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1

Calculation Sheets for Compressor Shed

CONTENTS
page
1.

General

P.3

2.

Major Material

P.4

3.

Calculation Basis

P.7

4.

Load Combination

P.11

5.

Structural Analysis

P.14

6.

Design of other members

P.24

7.

STAAD Output

P.27

1.

General
1.1 Scope
This specification covers the detailed design bases of civil, structure and building engineering including
foundations and structures constructed of either type of reinforced concrete and/or structural steel for
MMII project to be constructed in Gebeng,Kuantan,Malaysia.

1.2 Applicable document


The order of precedence will be :

(1)

British Standard : BS

For the subject not covered by said above-metioned documents, the design and engineering shall be
based on good engineering practice.

2.

Major Material
Major materials shall be used the following items. For the subject not covered by said the following items,
shall be based on standard accepted internationally or manufacture's standard.
2.1 Pile
Reinforced Concrete ( RC ) Pile
Section :

150, 200, 250, 300

Length :

L=28m ( In accordance with Caluclation Sheet for Design Capacity of RC Square Piles

2.2 Cement
Ordinary Portland Cement ( OPC )
- BS12
2.3 Concrete
Concrete shall be used three kinds of concrete shown Table 2.1
Table2.1 Characteristic of concrete

Piles
Purpose
Concrete Quality
in accordance with BS 8110
Characteristic Strength
fcu [N/mm 2]
Type of Aggregate
( Max nominal size )
Max. water cement ratio
Slump Max [mm]

Concrete Mix Type


Slab on earth
Substructure,
Superstructure
and Foundations
Etc.

Leveling
concrete

Grade C45

Grade C30

Grade C25

Grade C15

45

30

25

15

BS882
(20mm)
0.55
7525

BS882
(20mm)
0.55
7525

BS882
(20mm)
0.55
7525

BS882
(20mm)
0.55
7525

5
2.4 Reinforcement
(1)
For longitudinal and transverse reinforcement determined by strength design ;
high yield deformed bar to meet ;
- BS 4449 Gr. 460 or equivalent
Available size of reinforcement shall be shown Table 2.2 ;
Table 2.2 Characteristic of deformed bars

fy=460 [N/mm2]

Cross Section Perimeter


Nominal
Mass
Diameter [mm]
[kg]
[cm]
A [cm2]
T10
10
0.785
0.616
3.1
T12
12
1.131
0.888
3.8
T16
16
2.011
1.579
5.0
T20
20
3.142
2.466
6.3
T25
25
4.909
3.854
7.9
T32
32
8.042
6.313
10.1
Note ; fy stands for characteristic strength of reinforcement.
Designation

(2)

For secondary bars as stirrups, hoops, links, closers and anchors for embedment,
plain bars to meet :
- BS 4449 Gr.250 or equivalent

(3)

For welded steel wire fabric


-BS 4483 A98,A142,A193,and A252 or equivalent

2.5 Structural Steel


Structural steels shall cover shape steels,plates,bars,angles,channels,pipes ,bore
profile,etc. BS EN10025 Gr.S275JR or equivalent

2.6 High Strength Friction Grip Bolt


High strength friction grip bolts for main structural members (pipe rack, equipment mounted structures,etc.)
requiring bolts connection shall be used as follows ;
- BS ISO 4014 Gr.8.8 or equivalent.
2.7 Ordinary Bolt
Ordinary bolts for secondary members (walkways,platforms,stair stringers,purlins,handrails,cladding rails,
etc.) requiring bolts connection shall be used as follows ;
- BS ISO 4014 Gr. 4.6 or equivalent

2.8 Anchor Bolt


- BS 3692 or equivalent
2.9 Welding Electrode
- BS 639 E51 Series or equivalent
2.10 Grout
The grout shall be used the sand-cement grout as a mixture of one part of OPC and three parts of clean fine
sand.
-Manufacture's standard

3.

Calculation Basis
3.1 General
The following loads and forces shall be considered, where applicable , in the design of structures and
foundations,
Symbol
D
E
P
I
W
T
C
Ea
B
EP
LP

Loads and Forces


Dead Load
Equipment Load
Piping Load
Imposed Load
Wind Load
Thermal Load
Crane Load
Earthquake Load
Bundle Pulling Load
Earth Pressure
Liquid Pressure

Reference Paragraph
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.4

3.2 Dead Load (D)


Dead loads are the self weight of structures and foundations.
Unit weights of the major construction materials shall be in accordance with the following :
(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Steel
Soil above groundwater
(to be available in soil investigation report)
Soil below groundwater
(For computing uplift/overturning)
(to be available in soil investigation report)
Groundwater
Reinforced concrete
Plain concrete
Crushed stone

