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Public Opinion Survey

Residents of Ukraine
September 7-21, 2015

International Republican Institute

Detailed Methodology

The survey was conducted by Rating Group Ukraine on behalf of the International Republican Institute.

Data was collected throughout Ukraine (except the occupied territories of Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts) between
September 7-21, 2015, through face-to-face interviews at respondents homes.

The sample consisted of 1,200 permanent residents of Ukraine aged 18 and older and eligible to vote. It is representative
for the general population by age, education, region and size of the settlement. In addition, 633 respondents were also
surveyed from the Zakarpattia region. Please refer to the next slide for information on how the Zakarpattia polling was
conducted.

Multistage probability sampling method was used with random route and next birthday selection procedures.
Stage one: 25 official administrative regions of Ukraine were defined (24 regions of Ukraine and Kyiv). All regions
of Ukraine were surveyed except the occupied territories of Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk.

Stage two: selection of the settlements towns and villages. Towns were grouped into subtypes according to the
size
City more than one million residents
City 500,000-999,000 residents
City 100,000-499,000 residents

City 50,000-99,000 residents


City to 50,000 residents
Village
Settlements were selected at random. The number of selected settlements in each region was proportional to the
share of population living in a particular type of the settlement in each region.
Stage three: primary sampling units were described.

The margin of error does not exceed plus or minus 2.8 percent.

Response rate was 63.9 percent.

Charts and graphs may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

The survey was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Detailed Methodology
Zakarpattia Oversample

Data was collected throughout the Zakarpattia region between September 7-21, 2015, through face-to-face interviews at
respondents homes.

The sample consisted of 633 permanent residents of the Zakarpattia region, aged 18 and older and eligible to vote. It is
representative of the general population by age, education, region and size of the settlement.

Multistage probability sampling method was used with random route and next birthday selection procedures.
Stage one: region territory was divided into 18 administrative districts (13 districts, 4 cities of regional
subordination and the regional center). The survey was conducted in all districts.

Stage two: selection of the settlements towns and villages. Towns were grouped into subtypes according to the
size
City 100,000-499,000 residents
City 50,000-99,000 residents
City to 50,000 residents

Village
Settlements were selected at random. The number of selected settlements in each region was proportional to the
share of population living in a particular type of the settlement in each region.
Stage three: primary sampling units were described.

The margin of error does not exceed plus or minus 3.9 percent.

Response rate was 65 percent.

Charts and graphs may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

Geographical Key

Zakarpattia

Due to the Russian occupation of Crimea and the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine, residents
of the regions of Donetsk, Luhansk and Crimea were not included in this poll.

Interest is High in
October 25 Local Elections

International Republican Institute

How likely, if at all, are you to vote in the next local elections*?
Very likely

Somewhat likely

September 2015

Somewhat unlikely

36%

July 2015

39%

29%

0%

10%

Very unlikely

6%

36%

20%

30%

40%

*Local elections are currently scheduled for October 25, 2015.

50%

Difficult to answer

11%

60%

70%

12%

17%

80%

6%

8%

90%

100%
6

How likely, if at all, are you to vote in the next local elections*?
(by region)
Very likely

Somewhat likely

West

Somewhat unlikely

Very unlikely

45%

Center

40%

36%

South

10%

6%

36%

29%

0%

30%

40%

*Local elections are currently scheduled for October 25, 2015.

50%

5%

60%

70%

7%

13%

10%

41%

20%

5%

39%

33%

East

Difficult to answer

4%

6%

18%

13%

80%

3%

12%

90%

100%
7

How likely, if at all, are you to vote in the next local elections*?
(by age)
Very likely

Somewhat likely

51+ years old

Somewhat unlikely

41%

36-50 years old

10%

6%

38%

31%

0%

6%

41%

20%

Difficult to answer

39%

34%

18-35 years old

Very unlikely

30%

40%

*Local elections are currently scheduled for October 25, 2015.

