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Mr.

Walid Helal
FLSHS

TD: Phonology/morphology

2015/2016

Phonetics
1.

Definition of the field of study

Exr1. Fill in the blanks with the missing expressions to complete the definition of the field
of study of phonetics:

talk / phonation / inner ear / three / transmitted / vocal tract / apparatus /


flow
Phonetics is all about studying the sounds we make when we .. It
encompasses the representation of how organs in the vocal . meet (i.e.
how they are positioned or moved or modified in shape together) along with the
. of air in the .. in order to make a sound sometimes
called .. It is also concerned with how speech sounds are
. in the air and how they are perceived by the .. of
hearers. There are main branches of this discipline.

Exr2. Link each subfield of phonetics to its definition:

subfield

definition

Articulatory
phonetics

the study of the physical transmission of


speech sounds from the speaker to the listener.
such as the analysis of frequency, amplitude,
and harmonic structure of sounds.

Acoustic
phonetics

the study of the reception and perception of


speech sounds by the listener, in the ear and
brain.

Auditory
phonetics

the study of the production of speech sounds


by the articulatory and vocal tract by the
speaker.

Mr. Walid Helal


FLSHS

1.

TD: Phonology/morphology

2015/2016

Articulatory system:

Exr1. Complete those two pictures with the right terms from the list:

Upper lip / upper teeth / blade / esophagus / pharynx / glottis / front / vocal folds / alveolar
ridge / palate (hard palate) / larynx / root / epiglottis / lower teeth / velum (soft palate) /
tongue / nose / lower lip / back / uvular / vocal cavity / tip / nasal cavity / windpipe
Exr2. Colour the passive and active articulators in the first picture:

Mr. Walid Helal


FLSHS

TD: Phonology/morphology

Exr3. Complete the definition of a place of articulation:

contact / region
3

2015/2016

consonant / point / articulator /

Mr. Walid Helal


TD: Phonology/morphology
2015/2016
FLSHS
A phonetic feature also known as .. of articulation, used for ..
.. classification to refer to the . in the oral cavity where the airstream
gets modified through the between a passive and an active
.
Exr4. Complete the definition of a manner of articulation:

cavity / airstream

mechanism / deviated
The manner or way the.is modified in the oral . by being
totally blocked, partially blocked, or ..
Exr5. Complete with the convenient couterpart of the place of articulation or its adjective:

place

adjective

.....................................
...
.....................................
...

alveolar ridge
.....................................
...
.....................................
...
.....................................
...

larynx
glottis

labiodental
....................................
....
....................................
....

teeth

uvula

labial/bilabial

palatoalveolar
palatal
velar
....................................
....
....................................
....
....................................
....

Exr6. complete with the convenient couterpart of the place of articulation of the tongue or
its adjective:

part of tongue
tip
undeside of the apex
blade

adjective
........................................
........................................
........................................

...............................
.........

sides of the tongue

........................................

the midline of the blade curved down

........................................

Mr. Walid Helal


FLSHS

TD: Phonology/morphology

middle and back part raised

2015/2016

........................................

the airstream mechanism:


Exr1. what do we call the organs which can provoke or initiate the movement of the air in
the vocal tract? ............................
Exr2. There are three initiators, what are they?

........................................
........................................
........................................
Exr3. What are the directions of airflow in relation with the initiators?

................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................

2.

Voicing:

2.1. The structure of the glottis:


Exr1. Complete the picture that represents the glottis using those names of organs:

base of the tongue/oesophagus/arytenoid cartilages/vocal


folds/glottis/epiglottis/vestibular folds

2.2. The status of the glottis:


Exr2. Answer the following questions:
a-what is the state of the glottis in each representation?

Mr. Walid Helal


FLSHS

TD: Phonology/morphology

2015/2016

narrow glottis / wide apart / wide apart+heavy airflow / vocal folds


tightly closed / vocal cords vibrating / vocal cords vibrating+slow
airflow
b-State the phonation that may happen simultaneously with each status of the glottis:

pictur
e

state of the glottis

sound produced

A
B
C
D
E
F
c-Among each group, circle the phonemes that can occur in either state A-B-C-E of the
glottis:

A: /k/
B: /h/
C: /a/
E: //

3.

// /r/ /m/ /s/ /t/ // //


// // // // //
/m/ /k/ // //
// /t/ /s/ /z/ // /k/

Consonants and vowels:

Exr1. Answer those question:


a-How many consonants and vowels do we have in English?
.......................................................................................................................................
......................................................
b-What makes a vowel a vowel and a consonant a consonant?
.......................................................................................................................................
......................................................

Mr. Walid Helal


TD: Phonology/morphology
2015/2016
FLSHS
c-What do you conclude if you want to compare spelling (letters written as graphemes)
and phonemic analysis?
.......................................................................................................................................
......................................................