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NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


GES D.04
LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

Rev

Date

Description

1999

Issued for Implementation

Checked

Approved

DL

Compiled by Teknica (UK) Ltd

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 2 of 22
Rev 0 1999

INDEX
SECTION

TITLE

1.0

SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION

1.1
1.2

Introduction
Other NOC Specifications

4
4

2.0

DEFINITIONS

2.1
2.2

Technical
Contractual

5
6

3.0

DESIGN

3.1
3.2

Codes and Standards


Additions and Exceptions

6
7

4.0

MATERIALS

10

4.1
4.2

Materials of Construction
Chemical Composition

10
11

5.0

FABRICATION/ERECTION

11

5.1
5.2

Introduction
Procedures

11
12

6.0

TOLERANCES

14

6.1
6.2
6.3

Fabrication
Curvature
Roundness

14
14
14

7.0

INSPECTION

14

7.1
7.2

Procedures
Methods

14
15

8.0

TESTING

17

8.1
8.2
8.3

Statutory Testing
Test Procedures
Nameplates

17
17
19

SECTION

TITLE

PAGE

PAGE

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 3 of 22
Rev 0 1999

9.0

DOCUMENTATION

19

9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6

Introduction
Schedules/Reports
Data and Calculations
Drawings
Other Documents
Manuals

19
19
19
20
20
21

10.0

PRIOR TO SHIPMENT

21

10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5

Paintings and Coatings


Spares
Packing/Storage
Shipping
Warranty

21
21
21
22
22

DATA SHEETS
Tank Data Sheet (4 sheets)

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 4 of 22
Rev 0 1999

1.0

SCOPE OF SPECIFICATION

1.1

Introduction

1.1.1

This specification covers the minimum requirements for design, materials, fabrication and erection,
inspection and testing of large, welded, low pressure carbon steel above-ground storage tanks.

1.1.2

These storage tanks shall be designed, fabricated, erected, inspected and tested in accordance with API
620, plus the additional requirements of this specification.

1.1.3

The tanks covered by this specification are designed for metal temperatures not greater than 250F
(120C) and with pressure in the gas or vapour space up to 15 psig (103 kPag).

1.1.4

Atmospheric storage tanks are covered by GES D.01.

1.1.5

This specification applies to equipment for refineries, onshore oil and gas, installations and processing
facilities.

1.1.6

The Purchase Order/Contract will state that the tanks will be purchased either by:
(a) Owner buying tank materials and a local Contractor carrying out the erection, or
(b) local Contractor carrying out procurement and erection.

1.1.7

The following storage tanks are not covered by this specification:


(a) low pressure storage tanks for refrigerated products at temperatures from 40F (4C) to -60F
(-50C) which are designed to Appendix `R' of API 620 Standard;
(b) low pressure storage tanks for liquified hydrocarbon gases at temperatures not lower than -270F
(-168C) which are designed to Appendix `Q' of API 620 Standard.
Tanks for the above service conditions are specified in GES D.03.

1.1.8

The Vendor/Contractor shall comply fully with the provisions laid down in this specification. Any
exception must be authorised in writing by the Owner.

1.1.9

In the event of any conflict between this specification and the applicable codes and standards, the
Vendor/Contractor shall inform the Owner in writing and receive written clarification before
proceeding with the work.

1.1.10

The tank foundations will be provided by the Vendor/Contractor responsible for the erection of the
tanks.

1.1.11

This General Engineering Specification will form part of the Purchase Order/Contract.

1.2

Other NOC Specifications


Where indicated in this specification the following additional NOC Specifications shall apply:
GES H.07

Fire-fighting Facilities for Storage Tanks

GES W.01

Welding Procedure and Welder Qualification

GES W.02

Storage and Control of Welding Consumables

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
GES W.03

Post-Weld Heat Treatment of Materials

GES X.01

Surface Preparation and Painting Application

GES X.02

Colour Coding of Equipment and Piping

GES X.03

External Protective Coatings

2.0

DEFINITIONS

2.1

Technical

GES D.04
Page 5 of 22
Rev 0 1999

The technical terms used in this specification are defined as follows:


Low Strength Tank Steel
Steels having a specified minimum yield strength equal to or less than 43,000 psi (296 MPa) and a
specified maximum tensile equal to or less than 85,000 psi (586 MPa).
High Strength Tank Steels
Steel having a specified minimum yield strength greater than 43,000 psi (296 MPa) and a specified
maximum tensile strength equal to or less than 100,000 psi (689 MPa).
Peaking
Is the deviation of shell contour from a true circle at vertical joints. Peaking shall be determined over a
horizontal span of 36" (915 mm) centred on the weld.
Banding
Is the deviation of the shell at horizontal joints from a vertical line. Banding shall be determined over a
vertical span of 36" (915 mm) centred on the weld.
Annular Plates
Are bottom plates forming the annular ring upon which the shell rests.
Production Impact Test Plates
Coupon plates which provide the required impact test specimens for the weld metal and heat affected
zones in the finished product.
Plate as Rolled
Refers to the unit plate from a slab, or rolled directly from an ingot.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
2.2

GES D.04
Page 6 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Contractual
The commercial terms used in this specification are defined as follows:

2.2.1

Owner
The oil or gas company, an associate or subsidiary, who is the end user of the equipment and facilities.