50%

15%

6%

60%

70%

10%

7%

14%

80%

5%

8%

90%

100%
8

If parliamentary elections were held next Sunday and the


following political parties participated in the elections, for which
political party would you vote?
(Among Likely Voters, n=885)
Parties that
crossed 5%
threshold for
party-list vote in
October 2014
parliamentary
elections

Solidarnist Party

13%

Batkivshchyna

11%

Samopomich

11%

Opposition Bloc

11%

Radical Party

7%

People's Front

1%

Right Sector

6%

Svoboda

5%

Civic Position

4%

Left Opposition

1%

Strong Ukraine

1%

UKROP

1%

Party of Common People

1%

Peoples Control

1%

Vidrodzhennia

1%

United Center

1%

Other

2%

Difficult to answer/Dont know

18%
0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%
9

If parliamentary elections were held next Sunday and the


following political parties participated in the elections, for which
political party would you vote?
(Among all voters)

CENTRAL

WEST
17%

Samopomich

12%

Solidarnist Party

Radical Party

8%
7%

Batkivshchyna

8%

Samopomich

Civic Position

8%

Right Sector

Radical Party

6%

Svoboda

Svoboda

6%

Civic Position

3%

United Center

4%
4%
7%

10%

16%

I would not vote

13%

Difficult to answer

0%

5%

Other

10%

I would not vote

7%

Opposition Bloc

6%

Other

12%

Solidarnist Party

9%

Right Sector

14%

Batkivshchyna

17%

Difficult to answer

20%

0%

10%

20%
10

If parliamentary elections were held next Sunday and the


following political parties participated in the elections, for which
political party would you vote?
(Among all voters)

EAST

SOUTH
14%

Opposition Bloc
Solidarnist Party

8%

Samopomich

8%

17%

Opposition Bloc

8%

Solidarnist Party

6%

Batkivshchyna

4%

Radical Party
Svoboda

3%

Right Sector

2%

Vidrodzhennia

2%

UKROP

2%

Civic Position

2%

5%

Samopomich

4%

Strong Ukraine

3%
12%

Other

8%

Other

Batkivshchyna

17%

I would not vote

24%

I would not vote

0%

20%

34%

Difficult to answer

16%

Difficult to answer

40%

0%

20%

40%
11

Continued Frustration with


Pace of Reforms

International Republican Institute

Generally speaking, do you think that things in Ukraine are going


in the right direction or wrong direction?
Right direction

Difficult to answer

Wrong direction

80%
71%

72%

70%

69%

66%

72%
67%

68%
64%

58%

60%

52%

51%
48%

50%
40%

34%
30%

30%

24%
20%

20%

16%

16%

14%

18%

18%
10%

29%

13%

13%

14%

15%

15%

18%
17%

18%

18%

20%

15%
13%

17%

15%

0%
November
2011

March
2012

May 2012 September May 2013 September February


2012
2013
2014

March
2014

April 2014 September July 2015 September


2014
2015

13

Do you approve or disapprove of the job the Parliament of Ukraine


is doing?
Strongly approve

Somewhat approve

September 2015 <1% 10%

Strongly disapprove

35%

July 2015 <1% 9%

September 2014 3%

Somewhat disapprove

35%

14%

Difficult to answer

48%

6%

49%

6%

36%

37%

9%

April 2014

6%

33%

24%

26%

11%

March 2014

6%

32%

24%

26%

11%

February 2014

2% 11%

0%

10%

30%

20%

30%

50%

40%

50%

60%

70%

8%

80%

90%

100%
14

Do you approve or disapprove of the job


President Petro Poroshenko is doing?
Strongly approve

September 2015

Somewhat approve

4%

20%

July 2015 3%

21%

September 2014

0%

13%

19%

33%

20%

40%

50%

10%

24%

20%

30%

8%

22%

36%

10%

6%

33%

40%

9%

Difficult to answer

40%

34%

11%

March 2014

Strongly disapprove

29%

15%

April 2014

Somewhat disapprove

11%

27%

60%

70%

11%

80%

90%

100%
15

Do you approve or disapprove of the job the Cabinet of Ministers


under Arseniy Yatsenyuk is doing?
Strongly approve

September
2015

July 2015

Somewhat approve

Somewhat disapprove

Strongly disapprove

Difficult to answer

2% 11%

29%

54%

5%

1% 10%

32%

52%

6%

September
2014

13%

April 2014

35%

16%

March 2014

36%

12%

0%

27%

16%

34%

10%

20%

30%

15%

24%

17%

40%

50%

10%

8%

27%

60%

70%

80%

9%

90%

100%
16

What is your opinion of each of the following Ukrainian politicians


or members of the Ukrainian government?
Very favorable
Very unfavorable
President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko

Somewhat favorable
Have not heard the name
5%

22%

Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk 2% 11%


Head of the Parliament, Volodymyr Hroisman

2%

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pavlo Klimkin

3%

Minister of Internal Affairs, Arsen Avakov

1% 16%
7%

Radical Party leader, Oleh Lyashko

5%
7%

Batkivshhchyna Party leader, Yuliya Tymoshenko

Svoboda Party leader, Oleh Tyahnybok 4%

Opposition Bloc leader, Yuriy Boyko

Member of Parliament Viktor Baloha

7%

1% 9%

1% 7%
6%

18%
19%

24%

30%

13%
17%

36%

8%

2% 13%

24%

48%

20%

<1% 7%

55%

33%

Member of Parliament Mykhaylo Lanyo >1%1% 8%

<1% 5%

61%

27%

10%

2% 11%

53%

1% 4% 19%

0%

46%
40%

17%

10%

Governor of the Odesa oblast Mikhail Saakashvili


Governor of the Zakarpattia oblast Hennadiy Moskal

9%

3% 10%

28%
22%

13%

46%
49%

22%

14%

21%

25%

17%

1% 8%
4%

27%

19%

12%

12%

17%

25%

15%

12%

7%

33%

15%

16%

12%

38%

18%

21%

4%

24%

25%

16%

>1% 5%

35%
19%

22%

2%

Strong Ukraine Party leader, Serhiy Tihipko

27%
29%

Minister of Defense, Stepan Poltorak

>1% 5%

38%
59%

20%

Kyiv Mayor Vitaliy Klychko 4%

Right Sector Party leader, Dmytro Yarosh

30%
23%

9%

Lviv Mayor Andriy Sadovyi

Somewhat unfavorable
Difficult to answer

12%

46%

40%

50%

60%

70%

9%

80%

90%

100%
17

How would you evaluate your knowledge of the


decentralization/local governance amendments to the
constitution which were approved by the Parliament in the first
reading on August 31?
1%
5%

Very high
11%
Somewhat high

18%

Somewhat low

30%

35%

Very low
Havent heard anything about
constitutional amendments
Difficult to answer/No answer

18

Do you think these constitutional and legal amendments on


decentralization/local governance will improve or worsen the
situation in Ukraine?

12%
27%

For the better


15%

For the worse


Will not change anything
Difficult to answer/No answer

46%

19

Do you approve of the introduction of new patrol police in the


cities of Kyiv, Lviv and Odesa?

13%
4%

Strongly approve

8%

41%

Somewhat approve
Somewhat disapprove

Strongly disapprove
Difficult to answer/No answer

34%

20

How would you evaluate your knowledge of the local elections law
which was approved by the Parliament in July?
>1%
Very high

8%

9%
Somewhat high
Somewhat low

23%
25%

Very low
Havent heard about new Local
Elections Law anything
Difficult to answer/No answer
35%

