Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

TERM PAPER

PAPER TITLE: Web Application

DEERWALK INSTITUE OF TECHNOLOGY


SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
SIFAL, KATHMANDU, NEPAL.

NAME: Binod Aryal


ROLL NUMBER: 0303
CLASS: 017

SUBMITTED DATE: 05/03/2014

Contents
Abstract .......................................................................................................................................................... 3
Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 3
Advantages ................................................................................................................................................ 3
Disadvantages ............................................................................................................................................ 3
History ....................................................................................................................................................... 4
Methodology .................................................................................................................................................. 5
Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................................... 5
Bibliography .................................................................................................................................................. 5

Web Application 0303 Binod Aryal Semester I - Class of 2017

Abstract
Web browsers are ubiquitous from non-smart phone to a tablet PC and to the desktop. Due to the ubiquity
of web browsers and the convenience of using a web browser as a client, sometimes called a thin client
web applications are widely popular today. More than 2 billion people use the internet every day. Getting
access to the internet is very easy nowadays; people simply can use their PC or cell phone to use the
internet. Simply the only common thing we can draw on these different devices is web browsers. Due to
the cross platform compellability of web browsers people can easily access to the internet anywhere any
time. Due to the development of web technology static web pages have changed in dynamic and advance
web based applications have been modernized in recent years. This paper discusses about the evolution of
the web and web application agriculture.

Introduction
A web application or web app is any application software that runs in a web browser. Web application are
also created in a browser-supported programming languages (JavaScript, HTML ,CSS, PHP, Ruby etc.)
and depends on a common web browser to run the application. The ability to update and maintain web
applications without distributing and installing software on potentially thousands of client computers is a
key reason for their popularity, as is the inherent support for cross-platform compatibility. Common web
applications include webmail, online retail sales, online auctions, wikis and many other functions.
Some of the examples of web applications are Facebook, Twitter, G mail, g+ etc.

Advantages

Ubiquity and convenience of using web browser as a client.

Inherent cross-platform compatibility.

Ability to update and maintain web applications without distributing and installing software on
potentially thousands of client computers.

Reduction in IT costs.

Disadvantages

User experience not as good as standalone (workstation/PC) applications - increasingly not the
case.

Privacy and security issues associated with our data.

Web Application 0303 Binod Aryal Semester I - Class of 2017

From a developers perspective, difficult to develop and debug as there are lots of moving parts.

History

Fig: Timeline showing the development of computing, web technology and web sites.

In 1945, when computing was actually started. The electronic computer was created in1946 and it was
called the ENIAC, which stands for the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator. This computer
was used primarily to compute artillery tables. In 1969, the ARPANET was produced. This is a
communication network that was funded by ARPA, the Advanced Research Project, and Projects Agency
which is an agency of the Department of Defense for the United States government. IN 1981, the internet
protocols were standardized. In particular, the TCP/IP protocols which are still use in internet applications
were standardized, and this opened up the door for the creation of the World Wide Web.

In1989 Tim Berners-Lee working at CERN, he conceived the World Wide Web. The first web server and
a website were created by Tim Berners-Lee in1990. In 1995, Amazon was founded as a company. In
1998, Google was founded. In 1999, Napster was founded. And this started wide scale sharing of content
on the internet. In 2003, Skype was released and then soon thereafter in 2004, Facebook was founded.
The Google began to make widespread use of the Ajax technology in 2005. This made web, web sites
much more interactive. The Amazon EC2, the first really widespread use of cloud computing, happened
in 2006, and then HTML5 was released in 2011.As of May, 2014 there at least 4.53 billion pages. The
entire indexed web contains overall 4billion pages.

Web Application 0303 Binod Aryal Semester I - Class of 2017

Methodology
The web information resources are growing explosively in number and volume. The objective of this
paper is to overview the development of different tools and methods which enable the development of
dynamic web pages and applications. The research work has been extended out to publish this paper.
Reports from different websites and research papers of different university were consoled.

Conclusion
Through this paper the details about the web application and history of its development were described. If
the development of web technology ad cloud computing will continue in same phase, one day web
browsers will replace operating systems, and instead of installing different desktop application on pc for
doing different work, people will visit different sites and apps on internet. For example Google have
introduced spreadsheet and word-processing which can replace desktop application of Microsoft (MSword and MS- excel).

Bibliography
1.

Nations, Daniel. "Web Applications". About.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014.

2.

Calore, Michael. "How Do Native Apps and Web Apps Compare?". Wired.com. Cond Nast.
Retrieved 20 January 2014.

3.

Wing Kosner, Anthony (16 December 2012). "The Appification Of Everything Will Transform The
World's 360 Million Web Sites". Forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved 20 January 2014.

4. Gregory (Greg) L. Heileman Web Application Architectures


https://www.coursera.org/instructor/gregheileman
5. World wide web size

Web Application 0303 Binod Aryal Semester I - Class of 2017