Bil.
Perkara
Halaman
Prakata
ii
iii
Tingkatan 4
Tingkatan 5
iv-v
vi
1 71
72 - 150
PRAKATA
Salah satu daripada tujuh sasaran utama Perancangan Strategik JPN Perak 2006-2010 ialah
meningkatkan kecemerlangan keputusan peperiksaan awam. Sasaran ini adalah selari dengan
fungsi ke-6 Sektor Pengurusan Akademik, JPN Perak iaitu merancang pelaksanaan program Latih
Tubi untuk kelas-kelas peperiksaan peringkat negeri.
Pelaksanaan Modul Latih Tubi Answer To Score (ATS) Matematik di sekolah akan
dijadikan satu program dan data maklumat yang mampu meramal status kesediaan sekolah
sebelum menghadapi peperiksaan awam di peringkat UPSR, PMR dan SPM. Dengan ini pihak
sekolah akan lebih peka dan menjadikan data ini sebagai alat ukur tahap kecemerlangan
Matematik di sekolah dan sebagai penanda aras kejayaan murid, guru dan sekolah dalam
persiapan menghadapi peperiksan awam. Melalui dapatan awal ini, pihak sekolah akan dapat
membetul dan menggerakkan jentera di sekolah melalui Panitia Matematik dan guru-guru yang
terlibat dengan kelas peperiksaan awam agar dapat melakukan penambahbaikan mekanisme
pengajaran dan pembelajaran di kelas sebagai langkah pengesanan awal dan merancang pecutan
terakhir sebelum menjelangnya peperiksaan awam.
Modul ATS (Matematik) ini sebenarnya adalah sokongan kepada Modul WAJA 2009
yang memberi penekanan kepada pemahaman konsep P&P murid dalam bilik darjah. Sebelum itu,
pihak Sektor Pengurusan Akademik, JPN Perak juga telah melancarkan Modul WAJA (Versi
2008) yang lebih mirip kepada latih tubi Matematik untuk pelbagai peringkat kelas peperiksaan
awam. Melalui rentetan modul latih tubi yang telah digubal di samping pelbagai program
peningkatan profesionalisme guru yang telah dan akan dilaksanakan sama ada di peringkat JPN,
PPD dan sekolah sekiranya dihayati dan dibuat perancangan yang lebih bersistematik dan bahanbahan tersebut dimanfaatkan semaksimum mungkin di peringkat perancangan panitia, maka
sewajarnya dan diharapkan semua sekolah boleh melahirkan warga yang cemerlang, gemilang
dan terbilang.
Semua komuniti di peringkat JPN, PPD dan sekolah serta ibu bapa mampu mewujudkan
situasi dan senario ini sekiranya kita semua mengambil semangat dan motivasi daripada gagasan
YAB Perdana Menteri ke arah memastikan keperluan pelanggan dan kecemerlangan iaitu murid
didahulukan dan pencapaian diutamakan.
Bidang Matematik
Sektor Pengurusan Akademik
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
Jun 2009
ii
JAWATANKUASA PEMBINAAN
MODUL LATIH TUBI ANSWER TO SCORE (ATS) 2009
(MATA PELAJARAN MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN)
PENASIHAT
Tn. Hj. Rozi Bin Puteh Ismail
Ketua Sektor Pengurusan Akademik
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
PENGERUSI
Tn. Hj. Syed Mahizan Bin Syed Hashim
Ketua Penolong Pengarah (Matematik)
Sektor Pengurusan Akademik
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
PENYELARAS MODUL
En. Nor Hisham Bin Fahmi
Penolong Pengarah Matematik (Kurikulum Rendah)
Sektor Pengurusan Akademik
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
PENOLONG PENYELARAS MODUL
Pn. Rohaya Bt. Meor Ahmad
Penyelia Matematik (Sekolah Rendah)
KETUA PENGGUBAL MATA PELAJARAN
En. Krishian a/l Gopal
PARA PENGGUBAL ITEM
En. Chin Woon Woo
En. Tan Teong Ghee
Pn. Zulinah Bt. Jemon
Pn. Noor Laila Bt. Abdullah
Pn. Zuraini Bt. Din
En. Tan Kok Cheang
En. Mohd Shafie Bin Mohd Juri
En. Jamil Bin Hussain
En. Mohd Azril Bin Mohd Azlan
Cik Lau Sook Hun
PARA PENYEMAK ITEM
En. Kho Choong Quan
En. Noor Azam Bin Mohd Said
Pn. Lisa Bt. Abu Bakar
Pn. Zulinah Bt. Jemon
iii
ABSTRAK
Modul Answer To Score Additional Mathematics berbentuk topikal dan merangkumi kesemua
topik Tingkatan 4 dan Tingkatan 5.
Topik-topik Tingkatan 4 :
Chapter
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
/
/
/
/
/
Paper 2
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
Topik-topik Tingkatan 5 :
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Functions
Quadratic Equations
Quadratic Functions
Simultaneous Equations
Indices and Logaritms
Coordinate Geometry
Statistics
Circular Measure
Differentiation
Solution of Triangles
Index Number
Paper 1
/
/
/
Chapter
Progressions
Linear Law
Integration
Vectors
Trigonometric Functions
Permutations and Combinations
Probability
Probability Distributions
Motion Along A Straight Line
Linear Programming
Paper 1
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
Paper 2
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
Peranan Guru yang efektif dan sambutan murid yang baik adalah diharapkan untuk
menjayakan program ini.
iv
MATLAMAT :
SASARAN PROGRAM :
Semua murid Tingkatan 5 yang mengambil Additional Mathematics bagi peperiksaan SPM.
TEMPOH PELAKSANAAN :
Program ini perlu dilaksanakan sebagai bahan tambahan latih tubi oleh semua sekolah
mengikut jadual pelaksanaannya.
Bahan perlu diperbanyakkan dan diedarkan kepada semua murid Tingkatan 5 yang mengambil
Additional Mathematics.
Modul ATS Additional Mathematics berbentuk topikal dan merangkumi kesemua topik
Tingkatan 4 dan Tingkatan 5.
Setiap topik mengandungi soalan-soalan Kertas 1, Kertas 2 atau Kertas 1 dan Kertas 2
mengikut Jadual Analisis peperiksaan SPM 2003 2008. Soalan-soalan yang disediakan
adalah mirip soalan-soalan sebenar SPM 2003 2008.
Murid-murid yang cerdas digalakkan menjawab semua soalan. Murid-murid galus boleh
menjawab soalan-soalan mengikut budi bicara guru.
Skema jawapan yang disediakan merupakan suatu garis panduan bagi peruntukan markah.
Skema ini telah disediakan untuk memberi suatu gambaran peruntukan markah bagi sesuatu
jenis soalan kepada guru dan menggalakkan Self Assess Learning dalam kalangan murid.
Guru perlu menegaskan penyelesaian yang bersistematik dan kemahiran-kemahiran yang
tertentu dalam penyelesaian sesuatu soalan yang diperuntukkan markah dalam Skema
Jawapan.
Rekodkan tarikh pelaksanaan setiap topik dalam borang laporan yang disediakan.
Jawab semua soalan yang disediakan bagi setiap topik dalam Buku Latihan.
Meneliti dan menghayati bahagian-bahagian dalam sesuatu penyelesaian yang diperuntukan
markah.
Bekerjasama dengan guru supaya PROGRAM ATS dilaksanakan dengan jayanya.
REKOD PELAKSANAAN
PROGRAM ATS 2009
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
JPN PERAK
Nama Guru : ...............................................
Kelas
Form 4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Form 5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
: ...................
Chapter
Tarikh
Perlaksanaan
Catatan
Tarikh
Perlaksanaan
Catatan
Functions
Quadratic Equations
Quadratic Functions
Simultaneous Equations
Indices and Logaritms
Coordinate Geometry
Statistics
Circular Measure
Differentiation
Solution of Triangles
Index Number
Chapter
Progressions
Linear Law
Integration
Vectors
Trigonometric Functions
Permutations and Combinations
Probability
Probability Distributions
Motion Along A Straight Line
Linear Programming
vi
ANSWER TO SCORE
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS SPM
(SECONDARY SCHOOL)
(FORM 4)
CHAPTER 1
FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1.
4
6
8
q
r
Set A
Set B
Diagram 1
State
(a) the range of the relation,
(b) the type of the relation.
[2 marks]
2.
R = {a, b, c}
S = {b, d , f , h, j}
3.
Based on the above information, the relation between R and S is defined by the set of
ordered pairs {(a, b), (a, d ), (b, f ), (b, h)} .
State
(a) the images of a
(b) the object of b
[2 marks]
Diagram 2 shows the linear function g .
x
g(x)
0
2
4
6
-2
0
k
4
Diagram 2
x+k
, x 0 where k is a constant.
x
x+k
x
3
1
2
Diagram 3
Find the value of k.
CHAPTER 1
FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
[2 marks]
5.
6.
f(x)
6
Diagram 5
State
(a) the value of t,
(b) the range of f(x) corresponding to the given domain.
[3 marks]
7.
8.
The following information is about the function g and the composite function g 2 .
9.
1
, x 0 and the composite function fg ( x) = 4 x .
2x
Find
(a) g (x)
(b) the value of x when gf ( x) = 2
[4 marks]
10.
7
, x 3 .
3+ x
Find
(a) h 1 ( x)
(b) h 1 (2)
CHAPTER 1
FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
[3 marks]
11. Diagram 9 shows the function f maps x to y and the function g maps y to z.
x
5
4
1
Determine
(a) f 1 (1)
(b) gf (5)
[2 marks]
12. The following information refers to the function f and g.
f : x 5x + 1
g : x x3
Find f
g ( x) .
[3 marks]
13.
1
, where h and k are constants. Find
2
x
. Find
3
(a) h 1 (7)
(b) gh 1 ( x)
[4 marks]
15. Given the function f : x 3 x 2 and g : x 2 x 2 3 .
Find
(a) f 1 (4)
(b) gf (x)
[4 marks]
CHAPTER 1
FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
ANSWER (PAPER 1)
1 (a)
(b)
2 (a)
(b)
3 (a)
(b)
{4, 8}
many-to-one
b , d
k=2
g ( x) = x 2
1
+k
1
g = 2
=3
1
2
2
k =1
x +1 = 2
or ( x + 1) = 2
x =1
6 (a)
When f ( x) = 0 ,
x = 3
2x 6 = 0
x=3
t =3
(b)
Range :
7 (a)
(a)
(b)
(b)
0 f ( x) 6
f ( 2) = 5
1
1
g (5) = 7
3 k (5) = 7
k=2
8
g 2 ( x) = a b(a bx)
= a ab + b 2 x
b2 = 9
and
a ab = 8
b=3
9 (a)
1
= 4x
2 g ( x)
1
g ( x) =
, x0
8x
a = 4
1
1
1
CHAPTER 1
(b)
10 (a)
(b)
FUNCTIONS
1
=2
1
8 x
2
1
x=
8
7
x = 3
y
7
h 1 ( x) = 3 , x 0
x
1
h 1 (2) =
2
FORM 4
1
1
1
1
1
11 (a)
(b)
12
x=
y 1
5
( x 3) 1
5
x4
=
5
y+h
x=
3
1
k=
3
3
h=
2
y 1
x=
3
7 1
h 1 (7) =
=2
3
x 1
gh 1 ( x) = 3
3
x 1
=
9
y+2
x=
3
1
f ( 4) = 2
f 1 g ( x) =
13.
14.
(a)
(b)
15 (a)
(b)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
gf ( x) = 2(3 x 2) 2 3
= 18 x 2 24 x + 5
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
PAPER 2
1.
Diagram 1
Diagram 1 shows a quadrilateral ABCD such that ABC is acute.
a ) Calculate
i ) ABC
ii ) ADC
[ 8 marks]
b ) A triangle ABC has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC but it is
different in shape to triangle ABC. Sketch the triangle ABC
[ 2 marks ]
2.
P
R
12cm
10cm
65
Diagram 2
Q
[ 2 marks ]
(b) A quadrilateral PQRS is then formed so that PR is a diagonal, PRS = 30 and PS = 8.2 cm.
58
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
[2 marks ]
[ 6 marks]
3.
B
6cm
C
53
7cm
A
10cm
Diagram 3
Diagram 3 shows a quadrilateral ABCD.
The area of BCD is 20cm2 and BCD is acute. Calculate
(a) BCD
(b) the length in cm, of BD.
(c) ADB
(d) the area, in cm2 , of quadrilateral ABCD
[ 2 marks]
[ 2 marks]
[ 3 marks]
[ 3 marks]
4.
5cm
5cm
80 48'
B
120
10cm
Diagram 4
( 4 marks )
59
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
( 6 marks )
Diagram 1
Diagram 1 shows a pyramid PQRS with triangle PQR as the horizontal base. S is the vertex of the
pyramid and the angle between the inclined plane QRS and the base PQR is 50. Given that PQ
and PR =5.6 cm and SQ = SR = 4.2 cm, calculate
(a) the length of RQ if the area of the base PQR is 12.4 cm2
(b) the length of SP,
(c) the area of the triangle PQS.
[ 3 marks ]
[ 3 marks ]
[ 4 marks ]
60
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
ANSWER(PAPER2)
1.
(a) (i)
8.5
10.8
=
sin 42.5 sin ABC
ABC =59.14
ADC = 134.46
3
1
(b)
C
42.5
10.8 cm
8.5 cm
A
61
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
2.
