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373.161.1:811.111
81.2-922
441
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89, [1] c. ( ).
ISBN 978-5-222-26715-8
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ISBN 978-5-222-26715-8

373.161.1:811.111
81.2-922
., 2015
, , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1. INTRODUCTION

1. INTRODUCTION
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(Opinion Essay).
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Some people prefer to live in a private house, while others tend
to choose living in a flat.
= Nowadays lots of people face a difficult problem when they
buy their own home. / People always hesitate when they are
faced with the choice of buying their own home. The issue is
whether they should buy a flat or a private house.
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(1) There is no doubt that... is one of the most pressing issues
in the modern world.
(2) One issue that has caused lots of controversy over the
years is...
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Nowadays many people face a diffi-
cult decision when they...
, ...
There is no doubt that... is one of the
most pressing issues in the modern
world

, ...

One solution that can be put forward


is...

...

One issue that has caused lots of


controversy over the years is...

,
, ...

Nowadays people are getting more and


more concerned about...

...

Experts say that...

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1. INTRODUCTION
So is... really important and could we
live without it?

, ...

()?

One very complex problem in modern


world is...


...

I would like to express my opinion


on this problem...


...

But all the same, there are clear


benefits and drawbacks to both
opinions...

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It is generally accepted that...

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A common opinion is that...

...

There are those who say that...

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It goes without saying that...

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Some people are convinced that...

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Today it is generally agreed that...

, ...

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Im, cant, dont.
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However, there are people who consider that stray animals
must be put down. Personally I strongly object to this statement.
In my judgment, it is cruel because nobody has a right to take
life from any living being.
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My personal view is that...

, ...

In my experience...

...

In my opinion/judgment/view...

...

Hence...

...

In fact,...

/ / ...

To be more precise...

...

For example/for instance...

...

Id like to support my point of view


with an example...


...

To begin with...

, ....

The first thing that needs to be said


is...

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...

On the one hand/on the other hand...

Moreover...

...

Besides...

...

Furthermore...

...

Nevertheless...

...

All the same...

, ...

Experts say that...

, ...

Many people attach too much


importance to...


...

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7. SPORT

7. SPORT
Sample Essays
a Some people think that physical exercises are essential for
everyone. Do you agree with the statement? What is your opinion?
There is no doubt that it is very important for many people to
be in good shape. Some people go in for sports, follow a diet and
control their weight, while others do not pay due attention to
their appearance. So, can we live without physical exercises and
healthy lifestyle? Personally, I am an enthusiastic supporter of a
healthy lifestyle.
The ancients said, A sound mind in a sound body. I fully
agree with this statement. Firstly, those people who do their
morning exercises tend to be more cheerful and energetic. Secondly,
sports case-harden the spirits. People who do some sports have got
will for victory. Thirdly, physical exercises improve posture and
strengthen the muscles of all body. Moreover, sports have a
wholesome effect on emotional well-being and lifestyle.
On the contrary, there are people who avoid any physical
activity. Some of them allege illness, others complain of the
shortage of time. In my judgment, everything depends on your
wish. As far as I am concerned, I would highly recommend everyone
to follow the example of disabled people who, in spite of
everything, take part in Paralympic competitions and win medals.
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, I consider
that our life is impossible without physical exercises. If people do
not want to suffer from such illness as scoliosis or osteochondrosis
they should better go for a jog every morning or do some simple
gymnastics training at home.
(238 words)
a Some people think that Physical Education should be an optional
subject. Do you agree with the statement? What is your opinion?
It is common knowledge that Physical Education is compulsory
in many countries. Today more and more parents do not want
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their children to partici pate in any physical activities at school,


while others consider that sport is vitally important for everyone.
Personally, I strongly believe that parents should teach their
children to lead a healthy lifestyle and to do some physical activity
since early childhood.
Firstly, physically active lifestyle has a great impact on
childrens health. Secondly, sports activities at school contribute
to forming lifelong habits of exercise. Thirdly, PE is a perfect
way for emotional release. In my judgment, it is essential for
children to balance mental stimulation and physical activities.
Moreover, school competitions form the will for victory and
promote teamwork.
On the contrary, some people think that sport is a waste of
time. They insist that children should better concentrate on the
core subjects such as mathematics, physics and chemistry. As far
as I am concerned, I do not share their opinion. I consider that
every subject is important in its own way. Besides, it is generally
known that A sound mind in a sound body.
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, I consider
that Physical Education is one of the core subjects of the school
curriculum. Hence, under the assumption that it is a determinant
of childrens health and well-being, it should be compulsory at
schools.
(229 words)
a Some people think that dangerous sports should be banned. Do
you agree with this statement? What is your opinion?
One issue that has caused lots of controversy over the recent
years is legitimacy of dangerous sports. Some people consider that
extreme sports devotees are in the jaws of death and suggest
taking dramatic measures. In this essay I would like to find out if
there is a necessity to ban extreme sports.
In my opinion, extreme sports, such as diving, surfing, rafting
and wakeboarding give people unforgettable experience and vivid
emotions. Firstly, they help to relieve stress, anxiety and tension.
Secondly, thrill seekers get an adrenaline rush and enjoy the
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CONTENTS

NTENTS
1. Introduction ............................................................................ 3
2. Pressing Problems of the Modern World ............................... 9
Sample Essays ......................................................................... 9
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 12
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 14
3. Youth Problems ..................................................................... 17
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 17
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 20
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 22
4. Travelling .............................................................................. 25
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 25
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 28
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 30
5. The Internet .......................................................................... 32
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 32
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 34
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 36
6. Education .............................................................................. 39
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 39
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 42
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 44
7. Sport ...................................................................................... 47
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 47
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 49
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 51
8. Health ................................................................................... 53
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 53
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 56
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 58
9. Leisure activities ................................................................... 61
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 61
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 64
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 65
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10. Friendship ........................................................................... 68


Sample Essays ....................................................................... 68
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 71
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 73
11. Job ....................................................................................... 76
Sample Essays ....................................................................... 76
Topical Vocabulary ............................................................... 77
Vocabulary Exercises ............................................................. 78
12. Appendix ............................................................................... 81

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