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SERVICE MANUAL
(v3.0 / English)

HDX SKY Co.,Ltd


(103 / 104) 38, Osong saeng myung 4-ro, Osong-eup
Cheong won-gun, Chung Chung buk-do.

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Service call: 82 1588 2754
Issue date: 6 Dec 2013

IMPORTANT NOTES
This A/S manual was made for internal training of the company and distributors, and it should
not be leaked out.

You should know about below symbols and their meanings.

Non-compliance with mentioned items with this symbol may cause


the damage of the equipment.
Non-compliance with mentioned items with this symbol may cause
the loss of life or critical injury.
Mentioned items with this symbol are additional information or
references regarding operation.

Please use the equipment according to the regulations after you understand safety precautions
well to prevent danger.
Instructions for Use
You must use rated voltage for this equipment to prevent fire.
Do not use the equipment except skilled persons.
Note the followings for the installation of the equipment.
-Install it at dry area.
-Install it at the place unaffected by atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, sunlight,
dust, salt or air containing ion.
-Keep it to be stabilized against slope, vibration and impact.
-Do not install at the place where chemicals are stored or gases are generated.
-Be careful about power connecting voltage (V) and allowable current (A).
-Connect the grounding correctly.
-Do not turn on the power when working except necessary occasions for assembling or
A/S.

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Table of Contents
1. Name of Each Part................................................................................ 5
2. A/S Requiring Problems and Solutions ..................................................... 6
2-1. Table ......................................................................................... 6
Handpiece .................................................................................... 6
Scaler ........................................................................................ 13
3-Way Syringe ............................................................................. 15
Custom LCD Panel ....................................................................... 15
2-2. Balance Arm.............................................................................. 16
Balance Arm ................................................................................ 16
2-3. Chair ........................................................................................ 18
Chair Operation & Malfunction ........................................................ 18
Chair Noise & Speed Control .......................................................... 20
2-4. Unit ......................................................................................... 22
Auto Water Supplier ...................................................................... 22
Suction ....................................................................................... 22
2-5. Light ........................................................................................ 24
Light .......................................................................................... 24
2-6. Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 25
3. AIR & WATER LINE DIAGRAM................................................................ 31
4. Wiring Diagram................................................................................... 32

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1. Name of Each Part


HEAD REST
Dr. TABLE

BACK REST

Asst. TABLE

SPITTOON
AUTO CUP
LARGE ARM
z
BALANCE ARM
SEAT
JUNCTION

LIGHT

FILM VEIWER

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ARM REST

UNIT BODY

BASE

Foot
Controller
5

2. A/S Requiring Problems and Solutions


2-1. Table
Handpiece
1) No water from handpiece.
Check of Dr. Tables control panel Function Switch
-

Check WET/DRY state. (Water doesnt run from handpiece if light is on at DRY.)

[Pic.1] Dr. Table Control Panel


-

Function Switch Description


Normal/Reverse Rotation of HandpieceConverting Rotation Direction of Handpiece
(CW: Clockwise, CCW: Counter-clockwise)

(For Electric Motor Only; Option)

WET/DRY Conversion WET: Water supply runs from handpiece


DRY: Water supply does not run from handpiece
Fiber Optic ON/OFF On/Off of Fiber Optic Lamp of Handpiece
Water Warmer ON/OFF On/Off of Warm Water for Mouth Wash
Light ON/OFF (Pressing more than 1 second at ON state for 3-phase control)
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Water Control Valve Check
- Check if water valves are opened. (It opens by turning the valve counterclockwise.)

[Pic.2] Table Water Volume Control Valve

If you release valve excessively, pin may be pulled out.

WET/DRY Electronic Valve Check


- Check if light is on at Solenoid
Water Valve

Valve (WET/DRY)

4-Row Solenoid Valve

Solenoid Valve

- Check if 4-row solenoid valve


is turned on by lifting handpiece.

Check

if

water

valve

is

operated well.

- If it does not operate, check if


LED light of PCB is on visually
Master Block

and check disconnection of wire


using the tester (DC24V).

