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BATTLE OF WATERLOO;

OR,

CORRECT NARRATIVE

, ~ .

OF THE :r,A.TB

SANGUINARY ··CONFLICT

ON THE

~Iatn'u I of _attrloo:

EXHIBITING

A MINUTE DETAIL

OF ALL THE

MILITARY OPERATIONS ..

OF THB

HEROES WHO SIGNALIZED THEMSELVES ON THAT MEMORABLE OCCASION,

OPPOSED TO

,

napoleon '15uonapatte, in ~et~on:

WITH AN

AUTHENTIC MEMOIR

OF THAT

t"".

MOST EX TRAORD1NAR Y PERSON;

FROM THt

BEGINNING, TO THE END, OF HIS POLITICAL CAREER.

EmbeUill&ed with a correct Col&uretl Engramng of La Belle .Alliance.

By LIEUT.-GENERAL SCOTT.

Jl.onbon:

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PRINTED FOR, AND SOLD BY E. COX AND SON, HlGH,sTRBET ....

SOUTHWARK. ,.

1815. DlgilizedbyGoogle.-....

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£1,<bICf

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DEDICA~.rI'

TO HIS GRACE, FIELD-MARSHAL

'THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.

MY LORD,

THE Intention of the present Work is to point out the Character of BUONAPARTE, from the Beginning of his Political Career to the Period, when be was entirely overthrown by the transcendent Talents, which your Lordship possesses more than any other General, either of ancient or modern times. It forms a tout ensemble, which would lose much of its Interest, were Dot his Ambition, and the dreadful Effects of the same, traced from the Period of its Commencement to the Time when it received a Death-Blow (which I trust is the Case) from your invincible Arm. You mention, that "on no Occasion you ever fought so hard for Victory," nor were Laurels more justly earned than on the memorable Battl~ of WATERLOO, which at the earnest request of many frien.d& I have

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DEDICATION.

undertaken to record. The Plan of the Narrative being more divided, and circumstantial, than has hitherto appeared, and throughout interspersed with Reflections, which naturally arose out of the Subject, will, it is hoped, meet with universal Approbation. Being more versed in the" tented field" than with the Use of the Pen, a discerning Public will, I trust, pass on these Pages the Eye of Candour, and that· your Lordship may find an HistoriaR, with an Ability commensurate to the a~du~m8 'I'ask of equalling your unrivalled Achievements in the Narrative of the same, (a merit I have not the presumption to claim,) and that you may long flourish the Boast and Honour of Great Britain, and of the World, is the ardent Wish and Prayer of

My Lord,

With equal Respect, Admiration, and, Esteem, Your Lordship's devoted Servant,

W. A. SCOTT.

BRUSSELS, August .1, 1816.

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AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

ow

BUONAPARTE,

~c. ~c.

Origin of tM Revolution in France.

W HEN America declared itself independent of Great Britain, and maintained a glorious struggle for the liberty of taxing herself, France, under Lours XVI. sent her a chosen band of troops, which imbibed the flame of liberty, the hallowed torch of which was first kindled in America; and similar causes will spread the same :flame over civilized Europe.- The destruction,

• Although warfare brutalize,· a nation, still it renders tDlIf"rior, ~ore refined. There is to each man a great stake ventured,-life, and this rouses the human energies j and the __ AoriU of troops, wbeD they sball return from conquered France. tbey will still feel tbe difference of tbe rellltifle ,it.fJtionI of the two COUfttriu. and be ready for revolt against all those govemmentl which de1Hue the coaditioft oj Man: where tfle ",.., are considered al made for fIRe, and not me. for tfle • ...,.

B

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A.UTHENTIC MEMOIRS

however, of de8potil1n p~ecl. a, Rl:voLUTlON~ the horrors of which appals every heart.

Massacre of Royalists by Buonaparte.

It was at tbis,~ime; that Bu.o.N ... .ARTE took. a zealous part, and murdered thousands, in cold blood, of citizens. His activity will be best seen from the following letter.

CITIZENS, REPRESBN'PAo!IIIVIU,

It is from the field of glory, marching through the blood of traitors, that I announce to you with JOY, the execution of y~ur orders, and that F'ranceis avenged. Neither age fUWse:lJ luis been apl1ll'«l. n.se. who Jaad been only wounded by the republican cannon, have bee. dispatched by the sword of Liberty, and the bayonet of Equality.--Health and admiration to the representatives

of the people, .

BRUTUS BUONAPARTE.

His unfeeling character might then be seen.

Having assembled several thousand victims, he had them shot, and now crying out "the national vengeance is satisfied," those who had fallen through fear rose uninjured. He then: ordered his men. to charge again, and often afterw8l'ds boasted, "how he had saved his bnve mea t1M trouble of selecting these from the real dead."

Expedition into Egypt .

.

When he formed his expedition into ~pt_

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the Turu were' at petitJe with Frasce, add 'withoat any declaration of war, he had.the villany to invade that country. Here he pretended to be a Musnlman, publishing the following proclamation:

(e People of _Cairo, I am satisfied with your conduct.

You have acted well. in not opposing me. I am come to destroy the race of tbe Mamelukes, protect commerce, and the inhabitants of the country. Let all those wbo now fear be in peaee! those also who have quitted their homes, let them retarD; let religion eonbnue as hefore, aad as I BleaR' it always to remain; fear not for 'yom houses, your families, or property, and especially fur your' . religion, whose Prophet I leve,"

Murders ltis PrisO'IIe7's in cold-blood.

lJUOWAPAliTE, having taken by asssult, the eity of Jtlfffa, a part of the garrisoo was put to the sword;" but the greater number having tIed for refuge into a mosque, implored the pity of the conquerors, and obtained the grant of their lives. ' This exasperated army listened to the voice of Iautoaoity, in the midst of the most furious battle. Three days after, BUONAPARTE, who had highly blamed the emotion of pity shewn by his treops, resolved to rid himself of the trouble and expenee of maintaining 3800 prisoners.

Be eedered the Turks- to repair to a height B2

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AU'l'B£N'l'IC MEMOIIl!

out of J aiFa, when a division of Frencb infantrY ranged themselves in & line opposite. 1he Turks also extended in a line, and a cannon announced the dreadful scene which was going to commence. A volley of musketry was fired at the same instant, on these unfortunate defenceless creatures. BUONAP.A.RTE beheld; this at a dis-

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tance, through a telescope, and seeing the smoke

ascend, he suffered a shout of joy to escape him;

/ for he had feared, and not without reason, that he should find the troops unwilling to dishonour themselves-by such an atrocious massacre. General ~EBgR had remonstrated strongly with him. An officer of the staff, who commanded the troops in the ~eneral's absence, had refused to execute the will of his chief, without a written order; but BUONAPARTE, w~thout writing, sent the major-general again to intimate to him a verbal one. Most were killed by the fire, yet several languished in agony many days.

Poisons his sick Soldiers.

BUONAP ARTE, seeing' his hospitals encumbered with the sick, sent for a physician, whose name deserves to be 'written in letters of gold. The same having arrived, the General entered into a long conversation, respecting the dangers of contagion, apd ended bis discourse with, this remark:

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OF BUONAPA.B.TE.

something must be thought on, there is nothing actually can be done, but destroying those who are in the hospitals, which can in any shape arrest tbe evil. The physician, frightened at this cruel and atrocious proposal, used the . strongest remonstrances in his power, in the name of virtueand humanity; but, seeing that BUONA.PA.RTE persisted in his ideas, and uttered threats, he went out of the tent, pronouncing these remark-

. able words: "Neither my principles, nor the dignityof my profession, permit me to become an assassin ; and if, to become a great man, such qualities as you boast_of, are necessary, I thank God, I do not possess them."

Moral considerations cannot turn HUON AP AB. TB aside from his intentions; he persevered therein, and at last found an apot/,ecary, who fearing his power, consented to.execute his criminal orders; but who afterwards in some measure eased his conscience, by a free avowal of the whole affair.

Tb~ apothecary, following the instructions of BUONAP A.B.TE, mixed a very strong dose of opium in some pleasing food. The poor victims ate thereof with joy and avidity: in a few hours after,580 soldiers, who had endured so much for their country, perished miserably by the orders of him, who afterwards was the idol of the nation.

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AUTHENTIC ~J(OIltS

Flight of BUQnaparte from Egypt.

Seeing every thing likely to tenninateunfa .. vourably in Egypt, from the expected arrival of a fleet and army from England, he resolved npo,D quitting Egypt, and arrived at .Ajaccio, in. Corsica" October I, 1700, the place of hi. birth, without meeting 'With any English vessel.

Oi$ preteruledlQve of Liberty.

Having arrived inPf'lJ,rtce, his first object was to bring about a change of government, and he caused the :five members of the Direetory to resign, and HIMSELF to be declared First Consul, CAMBAOERES, second, and BRUNE, third. In his speech upon this occasion to the Council of Antients, he says, '

" 'I'he eountry has not a more zealous defender , than mys~lf;I devote myself entirely to exeoute your orders.

III declare to Y01l, that as i(!OIl as tlw. dan~ers are passed, I will resig'" the tommmatl entrusted

. to me; I wilt be no more (respecting' til" magiS. tracy named by you) than the a1Q.1t8 maintain it.

, 41 I could unfold matters to you, which woald immediately confound my calumniators; l will content myself with telling you, that Barras and Moulins have themselves engaged 'me, to over-

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tum the government, and to place - me at the head of. affairs; but I repelled such overtures, because liiertg is dearer. to me than life, and that I wWt fOT nothing more :lba .. t8 serve the Freneh people." -

Casting his eyes then on some of the military,



who were at their posts, in tbeinterior of the

haD, fC he desired them to turn ifhtir bByOfUbupon. kWn, if he ever deviated hom the path of ItlJ61't!1." He finished «by reque&ting the Afttiebts to hastell to employ the whole meaD8it;ttheir power to save the country."

From this 'step be became Cmuul for life. He . then answered in a most modest manner,

" The life of, a citizen' belongs to his country; tbe French people wish mine to be wholly con'secrated to it. I obey tkew will."

Murders Pichegru; and bafl,ishes Moreau.

- Being now made consul for life, be became exceedingly suspicious, and a conspiracy being detected, formed by a ClOUD chief, he implicatedGenerals ProUEGBU and MOREAU. The I (wmer he caused ~ be strangled in prison, and gave out, that he had killed himself, and had him .bnried as a 81Iicide. The tribunal seeing the in-

nocency of MOllJlAU, after liberating his brother and-secretary, whom they had also. seized, they condemned him to two yecr6impri$onment, fear-

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AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

ful that a public execution, would have oeC881- oned a "e~ revolution, which still dreading, he changed it to perpetual exile, thereby getting rid of two persons, whom be feared and envied the most, both being extremely popular.

Spreads universal Terror over France.

Having started a conspiracy, he sent now his spies into every family, and all persons whom he thought obnoxious to his plan of. subverting liberty, he had-them seized, as parts in this conspiracyagainst his life, and placed in different dungeons throughout France.

Murders the Duke D' Enghien, a Rou.rbo". Cowards are generally guilty of foul murder, and as there existed a young man eetat, thirty-two, who was grandson of the great Conde, and possessed the most splendid talents; fearful the nation might look up to him, as the proper person to possess the Crown of France, he now sought the life ofthe Duke D'Enghien, who was in the privacy of a country retirement, where he had peaceably resided three years in the territory of the Elector of Baden, who had given him au asylum in his dominions. In the dead of night, March 16th~ 1804, Generals ORDENER and FRINON, with a body of"t~ps, attacked the house of this Prince, who was in bed, and tbere:""

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OF BUONAPAB.TE.

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fore taken unawares. The Gens d' Annes did not give him time to dress, or even put on his boots or shoes. He was hurried to the capital, had a mock trial, and was condemned to deatb by express order-of BUONAPARTE. He was-then hurried out into a wood, in the suburbs of Paris, where he saw his executioners through 'orcA light. He asked for a priest to pray by him, but was scoffingly told" tbey were all asleep;" he wished a lock of his hair, a letter, and a ring in remembrance, to be given to the lady whom' he had intended to marry, and charged one of the soldiers with this commission; but the commander, SAVARY seized these presents for himself, and put them into his own pocket. MURAT, who married the sister of BUONAPARTE, was present at the execution. The noble Duke re .. joiced that he had this one consolation, to die the death of a soldier, and uncovered, received the fire of the soldiers ordered out to destroy him. All that the Elector of Baden could do against this breach of faith in the ruler .of France, was to send off to his Son-in-law, the Emperor of Russia, an account of the horrid proceedings of the chief Consul of France. 'I'his amiable young man was 'buried in the garden of the castle at Vincennes. There is no monument of him in France, but. 1ft- St. Petersburgh there was·

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erected 6 Cenotaph with the followiDg indelible inscription:

To the great and magnanimous Priaee, LoUIs ANTHONY HENRY· DoUILBON'

< CONDE

DUKE D'ENGBIEN:

No less remarkable for his . Personal Valour

and

Private Virtues,

Tban for the. Renown of his Hlustrious Family,

Was cut oft' by the cruel murder ofa

Corsican Monster,

The 'I'error of Europe,

The Scourge of Mankind, who

Nipt him in the Flower of

Youth.

Aims at unit'ersal Empire.

, .

Hitherto France had been governed by a seeming Bepubliran form. She bad her Consuls, "Tribunes, and Senate, and the people thought themselves free.-: Under this persuasion her

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soldiers felt themselves, not as mere machiDes"'; but; as forming part of the state, and each CODtributed with cheerfulness to the demands of government. In the human breast, there is with some an uaaccountable desire of concentrating all power in self. This becomes the ruling idol, and the military' life leads, perhaps, more than any other to this love of despotinn. Whell 8elfpervades the chief, and all ranks of society,

-the country is lost, and thus it was with Fra1tCe.

They seized u~ liberty, like children, they then became the ape and the tiger, and were unworthy. of the possession. From the horrors of anarchy. a settled form of government was established, and BUONAPARTE by his pretended love of liberty, raised himself to the highest post in the repfwlic. With republiea1l troops, he waged a continued warfare, and came off ever victorious. He conquered. the King of Sardinia, gained the battle of Lodi, subjugated Italy, and from the Ist of August, to the middle of September, he fought with the Austrians twent'y~ three battles, in which he always came oW the victor.

BUONAPARTE did not allow himself or his army ~at'cely time' to eat or sleep; but kept marching 9n different ~oatel in the night,. and constantly fighting the enemy in the day. Ii is said that the French army have fought for twenty sue-

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12 AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

eessive hours, without any other refreshment than water, and yet not a murmur ever escaped their lips,

The campaign of 1797, opened under the most auspicions circumstances for France as well 88 Spain, who was now in alliance with her: Sardinia acted a subordinate part under her control. Tuscany obeyed her requisitions, Naples had concluded a separate peace, and Rome was at her mercy. In this situation the eyes of the Court of Vienna, and indeed of all Europe, were turned to the Archduke Charles, who was said to inherit the military talents of :tl}e. house of Lorraine; it was accordingly determined, that this young prince should be appointed commander-in-chief, and that the hero of Kehl should oppose the hero of Italy. 'The contest however, was not long between birth and genius; between a young man of illustrious extraction, surrounded by ft.atterers, and educated in the corrupting circles of a court ; and a hardy Corsican, brought up amidst perils, breathing the spirit of tbe ancient Republics, acquainted with all the machinery of modem warfare, and directing every thing under his own eye.

The French army was now only twenty-nine leagues from Vienna. As" it approached, the most extraordinary measures were taken for the defence of the capital, which seemed on the

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OF BUONAPARTE.

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point of being attacked; and the danger becoming daily more urgent, the Emperor tbonght proper to request a· suspension of arms, wbich was granted for six days. Buonaparte, though conqueror, offered him terms of peace. The courier set oft' immediately and the treaty was si~ed October 17th, at Leoben, a vi1lage twentylnine leagues from Vienna, where the French army then lay encamped. Hereby the Emperor renounced.Belgium, acknowledged the French boundary as it had been fixed by the ltepnbli.c, and the establishment and independence of a Republic in Lombardy. These preliminaries formed afterwards the basis of the treaty of peace at Campo Formio; after signing which, BUONAPARTE returned to Paris, where he was received with the most lively demonstrations of public gratitude.

Procures himself to be proclaimed Emperor.

It would be endless, to detail all the wars, which BUONAPARTE waged against the Austrians and Russians. and the many battles he fought with Republican troops. Every where he was successful. The French nation was dazzled with the splendor of his conquest.. s, Whenever BUONAPARTE appeared amongst his people, he was received with rapturous appla~~

.. and the whole army were enthusiastically l!e.v~

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AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

to him. He was the first man of the empire, the consul for life, a designation equal to that of King, or Emperor: and even England,. who en,:ied him his power, still silently applauded 'the great renown of the chief consul. But like Ceasar he was ambitious. instead of loving his cO'll/ldry, he only loved himself; and so that he ~tained his end, eared not for tk means employed. He .found a Senate obsequious, and without virtue, and whether through love, or' fear, ready to barter their country's good, in order to please their cbief magistrate. No doubt he played off all the arts of intrigue to make the Cromn of France be offered him, * and

* another general shout!

