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BRITISH STANDARD

BS 6100-6.1:
1984
Incorporating
Amendment No. 1

Glossary of

Building and civil


engineering terms
Part 6: Concrete and plaster
Section 6.1 Binders

UDC 001.4:[624+69]

BS 6100-6.1:1984

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the direction
of the Basic Data and Performance
Criteria for Civil Engineering and
Building Structures Standards
Committee, was published under
the authority of the Board of BSI
and comes into effect on
29 February 1984
BSI 01-1999

Amendments issued since publication

The Committees responsible for


this British Standard are shown
in Part 0
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference BDB/3
Draft for comment 81/14785 DC

Amd. No.

Date of issue

Comments

7263

August 1992

Indicated by a sideline in the margin

ISBN 0 580 13718 X

BS 6100-6.1:1984

Contents
Foreword
610 1
610 2
610 21
610 22
610 23
610 3
610 31
610 32
610 33
Index

BSI 01-1999

Base terms
Hydraulic binders
Active hydraulic binders
Latent hydraulic binders
Blended hydraulic binders
Other binders
Lime
Gypsum
Polymer

Page
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BS 6100-6.1:1984

Foreword
This Section of Part 6 of this British Standard has been prepared under the
direction of the Basic Data and Performance Criteria for Civil Engineering and
Building Structures Standards Committee. This Section supersedes BS 4627
Glossary of terms relating to types of cement, their properties and components,
which is withdrawn. Terms concerning materials in BS 4049 Glossary of terms
applicable to internal plastering, external rendering and floor screeding are also
included in this Section but BS 4049 will not be withdrawn until Section 6.6 of
this standard is published. However, the superseded terms are deleted by
amendment. Note has been taken of the work in progress by Technical Committee
TC 51 of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) on cement
technology. Any terms and definitions appearing in a relevant European
Standard, when published, and accepted by the United Kingdom, will be
substituted for their equivalents in this British Standard.
A general introduction to and explanation of this glossary is given in Part 0 of this
standard which itemizes the Parts, Sections and Subsections into which this
glossary is divided and provides a general alphabetical index of all the terms in
the Sections and Subsections already published. Those using individual Sections
and Subsections of this glossary are urged to consult Part 0 when doing so.
The other Sections of this Part are as follows:
6.2 Concrete
6.3 Aggregates
6.4 Admixtures
6.5 Formwork
6.6 Products, applications and operations
Terms are listed alphabetically in the index and are referred to by numbers which
are found against the term in the body of the Section. There they are arranged in
a classified order each term having an individual number consisting of seven
digits in two parts, the first of three digits, the second of four. The first three
digits represent the number of the Part, Section and Subsection (in this case, the
third digit is 0 as there is no division into Subsections). The fourth digit
represents the group of terms, the fifth digit represents the subgroup of terms and
the last two digits represent the place within the subgroup.
Deprecated terms are given below the preferred term with their status indicated,
e.g. deprecated. These terms are not individually numbered but are included in
the index with a reference to the preferred term. Terms of more than one word,
e.g. bedding compound are written in a direct style, not as compound, bedding.
The inverted term is included in the index with a reference to the direct term.
It has been considered necessary to repeat in this Section certain terms from
Section 1.0 General. Where this occurs, the definitions of such terms are
preceded by an asterisk (*).
Italicized words indicate terms that are defined elsewhere in this Section.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 7 and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.
ii

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

610 1 Base terms


No.

Term

Definition

610 1001

binder
cementitious material
deprecated

Material used for the purpose of holding solid particles


together in a coherent mass.

610 1002

hydraulic binder

Binder that sets and hardens by chemical interaction with


water and is capable of doing so under water.

610 1003

active hydraulic binder

Hydraulic binder that acts without the addition of an


activator such as lime.

610 1004

latent hydraulic binder

Hydraulic binder that acts by the addition of an activator,


usually lime and water.

610 1005

blended hydraulic binder

Mixture of active hydraulic binder and latent hydraulic


binder.

610 1006

clinker

Solid material formed in high temperature processes by


total or partial fusion.

610 1007

hydraulic cement

Active hydraulic binder formed by grinding clinker.

NOTE Within the building and civil engineering industries the term
cement is frequently used as a shortened equivalent for hydraulic cement.

610 1008

Portland cement

Active hydraulic binder based on ground Portland cement


clinker.
NOTE

Generic term for the various forms of Portland cement.

