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# Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

CHAPTER

14

1.
2.

g(x) dx = f(x) + c

(e)

(f)

= 3f(x) + c

6(3x + 1) dx = 9x + 6x + c

9 x +
6x +
c
\ (3x + 1) dx =
6
6
6

4x2
x4
3x1
= + + c
1
2
4
2
1
3

= +

+c
x
x2
4x4

x 16
dx = dx
1
(x 4)
x 4 2

= (x + 4) dx
2

(i)

1 x6 + c
=
3

3 dx = 3x + c

(x + 4)(x 4)

1 x2 + 4x + c
=
2

x + 3x + 2
dx = dx

(x + 2)
x+2

= (x + 1) dx

(j)

dx

x1
3
=
+c
5 1
3
= + c
5x

2x
+c
2x dx =
6

3x 4x + 1
2 dx
1
x
4x
1
3x
= 1 + 2 dx
x
x
x
= (3x 4x + x ) dx

x5 + c
6. (a) x4 dx =
5

4 x3 + c
1 x4
=
3
4

(h)

23 h(x) dx = f(x) + c
2 h(x) dx = f(x) + c

3
h(x) dx = 32 [f(x) + c]

3
3x
dx =

5
5x

8x3
6x2
6x4
= + 8x + c
4
3
2
3
8
4
3
2
= x x 3x + 8x + c
2
3

3 x2 + x +
c
=
2
6

(d)

(c)

6 (3x + 1) dx = 9x2 + 6x + c

x(x 4x) dx = (x 4x ) dx

(g)

= 8x x3 + c

2(x 1)(3x 4) dx
= 2(3x 4x 3x + 4) dx

= (6x 8x 6x + 8) dx

(b)

4. 6(3x + 1) dx = 9x2 + 6x + c

5.

3x
+c
(8 3x ) dx = 8x
3

3h(x) dx = 3 h(x) dx

3.

Integration

(x + 1)(x + 2)

1 x2 + x + c
=
2

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

u
du
(2x + 3) dx =
2

dy
7. = 4x2 x + 5
dx
dy
y = dx
dx

= (4x x + 5) dx

u6
= + c
6(2)
u6
= + c
12
(2x + 3)6
= + c
12

4 x3
x2 + 5x + c....................... 1
y =
3
2
Substitute x = 1, y = 1 into 1,
4
1 +5+c
1 =
3
2
41
c =
6

11.

dy
x4 1
8. =
dx
x2
4
x
1
=
x2
x2
= x2 x2

## 12. (a) 2(5x + 3)4 dx

2(5x + 3)5
= + c
5(5)
2

=
(5x + 3)5 + c
25

y = (x2 x2) dx

1
dx
(3x
2)
= (3x 2) dx

x1 + c
1 x3
=
1
3
1
1 + c........................... 1
3
y = x +
x
3
Substitute y = 3 and x = 2 into 1,
1 +c
1 (2)3 +
3=
2
3
8
1
= + + c
3
2
1
c =
6
1 x3 +
1
1.
Therefore, y =
x
3
6

(b)

(3x 2)3
= + c
3(3)
1

=
+c
9(3x 2)3
3
dx
(2
7x)
= 3(2 7x)

(c)

dx

3(2 7x)
= + c
(1)(7)
3
= + c
7(2 7x)

dy
9. = 4x3 8x + 1
dx

y = (4x3 8x + 1) dx
y = x4 4x2 + x + c......................... 1

2
dx

3(4x 1)
2 (4x 1) dx
=
3
(d)

Substitute x = 1, y = 1 into 1,
1 = 1 4 + 1 + c
c = 1

(4x 1)2
2
=
+c
2(4)
3
1

= 2 + c
12(4x 1)

## Therefore, the equation of the curve is

y = x4 4x2 + x + 1.

(2x + 3) dx
5

13. (a)

Let u = 2x + 3
du
= 2
dx
du
dx =
2
Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

u dx = (1 3x) dx

(1 3x)5
= + c
5(3)
(1 3x)5
= + c
15

4 x3
1 x2 + 5x
41 .
Therefore, y =
3
2
6

10.

3 dx = 33x4

= (3 2) (3 1)
=3

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

(b)

1
0

4 x3
4x2 dx =
3

(c)

1
1

(d)

1
2

(e)

3x3 dx

1
1

3
=
2x2

1
2

1
1

1
=
2x

2 3

1 (2x 3)4
=
16

1
dx =
(2 3x)4

2
1

4 3

3
3

4 3

3 2

2
1

1
1
=

9(4)3
9(1)3
1
1
= +
576
9
7
=
64

4x dx = 32x24

(d)

(e)

= (2 12) (2 22)
= 6

(2 3x)4 dx

1
=
9(2 3x)3

(2 3x)
=
(3)(3)

(c) 4

1 (3)4
1 (1)4
=
16
16
=5

= 32x 4

= (2 22) (2 12)
=6

3 4

(b)

4x2
4x dx =
2

2(15x2 + 23x 4) dx

(2x 3)4
1
1 (2x 3)3 dx =

2
2
4(2)

23 x2 4x
= 2 5x3 +
2
2
23 (2)2 4(2)]
= 2(0) 2[5(2)3 +
2
= 188

14. (a)

2
0

3x3 4x
(3x2 4) dx =
3
0
= [23 4(2)] (0)
=0

1
1
=
2
(4)
1
1
=
2
4
3
=
4

(i)

= (1 + 3) (4 6)
=4+2
=6

1 x2 dx

x1
=
2(1)

(2x + 3) dx

= 3x2 + 3x4

2 1

(g)

3
3
=
2
2
=0

(f)

2 1

3x2
=
2

1 dx =

2x2

(h)

4x2 9
dx
2x 3
2
1 (2x 3)(2x + 3)
=
dx
(2x 3)
2

4 1
4 0
=
3
3
4
=
3

3 dx =

x3

x2
x dx = 4
2 1
2
2
1
= 4
2
2
1
=42
2

3 4
1
2
1
2

3
=4
2
=6

1 2

4x dx
4x dx = 4 x dx
2

4x dx =

2
1

3
1
3
1

4
0
4
0

4
2 1

0
3
0

1
=
x+4

3
1

x3 dx

(x 3x) dx
0

1 dx

3x2
x2 dx

x3 dx
0

3 4

1)
= (0) (
4
1
=
4
1
= unit2
4

1
0

x3 dx
1

x4
=
4

1 (0)
=
4
1
= unit2
4

3 4

1 2

1 +
1
=
4
4
1
= unit2
2

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

2 1

x=1

x4
=
4

Area of region Q =

1
1
=
9
3
1
1

=+
9
3
2
2
= unit
9

y = x3

Area of region P =

1
=
3x

2 1

x
=
3(1)

y dx

x = 1

33
3 (3)2 (0)
=
3
2
27

= 9
2
9

=
2
9 unit2
=
2
Therefore, the area of the shaded region is
9 unit2.

