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math final exams

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1.

The variables x and y are connected by the equation x = ayb, where a and b are

constants. Pairs of corresponding values of x and y are given in the table below.

y

x

0

0

1

2

2

16

3

c

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

(2 hours)

3.

4.

[1]

[1]

(a) 2ax b = cx + 1

(b) x 2c a b

a

6.

[1]

[2]

Factorise completely

(a) xy + 5yz 2y

(b) 4p2 25q2

5.

[1]

[1]

Expand

(a) 3a(2b 5c + d)

(b) (2p q)(p + 3q)

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

In a class project selection, three class projects, namely, Project A, Project B and

Project C were presented. 90% of the class voted and the votes for these projects

were divided in the ratio 5:3:1 respectively. Given that 45 pupils voted, calculate

(a) the number who did not vote.

(b) the number of votes in favour of Project A.

[3]

of its length, find the dimensions of the plot of land.

[2]

[2]

1

1

of its width is equal to

4

3

[3]

1/6

7.

(a) (3x + 2)(x 7) = 0

(b) 4x2 8x = 0

y

[2]

[3]

3

8.

powder, which he buys at $30 per kg, with 25 kg of type Y coffee powder, which

he buys at $20 per kg. At what price must he sell the mixture per kg so that he

earns 30% profit?

[3]

1

9.

Draw the graph of each of the following equations on the grid provided.

(a) x = 1

[1]

(b) y + 1 = 0

[1]

(c) y = 3 x

[2]

3x + 2y = 8

6x 3y = 12

[4]

2/6

11. It is given that US$1 = S$1.70. Complete the table, correct to the nearest cent.

US$

S$

(a) Write down the coordinates of the vertices of the rectangle.

(b) Calculate the numerical value of its area.

9

93.50

[4]

[2]

[3]

12. In the quadrilateral ABCD, point E is the point of intersection of the diagonals

AC and BD. Given that AE = BE, DE = CE and AD = BC,

(a) show that ADB BCA.

State the test of congruency.

[2]

(b) If ABE and CDE are similar, given also that CD = 4 cm, DE = 3 cm

and BD = 10 cm, calculate the length of AB.

D

14. There are a total of 40 students in a class. There are 25 boys and 15 of them are

bespectacled. 20% of the girls either do not wear spectacles or they wear contact

lenses to school. All the students are Chinese. On a particular day, Mr Tan

picked a student to be the leader. Calculate:

(a) the probability that the student picked is a boy wearing spectacles.

(b) the probability that the student picked is non Chinese.

(c) the probability that the student picked is a girl without spectacles.

[1]

[1]

[2]

[2]

C

3/6

17. An athlete runs a distance of 700 metres in 2 minutes and then, without stopping,

walks a further distance of 1 km at an average speed of 4 km/h. Calculate

2

5 .

x 1 2x 3

[2]

[2]

[2]

ax 2

c , calculate the value of y if a = 1, b = 2, c = 4 and

b

x = 3.

[2]

16. The diagram below shows four lines. The equation of the line BC is y + 2x = 10

and the equation of the line CD is y = 2.

y

(b) the total surface area of the cylinder.

[2]

[2]

(a) Calculate

[3]

[2]

[1]

Calculate PEF.

[2]

[2]

18. The volume of a solid cylinder is 198 cm3 and its circular base has a radius of

3 cm. Taking to be 3.142, calculate

(i) BAC

(ii) EAC

(b) her average speed for the whole journey in km/h.

C

E

(b) Write down the equation of the line AD given that the gradient is 2.

(c) What is the area of the triangle EDC?

[1]

[2]

[3]

4/6

The variables x and y are connected by the equation y = x2 5x + 3 and some

corresponding values are given in the following table.

x

y

0

3

1

1

2

a

3

3

4

b

Number of Books

Number of Pupils

5

3

[2]

(b) Taking 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and the y-axis, draw the graph

[2]

of y = x2 5x + 3 for the range 0 x 5.

(c) On the same graph, draw the graph of y = 1.5.

23. The table shows the number of books borrowed by a class of 40 pupils over a

semester.

[1]

from the coordinates of their points of intersection.

[2]

0

1

1

4

2

8

(b) Find the Median.

(c) Calculate the mean number of books read.

3

4

4

9

5

12

6

2

[1]

[2]

[1]

24. In a class of 40 pupils, 25 of them have been to China and 17 of them have been

to Japan. Find the smallest and largest possible number of pupils who have been

to both countries.

[4]

21. Given that = 1, 2, 3, , 25, draw labeled Venn diagrams to illustrate the

following sets, placing the elements in the appropriate regions and answer the

questions that follows:

(a) A = multiples of 3, B = multiples of 9. Find A B.

(b) C = multiples of 2, D = prime numbers. Find C D.

[2]

[2]

22. The time (in minutes) to complete a mathematics worksheet by 20 pupils are as

follows.

25

36

28

39

35

18

41

23

32

19

19

45

38

27

43

21

19

25

33

33

[3]

5/6

14. (a) 3

8

1.

a = 2, b = 3, c = 54

15. (a)

2.

(a) 5

3.

(b) 25

4.

5.

(a) x b 1

2a c

7.

(b) a + ab 2c

width = 9 m, length = 12 m

2

(a) x or 7 (b) x = 0 or 2

3

8.

$34/per kg

9.

3

10

(c) 11000

16. (a) y = 4

(b) y = 2x + 2

(b) 6 km/h

19. (ai) 30

(aii) 60

(c) 8 units

(b) 60

21. (a) A B = {9, 18}

(b) C D = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24}

22. Stem Leaf

1

2

3

4

10. x = 0, y = 4

11.

US$

S$

9x 1

(b) (7x 1)(x 2)

( x 1)( 2 x 3)

(c)

(d) 8.5

6.

(b) 0

9

15.30

55

93.50

23. (a) 5

8,9,9,9

1,3,5,5,7,8

2,3,3,5,6,8,9

1,3,5

(b) 4

(c) 3.5

24. 2, 17

DE + EB = CE + EA, i.e. DB = CA

(b) AB 9 1 cm

3

13. (a) (5, 4), (2, 4), (2, 3) and (5, 3) (b) 49 units2

6/6

SECTION A

1.

If x = 2 and y = 1,

x = ayb

2 = a(1)b

a = 2

If x is 16 and y is 2, x = ayb

16 = 2(2) b

= 2b

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

8 = 2b

23 = 2b

b = 3

If x = c and y = 3,

I

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

2.

x

c

c

c

=

=

=

=

2y3

2(3)3

2(27)

54

1%

pupils

10%

10

= 5 pupils

there are 5 students who did not vote.

(b) 9 units 45 votes

1 unit

votes

5 units

5

= 25 votes

8 printed pages

1/8

3.

Substitute x =

into (2),

4.

5.

(a)

(b)

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

x = 21 12

x = 9

The width of the plot of land is 9 m and its length is 12 m.

2ax b = cx + 1

2ax cx = b + 1

x(2a c) = b + 1

x =

6.

= 21

7y = 84

y =

y = 12

(b) 4p2 25q2 = (2p)2 (5q)2

= (2p + 5q) (2p 5q)

=

x + 2c =

x + 2c =

x =

7.

a+b

a(a + b)

a2 + ab

a2 + ab 2c

(1)

8.

x + x + y + y = 42

2x + 2y = 42

2(x + y) = 42

x+y =

x + y = 21

From (1),

(2)

=

=

4x = 3y

x =

+ y = 21

(3)

(a)

(3x + 2)(x 7)

3x + 2

3x

x

2

(b) 4x 8x = 0

4x(x 2) = 0

4x = 0

x = 0

Cost of X =

=

Cost of Y =

=

Total Cost =

=

= 0

= 0

= 2

=

or

or

x7 = 0

x = 7

x2 = 0

x = 2

$30 40

$1200

$20 25

$500

$1200 + 500

$1700

1700

30% Profit =

= $510

Total selling price = $1700 + 510

= $2210

Selling price for 1kg of the mixture = $2210 65

= $34

2/8

9.

10.

y

3x + 2y = 8

6x 3y = 12

1

2,

6x + 4y

(3) (2),

6x + 4y (6x 3y)

4y + 3y

7y

x=1

3

(1)

(2)

= 16

(3)

= 16 (12)

= 16 + 12

= 28

y =

y = 4

1

y=3x

6x + 4(4)

6x + 16

6x

6x

x

x

1

y = 1

16

16

16 16

0

0

x = 0 and y = 4

=

=

=

=

=

11.

US$1 = S$1.70

US$9 = S$1.70 9

= S$15.30

S$1.70 = US$1

S$1 = US$

S$93.50 = US$

.

.

93.50

= US$55

US$

S$

9

15.30

55

93.50

3/8

y

12. (a)

AD =

DE =

DE + EB =

Given EB =

i.e. DB =

BC

CE

CE + EA

EA,

CA

y=4

(b)

EB = 10 cm 3 cm

= 7 cm

x = 5

x=2

2

=

1

=

AB =

4

5

=

=

cm

(b) Area of the rectangle = 7 7 (refer to diagram on the next page)

= 49 units2

y = 3

4/8

Probability that the student picked is a boy wearing spectacles

SECTION B

15. (a)

Probability = 0 (Impossible Event)

(c) Number of girls = 40 25

= 15

Number of girls without spectacles =

15

= 12

Probability that the student picked is a girl without spectacles

=

=

= 110(100)

= 11000

(d)

y =

=

=

Using a2 b2 = (a + b)(a b)

= 4.5 + 4

= 8.5

5/8

17. (a)

Equation of line y = mx + c

Equation of line AD y = 2 + 2x

= 0.7 km

2 minutes = 2 60

=

hour

Her running speed =

2 + 2x = 10

x= 4

C = (4, 2)

y = 2 + 2x

y + 2x = 10

(1)

(2)

2 + 2x + 2x = 10

4x = 8

x = 2

Sub x = 2 into (1),

= 21 km/h

(b) Total time taken = (2 + 15) minutes

= 17 minutes

=

hour

Total distance = 1 km + 0.7 km

= 1.7 km

Average speed =

y = 2+4

y = 6

= 6 km/h

E = (2, 6)

Base of triangle EDC = DC

= 4 units

Height of triangle EDC = Distance from E to line DC

= 4 units

area of the triangle EDC =

=

Base Height

4 4

= 8 units2

198

198

198 28.278

h

(b)

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

3.142 3 3 h

28.278

h

7.00 cm (3 sig.fig)

2

2

(2 3.142 3 7) + (2 3.142 3 3)

131.964 + 56.556

188.52cm3

189 cm3 (3 sig. fig)

6/8

20. (a)

=

x

y

=

= 120

BAC =

=

BAC is an

isosceles

in n-sided polygon

=

0

3

1

1

2

3

3

3

4

1

5

3

(b)

= 30

(ii) EAC = 120 30

= 60

30

= 180 120

= 60 (adjacent angles on same line)

PEF = 180 PFE PEF

= 180 60 60

= 60 (sum of angles of triangle)

(d) Coordinates of intersection = (0.3, 1.5) and (4.7, 1.5)

7/8

21. (a)

(b)

B = {9, 18}

A B = {9, 18}

24.

C = {pupils who have been to China}

J = {pupils who have been to Japan}

Let n(C J) = x, the number of pupils who have been to both countries.

C D = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24}

22.

Stem

1

2

3

4

Leaf

8, 9, 9, 9

1, 3, 5, 5, 7, 8

2, 3, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9

1, 3, 5

Then n(C J) = n(J)

x = 17

(b) Median = 4

(c) Mean =

=

25 x + x + 17 x = 40

42 x = 40

x = 2

The smallest possible number of pupils who have been to both countries is 2.

J

25 x

x 17 x

= 3.5

8/8

1.

5, 0, 3, 4, 8, 2, 1, 3, 1.

If the median is exactly 2.5 when another number is added, find the largest

possible value for the tenth number.

[2]

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

Through what angle does the minute hand of a clock turn from 1230 to 1319?

[2]

3.

the map, in cm2, which represents an actual area of 8 km2.

[2]

4.

(2 hours)

( x 3)(2 x 4) 3( x 5)( x 1)

II

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

5.

3x 1

x3

8

2

5

6.

[3]

[3]

n

S [2a ( n 1)d ]

2

[2]

[1]

1/6

7.

AB = BC = CD.

(a) How many lines of symmetry does the pentagon ABCDE have?

[2]

[2]

8.

Use the elimination method to solve the following pair of simultaneous equation

below.

7x + 4y = 22

4x + 5y = 37

[4]

9.

(a) 3x(a 5b) 5y(a 5b)

[1]

[3]

(a) Find the coordinates of the two points which lie on the x-axis.

[2]

[2]

x

12. The table below shows the sum of the scores of spinning a circular card spinner

twice. Complete the table below.

10. Given that is the universal set and A B , shade the set A B in the venn

diagram below.

[2]

2

3

B

+

Score 1

Score 2

Score 3

Score 1

2

3

4

Score 2

3

Score 3

4

5

From the above table, find the probability that the sum of the resulting scores is

(a) 2

[1]

(b) odd

[1]

(c) at least 4

[1]

2/6

13. It takes 12 men to make 9 cupboards in 4 days. How long will it take 4 men to

make 24 cupboards?

[3]

14. The diagrams show two ways of packaging 4 identical balls. The radius of each

ball is 7 cm.

Diagram I shows a closed rectangular box with a square base.

Each ball touches the top, the bottom and two sides of the box.

Each ball also touches 2 other balls.

Diagram II shows a closed cylinder.

The balls touch the ends and the side of the cylinder.

(Take

16. Simplify the following algebraic expression below, leaving your answer as a

fraction with positive indices.

(4 x) 3 y 4

5 xy 2

14 x 2

[

]

3ab 4

21(ab) 3 15 y 3

[3]

17. A six-faced die was thrown 20 times. The table shows the number of times that

each possible score occurred.

22

)

7

Score

Frequency

1

2

2

x

3

4

4

4

5

4

6

y

[2]

(b) If the model score was 2, find the largest possible value of y

[2]

(d) The mean score of all 20 throws was 3.5, find the values x and y

[3]

(b) Calculate total surface area of the outside of the cylinder.

(c) Calculate the value of

volume of the box

[2]

[3]

[1]

(b) Find the coordinates of the point where the line cuts the x-axis.

[2]

(c) Another line y = mx + c is parallel to the given line and passes through the

point (3, 5). Find the value of c.

[2]

[2]

15. If each pupil in a class sends a Christmas card to every classmate, the total

number of cards sent by all pupils will be 870. Find the number of pupils in the

class.

[4]

3/6

The table below shows the frequency distribution of the number of pupils with

siblings (brothers and sisters) in a class of 36.

No. of siblings (x)

No. of pupils (f)

0

3

1

7

2

10

3

6

4

5

5

3

6

1

7

1

1.

6

[1]

[1]

[1]

(i) the mean,

(ii) the median and

(iii) the mode of the distribution

[1]

[1]

[1]

to represent 1 unit for both x and y axes.

[3]

20. Pyramid VPQRS has a square base of sides 6 cm. The volume of the pyramid is

48cm3. Find

V

22. (a) A straight pole measuring 5 m leans against a vertical wall. The foot of the

pole is 1 m away from the base of the wall. Find the height of the wall from

the ground to the tip of the pole touching the wall (correct to 1 decimal

place).

[2]

(b) Five sticks of various lengths are tied together to form a structure as shown

in the diagram. Given that ADB = 90 and BCD = 90, find the length

of the stick labeled x (correct to 1 decimal place).

[4]

10 cm

S

N

17 cm

6 cm

(a) the height,

(b) VQ and

(c) the total surface area of the pyramid.

x cm

6 cm

Q

[1]

[2]

[3]

8 cm

4/6

23. The diagram shows two containers A and B. A is empty and it is made up of a

hemisphere of radius 6 cm fixed to a cylinder of radius 6 cm and height 35 cm.

B is completely filled with water and it is a cone of radius 13 cm and height

20 cm.

This table gives the x and y coordinates of some points which lie on a curve.

x

y

6 cm

13 cm

2

5

1

2

0

0

1

1

2

1

3

0

4

2

5

5

(a) Taking 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, and the values of x and y from

2 to 5, plot these points and draw a smooth curve through them.