] do believe that these applauses are

For some new honours that are heap'd on ClESAR. Why man! he doth bestride the narrow world Like a Colossus! and we petty men

Walk under his huge legs, and peep about To find ourselves dishouourable graves. Men at some time are masters of their fates. The fault, dear BRUTUS, is not in our stars, But in ourselves, that we are underlings,

BRUT1.lS and C,EsA'a, what should be in that ClESAR" Wby should that name be sounded more than your's 1 Write them together; your's is as fair a name:

Sound them, it is as heavy; conjure with them:

BRUTUS wiD start a spirit, as soon as CJ£SAR. .

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tlwough one of the tribunes, it ~as proposed t~ first, "NAPOLEON be declared Emperor;" secondly, "that the imperial dignity should be hereditary in his family."

The Senate adopted this proposal, and on the 6tb of May, went-to St. Cloud, to announce to BUO~APA.RTE 'the most delightful of all his wishes.

He made the-following reply to the Senate:

" Every thlag that may contribute to the welfare of the cQ\IOtry, is essentially necessary to my happiness. I accept the title that you think useful for the 9kwy of the nation.

" 1 submit to the sanction of the people the hereditary law. 1 hope France never wiU repmt &.he hon9~s with which she has eacireled my family.

Now in the name of all the God's at once Upon what meat does this our ClESAR feed,

That he is grown 80 great 1 Age thou art sham'd, Rome thou hast lost tile breed of noble bloods. When went there by an age, since the great flood. But it was fam'd with more than witl ORe man 1 When could they say, till now, that talk'd of Rome, That her wide walls encompass'd but fine man" Ohf you and I have beard our father's say.

There was a BlltrTtJS once, that would hue brook'd th' evil spirit, to keep hie state in Ronae

As _ily.., a. King.

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16 ' / A.UTHENTIC HEIIOms

" In all eases my atrection to my posterity and family will cease whenever they forfeit the love and confiderace of the Great Nation."

For the sake of form, the question of this title being hereditary, was submitted to the ballot of the people, who of course were supposed to confirm it.

Is cronmed by the Pope,

BUONAPARTE, raised to supreme rank, testified to the Pope, and sacred college, the desire he had that the Lord's representative should sanctify and shed his blessing on him at his coronation. Pius VII. who feared a refusal would bring the greatest misfortunes on the Catholic religion, and perhaps hoping by this conduct to save' it, consented to the request made him. Quitting Rome the 2d November, 180~, after receiving on his journey all the honours due to his rank, as the. head of the church, the people every where in crowds assembling to receive his bles.ing, he arrived at 'Fontainbleau, the 14th No-

vember,at noon. .

The arrival of the head of the church at Paris. was testified by the public joy, and the honours

, each strove ,to pay him: all the great bodies of the state and principal authorities came to pre-r sent their' homage, and addressed him in diseourses filled at the same time with every mark

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of .espe<;t due to.thehead of the, church, las w~l I as with, the I sincerest a~~chm,~~t for a' r~ligio~, whose precepts having . been forgotten, had caused so ~any woes to France •



Makes the Pope prisoner.

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Nevertheless, the next year, 180.1, Buonaparte

seized upon the dominions of the Pope, and made. him a prisoner at' Fontainbleau.· Possessing the crown of France, he resolved on seizing the I'I'Oft-CT01IJ1I, of Charlemagne to encircle his brows; and when he was King of Italy, his views were thrown on the nerthern provinces, and the fertile island of Sicily. On the .. 26th May, he was crowned at Milan, with the great-est, splendor and magnificence. He wail seated

oit a superb throne; on his right hand the hondUri of the empire,' on his left the honours of Italy;. before him the honours of Charlemagne: he-was invested with the usual insignia of royalty by the Cardinal Arch-bishop; and ascending the altar, he took the ironcrlJ'W1J" and (the Pope be.ing prisoner) placing it on his-head, exclaimed, being part of the ceremony for enthroning the Lombard kings, "Dieu me la donne,gara qui la touche]" " God gives it to me, destruction to him who touches it." The new constitution was communieated to the states; the regal authority was "ced solely In the person of.·:IS apoleon, with

c

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1* '&'U!':fI*Nno !II.KOtas-

the priYiiege of naMing his successor. Prince EugeneBeauham~i8, son of Madame Buonaparte,

. by her former husband, General Beanharnois, was appointed viceroy. A new order of knightbood, that of the Iron Crown, was instituted, and tbe organization of the new kingdom was soon com- .-

pleted. -

OjfeTS a Crorvtt to Louis.

It is well known that the usurper felt his several crowns sit uneasy about his head, and thiDking that the humility of LoUIS might make hilll _ forget: those rights, of which he was dispossessed, 'With most extraordinary meanness, sent a trusty messenger to offer the Iron CrOfVn of Italy to that monarcb, the rightful heir to the crown of France. But this offer, from the murderer of his relation, was rejected . with disdain; and the feelings of this unfortunate monarch, is well see. in his letter to the King of Spain, who bad sent



BUoNAPARTE the Order of tke Golcle1a Fleece.

J( Sire, and dear cousin,

JI It is with regret lretum you the insignia of the order of the Golden Fleece, which his MajestY, your fatHr, . of glorious memory, entrusted to me; there can be nothing held in community between myself, and the great criminal whose audacity and (ortaDe haye pla~ed him OD

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my throne, which he bas had the cruelty to Btain with the pure blood of a Bourbon, the Duke D'Enghien.

, "Religion .might engage me to-pardon an assas,;", but the tyrant of my people must always be my enemy.

" In the pres~~ age it is more glorious to merit a st!ep'" tre, than, to beat it.

" Providence, whose measures are incomprehensible,

~ay doom' me to finish my days in exile; but neither pas: ,terity nor my contemporaries shall be able to say, that in the season of ad'Oernty I have shewn myself unworth!J tooccupy, even to t7J!f la.t sigh, the throne of myance'stors.

Lotrrs might well Use the language of CA.'l'O, ' to any applauder of BUONAPARTE.

____ Alas! thy dazzled eye

Beholds this man in a false glaring light, ,

Which conquest and success have ~hrown upon him:

Did'st thou but view him tight, thou'dst see him black With murder, treason, sacrilege, and crim~8;

That strite Illy 1lGU1, with horror but to name them.

I kDOW tholllook'st on me as 00 a wretch

Beset with iUs, and cover'd with misfortunes;

Be~ as I love my country, millions of worlds Shonlctneftr buy m,e to be like that ClESAR.

T~ majority of the French nation had no such Wings,

Thy stead, temper, PORTIUS,

Can look on re1ieUiOD, fraud, and ,wIt ant C'Ai:SAIi

CI~ \

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In the calm light. of mild phiJOiophy:

I'm tortur'd.ev'n to madness, "b~ I think -On the proud victor : every lime he's named Ph.arsalia rises to my view t I see

Th' insulting tY"ant prancing o'er thefield '

Strew'd with Rome's citizens, and drencb'd in slaughter, ':lis borse's hoofs wet with Patrician blood!

Ob! PORTIVS, is there not lome chosen curse,

Some hidden thunder in the stores of heaven

aed with uncommon wrath, to blast the man

'Who owes his greatness to his country's ruin 1~

. Chieftains and friends! tbe awfal ti~e is come,

When tyranny has bared his shameless front, Stripp'd the thin gilding from his ir01l sceptre, And scar'd immertal Jusr rca from the earth.

. . . , • . !

, Conduct of Buonaparte towards Spain.

" I • " ' •

Spain had always been the firm ally of France,

had afforded her troops, 'and assisted her- -in money. Nothing could' exceed'the 'energetic

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friendship shewn by that;,country. Underthe

pretext of securing Spain from aninvasion from Portugal, or' with a ",ie,w,' to subjugate that kingdom, BUONAPARTE contrived to get into Spain 30,000 of his own troops. The ~panish army he had taken out of the country to, )o~n

, 'I .

with his own. As if this was not deception enough,

BUONAPARTE sent Don ISQUIJ:llD~ to SI1)1, he would pay a visit to the King and RQy~I, F~

.mily of Spaia. They not suspecting any scandalous ch~~ (it seemed ~ thiq.g, impossible

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in -these enlightened days.] ,w,ent out in suitable style to receive their august visitor, MU~T, who, had ,married BUONAPARTE'Ssister, BEA.UHAR~OJS, son of the Empress" and General SA V.A~Y ea~h,de~la!ed,'," t~at NA.POLEONwas actually on his w~y to Madrid, and was amval at Bayonne." FERDINA.ND felt somewhat reluctant, yet he set out to meet the Emperor. Sa VARY said, "that Buonaparte was,at Bu"rgo.s," but when they had arrived

I there the Emperor was not come; SA V ARY in~uced FERDlNAND to continue hisroute to Vittoria, but here again the King was disappointed; he saw plenty of French soldiers, but nothing of the Empe.ror. Here he received a Jetter from that wicked man, announcing that. he was actually at" Bayonne, eager for the honor of embracing him. Such'scoundrel duplicity was never before acted. To retreat was impossible" and FERDINAND with his suite, proceeded on in blind confidence. So much was BUONAPAKTE master of his duplicity, that the two monarchs dined together with the utmost cordiality, and after dinner the satraps of BUONAPART~ entered, declaring" tbe Prince to be 'a prisoner, and threatening him with instant death, if he did not formally resign his pretensions, tq the crown to BUONAPART" .... He had thejnaguimity to prefer death to sueb a renunciation, and then they had recourse ,to

(



22 AUTHJ:~T1C KEHOlB.8

CHARLES, who renounced all title to the Crown

. of Spain himself, solemnly dispossessed his son FERDINAND of the crown, whom he had before invested, and gave tb~ crown (if such c_ be styled a gift) to a stranger, to the infamous NAPOLEON, who from tbis conduct merits only the

. appellation of ApolioD, the fiend.

,

Mauacre at Madrid •

• The whole of the Rqyal Family of Spain, being thus disgracefully to humanit.y,· made prisoners, by a species of decoyment unparalleled ib the annals of history, a conduct not even to b. found in the black pages of the Newgate Calender;' being betrayed, like our Saviour, by a kiss, the people, resembling a swarm of bees, who had lost their king, expressed a general murmur of discontent ; each quitted his house at Madrid, to know the news, and pour oot exeera- ! tions, The blood-thirsty MURAT came forward with his foreign troops; then the massacre hegan, and 10,000 inhabitants of Madrid were slaughtered, the soldiery and cavalry gi,ing no quarter, butbotchering all they met, men, ~omen, and children. Over a people thus used, did BUONA. }tAllTE proclaim bis brother JOSEPlI, in lieu of himself, King of Spain, and appointed MURAT, Grand Duke of Berg, lientenant-general ohh.· kingdom.



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Crestesa War in Spain.

fI Que. Dev",wlt perdere",nVl ~taf.""Whom God will destroy, h~fi.l'6t makes mad," U .old and true adage, fully applicable tq t~ villain, BUONAPARTE, who now saw bit old and faithful ally turn his enemy, and a Spanish war created, which formed a band of British heroes, and produced his destined conqueror, a WELLINGTON. . He had now Spain, Pol1upl. aad England to contend with.

Makes his Brother King of HollaM.

With a view to self, he deprived the Dutch

/ of their liberty, and made his brother, LOUI$, their king; and lesser kings of all his family, and then again, because LOllIS was too humane, ~e •• kings him.

An'lltt~ment of his Marriage.

Marriage, a sacred institutIon in aU nations aneJ coumries like every thing else. held sacred

. by men .he set also at BOUght; and annulliDg his former eontraet, had the audacity, in the face of Europe, to demand in marriage (altbo~lgh bit real wife wta yet !\live) the da\lghter of the Ern. peror of Austria. The terror, which thi~ demoa of_chief bad Bpreacl in every country, the .• .,

. I'eQU of . blood which every wbere were 8owiDg~ frcua his accursed aDlbitioJl~ made the weal.;

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,

FRANCIS consent to give up (I am- sorry to say)

a virtuous Princess . to grace the bed of an upstart tyrant; and the moral world groaned to see a marriage, which has no parallel esen in the

most barbarous times. .

Invasion c!f Russia. "

Egypt he invaded when at peace with France. also Spain; and Russia he imagined, in the pride of his ambition, a friendly power, might be also overcome, when unsuspecting any . attack ; and _ having now conquered most other nations, he . assembled all his forces for the invasion and subjugation of that country also, although at that time at peace with him. He assembled an army greater than 'ever was known in modern times. It more resembled what we read of in. ancient history, of the invasion of the Greriian states by Xerxes. Five hundred thousand men, in the flower of their youth, and well equipped, went 'out . upon ~ this expedition. He had w~th him' more than ] 00,000 horses. When tliesun shone on this snlended host, making an harvest of iron spears, the feathers on the helmets, and the .flags streaming in the air, with every kind ofmartialmnsie, the mind beheld with joy and terror this; "ast assemblage of warriors, led on by the most l consummate general and villain. in the . world.' Jt appeared.ss if nothing could resist the' power

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of such an host of men, The ground trembled under their feet as they moved; though so vast a body, it was with all the order and regularity of \ a small disciplined army,' Like a whirlwind, at first they swept all before them, and breaking

, through 'all opposition, arrived at Moscow, 'l'his vast city, containing near a million of population, the lovers of their country set an' fire on the approach of the French, in more than' an hundred places i thus producing a catastrophe which stands unequalled in the annals of history. The army of Cambyses,huried under the Lybian sands, the expedition of Darius against the Scythians, tbe defeat of the legions of Varos, the disasters of Charles XII., offer no comparison with tbose scenes of horror and despair, which have left behind them such dreadful monuments. What sight so awful and deplorable as the be.holding, in 'extreme agony, the deaths of four hundred thousand warriors! The fearful march they had of immense, space to perform, presenting nooght to their view hut the ruins of villages and towns; their silent marcbings, in the midst of frosts, not only lasting for some days, or some weeks, but aho~e a' month, every minute whereof wasreckoned, each second producing a loss and' suf'erings; an army of victims delivered up to the horrors of hunger, without strength to oppose a furious enemy, throwing away their arms,

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!6 AUTHENTIC MEMOlBS

I abandoning their cannon, disputing with, eaeh other the vilest aliments, having' hut one thought ...... that of return, and but one aspect--tbatof death. These are features Tacitus wanted when opening t<! our viewthe forests of Teutberg 'wbere , he tracedin so sublime a manner the defeat Qf the legions, of Varus. But all the force of his genius, 1111 the eloquence of his speech, would not have ' sufficed for the' description of such dreadful

- scenes, Can any expressions be sufficientJy energetic and forcible to paint the angui~h of

• these pale warriors, who, advancing suddenly from their ranks, with fa convulsive laugh, staggered a moment, uttering stifled cries, and dropping down dead in the midst of their companions, 'who passed over them with indifference. Self was now become tbeir greatest evil; 'no succour , to hope from those crowds of men who marched only to prolong their, grief andtroubles, and-who halted only to die. All Qieir souls were cast down dejected; all sentiment extinguished; or p to use the expression, misfortune remained without witnesses-there were none but victims. '

However, what did BUONAPAB.TE de io the midst of ItOCh calamity? He abandolMd bit. soldiers, and boasted to us his· victories,.~d wben forced to confess his sname and Bight, he §nsolently returned to demand fresh vjct~ms • .., When in his last bulletin 'Ile proeJaimed t!\e Josa.

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OF BUO)U.PARTE.

of. his army, France heard a fawning', voice, ~rying out that this bulletin ought -to add to the admiration which the heroic firmness, and powerful genius of his majesty inspired. Could anyone almost be guilty of such meanness?'

But at the time when whole battalions remain. ed motionless, and frozen in the midl!lt of deserts, other unhappy soldiers lost their way, left alooe in "ese vast solitudes. Happy when chance brought them to a long line of dead, thereby making out to- them the march of the army: they were guidedby these bloody traces, and perished when this horrid succour failed. Alas! how many farewells were not beard! how many tears, were not wiped away! BUONAPARTE shed none

.hen; he alone committed the crime,' and' he . alone experienced not the pangs of misery. .

One . of these unhappy wretches, a General Officer, left behind by his companions, was long wandering in the windings of an immense forest; DO dwelling presented itself to his view; if he met with a village, it was rnined and deserted; if he fell in with any men, they were dead 'Or expiring .At length he perceived the smoke of a cottage; his heart beat with violence, but bi. feet, half naked, refused their support; he had only' a few steps to go further to obtain relief; his strength failed' him, he beholds the place ~t his safety, but cannot reach it. He then plaeed .