( a ) PR2 =122 +102- 2(12)(10)cos65
= 142.6
PR = 11.94cm
(b)
1
1
S'
P
30
12 cm
10 cm
65
sin PSR
sin 30
=
11.94
8.2
RS
8.2
=
sin103.28 sin 30
RS = 15.96cm
1
1
(10)(12)(sin65 ) + (11.94)(15.96)(sin30 )
2
2
=102.02cm2
( ii) Area =
2
1
62
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
3.
1
(6)(7)sin BCD = 20
2
BCD =72 15
( b ) BD2 = 6 2 + 7 2 2(6)(7)cos 72 15
=59.39
BD = 7.706
(a)
(c )
sin 53
sin BAD
=
10
7.706
BAD =37 59
=89 1
1
1
(7)(6)(sin72 15 ) + (7.706)(10)(sin89 1)
2
2
=58.52cm2
4.
(d) Area =
2
1
( a ) ( i ) AC2 = 5 2 + 10 2 2(5)(10)cos 80 48
AC = 10.44
1
1
( ii )
sin ACB
sin120
=
5
10.44
ACB = 24 30
( b) ( i)
2
63
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
Area of ABC =
1
(5)(10.4408)(sin35 30 )
2
=15.1575
Area of ABA =
1
(5)(5)(sin109 )
2
=11.8190
Area of ABC =15.1575 - 11.8190
=3.3385 cm2
1
1
5.
( a ) Area of
PQR = 12.4
1
(5.6) (5.6)sin QPR = 12.4
2
64
CHAPTER 10
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES
FORM 4
1
QR where M is the midpoint of RQ
2
1
= (4.933)
2
= 2.466
(b) QM =
SQP
1
1
1
=0.7257
SQP
1
= 43.47
Area of PQS
1
= (5.6) (4.2)sin 43.47
2
=8.091 cm2
65
CHAPTER 11
INDEX NUMBER
FORM 4
PAPER 2
1 Table 1 shows the price indices and percentage of usage of four items, P, Q, R and S, which
are the main ingredients in the making of a type of cake.
Items
P
Q
R
S
Percentage of usage
40
20
10
30
Table 1
(a) Calculate
(i) the price of S in the year 2004 if its price in year 2007 is RM 44.85,
(ii) the price index of P in the year 2007 based on the year 2000 if its price index in the
year 2004 based on the year 2000 is 120.
[5 marks]
(b) The composite index number of the cost in making the cake for the year 2007 based on the
year 2004 is 125.
Calculate
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the price of the cake in the year 2004 if the corresponding price in the year 2007 is
[5 marks]
RM 40.
2 Table 2 shows the prices and the price indices for the four ingredients K, L, M, and N, used in
making a particular kind of cake. Diagram 1 is a pie chart which represents the relative amount
of the ingredients K, L, M and N, used in making the cake.
Ingredients
K
L
M
N
Price per Kg
(RM)
Year 2003
Year 2006
1.60
2.00
4.00
q
0.80
1.20
r
1.60
N
80
120
100
L
Table 2
Diagram 1
[3 marks]
(b) (i) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making this cake in the year 2006 based
on the year 2003.
(ii) Hence, calculate the corresponding cost of making this cake in the year 2003 if the
cost in the year 2006 was RM 40.
[5 marks]
(c) The cost of making this cake is expected to increase by 40% from the year 2006 to the
year 2010. Find the expected composite index for the year 2010 based on the year 2003
[2 marks]
66
CHAPTER 11
INDEX NUMBER
FORM 4
3 A particular type of muffin is made by using four ingredients, P, Q, R and S. Table 3 shows the
prices of the ingredients.
Ingredients
P
Q
R
S
(a) The index number of ingredient P in the year 2008 based on the year 2005 is 125.
Calculate the value of x.
[2 marks]
(b) The index number of ingredient R in the year 2008 based on the year 2005 is 140. The
price per kilogram of ingredient R in the year 2008 is RM2.00 more than its corresponding
price in the year 2005.
Calculate the value of y and z.
[3 marks]
(c) The composite index for the cost of making the muffin in the year 2008 based on the year
2005 is 126
Calculate
(i) the price of the muffin in the year 2005 if its corresponding price in the year 2008 is
RM 6.30
(ii) the value of r if the quantities of ingredients P, Q, R and S used are in the ratio of
6:3 :r :2
[5 marks]
4 Table 4 shows the prices and the price indices of five components, P, Q, R, S and T, used to
produce a type of toy car.
Diagram 2 shows a pie chart which represents the relative quantity of components used.
m
4.00
2.40
6.00
8.00
4.40
5.60
3.00
5.40
12.00
Table 4
R
144
36
S
72
90
Diagram 2
CHAPTER 11
INDEX NUMBER
FORM 4
5 Table 5 shows the prices and the price indices of four ingredients P, Q, R and S, to make a
dish.
Diagram 3 shows a pie chart which represents the relative quantity of the ingredients used.
Ingredients
P
Q
R
S
P
Q
25%
15%
S
20%
R
40%
Table 5
Diagram 3
68
CHAPTER 11
INDEX NUMBER
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 2)
1 (a) (i)
2004
100
RM 44.85
130
= RM 34.5
(ii)
100
RM 34.50 or
120
RM 44.85
I 2007 / 2000 = RM 28.75 100
2000
2000
= RM 28.75
= 156
(b) (i)
(ii)
(ii)
1
1
2004
x = 125
100
RM 40
125
RM 2.00
100 = 125
RM 1.60
120
q=
RM 4.00 = RM 4.80
100
100
r=
RM 1.60
80
(125 60) + (120 100) + (150 120) + (80 80)
I 2006 / 2003 =
360
43900
=
360
p=
(b) (i)
= RM 32
2 (a)
2003
P
I
2010
1
1
1
1
1
100
RM 40
121.9
2010 / 2003
= 121.9
= RM 32.81
(c)
140
RM 40 = RM 56
100
RM 56.00
=
100 = 170.7
RM 32.81
1
1
1
69
CHAPTER 11
3 (a)
INDEX NUMBER
x=
125
RM 4
100
= RM 5.00
(b)
y
100
=
y+2
140
(c) (i)
2005
100
RM 6.30
126
m=
100
RM 4.40
110
= RM4.00
RM 5.40
100 = 90
RM 6
(110 90) + (140 36) + (125 144) + (90 18) + (150 72)
360
45360
=
360
n =
(b)
= 126
2007
126
RM 60
100
= RM 75.60
z = RM 7.00
r = 4
(c)
4 (a)
y = RM 5.00
= RM 5.00
(ii)
FORM 4
2009
125
RM 75.60
100
= RM 94.50
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
70
CHAPTER 11
5 (a)
INDEX NUMBER
RM 2.70
100 = 120
RM 2.25
100
y =
RM 1.35
112.5
x=
= RM 1.20
= 121.5
(c) (i)
2009 / 2006
2009
1
1
= 145.8
(ii)
120
2008 / 2006
100
120
= 121.5
100
=
(b)
FORM 4
145.8
RM 25
100
= RM 36.45
1
1
1
1
71
CHAPTER 2
QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1. The quadratic equation 2x 2 = px 2 4( x + 2 ) , where p is a constant, has no real roots. Find the
range of the values of p.
[3 marks]
2. The quadratic equation m x 2 4 x = m 5 ,where m 0, has real and different roots. Find the
range of values of m.
[4 marks]
3. Find the values of n for which the curve y = n + 8x x 2 intersect the straight line y = 3 at a point.
[4 marks]
4. Solve the quadratic equation 5(2x 1) = (3x + 1)(x 3) . Give your answer correct to four
significant figures
[3 marks]
5. The straight line y + x = 4 intersects the curve y = x 2 + 7 x + w at two points . Find the range of
values of w.
[4 marks]
6. Form the quadratic equation which has the roots 7 and
2
. Give your answer in the form
3
[2 marks]
7. Given the roots of the quadratic equation 4kx 2 + hx + 8 = 0 are equal. Express k in terms of h.
[2 marks]
8. The straight line y = 9 4px is a tangent to the curve y = ( p 1) x 2 . Find the possible values of p.
[5 marks]
9. The straight line y =2x1 does not intersect the curve y = x 2 2 x + p. Find the range of values of
p.
[5 marks]
10. The quadratic equation 3 x 2 kx + h = 0 has roots 4 and 3. Find the values of k and h.
[3 marks]
CHAPTER 2
QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
1
(2 p ) x + 4 x + 8 = 0
( 4)
4 ( 2 p )( 8 ) < 0
48 + 32 p < 0
3
p <
2
2
mx 4 x m + 5 = 0
( 4 )2 4(5 m )(m ) > 0
(m 1)(m 4) > 0
m<1 , m > 4
1
1
1
1
n + 8x -x 2 = 3
x2 8x n + 3 = 0
( 8)2 4(3 n )(1) = 0
n = 13
1
1
1
3x 2 18x + 2 = 0
x = 0.1132,
5.887
4 x = x2 + 7x + w
1
1
1
1
x + 8x + w 4 = 0
2
64 4(w 4 ) > 0
w < 20
(x + 7 )(3x 2 ) = 0
3x 2 + 19 x 14 = 0
k=
8
1
1
h2 4 ( 4k )( 8) = 0
h2
128
9 4 px = ( p 1) x 2
( p 1) x 2 + 4 px 9 = 0
2
( 4 p ) 4 ( 9 )( p 1) = 0
1
1
1
7
CHAPTER 2
QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
( p + 3)( 4 p 3) = 0
10
3
4
2
2x 1 = x -2x + p
x2 4 x + p + 1 = 0
16 4(1)(p + 1) < 0
12 4p <0
p > 3
1
1
1
(x + 4)(x 3) = 0
3 x 2 + 3 x 36 = 0
k = -3 and h = -36
1
1
1
p = 3 and p =
FORM 4
1
1
CHAPTER 3
QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
Paper 1
1. The quadratic function f(x) = a(x+p)2 + q, where a, p and q are constants, has a maximum value
of 5. The equation of the axis of symmetry is x=3.
State
(a) the range of values of a,
(b) the value of p
(c) the value of q
[3 marks]
2. Find the range of values of x for which (x 4)2 < 12 3x
[3 marks]
3. Find the range of values of x for which 2x2 3 5x.
[3 marks]
[3 marks]
1
y = 9
[3 marks]
.
0
CHAPTER 3
QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
The curve y = f (x) has a maximum point at A(1, q), where q is a constant. State
(a) the value of p,
(b) the value of q,
(c) the equation of the axis of symmetry.
[3 marks ]
7. Find the range of values of x for which x(2 x) 15.
[3 marks ]
8. The quadratic equation x(p x ) = x + 4 has no real roots. Find the range of values of p
[3 marks ]
Paper 2
1.
1 2
x + kx 6 .
2
A is the point of intersection of the quadratic graph and y-axis. The x-intercepts are 6 and 2.
f ( x) =
A(0, r)
(p, q)
[2 marks]
1
( x p ) 2 + q , find the value of q and
2
[4 marks]
[2 marks]
10
CHAPTER 3
QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 4
Answers ( Paper 1)
Q
1 (a)
(b)
(c)
2
5 (a)
(b)
6 (a)
(b)
(c)
7
Solution
a<0
p=3
q=5
x2 5x + 4 < 0
(x 1)(x 4) < 0
1<x<4
2x2 + 5x. 3 0
(2x 1)(x + 3) 0
3 x
f(x) = x2 6x + 32 32 + 5
= (x 3)2 4
m = 3 n = 4
x = 2
Marks
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1,1
1
1,1
g(x) = (x + 2)2 9
p=1
q =5
x=1
x2 2x 15 0
(x + 3)(x 5) 0
x3, x5
2
x + (1 p)x + 4 =0
(1 p)2 4(1)(4) < 0
p2 2p 15 < 0
(p+3)(p 5) <0
3 < p < 5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Answer(Paper 2)
1 (a)
(b)
r = 6,
p = 2
(Expand or completing the square)
1 2
1
1
x px + p 2 + q = x 2 + kx 6
2
2
2
or k=p
1 2
2
1
1
1
p + q = 6
1
q = 6 ( 2) 2
2
1
1
1
q = 8
k =2
(c) x2 + 4x<0
4
x(x + 4)<0
4 < x < 0
11
CHAPTER 4
SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS
FORM 4
PAPER 2
2
1. Solve the simultaneous equations y 2 x = 8 and x - 3x y = 2
[5 marks]
2.
Solve the simultaneous equations j k = 2 and j2 + 2k = 8. Give your answers correct to three
decimal places
[5 marks]
x 2 + 4 y 2 = 37
Give your answers correct to three decimal places.
[5 marks]
12
CHAPTER 4
SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 2)
1.
2.
y 2x = -8
y = - 8 + 2x ___________(1)
x2 - 3x y = 2___________(2)
x2 - 3x (-8 + 2x) = 2
(x 3)(x 2) = 0
x = 2, 3
y = - 8 + 2(2) y = - 8 + 2(3)
y = -4,
y=-2
k=j2
_____________(1)
2
j + 2k = 8 _____________(2)
j2 + 2(j 2) = 8
j=
4.
5.
1
1
1
1
1
1
b (b 2 4ac)
2a
2 2 2 4(1)(12)
2(1)
j = 2.606
j = - 4.606
k = (2.606) 2 k = (- 4.606) - 2
= 0.606
= - 6.606
x = 1 2y __________(1)
y2 - 10 = 2x __________(2)
y2 - 10 = 2(1 2y)
(y + 6)(y 2) = 0
y = 2, - 6
x = 1 2(2), x = 1 2(- 6)
= -3,
= 13
3.
y = 1 2x
__________(1)
x2 + y2 + xy = 7 __________(2)
x2 + (1 2x)2 + x(1 - 2x) = 7
( x + 1)( x 2) = 0
x = - 1, 2
y= 1 2(- 1), y = 1 2(2)
= 3,
=-3
x = 8 + 2y
__________(1)
2
2
x + 4y = 37
__________(2)
(8 + 2y)2 + 4y2 = 37
y=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
b b 2 4ac
2a
32 322 4(8)(27)
2(8)
y - 1.209, -2.791
x = 8 + 2(- 1.209), x = 8 + 2(-2.791)
= 5.582,
= 2.418
=
1
1
1
13
CHAPTER 5
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1.
