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Name: Christian Vincent J.

Mandawe

Class Schedule: 12:30 - 1:30pm


MWF LB 343 TC

Course & Year: BSME 3


LESSONS LEARNED IN SOCIAL SCIENCE
There is a saying that No man is an island. It is actually true since we
are both a biological being and a social being. We have means of
communications to interact with other people. It is difficult for a man to survive
all by himself. When people interact with each other, they slowly form into
what we call society today.
In my early days in this class, I was introduced about the things that
can describe people. For example, this includes being a Filipino, Carolinian,
Student and others. Then, these are connected to what we call as social
groups.
Moreover, we need to focus first the main subject of this course which
is the society. As people gather together to form groups, they form into a
society as said earlier. A society is a group of people with common territory
and culture. They can provide their needs through the roles of each person in
the society. In a society, there are three important elements. These are the
social structure, culture and socialization.
First, social structure is the organized pattern of interaction in the
society. This includes the social institution which includes religion, education
and others. The social group is where a group of people with a common
identity interact with each other. Another one is the social statuses. Social
status can be ascribed (has no control), achieved and mastered. The other
one is the social role. These roles can be not clear, difficult to execute or can
cause the problem to each other.
Second, culture serves as the identity of a society. It is usually passed
from generation to generation. This can include belief, value, symbols,
language, technology and others. Social norms serve as the code of conduct
that guides the behaviour of the people.
The third one is socialization. It is a process of learning. We undergo
primary socialization where we are in our childhood. During secondary
socialization, this usually occurs in our teenage or adulthood stage. There is
anticipatory socialization where people anticipate a certain quality to be a part
of a group. Then, there is resocialization where people unlearn the old
lessons and learn the new ones.
On the following meetings, I have learned about the relation of social
science to other fields of learning. Social science covers a lot of area. Science
itself is divided into two parts which is natural science and social science.
Under social sciences, this includes political science, sociology, anthropology,
history and economics.

Political science focuses on politics, government, voting behaviour,


political structure and power. Economics focuses on production, allocation,
distribution, consumption and economy. History studies the past and possible
implication on the present and future. Psychology studies the mind of the
individual. Anthropology studies about man and culture. Each of these
sciences focuses its objectives itself. However, sociology tends to relate each
sciences to one another.
Speaking of anthropology, it is all about the study of man. It has its own
sub-discipline. The first one is physical anthropology. It is all about the study
of the physical characteristic man. It focuses on human evolution down to
forensics. The other one is cultural anthropology. It focuses on the patterns of
human behaviour and feeling. It studies the relation of culture and man. It has
two main components which is ethnography and ethnology. Archaeology is
the study of human culture through cultural remains. It can be in a form of
pottery, swords and etc. Lastly, linguistic anthropology studies the human
language throughout its structure, usage and history. It has three areas. This
includes Historical Linguistics, Structural Linguistics and Sociolinguistics.
In addition, sociology can be quantitative or qualitative. It is qualitative
when it focuses on meanings. Interview is somehow used to gather
information. In quantitative, it focuses on numbers. It uses survey and
numerical information to gather data.
Moreover, sociology can be structural and interactional. We have
structural functionalist and conflict theory which are under the structural. We
have as well symbolic interactionist which is under the interactional. In
symbolic interactionist theory, it tells us that each of us can have different
interpretation of the symbols or events around us. For example, humans see
trees as resources while the fairies see the trees as a home in the film Fern
Gully. The smile at a woman can have different interpretation between the
one smiling and the one being smiled. In structural functionalist theory, social
problems arise because of the dysfunction of the parts in a system. For
example, the goal of the president is to eradicate corruption. If the lower
members will not follow, it is impossible to reach the goal. In conflict theory,
there are two main actors. These are the oppressors and the oppressed. For
example, the farmers earned less from the land that they farmed compared to
the landlords. These theories are evident in the film Fern Gully. This is
where the humans and Hexxus are the oppressors and the fairies are the
oppressed.
Lastly, I have learned observing my surroundings. I have learned to be
more specific to my observations. I need to concretely describe the events
that occurred in my surroundings. For example, I eat a banana. instead of I
eat a fruit.
In conclusion, these are the lessons that I have learned in this course.
It is all about our society. This is still half of the lessons that I have learned.
There are still a lot of things that I can learn and apply from my society.