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his knee on the ground, tears off the bandages "f!hich covered, his feet, and wishes to rekindle warmth by chafing them with snow. . Alas! he does not perceive the knee he supported himself on is already frozen. It is in vainhe 'strives to rise; whilst he is' making' the last' struggle, his frozen' hand is fixed to the earth, his uncovered face becomes ice; with 'difficulty he discovered some 'soldiers passing, but could not make :1.11- . self heard by them. There is in the course of

, congelation a state of re-action, which has not

yet been: 'studied by physicians, and which is deserving of their whole attention. At the mo-

ment life is expiring, where an irresistible sleep overwhelms them, this sleep is ~llddenly disturb .... ed by great pain and restlessness, which by'_' degrees reanimate the senses; each organ seems

to make prodigious efforts to repel she destructive agents who kill them, and in this obstinate strug-

gle life often, is spent, unless aided 1by foreign succour. .A.'rived at this state, our wretched wanderer slightly recovered; his blood circulates,

he opens his eyes, and perceives a woman, who approached at his call; she supports him, draws

him along, encourages -him ; they 'reach the cottage door, where the most appalling ~ight presented itself before him .... , Sixteen soldiers,

like shadows, were motionless around some wood

they had set onfire ; no one tOQ~ any notice, or

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... 0.1' B.trQNAPABTE.29 turned aside his head at the noise; they' did not even regard each other, In vain this charitable woman cries 0l,1t to them they m.ust perish; if

. they withdraw not a little from the. fire; they . neither see nor hear; their eyes are fixed, their hands are agit~t~d with convulsive motions. .Fifteen minutes scarce had passed, not one soul of

• remained alive. . :

fresh soldiers arrived at thatcot~age, y.op. \ might have beh~ld them approaching. eagerly the .4re, sit silently down on the dead bodies of \heir comrades, and seized by the sudden change, f~l down dead by each other's side. ,!a~i~e ;stjJi increased the number of victims, .' M~ Aurora Bursay, carried away from ]\Ioscow~y BUONAPA.RTE.,. and finding herself two ~f:lYs journey from Krasnoe, obtained, .. f\Si l!- .~ipg,qJ~ favour,_ a pat;.cel of ground rice ~ "bp,Ltll!'MP#r bursting, some ounces were spilt. All at. once

a man rushes headlong to pick upthispinch of mea)" pnts it to his mouth, and at the sal~le

. instant expired near her. But:-Ie~;ps, return to the burning of one of the finest cities in the world; let us consider the snblimedovotedness of its inhabitants, the aspect of , an': army. j~p~d ,~itb fatigue, which, instead ~fp?~i~g,a 81~~ ,of rest, perceive nothing but.an j~e,D~~ .p\,iJp, . cover .. d .With .palf';ces and houseson ,qr~., .' ~ll qs behold as a frigJItful picture! thes<tJdi~rs. ;~hJ?

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3e AVTItBNTlC Ml:M'OQlS

aPPeared loaded 'With spoil in the mid.t of tbis ocean of fire; a whole population "aDdering without shelter, bread, or succour; .in the adjoining country. Never did heaven in its wrath offer to mankind so deplorable a sight;· and to add to its horror,it will besufficient to represent· BUONAPARTE at the windows of the Kremlin, viewing the progress-of-the 8ames, nearlYJIIlrrounding bim, and resolving to 8y fro~e threatening danger.

Then yon might see a man' almost naked 6y at the centinel, to devour his morsel of bread, which he was eagerly eatiog in his' sentry-box, , running the' risk of . being shot for a morsel of

bread! .

])nring this scene was Bl]ONAPARTE however, I horrid to relate !engaged in passing the evening at.the Kremlin, with Italian singers, and a concert!

Music, in die midst of so dreadful a cOrifta~ gration, 'the cries of despair, the wandering of, the multitude, and tbe sure destruction of his" force! It was like NERO, who regaled himself

upon tbe burning of Rome. . .

l>bring the retreat, this fine army perished '.

. every day by thousands, in tbe manner we have described. tr pon reaching the Berezina his army was ',educed to M,OOO men. He -eaused a bridge to be thrown over the river at Keubin,

. .

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0. ·BUONAPARTE.

and crossed immediately. The horrors of this passage will be ever remembered by the French army. At its commeneement- numbers were drowned; but, on the appearance of the Russian army, the confusion was beyond all description.

The whole army pressed forward, without the

leaSt order; every' thing was _ lost sight of but .

the wish to, escape from .he Russian troops,

'. wide batteries at length began to fire upon ,the bridge and banks of the river, and stopped the farther progress of the enemy. Before all the troops had passed, he coolly ordered the bridge

to be blown up! '.

The following is a statement of ilie captures made by the Russians, up to the 26th of December :-U p to the 20th of December, were taken 33 generals, 900 officers. 143,000 Don-commissioned officers and soldiers, 746 pieces of can ..

"non. From the 20th to the 25th of December,

·1 general, 100 otIicers, 9,754 non-commissioned officers .and soldiers, 168 pieces of cannon. Be.ides, there W1lS taken at Wilna, 7 generals, 242 ofticers, 14,700 Don-commissioned officers and IOldiers, 217 pieces of cannon, also 41 gene~ .. , rals, ],~8 officers, 167,610 non-commissioned /~\;.: officers and soldiers, and 1,131 pieces of cannon.

The number of dead bodies which fellin battle or perished from the cold, and had not been committed to the earth, the following reports were

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"

82 AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

transmitted by the governors of the dift'eteat

provinces :- •

" In the government of Minsk, up to the end of 'January, 18,796 dead bodies of men, and 2,746 of horses, had been burnt; and there still remained to be burnt, of men 30,106 and of horses 27,316, the greater part of which were found on the banks fj, the Berezina. '. In the government of Moscow, up to the 16~h of February, 49,764 dead bodies of men, and 27 ~46 of horses, bad been burnt, besides a' number of others that were buried. In the government of Smolensk, up to the 2d of March, 7],733 dead bodies of \ men, and 5J,430 of horses, had beeu committed to the flames. In the government of' Wilna, IUP to the 6th of March, 72,~02 dead bodies 'Of men, and 9,407 of horses, had been put under ground. In the government of Kalouga, upto .. the nth, of March, 1,017 human corpses, 4,3~ dead horses, rbad been burnt., The sum of, the: whol~,was 2Ja,616 human corpses, and 96,816 dead horses,

exclusive of many others, either burned .IO~ buried, of which no account was .taken l ! The strictest measures have been taken for destroying' before the approach. of spring, the .dead bodies that maybe found in rivers and weeds."

Leaving his army to shift for itself, he ,waS the first to run away, and appear at;P~riS in disguise, He had done IjO before in Egypt, and: this 'marla

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0 •. BUOlfAPAll'l'll.··

one ot our players (M~ll'TlIE.S)f who ·-wu ~ iog the. part of a servant, properly say., wbea bustling' to get from, someserape he had got into, "0 for the' heels of an :&1Iperor!" Former: times represented great c.ommBnders beinglthe last inJlight, or honourably.dying..io the field oj ~t1e; but this Emperor fights and runs away., and live. I to fight (unhappijy) another day •.

, TAe:DC»Vnfal of FranCt. .

,

We may date from this time the real dcntnfali

of Fraoce; but .·if, arrogance and crime had, no bounds, the. King, of P&u9SIA. aDd Emperor of" . AVS'J1IUA. . oiered: . their mediation to settle a. pea.ee;lle.twixt.himtand RWielia. But ~ would Iisten. to. no tennB; he still dreaUlt< of 8tlbjugatiAg IAe 'IlXWltl, .and he raised again in France all the forc.e:i~\was capable of yielding, as a tkmier ef~t for .his own p«8OfUll gratification .. He never considered if this force should be also destroyed

by his- mad expeditious, where he mig4t rais; another army. ,.

Europe 'Uf).ites against him.

He now weakened his army in Spain jand .

PrtlSsio., seeing that his . ambition or lqst of ~ominion had no bounds, joiaed in Ii. league wi~

i· , lluaia" defensive and o1fen8i~e, against this c~IIi~.

D

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ilion diltutWr of· the peace and bappioeN .r the ,",lc"·'~.

Tbe ~~B.test. eurtioDS'we~ made by BUO!fA':

. :P:A.T-E'to repair ~ 10sleS~ bad: soifered, and to bring the whole force of Ft"aue into aetion, ti& rippon that 81lperiority oyer tbecoohnen* 'Which' new begen to be flh_n to its foundation: and his saeoess was so great, that, by . tile latter end of the month, he had nearly 600,000 men

. ready for the 'ensuing campaign On the Elbe and thEiRhioe. .:

. ,. With·daig anwy he defended Dresde)J,and ·beat .the :Allies UIlder its'wa~ls. They., hoWeTer;lMn .r~lInding IUm ~ aU 'sides;' ,he MtreaWd,:anc1 lO9tiBlmcmae uumben of men; wheO Ill~ 1ieewaS 'eonelutJecJ on the 8tA June, atmidnigbt, . te aut to: dae 20th of July, inetuJilVe: it was after- . w-ds extended: to the 10th of A.ugust; andbos-

, tititie. were BOt to reOOliHlMft()e without gtIViag

six days notice. .

During ~eoes&ation of ho!ltili~ies, ,ewry' effort was made .~ the Allies to procure the peace of Europe by negociation; and terms, still advantageous to BUONAPARTE',mighthave been 00- t.ined 'by ·hi~. But, it appeared, chat _e only desired the anniitice tOr the 'purpose of traiDi.g the force he had' been ablete .ucmnulate.I!. ·The

, Emperor of ACMtria, Wbo,.-UDtiJ; tht .. ~t, bad

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r

0 .. lIt1C1Na.I. ; , a:

~ himself that histot.-i .upt pay

some deference t9' his patemct coo.dls, became-' Dew undeceived; linti feund .mmseW calnpellaa' to' take up arms "in.defenee;efam.elf_d·EaNpe~! against the aggressions .(tf I t~ :bIooei4~rety ,Oot .. '

sieen,

, \~\''" \ :" 'I'~ •• .'~/ .' '~'. I' ,

"',.",;; :~".ia'~tKlllJi,.at Ltip;ic. !,

- OK the l~th'the'AlIies attacked tlte eQeBlyat1; all: points. ·Th& 17.:..vliSpassed m: rU9¥~glJ on both sides. On the 18th, dread~.w; were fought on the north and south sid~s of /tipzic. Duririgthe enga~em~t, tHe Sakon ~{)OPs went, _e~-t. thebaMiel'8 of \lie' ~J: -: 'Fhe ldss

_ of;,~· enetily'~oil' thiS:da-.r )4ra9::~tit.tJ/·a.!' 4O,oOO:men. On, ·tliefl.fJtIi,'Leiptlic "as:-tlik~/; with :'the 'KinO': efl Saxon'" .ftdib~:'COlHt.,·~:

. ~ J ,

26',-000 mea, • 'artillelry, r . aummttition,:- f &~~;..u; It is impo8SiW8'~ form ·&ny ·weal·of;tlie-··tJi8or..;) der which'reigned amdilg- tbeFreIltb;·ti~ribg th: 8igbt~ :Btto:N~A.itftl quitted tlet&'WnIW'flh!'eOn_ siderable cii6!ttlty, as' till : tlW. priiicipal' s~1 w~r~ ·CotnpletettJimpassable,' from' ·the :Bisor~ mass of fugitives. Several thousand lbOdieV wf!t~ found ia the l'iv~.'The BtreetsafidHgh "tbkds were heaped· up with them, and ;mdr !wouna~: w1rom it·:bad>'been ful1Ud :impdssibie;tote1bby~.1

- 'l'WeMY-&evea generals 'Were~takerfl' .' . . 'j

\ D2

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3&.', ,&UftllBNTI£:,XU)J;oIas

Be, himself, with his. usutll aetiv~ty, eEI~pe4 , fer tbe tl,i,clt4me, by . the 8wiftne,s of hi$ hO&~,)' aod 'hadthe eirrontery still to teU the-people of Fr.aliJlCe;'· ~!jthathe.,w,as, aQloBg·tbem, ,and ,wPlJld

1 ,

eatablishagron their glory.'.' -.>,

The E'''91isk invade France.

WELLIN~TON now entered Fnutce,. and after a.v~ty·().ver SPULT, re~~e4 as. far as:QcJ,~~jt:w4~~e! ~ wasrec:~iye4 ?"it\l: entlt~.~i~" ~Inum.;:~';·J·,b, : :.!~J .,.'

I ',;' ;.. ~ ! : I ' ! .

The Allies qilvance to Paris. , ,

> ...... : j It I •. ) • .' ";:., •

" It ,war alr~~8SJ to diseover, th~ tbepower oft ;N~lewi' . pat! been shook to its foundation ; ~~4. ;t~at the, .desire, of, .peace, aIJ4. the despair of ~]18~C~~ul: st~. ag-l\inst the force, the. Allies we~e : ~o"w ~mjDg'. into their country, disposed eY~n ,~\le f.rench .tM.m~el ves to.view . their. successful progr~s,s I !Nit&. '9pme degree of ,~~tisf~ction •

. ·Bu~:Mfce,~,.s inconsis.Wnt. with thel~bitiou~ proj~ts of.ll,uqNAPAR~E,:~nd he oou1d not.will~ly relip<luish the hope ofr~gaining .~ height fr~"n., which )lej bad fallen .• ,. . .1

, :_'ibe All~s ,~ere, therefore, compelled to ,Pllt-, sue the co*st; 'at .. the salXle time declaring, ~ the face of allEurope, the justice of ~lr. ca~ . the moderation, of 'thei.r own v:.i.ews, .~d the an-

"'.

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37

ctCcOuritable pretensions of'NAPOLEON, who was flOW held upas the only obstacle to the-peace of

the world.' .

The army of the Allies amounted to 300,000 men, with whichthey entered France.

, In vain did B UON AP A.R~E attempt to lead them ''away fromthe capital; they advanced in a body to Paris, and found that city defendedoItly by about 40,000 men, at the head of whom was hiS 'brother, the runaway pretended King of Spain, JOSEPH BUONAPARTE, who: had been' driven

, '

from that usurpation, by the skill and bravery of

, the Britilih troops. He exhorted them" t-o defend their wives and children, and hearths," and added, "tkat he wasfIJitk tkena;" but, with an equal speed with his brother.. a few moments after, scarcely having ended his speech, he also . a second time, runaway from)l'ls army, and escaped from the city, which, after a 'little skir- . mishing, surrendered to the Allies.

, Charming Cotuluct of tile Allies.

ALEXANDBR, .the: Emperor of Russia, FREDBBJCK, the King of Prussia, and FiuNCIS, the . Emperor of Austria, entered tbat great city, not as eouquerors, but' with the olive-branch in their hands. How contrasted the entrance of these troly g~t men into Paris, aud of the English into Bordeaux, . from that of the French, who in

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B8 .A.l1TBEN'.fIC MlDfDIRS

ever.,· ~untry,. committed eYery atrocity that dis'graces the name of IiioUlieriJ and of men; 'appearing more like deemons let out of hell, than bomaa belng's belonging to a civilized and enlightened country. .For the French had been assembled to ebUrch, from the order of BU01U,PAB.TE, by tbe BOond of the drma. Pareats, considering their cIJildren as only food for powder, had no desire to educate them; and ehildren, certain of being

- destined {prslaugbtet, had De respect for their parents: or regard for religion] in short, all moral ' feeling had fled.. The whole nation was degraded into monsters of ferocity and igoorlince,the fit instruments of such a deemon .:. their present

avariciou~ and dasturdly Empenn-. ,

--:---~~--,- Already this C..£&AR -

H~s ruined more than balf the globe"and sees

)IatJliod growthio by bi$-de8trilctiYe sword:

8hoild: be go further. Dum1N!rs 1fobld be wanting

To form new battles~ and IItIppOrt bis crimes.

Ye Gods' what havoc does ".bitima make

Amon, your worbl '0 •

, The Allies being .... erior:.in.numbei', ancl at PaN, the Senate dec~el.ba.t H NAPOLl!O!t had aased to reign;" hilt (JD~ of the 'Dta~lul18, M:.i.R·.oNT~stipula\ed ;'for th~ life"ot BtroNAlIAarJe.

He solmtnl,l afHlitratel Au T/erm&e;,

On the 11' of 'Al>til~ U. 'the ttiott1ing, BUO:!l4-

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,

o~ B110!i4P ARTJIl. , 38

pA..B;reVi~wed the troops, which be Qm~ yet to consider as hi:s own; tbe~rshals And, generals, who had leamed from the papers the, r_'lutiOlii ~f the Senate, and the Peovisional Government, conversed together on the subject loud enough to be heard by NA.POLEON; but he appeared to pay no attentien to what they said, and $00 review passed on quietly. When it ".asover, Marshal'

_1iEY, as had been settled, entered" the palace with him, and followed him ink> his cabinet, where . he - asked him' if be was informed of the great revolution that bad taken place at Paris."

