You are on page 1of 12

USING PICTORIAL BOARD GAME TO IMPROVE THE STUDENTS

MASTERY IN ENGLISH VOCABULARY (A CLASSROOM ACTION


RESEARCH IN THE CASE OF FOURTH GRADER ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL STUDENTS OF MI MIFTAHUL HUDA BANJAREJO
IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012)

THESIS

By:
NUR INDAH HASANAH
NIM. 3213023038

ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM


DEPARTMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION
STATES ISLAMIC COLLEGE
(STAIN) TULUNGAGUNG
2012

ADVISORS APPROVAL SHEET

This is to certify that the Sarjanas Thesis of Nur Indah Hasanah has been
approved by the thesis advisor for further approval by the board of examiner.

Tulungagung,

June 2012

Advisor,

SUKARSONO, M.Pd.
NIP. 19710514 200501 1 002

ii

LEGITIMATION FROM THE BOARD OF THESIS EXAMINER

This is to certify that the Sarjanas Thesis of Alfiyah has been approved by the
board of Examiners the requirement for the degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam in
English Education Program.

Board of Thesis Examiners


Chair,

Secretary,

H. NURSAMSU M.Pd.
NIP. 19780204 200901 1 003

MUH. BASUNI, M.Pd.


NIP. 19780312 200312 1 001
Main Examiner,

Dr. Hj. DWI IMA H., M.Hum.


NIP. 19620320 198903 2 002
Tulungagung, July 13th, 2012
Approved by
The Chief of STAIN Tulungagung

Dr. MAFTUKHIN, M.Ag.


NIP. 19670717 200003 1 002

iii

MOTTO

b b &bb }b bbb b`|b bb~bb bbb) bbb bbbbbb bbbb


And that a human being there is no gain in addition to what has been earned.
(QS an-Najm: 39).*)

*)

Departemen Agama RI, Al-Quran dan Terjemahannya, (Jakarta: PT. Intermasa, 1993), h.

874.

iv

DEDICATION
I presented to you:
1. Father and mother. Thank you for the support material, a lot of love for the
prayers-prayers as well.
2. Husband and my son that I care about.
3. All family members who are not family constantly providing material and
spiritual support.
4. Make friends who are always helpful in completing a thesis.
5. And the eternal hope my alma mater STAIN Tulungagung..

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
In The name of Allah SWT The Most Beneficent an The Most Merciful. All
Praises are to Allah SWT for all the blesses so that the writer can accomplish this
thesis. In addition, may Peace and Salutation be given to the Prophet Muhammad
(pbuh) who has taken all human being from the Darkness to the Lightness.
The writer would like to express her genuine thanks to :
1. Dr. Maftukhin, M.Ag., the Chief of STAIN Tulungagung for his
permission to write this thesis
2. Sukarsono, M.Pd, the writers thesis advisor, for her invaluable guidance,
suggestion, and feedback during the completion of this thesis.
The writer realizes that this research is far from being perfect. Therefore,
any constructive criticism and suggestion will be gladly accepted.

Tulungagung, July 13th 2012

The Writer,

NUR INDAH HASANAH

vi

ABSTRACT
Hasanah, Nur Indah. 2012, Using Pictorial Board Game to Improve the
Students' Mastery in English Vocabulary (A Classroom Action Research in
the Case of the Fourth Grader Elementary School Students of MI Miftahul
Huda Banjarejo In the Academic Year 2011/2012). Thesis, English
Education Program. Department of Islamic Education. State Islamic
College (STAIN) Tulungagung. Advisor: Sukarsono, M.Pd
Key word: Improving vocabulary mastery, Pictorial Board Game.
Nowadays, English has great role in human life, because English is one of
the International language in the world. Language is an important tool to
communicate with each other person and language is a tool to get some
information and education. Besides four skills in English ( listening, speaking,
writing and reading), vocabulary is one of the language components that is
important to be taught, without having a good vocabulary they can not make
meaningful sentences in communication. This research tries to develop the
students vocabulary mastery of the fourth grader at MI Miftahul Huda Banjarejo
in the academic year 2011/2012.
The research design of this study was ( CAR) Classroom Action Research
since it aimed at improving an existing condition. This classroom action research
is conducted at MI Miftahul Huda Banjarejo, Rejotangan in the academic year
2011/2012. The researcher takes the fourth grader of the second semester as the
subject of the study. This class consists of 20 students, there are 8 boys and 12
girls. To solve the problem, pictorial board game was applied in teaching and
learning vocabulary process. This research was conducted in two cycles. Each
cycle consisted of four stages: planning the action, implementing in the action,
observing the action and reflecting. In the planning step, the researcher planned
and made some preparation for this action. Then, she conducted vocabulary test to
measure the students vocabulary mastery. Next step, the researcher observed the
situation of the implementation of pictorial board game in the classroom.
In took two cycles to meet criteria of success. In cycle 1, the
implementation of the action was not successful; it was proven by 10 (50%) out of
20 students got score under minimum passing grade of 65. The implementation of
the action was successful in cycle 2. The students score was better and had met
the criteria of success. In cycle 2, after the students play of pictorial board game,
17 (85%) out of 20 students got score above minimum passing grade of 65. The
research findings showed that the implementation of pictorial board game makes
the class more attractive and student more active. The result of observation sheet,
vocabulary test and questionnaire showed that students were interested in this
media, the classroom atmosphere became relax and created cooperation between
partners with challenging game. The research findings show that the using
pictorial board game during vocabulary learning could be implemented to