[3marks]
2.
[3marks]
3.
[4marks]
4.
[3marks]
5.
6.
[4marks]
7.
[4marks]
8.
9.
[3marks]
9 x 3
49 p
Given that log p 3 = r and log p 7 = s , express log p
in terms
27
of r and s.
Given that log 5 2 = q and log 5 9 = p , express log 5 8.1 in terms of q
and p.
[4marks]
[4marks)
10.
3 + log 3 (2 x 1) = log 3 x .
[3marks]
11.
56
Given that log x 2 = p and log x 7 = q , express log x 2 in terms
x
of p and q.
[4marks]
12.
[4marks]
13.
[3marks]
14.
81m
Given that log 3 m = v and log 3 n = w , express log 9
in
n
terms of v and w.
[4marks]
15.
log 3 x log 3 (4 x + 1) = 2 .
16.
5 x 1 5 x =
4
.
25
[3marks]
[3marks]
14
CHAPTER 5
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
1.
53 x+1 = 12
log 53 x+1 = log12
(3 x + 1) log 5 = log12
3x + 1 =
log12
log 5
3x + 1 =
1.0792
0.6990
3 x + 1 = 1.54392
3 x = 0.54392
x = 0.1813
2.
(2 )
5 3x
= ( 22 )
1
7 x+ 4
15 x = 14 x + 8
3.
x =8
log 32 x 1 = log 5 x
( 2 x 1) log 3
= x log 5
log 3
2 log 3 log 5
x = 1.8691
1
1
15
CHAPTER 5
4.
(2 )
4 5x
= ( 22 )
9 x 6
FORM 4
1
2 20 x = 218 x12
20 x = 18 x 12
x = 6
5.
273 x + 3 = ( 9 x 3 )
(3 )
3 3 x +3
1
2
2
2 x 3
= (3
39 x +9 = ( 32 x 6 )
1
2
9x + 9 = x + 3
10 x = 6
x=
6.
3
5
22 x +1 13(2 x ) 24 = 0
22 x.21 13(2 x ) 24 = 0
(2 )
x 2
.2 13(2 x ) 24 = 0
Let u = 2x
2u 2 13u 24 = 0
( 2u + 3)( u 8) = 0
u=
3
or 8
2
x =3
16
CHAPTER 5
7.
log 3 K
log 3 L
=2
log 3 9
log 3 K
log 3 L
=2
2
FORM 4
1
2 log 3 K log 3 L = 4
log 3
8.
9.
10.
K2
=4
L
K2
= 34
L
K =9 L
1,1
2 s + 1 3r
log 5 8.1 =
log 5
81
10
log 5 81 log 5 10
log 5 92 log5 ( 2 5 )
2 p q 1
log 3 27 ( 2 x 1) = log 3 x
27 ( 2 x 1) = x
54 x x = 27
x=
27
53
17
CHAPTER 5
11.
12.
56
log x 2 =
x
log x 56 log x x 2
log x (7 8) 2 log x x
q + 3p 2
27 m 2
n
log 3 mn = log 3
27m 2
n
2
n
m=
27
log 3 y
= log 3 18
log 3 9
log 3 y
= log 3 18
log 3 9
mn =
13.
FORM 4
1
1
1
log 3 y
= log 3 18
2
log 3 y = 2 log 3 18
14.
y = 324
81m
log 3
81m
n
=
log 9
log 3 9
n
log 3 81 + log 3 m log 3 n
=
2 log 3 3
1
( log3 34 + log3 m log3 n )
2
1
=
( 4 + v w)
2
=
1
1
1
18
CHAPTER 5
15.
FORM 4
log 3 x log 3 (4 x + 1) + 2 = 0
log 3 x log 3 (4 x + 1) + 2 log 3 3 = 0
log 3
x(9)
=0
4x +1
9x
= 30
4x +1
1
1
9x = 4x +1
5x = 1
x=
16.
1
5
4
52
4
1
5 x 1 = 2
5
5
4
4
5x = 2
5
5
4 5
5x = 2
5 4
5 x.51 5 x =
5 x = 5 1
x = 1
19
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1.
A point T divides the line segment joining the points A(1, -2) and B(-5, 4) internally in the
ratio 2 : 1. Find the coordinates of point T.
[2 marks]
2.
x
y
+
= 1. The point Q lies
3
5
Find the equation of the straight line perpendicular to PQ and passing through the point Q.
[3 marks]
3.
The line 8x + 4hy - 6 = 0 is perpendicular to the line 3x + y = 16. Find the value of h.
[3 marks]
4.
Diagram below shows the straight line AB which is perpendicular to the straight line CB at
the point B.
y
A(0,6)
0
C
5.
x
y
+
= 1 has a y-intercept of 3 and is parallel to the straight line
14 m
y + nx = 0. Determine the value of m and of n.
20
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
[3 marks]
6.
Diagram below shows a straight line passing through A(2, 0) and B (0, 6).
y
B(0, 6)
A(2, 0)
x
y
+
= 1.
a
b
[1 mark]
a)
b)
A point P(x, y) moves such that PA = PB. Find the equation of the locus of P.
[2 marks]
21
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
PAPER 2
1.
x
0
B (12, 0)
D
A(0 , -3)
2.
a)
[1 mark ]
b)
[2 marks]
c)
[3 marks]
B
x
0
3y + x + 6 = 0
C
(a) Find
i) the equation of the straight line AB
ii) the coordinates of B.
[5 marks]
(b) The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3. Find the
coordinates of D.
[2 marks]
(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always 5 units.
Find the equation of the locus of P.
[3 marks]
22
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
C
x
0
B(5, -1)
[2 marks]
[2 marks]
(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always twice its distance from point
B.
(i)
Find the equation of the locus of P.
(ii)
Hence, determine whether or not this locus intercepts the y-axis. [6 marks]
4.
0
R
y + 3x + 9 = 0
[3 marks]
the equation of the straight line that passes through R and perpendicular to PQ.
[3 marks]
23
CHAPTER 6
5.
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
S (5, 1)
x
0
Q
a)
b)
1
units.
2
[3 marks]
c)
24
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
ANSWERS ( PAPER 1 )
1.
2.
T(
Gradient of PQ , m1 = -
5
and the coordinates of Q (3 , 0)
3
4.
8x + 4hy 6 = 0
3x + y = 16
4hy
= -8x + 6
y = -3x + 16
8
6
y = x+
4h
4h
2
3
y = - x +
h
2h
2
Gradient , m2 = -3
Gradient , m1 = h
Since the straight lines are perpendicular to each other , then m1 m2 = -1.
2
(- )(-3) = -1
h
6 = -h
h = -6
2
1
Given
Gradient of CB , m1 = 3
Since AB is perpendicular to CB, then m1 m2 = 1
1
Gradient of AB, m2 =
3
1
The equation of AB is
y=- x+6
3
B is the point of intersection.
y = 3x 4
(1)
1
y = x + 6 (2)
3
1
3x 4 = x + 6
3
25
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
10
x = 10
3
x=3
y = 3(3) 4
= 5
The coordinates of B are (3, 5).
5.
x
y
+
14 m
= 1
y-intercept = m = 3
1
x
y
3
+
= 1, the gradient m1 = From
14
3
14
From
y = -nx , the gradient m2 = -n .
Since the two straight lines are parallel , then m1 = m2
3
= -n
14
3
n =
14
6.
1
1
( x 0) 2 + ( y 6) 2
x2 + (y 6)2
x2 + y2 12y + 36
26
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
ANSWERS ( PAPER 2 )
1
a)
b)
c)
x
y
=1
12 3
AD
1
=
DB
2
0(2) + 12(1) 3(2) + 0(1)
D=(
,
)
3
3
= ( 4 , -2 )
3
Gradient of AB, mAB = -(
)
12
1
=
4
Given 2AD = DB , so
1
1
y-intercept of CD = 14
2
a) i)
1
x2
3
1
3
ii)
1
1
. (1)
.(2)
1
27
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
FORM 4
9x + 69 + x + 6 = 0
x =Substitute value of x into (1),
y = 3(-
y =
15
2
15
) + 23
2
1
2
15 1
,
)
2 2
b) Let D (h, k)
15 1
2h + (18) 2k + 15
,
)= (
,
)
5
2 2
5
15
1
2k + 15
2h + (18)
,
=
=
5
2
2
5
-75 = 4h 36
5 = 4k + 30
39
25
h=
k=
4
4
39 25
= 25
x2 + 12x + 36 + y2 -10y + 25 = 25
x2 + y2 + 12x -10y + 36 = 0
( x + 6)2 + ( y 5)2
a)
b)
= 5
( x (6)) 2 + ( y 5) 2
3.
Area
C= (
1
2
2 0
0 1 5 0
1
=
(25) (2)
2
23
=
unit2
2
0
3(5) + 2(2)
3(1) + 2(5)
,
5
5
11 7
= (
,
)
5 5
1
1
c) i) Since PA = 2PB
( x + 2) 2 + ( y 5) 2 = 2 ( x 5) 2 + ( y + 1) 2
1
1
28
CHAPTER 6
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
4.
a)
FORM 4
y + 3x + 9 = 0
When y = 0,
0 + 3x + 9
x
= 0
= 3
P(3, 0)
When x = 0,
1
y+0+9
y
= 0
= 9
Q(0, 9)
1(0) + 2(3)
1(9) + 2(0)
,
)
3
3
= (-2 , -3 )
R(x, y) = (
b)
y + 3x + 9 = 0
y = -3x - 9
Gradient of PQ , m1 = 3
Since PQ is perpendicular to the straight line, then m1 m2 = 1
1
Thus, m2 =
3
The equation of straight line that passes through R(-2, -3) and
perpendicular to PQ is
y+3 1
=
x+2 3
3y = x - 7
5.
1
1
1
1
25
4
4 x2 + 4y2 40x - 8y + 79 = 0
x2 -10x +25 + y2 2y + 1 =
b) i)
29
CHAPTER 6
ii)
c)
COORDINATE GEOMETRY
4k2 - 8k -5 = 0
(2k + 1)(2k 5) = 0
1
5
k=- , k=
2
2
5
Since k > 0, k =
2
Since S is the centre of the locus of W, then S is the
mid-point of PQ.
5
y+
x+3
2 )
S(5 , 1) = (
,
2
2
5
y+
x+3
2
5=
,
1=
2
2
1
x=7
,
y =2
1
Hence, the coordinates of Q are ( 7 , ).
2
0 7
3 0
1
Area of triangle OPQ
=
1 5
0
2 0
2 2
1
5
3
= [ (7)( ) (- ) ]
2
2
2
19
unit2
=
2
FORM 4
30
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1. A set of eight numbers has a mean of 11.
(a) Find x .
(b) When a number k is added to this set, the new mean is 10. Find the value of k.
[3 marks]
2. A set of six numbers has a mean of 9.5.
(a) Find x .
(b) When a number p is added to this set, the new mean is 9. Find the value of p.
[3 marks]
3. Table 3 shows the distribution of the lengths of 30 fish caught by Syukri in a day.
Length (cm)
Number of fish
20 - 24
5
25 - 29
3
30 - 34
9
Table 3
35 - 39
7
40 -44
6
[3 marks]
20 - 29
4
30 - 39
20
40 - 49
16
50 - 59
10
60 69
6
Table 4
Find,
(a) the midpoint of the modal class,
(b) the mean marks of the distribution.
[4 marks]
5. The mean of the set of numbers 3, 2n + 1, 4n, 14, 17, 19 which are arranged in ascending
order is q. If the median for the set of numbers is 13, find the value of
(a) n,
(b) q.
[4 marks]
6. A set of data consists of six numbers. The sum of the numbers is 72 and the sum of the
squares of the numbers is 960.
Find, for the six numbers
(a) the mean,
(b) the standard deviation.
[3 marks]
7. A set of positive integers consists of 2, 5 and q. The variance for this set of integers is 14.
Find the value of q.
31
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
FORM 4
[3 marks]
8. The mean of eight numbers is p. The sum of the squares of the numbers is 200 and the
standard deviation is 4m. Express p in terms of m.
[3 marks]
9. Given a set of numbers 5, 12, 17, 19 and 20. Find the standard deviation of the numbers.
[3 marks]
10. The sum of 8 numbers is 120 and the sum of the squares of these eight numbers is 2 200.
(a) Find the variance of the eight numbers.
(b) Two numbers with the values 6 and 12 are added to the eight numbers. Find the new
mean of the 10 numbers.
[4 marks]
PAPER 2
1. A set of data consists of 11 numbers. The sum of the numbers is 176 and the sum of the
squares of the numbers is 3212.
(a) Find the mean and variance of the 11 numbers
[3 marks]
(b) Another number is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 2.
Find
(i)
the value of this number,
(ii)
the standard deviation of the set of 12 numbers.
[4 marks]
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0.5 1 10.5
20.5
30.5
40.5
50.5
60.5
Marks
Diagram 2
(a) Without using an ogive, calculate the median mark.