78.5 kN/m3
19.0 kN/m3
9.0 kN/m3

10.0 kN/m3
24.0 kN/m3
23.0 kN/m3
14.7 kN/m3

Another weights of the construction materials shall conform to BS 8110, BS6339 : Part 1 and BS 648 etc

(1) Self weight


(2) Floor
(3) Wall (1.5kN/m2)
(4) Roof(1.0kN/m)
(5) Stairway (1.0kN/m)

3.3 Equipment Load (E)


Equipment loads shall be considered as the weight of equipment. The weight of equipment, such as
vessels, columns, pumps, compressors, motors, etc, shall be based on information made by mechanical
engineers or manufacture's data.
Equipment loads are classified to the following three cases due to their conditions ;
Symbol
E(O)
:
E(E)
:
E(T)
:

Conditions
Equipment Load for operation
Equipment Load for empty / erection
Equipment Load for test

3.4 Piping Load (P)


Piping Loads shall be considered as the weight of pipes.The weight of pipes shall be based on
information made by piping engineers or manufacture's data.
Piping loads are classified to the following three cases due to their conditions ;
Symbol
P(O)
:
P(E)
:
P(T)
:

Conditions
Piping Load for operation
Piping Load for empty / erection
Piping Load for test

3.5 Imposed Load (I)


Imposed loads are all the moving loads including personnel, tools, miscellaneous equipment, movable
partitions, part of dismantled equipment and temporarily stored materials.
Imposed loads shall be uniformly distributed over the areas specified in the detailed design.
Concentrated imposed load shall be specified in the detailed design.

(a)
(b)
(c)

Item
Imposed Load
Operating or maintenance floor
Refer to Table 8.1
Roof
0.25 kN/m2 or BS 6399
Handrails and their base anchors shall be resistible enough to withstand a lateral load of 0.5kN
ay any one point

Special load during maintenance shall be separately considered.


Imposed loads on floors in detail shall be in accordance with the table in Clause 8.Structure finishing, but
reduction of imposed loads shall be applied to Malaysian Laws, Codes,Regulations,
BS 8110 and/or BS 6399.

3.6 Wind Load (W )


Wind loads for all structure shall be determined in accordance with BSCP3:Chapter V:Part 2.
W = wk A ( Cpe - C pi ) [N]
wk = 0.613 Vs2 [ N/m2 ]
Vs=V S1 S2 S3 [m/s]

or

wk A Cf [N]

Where
wk:
A:
Cpe:
Cpi:
Cf:
Vs:
V:
S1:
S2:
S3:

wind pressure [N/m 2]


area[m2]
pressure coefficient of external
pressure soefficient of internal
total force coefficient
design wind speed [ m/s ]
basic wind speed ( =45 ) [ m/s ]
multiplying factor relating to topology of the site (=1.0)
multiplying factor relating to height above ground and wind speed
refer to Table 3.1.
multiplying factor related to life of structure (=1.0)

Table 3.1 Value of S2


Structure

Maximum vertical or maximum


aximum
on
horizontal dimension

Cladding etc.

50m

50m

Structure

Maximum vertical or maximum


horizontal dimension

Cladding etc.

50m

50m

Topographical
factor
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

5
0.88
0.79
0.70
0.60
0.83
0.74
0.65
0.55
0.78
0.70
0.60
0.50

10
1.00
0.93
0.78
0.67
0.95
0.88
0.74
0.62
0.90
0.83
0.69
0.58

Height of structure h (m)


15
20
30
40
1.03
1.06
1.09
1.12
1.00
1.03
1.07
1.10
0.88
0.95
1.01
1.05
0.74
0.79
0.90
0.97
0.99
1.01
1.05
1.08
0.95
0.98
1.03
1.06
0.83
0.90
0.97
1.01
0.69
0.75
0.85
0.93
0.94
0.96
1.00
1.03
0.91
0.94
0.98
1.01
0.78
0.85
0.92
0.96
0.64
0.70
0.79
0.89

50
1.14
1.12
1.08
1.02
1.10
1.08
1.04
0.98
1.06
1.04
1.00
0.94

Topographical
factor
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

80
1.18
1.17
1.13
1.10
1.15
1.13
1.10
1.07
1.11
1.09
1.06
1.03

100
1.20
1.19
1.16
1.13
1.17
1.16
1.12
1.10
1.13
1.12
1.09
1.07

Height of structure h (m)


120
140
160
180
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.21
1.22
1.24
1.25
1.18
1.20
1.21
1.23
1.15
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.18
1.19
1.21
1.22
1.15
1.17
1.18
1.20
1.13
1.15
1.17
1.19
1.15
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.14
1.16
1.18
1.19
1.11
1.13
1.15
1.17
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16

200
1.27
1.26
1.24
1.22
1.24
1.24
1.21
1.21
1.21
1.21
1.18
1.18

Notes
h is height ( in meters ) above general level of
terrain to top of structure or part of structure.
Increase to be made for structures on edge of cliff
or steep hill.