[Pic.3] Table Structure

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Foot Controller Check
- Check air switch inside foot controller and its operating state.

M/S PEDAL
ASSY B

M/S PEDAL
ASSY A

AIR Switch OR
Micro Switch

PEDAL ASSY

[Pic.4] Foot Controller

Check of PCB of Table


- Check if LED light of 4-row solenoid valve of Table PCB is on. (If it is on, it is OK.)
- Check if holder switch LED light is on by lifting handpiece.
- When pressing foot controller with lifting handpiece, check LED light is on at WET/DRY.

L IM IT

C W /C C W

Wet/dry & 4-row


Solenoid Valve

Holder Limit
Switch
AC24

AC24

AC24

[Pic.5] Table PCB

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Check of Line Blockage
- Check if there is blockage in handpiece tubing, coupling, handpiece and master block.
- After disassembling master block, check if packing is sticking together with the body.

Packing check

[Pic.8] Foot Controller Check

[Pic.6] Master Block

Junction Check
- Check water valve of Junction. (Open/Close Check)
WATER VALVE

AIR REGULATOR

DIVISION BLOCK

[Pic.7] Junction

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2) When handpiece is lifted, water runs or leaks.
Check Items
Check if water pressure is too high(2.0) or COMP pressure is too low(4.0Kg/).
Foot Controller Check
- If chair doesnt move when you move manual lever in foot controller, micro switch may be
pressed down, which causes the problem. (Check if the micro switch is being pressed
down)
M/S PEDAL
ASSY B

M/S PEDAL
ASSY A

Check if micro switch


is disconnected.

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL ASSY

SWITCH
[Pic.8] Foot Controller Check

3) Handpiece doesnt work.


Check Item
Foot Controller Check
-

Check if M/S pedal Assy or push button switch


is being pressed down (Refer to Pic.8)

Check if pedal air hose is being pressed down.


4-row Solenoid Valve Check (Refer to Pic. 5)
- LED light check of Solenoid Valve
- LED light check of PCB
- Input Voltage Check of Solenoid Valve (DC 24V)
Table Handpiece Holder Check
- Check if handpiece holder touch bar is being pressed

[Pic.9] Table Holder

Down.
If handpiece is incorrectly inserted, it may cause malfunctioning.
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4) Power of handpiece is weak.
Check Items
Foot Controller Check
- Check if there is an obstructor in pedal or air hose is being pressed down.

Pressure Gauge Check of Table


- Check if pressure of pressure gauge with maximum pressing of foot controller after lifting
handpiece is 2.8/. If pressure is low, adjust it by turning air control valve of master
block.
- When you turn the valve of master block to counterclockwise using a flat-head
screwdriver, air volume increases, and when you turn it to clockwise, air volume
decreases.

Air Control Valve

HIGH-H.P 1
HIGH-H.P 2
LOW-H.P
SCALER
Pressure Gauge
[Pic.10] Table Master Block & Pressure Gauge
Handpiece Exhaust Line Check
- Open table cover and check if handpiece exhaust line is bent.

Handpiece Condition Check


- Operate handpiece with bar inserted and if it is encumbered or there is big noise, you
need to consider replacement of cartridge.

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5) Low handpiece power is weak or noise occurs.
Check Items
Foot Controller Check
- Check if there is an obstructor in pedal.
Normal/Reverse Control Valve Check
- Check if normal/reverse control valve in handpiece is located in F or R.
(If it is located in the center, it doesnt operate.)
- Check of normal/reverse button in control panel. (In case of electric motor-Refer to Pic.1)
Pressure Gauge Check of Table
- Check if pressure of pressure gauge with maximum pressing of foot controller after lifting
handpiece is 2.8/. If pressure is low, adjust it by turning air control valve of master
block. (Refer to Pic. 10) (LOW H.P pressure can be increased to 3.5kg/.)

6) Handpiece fiber optic doesnt turn on.