2
1
3

(f)

(d) Area =

1
1
=
5
2
1 +
1

=
5
2
3 unit2
=
10

y dx

x3
3 x2
=
3
2

(x + 4)2 dx

3 4
1 2
3

dx
(x + 4)2

(x + 4)1
=
1

x4
=
4 0
44 (0)
=
4

= 64 unit2
(c) Area =

3
1

(x2 + 1) dx

x3 + x
=
3
1
3
3
1 +1
= + 3
3
3
4

= 12
3
2 unit2

= 10
3
(b) Area =

(e) Area =

y dx

(g)

## 16. (a) Area =

y
y = 2x

B(2, 0)

y = 2x + 4

Area of region P =

1
0

1 unit2
=
3

=
(b) Area =

3
1
3
1

81
1
=
4
4

= 20 unit2

=
(c) Area =

1
0
1

y = x2 + 3

y dx
(x2 + 3) dx

1 x3 + 3x
=
3

(d)

1 + 3 (0)
=
3
1 unit2
= 3
3

1 (0)
=
4
1

=
4
1 unit2
=
4

y3 dy

P
0

x dy

y4
=
4

y=4

(1, 4)

0
1

1 2 1 2

34
14
=
4
4

2 +1
Area of the shaded region =
3

= 5 unit2
3

Area of region P =

y3 dy

3 4

x dy

y4
=
4

Area of region Q = 1 1 2
2

= 1 unit2

1 2

(h)

1 (0)
=
3

1 2

y2 dy

3 4

2 (0)
=
3
2 unit2
=
3

x dy

y3
=
3

2x2 dx

2 x3
=
3

0
1

A(1, 2)
P

## Therefore, the area of the shaded region

1 unit2.
is
4
y
B(0, 2)
P
Q

Area of rectangle = 1 4

= 4 unit2

x = 3y 2

A(1, 1)
x

1
Area of the shaded region = 4 3
3
2

= unit2
3

y = x + 2

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

Area of region Q =

1
0

= 3y34

19. (a)

3y2 dy
1
0

(b)

= (1) (0)
= 1 unit2
1 11

Area of region P =
2
1 unit2

=
2

1 1
A ,
3 3

=
=

x = 3y 2

(e)

20.

18.

a
b

f(x) dx =

f(x) dx +

f(x) dx +

5
1

5
1

5
3

f(x) dx

f(x) dx

f(x) dx

f(x) dx =

f(x) dx

f(x) dx

= 12 cm2

f(x) dx =

5
1

f(x) dx

= 10 4
=6

3
2

[kx + 2f(x)] dx = 10

kx dx +
2

5
1

+2

2f(x) dx = 10

5
1

f(x) dx = 10

25 k
1 k + 2 2 = 10
1
2
2 2
12k = 6

6
k =
12
1
=
2
22. (a) y = 2x2 + 1.................................... 1
y = x + 4..................................... 2

1 = 2, 2x2 + 1 = x + 4
2x2 + x 3 = 0
(2x + 3)(x 1) = 0

x = 1

g(x) dx

Substitute x = 1 into y = x + 4,

y = 3

f (y) dy
1

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

= 18 5
= 13 cm2

kx
3
2 4

f(x) dx +
x dy =

1
1

Area of the shaded region =
18
27
1 unit2

=
54

21.

31 2 4

f(x) dx

=27
= 14 cm2

1
=
(0)3
3
1 unit2
=
27

Area under the straight line y = x with y-axis
1
1
1
=
2
3
3
1 unit2
=
18

17.

2f(x) dx = 2

3 3

= 3y 4

y=x

3y2 dy

= 12 5
= 7 cm2

(d)

x dy

f(x) dx =

## Area under the curve x = 3y2 with y-axis

1

(c)

1
Area of the shaded region = 1 +
2
1

= 1 unit2
2
y

(e)

f(x)
1 b f(x) dx
dx =
2 0
2
0
1

= 12
2

= 6 cm2

x dy

f(x) dx

## (b) Area of the shaded region

=

(2x + 1) dx

2 x3 + x
=
3
0
2
= + 1 (0)
3
2 unit2

= 1
3
1

3
1

23 4(2) (0)
=
3
8
=8
3
16
=
3
16 unit2
=
3

25.

23.

C 0

B(0, 2) y + x = 2

x = y2 + 4..................................... 1
y + x = 2.............................................. 2
Substitute 1 into 2,
y y2 + 4 = 2
y2 y 2 = 0
(y 2)(y + 1) = 0
y = 2, 1

1 = 2, x 2 + 1 = 2
x2 = 1
x = 1

## A(1, 2) and B(1, 2).

Substitute y = 2 into 1,
x = 4 + 4
=0

## Area of region under the curve y = x2 + 1 from A to B

(x + 1) dx
2

x3 + x
=
3

3
1

Substitute y = 1 into 1,
x = 1 + 4
=3

1 +1
1 1
=
3
3

2 1

4
4
=
3
3
8
= unit2
3

1 2 1

1 33
2
9
= unit2
2

= 4 unit2

## Area of region BDE

1
=
x dy

8
Area of the shaded region = 4
3
4
= unit2
3

2
1
2

(1)
(2)3
= + 4(1) + 4(2)
3
3

2
0
2
0

4 3

2 1

11
=
3
11 +
=
3
5
= unit2
3

x dy
(y2 4) dy

y3
= 4y
3

1 4
8 8
=
3
3

(y2 + 4) dy

y3
= + 4y
3

24. x = y2 4
When x = 0,
y2 = 4
y = 2

## Therefore, A(0, 2).

x
C
D(3, 1)

0
E

y=2

y = x2 + 1............................................. 1
y = 2..................................................... 2

x = y 2 + 4

y = x2 + 1

16
1
3 2
16

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

27. (a)

9 +
5
Area of the shaded region =
2
3
1

= 6 unit2
6

## 26. (a) Volume generated =

y=x
A(1, 1)
O

x dx

y = x2................................1
y = x..................................2

2
0

23 0
=
3
8 unit3
=
3

2
0
2
0

1 = 2, x2 = x
x2 x = 0
x(x 1) = 0

x = 0, 1

y2 dx
x4 dx

x5
=
5

=
=
=

2
1
2
1
2
1

=
=

1
0
1
0

y2 dx
x4 dx

x5 1
=
5 0
1 unit3
=
5

## (c) Volume generated

Therefore, A(1, 1)