2.2.2

Vendor
The company supplying the equipment and material.

2.2.3

Contractor
The main Contractor for a defined piece of work

2.2.4

Sub-Contractor
A company awarded a contract by the Contractor to do part of the work awarded to the Contractor.

2.2.5

Inspection Authority
The organisation representing the Owner or Vendor/Contractor that verifies that the equipment and
facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of
this specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

2.2.6

Inspector
A qualified individual representing the Owner, Vendor/Contractor or the assigned Inspection
Authority, who verifies that the equipment and facilities have been designed, constructed, inspected
and tested in accordance with the requirements of this specification and the Purchase Order/Contract.

3.0

DESIGN

3.1

Codes and Standards

3.1.1

The design and construction of storage tanks shall comply with this specification as well as with codes,
standards and provisions indicated on the data sheets provided by the Owner.

3.1.2

The following codes and standards shall be used in conjunction with this document, as specified by the
Owner.
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
Section II
Section IIC
Section IID
Section V
Section VIII
Section IX
ASME B16.5 ASME B16.9 ASME B16.11
ASME B16.20

Material Specification Part A Ferrous and Part B Non-ferrous


Specification for Welding Rods, Electrodes and Filler Metals
Material Properties
Non-destructive Testing
Pressure Vessels, Division 1
Welding and Brazing QualificationsASME
Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
Factory Made Wrought Steel Butt-welding Fittings
Forged Steel Fittings Socket Welding and Threaded
Ring-joint Gaskets and Grooves for Steel Pipe Flanges

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
ASME B16.47
ASME B31.3 -

GES D.04
Page 7 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Large Diameter Carbon Steel Flanges


Process Piping

API - American Petroleum Institute


API 620
API 2000

Design and Construction of Large Welded Low Pressure Storage Tanks


Venting Atmospheric and Low Pressure Storage Tanks

ANSI - American National Standards Institute


ANSI A12.1 3.2

Safety Requirements for Floor and Wall Openings, Railings and Toe Boards

Additions and Exceptions


In addition to the minimum requirements of API 620 design code, the following shall be taken into
consideration:

3.2.1

Corrosion Allowance
(a) Minimum corrosion allowance for tank components constructed from carbon steel shall be 1/16"
(1.5 mm) in sweet service and _" (3 mm) in sour and corrosive service.
(b) The design diameter of anchor bolts and the design thickness of holding down straps, shall be
increased in all cases by _" (3 mm) as corrosion allowance.
(c) Sacrificial anodes shall be provided to protect the inside wetted areas of the tank. The
composition of the anodes shall be compatible with the fluids and any corrosion inhibitor
proposed by the Owner.

3.2.2

Design Loads
(a) Design loading of the tank shall take into account cyclic operations, erection and test loadings.
(b) During erection, start-up or operation, all applicable loads shall be considered as acting
simultaneously.
(c) During hydrostatic testing, wind load (wind pressure) equivalent to a 35 mph (16 m/s) wind
velocity shall be considered acting simultaneously with the hydrostatic test load.
(d) Roof live load shall not be less than 25 lb/sq ft (1.2 kPa) applied over the projected roof area.

3.2.3

Design Stress
(a) The allowable design stress shall be in accordance with API 620.

3.2.4

Bottom Design for Cylindrical Tanks


Tank bottom design shall be based on a maximum predicted settlement 3" (75 mm) at the shell,
including initial water loading of the tank, unless otherwise specified.
Annular plates shall be 2 ft (600 mm) minimum width.
The annular plate thickness shall be the greater of that required by API 620 or the following table:
BOTTOM SHELL COURSE THICKNESS

ANNULAR RING PLATE


MINIMUM THICKNESS

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
in

> to _
> _ to 1
> 1

12.5

GES D.04
Page 8 of 22
Rev 0 1999

mm

in

mm

> 12.5-22
> 22-32
> 32

/16
_
7
/16

6
8
9.5
11

Bottom plates shall be a minimum nominal thickness of " (6 mm) and shall be square edged.
3.2.5

Nozzles and Connections


Attachments and shell openings, wherever practicable, shall be located so that the welds do not overlap
shell seams or interfere with welds of other attachments.
Nozzles NPS 2 and larger shall be flanged and shall have the same material grade as the tank shell.
Corrosion protection equivalent to that of the tank shall be provided.
Connections smaller than NPS 2 shall be threaded, except for relief valve connections. 6000 psi
couplings shall be used for threaded connections. Additional coupling thickness shall be provided for
corrosion allowance, as required. All couplings shall be installed with complete penetration welds.
Half couplings welded to the outer surface of the sphere or tank roof may be used.
Nozzles and piping shall be designed in accordance with ASME B31.3.
Partial penetration welding is acceptable for attachment of reinforcing pad plates.
The design of top entry nozzles and associated piping, including piping supports, shall be approved by
the Owner. Splash pans shall be furnished at all flanged joints and at other connections, such as valve
packing joints on the tank roof where leakage is possible. Splash pans shall be constructed of material
suitable for exposure to the stored product and the environment.
Flanges larger than NPS 24 shall be per ASME B16.47, or designed per ASME Code Section VIII with
allowable stresses as determined by that code.
Flanges designed per the ASME Code for connections with attached piping shall include the bending
moment from the attached piping.
All shell openings shall be reinforced for the following conditions:
(a) static liquid load, plus pressure,
(b) loads imposed by the attached piping and effects of predicted long term settlement.
Reinforcing plates at all nozzles and manholes shall be drilled and tapped " NPT to permit air
pressure testing of welds. Holes shall be plugged with a plastic sealant.
Manhole covers shall be hinged or provided with handling davits.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 9 of 22
Rev 0 1999