Check Items
Table Control Panel Check (Refer to Pic. 1)
- Check if fiber optic lamp is turned on and off.
Cable Check
- Check if there is disconnection in wiring of fiber optic.
Lamp Check
- Check if lamp is disconnected.
Check if pedal limit switch is disconnected.
Check if there is a problem in table PCB relay.

7) Handpiece fiber optic doesnt turn off.


Check Items
Table Control Panel Check (Refer to Pic. 1)
- Check if fiber optic lamp is turned on and off.
Input/output power Check of Table PCB (Refer to Pic. 5)
- Check if fiber optic PCB power is OK (Using tester)
- Check of fiber optic power output in Pic.6 (Using tester)

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Scaler
1) Scaler doesnt work.
Check Items
Foot Controller Check (Refer to Pic. 4)
- Check if micro switch in foot controller is disconnected and it is OK.

Table Switch Line Check (Scaler Power)


- Check if scaler connector switch lines of Table PCB are sticking together when foot
controller is operated. (Measure the register with connector removed)

L IM IT

CW /CCW

AC 24

AC24

A C 24

[Pic.11] Table PCB

Scaler Power Check

Table Handpiece Holder Check (Refer to Pic. 9)


- Check if handpiece touch bar is being pressed down.

Check if there is disconnection in tubing wiring.


- Check if it is disconnected using the tester.
- If red light flickers in scaler PCB when scaler is operated, it indicates that line is
disconnected or handpiece has bad connection.

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2) Scaler vibration is weak.
Checking Items
Scaler Tip Check
- Check if tip is fastened or it is worn out or is bent.

Power Control Volume Check


- Check if scaler volume at lower side of table is set as Max.

Min

Max

Scaler Power
Control Vol.

[Pic.12] Scaler Power Volume

3) Water supply does not run from scaler.


Check Items
Table Control Panel Check (Refer to Pic. 1)
- Check WET/DRY state. (If DRY light is on, water does not run from scaler)

Water Valve Check (Refer to Pic. 2)


- Check if water valve is opened. (It opens by turning it counterclockwise.)

Tubing Check
- Check if handpiece or tubing is blocked.

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3-Way Syringe
1) Water supply does not run from 3-Way Syringe.
Check Items
Tubing & Syringe Tip Check
- Check if there is foreign substance inside Tip

Junction Check (Refer to Pic. 1)


- Check if tubing is bent.
- Check if water or air valve is closed.

2) 3-Way Syringe air or water leaks.


Check Item
Syringe Check
- Remove foreign substances after separating
Syringe button.
- Check wear condition of O ring.
[Pic.13] 3-Way Syringe Exploded View

Custom LCD
1) Characters of custom LCD panel are broken and illegible.
Check Items
Power Check
- Check if power cord is properly connected.
- Check I/O (In/Out) state of main switch.
- Check if main fuse is disconnected.
Power PCB Check
- Check if fuse of power PCB has blown out.
- If power PCB LED light is on but power is not turned on even with the pressing of power
switch of table control panel, you need to replace control pane.
Custom LCD Wiring Check
- Check if connection line of custom LCD is disconnected.
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2-2. Balance Arm


Balance Arm
1) Table balance arm sags.
Check Items
Fasten tension adjusting stud bolt.

[PIc.14] Balance Arm Assy

Gas Spring Stopper Check


Take table position and fasten gas spring stopper screw.

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2) Table balance arm floats.
Check Items
Chair Balance Bolt Check (6pcs adjustment)
-

Maintain level by adjusting balance bolt on


the bottom of chair.

Fasten the fixing bolt in main post and large arm.


(Fasten it using L wrench.) (Refer to Pic.14)

[Pic.15] Unit Body


Open balance arm and adjust regulation shaft. (Table Level Adjustment-Refer to Pic.11))

Backrest Variable Res

Chair Variable Res.

Balance Control Bolt

[Pic.16] Chair Assembly Drawing

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2-3. Chair
Chair Operation & Malfunction
1) Chair does not work.
Check Items
Check if power is turned on.
- Check if main switch is at ON.
- Check power PCB fuse.