[3 marks]
32
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
FORM 4
Score
20 - 29
30 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - 69
70 - 79
Number of students
1
2
8
12
k
1
Table 3
[3 marks]
< 20
6
<30
16
< 40
28
< 50
36
<60
40
40 49
50 - 59
Table 4
(a) Based on Table 4, copy and complete Table 4.
Score
Number of students
10 - 19
20 - 29
30 - 39
(b) Without drawing an ogive, find the interquartile range of the distribution.
[5 marks]
33
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
FORM 4
ANSWER
PAPER 1
No.
1(a)
Solution
Marks
x = 88
(b)
1
1
x + k
= 10
k=2
x = 57
2. (a)
(b)
x + p
=9
p=6
1
(22 x 5) + ( 27 x 3) + (37 x 7) + (42 x 6 )
3.
x =
1,1
30
990
=
4.(a)
(b)
30
= 33
= 34.5
1
1
(24.5 x 4 ) + ( 34.5 x 20 ) + ( 44.5 x 16 ) + ( 54.5 x 10 ) + ( 64.5 x 6)
x =
1,1
56
2432
=
56
= 43.43
34
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
4n + 14
5.(a)
= 13
FORM 4
n* = 3
3 + 19 + 2n* + 1 + 4n* + 14 + 17
(b)
=q
q = 12
6.(a)
1
1
12
(b)
960
=
- (12) 2
=4
1
22 + 52 + q2
7.
8.
14 =
2 +5+ q
3
(q + 4 )(q 11) = 0
q = 11
x2 = 200 or x = 8
1
1
200
p 2 = 16m 2
8
p=
25 - 16m2
9.
x = 14.6
1
1219
Standard deviation =
= 5.5353
- (14.6) 2
35
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
10.(a)
2200
Variance =
= 50
(b)
= 13.8
120 + 6 + 12
x =
- (15)
FORM 4
10
36
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
FORM 4
PAPER 2
No.
1(a)
Solution
Marks
Mean = 16
1
3212
Variance =
11
- (16) 2
= 36
(b)(i)
176 + k
18 =
12
k = 40
(ii)
3212 + 402
Standard deviation =
2(a).
12
- (18)2
= 8.775
30.5 or (60) or 30 or median class 20.5 30.5
1
(60) 20
10
20.5 + 2
20
= 25.5
1
1
1
1
(b)
1
x = 26.67
fx 2 = 54285
1
54285
Standard deviation =
3.(a)
60
( )
1600
60
= 13.92
49.5 or (24 + k) or 11
37
CHAPTER 7
STATISTICS
52 = 49.5 +
1
2
(24 + k) - 11
12
FORM 4
10
k=4
(b)
Frequency
14
12
10
8
6
4
0
19.5
29.5
39.5
49.5
59.5
69.5
Mode score = 53
(c)
4.(a)
79.5
Score
= 57
1
Score
10 - 19
20 - 29
Number of
6
10
students
(b) 19.5 or (40) or 6
39.5 or (40) or 28
Interquartile range = 42* - 23.5*
= 18.5
30 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
12
1
1
1
1
1
38
CHAPTER 8
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1.
O
DIAGRAM 1
The length of the arc AB is 7.5 cm and the perimeter of the sector AOB is 25 cm. Find the
[ 3 marks ]
value of , in radian.
2.
0.35 rad
S
DIAGRAM 2
Given that the length of the major arc RS is 45 cm , find the length , in cm , of the radius.
( Use = 3.142 )
[ 3 marks ]
39
CHAPTER 8
3.
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
DIAGRAM 3
The length of the minor arc is 15 cm and the angle of the major sector POR is 280o .
Using = 3.142 , find
(a)
(b)
4.
[ 3 marks ]
Diagram 4 shows sector OPQ with centre O and sector PXY with centre P .
P
Y
X
DIAGRAM 4
Given that OQ = 20 cm , PY = 8 cm , XPY = 1.1 radians and the length of arc PQ = 14cm ,
calculate
( a)
( b)
[ 4 marks ]
40
CHAPTER 8
5.
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
Diagram 5 shows a sector QOR of a circle with centre O. It is given that PS = 10 cm and QP =
PO = OS = SR = 6 cm.
Find
(a) the length, in cm, of the arc QR,
(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.
[4 marks]
1.97 rad
DIAGRAM
6.
Diagram 6 shows a circle with centre O and radius 12 cm. Given that A, B and C are points
such that OA = AB and OAC = 90o, find
[Use = 3.142]
(a) BOC, in radians,
(b) the area, in cm2, of the coloured region
[4 marks]
O
A
DIAGRAM 6
41
CHAPTER 8
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
PAPER 2
1.
Diagram 1 shows the sectors AOB, centre O with radius 15 cm. The point C on OA is such
that OC : OA = 3 : 5 .
A
C
B
O
DIAGRAM 1
Calculate
2.
(a)
[ 3 marks ]
(b)
[ 4 marks ]
Diagram 2 shows a circle PQRT , centre O and radius 10 cm. AQB is a tangent to the circle
at Q. The straight lines, AO and BO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a
rhombus. ACB is an arc of a circle, centre O.
C
Q
P
rad
O
T
DIAGRAM 2
Calculate
(a)
the angle , in terms of ,
[ 2 marks ]
(b)
[ 4 marks ]
(c)
[ 4 marks ]
42
CHAPTER 8
3.
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
Diagram 3 shows a sector AOB of a circle , centre O. The point P lies on OA , the point Q
lies on OB and PQ is perpendicular to OB. The length of OP is 9 cm and AOB =
rad .
A
P
rad
Q
DIAGRAM 3
4.
Calculate
(a)
the length, in cm, of PA,
[ 1 mark ]
(b)
[ 5 marks ]
( c)
[ 4 marks ]
DIAGRAM 4
43
CHAPTER 8
5.
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
Calculate
(a)
the area , in m2 , of sector BOQ
[ 2 marks ]
(b)
[ 4 marks ]
(c )
[ 4 marks ]
Diagram 5 shows a circle, centre O and radius 20 cm inscribed in a sector PAQ of a circle,
centre A. The straight lines, AP and AQ, are tangents to the circle at point B and point C,
respectively.
[Use = 3.142]
Calculate
(a) the length, in cm, of the arc PQ,
[5 marks]
(b) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region.
[5 marks]
DIAGRAM 5
44
CHAPTER 8
6.
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
Diagram 6 shows two circles. The larger circle has centre P and radius 24 cm. The smaller circle
has centre Q and radius 16 cm. The circles touch at point R. The straight line XY is a common
tangent to the circles at point X and Y.
[Use = 3.142]
Given that XPQ = radians,
(a) show that = 1.37 ( to two decimals places),
(b) calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc YR,
(c) calculate the area, in cm2, of the coloured region
[2 marks]
[3 marks]
[5 marks]
DIAGRAM 6
45
CHAPTER 8
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
25 7.5
2
7.5 = 8.75
= 0.8571
1
1
= 2 0.35
45 = r (2 0.35)
r = 7.583
1
1
1
= 1.396
15
r=
1.396
r = 10.74
OA =
3a
3b
4a
4b
5a
5b
1
1
= 0.7 rad
1
1 2
(20) 2 (0.7) or
(8) (1.1)
2
2
1
1
(20) 2 (0.7) (8) 2 (1.1)
2
2
104.8
23.64 cm
1
1
(12) 2 1.97 or (6) 2 sin 1.97 rad
2
2
1
1
(12) 2 1.97 (6) 2 sin 1.97 rad
2
2
125.26
6a
1.047 rad or
6b
1
1
(12) 2 1.047 or ( 12 2 6 2 )6
2
2
1
1
(12) 2 1.047 ( 12 2 6 2 )6
2
2
44.21
rad
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
46
CHAPTER 8
CIRCULAR MEASURE
FORM 4
ANSWERS (PAPER 2)
1a
1b
2a
2b
2c
3a
3b
3c
4a
4b
4c
9
15
= 0.9273 rad.
BC = 12
1 2
1
15 (0.9273) (12)(9)
2
2
50.32
cos =
1
2
3
1
120O
2
rad
3
10
= cos 60 o
OB
OB = 20 cm
1
1
1
1
2
arc ACB = 20
3
41.89
1
2
1
(20) 2 (20) 2 sin 120 o
2
3
2
245.72
PA = 6 cm
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
3
1
1
1
3
1
3
1
47
CHAPTER 8
5a
5b
6a
6b
6c
CIRCULAR MEASURE
20
= sin 30 o
OA
OA = 40 cm
PA = 60 cm
arc PQ = 60
3
62.84
AB = 40 2 20 2
1
1
2 1
2[ (60) 2 (20) 2
( 40 2 20 2 )20]
2
6 2
3 2
354.513
cos =
8
40
1.37 rad
YQP = 1.369
arc YR = 16( 1.369 )
28.37
XY = 40 2 8 2
= 39.19
1
1
1
(16 + 24)39.19 (1.369)(24) 2 (16) 2 ( - 1.369)
2
2
2
162.58
FORM 4
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
48
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
PAPER 1
1.
[3 marks]
2.
Given that y = 4 x + x 2 , use differentiation to find the small change in y when x increases
from 5 to 5.01.
[3 marks]
3.
4.
5.
6.
[3 marks]
5
Two variables, x and y are related by the equation y = 4 x . Given that y increases at a
x
constant rate of 3 units per second, find the rate of change of x when x = 5.
[3 marks]
Given that g ( x ) =
1
, evaluate g(1).
( 2 x 4) 2
[4 marks]
2 3
h + 6h , where h is the height in
3
cm, of the water in the container. Water is poured into the container at the rate of 5 cm3 s1.
Find the rate of change of the height of water, in cm s1, at the instant when its height is 3 cm.
[3 marks]
The volume of water, V cm3, in a container is given by V =
7.
The point R lies on the curve y = ( x 3) 2 . It is given that the gradient of the normal at R is
1
[3 marks]
. Find the coordinates of R.
6
8.
It is given that y =
9.
Given that y = 2 x 2 + 3 x 4,
dy
(a)
find the value of
when x = 3,
dx
(b)
express the approximate change in y, in terms of m, when x changes from
1 to 1 + m, where m is a small value.
[4 marks]
10.
11.
The curve y = x2 28x + 52 has a minimum point at x = k, where k is a constant. Find the
value of k.
[3 marks]
4 3
dy
in terms of x.
u , where u = 5 x 2. Find
5
dx
[3 marks]
dy
= 5 px + 2 , where p is a constant. The gradient of the curve
dx
at x = 2 is 10. Find the value of p.
[2 marks]
49
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
ANSWERS PAPER 1
Marks
1.
a)
b)
2.
3.
y = 15x (6 x)
= 90x 15x2
dy
= 90 30 x
dx
dy
= 0, 90 30 x = 0
dx
30x = 90
x=3 #
y = 15(3)(6 3)
= 135 #
y
=
4x + x2
dy
=
4 + 2x
dx
dy
x = 5,
=
4 + 2(5)
dx
=
14
dy
=
x
y
dx
=
14 0.01
=
0.14 #
2 x 2 (3x 5) 4
Let y =
dy
=
2 x 2 [4(3 x 5) 3 (3)] + (3 x 5) 4 (4 x)
dx
=
24 x 2 (3 x 5) 3 + 4 x(3x 5) 4
4.
dy
dx
dy
dt
1
1
1
1
4 x(3 x 5) 3 (9 x 5) #
5
4 x = 4 x 5 x 1
x
5
4+ 2
x
dy dx
dx dt
5 dx
(4+ 2 )
x dt
5 dx
(4+ 2 )
5 dt
1 dx
4
5 dt
5
unit per second #
7
=
=
dx
dt
1
50
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
5.
g(x)
g (x) =
=
g(x) =
=
g(1) =
=
=
6.
V
dV
dt
dV
dt
7.
(2 x 4) 2
2(2 x 4) 3 (2)
4(2 x 4) 3
12(2 x 4) (2)
24(2 x 4) 4
24(2) 4
24
16
3
#
2
2 3
h + 6h
3
2 h 2 +6
dV
dh
dh
dt
( 2 h 2 +6 )
dh
dt
y
dy
dx
8.
dy
dx
9.
a)
dh
dt
2(x 3)
1
6
6
6
(6 3) 2
9
=
=
=
=
R (6, 9) #
4 3
=
u
5
4
=
(5 x 2) 3
5
12
=
(5 x 2) 2 5
5
=
12(5 x 2) 2 #
=
5
2(3 ) + 6
5
cms 1 @ 0.2083 cms 1 #
24
( x 3) 2
2(x 3)
x
FORM 4
1
1
1
2 x 2 + 3x 4
1
51
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
dy
dx
4x + 3
When x = 3,
b)
x
y
x
y
x = 1,
m
4(3) + 3
15 #
4(1) + 3
dy
dx
5p(2) + 2
10p
p
11.
dy
dx
m
dy
dx
y
10.
FORM 4
= 7
1
1
7m #
=
5px + 2
=
=
10
8
4
#
5
x 2 28 x + 52
y
=
dy
=
2x 28
dx
Minimum point at x = k :
2(k) 28 =
0
2k
=
28
k
=
14 #
1
1
1
52
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
PAPER 2
1.
0.6 m
water
Calculate the rate of change of the height of the water level at the instant when the height of
1
the water level is 0.4 m. (Use = 3.142; Volume of a cone = r 2 h )
[4 marks]
3
2.
4
which passes through A(2, 5).
(2 x 3) 2
Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at the point A.
[4 marks]
A(2, 5)
y=
4
(2 x 3) 2
53
CHAPTER 9
3.
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
x2
+ 3 at A(2, 5).
2
A(2, 5)
Q(k, 0)
4.