, Be replied, with aU the 'composure he could a.':' sume, "that he knew nothing of it," thoug-h he was doubtless well informed of the whole. The marshal then gave him several letters: from Paris, which he seemed to read with great perturbation. Meantime etlmeMarshal' I;..EFEDJlE, who, ad-dressing his late Emperor in a feeling tone, said, • Yott are' umfofte; you mould not listen to 'he counCils of any of your bestl/rietws, and nOf'tJ the &nate has ~clared"that you Mve for/tiled the throrr.e."

These word, made such an impres8ion on him, who' 'Was used to' consider himself above all law , that he immediately butst ifito 0: flood of fat'I, and after some minutes reflection, he said "·IM mwt abdicate in favod~ of his son,"

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If(} AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS

'BUONAPARTE 'now was convinced that lie had DO alternative but to abdicate his throne: this in dueform-was sent by Marshal NEY to the Provisional Government. It was' as follows;-

....

His artful Letter.

, "The Allied Powers having proclaimed that the Em. peror NAPOLEON was the on{y' obstacle to the establish. ment of the 'Peace of Europe, the Emperor N APOLECUJ, faithful to -his oath, declares that he renounces for himself in favour of his son~ the thrones of France and Italy, ;nd ~t there is DO ~ersoTl41 sacrifice, even that of life, which he is Dot ready to make to the interests of France.

" Done at the Palace of F ontainbleau,

"April the 2d, 1814." ,

On the parade he looked horridly pale and

• tboughtful, and his convulsive motion showedhis internal struggles; he did not stop above eight ,or ten minutes. When he got into the palace, he sent for, the Dukeof REGGIO, and asked him iftbe t~OOp8 would follow him to Italy? " No, sir," answered the duke, "you ,have abdicated." I " Yes, but upon certain conditions." "The soldiet,". resumed, the duke, "don't comprehend .8uch.o,i~eti.e~" .« Well then," said N4POLEON, "this m~~t 'Dot, be tJt~)Ught of, le~ us . wait for

'aecoqnts from Paris."

The marshals returned in the night, between twelve and one. Marshal NEY entered first.

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.(1

, "Wen, what. news?" eUla:imed the Emperor.

"The Senate will not, lilteD, .to any proposal for your inmut son. To-morrow ~ will recognize the Bourbons."

" What do they destine for me?" eagerly.

" Y our ~ajesty is to ~ sovereign of the Island of Elba, with a revenue of six millions,"

,I" I see ttery' w.eJl I must submit."

Here NAPOLEON ceased speaking .

...

B~"aparte' s Departure for Elba.

On the 20th of April, BUONAPARTE left Fontainbleau . for Elba, followed by fourteen Carriages. His escort employed ~o post horses. The four commissioners of the Allied Powers, who accompanied him were, M. SOUW ATOW, , the Prussian General KOLBER., an EngHsh general, and an Austrian one. Four officers of his

. household formed part of his suite'. Few of the military departed with him; and even those leave him when be embarks, except Generais BERTRAND and DULAULEY •. BUONAPARTE made choice of an English frigate (the Undaunted, Captain USBER,) to'convey him to Elba, and expressed' an ardent wish: to visit England; his request 'was refused, and with HOme . reluctance

he departed. . "

He made first an aft'ectirig farewell speech to '

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.. , .AUTIIZIl'ftC HBMOIBS

bis.soldiers;· die mOOieot 'be got intO his catriage he appeared.cenfused, and ,1I.ed HfHtf te.,.,. On the same day the Empreas, MAlliA. Loul8A,aet -; out for Vienna with her sOD.

Thus appe'arecl to fall this man, who for' so . many yeal'H deluged Europe with blood-who has made and unmade kings at pleasUre; yet fallen to rise again, to, renew the same seeaes, the sa~e desolation, the same miseries in the world.

BUONAPARTE, on his arrival at Elba, baving· .notifi~~ to the ladies of Porto Ferrajo, that he would receive them .twice a week, they readily availed themselves of the invitation. He -ap- . peared in the middle of the ejrcle, ogling this grotesque group, incessantly taking snuff from his waistcoat-pocket. He questioned the ladies about the names, the rank, 'and the professions 'of their husbands; most of them informed him that they w~reengag~d in commerce. BUONA.PARTE ~ished to, know the particular branch of com~e~.ce.. One said her husband was a merchant. baker; . another ~as a m~rchant butcher, and so 6~. BVO,NAPARTE, little Battered by this in-.; formation, soon took himself off; the ladies vanished .soon after; and, in about a fortnight, these Court Asse.mb1ies were quite deserted!·.

Madame LETITIA., his mother,' who, I be-

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. . OP:.vO!b ... .&BTZ .. ;'

J.ifie,· was oneIB It wlilber.wdlban,! and thePrin-

. eess Boa(i$ll.n, his. sitter, .e with him. He Joob raWer eheerful than'. ~00IIlJ,. .. y, he has 8Itraontinary fi~ of gaiet,;. he . will . then smg with aU his JBigllt, seize the haocU,of his mother, ,wbQOl be calls his dtrir f1U1ther, aDd danee to a 80Ilg apparently of his O1Vn composition. He writes much, and is angry if he i8 interrupted. 'fhe Mayor of Porto Ferrajo, ~bom he baa created his Chamberlain, and two or three ather persons, form his habitual society. He often ta¥S the 4liTenioo of shooting, with Marshal BERTMND, his Min1ster of the Interior. He takes exeurBions from time to time, along the coast to Porto Longano.· He has still about 700 or 800 troops. who seem to be heartily tired of their residence in the island. Several of them have already

. asked, and obtained permission to return to France. ~ Reforms are making in his household; but he has still M horses in his stable. Towards the end of automn a company of aetors was ~t for to come to Elba; they performed twice, and on both occasions the Ex-Emperor attended. He is almost always dressed in u~iform, with a

profusion of orders •

. . True. Cha'rll{Jter of Buoo4parte.

Thas did this sing.olar personage close- a career (or seemed to close a career) which, since

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'" A UTII1iJNf.PIC MBHOlllS

1797, hidlexcitedthe:wondet' and astonishment of the world,.:di1led ·every'one;,with 'fear and : doubts, aDd been the canse that millions olthe brav.est· waKiorsof ; France, and' other countries, .were sacrificed, and all' the nations of the civilized world were yerging fast to a state of bankruptcy. He bad overtarned thrones, . and erected others, but, by the downfal of his own usurped dominionv.an.endwasput to the ephemeral existence of those to which he alone had given stability. There was a time, when, in every Corner of Europe, : the words that dropped from his . mouth were held of importance, and esteemed' as oracles; and now he owed his life to the considerationof one of his Marsha)s, and the noble fJen.e'l'osity of those whose thrones he had once shaken to their very' foundations .. Instead, like a man of sound lVisdom, of fixing the happiness of France upon the firmest basis, when. he had destroyed the hydra of anarchy, he imposed npon her the more intolerable chains : of tyranny and despotism. .This man was, in .a manner, worshipped till the year 1813.

In military affairs BUONAPAltTE no doubt excelled: he had had a military .~ducation, and

'was the most experienced general of Europe.

What conduced to the greatness of France, was a demand of government frOlJ' the MarshMs of their whole conduct during any war, so thattbeirprivate

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,

" 01' BUONAPA.BTl!l.

observdions ga"e greatinsig~ te.future proeeed.. i~IJ!J. Anothe,) .circumstanee was;: ~at in their , miliJary ccnscriptions, no 'e::X~JDptiolJ was .all~w.-· ed,!~nd we saw: the gentleman of fortunemixed in the ranks with the common soldier.: Besides, he Iqci .on mes: of ,revotuti0'R4ry enthvsiaae". aad had to contend with soldiers. the dregs of JO.aQ~,. kW,4, who had no parti~jp~~q~ in the aff~ir~ of t~s~. 'Jhe .e~qbli~gl spiri~ of the revolution. ~}ey~por~<l; .hep.t:lespoti,rm ensued, the ann of"he.soldi$; ~me.en~rvated; he had only "u-, tomatQlls.,,\p,~rI'f'Qge, who bad' now to COJ»bat· w~~: ~roqps, t \1fhpse _monarchs DPW became sensi« ~ ()! ,~i~ value, and: ~~ttered them;; and they w~~ .~~piJ;~ '!i*h :gre~t loyalty, .and a true sense

o~ ~ij?nal ~o~pur. t • •

Buonaparte's return from Elba.

Tbi8 proved GIlly a deceitful calm, for it was n~t. expected,~at'a .man o( the disposition, of BUONAPA.RTE, coul~ brook, the contracted situ .. ation he Was,'DQ-W placed in, the mockinsigni .. ; of royalty, and knowing that though the French were subdued, their spirit remained the same, forgetful of his character, forgetful: of his oath, forge~ful of every thing before, held sacred ill society, regardless of the thousands of li ves. that would, .bedestroyed, regardless of the welfare o( his cpuntry, he only 8o~ght 1¥s qwn , pe1i$_o1ial

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46 AUTidKn-o MEMOt.,

grati6cation, and he again invaded aCro'Wff, which he had relinquished to save 'bislife, and which then decorated the happy brow of LoUfS' XVIII., who bad been chosen by, the' senate, andproolaime~H)1 the people. i

On the "2Mh of February 1814, NApOLEON" sei~ed Some vesseIB in the harbour.fA Porro-Fer .... rajo, 'and embarked with about 400 infantry .&1ttf' leo Polish Ianeers .of his goard. ,He landecf' with, his troops on ,the :,}st, bf MM'Ch in the! gatf :,ef: JUQI1~ ill France. ,On the 7th 'h~' N;ilChed Grenoble, and' 'entered' Lyonsotl,' the· 10th. He slept at FontainlJlea1i:'6h "the 19th;: and-made his public entry into Pam Oft the20tti of: March 1814.' H~ : marched tbi'Oiigh one} extremity of France to the ottrer;- as I a: persbtr would walk down a ball-room.

His ixsm'll.taneOlU 1IuotJ_.

We may remark, either to the credit, of DcFt7.

NAPARTE, or to his superiority of disguise, that iii his progress to Paris not a drop of blood was' shed, not a single act of rigour exercised, nor a gun fired. The apparent loveaftbe people, '~nd, enthusiamn of the army effected: all, 'Before

\ LoUIS fled, Marshal' Ngy had promised .the King, to -bring BUONAPARTE dead or alive to' Paris, and he so far kept his .ord, as to join the' , traitor, and return with his old master in: ' tri-

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umph. Indeed the army had known BUONA.PA.J1TE, as Emperor many .years; L~UIS a few months only," The abdication appeared a sacrifice .dictated by necessity 0 The habit of considering him theirr~le~, whom all the monarchs of' Europe acknowledged as Sikh, resumed its full force~' It awakened" aEeciions, which had

• I

been ~nly smother,e~. ; .The changesao often,

~cle in' t'~W\' gQ"er~JPAAt, ,:h.,d. rendered the noiions of 1idelity allo to ,any furm I U eatremely dOubtful. Hi. je)1ll'ney was like an electric shoek, producing an' inlltantane<l1!S effecdn 'all paris of

the empire. ' , l~J..

BfUlftapllrle' e ArljfJce. .

As in the, times ~f 'the re~~lution, he was _8 zealous 8a.N q"l9l~;, so "being .retumed, he tboqgM it rjght to give asemblaoc'e!)f liberty to the Freach mOl!e dU~D -was Ilelore enjoyed; he abotished ill' a ,.y tile slave trade, he gave a peri".ect freedom of the press, he established a')l' charter of rights, proclaimed a tolerance of all religions, formed a limited monarchy, and ",ave'

, . ':'J

F'rance 8 form of Government, such as ought' 'to

ha.ve been adopted, 'when he seized the rei gus of g~V~Q~ into bAs OWll b"nds ;,JoQe.

> .

• 1' .•

. ,

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48

I

Proclamation of the King" of ~r~ssia.

Vienna, April 7, 1815."

It When, in the time of danger, "I ~alled my people t~

, ""

arms, to combat for the freedom and independence 'of

the country, the whole mass of the youth, - glowing, with" "emulation, thronged round the standards, to bear; Withjoyful self-denial unusual hardships, "and resolved to brave dea th itself. Tilen the best spoength of the peo-! ple intrepidly joinedtheraDks" o~my braVe soldiers, BJd" my generals led w~th IDe into batJlea qost of, heroes, who have shewn themselv~ worthy of the name" of PrU8S~D8.~" Thus we and our Allies, attended by victory, conquered the capital of our eneply.N;APOLEOlit abdicated, his authority: liberty was restored to Germany, security to thrones, and to the worl~ the" hope of adurable peace.

" This hope is variish~d." We must again march to the combat! A perfididUIJ . conspiracy has brought back to France the man whO, for' ,ten years together, has filled ~ tbe world with sorrow; The people, confounded, have-: not been able to oppose his armed. adherents. Though he himself, while still at the head of a considerable mili-. bry force, declared his abdication to be'a voluntary' sacrifice to the happiness and repose of France, he now"

I regards this, like every other con~ention, asnotking. He" is atthe head of perjured" soldiers;' who desire to rendel<; war eternal; Europe again is threatened; -it cannot suffer" the man to remain on the throne of France, who loudly proclaimed uni1Jersal empire to be the object of his continually renewed wars; who corifounded all moral princi-

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"le, by ms r,.,p.ltIll·1Iit!tJcA of JaUII, end wbb cau, th~re- 10ft, .give the world 110 -tWi11 for ItU peaeguJ i,!,~1i.

liOIII." 1.

~ Again, therefore, arise, to the combat I Fran& itaelf wantl our aid, and", Earope is allied with us: United with your ancient companions in victory, reinforced by the aecellllion of new brethren in arms, you, brave PruliiaDl, go toajult war with Ole, with the Princes of my family, with the Generals who have led YOD to conquest. The .;.tice of the, cause we defead will ensure us victory.

, ".Thlll united with all Europe ia arms, ",e apia entet _list. &pinst NA.POLEON BUONA.pA.a'lB and his adhere .... ,. ,Ariae then with GOD for YQur support, for tIae repose, ef the 1IJOf'ld, fOl' order; for 1IlOraltty, for your Iingud Cf/fMt"!J.

II FRE~ERICIt WILLIAII."

·lhuml· lkclllrtltioa of tlte AUW8 •

. ·.A.'declaration of the allied powers, dated from 'Vienna, pronounced in a solemn and decisive manner, "That there can, be no peace with BUONAPARTE."

';rhis. was the opinion of Mr. Pitt, who .said,·

I '

as It)D1 as." Bumtaparle I,ve, there rna be flO

f'fpOIe for FMropt." /" .

DecMrtJtiora of Lou" XVIII.

" Ghent, .April 1,2, iS15.

. "Ata moment w"en w. are about to see a new war c~~e, we con~~r ~ we owe to f.raoce~in thefsee of Europe, to pve the formal deClaration of our Alliu.

1C

._

/

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-$) A.UT""'rJC _OlBS

"When Heave. and \he NMioa rec:eUed uto. the Throne, we m!lde before GoP. the . .",._ pro ... , very IOOthiDg to our heart, to jorget injurie., and' to labo. without reluatioD for the hoppNtaa .of our 1Ut;fl6ta. The .u of St.. LOUIS hale D~r _traJe4eitlier. HeaveD 01' &heir country.

" 41t'Hdy. had our people ~eOWll'ed, tUo. our care,

. plenty at home and peace, :.oa~ estee. of aU ... tiolls-already the throee, Weakened b, 80 ..... y shock_, had .beluU. to. be fiiml, ....... hlithed, when tre .... forced 1M to qtait our capi",,.. aDd to seek refuge OIl the C;QJlfin88 of. G~ .. tate.. However, BllrOlN baa takea up IP'JJls-.&tro~ faitbfol to its treaties. will.know ... od. Kiag of FraUce except i)UJ'adNi. Twcl.~· t-'" .and men are about to march, to assure tiae.repOI8' oj ala world, and a ~cond time to deliver our fine country.

" In this state of things, a man whose whole strength is at present mad. up of 4Irl!}Vcand'de~ _eavoura to le~d aau.y the spirit of ~" natiGn by.JJ¥. faiJa. ,romises~to raise it against i~ !{jng, and. to cintg it, t:l" with him into the abyss, as if to accomplish hi. fright~ saying of 1814:-"lf Ifal1, it shall be known bow much

the ooerthf'fJID of a great man costa." , .