The type of end termination, elevation, orientation and location will be specified, where necessary, to
match the Owner's mating piping connections.
3.2.6

Stairways and Platforms


(a) Stairways and platforms shall be provided to allow access to operating valves. The use of
permanent ladders to service instruments, connections and access openings will be specified.
(b) A stairway with handrail shall be provided from grade to the top of the tank.
(c) Stairways shall have the following provisions:
-

maximum angle of stairway shall be maximum 45 degrees,


minimum effective tread width shall be 8" (200 mm),
minimum effective width of stairway shall be 30" (750 mm),
stair landings shall not be less than 30" (750 mm) square.

(d) Guard railings and toe plates shall enclose all product nozzle, pressure relief device and instrument
attachments located on the top of the tank.
(e) Platform flooring shall be steel grating.
(f) Any pipe used as handrailing shall be seal-welded to avoid internal corrosion.
(g) Railing and toe plates shall be carbon steel and per ANSI A12.1.
3.2.7

Pressure Relief Devices


(a) Pressure and vacuum relief devices, conforming to API 2000 shall be furnished and installed by
the tank Vendor/Contractor, unless specified otherwise.
(b) If the number, type and size of pressure and vacuum relief devices have not been specified, the
Vendor's/Contractor's proposals shall be submitted to the Owner for approval.

3.2.8

Instrumentation
(a) Where instruments are to be supplied by the Vendor/Contractor, the Vendor/Contractor shall
submit with the tender documents the manufacture and model type of all instruments for approval
by the Owner.

3.2.9

Painting, Thermal Insulation Systems


(a) Metal surface preparation, painting and paint systems shall be as per GES X.01, GES X.02 and
GES X.03. Alternative coating systems require the Owner's approval.
(b) Vendor's/Contractor's proposals to use thermal insulation materials and thicknesses alternative to
those specified shall be submitted to the Owner for approval.

3.2.10

Fire-fighting Facilities
(a) For fire-fighting facilities refer to GES H.07.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 10 of 22
Rev 0 1999

(b) The tank Vendor/Contractor shall furnish and install firewater deluge system and components,
terminating at the laterals at the base of the tank.
3.2.11

Auxiliary Piping Systems


The supply, erection and testing of piping and components for the following systems will be by the
Vendor/Contractor, unless stated otherwise:
-

product fill and discharge piping within the diked area,


manual sampling systems,
Pressure relief device discharge piping and risers;
firewater deluge and spray systems from the laterals at the base of the tank to tie-in points.

4.0

MATERIALS

4.1

Materials of Construction
Materials shall be in accordance with API 620 and the additional requirements of this specification.

4.1.1

A complete material specification shall be submitted with the Vendor/Contractor's bid proposal.

4.1.2

Annular plates shall be of the same material specification and grade as the lowest shell course.

4.1.3

Pipe and formed plate used for nozzles, manhole necks and flush-type clean-out fitting assemblies shall
comply with the following table:
MATERIAL

LIMITATION

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
SEAMLESS

Pipe

Formed Plate

4.1.4

WELDED

Attachment to steel
having a yield strength <
43,000 psi (296 MPa)

ASTM A53, A106


GrB or C
API 5L

Not permitted

Attachment to steel
having a yield strength >
43,000 psi (296 MPa)

ASTM A 106
GrB or C

Not permitted

Same as plate to which component is attached. Component to be fabricated


using full penetration and full fusion weld.

If impact testing is required by API 620, tests shall be conducted per ASTM E23 using the Charpy Vee
(Type A), specimens shall be taken per ASTM A370 for plate materials, and per ASTM A333 for pipe
materials.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 11 of 22
Rev 0 1999

The required number of impact tests to be made are as follows:


(a) Plate Materials
An impact test shall be made on each plate "as rolled".
(b) Pipe Materials
The number of tests shall be per ASTM A333, except that the test specimens shall be taken from
the thickest pipe from each heat.
4.1.5

Materials for permanent structural attachments, welded to the shell, shall be of the same nominal
composition.

4.1.6

Cast iron fittings shall not be employed on the shell or bottom.

4.2

Chemical Composition

4.2.1

The carbon equivalent of carbon steel plate used for the tank shell, shell nozzles, annular plates and
bottom plates, as defined by the equation below, shall meet the following limits:
Carbon Equivalent (CE) is:
CE = C + (Mn)/6 + (Cr+Mo+V)/5 + (Ni+Cu)/15 = 0.45%
C = 0.28% max
All elements shall be determined for each heat of material.