Foot Controller Check


- Check if fixing bolt of micro switch is fastened. (Refer to Pic.8)

Memory Resetting
- Resetting of backrest, top and lowest point of chair (If memory was erased, replace CPU)
- Resetting Method of W
Function Button

FND Display

Control Button

Description
Entering into Setting Mode

When you press function button


sequentially, initial setting mode
is displayed.
Treatment Position Limit Setting
(Top, Lowest Point Setting)
When you press M after
setting top and lowest point
limit, the value is saved.
Application of Setting
If you turn on and off the
power, setting value is applied.
Variable Resistor Check
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- Check if variable resistor was damaged or loosened. (Refer to Pic.11)
Hydraulic Line Check
- Check oil solenoid valve and motor for defects
- Check Power PCB LED power
Table Control Panel Check
- Check Table PCB and Control Pane for defects (Refer to Pic.2)
Manual Switch Check
- Check if mains voltage input is made to the motor when manual operating switch of table
control panel is pressed.

2) Chair Malfunction & Memory Problem


Check Items
Cable of Assistant Table Check
- After separating cables of assistant table, test it.
- Check cable wiring.

Foot Controller Check


- Check if there is disconnection in wiring.

PCB Connector Check


- Check cables and connectors for defects.

Check PCB and Table Control Panel for defects.

Variable Resistor Check


- Check if there is damage or loosening of backrest and upper and lower variable resistors

Spark Killer Check


- Check if spark killer is installed in Power PCB. (If not, replace PCB)

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Chair Noise & Speed


1) Noise occurs while operating the chair.
Check Items
Seat Contact Area Check
- Check if noise occurs due to the friction between seat and backrest during descending or
ascending of backrest. (Seat defect)

Friction Noise

Spring Friction Noise

[Pic.17] Noise Occurrence Area


Oil Amount Check
- Check if noise occurs due to oil shortage caused by oil leakage. (Oil supplementation)

Backrest Spring Check


- Noise check of spring due to its bouncing while operating backrest (Assembling of 4X6
tubing at the side end after separating it)

Motor Levelness Check

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2) Chair Speed Control
Check Items
Oil Solenoid Valve Check
- Speed control check of backrest and chair (Speed rises by clockwise turn)
- Check defect or damage of coil

[Pic.18] Oil Solenoid Valve

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2-4. Unit
Auto Water
1) Water Control of Auto Water Supplier

Check Items

Adjust volume to control water amount


Control of discharging water and time of
Spittoon

[Pic.19] W Unit PCB Water Control

2) Non-recognition of Cup
Check Item
Unit PCB Replacement Check
- Replacement of Unit PCB or Auto Water Supplier

Suction
1) Suction power is weak.
Check Items
Suction Filter Net Check
- Filter Cleaning & Foreign Substance
Removal
Suction Line Check
- Foreign Substance Removal of Suction

CVS Filter Net Check

[Pic.20] Unit Body Suction

- CVS Filter Net


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Suction Line & Air Leakage Check

2) Suction does not work.


Check Items
Assistant Table Check
- Check if micro switch for suction insertion
is being pressed down.
- Check if there is disconnection in wiring of
micro switch.

Power PCB Check


- Check if power PCB relay works properly
while operating micro switch of assistant table.

[Pic.21] Assistant Table

(When checking resistance, 0 or will appear. If resistance is in suction operation,


replace PCB)

CVS Power Check


- Check if power cord is properly connected.
- Check if cut-off switch is at OFF.
- Check if fuse is disconnected.
Resistance Check

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2-5. Light
Light
1) Light is not turned on.
Check Items
Table Control Panel Check
- Check ON/OFF Switch of Table Membrane Light (Refer to Pic.2)
Check if there is disconnection.
- Connector connection or disconnection check
- Check if lamp connection line is disconnected.
Lamp Check
- Check lamp for defects.

Be careful not to be burned by the heat of lamp when you check the lamp.

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2-6. Troubleshooting
PART

Problem

Action
Check if Wet/Dry button is at Wet.