25 0
=
5
32
= unit3
5

3 4

3 4

## The volume generated by the straight line OA

1 (1)2 1
=
3
1 unit3
=
3

y2 dx
(x2 + 1)2 dx
(x4 + 2x2 + 1) dx

x5
2 x3 + x
= +
5
3
1
5
2
1 +
2 +1
2 (2)3 + 2
= +
5
5
3
3
13
3
= 11 unit
15

1
1
=
3
5
2

=
unit3
15

4 1

(b)

y
y = x2

## (d) Volume generated

1
= 3 4 dx
(x + 1)
= (x + 1) dx
=

2
0

0
2

B
O

(x + 1)1
=
1

1
=
(x + 1)

1 = 2, x2 = x + 6
x2 + x 6 = 0
(x + 3)(x 2) = 0

x = 3, 2

2 1

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

y = x2...................1
y = x + 6............2

1
1

=
3
1
2
3
= unit
3

y2 dx

3 4

y = x2

y2 dx

x3
=
3

## (b) Volume generated =

0
2
0

Therefore, A(2, 4)

x-coordinate of B = 6

y = x + 6

## Volume generated by the shaded region

= Volume generated by AOC + Volume generated
by ABC
2
1 (4)2 (6 2)
y2 dx +
=
3
0
2
64
4
=
x dx +
3
0

x5
=
5

32 +
64
=
5
3
11
= 27 unit3
15

3 4

Therefore, A(1, 1)

y = x + 2
When x = 0, y = 2
B(0, 2)
When y = 0, x = 2
C(2, 0)

1 2

2
0

x2 dy

x
=
3
3

1 (1)2 (2 1)
=
3
1 unit3
=
3

3 4

23 0

=
3
8 unit3
=
3

(y 1) dy

2 1

1
= (0)
2
1 unit3
=
2

4
0
4
0

y4 dy

y5
=
5

3 4

1+
1
=
3
5
8
= unit3
15

(4 y) dy

y
= 4y
2

0
1

1 2

x2 dy

1
=
x2 dy

1 (0)

=
5
1
= unit3
5

22 2
1 1
=
2
2

x2 dy

y
= y
2

## (c) Volume generated =

1
2
1

Substitute y = 1 into 1,
x = 1

64
+
3

## 28. (a) Volume generated =

Substitute 1 into 2,

y = y2 + 2
2
y + y 2 = 0
(y + 2)(y 1) = 0

y = 2, 1

(b)

y = x2

y = 2x

42 (0)
= 4(4)
2
= 8 unit3

29. (a).

C
O

A
B

y = x2...................1
y = 2x...................2

1 = 2,
x2 = 2x
x2 2x = 0
x(x 2) = 0
x = 0, 2

x = y2

y = x + 2
C

x = y2............................... 1
y = x + 2........................ 2
9

When x = 2,
y = 2(2)
= 4

3.

## Volume generated by the curve y = x2

4
0
4
0

4 (0)
=
2
= 8 unit3

1 2

g(x) dx

[kx g(x)] dx = 20

kx dx
6

1
6
2 1

kx
3
2 4

g(x) dx = 20
(10) = 20

16 unit3
=
3

k(1)2
k(6)2 = 10

2
2
1
36 k = 10
k

2
2
35

k = 10
2

1 (2)2 4
=
3

## Volume generated by the shaded region

16

= 8
3
8
= unit3
3

2
k = 10
35
4
=
7

2[f(x) x] dx = 15

[2f(x) 2x] dx = 15
2 f(x) dx (2x) dx = 15
p
3

3
p

f(x) dx = 1
3
0
= 1
3
= 8
9

3 x 4x 1 4

1 83

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

3f(x) dx = 3

f(x) dx

=38
= 24

1 dx =
2

x2
3
2
2
x dx =
3
k

k
3

x
2
=
3
3
1 4
1

3
k

1 +
1 =
2

3
k
3
1
= 1

k

k = 1

1 13 2 1 1k 2 = 23

3 x 4x 1 4
2

3f(x) dx =

6.

2 10 3x243p = 15

20 (9 p2) = 15

20 9 + p2 = 15

p2 = 4

p = 2
Since p , 0,
\ p = 2
2

5.
1.

2.

= 2(10)
= 20

(b)

2g(x) dx = 2

y dy

3 4

4. (a)

x2 dy

y2
=
2

= 4 [2 f(x)] + c
= 8 f(x) + c

## Therefore, A(2, 4).

4 g(x) dx = 4 g(x) dx

10

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

1 into 1,
Substitute x = 1 and y =
2
1
1
4
2
= (1) 4(1) + c

2
2
1 4+c
=
2
c = 4

dS
= 4t3 5
7.
dt

s = (4t3 5) dt

s = t 4 5t + c
10 = 24 5(2) + c
= 6 + c
c = 4
Therefore s = t 4 5t + 4

dy
= kx2 + 5x................... 1
dx

y 2x + 3 = 0

y = 2x 3

dy
(b) For turning points, = 0
dx
2x3 8x = 0
2x(x2 4) = 0
2x(x 2)(x + 2) = 0

x = 0, 2, 2

8. (a)

1 x4 4x2 + 4.
y=
2

## Gradient of the straight line is 2.

dy
Substitute x = 2 and = 2 into 1,
dx
dy
= kx2 + 5x

dx
2 = k(2)2 + 5(2)
4k = 8
k = 2

1 (0)4 4(0)2 + 4
When x = 0, y =
2

=4
1 (2)4 4(2)2 + 4
When x = 2, y =
2

= 4
1 (2)4 4(2)2 + 4
When x = 2, y =
2

= 4

= (2x + 5x) dx

## Therefore, the turning points are (0, 4), (2, 4)

and (2, 4).
d2y

= 6x2 8

dx2

2x3 +
5x2 + c................. 1
=
3
2
Substitute x = 2 and y = 1 into 1,
5 (2)2 + c
2 (2)3 +

1 =
2
3
16

1 = + 10 + c
3
16 10
c = 1 +
3
11
=
3

Therefore, the equation of the curve is
2 x3 +
5 x2
11 .

