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Configuring Single Instance Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) Between an Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch

Configuring Single Instance Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) Between an Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch and a 3COM OfficeConnect Managed Switch 9 – Issue 1.0

Abstract

These Application Notes describe a single instance Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) configuration with an Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch and a 3COM OfficeConnect Managed Switch 9 exhibiting basic switch-to-switch redundancy. Primary and secondary infrastructure links were used to demonstrate RSTP compatibility between Avaya and 3COM Layer-2 switching.

Avaya IP Telephony was implemented in this configuration to demonstrate link resiliency through the use of RSTP to maintain Voice over IP traffic without interruption of service in the event of link failure.

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1. Introduction

The IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) was developed to decrease the recovery time of redundant paths in Layer 2 networks as compared to the IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) while continuing to reduce the impact of accidental network loops. RSTP can reduce the spanning tree convergence time to 5 seconds or less to establish a network path and reduce network downtime.

In the network diagram depicted in Figure 1, the switches are connected by a 1000 BaseX link with a 100 BaseX link as a redundancy pair. When a link becomes out of service, the redundant link will become active to maintain Layer-2 connectivity.

Avaya IP Office IP412 Office Server

1/9 1/1 1/51 802.1q 802.1q 1000 Base X 100 BaseX
1/9
1/1
1/51
802.1q
802.1q
1000 Base X
100 BaseX
1:8
1:8
1:9
1:9
1/1 1/51 802.1q 802.1q 1000 Base X 100 BaseX 1:8 1:9 192.168.209.175/VLAN209 Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable
1/1 1/51 802.1q 802.1q 1000 Base X 100 BaseX 1:8 1:9 192.168.209.175/VLAN209 Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable

192.168.209.175/VLAN209

Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch (192.16.20.249/VLAN 1)

802.1q Router
802.1q
Router

192.16.20.112/VLAN 1

3COM OfficeConnect Managed Switch 9

(190.16.20.247/VLAN1)

Avaya 4620

IP Telephones

Switch 9 (190.16.20.247/VLAN1) Avaya 4620 IP Telephones 190.16.20.209 (192.168.209.110/VLAN209)

190.16.20.209

(190.16.20.247/VLAN1) Avaya 4620 IP Telephones 190.16.20.209 (192.168.209.110/VLAN209) (192.168.209.111/VLAN209) Figure

(192.168.209.110/VLAN209)

(192.168.209.111/VLAN209)

Figure 1: Network Diagram for RSTP Configuration

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2. Equipment and Software Validated

The following equipment and software were used for the sample configuration provided:

Equipment

Software

Avaya IP Office IP412

3.1(29)

Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch

4.5.14

Avaya 4620 IP Telephones

v2.2

3Com OfficeConnect Managed Switch 9

1.02

3. Rapid Spanning Tree 802.1w Approach

The Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch supports an implementation of RSTP that is compatible with the IEEE 802.1d standard and does not support per VLAN RSTP. This means that Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch will send out untagged RSTP messages.

Directly connected trunk ports between switches are explicitly configured as point-to- point for fast convergence and as non-edge ports. All access ports for shared media are explicitly configured to be edge ports to transition rapidly to forwarding state when the link becomes in-service. If the edge port detects a Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) from another bridge, the operational edge port will transition to ‘false’ and the port will participate in the topology.

With Spanning Tree, a lower root priority translates to higher root bridge precedence. These switches were configured, by default, such that the Avaya C363T-PWR becomes the root bridge. Also, the 1000 BaseX link becomes the normally operating link, with the 100 BaseX trunk as the normally blocking backup.

4. Avaya

Configuration

Start a terminal session to the Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch and log into the console using valid login credentials. Listed below are the configuration steps used to enable RSTP:

C363T-PWR

Converged

Stackable

Switch

Create the voice VLAN 209. VLAN 1 exists by default and will be used as the “data” and management VLAN.

set vlan 209 name vlan209

Configure IP addressing for the inband management interface and set the default gateway.

set interface inband 192.16.20.249 255.255.255.0 set ip route 0.0.0.0 192.16.20.112

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Assign a high priority level and the voice VLAN to the port connected to IP Office.

set port level 1/9 7 set port vlan 209 1/9

Enable dot1q trunking on the two ports with connections to the OfficeConnect switch. Bind all VLANs configured on the C363T-PWR to these ports so the traffic is passed.

set trunk 1/1 dot1q set trunk 1/51 dot1q set port vlan-binding-mode 1/1 bind-to-configured set port vlan-binding-mode 1/51 bind-to-configured

Globally enable the spanning-tree algorithm and configure the switch for RSTP operation. Enable the RSTP default path cost. Set the spantree priority to a value less than the 3COM OfficeConnect spantree priority value (set in the “Spanning Tree Setup” screen shown in Section 5) so that the Avaya C363T- PWR will become the root bridge.

set spantree enable set spantree version rapid-spanning-tree set spantree default-path-cost rapid-spanning-tree set spantree priority 4096

Set the trunk ports as non-edge ports and force point-to-point MAC address forwarding. Set the classification of the trunk ports to valuable to erase all learned MAC addressing during changes in RSTP state.

set port edge admin state 1/51 non-edge-port set port point-to-point admin status 1/51 force-true set port classification 1/51 valuable set port edge admin state 1/1 non-edge-port set port point-to-point admin status 1/1 force-true set port classification 1/1 valuable

Set the IP Office port as an edge port and force point-to-point MAC forwarding. Set the classification of the edge ports to regular to maintain all learned MAC addressing during changes in RSTP state.

set port edge admin state 1/9 edge-port set port point-to-point admin status 1/9 force-true set port classification 1/9 regular

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5. Configure the 3COM OfficeConnect Switch

This section assumes that the 3COM OfficeConnect switch has been configured with a management IP address and that web-based administration is allowed.

