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This document contains the bolt torque procedure of the Drilling Derrick.











A First issue for comment IOzturk 3-10-2008 15-10-2008 K.Timmerman
Rev. Reason for issue Check Appr'd Date Sign
Client: Project:
GSP Bolt torque procedure
Grup Servicii Petroliere
Product:
Drilling Derrick Saturn
Document Title:
Bolt Torque Procedure
Document Number: 801-2350
801-2350
No of pages: 10 j_ I I I l . . ~ ':.:

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-1 0-08

Page 2

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

REVISIONS
A Issued for construction
Prepared First issue Not issued
by K.Timmerman Rev. A Rev. 0
lozturk
Auth. 3-10-2008 EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member ofthe Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-10-08

Page 3

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

CONTENTS

PAGE

Front page Revisions Contents

Derrick Bolting Procedure Calibrated Wrench Pretensioning Calibration sheet

Tum-of- Nut Pretensioning

Derrick Anchor Bolts Torque Procedure

1 2 3 4 6 7 9 10

Auth.

lozturk Not issued

3-10-2008 Rev. a

Prepared

by K.Timmermar Rev.

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc. no 801-2350

Date 15-10-08

Page 4

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

DERRICK BOLTING PROCEDURE

General

This procedure is for newly build steel constructions and for inspection / repair work on existing constructions.

Bolting details are given in the shop- or GA-drawings of the construction and/or in listings attached to these drawings.

Design calculations are according AISC-ASD - code 9th edition

and Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts (June 23,2000) These codes deal with high strength bolts ASTM A325 and ASTM A490

ASTM A325 is equivalent to Class 8.8

ASTM A490 is equivalent to Class 10.9

Unless otherwise stated, bolts, washers and nuts are hot dip galvanized. Bolt classes used are 8.8 and 10.9

For bolt class 10.9 a set (assembly) of bolt and nut should be delivered by the manufacturer.

The thread of bolt and nut to be greased or otherwise lubricated by the manufacturer.

For bolt class 8.8 a nut of class 8 will be used, if mentioned in the drawings nut class 10 The thread of bolt and nut to be greased or otherwise lubricated by the manufacturer.

Hardened washers are to be used for both class 8.8 and 10.9

The above mentioned codes in general do not allow the reuse galvanized bolts of class A325 and A490

This means that these bolts can only once be pretensioned. The same goes for class 8.8 and 10.9 bolts.

Methods for pretensioning of bolts are given in the next pages.

In case of inspection of existing bolt connections pretensioned or not pretensioned, the bolts will be inspected with the use of normal spanner and the effort of a man. Loose bolts will be removed (complete set of bolt, nut and two washers) and replaced by new ones.

New bolts will be tightened by hand with a spanner, and if needed pretensioned by a calibrated torque wrench or the turn-of-nut method with a normal spanner.

Prepared

by K.Timmerma

Rev.

First issue I Not issued

Rev. A Rev. 0

lozturk 3-10-2008 I

Auth.

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-1 0-08

P<!9_e 5

Proj_ect: GSP Saturn Derrick

DERRICK BOLT TORQUE PROCEDURE

Reference is made to:

Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts (June 23,2000)

According to this specification 4 pretension methods are available.

1 Turn-of- Nut Pretensioning Section 8.2.1 of Specification:

First the bolts will be installed and snug-tightened.

The snug-tightened condition is the tightness that is attained with a few impacts of an impact wrench or the full effort of an ironworker using an ordinary spud wrench to bring the connected plies into firm contact.

Subsequently, the nut or head rotation specified shall be applied.

This method is too much time consuming for new derricks, but for repair procedures it is a practical method that can be carried out with a normal hand wrench.

The method is also practical in situations where the bolts cannot be reached easily from a platform or scaffolding.

2 Calibrated Wrench Pretensioning Section 8.2.2 of Specification:

Pretension of the bolts with help of hydraulic wrenches to a stated value

The hydraulic wrenches have to be calibrated with help of bolt tension calibrator. This method Is the most common and fast and economic in derricks I where about some 50.000 bolts have to be prestressed.

3 Twist-Oft-Type Section 8.2.3 of Specification:

For this method special bolts are needed, where the head of the bolt has a spline and a breack-neck. When the wrench reaches the proper bolt tension the spline will sheared-off

This method needs special tools and special bolts Not much experience is available

4 DirectwTension-lndicator Pretensioning Section 8.2.4 of Specification:

Direct tension indicators are hardened washer shaped devices incorporating small arch-like protusions on the bearing surface that are designed to deform in a controlled manner when subject to compressive load.

This method is not useful for derricks.

For newly build constructions we choose to use method 2, Calibrated Wrench Pretensioning

For repair work or in situations where the fastener cannot be reached easily, we consider method 3, the Turn-of-Nut method to be a good method.

Note; ASTM A325 is equivalent to Class 8.8

ASTM A490 is equivalent to Class 10.9

lozturk 3-10-2008

Prepared

by K.Timmerma

Rev.