610 1009

high alumina cement

Active hydraulic binder obtained by grinding high alumina


cement clinker.

610 1010

gypsum

Calcuim sulphate in its fully hydrated phase


(CaSO4.2H2 O).
NOTE

610 1011

lime

610 1012

deleted

It is used for the production of binders.

Quicklime, hydrated lime, lime putty or slaked lime.

Repeated from Section 1.0.

610 2 Hydraulic binders


610 21 Active hydraulic binders
610 2101

Portland cement clinker


Portland clinker deprecated

Clinker formed from a predetermined homogeneous mixture


of materials comprising lime, silica, a small proportion of
alumina and generally iron oxide.

610 2102

high alumina cement


clinker
high alumina clinker
deprecated

Clinker formed from a predetermined mixture of materials


consisting principally of alumina and oxides, hydroxides or
carbonates of calcium with smaller proportions of iron
oxides, silica and other oxides.

610 2103

rapid-hardening
Portland cement

Portland cement that, after setting, hardens more rapidly in


the early stages than ordinary Portland cement.

610 2104

extra rapid-hardening
Portland cement

Portland cement, with or without additives, that hardens


more rapidly than rapid-hardening Portland cement. Setting
may or may not be accelerated.

610 2105

quick-setting Portland
cement

Portland cement with a setting time substantially less than


that of ordinary Portland cement.

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

No.

Term

Definition

610 2106

expanding cement

Active hydraulic binder containing a constituent that


imparts to it the property of expansion during setting and
initial hardening.

610 2107

low heat Portland cement

Portland cement with a heat of hydration substantially less


than that of ordinary Portland cement.

610 2108

sulphate-resisting
Portland cement

Portland cement that produces an end product having higher


resistance to attack by sulphates than one produced from
ordinary Portland cement.

610 2109

hydrophobic cement
water repellent cement
deprecated

Portland cement that has been ground with water repellent


material, so that each particle is protected by a film of that
material, from hydration and deterioration during transport
and storage.

610 2110

oil well cement

Active hydraulic binder, usually based on selected Portland


cement clinker with or without retarders or other additives,
producing satisfactory pumping and rheological properties
and adequate strength development at elevated
temperatures.

610 2111

ordinary Portland cement Portland cement formed by grinding together Portland


cement clinker and calcium sulphate or its hydrates,
sometimes with the addition of water.

610 2112

fillerized cement

Ordinary Portland cement to which inert material has been


added during manufacture.

610 2113

white Portland cement

Portland cement made from selected iron-free raw materials.

610 2114

coloured Portland cement Ordinary Portland cement or white Portland cement to


which a pigment has been added during manufacture.

610 2115

hot cement

Active hydraulic binder that at the time of use possesses


some of the heat generated during manufacture.

610 22 Latent hydraulic binders


610 2201

blastfurnace slag

Clinker produced in a molten state simultaneously with pig


iron in the reduction of iron ore in a blastfurnace and
composed chiefly of calcium, magnesium and
alumino-silicates. The nature of the eventual solid is
determined by the way in which the molten slag is cooled.

610 2202

granulated blastfurnace
slag

Blastfurnace slag that has been rapidly cooled to form


granules of a shattered vitreous structure.

610 2203

ground granulated
blastfurnace slag

Fine powder resulting from drying and grinding granulated


blastfurnace slag.

610 2204

pozzolana

Latent hydraulic binder, naturally occurring or


manufactured, that contains siliceous or siliceous and
aluminous materials.

610 2205

pulverized-fuel ash

Solid material extracted by electrostatic and mechanical


means from flue gases of furnaces fired with pulverized
bituminous coal.

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

610 23 Blended hydraulic binders


No.

Term

Definition

610 2301

blended hydraulic cement

Blended hydraulic binder comprising a homogeneous


mixture of ordinary Portland cement and ground latent
hydraulic binder in specified proportions.

610 2302

Portland
blastfurnace cement

Blended hydraulic binder formed by grinding together, or


by mixing after grinding, specified proportions of
granulated blastfurnace slag, Portland cement clinker and
calcium sulphate or its hydrates sometimes with the
addition of water.

610 2303

low heat Portland


blastfurnace cement

Portland blastfurnace cement with a heat of hydration


substantially less than that of Portland cement.

610 2304

blastfurnace slag cement


Blended hydraulic binder with a ground granulated
cement containing blastfurnace blastfurnace slag content higher than that of Portland
slag deprecated
blastfurnace cement and a lower proportion of ground
Portland cement clinker.