5.0

FABRICATION/ERECTION

5.1

Introduction
Fabrication and erection shall comply with the requirements of API 620 code, and the additional
requirements of this specification.
No fabrication shall commence until complete material certification has been received and written
approval of shop drawings, calculations, weld procedures plus welder performance qualifications
has been received by the Vendor/Contractor.
Approval of material certificates and welder qualification certificates are the responsibility of the
Owner's Inspector and/or the Inspection Authority.
Approval of the tank drawings, calculations and weld procedure are the responsibility of the Owner.
The Vendor/Contractor shall notify the Owner of the proposed starting date of actual fabrication.
Tank Vendor/Contractor shall provide erection tools for the Owner or his Contractor to erect and weld
the tank.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
5.2

Procedures

5.2.1

Plate Cutting and Preparation for Welding

GES D.04
Page 12 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Carbon and carbon manganese steels may be cut to size, and bevelled by thermal or mechanical
methods consistent with accepted practice.
5.2.2

Welding Procedure and Procedure Qualifications


Prior to carrying out any production welding, the Vendor/Contractor shall submit to the Owner his
proposed welding procedures.
Welding procedures for field welding may be carried out away from the construction site.
Testing and inspection shall be as per the requirements of API Standard 620 and GES W.01.
Where impact testing is required by API 620, tests shall be made for each weld procedure qualification
test plate required per ASME Code, Section IX as follows:
-

impact tests shall be made on the weld metal and the HAZ;
impact tests shall be conducted at the design metal temperature;
impact specimens of the weld metal and HAZ shall be taken per API 620.

Welding procedure qualification test welds shall be carried out under conditions simulating the worst
access and environmental conditions expected during production welding.
5.2.3

Welder's Performance Qualification Tests


All welders and welding operators shall be qualified in accordance with API 620 and GES W.01.
Welder's performance qualifications shall be conducted at the construction site and in the
Vendor's/Contractor's works. The Owner may require re-qualification of welder performance on site at
his option.

5.2.4

Identification and Welders


All welders qualified for the work shall be assigned identification numbers. A small area of the weld
reinforcement shall be ground flat and the welder's identification mark stamped in this area. As an
alternative, "As-Built" drawings showing location and extent of welding carried out by each welder is
acceptable.
Records showing the date and the results of qualification tests conducted by each welder, and the
identification mark assigned to him, shall at all times be available for scrutiny.

5.2.5

Production Control Test Plates


Unless production control test plates are specified by the code or other statutory requirements, then the
Owner does not require such tests.
When such tests are called for by the code or other statutory requirements, they shall be fabricated and
tested in accordance with those requirements.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
5.2.6

GES D.04
Page 13 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Preheat and Post-weld Heat Treatment


Pre-heat and post-weld heat treatment shall be in accordance with API 620 code and GES W.03.

5.2.7

Welding
(a) Holes shall not be made in shell plate for erection purposes.
(b) All shell joints shall be complete penetration and complete fusion welds.
(c) The shell to annular plate joint shall be a complete penetration complete fusion weld, or double
fillet `T'. If the `T' joint is used, the fillets shall be made with a minimum of 2passes, and the minimum size of fillet shall be equal to the annular plate thickness.
Tack welds for shell-to-bottom fillet welds, if used, shall be removed prior to
welding fillets.
(d) Annular plates shall be butt-welded with complete penetration and complete fusion.
(e) Bottom plates shall be 2-pass fillet welded to develop a minimum joint efficiency of 70%.
(f) The qualification procedure for bottom fillet weld shall be:
-

using the same type of electrode (same manufacturer's designation), plate (same material
and thickness) and weld procedures, as will be used for the bottom, two linear feet
(600 mm) of lap weld shall be made;

three 3" x 18" (75 x 450 mm) tensile test strips shall be cut from this weld and tested at
the design metal temperature. The maximum breaking load of the strips shall be at least
70% of the specified or guaranteed minimum tensile strength of the unwelded plate at test
temperature. Weld failure shall be at least 95% shear fracture;

three cross sections of the weldment shall be polished and etched sufficiently to show the
weld's penetration into the base material. Complete fusion shall exist throughout each
cross section. If the first pass destroys the vertical edge of the lap weld, a minimum of
3
/32" peak penetration into the bottom plate shall be shown.

(g) Attachment welds for tank anchors, shell stiffeners, insulation supports, stairway clips, pipe
supports and similar components shall be continuously fillet welded.
(h) Radial buttwelds between shell stiffener sections shall terminate approximately " (13 mm) from
the tank shell.
(i) Single pass buttwelds and multiple pass electrogas, or electroslag vertical buttwelds are not
permitted.
(j) Weld undercuts and excessive weld metal build-up which creates steep angles at corners of fillet
welds shall be repaired.
(k) Mechanical caulking shall not be permitted.
(l) The roof shall not have depressions that will permit accumulation of water.

(m) Hardness of hot formed sections and of weld metal, and the related heat affected zone (HAZ) of all
welds, shall not exceed 225 Brinell for P1 materials. ("P" numbers are defined in ASME Boiler

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 14 of 22
Rev 0 1999

and Pressure Vessel code).


6.0

TOLERANCES
Tolerance shall be in accordance with the API 620 Standard and the following additional requirements.

6.1

Fabrication
Shell plates shall have dimensional tolerances as follows:
Dimension

Tolerance

Length
Width
Difference in Diagonals
6.2

in

mm

1/16
1/16
_

1.5
1.5
3.0

Curvature
The tolerance for peaking and banding of shell plates is " (6 mm).

