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Netbackup Tips

Netbackup Tips


Term Definition
CLI Command Line Interface
GUI Graphical User Interface
Media Server
Master Server

Starting and Stopping Netbackup

Stopping Netbackup

• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/K77netbackup --> graceful shutdown

• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpps -a --> check for any remaining processes
• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/bp.kill_all ---> kills all remaining netbackup processes, not
necessarily graceful
• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpps -a --> check for any remaining processes
• kill -9 <pid> for any remaining. NOTE: unkillable processes may require a reboot

Starting Netbackup

• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/S77netbackup --> after bp.kill_all, to restart

Common Tasks

Starting the Administration GUI

• java from the windows client

• x-windows from the server - /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/xnb &

Checking Backup Status

• Activity Monitor or
• /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/admincmd/bpdbjobs -report

Cleaning a tape manually

• Identify the drive name to be cleaned

o tpclean -L
• Manually clean the drive:
o tpclean -C <drive name>
Netbackup Tips

Determining what tapes were used for a backup

o Backup and Restore --> Find the file system --> Preview Media Button
o Find the correct backup images
 bpimagelist -U -client <CLIENT> -d <STARTDATE> -e <ENDDATE>
o Find the media used for those images
 bpimagelist -U -client <CLIENT> -d <STARTDATE> -e <ENDDATE> -media

Listing the files in a backup

Find the tape(s) used (above procedure using bpimagelist)

cd /usr/openv/netbackup/db/jobs/done
Run the following script and redirect it's output to a text file:
for file in `grep MOUNTING *|grep <MEDIA_ID>|awk '{print $1}'|sed 's/:MOUNTING//'`
echo $file
grep PATH_WRITTEN $file|awk '{print $3}'
echo " "
echo "==========================================End of
echo " "

This process works for NBU V3.4:

• cd /usr/openv/netbackup/db/images/<CLIENT>
• ls -ltr --> this will identify the directory with the proper date
• verify directory with "bpdbm -ctime <Unixtime>
• cd <Unixtime>
• ls -ltr --> lists all of the backups for this client on this date
• cat <POLICY>_<Unixtime>_<BU Type>.f | awk '{print $10}' --> this prints out the files in the backup

For NBU > V3.4

• bpflist --help --> undocumented netbackup command to list files from a binary .f file

Inventory the Robot

• Inventory Robot --> /opt/openv/volmgr/bin/vmcheckxxx -rt robot_type -rn robot_number -list (where
robot_type is tld, acs, . . .)
• Inventory Robot and Update Configuration --> /opt/openv/volmgr/bin/vmupdate -rt robot_type -rn
robot_number -list (where robot_type is tld, acs, . . .)
Netbackup Tips

Listing Properties of the Volume Pools

• vmpool -listall

Scratch Tapes

• Count scratch tapes: /usr/openv/volmgr/bin/vmquery -pn Scratch | grep -c "robot slot"

• Moving tapes to the scratch pool
o If Needed - Expire the tape
 bpexpdate -ev <TAPE ID> -d 0 -force -host <Media Manager>
o Move the tape
 vmchange -p 2 -m <TAPE ID>

Checking Drive Usage

• /usr/openv/volmgr/bin/vmoprcmd

Taking a drive down or up

• /usr/openv/volmgr/vmoprcmd -down <drive index>

• /usr/openv/volmgr/vmoprcmd -up <drive index>

Performing a Restore

• From the GUI

o user backup & restore --> configuration --> client
o user backup & restore --> configuration --> client to restore
o directory to search
o directory depth
o date range
o file --> browse backups for restore

Adding New Tapes to the Library

• Using the GUI

o Media Management --> Actions --> New --> Single Volume . . -->
o Media Type (ie DLT)
o Robot Type (ie TLD)
o Media ID (from Inventory)
o Slot Number (from Inventory)
o Robot Number (ie 0)
o Volume Group
o Volume Pool (ie Scratch)
• Using the CLI
o vmadd -m <media id> -mt <tape type> -verbose -rt <robot type> -b <barcode> -rn <robot
number> -rc1 <slot> -p <pool number> -mm <max mounts>
Netbackup Tips

 vmpool -listall --> lists all pools, both name and number
o For example: vmadd -m 000151 -mt dlt -verbose -rt tld -b 000151 -rn 0 -rc1 8 -p 2 -mm 0

Re-using Tapes from other systems or older Netbackups

• Expire the media

o bpexpdate -ev MEDIA_ID -d 0 -force -host HOST
• Deassign the media
o vmquery -deassignbyid MEDIA_ID 4 0
• Move to the scratch pool
o vmchange -m MEDIA_ID -p POOL#
• Relabel the media
o bplabel -ev CIM572 -d dlt -p Scratch

Changing the attributes of media

• Changing the barcode

o vmchange -barcode CYM100D -m CYM100
• Changing the Volume Pool
o vmchange -m MEDIA_ID -p POOL#

To expire media

• bpexpdate -ev <medai id> -d 0 -force -host <media server>

To unfreeze media

• List the frozen media

o /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/available_media | grep -i FROZEN
• Unfreeze the media
o bpmedia -unfreeze -ev <media id> -h <media server>