Topographical factors
1. open country with no obstructions.
2. open country with scattered wind-breaks.
3. country with many wind-breaks smalltowns suburbs of large cities.
4. city centers and other environments with with large and frequent obstructions.

The wind can blow in a direction and the most unfaborable case shall be considered.

60
1.15
1.14
1.10
1.05
1.12
1.10
1.06
1.02
1.08
1.06
1.02
0.98

10

3.7 Thermal Load (T)


When thermal expansion results in friction between equipment and supports, the friction force shall be
taken as the operating load on the support times the applicable friction coefficient given in the table below.
Table 3.2 Friction coefficient
Surfaces
Friction coefficient
Steel to steel (not corroded)
0.30
Teflon to Teflon
0.10
Steel to concrete
0.40
In the design of pipe supporting beams, the horizontal slip forces exerted by expanding or contacting
pipes on steel pipe racks shall be assumed to be 15% of the operating weight on the beam.
These 'slip forces' shall not be distributed to the foundations.

3.8 Other Load


3.8.1
Crane Load (C)
Crane loads are not applicable.
3.8.2

Earthquake Load (Ea)


Earthquake loads are not applicable.

3.8.3

Bundle Pulling Force (B)


Bundle pulling forces shall be considered as a short-term load during maintenance, but the value of
that is regarded small relatively.
So Bundle pulling forces are not applicable.

3.8.4

Earth Pressure (EP) / Liquid Pressure (LP)


Basically Earth pressures and liquid pressures are not applicable.
q
p
y
Earth p
pressures and liquid
pressures
shall be added to dead loads if necessary.

11

4.

Load Combination
4.1 General
Foundations and structures shall be safely designed to withstand various load combinations as set forth
in section 4.2 and shall have design strengths at least equal to the required strengths calculated in
accordance with the specified load combinations in section 4.2.
For designing reinforced concrete structures and steel structures, design loads in accordance with
BS 8110, BS 5950 and BS 6399 shall be used.
4.2 Design Load for Reinforced Concrete Structure and Steel Structure Design
Unless otherwise specified, loads prescribed heretofore shall be considered to act in the following load
combinations for reinforced concrete structure and steel structure design, whichever produce the most
unfavorable effect in structures concerned.
Loading data/information will be supplied to civil discipline by mechanical/piping disciplines or through
vendors.
Design loads shall indicate be shown by the following formula and Table4.1, and be decided
unfavorable condition at each load condition ;
Design Load = (Characteristic Load Partial Safety Factor for Loads)

Table 4.1. Design Load for reinforced concrete structures and steel structures
Load Condition
A

Operation
(Gk+Qk)
(Gk+Wk)
(Gk+Qk+Wk)
Empty/Erection
((Gk+Wk))

Design Load
for Ultimate limit-state

Design Load
for Serviceability limit-state design

1.4[1.0]1) ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + 1.6I 1.0 { ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + I }


1.4[1.0]1) ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + 1.4W 1.0 { ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + W }
1.0 ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + 0.8 ( I + W )
1.2 { ( D + E(O) + P(O) + T ) + I + W }
1.0 { ( D + E(E) + P(E) ) + W }

1.0( D + E(E) + P(E) + 1.4W

Test
1)

(Gk+Wk)
D

1.4 ( D + E(T) + P(T) ) + 1.4(0.5W)

1.0 { ( D + E(T) + P(T) ) + (0.5W)1) }

Maintenance
(Gk+Qk)

1.4( D + E(O) + P(O) ) + 1.6B


1.4( D + E(O) + P(O) ) + 1.6C

1.0( D + E(O) + P(O) ) + B


1.0( D + E(O) + P(O) ) + C

Notes1) At test condition, 50% wind load shall be taken into account.