[3]

(b) Write down the equation of the line of symmetry of this curve.

35 cm

20 cm

[1]

(c) The values of x and y are related by the equation y = Ax2 + Bx. Calculate the

values of A and B respectively.

[3]

Find the values of x which satisfy the equation Ax2 + Bx = 0.

[1]

B

A

(a) Given that A is an open container, find the total external surface area of A.

[2]

(b) If all the water in B is poured into A, find the depth of water in A.

[4]

5/6

12. (a)

1

9

(b)

5

9

(c)

2

3

13. 32 days

1.

2.

294

3.

200 cm2

4.

x2 14x + 3

5.

6.

(a) d

14. (a) 28 cm by 28 cm by 14 cm

11

(c)

(b) 2772 cm2

14

15. x = 30

5 2

16. 96 y a

b

2( S an)

n(n 1)

(b) 18

7.

(a) 1

(b) 60

8.

x = 2, y = 9

9.

(b) p(2m 5n)

10.

17. (a) x + y = 6

(b) 1

(c) x = 4, y = 2

18. (a) 3

(b) ( 7 ,0)

6

(c) c = 14

(aii) 2

(aiii)2

20. (a) 4 cm

(b) 5.83 cm

(c) 96 cm2

21. (a) 6

(b) 3

(c) 18

(b) 11.2 m

2

AA

B

B

(b) 33.3 cm

(c) A =

3

1

, B = , 0 and 3

2

2

(b) (1, 4)

6/6

SECTION A

1.

Numbers: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 8

Medium of the nine numbers 3

ascending order

Largest possible value for the tenth number = 2

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

49 min 49 6

= 294

3.

Map

Actual

5 cm : 1 km

1 cm : 0.2 km

(1 cm)2 : (0.2 km)2

1 cm2 : 0.04 km2

200 cm2 : 8 km2

The area on the map is 200 cm2.

4.

= (2x2 2x 12) 3(x2 + 4x 5)

= 2x2 2x 12 3x2 12x + 15

= x2 14x + 3

II

Worked Solutions

1 min

= 6

5.

8 =

=

=

8 printed pages

5(3x 17)

15x 85

13x

x

=

=

=

=

2(x + 3)

2x + 6

91

7

1/8

6.

(a)

S =

S =

8.

= 2

= d (n 1)

(2) 4:

4(4x + 5y) = 4(37)

16x + 20y = 148 (4)

= d (n 1)

d =

d =

(4) (3)

(16x + 20y) (35x + 20y)

19x

x

Substitute x = 2 into (1),

7(2) + 4y

14 + 4y

4y

y

x = 2, y = 9

d =

d =

(b) Substitute a = 3, n = 4 and d = 1 into equation,

1 =

1 =

1

2S 24

2S

S

7.

=

= 12

= 36

= 18

9.

Each interior angle in n-sided

polygon =

(b)

(1)

(2)

(1) 5:

5(7x + 4y) = 5(22)

35x + 20y = 110 (3)

= 2

7x + 4y = 22

4x + 5y = 37

4(2x) + x = 540

9x = 540

x = 60

= 148 110

= 38

= 2

=

=

=

=

22

22

36

9

(b) p(4m n) 2p(m + 2n) = 4mp np 2mp 4np

= 2mp 5np

= p(2m 5n)

10. A B

AA

B

B

2/8

x2 + 2x + 3 = 0

When the curve cuts at xx2 2x 3 = 0

axis, y-coordinate is 0.

(x + 1)(x 3) = 0

x+1 = 0

or

x3 = 0

x = 1

x = 3

The coordinates are (1, 0) and (3, 0)

=1

(b) Line of symmetry of the curve x =

Substitute x = 1 into equation,

y = 3 + 2(1) (1)2

y = 3+21

y = 4

Coordinates of its maximum point is (1, 4)

12.

+

Score 1

Score 2

Score 3

Score 1

2

3

4

Score 2

3

2+2 = 4

5

= 28 cm

Length of the box = 14 2

= 28 cm

Height of the box = 14 1

= 14 cm

(b) Surface area of cylinder =

=

=

=

2

+2 2

2 7 (14 4) + (2

2464 + 308

2772 cm2

=

Volume of box

Score 3

4

5

3+3 = 9

72)

72 (14 4)

= 8624 cm3

= 28 28 14

= 10976 cm3

=

=

(b) P (the sum of the resulting score is odd) =

(c) P (the sum of the resulting score is at least 4) =

=

13. 12men

12men

9 cupboards

1 cupboard

12men

24 cupboard

24 = 10 days

4men

24 cupboard

10 3 = 32 days

4 days

day

x(x + 1) = 870

x2 x = 870

2

x x 870 = 0

(x + 29)(x 30) = 0

x + 29 = 0

or

x = 29 (rejected)

x 30 = 0

x = 30

3/8

SECTION B

16.

x+y=6

x + 3y = 10

=

=

17. (a)

Total frequency

2+x+4+4+y

x+y

x+y

=

=

=

=

Modal score

= the score that occurs

most often

20

20

20 14

6

(b)

Largest possible value of y = 1 since x + y = 6

(c)

Mean =

= 3.5

= 3.5

= 3.5

25 + x + 3y = 35

x + 3y = 10

(1)

(2)

(2) (1),

(x + 3y) (x + y) = 10 6

2y = 4

y = 2

Substitute y = 2 into (1),

x+2 = 6

x = 4

Equation of the line

x = 4, y = 2

y = mx + c

where

m is the gradient and c

18. (a)

6x + 2y = 7

y-intercept.

is

the

2y = 6x + 7

y =

y = 3x + 3

Gradient of line = 3

(b) Substitute y = 0 into equation,

0 = 3x + 3

3x = 3

y-coordinate is 0.

x = 3

x =

Coordinates of the point: ( , 0)

(c) Substitute x = 3, y = 5 and m = 3 into y = mx + c,

5 = (3)(3) + c

When the lines are parallel,

5 = 9 + c

gradients are the same.

c = 14

4/8

(b)

(ii) Median = mean of 18th and 19th values

=

=2

(iii) Mode of distribution = 2

5/8

20. (a)

Volume =

48 = 6 6 Height

48 = 12 Height

Height = 48 12

Using Pythagoras

= 4 cm

theorem

(b) SQ2 = 62 + 62

= 72

SQ = 72

Using QN2 + VN2 = VQ2,

72 2 + 42 = VQ2

18 + 16 = VQ2

VQ2 = 34

VQ = 5.83 cm

The length of VQ is 5.83 cm.

(c) Perpendicular height from V to QR = 4

3

= 5 cm

Total surface area of the pyramid

= 4 Area of VQR + Area of PQRS

= 4 6 5 + 6 6

= 60 + 37

= 60 + 36

= 96 cm2

Equation of the line

y = mx + c

21. (a) x + ky = 18

where

m is the gradient and

+y=

c is the y-intercept.

y=

3

y-intercept of the line is 3.

(c) Substitute y = 0 and k = 6 into x + ky = 18,

x + 0 = 18

Using Pythagoras theorem

x = 18

22. (a) Using a2 + b2

1 2 + b2

1 + b2

b2

b

=

=

=

=

=

c2,

52

25

24

4.9 (1 d.p.)

(b) Using a2 + b2

102 + BD2

100 + AD2

AD2

AD

=

=

=

=

c2,

172

289

189

13.75 (2 d.p.)

x2 + 82 = 13.752

x2 + 64 = 189.06

x2 = 125.06

11.2 cm (1 d.p.)

x

=

k = 6

6/8

4 r2

24. (a)

62

= 2

= 2 36

226.29 cm2

Curved surface area of cylinder = 2

= 2 6 35

= 1320 cm2

Total external surface area of A = 1320 + 226.29

= 1546.3 cm2

1550 cm2 (3 sig. fig)

(b) Volume of B =

132

20

169

20

3540.95 (2 d.p.)

Volume of hemisphere =

= 63

= 216

452.57 cm3

Volume of water in the cylinder part of container A

3540.95 452.57 = 3088.38 cm3

2

3088.38 cm3 =

3088.38 =

62 height

=

36

height

Height = 3088.38

27.30 cm (2 d.p.)

Depth of water in A = 27.3 + 6

= 33.3 cm

7/8

(c) Substitute x = 4 and y = 2 into y = Ax2 + Bx,

2 = A(4)2 + B(4)

2 = 16A + 4B

Substitute x = 2 and y = 5 into y = Ax2 + Bx,

5 = A(2)2 + B(2)

5 = 4A 2B

2 = 16A + 4B

5 = 4A 2B

(2)

(1)

(2)

4,

4(4A 2B) = 4(5)

16A 8B = 20

(3)

(3) (1),

(16A 8B) (16A + 4B)

12B

B

B

=

=

=

=

20 2

18

18 12

5 = 4A 2(

4A + 3 = 5

A =

A = , B =

(d) When y = 0,

x = 0, x = 3

8/8

1.

(a) express y in terms of x.

(b) Hence, find the value of y when x = 5.

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

[2]

[1]

While shopping, Leslie comes across the following advertisement at a Fifa outlet

which is having a closing down sale.

FINAL REDUCTION OF

25% on all items

HURRY, STOCKS ARE

CLEARING FAST!

(2 hours)

(a) Calculate the original price of a jacket if Leslie buys it at a price of $99.

III

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

[1]

(b) If the original price of a pair of leather pants is $200, calculate its price

during the sale.

[1]

3.

4.

Given that w x

4x w

,

z

[1]

[2]

[1]

[1]

1/7

5.

Spencer is given the task of drawing a plan of our schools layout for the coming

Learners and Leaders Conference. He decides to use a length of 4 cm on the plan

to represent an actual distance of 16 m.

Calculate

(a) the scale of the plan in the form of 1 : n

9.

(a) Solve 2a 1 3a .

7

(b) Simplify the expression (2x 3)2 x(3 x).

[1]

[3]

[1]

21

5 .

16 x 2 x 4

(b) the actual length of a classroom, in metres, given that its length on the plan

is 5.5 cm

[1]

(c) the actual area, in m2, of the lecture theatre represented by 89 cm2 on the

plan

[2]

6.

9 x 5 y 52

[2]

10. In the diagram, ABCD is a quadrilateral with BA parallel to CD. AC and BD meet

at X where CX = 9 cm and XA = 12 cm.

A

[3]

12 cm

4 x 3 y 27

D

7.

8.

In the diagram below ABCDEF is a hexagon. Calculate its smallest interior angle.

[3]

[3]

9 cm

0.5x

B

2.5x

6x

[1]

DX

.

BX

[1]

[2]

4x C

1.5x

3.5x

[2]

2

[2]

2/7

12. (a) It is given that = x : 1 x 15, x is positive integer. Sets A, B and C are

subsets of the universal set, . List the elements of

(i) A = {x : x + 3 10}

[1]

(ii) B = {x : x is a multiple of 3}

[1]

(iii) C = A B

[1]

(iv) Hence, shade in the Venn Diagram below the region representing the

set C.

[1]

13. By considering the number patterns given answer the following questions.

Line

1

34 16 = 1 5 (32 + 4)

44 16 = 2 6 (42 + 4)

54 16 = 3 7 (52 + 4)

64 16 = 4 8 (62 + 4)

..

.

(b) 44 students were given a choice to join a CCA of their choice. It is given that

B = students who choose basketball, S = students who choose soccer,

n(B S) = x, n(S) = 23 and n(B) = 30.

(i) Complete the Venn Diagram to illustrate the above information.

(a)

(b)

[1]

[1]

[2]

(c) Use your answer to part (b) and the information given below to find the three

prime factors of 50 609. [154 = 50 625]

(ii) Hence, find the number of students who play soccer only.

(iii) Describe the set B S in words.

[2]

[2]

[1]

3/7

14. (a) Given p 2q 1 , express q in terms of p and hence find the value of q

q 3

when p = 4.

[2]

(b) Solve 2 3( x 1) 3

x

5x

[3]

y2 1

[3]

17. A gardener finds that it takes 10 minutes less to cut his lawn with a new mower

which cuts at 12.5 m2/ min faster than his old one. The area of his lawn is 330

m2.

(a) Taking x to be the rate, in m2/ min, at which the new mower cuts, write

\

down an expression, in terms of x, for the time taken to cut the lawn with

the new mower.

[1]

(b) Write down an expression, in terms of x, for the time taken to cut the lawn

with the old mower.

(c) Hence form an equation in x and show that it reduces to

2x2 25x 825 = 0

(b) A line has equation y = 6x 5 and passes through the point (h, h + 10).

Calculate the value of h.

[1]

(c) The line y = 9 meets the y-axis at T. Write down the coordinates of T.

[1]

[2]

2

16. Simplify 2 y 3 y 5 6 y 15

y2 1

18. (a) A line passes through the point (0, 5) and has gradient 4. Write down the

equation of the line.

[1]

[1]

juice. He then filled the orange juice into as many identical conical cups as

possible. The top radius of the cup is 4.2 cm and its height is 12 cm.

(Take to be 22 )

7

Calculate

(a) the number of conical cups Mr Tan could fill

[2]

(b) the volume of orange juice left in the container, giving your answer in

cubic centimeters

[2]

(c) the radius of the container, giving your answer correct to 2 decimal

places

[2]

20. The following are marks scored by 10 students in a Mathematics test marked out

of a total of 10:

3, 6, 4, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 6, 4

Find

(a) the modal mark

(b) the median mark

(c) the mean of this set of marks

[1]

[1]

[2]

[3]

(d) Solve this equation and find the time taken to cut the lawn with the new

mower.

[3]

4/7

22. The daily distance, in kilometres, traveled by a salesman in 30 days are shown

below in the stem-and-leaf diagram.

The following shows a table of values for the equation y = x2 + 3x + 10.

x

y

2

0

0

10

2

12

4

6

5

0

[2]

(b) Using a scale of 1cm for 1 unit for both the x and y axes, draw the graph of

[3]

y = x2 + 3x + 10 for 2 x 6.

(c) From the graph, state whether the curve has a minimum or maximum point

and its value.

[1]

2

[2]

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

2

0

0

3

0

4

6

5

4

1

0

6

1

5

7

8

9

3

1

6

2

7

8

9

8

7

6 9

8

(a) Construct a grouped frequency table for the data above using the class

intervals of 11 d 30, 31 d 50, 51 d 70 and 71 d 90, where d is

the distance traveled in kilometres.

[3]

(b) Using the table that you have constructed in (a) above,

(i) state the modal class

(ii) find the median distance travelled

(iii) find the estimated mean distance travelled.

[1]

[2]

[2]

(c) If a distance is chosen at random from 30 days, find the probability that the

distance traveled by the salesman is

(i) less than 35 km

(ii) between 45 km and 65 km

(iii) at least 85 km

[1]

[1]

[1]

5/7

(bi)

1.

2.

(a) $132

(b) $150

3.

(a) w = 6.5

(b) x

4.

(a) 1

(b) 1

5.

(a) 1 : 400

(b) 22 m

6.

x = 3, y = 5

7.

y = 1.5 or 4

8.

20

9.

(a)

w( z 1)

z4

(bii) 14

(c) 1424 m2

CCA.

(b)

n 2 4 16 n n 4 [(n 2) 2 4]

(c) 13 17 229

7

23

(b)

3

4

(c)

5 x 41

16 x 2

(c) 17

1

3

2

14. (a) q 3 p 1 , q = 3.5

2

12. (ai) A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}

(aiii)C = {9, 12, 15}

12

y2 1

3( y 1)

17. (a)

330

min

x

18. (a) y = 4x 5

(aiv)

(b) x 7

p 2

16.

S

30 x x 23 x

(b)

330

min

x 12.5

(b) h = 3

(d) 12 min

(c) T = (0, 9)

(b) 20.8 cm

20. (a) 6

(b) 5.5

(c) 16.84 cm

(c) 5.3

(c) Maximum point = (1.5, 12.25)

(d) x = 4.4 or 1.4

6/7

22. (a)

Distance Travelled (km)

11 d 30

31 d 50

51 d 70

71 d 90

Frequency

9

8

6

7

(biii) 49.5 km

(ci) 1

(cii) 3

(ciii) 2

10

15

7/7

SECTION A

1.