6.3

Roundness
The radius of the shell measured at 12" (300 mm) above the bottom corner weld shall be within the
following tolerances which represent deviation from the average radius:
Tank Diameter

Tolerance on Radius

ft

in

mm

< 120
120 to 210
> 210

< 36
36 to 64
> 64

1
1

13
25
38

The circumference shall be no smaller than the theoretical circumference for the specified diameter.
The maximum permissible out-of-plumb of any single course, exclusive of banding effects, shall be "
(6 mm).
7.0

INSPECTION

7.1

Procedures

7.1.1

All items of plant and equipment referenced within this specification shall be subject to inspection by
the Owner or his nominated Inspection Authority.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 15 of 22
Rev 0 1999

7.1.2

Inspection shall be in accordance with API 620 code and this specification. All inspection activities,
including any special requirements, shall be agreed with the Owner and shall be incorporated within
the agreed Quality Control Plan provided by the Vendor/Contractor.

7.1.3

All operators of NDE equipment shall have thorough knowledge of the operation of the equipment to
be used and shall hold an appropriate certificate of competence which is to be approved by the Owner.
All NDE procedures and qualifications shall be subject to approved by the Owner.
Approval of all NDE records are the responsibility of the Owner's Inspector at the
Vendor's/Contractor's works or construction site.

7.1.4

Any approvals given by the Inspector does not relieve the Vendor/Contractor of any responsibility
regarding guarantees, workmanship or compliance with the code and this specification.

7.1.5

The Vendor/Contractor shall furnish the Inspector with all reasonable facilities to satisfy themselves
that the equipment is fabricated and tested in accordance with the relevant code and this specification.
The Vendor/Contractor shall afford the Inspector the opportunity to witness all or some of the
following quality control checks. The details shall be agreed mutually between the Inspector and the
Vendor/Contractor, prior to the commencement of fabrication.
(a) Welding procedure and operator qualification work,
(b) Examination of rolled and welded shells,
(c) Identification of materials against Mill Test Certificates and impact tests,
(d) Welding examination,
(e) Examination of radiographic film,
(f) Internal and external examination of tanks,
(g) Pressure tests,
(h) Final dimensional check (inc. peaking and banding),
(i) Examination after cleaning,
(j) Examination after painting, if specified,
(k) Verification of code nameplate details,
(l) Review and signature of Vendor's/Contractor's dossiers.

7.2

Methods
Inspection shall be in accordance with API 620 and the additional requirements of this specification.

7.2.1

Shop Inspection
Shop inspection shall be made of the following tankage and components.
Shell plates may be inspected at the tank fabrications shop or the mill, or both, by the Owner's
Inspector. Inspection includes witnessing tests of physical properties.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 16 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Manholes, nozzles and flush-type clean-out fittings shop welded into a tank plate or reinforcing pad,
shall be inspected by the Owner's Inspector at the tank fabricator's shop.
7.2.2

Visual Inspection
Final inspection shall be carried out after the removal of all mill scale, dirt, grit, weld spatter, paint, oil
or other foreign matter from the tanks.
It is the Vendor's/Contractor's responsibility to offer the tanks in a suitable condition for the Inspector's
examinations, including the provision of scaffolding/ladders when required.

7.2.3

Inspection of Tank Bottom


(a) Annular plate butt joints shall be 100% radiographed, or where radiography is not possible they
shall be magnetic particle inspected from the topside after completion of the root pass, and again
after completion of the full weld.
(b) Bottom to shell joint shall be inspected as follows:
the inner fillet weld shall be inspected prior to welding the outside fillet weld. Leak
testing shall be performed with penetrating oil after removal of slag. Oil shall be removed
before welding the outer fillet,
-

the gap between the bottom shell ring and the lap welded bottom plates at radial weld
location shall be a maximum of _" (3 mm).

(c) All bottom plate joints shall be vacuum tested using a vacuum box and soap suds solution.
7.2.4

Radiographic Method of Inspecting Shell Joints


(a) For low strength tank steels, radiographic examination of welding shall be per API 620, and the
following additional requirements:
-

for shell plates over _" (22 mm), vertical joints shall be fully radiographed;
for shell plates _" (22 mm) or less, one spot radiograph shall be taken for every 50 ft
(15.25 m) of weld, and at all junctions of vertical and horizontal joints at a location
selected by the Inspector;
if submerged arc machine welding is used, the first 3 ft (0.9m) of complete weld made by
each machine for each tank shall be 100% radiographed;
if electro-gas welding is used, the first 8 ft (2.4 m) of completed weld made by each
machine shall be fully radiographed, and all starts and stops in the welded joints shall be
radiographed;
quality control shall be done progressively throughout the job.

(b) For high strength tank steels, and for tanks with a product of specific gravity greater than 1.0
radiographic requirements shall be the same as for low strength tank steels, except that all vertical
seams shall be 100% radiographed.
(c) Reference markers, on each film, shall include the tank and seam numbers. Each film shall have at
least two reference markers indicating the correct location of the film on the weld.
(d) Radiograph film length shall be 10" (254 mm) minimum, or the full length of the weld if less than
10" (254mm).
7.2.5

Magnetic Particle and Liquid Penetrant Testing


Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant examination shall be carried out in accordance with API 620.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 17 of 22
Rev 0 1999

8.0

TESTING

8.1

Statutory Testing

8.1.1

The Vendor/Contractor shall conduct the hydraulic test on the tank in accordance with API 620 and
this specification.

