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LSD Design for doubly reinforced simply supported beam

Name of work:- abc


1

Clear Span

6.00

mtr

6000

mm

Wall width

0.50

mtr

500

mm

Size of Beam (restricted)

0.50

mtr

0.30

mtr

External Load

30000

N/m

Concrete

Steel

Niminal Cover

25

mm

8
9

Bottom Main reinforcement 1st tier


2nd tier
Top Main reinforcement

10

2 - lgd. Strirrups

25
25
20
12
8

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Depth

m-

fy

500

Width

30.00

kN/m

20

Grade

Unit weight concrete

415

N/mm2

Tensile stress

6000 mm
8 mm 2 lgd strips
0 mm c/c
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0
20 mm
20 mm

25000 N/m3

230

N/mm2

Nos bars
Nos bars
Nos bars
Nos bars
mm c/c
500

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
0
mm

#REF!
#REF! nos bars
mm
#REF! nos bars
25
(a) L section
#REF! nos bars

25

mm top bars
20
#REF! nos bars
20

#REF!
mm

mm
25
mm cover

mm

2 lgd strips
0 mm c/c
mm
#REF! nos bars
25
mm
#REF! nos bars
25

0
mm

-50
mm
25
mm cover

0
mm

0
mm

(b) section at mid span


pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

section at support

Design of Doubly reinforced simple supported Beam :1


2
3
4
5

Clear Span
Wall width
Size of Beam (restricted)
External load
Concrete

6.00
0.50
0.50
30.00
M 20

6 Steel
fy
7 Bottom Main reinforcement 1st tie
8 Top Main reinforcement
9 2 - lgd. Strirrups
###Cover

415
25
20
8
25

mm
m
m
500 mm
Width
kN/m
=
Unit weight concrete =

6000 mm
500 mm
0.30 m 300 mm
### N/m
###

N/mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm

230 N/mm2

Tensile stess =

1 computation of Design Constants and limting of N.A.:For steel fe 415


fy = 415 N/mm2
fck
= 20
Xu.max / d
depend only a grade of steel and is independent on grade of concrete, for
Fe

415

Xu.max
d

700
0.87

=
x 415
1100 +
Xu. Max
Ru = 0.36. fck. x Xu.max
1 - 0.416 x
d
d
where Ru = 0.36
x
20
x
0.479 (1- 0.416 x 0.479 )=
Here d =
500
25
8
10
= 457
Mu.lim = Ru.
bd2
=
2.762 x
300 x (
457 )2=
Xu.max = 0.4791 d = 0.479 x
457 =
219 mm
2 Computation of design of bending moment
Let width of Beam
= 6000 + 457

Available L/d =
6457 /
457
Max. permissible value of L/d even without modification factor
Hence deflection requirement are satisfied.
self Load of Beam per meter run = 0.30 x
0.50
External load =
30000 N/m
Total load per meter run = 3750 +
###
wu =
1.5 x
###
WuL2
50625 x 6.46
MuD (at mid span ) =
=
8
8
10 3
= 264 x
since

263900000

>

173055025

3 Determination of tensile reinforcement


fck Xumax
20
Pt.lim
= 0.414
= 0.414 x
d
fy
415
0.00955906
Ast1 = Pt.lim x bd
=
Let the cover to the center of compressive reinforcement d' '=
MuD - Mu.lin
263900000
Ast2'
=
=
1
x
415
0.87 fy(d -d')
608
Total Ast= Ast1 +Ast2 '=
= 1311 +
300
(Maximum Reiforcement = 0.04 bD
= 0.04 x
2
using ### mm bars
= 3.14xdia
A
4 x100
A
/A
Nomber of Bars = st
=
1919 / 491
Hence Provided 4 bars of 25 mm bar, at top , in one tier,
4 Dtermination of compressive reinfocement

=
=
=
x
=
=
x

6457 <

N/mm2

0.479

2.762
mm

compaire this with


value given in
Table 33.3

173055025
173 x 10'6

N/mm
N/mm

6500

14.13
20
1

### =

3750 N/m

33750 N/m
50625 N/m
6.46

N-m
MuD

263900

N-m

or 264 x 10 6 N-mm
> Mu.lim
Double reiforcemnt required

x 0.479 = 0.00956
x
x(
=
+
=
=

300 x 457
25 +
8
173055025
457 43
1919
mm2
500 = 6000
3.14 x 25
4
x

= 1311
mm2
+
10 = 43

)=

608

mm

Hence O.K.
> 608
x 25
= 491
100

3.91
say
=
4 No.
keep a nominal cover ,
25

Asc =

MuD -Mu.lin
=
(fsc - 0.446Fck)(d-d')
90844975

263900000
173055025
(fsc
- 0.446 x
20 )( 457 219432
Asc
=
=
fsc 8.92 x
414
fsc
8.92
0.0035 x(
0.0035(xu.max - d')
219 43
=
=
)= 0.00281
sc
xu.max
219
Hence from Table 33.1 for fe 415 steel, fsc = 352
N/mm2
219432
= 640
mm2
352
8.92
using ### mm bars
= 3.14xdia2
A
=
4 x100
Nomber of Bars = Ast/A =
640 / 314 =
Hence Provided 3 bars of 20 mm bar, at top , in one tier,

Asc

43 )

3.14 x
4
2.04

20
x
say

x 20
100

= 314

No.