21

Over the last 12 months, how has the economic situation in


Ukraine changed?
Improved a lot

Improved somewhat

Worsened somewhat

Worsened a lot

September
<1% 2% 14%
2015

July 2015

September
2014

Difficult to answer

31%

<1% 2% 8%

51%

28%

1% 11%

0%

Stayed the same

60%

29%

10%

20%

1%

30%

2%

2%

57%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

100%
22

Over last 12 months, how has the economic situation of your


household changed?
Improved a lot

Improved somewhat

Worsened somewhat
September 2015 1% 2%

Worsened a lot

18%

34%

46%

September 2013

1% 9%

May 2013

1% 8%
1%

May 2012

14%

27%

15%

30%

39%

13%

34%

37%
20%

17%

30%

45%

10%

14%

30%

37%

November 2011 1% 6%

18%

36%
30%

3%

18%
31%

46%

9%

0%

29%

41%

14%

2%

22%

44%

March 2012 1% 6%

1%
40%

37%

February 2014 1% 8%

September 2012

55%
37%

March 2014 3%

1%

45%

29%

19%

April 2014 1% 4%

Difficult to answer

34%

July 2015 <1% 1% 14%


September 2014 2%

Stayed the same

40%

50%

60%

18%
70%

80%

90%

3%
2%
2%
1%
5%
3%

3%
2%
100%

23

Increased Support for


NATO Membership

International Republican Institute

If a referendum was held today on Ukraine joining NATO, how


would you vote?
Would vote for Ukraine to join NATO

September 2015

Would vote against Ukraine joining NATO

48%

July 2015

28%

41%

September 2014

March 2014

0%

10%

20%

7%

43%

30%

40%

50%

15%

17%

40%

34%

17%

14%

31%

38%

Difficult to answer

8%

30%

43%

April 2014

Would not vote

9%

60%

70%

80%

8%

15%

13%

90%

100%
25

If Ukraine was able to enter only one international economic


union, which of the following should it be?
European Union

Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

September 2015

Other

57%

July 2015

17%

55%

September 2014

53%

March 2014

52%

February 2012

41%

September 2013

42%

May 2013

20%
9%

24%

36%

15%

10%

13%

6%

14%

27%

9%

37%

5%

37%

32%

14%

12%
17%

40%

September 2012

12%

14%

59%

April 2014

Difficult to answer

17%

5%

42%

14%

18%

6%

20%

May 2012

37%

41%

5%

17%

March 2012

36%

43%

4%

17%

November 2011

42%
0%

10%

20%

40%
30%

40%

50%

60%

3%
70%

80%

15%
90%

100%
26

How do you evaluate your attitude toward each of the following


countries?
Very warm

Warm

Poland

Neutral

15%

Belarus

12%

European Union

11%

Cold

Very cold

Difficult to answer

43%

36%

45%
40%

35%

11%

37%

42%

Lithuania

11%

37%

43%

8%

Germany

7%

United States

36%

5%

32%

Slovakia

6%

29%

Hungary

5%

Romania

4%

Russia

2%
0%

7% 2% 2%
13%

4% >1% 5%
5% 1% 5%

58%

58%

30%

6% 1% 5%

26%
40%

50%

35%
60%

5% 1%

4% 1% 5%

56%

20%
20%

4% 1% 5%

54%

26%

10%

6% 1% 2%

40%

27%

15%

4% 1% 5%

49%

32%

Moldova

10% 2% 2%

46%

34%

9%

4% >1% 2%

37%

Georgia

Canada

4% >1% 2%

70%

80%

2%
90%

100%
27

Women and Youth in Ukraine

International Republican Institute

The new local election laws introduced a requirement that 30


percent of political parties election lists should consist of women.
Do you approve such decision?

15%
28%

3%

Strongly approve
Somewhat approve

9%

Somewhat disapprove
Strongly disapprove
Difficult to answer/No answer

45%

29

If there are two candidates running for office and they have the
same qualifications aside from the fact that one is a man and one
is a woman, which candidate are you more likely to support?
Would vote for the female candidate

Would vote for the male candidate

Makes no difference to me

Difficult to answer/No answer

September 2015

21%

July 2015

17%

17%

0%

10%

57%

17%

20%

6%

60%

30%

40%

50%

60%

5%

70%

80%

90%

100%
30

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?


Politicians do not listen to the needs and ideas of women.
Strongly agree

September 2015

Somewhat agree

Somewhat disagree

26%

July 2015

31%

22%

0%

10%

Strongly disagree

23%

30%

20%

30%

40%

Difficult to answer/No answer

21%

50%

60%

5%

5%

70%

15%

21%

80%

90%

100%
31

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?


Politicians do not listen to the needs and ideas of young people.
Strongly agree

Somewhat agree

September 2015

Somewhat disagree

34%

July 2015

10%

16%

33%

20%

Difficult to answer/No answer

37%

29%

0%

Strongly disagree

30%

40%

50%

60%

16%

4%

70%

80%

4%

10%

18%

90%

100%
32

Should Ukrainian women serve in influential positions in the


national government?
Yes

No

Difficult to answer

September 2015

79%

7%

July 2015

79%

10%

September 2014

80%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

13%

11%

12%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

7%

100%
33

Zakarpattia Region, n=633


September 7-21, 2015

International Republican Institute

Which institution do you believe is most responsible for improving


the standard of living and quality of life for Ukrainians?
59%

The President

18%

Cabinet of Ministers under Prime Minister

10%

The Verkhovna Rada

9%

Local government

1%

Other

3%

Difficult to answer/No answer

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%
35

In your opinion, should more rights be transferred from central


authorities to local authorities and communities?

