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BUILDING ENVELOPE

Mid-Term Project

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Elevation Diagrams

Form

The concept of the museum


South Facade is derived from the side-
winder snake native to the
desert sands of Mongolia.
The slithering motion of
the building’s form creates
a circulation that is both
vertical and horizontal at
the same time. The visitor
enters through the lobby in
North Facade the “tail” of the building and
ends in a gallery space at
the “head.” Through this
process, anyone walking
through the museum is
besieged with quick turn-
arounds and sharp junc-
tions. Thus, the visitor not
West Facade only sees the snake-like
form of the structure but
also experiences its move-
ment through the adven-
ture of this unique cultural
establishment.

East Facade

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Elevation Diagrams

Punctures

The architect of the Ordos


Art Museum was very
explicit with openings and
1:150
1:150 1:150 the emission of natural
South Facade South Facade
South Facade
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SouthFacade
South Facade light into the building.
Placed among an eleva-
tion that is mostly solid
and opaque, the facade
articulation suggests that
the sudden U-turns in the
museum are both highly
important elements for the
North Facade 1:150
1:150 1:150
1:150 interior and exterior experi-
North Facade
virtually no openings on the North side due to the sun’s exceptionally harmful light North FacadeNorth Facade
North Facade ence. Large voids at the
coming from that direction vertexes of the sidewind-
ing movement are specifi-
cally placed in these areas
to sufficiently illuminate
the stairs and emphasize
the important of views
toward the outside in these
1:150
West Facade
1:150 1:150
1:150 critical moments of the
West Facade West Facade WestFacade
West Facade
art museum. The eleva-
tion demonstrates that
hierarchy is imposed at
these essential instances
East Facade in order to draw attention
East Facade EastFacade
1:150
East Facade
1:150
to the connection between
1:150 1:150
parts of the program.
East Facade
all gallery spaces are pulled away from the openings in order to protect the artifacts
from direct sunlight; therefore public circulation lies behind these voids

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Elevation Diagrams

Glazing
1:150
South Facade
1:150 To further enhance the the quality
South Facade
1:150
South Facade of these moment connections, the
1:150 architect paid close attention to
South Facade the treatment of glazing at these
particular points. The protrusions
of these bends are a celebrated
1:150 piece of architecture where the
North Facade
1:150
glass sits on the the same plan
1:150
North Facade as the primary skin. This allows
North Facade it to appear as though it is on the
1:150
North Facade
same wrapping as the rest of the
building. Because it is placed
over the floor slab and ceiling
plain, it reads as a continuous sur-
1:150
West Facade
face that is uninterrupted by the
1:150 change in materiality. In addition,
West Facade
1:150
West Facade the thickness of the material sur-
1:150
rounding the glass on the inside
West Facade
incorporates an extra layer that
East Facade
1:150 looks as though the tough exterior
East Facade
1:150
skin has been peeled back or
East Facade
1:150 away to reveal certain contents
East Facade and moments that lie inside.
1:150

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Elevation Diagrams
Window Articulation

The Ordos Art Museum is


a free stranding structure
with no other vital elements
influencing its immediate
1:150
South Facade context. Therefore, there
South Facade is no need for regulating
1:150
South Facade
1:150 lines or datum information
South Facade
to draw scale factors for
1:150 the panes of glass. Being
South Facade
without this convenient form
of reference, however, DnA
1:150 beijing did not overlook the
North Facade
importance of this architec-
1:150
North Facade 1:150
North Facade tural detail. The majority of
North Facade glass was made at identical
1:150 dimensions for ease in or-
North Facade dering and assembly. They
are contructed together to
1:150
form long planes of glass
West Facade
whose mullions follow the
1:150
West Facade
lines of a snakeskin coun-
1:150
West Facade tour. The spacing is exact
West Facade
due to the repetitive nature
East Facade
West
1:150
Facade of the window articulation.
1:150
The dimensions are made
East Facade
1:150
East Facade at human scale to keep the
1:150 relationship between the
East Facade observer and the terrain
1:150 outside among the dynamic
form of the entire building.
East Facade

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Materiality and Affect
* Red color represents the surface of the facade where exterior finish is applied.
Material: shale brick
Building Skin

A unifying exterior surface


runs along every elevation
1:150
of the building to give it the
South Facade South Facade lifelike quality of a living
1:150
1:150
South Facade organism. The composi-
South Facade
tion of the three shades of
1:150 gray compliment and blend
South Facade
nicely into the dull colors of
the desolate surroundings to
create a tonal quality on the
1:150 outermost layer of the building
North Facade
1:150 that resembles the reptilian
North Facade 1:150
North Facade
North Facade
skin of the sidewinder. From
1:150
a distance, the multi-layer
North Facade facade looks like a mosaic
that tries to camouflage itself
within its surrounding environ-
ment. Upon closer investiga-
1:150
West Facade tion, one can infer that each
1:150
West Facade
1:150 individual shale brick repre-
West Facade West Facade
sents the scales of a snake’s
1:150 exoskeleton. The perception
West Facade
East Facade of this quality creates a visual
1:150
East Facade
display of dynamic movement
East Facade 1:150 to symbolize the twists and
1:150
turns of the sidewinder’s er-
East Facade
1:150
ratic movements.