[3 marks]
Diagram shows part of the curve y = k(x 2)3, where k is a constant. The curve intersects the
straight line x = 4 at point A.
dy
At point A,
[3 marks]
= 36. Find the value of k.
dx
y = k(x 2)3
O
x=4
54
CHAPTER 9
5.
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
Diagram shows the curve y = x2 + 3 and the tangent to the curve at the point P(1, 5).
Calculate the equation of the tangent at P.
[3 marks]
y
2
y=x +3
P(1, 5)
x
O
55
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
FORM 4
ANSWERS PAPER 2
1.
r
h
0.4 m
r
0.6 m
dV
dh
dV
dh
4 2
h
9
2.
y
dy
dx
dy
dx
1 2
r h
3
1 2 2
( h) h
3 3
4
h 3
27
4 2
h
9
dV
dt
dt
dh
dt
0.3
dh
dt
0.3
dh
1.343 ms 1 #
8(2 x 3) 3 (2)
=
=
y5
y
3.
4
(3.142)(0.4) 2 =
9
dh
=
dt
=
4(2 x 3) 2
=
At A (2, 5) ,
0. 4
0. 6
4
2
h= h
6
3
16
(2 x 3) 3
16
[2(2) 3]3
16
=
16( x 2 )
=
16x + 32
=
16x + 37 #
1
1
1
y =
dy
=
dx
x
+3
2
x
dy
=2
dx
56
CHAPTER 9
DIFFERENTIATION
Gradient of normal, m2 =
4.
dy
dx
3k (4 2) 2
3k
k
y
dy
dx
dy
At P (1,5),
dx
When x = 4,
5.
1
2
05
1
=
k 2
2
10 =
k + 2
k =
12 #
=
k ( x 2) 3
y
dy
dx
y5
y
FORM 4
3k ( x 2) 2
1
1
= 36 :
= 36
=
9
=
3 #
=
x2 + 3
=
2x
2(1)
=
=
=
=
2
2 (x 1)
2x 2
2x + 3 #
1
1
1
1
1
57
ANSWER TO SCORE
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS SPM
(SECONDARY SCHOOL)
(FORM 5)
CHAPTER 1
PROGRESSIONS
FORM 5
PAPER 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
The sum of the first n terms of the geometric progression 5, 15, 45,.. is 5465.
Find
(a) the common ratio of the progression,
(b) the value of n.
[4 marks]
5.
6.
[4 marks]
7.
72
CHAPTER 1
PROGRESSIONS
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1.
2.
Diagram 2 shows the arrangement of the first three of an infinite series of similar rectangles.
The first rectangle has a base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurements of the base
and height of each subsequent rectangle are half of the measurements of its previous one.
y cm
x cm
Diagram 2
(a) Show that the areas of the rectangles form a geometric progression and state the
common ratio.
[3 marks]
(b) Given that x = 20 cm and y = 80 cm,
9
(i) determine which rectangle has an area of 1
cm2
16
(ii) find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm2, of the rectangles.
[5 marks]
73
CHAPTER 1
3.
PROGRESSIONS
FORM 5
10 cm
Diagram 3
The number of circles in the lowest row is 80. For each of the other rows, the number of
circles is 3 less than in the row below. The diameter of each circle is 10 cm . The number of
circles in the highest row is 5.
Calculate
(a) the height, in cm, of the arrangement of circles
[3 marks]
(b) the total length of the circumference of circles, in terms of cm.
[3marks]
74
CHAPTER 1
PROGRESSIONS
FORM 5
ANSWER (PAPER 1)
9 ( 2 p 2) = 3 p 9
p=4
common difference = 9 6 = 3
2 (a)
x (1) = 7 x
x=3
common difference = 4
(b) the sum of the first 10 terms after the 3rd term:
13
S13 S 3 =
[2(1) + 12(4)] 9
2
= 290
a + (n 1)d + a + (n 2)d
+ a + (n 3)d
= 84
n = 12
1
1
15
=3
5
5(3 n 1)
5465 =
3 1
r=
1
1
n=7
12 1
=
48 4
48
1
1
4
= 64
S =
1
1
27(r ) 41 = 1
1
3
r=
(b)
37 = 3 n
r=
6 (a)
S =
27
1
1
3
75
CHAPTER 1
= 20
7.
PROGRESSIONS
FORM 5
1
1
4
r=
1
1
0.0012
= 0.01
0.12
S =
=
0.12
1 0.01
1
1
4
33
ANSWER (PAPER 2)
1 (a)
12
[2 p + (12 1)q] = 2520 ..eq(2)
2
eq (1) x 2
From eq (2)
(3) (4) :
(b)
2 (a)
either
q = 20
p = 100
Tn = 100 + (n 1)20
= 80 + 20n
Borhan : Tn = 60 + (n 1)25
= 35 + 25n
Ali :
80 + 20n = 35 + 25n
n=9
Area :
xy
1
r1 = 4 =
xy 4
xy,
xy
xy
,
, ..............
4
16
xy
1
r2 = 16 =
xy 4
4
both
76
CHAPTER 1
(b)(i)
PROGRESSIONS
a = 20(80) = 1600
r=
1
4
1
1600
4
1
4
(ii)
3 (a)
S =
n 1
=1
n 1
9
16
1
=
4
n=6
1
5
1600
1
1
4
= 2133
1
3
80, 77, 74, , 5
Tn = 5 , a = 80, d = 3
80 + (n 1)(3) = 5
n = 26
FORM 5
S 26 =
26
[2(80) + (26 1)(3)]
2
1
1
= 1105
= 11050 cm
77
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1.
Amirah has an allocation of RM200 to buy x workbooks and y reference books. The total
number of books is not less than 20. The number of workbooks is at most twice the number of
the references. The price of a workbook is RM10 and that of a reference is RM5.
a ) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above
constraints.
( 3 marks)
b ) Hence, using a scale of 2cm to 5 books on the x-axis and 2cm to 5 books on the y-axis,
construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints.
( 4 marks )
c ) If Amirah buys 15 reference books, find the maximum amount of money that is left.
( 3 marks )
2.
3.
A tuition centre offers two different subjects, science, S, and mathematics, M, for Form 4
students. The number of students for S is x and for M is y. The intake of the students is based
on the following constraints.
I : The total number of students is not more than 90.
II : The number of students for subject S is at most twice the number of students for subject
M.
III : The number of students for subject M must exceed the number of students for subject S
by at most 10
143
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above
conditions.
( 3 marks)
b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to represent 10 students on both axes, construct and shade the
region R that satisfies all the above conditions.
( 3 marks )
c) Using the graph from ( b ), find
( 4 marks )
( i ) the range of the number of students for subject M if the number of students for subjects S
is 20
(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month for subject S
and M are RM12 and RM10 respectively.
4
A bakery shop produces two types of bread, L and M. The production of the bread involves two
processes, mixing the ingredients and baking the breads. Table 1 shows the time taken to make
bread L and M respectively.
Type of bread
L
M
The shop produces x breads of type L and y breads of type M per day. The production of breads
per day are based on the following constraints:
I : The maximum total time used for mixing ingredients for both breads is not more than 540
minutes.
II : The total time for baking both breads is at least 480 minutes.
III : The ratio of the number of breads for type L to the number of breads for type M is not less
than 1 : 2
a ) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above
constraints.
( 3 marks )
b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 2 breads on both axes, construct and shade the region R
that satisfies all the above constraints.
( 3 marks )
c) By using your graph from 4(b), find
( i ) the maximum number of bread L if 10 breads of type M breads are produced per day.
(ii ) the minimum total profit per day if the profit from one bread of type L is RM2.00 and
144
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
( 4 marks )
A factory produced x toys of model A and y toys of model B. The profit from the sales of a
number of model A is RM 15 per unit and a number of model B is RM 12 per unit.
The production of the models per day is based on the following conditions:I : The total number of models produced is not more than 500.
II : The number of model A produced is at most three times the number of model B.
III : The minimum total profit for model A and model B is RM4200.
a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy all the above
conditions.
( 3 marks)
b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to represent 50 models on both axes, construct and shade the
region R that satisfies all the above conditions.
( 3 marks )
c) Based on ypur graph, find
( 4 marks )
( i ) the minimum number of model B if the number of model A produced on a particular
day is 100.
(ii) the maximum total profit per day
145
CHAPTER 10
1.
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
( a ) I : x + y 20
II : x 2y
III : 10 x + 5y 200
2x + y 40
1
1
1
(b)
4
40
35
30
25
20
2x + y = 40
y = 15
15
10
x + y = 20
x = 2y
10
20
30
40
50
60
1
1
146
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
2.
( a ) I : x + y 30
II : x 3y
III : 100 x + 80y 6000
5x + 4y 300
1
1
1
(b)
3
90
80
5x + 4y = 300
70
x = 20
60
50
40
30
20
x = 3y
x + y =30
10
-20
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
-10
1
1
(ii) For the minumum expenditure, there are 20 medical undergraduates and 10 dentistry
undergraduates.
Thus , minimum expenditure = 100 (20) + 80(10)
=RM2800
1
1
147
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
3
. ( a ) I : x + y 90
II : x 2y
III : y - x 10
1
1
1
(b)
3
90
80
x + y = 90
70
y - x = 10
60
50
40
x = 2y
30
20
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
-10
1
1
148
CHAPTER 10
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
FORM 5
4
( a ) I : 3x + 3y 54
II : 4x + 3y 48
III : 2x y
1
1
1
(b)
3
22
20
18
16
y = 2x
14
12
10
3x + 3y =54
8
R
4x + 3y = 4 8
2x + y = 2
10
15
20
25
30
35
-2
1
2
1
( c ) (i ) 8
(ii ) (5 x RM2.00) + ( 10 x RM1.00)
= RM 20.00
149
CHAPTER 10
5
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
(a ) I : x + y 500
II : x 3y
III : 15x + 12y 4200
5x + 4y 1400
FORM 5
1
1
1
(b)
150
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
PAPER 1
xy
1.
( 8, k )
x
0
Diagram 1
Diagram 1 shows part of a straight line graph drawn to represent y =
and n.
2.
10
1. Find the values of k
x
[4 marks]
log10 y
( 3,9 )
( 7,1)
log10 x
0
Diagram 2
Diagram 2 shows part of a straight line graph drawn to represent y = 10kxn, where k and n are
constants. Find the values of k and n.
[4 marks]
78
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
y
x
3.
(12, 7 )
1
x
(2 , - 3 )
Diagram 3
Diagram 3 shows that the variables x and y are related in such away that when
y
is plotted
x
1
, a straight line that passes through the points (12 , 7 ) and (2 , - 3 ) is obtained .
x
Express y in terms of x.
[3 marks]
against
4.
log10 y
( 5 , -7 )
Diagram 4
Diagram 4 shows part of the graph of log10 y against x. The variables x and y are related by the
a
equation y = x where a and b are constants. Find the values of a and b.
b
[4 marks ]
79
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
log10 y
5.
2
4
Diagram 5
Diagram 5 shows part of the graph of log10 y against x. The variables x and y are related by the
bx
equation y = a (10 ) where a and b are constants. Find the values of a and b.
[3 marks]
6.
log10 y
-4
log10 x
Diagram 6
Diagram 6 shows part of a straight line graph when log10 y against log10 x is plotted. Express y
in terms of x.
[4 marks]
80
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
7. The variable x and y are related by equation y = pk 3 x , where k and p are constant.
Diagram 7 shows the straight line obtained by plotting log10 y against x .
log10 y
( 0, 8 )
(2,2)
x
O
Diagram 7
log10 p ,
k.
[4 marks]
81
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1. Use graph paper to answer this question.
Table 1 shows the values of two variables , x and y obtained from an experiment. Variables x
n
and y are related by the equation y = 2rx 2 + x, where r and n are constants.
r
x
y
2
8
3
13.2
4
20
5
27.5
6
36.6
7
45.5
Table 1
(a).
(b).
y
against x , using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes.
x
Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]
[5 marks]
Plot
1
5.1
2
6.9
3
9.7
4
12.5
5
15.4
6
18.3
Table 2
(a).
(b).
[5 marks]
[5 marks]
82
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
3
103
4
87
5
76
6
68
7
62
8
57.4
Table 3
(a).
Plot log10 y against log10 x , using a scale of 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the log10 x -axis and
2 cm to 0.2 units on the log10 y -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]
(b).
[5 marks]
0.2
12.40
0.4
8.50
0.6
6.74
0.8
5.66
1.2
4.90
1.4
3.87
Table 4
(a).
Plot y x against x , using a scale of 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the x -axis and 2 cm to 0.2
units on the y x -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]
(b).
[5 marks]
83
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
1.5
2.51
3.0
3.24
4.5
4.37
6.0
5.75
7.5
7.76
9.0
10.00
Table 5
(a).
Plot log10 y against x , using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1
units on the log10 y -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]
(b).
[5 marks]
3
10.2
4
16.4
5
26.2
6
42
7
67.1
8
107.4
Table 6
(a).
Plot log10 y against x , using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x -axis and 4 cm to 0.5
units on the log10 y -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[5 marks]
(b).
[5 marks]
84
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
ANSWER
No.
1.
2.
PAPER 1
Solution
xy = x + 10
Calculate gradient from graph
n = 10
k =2
log10 y = 2 log10 x + 15
Calculate gradient from graph
n = 2
k = 15
3.
Marks
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
c = -5
y 1
= 5
x x
y = 1 5x
1
1
4.
1
1
1
1
5.
