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Introducing Dalat

Dalat is quite different from anywhere else youll visit in Vietnam. You
would almost be forgiven for thinking youd stumbled into the French Alps
in springtime. This was certainly how the former colonists treated it
escaping to their chalets to enjoy the cooler climate.

The French feel is compounded by a radio mast shaped like the Eiffel
Tower and the local bohemian artists predilection for swanning around in
berets. Dalat is small enough to remain charming, and the surrounding
countryside is blessed with lakes, waterfalls, evergreen forests and
gardens.

Local products include silk, garden vegetables and flowers (especially


beautiful hydrangeas), which are sold all over southern Vietnam. But the
biggest contribution to the economy is tourism: more than 800, 000
domestic tourists and another 80, 000 foreigners visit here every year. Its
the countrys favourite honeymoon spot and still retains the final word in
Vietnamese kitsch.

The Dalat area was once famous for hunting and a 1950s brochure
boasted that a two-hour drive from the town leads to several game-rich
areas abounding in deer, roe, peacocks, pheasants, wild boar, black bear,
wild caws, panthers, tigers, gaurs and elephants. So successful were the
hunters that all of the big game is now extinct. The closest youll get to
the formerly diverse fauna are the taxidermied specimens about town.

The citys population includes about 5000 members of hill tribes, which
make up 33 distinct communities in Lam Dong province. Traditional dress
can occasionally be spotted in the market places. Hill-tribe women of this
area carry their infants on their backs in a long piece of cloth worn over
one shoulder and tied in the front.

The City of Eternal Spring, Dalats temperature hovers between a pleasant


15C (average daily minimum) to 24C (average daily maximum).
Effectively Dalat has two seasons dry (December to March) and wet
(April to November). Despite the mild temperatures, by the end of the dry

season the lush green surrounds turn to brown. Even in the wet season,
mornings normally remain dry allowing time for sightseeing before the
deluge begins.

Read more: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/vietnam/centralhighlands/dalat#ixzz3mLfpOyDa


Da Lat is the central city of Vietnam Highlands with beautiful names
Da Lat is the capital city of Lam Dong province, Vietnam (Dalat or Da Lat)
is the City of Flowers and honeymooners with lovely French villas, the
fresh air, the beautiful waterfalls and gorgeous lakes sits in a lush and
green valley of postcard beauty. Dalats specific sights are pine forest
(forming the name: City of thousands of pine trees) with twisting roads
and tree marigold, cherry blossom in the winter. The citys temperate
weather stands in contrast to Vietnams otherwise tropical climate. Mist
covering the valleys almost year-round leads to its name City of eternal
spring, Spring is eternal and unique season in Da Lat.
Dalat city Vietnam
Its also called Little Paris (Le Petit Paris in French) due to its French
architecture villas and its replica of the Eiffel Tower built by the Telephone
Company that looks like it fell into a pool of red and white colour. And
really, after driving through tea gardens, coffee and rubber plantations,
one feels almost transplanted to Europe. Indeed, in the past when Dalat
still had been under France, The French Officials want to set up this city as
Le Petit Paris (A Little Paris), the ideal resort city, the meaningful
education center for their life in Indochina, the place was far from their
native land remote France. So, Dalat was the capital of the Federation of
Indochina during World War II.
Beside above names, Vietnamese also called Da Lat under many lovely
names such as The City of Love, The City of Poetry, The Green City
History & formation of Da Lat city
Da Lat was developed as a tourist destination after Alexander Yersin, a
Swiss scientist with a taste for adventure, trekked 1839 into the region
and persuaded the French colonial administration of its value as a
highland resort.
Geographic location of Dalat Vietnam

Da Lat sits approx. 1500 m (4921 ft) above sea level on the Langbiang
Plateau in the southern parts of the Central Highlands, and is surrounded
by lovely mountains, according to a local, carry lyrical names like
Elephants Head and Ladys Body. So, you do not be surprised when
someone called Da Lat as The City in the Forest.
Paradise Lake of Dalat Vietnam
Da Lat is the land of natural richness
Da Lat has been calling as Vietnams vegetable garden due to its yearround cool weather. Da Lat supplies temperate agriculture products for all
over Vietnam. Indeed, Dalat is renowned for its orchids, roses, vegetables,
and fruits. There are nascent wine-making and flower-growing industries
in the region of Asia (main flower consuming market is Singapore,
Hongkong, Korea, Japan). Every 2 years, The National Flower Festival hold
in this city with many participants over the world.
Da Lat is the ideal city and the highlight of Vietnam
Da Lat still is the summer retreat of the rich and powerful. The last
emperor, Bao Dai King, shared the coolness of hot Vietnamese summers
with concubines in his summer palace before he was permanently sent to
exile to the French Riviera.
The majority of visitors are Vietnamese. It seems to be the preferred place
to get married. Honeymooners spend their memorable day amongst the
artificial carved nature around the man-made Paradise Lake (also called
Tuyen Lam Lake), shooting photo album and paddling on somewhat
kitschy swan boats on the picturesque lake.
As Da Lat was the most romantic place of Vietnam, great natural
landscapes. Hence, almost singers of Vietnam and Overseas have highly
preferred to shoot their music videos or movies in Da Lat.
Da Lat at Night
In addition of charming nature and architecture, Da Lat has the grand
variety of cultural life of Ethnic Minority People. Many cultural festivals of
Ethnic Minority People were hold at the Ethnic Minority villages in outskirt
of Da Lat.
Dalat is a city located on Lang Biang highlands part of the Central Highlands region of Vietnam. Because of its
history, special architecture, unique climate features and wide range of beautiful spots, Dalat is known as one of the
most popular tourist destinations of Vietnam.

INTRODUCTION

WHEN TO GO

PLACES TO STAY

THINGS TO DO
Dalat looks like a cross between Vietnam and the French Alps. Many of its hotels and houses were built in a French
style during the French colonization. There are many places for tourists interested in architecture to visit, such as
Dalat Railway Station, designed by French architects Moncet and Reveron, or Hang Nga guest house, a.k.a Crazy
house which is also an interesting place to stay.
The climate in Dalat is often called Eternal Spring for its pleasantly warm temperatures during the day and quite cool
at night, down to perhaps 10oC. Due to its favorable weather, Dalat is a supplier of temperate produce for all over
Vietnam, for example, cabbage and cauliflower. Also, it has a nickname City of Flowers. Its flower industry is highly
developed and famous for two typical flowers: hydrangea (Vietnamese: C?m t c?u) and golden everlasting
(Vietnamese: Hoa b?t t?).
Apart from architectural places of interest, Dalat also has lots of beautiful sites such as Xuan Huong Lake center of
town, Lake of Sorrow (Lake of Sighs) 5km Northeast of town on Ho Xuan Huong Road, Valley of Love Phu Dong
Thien Vuong Street, Lang Biang Mountain has a 1900m peak, ideal for a 3-hour hike, Prenn Falls 10km outside
the town, Pongour Falls one of the largest and widest waterfalls in Vietnam, 30km south of town on highway 20, etc.
Tourists arriving in Dalat can enjoy the atmosphere of Vietnamese markets by visiting Dalat market, which is full of
local specialties such as strawberry jam, dried fruits, avocado, artichoke.?

Lt (Vietnamese pronunciation: [ lt] (

listen)),

or Dalat, (pop. 206,105 as of 2009, of which 185,509

are urban inhabitants) is the capital of Lm ng Province in Vietnam. The city is located 1,500 m
(4,900 ft) above sea level on the Langbian Plateau in the southern parts of the Central
Highlands region. In Vietnam, Da Lat is a popular tourist destination.
Da Lat's specific sights are pine wood (forming the name: "City of thousands of pine trees") with
twisting roads and tree marigold(Vietnamese: d qu) blossom in the winter. The
citys temperate weather stands in contrast to Vietnam's otherwise tropicalclimate. Mist covering the
valleys almost year-round leads to its name "City of Eternal Spring".
Da Lat is also known as an area for scientific research in the fields of biotechnology and nuclear
physics.
With its year-round cool weather, Da Lat supplies temperate agriculture products for all over
Vietnam, for example: cabbage andcauliflower. Its flower industry produces two typical
flowers: hydrangea (Vietnamese: cm t cu) and golden everlasting(Vietnamese: hoa bt t). The
confectionery industry offers a wide range of mt, a kind of fruit preserve made
from strawberry,mulberry, sweet potato, and rose.

Name[edit]

According to some sources, the name derives from the acronym of the Latin phrase 'Dat Aliis
Laetitiam Aliis Temperiem' ("It Gives Pleasure to Some, Freshness to Others"), which the French
colonial government used in their official emblem of Lt. In reality, the name Da Lat derived from
the language of the local ethnic group Lt and its original meaning is "Stream of the Lt", and the
acronym above is in fact a backcronym.

History[edit]

Da Lat ca. 1925

During the 1890s, explorers in the area (including the noted bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin, protg
of the renowned French chemist Louis Pasteur), which was then part of the French territory
of Cochinchina, asked the French governor-general, Paul Doumer, to create a resort center in the
highlands. The governor agreed. The original intended site for the hill station was Dankia, but
tienne Tardif, a member of the road-building expedition of 1898-99, proposed the current site
instead. In 1907, the first hotel was built. Urban planning was carried out by Ernest Hbrard.[1]

A street of Da Lat ca. 1925

The French endowed the city with villas and boulevards, and its Swiss charms remain today.
Hbrard included the requisite health complex, golf course, parks, schools, and homes but no
industry. The legacy of boarding schools where children from the whole of Indochina were taught by
French priests, nuns, and expatriates still existed as late as 1969. In 1929, the Christian and
Missionary Alliance established a school (Dalat International School) for Canadian and American
children of missionaries serving in Southeast Asia. In 1965, the school moved to Bangkok, Thailand;
then in 1966 to the Cameron Highlands in Malaysia and then, in June 1971, moved to its present
location in Georgetown, Malaysia. There were seminaries of Jesuits (such as Pius X Pontifical

College) and other orders. The elite Vietnamese National Military Academy graduated its first class
of future leaders in 1950. There was an aviation school at Cam Ly Airport.
During World War II, Lt was the capital of the Federation of Indochina, from 1939 to 1945.
In the mid-1950s, the Vietnamese Scout Association established their national training grounds at
Lt.
The only major involvement Da Lat had during the Vietnam War was within the 1968 Tet Offensive.
Fierce battles raged from January 31 to February 9, 1968. Most of the fighting took place between
the South Vietnamese MP units stationed in Lt and the Vit Cng (VC) forces. American MPs
were also involved in the fighting and suffered several KIAs during a rocket attack on their
compound. Defeats and victories alternated between the two during the sporadic-yet-intense battles.
However, the South Vietnamese MPs were eventually able to regain control of Lt. It is stated
that around 200 VC were killed-in-action (KIAs) during this battle. Although South Vietnamese MP
forces were known to have significantly fewer KIAs, their injured list grew steadily throughout the
engagement because of periods of low supplies and support. What ultimately saved the South
Vietnamese MPs was the fact that they held strong defensive positions throughout Lt from the
beginning to the end of the battles.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view over Da Lat

Lt is located 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above sea level on the Langbian Plateau in the southern parts of
the Central Highlands (in Vietnamese,Ty Nguyn). The constructed Xuan Huong Lakemeasuring
5 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi)is located in central Lt and, following repair work, the lake is
completely filled as of October 2011.

Geology[edit]
Lt is a source area for pyroxene from the Australasian strewnfield.[2]

Administrative[edit]
Lt is divided into 12 wards which are numbered 1 to 12, and 4 communes: Ta Nung, Xuan
Truong, Xuan Tho and Tri Hm.[3]

Climate[edit]
Da Lat's year-round temperate weather, standing in contrast to central & southern Vietnams
otherwise-tropical climate, has led it to be nicknamed the City of eternal spring. [4]The average
temperature is 14 C (57 F) - 23 C (73 F). The highest temperature ever in Da Lat was 31.5 C
(88.7 F), and the lowest was 0.6 C (30.9 F).[5] Mist covers the adjoining valleys almost yearround. Its temperate climate also makes it ideal for agriculture. Indeed, Da Lat is renowned for
its orchids, roses, vegetables, and fruits. There are nascent wine-making and flower-growing
industries in the region.
There are two separate seasons in Da Lat. The rainy season lasts from May to October, and the dry
season is from November to April. The average annual precipitation is 1,770mm. [6]

Architecture[edit]

A Vietnamese Hn Non B in front of the Art Deco-influenced Lt Railway Station of vernacular French
architecture.