« Amid the alarms wbich the present danger of l'lU~ haYe.reviYSi in our hearb, the Crown,. which. we ha .. never looked upon but as the power .• ~ gooC, ~ to our eye., have lo.t all its charms, and we should bave returned wit\tprWe. totheex4le .ia.wbiCh. tWenty yean of our life w~ spent jn drea~g of the happiness of the French people, if our country was not menaced for the future with all the calamitie. ;rtnch dur restofatiOli' hBd termm.teci-aad if w~ were notthe guanantees for' !\lab':'

, . '_", i \,: .. I '.,:.. ... i ," i' . l '

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to the other aovereigas. . The IlMer. who &OW aiOrd us so strong a mark of their aifeetioa, call1lOt be abused by the Cabiuet of BUONAPARTB, with the Machievaliam of which they are acquainted. United by the friendship and interests of their people, they march without hesitation . to the 11~ ~ w ...... Heaven baa placed the general peace and happiness of nations. Thoroughly conmeed, in spite of all the tricks of a policy 'now at it$ last fttremity, that the Freoc:b nation'~ net· JMde itJeII 8ft acearplic. in ... atteaptsol the 1lI'ID1~ and' .... lite ... 11 PYlBt.er of Freochmea wllo""e ileea led .. tray IDUIt ~~. seJJlibJe .of theM' erJ1)r,.u., reprd ;Frauae .. their Ally. Wlaerever. they .ball find ,the Freoeb people faithful, the 'elda will be respected, the labourer protected, the poor succoured ; they will reserve' . the weight of the war to Iet ' it fall on those provinces wfio at their approach refuse to retomto tbm duty: d·,

; "f ni8 Fe_tion, cfarected·b:1 Pf1ldeM:8; '-No'" ! .. ...,. alliet .. if our . peepJ. were Ifts ,kn.,.,a to UI~' but __ &tel the fears may be with which it is ellde&~ed to iDepjre diem with respect to our int.1ltioD8~ !lin~ 01U" alli~ JPake. war only asainst rebel., o. people ~e nothing to dread, and we rejoice to think that their love' for. Of ab'aIl not have been altered by a short absence, not by the calumnies of libellers, i nor by ~e promises ot the clrief of a faction, too much convinced' or' his 'weakness not to careu theee who bum to destroy him. .

" On our return to our capital, a return which we coneider as now near atba.., out" fiat tale ehall' be to recompense virtuo~ citizens who have devoted th~aelves to the good eaUle~ ~d in lafJourlng to baoiali e~eJ;l, to all

,., :Jil'·2· " :,,', '.

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62 .lUTRE.NTlC lin:MolBs

appeanoce, disasters which may have withdraW1;l fro ..

UI lOme of the French people. \

(Signed)

l'ablic f'tIjoicitag, nridlI prtptWtdWru for War.

AI if his return' to France bad been an objector am1Uement, BUONAPABTE made great (estiTities be carried on, the theatres (or three nights were open to· all, and a general meeting in tLe· elun. de Mar, for the approv8l of ~e Nt!ffJ Coutih&tiota, which he obliged himself by oath to aecept, .. if he reaDy considered any oath as binding upon him, but as long as it would MrYe hi. own ,purposes: but this waS only a tub held forth to the whale; for during aJltbis period he was using every ~meaDl in his power to nile an immense army to meet the storm which was now gathering fast, and ready to burst over nnhappy France. Whilst the giddy populace of Pari., the good city, were amosing themselves with every species. of Festivity, and the air resounded with Vive L' Ernpereur, his midnight

- hoorw88 occupied with far different-thoughts.

Lay, a. E.6argo OR lire Ports.

Whilst every hour proclaimed" the-rwte,'of tlrea4f.1 ~," the sodden stoppage pt

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or BUONAPAllTE.

the departure of every 'Jessel (rom the Port. in' France omen'd the quick barsting, or dissi. pation of the storm. "Nothing in the JOtIf'fttI,lde Paris,. or the Mcmitear, which we have .t Jut obtained," savs'the Times, II relates to BUG.NAPARTE'S personal departure: bot they menti.on, " that the Imperial o.ard .bad aJ~y left -the capital,and that there was an order for all otIieers actually in Paris to present themseivel to

. the office of the Etat-M,gor, to receive the destinations appointed for each." Thus did BUDNAPABTB leave bis Ports open, until the moment of his departure, with his usual ca""ing, or craft.r

. poliC}/.

Lavu Paris toioi" Au Arm1/.,

A. grt!at mi1ul would have delayed the moment of attack, but the tyger pounces upon hia 1W'-'!I unsuspecting .: or whether seeing all was inevitably lost, that his ambition had 10 reduced the resources of France, as that it could not resist aU Europe allied, BUONAPAB.TE wishecl to shew, " what the death of a great man would cost," with the feeling that revenge is sweet; or confident, as most think, that he could an. . nihilate at once part of his numerous enemiel, made such by his ambition and riiiscondoct, June 11, liM, be setS out from Paris.to joio" hi, army ill tbeNorth.

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64 A.UTBBl'ftle ·IUHOIBS

.DacriptioR of thiB .ANIIY.

Here was 888elD.bled the flower of the French army, formerly used to ~ under BUONA.P~B.TE; those ancient warriors, who had ,been with him in the many great battles be had fought, who were covered over with honourable scars, and decorated with the title of nobility, and other insignia .. of honour. Many of those great marthais, who had been instructed from their youth in all military 'science; who had been constantly practising all they· had learnl in theory, and who had, or ought to have, no other hopes but in vic:tory ;-those veteran troops; who were obliged, after some hard-fought battle, to yield to superior numbers, and had been liberated from a long eaptivity in Prussia, RU88ia, F;ngland, and other eonntries, old f'epuhliCfl1' troop" filled with the AiMo. P A.TRIlB, the irnmensi, la'lAdil cvpido, seeking always "Me bubhle l'eput4tin, at Ute MAnon's mouth." To. these were added, men who had themselves replaced on the. tbrone, the Emperor of their ehoicejand who felt them .. selves degraded in having a King placed over tbem by foreigners ; possessed, in truth, of .. uch virtue, but devoid of all military fame or energy, and their laurels tarnished by their supposed defeat, &lid tbe cruel banishment of ibeir chief to the little Island of Elba, whose pitiful salary had

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"OJ' BI10N.&PAlL .. B., ' 65



net ,jQdeed been, paid as col'onaate4.-Here

were tb,.NatioDa~:guard, as they He' styled, both uldlallci,.YOIIplgt; tIle troop8:called "in~nribltt~' -also an iOlmellle .. body of, IG,OO{\ heavy, hoNe, ~ r. Ia.,d -&heady ',signalized ;thernler.," and _1!Vef:l1~:JeB.n~ aQd-were o1otbacl'warmoUl,Ii .. pe~, 10' ,the 'pike;.btiy,en"f8nd;'s~rd. or 8Temthe muSket. .'!'.hew .... iatrioaDt ' ...... ; f .. tbiUhle.fpM~ amoun~tdUOO,qOO; .. en, :.iWI ,a 'be'trUn of In'ltllletyliJll 4OQ~iede'_aauDW ..

1> ," '_ ',.\ ,,\\n:Il;,' ·'I,\'.i'\\,'·,L ,it In ;., .. [,.

Gr"4~~, f!f ~ "'fJ'¥~ ora' ~h. ~'\ .'~ '1' ,BU.oNAiPAR'D1D:bltd a··grea~IBtake.l .rOl'e ·hit. wu 'placed a,orown,.a·daziliUg",pris,l_h1c1dae had enjo,e~ for.:fifleeu! yeah iRfuU"poslres&i6lJ, and which·. be. ,hWJds* . throUgH madi 1l."It~. whiell neither .the i t4UltlPy i heatAn~fl_Jtot\-id 'Rne, or the a.ozenJimita of:itM droti.c· .oj{-cJel~bUM' HpresS)atMl that cro*n :hlfdlleeti 11tde111dr4(ftUb his head~ tojado~the\~'l)fuother~, II, ~ iaBliBnbe,. addt '.: .i.; ,tnade', te" encfi]~,jWs temples by the :.oich of .hls own ~ple,'!tIfn'd~'" YotiDn- of"" soldiery_ Bebad,tn/oen~tMl ,..; the biMut." of.tbi,s vaklable-· pMkJ)SO . '&2JZU,* in,&:h~"8,e.18f ~idD,anJJ to hand itlloWti,t6 hi.,:spn;r'" ~1Ii Hol'li oi,.M\ ,t:mpre.l' :',He-'" aIM '*ti~~ tiislmt militar~"olMk8tetl·and cta fad- gJoryiof 'Irra.ce ;anG this ,wasilri~ ).llJt;eWo~, in"bibb~lhe. 'm~ either,' .CdmtU8t,fl()~ 8ihk ;for

'_

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56 - AUTHENTIC lIBIIOI1lS



ever in the estimation of maokind~ The pas;..

sion of a crown, great military.honou:fs, richee, in short,an the incentives to desperate .alour ,were, ~ the side of the Fnneh ·army.

; ,O~ the .Gther haad; ODe of the oldest generals «thelege; P.riDce BLUCHER, wbo.had'BervediB 88 PlaDy;clbnP •• ",brirQt. with,M1,ardentdesir., _,nme.,the former-conquest ofhia oountry, aDd.;.tIIkiblr oil :BerIioJ .His; troops;': which now:8IIIIJlIIi1ed -to ,about 8O,ooorbad befoee, witll the aid of the Atutrians and RtUsians, subdued Fratlce / 'a'tid"after they had flattered' themselves .they · ... ere to enjoy a '-eessation -of labOU118, j bow ~w, bhitl.e8w~re to be .eneonntered, and ·t~dm· ,1IIlQn:of .. ,dfscbm Blust be arushed,.ot peeee, li~ ,trp ~ncl\Vir.tue, be.foe ever. banished the 'earL-h.i .. ,:.> ,.1" ·l1ost in; HimSelf stood. the .immortal W&L.,MlifQ{J(W'{. f ,He·,ha.lbeaten all7tli6: MajlShalll 'Of JllfPlfM4l\Ih)· in . .spaiD" •. hut, AGdt ""er, >t'07lt '~~I.EmpeNIfJli.ie¥-il;iHei had been .Ne"rirli~wm' 'frorn hi.ieradle;:iaIid. ,hehad'iiUi ~(fIi ,96,00Q men;. fdrined_tirely under,him; ·w",i. Mdj f ,always CoIne OWl v.ictori088;, .a.nd. 'he .d.~eh'tiClfoJl his lDany gMt a~!lipleDdid MQ*ories, h()nQul'S' heaped 1 upon. h ... IOllftJp" and thanks upon thanks from the Prince Biegent,arid his country, too tarnish of which glory, the 10 •

. ofwbicb laurels, so hardly and jUstly acquired, must to him bave been more poi&,nantly felt than

..

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57

Men-death itself, Thus did every' thing conspire to l"eoder . this contest "magnificently sublime ;" and; when we look at the number of warriors engaged, the historian is himself astonished at the Scene which be is destined to hand down to the remotest posterity, having to paint die Battle of WaterJoo, which aged fathers will teach their ~ispiDg children to pronounce, and which undoutbtedly will form an sera in the history of the WOIrId.

;}. Recep,tion and Conduct of Buonaparte.

BU,ONDAB.TE having quitted Paris, as we befo~ observed, to join his army in the, North, was every where received with rapturous joy. An hundred cannon announced the Emperor's .!'rital at Lilk. The army greeted him with the toudestacclamations of transport, and' ea'ch 100ked upon him, as the retriever of the glory 'of his country, and friend of. the soldier » ~ mingled in i~eir.rank~,·l1e laviahed money and praises among his men, and maoy he raised to new honors, and held . out great expectations to ' all.

Hia P"oclamation to Ilia SoldieTs.

N ,",POLBON, hy the 'Grace of God and the Constitution , o/tlte Empire, Emperor of the French, ~c. ~c. ~c.

Soldjer~ !- We ~ere Dot conquered: two men risen from our ranks betrayed our laurels, their country, their

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AU'lIlIBNTIC lIBftIOIllS

.,

Priace, their benefactor. Those whonvdurill' twta. five years we have seen traversing' aU: EUfOpe:1J> ~ up enemies against U8; who ba.ve. passed their, Jiv~ l ¥a figh .. ing against UII in the ranks of foreigq armies, ~ cursing out' ' fine France, shall they pretend to cOI;nmand a~d controul our eagles, on which they have not dared e~er to look l Shan we endure that they should inherit the frliitsof ou~ glorious labours-that they should clothe tfte'msel~es' with our honours and our goods--that theysbould:(!alittnhiate our glory? If their reign shoUld continue' aWwould be lost, even the memory of those immortal days.. ,Widl what fury do they pervert their ,vert naturel Tbey seek to poison what the wOrld admires~; antl'if'there.'still remain an,. defeaders of our glory, it is'among those:"e~erlemie. wbomwe have fought'oothe'fitld··ofbtttle::.I'Sbldiers! in my aile, I heard ,our: ,voice r. I bxve' arrised through all obstacles and all perils; your. Gen~.I, ~Ied; -'0 die throne by the choice of the people, acd educ~ ,.pdpf your banners, is restored to you: apdl~~}O, hi~.Tear down those colours which the nation ha~ ,pro~cribed, and which for twenty-five years served as a rallying signal to' aJI the enemies of France: wear the cockade tricolour ': you. bore it in the days of our greatness. We must not forget that:we ha.e been'mllltera of nations'; 'nor mu'st we suffer any to intermeddle in our atr.irs. 'Who stKill })re. sume to be' mast~r over us? W~o can have the poweklt Recover those, eagles which you had at Vim, at Austerlitz, at JeDa, at Eyleo, at·Priedland;' \at'1'udela, at Eckmuhl, at Essling, at Wagr~, at ~D19Jw~W" at Moscow, at Lutzen, at Vurke», at Montm4'ail., POIOU think. that the handful of our enemies, who' are now. 80 arrogant,will endure to look on them? Let LOUIS refum

. -oj

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69

whence he came, aod there if he please he shall reigh ... he pretends to have reigned during nineteen years. Your .possessioDs, 19ur rank, your glory, the POS8U.• 008, the rank, the glory of your children, have DO ~ter enemies than those Princes whom foreigners have imposed upon us; they are the enemies of our glory, because .they are tbe recital ofso many heroic actions, which have glorified the people of France fighting against them, eo withdraw themselves from their yoke, is their condemuatioD. ' The veterans of tbe armies of the Sambre and the Meuse, of the Rhine, of Italy, of Egypt, of the West, of the grand army, are all humiliatedttheir honourable wound. are disgraced: their successes were erimes: those her0e8 were rebela, if. as theenentiel of the people pre-

. tad, ·the legitimate lIo"rep were in the midst of the fOl'~ign .rmiu. H~ROUl8, rewards, affection are given to those who h~ve served against the country and: U8~~ ~o1dier.! come then and 6gbt under tbe holy8tandar~~ of your Chief; his existenc~ is only composed ~f your's j his rights are only those of the people and your's : his interest, his honour, his glory, are no other than your interest, your honour, and your glory. Victory shall mar~hat \he pas de cAa1'ge; the eagle, with the national colours, shaU 6y from steeple to steeple, even to the towers of Brussels. Then .you will be able to sb •• lOW' scars with honour; then you will be able to glory in what YOIl have done; you will be the deliverers of the country .. In your old age, surrounded and esteemed by your fellow-citizens, they will hear you with respect while ),ou recount your. high deeds; you will be able to say with pride :-" And I, too, was part of that grand arni1, whith entered twice the walls of Vienna, those of ROaw:; of Berlin, of Madrid, of Moscow; and which ... ~ ',.

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. '

60

AUTltENTIC MEMOIRS

Paris from the foul blot which treason, and the pretence of the enemy, imprinted on it." ParisI will render the Queen of Cities, the residence of arts, and all the lcieoees, and your names, brave warriors! Ihall be enrolled in . her temples and palaces, but woe to those guilty French. men, in whatever rank fortune caused them to be born, who have fought for twenty-five yeari with foreigners,

to tear the bosom of their country.

." By the Emperor,

(Signed)

N APOLBON."

. \

Calls a Council of War.

He summoned immediately a council of war.

Here he met' with many veteran Generals, his oldcompanione in arms. He declared, "that fortune' seemed to follow him with new prospects, that be knew from accurate information, that the Duke of WELLINGTON was at Brussels in blind security, and confined to his bed by a fall from his horse, and the Prussians had no expectation of any attack, that the present was the decisive moment, and hefore BULOW and WELLINGTON could come up, tbe Prussians must be annihila .. ted." All with one voice shouted applause. Four days from bis leaving PARIS, the Emperor was on the banks of the &mbre, a river which divides the NetherlaluIs from France, and connects the strong fortresses of Namur with Charleroy, forming a chain of tkfence, and ex .. tending, to Thui", a tow~ where the Fre~ch force .. first assembled.

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61

,

Passes the Sambre.

As was expected on the part of BUONAPARTE, this river, wbicb affords a formidable obst.acle to

an inva~ing army was left wlwlly defenceless, and like as a tyger pounces upon his prey, he came - on unexpectedly upon the Prussians, a fourth part of whose army was at' too great a distance

to form a junction with the main body.