(a) y (x + 2)

y = k(x + 2), where k is a constant.

If y is directly proportional to x,

then y = kx, where k is a constant

and k 0.

10 = k(3 + 2)

10 = k(5)

k = 2

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

y = 2(x + 2)

(b) Sub k = 2 and x = 5 into y = k(x + 2),

III

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

y = 2(5 + 2)

y = 2(3)

y = 6

2.

Original price of a jacket =

100

= $132

(b) Sale price = 75% $200

=

200

= $150

8 printed pages

1/8

3.

6.

w5 =

(b)

w5

9(w 5)

9w 45

10w

w

=

=

=

=

=

wx

z(w x)

zw zx

zw + w

w(z + 1)

=

=

=

=

=

20 w

20 w

65

6.5

4x w

4x w

4x + zx

x(4 + z)

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

= 12

=1

(1) 4:

4(9x 5y) = 4(52)

36x 20y = 208

(3)

(2) 9:

9(4x 3y) = 9(27)

36x 27y = 243

(4)

9x 5(5) = 52

9x + 25 = 52

9x = 27

x = 3

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

= 12

=1

(1)

(2)

(4) (3):

(36x 27y) (36x 20y) = 243 108

7y = 35

y = 5

x =

4.

9x 5y = 52

4x 3y = 27

x = 3, y = 5

7.

2y2 5y = 12

2y 5y 12 = 0

(2y + 3)(y 4) = 0

(2y + 3) = 0

or

2y = 3

y =

2

5.

(a)

4 cm

1 cm

1 cm

1: n

:

:

:

=

16 m

4m

400 cm

1: 400

(b)

1 cm : 400 cm

5.5 cm : 2200 cm

= 22 m

(c)

1 cm

(1 cm)2

1 cm2

89 cm2

:

:

:

:

(y 4) = 0

y = 4

4m

(4 m)2

16 m2

1424 m2

2/8

8.

0.5x + 2.5x + 6x + 4x + 3.5 + 1.5x = 720

18x = 720

x = 40

in n-sided polygon

= (n 2) 180

2a

2a

23a

a

=

=

=

11. (a) ab ac b + c = ab b ac + c

= b(a 1) c(a 1)

= (b c)(a 1)

2 2 3 3

(b) (2x 3)2 x(3 x) = 2

= (4x2 12x + 9) 3x + x2

= 5x2 15x + 9

(c)

AB = 17

1 3

7(1 3a)

7 21a

7

=

=

=

=

=

(a)

9AB = 156

= 20

9.

(c)

= 3(x2 + y2 + 2xy)

= 3 160 2 50

= 3(160 + 100)

= 3(260)

= 780

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

(b)

3/8

13. (a)

(8 + 2)2 16 = 8

Line 8 104 16 = 8

(8 + 4) [(8 + 2)2 + 4]

12 (102 + 4)

(b)

(n + 4) [(n + 2)2 + 4]

(iii) A = {8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}

(c)

C = A B

= {9, 12, 15}

(iv)

(n + 2)4 16

(n + 2)4

(n + 2)4

n+2

n

=

=

=

=

=

50609

50625

154

15

13

50625

50625

50625

50625

=

=

=

=

13

13

13

13

(n + 4)

17 (152 + 4)

17 (225 + 4)

17 229

(b) (i)

S

30 x x 23 x

(ii)

30 x + x + 23 x = 44

53 x = 44

x = 9

Number of students who play soccer only = 23 9

= 14

(iii) B S:

Students who choose both basketball and soccer as their CCA.

4/8

SECTION B

14. (a)

= (r s)(2p q 4p q)

= (r s)( 2p 2q)

s r = (r s)

= 2(p + q)(r s)

= 2(p + q)(s r)

p =

P2 =

2

p (q 3) = 2q + 1

p2q 3p2 = 2q + 1

16.

p2q 2q = 3p2 + 1

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

q(p2 2) = 3p2 + 1

Sub p = 4 into q =

q =

(c)

q =

.

.

q =

q = 3.5

= 3

= 3

3(5x)

15x

12x

x

=

=

=

=

=

3

7 + 3x

7 + 3x

7

(d)

= 10

= 10

10x(x 12.5)

10x2 125

2

10x 125x 4125

2x2 25x 825

= 3

= 10

.

(b)

17. (a) Time taken to cut the lawn with new mower =

q =

= 10

=

=

=

=

4125

4125

0

0 (shown)

(2x 55)(x + 15) = 0

2x 55 = 0

or x + 15 = 0

2x = 55

x = 15 (rejected)

x = 27.5

Sub x = 27.5 into ,

Time taken to cut the lawn with new mower =

= 12 minutes

5/8

y = mx + c

where m is the gradient

and c is the y-intercept.

y = 4x + (5)

y = 4x 5

(b) Sub y = h + 10 and x = h into y = 6x 5,

h + 10

h + 10

15

h

=

=

=

=

6(h) 5

6h 5

5h

3

= 4.22

= 221.76 cm3

10 litres = 10 000 cm3

Number of conical cups =

2 pupils

2 pupils

1 pupil

3 pupils

1 pupil

1 pupil

3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 6, 6, 7, 9

Since we have an

Medium mark = mean of 5th and 6th values

even number of

=

scores, the median is

= 5.5 marks

the mean of the two

middle numbers

(c) Mean =

Coordinates of T = (0, 9)

19. (a) Volume of 1conical cup =

Number of pupils who scored 4 marks

Number of pupils who scored 5 marks

Number of pupils who scored 6 marks

Number of pupils who scored 7 marks

Number of pupils who scored 9 marks

Modal mark is 6.

12

1 l = 1000 ml

= 1000 cm3

45

(b)

=

Volume of orange juices left in container =

=

3

(c) Volume of hemisphere =

= 5.3

The mean is 5.3 marks.

45 221.76

9979.2 cm3

10000 9979.6

20.8 cm3

10 000 = 3

4772.727 = 3

r = 16.836 cm

16.84 cm (2 d.p.)

6/8

(d)

21. (a)

x

y

2

0

1

6

0

10

1

12

(b)

2

12

3

10

4

6

5

0

6

8

x2 + 3x

x2 + 3x + 6

2

x + 3x + 10 4

x2 + 3x + 6

=

=

=

=

6

0

y4

y4

x = 1.4 or x = 4.4

7/8

22. (a)

Distance (in km)

No. of times

11 d 30

31 d 50

51 d 70

71 d 90

(ii) Median distance = mean of 15th and 16th values

=

= 47.5 km

(iii) Mean =

=

= 49.46

49.5 (3 sig. fig)

(c) (i) P(less than 35 km) =

=

(ii) P(between 45 km and 65 km) =

=

(iii) P(at least 85 km) =

=

8/8

1.

[2]

(b) Simplify 2a 3b 2 1 a 2 .

4

[3]

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

3.

(a) 8x2 2

[2]

[2]

(b) Simplify

4.

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

(b)

5.

2

3 .

3x 1 2 6 x

xa

3c .

x b

[2]

[3]

2x 5

x

3

[2]

40 40

1

x x2

[3]

(a) 3

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

(2 hours)

IV

[3]

2 x 3 y 13

3

1

x y 0

4

2

1/7

6.

7.

A biased die is thrown. If the probability of getting a six is 3 times higher than

getting any one of the other five numbers, what is the probability of getting a

four?

[2]

In the diagram shown, AB = BC = CE and BE = ED. Prove that BAE is

congruent to ECD. Show your working clearly and state the case of

congruency.

9.

The figure below shows three sectors with their radii forming a regular hexagon

ABCDEF. The side of the hexagon is 12 cm. Find

(a) reflex angle ABC

[2]

(b) the total area of the shaded parts, leaving your answer in terms of .

[2]

[3]

A

8.

The diagram shows part of the curve y = 2(x + 1)(x 3). It cuts the x-axis at point

P and the y-axis at point Q. Write down the coordinates of

(a) P

[1]

(b) Q

[1]

If AB = AC = 13cm and BC = 10 cm, find the radius, r cm, of the circle.

[4]

y

x

13 cm

r cm

r cm O

y = 2(x + 1)(x 3)

10 cm

2/7

11. The distribution table below gives the ages of a group of 600 people:

Age (in completed years)

20 29

30 39

40 49

50 59

60 69

70 79

80 89

Number of people

56

87

165

184

73

23

12

(b) Write down the modal class of the distribution.

(c) Calculate an estimate mean age of the distribution.

Mid-Value

[1]

[1]

[3]

12. (a) For the Venn diagram below, express the shaded region in set notation. [1]

= {x : 4 x 20, x }

A = x : x is a multiple of 3

B = x : x is an odd number

C = {x : x is a prime number}

[1]

[1]

(iii) Find (A B) C

[1]

Row

Sum of digits of D

42

16

342

1 156

13

111 556

19

334

3 3342

[1]

(b) Find the sum of the digits in the answer to 333 333 3342.

[1]

[2]

3/7

14. Mr Rich invested S$ 150 000 in Malaysia at 6 % per annum simple interest when

1

the exchange rate was S$ 1 = RM 2.25. After 5 years, he withdrew the interest

2

gained from his investment. The exchange rate then was S$ 1 = RM 2.06.

16. The diagram shows a solid made by joining together a pyramid and a cuboid.

The cuboid has a square base of sides 10 cm and height 30 cm. The perpendicular

height of the pyramid is 12 cm. Calculate

Calculate the amount in Singapore dollars, correct to the nearest cent, that he

would receive.

[4]

12

15. (a) Some children were asked how many lollipops they ate the previous day.

The table shows the results.

Number of lollipops ate

Number of children

0

7

1

9

2

3

30

3

x

(i) Write down the largest possible value of x given that the mode is 1.

[1]

(ii) Write down the largest possible value of x given that the median is 1.

[1]

(iii) Calculate the value of x given that the mean is 1.

[2]

(b) The mean of nine numbers is 15. If one of the numbers is removed, the mean

becomes 16. What is the number that was removed?

[3]

10

10

(a) the volume of the solid

(b) the height of each triangular surface of the pyramid, and

(c) the total surface area of the solid

[2]

[2]

[2]

130 of these solids are made. The faces of all the solids need to be painted.

The paint used is sold in tins, each containing enough paint to cover 0.25 m2.

How many tins are needed?

[3]

4/7

17. The following are the heights (cm) obtained by a class of 30 during a health

check.

155

156

157

160

162

165

155

158

162

162

151

169

170

166

161

153

168

163

164

158

160

171

170

165

159

156

157

161

163

167

18. The members of a gardening club decided to spend $36 on buying garden tools

and they found that a rake and a trowel together cost $7. If they spent all the

money on rakes alone, they could buy 3 more tools than they could if they spent

all the money on trowels.

(a) By taking the cost of a trowel as $q, write down expressions in terms of q for

(i) the cost of a rake,

[1]

(ii) the number of rakes which could be bought for $36.

[1]

(b) Write down an equation which q must satisfy, and show that it reduces to

q2 + 17q 84 = 0. Solve this equation and state the cost of a rake.

[5]

Complete the stem-and-leaf diagram for this data.

[2]

15

1 3

16

17

(b) What percentage of the students are taller than 1.58 cm?

[2]

(Correct your answer to 3 significant figures.)

[2]

[2]

(Correct to 1 decimal place.)

[2]

5/7

20. Two unbiased dice are thrown. The possibility diagram when the two dice are

thrown is shown below. For example, (1, 3) represents that the first die shows a

number 1 and the second die shows a number 3.

6

5

4

3

2

1

show that the area of the rectangle AEFG is (8x x2) cm2.

[1]

Given that y = 8x x2 and some corresponding values are given in the following

table:

x

y

0

0

1

7

2

12

3

15

4

16

5

a

6

12

7

b

(1, 6)

(1, 5)

[1]

(3, 6)

(2, 5)

(2, 4)

(1, 3)

(5, 6)

(5, 5)

(3, 4)

(3, 3)

(4, 4)

(4, 3)

(3, 1)

3

(4, 1)

4

(2, 2)

(1, 1)

1

(6, 6)

(6, 4)

(5, 3)

(5, 2)

5

(6, 1)

6

(b) List all the possible outcomes that both the numbers are prime numbers and

find the probability that both the numbers are prime numbers.

[2]

(c) List all the possible outcomes that the difference of the two numbers is one

and find the probability that the difference of the two number is one. [2]

8

0

[1]

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 1 cm to 1 unit on the y-axis,

draw the graph of y = 8x x2 for values of x in the range 0 x 8.

[3]

(c) Write down the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph.

[1]

[1]

(e) Use your graph to estimate the two values of x for which the area of the

rectangle AEFG is 8 cm2.

[1]

6/7

1.

(bi)

2.

(b) 2a11b6

(b) (z 2x)(3y 5x)

3.

4.

5.

6.

7

(a) x a 3bc (b)

3c 1

2 3x 1

(a) x

4

5

(b) x = 10 or x = 8

(aii) 12

(aiii) 2

(b) 13cm

(b) 7

1

8

17. (a)

7.

8.

(a) (1, 0)

(b) (0, 6)

9.

(a) 240

10. 7.04 cm

12. (a) A B

(c) 6n + 1

14. S$54065.53

15. (ai) 8

x = 2, y = 3

11. (b) 50 59

(bii)

(bii) 6

(c) 48.6

15

1 3 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9

16

0 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 9

17

0 0 1

(b) 66 2 %

3

18. (ai) $(7 q)

(c) 161

(d) 162

(aii) 36

7q

(b) q = 21 or 4; $3

6.85

20. (b) 1

4

(c)

(d) 16 cm2

(e) 161.5

(e) 1.15 or

5

18

7/7

SECTION A

1.

2 3

4 2

= 3

= (9x2 6xy + y2) 4(xy 2x2 + 3y2)

= 9x2 6xy + y2 + 4xy + 8x2 12y2

= 17x2 2xy 11y2

(b) (2a3b2)3

= (8a9b6)

a2

= (8a11b6)

= 2a11b6

2.

IV

Worked Solutions

= (8a9b6) a2

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

1

=2 2

= 2(2x + 1)(2x 1)

Using a2 b2 = (a b)(a + b)

= (3y 5x)(z 2x)

3.

(a)

3c(x b)

3cx 3bc

3cx x

x(3c 1)

x

(b)

= 3c

=

=

= a + 3bc

= a + 3bc

=

=

=

7 printed pages

1/7

4.

(a)

= x

5.

= x

2x 3y = 13

= 0

=

= x

x =

= x

y = 13

y = 3

Sub y = 3 into (2),

x =

x = 2

= 1

= 1

= 1

80 =

2

80 = x2 + 2x

0 = x2 + 2x 80

(x 8)(x + 10) = 0

x8 = 0

or

x + 10 = 0

x = 8

x = 10

(2)

3y = 13

= 1

x =

Sub (2) into (1),

2

3y = 13

4 2x = 3x

4 = 5x

x =

(b)

(1)

6.

P(getting 2) 1 unit

P(getting 3) 1 unit

P(getting 4) 1 unit

P(getting 5) 1 unit

P(getting 6) 3 unit

Total probability = 8 units

8 units 1

1 unit

outcomes must add to 1

7.

BA

BE

EBC

BAE

=

=

=

=

EC (given)

ED (given)

BEC BC = EC (Isos. )

ECD (SAS)

2/7

8.

0 = 2(x +1)(x 3)

0 = (x +1)(x 3)

x+1=0

or

x 3=0

x = 1 x = 3 (rej.)

Coordinates of P are (1, 0)

at x-axis, let y = 0.

When the curve cuts

at y-axis, let x = 0.

y = 2(0 +1)(0 3)

y = 2(1)(3)

y = 6

Coordinates of P are (0, 6)

9.

(a)

in n-sided polygon

AM2 + BM2 =

52 + BM2 =

25 + BM2 =

BM2 =

BM =

BM2 + OM2

52 + (12 r)

25 + [122 2(12)(r) + r2]

25 + (144 24r + r2)

169 24r

169

r

Number of people

(f)

56

87

165

184

73

23

12

20 29

30 39

40 49

50 59

60 69

70 79

80 89

= 12

= 144

Area of total shaded parts = 3 144

= 2 144

= 288 cm2

OB2

r2

r2

Mid-value of a class =

r2

0

24r

7.04 cm (3 sig. fig.)