The architecture of Lt is dominated by the style of the French colonial period. Lt Railway
Station, built in 1938, was designed in theArt Deco architectural style by French architects Moncet
and Reveron, although it incorporates the high, pointed roofs characteristic of theCao
Nguyen communal buildings of Vietnams Central Highlands. The three gables represent an art deco
version of Normandys Trouville-Deauville Station.[8] The stations unique designwith its roofs,
arching ceiling, and coloured glass windowsearned it recognition as a national historical
monument in 2001.[9][10] The Dominion of Mary (French: Domaine de Marie) Church and Convent,
home to Roman Catholic nuns of the Mission of Charity, were built in 1938 with a similar pointed-roof
style.

Hng Nga guesthouse is decorated with twisting organic forms.

Of particular note is the unconventional architecture of the Hng Nga guesthouse, popularly known
as the Crazy House. Described as a fairy tale house, its overall design resembles a
giant banyantree, incorporating sculptured design elements representing natural forms such as
animals, mushrooms, spider webs and caves. Its architecture, consisting of complex, organic, nonrectilinear shapes, has been described as expressionist. Its creator, Vietnamese architect Dang Viet
Nga (also known as Hng Nga), who holds a PhD in architecture from Moscow State University, has
acknowledged the inspiration of Catalan Spanish architect Antoni Gaud in the buildings design.
Visitors have variously drawn parallels between the guesthouse and the works of artists such
as Salvador Dal and Walt Disney.[11][12] Since its opening in 1990, the building has gained recognition
for its unique architecture, having been highlighted in numerous guidebooks and listed as one of the
worlds ten most bizarre buildings in the Chinese Peoples Daily.[13][14] While superficially amusing,
the compound is let down by the construction debris and household refuse behind the facades, and
the lack of attention to safety issues.

OURIST INFORMATION OF DALAT, VIETNAM


A well-known tourist destination of Vietnam
Dalat is the capital of Lam Dong province in Vietnam. The city is located 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
above sea level on the Langbiang Plateau in the southern parts of the Central Highlands. In
Vietnam, Da Lat is a popular tourist destination.

Dalat has been called with many names by tourists


Da Lats specific sights are pine wood (forming the name: City of thousands of pine trees)
with twisting roads and tree marigold (Vietnamese: d qu) blossom in the winter. The citys
temperate weather stands in contrast to Vietnams otherwise tropical climate. Mist covering
the valleys almost year-round leads to its name City of eternal spring.
Da Lat is also known as an area for scientific research in the fields of biotechnology and
nuclear physics.

Dalat is the vegetable & flower garden of Vietnam

With its year-round cool weather, Da Lat supplies temperate agriculture products for all
over Vietnam, for example: cabbage and cauliflower. Its flower industry produces two
typical flowers: hydrangea (Vietnamese: cm t cu) and golden everlasting (Vietnamese:
hoa bt t). The confectionery industry offers a wide range of mt, a kind of fruit preserve
made from strawberry, mulberry, sweet potato, and rose.

Feelings of tourists about this land


Dalat is quite different from anywhere else youll visit in Vietnam. You would almost be
forgiven for thinking youd stumbled into the French Alps in springtime. This was certainly
how the former colonists treated it escaping to their chalets to enjoy the cooler climate.
The French feel is compounded by a radio mast shaped like the Eiffel Tower and the local
bohemian artists predilection for swanning around in berets. Dalat is small enough to
remain charming, and the surrounding countryside is blessed with lakes, waterfalls,
evergreen forests and gardens.

The natural richness


Local products include silk, garden vegetables and flowers (especially beautiful hydrangeas),
which are sold all over southern Vietnam. But the biggest contribution to the economy is
tourism: more than 800, 000 domestic tourists and another 80, 000 foreigners visit here
every year. Its the countrys favourite honeymoon spot and still retains the final word in
Vietnamese kitsch.
The Dalat area was once famous for hunting and a 1950s brochure boasted that a two-hour
drive from the town leads to several game-rich areas abounding in deer, roe, peacocks,
pheasants, wild boar, black bear, wild caws, panthers, tigers, gaurs and elephants. So
successful were the hunters that all of the big game is now extinct. The closest youll get to
the formerly diverse fauna are the taxidermied specimens about town.
The citys population includes about 5000 members of hill tribes, which make up 33 distinct
communities in Lam Dong province. Traditional dress can occasionally be spotted in the
market places. Hill-tribe women of this area carry their infants on their backs in a long piece
of cloth worn over one shoulder and tied in the front.

Tourists always travel to Dalat depending on season


The City of Eternal Spring, Dalats temperature hovers between a pleasant 15C (average
daily minimum) to 24C (average daily maximum). Effectively Dalat has two seasons dry
(December to March) and wet (April to November). Despite the mild temperatures, by the
end of the dry season the lush green surrounds turn to brown. Even in the wet season,
mornings normally remain dry allowing time for sightseeing before the deluge begins.

Popular transport in Dalat


Motobike is the popular transport of Dalat. However, take car yourself if you would like to
ride it because steep terrain is special thing of Dalat city. For your safe if you do not like
adventure & no experience of riding motonike, the private car or taxi will be the good choice.
For every information about Dalat city and transports, you can come to 27 Truong Cong
Dinh str, you will have free travel guide & free Dalat city map.
We are pleasant to make your trip easy & memorable!

Da Lat a flowerful town of romance


TUESDAY, 12 AUGUST 2008 01:37

(27 Votes)

Some traveler ever said: If you are in love, a week in Da Lat a rhythmic land of flowers and romance- will
make your love turn into a happy ending!

Introduction & Location


Listening to the noon going down in the romantic town, a Da Lat-violet is filled with
fog (written by Minh Ky, Da Cam) is lyric of a famous song about Da Lat one of the top
prioritized destinations in Vietnam for its romantic and flowerful beauty. Located in the South
Central Highlands of Vietnam (Lang Biang Highlands), Da Lat was originally the playground of
the French , and todays valley of love, surrounded by cool, fresh and silently charming
atmosphere.
Weather

Da Lat is extremely famous for mild weather. Thanks to the advantage of height and enclosing pine jungle, the town
is featured with temperate climate, with an average temperature of 18oC 21C, highest as 30oC and lowest as 5C.
What is more, Da Lat has two distinct seasons, the rainy and the sunny ones. The former is from May to October, and
the former from November to April. Tourists should be prepared for sudden rains in sunny season, sometimes rocky
ones. Never in Da Lat could we ever catch a storm, which make it favorable for tourists to take any daytime leisure
walk.
History

This pure land of romance was discovered by the French during their invasion in southern
Vietnam. Before 1893, Lang Biang highlands, an extremely cool and fresh aired area, was the
accommodation of the Viet highlanders. Yet there came the day the French would like to settle a
convalescent zone in a European weather-like land in 1899. Of course, they could not miss Lang
Biang Highlands then. Ever since the significant choice, Da Lat was later on built with all
required French-style houses, villas, treatment places, and temperate flowers & plants, etc. This
has step by step formulated todays romantic and glamorous Da Lat, a clear mountainous air
zone for escaping the heat and humidity of the coast and Saigon, or the todays Hochiminh City.
Natural beauty
Its no easy at all for travellers to choose the initial visiting place in Da Lat for its widespread covering beauty. On a
whole, Da Lat looks like a cross between Vietnam and the French Alps. As mentioned, most of its hotels and houses
were built in French style. The town spreads across a series of pine-covered hills, with a small lake in the center,
while surrounded by high peaks, creating a lovely scenery quite different from the rest of Vietnam. Temperatures are
pleasantly warm by day, and quite cool at night, down to perhaps 10oC.
Today, Dalat is undoubtedly a beautiful tourist town. The vast majority of visitors are both domestic and foreign
tourists on short package tours, drawn by the scenery, vivid blue skies, fresh air, flower-filled parks, and local edible
treatment. Dalat is a favorite destination for company weekend outings, family get-aways, and most of all,
honeymoons. For overseas visitors, it offers a chance to cool down, view a bit of the French legacy, and enjoy the
atmosphere. Also, Da Lat is surrounded by some of the best mountain biking, hiking and canyoning opportunities in
Vietnam. Da Lat's high altitude of 1,500-2,000m and fertile landscape make it one among Vietnam's premium
agricultural areas, producing a variety of fruits, vegetables and flowers that do not grow in the lowlands. In markets as
far north as Hanoi, vegetables and flower vendors will tout their "made in Da Lat" produce.
Top visiting places
Whoever has come to Da Lat could never forget Xuan Huong Lake (H Xun Hng), which is located in center of
town. Xuan Huong lake is now one of the main draws of Da Lat, and also where we can see honeymooners and
locals strolling its banks. Side by side Xuan Huong Lake is Top-peg Hill (i C), where has grown up a vast golf
ground. If you are fond of fresh flowers, Da lat Flower Park is your accurate choice. The park, around 7,000 sq.m 2, is
situated on top of the Top-peg Hill, northern bank of Xuan Huong lake, and full of species of beautiful colored flowers
to be extremely well-fed by planters. Tourists are all interested in the Da Lats flower festival, bringing them to a
flowerfully fresh heaven!

For couples, Valley of Love (Thung Lng Tnh Yu) is the premium place to go. Its special
name derived from its romantic view of silence, grace and green. The other choice is Lake of
Sorrow or Lake of Sighs (H Than th), whose name came from a tale of two lovers, one of
whom committed suicide after the other was called up to serve in the army. The romantic and

beautiful Tuyen Lam Lake (H Tuyn Lm) (the lake where rivers, springs and forests meet),
Prenn Falls, or Pongour are also worth visiting for their beauty and fun.
On the other hand, Da Lat is popular for French-style architecture. Examples are King Bao Dais
Palace, Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Cao Kys villas, Hang Nga villas, and so forth. All of those
should really be visited since they demonstrate the deeply special beauty and somehow culture of
the old French.
Tourist activities

A striking, not-quite-finished fantasy house designed by the daughter of an independence war hero. Worth a
visit if you are interested in architecture, or like Dr. Seuss-style surroundings.

A set of flower gardens centered around a re-constructed traditional Vietnamese teakwood house.

A hill-top pagoda coupled with a brief cable car ride over the pine forest

A ride in a land rover up to the top of Langbiang mountain, with nice views of Dalat and the surrounding
mountains and valleys.

Located on Lam Vien highland, 1500 metre high above sea level, Dalat has cool
weather all year-round. The average temperature of Dalat is 20 degree celsius.
Because of such advantages, Dalat has very good conditions to grow flowers and
develop tourism.
It is just one hundred years old, since the first steps of exploring journey of
doctor Alexandre Yersin ( 1893). Dalat has been being developed for decades.
During world war 1, many French colonists could not come back to their country,
because of some political changes . They moved up to Dalat and living here for
relaxing, during that time, the French built many houses, villas, schools and
churchs, they want to build Dalat become a capital of political in Indochina.
Heritaged unique architecture of France, peole affectionatelly call Dalat is the
little Paris of Vietnam. Now, it become a well-know tourist city in Vietnam and
Indochina as well.
The locals of Dalat city is kHo people, they riside scatteredly in Lam Dong
provine, their population is more than 200 000 people.
Its different with other cities in Vietnam, Dalat is the new city, so almost
residents in Dalat is migrants from around Vietnam. Because of incident war, after

1954 many Vietnamese from the north and middle leaved their villages to move to
the South and to explore new lands. Some of them dropped by Dalat and resided
here. They have established villages, built houses, grew vetgetables, flowers,
coffees ..so on. They have been growing up a big community here, called the second
locals of Dalat.