y=
3
2
3

d2y
= 8 , 0
When x = 0,
dx2
d2y
= 6(2)2 8
When x = 2,
dx2
= 16 . 0

d2y
When x = 2,
= 6(2)2 8
dx2
= 16 . 0

## Hence, the maximum point is (0, 4).

4
10. (a) y =
(3x 1)2
= 4(3x 1)2
dy
= 4(2)(3x 1)3(3)

dx
24
=
(3x 1)3

dy
9. (a) = 2x3 8x
dx

y = (2x3 8x) dx
8x2 + c
2 x4
=
4
2
1
4
= x 4x2 + c................... 1
2

11

## The gradient of the tangent at the point P(1, 1)

24
=
[3(1) 1]3
24
=
8
= 3

x = y2 1................................. 1
2x ................................. 2
y =
3
Substitute 1 into 2,
2 (y2 1)
y =
3
3y = 2y2 + 2
2y2 + 3y 2 = 0
(2y 1)(y + 2) = 0
1 , 2
y =
2

Equation of the tangent is y 1 = 3(x 1)
= 3x + 3

y = 3x + 4

## (b) (i) Area =

3
1

3
1

dx
(3x 1)2

Substitute y = 2 into x = y2 1,
x = (2)2 1
=3

4(3x 1)2 dx

4(3x 1)1
=
(1)(3)

## Therefore, P(3, 2).

4
=
3(3x 1)

1 (3)2(2)
Volume generated by OPQ =
3

= 6 unit3

4
4
=

3(9 1)
3(3 1)
4 +
4

=
24
6
1
2
= unit
2

4 3

=
=
=

1
2

(3x 1)3
= 16
(3)(3)

1
= 16
9(3x 1)3

1
1
= 16
16
9(8)3
9(2)3

11.

2 1

8
= 6 2
15
7 unit3
= 3
15

1 +
1
= 16
9(8)3
9(2)3
7 unit3
=
32

4 3

1 +
2 1
32 +
16 2
=
5
3
5
3
8
3
= 2 unit
15

(y4 2y2 + 1) dy

(1)
(2)5 2
2 (1)3 + (1)
=
(2)3 + (2)
5
3
5
3

3
1

(y2 1)2 dy

x2 dy

y5
2 y3 + y
=
5
3

y dx
4
dx
= 3
(3x 1) 4
16
dx
=
(3x 1)
= 16(3x 1) dx
=

12. (a)

y
y = 2x
Q

P
A
O
x

1 O
R(0, 1)
Q

y = x 2 + 3x

P(3, 2)
x = y2 1

2
y = x
3

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

12

y = 2x......................................1
y = x2 + 3x............................2

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

Substitute 1 into 2,
2x = x2 + 3x
x2 x = 0
x(x 1) = 0
x = 0, 1

13. (a) y = x3 + 2
dy
= 3x2

dx

Gradient of the tangent at A(1, 1) = 3(1)2

=3
1.

Gradient of the normal at A is
3

Therefore, k = 1.

(b) y = x2 + 3x
When y = 0,
x2 + 3x = 0
x(x + 3) = 0
x = 0, 3

01
k+1
0 1 =
1

k+1
3

k + 1 = 3

k = 2
(b)
y

## Therefore, A = (3, 0).

(c) Substitute x = 1 into y = 2x,
y = 2

y = x3 + 2
B

1 12
Area of OBk =
2

= 1 unit2

A(1, 1)

## Area of the region bounded by curve OB, x-axis

and x = 1

=
=

1
0

1
0

C(2, 0)

1 13
2
3

=
2
1 unit2

= 1
2
Area of the region under curve AB with the
x-axis

(x2 + 3x) dx

x3 +
3x2
=
3
2 0
1
3
= + (0)
3
2
7
2
= unit
6
1

=
=

7 1

Area of region Q =
6
1

= unit2
6

=
=
=

1
3
1
3
1

y dx
(x3 + 2) dx

x4 + 2x
=
4

y2 dx
(x2 + 3x)2 dx

## (x4 6x3 + 9x2) dx

4 3

7
=8
4
3 unit2
= 9
4

3 1
1
Area of the shaded region = 9
4
2
1 unit2

= 8
4

35
1
3 +3
3 (3)4 + 3(3)3
=
5
2
5
2
2 unit3
= 6
5

1
2

(1)4
24 + 2(2)
=
+ 2(1)
4
4

x5
3 x4 + 3x3
=
5
2

3

D O

y dx

3
1

4 3

13

## (c) Volume generated by the shaded region

2
1 12 3
(x3 + 2)2 dx

=
3
1

(x6 + 4x3 + 4) dx

x7 +
4x4 + 4x
=
7
4

2 + 24 + 4(2)
1 + 1 4
=
7
7
3
= 44 unit3
7

1. (a)

x + 3kx dx = 36
2
1
x

(x + 3k) dx = 36

5.

x(x + 2)
x2

dx =
2
(x + 1)
x+1

(b)

f(x) dx

3
2

g(x) dx +

= 4 + 10
= 14

kf(x) dx = 62

5
5

g(x) dx

f(x) dx = 62
k 10 = 40
k = 4

5
3

g(x) dx

2g(x) + k
4 dx = 43
3
3

5
3

123 g(x) + 3k 2 dx = 43
2
k dx =
4

g(x) dx +
3
3
3

3
5

5
3

k x =
4
2 10 +

3 3
3
3
5

3 4

5 k k =
20 +

3
3
2 k =

3
2 k =

3
4
20

3
3
16

3
3
16

k =
2
3
= 8

k(2x 1)2 dx = 2k 3
1

= 2k 3
3
(1)(2) 4
0

k
k
= 2k 3
2
2

1 2 1 2

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

22 + k

(b)

k
dx = 2k 3
(2x 1)2
k(2x 1)1

f(x) dx

(k2 + k) (1 + 1) = 2
k2 + k = 0
k(k + 1) = 0

k = 0, 1

0
1

= 3 10
= 30

7. (a)

3f(x) dx = 3

2x + x = 2
3
4
2

4.

(2x + 1) dx = 2
2

6. (a)

g(x)
1 g(x) dx
dx =
3
3
1 [2h(x) + c]
=
3

3.

x + 3kx = 36
3
4
3

9 + 9k = 36
9k = 27
k = 3

3 + 3k(3) (0) = 36
3
4
3

2x(x + 2)
x(x + 2)
2 1

dx =
dx
2
3(x
+
1)
3 0 (x + 1)2
0
2
1

=
3
2
1

=
3
2.