Where,
Gk

Qk
Wk

Characteristic Dead Load


includes D
Dead Load
E
Equipment Load
P
Piping Load
T
Thermal Load
Characteristic Imposed Load
includes I
Imposed Load
Characteristic Wind Load
includes W
Wind Load

12

4.3 Load Definitions


Primary Load List
Load 1
Steel Dead Load
Load 2
Equipment Load Operation
Load 3
Equipment Load Empty/Erection
Load 4
Equipment Load Test
Load 5
Piping Load Operation
Load 6
Piping Load Empty/Erection
Load 7
Piping Load Test
Load 8
Imposed Load
Load 9
Wind Load X
Load 10 Wind Load -X
Load 11 Wind Load Z
Load 12 Wind Load -Z
Load 13 Thermal Load
Load 14 Crane Load
Load 15 Bundle Load
Load 16 Earth Pressure
Load 17 Liquid Pressure
Ultimate Limit state
5 1.4 13 1.4 8 1.6
5 1.4 13 1.4 9 1.4
5 1.4 13 1.4 10 1.4
5 1.4 13 1.4 11 1.4
5 1.4 13 1.4 12 1.4
5 1.2 13 1.2 8 1.2 9 1.2
5 1.2 13 1.2 8 1.2 10 1.2
5 1.2 13 1.2 8 1.2 11 1.2
5 1.2 13 1.2 8 1.2 12 1.2
6 1.0 9 1.4
6 1.0 10 1.4
6 1.0 11 1.4
6 1.0 12 1.4
7 1.4 9 0.7
7 1.4 10 0.7
7 1.4 11 0.7
7 1.4 12 0.7
6 1.4 15 1.6
6 1.4 14 1.6

Load Condition

Load Combination for Serviceability Limit state


Load Comb 41 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 8 1.0
Load Comb 42 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 9 1.0
Load Comb 43 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 10 1.0
Load Comb 44 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 11 1.0
Load Comb 45 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 12 1.0
Load Comb 46 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 8 0.8 9 0.8
Load Comb 47 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 8 0.8 10 0.8
Load Comb 48 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 8 0.8 11 0.8
Load Comb 49 1 1.0 2 1.0 5 1.0 13 1.0 8 0.8 12 0.8
Load Comb 50 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 9 1.0
Load Comb 51 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 10 1.0
Load Comb 52 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 11 1.0
Load Comb 53 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 12 1.0
Load Comb 54 1 1.0 4 1.0 7 1.0 9 0.5
Load Comb 55 1 1.0 4 1.0 7 1.0 10 0.5
Load Comb 56 1 1.0 4 1.0 7 1.0 11 0.5
Load Comb 57 1 1.0 4 1.0 7 1.0 12 0.5
Load Comb 58 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 15 1.0
Load Comb 59 1 1.0 3 1.0 6 1.0 14 1.0

Load Condition

Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load

Load Combination
Comb 21 1 1.4 2
Comb 22 1 1.4 2
Comb 23 1 1.4 2
Comb 24 1 1.4 2
Comb 25 1 1.4 2
Comb 26 1 1.2 2
Comb 27 1 1.2 2
Comb 28 1 1.2 2
Comb 29 1 1.2 2
Comb 30 1 1.0 3
Comb 31 1 1.0 3
Comb 32 1 1.0 3
Comb 33 1 1.0 3
Comb 34 1 1.4 4
Comb 35 1 1.4 4
Comb 36 1 1.4 4
Comb 37 1 1.4 4
Comb 38 1 1.4 3
Comb 39 1 1.4 3

for
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4

Symbol
D
E(O)
E(E)
E(T)
P(O)
P(E)
P(T)
I
Wx
W-x
Wz
W-z
T
C
B
EP
LP

A)Operation

B)Empty/Erection

C)Test
D)Maintenance

A)Operation

B)Empty/Erection

C)Test
D)Maintenance

13

4.4 Factors of Design Calculation (1)


Allowable Deflection
Allowable Maximum Defrection
Support Beam

1/300 and 2.5cm

Cantilever Beam 1/150 and 2.5cm


Purlin

1/250 and 2.0cm

Furring strip

1/250 and 2.0cm

Column

1/300 and 2.0cm

Crane travelling 1/600


(2) Slenderness Ratio
(a) for Members resisting loads other than wind loads :180
(b) for members resustung self weight and wind loads only :250

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. Structural Analysis
5.1 Frame Dimension

Y
X
Z

6.25m
3.70m
1.70m

6.25m

2.40m
2.00m

2.45m
Load 1

2.40m

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5.2 Node Number

4
8
6

33

37
36

25

12

29

3
7

28

35

10

32

39

38
26

Y
X
Z

16

14

20

31

11

24

22
30

18

34

9
19

27
23
21

Load 1

17

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5.3 Member Number

7
6
5
30

7172

22
414950

32

37

7473

26

4 64

3 62
36

53

585457
14

23

8483

40

39

9089

25

9 70
69

67
34

8788

29

8685

28

43

Y
X
Z

63

12
31

8281

13

42
35

24

2 65

5152
8079

61

7877

7576

27

66

9192

68

9493

55

565960
21
20

19
44
18
38

33
4546

4847

16

17

15
Load 1

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5.4 Load Case 1 Dead Load


Roof Self weight : 1.0kN/m2
Wall Self weight : 1.5kN/m2

w1 = 1.563 x 1.5 = 2.34kN/m2


w2 = 3.125 x 1.5 = 4.69kN/m2
w3 =1.20 x 1.5 = 1.80kN/m2
w4 = 2.425 x 1.5 = 3.64kN/m2
-1.200 kN/m
-1.225 kN/m-1.200 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m-1.225 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m