610 2305

supersulphated cement

Blastfurnace slag cement with a specified proportion of


sulphate.

610 2306

Portland pozzolana cement

Blended hydraulic binder comprising a homogeneous


mixture of ordinary Portland cement and ground
pozzolana in specified proportions.

610 2307

Portland pulverized-fuel
ash cement

Portland pozzolana cement in which the pozzolana is


pulverized-fuel ash.

610 2308

pozzolanic cement

Blended hydraulic binder comprising a homogeneous


mixture of ordinary Portland cement clinker and ground
pozzolana in specified proportions, when the pozzolana
has passed a pozzolanicity test.

610 2309

pozzolanicity

Ability of a material to combine with calcium hydroxide at


ambient temperatures and in the presence of water in
order to produce compounds having the properties of an
active hydraulic binder.

610 2310

pozzolanicity test

Test for assessing pozzolanicity of a material, i.e. one


based on its combination with calcium hydroxide.

610 3 Other binders


610 31 Lime
610 3101

limestone

Sedimentary rock that consists predominantly of calcium


carbonate.

610 3102

chalk

Very fine grained cretaceous limestone, usually white.

610 3103

calcareous material

Material containing significant amounts of calcium


carbonate.

610 3104

quicklime
burnt lime deprecated

Product obtained when calcareous material is heated at a


temperature high enough to drive off the carbon dioxide.

610 3105

dolomitic lime

Quicklime of high magnesium oxide content.

610 3106

grey lime

Quicklime made from grey chalk usually having


semi-hydraulic properties.

610 3107

magnesian lime

Quicklime containing more than 5 % of magnesium oxide.

610 3108

hydraulic lime

Quicklime containing sufficient soluble silica, aluminates


etc. to enable it to hydrate and set in the presence of water.

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

No.

Term

Definition

610 3109

semi-hydraulic lime

Quicklime similar to hydraulic lime but containing less


soluble silica, aluminates etc.
NOTE

The minimum amount of soluble silica is 6 %.

610 3110

high calcium lime


mountain lime deprecated

Quicklime of high calcium oxide content, containing less


than 5 % of magnesium oxide and having no hydraulic
properties.

610 3111

lump lime

Quicklime in lump form.

610 3112

chalk lime

Quicklime produced from chalk.

610 3113

hydrated lime
lime hydrate deprecated

Fine white dry powder, produced by mixing together


quicklime and water in controlled quantities, removing
gritty material from the resulting product and drying it. The
main constituent is calcium hydroxide.

610 3114

hydrated high calcium


by-product lime
carbide hydrate deprecated

Fine white dry powder, produced by drying the by-product


when calcium carbide is hydrated with water to produce
acetylene gas. The main constituent is calcium hydroxide.

610 3115

hydrated dolomitic lime

Hydrated lime obtained from dolomitic lime.

610 3116

hydrated magnesian lime

Hydrated lime obtained from magnesian lime.

610 3117

hydrated grey lime

Hydrated lime obtained from grey lime.

610 3118

hydrated semi-hydraulic
lime

Hydrated lime obtained from semi-hydraulic lime that has


retained its binding properties.

610 3119

slaked lime

Product formed when quicklime is mixed with an excess of


water.

610 3120

lime putty

Slaked lime produced under controlled conditions to give a


paste-like consistency. Can also be produced by mixing
together hydrated lime and water in suitable proportions.

610 3121

improved lime putty

Lime putty that has been allowed to stand to improve its


physical properties.

610 3122

matured lime putty

Improved lime putty that has been allowed to mature by


standing in a covered container.

610 3123

water burnt lime

Slaked lime containing hard gritty particles caused by


localized high temperatures due to incomplete mixing of
quicklime with water.

610 3124

fat lime

Lime putty with good physical properties.

610 3125

lean lime

Lime putty with poor physical properties.

610 32 Gypsum and anhydrite


610 3201

calcium sulphate

Gypsum that has been dehydrated.

610 3202

anhydrite
anhydrous calcium
sulphate non-preferred

Calcium sulphate in its anhydrous phase (CaSO4).

610 3203

deleted

610 3204

calcium sulphate
hemihydrate

Calcium sulphate in its partially hydrated phase


(CaSO4.H2O), produced by heating gypsum.

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

No.