=

=

=

=

=

=

11. (a)

ABC = 120

Reflex angle ABC = 360 120

= 240

(b) Area of major sector ABC =

AB2

132

169

144

12 cm

(c) Estimate mean age =

=

Mid-Value

(x)

24.5

34.5

44.5

54.5

64.5

74.5

84.5

has the highest frequency

=

48.6 (3 sig. fig)

3/7

SECTION B

12. (a) A B

(b) (i)

Interest earned in 5.5 years =

.

=

= RM 111375

.

S$54065.5

Amount that he would receive = $54065.50

RM 111375 =

B = {5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19}

(ii) A = {6, 9, 12, 15, 18}

(A B) = {5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19}

(A B) = {4, 8, 10, 14, 16, 20}

n(A B) = 6

(iii) (A B) C x is a multiple of 3, odd number and prime number

(A B) C =

3 is a prime number, but

multiples of 3 are not prime

13. (a) q 19 + 6

numbers.

= 25

p 11115556

p = 11115556 and q = 25

(b) Row number 9th

91=8

8 6 = 48

Sum of digits of D = 48 + 7 = 55

Sum of the digits to 333 333 3342 = 55

(c) (n 1) 6 = 6(n 1)

6(n 1) + 7 = 6n 6 + 7

= 6n + 1

Sum of the digits of D for Row n = 6n + 1

Largest possible value of x = 8

(ii) 7 + 9 = 16

16 3 = 13

x 13

Largest possible value of x = 12

(iii)

Mean =

1

0 + 9 + 6 + 3x

15 + 3x

2x

x

=

=

=

=

=

19 + x

19 + x

4

2

16 8 + y = 9 15

128 + y = 135

y = 135 128

= 7

The number that was removed is 7.

4/7

=

=

Volume of Cuboid =

=

=

Volume of Solid =

=

102 12

400 cm3

Length Width Height

10 10 30

1000 cm3

300 + 400

3400 cm3

122 + 52 = h2

144 + 25 = h2

h = 13

Height of each triangular surface = 13 cm

(c) Area of 4 triangular surface of the pyramid

= 4 10 13

= 260 cm2

Total surface area = 260 + 10 30 4 + 10 10

= 1560 cm2

(d) Total surface area for the 130 solids

= 130 1560

1 m2 = 10000 cm2

2

= 202800 cm

= 20.28 m2

.

Number of tins needed for painting =

.

= 81.12

82

17. (a)

15

1 35 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9

16

0011222334556789

17

001

100%

=

(c) Mean height

=

Mode

= the height that occurs most often

= 161.46

161 (3 sig. fig)

(d) Mode = 162 cm

=

= 161.5 (1 d.p.)

number of scores, the median

is the mean of the two middle

numbers

5/7

18. (a) (i) Let the cost of one rake be x and the cost of one trowel be q.

x+q=7

x=7q

Cost of one rake = $(7 q)

(ii) Number of rakes that can be bought with $36 =

(b) Number of trowels that could be bought with $36 =

= 3+

=

36q

36q

36q

3q2 + 51q 252

3(q2 + 17q 84)

q2 + 17q 84

(q 4)(q + 21)

q4 = 0

q = 4

or

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

(7 q)(3q + 36)

21q + 252 3q2 36q

15q + 252 3q2

0

0

0 (Shown)

0

=

=

=

Length Breadth

AG AE

(8 x) (x)

8x x2 (shown)

y = 8(5) (5)2

y = 40 25

y = 15

a = 15

Sub x = 7 into y = 8x x2,

y = [8(7) (7)2]

y = (56 49)

y=7

b=7

q + 21 = 0

q = 21 (rejected)

Substitute q = 4 into x = 7 q,

x = 7 (4)

x = 3

Cost of rake = $3

6/7

20. (a)

(b)

x

y

0

0

1

7

2

12

3

15

4

16

5

15

6

12

7

7

8

0

6

5

4

3

2

1

(1, 6)

(1, 5)

(1, 4)

(1, 3)

(1, 2)

(1, 1)

1

(2, 6)

(2, 5)

(2, 4)

(2, 3)

(2, 2)

(2, 1)

2

(3, 6)

(3, 5)

(3, 4)

(3, 3)

(3, 2)

(3, 1)

3

(5, 6)

(5, 5)

(5, 4)

(5, 3)

(5, 2)

(5, 1)

5

(4, 6)

(4, 5)

(4, 4)

(4, 3)

(4, 2)

(4, 1)

4

(6, 6)

(6, 5)

(6, 4)

(6, 3)

(6, 2)

(6, 1)

6

(b) All possible outcomes that the numbers are prime numbers

(2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 5), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 5)

P(both the numbers are prime numbers) =

1 is not a prime

number.

(c) All the possible outcomes that the difference of the two numbers is one

(1, 2), (2, 1), (2, 3), (3, 2), (3, 4), (4, 3), (4, 5), (5, 4), (5, 6), (6, 5)

P( difference of the two numbers is one) =

=

(c) x = 4

(d) Maximum area of rectangle AEFG = 16

(e) When y = 8, x = 1.15 or 6.85

7/7

1.

(a) correct to 3 decimal places,

(b) correct to 4 significant figures.

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

Evaluate

5 1

1

(a)

4

6 6

2

1

1 1

(b)

2 3

5

5 4

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

(2 hours)

3.

(a) (x 3)2 = 3x 11

8

(b)

x2

x 5

V

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

4.

If y

[2]

3x 5

1 5 z , express

and y

15

15

(a) x in terms of y

(b) x in terms of z

5.

[2]

[2]

[2]

(a) Calculate the value of k if the line x 2y = 10 passes through the point

(k, 3k).

[2]

(b) Without the use of a calculator, evaluate

1.3582 0.3582

[1]

1/6

6.

The following table shows the distribution of number of children per family in a

sample of 30 households.

No of children in a household

No of households

0

5

1

6

2

4

3

10

4

3

5

1

Find

(a) C such that C A and C B.

(b) Set D such that D = A B.

(c) Set E such that E = A B

6

1

[1]

[1]

[1]

Find:

(a) the mean

(b) the median

(c) the mode

7.

Given that

ab

b

a b

(b)

a

a b

, evaluate

2 3

(a)

8.

( a b) 2 ( a b) 2

a

a

2

2

x .

(b)

x 1

2 2

(a) Find the size of an interior angle of a regular octagon.

11. A solid is formed by fixing 6 identical square-based pyramids exactly onto the 6

faces of a cube. If the length of a side of the cube is 3 cm and the volume of the

[3]

solid formed is 117 cm3, find the height of each pyramid.

12. (a) A model of an exhibition hall is made using a scale of 1 : 500. The volume

of the exhibition hall is 12 000 m3. Calculate the volume of the model,

giving your answer in cubic centimetres.

[2]

[2]

(b) A map is drawn to a scale of 5 cm to 1 km.

[3]

Calculate

(i) the area on the map which represents an actual area of 8 km2

(ii) the scale of the map in the form 1 : n

(a)

9.

[1]

[1]

[1]

[2]

[2]

[2]

[1]

13. Given that the number of days (d) and the number of workers (w) painting the

wall varies inversely. On an occasion where there are 8 workers, they took only 5

days to complete the paint job.

(a) Write an expression of d in terms w.

[2]

(b) Find out the number of workers needed to clean up the garden in 4 days.

[2]

[2]

(b) The size of each interior angle of a regular polygon is five times the size of

each exterior angle. How many sides does the polygon have?

[2]

2/6

15. In a health survey, thirty old people were asked how many times they had visited

a doctor last year. The number of visits was given below:

1

5

3

18 cm

8 cm

0

1

0

0

2

1

2

0

1

3

2

2

1

0

3

1

1

2

0

3

1

2

2

0

4

4

1

6 cm

(a) Complete the frequency table below:

4 cm

No of visits

Frequency

(a) BE

(b) AD

[3]

[1]

1

9

[1]

4

5

1

[2]

18a 4 b 4 6a 2 b 3

7 x 2 y 3 14 xy 2

[2]

b2 3

[2]

a

8

(b) A cyclist is traveling from Town A to Town C. He travels for 50 km, at a

constant speed of x km/h, until he reaches the point B, where his bicycle

chain breaks. He then walks the remaining 6 km from B to C at a constant

speed of (x 16) km/h.

Given that the total time for the whole journey from A to C is 4 hours, write

down an equation in x and solve to obtain his cycling speed.

[4]

3/6

17. A, B and C are vertices of a triangle. Given that A(4, 0), B(0, 3), C lies on the xaxis, and the equation of BC is 3y + 4x = 9, find

(a) the equation of AB in the form of y = mx +c

(b) the coordinates of C

(c) the area of triangle ABC

[2]

[2]

[2]

18. (a) In a survey, every member of a group of women was asked how many

children she had. The table below illustrated the results of this survey.

Find the mean, median and mode.

[3]

[4]

and its height is (3x 4) cm. If its area is 80 cm2, find the value of x.

21. (a) In the right-angled triangle ABC, D is a point on BC. Given that

AD = 15 cm, AC = 20 cm, BD = (x + 1) cm and DC = (x 1) cm, find the

value of

(i) x

(ii) AB

[3]

[2]

A

No of children per woman

No of women

0

5

1

6

2

8

3

3

4

1

20

15

(b) Another woman was surveyed and she had x number of children. Find

(i) the maximum value for x if the median is now changed to 1.5.

[1]

(ii) the value of x if the mean is changed to 1.625.

[1]

B

19. Using 1 cm to 1 unit for x-axis and 2cm for 5 units for the y-axis, draw the graph

of the equation y = 3x2 7x + 1 for 1 x 4.

x

y

1

11

1

3

3

7

4

21

[4]

[2]

x +1

x 1

(b) The diagram shows a conical glass of height 16cm. The diameter of its rim is

7cm. Some spherical jellies with radius 1.2cm are to be added until the liquid

in the glass reaches its brim. If there is already 86.6cm2 of liquid in the glass,

22

) [4]

find the least number of jellies needed to fill the glass. (Take =

7

7 cm

16 cm

4/6

(a) Write down the list of all elements in the set A

[1]

(i) the number is a prime number

(ii) the number is an odd number

[1]

[1]

23. (a) A cylindrical tank with a hollow hemispherical base of radius 21cm contains

40 litres of water. What is the height of the water level in the tank?

[2]

22

)

(Take =

7

(b) The water in the tank was then drained through a valve at a rate of 1.8 litres

per minute till 6 hemispherical containers at internal diameter 28 cm are

exactly filled.

(i) Find the time needed to exactly fill up the 6 hemispherical containers.

22

and leave your answer corrected to the nearest minute.

Take =

7

[2]

(ii) How many litres of water are left in the tank?

[2]

21cm

5/6

2

16. (ai) 6a b

xy

(aii) b 8a 3

1.

(a) 0.035

(b) 0.03500

2.

(a) 1 7

12

(b) 1

4

3.

(a) 4 or 5

(b) 3 or 6

4.

(a) x 15 y 5 (b) x 6 5 z

3

3

5.

(a) x = 2

(b) 1.716

6.

(a) 2.23

(b) 2.5

7.

(a) 1 2

3

(b) 1

2

20. 4 or 8 2 (rejected)

3

8.

(a) 4b

(b) 4

x

3

9.

(a) 135

(b) 12

10. (a) 6 or 9

1

17. (a) y 3 x 3 (b) C: (2 ,0)

4

4

(bi) x = 1

(b) x = 0.5 and 2.8

(c) E = 3

11. 6.5

13. (a) d 40

w

(b) w = 10

(b) 1

(bii) x = 4

19. 1, 1 (table)

(b) D = 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9

(bi) 200 cm2

(c) 3

(bii)1 : 20 000

(aii) AB = 12 cm

22. (a) A = {16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25}

(bi) 3

10

23. (a) 42.9 cm

(bii) 1

2

(bi) 19 min

15. (a)

No of visits

Frequency

0

7

1

9

2

7

3

4

4

2

5

1

6/6

SECTION A

1.

(b) 0.0349848 0.03500 (4 sig. fig.)

2.

(a)

4 =

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

V

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

(b)

2 3

=

=

3

3

=

=

=

8 printed pages

1/8

3.

(x 3)2

x 2(x)(3) + 32

x2 6x + 9

2

x 9x + 20

(x 4)(x 5)

(a)

=

=

=

=

=

x4 = 0

x = 4

or

(x 5)(x + 2) =

x + 2x 5x 10 =

x2 3x 18 =

(x + 3)(x 6) =

x+3 = 0

x = 3

2

(a)

(a) Mean =

=

2.23 (3 sig. fig.)

x6 = 0

x = 6

7.

=

= 2.5

Since we have an even number

of scores, the median is the

(c) Mode = 3

mean of the two middle

(a)

=

numbers.

3a = 2b

=

=

=

=

=

10

10

10

2

+1

+1

k 2(3k)

k 6k

5k

k

=

3x 5 = 1 5z

3x = 1 5z + 5

x =

5.

6.

x5 = 0

x = 5

y =

3x 5 = 15y

3x = 15y + 5

x =

(b)

8

8

0

0

or

Using a2 b2 = (a + b)(a b)

= (1.358 + 0.358)(1.358 0.358)

= 1.716 1

= 1.716

= x+2

(b)

4.

3x 11

3x 11

3x 11

0

0

(b)

=

=1

=1

=1

=

2/8

8.

(a)

10. A = {3, 6, 9}

B = {2, 3, 5, 7}

(a) C = 6 or 9

=

= 4b

(b)

(b) D = AB

= {2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9}

(c) E = AB

= {3}

11.

=

=

9.

Volume of Pyramid =

=

= 135

= 19.5 cm3

Interior angle + exterior angle

5x + x

6x

x

in n-sided polygon

19.5 = 3 3 h

19.5 = 3h

h = 6.5 cm

12. (a)

=

=

=

=

30 =

30n = 360

n = 12

The polygon has 12 sides.

1 cm

1 cm

(1 cm)3

1 cm3

96 cm3

:

:

:

:

:

500 cm

5m

(5 m)3

125 cm3

12000 cm3

5 cm

1cm

(1 cm)2

1 cm2

200 cm2

:

:

:

:

:

1 km

0.2 km

(0.2 km)2

0.04 km2

8 km2

180

180

180

30

(b) (i)

(ii)

5 cm : 1 km

5 : 100000

1 : 20000

3/8

SECTION B

13. (a) d

d = , where k is the constant.

15. (a)

No of visits

Frequency

5 =

k = 40

d =

0

7

1

9

2

7

3

4

4

2

5

1

(b)

4 =

w =

w = 10

10 workers are needed to clean up the garden in 4 days.

14. (a) ABC = CDE (given)

BCA = DCE (same angle)

ABC and EDC are similar.

=

=

BC = 13.5

BE = 13.5 4

= 9.5

(b)

=

=

AC = 9

AD = 9 8

= 1 cm

Ratios of corresponding

sides are equal

Ratios of corresponding

sides are equal

4/8

(ii)

a

8a

8a 3

b

=

=

=

= b2 + 3

= b2

=

= 4

= 4

= 4

= 4

4x(x 16)

4x2 64x

2

4x 120x + 800

4(x2 30x + 200)

x2 30x + 200

(x 10)(x 20)

=

=

=

=

=

=

y = mx + c

where m is the gradient

and c is the y-intercept.