Dalat the city of love


Maybe it is the flowers that make Dalat such a heaven for lovers. Situated
halfway between heaven and earth on a plateau that separates it from more
mortal places, this honeymooners heaven is nestled amid immense pine forests
and rolling hills.
Its ancient villas, tinged a graceful yellow or somber ochre, are ringed with
flamboyant violets, grand old cherry trees and lithe mimosa. Its streets are lined
with tall trees and in street markets, people offer shrubs and bunches of flowers
for sale.
Dalat is one of the few places in Vietnam where the temperature rarely exceeds
25 degrees Celsius, even in mid summer. In the winter, it seldom drops below 10
degrees. This mild climate makes it ideal for flowers that fail to flourish in other
parts of the country.
And so, Dalat has become a haven for horticulturists. It is home to over 40
different species of chrysanthemum, 15 species of rose, and an astonishing 300
varieties of orchid. Since the early 20th century, Lang Bian Plateau, on which Dalat
rests, has lured amateur orchidologists. They came from as far away as London and
Paris to study the regions orchids. Many take clippings, which they carry home and
nourish lovingly so that botanical gardens across Europe can later enhance their
own orchid gardens. Tulips, for example, arrived in Vietnam.
When dusk falls, young couples prefer strolling in the streets, with their arms
round each other, while other people gather in small shops or open markets to buy
flowers. Their love of horticulture is legendary, part of the nature-loving
character of local residents.
Perhaps it is not just the beautiful flowers growing in Dalat from where so many
Vietnamese composers and poets have found inspiration to write love songs and
poems that that tug at listeners heartstrings? Maybe the myriad of lakes and
waterfalls located around the city have something to do with it. After all, which

star struck lover doesnt dream of a romantic stroll through majestic scenery, arm
in arm with the object of his or her affection?
Tuyen Lam Lake is one spot where springs, rivers and forests meet. Rain forest
water come down from Elephant Mountain through the beautiful Tia spring and Da
Tam River into the lake which covers 350 hectares.
Other waterfalls flow like shining walls of gems. Droplets the colour of sapphires
and emeralds spiral to their deaths, forming fine sprays and dews as they fall.
Visitors to Dalat can walk the hazardous bridge below Prenn Waterfall and listen to
its waters as they drum to the eternal rhythm of the forest. Those looking for
adventure can climb the near vertical path up to the top of the Datanla Waterfall.
Each slab of stone is smooth and slippery, rubbed to a fine polish by the footsteps
of fairies who were believed to walk around there.
Cam Ly Waterfall is just three kilometers from the centre of Dalat and has
inspired many poets. One poet describes it as beautiful as in a dream. Charming
amid the pine forests and fog.
Another famous spot is Da Thien Lake. Its deep, mysterious waters draw visitors
to a charming place called Valley DAmour by the former French colonists who
discovered Dalat. Far beyond the valley, often shrouded in an enticing mist, is the
Lang Bian Mountain. Lakes, mountains, mist. It would be difficult to find a more
romantic combination.
Dalats best-known lake is Xuan Huong Lake, which locals treasure as a gem in the
heart of their flower city. It is so beautiful that poet Han Mac Tu once uttered
the words:

Dont talk. Just keep silent


Listen to the water as it speaks from its depths
Listen to the trees as they whisper in the breeze
Listen to the words of love
Other scenic spots in and around Dalat have inspired lovers over the years.
Although young couples come to these places only once to experience a whirlwind
romance, they will never forget about having a good time together.

Travel to Da Lat Information and useful


advices on travelling to Da Lat

Travel to Da Lat Information and


useful advices on travelling to Da Lat
Complete and useful Da Lat travel guide from TopPlacesTravel.com. Reviews on the
natural and manmade attractions as well as delicious food in this beautiful City of
Flowers.

General info on Da Lat


Da Lat is the capital of Lam Dong province. At the height of 1500 meters above sea level,
with a cool asmostphere, Da Lat is a perfect get-a-way in the Southern area. Once famous
for attractions such as Valley of Love, Whisper Lake, Two Tombs Hill, Elephant Waterfall,
Da Lat today doesnt have the untouched scenery like it used to. Popular tourist
attractions are Xuan Huong Lake, Langbiang Peak, The Palace of Bao Dai King, Tran Le
Xuan Palace, Thien Vien Truc Lam Monasery, Tuyen Lam Lake and Da Lat Railway Station
(Trai Mat Station). 300km from Saigon, the city of Da Lat is a fantastic vacation spot to
those seaking to get outof the heat of the South Central Highlands.

View from the top of Lang Biang, a famous tourist attraction in Da Lat

Transportation: How to get around Da Lat


Plane: Straight flight from Hanoi, Da Nang or HCMC to Lien Khuong Airport (Da Lat) by
Vietnam Airlines and Vietjetair. Ticket ranges from VND 900,000 to VND 1.600,000,
flight duration can be between 50 mins and 1 hour and 40 mins.
Note: From Lien Khuong Airport, you can take a transit bus to Da Lat city for VND 50,000
(it will stop at Hang Khong Hotel on Pasteur Street near Xuan Huong Lake) or take a taxi
at VND 300,000/trip.
Regular bus: Phuong Trang and Thanh Buoi bus line have many routes between Saigon
and Da Lat, ticket for one way trip at VND 200,000 (regular seat) and VND 240,000 (bed
seat), scheduled for every 30 mins to 1 hour.
Open bus: such as Phuong Trang, Kim Travel, Hanh Cafe, Sinh Tourist, T.M. Brothers Caf.
One way ticket ranges from VND 130,000 to VND 160,000.

Transportation in Dalat:
Motorcycles: Price from 80,000 120,000VND/day.

Double bikes: 20,000VND/hour. To rent a bicycle or motorcycle you need to bring ID card.
Rental cars: Within a day (from 8:00 17:00) from 1 million or more, overtime at 100,000
VND/hour.
Bus: There are buses from the city center to other parts of Da Lat. Fee is calculated based
on the distance, ranges from 4,000 30,000VND/person.
Sight seeing: Relics, natural scenery, other tourist spot in Da Lat

CENTRA DA LAT XUAN HUONG LAKE DA LAT


MARKET
Da Lat Market and Am Phu Market: a must see when travelling to Da Lat. There sells
many clothes at a good price, as well as specialties such as mulberry juice, artichoke tea,
mixed dried beans jams and lima beans.
Xuan Huong Lake: A symbol of Da Lat. Most beautiful to view at sunrise and sunset.
Other activities like duck boat, motorboat or go canoeing on the lake.
The Palace of King Bao Dai Dinh: the elegant and grand palace at the height of 1539m.
Located on Trieu Viet Vuong Street, 2.5km South from city center.
Da Lat Railway Station: Located at No. 1 Quang Trung Street, an usual spot for those
interested in photography.
Da Lat Flower Garden: Located at No. 2 Phu Dong Thien Vuong Street, 2km from city
center. Tourists come here to view and take picture with gorgeous flowers only seen in Da
Lat.

Chicken Church, popular place for taking pictures

Da Lat Cathedral (Chicken Church): Got the name from the big chicken statue on top of
its bell tower. This is the biggest church in Da Lat, one of the most symbolic and old work
of architecture in the city from the French colony. Address: Tran Phu Street (near Novotel
Hotel)
Tay Nguyen Biology Institute / Institute of Biology of Dalat: On the hill of Tung Lam,
10km from the center of Da Lat city on the road near Yellow Springs. In addition to its
breath taking scenery, Biology Institute also is an animal museum and botanical garden.
Domaine de Marie Church/ Mai Anh Church: Located on Ngo Quyen Street, 1km to the
southwest. The church is a mix between 17th century Wester architecture and the
traditional houses in Tay Nguyen.
Da Lat Pedagogy College: Recognized by the International Architecture Union as one of
the 1000 most unique architecture design due to its arch shape with the high light as the
bll tower, also called the Arc.
Muoi Loi Valley of Flower: on Le Hong Phong Street near King Bao Dais Palace. Th valley
has a magnificient cherry blossom garden and many strange, delicious dishes.

Trai Mat Station Linh Phuoc Pagoda: Near Trai Mat


station there are many tourist sites like King Bao Dais
vacation home, Trai Mat market or Linh Phuoc Pagoda.
This pagoda has a unique shell covered walls, especially
theres a dragon made of 12000 beer bottles, thus
earning the name Scrap Pagoda.
NORTH DA LAT:
Valley of Love: is the most poetic and romantic site in Da Lat, is about 6km northeast of
the city center. Guests can go around Vong Canh Hill and view the entire Valley of Love in
its wonder.
Mount Lang Bian: 12 km to the north of city center. From the foot of the hill you have two
choices to go up: hiking or by jeep. 180,000VND for an entire jeep, or you can wait to have
enough 6 people per car, ticket at 50,000VND/person. It takes 15 minutes to reach the
top. If you choose hiking (by the asphalt road) you have to go about 7-8 kilometers in
about 1,5 hour. Road up the mountain sides are filled with wildflowers and lined by pine
rees. On top of the mountain is stunning landscape and you can also enjoy grilled dishes.
Cu Lan Village: brand new discovery of Da Lat, is a beautiful small village, between
thousands of acres of forest at the foot of Lang Bian, 9km from Golden Valley.

Golden Valley /Golden Lake: From Da Lat center go


north to Lac Duong for 7km, turn left at Tung Lam, go
straight about 12km on the road going to Suoi Vang. The
road on to the valley is beautiful, perfect for a picnic.

Cu Lan Village, a brand new discovery of Da Lat

SOUTH DA LAT:
Tuyen Lam Lake: Located at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level, 5km to the south
from the center, on the Prenn pass. There you can rent a boat to the island. A round trip is
200,000VND, so you should rent with other guests to save money. Or you can go round
the lake (left) along the road to the island. On the island you can just enjoy natural meat
from the forest or enjoy a picnic and pose for a picture. At noon you can rent a hammock
7,000 VND/ hour and hang between the pines to rest.
Thien Vien Truc Lam Monastry: located on Phung Hoang Mountain, above Tuyen Lam
Lake. This is not only the largest monastery in Lam Dong, but also a popular tourist
attraction of Dalat. In front of the monastery gate is the cable car to view the city and pine
forest below (50,000VND/return ticket).
Prenn Falls: Located in the top of Prenn Pass, on Highway 20 from Saigon to Dalat, 10 km
to the south from the center. Coming to Prenn, besides watching the great waterfall and

an immense hill, visitors also have the chance to taste specialties like snakehead fish soup
at the price ranging from 160,000VND to 200,000VND for 4 people to eat.

Prenn Waterfall
Datanla Falls: attracts tourists with clear water stream that flows through 7 levels of rock
formation then crashing down on the big rocks at the bottom. 5km from the center,
located between the Prenn Pass. From Highway 20 go 300 meters downhill to a small
valley, you will encounter Datanla with attractive landscapes and untouched nature.

FARTHER AREA OF DA LAT

Elephant Falls

Cau Dat Tea Village: with green tea fields and especially wild sunflowers in the last
months of the year. From the city center, just run straight along Tran Hung Dao Hung
Vuong Street and look for directions to Trai Mat, from there ask any people to Xuan
Truong Village. Because of the altitude over 1,650m above to sea level, the climate in the
tea plantation is cool all year round. Visiting a tea plantation is not charged, so feel free to
enter the gates of Cau Dat tea factory.
Elephant Falls Linh An Temple: located in the town of Nam Ban, Lam Ha district, 25km
southwest from the city of Dalat. Lieng Rowoa Falls aka Elephant Falls is a beautiful
waterfall in the Highlands with a height of over 30 meters, about 15 meters wide. Behind
the white cascade of water are deep smoking mysteriously caves such as Bat Cave, Wind
Cave Temple Linh An is located in Elephant Falls. Within the church there are a lot of
large sized and elaborately carved statues.
Dran Town: under Dran Pass on the way to Dalat, Don Duong District. Dran is famous for
bright yellow wild sunflowers. There is also specialty called baked rolls with unforgettable
taste.

Pongour Fall: al called The Seven-Storey Waterfall located in Duc Trong district, 50 km
from Da Lat. The 40m high waterfall stretches almost 100 meters wide and has 7 floors.
Pongour is the only waterfall in Lam Dong that holds festival every year on the full moon
of January.
Dambri Falls: located about 100km down from Dalat. 200km from HCMC up along
Highway 20, Dambri falls (district Dambri ecotourism), is close to Bao Loc City about
18km northeast. This is the highest waterfalls in Lam Dong with height above 40m,
forming two high and low current, very majestic.
History
This area has been home to various Montagnard (hill tribe) groups for centuries. In the local Lat language, Da Lat
means River of the Lat Tribe.
The first European to discover Dalat was Dr Alexandre Yersin in 1893. The city was established in 1912 and quickly
became fashionable with Europeans. At one point during the French colonial period, some 20% of Dalats population
was foreign, as evidenced by the 2500-odd chateau-style villas scattered around the city.
During the American War, Dalat was spared by the tacit agreement of all parties concerned. Indeed, it seems that
while South Vietnamese soldiers were being trained at the citys military academy and affluent officials of the Saigon
regime were relaxing in their villas, Viet Cong cadres were doing the same thing not far away in their villas. Dalat fell
to North Vietnamese forces without a fight on 3 April 1975. There is no problem with leftover mines and ordnance in
the area.