-1.200 kN/m
-1.225 kN/m-1.200 kN/m

-1.200 kN/m-1.225 kN/m


-1.200 kN/m
-2.340
-1.800 kN/m
kN/m
-3.640 kN/m
-1.225 kN/m-1.200 kN/m
-1.800 kN/m 640 kN/m
-4.690 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m-1.225 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m
-4.690 kN/m-3.
-1.200 kN/m
-1.225 kN/m-1.200 kN/m
-1.800 kN/m
-4.690 kN/m
-4.690 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m-1.225 kN/m
-2.340 kN/m
-1.200 kN/m

-1.200 kN/m
-4.690 kN/m

-4.690 kN/m

Y
X
Z

-2.340 kN/m
-2.340 kN/m

-3.640 kN/m

-1.800 kN/m

-1.800 kN/m
-3.640 kN/m
-1.800 kN/m

Load 1

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5.5 Load Case 8 Imposed Load


Roof Imposed Load : 2.5kN/m2

-0.300 kN/m
-0.306 kN/m-0.300 kN/m
-0.300 kN/m-0.306 kN/m
-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m
-0.306 kN/m-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m-0.306 kN/m


-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m
-0.306 kN/m-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m-0.306 kN/m


-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m
-0.306 kN/m-0.300 kN/m

-0.300 kN/m-0.306 kN/m


-0.300 kN/m

Y
X
Z

Load 8

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5.6 Load Case 9 Wind Load (+X)


Vs = 45 m/s
wk= 0.613 x 452 = 1.24kN/m2
W=1.3 x 1.24 = 1.612kN/m2

W1=1.612 x 1.563 = 2.52kN/m2


W2 = 1.612 x 3.125 = 5.04kN/m2

2.520 kN/m

5.040 kN/m
2.520 kN/m

5.040 kN/m

Y
X
Z

5.040 kN/m
5.040 kN/m
2.520 kN/m

Load 9
2.520 kN/m

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1
Part
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

Date

File

Chd
Date/Time

5.7 Load Case 10 Wind Load (-X)


Vs = 45 m/s
wk= 0.613 x 452 = 1.24kN/m2
W=1.3 x 1.24 = 1.612kN/m2

W1=1.612 x 1.563 = 2.52kN/m2


W2 = 1.612 x 3.125 = 5.04kN/m2

-2.520 kN/m
-5.040 kN/m

-5.040 kN/m

-5.040 kN/m

Y
X
Z
-2.520 kN/m

Load 10

21
Job No

Sheet No

Rev

1
Part
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

File

Date

Chd
Date/Time

5.8 Load Case 11 Wind Load (+Z)


Vs = 45 m/s
wk= 0.613 x 452 = 1.24kN/m2
W=1.3 x 1.24 = 1.612kN/m2

W1=1.612 x 1.20 = 1.93kN/m2


W2 = 1.612 x 2.425 = 3.91kN/m2

1.930
kN/m

1.930
kN/m

3.910 kN/m
3.910 kN/m

1.930
kN/m

Y
X
Z

Load 11

22
Job No

Sheet No

Rev

1
Part
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

Date

File

Chd
Date/Time

5.9 Load Case 12 Wind Load (-Z)


Vs = 45 m/s
wk= 0.613 x 452 = 1.24kN/m2
W=1.3 x 1.24 = 1.612kN/m2

W1=1.612 x 1.20 = 1.93kN/m2


W2 = 1.612 x 2.425 = 3.91kN/m2

Y
X
Z
-1.930 kN/m

-1.930 kN/m
-3.910 kN/m
-3.910 kN/m
-1.930 kN/m

Load 12

23
Job No

Sheet No

Rev

1
Part
Job Title

Ref
By

Client

File

Date

Chd
Date/Time

5.10 Result of Member Design

0.0412
0.0342

0.134
0.03960.0578

0.865
0.05540.0441
0.306
0.693
0.823
0.120.104
0.0776
0.04420.0543
0.922
0.707
0.04130.0382
0.119
0.33
0.792
0.847
0.693
0.0260.0267
0.7920.03130.0428
0.409
0.1050.119
0.137
0.793
0.0776
0.02290.0241
0.419
0.04130.0382
0.242
0.21 0.0881
0.792
0.296
0.409
0.0260.0267
0.648
0.693
0.16
0.793
0.134
0.02410.0229
0.707
0.03960.0578
0.215 0.609 0.242
0.865
0.693
0.05540.0441
0.7920.03130.0428
0.0412
0.16
0.823
0.05430.0442
0.0342
0.215 0.08810.119
0.397
0.0498
0.306
0.137
0.120.104
0.922
0.21 0.33
0.847
0.1050.119
0.0498