1 x(x + 2)
2x(x + 2)

dx = 2
dx
(x + 1)2
(x + 1)2
0
1
=2
2
=1

(c)

12
=
(0)
1+1
1
=
2

4 1

(b)

k = 2k 3
2k + k = 3
3k = 3
k = 1

14

21 2

## 8. Area of the shaded region

= Area of AOB

f(x) dx

1 3842
=
2
= 6 unit2
9.

= 2(3 + 5x)2 dx

g(x) dx

2(3 + 5x)1
= + c
(1)(5)
2
= + c......................... 1
5(3 + 5x)

P(3, 5)

A(3, 0)

## Area of the shaded region

3
5
= Area of rectangle AOBP
g(x) dx f1(y) dy
=3545
= 6 unit2

1 , y = 3 into 1,
Substitute x =
5
2
3 = + c
5(4)
1
c = 3
10
2
31 .
Therefore, y =
+
5(3 + 5x)
10

y = g(x)
y = f (x)

B(0, 5)

dy
13. = 3x2 4x + k
dx
Gradient of the tangent at P(2, 5) = 3(2)2 4(2) + k

=4+k
y 2x + 1 = 0
y = 2x 1

dy
= 3x2 + 4x 5
10.
dx

## The gradient of the straight line is 2.

y = (3x2 + 4x 5) dx

Therefore, 4 + k = 2
k = 2
dy
= 3x2 4x 2
dx
y = (3x2 4x 2) dx

y = x3 + 2x2 5x + c........................ 1
Substitute x = 1 and y = 4 into 1,
4=1+25+c
c=6

Therefore, y = x3 + 2x2 5x + 6.

= x3 2x2 2x + c........................ 1
Substitute x = 2 and y = 5 into 1,
5 = 23 2(2)2 2(2) + c
=884+c
c=9

dy
11. = 3(1 2x)5
dx

## Hence, the equation of the curve is y = x3 2x2 2x + 9.

3(1 2x)6
= + c
6(2)
1 (1 2x)6 + c................. 1

=
4

14. (a) 2y x + 1 = 0
2y = x 1
1x
1

y =
2
2

## Substitute x = 1 and f(x) = 3 into 1,

1 (1 2)6 + c
3=
4
1 +c
=
4
1
c = 3
4
1 (1 2x)6 +
13 .
Therefore, f(x) =
4
4

1.
The gradient of the normal at (3, 1) is
2

is 2.
dy
4k
=
(3x + 1)2
dx
4k

2 =
(3x + 1)2
(2)(10)2 = 4k
200
k =
4
= 50

dy
2
12. =
dx
(3 + 5x)2
2
y =
dx
(3 + 5x)2

15

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

dy
200
(b) =
(3x + 1)2
dx

0
k
0

d
d
(x2 + 1)(x) x(x2 + 1)
dy
dx
dx
=
dx
(x2 + 1)2

y2 dx = 625

(x2 + 1) x(2x)
=
(x2 + 1)2

x4 dx = 625

1 x2
=
(x2 + 1)2

x5 = 625

5 0

k (0) = 625
1
5 2
5

1
0

k5 = 625 5
= 55
k = 5

k k
1
2 1 12 12 = 12
2
2

2 1 2

From 1,
5 = 3p2 + 2
3p2 = 3
p2 = 1
p = 1

7
y2 dx =
24

Since p . 0, then p = 1.

1
7

dx =
(x 2)4
24

From 2, q = 5 1 2

=3

(x 2) =
7
3
24
3 4

## Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

dy
Substitute x = p, y = q and = 5 into 1
dx
and 2,

## Based on the diagram, k . 0,

therefore k = 2.

dy
19. (a) = 3x2 + 2................................ 1
dx
y = 5x 2................................. 2

k2 k = 0

2
k
k 1 = 0
2
k = 0, 2

17.

x2 1
1 x2
1 1

dx =
dx
2
2
3 0 (x2 + 1)2
0 3(x + 1)
1
1
=
2
3
1

=
6
1

1 2

1 x2
x

dx =
(x2 + 1)2
x2 + 1

1 (0)
=
2
1
=
2

1
x2 dy =
2
1
(y 1) dy =
2
k
y2
1
y =
2
2
1

x
18. y =
x2 + 1

3 4

16.

24
7 +
1

24
24
1
=
3
3(k 2)3 = 3
(k 2)3 = 1
= (1)3
k 2 = 1
k = 1

(3x + 1)1
= 200 + c
(1)(3)
200
= + c.................... 1
3(3x + 1)
Substitute x = 3 and y = 1 into 1,
200 + c

1 =
3(10)
20
c = 1
3
23
=
3

Therefore, the equation of the curve is
200
23 .

y =

3(3x + 1)
3

1
1

=

3(2)3
3(k 2)3
1
=

3(k 2)3

y = 200(3x + 1)2 dx

15.

1
7
=
3
3(x 2) 4
24

3 k

16

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

dy
(b) = 3x2 + 2
dx

dy
21. (a) = 2x 5
dx

y = (3x2 + 2) dx

= x2 5x + c......................... 1

y = x3 + 2x + c......................... 3

5 = 1 5 + c
c = 1

## Substitute x = 1 and y = 3 into 3,

3=1+2+c
c = 0
Therefore, the equation of the curve is
y = x3 + 2x.

Therefore, y = x2 5x 1
dy
d 2y

For minimum point, = 0 and 2 . 0
dx
dx

2x 5 = 0
5

x =
2
5

\ k =
2
5 , y = p into y = x2 5x 1,
Substitute x =
2
2
5
5
p = 5 1
2
2
25
25
= 1
4
2
1
= 7
4

dy
2
20. (a) =
........................... 1
dx
(1 3x)2
y + 2x + 5 = 0

y = 2x 5.................... 2

## The gradient of the normal at point A is 2.

Therefore, the gradient of the tangent at point A
1.
is
2
dy
1 into 1 and 2,
Substitute x = r, y = t, =
dx
2
From 1,
2
1 =

2
(1 3r)2

(1 3r)2 = 4
1 3r = 2
3r = 1 2
= 3, 1
1
r = 1,
3
Since r . 0, then r = 1.