=

y- intercept, c = 3

Equation of AB is y = x + 3

Coordinates of C are

3y + 4x = 9

Sub y = 0 into equation of BC,

0 + 4x = 9

x =

56x 800

56x 800

0

0

0

0

on x-axis, ycoordinate = 0

= AC OB

= 4

= 3

=

= 2.625 units2

x 10 = 0

or

x 20 = 0

x = 10 (rejected)

x = 20

His cycling Speed = 20 km/h

5/8

19.

x

y

1

11

0

1

1

3

2

1

3

7

4

21

=

1.52 (3 sig. fig.)

th position

Middle position =

Median = 2

(b) (i) Median for 23 women = 2

Median for 24 woman = mean of the 12th and 13th number 1.5

x can be 0 or 1 if the median is 1.5

Maximum value of x = 1

(ii)

Mean =

1.625 =

1.625 =

35 + x = 1.625 24

x = 39 35

= 4

(b)

3x2 7x 4

3x2 7x 4 + 5

3x2 7x + 1

y

=

=

=

=

0

5

5

5

6/8

20. (a)

Area of trapezium =

80 =

160

160

0

0

0

0

AB2 + 4(82)

AB2 + 4(64)

AB2 + 256

AB2

AB

(x + 3 + x + 9) (3x 4)

(2x + 12)(3x 4)

6x2 8x + 36x 48

6x2 + 28x 208

2(3x2 + 14x 104)

3x2 + 14x 104

(3x + 26)(x 4)

3x + 26 = 0

or

x4 = 0

3x = 26 (rejected)

x = 4

21. (a) (i)

=

=

=

=

=

=

AB2 + BD2

2

AB + (x + 1)2

AB2 + [(x)2 + 2(x)(1) + (1)2]

AB2 + (x2 + 2x + 1)

AB2 + x2 + 2x

=

=

=

=

=

AD2

152

225

225

224

AB2 + BC2

AB2 +[(x + 1)+(x 1)]2

AB2 + (2x)2

AB2 + 4x2

=

=

=

=

AC2

202

400

400

(2) (1),

[AB2 + 4x2] [AB2 + x2 + 2x] = 400 224

3x2 2x = 176

2

3x 2x 176 = 0

(3x + 22)(x 8) = 0

3x + 22 = 0

or

x8 = 0

3x = 22 (rejected)

x = 8

(b)

Using Pythagoras

theorem

=

=

=

=

=

16

16

=

= 205.33 cm3

Volume of 1 spherical jelly =

(1)

400

400

400

144

12

(1.2)3

= 1.728

= 7.241 cm3

(2)

= 118.73 cm3

Number of jellies needed to fill the glass = 118.73 7.241

16

22. (a) A = {16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25}

(b) (i) P(the number is a prime number) =

(ii) P(the number is an odd number) =

7/8

23. (a)

Volume of hemisphere =

= 213

= 19404 cm3

Volume of cylinder +hemisphere =

40000 + 19404 =

21

441

59404 =

59404 = 1386h

h 42.9 cm (3 sig. fig.)

(b) (i)

Volume of hemisphere =

=

14

5749.33

Volume of 6 hemispheres = 5749.33 6

= 34495.98

1.8l = 1800 cm3

Time needed to fill the containers = 34495.98 1800

19 (nearest minutes)

(ii) Volume of water left = 40 000 34495.98

= 5504.02 cm3

5.50 l (3 sig. fig)

1 l = 1000cm3

8/8

1.

(a) 237.135

(b) 0.0005193

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

[1]

[1]

In the diagram shown below, ADE is the enlargement of ABC with scale factor

2.

(a) Where is the centre of enlargement?

(b) Find x and express y in terms of n or/and m.

B

C

m cm

12 cm

y cm

VI

16 cm

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

x cm

n cm

(2 hours)

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

[2]

[4]

D

3.

A camp was planned for a group of 20 girls and food was bought to last for 15

days. If the number of pupils attending the camp was increased to 25, how long

would you expect the same amount of food to last?

[2]

4.

Express

5.

7

h 14

12 h 4 h 2

[2]

[3]

1/7

6.

The table below shows the marks obtained by a group of 40 pupils in a test.

Marks

80 - 89

70 - 79

60 - 69

50 - 59

No of pupils

5

10

n

3

(a) Find n.

[2]

(b) If the minimum mark for a distinction is 70, calculate the percentage of

pupils who scored a distinction.

[2]

7.

[2]

8.

[2]

B

9.

3x 4y = 2

2x + 7 = 6y

-4

-2

[3]

-2

10. If

1 , find d.

[2]

Describe the transformation u.

[2]

2/7

AC = 15 m. A straight fence, p m long, is put up from the corner C to a point D

on edge AB. The fence is perpendicular to the edge AB and q m from A.

1

y 2x 1.

4

[2]

(i) y + 2x = 0

25

q

(ii) 2y = x + 4

[2]

20

p

15

C

(a) Using Pythagoras theorem, write down 2 equations involving p and q. [2]

(b) Hence, find the value of

q.

[2]

13. An oil trader bought some oil for $500. He paid $x for each litre of oil.

(a) Find, in terms of x, an expression for the number of litres of oil he bought.

[1]

(b) Due to leak, he lost 3 litres of oil. He sold the remainder of the oil for $1

litre more than he paid for it. Write down an expression, in terms of x, for

sum of money he received and show that it is equal to

( 500 3 x )( x 1)

.

[2]

$

x

(c) He made a profit of $17. Write down an equation in x and show that it

[3]

reduces to 3x2 + 20x 500 = 0.

(d)

[2]

3/7

15. The diagram shown below is a pictograph which shows the number of tickets

sold in 3 particular days.

No of tickets sold

Wednesday

[2]

(b) The hire purchase price of $860 is paid by a cash deposit of 22% and the

remainder by 12 equal monthly installments. Calculate

Friday

represents y tickets

If the mean number of tickets sold per day is 600, calculate

(a) the total number of tickets sold in 3

[2]

Thursday.

16. The cash price of a television set is $800. The hire purchase price is $860.

(a) Calculate the percentage increase in price for hire purchase.

Thursday

days.

[2]

[1]

[2]

17. Two places P and Q are along a straight river and PQ = 6 km. A boat usually

travels from P to Q at a constant speed of x km/h.

(a) On Tuesday the weather was worse than usual, so the boat travelled

y km/h slower than its usual speed. The journey form P to Q that day took

48 minutes. Show that x y = 7.5

[2]

(b) On Wednesday the weather was better than usual, so the boat travelled

y km/h faster than its usual speed. The journey from P to Q that day took

36 minutes. Form and simplify another equation in x and y to represent

this information.

[2]

(c) Solve these two equations in x and y, and hence find the time that the boat

usually takes to go from P to Q.

[3]

4/7

AB = BC = CD.

(i) How many lines of symmetry does the pentagon ABCDE have?

[1]

[2]

20. (a) In the figure, X and Y are the centres of two overlapping circles. If area of

each circle is 5 cm2, what is the area of the rectangle ABCD? Give your

answer in terms of .

[4]

(i) Find the distance in kilometres, between two schools which are

represented on the map by points 6.5 cm apart.

[1]

(ii) An island covers an area of 640 km2. Find, in square centimetres, the

area representing the island on the map.

[2]

19. Of the 40 students in a class, 25 like Geography and 20 like Literature. It is given

that

= Students in the class

G = Students who like Geography

L = Students who like Literature

(b) The given solid is made up of a cone and a right cylinder. The radius of the

cylinder is 4.5 cm and the height is 20 cm.

(i) If the slant height of the cone is 15 cm, find the perpendicular height of

the cone.

[2]

(ii) Find the volume of the solid. Round off your answer to 2 decimal

places.

[3]

(a) Express in set notation to illustrate the statement There are students who

like Geography but do not like Literature.

[1]

(b) Let n(G L) = x.

(i) Express n(G L) in terms of x.

[1]

[1]

[1]

20 cm

4.5cm

5/7

21. A class of 27 children took a Mathematics test. Some of their scores are

represented in the stem and leaf diagram below.

0

1

2

3

4

A building has vertical walls and stands on horizontal ground. A coin is thrown

from a window of the building. At any instance the horizontal distance of the

coin from the building is x metres and the vertical height of the coin above the

ground is y metres. Some corresponding values of x and y are given in the

following table.

7

8 4

0

5 9

2

x

y

25

30

37

14

14

27

47

29

11

32

27

38

40

45

23

21

9

34

29

28

(a) Construct a stem and leaf diagram to represent the scores of all 27 children.

[3]

(b) For the whole class, find

(i) the modal score

(ii) the median score

(iii) the mean score

[1]

[1]

[1]

1

24

2

26

3

26

4

24

5

20

6

14

7

6

represent 5 metres on the y-axis, draw x and y axes for 0 x 8 and

0 y 30 Plot the points given in the table and join them with a smooth

curve.

[3]

(b) Write down the height of the window above the ground.

[1]

(i) the greatest height above the ground reached by the coin,

[1]

(ii) the horizontal distance from the building of the point where the coin

strikes the ground.

[2]

22. A bag contains 5 green balls, 3 red balls, 2 white balls and 1 blue ball.

(iii) the horizontal distance travelled by the coin whilst it is more than 23

metres above the ground.

[1]

(a) the ball is red

(b) the ball is not white

(c) the ball is green or blue

0

20

[1]

[1]

[1]

(d) A wall of height 7 metres is situated d metres from the building. Given that

the coin passes 4 metres above the top of the wall, use your graph to estimate

the value of d.

[2]

6/7

1.

(a) 240

(b) 0.0052

2.

(a) A

(b) x = 8, y = 2n

3.

12 days

4.

2h 21

6h 2

5.

(5y x)(7y + x)

6.

(a) n = 22

7.

0 or 7

8.

9.

x = 4, y = 2.5

(bi) 26 km

19. (a) G L

(bii) 5

(bii) 40 cm2

(bi) 45 x

(bii) 20

(bi) 14.3 cm

21. (a)

0

1

2

3

4

(b) 37.5%

4a

a 3

(bi) 14

(bii) 28

(biii) 27.2

3

11

(b) 9

11

(c)

22. (a)

10. d 3 3

7

23. (b) 20 m

79

14448

013577899

0245789

0257

(ciii) 3.5 m

(ci) 26.25 m

6

11

(cii) 7.65 m

(d) 6.4 m

(b) q = 9

13. (a) 500

x

x

(d) x = 10 0r 50

3

15. (a) 1800

(b) 360

(bi) $189.20

17. (b) x + y = 10

18. (ai) 1

(aii) 60

(bii)$55.90

7/7

SECTION A

1.

(b) 0.0005193 0.00052 (2 sig. fig.)

2.

(b) ABC is similar to ADE under enlargement.

=

=

= 2 (scale factor)

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

= 2

= 2

x = 16 2

= 8

VI

= 2

y = 2n

3.

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

20 girls

10 girls

5 days

25 girls

15 days

30 days

60days

12 days

If the number of pupils increased to 25, the same amount of food will

last for 12 days.

4.

=

=

=

7 printed pages

1/7

5.

6.

= 36y2 (x + y)2

= (6y)2 (x + y)2

= (6y x y)(6y + x + y)

= (5y x)(7y + x)

(a) Total number of pupils

5 + 10 + n + 3

n

n

18y 21

10y

10y

y

Using a2 b2 = (a + b)(a b)

=

=

=

=

40

40

40 10 5 3

22

7.

7w

w 7w

w(w 7)

w

2

8.

a(b + 1) 3b

ab + a 3b

b(a 3)

b

9.

=

=

=

=

4 + 8y

4 + 21

25

2.5

x =

= 4

10.

= 1

d = 1 3

100

% who scored distinction =

= 37.5%

=

=

=

=

=

11. The diagram shows 2 similar A and B. B is an enlargement of A.

We can say the transformation u is an enlargement of scale factor 2 at centre

(4, 7).

Scale factor

12. (a)

DC2 + AD2 = AC2

=

(1)

p2 + q2 = 152

(2)

p2 + (25 q)2 = 202

w2

0

0

7 or 0

= 5a

= 5a

= 4a

=

p2 = 152 q2

(b)

(3)

3x 4y = 2

2x + 7 = 6y

x =

(1)

(2)

15 q2 + 252 50q + q2

252 50q + q2 q2

50q

q

2

=

=

=

=

=

202

202

202 152

252 202 + 152

9

3

4y = 2

= 2 + 4y

2/7

13. (a)

$x 1 litre of oil

$1

14. (a)

litre of oil

$500

litre of oil

y = 1 + 2x

y = 4(1 + 2x)

y = 4 + 8x

Gradient = 8, y-intercept = 4

(b) (i) y + 2x = 0

3

Number of litre of oil sold =

3 (x + 1)

x+1

=

= $

(shown)

2

500 = 17

500 +

500 = 17

3x 3 500 = 17

3x 3 = 17

3x = 20

500 3x2 = 20x

3x 20x + 500 = 0 (shown)

2

(d)

y + 2x = 0

3x 20x + 500 = 0

(3x + 50)(x 10) = 0

3x + 50 = 0

3x = 50

x =

or

x 10 = 0

x = 10

3/7

= 1800

(b) 10 units 1800

1 unit 180

2 units 180 2

= 360

Number of tickets sold on Thursday = 360

(b) (ii) 2y = x + 4

y

3

2y = x + 4

2

4/7

SECTION B

x = 10 y

Sub (3) into (1),

10 y y = 7.5

10 2y = 7.5

2y = 2.5

y = 1.25

x = 10 1.25

= 8.75

= $60

% increase in hire purchase =

100

= 7.5 %

860

(3)

48 minutes =

hour

(1)

(b) On Wednesday:

Usual speed x km/h

New speed (x + y) km/h

Time taken =

=

36x + 36y = 360

x + y = 10

4(2x) + x = 540

Sum of interior angles

9x = 540

in n-sided polygon

x = 60

= (n 2) 180

(b) (i)

1 cm : 400000 cm

1 cm : 4 km

6.5 cm : 6.5 4 km

= 26 km

Distance between the two schools = 26 km

=

48x 48y = 360

x y = 7.5 (shown)

= $55.90

17. (a) On Tuesday:

Usual speed x km/h

New speed (x y) km/h

Time taken =

= $189.20

(ii)

36 minutes =

(2)

hour

1 cm : 4 km

1 cm2 : 16 km2

cm2 : 640 km2

= 40 cm2

Area on the map = 40 cm2

5/7

19. (a) There are students who like Geography but do not like Literature

= L G

(b) (i) Given n(G L) = x

20. (a)

Area =

5 =

r2 =

r2

r2

r =

L

25 x x 20 x

Area of ABCD = AD AB

= 3r 2r

= 3

= 6

n(G L) = 25 x + x + 20 x

= 45 x

(ii) n(G L) is smallest when n(G L) = n( )

45 x = 40

x = 5

The smallest possible value of x is 2.

(iii) n(G L) is largest when L G

Then n(G L) = n(L)

x = 20

The largest possible value of x is 20.

cm2

(b) (i) Let l be the slant height and h be the perpendicular height.

r2 + h2 = l2

4.52 + h2 = 152

Using Pythagoras theorem

h2 = 15

4.5

h = 204.75

14.3 cm (3 sig. fig.)

(ii) Volume of solid = Volume of cylinder + Volume of cone

= r2h + r2h

= 4.52 20 +

= 1575.587

1575.59 (2 d.p.)

4.52 14.3

6/7

21. (a)

23. (a)

0

1

2

3

4

79

14448

013577899

0245789

0257

(ii) Middle position =

Median score = 28

th = 14th

= 27.2

22. (a) P(the ball is red) =

(b) Number of the balls that are not white = 9

P(the ball is not white) =

(c) (i)

P(the ball is green or blue) =

(iii)

= 3.5 m

(d) d = 6.4 m

7/7

1.

(a) Peter bought a digital camera for $577.50. This price included a Goods and

Services Tax (GST) of 5%. Calculate the GST that was paid.

[2]

(b) A group of 20 boys took 15 days to finish building a model aeroplane. If the

number of boys were to increase to 25, how long would they take to finish

building an identical model aeroplane?

[2]

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

[1]

[1]

(2 hours)

3.

VII

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

4.

(a) Factorize x y 49 y 2

3

9

[2].

[2]

(a) express y in term of x

[2]

[1]

[1]

1/7

5.

8.

Score

Frequency

x 14

6.

(a) value(s) of

[3]

(b) perimeter of the triangle.

p

(b) Solve the simultaneous equations.

5x 4 y 0

9.

7.

2

6

3

6

4

2

5

4

6

2

[1]

[2]

[1]

[1]

[1]

(b) In the Venn diagram, shade A B:

[3]

[1]

4 x 5 y 18

(c) Solve the equation x 1 x 2 2 x 3 .

3

5

10

1

8

(ii) After the 27th throw the median score was 2. What was the least

possible score on the 28th

throw?

[2]

1

(b) Given that v u at 2 , express a in terms of v , u and t.

2

x+4

(a) A six-faced die was thrown 28 times. The table shows the number of times

that each possible score occurred.