15%
25%
3%

Definitely yes
Somewhat yes

8%

Somewhat no
Definitely no

Difficult to answer/No answer

49%

36

In your opinion, are your local authorities and community able to


cope with more rights that might result from the decentralization
reform?

20%

15%
Definitely yes
Somewhat yes

7%

Somewhat no
Definitely not
Difficult to answer/No answer
18%

40%

37

Who do you think should hold the most responsibility for


addressing local issues and providing services to your community?
The government and central government agencies

32%

The council of your village

13%

Your local mayor

12%

The governor of your oblast

11%

The council of your oblast

8%

The council of your city/town

6%

The council of your rayon

3%

The governor of your rayon

3%

Difficult to answer/No answer

11%
0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%
38

Do you approve of the appointment of Hennadiy Moskal as the


governor of the Zakarpattia oblast?

10%
21%
Strongly approve
Somewhat approve

32%

Somewhat disapprove
Strongly disapprove

20%

Difficult to answer

17%

39

Do you approve the job performance of the


Strongly approve

Somewhat approve

Somewhat disapprove

current governor of the Zakarpattia oblast


Hennadiy Moskal

12%

previous governor of the Zakarpattia oblast


Vasyl Hubal

8%

0%

Strongly disapprove

29%

24%

24%

10%

20%

18%

33%

30%

40%

50%

Difficult to answer

15%

60%

70%

16%

20%

80%

90%

100%
40

In your opinion, which areas should be a priority for the governor


of Zakarpattia oblast?
(No more than three answers)
Fight against corruption
Infrastructure (roads etc.)
Housing and communal economy
Healthcare
Preservation of forests
Environment
Pension and social benefits
Agriculture and land
Industry
Lustration*
Law-enforcement agencies, including local police
Security in the city
Education and science
Schools and kindergartens
Deregulation and support of entrepreneurship
Defense and military
Energy
Taxation
Youth
Culture
Other

63%
31%
28%
27%
26%
24%
20%
16%
12%
9%
8%
8%
7%
6%
4%
3%
2%
2%
2%
1%
1%
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

*In Ukraine, the term lustration refers to the exclusion from public office of civil servants who worked under Ukrainian
President Viktor Yanukovych for more than a year and civil servants who were active in the Communist Party of the Soviet
Union. They may be excluded for five to 10 years (Source: Kyiv Post).

41

Who do you think is to blame for all the armed clashes in the town
of Mukachevo*?
(No more than three answers)

Interior Ministry troops and its head, Arsen Avakov

54%

Member of Parliament Mykhaylo Lanyo

53%

Criminal groupings

33%

Security service of Ukraine

25%

Right Sector political party

24%

President of Ukraine

18%

Member of Parliament Viktor Baloha

13%

Prime Minister of Ukraine

9%

Incumbent governor of Zakarpattia Vasyl Hubal

2%

Russia

<1%

Other

1%

Havent heard anything about those events

<1%

Difficult to answer/No answer

10%
0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

*In July, armed clashes occurred in the town of Mukachevo between police and members of Right Sector. These involved
business disputes between local clans.

42

Do you feel that citizens of Ukraine whose native language is not


Ukrainian are under pressure or threat because of their language?

2%

<1%

2%

19%

Definitely yes
Somewhat yes
Somewhat no

Definitely not
Difficult to answer/No answer

77%

43

Do you support the decision of the Russian Federation to send its


army to protect Russian speaking citizens of Ukraine?
<1%

11%

Definitely yes
Somewhat yes

Somewhat no
Definitely no
Difficult to answer/No answer

89%

44

How do you evaluate Russias actions toward Crimea?

It is an illegal invasion and occupation of independent


Ukraine

It is a lawful protection of Russian-speaking citizens of


Ukraine

Other

95%

1%

<1%

Difficult to answer/No answer

4%

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%
45

In you opinion, which of the following should Ukraine do?


<1%
6%

4%

Remain a unitary country


Remain a unitary country, but without
Crimea
Become a federal country
Difficult to answer/No answer
90%

46

In you opinion, which status should Zakarpattia have*?


