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Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering

Department of Electric Power Engineering

Power Systems Group

TET 4115: Power System Analysis, FALL 2015

Assignment 1
Submission deadline: 7 September 2015
Guidance: 31 August 2015
Consider a three-phase star-connected 50,000 kVA 120 kV system. Express 40,000 kVA
three-phase apparent power and 100 kV line-to-line voltage in per unit values on
(a) the three-phase base, and
(b) the per-phase base.
(In a three-phase system, the base kVA may either be chosen as the three-phase kVA and
the base voltage as line-to-line voltage, or the base values may be taken as the per phase
quantities. In either case, the per unit three-phase kVA and voltage on the three-phase
base and the per unit per phase kVA and voltage on the kVA per phase base are the
same. The above example illustrates this point.)
A three-phase star-connected 6.25 kVA, 220 V synchronous generator has a reactance of
8.4 per phase. Choose the rated kVA and voltage as base values, and determine the per
unit reactance. Hence, convert this per unit value to a 230 V, 7.5 kVA base.
(A manufacturer will typically supply component ratings in per unit, but on base values
that are chosen consistent with the component ratings. These base values are unlikely to
be the same as base values used in the per unit ratings of other components in the
system. Thus all the per unit values need to be corrected or further normalized with
respect to a common system base, i.e., universal base. The above example illustrates
how a per unit value on one base is converted into per unit value on another base.)
A 25 kVA, 220/110 three-phase transformer has a 0.04 leakage reactance referred to
the low-voltage side. Calculate the per unit leakage impedance referred to the low
voltage and high voltage sides of the transformer. Use the transformer ratings as base
values. Note that three-phase transformers are rated as three-phase kVA and line
voltage for either wye or delta connection.

TET4115: Power System Analysis, 2015.

(Per unit reactances (or impedances) remain unchanged whether referred to the high
voltage or the low voltage side of a transformer. As a result of this, the turns ratio is not
included in the impedance diagram representation of the power system. The above
example illustrates this point.)
A Y-connected synchronous generator rated 100 MVA, 13.2 kV has a rated impedance of
R = 5% and XS = 80% per unit. It is connected to a j10 transmission line through a
13.8/120 kV, 100 MVA, -Y transformer with a rated impedance of R = 2% and X = 8%
per unit. The base for the power system is 200 MVA, 120 kV at the transmission line.
(a) Sketch the one-line diagram of this power system.
(b) Find per unit impedance of the generator on the system base.
(c) Find per unit impedance of the transformer on the system base.
(d) Find per unit impedance of the transmission line on the system base.
(e) Find the per-phase, per unit equivalent circuit of this power system.
Draw the single line diagram for the system whose description is as follows:
Generator G1 is connected to Bus 1 through transformer T1. Line 1 from Bus 1 connects
Bus 2, to which is connected generator G2 through transformer T2. Line 2 from Bus 1
connects Bus 3, to which is connected a motor M and another Load through transformer
T3. Further, Line 3 connects Bus 2 and Bus 3.
Hence draw its impedance diagram with all ratings in per unit. Choose 100 MVA as the
three-phase base apparent power. Select 161 kV as the base voltage of Line 1.
Data for the system is:
G1 : 50 MVA, 13.8 kV, X=0.15 pu
G2 : 20 MVA, 14.4 kV, X=0.15 pu
M : 20 MVA, 14.4 kV, X=0.15 pu
T1 : 60 MVA, 13.2 kV/161 kV, X=0.10 pu
T2 : 25 MVA, 13.1 kV/161 kV, X=0.10 pu
T3 : 25 MVA, 13.2 kV/160 kV, X=0.10 pu
(Note the voltage rating on LV side of T2 and HV side of T3!)
Line 1: 20+80
Line 2: 10+j40
Line 3: 10+j40
Load: 20+j15 MVA at 12.63 kV

TET4115: Power System Analysis, 2015.