Read more: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/vietnam/central-highlands/dalat/history#ixzz3mLnP3jLb

Thnh ph Lt c ghi nhn hnh thnh t nm 1893, thi im bc s Alexandre Yersin ln


u t chn n cao nguyn Lm Vin. Mc d vy, trc thi k ny c nhiu nh thm him
khc tng ti Lm Vin, vng t vn l ni c tr ca nhng c dn ngi Lch. Nm 1897, Ton
quyn Paul Doumer quyt nh tm kim mt a im xy dng trm ngh dng dnh cho cng
chc v binh lnh Php ng Dng. Nhn c th ring ca Paul Doumer, Alexandre Yersin
ngh chn cao nguyn Lm Vin, ni c kh hu tng t nh vng n i chu u. Cui thng 3
nm 1899, ch thn Ton quyn Paul Doumer cng bc s Yersin n cao nguyn Lm Vin
kho st v quyt nh trin khai thc hin d nh ban u.
D n xy dng thnh ph b gin on vo nm 1902 khi Ton quyn Paul Doumer tr v Php,
mang theo c tng v mt thnh ph trn cao nguyn. Phi hn 10 nm sau, khi Th chin th
nht bng n, nhiu ngi Php khng th tr v chu u trong nhng k ngh, Lt mi li c
nh n. T gia thp nin 1910, cng cuc kin thit thnh ph thc s bt u v ranh gii ca
Lt cng c xc nh v mt php l khi Hi ng nhip chnh triu nh Hu thng bo D
thnh lp th t Lt ngy 20 thng 4 nm 1916. Trong vng 30 nm, nh nhng bn quy hoch

ca cc kin trc s Ernest Hbrard v Jacques Lagisquet, mt thnh ph xinh p vi nhng bit
th, cng s, trng hc, khch sn... hnh thnh. Vo nm 1945, Lt l mt th hn
25 ngn dn, gi vai tr mt trung tm gio dc quan trng v mt thnh ph du lch hp dn. Trong
giai on u ca cuc chin tranh Vit Nam, Lt c chnh quyn nht Cng ha quy
hoch pht trin tng i quy m, nhiu trng hc, trung tm vn ha v cc cng trnh kin
trc tip tc xut hin. Nhng k t nm 1964, khi tnh hnh chnh tr min Nam Vit Nam khng n
nh v cuc chin tranh ngy cng khc lit, Lt cng chu nhiu bin ng v khng cn pht
trin nh giai on trc .
Sau nm 1975, ging nh nhiu th khc thi k u sau chin tranh, Lt bc vo mt giai
on kh khn. Nhng t cui thp nin 1980, cng vi s pht trin ca nn kinh t Vit Nam,
thnh ph du lch Lt cng dn hi sinh, c s h tng th tip tc c xy dng, nng cp.
Nm 2009, Lt c Th tng Chnh ph quyt nh cng nhn l th loi I, tip tc gi vai
tr mt thnh ph quan trng ca vng Ty Nguyn.
Mc lc
[n]

1 Thm him cao nguyn Lm Vin


o

1.1 Nhng cuc thm him trc 1893

1.2 Chuyn thm him ca Yersin

2 Lt trc 1945
o

2.1 Giai on trc 1900

2.2 Giai on 1900 1915

2.3 Giai on 1916 1945

3 Lt t 1945 n 1954

4 Lt t 1954 n 1975
o

4.1 Giai on 1954 1963

4.2 Giai on 1964 1975

5 Lt sau 1975
o

5.1 Giai on 1975 1985

5.2 Giai on t 1986 n ngy nay

6 Tham kho
o

6.1 Ch thch

6.2 Th mc

7 Xem thm

8 Lin kt ngoi

Thm him cao nguyn Lm Vin[sa | sa m ngun]


Nhng cuc thm him trc 1893[sa | sa m ngun]
T xa xa, vng cao nguyn Lm Vin l a bn c tr ca ngi Lch, ngi Chil v ngi Sr
thuc dn tc C Ho, trong ngi Lch chim s ng nht.[1] Nhng ngi u tin n tip xc
vi c dn bn a trn t Lm ng l ngi Chm v c th h t chn ln cao nguyn Lm
Vin. Theo mt vi ghi chp, ngi Vit cng c th tng bit n v c mt vng t ny.[2] i
vi nhng nh thm him, trong ton b vng rng ni Nam Trung B, cao nguyn Lm Vin chnh
l khu vc kh thm nhp nht. Nu tng bng duyn hi min Trung, n c cao nguyn
Lm Vin, cn vt qua tng cao nguyn th nht, ni c cao trung bnh t 900 n 1.000 mt.
[2]

Ngi Vit u tin c nh thm him vng t ny l Nguyn Thng, v quan nh Nguyn na

cui th k 19.[3] Nm 1877, khi ang gi chc dinh in s tnh Bnh Thun, Nguyn Thng
vTrng Gia Hi, v quan tun ph Thun Khnh, tin hnh thm him vng t nm gia ba
con sng La Ng, ng Nai v Huoai, trong nhm i xa nht ca on thm him t chn
n cc nam ca tnh Lm ng, thuc a bn huyn Huoai ngy nay.[4] Ton b hnh trnh
chuyn i c Nguyn Thng ghi li trong bi S xin lp n in khai khn vng Thng du.[5]
Ngay sau khi chim c Nam K Lc tnh vo nm 1867, ngi Php sm quan tm n vic
thm him min ng Nam B v min Nam Trung B.[6] Bc s Paul Nis, y s hng nht ca hi
qun Php, l mt trong nhng ngi Php u tin thm him vo vng t ca ngi Thng
khu vc ny. Chuyn i u tin ca Paul Nis thc hin t ngy 1 thng 11 nm 1880 n ngy 8
thng 1 nm 1881 c a bn gn trng vi a bn thm him ca Nguyn Thng. [6] Tuy c nh
n ni Lang Biang, v theo li ngi Thng l u ngun ca sng ng Nai, nhng Paul
Nis buc phi thay i l trnh i n ph Bnh Thun v ng h mang theo ngng chy, khng th
ghi li nht trnh, v sc khe ca mt s thnh vin trong on thm him sa st. [7] T ngy 11
thng 2 n gia thng 4 nm 1881, nh s gip ca mt t trng ngi M vng hu
ngnsng La Ng, Paul Nis cng trung y thy qun lc chin ph trch v trc a Albert Septans
thc hin chuyn thm him th hai ti tn u ngun sng ng Nai. [7] Trong chuyn i ny,
Paul Nis v Albert Septans ghi chp c nhiu s liu v kh tng v nhn trc hc ca vng
cao nguyn Lm Vin.[8]

Chuyn i ca Paul Nis v Albert Septans m ng cho nhiu cuc thm him khc i vo
vng ng Nam B v Nam Trung B, nh ca A. Gautier nm 1882, L. Nouet nm 1882... v c
bit l chuyn thm him ca thiu t Humann nm 1884. Trong cun hi k Sept mois chez les
Mois (By thng ni x Thng), Alexandre Yersin nhiu ln nhc n Paul Nis v thiu t
Humann, v cng bit n bn ca Humann. [9] Tuy Paul Nis v Albert Septans ti cao
nguyn Lm Vin trc Alexandre Yersin 12 nm, nhng chuyn i ca h ch c bit n trong
gii thm him m khng c gii thiu rng ri ti cng chng. Vo thi k , nhng ngi
Php vn cn bn tm ti vic chinh phc ton b ng Dng nn cuc thm him ca bc s
Paul Nis nhanh chng b ri vo qun lng. [9]

Chuyn thm him ca Yersin[sa | sa m ngun]

Alexandre Yersin nm 1893, khong thi gian ng thm him cao nguyn Lm Vin.

Nm 1890, sau khi bo v thnh cng lun n tin s y khoa v lm vic ti Vin Pasteur
Paris, Alexandre Yersin quyt nh ri b phng th nghim dn thn vo nhng cuc phiu lu.
[9]

ng xin vo lm vic cho hng hng hi Messageries Maritimes vi hy vng c n cc quc

gia thuc a.[10] T thng 10 nm 1890, Yersin phc v trn tuyn ng bin Si Gn Manila vi
chc v y s, v n thng 4 nm 1891, ng chuyn sang tu Saigon hot ng trn tuyn Si
Gn Hi Phng.[11] Ngy 29 thng 7 nm 1891, trong lc tu dng li Nha Trang, Yersin thc
hin chuyn thm him u tin vi nh i bng ng ni t Nha Trang v Si Gn trong vng
10 ngy.[11] Nhng chuyn i khng thnh cng. Sau khi qua Phan Rang, Phan R v n Ta La,
vng ph cn ca Di Linh ngy nay, Yersin c ngi dn bn a cho bit phi mt t nht 9 n
10 ngy ti c Si Gn. ng quyt nh tr li Nha Trang kp ln tu v tip tc hnh trnh
ra min Bc.[12]
Thng 10 nm 1892, Alexandre Yersin tr li Paris v tm cch vn ng c tip tc thm
him. Nh s gip ca mt s ngi quen bit, c bit l Louis Pasteur v mile Duclaux,
Yersin c B gio dc Php cp kinh ph thc hin mt nhim v kho st khoa hc. [13] ng
quay li Si Gn vo u nm 1893, ti gp Ton quyn Jean-Marie de Lanessan v nhn nhim v
kho st mt tuyn ng b t Si Gn xuyn su vo vng t ca ngi Thng, kt thc

mt a im thun li trn b bin Trung K.[13] Ngy 24 thng 2 nm 1893, Yersin cng nm ngi
khc ri Si Gn thc hin chng ng u tin t Si Gn i Phan Thit, bng qua vng Tnh
Linh.[14] Ngoi cc dng c thm him, Yersin cn mang theo mt s thuc chng bnh u ma
chng nga cho ngi dn nhng vng ng s i qua. [13] on thm him qua T C, Tnh Linh, ri
ti Phan Thit, t y Yersin ti Nha Trang bng ng Ci Quan gp cng s Lenormand, sau
tr li Phan R.[14] Sng ngy 8 thng 4 nm 1893, ng ri Phan R thc hin chng ng
th hai Phan R Tnh Linh, bng qua vng ni. on l hnh trn on ng ny rt ng o,
gm c 80 dn phu, 6 nga ci v mt con voi. [15] Lao Gouan, ngy nay thuc huyn c Trng,
Yersin gp Tong Vit Ca, mt ngi Vit nhn khon vic thu thu cc tng ngi Thng trc
thuc Phan R. Tong Vit Ca ng mun thp tng Yersin n Ta La.[15] on thm him ti Ta La
ngy 25 thng 4, y Yersin chia tay Tong Vit Ca tip tc hnh trnh n lng Droum, qua sng La
Ng tr v Tnh Linh.[16]
Ngy 30 thng 5 nm 1893, Alexandre Yersin bt u thc hin chng ng th ba t Tnh Linh
i Phan Rang bng mt con ng ni khc vi chng trc. Sau khi men theo t ngn sng La
Ng tr li Droum, on thm him vt qua sng n Tia Lao, mt a im c ghi trn
bn ca thiu t Humann.[17] Ngy 11 thng 6, Yersin n Bross, nm y mt thung lng su
c sng ng Nai chy qua, pha Bc l ngn ni Tadoung, ngy nay thuc tnh k Nng.[18] T
Tadoung, Yersin xung ni quay tr li Rioung v li hnh l ti y ri bn ngi phu khun
vc ln ng thm st vng ni Lang Biang.[19] Sau hai ngy ng, vo 15 gi 30 ngy 21 thng 6
nm 1893, Yersin bc ra khi rng thng v pht hin ra cao nguyn Lm Vin. Trong nht k
hnh trnh, ng ch ghi vt tt: "3h30: cao nguyn ln tr tri, nhp nh g i". [19] Yersin ng li mt
m Dankia ri tr v Rioung di mt cn ma tm t. [20] Sau khi ri Rioung, on thm him
men theo thung lng sng a Nhim v n Phan Rang ngy 26 thng 6 nm 1893.[21]

Lt trc 1945[sa | sa m ngun]


Giai on trc 1900[sa | sa m ngun]
Nm 1897, Paul Doumer ln gi chc Ton quyn ng Dng, giai on m Vit Nam v c Lin
bang ng Dng tng i yn bnh. Sau tht bi ca khi ngha Hng Kh, nhng hot ng
v trang khng Php tm thi lng xung.[22] Trong mt chuyn cng du ti n vo nm 1897,
Ton quyn Paul Doumer c n thm cc trm ngh dng c xy dng trn nhng vng ni
cao, ni c kh hu tng t nh chu u. Paul Doumer bt u quan tm n vic thit lp
nhng trung tm ngh dng tng t dnh cho ngi chu u ng Dng. [23] Ngay t nhng
ngy u chinh phc thuc a, sc khe ca binh lnh v cng chc Php, nhng ngi vn khng
quen vi kh hu nhit i, lun l mi lo ca cc nh cm quyn thc dn.[24] Ngy 23 thng 7 nm
1897, trong th gi cho cc khm s, thng s, Paul Doumer nu ln bn iu kin cn thit xy
dng mt trm ngh dng: cao trn 1.200 mt, ngun nc di do, t ai c th canh tc v
kh nng thit lp ng giao thng d dng. Khi nhn c th ring ca Paul Doumer, bc

s Alexandre Yersin xut chn cao nguyn Lm Vin, ni ng c bit n trong chuyn
thm him nm 1893.[1] Trong hi k ca mnh, Alexandre Yersin vit:

Vo khong nm 1899, lc y ng Doumer ang l Ton quyn ng D

Nm 1897, Paul Doumer c mt phi on qun s di s ch huy ca i y Thouard nghin cu


mt con ng t Nha Trang ln Lm Vin.[26] Sau 11 thng lm vic, i y Thouard kt lun khng
th xy dng mt tuyn ng ni trc tip Nha Trang vi Lm Vin. Thay vo , Thouard phc
tho mt con ng xut pht t Phan Rang qua ng Fimnom v gi mt tuyn ng khc ni
thng Si Gn vi Lt.[27] Khi on Thouard cn cha kt thc, cc on nghin cu khc
ca Garnier, Odhra v Bernard tip tc c c n Lm Vin cng kho st cn ng ni Phan
Thit Di Linh Lt. Missigbrott, mt thnh vin trong on Thouard, li sau chuyn kho
st lp mt vn rau v chn nui gia sc, to c s cho trm nng nghip v trm kh tng
sau ny.[1] Cui thng 3 nm 1899, ch thn Ton quyn Paul Doumer cng bc s Yersin n cao
nguyn Lm Vin kho st thc t v quyt nh trin khai thc hin d nh ban u. [28] Ngy 1
thng 11 nm 1899, Ton quyn Paul Doumer k ngh nh thnh lp tnh ng Nai Thng vi th
ph Di Linh v hai trm hnh chnh Tnh Linh v Lm Vin.[29] y l tin php l u tin cho
vic hnh thnh chc nng hnh chnh ca thnh ph Lt sau ny.[30]

Giai on 1900 1915[sa | sa m ngun]

ng st Thp Chm Lt, xy dng t 1903 n 1928 v khai thc ton tuyn nm 1932. Qu trnh xy
dng tuyn ng st ny gn lin vi qu trnh hnh thnh Lt.