Be part of Ukraine but with extended responsibilities as
result of decentralization reforms

50%

Be part of Ukraine as it is today

41%

Become part of another country

3%

Become an autonomy within Ukraine

2%

Become an independent country

1%

Difficult to answer/No answer

2%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

*IRI tested this question in the wake of the violent clashes that occurred in Mukachevo this summer.

50%

60%
47

How often do you travel outside of Zakarpattia?

At least several times a year

32%

At least once a year

27%

Less than once a year

12%

At least once a month

5%

Several times a week

<1%

At least once a week

<1%

Never

23%

Difficult to answer/No answer

1%
0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

48

Where do you travel to outside of Zakarpattia?


(Several answers possible)
Non-western Ukraine

48%

Western Ukraine

42%

Hungary

31%

Slovakia

17%

Russia

4%

Other countries abroad

3%

Romania

2%

Difficult to answer/No answer

23%
0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

49

GENDER

Demographics
45%

Male

55%

Female

33%

AGE

18-35 years

25%

36-50 years

42%

EDUCATION

LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT
HOME

51 years and older

46%

Ukrainian

32%

Russian

21%

Both, Ukrainian and Russian equally

1%

Both, Ukrainian and other language equally


Both, Russian and other language equally

0%

Other

0%
25%

Secondary or lower

40%

Vocational

36%

Higher

26%

Worker

1%

Farmer

18%

OCCUPATION

White collar

1%

Higher or medium executive

30%

Pensioner (not working)

5%

Student

8%

Housewife
Unemployed

6%

Other

6%
0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

50

Demographics
33%

Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Kyiv Patriarchate

24%

Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate

9%

RELIGION

Greek Catholic
Catholic

1%

Protestant

1%
2%

Other

6%

Atheist

23%

Believe in God but don't belong to any religion

2%

SETTLEMENT
TYPE

Don't know/No answer

69%

City

31%

Village

24%

REGIONS

West

31%

Center
South

22%

East

22%
0%

50%

100%

51

Demographics
20%

We need to save money for food.

FINANCIAL SITUATION OF FAMILY

We have enough money for food, but we need to save or borrow


money for buying clothes and shoes.

37%

We have enough money for food and necessary clothing and shoes, but
we need to save or borrow money for other purchases like a good suit,
a mobile phone, or a vacuum cleaner.

31%

We have enough money for food, clothing, shoes, and other


purchases, but we need to save or borrow money for purchasing more
expensive things (e.g., appliances).

10%

We have enough money for food, clothes, shoes, and expensive


purchases, but we need to save or borrow money for purchases like a
car or an apartment.

1%

Don't know/No answer

1%

0%

50%

52

Demographics
GENDER

Zakarpattia Oversample
47%

Male

53%

Female

37%

AGE

18-35 years

26%

36-50 years

38%

EDUCATION

LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT
HOME

51 years and older

75%

Ukrainian

1%

Russian

20%

Both, Ukrainian and Russian equally

2%

Both, Ukrainian and other language equally

0%

Both, Russian and other language equally

2%

Other

25%

Secondary or lower

48%

Vocational

27%

Higher

22%

Worker

6%

Farmer

12%

OCCUPATION

White collar

5%

Higher or medium executive

24%

Pensioner (not working)

6%

Student

11%

Housewife

10%

Unemployed

4%

Other

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

53

Demographics
Zakarpattia Oversample
20%

Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Kyiv Patriarchate

30%

Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate

35%

Greek Catholic

7%

RELIGION

Catholic

1%

Protestant

3%

Other

0%

Atheist

4%

Believe in God but don't belong to any religion

1%

SETTLEMENT
TYPE

Don't know/No answer

38%

City

62%

Village
0%

50%

100%

54

Demographics

Zakarpattia Oversample

8%

We need to save money for food.

FINANCIAL SITUATION OF FAMILY

We have enough money for food, but we need to save or


borrow money for buying clothes and shoes.

27%

We have enough money for food and necessary clothing and


shoes, but we need to save or borrow money for other
purchases like a good suit, a mobile phone, or a vacuum
cleaner.

51%

We have enough money for food, clothing, shoes, and other


purchases, but we need to save or borrow money for purchasing
more expensive things (e.g., appliances).

12%

We have enough money for food, clothes, shoes, and expensive


purchases, but we need to save or borrow money for purchases
like a car or an apartment.

0%

Don't know/No answer

1%

0%

50%

100%

55

International Republican Institute


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