Affair. at Cllarleroy.

Tlmrsd:ay t~ 16th of June, 1815.

Our Pape.a ltate, " the French advanced upon 21Da and LobbuF 88 soon as it was day-light in the morning, and there attacked the Prussian outpoIu, and being taken unawares, they fled, before mch an _meffMforce.They then proceeded to the fortreuof CAarl#:ro!i, where General ZIETHEN was posted, on both banks of the Sambre, and after a aluJrp affair, became masters of that fortress; this General, retreating to Fleurus and Gr06lelies, where he intended to make a stand."

The MO'IIiteur PAPER states, " We entered Belgiu. on the lJjth. The enemy was overthrown in the tint affair upon every point where he attempted to resist us. Before CharlerlJ!j,' several of his squares were broken and taken. by' 80IDe .few lKJ"adflO'lU, 1700 oftly could be, savecl· out of 6000 men, who composed those squares.!';

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6t '&'U'I'II&NTlO "VOlllS

The TIllES NetDsptlpet' states, " DUONAPAaTE, after driving in the Pmssian out-poGtl, between the Samhre and Meuse, forced the' passage of the SanJwe at Ckarkroy, a town about thirty-five miles south of Brussels. Here a most _sperate conflict ensued betwen the Prussians and the French in the streets, and tke toron was taken arid re-taken several times, but at length BUDNAPARTE remained master ojit."

Affai,. at Franw.

Marshal NEY (Prince of Moskow a) in his Letter to hi. excellency the DU.KB 0 .. .()TR,j:XTO, reports, " On the 16th I arrived' at CharMrtYy, with my aide-de-camp. I arrited, at the moment when the enemy having been attacked by 'eMIr liglt-WOOfIB were falling ,btzd upon' FIst,.. and Go,lelieB. The Emperor immedialely ordered me to put myself at the head of eigk diviaions of infantry, and fonr of cavalry. WUh ,these troop. I drove in the enemy, and obliged him to mJacu6I Go"elie, and Fra8fleB, on the left. of the main road from Ckarleroy' to Brussels."

In tbe Lotatltm Gazette ,Eztraordi'ItIJry, mention i. there made, allnding to this division ohhe anny under NEY, "The ertI!m!I continued his lUrch. allYag tie rood, from C~ to BrasaeII, and Oft lite MIme evtming, the 16th, attack ..

ed CI irig4uie of the . army of tile N«/w""*".

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OI'B'VONAPABTZ. . ~

_del' PJmfCE DJl WB~Y, posted at Frome" andforceLl it ifJci to the farm house on the same road, called, Le« Qucatr~ Bra ... ·

This i .. aU the intelligence .. we are at present mastEIrs.of, a, ·reapects thi.jinI day', operaliora, when opening this memorable campaign' if we excepUM metlti()Il of'the death of one person of ern;nellce. .It In the .treets of Cluwleroy," 88y8 the Titnes," ." General BoUBMOJIT was killed. Bt:l was aD ancient VeIIdrl"A Chief, and in bis he~ still ._eMd to the cause o( hill legal sovereign i ~ h.ting in the army, was cOIIlpelled to

, ~~ u~cler ~lw 1le6elstalldard. Boweyer, his,.. ~,ff .'W bad beeD·~fore e%pressed, and u.e~Bof_8WjfbPA 10 fully participated in th4uu,_·.tb,t ~,.oppurtWlitJ.r escape OCcurriD~. _y ell qf ,_ . have siaee quitted tile tmilor,

anti comeov.~tbe KiAg iD a body at GlMat." I do not It<*-a¥er; vouch fo~ the truth of tbit poiiti,~ ~iOl1.

. '.fJJ" llrew;l Qffici4l (h,ze," does not evo deigu. t9m~.) tJre· tlJf~r8 of the 15t', .ucl ow ~e oal"says, "BVONAPARTshaviag.

. cplleclefl ~-he 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 6th· eDrp& ~f(~ J\-enck.· arD)y, .and Imperial Guald~ ·a~. n~l, all, the. cavalry 0& the Sa".",.. 8,04, betw~,tbat.liver .. aQd the Mewe; by tho 1~, .~d.~,;tbe ~~tlI, .aad ,aUac/ted' tI. .r.~,. ,posb;; ~t. ,TJuHN,· ~lld. ~e8 .00 ,u.. &.e..:~ ~I,!li&'bt. They arQf)e ~ the Pr.

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~ .A.UTRI!:NTIC MEMOIRS

sian out-posta that day, and General ZIETHEN"', who commanded the corps which had been at Charleroy, retired upon Fleurus, which happened together with the falling back of a brifJade of the army of the Netlaerlaruls, as before mentioned."

Thursday the 16tla, at hIidnigJ.'.-Bnustls.

An was festivity and mirth at Bnuaels. The Duchess of RICHMOND had given a grand ball, at which was the Duke of WELLINGTON, and his staff, who could not have expected that, in so short a time, BUONAPARTE could have collected an army so well appointed, and ready 80 soon to attack. In fact the latter hoped· to gain every thing by a coup de "ain, and bad even printed proclamations, dated from iis pa1ace at LaC01C~ Deaf Brussels, which he haa no doubt he should be able to take by surprise, after having defeated the d~oin.ted PaussuN and ENch.tSH armies. The news of the taking of 7'hvin, Lobbes, CIurrkroy, Gosselies, and Frames, in one short day, with the defeat, 9r driving in of the advance of the Pruuian. anoy, by BUONAPABTE and NET, reached the DUKE, wben at the baU.ro';;"m" at-Bnu,els, at the hour of twelve. WELLINGTON would hardly believe the me8~~ge from BLtr.!· CHER, requesting an immediate succour, when' another messenger arrived more pressiDg than' the first. All .. as now dismay'; ladies were seen'

- fainting. and in an instant the DUKE huteIied .

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OF BUONAPA.B.TE.

away to retrieve the disasters of the Pf'ussian. and Belgians. In Brussels the inhabitants were in their first sleep, and nothing was heard except the centinels, who were relieving guard. Mothers, daughters, friends, and lovers, were in profound sleep, or in the midst of dreams, when in a moment all the drums beat to arms, and the trumpet's loud and hoarse voice was heard in every part of the astonished and dismayed city. At first it was believed, that Brussels had been taken by surprise, and that murder would be committed in every house, with rape, pillage, and all the horrors of a captured town, loch as no human tongue can depict. As the military was quartered in every house, the soldier hastened to get, on his clothes; and if it were possible to smile on such an occasion, it would be at the aft'righted females running into the chambers of the soldier lor protection against brutal violence, and the young and aged of all decriptions looking out of their windows with their night. caps on, and anxiously enquiring for the news. ~ome, half-dressed, were seen ill the streets, and the doors of every house were sooo thrown open, and the lights were shining in every window. An this time the trumpets, drums, and bugleborns, were beating to arms; no answers were obtained, and very speedily 'some groups of soldiers appeared in the streets, and the neighing

~

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• STAn: 0 .. BRUSSELS.

of hones, the clanking of arms, and the noise .ef hard footsteps, the orders of command, resounded through every street. It was an affecting _ sight to see some of the wives and children of those men, taking their leave in the streets, of those young men who, before the dawn of tomorrow's sun might be numbered with the silent dead! Sir THOMAS PICTON mounted upon his cbarger in a soldier-like style, with his reconnoitering glass slung carelessly across his shoulder, left Brussels in the highest spirit» never to return I Some fine-spirited youths also were seen elegantly mounted, their silk stockings 00, without military boots, the pride of their parents, the joy of every festive circle, alas! before to-morrow 100m, they were destined either to be mangled with wounds" or to lie in a promiscuous heap, in a distant land, without a mother, or a sister, to close their eyes swimming in death !Ah! how many widoWi and orphans was ambition destined soon to create, how many sorrows, pang&, and. tears! Then was seen the illustrious WBLLINGTON, with his staff, all in high spirits-bow few of that staff destined to return to their native land! Be is reported to bave then said, " when any other general commits any errol', their army is

, inevitably 1000t, but when I get into any scrape. , which must sometimes happen to aU, my brav. wmrades are always sure to get me out of iL'·

. . ~

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DEt'JlNCE 01' WELLINGTON. 67

Apology for the Cotlduct of Wellington.

Lord CASTLEREAGH, whose information must be supposed to be the most correct, thus endeaYours to acquit both commanders of any want of due precautio'll, and, in (act all the actions of BONA.PARTE defie every calculation. If The position of the Allied Army, was a very peculiar one, and without meaning to impute blame, or to suppose any negkct of security, he must say that the circumstance of the armies not being actually engaged in hostilities, necessarily led to a distrilnttion of force for the more convenient obtainment of subsistence for 80 large an army. The who~ line of troops destined to act upon France not being ·equallg advaftCed, it was clearly nDt tM interest of the Allies to become the asMiiantl; the army, therefore, which was to act upon the oJfensive, making its point of

, union the point it chose for a'R. attack, must have a great advantage over an army situated as the Allied Army was: and yet it was impossible to alter that position; (or if Marshal BLUCHER and the Duke of WELLINGTON had CDnoeatrated theirforces, they must have left open a losg liM

• ef eua.try at the mercy of the tfiMem'!I, who might have made use of lOch a lapse for the most important ends: and therefore, Dot imputing ., .Mlket of p1'fYpIWaAon to the Comma~, i,JDU,tt

:1'2

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68 ACTIVE CONDUCT OF THE ENGLISH.

be evident that the attacking army would have the advantage. With such a force on the frontiers of France, it was with BUONA.P.ARTE a great object to attack it in some powerful point before the Combined Powers were all perfectly ready for operations; and accordingly he had acted with all the decision of character and ener!I!I of mind that he was known to POSSets, and as soon as he could leave Paris, he joined his' army, and directing it to the North comme'ltced his operations. In considering the nature and extent of the force engaged, he mV'st observe, that of the ten corps d'armee which France possessed, the five which were complete were united under BUONA.P.ARTE, together with his guard, and other cavalry. 'These troops had certainly maintained their ancient character; and were the best troops of France, the flower of the French army! and a: regular disciplined force before the BOURBON'S had quitted France, and replete withar. .dour,"

State of Brussels at Break of Day.

Thus was the night passing at Brussels, in awful preparation, on the 15th. Every where were heard or seen, carts clattering, hammers



knocking, chargers neighing, bugles sounding,

drums beating, and colours flying; and the tilted carts ready to convey back the wounded, gave a

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ACTIVE CONDUCT OF.THE ENGLISH. 69 pierce to the breast, and after the first alarm had subsided, a settled gloom and melancholy pervaded all ranks, excepting few indeed who looked on with gaping wonderment.

" About four o'clock: in the morning," says an elegant writer,* the 42nd, and 92nd, Highland regiments marched through the Place Royale, and the Piaza. One could not but admire their nne appearance; their firm, collected, steady, military demeanour, as they went rejoicing to battle, with their bagpipes playing before them, and the bright morning sun shining upon their glittering arms. Before that sun had set in night, how many of that gallant band were laid low! They fought like heroes, and like heroes- they fell-an honour to their country. On many a highland hill, and through many a lowland valley, long will the deeds of these brave men be fondly remembered, and their _fate deeply deplored. Never did a finer body of men take the field--never did men march to battle, that were destined . to perform such services to their country, and to obtain such immortal renown ! It was impossible to witness such a scene unmov-

ed. .

• See Letter from Brulsel., in a work entitled, ... Th.

Battle of Waterloo," with a panoramlJ print of the country, where this battle was fought, which we Itrongly recomDlelid

to our Readers. .

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'0 .AOTJn:CON'DUC'I' 01' T!I'mBNGLt'B •

.. Thousands were parting with theirnea-rellt and dearest friends 'to them, and to every British heert it was a moment of the deepest interes'. Our countrymen were marching out to battle-they might return victorious--and "fe proudly indulged the hope of their triumph , but'they were going to meetan enemy formidable by their numbers, their discipline, and under tbe command of a leader, whose military talents had made him the terror, and the Tyrant of Europe whose remorseless crimes and unbounded ambition had so long been its scourge. Not only was the safety of our brave anny at stake, but the glory which Britain had so dearly purchased aad so noblr won,-her prosperity-her gJleatnessher name among other nations-the security and 'the fate of Europe, depended upon the issue of that eventful contest, which was now upon the

eve of being decided." ,I

. Before eight in the morning, all was.~ and Brussels was Jeft silent and in a dreadful state of suspense, and without a single soldier to defend her ! All depended now upon Prussian aad Bri. tish valour.

Comluct of Ih9ttfJjHfrle att4 tile Alliu.

On . the other side BUONA.PARTE spent a sleepless night at the .inn at Charleroy,.distant frolll Brussels only thirty miles, reyolving in his

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CONDUCT 0. BUONAPA.'BTB. 71

. '-,nind that peace and quiet he had forsook for the sake of ambition, those many human victims about to be sacrificed at the. san:i~ shrine, or if he slept for a few moments, did frightful dreams .

invade his troubled breast. '-

Have mercy on me !-Soft-l did but dream.

Coward conscience how dost thou afflict me!'

The Ijght burns blue-'tis now the dead of night; Cold fearful drops stand on my trembling fte.h. My conscience hath a thousand se.eral tongues, And every tongue brings in a separate tale,

And every tale condemns me fof a villain. Murder, foul murder, iu the high'st degree,

And perjury such as no one ever acted.

My several crimes all press upon ~y head;

A thousand phantoms strike tertor in my soul, And at the heavenly bar cry Guilty!

1 do despair! There is no creatore W'DeS me ; ADd if I die, 09 soul will pity me.

Nay, wherefore should they? since that I myself Find in myself no pity to myself.

Methought the SQUls of aU that I had murder'd Came to my bed: and every one did threat To-morrow's vengeance on my wicked head. In the corrupted currents of this world Offence's gilded hand may shove by justice; And oft 'tis seen that the wicked are able

To buyout the law; but 'tis not so above; There is no shuffling; there the action lies

In its true nature, and 'we ourselves compell'd, E'en to the teeth and forehead of our faults,

To give in evidence. What then? What rests ?

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'72 CONDUCT 01' BUONAPAB.Tl!I

Try what repentance can: what can it not ~ Yet what can it, when one can not repent ~

o wretched state! 0 bosom black as hell!

o limed soul, that struggling to be free, ,

Art more engaged I Help angels! make assay t Bow stubborn knees. Alas! 1 cannot pray.

Thus, whilst the Emperor .was awake, his tired troops enjoyed all, but the centinels, sweet repose; our troops, on the contrary, were marching all night to come to the relief of the Prussians, and Prince Blucher, was' engaged iq. all the duties of a General, seeing that every thing was preparing right f~)\' the battle on the ensuing morning, and went from post to post withone of his general .officers. "All's 1vell" issued from

every part of the line. ,

Long before the break of dawn, nUONA.PARTE unable to obtain any sleep, quitted his bed. Then might he be supposed to have said with our RICHARD Ill.

Tis now the dead of night, and half the world Is in a lonely solemn darkness hung j

Yet 1, (so coy a dame is sleep to me)

With all the weary courtship of , l' ,,\;

My care- tired thoughts, can't ~'in her ,~o my b~~,;, ' Though eveo,*e stars do wink" as 'twl:lre,~i~~ oyerl'~~tch4

ing: : . ' ',., , - 'J,.I'

I'll forth, and walk a while-the air's !efreshing,

And the ripe harvest of the new-mown hay , J' ,

Gives ita sweet ~nd wholesome odour, - ' .

.,

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How awful is this gloom! and, hark! from camp to camp, The hum ofeither army stilly sounds,

That the fix'd eentinels almost receive

The secret whispers of each other's watch;

Steed threatens steed, in high and boastful neighings, Piercing the night's dull ear-Hark! from the tents The armourers accomplishing the "knights,

With clink of hammer, closing rivets up,

Give dreadful note of preparation; while some, Like sacrifices, by their fires of watch,

With patience sit, and inly ruminate

The morning's danger-By yon Heaven, my stern Impatience chides this tardy-gated night,

Who, like a foul and ugly witch, does limp

So tediously away-I'll to my bed

And once more try to sleep her into morning, Ha! what means that dismal voice? sure 'tis The echo of some yawning grave,

I

That teems with an untimely ghost-'tis gone!

'Twas but my fancy, or perhaps the wind, . Forcing his entrance through some hollow cavern. No matter what=-No never be it said

That fate itself could awe the soul of RICHARD! Hence babbling dreams! you threaten here in vain; Conscience avaunt! RICHARD'S himself again I Hark! the shrill trumpet sounds to horse I away! My soul's in arms, and eager for the fray?

Friday, the 16th of June.

Buonaparte harangues /,is Soldiers.