1
1
1
6.
log10 x1/2
Gradient =
log10 y = log10 x + 2
or log10 102 or log10 x1/2.102
y = 100 x
1
1
1
1
7(a)
3 log10 k = 3
(b)(i)
log10 p = 8
k = 10
(ii)
85
CHAPTER 2
LINEAR LAW
FORM 5
PAPER 2
No.
1(a)
Solution
x
y
x
(b)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
3
4.4
4
5
5
5.5
6
6.1
7
6.5
(b)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
2.(a)
2
4
x2
xy
1
4
5.1 13.8
9
29.1
16
50
25
77
Marks
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
36
109.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
86
CHAPTER 2
3.(a)
LINEAR LAW
log10 x
0.48 0.60
0.70
0.78
0.85
0.90
log10 y
2.01 1.94
1.88
1.83
1.79
1.76
(b)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
4.(a)
(b)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
FORM 5
x
y x
1
1
1
1
y = 102.12 = 131.825
0.2 0.4
5.55 5.38
0.6
5.22
0.8
5.06
1.2
4.9
1
1
1
1
1.4
4.74
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
87
CHAPTER 2
5.(a)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
LINEAR LAW
x
log10 y
1.5 3.0
0.4 0.51
6
0.76
7.5
0.89
9
1
1
1
1
1
6.(a)
x
log10 y
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
4.5
0.64
FORM 5
3
4
1.0 1.21
5
1.42
6
1.62
7
1.82
1
1
1
1
1
8
2.03
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
88
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
PAPER 1
1. Given that ( 5 x 3 + 2 ) dx = kx 4 + 2 x + c , where k and c are constants.
Find (a) the value of k
(b) the value of c if ( 5 x 3 + 2 ) d x = 3 0 when x=2.
[3 marks]
4
2. Evaluate
( x 2)
[3 marks]
dx
3. Given that (2x 3)dx = 6, where p < 5 , find the possible values of p.
4. Given that
[4 marks]
[4 marks]
5.
y
y=x(a x)
Given that the area of the shaded region under the curve y=x(a x) is
of a.
1
2
6.
y
y = f(x)
Diagram above shows the curve y = f(x). Given that the area of the shaded region is 5 unit2, find
4
[3 marks]
89
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
PAPER 2
1. A curve is such that dy = 1 + 1 2 . Given that the curve passes through the point
dx
2x
1, ,
2
find the
[ 4 marks]
y
A(0, 1)
y=
1
4x +1
x
2
1
which passes through A(0,1). A region is
4x +1
bounded by the curve, the x-axis, straight line x = 2 and y-axis. Find the area of the region.
[4 marks]
2. Diagram below shows part of the curve y = 1 ( x 4) 2 which passes through A(2, 2).
2
y
A(2, 2)
(a) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at the point A
[ 4 marks]
(b) The shaded region is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the straight line x = 2.
(i) Find the area of the shaded region
(ii) The region is revolved through 360 about the x-axis. Find the volume generated, in terms
of .
[ 6 marks]
90
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
Q(3, 2)
P(0,k)
x
0
1,
2
[ 3 marks]
dy
= 2x 6 .
dx
is a straight line passing through A and B where B is the point of intersection between the
curve and y-axis.
y
[3 marks]
[4 marks]
(c) Calculate the volume of revolution, in term of , when the region bounded by the line AB, y[3 marks]
axis and the line x=3 is rotated through 360o about the x-axis.
91
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
5. Diagram shows the straight line y=3x intersecting the curve y = 4 x2 at point P.
y
P
y=3x
y = 4 x 2
x
Find
(a) the coordinates of P,
[3 marks]
(b) the area of region R which is bounded by the line y = 3x, the curve y = 4 x2 and the x-axis.
[4 marks]
(c) the volume generated by region bounded by the curve, straight line y = 4, x-axis, and
[3 marks]
y-axis is revolve 360o about the y-axis.
92
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
PAPER 1 (Answer)
Q
1(a)
(b)
Solution
5
k=
4
5
( 2 )4 + 2( 2 ) + c = 30
4
c=6
( x 2) -3 dx
Marks
1
1
1
1
( x 2) 2
=
2 3
1 1 1
=
2 4 1
3
=
8
3
1
1
x 2 3 x = 6
p
2
[5 -3(5) ] (p2-3p) = 6
(p + 1) (p 4 ) =0
p = 1, 4
1
1
1
1
1,1
4
x2
k 2 f ( x)dx = 8
2
2 2
6k-2(8)=8
k=4
ax x 2 dx =
9
2
ax 2 x3
9
=
3 0 2
2
a 3 a3 9
=
2 3 2
a=3
6
0
4
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
2 f ( x)dx + 2dx
= 2 5 + [2x]
= 18
1
1
93
Chapter 3
Intergration
Form 5
PAPER 2 (Answer)
Q
Solution
1 (a)
y = 1 +
(b)
Marks
1
dx
2 x2
1
= 1 + x 2 dx
2
1
=x
+c
2x
1
Substitute 1, , c = 1
2
1
y=x
+1
2x
2
1
Area=
dx correct limit
0
4x + 1
2
2 (a)
(b)(i)
=
4 x + 1
4
0
1
= ( 9 1
2
=1
dy
= x 4
dx
dy
x = 2,
= 24 = 2
dx
y 2 = 2(x2)
y = 2x+6
41
2
2 2 ( x 4) dx
4
(ii)
( x 4)3
=
2(3) 2
4
= unit 2
3
41
( x 4) 4 dx
2 4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 ( x 4)5
=
4 5 2
8
= unit3
5
3 (a)
y = (2x2) 2
dy
1
=
dx
2x 2
94
Chapter 3
Intergration
dy
1
1
=
=
dx
2(3) 2 2
2k 1
1
= ,k =
3 0 2
2
x=3,
(b)
1, 1
1
1 3
( y 2 + 1)dy 3
2
2 2
1
1
9
= y3 + y
6
0 4
10 9
=
3 4
13
= unit 2
12
(c)
Form 5
1
1
(2 x 2)dx
1
= x 2 2 x
4 (a)
(b)
=4 unit3
y = (2 x 6)dx
1
1
y = x2-6x + c
Substitute x = 3, y = 1 in the equation, c = 10
y = x2-6x + 10
Equation of AB is y = 3x + 10
1
1
= 3x x 2 dx
0
3x 2 x3
=
3 0
2
9
= unit2
2
(c)
1
1
= (9 x 2 60 x + 100)dx
0
= 3x 3 30 x 2 + 100 x
5 (a)
(b)
=111 unit3
x2 +3x 4 = 0
(x1) (x+4)=0
x= 1, y =3(1)=3
P(1, 3)
1
Area of triangle= (1)(3) = 1.5 unit2
2
2
x3
4 x dx = 4 x
3 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
95
Chapter 3
Intergration
=1
2
unit2
3
Form 5
1
1
1
Area of R = 3
6
(c)
(4 y )dy
0
y2
= 4 y
2 0
=8 unit3
1
1
96
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
PAPER 1
Q(-8,4)
P(5,3)
O
Express
x
(a) OP in the form ,
y
(b) QO in the form x i + y j
[2 marks]
p = 2a + 3b
q = 4a b
r = ha + ( h k ) b, where h and k are constants
2. Use the above information to find the values of h and k when r = 3p 2q.
[3 marks]
E
A
97
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
4. Given that O(0,0), A(-3,4) and B(2, 16), find in terms of the unit vectors, i and j,
(a) AB
(b) the unit vector in the direction of AB
[4 marks]
5. Given that A(-2, 6), B(4, 2) and C(m, p), find the value of m and of p such that
AB + 2 BC = 10i 12j.
[4 marks]
10
12
x
y
(b) Find the unit vector in the direction of OA
[3 marks]
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
y
A(4,3)
-5
Express
(a)
x
in the form
y
AB in the form xi + yj
OA
(b)
[2 marks]
9. The points P, Q and R are collinear. It is given that PQ = 4a 2b and
99
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1.
2.
5
2
k
Give that AB = , OB = and CD = , find
7
3
5
(a) the coordinates of A,
[2 marks]
[2 marks]
[2 marks]
Diagram below shows triangle OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R. It
is given that OP = 1/3 OB, AQ = AB, OP = 6 x and OA = 2 y.
A
Q
R
[4 marks]
100
CHAPTER 4
3.
VECTORS
FORM 5
In diagram below, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines.
D
4.
[3 marks]
[3 marks]
[2 marks]
C
F
uuur
2
5
It is given that A B =2y, AD = 6x, AE = AD and BC = AD
3
6
(a) Express AC in terms of x and y
[2 marks]
(b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that 2 EF = m AB , and m is a
constant.
(i) Express AF in terms of m , x and y
(j) Hence, if the points A, F and C are collinear, find the value of m.
[5 marks]
101
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
1. a)
b)
2.
3 a)
b)
5
3
8i 4j
r = - 2a + 11b
r = ha + (h k)b
h = -2
(h k) = 11
k = 13
BD = 6p + 4q
DB = BD
= 6p 4q
EB =
EC = EB + BC
8
= 2p + q
3
b)
AB = (2 (3))i + (16 4) j
= 5i + 12j
1
u =
(5i + 12 j )
5 2 + 12 2
=
5.
6. a)
b)
1
(5i + 12 j )
13
DB
3
4
= 2p q
3
4. a)
1
(12i + 5 j )
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
102
CHAPTER 4
7.
VECTORS
PO = OP
= 6i 4 j
OR = PQ
= 4i + 5 j
uuur uuur uuur
PR = PO + OR
= 10i + j
8. a)
b)
9. a)
b)
b)
1
1
4
OA =
3
AB = 4i 8 j
QR = m PQ
3
4
= m
1 + k
2
3 = m(4)
3
m=
4
1+ k = m(-2)
5
k=
2
uuur
PQ
u=
2
%
4 + (2) 2
=
10 a)
FORM 5
1
(4a 2b)
20
a = kb
6i + 7 j = k ( pi + 2 j )
7
k=
2
12
p=
7
a =b
62 + 7 2 =
p = 9
p 2 + 22
1
1
1
1
1
103
CHAPTER 4
VECTORS
FORM 5
ANSWERS (PAPER 2)
3
AO =
4
3
OA =
4
A = (-3,-4)
1 (a)
(b)
u=
OA
OA
=
u=
(c)
32 + 4 2
1
OA
1
( 3i 4 j )
5
CD = m AB
k
5
= m
5
7
5
m=
7
25
k=
7
2 (a) (i)
(ii)
(b) (i)
(c)
uuur
AP = 6 x 2 y
uuur
AB = 18 x 2 y
uuur 9
1
AQ = x y
2
2
uuur 9
3
OQ = x + y
2
2
AR = 6hx 2hy
uuur 9
3
RQ = kx + ky
2
2
AR + RQ = AQ
9
3
9
1
6h + k x + 2h + k y = x y
2
2
2
2
1
k=
3
1
h=
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
104
CHAPTER 4
3 (a) (i)
(ii)
VECTORS
1
BD = 20 x + 32 y
3
ED = AD
4
= 24y
1
1
EC = 25 x
(b)
FORM 5
FC = 10 x
BC = BD + DC
= 5x + 8 y
BF = BC + CF
= 5 x + 8 y
BD = 20 x + 32 y
= 4( 5 x + 8 y )
= 4( BF )
(c)
BD =
20 x + 32 y
2
= (20 2) 2 + (32 3)
= 104
4 (a)
(b) (i)
(ii)
1
1
5
AD
6
= 5x
AC = AB + BC
= 5x + 2y
BC =
2 EF = m AB
EF = my
2
AE = AD
3
= 4x
AF = AE + EF
= 4x + my
AC = 5 x + 2 y
4
4
AC = (5 x + 2 y )
5
5
4
8
AC = 4 x + y
5
5
Assume A, F, C collinear,
4
AC = AF
5
= 4x + my
8
m=
5
105
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
PAPER 1
1.
[3 marks]
a) tan
b) cos ec ( 90o )
2.
[3 marks]
a) sec
b) cot ( 90o )
3.
[3 marks]
a) cot
b) tan 2
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
[4 marks]
[4 marks]
[4 marks]
[4 marks]
[4 marks]
106
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1.
[4 marks]
(b)
(b) Hence, by drawing suitable straight line on the same axes, find the
1
x
number of solution to the equation sin x cos x =
for
2 360o
0o x 180o
[3 marks]
[4 marks]
2.
(b) (b) Hence, by using the same axes, sketch a suitable graph to find the
2
number of solution to the equation
+ 3cos x = 0 for 0 x 2 .
x
State number of solutions.
3. (a) Sketch the graph of y = 3sin 2 x for 0 x 2
[3 marks]
(b) Hence, by using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line to find
x
the number of solution to the equation 2 3sin 2 x =
for
2
0 x 2
cot x + tan x
(a) Prove that
= cos ec 2 x
2
3
(b) (i) Sketch the graph of y = 2sin x for 0 x 2
2
(ii) Find the equation of a suitable straight line to solve the
3
3
1
equation sin x =
x .
2
2
2
Hence, on the same axes, sketch the straight line and state the
3
3
1
number of solutions to the equation sin x =
x for
2
2
2
0 x 2 .
(a) Prove that sec 2 x 2 cos 2 x tan 2 x = cos 2 x
[3 marks]
[2 marks]
[6 marks]
4.
5.
[4 marks]
[2 marks]
[6 marks]
(ii) Hence, using the same axes, draw a suitable straight line to find
x
the number of solutions to the equation 2 cos 2 x = 1 for
0 x 2 .
107
CHAPTER 5
6.
7.