5 Curtailment of tensile and compressive reinforcement


Development length (Ld) of
25 mm bar in tension
See table 36.5
0.87 fy
0.87 x
415 x
x
=
=
47 47 x 25 = 1175

4 tbd
4
x
1.2
x 1.6
Development length (Ld) of
20 mm bar in compression
See table 36.5

0.87 fy
0.87 x
415 x
x
=
=
38 38 x 20 = 752

1.25x4 tbd
5
x
1.2
x 1.6
Hence the tension steel cannot be curtailed at less than 1.18 m from center of span,
while the compression steel cannot be curtailed at less than
0.75 m from center of span,
Let us curtail 1 comprssion bars and
2
Bar tension bar at a theoretical point of cut off distant
1.20 m from the center of span .
Actual point of cut off from the centerof span will be larger of two value
(I) = 1.20
+
d
= 1.20 + 0.457 =
m
1.70
1.66
(II) = 1.20
+
12
x
F
= 1.20 +
m
12 x 0.025 = 1.50
Keep the actual point of cut off at
1.70 m from center of spoan . Distance of theoretical ponit of cut offf
from center of span = 1.70 - 0.457 = 1.243
- 1.243 = 1.986
2
Distance of theoretical point of cut off from center of support = 6.457 /
It can be shown that the moment of resistance of the section at this point will be larger than the actual B.M. at this location

6 Shear reinforcement
The critical section for shear is at a distance of d =
457
or at distance of
457
+
457
/
2
=
686
6.457
= 50625
Vs
x
- 50625 x 0.69
2
128739
Vu
v
=
=
300
x 457
bd
100Ast
100 x
2
x
491
=

bd
300 x
457
Hence from table 36.1
Tc
= 0.54 N/mm2

mm from the face of support .


= 0.69 m from the center of support
=

128739

0.94

0.72 %

<

0.94

N / mm2

Shear reinforcemnt required

3.14xdia2
3.14 x
8
x 8
= 2 x
= 100.5
4 x100
4
x
100
.87 x fy x Asv
0.87 x 415 x 100.5
=(
=
= 202 mm say
202
Sv
tv - tc )x b
0.94 - 0.34 )x
300
However, minimum shear reinforcement is governed by expression
2.175 x Asv x fy
2.175 x 100.5 x 415
=
=
= 302 mm say
300
Sv
b
300
Required Sv
= 202 mm
Spacing based on effective depth of beam
mm which
0.75 x 457.0 = 340 or 300 ever is less
Subject to maximum of 0.75d or b which ever is less.=
Let us provide 8

mm 2 leg strirrup Asv

Hence provide the

8 mm strirrups @ 202 mm c/c near support


and increase this gradually 300 mm to ward center

7 Check for devlopment length at support:At the support, the tensile reinforcement should satisfy the following reaction .
1.3xM1
L0
Ld
+
>
V
There are 2 tensile Bars available at support , having Ast =
2
x 491 = 981 mm2
415 x
2
x 491
0.87.fy.Ast1
0.87 x
mm2
Xu
=
=
= 165
20
x
300
.36 x fck .b
0.36 x
M1
= 0.87
fy.Ast1.(d - 0.416Xu)
M1
= 0.87
x 415.0 x(
2.0
x 491 )x( 457.0 - 0.416 x 165 )
= 137588302 N-mm or 137.6 x 10'6 N-mm
Wux . L
###
x 6.46
V
= S.F.
=
N
=
= 163443
2
2
0.87x fy
0.87
x 415 x

Ld
=
x
=
= 47 x 25 = 1175

4tbd
4
x
1.2 x 1.6
Minimum Embeded required from the face of the support =
1175 /
3
= 392 mm
Width of support available (bo) =
500 mm, providing end cover x' of = 50 mm
And providing 90 degree bend to tensile bars
Lo
1.3 xM1
V

500

50

L0

1.3

1391 >

Ld

1391

8 Deatil of reinforcement

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

- 228.5 +
75
= 296.5
137588302
x
+ 297 =
163443
> 1175 Hence O.K.