The whole of the morning was employed by the French, iD preparing' for an attack on the PlUS-

I

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74. CONDUCT OJ!' BUONA.PAlLTE

sians and Dutch, before the English. could join them, or they be enabled to unite their whole force. BUONAPAiBTE was seen to fly from' bat-. talion to battalion, haranguing his men. He called to their remembrance "the former battles, they had had with the Prussians, the many victories they had gained over them. These were only raw recruits, hastily raised and badly accoutered. They had already witnessed their cowardice, they had only to shew themselves, and would have to pursue a fugitive enemy, who could not stand before such superior numbers. Now was the auspicious moment, when they were actually taken by surprise. Neither BULOW, or WELLINGTON could come up to assist them in time, the latter of whom was confined to his rOODi, from a fall from hi~ horse four days ago, and this army must be im .. mediately ,Qfmmiu.ted ~ the eternal honour and . glory of France." This speech was heard with loud acclamations of applause, each approved of the superior wisdom of their General. Vive r Empereur! resounded from rank to rank, and each soldier burnt with an eager desire to seize the prey, which he imagined so entirely in his power.

Bluc/&er's Harangue"

Nor was there any deficiency of exertion to animate his soldiers onthe part ofBLtJ'CBEB.

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AND OF THE ALLIES.. 76

Be called to their recollection, the prowess and ancient glory of the Prnsaians, in tbe time of FllED.IlIlICK. the Great; that if Berlin should again faU into the hands of their inveterate enemies, they could have nothing now to hope, their capital would be first sacked and then burnt, like Moscow: that they were not to think that this was the French army, they were only a lawless rabble, badly appointed, and worse provided, hastily collected together, and would be easily dispersed. that aU the marshals were on the side of Lotns, and it was the dregs only of tile French people they had to contend with~ the rea) French army having perished in Portugal, Spain, Germany, and lastly in Russia, men who had raised up the standard of revolt against their lawful Sovereign, and a good Government, who bad no other view than the plunder of the U ni'Verse. As they had broken tbeir faith, no quar .. ter was to be shewn towards, or received from. sueh men."

,

Early in the Morning of the 16th.

WELLINGTON was at this moment animating his troops to make a rapid adva'Rce, to assist, if possible, the Prussians. Whilst each eo .... . maoder was thus .preparing their troops for a dreadful conflict,

"The Prince of ORANGE having reinforced the BriMaile which was driven to Quatre Bras". by another Bri-

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78 BA.TTLE OF QUATltB BBAS.

gade of the army of the Netherlands. underGeneralPBKrONCHER, which regained early in the morning part of tke ground which had been lost, so as to have the command of the communication leading from Nivelles with Brussels, and Marshal BLUCHER'S position." London Gaseue.

Three o'clock in the Day-Battle of Qu~tre Bras.

French Account of this Battle.

The FRENCH OFFICIAL BULLETIN states, " On the lift, Marshal N EY had marched on Quatre Bras with a division of the army, which cut in pieces an English di~ision which was stationed there; but being attacked by the Prince of ORANGE with 25,000 men, partly English, partly Hanoverians in the pay of England, he retired upon his position at Frames. There a multiplicity of combats took place; the enemy obstinately endeavoured to. force it, but in vain. Marshal N EY waited for the lst corps, which did not arrive to his assistance till night; hence he confined himself to maintaining his position. In a square, attacked by the eighth regiment of cuirassiers, the colours of the 69th regiment. of English infantry fell into our hands. The Duke of BRUNSWICK was killed. The PRINCE of ORANGE has been wounded. We are as~ured that the enemy had many personages and Generah of note killed or wounded. . We estimate the loss of the English at from 4 to 5000 men, ours was very considerable;' it amounts to 4,200 killed or wounded. The combat ended with the approach ofnight. Lord WELLINGTON then evacuated Quatre Bras, and. proceeded to Genappe.

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BATTLE OP'QUATRE,~~. 77

.' .,

ProvidentiaJ escape of t~e:Briti,'Jh Army •

. ' 'F . .

Providence may be said h~re to have entirely

interposed in our favour. Had BuoNAPARTE led his whole force againstthe English at this period, they must have beaft:'all cut off, Brussels taken, and the Prussians afterwards destroyed. But as NEY observed, " Fate ordained it other-

,-.,..__.... "

'wise," or had he suffered the 1st corps to have

remained with NEY, the English then without

, ......__ .. ,

artillery or cavalry, (for these only arrived at the

end of the battle) j must have suffered more severely, and a large part of that fine army have been annihilated, and the Duke o/WELLINGTON, and the chief officers of his staff,. themselves either prisoners t~ the enemy, or destroyed. But the idea of finding the Prussians an easy prey, and that the English would be also taken by, the rapidity. of his motions unawares, took full possession of his weak imagination, and his mean je,alousy of J!larshal NEY, prevented him from suffering the 30,000 men, to have secured for him a share in the great glory he had promised altogether for himself. But lest this should appear dictated by one, who may be thought to be biassed, let us hear what the French Marshall says on this subject himself.

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78 BA.'l'TLE OP QUA.'tBJl •• .&8.

Marshal Neg's Account.

Marshal NEY in a letter to the DUKE OF OTRANTO, says;

" On the 16th I wu ordered to attack the English in their position at Quatre Bras. We marched against the enemy with an enthusiasm which it would be difficult to describe. Nothing could resist our impetuosity; the battle became general, and 'Victory 'lVas' not doubtful, when, at the moment in which I wished to bring forward tbe J st corps of infantry which I had left in retelve at N-asnes, I learnt that the Emperor had. disposed of it without giving me inf07'fMtion,.. 1Ve1l as of 01- rtlrd's division of a 2d corps, which was warmly ellPl~ witb the Prwsiatu. The mortification I received frOll1 this news wu terrible. Having now under my eommand only three divisions instead of eight, on which I had relied, I wu obliged to allow victory to escape from my lands ; and notwithstanding all my efforts, and in spit. of the brawry and derotioll of 11Iy troop" it was im. possible to do more tbaR maim_ mystlf in my po.ition until tlae c!ole of tM day •.

" About ,un, o'clock thefirst tM'pl was returned to me by the Emperor, to whom it had been of no Bemce. Thul between t'lVenty-jive and thirt!! thousand men had' been for that time, as it were, parallJled, baving been obliged during the whole of the battle to march wilk their arms at. their ,lwulders, from the left to the rigllt •

. and from the rigAt to the lift, without firing a Bingle mallcet."

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lIATTLB OJ' QUATB.E B"A.S~ \



'9

Battk of Qwdre Bea« 1Wt gained from Buotaaparte's mean Jealousy, or foolish Prick.

,

Marshal NE-Y is of opinion, u that had he had

th;;--30,000 -~en, (kept back as a reserve, to be fresh to attack the English the following day) the English army, certainly tke advance,

, would have been annihilated." "But," says NEYt " Fate ordained it otherwise." The fact was, that BUONAPAB.TE fearful of the encresse of the reputation of NEY, ooly gave him a sufficient {ollCe to keep the English in check, resolved to secure the victory to himself on the side of the Prussians, whom he attacked, and then intending to obtai" ,olelg the laurels of victory by an attack on the English _ by himself the following day. Thi. pitiful jealousy he had before displayed at the

_ battle of Mare1&f}o, where he had Sounded are .. treat, but met D B8AIX Jeading on the reserve, unmindfw of the danardly order; this prcdueed the .. rdw ef DES.IX during the battle, which At won, from an assassin hir:ed by BUONAPARTE, whose death this arch-hypocrite pretended to lament. No,' who had fought and bled for his country twenty-five years, and who bad incurred just odium for deserting from LoUIS, having had that appointment secured to him by that Monarch, gives in this aame letter a. tolerable spo-

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80 BA.TTLE 01' QUA-TO BRM.

cimen bow he was used from the beginning, by that ungrateful villain BUONAPARTE: he says,

Ie On the 11th of June I received an order from th~ Mi-

, nister at War to repair to the Imperial head-quarters.

I had no command, and possessed no information on the force and composition of the army. N either the Emperor nor the Minister had previouslg said any thing to me which could give me the sliglttest idea that I was to be employed in this campaign. I was consequently called upon in a state quite unprepared, without horses, equipage, or money, and I was obliged to borrow in order to enable me to reach my destination.

" I arrived on the 12th at Laon, on the 18th at Avesnes and on the 14th at Beaumont; in which last place I purchased fro~ the Duke of Treviso two horses, with which, J I proceeded on the 15th to Charlerei, accompanied by my first aid-de-camp, the only officer I had with me." Even in his last stake he could not help playing off hi. mean jealousy."

'E~lis'" Account of this Battle. ,

TilE LONDON.GAZIITTB states, "The enemY" repeatedly attacked us with a large body of infantry and tavalry, supported by a numerous and powerful artillery; he made seyeral charges with the cavalry upon our infantry, but all were repulsed in the steadiest manner. In this affair His Royal Highness the Prince of ORANGE, the

• The Reader would naturally here suppose DUONAPARTE, but it was ooly MARSHAL NEY, with • .e diMOfi of the FreuA -!h aided b, cIIHI,.,.

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BATTLE 01' QUA.T1E BB.A8. 81

Duke of BaUlUWICIC., and Lieut.-Gen. 8ir THO 111 AS PICTON, and Major-General Sir J ..... KaHPT, and Sir DEJfU PAC.s:, who were engaged from the commencement of the enemy's attack, highly dilltinguished themselves, as well all Lieut.-General CHAItLE! BARON ALTE~, Majer-General Sir C. HALKET, Lieut.-General·

. . ~

COOKE, and MItJOf-Oeuerllls MAITLAND and BTlIO,

as they succtssively tJrri'Oed. The troops of the 5th divj. aion, and those of the Brunswick corps, were long and

/ .everely engaged, and conducted themselves with the utmost gallantry. I muet particularly 'niention the i8th~ 4id, 79th, and 92d regiments, tad the Dattalions.9f H ... DOveriaas.

" Our loss was great, all your Lordship will perceive by the enclosed return, aDd I have particularly to regret His Serene Highoeae the Duke of BRUNSWICK, who feU fighting gallantly at the head of his troops, while tbe cemry, hlrViftg a long distance to ~cb, had Rot yet arrived, but I directed the whole of the army to march UPOD ·QMatre Bras.

ec The 5th division under LietMenant-General Sir T8:()' JU.S PICTON arrived at about half after two in the day.

" Next came up the corps of troops under the Duke

of BRUNSWICK. •

Ie Afterwards the Contingent of Nassflu.

" Hence the troops of the 5th division, (PICTOll'S) and those ofthe Brunswick corps were long and severely engaged, and condueted themselves with the utmost gallantry.·

" By tf.Jis tittre cone up Major-Ge1leral Sir J Allis KEIfPT, and ~ir DElus PACE, 1Vho higldy distinguish. themselves."

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82 BAT'I'LE OF QUATU BRAS.

II Then Major-General Sir C. HALKET, LieutenantGeneral COOKE, and Major-General M.AITLAND and By NG, who were engaged as they successively arrived.

" At this time (alluding to the battle of Quatre Bras) the enemy commenced an attack upon Prince BLUCHER with his whole force, excepting the 1st and 2d corps;. and a corps of cavalry under General KELLERMAN, with which he attacked our post at Les Quatre Bras.

" The Prussian anny maintained their position with their usual gallantry and perseverance, against a great disparity of numbers, as the 4th corps oftheir army, under General BULOW, had not joined, and I was not able to assist them as I wished, as' I was attacked myself, and the troops, the cavalry in particular, which had a long dis.

tanee to march, bad not yet arrived. '

" We maintained our position also, aod completely defeated and repulsed all the enemy's attempts to get possession of it.-From the London Extraordinary Ga-· sette,

This is all the official information of the battle of Quatre Bras we have, if we except

. The Spanish Account of this Battle.

From the MADRID GAzETTE.-" The English guards, various regiments, and the Scottish brigade, covered themselves with glory 00 this day; and Lord W EL~INGTON told General ALA VA, on the following day, , diat he had never seen his troops behave better, in the many years be

• The lst corps ~ says, was kept back as a re.e"e. aIKl .. never fired a musket." The 2d c~ps, at least .. Girard's division of it," were also taken 'away, and ea-, caged the Pruisians.

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had commanded them.' The Frenc~ cuirassiers suffered greatly on this occasion, for, confiding in their cuirasses, they approached so near the English squares, that they succeeded in cutting down with their swords some offi.. eers of the 4!d; but that brave regiment, without being appalled, kept up so well supported a fire, that the ground was strewed with the cuirassiers and their horses."

Never did British valour appear more conspicuous than on tbis trying occasion, as will appear from the following extracts from Letters;

Private Dot:ume'lda.

Pan'ATE LETTER.-" The enemy advanced upon us on the 16th. Happily the arrival of the division under the command of Sir THOMAS PICTON, and of the corps of the Duke of BRUN8WICK, shortly before this, enabled us to resist them with effect; and, supported soon after by the divisions of the Guards, and Lieutenant-General ALTEN, all attempts against us were eventually defeated with considerable loss on the part of the enemy; although their attacks were made with desperation, and, in a few imtances with partial success; their cavalry having, at one time, succeeded in entering the square of the gallant 42d regiment, and at another in arriving almost imme ... diately on the same spot 'IJ1here the Duke himself stood.' On this last occasion it is due to a battalion of young Ha-

. noverians to state, that they conducted themselves with the ntmost steadiness, and by a well-directed fire, given at the moment when it could have most effect, they almost destroyed that body of the enemy's cuirassiers, which had made this niost desperate attempt.

G2

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M lUTTLJI OP QUATRJI BRAS.

" During the continuance of this II11)we contest I have just described, and in which the enemy employed conai-

'derable bodies both of cavalry aad iofamy. aud a numeroUl~ artillery, we were deJicient almost eotirelyof ca. wry, and ill a great degree of artillery; the British cavalry and heese artiller, laving reached Lhe ground only at the very close of the action, after having made an immense march (50 miles) from their caMtonDlellt. hey,," the Deuder, through roads in many instances extremely bad, and almost impassable for carriages."

PRIVATE LETTER.-" On the 15th, a letter was brought from the D .. ke of W ELLllI'GTON, which contained an order that all the troops must be concentrated at the Allee Verte, near Brussels, on the following morning at day-break. Orders were accordingly given, aod sent off as fast as possible, but the dislocations being rather at a great distance, the troops could not arrive before flu o'clock; when the Duke on the instant marched !hrough Brussels, aod so on to the road to Waterloo. Directly afterwards the DukeofW ELLINGTON and GeneralALAvA followed, and, after shewing a letter to the Duke, they then set off together, and were as fast as possible followed by their suits. About ten o'clock we arrived at QuarIre Bras, where we found part of the Nassau troops engaged, and heard that the French advanced very fast, and were exceedingly strong. We then went on a hill to observe their approach, but hardly had they perceived a number of officers but the villains fired at us with grenades.; so we were obliged to leave the spot, and I narrowly escaped being killed. About twelve o'clock we returned, and the Duke strooglyexpressed his wish of h~vjog an apportunity of meeting the French in "equal force

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lIATTLll'OI' QUATRE BRAS. ~

with his troops. To ilis great .ati. .. factioo, the Royal Scotch, the Hanoverians, and his own corpi arrived betwixt one and tDlO o'clock. Tired and hungry u they were,· they. sang all they passed the Duke, abusing and swearing against BUONAPARTE, wishing they might 800Il meet him, and have an opportunity of tetting the soldiers of the GRANDE NATION to rights. Hardly had we IIW'ched half an hOOF when we saw the French expecting 118 on a hill. The Duke of W ELLllfGTON then ordered to collect the troops 8S quick 81 possible, and to prepare for battle. At tflJO o'clock all wall ready and the attack began. The battle was very bloody, but we compelled the enemy to retreat. About lwy'past jour the French advanced again, and appeared double the number of the Allied army, but no fear was shewn. The cannonade began most horribly, which in some respects put the traiB and baggage in confusion; hOwever the troops stood, aDd fought like lions, 80 the French were again obliged to retreat, and were driven back to thS position. Here the, had a great advantage, being covered by a thick wood, where they had placed all their artillery aud riflemen." The Dukeof WBLLINGTON most likely kuew this, and ordered a fresh attack, to get the French out of the wood. The troops advanced, the Brunswick division on the left wing. When they carae near the wood the French commenced a horrible fire with artillery and case-shot, which occasioned a great loss to our corps. In this attack, 'Which was a~.eoen o'clock ill the evening, the Duke was unfol'tuRately killed on the spot 'by a case shot. At this moment I was DOt far from his Highness, and ordered our small carriage, thinking' that he Wall only wounded, ... hen, alas! .. to my iDexpreisible sorroW', I fouad be wu

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86 BA.:z'TLE OF QUATRE BItAS.

dead. My {eeliogs I cannot describe, but you will be able to form yourself an idea of it."

The following sketch of the life of this lamented Prince cannot but be interesting to' our readers at the present moment.

