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MAKERERE UNIVERSITY

FORT PORTAL CAMPUS


COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
NAME:

REG. NO.:

KYOTYA STELLA
NAHABWE LOYCE
AINOMUGIHSA RODNEY
RUJUMBA PIUS

14/U/16595/PS

MUSOKE MICHAEL

14/U/16571/PS

COURSE NAME:

DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

COURSE UNIT:

DEVELOPMENT THEORIES

LECTURERS NAME:

NAMULONDO RACHAEL

QUESTION
Highlight the key strategies from the national development plan (2010/11 - 2014/15) that Uganda has adopted to
achieve development.

Strategies Uganda has adopted to achieve development


1. Fiscal Expansion for Frontloading Infrastructure Investment:
In order to realize the necessary public investment, government will harness concessional and semiconcessional financing and other development support facilities that are targeted to accelerate
investment in infrastructure and human development, among others. However, government will be
mindful of the need to maintain macroeconomic stability and a conducive environment necessary for
maximizing the countrys competitiveness both regionally and internationally.
2. Industrialization:
To stimulate growth and employment, the country will promote value addition through agro-processing
and mineral beneficiation as well as light manufacturing which have a higher multiplier effect on wealth
creation. Particular effort will be made to transfer value addition technologies and offer agri-business
skills to women. The private sector will be supported to establish technology incubation centers to
enable promotion of technological innovation as well as importation and adoption of low cost
technology.
3. Fast Tracking Skills Development:
In order to plug the current skills gap, government will establish five centers of excellence to rapidly
build the necessary skills required in the key priority areas. In addition, government will partner with
the private sector to identify and train specialized expertise especially in the mineral, oil and gas, energy
and transport infrastructure areas. In the medium to long term, government will partner with relevant
non-state actors to enact reforms in education and training curricula in order to bridge the gap between
the skills acquired in school and those required in the labour market.
4. Export Oriented Growth:
Ugandas strategic location at the heart of East Africa makes it well placed to exploit the regional
market. The region is increasingly becoming a fertile ground for small scale exporters, diversifying the
export market and adding value to traditional export commodities. The establishment of the EAC
common market and expected formation of the EAC monetary union will increase investment in the
region as well as create a bigger single market with free movement of all factors of production. In this
regard, the country will prioritize investment in key energy, ICT and transport infrastructure to lower the
cost of doing business so as to increase the competitiveness of its private sector in the region and
beyond. In addition, the country will diversify its export basket to include processed commodities.
5. A Quasi-Market Approach:
A Quasi-Market approach will be pursued in order to increase efficiency of the public sector and
competitiveness of the private sector. With this approach Government will invest in key strategic
infrastructure in order to remove the barriers of entry and increase private sector participation in the key
growth areas. Secondly, Government will create strategic partnerships with the private sector through
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for investment in infrastructure, human capital, minerals, oil and gas,
tourism and agriculture.

6. Harnessing the Demographic Dividend:


Uganda will implement policies aimed at accelerating a rapid decline in fertility and ensure the resulting
surplus labour force is well educated, skilled, healthy and economically engaged in order to reap the
demographic dividend. In this regard, emphasis will be put on improving access to family planning
services, improving nutrition and reforming the education system to increase the years of schooling and
quality of education critical for enhancing the level of skill and innovation of the labour force.
7. Urbanization:
Uganda will implement a tripartite strategic policy aimed at accelerating planned and controlled
urbanization, while ensuring the critical link between urbanization and modernization of agriculture
where the urbanizing community frees land for commercial agriculture as well as create a market for the
increased output and quality of agro products. Through the reorganization of these communities into
cooperatives they would be able to utilize their increased incomes from modernized agriculture and the
urbanizing community to contribute to the creation of vibrant provident funds. These will help to fund
housing in the urbanizing conurbations and modernized farmer settlements.
8. Strengthening Governance:
The key development results cannot be achieved without the necessary enabling environment. Meeting
good governance principles which include: constitutional democracy; protection of human rights; rule
of law; free and fair political and electoral processes; transparency and accountability; government
effectiveness and regulatory quality; effective citizen participation in development processes; and peace,
defence and security of the citizens and the country indicators will be important in order to create the
required legal and socio-political environment to accelerate economic and social transformation.
9. Integrating Key Cross-Cutting Issues into Programmes and Projects:
The key cross-cutting issues of; Gender, HIV/AIDS, environment, nutrition, climate change, human
rights, social protection, child welfare among others will be mainstreamed in the relevant programmes
and projects during the implementation of the Plan.