Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 35

CEE 81B

CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICUM II


Amir AghaKouchak
amir.a@uci.edu
Course Website:

https://eee.uci.edu/15w/17040

CEE 81B: CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICUM II

GIS Applications

Surveying

1. Getting started with ArcGIS.

1. Distance Measurement.

2. GIS Applications in Civil


Engineering, Transportation,
Water Resources.

2. Angle Measurement, Profiling,


Topography, and Route
Surveying.

3. Database management using


GIS.

3. Site Planning and United


States Public Land System.

4. Preparing GIS Maps.

4. Cut and Fill Analysis.

CEE 81B

CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICUM II


Clickers
You need to purchase a "clicker from the UCI
bookstore.
Note: You must have your clicker every class period
to be able to participate in quizzesno exceptions.

CIVIL & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING


Planning

Design

Risk Assessment
&
Cost Benefit Analysis

Construction
Decision-Making

Introduction to GIS

Geographic Information System

GIS Applications in
Civil Engineering

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering


Construction
Transportation
Water Resources
Environmental Analysis
Operations/Maintenance
Data Collection and Surveying
Remote Sensing

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Construction

Grading
Contouring
Cross sections
Design calculations
Equipment staging
Geologic map database

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering


B

Major Faults
Source: USGS

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering


B

Source: USGS

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Water Resources

Flood mapping
Hydrologic modeling
Data collection and interpolation
Zoning
Risk analysis

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Before Building Reservoir

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Before Building Reservoir

After Building Reservoir

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Flood Mapping

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Transportation

Road design
Cut and fill analysis
Route optimization
Traffic analysis
Emergency evacuation

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Point A

Route B

Route A
Point B

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering

Louisiana Emergency Evacuation Map

Source: LA DOT

GIS Applications in Civil Engineering


Air Pollution Stations

Rain Gauge Stations

Data Collection and Processing

Introduction to GIS
Many of the issues in our world have a critical
spatial component!
Land management
Property lines, easements, right of ways
Data on land values, taxation, assessment
Business site selection, advertising
Proximity of our land to other facilities (pollution, hunting,
municipal, federal, state)
Hydrology: Soil, Elevation, Structures , vegetation
Crime analysis
Emergency management and disaster preparation

Introduction to GIS

The Space on Earth


The Earth is finite!
If not now, within our lifetimes there may be
no natural ecosystems.
Land managers, natural resource workers, and
politicians are and will continue to make
decisions about biological systems.
Good information and tools are needed to do
this.

Introduction to GIS
ArcGIS:
A computer-based tool for

holding,
displaying,
analyzing, and
manipulating,

spatial data.

Introduction to Surveying

Civil Engineering

Surveying

Introduction to Surveying

Definition:
Surveying is the science of estimating
the elevation of points on the Earths
surface and determining their
distances, angles, etc.

Introduction to Surveying
Example:

Elevation at A?

Elevation at B?

Design I
Point B

Point A

Introduction to Surveying
Example:

Elevation at A?

Elevation at B?
Cut

Fill

Cut

Point A
Point B

Introduction to Surveying
Example:

Elev.?

Elev.? Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Point A
Point B

Introduction to Surveying
Example:

Elev.?

Elev.? Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Elev.?

Design II
Design I
Point B

Point A

Importance of Surveying
Hoover Dam Bypass project (source Wikipedia)

Introduction to Surveying

Horizontal and Vertical


Distance Measurement

Horizontal and Vertical Distance Measurement


Direct Method Using a Tape

Point B

Horizontal Distance = L cos


Vertical Distance = L sin
Point A

Problems?
Temperature may affect the measuring tape.
The pull/tension applied to the tape in the field may be different from
the standardization pull.
Tape sagging (mainly for long tapes)

Stadia Measurement

Rod

Stadia Measurement

Stadia Lens Crosshairs

Rod

Stadia Measurement

D= 100 * s
hB - hA= hi - SM

Vertical Distance Measurement


BS: Backsight
FS: Foresight

Direct Leveling

BS = 4.5 ft

H.I.

FS = 1.5 ft

Elev. = ?
Point B

Benchmark A
Elev. = 100.00

A Elev. = 100.00 ft
BS = +4.50 ft
HI = 104.50 ft
FS = -1.50 ft
B Elev. = 103.00 ft

Vertical Distance Measurement

Direct Leveling

Point B
Point A

Vertical Distance Measurement

Indirect Leveling
RR=
6.4 ft

= 3o15
HI=5.4 ft

Benchmark A
Elev. = 303.00

Elev. = ?
Point B

V = L sin
= (451.00 ft) * sin 3o15
= 25.57 ft
Elev. B = Elev. A + HI V RR
= 303.00 + 5.4 +25.57 - 6.40
= 327.57 ft