Y
X
Z

0.296

Load 1

24

6. Design of other members


6.1 Design of Base Plate
(a)Design data
UC15215223

Base plate size


Grade
Length
Breadth
Thickness
Design strength

Gr. 43A
L =
B =
t =
Py =

230
200
16
275

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2

Gr. 4.6
M 24
n =
Effective area
As =
Shear strength
ps =
Tensile strength pt =

2
353
160
240

mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

100

B=200

100

Column size

Anchor bolt
Grade of bolt
Size

40

75

75

40

L=230
Z

(b)Maximum reaction force


Load combination
4
Fx =
79
Fy =
0
Fz =

21
kN
kN
kN (Compression)

Load combination
20
Fx =
-1
Fy =
0
Fz =

31
kN
kN
kN (Tension)

(c)Anchor bolt
Tension capacity
Pnom = 0.8ptAsn
0.8 240
=
= 135.6 kN
Shear capacity
Ps = psAsn
160 10-3
=
= 113.0 kN
Ratio
Fx +
Ps

Fz
Pnom

20
113.0

10-3

353

353

1
=
135.6

0.18

1.4

OK

(d)Baseplate
Ly

75 mm
Lx =
Ly = 123.6 mm
Ly/Lx = 1.65

Coefficient from moody's chart 0.22


(Using moody's chart : plated fixed along three edges, and one edges free)
Bearing stress
Fz
c =
LB

79
230

Moment
M = Coeffi.Lx2
= 0.22 1.72
2129 Nmm
=

103
200

75

1.72

N/mm2

Lx

Required thickness for base plate


2129
6M
6
tr =
=
275
Py

6.8

mm t

= 16 mm OK

25

6.2 Design of Base Plate


(a)Design data
UB17810219

Base plate size


Grade
Length
Breadth
Thickness
Design strength

Gr. 43A
L =
B =
t =
Py =

180
200
16
275

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2

Gr. 4.6
M 24
n =
Effective area
As =
Shear strength
ps =
Tensile strength pt =

2
353
160
240

mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

100

B=200

100

Column size

Anchor bolt
Grade of bolt
Size

40

75

75

40

L=230
Z

(b)Maximum reaction force


Load combination
Fx =
0
50
Fy =
0
Fz =

21
kN
kN
kN (Compression)

Load combination
Fx =
14
-1
Fy =
0
Fz =

31
kN
kN
kN (Tension)

(c)Anchor bolt
Tension capacity
Pnom = 0.8ptAsn
0.8 240
=
= 135.6 kN
Shear capacity
Ps = psAsn
160 10-3
=
= 113.0 kN
Ratio
Fx +
Ps

Fz
Pnom

14
113.0

10-3

353

353

1
135.6

0.13

1.4

OK

(d)Baseplate
Ly

Lx =
50 mm
Ly = 146.8 mm
Ly/Lx = 2.93

Coefficient from moody's chart 0.4


(Using moody's chart : plated fixed along three edges, and one edges free)
Bearing stress
Fz
c =
LB

50
180

Moment
M = Coeffi.Lx2
= 0.4
1.26
=
1260 Nmm

103
220

50

1.26

N/mm2

Lx

Required thickness for base plate


6M
6
1260
tr =
=
275
Py

5.2

mm t

= 16 mm OK

26
6.3 Furring strips
3. Furring strips

member

D
Ix
Iy
ry

C-102X51X16X2.5

=
=
=
=

600 mm
Gr.43A
210000
E =

pitch
Grade
Elastic modulus

102
95
22
20.9

mm
4
cm
cm4
mm

t =
Zx =
Zy =

2.5 mm
18.56 cm3
7.01 cm3

N/mm2

(1)Horizontal
Wind load

Weight per unit length


0.6 0.87
W =

L= 3200 mm

Load factor
Bending moment
2
M = WL =
8
Bending strength
D/T
102
=
(w)0.5LE/ry =
Pb =

