Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

Goldberg, Jonathan. Canonizing Aemilia Lanyer. In Desiring Women Writing: English.

Renaissance Examples. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1997. 16- 41. Print.
Canonizing Aemilia Lanyer. 16(Goldberg 16)
Critiquing Coiro
An undifferentiated sisterhood among contemporaries and stretching across centuries is
the mark of Lanyers feminism and the sign of her value as a woman writer.
(Goldberg 18)
Lanyers suspicious deployment of conventional male/strength, female/weakness
equations suggests that the seemingly tautological women . . . as women formulations
that seek to guarantee Lanyers feminist value are not quite Lanyers terms.
Janel Mueller Lanyer questions Adams strength
(Goldberg 19)
the possibility of a separate sphere of female value, uncontaminated by masculinity,
must inevitably arise
the familiar dilemma attending any radical break with prior systems of
conceptualization and social organization that cannot entirely frame itself without
using the very terms it seeks to evade
Are Lanyers arguments as women centered as they appear to be
(Goldberg 20)
paraphrases CoiroLanyers address to patrons represents not one good woman
speaking to others but a negotiation across highly differentiated positions of power.
Community, if achieved, must be a socially mediated activity . . . class resentment cannot
be overcome
Lanyer offers Eve to Anne as an example of a great lady (79) who reflecting back her
majesty even as she serves as a kind of exemplary mirror for the Queen
nexus of class and gender is defining good women
elements of power that are conventionally treated simply as an attribute of gender
need to be rethought.Adam blood of Kings (18) Mother of succeeding Kings
(Goldberg 21)
Lanyers attempt to find a ground of address across the divide of social position
Equalization here, like the mirroring relationship between Eve and Queen Anne, is part
of Lanyers project to put herself on a footing with her patrons as a good woman.

a wresting of male sovereignty for female equality; the imaginary projection of

virtue that levels class difference does not guarantee female community. Rather, it
is offered against the implacable divide of social status
Goodness and the supposed community of good women is an ideological project that
serves Lanyer and her patrons differentially
Lanyer as a writer needs to be decoupled from the shared difficulty of women
writers of speaking in a male-dominated discourse (Coiro 358
print is a contested sphere in the period
an exclusively male venue
indeed, the insistent effort to gender print as an exclusively male venue is precisely that,
an effort that registers the co-implications of gender construction with the definition of a
public space supposedly denied to women and, more generally, an attempt to secure
writing as a masculine activity against feminizing implications.
Coiro-parapharse explore the systems of possibility rather than frame each instance of a
woman writing as the unique triumph over constraint.
Wendy Wall Imprint of Gender women authors do write and publish, and this
sometimes involves the negotiation of the terms of exclusion. These negotiations may
also call into question the absolutism of gender division
Lorna Hutson quotes: FIND notorious past of Laner
AND No-one denies that she was promiscuous FN 9
Is there patriarchal complicity in the attempt to define Lanyer as a good woman?
A/ L. Rowse links her illegitimacy to her promiscuity
Lanyer was the prey of powerful men
sex work may also have been one of Lanyers few options for advancement at court
This strategy of removing good women from being counters in male negotiation
(Hutsons critical project, which she claims as Lanyers poetic project) produces a
community of good women around a set of assumptions, all of which are questionable:
that all (heter0sexual relations involve female victimization (that there can be no female
agency in such relations, even if prostitution is involved); that female-female relations
must necessarily not be sexual (since sex involves depradation [depredation - an act of
attacking or plundering].) and thus would not involve any power differentials.
question the notion of gender identification by putting pressure on the assumption that
the community of good women necessarily raises no questions of sexual relations
Elaine Beilens vision of sisterhood is tantamount to describing her good women as
members of a monastic community, and the nine dedicatory poems are taken to unfold

the gifts of the Holy Ghost, producing a composite ideal Christian, a context in which
the Countess of Bedford emblematizes knowledge and understanding (pp. 188-89).
Lanyers poem may be paralleled by male writers seeking patronage
? both male/female writers will flatter their patrons
reconstitution within a sphere of exalted and exclusive feminity
role of patronage poetry as part of a system in which she performed as a consummate
court is factionalized
gender limits of her efficacy
transcendent social position
Patronage strategy painting the dedicatee as a good spiritual woman
`~~~playing off of gender/social rank relations
inverted homosociality
religion vehiculates many things, not all simply to be understood as religion: power
relations, gender relations, patronage, and sex among them
sexualized religious passion provides the mediating language to overcome social
disparity and to put Lanyer on some kind of footing with her patrons (36-37)
**The textual/sexual body as go between, as Wendy Wall has argued, is not unexpected
in the period, and Lanyer, as she argues, goes about as far with the trope as any author
does; but here, Lanyer seizes upon male prerogative both to vehiculate her desire (for
patronage, etc.) and to imagine her place in the company of aristocratic women. To
this extent, and in this highly mediated fashion, one could call this community.
The possibility that female service of a patron could involve sexual services can be
discerned as a subtext even in Lewalskis chapter on the Countess of Bedford
Lanyers test is a site of authorial projection
[Pallas/Muses etc. Queen is place in an all-female company that Lanyer seeks to
join by way of the book she offers]
negotiation of class is obvious in Queenes
The point here is simply this: That just as male friendships in the period oftern cross
over into a terrain that involves sexual relations, such, too, must have been the case amng
women, and especially among powerful aristocrats and those who served them, or whom
they served.

Conjunction of gender and status

Proximity to power

hagiographic gestures