Check Area
Wet/Dry
Button
Water

Check if water control valve is opened.

Valve

Water does
not run from
handpiece

Check if Wet/Dry valve is defective.


Check if water valve is defective.
Check if air switch of foot pedal is defective.
Check if there is blockage in tubing, coupling, or
handpiece.
Check if there is disconnection in air switch of pedal.
Check if holder limit switch is being pressed down.

Bracket
Table

Check if LED light is on at 4-row solenoid valve


Handpiece
does not
work.

when handpiece is lifted.

Water Valve
Foot
Controller
Handpiece
Foot
Controller
Instrument
4-row
Solenoid
Valve

valve when handpiece is lifted. If not, replace the

Solenoid

defective.
Check if air hose of foot pedal is bent.
Check if handpiece pressure is specified pressure
(2.8kg/) and adjust it.
Check if exhaust line is bent.

power is
Check the wear condition of cartridge.
Check assembling state after opening the cover of
foot pedal.
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Valve

4-row

Check if control block Assy of foot pedal is

weak.

Wet/Dry

Check if pok sound is heard at 4-row solenoid

valve.

Handpiece

Control

Valve
Control
Block
Foot Pedal
Pressure
Gauge
Exhaust
Line
Condition
Check
Foot Pedal

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F.O
Check if F.O button of panel is being pressed down.

Function
Button

Check power of tubing (More than DC 3.2V) and


Fiber optic
handpiece
does not
work.

check if there is disconnection.

Fiber Optic

Check power output of fiber optic PCB. (DC3.2V)

PCB

Check power output of fiber optic of Dr. Table.

Table PCB

Check if there is disconnection in lamp and replace

F.O Lamp

lamp.
Check if there is disconnection in air switch of pedal.

Check if there is disconnection in air switch of pedal.


Low
handpiece
does not
work.

Check if holder limit switch is being pressed down.

Foot
Controller
Foot
Controller
Limit Switch

Check if normal/reverse control valve in low motor is


located in the center.

Low Motor

Check if pok sound is heard at 4-row solenoid

4-row

valve when handpiece is lifted. If not, replace the

Solenoid

valve.

PART

Tubing

Problem

Valve

Check

Action

Area

Check if there is disconnection in limit switch.

Limit Switch

Check if scaler connector switch lines of Table PCB


are

sticking

together

when

foot

controller

is

Table PCB

operated.
Check if AC24V power is supplied to table PCB.
Bracket
Table

Scaler does
not work.

Check if holder limit switch is being pressed down.


Check if there is disconnection in limit switch of
pedal.

PCB
Limit Switch
Limit Switch

Check if there is disconnection in tubing line.

Tubing

Check if pok sound is heard at 4-row solenoid

4-row

valve when handpiece is lifted. If not, replace the

Solenoid

valve.
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Table

Valve
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Adjust power control volume of scaler.

Scaler Tip

Check if tip is worn out or bent.

Scaler Tip

Replacement of PCB
Check if Wet/Dry button is at Wet.

not run from


Scaler

Control

Check if scaler tip is properly fastened.

Replacement of handpiece and tip.

Water does

Volume

Handpiece,
Tip
PCB
Wet/Dry
Button
Water

Check if water control valve is closed.

Control
Valve

Check if handpiece is blocked.


Check if tubing is blocked.

Handpiece
Tubing

Check if water valve is defective.


Check if syringe tip is blocked by foreign substance.

Syringe Tip

Air or water

Replacement of syringe tip.

Syringe Tip

does not run

Check if line is bent.

Water Line

form Syringe.

Check if water or air is closed in Junction.


Check if power cord is properly connected.
Switch next to power cord is at -.

No Power

Check if fuse in power cord insertion area is


disconnected.
Check if fuse of chair PCB is disconnected.
Replace membrane if there is no power when
membrane ON/OFF button is pressed.

LCD display
does not
work
or its defect.

Table

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Check if LCD connection line is disconnected or it is


defective.
Replacement of Table PCB
Replacement of LCD

Adjust table fixing knob.