[3]

(c) In the Venn diagram, shade (A B):

[2]

A polygon has n sides. Three of its interior angles are 120, 130 and 140 while

the remaining (n 3) interior angles are each equal to 110. Find n.

[3]

2/7

3

(a) Write down the coordinates of A.

[1]

[1]

Write down the equation of the line passing through B parallel to y-axis.

10. There are 240 adults and 160 children at the cinema watching a movie. 5 of the

8

adults and 50% of the children are male. If one person left the cinema before the

movie ends, find the probability that the person is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

an adult

a man

a girl

female

(c) Given that the line CD is parallel to AB and passes through the point

D (0 , 3), write down the equation of the line CD.

[2]

[2]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

11. Given that ABC is similar to ADB, AD = 1 cm, AB = 2 cm and ABC = ADB

= 90, find the length of CD.

[3]

D (0,3)

D

1 cm

2 cm

3/7

6

3

13. (a) Express as a single fraction

2x 3 x 1

[2]

(b) Given that (a + b)2 = 256 and 6ab = 54, calculate the value of 4(a2 + b2).

[3]

(c) A salesman had a basic salary of $30 000 in 1999. In 2000, his basic salary

was increased to $34 000.

(i) Calculate the percentage increase in his basic salary from 1999 to 2000.

[1]

(ii) In 2000 he was paid a bonus of 2 % of the value of his sales. His total

income was $38 400. Calculate the value of the sales that he made that

year.

[1]

14. A small cinema has a capacity of 120 seats and is always full if the price of each

ticket is $8.

(a) Write down the revenue obtained.

2

0

2

1

3

0

1

3

2

4

3

1

6

0

1

4

2

1

3

2

1

3

0

2

1

No of cars

No of families

[1]

(b) Find

(i) the mean number of cars

(ii) the median number of cars

(iii) the modal number of cars

[1]

[1]

[1]

16. The diagram below shows a circle with centre O. The diameter is 6.8 cm and the

arc length of AB is 4.7 cm. Take to be 3.14.

[1]

A

(b) For every $2 increase in the price of each ticket, the number of patrons

decreases by 5. Find the revenue when the price of each ticket is $12. [1]

O

(c) If x is the number of $2 increases in the price of tickets, show that the

[3]

revenue in dollars is given by 960 + 200x 10x2.

(d) Find the two values of x which give a revenue of $1 950.

[2]

(a) Calculate the angle AOB, correct to 1 decimal place.

(b) Calculate the area of the sector AOB, correct to the nearest cm2.

[2]

[2]

4/7

17. A cone is cut out of a hemisphere of diameter 45 cm. The base diameter of the

cone is found to be one-third that of the hemispheres.

45 cm

[2]

3

2

(b) 472 man-hours are needed to renovate an office. A renovation company

employs workers for 8 hours a day. Find the minimum number of workers

needed to complete the renovation in 6 days.

[3]

20. The universal set and the sets O, P and M are given by

= x : x is an integers such that 7 x 30,

O = x : x is an odd number,

P = x : x is a prime number,

M = x : x is a multiple of 5.

(a) Find the volume of the remaining solid, giving your answer correct to one

decimal place.

[3]

(b) Find the total surface area of the remaining solid, giving your answer correct

to 3 significant figures.

[4]

[Take = 3.14]

18. A box contains 6 black pens, 4 blue pens and 3 red pens. The pens are drawn at

random from the box, one after the other, and are not replaced. Expressing your

answer as a fraction, find the probability that

(a) the first pen drawn is blue

[1]

[2]

(c) If the two blue pens drawn are placed back into the box, find the

probability that the next pen drawn will be black.

[1]

[2]

[2]

The variables x and y are connected by the equation, y = x2 + x 6.

Some of the corresponding values of x and y are given in the table below.

x 4

y 6

3

a

2

4

1

6

0

6

1

b

2

0

3

6

[2]

(b) Using a scale of 2cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 1cm to represent

[3]

1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = x2 + x 6 for 4 x 3.

(c) State the minimum value of y = x2 + x 6

[1]

(d) By drawing another line on your graph, find the solutions to the equation

[2]

2x2 + 2x 14 = 0

5/7

1.

(a) $27.50

(b) 12 days

2.

(a) 2357

(b) 25

3.

(a)

4.

(a) y = 6x 9

(b) 33

5.

(a) x = 30

(b) 80 units

6.

(a) p = 1

5

(b) x = 8, y = 10

x 2 y x

7.

n=6

8.

(ai) 1

AA

8

y

3

(b) 2 y y 2 3

10. (a) 3

5

(b) a

2 v u

2

13. (a)

B

(c) 1

5

(d) 17

40

(b) x = 15

1

(c) y = x+3

3

(d) 30 units2

15

(2 x 3)( x 1)

(ci) 13 1 %

3

(a)

(b) 3

8

11. CD = 3 cm

(c) x = 6.5

(aii) 3

BB

(c) 12

t

9.

(c)

(b) $1320

(bi) 1.92

16. (a) 79.2

(d) 9 or 11

15. (a)

No of cars

No of families

(b)

(b) 238

0

4

1

7

(bii)2

2

6

3

5

4

2

5

0

6

1

(biii)1

(b) 8 cm2

B

6/7

18. (a)

4

13

(c)

6

13

(b)

19. (a) x = 8

1

13

20. (a)

O

9, 21,

27

7, 11,

13,17,

19,23,

29

15,25

6,8,12,14

16,18,22,24

,26,28

10,20,

30

21. (a) a = 0, b = 4 (c) 6.25

(d) draw y = 1, x = 3.2, 2.2

7/7

SECTION A

1.

(b)

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

105% $577.50

.

5

GST =

= $27.50

(a)

20 boys 15 days

1 boys (15 20) = 300 days

25 boys

= 12 days

The 25 boys will take 12 days to finish building the model aeroplane.

= 2357(2357 2356)

= 2357

calculator to evaluate.

= 839752 (83975 + 5 83975 5)

= 839752 (839752 52)

= 839752 (839752 52)

= 25

VII

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

3.

(a)

Using a2 b2 = (a + b)(a b)

=

=

(b) y(2 y)(3 y) + y2(y + 5) = y(6 5y + y2) + y3 + 5y2

= 6y 5y2 + y3 + y3 + 5y2

= 2y3 + 6y

= 2y(y2 + 3)

7 printed pages

1/7

4.

(a)

y

21

k

y

=

=

=

=

(b)

k(2x 3)

k(10 3)

3

6x 9

If y is directly proportional to x,

then y = kx, where k is a constant

and k 0.

(b) When x = 7,

y = 6(7) 9

= 33

(a)

PQ2 + QR2

x + (x 14)2

x2 + x2 28x + 196

x2 36x + 180

(x 30)(x 6)

x 30 = 0

or

x = 30

2

(b)

6.

(a)

25p = 5

p =

p =

4x + 5y = 18

(2)

+ 5y = 18

1

=

=

=

=

=

=

y =

x =

=

PR2

2

(x + 4)

x2 + 8x + 16

0

0

x6 = 0

x = 6 (rejected)

(c)

18

10

10

8

=

=

10(5x + 5 3x + 6)

50x + 50 30x + 60

20x + 110

10x

x

Perimeter of = PQ + PR + QR

= 30 + 34 + (30 14)

= 80 units

= 25

(1)

4( ) + 5y = 18

63 = 6x 9

6x = 63 + 9

x = 12

5.

5x + 4y = 0

5x = 4y

x =

7.

=

=

=

=

=

15(2x + 3)

30x + 45

30x + 45

65

6.5

120 + 130 + 140 + (n 3)110

390 + 110n 330

60 + 110n

70n

n

=

=

=

=

=

=

(n 2) 180

(n 2) 180

180n 360

180n 360

60 + 360

6

2/7

8.

(ii) Median = mean of 14th and 15th values

=

x can be 1 or 2 if the median is 2.

score that occurs

most often

(c) (A B)

AA

BB

(b)

v = u+

= vu

a =

9.

=

=

(a) A

= 150

P(the person is a man) =

=

(c) P(the person is a girl) =

(b) A B

= 170

P(the person is a female) =

=

3/7

=

=

AC =

CD =

=

=

SECTION B

Ratios of corresponding

sides are equal

4 cm

AC AD

41

3cm

=

=

(b)

y = 0 +5

= 5

A (0, 5)

(b) When the line AB cuts the x-axis, y-coordinate = 0,

Sub y = 0 into line AB,

+5 = 0

y intercept = 3

Equation of CD y =

(a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2

256 = a2 + 2ab + b2

2

a + b2 = 256 2ab

6ab = 54

2ab = 18

Sub (2) into (1),

a2 + b2 = 256 18

= 238

4(a2 + b2) = 4(238)

= 952

(1)

(2)

= 5

x = 15

B = (15, 0)

Equation of the line passing through B parallel to y-axis

x = 15

Area of ABCD =

=

=

=

(d)

13. (a)

+3

parallel, their gradients

are the same.

100

= $4400

2% $4400

1% $2200

100% $220000

Total sales he made in year 2000 = $220000

Base Height

AD OB

2 15

30 unit2

4/7

= $960

= 13th position

= 110

Revenue when the price of each ticket is $12 = 12 (110)

= $1320

(iii) Modal number of cars = 1

16. (a) Circumference of circle = 2 r

= (8 + 2x) (120 5x)

= 960 40x + 240x 10x2

= 960 + 200x 10x2 (shown)

= 2 3.14 3.4

= 21.352 cm

960 + 200x 10x2 = 1950

96 + 20x x2 = 195

x2 20x + 99 = 0

(x 11)(x 9) = 0

x = 11 or 9

Arc length of AB =

1

7

2

6

3

5

4

2

5

0

6

1

=

= 1.92

.

.

= 79.243

79.2 (1 d.p.)

=

circumference of circle

= 0.2201

0

4

15. (a)

Number of cars

Number of families

th

value from the

frequency table

area of circle

r2

.

=

3.14 3.42

= 7.99

8 cm2 (nearest cm2)

5/7

= 7.5 cm

Height of cone = 45 2

= 22.5 cm

Volume of cone = r2h

= 3.14 7.52 22.5

= 1324.6875 cm3

Volume of hemisphere =

= 3.14 22.53

= 23844.375 cm3

Volume of remaining solid = Volume of hemisphere Volume of cone

= 23844.375 1324.6875

= 22519.7 cm3

(b) Surface area of cone = rl

= 3.14 7.5 23.717

= 558.537 cm2

Surface area of hemisphere = 2 r2

= 2 3.14 22.52

= 3179.25 cm2

Total surface area of the remaining solid

= Surface area of cone + surface area of hemisphere

+ base area of hemisphere base area of cone

(b) P(the 1st and 2nd pen are blue) =

=

(c) P(the next pen drawn will be black) =

19. (a)

= x2

= x2

2x + 3x 4 = 6x 12

5x 4 = 6x 12

x = 8

(b) Number of days =

= 59 days

1 man

59 men

men

9.8 men

8h per day

8h per day

8h per day

8h per day

59 days

1 day

6 days

6 days

= 5150.787

5150 cm2 (3 sig. fig.)

6/7

20. (a) O = {7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29}

21. (a) a = 0, b = 4

x

y

(b)

O

9, 21,

27

7, 11,

13,17,

19,23,

29

15,25

6,8,12,14

16,18,22,24

,26,28

10,20,

30

(d)

2x2 + 2x 14 = x2 + x 7

x = 2.8, 1.8

7/7

1.

(a) 4 2 , leaving your answers in 2 decimal places

3

3

(b) 1 2 11 19 , leaving your answers in fraction

5

20 15

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

[1]

[1]

In the diagram below, ABC is similar to PQR. Find the length of BC and AC.

[4]

P

(2 hours)

3.6cm

4.8cm

3cm

VIII

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

3.

4.2cm

(a) If one wingspan of a plane is 15 m, find the wingspan of the model plane.

[1]

(b) Given that the area scale of the wingspan is 1: n. What is the value of n?

[2]

4.

5x 8y = 7

2y x = 1

[4]

1/6

5.

6.

[2]

3

3

[2]

(a) (x + 3)(x 4) = 8

(b) (2s + 3)2 = 25

7.

10. The diagram shows the graph of y = 2x2 4x 6. The graph cuts the x-axis at A

and B and the y-axis at C. Write down

mn

(b) Hence, find the value of n given m = 5, Z = 3 and b = 2.

[2]

[2]

[3]

[1]

8.

Find the coordinates of B.

[4]

9.

(b) the line of symmetry of the graph

[3]

[2]

11. Given the diagonal of a rectangle is 5 cm and that the length of the rectangle is

4 cm, calculate the area of the rectangle.

[3]

12. The diagram shows a sketch of the line y = ax + 3. Given that the point A(5, 8)

lies on the line and the point B is the where the line intersect the x-axis, find

[1]

(b) The value of h given that the point (8, h) lies on L1.

[1]

(c) The point of intersection when L1 intersects with the line y = 13.

[1]

(b) the coordinates of B

[2]

[2]

2/6

13. The table below shows the number of errors made by 20 students when reciting a

passage.

Number of errors

Number of students

0

5

1

3

2

x

3

4

4

y

14. (a) 2 groups of students set off to a neighbouring country to build a toilet as part

of CIP at 2 villages. The first group consist of 24 students, working 8 hours a

day for 15 days.

5

2

[3]

The second group consist of 16 students, working 9 hours a day, how many

days will the second batch be doing their CIP?

[2]

(i) mode

(ii) mean

[1]

[2]

(b) The Central Provident Fund (CPF) is a social security savings plan for

Singaporeans and the permanent residents. The table below gives the

contribution rate in the year 2000 for the various age groups:

Age Group

Y (years)

Employers

Contribution

(% of

salary)

Employees

Contribution

(% of salary)

Total

Contribution

(% of salary)

y < 35

10

10

20

20

30

30

45 y < 55

10

20

12.5

7.5

35 y < 45

55 y < 60

60 y < 65

Y

65

Credited to

Ordinary

Account

(% of

salary)

24

23

Credited to

Medisave

Account

(% of

salary)

6

7

30

22

16.5

8.5

9.5

1.5

monthly income of $1650. Calculate his take home pay after deducting CPF.

[1]

How much will be credited into his Ordinary Account per month?

[1]

(ii) Mr Nathan is 56 years old and he works as a Senior Manager earning $8500

per month. Calculate the amount credited into his Ordinary Account for the

whole of year 2000 assuming he also gets an additional 2 months year-end

bonus.

[2]

3/6

15. A polygon ABCDEF has an interior angle of 70 whereas the rest are x each.

(a) How many sides does the polygon has?

[1]

[3]

19. Andy and Rachel started together at the same constant speed x km/h on a 7 km

walk. After 1 km, Rachel increased her speed by 1 km/h, travelling at this speed

for the remaining 6 km. Andy walked at the constant speed x km/h till the end.

(a) Write down, in terms of x, the time taken by Andy and Rachel respectively

to complete the 7 km walk.

[2]

(u 3)

u4

5u 2

18u 2 12u

3

5 .

2

2

3

6u

5(u 9) 15(u 3) 3u 7u 6

u4 u3

[3]

u4

5u 2

18u 2 12u

0.

2

6u 3

5(u 9) 15(u 3) 3u 7u 6

2

[2]

( p 3q ) 2 (3q p ) 2 .

(b) Factorise 2my 4mx 3ny 6nx.

[2]

[2]

(b) Given that Rachel finished the walk half an hour earlier than Andy, form an

[2]

equation in x and show that it reduces to x2 + x 12 = 0.

(c) Calculate the time, in hours, Rachel takes to complete her walk using the

chosen value. Explain also why you need to reject one of the answers. [2]

20. (a) The table below shows the age in months of the books that a student has

collected.

Age in months (m)

0 < m 10

10 < m 20

20 < m 30

30 < m 40

40 < m 50

50 < m 60

10

15

25

20

30

15

[1]

[3]

(a) Write down, in set notation, the relationship between set A and B.

[1]

[1]

(iii) If the student randomly picks a book from his collection, what is the

probability that the age of the book is older than 30 months?

[1]

[2]

(b) The distribution of marks scored by pupils of a class is as follow:

Marks

No. of students

4

7

5

5

6

6

7

3

8

x

9

8

10

7

[2]

4/6

21. Answer the whole of this question on the sheet of graph paper provided.

PQRS is a square of side 9 cm and PTUV is a rectangle.