Nm 1901, Paul Champoudry, ngi c c n Lt vi t cch th trng ca vi chc c


dn, thit lp mt ha tng th pht trin Lt.[31] Cng nm , Ton quyn Paul Doumer,
sau d nh xy dng tuyn ng st xuyn rng t Nha Trang ln Lt khng thnh, [32] quyt
nh thnh lp tuyn ng st Thp Chm Lt.[30] Tuy vy, d n xy dng thnh ph b dng
li khi Paul Doumer tr v Php vo nm 1902, cc cng trnh gn nh b b d bi thiu kinh ph
v tr ngi v giao thng. Thi k ny, Lt ch cn mi cn nh tranh ngho nn, c dn ch
yu vn l nhng ngi Lch cng mt s nh ngi chu u v ngi Vit. [31]Mc d vy, trong

thi gian ng qun ko di hn 10 nm ny, nhiu on nghin cu vn tip tc c Ton


quyn Jean Baptiste Paul Beau gi ti Lm Vin kho st. Nhng kt qu ca h khng nh
chc chn hn quyt nh chn Lt lm ni ngh dng, thay v cc a im khc nh thung
lng sng a Nhim hay cao nguyn Di Linh.[30]
Thng 5 nm 1903, Tng Lon de Beyli cng mt phi on ti Lt v quyt nh chn ni
y thit lp mt doanh tri qun i 3.500 n 4.000 binh lnh ngi chu u n tr. [31] Ngy 5
thng 1 nm 1906, Hi ng quc phng ng Dng hp ti Lt v quyt nh chn cao
nguyn Lm Vin lm ni ngh dng, ng thi xc nh v tr Lt thay v khu vc Dankia.
[33]

Nhng cho ti nhim k ca Ton quyn Antony Klobukowski, 1908 1910, mi hot ng hu

nh chng li. Th trng Champoudry cng hi ng th x khi "khng c mt khon ngn sch
ng k, khng c mt s tr gip no c".[34] Thi k ny ch mt vi cng trnh c xy dng,
trong c l qun cho khch vng lai v sau tr thnh khch sn Htel du Lac, v cc trm nng
nghip v kh tng c chuyn t Dankia v Lt. [35] Pierre Duclaux, mt ngi Php ti cao
nguyn Lm Vin vo nm 1908, vit:

Lt! Tm hai mi mi nh tranh ca ngi Vit, mt nh sn bng

n nhim k ca Ton quyn Albert Sarraut, s e da ca Nht Bn khin Chnh ph Php ni


rng quyn hn ca Ton quyn ng Dng, cho php cai tr thuc a bng chnh nhng ngh
nh do Ton quyn ban hnh.[37] Nm 1911, Albert Sarraut quyt nh y nhanh tin cc cng
trnh giao thng ln Lt.[38] Nm 1913 v nm 1914, cc tuyn ng b Phan Thit Di Linh v
Di Linh Lt ln lt hon thnh.[39] y l con ng lu thng bng xe u tin ni Lt vi
vng ng bng, trc n Lt ch c th i b hoc i nga.[40] Cng vi giao thng
ng b, on ng st Phan Rang Krong Pha c a vo s dng gip vic giao thng
v i li gia Lt vi vng ng bng tr nn thun tin. n nm 1915, c hai con ng i
t Si Gn ti Lt: tuyn Si Gn Ma Lm Lt di 354 km mt mt ngy ri v tuyn
Si Gn Phan Rang Lt di 414 km mt hai ngy.[41] Th chin th nht bng n, nhiu ngi
chu u khng th tr v qu hng tm ti Lt ngh dng. T nm 1915, nhiu du
khch n y bng xe hi v Hng vn ti Lang Biang (Societ des correspondances
Automobiles du Lang Biang) thuc chi nhnh ca Cng qun ng st Min Nam bt u t chc
a du khch n Lt ngh dng, sn bn.[38]

Giai on 1916 1945[sa | sa m ngun]

Quang cnh Lt khong cui thp nin 1920, khu vc gn khch sn Langbian Palace, ngy nay l khch
sn Dalat Palace.

Khong thi gian t nm 1916 n nm 1945 l mt giai on y bin ng ca lch s. Hai cuc
th chin tc ng su sc n tnh hnh chnh tr v x hi. Sau Th chin th nht, cng cuc
khai thc thuc a ti ng Dng tr nn si ng, s vn u t ca t bn Php t 170
triu franc vo nm 1924 ln n 585 triu franc vo nm 1930. [34] Tnh trng lm pht ti Php khin
chong bc ng Dng v cc nguyn liu tng gi, thc y s u t ca t bn Php trong
khong thi gian 1924 n 1930 ln ti 3 t franc. S pht trin ca kinh t dn n s c mt ngy
cng ng nhng ngi nc ngoi ti Vit Nam vi con s 30 ngnngi Php vo nm 1937 v
466 ngn Hoa kiu vo nm 1943.[34] Hai cuc th chin cng khin nhu cu ngh dng ti ch ca
ngi ngoi quc tng, tr thnh c hi gip thnh ph du lch Lt pht trin. [37]
Giai on t 1916 n 1926 c th xem nh giai on th ch ha Lt. [42] Ngy 6 thng 1 nm
1916, Ton quyn Ernest Nestor Roume k Ngh nh thnh lp tnh Lm Vin vi a gii: pha bc
l sng Krng N, pha ng nam l sng Krng Pha, pha nam l sng La Giai, pha ty l bin gii
vi Campuchia. Ngy 20 thng 4 cng nm, Hi ng nhip chnh ca vua Duy Tn thng bo D
thnh lp th t Lt. Theo tinh thn ca d ny, ton b quyn hn i vi Lt c trao cho
Ton quyn ng Dng, ngi Php ton quyn s hu t ai trong khu vc v di quyn iu
hnh trc tip ca Ton quyn ng Dng.[43] Bn nm sau , ngy 31 thng 10 nm 1920, Ton
quyn Maurice Long k ngh nh thnh lp khu t tr Lm Vin, phn a gii cn li ca tnh Lm
Vin c mang tn ng Nai Thng vi tnh l t ti Di Linh. Cng ngy 31 thng 10 nm 1920,
mt ngh khc ca Ton quyn ng Dng n nh khu t tr trn cao nguyn Lm Vin tr thnh
th x Lt v xc nh nng Lt ln th x hng hai vi nhng quy ch rng ri. [43] Nm 1926,
mt ngh nh tip theo c k vo ngy 26 thng 7 a a v hnh chnh ca Lt ln cao hn:
Lt va tr thnh n v trc thuc Ton quyn, va c tnh t tr cao hn so vi nhng th x
khc.[44] Nm 1941, khi tnh Lm Vin c ti lp, Th trng Lt kim chc Tnh trng tnh
Lm Vin.[45]
Cng vi vic xc lp a v hnh chnh, dn s Lt cng tng ln mnh m v cc cng trnh
xy dng dn mc ln. Vo nm 1923, ni y ch c 1.500 dn c, ti nm 1938, dn s thnh
ph ln n 9.000 ngi v nm 1944, Lt tr thnh mt th hn 25 ngn dn. [46] Nm

1921, kin trc s Ernest Hbrard nhn nhim v thit lp n quy hoch Lt. Hon thnh vo
thng 8 nm 1923, n ca Ernest Hbrard th hin mt tm nhn v tham vng rt ln: xy dng
Lt tr thnh th ph ca Lin bang ng Dng.[47] Nm 1933, kin trc s Louis Georges
Pineau a ra mt n chnh trang thnh ph vi mt quan nim thc t hn v hu ht nhng
nt ch o ca n ny vn c gi li trong Chng trnh chnh trang v pht trin Lt
nm 1943.[47] Giai on t nm 1916 cho ti Th chin th hai, cc cng trnh c s h tng ca
Lt cng dn hon thin. Nm 1918, nh my in c xy dng, t nm 1919 n 1921, trng
hc, kho bc, bu in v trm x ln lt xut hin. [48] Nhng nm u th k 20, Lt ch c
nhng ngi nh g, nm 1908 mi xut hin ngi nh gch khng t u tin. Nhng n thp nin
1920 v 1930, hng lot nhng cng trnh kin trc quy m ln c xy dng, nh khch
sn Langbian Palace, trng Trung hc Yersin, ga Lt, dinh Ton quyn...[49] Giai on ny, cc
c s vn ha v gio dc cng bt u pht trin, mt s trng hc nh Trung hc
Yersin, Couvent des Oiseaux hay Thiu sinh qun thu ht hc sinh n t khp Vit Nam v c
ng Dng.[50] Nm 1938, khi nh ga xe la hon thnh, thi gian i t H Ni n Lt ch mt
48 gi, du khch tm n thnh ph ngh dng ngy mt ng. [51] Nm 1944, Lt gn nh l th
ca Lin bang ng Dng khi Ton quyn v hu ht cc cng s quan trng u chuyn v
lm vic y.[52] Sau gn 30 nm xy dng, Lt vo nm 1945 tr thnh mt thnh ph xinh
p ca vng Vin ng, mt trung tm gio dc quan trng v mt im du lch hp dn.[45]

Lt t 1945 n 1954[sa | sa m ngun]

Vin Sinh hc Ty Nguyn, trc y l tu vin Dng Cha Cu Th, mt trong s t nhng cng trnh c
xy dng vo khong thi gian t nm 1945 n nm 1954.