1 2

1 2

## (b) Gradient of the tangent at A = 2(1) 5

= 3
1

Gradient of the normal at A =
3

Equation of the normal at A is
1 (x 1)

y (5) =
3
1x
1
y + 5 =
3
3
1
16
y = x
3
3

From 2, t = 2(1) 5

= 7
2
dx

(1 3x)
= 2(1 3x) dx

(b) y =

y = (2x 5) dx

## 22. (a) Substitute x = p, y = q into

y = (x 1)2 + 16 and y = x + 15,
q = (p 1)2 + 16........................ 1
q = p + 15.................................. 2

2(1 3x)1
= + c
(1)(3)
2

=
+ c......................... 1
3(1 3x)

1 = 2,
p + 15 = (p 1)2 + 16
= (p2 2p + 1) + 16
= p2 + 2p 1 + 16
p2 3p = 0
p(p 3) = 0
p = 0, 3

## Substitute x = 1 and y = 7 into 1,

2

7 = + c
3(1 3)
2 +c
=
6
1

c = 7 +
3
2
= 6
3
Therefore, the equation of the curve is
2
20 .
y =
3
3(1 3x)

Substitute p = 3 into 2,
q = 3 + 15
= 12
Therefore, p = 3 and q = 12.
(b) When y = 0,
y = x + 15

0 = x + 15
x = 15
C(15, 0)
17

0 = (2x 3)2
3
x =
2
3 , 0)
Therefore, D(
2

y
y = (x 1)2 + 16
15
A(3, 12)

C(15, 0)
B(5, 0)

(b)

y = x + 15

D(3, 0)

When y = 0,
y = (x 1)2 + 16

0 = (x 1)2 + 16
(x 1)2 = 16
x 1 = 4
x = 4 + 1
= 5, 3
B = (5, 0)

y = (2x 3)2
A(0, 9)

4 3

= Trapezium AOEB

11

(2x 3)2 dx

2 3

671 7
5
=
32
48
83 unit2

= 13
96

24

y+x=9

31

11 3
1
2
2

11

4
0

(3)3

6
6

## (c) Volume generated by the shaded region

2
3

y2 dx
(2x 3)4 dx

(2x 3)5
=
2(5)

2
0

(3 3)5
(3)5
=
10
10

31

2 1

24

243
= 0 +
10
243
= unit3
10

11 into 2,
Substitute x =
4
11
y = 9
4
25
=
4

24. (a)

A(0, 4)

2
D

For y + x = 9, when y = 0,

0 + x = 9
x = 9
Therefore, C(9, 0).
Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

11
61
=
8
4

1 = 2,

9 x = (2x 3)2
= 4x2 12x + 9
4x2 11x = 0
x(4x 11) = 0
11

x = 0,
4

## 23. (a) y = (2x 3)2.............. 1

y + x = 9
y = 9 x.................... 2

11 ,
25
Therefore, B
4
4

C(9, 0)

3 0
D ,
2

3)3
1
11 9 +
25 (2x

=
2
4
4
3(2)

3
3

E
O

## The area of the shaded region

1 12 12 5 [(x 1)2 + 16] dx
=
2
3
(x 1)3 5

= 72 16x
3
3
(5 1)3
(3 1)3

= 72 16(5) 16(3)
3
3
64
8

= 72 80 48
3
3
40

= 72
3
2 unit2

= 58
3

B 11
, 25

4 4

18

B(3, 1)
C(4, 0)
E

x
x = 3y 2

## Volume generated by the shaded region

= Volume generated by rectangle DOEB
Volume generated by the curve
3
x dx

= (1)2 3
3
0

k
y2
7
+ 3y =
2
2
0
k2
7

+ 3k =
2
2
2
k
7
+ 3k = 0

2
2
k2 + 6k 7 = 0
(k + 7)(k 1) = 0

k = 7, 1
Since k . 0, then k = 1.

2 3

x
= 3
6 0
9 0

= 3
6
3

= 3
2
3 unit3
=
2

3 4
1
2

(b) When x = 0,
y = x2 3
y = 0 3
= 3
Therefore, A(0, 3)
When y = 0,
y = x2 3

0 = x2 3
3
x = AB
3 , 0)
Therefore, B(AB

10
34
1
=
1
= 1
y1
= 1

03

y 1 = 3

y = 4

1 3 3 + 1 x dy
=
2
0
9 + 1 3y2 dy
=
2 0

3
3

y=k

(x2 3) dx

## Hence, the area of shaded region Q is 2AB

3 unit2.

1 = 2,
x + 1 = (x 3)2 + 2
= x2 6x + 9 + 2
x2 7x + 10 = 0
(x 2)(x 5) = 0

x = 2, 5

## Substitute x = 2 and x = 5 into 1 respectively,

When x = 2,
When x = 5,
y = 2 + 1
y = 5 + 1
= 3 = 6
Therefore, B(2, 3) and C(5, 6)

7
x2 dy =
2
0
7
(y + 3) dy =
2

AB3

y dx

## 26. (a) y = (x 3)2 + 2

Therefore, A = (3, 2)
y = x + 1.................................1
y = (x 3)2 + 2.......................2

x3 3x AB3
=
3
0
(AB
3)3
= 3AB
3 0
3
3

= 2AB
AB

= 2 3 unit2

y = x2 3

AB3

9 + y3 1
=
2 3 40
9 + (1 0)
=
2
1 unit2

= 5
2
25. (a)

19

## (b) The volume generated by the shaded region

= The volume generated by trapezium BCDE
The volume generated by the region under
curve BAC with the x-axis

5
2

(x + 1)2 dx

6
3
= 1

3
3 2

5
2

## 28. (a) When x = 0,

y = x3 + 8
y = 0 + 8
y = 8
Therefore, B = (0, 8)

## [(x 3)2 + 2]2 dx

When
y = 0,

0 = x3 + 8
x3 = 8
x = 2
Therefore, A(2, 0)

5
(x + 1)3 5
=
[(x 3)4 + 4(x 3)2 + 4] dx
2
3
2

5
2

## [(x 3)4 + 4(x 3)2 + 4] dx

(x 3)5
4 (x 3)3 + 4x
= 63 +
3
5

31

3
= 63 30
5
2
3
= 32 unit
5

2 1

24

5 Area of region P
Area of region Q =
3
5 12

=
3

= 20 unit2
(b) Volume generated by P
0 y2 dx
=
2 2
0

=
(x3 + 8)2 dx
2 2
0 (x6 + 16x3 + 64) dx
=
2 2

x7 + 4x4 + 64x
=
2 7
2
7
(2)
(0)
+ 4(2)4 + 64(2)
=
7
2
2
576

=
2 7
1 unit3

= 41
7

1 4 16
Area of AOB =
2

= 32 unit2
Area of the region between curve OA and the
x-axis
4
=
(x2 4x) dx

=
2

4 2(4)2 (0)
=
3
2

= 10
3
2

= 10 unit2
3

y dy

y2

=
2 2

3 4

=
2

= 4

20

42 0

2
unit3

2
Area of the shaded region = 32 10
3
1
= 21 unit2
3

4 x2 dy
=
2 0

x3 2x2
=
3

## (b) Substitute x = 0 into y = 4x 16,

y = 16
Therefore, B(0, 16)

