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Ports and Connectors

ATX Ports

Soldered
motherboard

Back plate included

No extention wires

on

DB Connectors

DataBus or DB connectors have a slight D-shape

Male DB connectors have pins


Female DB connectors have sockets
Oldest type of connector in the PC
Parallel / LPT

Serial / RS-232

Serial Ports

Serial ports are used


to
add
external
devices to a PC

Takes a stream of
serial data from the
CPU and outputs it
in a serial format
9-pin
or
25-pin
serial ports

DIN Connectors

DIN connectors are round


and come in two sizes

DIN
Mini-DIN

Always a female connector


Used
frequently by a
keyboard or mouse

Modem

Modems work with your


telephone to translate analog
telephone signals into digital
serial data or vice versa
Internal
modems
are
expansion cards
External modems connect
to a serial port
Uses two RJ-11 sockets
One to the telephone
jack on the wall
One to a telephone if
you wish

RJ Connectors

Registered Jack or
RJ connectors are
used by module
telephones (RJ-11)
and network cards
(RJ-45) and plug into
appropriate ports

Network Cards

PCs connect to other


PCs
to
share
information
or
devices
using
a
network
interface
card (NIC)

Connectors include
RJ-45, BNC, DB

Sound Cards

Sound cards

Takes digital information and turns it into sound


Take sound from a microphone and turns it into
digital data
Use mini-audio jacks for speakers and microphones
Use a 15-pin DB socket for a joystick or musical
instrument

USB Connectors

Universal
(USB)

Bus

Used by many devices


today
Devices
are
hotswappable

Serial

Meaning
you
can
insert or remove the
device while the PC is
running

May
daisy-chain
multiple USB devices
together

USB Ports

Universal Serial Bus

Theoretically allows up to 127 devices on a


single port.
Practically 4 6 devices can be connected
Uses a 4 wire cable
Hot swappable

There are now two USB standards:

USB1.1
Will run at 1.5 or 12Mbps (Megabits per
second)
USB2.0
Will also run at 480 Mbps

USB "A" and "B" connectors

"A" connectors head


"upstream" toward the
computer.
"B" connectors head
"downstream"
and
connect to individual
devices.
Different connectors on
the
upstream
and
downstream
helps
prevent confusion.

USB 3.0
Super Speed or SS

USB 3.0

FireWire Connectors

FireWire connectors move


data at incredibly high
speeds

Also known as IEEE 1394


6-wire cable
Cables may be no longer
than 5 meters
High speeds of 100-400
Mbps
Supports daisy-chaining
Hot-swappable

Firewire Ports

FireWire, originally created by Apple and


standardized in 1995 as the specification
IEEE-1394 High Performance Serial Bus.
Will support as many as 63 devices on a
single controller.
FireWire has three different transfer
speeds:

100, 200 and 400 Mbps


Camcorders, printers and storage devices are
typical of devices connected to Firewire.

Firewire is platform independent.

Video Cards

Keyboard

Keyboards
come
in
many sizes and shapes

Use a keyboard port on


the motherboard
DIN
connector
is
obsolete
Mini-DIN
is
most
common today
USB connectors are
sometimes used today
Use the same kind of
connector as a mouse
but most PCs clearly
mark the connectors

Keyboard

Mouse

A mouse allows you to select graphical


items on a screen
Early computers did not need a mouse
Mice used to connect to the PC thru a 9-pin
or 25-pin serial port
Now mice connect thru a mini-DIN (or PS/2)
port which is also serial
Today mice may use a USB port
Trackballs may be used instead of mice

Mouse motion intereption

Mechanical Mouse
Incremental rotary encoder

Centronics Connectors

Centronics connectors have a


D shape with one large central
tab

Uses contacts instead of pins

Still called pins, though

Uses wire rings to hold


connector on
Older printers use a 36-pin
Centronics socket

Printers

Impact Printers
Dot Matrix
Daisy Wheel
Band and Chain

Non Impact Printers


Ink-Jet
Laser/Page
Thermal

Joystick

Joysticks are used


almost exclusively to
play games on the
computer

Originally designed as
an input device to be
used much like a mouse