1391

mm

ompaire this with


value given in
Table 33.3
N/mm
N/mm

uble reiforcemnt required

mm

Hence O.K.
mm2

mm

mm2

e table 36.5
mm

e table 36.5
mm

m center of span,
m center of span,
of cut off distant

onit of cut offf


m

ter of support

rcemnt required
mm2
mm

mm
mm which
ever is less

mm

Table 33.1 salientpoints on the design stress-strain curvefor cold worked bars
Fyd = Design Yeild stress ; fy = characterstic stress
Fe =415 Fy = 415 Fe =500 Fy = 500
Stress
steel :
N/mm2
steel :
N/mm2
level
Strain
Stress
Strain
Stress
0.8 fyd
0.00144 288.7
0.00174 347.8
0.85fyd
0.00163 306.7
0.00195 369.6
0.90 fyd 0.00192 324.8
0.00226 391.3
0.95 fyd 0.00241 342.8
0.00277 413
0.975 fyd 0.00276 351.8
0.00312 423.9
1.00 fyd 0.0038
360.9
0.00417 434.8

Table 33.2

Value of Pt,lim (%)

Grade
concrete

fck
Value of 100 pt lim. for
(N/mm2)
fy=250
fy =415
fy =500
M15
15
1.319
0.716
0.566
M20
20
1.758
0.955
0.754
M25
25
2.198
1.194
0.943
M30
30
2.638
0.433
1.132
M35
35
3.077
1.672
1.32
M40
40
3.517
1.910
1.509
Acording to ACI and australian Codes, normal structure
should have Pt.max > 0.75pt.lim
design constant
fy
Xu.max /d
250
0.531
415
0.479
500
0.456

TABLE 33.3 Value of Ru.lim For balance section

Grade
concrete

Reinforcement
Fe 250,lim = Fe 415,lim = Fe 500,lim =
0.1489 fck
0.1381 fck
0.1330 fck

M15
M20
M25
M30
M35
M40

2.333
2.978
3.722
4.467
5.211
5.956

Over all
depth of slab

300 or
more
1.00

2.071
2.761
3.452
4.142
4.833
5.523

1.995
2.66
3.325
3.99
4.655
5.32
TABLE -36.3

FACTOR k

275

250

225

200

175

1.05

1.10

1.15

1.20

1.25

TABLE 36.4
Permissible Bond stress for plain bar in tension (IS : 456-2000)
Grade of concrete
M-20
M-25
M-30
M-35
Design bond stress bd N / mm2)
1.2
1.4
1.5
1.7

TABLE 36.2

150 or
less
1.30

M-40
1.9

Maximum shear stress c.max (N/mm2)


Grade of concrete

c.max (N/mm2)

M-15
2.5

1. Grade of concrte
2. Grade of steel
fe 250
3. Bar in tension
46
4. Bar in compression
37
1. Grade of concrte
2. Grade of steel
fe 250
3. Bar in tension
32
4. Bar in compression
26

M-20
2.8

M-25
3.1

M-30
3.5

M-35
3.7

TABLE -36.5 VALUE OF DEVLOPMENT LENGTH FACTOR (kd)


M 20
M25
fe 415
fe 500
fe 250
fe 415
fe 500
47
57
39
41
49
38
46
31
33
39
M35
M40
fe 415
fe 500
fe 250
fe 415
fe 500
34
40
29
30
36
27
32
23
24
29

TABLE 36.1 DESIGN SHEAR STRENTH (TC) OF CONCRETE (N/mm2)


100As
bd
< 0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
1.00
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20
1.25
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.45
1.50
1.55
1.60
1.65
1.70
1.75
1.80
1.85

M-15
0.28
0.315
0.35
0.37
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.490
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71

M-40
4

Permissible shear stress in concrete


M-20
M-25
M-30
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.32
0.325
0.33
0.36
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.50
0.51
0.53
0.52
0.53
0.55
0.54
0.55
0.57
0.56
0.57
0.59
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.58
0.59
0.61
0.59
0.60
0.62
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.64
0.65
0.67
0.66
0.66
0.68
0.68
0.67
0.69
0.70
0.68
0.70
0.72
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.70
0.72
0.73
0.71
0.73
0.74
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.73
0.75
0.75
0.74
0.76
0.75
0.74
0.76
0.76
0.75
0.77
0.77
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.78
0.80
0.79
0.78
0.80
0.79
0.79
0.81

tv N/mm2
M-35
0.29
0.33
0.37
0.39
0.41
0.44
0.47
0.50
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.57
0.59
0.60
0.61
0.63
0.65
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.82
0.83

M-40
0.30
0.34
0.38
0.4
0.42
0.45
0.48
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.84
0.85

1.90
1.95
2.00
2.05
2.10
2.15
2.20
2.25
2.30
2.35
2.40
2.45
2.50
2.55
2.60
2.65
2.70
2.75
3.00 and above

0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71
0.71

0.80
0.80
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.82

0.80
0.81
0.82
0.82
0.83
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.88
0.88
0.88
0.89
0.89
0.90
0.92

0.82
0.83
0.84
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.88
0.89
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.96

0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.90
0.91
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.94
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.99

0.86
0.87
0.88
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.95
0.96
0.96
0.97
0.98
1.01

H FACTOR (kd)
fe 250
37
29

M30
fe 415
38
31

fe 500
46
37