The equation of the tangent AB is
y 0 = 4(x 4)
y = 4x 16

## 27. (a) y = x(x 4)

When y = 0,
x(x 4) = 0
x = 0, 4
Therefore, A(4, 0)
y = x2 4x
dy
= 2x 4

dx

The gradient of the tangent AB = 2(4) 4

=4

(x3 + 8) dx

x4 + 8x
=
4
2
(2)4
= (0) + 8(2)
4
= (4 16)
= 12 unit2

4 +8
4 (2)3 + 20
2 +
1
= 63
3
3
5
5
5

Area of region P =

(b)

4
0

x2 dy =

4
0

y dy

y2
=
2

26
11
Area of BEC =
3
3
15

=
3

= 5 unit2

3 4

4 0
=
2
= 8 unit3
2

30. (a)

1 (x 1) 5 = 5

2
2

x 1 = 5
5
= 2

x = 3

y
x=1
E

## Therefore, the x-coordinate of point C is 3.

y=R

1. (a)

y = f(x)

y = kx 3
2

11
Area of region P =
3
1
11
(kx2 3) dx =
3
0

A(0, 1)
O

3
5

3 (3)
1 (3)2
=
2
4
3
1 (5)2
(5)
2
4
= (2.25) (1.25)
= unit3

=35
= 15 unit2

x dy

f(x) dx

g(x) dx

d (1 3x)
d (x2) x2
(1 3x)
dy
dx
dx

=
dx
(1 3x)2
(1 3x)(2x) x2(3)
=
(1 3x)2
2
+ 3x2
2x

6x
=
(1 3x)2
2x 3x2
=
(1 3x)2

f(x) dx +

3. y 3xy = x2
y(1 3x) = x2
x2

y =
1 3x

= 10 6
= 4 unit2

x dy
3
1 y dy
= 1
2
2 2

3y
1 y2
=
2
4

1 3 (1 + 5)
=
2
= 9 unit2

(b)

## (b) D = (0, 3) and B(1, 5)

Volume generated by region Q about the y-axis
3

## 2. Area of the shaded region

Therefore, k = 2 and R = 5.

R = 2(1)2 3

R = 5

kx3 3x =
11

3
3
0
11
k
3 =
3
3
11
k

= + 3
3
3
2
=
3

k = 2

B(3, 5)

21

1

2

0
1
0

1
0

x2
2x 3x2

dx =
2
1 3x
(1 3x)

22
5 = 3(2) + c
2
5 = 6 2 + c
c = 1
x2 + 1

\ y = 3x
2
dy
= 4x 9

dx

x(2 3x)
1 0

dx =
(1 3x)2
13
2x(2 3x)
1

dx =
2
(1 3x)2

2x(2 3x)

dx = 1
(1 3x)2

y = (4x 9) dx

= 2x2 9x + d

d y
4.
= 30x + 8
dx2
dy
= (30x + 8) dx
dx
2

## Substitute x = 2, y = 5 into the equation,

5 = 2(2)2 9(2) + d

d = 5 8 + 18
= 15

= 15x2 + 8x + c

dy
Substitute x = 1, = 7 into the equation,
dx
7 = 15(1)2 + 8(1) + c
= 15 8 + c
c = 0

\ y = 2x2 9x + 15

## Therefore, the equation of the curves are

x2 + 1 and y = 2x2 9x + 15.
y = 3x
2

dy
6. (a) = kx + 3
dx

The gradient of the tangent at point (2, 2)

= 2k + 3.
12

The same tangent has gradient =
32

= 1

\ 2k + 3 = 1
k = 2

dy
= 15x2 + 8x
dx
y = (15x2 + 8x) dx

y = 5x3 + 4x2 + d
Substitute x = 1, y = 3 into the equation,
3 = 5 + 4 + d
d = 6
\ y = 5x3 + 4x2 6

dy
= 2x + 3
(b)
dx

y = (2x + 3) dx

5. (a)
(3 x)(4x 9) = 1
12x 27 4x2 + 9x = 1
4x2 + 21x 27 = 1
4x2 21x + 26 = 0
(x 2)(4x 13) = 0

= x2 + 3x + c
Substitute x = 2, y = 2 into the equation,
2 = (2)2 + 3(2) + c

c = 0

\ y = x2 + 3x

13

x = 2, x =
4
Since x = 2 is x-coordinate of point B, then
13
x-coordinate of point A is .
4
dy
= 3 x
(b)
dx

y = (3 x) dx

When x = 1,

y = (1)2 + 3(1)
= 1 3
= 4

dy
7. (a) For stationary point (1, 1), = 0
dx
dy

\ = 10x + k
dx

0 = 10(1) + k
k = 10

x2 + c
= 3x
2

22

## (b) The equation of the curve is

dy
= 10x + 10
(b)
dx

y = (10x + 10) dx

4 x2 8x + 5
y =
2

y = 2x2 8x + 5

1 2

= 5x2 + 10x + c
Substitute x = 1, y = 1 into the equation,

1 = 5(1)2 + 10(1) + c

c = 4

dh
9. (a) = 0.8t
dt

h = (0.8t) dt

y = 5x2 + 10x 4.

0.8
= t2 + c
2
= 0.4t2 + c

## (c) At (1, 1),

dy
= 10(1) + 10

dx

=0

The tangent at (1, 1) is parallel to the x-axis.

Therefore, the equation of the normal is x = 1.

Given h = 10 when t = 0,

\ c = 10

\ h = 0.4t2 + 10
When t = 2,
h = 0.4(2)2 + 10
= 8.4 cm

dy
8. (a) = px + q
dx

(2, 3) is a stationary point.
dy

\ = 0
dx

px + q = 0

p(2) + q = 0
2p + q = 0............................1

## (b) When water has flown out all, h = 0

\ h = 0.4t2 + 10
0 = 0.4t2 + 10
10

t2 =
0.4
t = 5 s

dy
= px + q

dx

ds = 4t
10. (a)

dt

s = (4t) dt

y = (px + q) dx

p
= x2 + qx + c
2

The curve passes through (0, 5)

\5=c
p

\ y = x2 + qx + 5
2

= 2t2 + c
When t = 0, s = 0,

\c=0

\ s = 2t2

After 3 seconds, t = 3
s = 2(3)2
= 18 cm

## Substitute x = 2, y = 3 into the equation,

p
y = x2 + qx + 5
2
p 2

3 = (2) + q(2) + 5
2

3 = 2p + 2q + 5
2p + 2q = 8...........................2

18 cm.