Given that PT = UV = VS = x cm,

P

T

Q

22. An open container is made up of a hollow cylinder and a hollow conical base of

radius 6 cm. The height of the cylinder is 2.5 cm and the height of the conical

base is 7 cm. Slant height of the cone is 9.2 cm. Taking = 3.142 and correcting

your answers to 2 decimal places where applicable, calculate

(a) the height of the water level from the tip of the cone when 300 cm3 of water

is poured into the container.

[2]

(b) the area where the water is in contact with the container.

[2]

3

(c) the radius of the hemispherical container if the volume is the size of the

8

V

container.

[3]

3

If water is leaking at a rate of 0.2 cm per second from the tip of the cone into a

hemispherical container below,

S

(d) find the time taken, in minutes to completely fill up the hemispherical

container.

[1]

[1]

6

(b) Given that y = 9x x2, copy and complete the table below:

x

y

0

0

1

8

3

18

7

14

8

8

2.5

9

0

[1]

(c) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 1 cm to represent

1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = 9x x2, for values of x in the

range 0 x 9.

[2]

(d) From your graph, find the maximum area of the rectangle PTUV.

9.2

[1]

(e) Using your graph, estimate the values of x for which the area of PTUV is

[1]

10 cm2.

5/6

(a) 1.80

2.

BC = 3.55cm, AC = 4 cm

3.

(a) 6 cm

4.

x = 3, y = 1

5.

(b) {b, f}

(c)

(b) 2 53

60

1.

18. (a) B A

a,

e

b, f

(b) 62500

(b) 400

6.

(a) x = 4 or 5

7.

(a) n = zm 1

bz

8.

B(1, 1)

9.

(a) ( 4 1 ,0)

2

(b) s = 4 or 1

1

(b) n = 3

5

(b)

1

6

7

hrs, Rachels time =

hrs

x x 1

x

(c) 1 5 hours

6

20. (ai) 40 < m 50 (aii) 32.8

(aiii) 13

23

(b) x = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

7

3

(d) 20.3

10. (a) A = (1, 0), B = (3, 0), C = (0, 6) (b) x = 1

(c) 4.61 cm

11. 12 cm2

12. (a) a = 1

c, d, g

(b) 185.46 cm2

(d) 17.08 min

(b) (3, 0)

(b) 130

17. (a) 12pq

6/6

SECTION A

1.

(a)

= 1.804

1.80 (2 d.p.)

(b) 1

= 1

=

2.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

=

=

.

BC2 = 12.6

BC = 3.549

3.55 cm (3 sig. fig.)

VIII

=

.

Worked Solutions

Ratios of corresponding

sides are equal

.

.

3

AC =

.

= 4 cm

3.

(a)

(b)

7 printed pages

Ratios of corresponding

sides are equal

2 cm : 5 m

2 3 : 15 m

= 6 cm

Wingspan of the model plane is 6cm.

2 cm

1 cm

1 cm2

1 cm2

:

:

:

:

5m

250 cm

(250 cm)2

62500 cm2

1/7

4.

5x 8y = 7

2y x = 1

x = 2y 1

Sub (2) into (1),

5(2y 1) 8y

10y 5 8y

2y

y

When y = 1,

x = 2 1

= 3

x = 3 and y = 1

5.

=

=

=

=

(1)

(2)

7

7

2

1

4 8

=

=

=

=

=

bn 1

bn 1

bn + zn

zm + 1

n =

n =

6 8

(x + 3)(x 4)

x 4x + 3x 12

x2 x 20

(x 5)(x + 4)

x = 5

or

2

(b)

z

z(m n)

zm zn

zm + 1

n(b + z)

n =

=2 2

n =

8

=2 6

= 400

(a)

(a)

n =

= 2(x 2)(4 + 3x)

= 2(2 x)(4 + 3x)

(b) 16

6.

7.

(2s + 3)

4s2 + 12s + 9

4s2 + 12s 16

s2 + 3s 4

(s 1)(s + 4)

s1 = 0

or

s = 1

=

=

=

=

8

8

0

0

x = 4

= 25

= 25

= 0

= 0

= 0

s+4 = 0

s = 4

4

30

3 8

8.

3y = 2x 5

3x y = 4

y = 3x 4

(1)

(2)

3(3x 4)

9x 12

7x

x

=

=

=

=

2x 5

2x 5

7

1

When x = 1,

y = 34

= 1

B = (1, 1)

2/7

9.

2x = 9

x =

(b) Mid-point of AB =

=1

Line of symmetry: x = 1

= 4

Coordinates:

sub x = 8 and y = h into 3y + 2x = 9,

3h + 2(8) = 9

3h = 9 16

h =

(c) When L1 intersects with line y = 13,

sub y = 13 into 3y + 2x = 9,

3(13) + 2x =

2x =

=

x =

9

9 39

30

15

11. Breadth =

=

=

=

Area =

=

=

4

5

25 16

9

3 cm

Breadth Length

34

12 cm2

sub x = 5, y = 8,

8 = 5a + 3

5 = 5a

a = 1

(b) When y = 0, a = 1,

0 = x + 3

3 = x

Coordinates of B: (3, 0)

y = 2(0)2 4(0) 6

y = 6

C: (0, 6)

When the curve cuts the x-axis, y = 0,

2x2 4x 6 = 0

(x 3)(x + 1) = 0

x = 3

or

x = 1

Coordinates of B: (3, 0), Coordinates of A: (1, 0)

3/7

13. (a)

Number of errors = 20

5 + 3 + x + 4 + y + 2 = 20

x+y = 6

(1)

Given that the median is 2.5 mean of 10th and 11th = 2.5

10th value 2, 11th value 3

x=2

=

= 2.25

24 students

1 student

1 student

1 student

8hrs per day

1hr per day

9hrs per day

15 days

(15 24) days

(15 24 8) days

days

14. (a)

= 20 days

x = 2 and y = 4

(ii) Mean =

SECTION B

Fewer students

require more

days, thus you

multiply.

days

His take home pay = (100 20)% 1650

= 80% 1650

=

1650

= $1320

More students

require less

days, thus you

divide.

1650

= $396

(ii) Nathans total salary for year 2000 = $8500 14

= $119000

.

Amount credited to his Ordinary account =

119000

= $10115

15. (a) Number of sides = 6

(b) Total sum of interior angles in 6 sided polygon = (6 2) 180

720 = 70 + 5x

Sum of interior angle

5x = 650

in n-sided polygon

x = 130

= (n 2) 180

4/7

(b)

(b) B = {b, c, d, f, g}

B A = ,

18. (a) B A

16. (a)

(c)

(shown)

= 0

a,

e

b, f

answer to solve

c, d, g

= 0

=

5(u + 4)

5u + 20

2u

u

17. (a) (p 3q)2 (3q p)2

= p2 6pq + 9q2 (9q2 + 6pq + p2)

= 12pq

=

=

=

=

3(u + 3)

3u + 9

11

5.5

hour

(b)

2

Using (a b) = a 2ab + b

hour

=

=

(14 x)(x + 1)

14x + 14 x2 x

x2 x + 12

x2 + x 12

= 2m(y + 2x) 3n(y + 2x)

= (y + 2x) (2m 3n)

(c)

=

=

=

=

(7x + 1)(2)

14x + 2

0

0 (shown)

x2 + x 12 = 0

(x 3)(x + 4) = 0

x3 = 0

or

x = 3

x+4 = 0

x = 4

(rejected speed cannot be negative)

5/7

that occurs most often

(b) Median

=7

(ii)

Age in months (m)

0 < m 10

10 < m 20

20 < m 30

30 < m 40

40 < m 50

50 < m 60

Estimate mean age =

=

10

15

25

20

30

15

Mid-value (x)

5

15

25

35

45

55

32.826

= 32.8 (3 sig. fig.)

(iii) Number of books older than 30 months = 20 + 30 + 15

= 65

P(the age of the book that is older than 30 months) =

=

6

Case (1)

Case (2)

Case (1), 1st 7 is the median

7+5+6 = 2+x+8+7

18 = 17 + x

x = 1

Least possible of x = 1

left hand side of the median

= Number of elements on

the right hand side of the

median

7+5+6+2 = x+8+7

20 = 15 + x

x = 5

Greatest possible of x = 5

Possible values = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

21. (a) Area of PTUV = PT PV

= x(9 x)

= 9x x2

(b)

x

0

1

2

3

y

0

8

18

14

4

20

5

20

6

18

7

14

8

8

9

0

6/7

(c)

=

= 0.3189 cm

0.32 cm (2 d.p.)

Height of the water level from the tip of the cone = 7 + 0.32

= 7.32 cm

(b) Area where the water is in contact with the container

=

2

= 6 9.2

2 6 0.3189

= 185.462 cm2

185.46 cm2 (2 d.p.)

(c) Volume of hemisphere =

36 7

84

36 2.5

90

=

r3 =

r = 4.608

4.61 cm (2 d.p.)

(d)

Time taken =

=

Volume of cone =

6 7

= 84

Volume remaining in cylinder = 300 84

Height in cylinder =

.

.

= 1047.76 s

= 17.079 minutes

17.1 minutes (3 sig. fig.)

(e) When y = 10, x = 1.3 or 7.7

22. (a)

7/7

1.

Evaluate 8 1 2 7 9 2

15

5

6

2.

(a)

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

(b)

(2 hours)

1

1

3

3

3

125 4

1 2

4

2 3

1 2

4

2 3

[2]

[1]

[2]

3.

At a car wash, 8 men working 6 hours can wash all the cars that come to the

car wash. How many men are required to wash the cars in 4 hours?

[2]

4.

IX

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

3x + 8y = 13

1

x 2y 4

2

5.

[4]

(a) 2(t 2 1) (t 1)(t 2)

2

[2]

(b) 66ab c

3bc 3

[3]

1/6

6.

9.

(a) 4a2 9

(b) 9x2 12x + 4

[2]

[2]

CAB = 18, calculate

B

A

7.

18

[3]

C

20

120

y 4y

8.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

3x 5 5 x 4

2

6

5

1

2

(b)

x 5 2 x 3

4

5

(a)

an exterior angle of the polygon

the number of sides of the polygon

ACD

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[2]

10. Study the following sequence: 2, 1, 6, 13, ..

[2]

(b) Write down the 8th term in the sequence.

(c) The nth term in the sequence is 141. What is the value of n?

[1]

[1]

[1]

2/6

11. Triangles ABC and DEF are similar. Calculate the value of x. All given

dimensions are in metres.

[2]

B

D

2x cm

h cm

4.8

3.8

9

A

12. If

3cm

x cm

x

y 5 , express y in terms of x.

2

3 y

(a) Given that area of ABC = 9cm2, write down a pair of simultaneous

equations involving h and x.

[2]

[3]

[3]

7

6

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

6

9

10

7

9

6

6

7

8

8

10

8

10

11

5

7

Find the mean shoe size.

Find the median shoe size.

If another boy joins the group and his shoe size is 8, what is the new

median shoe size?

[1]

[1]

[2]

[2]

3/6

15. (a) Find the value of

17. If 1 is added to both the numerator and the denominator of a fraction, the fraction

becomes 3 . If 2 is subtracted both from the numerator and the denominator of

4

818

[1]

6 5000

5

(i) An expressway is represented by a line of length 15 cm.

Calculate the time taken in minutes by a taxi moving at 72 km/h to

travel from one end of the expressway to the other.

[3]

2

3

[5]

18. The diagram below shows a model with a hollow cone inside a solid hemisphere.

The radius of the solid hemisphere is 12 cm. Given that the cone has a circular

base with diameter of 10 cm a slant length of x cm as indicated in the diagram.

10 cm

Calculate the area on the street directory which represents the golf

course, giving your answer in square centimetres

[2]

x cm

12 cm

16. Mr. Lee bought a new car priced at $105 000 at a motorcar exhibition. He pays

20% of the price as a down payment and borrowed the remaining from the bank.

(a) Calculate the remaining amount that he borrowed from the bank.

[1]

(b) The bank charges simple interest at a rate of 2.5% per annum.

[3]

[3]

(i) the total interest he has to pay,

(ii) his monthly installment over the next 7 years.

[1]

[2]

(Take to be 3.142.)

Instead of buying a new car, Mr. Lee decides to save $20 000 in the bank.

The saving plan offers a compound interest of 2.23 % per annum.

Find the total amount of money that Mr. Lee receives after 2 years.

[2]

4/6

19. (a) Tom ran the 20 km of a marathon race at an average speed of x km/h. Write

down, in terms of x, an expression for the number of hours it took him to

complete the race.

[1]

(b) Charles ran the race at an average speed which was 5 km/h greater than

Toms speed. Write down, in terms of x, an expression for the number of

hours which Charles took.

[1]

1

h

, write down an

(c) Given that the difference between the two times was

3

[3]

equation in x and show that it reduces to x2 + 5x 300 = 0.

A = x : x is a prime number

B = x : x is a factor of 30

(i) List the elements of A B and A B.

(ii) Find n(A)

(b) Shade the regions in the Venn Diagram that represents (X Y).

[2]

[1]

[2]

(d) Solve the equation x2 + 5x 300 = 0 and find in hours and minutes, the time

it took Tom to complete the race.

[3]

20. (a) In a Mathematics test, the scores of the students are recorded as shown.

25

30

37

14

14

27

47

29

11

32

27

38

40

45

23

21

9

34

29

28

[2]

(b) Some students were asked how many hours they spend using the computer

after school. The results are as shown.

No of hours

No of students

0

6

1

10

2

3

3

4

4

3

x

y

2 1 0

m 7 3

1

1

2

1

3

3

4

7

[1]

The y-axis, draw the graph of y = x2 3x + 3 for x-axis ranging from 2 to 4.

[3]

(c) Write down the equation of the line of symmetry.

[2]

5

x

(i) Write down the largest possible value of x given that the mode is 1. [1]

(ii) Find the value of x given that the median is 2.5.

[3]

[2]

(i) find the value of y when x = 1.5,

(ii) find the coordinates when y is at the minimum.

[2]

5/6

1.

2.

14. (a)

(b) h = 6, x = 5

57

94

(a) 13

20

(b) 1

5

18

(bi) 10 min

(bi) $14700

3.

x = 12

17. 8

11

4.

x = 5, y = 0.25

5.

(a) t2 3t 4

19. (a) 20 h

x

(b) 22ac

9b

(a) (2a + 3)(2a 3)

7.

x = 60, y = 20, z = 40

8.

(a) 4

9.

(a) 144

(b) 36

(c) 10

(d) 126

1

15

10. (a) 22

(b)

20

h

x5

(d) 1h 20 min

20. (a)

6.

(b) (3x 2)

Stem

0

1

2

3

4

(b) 1

11

(bi) x = 9

Leaf

9

1 4 4

1 3 5 7 7 8 9 9

0 2 4 7 8

0 5 7

(bii)x = 12

(biii)x = 4

(b) 61

(aii) n(A) = 7

(c) n = 12

(b)

11. 7.2

2

12. y 3x 20

4 x2

13. (a) 7

= 9, h2 + (3 + x)2 = (2x)2

(b) 7 14

19

(c) 7

(d) 7.5

22. (a) m = 13

(c) x = 1.5

(di) y = 9.6

6/6

SECTION A

1.

=5

=

2.

(a)

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

(b)

=

=

3.

IX

Worked Solutions

8 men

(86) men

men

12men

6 hours

1 hour

4 hours

4 hours

4.

3x + 8y = 13

x + 2y = 4

x =

Sub (2) into (1),

3 4

2 + 8y=

13.5 6y + 8y =

2y =

2y =

y =

x =

6 printed pages

fewer hours, thus

you multiply.

more hours, thus

you divide.

(1)

2y

(2)

13

13

13 13.5

0.5

0.25

0.5 = 5

4

x = 5, y = 0.25

1/6

5.

= 2t2 2 t2 3t 2

= t2 3t 4

(b)

8.

(a)

= 2

= 2

= 2

15x 1 = 60

15x = 61

x =

(3)3 = 27

=

6.