T gia th k 20, lch s Vit Nam bc vo mt thi k y bin ng khin Lt cng chu
nhiu nh hng. Thng 3 nm 1945, qun i Nht Bn thc hin cuc o chnh lt chnh ph
bo h ca Php ti ng Dng. chun b i ph vi qunng Minh, qun i Nht c
a n Lt v chim ng nhiu ni, ng thi o hm ho cng s nhng v tr quan trng,
d tr lng thc, thc phm. Trong giai on ny, c ti 600 vin chc v kiu dn Php b bt v
tp trung hai c x Decoux v Bellevue.[53] Khi Chnh ph Trn Trng Kim thnh lp, Nguyn Tin
Lng, sau l Hong thn ng An c c ti lm Tnh trng tnh Lm Vin, chc v kim

nhim Th trng Lt.[54] Cuc chin tranh ng Dng n ra cui nm 1946 nh hng
mnh m ti Lt, nhiu c dn ri thnh ph ti lnh nn n Dng, Ninh Thun, Bnh
Thun hoc tr v qu qun c. Nm 1946, dn s Lt ch cn 5.200 ngi khin ngi Php
gi ni y l "thnh ph qunh hiu".[53] Nhng bt u t nm 1947, thnh ph dn ng c tr li
khi nhiu ngi dn hi c. Cui nm 1952, dn s Lt ln n 25.041 ngi, gn tng ng
thi im nm 1944.[55]
Khi ngi Php tr li nm gi Lt nm 1946, cc hot ng kinh t x hi cng dn tr li bnh
thng. B my chnh quyn Lt c t chc li, Ta c l c i thnh Ta Th chnh v
th x do mt th trng qun l vi s tham d ca Hi ng th x.[53] Vo thi k ny, Lt c
chia thnh 10 khu ph, nh danh t 1 n 10, vi 30 p.[56] Nm 1950, Triu nh Hu quyt nh
tch Ty Nguyn thnh mt n v hnh chnh ring, Bo i ra D s 6 ngy 14 thng 4 nm 1950
thnh lp Hong triu Cng thvi Lt lm th ph. Ngy 10 thng 11 cng nm , Bo i
tip tc ra D s 4 vi ni dung sa i a gii hnh chnh th x Lt v sp nhp mt phn tnh
Lm Vin vo tnh ng Nai Thng.[57] Lt khi tr thnh a im ca rt nhiu cc c quan
lin tnh, quc gia v lin bang. Trong khong thi gian 1945 n 1954, mng li gio dc ca
thnh ph pht trin rng khp vi 20 trng hc.[58] Lt thi k ny tuy bnh yn nhng t c
xy dng thm, ng ch ch c tu vin Dng Cha Cu Th, ngy nay l tr s Vin Sinh hc
Ty Nguyn, v Trng min ni Lang Biang.[59][60] Khong cui nm 1953 u nm 1954, khi
cuc chin tranh ng Dng bc vo giai on khc lit nht, dn chng cc tnh ln cn
v Lt t nn chin tranh.[57]

Lt t 1954 n 1975[sa | sa m ngun]


Giai on 1954 1963[sa | sa m ngun]
Nm 1954, sau tht bi trn in Bin Ph, ngi Php ri khi ng Dng. Hip nh
Genve chia Vit Nam thnh hai min vi ranh gii l v tuyn 17. Lt thi k ny tip tc chu
tc ng su sc bi nhng bin ng ca lch s. Ch trong vng hn hai nm t 1954 n 1956,
dn s Lt tng t trn 25 ngn ln gn 59 ngn nh dng ngi di c t min Bc cng ln
sng c dn t min Trung ti lp nghip.[57] Di thi nht Cng ha Vit Nam, chnh quyn Si
Gn xc lp mt nn hnh chnh mang sc thi ring.[56] Ngy 11 thng 3 nm 1955, Th tng Ng
nh Dim ban hnh D s 21 gii th ch Hong triu Cng th, Lt trc thuc chnh
quyn trung ng ti Si Gn.[61] Ngy 19 thng 5 nm 1958, Tng thng Ng nh Dim k sc
lnh 261 VN thnh lp tnh Tuyn c bao gm th x Lt v 3 qun Lc Dng, n Dng,
c Trng. Mt phn lnh th Lt b ct bt nn dn s thnh ph gim xung ch cn 43 ngn
ngi.[62]
Sau khi ngi Php ri khi ng Dng, Lt ch cn vai tr mt thnh ph du lch, khng cn
gi chc nng "th ma h" nh giai on trc .[63] c xem nh a bn chin lc quan
trng Nam Ty Nguyn, Lt khi c chnh quyn Si Gn thit lp mt h thng hnh

chnh kh hon chnh. Thnh ph t di quyn mt th trng vi b my gip vic gm cc ty


Ni an v Qun v, Hnh chnh, Ti chnh, Kinh t... v mt Hi ng th. [57] Th trng ca Lt
kim nhim chc v tnh trng tnh Tuyn c v t 9 thng 11 nm 1960, ta th chnh Lt
c sp nhp vi ta hnh chnh tnh Tuyn c.[62] Nm 1961, hai c quan hnh chnh ny c
tch ring, nhng ti nm 1964 li c gp li thnh ta hnh chnh Lt Tuyn c. [64] V t
chc hnh chnh, Lt c chia thnh 10 khu ph, x Lin Hip v p Thi Phin. Mi khu ph
bao gm nhiu p v mi p u c p trng trc tip qun l mng li lin gia t 10 n 30 h
gia nh t di s gim st ca lin gia trng v mi mt hnh chnh cng nh an ninh trt t. [65]
T nm 1954 n nm 1963, chnh quyn Tng thng Ng nh Dim c k hoch pht trin Lt
kh quy m, xy dng cc cng trnh vn ha ngh thut, c s h tng th c chnh trang,
nng cp.[66] Nn kinh t thnh ph vn gi nguyn nh hng pht trin du lch v nng nghip.
[67]

c bit t nm 1958, sau i hi Lm Vin Lt, chnh quyn Si Gn vi Chng trnh

khai thc Cao nguyn Trung Phn mun bin Lt thnh mt trung tm du lch quc t, m ra
hng dch v mi v gio dc v nghin cukhoa hc.[65] Hng lot cc trng hc, trung tm vn
ha v c s nghin cu ra i vo thi k ny, c th k n Vin i hc Lt, Gio hong Hc
vin, Trung tm Nghin cu Nguyn t, Th vin Lt... Nhiu cng trnh phc v du lch, cc s
s tn gio cng tip tc c xy dng v sa cha, nh ch Lt, sn bay Lin Khng, nh
th Cam Ly, cha Linh Phong.[65]

Giai on 1964 1975[sa | sa m ngun]

Bit in Trn L Xun, dinh th ca gia nh Trn L Xun v Ng nh Nhu. Nm 1964, cng trnh tr thnh
a im tham quan sau khi Ng nh Dim v Ng nh Nhu b m st. Ngy nay, ni y tr thnh Trung
tm Lu tr quc gia IV.

D n pht trin Lt tr thnh trung tm du lch ngh dng c tin hnh trong mt thi gian
ngn th gin on khi anh em Tng thng Ng nh Dim v Ng nh Nhu b m st trong cuc
o chnh cui nm 1963.[68] Trong giai on ny, tnh hnh chnh tr min Nam Vit Nam khng n
nh khin Lt t nhiu b tc ng. T nm 1965, khi Hoa K trc tip a qun i vo tham
chin Vit Nam, chnh quyn Si Gn ch nh cc chc v th trng, tnh trng bng nhng s
quan cp t thay cho nhng nh cm quyn dn s. [69] Vic pht trin c s h tng th thi k

ny t c coi trng, thay vo , rt nhiu cc cng trnh phc v cho mc ch qun s c xy


dng hoc sa cha, nh cc trung tm hun luyn qun s, trm radar trn ni Lang Biang v
Cu t, sn bay Cam Ly, sn bay Lin Khng.[70] Tuy vy, mt s cng trnh dn s cng xut
hin trong khong thi gian ny, c th k ti Lng c nhi SOS, Trung tm tr khuyt tt, Trng K
thut Lasan... v cc cng trnh dch v thng mi, khch sn, nh hng mc ln khu vc trung
tm thnh ph.[70]
Lt tip tc gi mt vai tr quan trng trong h thng gio dc ca Vit Nam Cng ha vi 61
trng hc, trong s ny c bit phi k n Vin i hc Lt, Gio hong Hc vin Pio X v
cc c s o to qun s: Trng V b Quc gia, Trng Chin tranh Chnh tr v Trng Ch
huy Tham mu.[71] Lt trc nm 1975 cng l mt thnh ph a dng v tn gio vi hn 40
ngi cha cng cc nh th, tu vin ca 29 dng tu Cng gio.[63] Du lch thnh ph thi k ny
khng cn nhn nhp nh giai on trc do chin s, tnh hnh an ninh khng n nh, cc
tuyn ng giao thng ln Lt khng cn c an ton v cc thng cnh thiu kinh ph t
chc, khai thc. Thnh ph tr thnh ni ngh mt ca gii thng lu v s quan, quan chc c
th lc ca chnh quyn Vit Nam Cng ha, cng mt s ngi ngoi quc ti min Nam Vit Nam
cng du hay kinh doanh, du lch.[69] Trong nhng nm 1960, dn s Lt gia tng iu ha, t 73
ngn ngi nm 1965 ln gn 90 ngn ngi nm 1970. Nhng t sau 1970, khi chin tranh Vit
Nam ngy cng khc lit, dn s Lt cng c nhng bin ng ng k, n nm 1975 ch cn
85.833 ngi.[57] Trong nhng ngy cui cng ca cuc chin, 31 thng 3 nm 1975, qun i min
Nam rt khi Lt v sng 3 thng 4, qun i min Bc tin vo thnh ph.[72]

Lt sau 1975[sa | sa m ngun]


Giai on 1975 1985[sa | sa m ngun]
Lch s Lt giai on u sau 1975 c nh du bi hng lot nhng thay i hnh chnh.
Trong khong thi gian ngn u tin, Lt vn trc thuc tnh Tuyn c, nhng t 6 thng 5
nm 1975, thnh ph thuc v khu VI. Ngy 5 thng 6 nm 1976, khi tnh Lm ng c thnh lp
trn c s hp nht hai tnh Tuyn c v Lm ng c, Lt tr thnh tnh l ca tnh mi.
[73]

Thng 2 nm 1979, Lt c b sung thm phn t ca vng kinh t mi T In, thuc

Loan, huyn c Trng ngy nay. Ngy 14 thng 3 cng nm , Hi ng Chnh ph ra quyt nh
iu chnh a gii hnh chnh mt s huyn thuc Lm ng v Lt c xc nh gm 6
phng v 3 x Xun Trng, Xun Th v T Nung.[74] Trong nhng ngy u sau chin tranh, dn
s thnh ph gim xung khi nhiu ngi phc v trong qun i v b my chnh quyn c tr v
qu qun, thm vo , mt phn c dn Lt ti nh c trn nhng vng t khc ca Lm
ng theo chnh sch kinh t mi.[75] Tuy nhin, dn s Lt sau c b sung bi chnh sch
tng cng cn b t min Bc v min Trung cng vi vic m rng a gii hnh chnh. n nm
1982, dn s Lt vt ngng 100 ngn ngi. [76]

Trong nhng nm t 1976 n 1980, nhiu c quan vn ha, gio dc v nghin cu c thnh
lp, phn ln da trn nhng c s c t thi Vit Nam Cng ha. Nm 1976,Trng i hc
Lt v Trng Cao ng S phm Lt ra i, k tha Vin i hc Lt v Trng Trung
hc Yersin. Trc , Hc vin Qun s c chuyn t H Ni vo Lt, tip nhn 5 c s ca
chnh quyn c.[77] Nm 1978, Bo tng Lm ng m ca vi b su tp v dn tc hc ca Bo
tng sc tc Ty Nguyn trc kia v mt s c nhn.[78] Cng nm 1978, Trung tm Nghin cu
Khoa hc ti Lt, ngy nay l Vin Sinh hc Ty Nguyn, c thnh lp vi tr s vn l mt tu
vin Dng Cha Cu Th.[60] Ging nh nhiu a phng khc vo thi k u sau chin tranh,
Lt phi i mt vi nhng kh khn v lng thc v thc phm, khin vic xy dng v pht trin
c s h tng t c coi trng. Do khng c ci to sa cha, cc ng giao thng ni th v
h thng giao thng ng b xung cp trm trng.[79] Vic m rng din tch canh tc nng nghip
khin cho cc h b bi lp nhanh chng v khai thc rng cng lm cho kh hu v cnh quan ngy
mt xu i. Nghim trng hn, ngun nc ca hai nh my thy in a Nhim v Tr An ngy cng
thiu ht vo ma kh.[80] Nhng nm cui thp nin 1970, u thp nin 1980, khi nn kinh t Vit
Nam gp nhiu kh khn, th du lch Lt cng bc vo mt thi k trm lng. Thnh ph khi
thnh thong mi c mt on khch gh thm.[81]

Giai on t 1986 n ngy nay[sa | sa m ngun]

Quang cnh Lt ngy nay, mt thnh ph gn 400 km vi dn s hn 200 ngn ngi.

K t cui thp nin 1980, cng vi s pht trin ca nn kinh t Vit Nam, lch s Lt cng
bc vo mt giai on mi. Ngy 6 thng 6 nm 1986, Hi ng B trng ra quyt nh iu
chnh a gii hnh chnh: Lt gm 12 phng v 3 x Xun Th, Xun Trng v T Nung.
[82]

Nm 1994, Chnh ph ph duyt n Quy hoch tng th xy dng thnh ph Lt v vng

ph cn n nm 2010, xc nh Lt l mt trung tm du lch ngh dng ca Vit Nam. [83] Ngy


24 thng 7 nm 1999, thnh ph c Th tng Chnh ph quyt nh cng nhn l th loi II.
[82]

Trong thp nin 1990, dn s Lt tng ln mnh m, t 120 ngn ngi nm 1990 ln 160

ngn ngi nm 1999.[76] Cng trong giai on ny, ln sng du khch tm n thnh ph ngy mt
ng khin mt h thng nh hng, khch sn mi ra i.[84] Kin trc Lt cng c thm nhng
cng trnh mi, c bit trong s c th k n bit th Hng Nga v Thin vin Trc Lm, ngy
nay tr thnh hai a im du lch hp dn.[85][86]

Trong nhng nm ca thp nin 2000, c s h tng th ca Lt tip tc c hon thin.