FREDERICK WILLIAM, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttle, Oels, and Barnstadt, was the fourth and youngest 10nofCUARLES WILLIAM FERDINAND, the late reigning Duke of Brunswick- W olfenbuttle, who died on the 10th of November 1806, at Ottensen, near Altona, in consequence of the wound which he received at the unfortunate battle ofJena. He was doubly allied to the il~ltrioUS House which sways the British sceptre-his mother being the sister of our beloved Monarch, and his sister the wife of the heir apparent to the Throne. He was born on the 16th of 'October 1771, and received-the same education 8S his second and third brothers, who are not much older than himself, till the military profession, for which he was destined, required a course of instruction particularly adapted to that object.

By his father the young prince was beloved with the greatest tenderness. In '1785 he was nominated successor to his uncle, FREDERICK AUGUTUS, Duke of Oefs and Barnstadt, incase he should die without issue : an arrangement which was confirmed by FREDERICK the GREAT, and ,his nephew, FREDERICK WILLIAM as Sovereigns of Silesia,

The prince soon afterwards went to Lausanne, accom- " panied by M. LANGER, who still holds the situation of , librarian at W olfenbuttle, and who had, a few years before, attended his brother, the hereditary prince, to the same

'plac8. After a residence of about two years in Swi~el'.

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Iud, the Prince immediately commenced his military ca- . reer. He was appointed captain in the regiment of infantry then in the garrison of Magdeburg, commandecl by· Lieut.-General LANGEPELD, Governor of that place, who died in 1780; a regiment which had previoualy for. ita chief the prince's great uncle, the hero of Crevelt and Minden.

The Prince, who devoted himself with the greatest assiduity and zeal to all the duties of bis profession, was rapidly promoted. In i700, at the early age of nineteen, 00 was invested with the grand order of the Black Eagle. In the war with France, which commenced in the year 179~, he accompanied the Pruseian army. He gained experience, and the military talents and intrepidity which he more and more developed, were conspicuously displayed by him on every occasion. This courage, this buoyant sense of youthful energy, which banished every idea of personal danger, impelled him, in several instances, beyond the bounds of prudence. On the i7th of November, in the last-mentioned year, he incurred the most imminent danger of his life, in a skirmish which took place in the village of Etsch, near W urhel, He there received ttrlO wounds, and it was a considerabletime before he recovered from their effects.

The treaty concluded at Basle on the 5th of April 1795, again gave repose to the Prussian army. Prince FREDBKICK WILLIAIII) after being for some time commander _..of the regiment of Thadden, at Halle, and' afterwards of

Kleist's regiment at Prenzlau, wafl, in 1800, promoted to the rank of Major-General. The latter regiment had long distinguished itself in the Prussian army, and, under the conduct of the Prince, who bestowed '00 it the mo.t

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88 BAT'1'LB OP QUA.RB DJUS.

uaiduous attention and many sacrifices, conbrmed the cU· neter and reputation which it had acquired.

00 the lat of November 180i, be received, at Carlt. rub, tbeband of the Princess MAllY ELlzA8Bra WlLRELMnfA~ grand-dau~hteroftheDuke of BADE •• Th. union diffwed new joy oyer his whole house: it WllI, in truth, in every sense of the word, a most happy match. The Prince and his consort seemed to have heeD created expressly for each "Other; and their mutual ,felicity wu aagmented by the birth of two eons, on the 30th of October 1804, and the 25th'of April 1806, b()th of whom are ~~~. .

PRIVATE LETTBR.-CI His Royal Highne88 the PAIWCI: OF ORANGE, hurried by ardour into the midst of the "baule, was surrounded and taken by the French. The ~enth battalion perceived the Prince's danger, battelled to hi. assistance, and succeeded in delivering him: his Royal Highness took off the insignia of his order, and threw it into the midst of the battalion, exclaiming: "Children, you have all deserved it I" It wa. fastened to their colours on the field of battle; amid cries of "Long live the Hereditary Prince!" All the Belgians swore to defend, even to death, this mark of honour; and a~ this sublime moment, many of those brave men fell, while pronounciog this patriotic oath.

Towards the close of the day, wben be saw the linea were bending, he was at the head of his people, cbeermg and exciting them, amidst the hottest fire, when his Royal Highness received a musket-ball near his left arm, whicla

• lodged in bis shoulder," .

'fhe Royal Military Chronicle for October, 1815, says,

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BATTLB OF GUA'1'1l1D BB.AS. 89

fI The battlea of Qutltre Bras and Waterloo bid fair to be better described tban any other battles extant, as besidet tie pdlic bulletin, we are generally enabled to obtaia ptiNte information from. different parts of the scene of action ; for all battles are Dearly alike. Yo. may know what is dQing in your own division; bUt you an know-little beyond it. By comparing accouots, however, you may arrive at .ome correct notion. But t1W amoke, the noise, the business, intercepts aU attention durO' ing the actual fighting; and, you know not the victory it geined, till you find all clear before you."

PRIVATE LJl.TTZlt.-" On the Uth of June, the greater part of the English General Officers were enjoy~ themselv81 at Brulsels,.aad tJaere certainly was no ex-

pectation that hostilities were so near. There was indeed a -

vague ~port that the French Emperor had left Paris, aDd·

was upon the road to his armies; that he had already

been at Laon; and was expected at head-quarters in theneighbourhood of our line. But 00 one anticipated what

was sooo to bappen. On a sudden, about eight in the Bft.ernoon,· dispatcbea were brought to the Duke of W EL-

• On the eveniugofTbursday the 15th of June, a courier arriwd at Brussels, from Marshal BLUCHER to announce, that hostilities had commenced. The Duke of WELLI NO. TON was sitting tlftt,. tiitmer with a party of officer., ovel' the desert and wine, when he received the dispatches coa. taining this unexpected news. Marshal BLUCHER had hem attacked that day, by the Frencb; but he seemed to CORSider it as a mere affair of outposts, which was not likt'ly to" proceed much {urtber at preseDt, though it might probe.,., prove the prelude to a more importlat eosageme... -It was

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9(), BA.TTLE 01' (wA.nE BlUB.

LINGTOIf, informing him that the French line had adftDCed, and that tbey had already commenced an attack - upon Marshal Br.ccaes, But the dispatches did not represent the affair as .being very serious, and the Duke aad his Staff were inclined to believe that it was a mere feint of the enemy. It was the opinion of his Grace that NA.POLEON would begin his attack immediately uponthe

English, and that these first movements had no object but to calloff the attention, whilst he should make .a detour and advance upon Brussels. Orders were accordingly given to hold the troops in readiness. Every one saw that lome movement was about to be made, but the Duke, calm, and tranquil as usual, awaited further intelligence, and appeared himself, like a prudent general, in no haste.

the opinion of most military men in Brussels, that the enemy intended by tbis feint, to induce the allies to concentrate their cbief military force in tbat quarter, in order tbat he might more successfully make a serious attack upon Bome other point, and tbat it was against Brussels, and the Englis'. army, that the blow would be aimed. Tbe troops were ordered to hold themselves in readiness, to march at a moment's notice; but no immediate movement was expected. and' for lome bours all was quiet. It was past midnight. 'and profound repose seemed -to reign over Brussels. ,when suddeely tbe drums beat to arms, and tbe trumpet's" loud ~ was beard from every part of the city.

GeneralLAbedoyere is even said to have entered Brulsels in di&guise as a Belgian, and to have 'Ieen the Duke of WBLLINGTON and his StaK, enter at k,. the BaJl-room of the Duchess 'of RICHMOND,

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BATTLE 01' QUAT:B.E BRAS. 91

Things proceeded in this coursetill midnight, when the drums beat to arms. Everyone now bastened to the leveral points of rendezvous. Tbe cause became instantly known. The Duke had received further dispatcbes "It was the whole of the French army, with the Emperor at 'its' head, which had made the advance; they had lanced themselves as it were upon the Prussians, and had repelled them at every point. They had forced Char/troy, and were advancing towards Brussels." This intelligence rendered the city all hurry and confusion. On every side, from every alley and house, might be seen the officers and soldiers hastily forming and assembling; and as fast as they formed, marching out of the town. All was confidence, alertness, and an eager wish to come up in time; . our English regiments set the Scotch an example which :was' not lost upon them. Tbe inhabitants of Brussels regarded the scene with astonishment! I am persuaded, if NAPOLEON had succeeded, Belgium would have declared for him ••

·There is a mistaken idea gone abroad, tbat the French, even NAPOLBON BUON.lPARTB himself, was popular in Belglum, This was a moment when hypocrisy itself would have found it impossible to dissemble; and the dismay which reigned upon every face, and the terror which filled every town and village, when it was believed that the French were victQrioull-the execrations with which their very names were uttered-the curses, not loud but deep, which fear balf repressed, betrayed how rooted and sincere was their hatred of abe t!l"flnny (~om which they had so recently escaped. Tbere may be miscreants of aU ,ranks ill Belgium, as in other

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01 BATTLZ OP QUATIlE BaAS.

U The army WlI8 completely clear of Bruuels before ttll OD the morning of the 16th. The Dske and other Generals, particularly General PJCTON, went of' in a high and plumy style; the Dnke . returaed the clwrs of the people by promising them·" that the business would be speedily settled," and that "·Marshal BLUCRBIL had most probably already finished it himself."

II The army now continued its march, and about· t., ill the afternoon reached the position intended, in QuatreBras. The battle instantly began. Whilst the aWn force of the enemy made repeated. attacks upon the PI'UJsiaos, a corps, Dearly douhle our number, ",as directed upon us, and a fierce contest commenced. The principal attack, however, was upon the Prussialls. BLUCR.a, with more courage than prudtnce, had resolved to give battle, though his whole force was not np, and he accordingly now received the assault of nearly dte whole French army. The attack upon us was merely to keep U8 occupied.

" After a march of 27 miles, w~ had reached Quatre Bras, and had immediately to enter into action. We had come at the critical moment, when the, enemy were ac-

eouetries, wbom tbe hope of plunder and the temptations of ambition will bring over to aoy party, where these can be obtaioed; but by the great body of the patioo. from alae highest to the lowest, tbe French govemmant is abhorred, and N APOLEOl'f himself is regarded wi!b a detestatiOll, the strength of which we caD (erm 00 idea of in tbi. coo.try. Their "ery infants are tallght to lisp these lelitimeJlts, ..... regard him a •• ININ",..-LXTTBR no. laus .. ",.

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BATTLE OP QUA.TB.E ltB.A.$. 93

tnll, in poel_OD of a large flIDDll, commandilll aU fou. roed.s,and cutUag off our oommunication widLMarshal BLu .. ClIRa. TbeSddi'Visioa(Hal1O¥enaftl.)had bee-.dri,en&OIJIt tlie wood, and the If'lucU were ordered to retake- it. _'. 'the enemy's tirailleu" retired as we advaaced, till at lerigth we passed the wood, and found ourselves in the preaeace. of an immeDie body of French cavalry ready to charge. From the diSic~ of tlaegroUDd, we could not maare ... vre, aad retired iato the. wood; the cavalry charged ia .£. ter us, did .s no harm, but their ~t troop. advaac:ed in sa" DlDDberS, as to oblige UI to encuate the wood at tea o-'elock, after III8IIY houri bud nghtiag, till ~t doeed the lNsme.s. We lost here in the iirst briPle, Lord HAY, BABal.GT<m, BROWN,"'" CROI.; killed; AsKEW,·ADAIR, MILLER, STREATFIELD, TOWNSEND, STUART, CROFT, FLUDYER, and LUTBl!!L, wounded.

During tbe continuance of this severe contest, the enemy greatly excelled 118" in cavalry and artillery. We were indeed woefully deficient in cavalry, and in a great degree in artillery; the British cavalry and horae artillery haviug

. r8llCbed the 8'0_ onl, a' the very cloae of the actiOll, a~ IMniDg _de all iaalDlOle IWlrclt from u.eir cantoameats beyond the ~, tlwOllgb roads inDUlin, iostana. extremely lied, and aImoet im,ItS8Itb1e.'J

Extract from a Letter by an OJlicu in the Guardi.

(" Oa ,.. ..,~ of the 15&h,we heard that the

• Sharp-shooters.

t This corroborates the account of a dispatcharriving at ri«"t o'clock. Some"however. think that the first information given the Duke was at twelve at oi&ht at the Ball.

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94 BA.TTLE OJ' QUATRE BRAS.

Freach f!Dere .passing the frontiers, and we received 0 .... ders; to hold oursel-oes in readiness to mnrc"; at tflJO o'clock we received our orders to march, and were 'off at three*., We passed tbrough Braine le Comte,t and proceeded to a bivouac near Ni'Oelle f. While we' were setting oursel'0e8 dorJm, an order came to move immediately to the left through Nicelk-having passed it, we heard the tiring very close, and soon met many wounded Belgian, coming in. Atfi-oe o'clock General MAITLAND galloped up, and ordered the grenadiers to drive the French out of a fIJOOll,and in about half an hour we perfectly cleared it.§ When we opened at the end of tke wood, the enemy tbrew in a most tremendousfire of round and grape shot, from which we found ,it necessary to retire.1I We got

• This J>ody was left at Brussels perhaps as a guard. But accounts arriving of the force of the enemy, every man was required.

t A small viUage.

t ,NifJelle is a town which has a road which goes to the viI.. of Mont St. JefJfI, where it joins the Aig1&-.BnlUtl. road to CluJrlerD!l. It then makes another angle to join the BrtUlell~rtHId. and NtJmUr-t'osd at Quatre Brill. It is 18 miles distant from Bf1UIell, north. and 12 north of Cifwle. rD!l' It manufactures fine linen.

§ This tallies with the MilitaryChrol)icle account, bot io that it states that the Tarsilleurf retired, as the Eoglish entered.

" This trtrMfttlotu fire is omitted in the first aeeeunt, which only states, .. as from the difficulties of the ground w. eould DOt mlUlCBuvre. we retired wto the wood. II

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BA.TTLE 01' QUA.TB.E BIlA.S. 96

out of the. wood in another part, and they immediately advanced columns to atta,k us, which deployed very re- . gularly, and drove us a short fIIay back. However we . found great'difficulty in forming (tur line again. At·lut we effected it with the third battalion of our regiment, . and then file drdOe every thing before us. We kept possession of the guns. They then advanced upon us, and having dri1Jen us back a second time, their ca1Jalry attempted to charge; but a square of Black Brunswickers came up, while we nimbly slipt into the wood, lined th~ ditches, and, killed a great many •• · Our loss was very ae1Jef'e, awl advanced again, and they ga1Je way, and retired to their wood- all night. Out of 84,'1 had only 48 left in my company. At night the remains of the battalions bivouacked at the bead of the road, and during the night we received a strong reinforcement. They call this the ac~ tion of Quatre Bras (where two high roads cross.)

Extract from a Letter by an OjJicer belonging to . the 92nd Regiment .

• ' The 92d, forming one of the regiments of the first Brigade. along with the Scots (Royals), 42d and 44th, was suddenly ordered to Brussels, OD the 15th, at nightafter which they marched thirty miles, and came up with

. the enemy about two or three o'clock on the 16th, and immediately marched into the field; but as the first divi-

• Thi. supplies a great gap in the Military Chronicle aeCOUDt who ow)' .a1s, "we had five hour. hard fighting."

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96 BATTLB 0)4 QtJATll.E BIU£

sio. wu only there with some BrumwicRn, the 92d 'WU. erdemd to take position in a ditca, to CO'fel' tIM gaM UJd caYalry, .. 111e junior regUneDt: in the mean tiDle the . otber part of the division went a liWe to the left, to daoeck the FreDCh infantry pasling that way. The situation of tais ret;imeat was DI08t tryins for upwards of an bour, being aposed very mucb to the enemy's guDS, at this period, from the Duke aDd Staft" being just ia froDt of the regiment; and at this p«lint, an the reinforcements passed t.their stations. Very IlIftny of the Duke's StaW were t_ Wf)OIIded. At this time the French cavalry basan toattack a vilage, ealled Qvat,e Bras, the Bnuaswick eavalry, dieD ia fropt of the Qed, went to meet them: not being .. 9lIfticient strengdi, the :&uriswic:kers retired npoa the 9Icl in some «:GIlfasioll; we coald D04I then give any belp-the Freneh, cot down a great many of their rear men, aBEt dismounted two goos. The BrftBswielEers were intermingled with French; but as soon as they were cleared, our regiment fired. The grenadiers being wheeled back on the road whieh lined the ditch,. we also lined, to enable them to fire on tile French; they followed the Bruoswickers. Our volleys separated the front charge from the rear by the gap which we made; nothing was seen but horses and men tumbling over each other-the rear of the enemy retreated, and the front dashed through the village, cutting down all they met. The enemy's charge being repelled, we DOW prepared to eharge, againet a body of curiassiera nearly in motion, supported by iofantry-l' Come 9ft, my good- old gid," was- the'word from

• This ill mentiOlled ill the ,two preceding account ••

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