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Tribals in Madhya Pradesh

Bhil tribal girls in Jhabua

A Bhil tribesman in the Jhabua forests

There are 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes in Madhya


Pradesh, India, three of which have been identied as
'Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs)(formerly
known as 'Special Primitive Tribal Groups}. The population of Scheduled Tribals (ST) is 20.27% of the state
population (12.233 million out of 60.385 million), according to the 2001 census.[1] Bounded by the Narmada
River to the north and the Godavari River to the southeast,
tribal peoples occupy the slopes of the regions mountains.

A Baiga tribe family in Balaghat district, Madhya Pradesh

cial structure, economic structure, religious beliefs and


language and speech. Due to the dierent linguistic, cultural and geographical environments, the diverse tribal
world of Madhya Pradesh has been largely cut o from
the mainstream of development.

Madhya Pradesh holds 1st rank among all the


The term Scheduled Tribes refers to specic indige- States/Union Territories (UTs) in terms of Special
nous peoples whose status is acknowledged to by the Tribal population and 12th rank in respect[2]of the
Constitution of India. The term Adivasi also applies to proportion of ST population to total population.
indigenous peoples of this area.

2 Distribution of tribal population

Diversity of tribes

The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond,


The diversity in the tribes across the state comes from Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhariya, Halba, Kaul, Mariya, and
dierences in heredity, lifestyle, cultural traditions, so- Sahariya.
1

3 LIST OF RECOGNISED TRIBES

Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have a more than 50


percent tribal population. In Khargone, Chhindwara,
Seoni, Sidhi and Shahdol districts, 30 to 50 percent of
the population is of tribes. The largest population is that
of the Gond tribes.

Keer (in Bhopal, Raisen and Sehore districts),


Khairwar, Kondar,
Kharia,
Kondh, Khonds, Khand,

List of recognised tribes

Kol,
Kolam,

As per List of Scheduled Tribes in India, Scheduled


Tribes in Madhya Pradesh, as recognised by Indias constitution are:
Agariya,
Andh,
Baiga,
Bhaina,
Bharia Bhumia, Bhuinhar Bhumia, Bhumiya,
Bharia, Paliha, Pando,

Korku, Bopchi, Mouasi, Nihar, Nahul, Bhodhi,


Bondeya,
Kori, Korwa, Kodaku,
Manjhi,
Majhwar,
Mawasi,
Meena (in Sironj Sub-Division of Vidisha District),
Mundra,

Bhattra,

Nagesia, Nagasia,

Bhil, Bhilala, Barela, Patelia,patel

Oraon, Dhanka, Dhangad,

Bhil,
Bhunjia,

Panika [in (i) Chhatarpur, Panna, Rewa, Satna,


Shahdol, Umaria, Sidhi and Tikamgarh districts,
and (ii) Sevda and Datia tehsils of Datia district)],

Biar, Biyar,

Pao,

Binjhwar,

Pardhan, Pathari, Saroti,

Birhul, Birhor,

Pardhi (in Bhopal, Raisen and Sehore districts),

Damor, Damaria,

Pardhi, Bahelia, Bahellia, Chita Pardhi, Langoli


Pardhi, Phans Pardhi, Shikari, Takankar, Takia
[in (i) Chhindwara, Mandla, Dindori and Seoni
districts, (ii) Baihar tehsil of Balaghat district,
(iii) Betual, Bhainsdehi and Shahpur tahsils of
Betul district, (iv) Patan tahsil and Sihora and
Majholi blocks of Jabalpur district, (v) Katni
(Murwara) and Vijaya Raghogarh tahsils and Bahoriband and Dhemerkheda blocks of Katni district,
(vi) Hoshangabad, Babai, Sohagpur, Pipariya and
Bankhedi tahsils and Kesla block of Hoshangabad
district, (vii) Narsinghpur district, and (viii) Harsud
tahsil of Khandwa district],

Dhanwar
Gadaba, Gadba,
Gond, Arrakh, Agaria, Asur, Badi Maria, Bada
Maria, Bhatola, Bhimma, Anurag, Koilabhuta,
Koliabhuti, Bhar, Bisonhorn Maria, Chota Maria,
Dandami Maria, Dhuru, Dhurwa, Dhoba, Dhulia,
Dorla, Gaiki, Gatta, Gatti, Gaita, Gond, Gowari,
Hill Maria, Kandra, Kalanga, Khatola, Koitar,
Koya, Khirwar, Khirwara, Kucha Maria, Kuchki
Maria, Madia, Maria, Mana, Mannewar, Moghya,
Mogia, Monghya, Mudia, Muria, Nagarchi,
Nagwanshi, Ojha, Raj Gond, Sonjhari, Jhareka,
Thatia, Thotya, Wade Maria, Vade Maria, Daroi,
Halba, Halbi,
Kamar,
Karku,
Kawar, Kanwar, Kaur, Cherwa, Rathia, Tanwar,
Chattri,

Parja,
Sahariya, Saharia, Seharia, Sehria, Sosia, Sor,
Saonta, Saunta,
Saur,
Sawar, Sawara,
Sonr

Most populous tribes

According to the 2011 Census of India, Bhil is the most


populous tribe with a total population of 4,618,068, constituting 37.7 per cent of the total ST population. Gond is
the second largest tribe, with a population of 4,357,918
constituting 35.6 per cent. The next four populous tribes
are: Kol, Korku, Sahariya and Baiga. These six tribes
constitute 92.2 per cent of the total ST population of the
State.
Pardhan, Saur and Bharia Bhumia have a population
ranging from 105,692 to 152,472; together, they form
3.2 percent of state population. Four tribes, namely, Majhi, Khairwar, Mawasi and Panika have populations in the
range of 47,806 to 81,335, and account for another 2.2
percent of the ST population.
The remaining thirty three tribes (out of the total of 46
tribes) along with the generic tribes constitute the residual
2.5 per cent of total ST population. Tribes having below
1000 population are twelve in number.[2]
Bhils have the highest population in Jhabua district followed by Dhar, Barwani and Khargone districts.
Gonds have major concentrations in Dindori district,
Chhindwara, Mandla, Betul, Seoni and Shahdol districts.
Other four major groups Kol, Korku, Sahariya and Baiga
have registered the highest population in Rewa, Khandwa,
Shivpuri and Shahdol districts respectively.[2]

References

[1] Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribe Welfare Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh
[2] Madhya Pradesh: DATA HIGHLIGHTS: THE SCHEDULED TRIBES, Census of India 2001. Govt. of Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 2010-04-09.

External links
Govt of MP schedule caste and schedule tribe welfare department
Department of tribal development, MP government
Census 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Further reading
Jain and Bhatnagar: Upkar Madhya Pradesh
Samanya Gyan, Upkar Prakashan Agra

8 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

8.1

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Tribals in Madhya Pradesh Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribals%20in%20Madhya%20Pradesh?oldid=638608567 Contributors: Goethean, RScheiber, Utcursch, Rich Farmbrough, Kwamikagami, LRBurdak, Woohookitty, Wavelength, Chris the speller, NeoJay, Shyamsunder, Cydebot, PKT, JustAGal, Faizhaider, JaGa, Rayabhari, MatthewVanitas, WikiDan61, Bunnyhop11, AnomieBOT, The
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