole grid of electric
supply all over Mumbai.

Figure: Operation & Maintenance Department


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

System Protection Department


In the protection department , the protection of all power
supply system is done.
The protection is provided in receiving as well as in substation.
The protection is nothing but protecting the whole power
system from abnormal conditions , such as short ckt, lightning
strokes, switching surges etc.

Figure: System Protection Department

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

System Protection Department


In the protection department , the protection of all power
supply system is done.
The protection is provided in receiving as well as in substation.
The protection is nothing but protecting the whole power
system from abnormal conditions , such as short ckt, lightning
strokes, switching surges etc.

Figure: System Protection Department

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

System Protection Department


In the protection department , the protection of all power
supply system is done.
The protection is provided in receiving as well as in substation.
The protection is nothing but protecting the whole power
system from abnormal conditions , such as short ckt, lightning
strokes, switching surges etc.

Figure: System Protection Department

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

System Protection Department

Cont...

1.Relay :
Definition
The relay is basically a sensing element , which sense the fault
before it will cause harm to healthy system.
To sense the fault to a relay the C.T is connected.

Figure: Relay
Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References
1

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Circuit Breaker :

Definition
The circuit breaker is the device which disconnects the two
electrical circuits automatically under faulty condition and manually
under normal condition.
The operation of the C.B is totally depend on the working of relay.

Figure: Air Circuit Breaker


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References
1

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Current Transformer :

Definition
It is the transformer which stepped downs the high current to low
current.
In The C.T the no. of turns on primary are greater than the no. of
turns on secondary.

Figure: Current Transformer


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Street Light Construction


It provides the basic construction regarding to the street
lighting.
The lamps available for street lighting are shown below
H.P.M.V : 80 W, 125 W, 250 W, 400 W etc.
H.P.S.V : 70 W, 150 W, 250 W, 400 W etc

Figure: Street Light Construction


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Street Light Construction


It provides the basic construction regarding to the street
lighting.
The lamps available for street lighting are shown below
H.P.M.V : 80 W, 125 W, 250 W, 400 W etc.
H.P.S.V : 70 W, 150 W, 250 W, 400 W etc

Figure: Street Light Construction


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Street Light Mainenance


There is a responsibility of this department to give required
illumination at night on road,high ways,gardens etc.
The street lighting is also includes temporary lighting as well
as flood lighting. The lighting of gardens, temples, municipal
schools, smashanbhumi, lighting for festivals.

Figure: Street Light Maintenance


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Operation & Maintenance Department


System Protection Department
Street light construction
Street Light Maintenance

Street Light Mainenance


There is a responsibility of this department to give required
illumination at night on road,high ways,gardens etc.
The street lighting is also includes temporary lighting as well
as flood lighting. The lighting of gardens, temples, municipal
schools, smashanbhumi, lighting for festivals.

Figure: Street Light Maintenance


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Electricity revenues:
In the financial year 200405, the company earned Rs.
15142.2 million from its electricity department.
839.18 crore from its transport department. .

Figure: Electricity revenues


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Electricity revenues:
In the financial year 200405, the company earned Rs.
15142.2 million from its electricity department.
839.18 crore from its transport department. .

Figure: Electricity revenues


Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare
Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Summary

BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among


the lowest in India.
BEST plans to install photovoltaic cells in each of its 25
depots.
The power cables are laid underground, which reduces losses.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Summary

BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among


the lowest in India.
BEST plans to install photovoltaic cells in each of its 25
depots.
The power cables are laid underground, which reduces losses.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Summary

BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among


the lowest in India.
BEST plans to install photovoltaic cells in each of its 25
depots.
The power cables are laid underground, which reduces losses.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

Summary

BEST has a distribution loss of around 10% (2001), among


the lowest in India.
BEST plans to install photovoltaic cells in each of its 25
depots.
The power cables are laid underground, which reduces losses.
It provides power to 5 million residential and commercial
establishments.

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport

Introduction
Grid System
Departments in the BEST.
Finances
Summary
References

References

[1]. "Electricity arrives in Mumbai". BEST Undertaking. Retrieved


27 August 2005.
[2]. External links
Media related to BEST at Wikimedia Commons
Quotations related to Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and
Transport at Wikiquote
BEST Undertaking Official site of the BEST
www.bestundertaking.com

Presented by Akshay Khobragade & Guided by Prof. Waghmare


Brihanmumbai Electric Supply And Transport