Browse to the 3COM OfficeConnect management address and select the Device View tab.

management address and select the Device View tab. WR; Reviewed: Solution & Interoperability Te st Lab

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To create the voice VLAN, select Bridge VLAN Create. Enter the Voice VLAN number (as set in Section 4) and an arbitrary name. Select OK.

(as set in Section 4) and an arbitrary name. Select OK . Select Bridge VLAN Modify

Select Bridge VLAN Modify. Add the station ports (1, 2, 5 and 6) and the trunk ports (8 and 9) to the C363T-PWR as tagged members of VLAN 209 (VLAN 1 is the default, untagged member of all ports). Select OK.

is the default, untagged member of all ports). Select OK . WR; Reviewed: Solution & Interoperability

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Select Bridge Spanning Tree Setup and ensure that Rapid Spanning Tree is enabled. The Bridge Priority should be a higher number than the C363T-PWR (set via the “set spantree priority” command shown in Section 4) so the C363T-PWR becomes the root bridge.

in Section 4) so the C363T-PWR becomes the root bridge. WR; Reviewed: Solution & Interoperability Te

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Select Bridge Spanning Tree Port Mode and ensure that spanning tree is enabled on the trunk ports. Enabling Spanning Tree on all ports protects against the creation of accidental loops.

ports protects against the creation of accidental loops. 6. Verification While there is one path in

6. Verification

While there is one path in the network, traffic from edge nodes should pass and network interruption should be less than a few seconds. If a ping fails or the network interruption is more than a few seconds, use the commands of this section to isolate the problem.

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1.

After connecting the configuration, verify successful Spanning Tree convergence:

a.

The C363T-PWR considers itself to be root and the trunk ports are in the forwarding state.

C360-1(super)# show span

Spanning tree state is enabled

Designated Root: 00-04-0d-78-27-ff Designated Root Priority: 4096 Designated Root Cost: 0 Designated Root Port: No root port, Bridge is Designated root

Root Max Age: 20

Root Forward Delay: 15

Hello Time: 2

Bridge ID MAC ADDR: 00-04-0d-78-27-ff Bridge ID priority: 4096

Bridge Max Age: 20

Bridge Forward Delay: 15 Tx Hold Count 3 Spanning Tree Version is rapid spanning tree Spanning Tree Default Path Costs is according to rapid spanning tree

Bridge Hello Time: 2

Port

------ ------------- ---------- ------------

State

Cost

Priority

1 /1 Forwarding 200000 128

128

1 /51 Forwarding 20000

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b.

The 3COM OfficeConnect considers the Avaya C363T-PWR to be the Designated Root.

considers the Avaya C363T-PWR to be the Designated Root. WR; Reviewed: Solution & Interoperability Te st

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c.

The 3COM OfficeConnect has the 1 Gb/s trunk (port 9) to the C363T-PWR in the Forwarding state and the 100 Mb/s trunk (port 8) in the Blocking state. Select Bridge Spanning Tree Port Summary.

state. Select Bridge Spanning Tree Port Summary . 2. Verify that the Avaya IP Telephones register

2. Verify that the Avaya IP Telephones register and can place calls, and that talk path quality is good.

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3. Disconnect the 1 Gb/s trunk and observe that the redundant link becomes active and rapidly transitions to the Forwarding state. Convergence times should be on the order of 5 seconds or less. Calls should stay up. Select Bridge Spanning Tree Port Summary and verify that port 8 has transitioned to the Forwarding state.

that port 8 has transitioned to the Forwarding state. 4. Reconnect the 1 Gb/s link and

4. Reconnect the 1 Gb/s link and observe the transition to the Forwarding state and the corresponding redundant link transitions to the Blocking state. Calls will not be torn down, although the talk path may be blocked until the transition has completed. Tests showed that the reconnected link began bidirectional forwarding after 30 seconds.

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7.

Conclusion

Single instance RSTP operation between the Avaya C363T-PWR Converged Stackable Switch and the 3COM OfficeConnect Managed Switch 9 is compatible and a fast convergence time (less than 5 seconds) can be achieved in case of link failure. Restoration of a failed link took 30 seconds from link up, until bidirectional traffic was restored.

Connectivity between all of the vendors’ products depicted using 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) can be achieved by following the guidelines demonstrated in these Application Notes.

8. Additional References

The following reference documents can be obtained online:

Avaya C360 Device Manager User’s Guide

OfficeConnect® Managed Switch 9 and Switch 9 FX Implementation Guide

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©2005 Avaya Inc. All Rights Reserved. Avaya and the Avaya Logo are trademarks of Avaya Inc. All trademarks identified by ® and are registered trademarks or trademarks, respectively, of Avaya Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. The information provided in these Application Notes is subject to change without notice. The configurations, technical data, and recommendations provided in these Application Notes are believed to be accurate and dependable, but are presented without express or implied warranty. Users are responsible for their application of any products specified in these Application Notes.

Please e-mail any questions or comments pertaining to these Application Notes along with the full title name and filename, located in the lower right corner, directly to the Avaya Solution & Interoperability Test Lab at interoplabnotes@list.avaya.com

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