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# Tripping and Trajectory Control

Lecture 7
PET 356
Q 1 2015-2016

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Tripping
Tripping is the act of pulling pipe out of or running pipe
into a well
- To change bits
- At the end of a hole section
- Mechanical problems
- Change bottom hole assembly (BHA)

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Tripping
- The kelly is removed
from the drill string
before tripping
- The kelly and swivel

rathole

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Tripping
The pipe is pulled or run using the elevators
attached to the hook

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Tripping practices
Determine initial overpull limit prior to tripping out of hole (0.5 of BHA Wt.).
If the tight spot at the same depth (WB G-Back ream).
If the tight spot moved up (Hole cleaning problem)
Determine initial set down limit (0.25 of the drill string overpull limit).
* 0.25 of (ST tension limit ST Wt. Up drag).

## 1- Position the bit off BTM about 20 ft.

2- Stop the pump.
3- Slowly increase the RPM to a preselected standard RPM.
4- Record rotating weight & off BTM torque after stabilization.

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Recording Up weight

1- Stop rotation.
2- Stop the pump.
3- Raise the string with a preselected standard Speed.
4- Record up weight after stabilization.

## Recording Down weight

1- Stop rotation.
2- Stop the pump.
3- Lower the string with a preselected standard Speed.
4- Record down weight after stabilization.

## Effect of circulating pressure

Stop circulation when
recording string weight
data
Recording string
weights without
circulation provides
actual string drag
information.

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Basic Rotary Assembly Types

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Angle Dropping Assembly

wellbore contact
tangency length
To increase drop rate :
Increase stiffness
Increase bit/DC size ratio
Increase DC weight
Decrease WOB
Increase rotary speed
negative side force

## The Pendulum Principle

Pendulum assemblies drop angle as a pendulum
creates negative side force

Fs = Wc x BF x TL x sin IN
Fs Side force on bit (lbs)
Wc Weight below tangency point (lbs/ft)

IN

tangency point
Fs

## Generic Angle Dropping (Pendulum) Assembly

Bit
Drill collar, 30-90ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar, 30ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar,90ft
HWDP, 90ft min.
Drill pipe

## The Fulcrum Principle

The fulcrum uses a near-bit stabilizer
WOB (if sufficient) will cause the bottom DC to bend

## In holes with inclination > 5, DC will bend towards the low

side of the hole

This bend will cause bit to exert a side force against the
high side of the hole, resulting in a build-up of angle as
drilling progresses
WOB

## Generic Angle Building (Fulcrum) Assembly

Bit
Near-bit Stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar, 30-90ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar, 30-60ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar,90ft
HWDP, 90ft min.
Drill pipe, as required

## Packed Hole Assembly

The packed hole assembly is used to maintain
angle
or build/drop at mild rates
3 or more stabilizers are placed at specified
points to
control the deflection of the drill collar string
The increased straightness of the drill collars
reduces
or eliminates the bit tilt

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Generic Packed Hole Assembly

Bit
Near-bit Stabilizer, full
gauge
Short Drill collar, 6-20ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar, 30ft
String stabilizer, full gauge
Drill collar,90ft
HWDP, 90ft min.
Drill pipe, as required

## Normal Drilling Operations Practices

Typical Configurations - Summary

30 90 ft

30 ft

dropping

pendulum
9 27 m
as close as
possible

30 90 ft

9m

30 ft

building

fulcrum

9 27 m

5-20 ft

30 ft

9m

30 - 60 ft
packed hole

holding

1.5 6 m

9m

9 - 18 m

Operations Management
Basic Organization

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