## (b) For s = 32,

32 = 2t2

t2 = 16

t = 4 s

2 1, q = 8

Substitute q = 8 into 1,
2p 8 = 0
p = 4
Therefore, p = 4, q = 8.

23

= (x + x 2) dx

## 11. (a) Equation of straight line AB

3 x....................................1
y =
2

Equation of curve
y = (x + 1)(3 x)...................2

## (b) f(x) = f(x) dx

2

1 x2 2x + c
1 x3 +
=
2
3

3 x = (x + 1)(3 x)

2
3 x = 3x x2 + 3 x

1 = 2,

3 x 2x 3 = 0

x2 +
2
1 x 3 = 0
x2
2

2, 2x2 x 6 = 0
(x 2)(2x + 3) = 0

2x + 3 = 0

## Substitute x = 2, f(x) = 0 into the equation,

1 (2)2 2(2) + c
1 (2)3 +

0 =
2
3
1 (2)3
1 (2)2 + 2(2)
c =
3
2
8
= 2 4
3
10
=
3
1 x3 +
1 x2 2x
10

\ f(x) =
3
2
3

x = 2 is for point B

3
x =
2
3.
x-coordinate of A is
2
3
Substitute x = into 1,
2
3
3
y =
2
2
9
=
4
3,
9)

\ A(
2
4

## (c) Area of the shaded region

=

3

2

x3 +
1 x2 + 3x
=
3
4

1 2
2
= 4
12
3
3

= 6
4
3

= 6 unit2
4

13.

4
y=
x2

3

2

1 32 2

1
3 2+3
3
+
4
2
2
3

2 1 2

23 +
1 (2)2 + 3(2)
=
3
4

1 2
13
= 4
3
16
7
2
= 7 unit
48

24

x
x=1

Area of the region =

## 12. (a) f(x) = x2 + x 2

For stationary points,

f(x) = 0
x2 + x 2 = 0
(x + 2)(x 1) = 0

x = 2, 1

Therefore, the coordinates of A are (2, 0).

3

2

1 (2)4 +
1 (2)3 (2)2
10 (2)

12
6
3

3

2

1 +
1 1
10
=
12
6
3

3 x dx
(x + 1)(3 x)
2

3
4
3 x dx
= 13x x + 3 x
2 2
1 x + 3 dx
= 1x +
2
2
=

1 x4 +
1 x3 x2
10 x
=
12
6
3

2

10 dx
113 x + 12 x 2x
3 2

1
3
1

4 dx

x2
4x2 dx

4x1
=
1

4
=
x

4
4
=
3
1
4
=+4
3
2
= 2 unit2
3

24

x=3

3
3
1

2 1

## Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 14

14.

1
2

1 4 (k 2)
Area of BAC =
2

= 2(k 2)
2
Given the total area = 10
3
8 + 2k 4 =
32

3
3
32
8
2k = + 4
3
3
2k = 12

k = 6

x
1

x4 + x
=
4
2
(1)4
(2)4
= + (1) + (2)
4
4

4 3

1 1 (2)
=
4
3 2
=
4
11
=
4

42
16. (a) Gradient of AB =
01

= 2

Equation of AB is y = 2x + 4
Area of ABD
5
(b) Given =
4
Area of BCOD

## Therefore, the area between the curve, the x-axis,

11 unit2.
x = 2 and x = 1 is
4
Area between the curve, the x-axis, x = 1 and x = 1
1
=
(x3 + 1) dx

x4 + x
=
4

2 1

1
0

## f(x) dx = Area of BCOD

5
3
=
4
4
5
3
=+
4
4
= 2 unit2

1 2 1

1 1 (2 + 4)
Area of AOCB =
2

= 3 unit2

14 + 1
1 1
=
4
4

1 2

(x3 + 1) dx

23 (0)
=
3
8 unit2
=
3

y = |x 3 + 1|

1
0

x2 dx

3 4

x3
=
3

Area of BOC =

4 3
=
9
4 unit2
=
3

17.

y
y = 2x + 4
B

11 + 2
The total area =
4

= 4 3 unit2
4
15.

x + 1 = y2
A

y = x2
B(2, 4)

A(k, 0)
C

For A, substitute y = 0 into y = 2x + 4,
0 = 2x + 4
x = 2
\ A(2, 0)

25

y = 0 + 4
=4
\ B(0, 4)

3 t2 3t +
3 = 6p
p
2
2
3 = 6
3 t2 3t +

2
2

## For C, substitute y = 0 into x + 1 = y2,

x = 1
\ C(1, 0)

3 t2 3t +
3 = 2 6
2
2
2

x2 + x
32 p p
=
2
3

1 1
32 p p 0
=
2
3

3 1

3t2 6t + 3 12 = 0
3t2 6t 9 = 0

t2 2t 3 = 0
(t 3)(t + 1) = 0

\ t = 3

## Volume generated by the shaded region

1 p42(2) p 0 (x + 1) dx
=
3
1

24

19.

1
32 p p
=
2
3
32 p
1p
=
3
2
1 p unit3
= 10
6

1 2

x
y

4
0

16
y

y = (x + 4)2
16

18.

y
2
y = x + 1
3

B(0, t)

A(0, 1)

Volume generated
1
=p
y2 dx

=p

4
1

When x = 0,
y = 0 + 1
=1
\ A(0, 1)

=p

3
1

x2 dy

(3y 3) dy

3 y2 3y
=p
2

3 t2 3t
3 3
=p
2
2

31

2 1

3 t2 3t +
3
=p
2
2

(x + 4)4 dx

(x + 4)5
= p
5
5
5
= p 0
5
= 54p
= 625p unit3

Volume generated
=p

24

26

20. When y = 2,
2 = (x 2)2 + 1
x 2 = 1
x = 3, 1
y

y = (x 2)2 + 1

(1, 2)

(3, 2)

y=2
x

Volume generated

=p
=p
=p

3
1
3
1
3
1

## {2 [(x 2)2 + 1]}2 dx

[1 (x 2)2]2 dx
[1 2(x 2)2 + (x 2)4] dx

2 (x 2)3 +
1 (x 2)5
=px
3
5

2 +
1 1+
2
1
=p 3
3
5
3
5

31

2 1

2 +
1 1
2 +
1
=p3
3
5
3
5
1 p unit3
= 1
15

24

27