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1.

1 Problem Related to the Standardizing of


the CSSR in Viettel Project in Vietnam
[Problem Description]
The CSSR after swapping is low compared with the CSSR before swapping. After
optimization, the CSSR increases to 99.2%, which is 0.3% lower than the standard value,
which is the value before swapping.

[Problem Analysis]
1. Analyze the CSSR-related counters: Immediate Assignment Success Rate, Assignment
Success Rate, and SDCCH Drop Rate. The result shows that Assignment Success Rate is
0.45% lower than that before swapping (Assignment Success Rate before swapping is
99.87% and after swapping is 99.42%), and SDCCH Drop Rate is 0.175 lower than that
before swapping (SDCCH Drop Rate before swapping is 0.355% and after swapping is
0.180%) The initial conclusion is that a low Assignment Success Rate (ASR) leads to a
decrease in the CSSR.

2. Further analysis shows that the number of failed assignments due to call clearing
performed by the MSC takes up 78.19% of the total failures. The result shows that call
clearing performed by the MSC decreases TCH Assignment Success Rate on the live
network.

3. Signaling analysis shows that signaling exceptions exist in the network. In the channel
assignment procedure, the MSC, on receiving the setup message, sends a Disconnect
message to clear the call before a channel is assigned.
4. The Viettel project in Vietnam adopts the Huawei core network equipment. The MSC,
on receiving the setup message,sends a Disconnect message to clear the call before a
channel is assigned in fast channel assignment procedure. This can be solved by setting the
software parameter P173 on the core network.

[Problem Location]
The working mechanism of Huawei core network differs from that of peer vendor`s
equipment. To improve the parallel processing capability of the system, the MSC sends a
Disconnect message to clear a call after receiving the setup message and before a channel
is assigned to the call.

[Solution]
Based on the actual requirements and after negotiation with the customer, you must enable
P173 (call clearing and suspension function). To enable p173, perform the following
operation.
P173: The fourth bit (**** **** ***X ****) specifies whether the call clearing and
suspension function is enabled.
= 0: Enabling the call clearing and suspension function
= 1: Disabling the call clearing and suspension function
Conclusion: The call clearing and suspension function helps to improve the CSSR. This
function, however, prolongs the clearing time; therefore, more number of SDCCHs and
TCHs are occupied. As a result, counters such as SDCCH Congestion rate and TCH
Congestion Rate may be affected.