First issue Not issued

Rev. A Rev. 0

Auth.

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

801 801-2350 15-'10-08 6

Project no. Doc.no Date

Page

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

Calibrated Wrench Pretensioning

Procedure Pretension of the bolts with Hydraulic Wrenches

1 Pre-assemble one face of the derrick structure with bolts hand tight

1.a Apply hardened washers under both bolt head and nut

1.b Prevent dirt on bolt/nut threads and faying surfaces and washers.

2 Erect structure and perform control measurements

3 Calibrate torque wrenches on Bolt Tension Calibrator

4 Perform final tension of all bolts to the proper values accordance the sheets hereafter

5 Repeat point 1 to 4 for the opposite face of the derrick structure

Each hydraulic torque wrench shall be daily calibrated to the values indicated on next pages with help of a bolt tension calibrator.

Calibration is also required in other circumstances, see below.

Not fewer than 3 complete fastener assemblies of each combination of diameter, length, grade and lot to be used in the work shall be checked at site in a tension calibrator to verify that the developed pretension is equal to or greater than 1.05 times the specified value of pretension.

If the actual pretension in any of the fastener assemblies is less than 1.05 times the specified value,

the cause(s) shall be determined and resolved. Section 7.2 of Specification:

Cleaning, lubrication and retesting of these fastener assemblies are permitted, provided that all assemblies are treated in the same manner.

Alternatively (especially for large works) the following procedure may be followed:

The measured values of 10 (ten) bolts of the same dimension shalJ be recorded in a calibration sheet. The mean working pressure of these bolts shall be the value for performing the torque activities.

It is important to install all bolts in all holes of the connection and bring them to a snug-tight condition to compact the joint. Shim plates of proper thickness must eliminate clearance between joint members. Tightening should begin at the most rigid part of the joint, progressing systematically in a manner that will minimize relaxation of previously pretensioned bolts.

It is important that the final tightening activity of a bolt shall not be interrupted, because the values for starting are different from the normal values.

The proper clamping force shall be between 60 to 80 % of the tensile strength of the bolt, so that the mean value will be 70 % of the tensile strength of the bolt.

After final tensioning of each bolt a lock nut shall be installed, which also indicates that the bolt has been final tensioned.

For calibrated wrench pretensioning, wrenches must be calibrated: Section 8.2.4 of Specification:

1 Daily

2 When the lot of any component of the fastener assembly is changed.

3 When the lot of any component of the fastener assembly is relubricated.

4 When significant differences are noted in the surface condition of the bolt, threads, nuts or washers.

5 When any major component of the wrench including lubrication, hose and power supply are altered.

lozturk 3-10-2008

Prepared

by K.Timmerma

Rev.

First issue Not issued

Rev. A Rev. 0

Auth.

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-10-08

Page 7

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick
To calibrate the Hydraulic Torque Wrench on the Bolt Tension Calibrator See Section 7 of Specification
Mark and Serial number of Torque Wrench =
Mark and Serial number of Bolt Tension Calibrator =
Date of calibration=
Fastener assembly Bolt, 2 washers, steel filler plates, nut
Lot I box I container
Made =
Grade = (8.8 or 10.9)
Diam. = [rnm]
Length = [mm]
Pretension Load = [kN]
1st calibration 2nd calibration 3rd calibration 4th calibration
Time ...............••••. Time •••••....•••........ Time .................... Time ....................
Nr.: Pressure Nr.: Pressure Nr.: Pressure Nr.: Pressure
(Bar) (Bar) (Bar) (Bar)
1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5
6 6 6 6
7 7 7 7
8 8 8 8
9 9 9 9
10 10 10 10
Total: Total: Total: Total:
The working pressure The working pressure The working pressure The working pressure
after th is check is after this check is after this check is after this check is
(total)/10) (total)/10) (total)/10) (total)/10)
................ bar ................ bar ................ bar ................ bar
Calibrated by: Calibrated by: Calibrated by: Calibrated by:
Sign.: Sign.: Sign.: Sign.:
Bailey Management:
Signed: . ~ ..............................
Date: ~. ~ .............................
Prepared First issue Not issued
by K. Timmermar Rev. Rev. A Rev. 0
lozturk
Auth. 3-10-2008 EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-10-08

Page 8

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick
According to AISC ASD Part 5
Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or ASTM490 Bolts June 23, 2000
ASTM A325 is equivalent to Class 8.8
ASTM A490 is equivalent to Class 10.9
Specified minimum bolt pretension Tm "" 70% . Ft . As
Tm "" Minimum bolt pretension
Ft = Tensile strength for bolt material
As "" Stress area of bolt
Torque moment Ma "" K. d. Tm [Nm]
K "" faktor depending on friction on thread and nut face ¢:::::I
d "" Shaft diameter of bolt [mm]
Tm "" pretension in bolt [kN]
Bolts Class 8.8
Ft "" 800 [N/mm2]
Fy = 640 [N/mm2] K= 0,14
Stress Pretension Approx.
area Load Torgue
Bolt Class [mm2] [kN] [Nm]
M 20 8.8 245 137 384
M 24 8.8 353 198 664
M 27 8.8 459 257 972
M 30 8.8 561 314 1319
M 36 8.8 817 458 2306