8.1.2

The tests shall be carried out in the presence of the Owner's Inspector.

8.1.3

Prior to testing the Vendor/Contractor shall submit his test procedure in writing to the Owner for
approval.

8.1.4

The hydrostatic test shall not produce a stress in the bottom shell course greater than 90% of the
specified yield stress at room temperature.

8.2

Test Procedures

8.2.1

Prior to carrying out the hydrostatic test, all backing and reinforcement plates shall be leak tested using
air via a tell-tale hole and soap and water.

8.2.2

No type of preservative or paint shall be allowed to cover any joint, mechanical or welded, before the
test is complete.

8.2.3

The Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for:


(a) Hydrostatically testing the tank, including filling and emptying. If salt water is used for testing
and will remain in the tank for more than 30 days, an oxygen scavenger and a corrosion inhibitor
at 50 ppm (vol) each respectively, shall be added. After testing, the tank shall be drained and
thoroughly rinsed with clean fresh water.
(b) Installing the covers of deck manholes in floating roofs, before filling.
(c) Furnishing, laying and removing all lines required for testing from the water supply point to the
water disposal point.
(d) Cleaning out any standing water, silt or other dirt, left in a tank after hydrostatic testing so that the
tank interior is clean and ready for operation.
(e) Ensuring adequate venting arrangements from the roof during filling and draining.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
8.2.4

GES D.04
Page 18 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Filling
The water filling rate for testing shall not exceed the following:
BOTTOM COURSE
THICKNESS
in

mm

<_

22

8.2.5

TANK PORTION

FILLING RATE
in/hr

22

mm/hr

Top course
Below top course

12
18

300
450

Top third
Middle third
Below Third

9
12
18

225
300
450

Settlement Measurements
Shell and bottom settlement measurements shall be made by the Vendor/Contractor per
the following:
(a)
Shell settlement measurements shall be made after tank erection, prior to
hydrostatic testing and during water filling at the , and full levels corresponding to design
liquid height. Level readings shall be accurate to within 1/16" ( 1.5 mm). The minimum
number of measurement locations shall be given below:
Tank Diameter

Number of Measurement Locations


(equally spaced around the tank shell)

ft
m
46
> 46

< 150
> 150 to 225

16
24
32
48

to 69
> 225 to 325

> 69
to 99

> 325

> 99

(b)
Bottom internal measurements shall be made after hydrostatic testing. Such
measurements shall be made at 10 ft (30 m) spacing from the centre on the radius, and the
following:
Tank Diameter
ft
150
> 150 to 225
> 225 to 325
> 325

m
46
> 46 to 69
> 69 to 99
> 99

Number of
Diameter
Axes
4
6
8
10

Additional measurements shall be made in the annular plate region at approximately 30 ft


(10 m) intervals around the tank shell. A set of at least 3 measurements shall be made at each location
commencing inward from the inside surface of the tank shell and equally spaced on a radial line. A
100% visual examination shall be made of the tank bottom to detect any localized depressions. The

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 19 of 22
Rev 0 1999

location and extent of depressions shall be indicated on the tank bottom plate layout drawing.
A full report of settlement measurements and tank bottom depressions shall be made
together with the results of the hydrostatic test including leakage rates.
8.3

Nameplates

8.3.1

A nameplate shall be provided on each tank in accordance with API 620.

8.3.2

The nameplate shall be of stainless steel stamped or engraved with the required information.

9.0

DOCUMENTATION

9.1

Introduction

9.1.1
9.2
9.2.1

9.2.2
9.2.3
9.3
9.3.1

This section covers the documentation requirements for the design, materials, fabrication,
inspection and testing.
Schedules/Reports
For each tank, the Vendor/Contractor shall supply with the tender, a schedule showing submission
of all documents for review and approval, proposed sub-contractors and material procurement and a
production/erection programme.
The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with the tender a Quality Control Plan for the contract.
After the Purchase Order/Contract award, monthly reports on design, material procurement and
production progress shall be submitted to the Owner.
Data and Calculations
For each tank, the manufacturer shall supply with the tender, a completed Tank Data Sheet
containing all the relevant information necessary for appraisal of the mechanical design by the Owner.
Also included shall be any additional drawings, specifications, etc and a list of any proposed
subcontractors.
The documents shall be submitted for approval/review to the Owner and to the Inspection
Authority within the periods agreed between the Owner and Vendor/Contractor. It shall be the
responsibility of the Vendor/Contractor to ensure that the production schedule of the tank takes into
account documentation submission periods, plus a three week approval review period by the Owner
and/or the Inspection Authority.
The Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining approvals from the Inspection
Authority.

9.3.2

All calculations shall be carried out in a clear and logical manner. Where conditions involve the
use of formulae or methods not specified in the design code, the source of these formulae or methods
shall be clearly referenced.
Computer calculations will only be accepted if all input is shown, together with
calculated values of intermediate terms and factors and options chosen, as well as final calculated
dimensions, stresses or other values. The computer program shall be validated to the satisfaction of the
Owner.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
9.4

GES D.04
Page 20 of 22
Rev 0 1999

Drawings

9.4.1

The following drawings listed in paragraph 9.4.2 to 9.4.5 shall be sent by the tank
Vendor/Contractor to the Owner and/or the Inspection Authority for review and approval.

