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Application examples for REA arc


protection system
As older switchgear is more prone to arc faults, fitting
an ABB arc fault protection system will effectively
extend the life of your switchgear and make more of
your investment. But even more importantly, this
technology can also help save lives.

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or purchase information?
Contact us

Arcing incidents do happen. When they do, the total protection of the REA Arc
fault protection system will pay for itself instantly, many times over.
The REA Arc fault system is built for total reliability. Continuous self-supervision
of the system and fibre optic loops helps to ensure protection is never lost.
Overcurrent monitoring means that light and simultaneously detected
overcurrent is used to trigger a circuit breaker for complete security.
Selective and zone protection are easy to implement. Extension modules allow
single feeders or bus couplers to be isolated, maintaining power supply even
during an arcing incident. Also, if one feeder is isolated during maintenance, full
arc fault protection remains available for the rest of the system.
But above all, ABB REA Arc fault protection provides a total, reliable shield
against often devastating consequences of arc flash faults.
Application Example 1

Arc fault protection implemented using the arc fault protection relay REA101.
The arc sensor loop of the relay passes through all the spaces to be protected.
Tripping requires a light signal generated by an arc and an overcurrent signal
caused by a fault current.
Current is measured three-phase as 5 A or 1 A secondary current. When an arc
occurs, the Q2 circuit breaker is operated via the semiconductor output HSO1.
The semi-conductor output HSO2 is used as a circuit-breaker failure protection
output.

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Should, for some reason, the feeder circuit breaker Q2 be unable to break the
fault current in 100 ms after the trip operation, then the circuit breaker Q1 on the
transformer primary side is opened via output HSO2.
Application Example 2

This application is similar to that of example 1, with the exception that the
terminal end of the arc sensor fibre has not been brought back to the arc fault
protection relay. However, the loop arrangement, where both ends of the sensor
fibre are connected to the relay, is preferred, because this radial arrangement
does not allow monitoring of the sensor fibre.
Application Example 3

In this example the number of arc sensor loops has been increased to five by
adding two REA103 extension modules, which have been linked to the chain
connected to port A via connection cables.
Tripping is activated in the same way as in examples 1 and 2. Information about
the loop that detected the arc is obtained via the alarm relay
outputsLight1andLight2of the REA103 extension modules.
Application Example 4
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In this application, the CB compartments of outgoing feeders and cable


terminations are protected by the sensors of REA 107. The busbar is protected
by the sensor loop of REA 101. After tripping, the Light LED of REA 101 or REA
107 indicates where the fault has occured.
Application Example 5

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In this application, the CB compartments of outgoing feeders, cable


terminations and bus bar compartment are protected by the lens sensors of
REA 107. The incoming CB is protected by the lens sensor of REA 101. After
tripping, the Light LED of REA 101 or REA 107 indicates where the fault has
occured.
Application Example 6

In this example, the two REA105 extension modules with trip outputs are
connected to port A of the main module. Should an arc occur, e.g., in the area
monitored by extension module S3, circuit breaker Q3 will be the only one to be
opened. Thus selective tripping is obtained, and the healthy part of the system
remains live.
If the circuit-breaker failure protection (CBFP) of the REA105 extension module is
in use, and the opening of circuit breakers Q3 or Q4 does not eliminate the fault
current during the time delay (150 ms), the main module REA101 will open the
circuit breaker Q2.
Correspondingly, if the circuit-breaker failure protection of the main module REA
101 is also in use, and the fault current does not disappear during the time delay
following the opening of circuit breaker Q2, the main module will open the circuit
breaker Q1.
When the main module REA101 performs tripping, it simultaneously delivers a
trip command to the REA105 extension modules connected to it.
Application Example 7

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Regarding operation, this application is similar to the application in the example


6. The only difference between these applications is the devices used.
Application Example 8

Substation with two power transformers, equipped with a bus coupler. Since the
fault current can arrive from two supply directions, two REA 101 main modules,
one for each direction, are required. The arc sensor loops of the main modules
have been arranged so that the bus coupler Q5 separates the areas to be
protected. When an arc occurs, the concerned main module trips its own
infeeder circuit breaker and the bus coupler, the healthy part of the switchgear
remaining connected.
The main modules send on/off overcurrent information to each other over the
signal transfer fibre connection.
In this case, it is enough for the protection relay to operate if one of the units
detects overcurrent, even in a situation where one transformer is out of service
and the other transformer feeds the whole switchgear over the bus coupler. The
REA 105 extension modules perform selective tripping in situations where the
arc fault is located behind the concerned circuit breakers.
Application Example 9

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Functionally, this application corresponds to that described in the example 8.


The difference is that the overcurrent signals between the main modules are
transmitted via the connection cable of the extension modules. An REA 105
extension module (not REA 103) has to be used in the connection point between
the coverage areas of the main modules. This REA 105 module can normally be
used as a part of the system that ends in a main module in the direction of the
terminal IN1.
Application Example 10

Substation with three power transformers. Each infeeder has its own main
module measuring fault current. Overcurrent data is transmitted to each
extension module over the connection cable of themodules. Once the main
module M1 or the extension module S1 detects an arc, the circuit breakers Q2
and Q3 are opened.
When the main module M2 or the extension module S3 detects a fault, the
circuit breakers Q3, Q5 and Q6 are opened. Correspondingly, when the M3 or
the S2 module detects an arc, the circuit breakers Q6 and Q8 will be opened.
This arrangement allows just the faulty part of the switchgear to be
disconnected.
The trip signal of the circuit-breaker failure protection of the three main modules
is linked to the transformer primary circuit breakers (Q1, Q4 and Q7), with a delay
of 150 ms.
Application Example 11

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REA 101 is used to protect the switchgear against an arc caused by short-circuit
or earth-fault current.
The arc sensor loop of the relay passes through all the spaces that are to be
protected. Tripping requires a light signal generated by an arc, and a current
signal generated by a short-circuit or earth-fault current.
Short-circuit current is measured by the inputs L1 and L3 (5 A or 1 A). The
current threshold of the inputs can be set to 0.5...6 In.
Earth-fault current is measured by the input L2 (5 A or 1 A). The current
threshold of the input can be set to 0.05...0.6 In.
When an arc occurs, the Q2 circuit breaker is operated via the semiconductor
output HSO1.
The semi-conductor output HSO2 is used as a circuit-breaker failure protection
output. If the feeder circuit breaker Q2 for some reason is unable to break the
fault current within 100 ms after the trip operation, the circuit breaker Q1 on the
transformer primary side is opened via output HSO2.

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REA arc fault
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