Ngy 7 thng 5 nm 2002, Th tng Chnh ph quyt nh ph duyt n iu chnh quy hoch
chung thnh ph Lt v vng ph cn n nm 2020. [87] Giao thng Lt cng c nhng thay
i ng k trong thi k ny. Nh tnh l 723 hon thnh nm 2007, hnh trnh gia hai thnh ph
du lch ni ting Lt v Nha Trang ch cn 130 km, so vi l trnh c Lt Phan Rang Nha
Trang di 228 km.[88] Nm 2008, sau 4 nm thi cng, on ng cao tc Lin Khng Prenn
c khnh thnh gip giao thng t Lt ti sn bay Lin Khng thun tin hn trc.[89] Nh
ga mi ca sn bay cng hon thnh vo nm 2009 v bt u khai thc cc ng bay quc t.
Trc , vo nm 2004, ng bay H Ni Lt c m li sau nhiu thp k gin on.
[90]

Du lch Lt trong nhng nm 2000 ghi du bi nhng l hi v cc Festival Hoa bt u c t


chc. Lng du khch tm n thnh ph tng t 710 ngn lt khch nm 2000 ln 2,1 triu lt
khch nm 2009.[91][92] Thnh ph cng c thm nhng bnh vin v trng hc mi, nh i hc
Dn lp Yersin Lt thnh lp nm 2004, Bnh vin a khoa Hon M Lt bt u hot ng
nm 2008 v Bnh vin Nhi Lt khi cng xy dng nm 2010. Nhng s bng n v dn s v
cn lc th ha khin cnh quan Lt mt i nt hoang s vn c.[93] Nhiu di sn kin
trc ca thnh ph b xm hi v khng t nhng thng cnh tr nn hoang tn bi tc ng ca
bn tay con ngi.[94] Nm 2008, Lt tr thnh mt thnh ph hn 200 ngn dn.[95] Ngy 6 thng
3 nm 2009, a gii hnh chnh thnh ph c iu chnh li: Lt gm 12 phng v bn
x Xun Th, Xun Trng, T Nung v Trm Hnh.[96] Ngy 23 thng 3 cng nm 2009, Lt
c Th tng Chnh ph quyt nh cng nhn l th loi I trc thuc tnh Lm ng.[97]

Lt - Lch s 115 nm hnh thnh v pht trin


Lch s hnh thnh
Ngun gc tn Lt l: Theo t in Vit-K Ho (S Vn ho-Thng tin tnh Lm ng xut bn nm 1983) th:
l quc gia, hoc l nc. Lt l ngi Lt (mt nhm ca dn tc K-ho c tr ti Lm ng). Nh vy, c th t
" Lt" c ngha l quc gia ca ngi Lt. Ngi Php gi l Dalat v ngy nay l Lt.
Ngy 21-6-1893, mt ngi Php (gc Thy S), bc s Alexandre Emile Yersin-l mt nh khoa hc thun tu, ln
u tin t chn ln cao nguyn Lang Biang, pht hin c vng t huyn diu ny.
Sau khi tm ra Lt, ngi Php ch trng xy dng ni y tr thnh mt "vng quc" du lch v ngh dng
ng Dng v c khu vc ng Nam .
Thng 10-1897, cn c vo t trnh v phn tch ca Yersin ngh chn Lang Biang xy dng thnh ni du lch,
ngh dng (thay cho Ba V v Vng Tu), Ton quyn ng Dng Paul Doumer c phi on ln cao nguyn
tm con ng ngn nht n vng t ny.
Nm 1898, mt Trm Nng nghip v Kh tng u tin c t trn t Dakia.
Thng 3-1899, bc s Yersin v Ton quyn Paul Doumer ln cao nguyn Lang Biang v quyt nh chn Lt lm
ni ngh dng, v cng cuc xy dng thnh ph Lt bt u t .

Thng 5-1899, tin hnh thi cng ng b ln cao nguyn Lang Biang di 120 km t Ca Ni (Phan Rang).
Ngy 1-11-1899, Ton quyn ng Dng Paul Doumer chnh thc k vn bn thnh lp tnh ng Nai Thng, tnh
l t ti Di Linh v 2 trm chnh l Tnh Linh v cao nguyn Lang Biang.
T nm 1899-1900, Odehra Garnier v Bernard tp trung nghin cu vic lm mt con ng t Si Gn ln
Lt di hn 300 km.
Nm 1902, cc d n xy dng Lt b nh tr (Paul Doumer v Php, Paul Bean ln thay).
Nm 1914, Ton quyn Albert Sarraut ban hnh Ngh nh trch ngn sch u t xy dng Lt.
Thng 6-1916, Ton quyn Rome k Ngh nh thnh lp th t Lt.
Ngy 20-4-1920, Hi ng nhip chnh vua Duy Tn cng b D thnh lp khu t tr Lang Biang (sau ny c nng
thnh th x loi 2).
Nm 1921, Kin trc s Ernest Hbrard thit lp n quy hoch thnh ph Lt, v c ph duyt vo thng 81923. T tng ch o ca n l hnh thnh chui h nhn to trn dng sui Cam Ly.
Ngy 26-7-1923, Ngh nh v t chc li th x Lt.
Nm 1923, thnh ph Lt c xy dng theo n xy dng ca kin trc s Hbrard.
Trong nm 1923, Kin trc s Pineau trnh by cng trnh nghin cu chnh trang v m rng Lt mt cch thc
tin hn. c im ca n ny l to khong trng bt kin to theo gc nhn v nh ni Lang Biang.
Nh vy, ch trong vng 30 nm (1893-1923), k t ngy bc s Yersin khm ph ra cao nguyn Lang Biang v
ngh xy dng Lt thnh mt trung tm ngh dng, Lt c nhiu thay i: T ch mt vng t hoang s
ni c tr ca mt s dn tc thiu s, tr thnh mt ni ngh dng ni ting c tn trn bn du lch th gii.
Nm 1940, Kin trc s Mondet nghin cu lp n quy hoch, chnh trang thnh ph Lt v vi quan nim
ca Hbrard.
Nm 1942, ngi Php li ch trng m rng thnh ph. Mt bn phc trnh ca vin c L-Cng s Residend,
gi vin Ton quyn ng Dng vit: "Kh hu, v p phong cnh Lt, nhng kh nng m rng to thnh mt
ni c xu th khin khng ni no snh ni. Lt phi tr thnh mt im ngh mt trn min ni ln lao ca Vin
ng".
Ngy 8-12-1942, kin trc s Lagisquet, Trng phng Kin trc v Quy hoch th da theo kin ca kin trc
s Pineau v Mondet thit lp v m rng thnh ph Lt. Phng chm thit k lc by gi l: Lt tr
thnh mt thnh ph-vn, to cnh quan v hng ni Lang Biang bng cc khong trng bt kin to, nh cc
khu sn bay, i c, cng vin, khu du lch. n ny c ph duyt ti H Ni ngy 27-4-1943, thi Ton quyn
Jean Decoux. Nhng nm 50 ca th k XX, Lt c mnh danh l "Thnh ph Paris thu nh" ng Dng.
Tc xy dng bit th Lt mnh nht l vo nhng nm 1940-1945. Nm 1945, c thnh ph Lt c
tng s hn 1.000 bit th, gm 25.500 dn, trong ngi nc ngoi chim 23%. Nm 1993, Lt c 2.235
bit th, hin nay c khong 2.500 ngi bit th ln nh, c nhng bit th c gi tr rt ln v mt ngh thut, kin
trc nh dinh Bo i, dinh Ton quyn ng Dng...
Lt khng ch l ni c chn t tr s ton quyn ng Dng (1942-1945), tr s Bo i (1942-1945), tr
s Ta Cng s tnh Lm Vin, Nha a d quc gia m cn pht trin thm cc c s nghin cu, o to nh Vin
nguyn t, Vin i hc. Di ch Ngy quyn Si Gn, Lt trc thuc Chnh quyn Trung ng.

Ngy 3 thng 4 nm 1975, Lt c gii phng.


Ngy 18-9-1976, Hi ng Chnh ph ban hnh Ngh nh s 164-CP v vic thnh lp v xc nh v tr ca mt s
n v hnh chnh thuc cc tnh, thnh ph vng mi gii phng. Theo , thnh lp thnh ph Lt trc thuc
tnh Lm ng. T y, cng cuc xy dng v ci to thnh ph Lt c s thay i v quy m, quan im v
phng php thit k...
Ngy 27-10-1994, Th tng Chnh ph k Quyt nh s 620/TTg ph duyt n quy hoch tng th xy dng
thnh ph Lt v vng ph cn n nm 2010 v xc nh: Lt l trung tm du lch-ngh dng ca vng, c
nc v quc t; tnh l ca tnh Lm ng; trung tm vn ha, dch v, u mi giao lu kinh t ca tnh v l mt
trung tm o to, nghin cu khoa hc ca c nc.
Ngy 24-7-1999, Th tng Chnh ph k Quyt nh s 158/1999/Q-TTg cng nhn thnh ph Lt tnh Lm
ng l th loi II.
Ngy 27-5-2002, Th tng Chnh ph k Quyt nh s 409/2002/Q-TTg ph duyt iu chnh quy hoch chung
thnh ph Lt v vng ph cn n nm 2020. Theo , phm vi iu chnh quy hoch chung thnh ph Lt
v vng ph cn bao gm ton b ranh gii hnh chnh thnh ph (gm 12 phng v 3 x) v vng ph cn (gm
cc huyn Lc Dng, c Trng, n Dng, Lm ng) c tng din tch 96.914 ha, trong thnh ph Lt
c 39.104 ha v vng ph cn c 57.810 ha. Quy m dn s ton thnh ph Lt v vng ph cn n nm 2020
l 432.700 ngi, trong ni thnh l 201.000 ngi, ngoi thnh l 27.000 ngi; vng ph cn l 154.700 ngi.
Quy m xy dng t th n nm 2005 khong 16.744,4 ha, vi ch tiu 1.046,5 m2/ngi, trong t dn
dng 1.280,5 ha vi ch tiu 80 m2/ngi.
c o thnh ph cao nguyn
Thnh ph Lt l trung tm kinh t, vn ha, chnh tr, khoa hc, k thut ca tnh Lm ng; l thnh ph du lch,
ngh dng ca c nc. Thnh ph c 12 phng, 3 x, din tch 391,04 km2, dn s 188.467 ngi (nm 2004).
Thnh ph Lt nm trn cao nguyn Lm Vin, pha Ty Nam dy Trng Sn, cao 1.500 m so vi mt
nc bin, bn phi dy ni Langbiang cao 2.163 m, cch b bin theo ng chim bay khong 90 km, cch Thnh
ph H Ch Minh 310 km, Nha Trang 220 km, Phan Thit 170 km v cch H Ni 1.495 km. Nhiu ngi trong v
ngoi nc khi n Lt, cm nhn v Lt, gi Lt l thnh ph ca ngn thng, thnh ph ngn hoa,
thnh ph bit th, x s ca sng m, x hoa anh o...
Thi tit Lt c 4 ma trong mt ngy: Bui sng sm l thi tit ca ma xun, bui tra l ma h, bui
chiu l ma thu, v m l ma ng. Nhit trung bnh c nm l 17-19 C.
cao trung bnh 1.500 m so vi mc nc bin, kh hu n ha mt m quanh nm v do c im cu to a
cht, a hnh, thy vn, vi h ng vt, thc vt phong ph, a dng to nn Lt vi nhng cnh quan thin
nhin k th, c nhng cnh quan vn gi c v nguyn s v c kin trc cnh quan c bn tay con ngi
to dng t ti trnh ngh thut hi ha, c thm m cao.
- Lt c hn 10 h ln nh: Sui Vng, Xun Hng, Sng Mai (tn c l Than Th), a Thin, Chin Thng,
Con Rng, Dankia-Sui Vng, Tuyn Lm...
H Xun Hng l h nc nhn to nm trung tm thnh ph, c xy dng nm 1919.
H a Thin c thung lng tnh yu, din tch mt h 12 ha, cnh quan rt quyn r gn vi nhng huyn thoi tnh
yu lng mn. Xung quanh h c rt nhiu ni v rng cy nn th.
H ankia-Sui Vng, cch trung tm thnh ph 19 km, y l h thng h ln nm gia rng thng, thch hp cho
du lch ngh dng.
H Tuyn Lm cch trung tm thnh ph 5 km, din tch 320 ha, ven h c nhiu im du lch hp dn nh Thin
vin Trc Lm, khu sn bn ca bn lng dn tc.
- Lt c nhng thc nc hng v bt trng xo quanh nm nh: Cam Ly, Pren, atanla, Hang Cp, Uyn
ng, Ankoet, Gu-ga, thc Voi...