Junction
Box
Power Cord
Power
Switch
Fuse
Fuse
Membrane

LCD
Table PCB
LCD

Fixing Knob

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Sagging
Open balance arm and fasten spring sport.

Bracket
Table

Table
Floating

Open balance arm and check link Assy for defects


and replace.
Adjust balance bolt in the bottom of chair.

Nolevelness of
Table

Chair does
not work

Open balance arm and adjust regulation shaft.


Check if power is turned on. (Including PCB fuse
check)
Check if there is disconnection in pedal limit switch.

Check variable resistor for defects.

Check oil solenoid valve for defects.

Chair

(It moves by
itself.)

Balance
Arm
Balance
Control

arm.

chair.

malfunction

Arm

Fasten the fixing bolt in body and bracket table large

Make resetting of backrest, top and lowest point of

Chair

Balance

Balance
Arm
Power
Limit Switch
Resetting
Variable
Resistor
Oil Solenoid
Valve

Check manual operating switch of pedal for defects.

Foot Pedal

Check if there is disconnection in 37P cable.(V 1.3)

37P Cable

Check if oil pump works.

Oil Pump

Check PCB or membrane for defects and replace.

PCB,
Membrane

Check if 220V input is made to the motor when


manual operating switch of table control panel is
pressed.
Check if there is disconnection in 37P cable 37P.
Remove cable of assistant table and test it.

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37P Cable
Assistant
Table

Chair

Check if there is problem in foot pedal connection.

Foot Pedal

malfunction

Check cables or connectors for defects.

Connectors

(It moves by

Check PCB or membrane for defects and replace

itself)

them.

PCB,
Membrane

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PART

Problem

Action

Check Area

Noise occurred due to the friction between seat and

Seat

backrest during descending or ascending of backrest.

Assembly

(Reassembly of Seat)

Condition

Problem expected area

Noise occurred due to the friction of channel upper


Noise
occurs while
operating
the chair.

cover (metal) area (Bent it slightly)


Noise by lack of oil (Add of oil after checking)
Squeaking noise of cylinder during descending or
ascending of backrest (Cylinder change)
Noise by oil pump

Channel
Upper Cover
Oil
Container
Cylinder
Oil Pump

Spring noise due to its bouncing while operating


backrest (Assembling of 4X6 tubing at the side end
after separating it)

Backrest
Spring

Check levelness of oil motor of chair.


Backrest speed control (Thin hose out of two oil hoses)
U: Ascending Speed Control
Chair Speed
Control

D: Descending Speed

Oil Valve

Control
Chair speed control (Thin hose out of two oil hoses)
U: Ascending Speed Control

D: Descending Speed

Oil Valve

Control
Water

After detaching table cover, adjust variable resistor

Amount

(blue) in upper part of main PCB. After setting variable

Control of

resistor on the left, and adjust variable resistor on the

Auto Cup

right.

Auto Cup
Problem
Body

Main PCB,
Replacement of main PCB and water feed sensor

Suction

Removal of foreign substances in suction line


CVS filter net cleaning
Check if suction connection area is properly connected
Check if suction limit switch is not pressed down.

No Suction

Check if relay of power PCB works properly while


operating suction limit switch.

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Water Feed
Area

Filter net cleaning


Weak

Main PCB

Filter Net
Suction Line
Filter Net
Suction
Limit Switch
Power PCB

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Check if there is disconnection in suction line.

Suction Line

Check if CVS power cord is connected properly.

Power Cord

Check if CVS ON/OFF switch or cut-off switch is at


OFF.
Check if there is disconnection in fuse of CVS.

CVS

Check if there is disconnection in fuse.

Fuse

Check if lamp connection line is disconnected.


Light

No Light

Check lamp for defects.


Check if the power is supplied to lamp. (12V)

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CVS

Connector
Lamp
Power
Check

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3. AIR & WATER LINE DIAGRAM

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4. Wiring Diagram
Base

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Unit

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Table

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