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
[2 marks]
[6 marks]
[2 marks]
3
(b) Sketch the graph y = cos x and y = 2sin x for 0 x 2 . State
2
1
3
the number of solution to equation sin x = cos x for
2
2
0 x 2
[6 marks]
108
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
1 a)
b)
tan =
p
1 p2
cos ec ( 90o ) =
1
sin ( 90o )
=
2 a)
b)
1
cos
1
=
p
b)
sec =
3 a)
1 p2
1
1
1 p2
p
1
tan
1
=
r
2 tan
tan 2 =
1 tan 2
2r
=
1 r2
6 (1 + cot 2 x ) 13cot x = 0
cot =
1
1
1
1
6 cot 2 x 13cot x + 6 = 0
( 3cot x 2 )( 2 cot x 3) = 0
3cot x 2 = 0 OR
2 cot x 3 = 0
3
2
OR tan x =
2
3
o
'
0
x = 56 19 or 56.31 and x = 33o 41' or 33.69o
tan x =
Or
( 3sin A + 2 )( sin A 1) = 0
109
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
( 3sin A + 2 ) = 0
( sin A 1) = 0
OR
2
OR
3
A = 90o and 41.81o
sin A =
A = 90o , 221.81o ,
6
FORM 5
sin A = 1
318.19o
2 cos 2 y 7 sin y + 2 = 0
2(1 sin 2 y ) 7 sin y + 2 = 0
2 sin 2 y + 7 sin y 4 = 0
1
2
sin y = 4 (not accepted)
sin y =
y = 30o
y = 30o , 150o
( 5cos x 2 )( 3cos x + 1) = 0
5cos x 2 = 0 OR
cos x =
2
5
3cos x + 1 = 0
OR cos x =
1
3
3cos x + 2 (1 cos 2 x ) = 0
3cos x + 2 2 cos 2 x = 0
2 cos 2 x 3cos x 2 = 0
110
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
1
2
( cos x 2 ) = 0
OR
OR cos x = 2 (unaccepted)
x = 120o
x = 120o , 240o
(ANSWERS)PAPER 2
y = 1
x
180o
0.5
45o
90o
135o
180o
0.5
1 ( shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
1(complete
from 0 to
180o)
1 (straight
line)
y = sin 2 x
sin x cos x =
1
x
2 360o
y 1
x
=
2 2 360o
x
y = 1
180o
Number of solutions= 3
111
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
2 a)
4
y=
2
2
x
x
90
1 80
270
1 ( shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
1(complete
from 0 to
2 or
360 o)
3 60
1(for line
2
y=
x
y =3cos x
b)
(b)
2
+ 3cos x = 0
x
2
y=0
x
2
y=
x
1
1
Number of solution =2
3
4
x
90
180
270
1 ( shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
1(complete
from 0o
to 2 )
3 60
1( for the
straight
line)
2 3sin 2 x =
x
2
x
2
x
y = 2
2
2 y =
1
1
Numbers of solutions= 8
112
CHAPTER 5
4
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
cot x + tan x
= cos ec 2 x
2
LHS
1 cos x sin x
+
2 sin x cos x
1 cos 2 x + sin 2 x
2 sin x cos x
1
1
2 sin x cos x
1
2sin x cos x
1
sin 2x
cos ec 2 x
b)
2
1(shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
y=
x1
1(for the
straight
2 line)
3
2
3
y = 2sin x
2
2
sin
3
3
1
x=
x
2
2
2
1
3
y = 2
x
2
2
3
y = x 1
Number of solution = 1
5
1 2 cos 2 x
cos 2 x
(proved)
113
CHAPTER 5
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
b)
1(shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
y = cos 2 x
1(for the
straight
line )
2
y=
3
2
2 cos 2 x 1 =
y=
Number of solutions = 2
2 2 sin 2 x
2 (1 sin 2 x )
2 cos 2 x
(proved)
1(shape)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
b)
y
y = tan 2 x + 1
1(complete
cycle
from 0 to
2 )
3
2
-2
9
y = 3
x
2
1(for the
straight
line)
1
Number of solution = 3
114
CHAPTER 5
7
(a)
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
FORM 5
cot 2 x
(proved)
y
2?
3
y = cos x
2
1
3
2
1,1(shapes)
1(max/min)
1(one
period)
1(complete
cycle
from 0 to
2 )
Number of solutions = 3
y=2sinx
115
CHAPTER 6
FORM 5
PAPER 1
1.
A committee of 3 boys and 3 girls are to be formed from 10 boys and 11 girls.
In how many ways can the committee be formed?
[2 marks]
2.
How many 4-letter codes can be formed using the letters in the word 'GRACIOUS' without
repetition such that the first letter is a vowel?
[2 marks]
3.
Find the number of ways of choosing 6 letters including the letter G from the word
'GRACIOUS'.
[2 marks]
4.
How many 3-digit numbers that are greater than 400 can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4,
and 5 without repetition?
[2 marks]
5.
How many 4-digit even numbers can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 without
repetition?
[2 marks]
6.
5 6 7 8
A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code must consists of 3 letters
followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letter or digit is repeated in each
code ?
[3 marks]
7.
A badminton team consists of 8 students. The team will be chosen from a group of 8 boys and
5 girls. Find the number of teams that can be formed such that each team consists of
a) 5 boys,
b) not more than 2 girls.
[4 marks]
8.
116
CHAPTER 6
9.
FORM 5
A debating team consists of 6 students. These 6 students are chosen from 2 monitors, 3
assistant monitors and 5 prefects.
a) there is no restriction,
b) the team contains only 1 monitor and exactly 3 prefects.
[4 marks]
10.
11.
How many 5-digit numbers that are greater than 50000 can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 without repetition?
[4 marks]
12.
How many 4-digit even numbers can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 without any
digit being repeated?
[4 marks]
13.
A coach wants to choose 9 players consisting of 6 boys and 3 girls to form a squash team.
These 9 players are chosen from a group of 8 boys and 6 girls. Find
(a)
the number of ways the team can be formed,
(b)
the number of ways the team members can be arranged in a row for a group photograph,
if the 6 boys sit next to each other.
[4 marks]
14.
2 girls and 8 boys are to be seated in a row of 5 chairs. Find the number of ways they can be
seated if no two persons of the same sex are next to each other.
[3 marks]
15.
117
CHAPTER 6
FORM 5
ANSWERS ( PAPER 1 )
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
C 3 x 11C 3
= 19800
p1 x 7 p 3
= 840
10
1
1
1 x 7C5
= 21
2
1
4
p1 x
= 24
p2
p3 x
= 48
p1
1
2
p3 x 4 p 2
= 288
C5 x 5 C3
a)
b)
= 560
C8 x 5 C 0
=1
C 7 x C1 = 40
8
If the team consists of 6 boys and 2 girl
C 6 x 5 C 2 = 280
The number of teams that can be formed = 1 + 40 + 280
= 321
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
a)
5!
b)
4! x 2!
= 48
a)
10
b)
a)
b)
C6
= 120
C1 x C3 x C 2 = 60
p 5 = 2520
p 4 x 4 p1
= 1440
p1 x 8 p 4
= 8400
1
1
= 210
5
p 3 x 3 p1 = 180
= 180
1
1
2
1
2
1
118
CHAPTER 6
13.
a)
b)
14.
15.
FORM 5
C6 6C3
= 560
6! x 4!
1
1
= 17280
1
2
P3 x 2 P2
= 672
a)
b)
P4
P3 x 4P1
= 240
1
= 360
1
2
1
119
CHAPTER 7
PROBABILITY
FORM 5
PAPER 1
1. A box contains 8 blue marbles and f white marbles. If a marble is picked randomly from the
3
box, the probability of getting a white marble is .
5
Find the value of f.
[3 marks]
2. A bag contains 4 blue pens and 6 black pens. Two pens are drawn at random from the bag one
after another without replacement. Find the probability that the two pens drawn are of
different colours.
[3 marks]
3. Table 2 shows the number of coloured cards in a box.
Colour
Yellow
Green
Blue
Number of Cards
6
4
2
Table 2
2
.
3
Find the probability that,
(a) both of them qualify for the final,
(b) only one of them qualifies for the final.
1
while the probability
5
[3 marks]
5. A box contains 4 cards with the digits 1, 2, 3 and 4. Two numbers are picked randomly from
the box. Find the probability that both the numbers are prime numbers.
[3 marks]
6. Team A will play against Team B and Team C in a sepak takraw competition. The
1
2
probabilities that Team A will beat Team B and Team C are and respectively. Find the
3
5
probability that Team A will beat at least one of the teams.
[3 marks]
120
CHAPTER 7
PROBABILITY
FORM 5
1
. Find the
5
probability that this player scores only one goal in three matches.
[3 marks]
8. The probabilities that Hamid and Lisa are selected for a Science Quiz are
2
1
and
5
3
respectively. Find the probability that at least one of them are selected.
[3 marks]
9. Table 9 shows the number of coloured marbles in a box.
Colour
Black
Red
Green
Yellow
Number of Marbles
2
5
3
8
Table 9
2
. Find the probability that
5
121
CHAPTER 7
PROBABILITY
FORM 5
ANSWER (PAPER 1)
No.
1.
Solution
Marks
8+f
1
f
3
=
8+f
f = 12
2.
4
10
4
10
) (
6
x
6
x
) (
+
10
4
x
10
4
x
8
=
3.
15
6
12
5
x
6
12
11
5
11
) (
or
) (
+
3
x
12
4
11
3
12
11
1
=
4(a)
(b)
) (
+
2
12
2
12
1
x
11
1
x
11
2
=
) (
or
15
1
5
1
x
) (
+
2
3
4
x
122
CHAPTER 7
PROBABILITY
FORM 5
3
=
5.
1
or
4
2
3
1
1
=
6.
1
3
3
x
1
3
3
x
) (
or
) (
+
2
x
2
3
2
x
) (
or
) (
1
3
2
x
2
x
3
=
7.
1
5
4
x
1
5
4
x
4
x
4
x
) (
+
4
5
1
x
4
x
) (
+
48
=
8.
4
5
4
x
1
x
125
2
5
2
x
) (
or
1
3
3
x
) (
or
1
3
2
x
123
CHAPTER 7
PROBABILITY
2
5
2
x
) (
+
1
3
) (
3
x
2
x
FORM 5
3
=
9.
2
18
1
x
17
2
18
1
x
17
) (
or
)(
+
4
x
18
5
18
17
4
17
) (
or
) (
+
2
x
18
2
x
18
17
14
=
10.
or
) (
+
8
18
8
18
7
x
17
7
x
17
51
(
16
17
) (
2
5
2
x
2
5
2
x
) (
or
) (
+
2
5
3
x
2
5
3
x
) (
or
) (
+
3
5
3
5
2
x
2
x
25
124
CHAPTER 8
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
FORM 5
PAPER 1
1. Diagram 1 shows a standard normal distribution graph.
f(z)
0 k
Diagram 1
[2 marks]
2.
3.
X is a random variable of a normal distribution with a mean of 12.5 and a variance of 2.25.
Find
(a) the Z score if X= 14.75
(b) P(12.5 X 14.75)
[4 marks]
4. The mass of students in a school has a normal distribution with a mean of 55 kg and a standard
deviation of 10 kg. Find
(a) the mass of the students which give a standard score of 0.5,
(b) the percentage of students with mass greater than 48 kg.
[4 marks]
Diagram 2
The probability represented by the area of the shaded region is 0.3264 .
(a) Find the value of k.
(b) X is a continuous random variable which is normally distributed with a mean of 180 and a
standard deviation of 5.5.
Find the value of X when z-score is k.
[4 marks]
125
CHAPTER 8
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
FORM 5
The masses of a group of students in a school have a normal distribution with a mean of 45 kg
and a standard deviation of 5 kg.
Calculate the probability that a student chosen at random from this group has a mass of
(a) more than 50.6 kg,
(b) between 40.5 and 52.1 kg
[4 marks]
PAPER 2
1. (a) Senior citizens make up 15% of the population of a settlement.
(i) If 8 people are randomly selected from the settlement, find the probability that at least two
of them are senior citizens.
(ii) If the variance of the senior citizens is 165.75, what is the population of the settlement?
[5 marks]
(b) The mass of the workers in a factory is normally distributed with a mean of 65.34 kg and a
variance of 56.25 kg2. 321 of the workers in the factory weigh between 48 kg and 72 kg.
Find the total number of workers in the factory.
[5 marks]
2. (a) A club organizes a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from penalty kicks. Each
trainee takes 6 penalty kicks. The probability that a trainee scores a goal from a penalty kick
is p. After the session, it is found that the mean number of goals for a trainee is 4.5
(i) Find the value of p.
(ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least one goal.
[5 marks]
(b) A survey on body-mass is done on a group of students. The mass of a student has a normal
distribution with a mean of 65 kg and a standard deviation of 12 kg.
(i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is less than 59 kg.
(ii) Given that 15.5% of the students have a mass of more than m kg, find the value of m.
[5 marks]
126
CHAPTER 8
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
FORM 5
3. For this question, give your answer correct to three significant figures.
(a) The result of a study shows that 18% of pupils in a city cycle to school.
If 10 pupils from the city are chosen at random, calculate the probability that
(i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school,
(ii) less than 3 of them cycle to school.
[4 marks]
(b) The mass of water-melons produced from an orchard follows a normal distribution with a
mean of 4.8 kg and a standard deviation of 0.6 kg.
Find
(i) the probability that a water-melon chosen randomly from the orchard has a mass of not
more than 5.7 kg,
(ii) the value of m if 80% of the water-melons from the orchard has a mass of more than
m kg.