Term

Definition

610 3205

deleted

610 3206

deleted

610 3207

retarded calcium
sulphate hemihydrate

610 3208

deleted

610 3209

natural gypsum

Gypsum that occurs in natural deposits.

610 3210

by-product gypsum

Gypsum that is produced as a by-product of a chemical


process.

610 3211

desulpho gypsum

By-product gypsum from a sulphur removal process, usually


the cleaning of flue gas from fossil fuel combustion.

610 3212

natural anhydrite

Anhydrite that occurs in natural deposits.

610 3213

synthetic anhydrite

Anhydrite that is produced from gypsum or as a


by-product of a chemical process.

610 3214

phospho gypsum

By-product gypsum from the manufacture of phosphoric


acid.

610 3215

titano gypsum

By-product gypsum from the manufacture of titanium


dioxide.

Calcium sulphate hemihydrate to which a set retarder has


been added.

610 33 Polymer
610 3301

BSI 01-1999

polymer binder

Binder that acts as a result of polymerization of a


monomeric system.

BS 6100-6.1:1984

Index
active hydraulic binder 610 1003

cement, Portland 610 1008

anhydrite 610 3202


anhydrite, natural 610 3212

cement, Portland
blastfurnace 610 2302

anhydrite, synthetic 610 3213

cement, Portland pozzolana 610 2306

high alumina cement clinker 610 2102

anhydrous calcium sulphate 610 3202

cement, Portland pulverized-fuel


ash 610 2307

high alumina clinker 610 2102

ash, pulverized-fuel 610 2205

cement, pozzolanic 610 2308

high alumina cement 610 1009

high calcium by-product lime,


hydrated 610 3114

cement, quick-setting
Portland 610 2105

high calcium lime 610 3110

cement, rapid-hardening
Portland 610 2103

hydrate, carbide 610 3114

binder, latent hydraulic 610 1004

cement, sulphate-resisting
Portland 610 2108

hydrated dolomitic lime 610 3115

binder, polymer 610 3301

cement, supersulphated 610 2305

hydrated grey lime 610 3117

blastfurnace cement, low heat


Portland 610 2303

cement, water repellent 610 2109

hydrated high calcium by-product


lime 610 3114

binder 610 1001


binder, active hydraulic 610 1003
binder, blended hydraulic 610 1005
binder, hydraulic 610 1002

blastfurnace cement,
Portland 610 2302
blastfurnace slag 610 2201
blastfurnace slag, cement
containing 610 2304
blastfurnace slag,
granulated 610 2202

cement, white Portland 610 2113


cement clinker, high
alumina 610 2102
cement clinker, Portland 610 2101
cement containing blastfurnace
slag 610 2304

hot cement 610 2115


hydrate, lime 610 3113

hydrated lime 610 3113


hydrated magnesian lime 610 3116
hydrated semi-hydraulic
lime 610 3118
hydraulic binder 610 1002

cementitious material 610 1001

hydraulic binder, active 610 1003

chalk 610 3102

hydraulic binder, blended 610 1005

chalk lime 610 3112

hydraulic binder, latent 610 1004

blastfurnace slag cement 610 2304

clinker 610 1006

hydraulic cement 610 1007

blended hydraulic binder 610 1005

clinker, high alumina 610 2102

hydraulic cement, blended 610 2301

blended hydraulic cement 610 2301

clinker, high alumina


cement 610 2102

hydraulic lime 610 3108

blastfurnace slag, ground


granulated 610 2203

burnt lime 610 3104


burnt lime, water 610 3123
by-product gypsum 610 3210
by-product lime, hydrated high
calcium 610 3114

clinker, Portland 610 2101


clinker, Portland cement 610 2101
coloured Portland cement 610 2114
desulpho gypsum 610 3211

calcareous material 610 3103

dolomitic lime 610 3105

calcium sulphate 610 3201

dolomitic lime, hydrated 610 3115

calcium sulphate, anhydrous 610 3202


calcium sulphate
hemihydrate 610 3204
calcium sulphate hemihydrate,
retarded 610 3207
carbide hydrate 610 3114

hydrophobic cement 610 2109


improved lime putty 610 3121
latent hydraulic binder 610 1004
lean lime 610 3125
lime 610 1011
lime, burnt 610 3104
lime, chalk 610 3112