1.4

2.5
1.0

/
(

N/mm2

63

0.7x1.24=0.87 kN/m2

0.52
8

3.2

40.8
41
=
)0.5 4500 / 20.9

0.52 kN/m

1.4

0.93 kNm

215.3

(Refer to BS5950-1:2000 Table 20)

Moment capacity
Mb = PbZx =

63

Deflection
5WL4
=
=
384EIx

5
384

0.52 3200 4
210000 95

Deflection check
3.6

=
=
3200
L

1
888

1
300

3
10 18.56 10-6

<

1.17 kNm

104

>

3.6

OK

mm

(2)Vertical diretion
P
1600
L=

mm

Bending moment
PL
M =
=
4
Bending strength
Moment Capacity
Mb = PbZy =

kN/m

Concentrated load
1.5 0.6
P =

1600
3200

1.5

Wall load

Load factor
1.4

1.44
4

Pb =

275

275

3.2

1.6

1.44 kN

1.4

1.6 kNm

N/mm2

103 7.01 10-6

1.93 kNm

>

OK

27

7. STAAD Output

ALL UNITS ARE - KN


MEMBER

METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)

TABLE

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================

1 ST UC152X152X23
2 ST
3 ST
4 ST
5 ST
6 ST
7 ST
8 ST
9 ST
12 ST
13 ST
14 ST
15 ST
16 ST
17 ST
18 ST
19 ST
20 ST
21 ST
22 ST
23 ST

PASS
34.12 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
26.34 C
UB152X89X16
PASS
25.15 C
UB152X89X16
PASS
32.22 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
13.45 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
6.90 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
13.82 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
78.64 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
44.93 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
4.13 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
4.13 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
4.13 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
34.12 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
26.34 C
UB152X89X16
PASS
25.15 C
UB152X89X16
PASS
32.22 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
13.45 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
6.90 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
13.82 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
32.20 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
35.07 C

BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.17
BS-4.8.3.3.2
4.16
ANNEX I.1
0.00
ANNEX I.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.01
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.01
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.17
BS-4.8.3.3.2
4.16
ANNEX I.1
0.00
ANNEX I.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.01
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.01
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.00
BS-4.7
(C)
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.04

0.296
8.75
0.306
0.01
0.847
9.37
0.922
9.37
0.050
0.66
0.034
0.65
0.041
0.44
0.397
8.27
0.648
17.68
0.409
22.02
0.419
22.28
0.409
22.02
0.296
8.75
0.306
0.01
0.847
9.37
0.922
9.37
0.050
0.66
0.034
0.65
0.041
0.44
0.119
1.26
0.242
5.07

22
24
24
24
23
23
30
21
23
21
0.00
21
0.00
21
0.00
22
25
25
25
23
23
30
22
0.00
38
-

28

STAAD SPACE

ALL UNITS ARE - KN


MEMBER

METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)

TABLE

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================

24 ST UB203X102X23
25 ST
26 ST
27 ST
28 ST
29 ST
30 ST
31 ST
32 ST
33 ST
34 ST
35 ST
36 ST
37 ST
38 ST
39 ST
40 ST
41 ST
42 ST
43 ST
44 ST
45 ST

PASS
14.75 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
21.02 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
10.28 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
12.59 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
1.71 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
8.56 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
28.41 C
UC152X152X23 PASS
69.95 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.92 T
UC152X152X23 PASS
28.41 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
5.38 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
5.38 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
35.07 C
CH150X75X18
PASS
32.52 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.92 T
UB203X102X23 PASS
32.20 C
CH150X75X18
PASS
32.52 C
UA75X75X6
PASS
32.94 T
UA75X75X6
PASS
38.29 T
UA75X75X6
PASS
38.29 T
UA75X75X6
PASS
32.94 T
L65X65X6
PASS
21.65 T

ANNEX I.1
0.01
BS-4.7
(C)
-0.04
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
1.26
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.2
1.26
ANNEX I.1
0.38
ANNEX I.1
0.38
BS-4.8.3.3.2
0.04
BS-4.7
(C)
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.08
BS-4.7
(C)
0.00
BS-4.7
(C)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00

0.134
4.16
0.078
1.27
0.823
4.59
0.865
4.59
0.793
5.50
0.792
4.59
0.330
8.75
0.609
19.99
0.210
9.37
0.330
8.75
0.215
9.37
0.215
9.37
0.242
5.07
0.088
0.00
0.210
9.37
0.119
-1.32
0.088
0.00
0.137
0.00
0.160
0.00
0.160
0.00
0.137
0.00
0.105
0.00

24
33
0.00
28
28
21
29
22
22
22
0.00
22
22
22
38
21
0.00
22
0.00
22
0.00
21
0.00
21
3.56
21
3.56
21
3.56
21
3.56
22
0.00