vii

improve the vocabulary mastery of the fourth grader at MI Miftahul Huda


Banjarejo.
It is suggested to the English teachers to apply pictorial board game to
improve their students vocabulary mastery. For future researchers, it is suggested
that the similar research can be conducted by using different level of school and
different kind of theme.

viii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover ...........................................................................................................

Advisars Approval Sheet ...........................................................................

ii

Legitimation from Board of Examiners ......................................................

iii

Motto ...........................................................................................................

iv

Dedication ...................................................................................................

Declaration of Authorship ...........................................................................

vi

Abstract .......................................................................................................

vii

Acknowledgement ......................................................................................

viii

Table of Content .........................................................................................

ix

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION ................................................................

A. Backgroud..............................................................................

B. Research Problem .................................................................

C. Objective of The Study .........................................................

D. Significance of The Study .....................................................

E. Definition of Key Terms .......................................................

F. Organization of The Study ....................................................

CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE ..........................

A. English in School bases curriculum (KTSP) .........................

B. Vocabulary ............................................................................

1. Definition of Vocabulary ................................................

2. Importance of Vocabulary ..............................................

10

3. The Types of Vocabulary ................................................

10

4. Teaching Vocabulary ......................................................

12

5. Language Testing Item on Vocabulary ...........................

13

6. Kinds of Vocabulary Testing ...........................................

13

7. Ho To Design Vocabulary Testing ...................................

14

C. Teaching Media ....................................................................

15

ix

1. Definition of Media ........................................................

15

2. Kinds of Teachin Media ..................................................

16

1. Cards .........................................................................

17

2. Games .......................................................................

19

a. Definition of Games ............................................

20

b. Types of Games ...................................................

20

c. The Advantages and Disadvantage of Games .....

22

3. Teaching Vocabulary Trough Games ..............................

23

a. Board Game ..............................................................

24

4. Teaching Vocabulary Using Pictorial Board Game .........

26

5. The Advantage and Disadvantage of Pictorial Board


Game ...............................................................................
28
D. The Advantage and Disadvantage of Using Media in
Teaching .................................................................................
29
E. Teaching English for Young Learners....................................

30

1. Definition of Young Learners ..........................................

31

2. Characteristic of Young Learners.....................................

32

CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHOD.....................................................

34

A. Research Design ....................................................................

34

B. Research Prosedure ................................................................

37

1. The Premilinary Study ....................................................

37

a. The making a pre Test ............................................

38

b. Criteria of Succes ......................................................

38

2. Action Activities .............................................................

39

a. Planing ......................................................................

39

1) Lesson Plan .......................................................

39

2) Instrument ..........................................................

39

a) Intructional Media .......................................

40

b) Acting ..........................................................

40

c) Observing ....................................................

41

C. Reflecting ..............................................................................

42

D. Researchers Attendance .......................................................

42

E. Setting and Subject of The Study .........................................

43

F. Data and Source of Data .......................................................

43

G. Data Collection Method .........................................................

44

H. Data Anylisis ..........................................................................

45

I. Data Validity ..........................................................................

46

CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS .............

47

A. Research and Summary of the Findings.................................

47

1. Finding of the Preliminary Study ....................................

48

2. Data from Classroom Action Research ...........................

50

a. Cycle 1 ......................................................................

50

1) Planning ..............................................................

50

2) Acting ..................................................................

51

3) Observing ............................................................

52

4) Reflection ............................................................

54

5) The Difference Design Between Cycle 1 and


Cycle 2................................................................
54
b. Cycle 2 ......................................................................

50

1) Planning ..............................................................

50

2) Acting ..................................................................

51

3) Observing ............................................................

52

4) Reflection ............................................................

54

B. Discussion of The Findings....................................................

59

1. The summary of students percentage of succes ..............

60

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

xi

A. Conclusion .............................................................................

62

B. Suggestion ..............................................................................

63

BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIXES

xii