9.4.2

The plating drawings, shall as a minimum, show the position of all through thickness welds,
together with material thicknesses and specifications. In addition, it shall clearly indicate the welding
procedure specification which is applicable to each weld. The plating drawing may be combined with
the general arrangement drawing, provided that this drawing clearly indicates the same information.

9.4.3

General arrangement drawings shall show the relative location and main dimensions of all
components including elevations and orientations of nozzles.
In addition, the following information shall be included on the assembly drawings:
-

nozzle schedule,
list of related drawings and procedures,
operating conditions,
design conditions,
corrosion allowance,
hydrotest,
NDE requirements,
design code and main standards/specifications,
weight, empty, operating, full of water,
painting requirements,
general notes covering specified requirements,
mechanical loading conditions (e.g. nozzle loads, wind, etc).

9.4.4

Detail drawings which may be included on the general arrangement shall include thicknesses and
dimensions of all components, weld details, machining and surface finish requirements, gasket and
nameplate details.

9.4.5

As-built drawings may be the general arrangement drawings marked-up with the actual as-built
dimensions.

9.4.6

Drawing sizes shall conform to ISO Standard A1 to A4. All drawings shall be suitable for
microfilming on 35 mm film mounted in aperture cards. Where drawings are CAD generated, two (2)
sets of copy disks shall be supplied.

9.5

Other Documents

9.5.1

Previously qualified weld procedure may be proposed by the Vendor/Contractor, provided all
welding and testing was witnessed by an independent third party and are supported by evidence of
successful previous application. Evidence shall be in the form of quality records of previous
applications.

9.5.2

NDE procedures shall include the general procedure to be utilised for each type of NDE
employed, together with detailed technique sheets for each applicable joint configuration proposed for
each vessel.

9.5.3

Deviations from the requirements of the Owner's specification shall be technically justified and
have the written approval of the Owner.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)
9.6

Manuals

9.6.1

Data Book

GES D.04
Page 21 of 22
Rev 0 1999

On completion of fabrication, the Vendor/Contractor shall submit to the Owner, two (2)
copies of the Tank Data Book. They shall contain the following:
-

all drawings, including `as-built' drawings,


all calculations,
NDE procedures and records,
hydrotest procedure and certificates,
material test certificate,
welding procedure/welder qualification certificates,
inspection certificates,
nameplate rubbing or photograph,
heat treatment procedure and records,
tank data sheets (as-built),
certificate of compliance as per API 620.

9.6.2

The Vendor/Contractor shall supply the Owner one set of reproducible original drawings.

10.0

PRIOR TO SHIPMENT

10.1

Painting and Coatings

10.1.1

Surface preparation, painting and painting materials shall be in accordance with GES X.01, GES X.02
and GES X.03.

10.1.2

Shop prefabricated plates intended for site welding shall be left with a 2" (50 mm) margin, unprimed.

10.1.3

With the written agreement from the Owner, the unprimed margins may be protected for transport,
prior to site welding, by a special weld preparation coating or a weldable prefabrication primer.

10.2

Spares
The Vendor/Contractor shall submit with his proposal a priced list of recommended
spares for start-up and two years normal operation.

10.3

Packing/Storage

10.3.1

This section describes the minimum requirement for the preservation and protection of the equipment
during transportation and storage, prior to unpacking.

10.3.2

The probable storage period will be specified in the Purchase Order/Contract and shall extend from the
time of despatch to the time of unpacking at site. If the storage period is not stated, a minimum period
of 24 months shall be assumed. All packing shall be suitable for sea freight.

10.3.3

The following preparation for shipment shall be a minimum requirement.


After mechanical completion at the works, the materials and equipment shall be
left in a clean dry condition.

GENERAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


LOW PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS (API 620)

GES D.04
Page 22 of 22
Rev 0 1999

The Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for loading and anchoring the items
to prevent damage during shipment.
10.3.4

Any additional preservation/protection requirements for sea transport shall be advised by the
Vendor/Contractor.

10.3.5

Equipment preservation and protection shall be adequate to enable the equipment to be delivered
without suffering damage or deterioration.

10.3.6

Adequate supports and bracing shall be fitted to prevent distortion of tanks and parts of tanks during
shipment.

10.4

Shipping

10.4.1

All detailed arrangements are to be covered by the Vendor/Contractor and the Purchase
Order/Contract.

10.4.2

All relevant equipment and materials shall not leave the Vendor/Contractor's works for shipment until
the release has been approved by the Owner's Inspector.

10.5

Warranty

10.5.1

The Vendor/Contractor shall warrant the tank, specified materials and services supplied against any
defect for a period of 12 months after commissioning or 24 months from the date of delivery to the site,
whichever is the shorter period, or for the period stipulated in the Purchase Order/Contract.

10.5.2

Should any item be found defective, the Vendor/Contractor shall be responsible for all costs associated
with restoring the tank and equipment to the standard specified by the Purchase Order/Contract.

S:\NOC9077\ADMIN\SPECIFICATIONS\D-SERIES\D-04\GESDO4RF

DATA SHEET No.