Bolts Class 10.9
Fy = 900 [N/mm2]
Ft = 1000 [N/mm2] K= 0,14
Stress Pretension Approx.
area Load Torgue
Bolt Class [mm2] [kN] [Nm]
M 20 10.9 245 172 480
M 24 10.9 353 247 830
M 27 10.9 459 321 1215
M 30 10.9 561 393 1649
M 36 10.9 817 572 2882
Tolerance on Pretension Load = 10% for this project
Prepared First issue Not issued
by K.Tlmmerma Rev. Rev. A Rev. 0
lozturk
Auth. 3-10-2008 EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-1 0-08

Page 9

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

Subsequently, the nut or head rotation specified shall be applied to all fastener

assemblies in the joint in a manner that will minimize relaxation of previously pretensioned bolts.

When fastener assemblies are match-marked (1 line on bolt and nut) after initial fit-up (snug tight) of the joint but prior to pretensioning, visual inspection after pretentioning is permitted in lieu of routine observation. No further evidence of conformity is required. Section 9.2.1 of Specification:

Turn-of- Nut Pretensioning

Procedure:

1 Pre-assemble one face of the derrick structure with bolts hand tight

1.a Apply hardened washers under both bolt head and nut

1.b Prevent dirt on bolUnut threads and faying surfaces and washers.

2 Erect structure and perform control measurements

3 Snug tight bolts with normal hand wrench

4 Mark bolt and nut and apply nut rotation angle specified in the table below

5 Repeat point 1 to 4 for the opposite face of the derrick structure

The snug-tightened condition is the tightness that is attained with a few impacts of an impact wrench or the full effort of an ironworker using an ordinary spud wrench to bring

the connected plies into firm contact. Section 8.1 of Specification:

After final tension of each bolt a lock nut shall be installed, which also indicates that the bolt has been final tensioned.

Table 8.2 Nut Rotation from Snug-Tight Condition for Turn-of-Nut Pretensioning a.b

Section 8.2.1 of Specification:
Bolt Length C Turn Angle Tolerance
Not more than
4d b 120 [degr] 30 [degr]
More than 4d
but not more 180 [degr] 30 [degr]
than 8d b
More than ad
but not more 240 [degr] 45 [degr]
than 12d b a Nut rotation is relative to bolt regardless of the element (nut or bolt) being turned

For required rotations of 120 [degr] and less the tolerance is plus or minus 30 [degrj

For required rotations of 240 [degr] and more the tolerance is plus or minus 45 [degr]

b Applicable only to joints in which all material within grip is steel.

c When the bolt length exceeds 12db, the required nut rotation shall be determined by actual testing in a suitable tension calibrator that simulates the conditions of solidly fitting steel.

Prepared

by K.Timmerma

Rev.

Auth.

lozturk 3-10-2008

First issue Not issued

Rev. A Rev. 0

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V. Member of the Upetrom Group

Project no. 801

Doc.no 801-2350

Date 15-1 0-08

Page 10

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

Prepared

by K. Timmerma

First issue Not issued

Rev. A Rev. 0

DERRICK ANCHOR BOLTS TORQUE PROCEDURE

The anchor bolts shall not be final tightened before the whole derrick is erected, control measurement has been taken and derrick has been correct levelled.

Final tightening of the bolts shall be achieved with hydraulic bolting equipment, according to following procedure:

1. Supply a plenty amount of bolt grease on both stud and nuts

2. Install the stud in the hole with one nut on the underside, but leaving enough thread to place counter nut

3. Put one nut on top

4. Install hydraulic bolting equipment

5 Apply a force in accordance with the anchor bolt data sheet ( 50 % of the yield strength)

6 Tighten nut on top by hand

7 Release tension on studs

8 Fix counter nuts on top and bottom

Rev.

lozturk 3-10-2008

Auth.

EURONED ENGINEERING B. V.

Date 27 -10-08

Page

o

Project no. 801

Doc.no

Member of the Upetrom Group

Rev.

Rev. 0

Project: GSP Saturn Derrick

Index of map 2

Title

Doc number

1 Reaction forces

801-2306

2 Design analyses of the derrick footings

801-2307

3 Design analyses of the guiding beams and supports

801-2308

4 Design analyses of the derrick fingerboard support

5 Design analyses of the Water table

801-2312

6 Design analyses of the derrick ginpole

801-2313

7 Crown block cluster

8 Design analyses of the stabbing basket support

801-2319

9 Weight control data sheet

801-2370

Prepared K.Timmerman by

6-3-2008 A

22-10-2008

Auth. f.Ozturk

index of map 2