East Facade

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Materiality and Affect

If one was to unwrap the entire facade into a linear


piece of information, the result would be a meticu-
lously patterned investigation of contour, external
views, heat gain, and sun exposure. Careful con-
sideration was given to each layer of information
surrounding the inrigue of the intelligence behind its
formation.

* Diagram taken from ArchDaily website.

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
parapet

Performance Diagrams
8” thick laminated clear glass sunr
parapet skylight
cast
gutt
drainage pipe

shed

shed 8B
shed 8B

thick safety glass curtain wall


restaurant gallery gallery

galvanized rain water pipe gallery


exterior wall wall

safety glass curtain wall galvanized rain water pipe

cast iron grate


gutter
cast iron grate
gutter

interior wall

Rain and moisture are addressed on the A thick glass curtain wall contains layers of glazing to decrease
exterior wall of the facade. A water pipe and gutter are heat gain and filter sunlight in order to protect the artifacts in the gallery
used for drainage from violent desert thunderstorms. and lie behind.
floor 3C

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010

cast iron grate shed


Performance Diagrams parapet
top of concrete pressure
parapet top of concrete pressure
parapet8” thick laminated clear glass sunroof
top of concrete pressure top of concrete pressure
parapet skylight
top of concrete pressure top of concrete pressure
8” thick laminated
8” thick laminated clear glass sunroof
clear glass sunroof
skylight
parapet parapet skylight

shed 8B shed 8B
shed shed 8B
shed 8B shed 8B
shed 8B
shed shed 8B
shed 8B shed 8B
shed 8B
shed shed 8B

restaurant shed 8B
gallery gallery gallery gallery

restaurant exterior wall gallery wall gallery gallery gallery


wall interior wall interior

safety glass curtain wall galvanized rain water pipe exterior wall wall wall interior wall interior

restaurant
safety glass curtain wall galvanized rain water pipe gallery gallery gallery gallery

exterior wall wall wall interior wall interior


cast iron grate
top of concrete pressure
gutter
cast irongalvanized
grate rain water pipe
interior wall top of concrete pressure
gutter
Polystyrene insulation
shed 8B
interior wall
Polystyrene insulation
shed 8B
shed 8B

shed 8B
top of concrete pressure
floor 3C
restaurant
floor 3C
interior wall restaurant
Polystyrene insulation
shed 8B
shed 8B
shed 8B
wall
cast iron grate shed shed 8B
shed 8B
gutter floor 3C
wall shed 8B
cast iron grate shed kitchen
gutter floor 3C

ipe kitchen
floor 3C
shed 8B
interior
restaurant
shed 8B
shed 8B
restaurant interior
shed 8B

restaurant
n wall lime soil shed 8B
shed 8B
interior wall wall
ass curtain wall lime soil
pipe cast iron grate shed
gallery interior wall
gutter floor 3C
in water pipe gallery cast iron grate
kitchen kitchen
gutter
cast iron grate
kitchen
gutter shed
te
shed
t iron grate shed 8B interior wall
ter interior
shed 8B interior cast iron grate wall

lime soil
restaurant
gutter
cast iron grate
gutter
lime soil
lime soil
interior wall

gallery

The cafe, a public component of the


cast iron grate

Service areas, such as the kitchen, are


kitchen
gutter The service stairs are juxtaposed to a
placed in the basement to leave room for more party wall because they do not need light and shed program, is located on the ground floor with
public spaces like the gallery. used only for efficient circulation in between
interior wall a curtain wall to let in lots of light. Above, the
floors. cast iron grate
gutter
galley is located behind an opaque wall.
lime soil

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010
Detailed Wall Section

Building Envelope Analysis


SHALE BRICK
Upon examining the construction details of the
(finished surface)
wall section, it is possible to conclude that the
ceramsite concrete block method of construction is a sitecast concrete
extruded polystyrene board
system. The reinforced concrete beams sug-
gest that this is a one-way system because of
reinforced concrete their shallow depth in relation to the span of
the concrete slabs. A thick layer of concrete
GALLERY block holds up the opaque walls which hold
the perceptually reptilian-like finish on the
(opaque)
exterior. The use of dense ceramsite con-
crete blocks the heat of the sun and keeps the
interior cool. Overall, I feel that this building
concrete was fairly cheap and fast to construct because
reinforced concrete of its extremely efficient form of methods.
Desert conditions do not typically experi-
ence severe weather, and with the intelligent
choice of materials, this building should be
able to withstand the “sands of time.” In fact, I
LOBBY believe that the materiality will alow the Ordos
(transparent) Art Museum to age and weather nicely as it
continues to perpetually reference the nature
of its surroundings and context.

concrete (slab on grade)


lime soil

ORDOS ART MUSEUM Inner Mongolia, China DnA beijing 2007


Integrated Technologies II - Prof. Doug Harmon Assignment 6 Oscar Garcia March 26, 2010