[6 marks]
A
x > 6.5
B
6.5 x > 4.5
C
4.5 x > k
It is given that the diameter of oranges has a normal distribution with a mean of 5.3 cm and a
standard deviation of 0.75 cm.
(a) If an orange is picked at random, calculate the probability that it is of grade A.
[2 marks]
(b) In a basket of 312 oranges, estimate the number of grade B oranges.
[4 marks]
(c) If 78.76% of the oranges is marketed, find the value of k.
[4 marks]
5
(a)
In a survey carried out in a school, it is found that 3 out of 5 students have handphones. If
8 students from the school are chosen at random, calculate the probability that
(i) exactly 2 students have handphones.
(ii) more than 2 students have handphones.
[5 marks]
(b) A group of teachers are given medical check up. The blood pressure of a teacher has a
normal distribution with a mean of 128 mmHg and a standard deviation of 10 mmHg.
Blood pressure that is more than 140 mmHg is classified as high blood pressure.
(i) A teacher is chosen at random from the group.
Find the probability that the teacher has a pressure between 110 mmHg and 140
mmHg.
(ii) It is found that 16 teachers have high blood pressure. Find the total number of
teachers in the group.
[5 marks]
127
CHAPTER 8
6
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
FORM 5
The masses of mangoes from an orchard has a normal distribution with a mean of 285 g and a
standard deviation of 75 g.
(a) Find the probability that a mango chosen randomly from this orchard has a mass of more
than 191.25 g.
[3 marks]
(b) A random sample of 520 mangoes is chosen.
(i) Calculte the number of mangoes from this sample that have a mass of more than
191.25.
(ii) Given that 416 mangoes from this sample have a mass of more than m g, find the
value of m.
[7 marks]
ANSWERS (PAPER 1)
1
3a
3b
4a
4b
5a
5b
6a
6b
0.5 - 0.3125
0.1875
1
1
12
1
1
1
14.75 12.5
1 .5
1.5
12.5 12.5
14.75 12.5
or
1 .5
1 .5
0.4332
0 .5 =
X 55
10
60
48 55
10
75.8%
0.5 - 0.3264
0.94
X 180
= 0.94
5 .5
X = 185.17
z=
67 52
10
1.5
1 - 0.8643
k=1.1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
128
CHAPTER 8
7a
7b
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
50.6 45
5
0.1314
52.1 45
40.5 45
or
5
5
0.7381
FORM 5
1
1
1
1
ANSWERS (PAPER 2)
1(a)(i)
1(a)(ii)
1(b)
2(a)(i)
2(a)(ii)
2(b)(i)
2(b)(ii)
p = 0.15, q = 0.85
P ( X 2) = 1 8C 0 (0.15) 0 (0.85) 8 8 C1 (0.15)(0.85) 7
1 - 0.2725 - 0.3847
0.3428
165.75 = n(0.15)(0.85)
n = 1300
= 65.34 , = 7.5
P (48 < x < 72)
48 65.34
72 65.34
P(
<z<
)
7 .5
7 .5
P(-2.312 < z < 0.888)
1 - 0.0103 - 0.1872
400
321
= 0.8025
x
x = 400
mean = np
4 .5
p=
6
0.75
P( X 1)
1 - P(X <1)
1 - P(X=0)
1 6 C 0 (0.75) 0 (0.25) 6
0.9998
59 65
P( x < 59) = P( z <
)
12
P(z < - 0.5)
0.3085
m 65
= 1.015
12
m = 77.18
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
129
CHAPTER 8
3(a)(i)
3(a)(ii)
3(b)(i)
3(b)(ii)
4(a)
4(b)
4(c)
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
p = 0.18, q = 0.82
P(x = 2) = 10 C 2 (0.18) 2 (0.82) 8
0.298
P(X < 3) = P(x = 0) + P(x = 1) + P(x = 2)
10
C 0 (0.18) 0 (0.82)10 + 10C1 (0.18)(0.82) 9 + 10C 2 (0.15) 2 (0.82) 8
0.1374 + 0.3017 + 0.2980
0.7371
5 .7 4 .8
)
P( z <
0 .6
1 - 0.0668
0.9332
m 4 .8
= 0.842
0 .6
m = 48
6 .5 5 .3
)
0.75
0.0548
4 . 5 5 .3
6 .5 5 .3
P(
<z
)
0.75
0.75
1 - 0.1430 - 0.0548
P( z >
312 x 0.8022
250
1- 0.7876
k 5 .3
= 0.798
0.75
k = 4.7015
FORM 5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
130
CHAPTER 8
5(a)(i)
5(a)(ii)
5(b)(i)
5(b)(ii)
6(a)
6(b)(i)
6(b)(ii)
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
FORM 5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
131
CHAPTER 9
FORM 5
PAPER 2
1. A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O, with a velocity of
10 m s 1 . Its acceleration, a m s 2 , t seconds after passing through O is given by a = 8 4t.
The particle stops after k seconds.
(a) Find
(i) the maximum velocity of the particle,
(ii) the value of k.
[6 marks]
(b) Sketch a velocity-time graph for 0 t k .
Hence, or otherwise, calculate the total distance travelled during that period.
[4 marks]
2.
A particle moves along a straight line from a fixed point R. Its velocity, V m s 1 , is given by
V = 20t 2t 2 , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the point R.
(Assume motion to the right is positive)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Find
the maximum velocity of the particle,
[3 marks]
the distance travelled during the 4th second,
[3 marks]
the value of t when the particle passes the points R again,
[2 marks]
the time between leaving R and when the particle reverses its direction of motion.
[2 marks]
3. The following diagram shows the positions and directions of motion of two objects, A and B,
moving in a straight line passing two fixed points, P and Q, respectively. Object A passes the
fixed point P and object B passes the fixed point Q simultaneously. The distance PQ is 90 m.
90 m
[3 marks]
[4 marks]
[3 marks]
132
CHAPTER 9
4.
FORM 5
[5 marks]
[2 marks]
(c) Calculate the total distance travelled during the first 3 seconds after leaving O.
[3 marks]
5. A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v ms 1 , is
given by v = t 2 8t + 15 , where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O .
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
6.
[1 mark]
[3 marks]
[2 marks]
[4 marks]
A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity, v ms 1 ,
is given by v = 8 + 2t t 2 , where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through O . The
particle stops instantaneously at point M.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
(a)
(b)
(c)
133
CHAPTER 9
7.
FORM 5
A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O, with velocity of
20 ms 1 . Its acceleration, a ms 2 , is given by a = 2t + 8 where t is the time, in seconds, after
passing through point O. The particle stops after k s.
(a)
(b)
8.
Find:
(i)
the maximum velocity of the particle,
(ii)
the value of k
[6 marks]
Sketch a velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 t k .
Hence, or otherwise, calculate the total distance travelled during that period.
[4 marks]
A particle moves along a straight line. Its velocity, v ms- 1 , from a fixed point, O, is given by
v = t2 10t + 24 where t is the time, in seconds, after passing through point O.
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
[1 marks]
[3 marks]
[2 marks]
[4 marks]
134
CHAPTER 9
FORM 5
ANSWERS PAPER 2
1.
a
V
=
=
8 4t
( 8-4t ) dt
4t 2
8t
+c
2
8t 2t 2 + c
=
=
a)
(i)
(ii)
b)
V =
t
V
V = 10, t = 0.
10
=
8(0) 2(0) 2 + c
10
=
c
V
=
8t 2t 2 + 10
maximum velocity, a= 0
8 4t =
0
8
=
4t
t
=
2s
Vmax imum =
8(2) 2(2) 2 + 10
=
18 ms-1
particle stops: V = 0
0
8t 2t 2 + 10 =
2
0
2t 8t 10 =
0
t 2 4t 10 =
(t + 1)(t 5) =
0
t
=
5
k
=
5
2
8t 2t + 10
V
0
10
2
18
5
0
1
1
1
18
10
Total Distance
V dt
(8t 2t
0
5
+ 10 dt
0
5
2 2 3
4t 3 t + 10t
135
CHAPTER 9
2.
a)
b)
2
4(5 2 ) (5 3 ) + 10(5) 0
3
2
66 m
3
V = 20t t 2
dV
a=
= 20 4t
dt
Maximum velocity, a = 0
20 4t = 0
20 = 4t
t=5
Vmax = 20(5) 2(52)
= 50 ms- 1
s = v dt
FORM 5
1
1
= 20t 2t 2 dt
2
= 10t 2 t 3 + c
3
s = 0, t = 0 c = 0
2
s = 10t 2 t 3
3
2
t = 3; s = 10(3 2 ) (33 ) = 72m
3
2
1
t = 4; s = 10(4 2 ) (4 3 ) = 117 m
3
3
Distance travelled during the fourth second
c)
1
1
= 117 72
3
1
= 45 m
3
At point R again, s = 0
2
10t 2 t 3 = 0
3
2
t 2 (10 t ) = 0
3
2
10 t = 0
3
2
t = 10
3
t = 15
136
CHAPTER 9
d)
3.
a)
b)
10 + 8t 2t 2 = 0
2t 2 8t 10 = 0
t 2 4t 5 = 0
FORM 5
1
1
1
1
(t + 1)(t 5) = 0
t=5
5
Distance M from P = v dt
0
= 10 + 8t 2t 2 dt
0
5
c)
= 10t + 4t 2 t 3
3 0
2
= 10(5) + 4(52 ) (53 ) 0
3
2
= 66 m
3
When t = 5, distance B from Q
= v t
=35
= 15 m
2
1
= 8 m
#
3
1
1
1
137
CHAPTER 9
4.
a)
v = t 2 4t + 3
t = 0, v = 0 2 4(0) + 3
= 3 ms-1 #
particle moves to the left, v < 0
t 2 4t + 3 < 0
(t 1)(t 3) < 0
1 < t < 3 #
v = t 2 4t + 3
dv
a=
= 2t 4
dt
a is positive, a > 0
2t 4 > 0
2t > 0
t >2
#
2
v = t 4t + 3
v
i)
ii)
iii)
b)
t
v
0
3
1
0
3
0
1
1
1
Total distance
c)
FORM 5
v dt +
v dt
(t
4t + 3 dt +
(t
4t + 3)dt
t 3
t 3
2
2
2
t
+
3
t
+
2t + 3t
3
0
3
1
3 2 + 3 +
[9 18 + 9] 2 + 3
3
1
1
1 + 1
3
3
2
=
2 m #
3
2
v = t 8t + 15
t = 0, v = 0 2 8(0) + 15 = 15ms 1 #
5.
a)
1
1
138
CHAPTER 9
b)
FORM 5
v = t 2 8t + 15
dv
a=
= 2t 8
dt
dv
= 0,
dt
2t 8 = 0
2t = 8
t=4
When
1
42 8(4) + 15 = - 1 ms-1
When t = 4, vmin =
c)
3 < t < 5
d)
Total distance =
v dt + v dt
(t
3
(t
8t + 15 dt +
8t + 15) dt
3
3
t 3
t 3
2
2
4
t
+
15
t
+
4t + 15t
3
0
3
3
[9 36 + 45] +
125
100 + 75 [9 36 + 45]
2
18 + 16 18
3
1
=
19
m
#
3
v
=
2
When v = 0, 8 + 2t t =
t 2 2t 8 =
(t + 2) (t 4) =
t = 4
dv
= 2 2t
a =
dt
At M,
a = 2 2(4)
= 6 ms 2
6.
a)
1
8 + 2t t 2
0
0
0
1
1
139
CHAPTER 9
b)
0
0
2t
1
8 + 2(1) 1
c)
Total distance,
s =
=
1
1
1
9 ms 1 #
=
v dt
8 + 2t t 2 dt
t3
8t + t 2 + c
3
FORM 5
When t = 0, s = 0 c = 0
s =
8t + t 2
t3
3
43
3
10 3
8(10) + 10 2
3
8(4) + 4 2
s t =4 =
s t =10 =
t=0
153
1m
3
2
m
3
1
153 m
3
26
t=4
26
2m
3
t = 10
7.
a)
i)
V =
t 2 + 8t + 20
When maximum velocity, a =
0
- 2t + 8 =
0
2t =
8
t=
4
V max imum
= (4) 2 + 8(4) + 20
1
1
140
CHAPTER 9
(ii)
b)
Particle stops, V
t 2 + 8t + 20
t 2 8t 20
(t + 2)(t 10)
t = 10
k = 10
=
=
=
=0
= t 2 + 8t + 20
FORM 5
0
0
0
V
36
20
t 0 4 10
V 20 36 0
2
0
Distance
=
=
=
=
8.
a)
( t 2 + 8t + 20 ) dt
3
t
[ + 4t 2 + 20t ]10
0
3
3
10
+ 4(10 2 ) + 20(10) 0
3
2
266 m #
3
=
t 2 10t + 24
When t = 0, initial velocity,
v =
0 2 10(0) + 24
=
24 ms 1 #
b)
=
=
dv
dt
2t 10
max imum
10
5 2 10(5) + 24
1 ms 1
141
CHAPTER 9
c)
d)
0
0
FORM 5
4< t< 6
Distance, s =
( t 2 10t + 24 ) dt
1 3
=
t 5t 2 + 24t + c
3
When t = 0, s = 0 c = 0
1 3
s =
t 5t 2 + 24t
3
t = 0, s = 0
1
1
t = 4, s = (4) 3 5(4) 2 + 24(4) = 37 m
3
3
1
t = 6, s = (6) 3 5(6) 2 + 24(6) = 36 m
3
t=6
t=4
0
36
t=0
Total distance travelled during the first 6 seconds
1
1
=
37 + 37 36
3
3
2
=
m #
38
3
37
1m
3
142