expanding cement 610 2106

lime, dolomitic 610 3105

extra rapid-hardening Portland


cement 610 2104

lime, fat 610 3124

fat lime 610 3124


fillerized cement 610 2112

lime, grey 610 3106


lime, high calcium 610 3110
lime, hydrated 610 3113
lime, hydrated dolomitic 610 3115

cement, blastfurnace slag 610 2304


cement, blended hydraulic 610 2301

granulated blastfurnace slag 610 2202

lime, hydrated grey 610 3117

cement, coloured Portland 610 2114

granulated blastfurnace slag,


ground 610 2203

lime, hydrated high calcium


by-product 610 3114

grey lime 610 3106

lime, hydrated magnesian 610 3116

grey lime, hydrated 610 3117

lime, hydrated
semi-hydraulic 610 3118

cement, expanding 610 2106


cement, extra rapid-hardening
Portland 610 2104
cement, fillerized 610 2112
cement, high alumina 610 1009
cement, hot 610 2115
cement, hydraulic 610 1007
cement, hydrophobic 610 2109
cement, low heat Portland 610 2107
cement, low heat Portland
blastfurnace 610 2303
cement, oil well 610 2110
cement, ordinary Portland 610 2111

hemihydrate, retarded calcium


sulphate 610 3207

ground granulated blastfurnace


slag 610 2203

lime, hydraulic 610 3108

gypsum 610 1010

lime, lean 610 3125

gypsum, by-product 610 3210

lime, lump 610 3111

gypsum, desulpho 610 3211

lime, magnesian 610 3107

gypsum, natural 610 3209

lime, mountain 610 3110

gypsum, phospho 610 3214

lime, semi-hydraulic 610 3109

gypsum, titano 610 3215

lime, slaked 610 3119

hemihydrate, calcium
sulphate 610 3204

lime, water burnt 610 3123


lime hydrate 610 3113

BSI 01-1999

BS 6100-6.1:1984

lime putty 610 3120


lime putty, improved 610 3121
lime putty, matured 610 3122
limestone 610 3101
low heat Portland blastfurnace
cement 610 2303

rapid-hardening
Portland cement 610 2103
retarded calcium sulphate
hemihydrate 610 3207
semi-hydraulic lime 610 3109

low heat Portland cement 610 2107

semi-hydraulic lime,
hydrated 610 3118

lump lime 610 3111

slag, blastfurnace 610 2201

magnesian lime 610 3107

slag, blastfurnace cement


containing 610 2304

magnesian lime, hydrated 610 3116


material, calcareous 610 3103
material, cementitious 610 1001

slag, granulated
blastfurnace 610 2202

matured lime putty 610 3122

slag, ground granulated


blastfurnace 610 2203

mountain lime 610 3110

slag cement, blastfurnace 610 2304


slaked lime 610 3119

natural anhydrite 610 3212

sulphate anhydrous calcium 610 3202

natural gypsum 610 3209

sulphate, calcium 610 3201

oil well cement 610 2110

sulphate hemihydrate,
calcium 610 3204

ordinary Portland cement 610 2111


phospho gypsum 610 3214

sulphate hemihydrate, retarded


calcium 610 3207

polymer binder 610 3301

sulphate-resisting Portland
cement 610 2108

Portland blastfurnace
cement 610 2302

supersulphated cement 610 2305

Portland blastfurnace cement, low


heat 610 2303
Portland cement 610 1008

synthetic anhydrite 610 3213


test, pozzolanicity 610 2310
titano gypsum 610 3215

Portland cement, coloured 610 2114


Portland cement, extra
rapid-hardening 610 2104

water burnt lime 610 3123

Portland cement, low heat 610 2107

white Portland cement 610 2113

water repellent cement 610 2109

Portland cement, ordinary 610 2111


Portland cement,
quick-setting 610 2105
Portland cement,
rapid-hardening 610 2103
Portland cement,
sulphate-resisting 610 2108
Portland cement, white 610 2113
Portland cement clinker 610 2101
Portland clinker 610 2101
Portland pozzolana cement 610 2306
Portland pulverized-fuel ash
cement 610 2307
pozzolana 610 2204
pozzolana cement, Portland 610 2306
pozzolanic cement 610 2308
pozzolanicity 610 2309
pozzolanicity test 610 2310
pulverized-fuel ash 610 2205
putty, improved lime 610 3121
putty, lime 610 3120
putty, matured lime 610 3122
quick-setting Portland
cement 610 2105
quicklime 610 3104

BSI 01-1999

&7 'LMW[MGO ,MKL 6SEH


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