To relabel a tape

• bplabel -ev <media id> -d <tape density> -p <pool name>

• bplabel -ev 000687 -d dlt -p TriVrgt_OFFSITE

To remove media from the Netbackup database

• Verify that there are no images on the tape

o bpimmedia -mediaid 000687 -L
• Expire the tape
o bpexpdate -ev 000687 -d 0 -host scorpius -force
• Get the status and pool number of the tape
o vmquery -m 000687
• Deassign the tape
Netbackup Tips

o vmquery -deassignbyid <media id> <pool number> <status code from vmquery -m>
o vmquery -deassignbyid 000687 4 0x0
• Delete the tape
o vmdelete -m 000687

Installing the Netbackup Client

• /update_clients -ForceInstall -ClientList /tmp/clients.lst

o requires that TMPDIR and TEMPDIR be set correctly

Excludng files from backup on a client

• Create /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list
• Put the file specifications of the files/directories to be excluded
o /mnt/directory/*

Displaying Information about a Tape

• vmquery -m <media id> --> Displays attributes about a particular tape

• bpmedialist -U -mcontents -ev 000687 --> Displays media contents
• bpmedialist -U -mlist --> List of all media
• bpmedialist -U -mlist -ev CYM966 --> Listing of a particular media id
• bpimmedia -mediaid 000687 -L --> Listing of images on a tape

Robtest Commands

• Starting robtest
o robtest
o 1 --> to select TLD 0
• Getting help
o ?
• Looking at contents of the tape drives
o sd
• Looking at the contents of the library
o ss
• Moving a tape from a drive to a library slot
o s d --> to identify drive number that has tape (Contains Cartridge = yes, Barcode=XXXXXX)
o s s --> to identify an empty slot in the tape library (Netbackup will need to be re-inventoried)
o m d# s# --> from from drive # to slot #
o s d --> verify the tape drive is empty
o s s --> verify the library slot has the tape

Configuration Files
Netbackup Tips


• configuration file, sets backup server and backup clients

• force statement must be correct
• client to browse from
• client to restore to



To utilize logfiles, create the corresponding directory in /usr/openv/netbackup/logs

Server Logfile directories:

• admin - adminstrative commands

• bpbrm - backup and restore manager
• bpcd - client daemon
• bpdbjobs - database manager program process
• bpdm - disk manager process
• bpjava-msvc - Java application server authentication service
• bpjava-usvc - process that services Java requests
• bprd - request daemon process
• bpsched - scheduler process that runs on master servers
• bptm - tape/optical media management process
• user-ops - required directory for use by Java programs
• xbpadm - X based administration utility
• xbpmon - X based job monitor process

Client Logfile directories:

• bp - client user interface process

• bparchive - archive program
• bpbackup - backup program
• bpbkar - program that generates golden images
• bpcd - client daemon
• bpjava-msvc - Java application server authentication service
• bpjava-usvc - process that services Java requests
• bplist - program that lists backed up and archived files
• bpmount - program that determines local mountpoints and wildcard expansion for multiple streams
• bphdb - Oracle database backup program start process
• db_log - database specific extension log
• tar - tar process log during restores
• user_ops

Media Manager logging automatically goes to the system log using syslogd logging facility
Netbackup Tips

.Logging will only occur if these directories are created. These directories will generate a lot of data and should
be deleted when no longer necessary.

To increase the amount of logging information set VERBOSE=2 in /usr/open/netbackup/bp.conf (default is




Useful Commands

bpcllist - list classes

bpclinfo <class> -L --> displays info about a class
vmpool - volume pools
vmpool -listall
vmpool -listscratch
bplabel -ev <media id> -d hcart
bpbackup db --> backs up the catalog
bpclclients <policy> --> lists the clients for a particular policy (class)


bperror -statuscode <-- displays information about the netbackup error.

No Backups are running:

• Check system log file for error messages

• Stop and restart all the netbackup processes
• Look for a downed drive
o /usr/openv/volmgr/bin/vmoprcmd
o /usr/openv/volmgr/bin/vmoprcmd -up 0 --> this will bring up drive 0 if it's control shows as
• Look for pending requests
o /usr/openv/volmgr/bin/vmoprcmd or gui --> device management
o If there is a pending request either re-assign it to a drive, or deny the request

Downed drive does not come back up or does not stay up

• Check for a hardware problem by looking for messages on the tape library
• Make sure there is not a tape stuck in the drive
o Use robtest (described above) to look at the drives
 If there is a tape stuck in the drive, try to remove it using robtest
Netbackup Tips

 If robtest fails, then you must manually remove it.

Verify the Client is communicating properly:

• bpclncmd -ip <ip address> --> from both client and server
• bpclntcmd -hn <hostname> --> from both client and server
• bpclntcmd -pn --> from client only

Device Actions

Device Management --> info about tape drives

• dlt
• hcart (ultrium)

Media Actions

Media id must agree with # of the tape

Create a media id

• actions -->new-->single volume-->dlt cart (not dlt2)

• put it into the "netbackup" volume pool

Netbackup Client

To check things out do this:

It could be a couple things. Mostly DNS, bp.conf, or something stupid. On

the client run this command

/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpclntcmd -pn

/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpclntcmd -server "server name"

/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpclntcmd ip "ip_address"

One of these usually fails and your able to fix it right off

1074 ./bpclntcmd -hn corpbu1

1075 ./bpclntcmd -ip
1076 ping
1077 ./bpclntcmd -hn corpldv1
1078 ./bpclntcmd -hn corpbu1.corporate.vox.net
1079 ping corpldv1
1080 ./bpclntcmd -ip
Netbackup Tips

Must be able to resolve correctly from the master server and the client or it will not work!!!