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Operating Manual and Spare Parts List

Pressure accumulators on hydraulic hammers − Design and maintenance

Pt. Id. No. 3361 8554 33 Valid from: 06/2003 GB

Pt. Id. No. 3361 8554 33

Valid from: 06/2003 GB

accumulators on hydraulic hammers − Design and maintenance Pt. Id. No. 3361 8554 33 Valid from:

Pressure accumulators on Atlas Copco hydraulic hammers Design and maintenance

E Atlas Copco Construction Tools GmbH

Atlas Copco Construction Tools GmbH

P. O. Box: 102152, D 45021 Essen Helenenstrasse 149, D 45143 Essen

Federal Republic of Germany

Telephone

+49 201 633 0

Telefax

+49 201 633 2281

Telefax Customer Support: +49 201 633 1352

Explanation of the symbols used in this operating manual

Certain instructions in the operating manual are marked with symbols to emphasise their importance.

The symbols used are described below:

Please note!

The marked text provides instructions on the cor rect use of the pressure accumulator aimed at avoiding incorrect operation or errors during work.

aimed at avoiding incorrect operation or errors during work. WARNING! The marked text provides safety regula
aimed at avoiding incorrect operation or errors during work. WARNING! The marked text provides safety regula

WARNING!

The marked text provides safety regula tions and instructions aimed at avoiding damage to equipment.

CAUTION!

The marked text provides safety regula tions and instructions aimed at avoiding accidents and possible injuries.

Table of contents

1. What are hydraulic pressure accumulators and what do they do?

 

7

1.1 Accumulator design

 

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7

1.2 Function of the pressure accumulator

 

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2. Safety regulations for pressure accumulators

 

7

2.1 Statutory regulations

 

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7

2.2 Accident prevention

 

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8

3. Warranty

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4. Accumulator specifications and allocation to Atlas Copco hydraulic tools

 

10

4.1

Pressure accumulator specifications

 

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5. List of individual pressure accumulators

 

11

5.1

Pressure accumulator

 

0.09 litres (integrated

 

design)

 

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11

5.1.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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11

5.1.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

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5.1.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

12

5.1.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator

 

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5.1.5

Checking and cleaning parts prior to assembly

 

12

5.1.6

Assembling the pressure accumulator

 

12

5.2

Pressure accumulator

 

0.25 litres (integrated design)

 

13

5.2.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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13

5.2.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

13

5.2.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

14

5.2.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator (integrated design)

 

14

5.2.5

Checking and cleaning parts prior to assembly

 

14

5.3

Pressure accumulator

 

0.25 litres (flange

design)

 

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15

5.3.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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15

5.3.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

15

5.3.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

16

5.3.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator (flange

design)

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16

5.3.5

Checking and cleaning parts prior to assembly

 

16

5.3.6

Assembling the pressure accumulator

 

16

5.4

Pressure accumulator

 

0.9 litres (flange

design)

 

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17

5.4.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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17

5.4.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

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5.4.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

18

5.4.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator

 

18

5.4.5

Checking and cleaning parts prior to assembly

 

18

5.4.6

Assembling the pressure accumulator

 

18

5.5

Pressure accumulator

 

1.5 litres (flange

design,

 

16 hole)

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19

5.5.1

5.5.2

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Spare parts list pressure accumulator

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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19

19

5.5.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

20

5.5.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator

 

20

5.5.5

Checking and cleaning parts prior to assembly

 

20

5.5.6

Assembling the pressure accumulator

 

20

5.6

Pressure accumulator 1.5 litres (flange design, 12 hole) older

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21

5.6.1

Accumulator design and components (please refer to diagram in 5.5.1)

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21

5.7

Pressure accumulator

2.0 litres

 

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22

5.7.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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22

5.7.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

22

5.7.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

23

5.7.4

Dismantling the pressure accumulator

 

23

5.7.5

Checking parts prior to assembly

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23

5.7.6

Assembling the pressure accumulator

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23

5.8

Pressure accumulator

0.5 litres (for use with cooler 0050)

 

24

5.8.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

 

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24

5.8.2

Spare parts list pressure accumulator

 

24

5.8.3

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

24

5.8.4

Removing the pressure accumulator

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24

5.8.5

Checking parts prior to assembly

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24

5.8.6

Fitting the pressure accumulator

 

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24

5.9

Pressure accumulator

1 litre

 

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25

5.9.1

Presentation pressure

accumulator

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25

5.9.2

Spare parts list

pressure accumulator

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25

5.9.3

Restrictions on

accumulator repair

 

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25

5.9.4

Tools required for dismantling and assembly

 

25

5.9.5

Removing the pressure accumulator

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25

5.9.6

Checking parts prior to assembly

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25

5.9.7

Fitting the pressure accumulator

 

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25

6. Assembling pressure accumulators

 

26

6.1

Cleaning the individual parts of pressure

accumulators

 

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26

6.2

6.2.1

Checking individual

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Visual

check

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pressure accumulator parts .

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26

27

7. Presentation − Accumulator Filling

 

Device and Nitrogen Bottle

 

28

7.1

Spare Parts List for Accumulator Filling

Device

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28

8. Filling the pressure accumulator

 

29

8.1 Filling pressures (gas pretensioning)

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8.2 Filling procedure

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for pressure accumulators .

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29

29

8.3 Filling the high pressure accumulator:

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30

1.

What are hydraulic pressure accumulators and what do they do?

1.1 Accumulator design

All hydraulic accumulators used on Atlas Copco hydraulic tools are of diaphragm design, i.e. the available accumulation chamber is split into two by a rubber diaphragm. The upper chamber (above the diaphragm) is filled with pre compressed nitrogen (N 2 ), and the lower chamber is connected to the operating medium for the hydraulic hammer.

1.2 Function of the pressure accumulator

There are two main reasons for using hydraulic accumulators in hydraulic systems: to smooth the flow of oil from the hydraulic pump(s) and thus compensate for any fluctuations in delivery; and to cover short term peak requirements on the system which no pump is capable of meeting. The latter requirement occurs when the hydraulic power is used to generate extremely quick movements, as is the case with hydraulic hammers.

2. Safety regulations for pressure accumulators

2.1 Statutory regulations

As pressurised vessels, pressure accumulators are safety relevant components and are thus gov erned by the laws and special safety regulations valid in the country of use.

For this reason, we would always recommend that work on pressure accumulators be left to the specially trained employees of our regional service centres or of our authorised dealers.

2.2

Accident prevention

Special care and attention is required when using or servicing pressure accumulators.

In order to avoid accidents or damage, please observe the following warnings.

accidents or damage, please observe the following warnings . Caution! WARNING! H Opening pressure accumulators by

Caution!

or damage, please observe the following warnings . Caution! WARNING! H Opening pressure accumulators by force,

WARNING!

H

Opening pressure accumulators by force, e.g. by sawing them open etc., is strictly forbidden, since they may still contain compressed nitrogen. Risk of accident!

H

Under no circumstances should accumulators be subjected to external heat, e.g. flame or electric welders, since this could change the shape or modify the joints of the component in question, thus rendering it unusable for pressure accumulators. Risk of accident!

H

The only gas which may be used for filling accumulators is nitrogen (N 2 ) . The use of other gases, such as compressed air or hydrogen, could result in an explosion. Risk of accident!

H

The use of non Atlas Copco accumulators or repair parts is strictly forbidden. The quality of genuine Atlas Copco parts satisfies (German) statutory pressure vessel requirements. If this quality standard is not met, the pressure accumulator may no longer be safe to use. Risk of accident!

H

When using pressure accumulators classified by German regulations as Group III, protot