Thc Prenn cch Lt 10km, cao 27m, rng 15-25m, cnh thc c cng vin hoa v cy cnh.
Thc Cam Ly, sui Cam Ly bt ngun t pha ng thnh ph Lt chy qua h Than Th n h Xun Hng,
sau v thc Cam Ly
Thc atania cao 32m, cch thnh ph 5km ngay bn ng quc l 12.
- Lt cn nhiu cc danh thng khc nh: i c, Thung lng tnh yu, Cng vin hoa...
Ni B, tn th hai l Lang Biang, c cao 2.163m, nm trong khu du lch Lang Biang, cch trung tm Lt
12km.
- Lt cn l thnh ph ca hoa. Thnh ph c 70ha t trng hoa, vi nhiu vn hoa ln nh: Minh Tm v
Bch Cu... Hoa Lt c nhiu loi, ring hoa hng c 70 loi, hoa cm chng c 37 loi, hoa lan cng rt nhiu:
a lan, phong lan, ngc lan, hong lan, lan chiu thu, lan ty, lan phi ip... Vi nhng tim nng v th mnh ,
nm 2000, tnh Lm ng t chc s kin du lch vi ch : " Lt - Thnh ph hoa - im hn nm 2000".
Thnh ph Lt cn l x s ca cc loi cy tri. Cy tri Lt c rt nhiu chng loi, nh hng, o, m,
mn, chm chm, b, su ring, l, to...
Lt cng l qu hng ca thng, ton thnh ph c hn 27.000 ha rng thng, l mt ti nguyn qu cn c
bo v. Ring thng , theo cc nh khoa hc, c th gii c chng 10 loi th Vit Nam c 2 loi. n thng 41997, Lt c 3 khu vc c thng , tuy s lng cn t.
Vi nhng g thin nhin ban tng, thnh ph Lt tr thnh mt trong nhng ni ngh mt k th vo bc nht
nc ta. L ni tp hp y nht v cc iu kin Lt tr thnh mt trung tm du lch ln ca c nc./.

Lch s hnh thnh v pht trin ca Lt


Cng vi H Ni, Si Gn, Hi An, Hu th Vit Nam chng ta, Lt c cho mnh mt
k c tht r rng, p v y nht ca mt th. im khc bit l ch, D Lt
mang trong mnh ci k c c to thnh t thin nhin, cnh quan ca chnh n. Nu
H Ni hnh thnh cch y gn 1000, Si Gn mang theo mnh lch s hn 300 nm th
Lt tr hn nhiu vi 116 nm tui.
Theo cc cng trnh nghin cu v Lt c cc nh nghin cu cng b, tiu
biu l cun "a ch Lt" ca Nxb Tng hp Tp. H Ch Minh xut bn nm 2008 th
t xa xa, a phn hin nay ca Lt xut hin trn bn o Ninh Thun, cng
vi mt s vng t ph cn khc vi tn gi Lm Sn Phn thuc tng Lm Vin, huyn
Tn Khai vi tng s bun lng ch l 17, v gn 270 sut inh. Vng t ny trc y
l vng rng ni nguyn s, hoang vu v gn nh t c s xm nhp ca cc nn vn
ha l, khng nh vng t ca Ngi Kinh v cc dn tc t ngi pha Bc Vit Nam
chu s nh hng ca vn ha ngoi lai nh Trung Hoa ( Cch ngy nay hn 2000
nm), phng Ty ( khong th k XV hoc sm hn na). V l do ny m mi n
nhng nm cui th k XIX, vng t Lt mi dn c h l v vo thi im cc
dn tc t ngi y vn ang sng trong m hnh th tc lc hu. Lt l a bn
sinh sng lu i ca ngi Sre, Chil, Lch...nhng nhm ngi thuc tc ngi K'Ho.
Tuy nhin, iu th v l nhng nhm ngi trn khng mun gi l ngi K'Ho m h t
nhn mnh l ngi Sre, Chil hay Lch..., c th hiu l bi thc t ho v nhm ngi
ca mnh. C th trong cc cu chuyn k, Khan ca mnh, nhng nhm ngi ny u
c cho mnh nhng s tch v ngun gc ra i ca dn tc mnh. Theo nhng c gi
cao tui k li, thu trc t i C ko di ti chn nh Lang Biang l nhng i c

c dng chn th gia sc nh tru, b, ln...cn h Xun Hng vn ch l mt bi


snh ly trng la nc. Ni chung, vo thi im ny phng thc canh tc ch yu ca
ng bo l canh tc sn bt hi lm, t cung t cp. Ngi Kinh u tin c ghi
nhn t chn ln y l Nguyn Thng, mt nh Nho ng h phong tro Cn Vng
ca vua Hm Nghi, nh ch s ln Lt vi mong mun xy dng mt cn c a khng
Php. Tuy nhin, t nm 1881,hai ngi Php tm ln Lt l bc s Paul Nesis v
trung y Albert Septans i tm hiu v thng ngun sng ng Nai, trong chuyn i
ca mnh, h gh thm mt s bun lng ngi Lch y v khng th tin c trc
mt h l mt cuc sng cn v cng lc hu, nhng ghi chp t cun nht k ca
chuyn i l bc m u cho cng cuc khai ph, xy dng lt sau ny. Cc gio
s o Tin Lnh v Thin Cha Gio cng tm ln y truyn o, thi im ny cc
tn gio trn c tha nhn nhanh chng trong cc tc ngi bn a, Thin Cha thay
th cho v tr cc Yang vn l tn ngng a thn tn ti t thi khi thy. Cng ging
nh ch Quc ng ca ngi Kinh, hu ht cc k t ch vit ca cc dn tc
Ty Nguyn c sng to bi cc nh truyn gio Ty phng ( vi mc ch ban u
l phc v cho vic truyn gio), y l mt trong s t nhng gi tr tin b ca ch
thc dn. Hn hai nm sau, vo ngy 21/6/1893 bc s Yersin mi chnh thc pht hin
v nh gi ng gi tr ca hn ngc qu ny, ngay lp tc,mt bn kin
ngh c ng gi ln v Ton quyn ng Dng xin m mt trm ngh dng ma h
cho cng chc v s quan, lnh vin chinh Php. Theo ng, Lt p ng tiu chun
ca mt a im ngh dng nh Chu u vi 4 yu cu chnh:
+ cao trn 1200m so vi mc nc bin.
+ Ngun nc di do.
+ t ai canh tc tt, din tch ln.
+ C kh nng thit lp c ng giao thng.
Ngy 1/11/1899, Ton quyn Paul Doumerkys ngh nh thnh lp tnh ng Nai thng,
chon Drijing lm th ph chnh vi hai trm hnh chnh l Tnh Linh v Lm Vin ( t
ti Lt). nh ban u ca nh cm quyn Php l xy dng Lt thnh mt
th mang kin trc c in chu u, nm 1906, v th trng thnh ph Paris l ng Paul
Champoudry c c sang lm th trng Lt thit lp mt bn thit k tng
qut v quy m, kin trc cho Lt, to tin cho vic chnh trang, phn l thnh
ph ny trong tng lai gn. Ngy 20/4/1916, vua Duy Tn thng bo D thnh lp khu
th t Lt v trao ton b quyn hnh cho Ton quyn ng Dng. Ngy
31/10/1920, Ton quyn Maurice Long k ngh nh thnh lp khu t tr Lm Vin, tch
cao nguyn Lm Vin ra khi tnh Lm Vin, cng ngy hm Khu t tr ny c di
tn thnh th x lt, nng lt ln lm th x hng hai. Thc ra, tn gi ban u
ca lt l Lch (Nc ca ngi Lch) theo ting gi ca ngi Lch th "" l
"nc". Nhng do cch gi ny hi kh c cho nn " Lch" c c chch thnh
" lt" nh ngy nay. Nm 1923, kin trc s ngi Php tn l Hesbrard tin hnh quy
hoch, Ngy 26/7/1926, mt ngh nh quan trng c ban hnh nng tnh t tr ca
Lt ln mc cao hn so vi cc th x v thnh ph khc, v gi tr ca n ko di
cho ti ngy thnh ph ny c gii phng nm 1975. Nm 1933 kin trc s Louis
Georges Pineau lp n chnh trang th. Nm 1940 li c kin trc s Mondet
quy hoch li, cng nm ny, Decour c nhm chc Ton quyn bt tay thc hin
tng bin Lt thnh trung tm hnh chnh. Nm 1943, kin trc s Lagisquet c
Ton quyn Decour giao lp n chnh trang v m rng da trn c s n ca cc
v kin trc s trc . Theo bn n ny th th x Lt c chia thnh 21 khu: 7

khu vc nh vi 5 hng bit th, nh lin cn, nh chung c, 2 khu vc thng mi,
khu cng s, khch sn, trng hc, th thao, trng trt v chn nui, lng nng thn,
bnh vin, tn gio; 4 khu khng c xy ct, bt kin to cho du lch v to khong
khng. n nm 1945, Lt c ti 1000 bit th v con s ny tng ln cao hn
vo nhng nm tip theo, cho ti 1975 th con s ny l hn 2500 vi nhiu kiu
cch a dng, phong ph.
Ngy 15/4/1950, sau khi b trn Hng Kong khi i cng vi phi on Vit nam dn
ch cng ha, Bo i ri b chc v c vn ca chnh ph cch mng, trn sang Php
v c Php a v nc thnh lp Hong triu cng th k D s 6 - QT/TD chn
Lt lm th ph ( Hin nay cc di tch Dinh Bo i vn lun c chnh trang v
phc v khch du lch, sn golf i C c xy dng cng nhm phc v cho s thch
ca Bo i. Mt chi tit th v na l Bo i c tt i c nhc do b bt qu tang dan
du vi v mt vin s quan Php v vin s quan ny khng h n o cho Bo i
mt vin n vo i, c l l ln i sn ng qun nht ca ng ta). Ngy
19/5/1958, Ng nh Dim k sc lnh 261 - VN ct bt t lt chuyn sang cho tnh
Tuyn c v c th trng Lt kim lun th trng tuyn c. n nm 1961 ta
th chnh Lt tch ra khi ta hnh chnh Tuyn c, v nm 1966 c tr s hnh
chnh ring bit. Vi nhng s liu k trn chng ta c th thy rng ngay t khi hnh
thnh v trong qu trnh pht trin ca mnh, Lt lun c chnh quyn quan tm,
t ngi Php, ngi M, Bo i, Vit Nam cng ha...
Sau gii phng, chnh quyn cch mng tip qun Lt v sa sang, xy dng li
thnh ph. Ngy 5/6/1976, Lt c xc nh l thnh ph tnh l ca tnh Lm ng,
cho ti nm 1979, Lt c 6 phng v 3 x ( bao gm T Nung, Xun Trng,
Xun Th). Kt thc cuc hp ca Hi ng b trng quyt nh nng cp v m rng
Lt t 6 phng 3 x ln 12 phng 3 xz. Ngy 24/7/1999, th tng chnh ph k
quyt nh cng nhn Lt l thnh ph loi 2, ngy 27/5/2002, th tng chnh ph
ph duyt iu chinhsrquy hoch chung thnh ph v vng ph cn dn nm 2020 theo
quyt nh 409/Q - TTg vi chc nng c 5 tnh cht c bn:
+ L trung tm kinh t chnh tr - hnh chnh, kinh t vn ha, dch v v u mi giao
lu kinh t quan trng, tnh l ca tnh Lm ng.
+ L mt trong nhng trung tm du lch, c bit l tham quan, ngh dng, hi ngh,
hi tho v sinh thi ca vng v c nc.
+ L mt trong nhng trung tm o to a ngnh, trung tm nghin cu khoa hc ln
ca quc gia.
+ L khu sn xut, ch bin rau v hoa cht lng cao phc v nhu cu trong nc v
xut khu.
+ C v tr quan trng v an ninh - quc phng.
Vi v tr cc nam ca Ty nguyn, cng thm s u i t thin nhin, s quan tm ca
ng v nh nc, s c gng xy dng, khc phc kh khn ca ng b v chnh
quyn, nhn dn cc dn tc trong tnh Lm ng ang phn u xy dng Lt
thnh mt trung tm du lch m khng ai c th b qun, mt bo tng classic mang
m phong cch ha trn gia kin trc Ty nguyn, phong cch nh Vit v dng dp
chu u. Tt c chng ta u tin tng rng trong tng lai gn, thnh ph ny s pht
trin ng vi tn gi " th ma h", ct cnh cng t nc tin ln trn con ng
cng nghip ha, hin i ha.

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