29

STAAD SPACE

ALL UNITS ARE - KN


MEMBER

METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================

46 ST
47 ST
48 ST
49 ST
50 ST
51 ST
52 ST
53 ST
54 ST
55 ST
56 ST
57 ST
58 ST
59 ST
60 ST
61 ST
62 ST
63 ST
64 ST
65 ST
66 ST
67 ST

TABLE

L65X65X6

PASS
24.73 T
L65X65X6
PASS
21.56 T
L65X65X6
PASS
24.75 T
L65X65X6
PASS
21.65 T
L65X65X6
PASS
24.73 T
L65X65X6
PASS
21.56 T
L65X65X6
PASS
24.75 T
UB203X102X23 PASS
21.02 C
UB178X102X19 PASS
43.27 C
UB203X102X23 PASS
14.75 C
UB178X102X19 PASS
43.27 C
CH125X65X15
PASS
22.14 T
CH125X65X15
PASS
16.18 T
CH125X65X15
PASS
16.18 T
CH125X65X15
PASS
22.14 T
CH100X50X10
PASS
1.71 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.95 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
8.56 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.95 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.61 C
CH100X50X10
PASS
10.28 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.95 C

BS-4.6

(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.7
(C)
0.01
ANNEX I.1
0.00
ANNEX I.1
0.01
ANNEX I.1
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.02
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.3.6
0.00

0.119
0.00
0.104
0.00
0.120
0.00
0.105
0.00
0.119
0.00
0.104
0.00
0.120
0.00
0.078
0.42
0.792
12.07
0.134
4.16
0.792
12.07
0.043
0.00
0.031
0.00
0.031
0.00
0.043
0.00
0.793
5.50
0.693
37.33
0.792
4.59
0.707
37.58
0.693
37.33
0.823
4.59
0.693
37.33

23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
32
0.00
23
25
23
24
0.00
25
0.00
24
0.00
25
0.00
21
21
0.00
28
21
0.00
21
0.00
29
21
0.00

30

STAAD SPACE

ALL UNITS ARE - KN


MEMBER

METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)

TABLE

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================

68 ST CH100X50X10
69 ST
70 ST
71 ST
72 ST
73 ST
74 ST
75 ST
76 ST
77 ST
78 ST
79 ST
80 ST
81 ST
82 ST
83 ST
84 ST
85 ST
86 ST
87 ST
88 ST
89 ST

PASS
12.59 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.95 C
UB203X133X25 PASS
0.61 C
L65X65X6
PASS
9.15 T
L65X65X6
PASS
11.24 T
L65X65X6
PASS
9.13 T
L65X65X6
PASS
11.47 T
L65X65X6
PASS
8.19 T
L65X65X6
PASS
11.97 T
L65X65X6
PASS
4.99 T
L65X65X6
PASS
4.75 T
L65X65X6
PASS
5.39 T
L65X65X6
PASS
5.53 T
L65X65X6
PASS
7.91 T
L65X65X6
PASS
8.55 T
L65X65X6
PASS
4.75 T
L65X65X6
PASS
4.99 T
L65X65X6
PASS
5.53 T
L65X65X6
PASS
5.39 T
L65X65X6
PASS
8.55 T
L65X65X6
PASS
7.91 T
L65X65X6
PASS
11.24 T

BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.00
BS-4.3.6
-0.02
BS-4.3.6
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00

0.865
4.59
0.707
37.58
0.693
37.33
0.044
0.00
0.054
0.00
0.044
0.00
0.055
0.00
0.040
0.00
0.058
0.00
0.024
0.00
0.023
0.00
0.026
0.00
0.027
0.00
0.038
0.00
0.041
0.00
0.023
0.00
0.024
0.00
0.027
0.00
0.026
0.00
0.041
0.00
0.038
0.00
0.054
0.00

29
21
0.00
21
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
25
0.00
24
0.00
25
0.00
24
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
25
0.00
24
0.00
25
0.00
24
0.00
23
0.00

31

STAAD SPACE

ALL UNITS ARE - KN


MEMBER

METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE Noted)

TABLE

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================

90 ST

L65X65X6

91 ST

L65X65X6

92 ST

L65X65X6

93 ST

L65X65X6

94 ST

L65X65X6

PASS
9.15 T
PASS
11.47 T
PASS
9.13 T
PASS
11.97 T
PASS
8.19 T

BS-4.6

(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00
BS-4.6
(T)
0.00

0.044
0.00
0.055
0.00
0.044
0.00
0.058
0.00
0.040
0.00

22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00
23
0.00
22
0.00