TANK
P.O. / CONTRACT No.
CLIENT
PLANT

LOCATION

SERVICE

SHEET

ITEM No.

of

No. of UNITS

OPERATING AND DESIGN DATA


1 Vendor / Contractor
2
3 Location
4 Fluid Stored
5 Operating Press/Temp

psig/F

6 SG of Liquid
7 Design Liquid Head

ft

8 Design Code
9 Internal Design Pressure

Tank

in wg

Coil

psig

10 External Design Pressure

Tank

in wg

Coil

psig

11 Design Metal Temp

Tank

12 Min. Mechanical Design Temp.

Coil
F

13 Tank Dia

ft

14 Pumping Rate

In / Out

15 Breathing Rate

In / Out

ft

Out
ft/h

16 Corrosion Allowance
17 Inert Blanket

Tank Height

In
at

usgpm
bar

and

in
Yes/No

18 Hazard Considerations
19
20 Uniform Live Load

lb/ft

21 Foundation Type
22 Wind Design Code
23 Earthquake Design Code/ Zone

/Zone 2

Special Roof Load

lb/ft

Maximum Rainfall

in/hr

Wind Velocity

mph

Earthquake Factor

24
25

MATERIALS

26
27 Shell

Roof

28 Bottom

Reinforcement

29 Nozzle Flanges

Nozzle Necks

30 Fittings
31 Structurals
32 Fixed Internals

Removable Internals

33 External Attachments
34 Internal Bolting / Nuts

External Bolting/Nuts

35 Gaskets
36 Floating Roof Seal
37 Internal Lining/Coating
38 Heating Coil & Nozzles
39

PAINTING

40
41
42
43
44
45

Revision No./Date
Prepared by/Date
Authorised by/Date
Purpose
(C) 1999 NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION. The information on this sheet may be used only for the purpose for which it is supplied by NOC.
K:\nocspecs\SPECIFICATIONS\d-series\d-04\Dd0401r0.xls Sheet1

DATA SHEET No.

TANK
P.O. / CONTRACT No.
CLIENT
PLANT

LOCATION

SERVICE

SHEET

ITEM No.

of

No. of UNITS

CONSTRUCTION
1 Vendor / Contractor
2
3 Roof Type

Supported

Self Supported

4 Roof Slope or Radius:


5 Roof Plate Seams:

Floating

Covered Floating

Roof to Shell Details:


Lap

Butt

8 Anchor Bolts:

Yes

No

9 Insulation:

Yes/No

Bottom Plate Seams:

6 Bottom Plate Slope:


7 Intermediate Wind Girder

Top Girder Used as Walkway


Thickness

mm

10 Weight Empty:

lb

11 Weight Full of Operating Fluid

lb

12 Weight Full of Water

lb

13 Nominal Capacity

ft

14 Max. Overturning Moment at Base

lb.ft

15 Maximum Shear at Base

lb

Yes/No
Density

lb/ft

16
17 Hydrostatic Test

Full of Water

18 Weld Examination

Radiography

19

Supplementary Ultrasonic

20

Sectioning

21 Leak Testing

Bottom

22

Shell

23

Roof

24 Mill Test Report

Required / Not Required

25

TANK ATTACHMENTS

26
27
28 Stairway Type:

Circular

Straight

Ladder

Landings

29 Stairway Supplied By:

Handrailing

30 Walkway Width:
31 Draw Off Sump:

ft
Standard

Yes/No

Scaffold Hitch

Yes/No

Special

Yes/No

32 Internal Pipe

Swingline

Suction Nozzle

33 Heating Coil

Yes/No

Surface Area

ft

34 Roof Drain

Hose

Jointed

Syphon

35
36 Breather Valve:

Yes/No

Type:

37 Flame Arrestor

Yes/No

Type:

By:
By:

38 Level Indicator

Yes/No

Type:

By:

39 Dip Hatch

Yes/No

Type:

By:

40 Insulation Supports

Yes/No

Type:

Supplied By:

41 E STANDARDS
42
43
44
45

Revision No./Date
Prepared by/Date
Authorised by/Date
Purpose
(C) 1999 NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION. The information on this sheet may be used only for the purpose for which it is supplied by NOC.
K:\nocspecs\SPECIFICATIONS\d-series\d-04\Dd0401r0.xls Sheet2

DATA SHEET No.

TANK
P.O. / CONTRACT No.
CLIENT
PLANT
SERVICE

LOCATION
ITEM No.

SHEET

of

No. of UNITS

SKETCH
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Revision No./Date
Prepared by/Date
Authorised by/Date
Purpose
(C) 1999 NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION. The information on this sheet may be used only for the purpose for which it is supplied by NOC.
K:\nocspecs\SPECIFICATIONS\d-series\d-04\Dd0401r0.xls Sheet3

DATA SHEET No.

TANK
P.O. / CONTRACT No.
CLIENT
PLANT

LOCATION

SERVICE
SIZE

No.
CLASS

ANSI B16.5

NOZZ

STAND

from

API 605

SCH

OUT

REF. T.L.

(L)

(E)

TYPE

FACE

RAD

ANGLE

of

No. of UNITS

DISTANCE

FLANGES
REF

SHEET

ITEM No.
SERVICE

NOZZLE

REINFORCING

ATTACH

PADS

-MENTS
(R)

(A)

O/D

THK

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

Revision No./Date
Prepared by/Date
Authorised by/Date
Purpose
(C) 1999 NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION. The information on this sheet may be used only for the purpose for which it is supplied by NOC.
K:\nocspecs\SPECIFICATIONS\d-series\d-04\Dd0401r0.xls Sheet4