Using a2 b2 = (a + b)(a b)

(a) 4a2 9

= (2a)2 32

= (2a 3)(2a + 3)

x =

(b)

= (3x)2 2(3x)(2) + (2)2

= (3x 2)2

=

x =

7.

20

60

120

9.

= 144

(b) Exterior angle = 180 ABC

= 180 144

= 36

y 4y

x

x + 120 = 180

x = 180 120

= 60

5y + x + 20 = 180

5y = 180 20 60

5y = 100

y = 20

z = 180 60 4(20)

= 40

exterior angle = 180

36 =

36n = 360

n = 12

(sum of angles in )

(d) ACD = 144 BCA

= 144 18

= 126

2/6

(b) 2, 2 + 3 = 1, 1 + 5 = 6, 6 + 7 = 13, 13 + 9 = 22, 22 + 11 = 33,

33 + 13 = 46, 46 + 15 = 61

Middle position =

= 10th position

th

(c) General formula for nth term = n2 3

n2 3 = 141

n2 = 144

n = 12

11. Given ABC and DEF are similar.

=

Ratios of corresponding sides are

.

equal

=

6x = 9 4.8

x = 7.2 m

12.

=

= 7.5

14. (a) Given area of triangle ABC = 9 cm2

= 9

(1)

h2 + (3 + x)2 = (2x)2 (2)

Using Pythagoras

theorem

= 9

=

3h =

h =

Sub h = 6 into (2),

2x2 =

4x2 =

2

3x 6x 45 =

(3x + 9)(x 5) =

x = 5

or

=

=

3x2 + yx2 = 4y 20

3x2 + 20 = 4y yx2

3x2 + 20 = y(4 x2)

(b) Mean shoe size =

Median = 7

y =

10th value

9

18

6

62 + (3 + x)2

36 + 9 + 6x + x2

0

0

3x = 9

x = 3 (rejected)

=

=

3/6

SECTION B

15. (a)

(b) (i)

1 : 80 000

1 cm : 80 000 cm

1 cm : 0.8 km

15 cm : 0.8 15 = 12 km

Length of expressway = 12 km

Time taken =

:

:

:

:

:

= 20000 1

= 20000 1.02232

=$20901.95 (2 d.p.)

17. Let x be the numerator and y be the denominator.

3y + 3 = 4x + 4

3y = 4x + 1

y =

0.8 km

(0.8 km)2

0.64 km2

1.76 km2

1.76 km2

investment for a principal of

$P for n years at a

compound interest of R%

per annum is $P 1

= hour

= 10 minutes

1 cm

(1 cm)2

1 cm2

.

cm2

.

2.75 cm2

=

= $1175

Total amount of money received after 2 years

(ii)

(1)

=

If the simple interest on

$P for T years at R%

per annum is $I, then

.

I=

16. (a) Amount he borrowed from bank =

105000

= $84000

.

84000

= $14700

2y 4 = 3x 6

2y = 3x 2

(2)

2

= 3x 2

2(4x + 1) = 3(3x 2)

8x + 2 = 9x 6

x = 8

Sub x = 8 into (1),

y =

= 11

The fraction is

4/6

18. (a)

52 + 122 = x2

x = 5

12

= 13 (shown)

= (3.142)(12)3

= 3619.584 cm3

Volume of cone =

= (3.142)(5)2(12)

= 314.2 cm3

Volume of model = 3619.584 314.2

= 3305.384

3305.38 cm2 (2 d.p.)

19. (a) Time taken for Tom =

=

hours

Time taken for Charles =

=

(c)

hours

x = 15

or

x = 20 (rejected speed cannot be negative)

Time taken for Tom to complete the race = hours

= 1 hour 20 minutes

20. (a)

Stem

Leaf

0

9

1

1 4 4

2

1 3 5 7 7 8 9 9

3

0 2 4 7 8

4

0 5 7

(b) (i) Largest possible value of x = 9

(ii) Since median is 2.5,

median = mean of 19th and 20th value

18 = 3 + 3 + x

18 = 6 + x

x = 12

(iii)

Mean =

= 2

40 + 5x = 52 + 2x

3x = 12

x = 4

Since mode = 1,

x <10.

Number of elements on

the left hand side of the

median = Number of

elements on the right

hand side of the median

=

300 = x2 + 5x

x2 + 5x 300 = 0 (shown)

5/6

1 is not a prime

number.

22. (a)

A B = {2, 3, 5}

(i)

(ii) A = {1, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12}

n(A) = 7

(b)

x

y

AB

The union of sets A and B is the

set of elements which are in A,

or in B or in both A and B.

AB

The intersection of sets A and B

is the sets of elements which are

common to both A and B

Complement of A

(denoted as A)

Elements that

are in but not in

A

y = (2)2 3(2) + 3

= 4+6+3

= 13

2

13

1 0

7 3

1

1

2

1

3

3

4

7

(b) (X Y)

(c)

y = 1.5

(ii) (1.5, 0.4)

6/6

1.

The square of a number is 3 times as large as the number itself. Find the possible

numbers.

[3]

2.

(a) An airport runway is represented by a line of length 4.53 cm on the map.

Calculate the actual length of the runway, giving your answer in kilometres,

correct to three significant figures. .

[2]

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

(2 hours)

Calculate the area on the map which represents the airport, giving your

answer in square centimeters, correct to one decimal place.

[2]

3.

A polygon has n sides. Four of its exterior angles are 26, 31.5, 43 and 55.5 and

the remaining exterior angles are each equal to 8.5. Find the value of n.

[2]

4.

Factorise completely

X

Answer all questions in Section A AND Section B.

If the degree of accuracy is not specified in the question, and if the

answer is not exact, give the answer to three significant figures.

Give answers in degrees to one decimal place.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each

question or part question.

The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.

Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.

You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your

answers.

5.

(b) 9x2 12x 32

[3]

[1]

Simplify

3

2

4

3

(a) 4 x yz 15 x 5 x

3

2

( 2 xy )

7( xz )

21 yz 3

[3]

(b)

6.

7.

4

3

2x 3 6 4x

connecting x and y.

[2]

[2]

The diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm and its width is 8cm. Calculate the area

of the rectangle.

[3]

1/5

8.

9.

7 solid spheres are melted to form a pyramid which has a hexagonal base.

If the radius of each sphere is 3cm and the area of the hexagonal base of the

pyramid is 72cm2, calculate the height of the pyramid, giving your answer

correct to three significant figures.

[3]

13. In the diagram, O is the centre of a circle with radius 7.5cm. The points A, B and

C are on the circumference and AOB = 140.

C

(a) Show that x2 + y2 = 85 and hence or otherwise, evaluate

(b) (x y)2

[2]

[2]

140

10. Make M the subject of the formula P = M

P

M when P = 4 and R = 2.

[4]

11. In the right-angled triangle PQR, S is a point on the side PQ. Given that

SQ = 24cm, PR = 30cm and SR = 34cm, calculate

(b) Find the area of the major sector AOBC, giving your answer to three

decimal places. [Take = 3.142]

30

(a) Calculate the length of the minor arc AB, giving your answer correct to two

significant figures.

[2]

[2]

14. The pie chart shows the number of visitors present in an exhibition.

6900

Malaysian

34

Japanese

125

24

(a) PS

(b) QR

75

Europeans

[1]

[2]

Others

(b) Find the value of x.

(c) If a visitor is selected, find the probability that the visitor is

12. The set of data given below shows the test scores of 20 students in a class.

12, 11, 12, 10, 9, 11, 11, 10, 12, 13, 10, 13, 12, 9, 11, 12, 10, 9, 13, 12

(a) Find the mean score.

(b) What is the median score?

(c) What is the modal score?

115

[1]

[1]

[1]

(i) Japanese

(ii) European

(iii) Malaysian

[1]

[2]

[3]

2/5

20. The following are the travel time, in minutes, from home to school of 28 students

represented in a stem and leaf diagram.

[2]

2

2

(b) Simplify (3 2a) 2(9 4a )

9ab

6b 2 c

[3]

3(x 2) + 1 ( y 1) = 0

2

1

1

x 2y 2

4

2

[4]

[2]

19. A group of people were asked to state the number of cars each person has. The

findings were tabulated below.

1

12

2

x

2

6

2

3

3

5

5

8

5

5

4

7 8 9

5 5 7 8 9

8 8

7

[1]

[2]

[1]

18. If y varies directly as x2 and the difference in the values of y when x = 4 and

when x = 2 is 36, find the value of y when x = 1.

[4]

0

7

2

5

2

0

0

0

(c) Calculate the mean travel time taken by students from home to school. [2]

(a) the least value of y x

1

(b) the greatest value of 2

x y2

No of cars

No of people

1

2

3

4

5

6

Row

1

2

3

4

5

6

P

42

342

3342

33342

333342

3333342

Q

16

1156

111556

11115556

p

q

7

13

19

25

r

s

3

2

(b) Hence, find the mean and median.

[2]

2

[1]

[2]

[1]

(c) Find the sum of digits in the Q column in the nth row in terms of n.

[2]

3/5

A = { x : x is a prime number}

B = { x : x is an odd number}

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

List the elements of B

List the elements of A B

State the relationship between A and B.

List the elements of (A B)

24. In the figure below, a solid metal cone of radius 5cm and height 12.3cm is placed

on the bottom of a cylindrical container whose base radius is 10 cm. Water is

poured into the container until the top of the cone is just covered, and the cone is

then removed.

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

[1]

The variables x and y are connected by the equation

1

y x 2 2x 1

2

(a) the total surface area of the cone

[3]

(b) the volume of water in the cylindrical container

[2]

(c) the final depth of the water in the cylindrical container after the cone is

removed.

[2]

x

y

2 1 0

5 p 1

1

2.5

2

3

3

2.5

4

q

5

6

1.5 5

[1]

(b) Using 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the both axis, draw the graph of

1

y x 2 2x 1

2

for values of x in the range of 2 x 6.

(c) Use your graph to

(i) find the value of y when x = 3.5

(i) find the values of x when y = 3

12.3

10

[2]

[1]

[2]

2

(d) On the same axes, draw the graph of y x 2 . Hence write down the

3

1 2

2

solutions of the simultaneous equations y x 2 x 1 and y x 2 .

2

3

[3]

4/5

17. (a) 15

1.

18. y = 3x2, y = 3

0 or 3

(b) 1

4

2.

(a) 2.27 km

(b) 46.7 cm

3.

n = 28

4.

5.

(a) xz

18 y 3

6.

16

y

x

7.

120 cm2

8.

33.0 cm

9.

(a) -

11

(b)

2(2 x 3)

19. (a) 13

20. (a) 35

(b) 36

(b) 55

(c) 6n + 1

(c) {3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19}

(d) A is a subset of B

23. (a) p = 1.5, q = 1

11. (a) 16 cm

(b) 50 cm

(b) 11

13. (a) 18 cm

(b) x = 45

(cii) 5

24

(ci) y = 1.85

(b) 121

2

10. M P

,M=2

2

( R P)

(ci) 25

72

(c) 36.4

(c) 11.3 cm

(c) 12

(ciii) 23

72

2

3

4bc (3 2a )

16. x = 2, y = 1

5/5

SECTION A

1.

x2 = 3x

x2 3x = 0

x(x 3) = 0

x = 0

or

x3 = 0

x = 3

The possible numbers are 0 or 3.

MATHEMATICS

(Secondary Two)

2.

(a)

X

Map

1

1 cm

1 cm

4.53 cm

:

:

:

:

:

Actual

50 000

50 000 cm

0.5 km

4.53 0.5

= 2.265 km

2.27 km (3 sig. fig.)

(b)

Worked Solutions

(Dont peek till youve tried the question!)

1 cm

(1 cm)2

1 cm2

.

cm2

.

:

:

:

:

0.5 km

(0.5 km)2

0.25 km2

11.68 km2

46.7 cm2

(1 d.p.)

Area on map which represents the airport = 46.7 cm2

3.

6 printed pages

26 + 31.5 + 43 + 55.5 + (n 4) 8.5

156 + 8.5n 34

8.5n

n

=

=

=

=

=

360

360

360

238

28

1/6

4.

= (5a b)(4a2 b)

(b) 9x2 12x 32 = (3x 8)(3x + 4)

5.

(a)

=

=

x2 + 82 = 172

x 2 = 172 82

x = 17

8

= 15 cm

Area of rectangle = 15 8

= 120 cm2

8.

Volume of 7 spheres = 7

factorisation

(2)3 = 8

Base area Height = 791.681

72 Height = 791.681

Height = 32.986

33.0 cm (3 sig. fig.)

=

(b)

9.

(a)

(x + y)

(x + y)2

x2 + 2xy + y2

x2 + y2

x2 + y2

x2 + y2

x2 + y2

(b)

(x y)2 =

=

=

=

=

=

6.

y =

Sub y = 2, x = 8,

2 =

16 = k

y =

r3

= 7 (3)3

= 791.681 cm3

=

=

7.

If y is inversely proportional

to x, then y = , where k is a

constant and k 0.

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

7

72

49

49 2xy

49 2(18)

49 + 36

85 (shown)

x2 2xy + y2

85 2(18)

85 + 36

121

2/6

10.

P = M+

= 18.3

18 cm (2 sig. fig.)

P = M 1

M =

= 108.0062 cm2

108.006 cm2 (3 d.p.)

14. (a) 115 6900

1 60

75 60 75 = 4500

4500 Europeans visited the exhibition.

M =

M = P

= P

M =

= 45 (angles at a point)

Sub P = 4 and R = 2, M =

=2

11. (a)

7.5

PS2 = RS2 PR2

PS = 34

30

= 16

=

(ii) P(the visitor is European) =

QR2 = 302 + (16 + 24)2

QR = 30

16 24

= 50

=

(iii) P(the visitor is Malaysian) =

=

=

= 11.1

(b) 9, 9, 9, 10, 10, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11,12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 13, 13

Median score = mean of 10th and 11th score

=

= 11

(c)

Modal score = 12

3/6

SECTION B

15. (a)

(b)

= 15

3(2x2 1) =

6x2 3 =

6x2 7x 3 =

(2x 3)(3x 1) =

or

x =

7x

7x

0

0

x =

=

18.

=

2

x + 8y

x

3(x 2) + (y 1)

=

=

=

=

2

10

10 8y

0

3(10 8y 2) + (y 1) = 0

30 24y 6 + y

= 0

23 23 y = 0

23 y = 23

y = 1

Sub y = 1 into (1),

y = kx2

When x = 4, y = 16k

When x = 2, y = 4k

If y is directly proportional to x,

then y = kx, where k is a constant

and k 0.

16k 4k = 36

12k = 36

k = 3

y = 3x2

16.

(1)

(2)

When x = 1,

y = 3(1)2

= 3

19. (a) Given the mode is 2, x > 12.

Smallest possible value of x = 13

(b) Mean =

=

= 1.294

1.29 (3 sig. fig.)

Median = mean of 17th and 18th values

=

=1

x = 10 8

= 2

4/6

(b) Median travel time = mean of 14th and 15th values

=

= 36

x

y

2 1

5 1.55

0

1

1

2.5

2

3

3

2.5

4

1

5

6

1.5 5

(b)

=

=

= 36.4

21. (a)

p

q

r

s

=

=

=

=

1111155556

111111555556

31

37

= 55

(c) Sum of digits in the Q column in the nth row = 6n + 1

22. (a) A = {3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19}

(b) B = {3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19}

(c) A B = {3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19}

AB

The intersection of sets A and B

is the sets of elements which are

common to both A and B

(d) A is a subset of B.

(e) A B = {3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19}

AB

The union of sets A and B is the

set of elements which are in A, or

in B or in both A and B.

member of B, A is a subset of

B

(c) (i) y = 1.85

(ii) 1.45, 5.45

(d) x = 0.4, y = 1.70 or x = 4.9, y = 1.30

5/6

12.3

= 13.27 cm

Using Pythagoras

theorem

= 5 (13.37) + (5)2

= 287.1138

= 287 cm2 (3 sig. fig)

(b) Volume of cone = r2h

= 3.142 52 12.3

= 322.055 cm3

Volume of water = 3.142 102 12.3 322.055

= 3542.6 cm3

3540 cm3 (3 sig. fig.)

=

= 11.275

11.3 cm (3 sig. fig.)

6/6